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SCENARIO OF ASH UTILIZATION IN INDIA

A.K. JAIN CHIEF ENGINEER
C.K.L. DAS DIRECTOR

AMIT KUMAR ASSISTANT DIRECTOR

CENTRAL ELECTRICITY AUTHORITY, NEW DELHI
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INTRODUCTION
• Coal/Lignite based Thermal Power Generation has been backbone of power generation in India; • Coal is likely to remain the main fuel source for the domestic energy market over the next few decades; • Indian coal is of low grade having high ash content up to 40-45%; • Large quantity of ash is being generated at Thermal Power Stations in the country.
Cont.2

• It has now become a saleable commodity. Cont.3 . • Fly ash has now been established as a ‘Resource Material’ and ‘Useful Commodity’. • A large number of technologies have been developed for gainful utilization and safe management of fly ash under efforts of Fly Ash Mission of GOI since 1994.INTRODUCTION • Gainful utilization of ash in environment friendly manner on continuous and sustainable basis is a matter of concern.

• This paper brings out the present status of ash generation and its utilization in the country based on data being received in CEA.INDRODUCTION • Central Electricity Authority is monitoring fly ash generation and its utilization in the country since 1996. 4 .

567MW (22%) 24.435MW (14%) 5 .73.2011) • • • • • Total Coal based Gas based Hydro Others : : : : : 1.918MW (54%) 17.03.626MW 93.INSTALLED CAPACITY (As on 31.706MW (10%) 37.

922 GWh (66%) 1.257 GWh (12%) 1.410 GWh (8%) 6 .257 GWh (14%) 70.59.14.00.GROSS ELECTRICITY GENERATION (2010-11) • • • • • Total Coal Gas Hydro Others : : : : : 8.846 GWh 5.44.

• Thermal Power Station Commissioned after 03. 7 .2009 shall achieve 100% utilization within 5 years from date of notification.TARGETS FOR ASH UTILIZATION AS PER MOEF’S NOTIFICATION • Thermal Power Station in Operation as on 03.11.11.2009 shall achieve 100% utilization within 4 years from date of commissioning.

• Installed capacity • Coal consumed • Average Ash content • Total Ash generated • Total Ash utilized • Percentage Utilization : 88 nos. of Coal/ Lignite based Thermal power Stations from which data was received. : : : : : : 80458 MW 408 million tones 32.PRESENT SCENARIO OF ASH UTILIZATION (2010-11) • Nos.20% 131 million tones 73 million tones 56% 8 .

73%) MINEFILLING.3%) RECLAIMATION OF LOW LAYING AREA (12.73%) ROADS & EMBANKMENTS. (11.5%) BRICKS (6.26%) CEMENT (48. (8.Mode of Fly Ash Utilization during Year 2010-11 OTHERS (10.65%) 9 .82%) AGRICULTU RE (1.

of TPS which have achieved the target of fly ash utilization as per MoEF’s Notification: 57 nos.STATUS OF FLY ASH UTILIZATION AS PER MOEF’S NOTIFICATION FOR 2010-11 • Nos. • Nos. of TPS which have not been able to achieve the target of fly ash utilization as per MoEF’s Notification: 31 nos. 10 .

RANGE OF PERCENTAGE ASH UTILIZATION DURING THE YEAR 2010-11 • • • • 100% and more than 100% Less than 100% and up to 75% Less than 75% and up to 50% Less than 50% : 13nos. : 24nos. : 20nos. 11 . : 31nos.

34 million tonne in 2009-10 and it was 73.64 million tonne in 1996-97 to maximum level of 77.13 million tonne in 2010-11. fly ash utilization has increased from 6.63% in 1996-97 to the highest level of 62.60% in 200910 and it was about 56% during 2010-11. 12 . • Quantity wise.PROGRESSIVE FLY ASH GENERATION & UTILIZATION (During 1996-2011) • Fly ash utilization has increased from 9.

PROGRESSIVE GENERATION AND UTILIZATION OF FLY ASH DURING THE PERIOD FROM 1996-97 TO 2010-11 135 120 Total Fly Ash GENERATION Total Fly Ash Utilization FLY ASH UTILIZATION (in mtpa) 105 90 75 60 45 30 15 0 1996-97 1997-98 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 YEAR 2010-11 13 .

52 million tonne in Roads & Embankments.06 million tonne to 8. 0. 0.61 million tonne in fly ash based Bricks /Tiles 1. utilization of Fly ash has increased in various sectors significantly from: 2.27 million tonne in Agriculture .17 million tonne to 9.65 million tonne to 6. 14 • • • • • • .31 million tonne in Reclamation of low lying area. 4. 0.13 million tonne to 1.FLY ASH UTILIZATION IN VARIOUS MODES (1998-99 TO 2010-11) During 1998-99 to 2010-11.04 million tonne in Mine filling .47 million tonne in Cement Industry.45 million tonne to 35.70 million tonne to 4.

PROGRESSIVE UTILIZATION OF FLY ASH IN CEMENT INDUSTRY DURING THE PERIOD 1998-99 TO 2010-11 80 Total Fly Ash Utilization FLY ASH UTILIZATION (in mtpa) 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Utilization in Cement Industry 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 YEAR 2010-11 15 .

PROGRESSIVE UTILIZATION OF FLYASH IN RECLAMATION/ LAND FILLING DURING THE PERIOD 1998-99 TO 2010-11 80 FLY ASH UTILIZATION (in mtpa) 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 1998-99 1999-00 Total Fly Ash Utilization Utilization of Flyash in Reclamation of low lying area/land filling 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 YEAR 2010-11 16 .

PROGRESSIVE UTILIZATION OF FLYASH IN CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS/EMBANKMENTS/ ASH DYKE RAISING DURING THE PERIOD 1998-99 TO 2010-11 FLY ASH UTILIZATION (in mtpa) 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 Total Fly Ash Utilization Use of flyash in construction of Roads/embankments/ash dyke raising YEAR 17 .

PROGRESSIVE UTILIZATION OF FLYASH IN MINE FILLING DURING THE PERIOD 1998-99 TO 2010-11 FLY ASH UTILIZATION (in mtpa) 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Total Fly Ash Utilization Utilization of Flyash in Mine filling 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 YEAR 2010-11 18 .

blocks.tiles FLY ASH UTILIZATION(in mtpa) 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 YEAR 2010-11 19 .PROGRESSIVE UTILIZATION OF FLY ASH IN MANUFACTURE OF FLYASH BASED BRICKS/BLOCKS/TILES DURING THE PERIOD 1998-99 TO 2010-11 80 Total Fly Ash Utilization Utilization of Flyash in manufacturing of based Bricks.

PROGRESSIVE UTILIZATION OF FLY ASH IN AGRICULTURE DURING THE PERIOD 1998-99 TO 2010-11 80 FLY ASH UTILIZATION (in mtpa) 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 1998-99 Total Fly Ash Utilization Utilization of Flyash in Agriculture 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 YEAR 2010-11 20 .

Cont.21 . • States and districts where thermal power stations are located need to be sensitized to the need for utilization of fly ash.CONCLUSION • We achieved the highest level of fly ash utilization of 63% in 2009-10 and it was about 56% in 2010-11. • Use of fly ash in backfilling/stowing of closed/ abandoned/running open cast and underground mines has large potential for utilization of fly ash.

its full potential is yet to be realized. • Use of fly ash in the construction of railway embankments has potential for large scale utilization of fly ash. Cont.CONCLUSION • Use of fly ash in the construction of road embankments/flyovers is gradually picking up.- 22 . However.

is required to be ensured. by Govt. like fly ash based bricks. both at Central and State level. blocks. 23 . tiles etc. agencies.CONCLUSION • Use of fly ash based building materials.

THANKS 24 .