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# Calculate Number of Plate / Pipe Ear

Calculate No of Plate Earthing
As per IS 3043-1987 Short circuit Current(Isc) Duration of Fault in sec (t) Soil Resisitivity (ρ) If You Know (Otherwise Leave Blank) Soil Resistivity 65000 1 100 100 Amp Sec Ω-Mt. Ω-Mt.

Permissible Current Density at Earth Electrode (Id) Permissible Earth Resistance of System Detail of Plate Earthing: Plate Width Plate Height Surface Area of both sides of plate(S) Max.Current Dessipated by One Electrode Single Earth Plate Resistance

757 2 600 600 0.72 545.04 290.14

Amp/Sq.Mt Ω mm mm Sq.Mt Amp Ω

No of Copper Plates Earthing Required
Arrangement of Pipe Earthing Formation of Parallel Earthing (As per BS 7430): Distance Betweem successive Electrodes (D) Overlall Earthing Resistance of 119 Nos of Electrodes Whether Earthing Strip / Wire Buried in Ground Earth Resistance of Buried Strip / Wire: Strip Width(w): Strip Length(L): Depth of Burial of Strip Electrode(t): Surface Area of both sides of Strip(S): Max.Current Dessipated by One Electrode Resistance of Earthing Strip/Wire:

119
Parallel Traingle 8

Nos
1 Meter Ω

2.467 Yes
12 2200 200 52.8 0.00 0.1601

mm Mt mm Sq.Mt Amp Ω Nos

Results
No of Plate Earthing Arrangement of Plate Earthing Earthing Strip / Wire For Earthing Buried in Ground Overlall Resistance of Earthing Plate Resistance of Earthing Strip/Wire Total Earth Resistance of Plate Earthing & Earth Strip

119
Parallel Yes 2.4666 0.1601

Ω Ω

0.1503

Ω

:Calculation: Earthing Strip Size A=(IscX√t)/K Current Density permissible at an Earth Electrode Id=(7.57*1000)/√(ρxt) Amps/Sqmeter No of Plates required N=Isc/Id/S Plate R=(ρ/S)*(√Π/S) Ohm Pipe or Rod R= (100ρ/2ΠL)*log℮(4L/d)ohms Stip or Conductor R=(100ρ/2ΠL)*log℮(2L²/wt) ohms

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8 46961.35 0.42 1 100 0.Current Dessipated by One Electrode Single Cast Iron Pipe Resistance 889.Mt Amp Ω Nos Results No of Pipe Earthing Arrangement of Pipe Earthing Earthing Strip / Wire For Earthing Buried in Ground Overlall Resistance of Earthing Pipe/Rod Resistance of Earthing Strip/Wire Total Earth Resistance of Pipe Earthing & Earth Strip 60 Parallel Yes 0.37 18. Permissible Current Density at Earth Electrode (Id) Permissible Earth Resistance of System Detail of Pipe Earthing: Diameter of Pipe(d) Radius of GI Pipe(R.wordpress.com Calculate No of Pipe Earthing 50000 1 72. Ω-Mt.) length of Pipe(L) Surface Area(S) Max. www. jiguparmar@yahoo.44 Amp Sec Ω-Mt.com. Mt.Mt Amp Ω No of Pipe Earthing Required Arrangement of Pipe Earthing Formation of Parallel Earthing (As per BS 7430): Distance Betweem successive Electrodes (D) Overlall Earthing Resistance of 60 Nos of Electrodes Whether Earthing Strip / Wire Buried in Ground Earth Resistance of Buried Strip / Wire: Strip Width(w): Strip Length(L): Depth of Burial of Strip Electrode(t): Surface Area of both sides of Strip(S): Max. Sq.514 Yes 12 2200 200 52.electricalnotes.5135 0.943 838.408 Amp/Sq.0946 Ω .44 72.1160 Ω Ω 0.1160 mm Mt mm Sq.05 3 0.Mt Ω mm Mt.ate / Pipe Earthing As per IS 3043-1987 Short circuit Current(Isc) Duration of Fault in sec (t) Soil Resisitivity (ρ) If You Know (Otherwise Leave Blank) Soil Resistivity Jignesh.Current Dessipated by One Electrode Resistance of Earthing Strip/Wire: 60 Parallel Hollow Sqare 8 Nos 1 Meter Ω 0.Parmar.

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Normal Short Circuit Value 440KV 40 KA for 1 to 3 Sec 220KV 40 KA for 1 to 3 Sec 132KV 35 KA for 1 to 3 Sec 66KV 25 KA for 1 to 3 Sec 11KV(Urban) 35 KA for 1 to 3 Sec 11KV(Rural) 25 KA for 1 to 3 Sec 415V 10 KA for 1 to 3 Sec 220V 6 KA for 1 to 3 Sec Typical soil resistivity (IEEE 142 / BS 7430) Soil Type Avg. Resistivity (Ω‐m) Well‐graded gravel 600 – 1000 Poorly graded gravel 1000 – 2500 Clayey gravel 200 – 400 Silty sand 100 – 800 Clayey sands Silty or clayey sand Fine sandy soil Gravelly clays Inorganic clays Surface Soils Clay Sandy clay Moist gravel Dry gravel Limestone Porous limestone Quartz. limestone Sandstone Granites 50 – 200 30 – 80 80 – 300 20 – 60 10 – 55 1 ‐ 50 2 ‐ 100 100 ‐ 150 50 ‐ 700 700 ‐ 1200 5 ‐ 10000 30 ‐ 100 100 ‐ 1000 20 ‐ 2000 900 ‐ 1100 .

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94 Volumetric haet capacity of conductor material (Qc) Reciprocal of Tmp.coeff of Resistivity at 0 deg.mm Sq.76 419.60 126.Earth Strip Size Copper Aluminium 0.0001724 0.28 451.5 228 0.) Earthing Conductor Size for PVC Conductor (Al.Calculate Minimum Size of of Earth Strip As per IS 3043-1987 Short circuit Current(Isc) Duration of Fault in sec (t) 33880 1 Amp Sec Lead 0.61 Sq.05 0% Per Year 0 Year 1 A Earthing Strip Size (Copper): Earthing Strip Size (Aluminium): Earthing Strip Size (Lead): Earthing Strip Size (GI): 164.Centrigade (B) Electrical resisitivity of conductorat 20 deg.79 268.mm .mm Sq.0002826 395 325 40 40 205.73 294.90 Sq.mm Sq.025 234.77 969.mm Sq.Centrigade(∂20) Final Temprature of conductor(øt) Initial Temprature of conductor(øi) Value of k Constant for 1sec Allowance for Corrosion in Earth Strip Number of Year before replacement say Safety Factor Calculated Min.mm Sq.000214 325 40 34.mm Sq.mm No 1 1 2 1 Calculate Minimum Size of Earthing Conductor Short circuit Current(Isc) Duration of Fault in sec (t) 33880 1 Amp Sec Value of k Constant fo Cable XLPE PVC Earthing Conductor Size for XLPE Conductor (Al.0345 0.00145 230 0.) 360.) Earthing Conductor Size for XLPE Conductor (Cu.43 235.) Earthing Conductor Size for PVC Conductor (Cu.

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00 0.Parmar www.00 200 300 1200 200 Value of k Constant for 1 Sec.76 419.00 0.77 969.000138 500 40 80.69 J/°Cent-mm3 °Cent Ω-mm °Cent °Cent Actual Earth Strip Size Width(mm) Thickness(mm) Status O.K 10 20 O.90 0. 144 115 . Al.electricalnotes.trip Jignesh.K 60 10 Increase No or Size of Strip 10 20 164.com Normal Short Circuit Value 440KV 40 KA for 1 to 3 Sec 220KV 40 KA for 1 to 3 Sec 132KV 35 KA for 1 to 3 Sec 66KV 25 KA for 1 to 3 Sec 11KV(Urban) 35 KA for 1 to 3 Sec 11KV(Rural) 25 KA for 1 to 3 Sec 415V 10 KA for 1 to 3 Sec 220V 6 KA for 1 to 3 Sec GI 0.00 0.K 10 30 O.0038 202 0. 94 75 Cu.N. jiguparmar@yahoo.79 268.com.wordpress.

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limestone Sandstone Granites Concrete 50 ‐ 700 700 ‐ 1200 5 ‐ 10000 30 ‐ 100 100 ‐ 1000 20 ‐ 2000 900 ‐ 1100 300 ‐ 500 . Resistivity (Ω‐m) Well‐graded gravel 600 – 1000 Poorly graded gravel 1000 – 2500 Clayey gravel 200 – 400 Silty sand 100 – 800 Clayey sands 50 – 200 Silty or clayey sand 30 – 80 Fine sandy soil 80 – 300 Gravelly clays 20 – 60 Inorganic clays 10 – 55 Surface Soils 1 ‐ 50 Clay 2 ‐ 100 Sandy clay 100 ‐ 150 Moist gravel Dry gravel Limestone Porous limestone Quartz.Typical soil resistivity (IEEE 142 / BS 7430) Soil Type Avg.