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Breathing new life into the Norwegian shelf Dutch debut for tight-gas horizontal well fracturing



Beefing up in Brazil


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october 2012

The largest semisubmersible production platform yet built in Brazil – P-55 – takes shape for Petrobras at the Rio Grande Naval Hub in preparation for a scheduled September 2013 startup in the 1500-1900m water depths of the Campos Basin’s Roncador field. Not all of Brazil’s ambitious floating hardware construction efforts are going strictly to plan, however, with the Petrobras hierarchy laying the blame on ‘excessive optimism’ and ‘unrealistic ramp ups’ (see page 31).


Volume 37 Number 10
With massive investment and aggressive technology development required to match world energy demand in coming decades, South America’s ‘southern cone’ will have a big role to play. Russell McCulley reports from Rio de Janeiro. PLUS: Statoil plans four-well Barents drilling campaign – but its Arctic ambitions go much farther; Caribbean concerns over regional spill preparedness; magnet motor is the key to new multiphase subsea pump system; DNV-FNI study looks to bridge the Arctic ‘perception gaps’. New software for the offshore and shipping industries, including optimal voyage planning for safe journeys and minimum fuel consumption, are expected to emerge from a partnership agreement between Star Information Systems and weather experts StormGeo. Meg Chesshyre explains. Sometimes the surf seems to be up, but those big waves that make the surfer’s day just don’t quite materialise. That more or less sums up where proponents of ocean bottom seismic surveying sit right now, observes Andrew McBarnet. Brazil’s oil & gas potential continues to grab the industry headlines, with Petrobras confirming more than a score of offshore discoveries, most of them deepwater, in the last 18 months alone. Newcomer OGX confirmed a number of discoveries too, albeit in the country’s shallower waters. It’s not all plain sailing though, as Jennifer Pallanich notes.

Pemex payback; braked Alaska; BP’s saline solution; Chinook online; Ghana gains; Mozambique move; Berangan break; Bonita bounty; Plains sailing; Åsgard tie-in first; Geitungen delivers; Gorgon grows; Norway’s mature mix.








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october 2012


october 2012




A number of operators on the Norwegian shelf revealed updates of their field development plans at the recent Offshore Northern Seas (ONS) conference in Stavanger, with a substantial list of projects and refurbishments going forward as part of the revitalisation of the Norwegian shelf. Meg Chesshyre has the details. The effective development of lowpermeability tight gas reservoir resources requires operational efficiency to improve production performance. In this opener to OE’s two-part drilling & completions review, Erik Schrama, Robin NaughtonRumbo and Fred van der Bas, Shell; Josef Shaoul, Fenix Consulting Delft; and Mark Norris, Schlumberger discuss the North Sea’s first true tight-gas horizontal well fracturing application. An innovative cased-hole expandable liner system has been deployed to repair casing corrosion in an offshore Congo well. Weatherford’s Scott Durment and Doug Farley explain why and how. ‘Effective tension’ is one of the key concepts in pipeline and marine riser engineering since it tells the user how to account for the pressure in the fluid inside and outside the pipe. Although known and understood for at least 60 years, engineers still sometimes overlook it and get into trouble. Prof Andrew Palmer and Agustony Sabtian discuss the outcome of a recent National University of Singapore experiment aimed at removing any remaining uncertainty. New or upgraded vessels have been very much in evidence lately as the subsea and deepwater vessel markets continue to grow and more renewable energy opportunities emerge. Reports by Meg Chesshyre and Russell McCulley. As Israel/Iran tensions ratchet up, Prof Michael J Economides sees an interesting sub-text developing over the role of Iran’s traditional backer, Russia. OE contacts (6), Contracts (10), Offshore data (15), Rig market (20), Letters (22), Products in action (65/66), Firms & Faces (69-73), Diary (74), Display advertisers index (77).













OFFSHORE ENGINEER | october 2012

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The FPSO has a processing capacity of 80. O F F S H O R E E N GI N EE R | For reprints please contact the Publisher. o f f s h o r e .’ Pemex said. of Shetland. The Chinook-4 well taps Lower Tertiary reservoirs at a depth of around 8000m. 9 . Cascade is 100% owned and operated by Petrobras. The wells will be capped and temporarily abandoned while the company awaits final regulatory approval of its multi-year exploration plan. moored in 2500m of water in Walker Ridge block 205.000 barrels. Braked Alaska Shell revised its 2012 drilling program offshore Alaska after a containment dome. Both fields produce to the BW Pioneer.000b/d of oil and 500. part of an Arctic spill containment system. will include desalination facilities at a cost of around $120 million to create low salinity water from seawater.000b/d. The company estimated the find could contain recoverable reserves of 350mmboe. Lo Sal. and has at least five new and retrofit projects under evaluation beyond Clair Ridge. these bonds can be weakened. BP plans to deploy Lo Sal in all appropriate oil field developments from now on.e n g i n e e r. for reservoir waterflooding at the £4. which BP started investigating in the 1990s.not for reproduction or retransmission. which will have two platforms and is expected to come onstream in 2016. BP found that by injecting lower salinity water into reservoirs. Trión 1 is Pemex’s first well in nearly a decade of deepwater exploration to discover commercially viable crude oil reserves. drilled in 2500m water depths 39km south of the maritime border with the US.000m3/d of gas. c o m Saline solution BP is to use its proprietary Lo Sal enhanced oil recovery technology for the first time on a large-scale offshore project. october 2012 Mexican state operator Pemex chalked up its first deepwater light crude oil discovery in the Gulf of Mexico in late August with the Trión 1 well. is based on a fundamental understanding of the chemistry which binds oil molecules to rock surfaces in reservoirs. Shell’s 2012/13 Alaska w w w .digest Pemex payback digest Chinook online: Petrobras announced first production from the Chinook field in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico 6 September. drilling program calls for up to four wells in the Beaufort Sea and up to six wells in the Chukchi Sea. with the Mad Dog phase two project in the Gulf of Mexico expected to be the second application of Lo Sal. Petrobras operates Chinook with 66. making a significant contribution to the estimated 640 million barrels of recoverable oil from the development. The well encountered 320m of pay in formations with 18-25% porosity and permeability of up to 250mD. US regulators in August signed off on top hole drilling but are waiting for the containment system to be successfully tested before granting final approval to the program. a little more than six months after the nearby Cascade field went onstream. The operator estimates this will enable the production of some 42 million barrels of additional oil compared to waterflooding with untreated seawater. Total holding the remainder.5 billion Clair Ridge development. ‘just enough to guarantee productivity and an estimated flow of up to 10.67% interest. allowing more oil to be flushed out. and an oil storage capacity of 500. The Bicentenario rig is drilling ahead to explore deeper Paleocene reservoirs. Rather than drilling to hydrocarbon zones as planned. the region’s first FPSO. the operator opted to drill as many top hole wells as possible before the Arctic drilling season ends. Clair Ridge. West Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . was damaged during testing.

Worth almost $1. known as Moita Bonita.11 billion deal with BP and Shell.’ Geitungen delivers Statoil logged an oil discovery in the Geitungen prospect on Utsira high in the Norwegian North Sea’s PL265 licence. Plains also acquired.not for reproduction or retransmission. ‘After Kenya and Uganda. Dorado and King fields. The well is 35km southwest of the Barra accumulation.’ commented energy minister Ola Borten Moe. Installation is planned for summer 2014. l Kvaerner will perform the offshore hook-up and commissioning of Lundin Norway’s 21. The NKr2 billion deal begins 1 February 2013 and includes several extension options. The tie-in was installed on the Åsgard B production flowline in 265m of water as part of the Åsgard subsea gas compression project. ‘The four gas fields lie within a 10km radius and present a clear opportunity to evaluate the potential for a gas cluster development.e n g i n e e r. The hot tap operation took ten days with no interruption of production. In May Kvaerner landed the platform’s NKr8 billion topside EPC contract. Total is entering into the southern part of the prolific Rovuma Basin. l Subsea 7 landed a $60 million EPIC contract from Talisman Energy for development of a gas export pipeline at Norway’s Varg field. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. Plains will take 100% ownership of BP’s Marlin. operating interest in five fields and working interest in two others. the remaining 50% interest in the Holstein field from Shell. The firm two-year portion of the contract is worth about NKr3 billion. we will connect the pipeline from these to the hot-tap tie-in point. found a 300m hydrocarbon column with 52m of porous sandstones bearing light oil. Brazil’s Sergipe-Alagoas Basin. l Dril-Quip won a four-year. whose potential might equal the gas potential of the northern part. l Schlumberger’s Framo Engineering won a $100 million contract with Norske Shell for the supply of a subsea multiphase booster pump system in 250m of water on the Draugen field offshore Norway. as well BP’s 100% stake in the Horn Mountain field. 33. it calls for the delivery of some 380 subsea wellheads and installation tools. A remote-controlled drilling machine then tapped in to the line with no effect on pressure or production. with over 75% of the parts expected to be made in Brazil. The company plans to drill more wells to determine the size of the discovery. drilled by the Ocean Vanguard to a vertical depth of 2045m in 115m of water. Mature mix Norway’s ministry of petroleum & energy reports record interest in the 2012 Awards in Predefined Areas (APA 2012) on the Norwegian continental shelf.000t Edvard Grieg topsides under a NKr525 million contract. Western Australia. The ministry plans to award new production licences under the round in January 2013. l Technip secured a €210 million offshore commissioning contract from Inpex covering the FPSO and central processing facility for the Ichthys LNG project in the Browse Basin. The well produced around 5000b/d during a production test with flow rates constrained by surface infrastructure. Eni said. ‘When the compressor module and the manifold for Åsgard subsea compression are installed next year. added Torstein Vinterstø. teams used subsea robotics to weld a T-piece onto the live pipeline.’ said the French supermajor’s SVP exploration & production.digest CONTRACT BRIEFS l A subsea wellhead production systems contract awarded by Petrobras to GE Oil & Gas is being hailed as the world’s largest to date. where the 1-SES-158 well discovered what Petrobas deemed ‘the first significant signs of gas in ultra-deep waters in the Sergipe-Alagoas Basin. . $650 million contract with Petrobras for the supply of subsea wellhead systems and associated tools. l Baker Hughes has reached an agreement with Statoil to provide integrated drilling services for 25 fields on the Norwegian continental shelf.500boe/d.454ft in 3570ft of water. Exploration well 16/2-12. for around $560 million.1 billion. The Sankofa East-1X well in 825m of water was drilled to a total depth of 3650m and encountered 76m of gross oil pay and 28m of gas and condensate in Cretaceous sandstones. Tie-in time saver: Statoil performed what the company claims is the first subsea hot tap installation of a new tie-in point on a live gas pipeline without the line being prepared in advance. Chevron’s Satyr-2 well in the Greater Gorgon Area found 128ft of net gas pay. At a cost of $5. was drilled to a depth of 12. The contract covers the supply of 12 flexible flowlines with a total length of 19km. 31% interest in the Ram Powell field and a 50% operating interest in the Holstein field. Mozambique move Total has signed a farm-in agreement with operator Petronas to acquire a 40% interest in the PSCs covering two offshore Mozambique blocks – areas 3 and 6 – in water depths ranging up to 2500m. Statoil said. scheduled to start up in 2015 (OE April). The vertical well was drilled to a total depth of 1709m in 70m of water offshore Sabah. in the WA-374-P permit off Western Australia.’ he added. l Russia’s Vostochniy Offshore Structures construction yard was selected by Rosneft and ExxonMobil to conduct a concept evaluation and feasibility study for a relocatable Arctic gravity base platform capable of extending the drilling season in the Kara Sea’s shallow waters (up to 60m) by several months. 10 O F F S H O R E E N GI N EE R | o c t o b e r 2 0 1 2 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . w w w . Statoil estimates recoverable oil equivalents of 140-270mmb at Geitungen. An exploration well is planned by year-end. The well. l Technip was contracted by Swiber Offshore Construction to supply flexible pipe to support Brunei Shell Petroleum’s Champion waterflood project offshore Brunei.’ said Statoil project manager Kjell Edvard Apeland. o f f s h o r e . Schlumberger landed a four-year contract with Statoil for electric wireline services on the Norwegian shelf. with options to extend by four years. gas and condensates. and has received applications from 47 companies. Working from Technip’s Skandi Arctic. setting a cost-saving precedent for future projects. Jacques Marraud des Grottes. Statoil’s portfolio manager for subsea compression projects. The 1-BRSA-1088-SES well. marking the company’s 15th discovery in Australia since mid-2009. ‘Exploration results in recent years have shown that there is still significant potential for discovering new resources. The equipment will be used in the drilling of deepwater wells offshore Brazil starting in 2H 2013. The acquisition will give the company a production boost of 59. Berangan break Lundin Petroleum’s Berangan-1 well in block SB303 offshore Malaysia encountered a gross gas column of more than 165m in mid-Miocene sands. Lundin CEO Ashley Heppenstall said Berangan is the company’s third gas discovery in SB303 and the fourth in the contract area which also includes the Titik Terang discovery. encountered a 35m oil column in a Jurassic reservoir. Plains sailing Gorgon grows Bonita bounty Petrobras reported a good quality oil and gas discovery in 2775m of water at the SEAL-M-499 concession in Houston-based independent Plains Exploration & Production acquired a significant chunk of mature deepwater Gulf of Mexico acreage in a $6.55 billion. collectively known as the Marlin Hub.33% non-operating interest in the Diana-Hoover field. Ghana gains Eni reported the first oil discovery in the Offshore Cape Three Points block in Ghana’s Tano Basin. near the Swedish operator’s Tarap and Cempulut gas discoveries. also in mature areas.

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com www. From the control room to the boardroom. As the first choice for reliable control & instrumentation solutions. 25/06/2012 For reprints please contact the Publisher.yokogawa.yokogawa. By choosing Yokogawa to deliver an integrated plant control solution.indd 1 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . improved safety.Total Control. For more information contact us now on 01928 597100 info@uk. Yokogawa is your partner for success. reduced costs. organisations achieve long term business success through increased production. 15:34 .com/uk Yokogawa Ad – Off Eng 255x180. Bringing financial benefits as well as technical sophistication to oil and gas operations.not for reproduction or retransmission. Financial Sense. all resulting in increased revenue and profitability. many of world’s leading energy companies working in the North Sea and beyond trust the strength of Yokogawa. Yokogawa’s expertise extends beyond the control room and into the boardroom.

‘The conclusion that I draw from all of this is that resources are not going to be a binding restraint. or cheap.’ Sieminski noted. Russell McCulley reports from Rio de Janeiro. ‘peak oil’ warnings from a decade ago proved to be premature. CEO of Rio de Janeiro-based Barra Energia and the first representative from Brazil to hold the top job at the WPC. president of the International Gas Union. c o m Moreover. Bertani. US Energy Information Administration chief Adam Sieminski told an audience midway through this year’s Rio Oil & Gas expo and conference.not for reproduction or retransmission. o f f s h o r e . the US has pledged $5 million to investigate the use of marine methane hydrates for gas. projects that the world holds nearly ten times the 600tcf of shale gas already proved in the US. South America’s ‘southern cone’ will have a big role to play. ‘The Department of Energy calls these methane hydrates the world’s largest untapped fossil energy resource.e n g i n e e r. 13 . T hanks in large part to Brazil’s pre-salt discoveries.’ But Sieminski and his fellow panelists acknowledged that efforts to harness those resources will not come easy.ANALYSIS Brazil to play key role in energy future analysis With massive investment and aggressive technology development required to match world energy demand in coming decades. twice as abundant as all of the remaining natural gas and petroleum reserves in the whole world. october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . the US Department of Energy’s statistics division. w w w . Sharing a dais with World Petroleum Council president Renato Bertani and Jerome Ferrier. OFFSHORE ENGINEER | For reprints please contact the Publisher. Sieminski said the EIA. unconventional gas prospects in the US and the Gulf of Mexico’s nascent deepwater plays.

’ he said. governments have to be responsible to their people and to the companies that are operating in their countries. w w w . pointed out that world oil consumption is projected to grow by 2. the reserves are there and are constantly being replaced. Saudi Aramco. .’ he said. ‘We need fair and consistent legal systems in the countries that are producing the energy. To keep the taps running. o f f s h o r e . said Sieminski. At the same time. we will witness an annual production decline of 3.’ Others. both in supply and demand. Sieminski said the money to fuel growth in the industry should be readily available ‘as long as markets are allowed to function’. ‘there is no single company or group of companies that will singly be able to place 60 million barrels of oil per day in the market’. gas pipeline. ‘Not all countries are on the same level in terms of safety. leaving a gap of around 60-65 million barrels per day that will have to be filled to keep pace. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher.e n g i n e e r. could require an investment of up to $20 trillion between now and 2030. ‘We need trained people. Bertani said. This does not even have to be a problem for state owned oil companies as long as the model they are working under is appropriate for the goal.’ he said. Transnational potential Noting that ‘Brazil will play a key role in the energy future’. see feature page 31.’ Ferrier said. Ferrier focused on the potential for a transnational LNG industry in the southern reaches of South America. But the pre-salt revolution in Brazil. he said.45 trillion barrels.5% from fields currently onstream. and called for development of unconventional resources in Brazil.’ Bertani said. Other potential stumbling blocks are restricted access to acreage and a shortage of workers. ‘These conditions are the basis for providing the foundation of economic growth. innovative technology and ‘competent education.analysis Rio Oil & Gas conference panel in session (left to right): EIA chief Adam Sieminski. IBP president Joao Carlos de Luca (moderator) and IGU president Jerome Ferrier. But they are also necessary for dealing with the challenges of providing energy supply in the 21st century. While some estimates put the remaining global oil reserves at 1. universal education’ are critical to sustain growth. WPC president Renato Bertani. struggle to maintain production as governments extract a heavy toll from profits. demonstration and development of new energy technology. he said. and ‘regulatory integration’ to ensure safe practices. has proven to be a global leader in terms of both oil production and advanced technology. Globally. ‘Spending on research.not for reproduction or retransmission. and not only here in Brazil. and in operations and controls. or any other century. resource-rich and energy-hungry countries. he continued. the conditions essential for industry growth come down to five points. Argentina and Bolivia. to 108-110 million barrels per day by 2030. including a transcontinental 14 O F F S H O R E E N G IN E E R | o c t o b e r 2 0 1 2 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . South American leaders and stakeholders should meet to discuss the development of LNG infrastructure.3% annually. ‘Second. ‘International oil companies will invest if the rate of return is attractive. like Venezuela’s PDVSA. ‘Nevertheless.’ OE l Rig delays dampen deepwater carnival.’ Strong capital markets. he said – provided technology keeps pace. including difficult-to-produce very heavy oil. the oil sands of Canada and America’s shale boom ‘could dramatically alter the politics of oil in the next few decades’. has the potential to transform our energy supply in the 21st century in ways that we could hardly have dreamed only a few years ago. The IGU president said industry groups. for example. Sieminski acknowledged that oil producers are often hampered by the difficulty of planning investments in an industry beset by price volatility and the ‘problem of statistical transparency’ in many developing.

207 4275 410 5686 10. including one in Cuba. including BP.08 14.60) (61.45 (2945.82 50. as well sharing the very robust spill response plan that has just been developed for Trinidad & Tobago.05 (3150.infield.05) 6230.53 40. Hunt said.68 (5097.756 22.815 50101 131. ‘So rather than duplication [of response systems].47) (12.25 (798. president emeritus of the International Association of Drilling Contractors and organizer of the conference.’ he said.567. a subsea response.28 61. concerns have surfaced about the region’s ability to respond to a Macondo-style subsea leak.’ RM Quick stats New discoveries announced Depth range Shallow Deep Ultra-deep Total 2009 113 37 32 182 2010 2011 2012 92 26 31 149 102 24 19 145 39 14 24 77 analysis OE ’s at-a-glance guide to offshore hydrocarbon reserves and key offshore infrastructure globally is updated monthly using data from leading energy analysts Infield Systems (www.not for reproduction or retransmission.06 (938.824.069.06 (6867.13 (2422.235) 360 34.533.00 (2721. Trinidad’s energy minister Kevin Ramnarine has aggressively sought to position the nation as a regional energy hub. Cuba’s entry in deepwater E&P just months after Macondo raised fears in the US that a spill could reach its shores and that the 50-year old US embargo could prevent American companies from offering well control help. Trinidad.03 36.032.304.77) 4262. o f f s h o r e .196. Jamaica.49) 69.371 (613) 71. I think centralizing a staging area is very much part of his plan.821.000.50 2510.370.00 (36.99 (10. including the Bahamas.00 1690.94) Total 13. they have the facilities. adding that Trinidad & Tobago. officials from several Caribbean nations joined energy industry representatives in Port of Spain. to respond to a spill in Cuba is 100% better than it was two years ago.00 8970.Caribbean concerns A s a number of Caribbean nations set sights on developing potential deepwater reserves.98) 2682.45) 3500.210.711.450.00 6450. drawn by picture-perfect beaches and rich undersea life. so totals for previous years continue to change.121. Note: Shallow water: <500m Deep water: 500-1500m Ultra-deep: >1500m Note: Operators do not announce discovery dates at the time of discovery. who oversaw the restructuring of the US offshore regulatory regime after Macondo. They have the infrastructure.26) 1686. ‘He wants to promote Trinidad being the hub for any spill response planning in the region. to discuss lessons from Macondo and to lay the groundwork for a regional emergency response effort.’ he said.36) 2016 (54.253.79 30. w w w . while Trinidad recently granted leases for offshore blocks to a number of operators.191 (62.482.61 2422. Regulation & Enforcement director.74 (77.13) Deep (last month) 1316.734. although it’s not 100% complete. ‘The professionals in the [US] State Department have come to recognize the significance of US interests in helping the region plan for a potential spill.97 12.508. which has existing offshore oil and gas infrastructure and is less reliant than its neighbors on tourism.377. as well as a hub of general deepwater drilling services for the surrounding companies.824) 3117.811) (121.619. Cuba and Trinidad & Tobago. The inaugural ‘One Caribbean – One Response’ forum drew about 100 participants from eight countries.94) 662.e n g i n e e r.04) 2012 (27.964 75.784.38) 2015 (40.096.006. are responsible for a large share of island income.256. O F F S H O R E E N G IN E E R | For reprints please contact the Publisher.06) 35. In September.619.326) Global offshore reserves (mmboe) onstream by water depth 2010 (9834. c o m Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only .00 (49. Reserves in the Golden Triangle by water depth 2012-16 Water Field Liquid Gas depth numbers reserves reserves (bcf) (mmbbl) Pipelines (operational and 2012 onwards) <8in Operational/installed Planned/possible 8-16in Operational/installed Planned/possible >16in Operational/installed Planned/possible (km) (last month) Brazil Shallow Deep Ultra-deep United States Shallow Deep Ultra-deep West Africa Shallow Deep Ultra-deep (last month) 37 17 31 22 33 30 129 46 15 (371) 3923. Michael Bromwich.45) Shallow water (last month) 9836.59 11.37 3764.50 (6567. ‘My assessment is.40 10. said the region has sufficient capacity for surface spill containment but lacks equipment to handle the ‘third dimensional’ nature of a subsea blowout.66 7624.304. october 2012 15 .00 2490.25 1416.264 122.95 1749. they have the harbors.00 107.00 16.00 8585.00 3258. The topic is especially prominent in a swath of sea where tourists.’ Spain’s Repsol launched a deepwater drilling program off Cuba this year.25) 159 (163) 14.38 31.40 58.891. would likely serve as a response staging hub and storage site for a well containment system.441.867.00) 1458 101.176.74) (11.76) 7542.891.121.208 62.410.64 51. pending results of an April 2013 referendum on offshore oil & gas activity.94 Production systems worldwide (operational and 2012 onwards) Floaters: Operational Under construction/conversion Planned/possible Fixed platforms: Operational Under construction/conversion Planned/possible Subsea wells: Operational Under development Planned/possible (last month) Greenfield reserves 2012-16 Water Field depth numbers Shallow Deep Ultra-deep 1216 (1221) Liquid reserves (mmbbl) (last month) Gas reserves (bcf) (last month) 263 37 313 613 9573 146 1488 11.45) 47.998. A consortium led by Shell has spudded the first deepwater well off French Guiana.99 (71.75 1760. ‘They know they need to have industry provide the capacity and the resources to handle that third dimensional problem. The roster of speakers included the former US Bureau of Ocean Energy Management.30 (1696. Officials from the US and Cuba are fine-tuning protocols of a joint spill response plan.432.94) (132.55) Ultra-deep (last month) 938. Hunt said. including provisions that grant US companies authority to respond to an emergency in Cuban waters.73 (1321.49 (15.53 53. the ability of Cuba and its neighbors. including the US. they have the ports.78 4314. Exploration offshore the Bahamas is planned.94) 2011 (10. Mexico.38 27. Lee Hunt.093.311 85.23) 6948.73 779.047 47.764.181.23) 2754.26 (35.767.80) 2636.51 45.25 (15.225) 83 (86) 15.00 40.61 (2756.49) 2014 (34.069.54 (9849.135.49) 2013 (55.84 All reserves figures are proven +

in blocks 5 and 8. In May 2012. Statoil used the biennial ONS conference and exhibition to set out its multi-year strategy for exploration in the Arctic.not for reproduction or retransmission. Ongoing research includes the development of an Arctic drilling rig capable of dynamically positioned station-keeping at shallow water depths of 40m. Seismic exploration Statoil has contracted Seadrill’s West Hercules ultra-deepwater semi for its Arctic exploration programme. which the company says could contain 20%-25% of the word’s undiscovered conventional oil & gas reserves. Meanwhile. Drilling in the Russian Arctic could begin in 2016. see feature page 36. Statoil will return to the Hammerfest Basin to drill exploration wells at Ensis and Askepott near the existing Goliat and Snøhvit discoveries. Seadrill’s West Hercules semi will conduct drilling under a five-year contract. 16 OFFSHORE ENGINEER | october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . But its Arctic ambitions go much farther. w w w .ANALYSIS ‘So far. Although Ovrum stressed the need for greater co-operation among operators to overcome the considerable technological challenges of Arctic E&P. Statoil also plans to triple its Arctic research budget S from NKr80 million in 2012 to NKr250 million next year. ‘We see great potential in the Arctic. EVP of technology. Statoil and researchers from the Norwegian University of Science & Technology launched a research cruise to northeast Greenland in September. The Norwegian operator’s executive vice president of exploration. the rig will operate in a range of Arctic water depths ‘and will involve integrated operations in drifting ice’. is under way in Beaufort Sea licence 460 offshore western Canada. The wells are planned for the Harpoon and Cupid prospects in the Flemish Pass and the Federation prospect in the Jeanne d’Arc Basin.’ Ovrum noted. Skavl and Iskrystall prospects over the following six months. .6% stake in the Cairn Energyoperated Pitu prospect. Statoil entered a joint venture agreement with Rosneft to team up on bidding for Arctic licences offshore Norway and to explore the Perseevesky block in the Russian Barents Sea and the Magadan 1. The Norwegian Barents Sea is one of the Arctic’s less challenging areas because it lies in a year-round ice-free zone. The mission will test technologies in ice management. Canada to begin later this year. projects and drilling. Kramsno. o f f s h o r e .’ Tim Dodson Statoil sets sights on northern lights Statoil will launch a drilling campaign in the Norwegian Barents Sea before the end of the year with four exploration wells in the Skrugard area. Hoop includes the Atlantis and Apollo fields and will mark the northernmost wells drilled in Norway. no robust solution exists for dynamic positioning in ice. Statoil has secured Seadrill’s West Aquarius rig for a threewell drilling programme offshore Newfoundland. The rig has been prepared for Arctic conditions and is scheduled to begin drilling the Skrugard prospect in December. said Margareth Ovrum. Dodson said the company would make a ‘drill or drop’ decision for the Pitu block next year. Norway will hold a Barents Sea drilling round in spring of 2013. in block 6. no robust solution exists for dynamic positioning in ice. he added. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher.’ The drilling program will continue with two to three wells in the Hoop prospect in summer 2013 targeting shallow reservoirs 600m below the surface. she said Statoil is working in-house on the Arctic rig concept and development of seismic data acquisition in ice conditions. where Statoil holds 40% interest with operator Chevron holding 60%.’ Margareth Ovrum ‘We see great potential in the Arctic.  Revitalising the Norwegian shelf. Ovrum said. ‘we believe these petroleum resources will be critical for a growing world’. Tim Dodson. and in early 2012 acquired a 30. Statoil holds non-operating interest in the blocks. ‘So far. Lisyansky and Kashevarovsky blocks in the Sea of Okhotsk. as Russell McCulley reports.e n g i n e e r. respectively. tatoil will spud the first of its planned Skrugard wells in the Barents – at Nunatak – in December and drill and complete four wells at the Nunatak. he said. Seismic data acquisition is also being gathered at the Shell-operated Anu and Napu prospects offshore west Greenland. the company announced at this year’s Offshore Northern Seas (ONS) conference in Stavanger. Dodson said. said at ONS that first production from Skrugard is tentatively scheduled for 2018. Later in 2013. with 72 offshore blocks on offer. According to earlier Statoil briefings. With the Arctic region believed to contain up to 25% of the world’s yet to be discovered hydrocarbons. Dodson said.

or at deepwater sites. Either onshore. construction companies and diving services. Greene’s expertise will safely improve the productivity of your pipeline assets.GreenesEnergy. . Website: www. on the continental shelf.not for reproduction or retransmission. Our services include: • Pipeline Pigging • Pipeline Abandonment • Pipeline Flooding • Pipeline Cleaning • Pig Sales • Hydrostatic Testing (Digital Available) • Drying • Umbilical Testing • Water Treatment • Rentals • Purging • Chemical Treatment • Portable Separation Toll Free: Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only800-324-1213 . Greene’s Energy Group is a company to rely on for safe and efficient pipeline solutions– from flushing. cleaning and testing to dewatering and For reprints please contact the Publisher.Greene’s Pipeline Services For operators.

000psi and be designed primarily for the Paleogene prospects in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico. a 6MW multiphase pump FMC is developing will be able to withstand pressures of up to 15. Perry said. Tore Halvorsen. 18 O F F S H O R E E N G IN E E R | o c t o b e r 2 0 1 2 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only .not for reproduction or retransmission. The new pump. with less energy use. ‘With this technology. and each year we have targeted what we intend to develop and have qualified. differs from pumps powered by induced electrical currents in that the permanently magnetized motor reduces the overall package size while allowing a wider liquid gap between the pump’s rotor and stationary elements.2MW multiphase subsea pump system capable of operation in pressures up to 5000psi has now been completed. described it as a key component in the company’s goal of developing a full subsea ‘factory’ by the end of the decade. ‘If you’re an operator.’ Halvorsen said.’ Multiphase pumps enable the entire production stream to be gathered and boosted. o f f s h o r e .2MW multiphase subsea pump system during final qualification testing. courtesy sulzer pumps . w w w . The resultant reduction in drag losses means the pump can operate faster or. ‘We have a technology roadmap that takes us from today’s position all the way to the ambition where we think we can have a truly subsea based system. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. you like to have multiple choices. at an equivalent rate of an induction machine. Magnet motor key to subsea step change F ull qualification testing of a 3.’ Perry noted. you can break through that limit. and the systems around the pump really call on FMC’s subsea experience. The motor is the key. FMC director of subsea processing Rob Perry said combining Sulzer Pumps’ proven hydraulics with FMC’s high-speed permanent magnet motor technology created what will be a robust and efficient pumping system. where it starts to differentiate is that it gives you a broader application envelope than what’s currently on the market. ‘If you go with a conventional motor.’ Perry said. there’s a limit to how far you can go.’ RM courtesy fmc technologies The pumping system’s permanently magnetized motor. the hydraulics are field proven. ‘The motor is new technology. FMC’s senior VP of subsea technologies.analysis The new 5000psi-rated. And this product. FMC Technologies and Sulzer Pumps confirmed during Stavanger’s ONS show.e n g i n e e r. 3. According to Perry. Unveiling the new system.

Completing offshore? Complete with the leader. and collaboration with our customers every step of the way have made Halliburton the completions leader worldwide. Photo courtesy of ENSCO. *Based on Spears & Associates Oilfield Market Report. Contact us today to schedule a meeting or to receive more information at Halliburton. technological innovations. commitment to the highest quality service. no service company has taken on more deepwater challenges than Halliburton. For reprints please contact the Publisher. ENSCO 8502 The deeper the Complete1 © 2012 Halliburton All rights reserved. ™ Solving challenges. Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . the greater the challenges. Halliburton has been involved in over 90% of all deepwater operations worldwide. . Our experience. And when it comes to completions.not for reproduction or retransmission. Our expertise is second to none.* Our enhanced completion technology enables us to develop customized solutions. and make sure each completion is as efficient as it is effective. decrease total costs. Let’s talk about your offshore completion challenge. integrate across services and disciplines to reduce NPT.

Along with recent contract announcements in the ultra-deepwater sector.’ While noting that some barrier disputes remain. The study. fuelled by melting sea ice. ‘Important remaining challenges require strong focus on technology development. The Gulf of Mexico deepwater rig market is experiencing tightness as many of the units currently in the region are carrying out development work. prospects of shorter shipping routes and confidence that enhanced scientific knowledge and maturing governance processes will ensure Arctic peace and predictability.analysis OE ’s analysis of current rig market data is updated monthly using statistics provided by Rigzone. Worldwide rig utilization 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 08/11 09/11 10/11 11/11 12/11 01/12 02/12 03/12 04/12 05/12 06/12 07/12 08/12 Bridging the Arctic ‘perception gaps’ D Semi Drillship Jackup 20% 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% Gulf of Mexico rig utilization Jackup Semi Jackup 08/11 09/11 10/11 11/11 12/11 01/12 02/12 03/12 04/12 05/12 06/12 07/12 08/12 Semis Drillship NV and Norway’s Fridtjof Nansen Institute released a joint study during ONS calling for improved technology. the US. o f f s h o r e .e n g i n e e r. Energy and the environment – Arctic resource development.’ said Knut Ørbeck-Nilssen.’ RM 20 O F F S H O R E E N G IN E E R | o c t o b e r 2 0 1 2 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . this is a highly diverse region that defies simple. Floater utilization in the Gulf of Mexico is a robust 93% (excluding cold stacked rigs and rigs that will be leaving the region once they have completed their shipyard stay). 75 permits for new wells (both exploratory and development) in water depths greater than 500ft had been approved by the US Bureau of Ocean Energy Management. evacuation and rescue of personnel are not managed sufficiently today. Canada and Denmark/Greenland. w w w . The study cites the delimitation agreement between Russia and Norway as a model for settling remaining territorial disputes in the region. the DNV-FNI study maintains that the Arctic ‘is more characterised by co-operation than by conflict’. fortunes and job opportunities along Arctic coasts. proposes a ‘performance-based system’ to manage risk in the Arctic along with greater communication between industry. ‘However. A few newbuilds have already arrived and a steady stream of new units will arrive 2013/14. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. many are moving forward with exploration plans. . but also to develop systems that can handle emergencies. with most resources clearly under the jurisdictions of the Arctic coastal nations of Russia. risks and responsible management. to prevent accidents from happening. As of early September. Russia and Finland division. ‘Interest in the Arctic is growing rapidly. ‘Oil spills in ice and escape. Norway. up to 15 newbuilds will be making their way to the Gulf of Mexico on long-term Rig market Utilization for the worldwide mobile offshore drilling fleet continues to hold steady at 77% – almost five points higher than this time last year. While most operators in the region are focused on development work in the near term. calling for a major effort to reduce the probability of incidents.’ the report concludes. promises of vast energy and mineral resources. The recent central and western Gulf of Mexico lease sales saw vigorous activity for deepwater blocks.not for reproduction or retransmission. clear-cut definitions and generalisations. There are great variations within the Arctic and the public perceptions of promises and risks are polarised as never before: the Arctic as unspoilt nature with an acute need for protection from modern civilisation’s onslaught versus the great new energy frontier that can provide energy security. The trailing twelve-month utilization average is at 75%. better spill response preparation and greater co-operation among stakeholders in order to safely develop Arctic resources. chief operating officer of the class society’s Norway. governments and society ‘to bridge perception gaps’.

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Arguably. and installations. either. On 5 September. Between March and April a further nine coal fired plants were then apparently axed. too. As of April 2012. 22 wind and four pumped storage plants.LETTERS OE welcomes letters reflecting all shades of offshore industry opinion but reserves the right to edit and condense.not for reproduction or retransmission. 25 gas fired. w w w . comparatively inefficient and polluting existing plants and scale back A new industry standard in Subsea Sensing The Zetechtics range of Jupiter Subsea Control Systems have lead to the development of a range of stand-alone battery powered subsea sensor systems. these these systems sy ystems do d not require a complex control system or da atalink.7GW).On announced that it will not build any new coal fired or gas fired power plants in Western Europe because ‘the European market does not until 2020 require additional capacity beyond those projects already under way’. . Some of these were at the very early scoping/ planning stages and not all would necessarily be realised.7GW under construction or planned. OE August 2012).zetechtics. some 69 POWER PLANTS POSER power plants with a total capacity of 36GW were planned or under construction. It is not unreasonable to assume. mailbag Sir.On now dismisses such concerns as unfounded even though it. datalink. RWE. 14 were coal fired plants (15. o f f s h o r e . Designed to monitor the position or state of actuators on subsea tools too ols modules. And that trend is continuing.6GW had already been cancelled at that time. a not insignificant proportion of those 14 coal fired plants are intended to replace existing facilities whose average age exceeds 30 years and whose efficiency lags some 6% behind modern plants. Germany’s other power giant. declared in 2011 that it had no plans for new fossil power projects because of their ‘poor prospective economics’. Professor Economides’s claim that Germany will build 84 new power plants just to offset the retirement of its nuclear assets is not plausible (‘Marching to the wrong tune’. E.e n g i n e e r. • 3. While RWE then warned of severe power shortages. therefore.000msw rated rugged design • Stand alone operation with long battery life • Ultra low power with selectable dormant state Tel: +44 (0) 1653 602020 Email: sales@zetechtics. then warned of massive power cuts as a result of retiring the nuclear fleet. that some of the projects at the planning stage in April 2012 will not make it to project sanction. In March 2012 there were still 23 coal fired plants with a combined capacity of Website ite: Zetechtics Ltd 22 OFFSHORE ENGINEER | october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. The reasons for shelving plans for new fossil plants appear to be twofold: first there is the massive build-out of renewables and second there is the marketdistorting gift of free CO2 certificates bestowed on power companies by the German government. This freebie allows generators to continue to operate very profitably their long-written-off. Of these. E. considering that a total of 17 previously planned coal projects with a combined capacity of 14.

october 2012 23 . This torque-precise tool beat the prior record-holding industrial impact wrench in Speed. and are therefore disinclined to invest in new fossil projects now in order to meet a notional capacity shortfall after 2020 that may never come to pass. w w w . the Thrill™. while total installed wind capacity stood at around 31GW. too. Watch the World Record Run. Solar capacity in the first half of 2012 alone grew by up to 7GW while wind added another 1GW. Precision and Safety.not for reproduction or retransmission. but the time when much of it will not be.torcgun. Uncertainties attached to predictions of the renewables’ market penetration over the next decade may have been one factor. Renewables rise The relentless rise of renewables must have influenced these decisions. Prof Economides is correct in saying that significant fossil generating capacity is still needed. utilities may indeed have a clear view of the further inroads renewables will have made by 2020. Joachim Groeger Independent petroleum management consultant. Increasingly often there is a surplus of electricity attributable to renewables that sometimes cannot even be given away. On the other hand. By the middle of 2012 installed solar generating capacity in Germany totalled 32GW. The renewables’ share of the German electricity supply has now reached 25%. which arises as a result of renewables enjoying priority access to the grid.S. a U. Germany WORLD RECORD On May 14. o f f s h o r e . c o m Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . to France where additional supplies are needed to shore up its system because the country’s nuclear plants can frequently not meet demand. set 3 World Records with the very first torque/impact gun. the opposite is true! Utilities must frequently sell at knock-down prices their surplus electricity. OFFSHORE ENGINEER | For reprints please contact the Publisher. second only to that of lignite-fired generating plants. may not be too far off.LETTERS investment in lower return new projects. www.e n g i n e e r. given that past projections have consistently and significantly underestimated their growth. Economides’s claim that Germany is forced to buy in nuclear-generated electricity from France has been repeatedly debunked as pure power industry propaganda. TorcGun. and it continues to grow. Schneverdingen. Company.

not for reproduction or retransmission. OE 24 OFFSHORE ENGINEER | october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only .e n g i n e e r. We hope to be able to take optimal voyage planning to a new and more sophisticated level – both on an individual vessel basis. StormGeo. are expected to emerge from a partnership agreement between Star Information Systems and weather experts StormGeo. including optimal voyage planning for safe journeys and minimum fuel consumption. StormGeo lays claim to being the world’s leading provider of meteorological decision systems to the offshore industry and is experiencing rapid growth in the more traditional shipping sector. with an option to increase this in the future. projects and document management. Japan Drilling. SIS chief executive Per Anders Koien says: ‘We see that our customers are facing new and more demanding requirements for safe operations from the authorities and their own customers. as part of a strategic move into the US market for meteorology and weather related services. Detailed meteorological information and decisions already provide the shipping and offshore industries with crucial tools to safeguard people and equipment while operating in harsh conditions. SIS and StormGeo believe that this data becomes New software for the offshore and shipping industries. However. Ocean Rig. safety management. In May this year. We also see that their activity is increasing in more demanding locations. w w w . Two years ago it acquired Swedish company Seaware. Petrofac and Seadrill.’ Extended network StormGeo’s Erik Langaker (left) and Star Information Systems CEO Per Anders Koien shake on last month’s deal. SIS. S even more powerful when it is combined with operational data from engine management for handling events and initiating safety measures. guarantee claims.BUSINESS Safer hands across the sea tar Information Systems (SIS) is among the largest providers of software systems for maintenance. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. is expanding its operations in Singapore and Brazil.’ StormGeo chairman Erik Langaker observes: ‘We recognised that there could be an opportunity for StormGeo to integrate other software suppliers’ asset data with our more traditional meteorological forecasting and risk assessment models. Meg Chesshyre reports. and its chairman Erik Langaker becoming SIS’ non-executive chairman – the two companies are looking to have the first fruits of their partnership on the market within 12 months. as well as for large fleets servicing offshore and shipping segments. purchasing and logistics within both the shipping and offshore sectors. StormGeo operates out of 12 offices in nine countries. Odebrecht. o f f s h o r e . StormGeo is looking to benefit from a SIS customer base of more than 1500 ships. SIS is expected to benefit from StormGeo’s extended network of office locations around the world – particularly Houston and Dubai. adding ship dynamics and performance expertise to the mix. Another large software upgrade project currently under way is for Dutch offshore contractor Van Oord’s 90-strong vessel fleet. For its part. Northern Offshore. The ultimate goal of our new relationship with SIS is to provide customers with an optimum decision platform for safe journeys and minimum fuel consumption. asset management. In agreeing to work together on the development of leading edge software – with StormGeo taking a 15% stake in SIS. meanwhile. By combining machinery and operational performance information with weather forecasting we can help our customers to build a safer and more cost efficient operation. such as Arctic areas. Cotemar. COSL. The contract with Solstad Offshore also includes Star IPS functionality covering planned maintenance. The combined group now covers all geographic areas of the world on a 24/7 basis. acquired all outstanding shares of Houstonbased ImpactWeather from Universal Weather & Aviation. Offshore clients include BW Offshore. SIS has recently completed the installation of its Star Information & Planning System software package for Solstad Offshore’s fleet of 50 fully owned/jointly owned and leased vessels. IAN MCINNES . as well as over 150 offshore units operating globally.

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Order the Gulf Coast Oil Directory and Houston/Texas Oil Directory to maximize your database! 50. Oklahoma.000 Contacts 10. and Florida 30% OFF Retail (for both directories) $139. **The 2013 Houston/Texas Oil Directory is a PRE-ORDER and will be available for shipment July Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only .1480 www. For reprints please contact the directories@oilonline.Obtain the most comprehensive list of Oil & Gas contacts across the U. PRE-ORDER the NEW 2013 Editions of both the Gulf Coast Oil Directory* and the Houston/Texas Oil Directory**.oilonline.00 Each 2 The 2012 Gulf Coast Oil Directory & 2012/ 2013 Houston/Texas Oil Directory Purchase 3 Included: PRE-ORDER The NEW 2013 Gulf Coast Oil Directory* & NEW 2013 Houston/Texas Oil Directory** INDIVIDUAL PRICING Order individual directories based on your speci c needs. Company Name Address Email Address Contact Name Direct /Cell Phone #’s Web Site Title Company Detail: Company Size Revenue Areas Operated in past 12 months Operations (onshore/o shore) Stock Data +1800. Louisiana.654.not for reproduction or retransmission. . Alabama.000 Companies 1 Purchase Individually $89. Mississippi.S. Gulf Coast Region.00 42nd Edition Houston/Texas Oil Directory Covers Texas. 60th Edition Gulf Coast Oil Directory Covers South Texas. and parts of New Mexico Obtain the nal inventory of the 2012 Gulf Coast Oil Directory and the 2012/2013 Houston/Texas Oil Directory. Do not miss out on gaining extensive data to reach individuals throughout the oil and gas communi*The 2013 Gulf Coast OIl Directory is a PRE-ORDER and will be available for shipment February 2013.00 20% OFF Retail (for both directories) $159.

c o m subsurface than towed streamer data. Some of this could be put down to the difficulty of a small. for which few oil companies would be prepared to pay the premium price needed to make it viable. It is of course true that the OBS experience to date has not been an especially happy one.‘A modest crescendo of industry voices is beginning to sing the praises of seabed seismic.not for reproduction or retransmission. The good news is that a modest crescendo of industry voices is beginning to sing the praises of seabed seismic. OFFSHORE ENGINEER | For reprints please contact the Publisher. On the surface. even if the level of current activity does not reflect this. and yet orders for any form of OBS amount to no more than a ripple. both retrievable and permanent. The main contractors concluded a long time ago that ocean bottom cable (OBC) seismic amounts to a high maintenance operation. The argument in favour of OBS is well known. Placing recorders on the seabed still provides indisputably better (multi-component) imaging of the w w w . but this is where it can provide the improved high resolution data needed to optimise the extraction of oil and gas. Early successes were followed by an implosion from which the company has still to properly Norway’s Ekofisk complex: site for CGGVeritas OptoWave PRM solution. asset heavy company maintaining investor confidence in the market october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . In the last decade contractors have preferred to focus their attention on refining towed streamer technology to provide an increasingly acceptable and significantly cheaper way of achieving 4D seismic. market conditions look as favourable as they possibly could be. The Norwegian start-up company Reservoir Exploration Technology (RXT). where OBC would otherwise be the obvious solution in terms of repeatability and quality of data. Is there a seabed seismic shift? No-one seems to have fathomed out the depth of the potential market for seabed-based seismic surveys.’ G&G NOTEBOOK by Andrew McBarnet andrewmcbarnet@dc. S ometimes the surf seems to be up. The use of any form of seabed cable or node does restrict the operational use of OBS to location-specific reservoir appraisal or production monitoring projects. o f f s h o r e .e n g i n e e r.rr. 27 . equipped with a full wave ocean bottom digital recording system from Input/Output (now ION Geophysical). That more or less sums up where purveyors of all options for ocean bottom seismic (OBS) surveying. sit right now. The case for some permanent facility for seismic monitoring of fields over time also seems very persuasive in the context of improved oil recovery. tried to challenge the orthodoxy by launching a fleet of customised OBC vessels. oil companies have plenty of ostensibly viable technology to choose from and they have the cash. Andrew McBarnet reviews the state of play. but those big waves that make the surf boarders’ day just don’t quite materialise.

given that deepwater offshore operations the world over are really the preserve of the supermajors and some savvy national oil companies with the resources to fund these hugely expensive projects. making it the world’s largest oceanbottom nodal crew. CGGVeritas and TGS have so far adopted a multi-client approach. Not that the customer base is likely to be that large. OBC projects were always likely to be the first to be shelved by oil companies as a bit of a luxury. It is just about to embark on a job for Apache in the Gulf of Mexico which will set a new benchmark for node deployment and OBS surveys in general. A detailed assessment of the implications will have to wait another issue. the betting probably has to be on node-based seabed solutions rather than OBC. It is early days but in certain circumstances this type of survey appears to present a potential challenger to the towed streamer wide azimuth approach to imaging complex geological settings found in the Gulf of Mexico and elsewhere. From a historical perspective this may be a surprising conclusion.1 billion transaction. If the market is going to be propelled forward. cable-laying vessel to a hybrid nodal seismic vessel that can serve as a source vessel with its own node-handling ability. the North Sea and the Gulf of Mexico respectively. o f f s h o r e . RXT vessel Vikland: operational problems have hampered performance. there clearly has not been a queue of oil companies wanting to employ the service. At the Society of Exploration Geophysicists (SEG) annual meeting in Las Vegas next month.g&g notebook European Supporter: addition to the FugroNodal fleet. full azimuth imaging results as the most cost-effective method for appraising a large swath of acreage. . or buy in technology. However. for the time being at least. CGGVeritas startled the market with the purchase of Fugro’s entire Geoscience division in a $1. which has dabbled in node technology in the past. which has deployed a far greater number of nodes on projects – in the North Sea and the Gulf of Mexico – than any of its rivals.000m of recovery rope in a single patch. the result of a conversion from an ocean 28 OFFSHORE ENGINEER | october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . ocean bottom cable and permanent reservoir monitoring activities. Fugro will make a cash payment of €225 million to CGGVeritas for a 60% controlling interest. Chevron and BP in West Africa. The company attracted support from Significant backlog majors notably Total. The company has conducted 12 deepwater node-based operations in the Gulf of Mexico. This is of course easy for it to say. On the positive side RXT has generated some significant backlog. so called ‘nodes on a rope’ because they can be placed and retrieved without ROV assistance. But in a virtual replay of RXT’s experience. the company struggled to find consistent backlog with cost and operational issues big hurdles along with insufficient funding. all deploying technology based on products from its Sercel manufacturing subsidiary. downturn a year or two ago. The survey will involve the company’s latest fleet addition European Supporter. The company line has long been that ocean bed seismic is still a business best left to the niche players. The mega survey is expected to cover some 1100 blocks using the company’s Z700 nodes. In the early 2000s SeaBed Geophysical. w w w . WesternGeco has been operating just the one crew working mainly for BP using Q-Marine-inspired equipment. FairfieldNodal also offers its deepwater Z3000 system which requires ROVs like the CGGVeritas and Fugro competition. intrigued the market by winning a contract to carry out a seabed seismic survey in the Caribbean using node receivers positioned by ROV. A towed streamer alternative existed for some projects and the extra value of the OBC multi-component data was by no means a slam dunk. The Z3000 crew has also worked for Shell in Brunei and for Chevron in the North Sea. Of the main players CGGVeritas and WesternGeco but not Petroleum Geo-Services (PGS) have kept their toe in the water. The new nodes were scheduled to be commercially available earlier this year. but there is no news yet of their deployment on a commercial contract. It will be joining FaifieldNodal’s New Venture and C-Pacer as part of a ‘super crew’ in the Main Pass area offshore Louisiana. CGGVeritas has two OBC crews working on long term contract in the Middle East and two in the Far East. But RXT also seems to have been dogged by some ugly operational and financial challenges. and has had a continuing contract with Shell since Easter 2010. Apache must consider this large-scale node-based survey and the expected multi-component. but that is by no means the end of the story. the first for BP in 2006.e n g i n e e r.not for reproduction or retransmission. and late last year ‘confirmed’ its commitment to what it referred to as the emerging deepwater node market with an order for the manufacture of an additional 800 Trilobit four-component (4C) ocean bottom nodes (OBN) to make a total of 1000 units in its equipment pool. which continues to languish in the doldrums. Just as OE went to press. But a key feature of the deal is that the two companies will pool their respective resources to form a Seabed Geophysics joint venture which includes Fugro’s and CGGVeritas’ ocean bottom nodes businesses and CGGVeritas’s transition zone. This latter was taken care of this year with the purchase of SeaBird’s entire node operation for $120 million by Fugro. This proved to be a one-survey wonder until 2006 when SeaBird Exploration acquired the company and launched the custom-built Hugin Explorer for node-based surveys. as it was then. the company acknowledges that it still has some work to do to address those issues. The acquisition said something about Fugro’s faith in node-base seabed seismic. PGS. The arrangement suits Fugro’s strategy of wanting to divest from the volatile seismic exploration market and focus more on the extended production phase period in the life cycle of oil and gas fields. The crew will be able to deploy over 4500 nodes at 50m station spacing using 225. Judging from its recent filings. FairfieldNodal has sensed an opportunity in the even more exotic market of permanent reservoir monitoring (PRM). CGGVeritas. However. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. The ongoing contracts at least suggest that oil companies view OBC as a viable technology. the company is due to launch a node-based semi-permanent PRM system aimed at March of the nodes Leading the march of seabed nodes into the seismic market is the privately held company FairfieldNodal. It is working its way back to operating two crews and its Brazilian partnership GeoRXT in which it has a 45% interest has 12 months of work with Petrobras. Obviously towed streamers can cover a much wider area but wide-azimuth surveys are big and costly operations which is why providers such as WesternGeco. The deep pockets of parent Schlumberger could always be called upon to rapidly augment its OBS offering. should the pay-off on investment look sufficiently inviting.

plus ease of maintenance. It would be based on a spread of proven Z3000 deepwater autonomous (battery powered) ‘optical nodes’ from which recorded data can be extracted ‘optically’. long lasting option evidenced by the performance of ocean cable for the telecommunications business. o f f s h o r e . But it does not resolve the technology debate and probably complicates it. proposed that the no in-sea electronics alternative provided by fibre-optic cable would be a more reliable. the PGS GeoStreamer was inadvertently referred to as a dual streamer system. no cable required. Post tender feedback suggests that the oil company clients were persuaded by track record. Of course we should not get too excited by the addition of this PRM option into the mix. price and how rapidly the equipment could be manufactured and supplied. Instead the oil companies appeared to get themselves hung up on a number of issues which rightly or wrongly provided the recipe for procrastination. to provide over 100km of cable for the field’s proposed deepwater (1700m) PRM system. in other words the seismic data really does provide valuable information to the reservoir management team in the bid to optimise the field’s development. Meanwhile ROV deployment/ recovery operations mean reduced installation costs. OYO Geospace won these contracts against competition from other conventional OBC and fibre optic tenders. Jubarte plan: what the PGS OptoSeis PRM system will look like. and have no incentive to leave the benefits and kudos accruing for their successors on the project. More interestingly there is an impression that oil companies may be becoming less fixated on the reliability of the system over the life cycle of an oil field. For quite some time no companies followed the BP lead. Then there must be the nagging feeling that retrievable OBS systems and/or increasingly sophisticated broadband-based towed streamer techniques are perfectly viable and cheaper options. This is why the flexibility and lower initial cost built into the FairfieldNodal PRM system may attract some interest. Nor does money upfront suit asset managers who are under pressure to show return on new investments over a very short period. It is said that all PRM systems in place have experienced problems which in a way is what you would expect. ie it is unrealistic to expect perfection over such a long period and interventions are probably inevitable. Placing the nodes Fugro style. october 2012 Life of field surprise Given the circumstances. BP has needed no convincing. initiated what should evolve into a major PRM contract for the Snorre and Grane fields offshore Norway. because it followed Valhall with a further LoFS project on the Clair field in the UK offshore sector and a LoFS adaptation on the Azeri-ChiragGunashli fields in the south Caspian. flexibility in the spread design. Assuming all the pre-award conditions are met. supplier of the seabed cable to all the BP projects. PRM advocates argue that it does not take many repeat surveys for the permanently installed system to end up cheaper than conventional 4D seismic monitoring surveys using towed streamers or conventional OBC.9 million contract from the BC-10 Consortium offshore Brazil. c o m Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . OYO Geospace will be supplying 600km of cable worth $160 million over three years. Earlier in the year OYO Geospace won a $14.not for reproduction or retransmission. even though you would have thought that the potential additional reserves and ultimately the contribution to the bottom line would offer a massive incentive for operators of giant fields around the world. As a completely new technology there were immediate questions about whether the buried conventional OBC system supplied by OYO Geospace would last the anticipated 25 year life of the field. which has partner knowledge of the Valhall project and has extensively tested fibre optic systems. in a technology driven business such as seismic. something better will almost certainly come along sooner rather than later. This should have been dual sensor system. Experience suggests that it may only serve to prolong understandable but nonetheless frustrating oil company indecision. which has to be a major feather in its cap. and TGS (Stingray). repair and potential upgrade. The nodes can effectively be switched on and off as required to preserve battery life and can remain on the seafloor for an estimated 3-4 years. The UK-based group WGP announced the other day that it had just completed the 15th monitoring survey over the field adding weight to the numerous testimonials to the fact that PRM works. a real turn up for the book this year has been the award of two LoFS cable system contracts to OYO Geospace. The debate over PRM technology is of course much more nuanced in the sense that companies have to be convinced that it is worth gambling on existing equipment when. Most recently Statoil.e n g i n e e r. ConocoPhillips installed the CGGVeritas system on the Ekofisk field and at least four repeat surveys have been conducted. OE Correction: In the August issue. 29 . Meanwhile PGS is in the process of setting up a life of field seismic system for the Petrobras Jubarte field offshore Brazil. Tenth anniversary Those who follow the scene will know that the life of field seismic (LoFS) project on BP’s Valhall field offshore Norway will be celebrating its 10th anniversary next year. operated by Shell. CGGVeritas (OptoWave).g&g notebook meeting some of the existing oil company resistance to wider adoption of PRM. including PGS (OptoSeis). OFFSHORE ENGINEER | For reprints please contact the Publisher. To date two new companies have been persuaded. w w w . A number of companies. The trouble is that capital outlay is all upfront requiring the oil company to take a long term perspective when the outcome is by no means clear cut.

terceloilfield. generating crucial geological information and giving operators the ability to analyze a continuous flow of valuable formation Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . For reprints please contact the Publisher. while delivering high quality undisturbed cuttings.* *Dependent on bit size or www. Visit us at ATCE stand 119 or at ADIPEC stand AD159 .MicroCORE™ Simple two in one innovation Improved geological insight while drilling faster The MicroCORE™ Drill Bit improves ROP by up to 35%.not for reproduction or retransmission.

‘The loss in oil [from drilling rig delivery delays] is enormous and it cannot happen again. . with Petrobras confirming more than a score of offshore discoveries. It’s not all plain sailing though. we have significant delays on new rigs that should have been arriving in Brazil by 2010 and early 2011. The company’s 2011-15 business plan assumed production of 4. it is also focused on the rigs it has ordered in the last 18 months or so. according to Maria das Graças Silva Foster. Graça Foster said Petrobras is watching rigs under construction very closely ‘because the loss in oil is enormous and it cannot happen again’.9 million boe/d in 2020 from its Brazilian operations. Petrobras awarded the first seven in a series of 28 newbuild drilling rigs with a $4. Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo to track progress on the rigs daily. and are still arriving this year. Construction delays have stalled some projects lately and another deepwater field was compromised by a subsea blowout.000b/d to 1 million b/d on production targets through 2020 that Petrobras set out in its 2011-15 plan. While the company works to bring in the drilling rigs that were delayed. in the last 18 months alone. The company’s 2012-16 business plan attempts to answer a shortfall of 700. including ‘unrealistic ramp ups’ and optimistic production curves as well as optimistic timing for well construction and interconnection.64 billion contract in February 2011. o f f s h o r e . . Jennifer Pallanich updates OE’s files on the Brazilian scene. Despite the level of exploration activity and success. Rig delays dampen deepwater carnival with the production curve that was assigned to some of the reservoirs. 2012. c o m Petrobras. Petrobras E&P director José Miranda Formigli said ‘excessive optimism’ had originally informed the schedule for the delivery of new units. and 2013. has created new production unit departments in China. albeit in the country’s shallower waters. in its efforts to minimize the chance of further delays in the arrival of drilling rigs. P etrobras’ discoveries in the deep waters offshore Brazil represent 63% of all deepwater finds off the country in the last five years. Newcomer OGX confirmed a number of discoveries too. Korea. And finally . But with this we have a big impact in our production targets for 2011. ‘Sometimes we were also very optimistic w w w . the company is working through some delays that affect its production targets. who replaced Sergio Gabrielli at the helm of the Brazilian state operator in February. while the 2012-16 plan has lowered that target to 4. The october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only .2 million boe/d. OFFSHORE ENGINEER | For reprints please contact the Publisher.’ There are other reasons Petrobras reset its production goals. Brazil’s oil & gas potential continues to grab the industry headlines. 31 . The first seven are slated to begin operations in 2015 following construction by Sete Brazil and the Estaleiro Atlântico Sul shipyard (EAS) in Brazil.e n g i n e e r. most of them deepwater.’ Maria das Graças Silva Foster BRAZIL OFFSHORE Berthing of the P-62 at Atlantico Sul shipyard in Brazil. The delays in drilling rig delivery run from just over 80 days to over 850 days. During an event outlining the 2012-16 plan.not for reproduction or retransmission.

starts in 2145m of water from the Cidade de Angra dos Reis FPSO in the Lula field and runs to the Mexilhão platform in 172m of water. expected to be in operation by the end of 2014 with the installation of the 150. o f f s h o r e . The following month. the well was expected to flow for about six months to allow Petrobras and its partners to gather technical data on the behavior of the reservoirs and the oil flow in the subsea lines. Queiroz Galvão will operate two. will be used primarily for pre-salt drilling in the Santos Basin. Iracema lies in block BM-S-11. Delivery for the semi drillers. Also in August 2012. Going online in 1Q 2012. This year. The FPSO. to the Cidade de Angra dos Reis.e n g i n e e r. The units are specified to be able to drill up to 10. Known as the Lula-Mexilhão gas pipeline.’ José Formigli newbuilds will have an average dayrate of $430. w w w . with three each to be operated by Odfjell and Seadrill. on behalf of BG (30%) and Repsol-Sinopec (25%).436b/d of oil. and Odebrecht will operate the final rig. which are part of the 21-rig package announced in February 2012.322boe/d. but the partners requested a delay to the end of 2013 to allow for three additional exploratory wells and an EWT. the system connects the Lula field to the shallow water Mexilhão platform. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. Partner BG said all information gathered through the well test would support the development of the final production system in the area. In July 2012. BG (25%) and Galp Energia (10%). Petrobras announced it had approved the award of 21 rigs to Sete Brazil and five to Ocean Rig. held by Petrobras (65%). Drillships are slated for delivery beginning in 2016 to drill wells up to 10.000m in up to 3000m water depth. which went onstream in September 2011. the FPSO is expected to reach a production level of 100. Petrobras and its partners were to file a commercial viability announcement on the Carioca area that same month. A year after that. 32 OFFSHORE ENGINEER | october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . intended for drilling up to 10. Pre-salt production Petrobras has already seen a bit of production from its pre-salt fields through extended well tests (EWT) since 2009. More recently. Petrobras expects to use the drillships primarily in the pre-salt region of the Santos Basin. Block operator Petrobras said it expects the well to flow at about 10. The SBM Offshore-operated FPSO FPSO Cidada de Anchieta in Keppel Shipyard. which is connected to the RJS-647 well. Petrobras ordered six drillships to be built by Estaleiro Jurong Aracruz. Petrobras had a 216km pipeline installed to serve block BM-S-11. Petrobras (45%) operates block BM-S-9. Elsewhere in the pre-salt. is slated to begin in 2016.000 to $475. Petrobras signed on for nine drillships to be built in Brazil and chartered to the operator for 15 years. during the test phase. and Petroserv will operate three. The well produced an average of 28. containing Carioca. The 18in pipeline can transport up to 10mmcm/d of gas from the pre-salt cluster. The rigs will be chartered for 15 years to Petrobras. . is in 2212m of water depth.000m and operate in 3000m water depth. Singapore. Petrobras finalized the contracts with Sete Brasil for six semi drilling rigs. Earlier this year. Odebrecht and Etesco are also involved in the contracts.000. Petrobras started an EWT in the northeastern part of its Lula field.000b/d capacity FPSO Cidade de Mangaratiba. A few months prior to that. the FPSO Cidade de Anchieta saw first oil from the pre-salt Baleia Azul field in the Campos Basin. Petrobras saw its first well begin producing on a commercial basis in the Santos Basin pre-salt cluster in July 2011 with the 9-RJS-660 well in the Lula field. or 36.not for reproduction or retransmission. The line. producing to the BW Cidade de São Vicente FPSO in 2120m of water.000b/d. The units. the FPSO BW Cidade de São Vicente received first production in the Iracema pre-salt area.400b/d.000b/d.brazil offshore ‘Sometimes we were also very optimistic with the production curve that was assigned to some of the reservoirs.000m long in water depths of 3000m. restricted. the Carioca Nordeste EWT to the FPSO Dynamic Producer started in November 2011 at 23. to be delivered in 2016. The nine represent the final phase in Petrobras’ plan to order 21 rigs from Sete Brasil.

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. which was leased by Petrobras. the partners in Iara expect an EWT in 2013 and to declare commerciality in December 2013. The work.7 billion contract with a consortium formed by construction companies Norberto Odebrecht.brazil offshore FPSO Cidada de São Paulo. according to Formigli. Two months earlier. went to DM Construtora de Obras/TKK Engenharia. with 140. Aruanã. Franco 1. a dozen production units under construction are expected to go onstream – to the tune of 1. From 2016 to 2018. Roncador itself has been onstream for years. utilities and living quarters. First oil is targeted for September 2013. Of the $131. Petrobras will see seven new systems per year. The contracts. will be done at the Inhaúma Shipyard. The field in block BS-M-9 contains 30°API oil. First oil from the Sapinhoá pilot project is expected in January 2013. Roncador Module 3 is expected to begin production from 17 producer and injector wells to the P-55 semi. Any unit placed in the fields would be ‘probably very customized to the location. Sul de Guará. The business plan calls for Petrobras’ E&P Brazil segment to invest $131. The project.5 billion in contracts for the construction of six of eight topside modules for planned replicant FPSOs. Petrobras lined up a series of four VLCC conversions. According to co-venturer BG. Carioca 1. Petrobras has been increasing the capacity of units planned for the pre-salt area.e n g i n e e r. First oil from the Lula Nordeste pilot is slated for May 2013. Iara Horst. and Franco 5 in 2018. with 69% of that allocated for production development. and Franco 4. P-75. Jupiter. Following conversion. the same targets hold true for the Carioca area. to the same companies within the next 18 months. By 2020. has the capacity to process 100.1 billion boe. For instance. Carimbé. First oil has been targeted for July 2013. In July 2012.5mmcm/d of gas. Under Petrobras’ 2012-16 business plan. The pre-salt region figures heavily in Petrobras’ calculations. The project is expected to produce 120. progress was at 52%. OAS and UTC Engenharia.000b/d of total capacity.’ OE Petrobras completed what the company deemed a record-breaking heavylift during the deck mating operation for the P-55 semisubmersible at the Rio Grande Naval Hub.5% of Brazil’s oil output. Part of Petrobras’ production strategy for the pre-salt area. along with the integration of the units. Jurong do Brasil Prestação de Serviços and Mendes Jr Trading Engenharia/OSX Construção Naval.000b/d and compression capacity of 7mmcm/d. each hull will move to a different construction site for installation of the production plant and the oil & gas processing modules.000b/d and 6mmcm/d capacity. Lula Central. following next year’s anticipated startup of production from the Sapinhoá and Lula NE pilots. 34 OFFSHORE ENGINEER | october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . Petrobras has opted to postpone certain Campos Basin projects. was behind schedule in June. The fourth module is expected to reach similar production levels to Module 3. Tome Engenharia/Ferrostaal Industrieanlagen. the Sapinhoá north FPSO will have a 150. Lula Alto. Formigli has told investors the reserves are there and EWTs have shown good results. The units are expected to operate at the Franco and Tupi Northeast prospects. both located in the Santos Basin pre-salt. The FPSO.2 million b/d of increased capacity – between 2012 and 2015. which cover the processing plant. just over half – 51% – will go to the pre-salt cluster. At the end of 2011. partners in blocks BM-S-9 and BM-S-11 approved $4. NE Tupi. as outlined in PLANSAL. which entails an FPSO and a TLWP. which will operate in the pre-salt transfer of rights area in the Santos Basin. but that the company wants to be realistic about the performance of the reservoir. Iara NW and Franco 3 in 2017. Petrobras expects to see pre-salt production making up 40. Each platform is planned to have production capacity up to 150. Of the FPSOs.2 million b/d of production onshore and offshore Brazil. Produced natural gas will be pumped through the Sul-Norte Capixaba pipeline to the Cacimbas natural gas treatment unit on the coast of Espírito Santo. the P-75 in October 2014 and the P-76 and P-77 in 2015. Caracá.6 billion. with production peaking in 2014. the P-74 conversion will be completed in March 2014. 19% for exploration and 12% for infrastructure. Beyond the salt The Papa Terra project. with planned progress of 65% – at late June.not for reproduction or retransmission. with two allocated for the Sapinhoá field in BM-S-9. IESA Oleo e Gas. which is moored in 1221m of water.000b/d of oil and 3. Based on the experience it has has gained to date from pre-salt activities. announced in May 2012. According to the latest business plan’s production curve. Petrobras said it expected to award contracts for the final two topside modules. Roncador Module 4 is expected to begin production through 17 wells to the P-62 FPSO in March 2014.6 billion total E&P investment. received first oil on 10 September. Petrobras declared the Guará field commercial and renamed it Sapinhoá. Under the $1. Petrobras expects production Pre-salt calculations from Sapinhoá Norte and Iracema Sul in 2014. relies on mass-produced FPSOs. Rates are expected at 180. o f f s h o r e . with their hulls being built in Brazil.000b/d with peak production slated for April 2015. P-76 and P-77 platforms. Peak production is expected in June 2015.000b/d. The VLCCs will become the hulls of the P-74. This field holds an estimated recoverable volume of 2. At the time. as well as integration packages. with production reaching 120. These steps are intended to help the company reach its 2020 goal of 4. At the same time. will see 30 producers and injectors brought online. w w w . The company has pinned the breakeven range for the first pre-salt fields at $35-$40/bbl. such as Aruanã and Carindé.000b/d and 5mmcm/d of gas. Lula Norte and Franco 2 in 2016. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. Keppel Fels do Brasil. Lula Sul. Lula Ext Sul. six are reportedly slated for the Lula field in block BM-S-11.

l The Brigadeiro discovery in the Cretaceous reservoirs of the Espírito Santo Basin was reported in June 2011. Barra Energia (10%) and Queiroz Galvão E&P (10%). Located in 2129m of water. october 2012 35 . In August 2012. Petrobras (40%) operates the block on behalf of partners IBV (30%) and Anadarko (30%). The find. l The Iara Horst well in block BM-S-11 confirmed the reservoir’s 28°API oil quality. was drilled as part of Petrobras’ Varredura project. Petrobras announced the find in August 2012.4 million boe of 34°API oil for Bauna and 83. preliminary volume estimates were 350 million barrels of light oil. l Franco NW. announced the results – which includes 250m of good quality reservoir – in January 2011. designed to bolster the production of hydrocarbons in new discoveries close to existing production systems. l At Biguá. The well has turned up over 400m of oil column. Barra Energia do Brasil Petróleo e Gás (10%) and Queiroz Galvão Exploração e Produção (10%). l The Gávea discovery in 2708m of water depth was reported in June 2011. the Tambuatá well found natural gas and light oil in 1520m water depth. Drilled in 1900m of water in block ES-M-525.24 billion barrels of equivalent oil to Petrobras’ numbers. which is in the transfer of rights area. 7km from FPSO Cidade de Vitória on the eastern side of Golfinho field.e n g i n e e r. Petrobras E&P director José Miranda Formigli has said the find of over 700 million barrels of recoverables at ‘Pão de Açúcar was responsible for the opening of a new frontier in the pre-salt oil province’. the discovery lies in BM-CE-2 concession. at the time. initially reported in February 2012. The well was drilled in block SEAL-M-426 in the Sergipe-Alagoas Basin by operator Petrobras (60%) on behalf of IBV (40%). turned up 20°API oil in the post salt. The Grana Padano well. l Malombe well in 980m water depth found oil in block ES-M-414. l The 1-BRSA-976-RJS well drilled northeast of the Lula field in a water depth of 2131m found 26°API oil. l Also in November 2011. Petrobras (66%) operates the block on behalf of Petrogal (14%). The well is the third drilled in the Iara area. l Petrobras reported the Pé de Moleque and Quindim finds in 1900m of water in the Espírito Santo Basin in July 2011. are in shallow water. Petrobras operates the concession with 100%. l Petrobras found 31°API oil in March 2012 with the Carcará drilled in the Bem-te-vi prospect in 2027m water depth in the Santos Basin. Located 3km from the Marlin field in the Campos Basin.1%) announced in November 2011. confirmed the discovery of good quality oil in the area known as Tupi Northeast. According to Petrobras’ April 2011 report. has initially confirmed oil via cable test oil sampling in the pre-salt carbonate reservoirs. gas and condensate. is in 1208m of water depth. l The April 2012 discovery Dolomita Sul pushes the potential of the pre-salt region beyond initial expectations. Petrobras reported in November 2011 finding 25°API in 2180m of water. Petrobras reported in February 2012. in the Santos Basin pre-salt. l The Carcará appraisal in block BM-S-8. l The Barra 1 extension well found oil about 30km away from the Moita Bonita well. The find. according to Petrobras. Gávea and Pão de Açúcar discoveries. Petrobras was still drilling ahead but had verified 295m of oil column.brazil offshore Petrobras discoveries Over the last 18 months or so. c o m Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . This March 2012 discovery had located an oil column over 290m in thickness in the pre-salt carbonate reservoirs when Petrobras announced the find in the transfer of rights area. 64km away from the Golfinho field. Repsol Sinopec holds the remaining interest. w w w . Petrobras’ pre-salt Baleia Azul field in the Campos Basin sent first oil to the SBM-operated FPSO Cidade de Anchieta on 10 September. l In April 2012. with production peaking in January 2014. The operator announced the find in July 2012. Petrobras reported in February 2011. OFFSHORE ENGINEER | For reprints please contact the Publisher. Petrobras announced the find in September 2011. l The Barra well. Petrobras reported the discovery in November 2011. according to block operator Repsol-Sinopec. The well is the first drilled following the transfer of rights agreement. in 523m of water. o f f s h o r e . The platform SS-11 Atlantic Zephyr takes first oil from the Tiro and Sídon areas through an extended well test in 2010 in the Santos Basin. the well is operated by Petrobras (65%) on behalf of Shell (20%) and Inpex (15%). estimates total recoverables of 113. Petrobras announced the find in August 2012. The fields. The Dolomita Sul well. Petrobras expects to see first oil this month. drilled in 1860m of water. BG said the Iara West appraisal well in 2150m water depth encountered 21-26°API oil in the pre-salt carbonate reservoirs. in 2027m of water. found oil and gas. Petrobras found good quality oil with the Patola well in 299m of water in the south Santos Basin. Petrobras (45%) operates the block on behalf of BG (30%) and Repsol Sinopec (25%). l The Pecém accumulation in the deepwater Ceará Basin was discovered in August 2012. Petrobras operates block BM-S-11 holding Iara with 65% interest on behalf of BG (25%) and Galp Energia (10%). The Pão de Açúcar well was drilled in 2800m water depth and encountered 500m of hydrocarbon column with about 350m of reservoirs. Petrobras declared the pair of fields commercial. Petrobras has a string of reported discoveries to its credit. Petrobras (45%) operates the block on behalf of partners BG Group (30%) and Repsol Sinopec Brasil (25%). Carioca Sela recovered 27°API in block BM-S-9. drilled north of the Lula field in the Santos Basin in 1747m of water. l Petrobras found 15°API oil in the post-salt layer of block ES-M-661 of the Espírito Santo Basin. Petrobras said the well turned up a 93m column of light crude.5km from the discovery well. Petrobras announced the find in August 2012. l A second well drilled after the execution of the transfer of rights agreement with the ANP. At this development. In February 2012. This well found a 300m hydrocarbon column with 52m of sandstone bearing light oil. Repsol Sinopec (35%) operates the consortium on behalf of Statoil (35%) and Petrobras (30%). lies in 2202m of water in the Santos Basin. with 1 billion of that coming from the pre-salt area. Petrobras (66%) operates the block on behalf Petrogal Brasil (14%). operator Petrobras (88. l The Carioca Nordeste well in 2151m of water turned up 26°API oil in the pre-salt reservoirs of block BM-S-9. found 28°API oil in 2024m of water. The finds were in block ES-M-525. l Petrobras announced a new pre-salt oil accumulation in the Albacora field in 380m of water. l The Franco SW well. Barra Energia do Brasil Petróleo e Gás (10%) and Queiroz Galvão Exploração e Produção (10%). Petrobras (66%) operates the block on behalf of Petrogal Brasil (14%). which Petrobras (65%) reported on behalf of partners BG Group (25%) and Galp Energia (10%) in March 2011. l Drilled in 2149m of water about 4. which operates with 100%. Petrobras (65%) operates on behalf of partners BG Group (25%) and Partex Brasil (10%). which Petrobras operates (60%) on behalf of BP (40%). l In January 2012. showed 31°API oil. Block partner Petrobras said the Pão de Açúcar well confirms the potential of block BM-C-33. natural gas and biofuels agency. l The Abaré well in the Carioca area of block BM-S-9 located 28°API oil in November 2011. Block BM-C-33 in the Campos Basin holds the Seat. is operated by Repsol-Sinopec (35%) on behalf of Statoil (35%) and Petrobras (30%).not for reproduction or retransmission. The accumulations were renamed Bauna and Piracaba. l The Macunaíma well in 2134m of water discovered 26°API oil in the pre-salt Santos Basin. l The Moita Bonita well in the Sergipe-Alagoas Basin in block BM-SEAL-10. which operates the concession on behalf of BG (30%) and Repsol (25%). The well is in block BM-S-8. l The Tucura well. The well was drilled in 2775m of water. Located in the area known as Tiro and Sídon. Petrobras. l Over 700 million barrels of light crude and 3tcf of gas is in the pre-salt Pão de Açúcar area. found 28°API oil. Tucura is also part of the Varredura project. Petrobras (45%). found 32°API oil in a lower interval and 43º API oil in an upper interval. Company CEO Maria das Graças Silva Foster said the 2011 discoveries alone added 1. l The Southern Guará well. Brazil’s national oil. in 2341m of water. the new well turned up 36°API oil. which is the fourth well drilled in the transfer of rights area of the Santos Basin.1 million boe of 32°API oil for Piracaba. located in block BM-S-40.

It is under a 20-year charter to OGX. respectively. concluded in June 2011. in April 2012. OGX declared the Waikiki accumulation commercial in April this year. Also in April. which OGX operates with 100% interest. respectively. arrived in Waimea well test B Rio de Janeiro in October 2011. are building. field in the Campos Basin showed test rates of 4000b/d to 18. . c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. By mid-2013. Paulo de Tarso was named exploration director. Reinaldo Belotti production officer and Roberto Monteiro CFO. Eike Batista is the chairman. enabling it to recover over 100 million boe from the field in block BM-C-41 in 135m water depth. which can store up to 900. In June. the company expects to have two more producers as well as two injectors connected to the shallow water FPSO. The oil was discovered with the OGX-25 well in December 2010. so named for oil & gas plus the mathematical multiplier symbol. OGX has said it intends to drill a significant number of production wells in the Campos Basin in the next four years. was named special advisor to the chairman of EBX Group. As of mid-June. who served as general executive officer until being assigned the post of CEO in April.not for reproduction or retransmission. declared the field commercial in 1H 2012. In August. without water injection.000b/d. OGX ordered wellhead platforms 3 and 4 from Techint. First oil came in January via an extended well test (EWT) to the FPSO OSX-1 just over two years after the field was discovered with OGX-3 in December 2009. Based on those results.000b/d of 23°API oil. Luiz Eduardo Guimarães Carneiro. w w w . the accumulation spans across the shallow water blocks BM-C-39 and BM-C-40. OGX.brazil offshore The OSX-1 FPSO is serving OGX’s Waimea field in the shallow waters offshore Brazil. The OSX-1 was built in Korea and customized by Keppel in Singapore. Paulo Ricardo dos Santos was named exploration and reservoirs officer. the 272m long vessel. OSX-2 and OSX-3.000 barrels of oil and handle production of up to 80. Paulo Mendonça. GE will supply drilling & production equipment for three fixed production platforms for the Waimea and Waikiki fields under a contract valued at up to $230 million. o f f s h o r e . Now to be known as Tubarão Martelo. Wellstream supplied the flexible lines. OGX said the ideal flow rate will be 5000boe/d per well. formerly Waimea.e n g i n e e r. those vessels are expected to begin receiving production in 2H 2013. OGX has had a few shifts in management this year. razilian independent OGX kicked off 2012 with production at its offshore Waimea development. The Aker Wayfarer handled subsea installation. the EWT for the Tubarão Azul. chief executive of OSX. OE 36 OFFSHORE ENGINEER | october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . was named CEO of OGX. In addition. from Singapore. neighboring accumulations in the adjacent block have shown 26-28°API oil.000b/d of 20°API oil at the OGX-26 and OGX-68 wells. Oceaneering produced the control umbilical. Baker Hughes supplied the electric submersible pump. OGX is awaiting the delivery of two more FPSOs. which Modec and Techint. It anticipates recovering 285 million barrels of oil from the pair of Campos Basin blocks. showed a production potential of 40. first oil is expected in 2H 2013 using the FPSO OSX-3 and the wellhead platform 2. The drill stem test of the first production well for the field. Wellhead platforms 1 and 2 are scheduled to be delivered by 1H 2014 for the Waimea and Waikiki complexes.

in May 2011. confirmed the find in January 2012. OGX said. which operates with 100% interest. OGX announced the find in January 2011.  The Fortaleza. OGX.  The OGX-40D Pipeline appraisal well drilled in 130m of water found an oil column of 204m with about 107m of net pay in the Albian. both at absolute open flow. The well is in 130m of water in the Campos Basin. The well. well in block BM-C-41 hit an oil column of 149m with 48m of net pay in the Albian and a 59m column with 23m of net pay in the Aptian. OGX announced the find. OGX.  The Itacoatiara well. which operates the block with 100% interest. OGX operates the block with 100% interest. c o m Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only .e n g i n e e r. in Santos Basin block BM-S-58. At the time of discovery. announced the find in April 2011. OGX announced the results in April 2011. OGX acquired an additional 20% interest from Maersk as well as the operatorship of the block.  The OGX-41D Waikiki appraisal well in block BM-C-39 in 105m of water found an oil column of about 148m with about 92m of net pay in the Albian-Cenomanian. with three production intervals. OGX. Operator OGX (100%) confirmed the find. drilled in 185m of water. The well. In a March 2012 deal. or OGX-52.  The OGX-35D appraisal of the Waikiki accumulation in Campos Basin block BM-C-39 discovered an oil column of 158m with about 80m of net pay. OGX acquired an additional 20% interest as well as operatorship of the block. which operates the block with 100% interest. indicated a production potential of 1mmcm/d in a vertical well. OGX discoveries Maintaining a steady level of exploration activity. OGX. The well. Maersk Oil operated BM-C-37 with 50% on behalf of OGX with 50%.5mmcm/d in a horizontal well.  The Tupungato. is in block BM-S-57 in the Santos Basin. The block BM-C-39 well. which OGX operates with 100% interest. is 100% operated by OGX. The well was drilled in 105m of water. The well in Santos Basin block BM-S-59 is in 180m of water. operator with 100%.  The Salvador. OGX has marked a number of successes. OGX announced the find in July 2011. It operates the well in block BM-C-41 with 100% interest.  OGX-36.  The Chimborazo. in 155m of water. or OGX-33.not for reproduction or retransmission. well found an oil column of 95m with about 42m of net pay in the Albian. which announced the find in April 2012. OFFSHORE ENGINEER | For reprints please contact the Publisher.  The OGX-25 well in block BM-C-39 found a 198m column with total net pay of 145m in the Albian and Cenomanian sections and additional pay in the Eocene.  The Tambora. well found a 52m hydrocarbon column with 24m of net pay in the Albian. In a March 2012 deal. The well. OGX operates the block with 100% interest and announced the Eocene discovery in January 2011. The well was drilled in 130m of water in block BM-C-41. in Campos Basin block BM-C-41. hit 136m of oil column with 60m of net pay. which announced the find in March 2011. which could reach 2. october 2012 37 . or OGX-47.BRAZIL OFFSHORE OGX delivered its first shipment to Shell Western Supply & Trading from the FPSO OSX-1 this March. is in 125m of water. w w w . found a hydrocarbon column of about 150m with 64m of net pay in the Albian section in the Campos Basin. which it operates with 100% interest.  The Carambola-B well in Maersk Oil-operated block BM-C-37 found up to 17m of potential net pay in the Albian section.  The Osorno. OGX. The well in 127m of water in Campos Basin block BM-C-41 is operated by OGX with 100%. well intersected a hydrocarbon column of 1000m in the Albian with about 110m of net pay. drilled in 102m of water. announced the discovery in January 2011. in March 2011. OGX announced the find in April 2011. in 128m of water. announced the results in March 2011. OGX operates the block with 100% interest. OGX announced the find in February 2011. or OGX-63.  A September 2011 drillstem test on OGX-11D in the Natal accumulation indicated a production potential of 1mmcm/d and 1200b/d of 47°API condensate in a vertical well and up to 5mmcm/d and 6000b/d of 47°API condensate with a horizontal well. or OGX-28D. The Campos Basin well in 135m of water is operated 100% by OGX. or OGX-79.  The Illimani. or OGX-31. was announced in July 2011. well found a 330m hydrocarbon column in the Albian age.  Maersk Oil found 14m of potential net pay in the Santonian as well as 43m of potential net pay in the Albian and 12m of potential net pay in the Aptian sections of a Campos Basin BM-C-37 well in 135m of water. o f f s h o r e . A later drillstem test. well in 130m of water in block BM-C-41 found an 80m oil column with about 50m of net pay in the Albian section. was drilled in 150m of water. At the time of discovery. announced the Albian find in October 2011. which operates the block with 100% interest. Maersk Oil operated BM-C-37 with 50% on behalf of OGX with 50%. well found 174m of hydrocarbon column with 96m of net pay in the Albian section and a 12m hydrocarbon column with 5m of net pay in the Santonian.  The Maceió. well in Santos Basin block BM-S-59 found a hydrocarbon column of 131m in the Santonian section with about 51m of net pay. or OGX-30. an appraisal of the Pipeline accumulation in Campos Basin block BM-C-41. or OGX-20.

com Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . For reprints please contact the Publisher. .not for reproduction or retransmission.magnetrol.ADIPEC Hall: 11 Stand 11065 eclipse.

fabrication oversight. and the company can be fined nearly $1 million per incident. Chevron P&A’d an appraisal well after oil seeps were found in the Frade area in 1200m (3800ft) of water. the ANP said Chevron missed an underwater blowout and that its failure to properly manage pressure during drilling led to the kick. which was drilling on the field. Scotland Delmar North Sea Ltd.000boe/d. Texas USA 77042 Tel: +1 832.365.delmarus. The report cleared Transocean’s Sedco 706 semi. Australia Delmar Systems. the Power of Innovation For over 44 years. a JV of Inpex.. OFFSHORE ENGINEER | For reprints please contact the Publisher.e n g i n e e r.3%). Chevron operates Frade. In its report on the leak.0180 Fax: +1 337. Chevron also suspended all drilling operations offshore Brazil indefinitely.7% interest on behalf of partners Petrobras (30%) and Frade Japão Petróleo. • Over 300 subsea component installations using the patented heave compensated landing system (HCLS).252.000b/d.365. With an unwavering commitment to developing the most highly qualified and skilled professionals and innovative technology. c o m Technical and Engineering 2424 Wilcrest Dr. prompting Chevron to ask for a temporary suspension of production at the Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . • Maintains the largest inventory of certified mooring components available to support any mooring project. In November 2011. Suite 225 Houston. During the seep incident. o f f s h o r e . the companies involved face penalty fines. The Brazilian federal government filed a $10. INC. Delmar ensures that every job is performed safely. Louisiana USA 70518 Tel: +1 337.. At that time. causing heavy seeps. Sojitz and Jogmec (18.7100 Fax: +1 832.. which began production in 2Q 2009. Rio de Janeiro. Delmar Sistemas de Ancoragem. Chevron maintained full production activities at Frade with output of about 79. The ANP’s report on the incident found Chevron culpable on 25 infractions. www. Ltd. october 2012 39 . a secondary leak became evident in March this year. Later. operational procedures.BRAZIL OFFSHORE Frade seeps continue to haunt O il seeps at Chevron’s Frade field nearly a year ago have led Brazilian regulator ANP to assess millions in fines against Chevron and ultimately halted output at the troubled Campos Basin field. • Provided project engineering.7140 Perth. DELMAR SYSTEMS. however. and installation services for the installation of LLOG’s OPTI-EX facility • Installed and recovered more suction pile foundations than any other contractor in the world. of responsibility. Operations and Headquarters 8114 West Highway 90 Broussard. Let Delmar put their experience to work for you. ANP has pegged the number at more like 3700 barrels. Brazil Aberdeen. with 51. Ltda. output was at 60. ANP told Chevron in July that the company could resume production but not water injection or any new drilling. In addition to the civil lawsuit. ANP ordered Chevron to shut in one of the 11 Frade producers and four water injectors. Inc.7 billion civil lawsuit against Chevron and its partners. While the immediate leak was halted within days of the 9 November 2011 incident. OE The Strength of Experience.not for reproduction or retransmission.252. Delmar Systems. Pty. and efficiently. has been serving the oil and gas industry around the world.0037 DELMAR w w w . installation engineering. effectively. According to Chevron. there was never any oil flow from the wellhead but rather about 2400 barrels of oil had come from nearby seep lines on the ocean floor.

e n g i n e e r. with a substantial list of projects and refurbishments going forward as part of the revitalisation of the Norwegian shelf. Three concepts are under consideration – a circular unit with storage. the first on the NCS. w w w . and the first with condensate storage. discovered in April 2011. From last year to this year the average oil recovery rate for Statoil-operated fields in Norway rose from 49% to 50%. and Havis in January this year. Meg Chesshyre has the details. . Technip has a letter of intent for the hull and will lead the project in a consortium with Hyundai Heavy Industries of Korea. Skrugard. Statoil VP development Erik Strand Tellefsen revealed.norway offshore Revitalising the Norwegian shelf A number of operators on the Norwegian shelf revealed updates of their field development plans at the recent Offshore Northern Seas conference in Stavanger. It will be a flexible development based on standard solutions. tatoil is targeting concept selection for the Skrugard area development in the Barents Sea in 2013.not for reproduction or retransmission.’ Half of the company’s NKr2. A total of about 40 wells are planned over an eight year drilling programme. contain an estimated 4-600 million boe. ‘We work internally in the company and together with partners. according to field development SVP Øivind Reinertsen. Pre-drilling is expected to start in 2016 leading to first production in the later part of 2018. This will be the world’s largest spar.’ explained Siri Espedal Kindem. Statoil’s SVP for technology excellence. Concept selection for the giant Johan Sverdrup (previously Avaldsnes/Aldous S Major) discovery on the Utsira High is targeted for the end of next year with submission of a field development plan in late 2014 and first oil from an initial phase in 2018. The operator is hoping to turn the development into a field centre. research institutions and suppliers to increase recovery. including a special centre for increased recovery in Trondheim. ‘We begin this work before a field is even developed and we continue this through the entire production phase. leading to a final investment decision and PDO submission in 2014. The harsh environment and water depth of 1300 metres pose particular technical challenges. Statoil’s sub-surface team on the Øseberg field was awarded the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate’s prize for improved oil recovery (IOR) for its work 40 OFFSHORE ENGINEER | october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . dependent on subsurface conditions. Statoil is planning to deploy a spar on the Aasta Hansteen field (previously Luva) with an investment decision end 2012/early 2013 ready for first oil end 2016. A pipeline solution requires more capex and offshore loading more opex.8 billion research budget is earmarked for projects to improve recovery. constituting 327 million barrels of oil. o f f s h o r e . Statoil has also set itself an ambitious target to achieve an average recovery rate of 60% from the fields operated by the company on the Norwegian continental shelf. a ship-shaped until with storage or a 240km pipeline to shore. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher.

held in Stavanger. there are plans for more seabed templates and a fast-track development project in the prospective Øseberg area.7bcm of gas were injected into Øseberg. OFFSHORE ENGINEER | For reprints please contact the Publisher. Hod 2 and Valhall Flank West (VFW) between 2015 and 2020 as part of the Greater Valhall appraisal programme. A new platform. BP Norge’s new Valhall process and hotel platform is expected to start production later this year. BP is also mulling the construction and installation of two new platforms. DP and PCP platforms. c o m due to subsidence in the seabed and the need for more efficient operation of the field.000 more than in 2010. It has a design life of 40 years. was required Øseberg field centre. ØYVIND HAGEN work proceeds on tying back new discoveries to existing installations.NORWAY OFFSHORE ONS 2012. Since then the Øseberg field has used its own gas as pressure support to extract more oil. By 2050 BP aims to have achieved its vision of around 2 billion barrels of oil produced. at the end of August. The aim is significantly to increase the Hod recovery rate and to enhance the development of the west flank of the Valhall field.e n g i n e e r. in increasing recovery by means of gas injection at ONS (pictured above). It is powered from shore via a 294km long DC cable from Lista. The recovery success story on Øseberg began with the Troll Øseberg gas injection project (TOGI). double the amount produced from the Valhall area so far. Norway. o f f s h o r e . 41 .not for reproduction or retransmission. It has a processing capacity of 120. In addition.913 visitors – a new record – almost 10. installed in 2010. This represents an investment of NKr25-30 billion including drilling of between 20 and 30 production and injection wells in phase one. The old PCP platform was shut down in late July. DP. w w w . and replaces the QP.000b/d of oil and 143mmcf/d of gas. New wells and major workovers are also planned on Ula/Tambar starting october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . The Stjerne development will come onstream next year. There are 180 single bed cabins. QP and Hod1 platforms is scheduled for 2020-25. The hotel facilities were put into use last year. From 1991 to 2002 some 21. had 59. In addition to further drilling on the four permanent installations on Øseberg. which came on stream in 1991. Removal of the old PCP.

Sanction is currently anticipated end 2012/beginning 2013 ready for first production in 3Q 2015. and Prosafe is supplying 42 OFFSHORE ENGINEER | october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . operated by det norske oljeselkap. Kvaerner Verdal is due to deliver the 13. a recent strike in Norway. will be installed on Ekofisk in 2013. and Kvaerner Stord the 21.norway offshore next year to extend field life to 2028 and beyond.000te topsides in April 2015. Submission of the Ivar Aasen PDO is planned in December 2012. in which it is a partner. Transport and installation has gone to Saipem. Start-up has been delayed for a number of reasons – construction delays in Korea. Lundin has selected Norwegian fabrication contractors for Edvard Grieg. A lease-and-operate contract for the Knarr FPSO was awarded to Teekay in June 2011 and construction is well under way at the Samsung yard in Korea. The Polar Pioneer is carrying out development drilling. of which NKr15 billion will be on its operated Edvard Grieg and Brynhild fields. w w w .e n g i n e e r. Transocean Searcher will start drilling six production wells mid-2013. A commercial agreement is in place for a co-ordinated development with Ivar Aasen (previously Draupne). Through the three development projects.000te jacket in March 2014. ConocoPhillips says it is now laying the foundations for value creation in the Greater Ekofisk Area over the next 40 years. The jacket (built by Dragados) and bridge are due for installation this year. was installed in July this year. The Ekofisk South project includes the construction of the Ekofisk 2/4Z wellhead platform and the subsea facility Ekofisk 2/4VB. The development consists of subsea wells tied into an FPSO with offshore loading to shuttle tankers and gas export through a new pipeline system into the UK Segal system. ConocoPhillips Norway has three large projects currently in the execution phase – the Ekofisk 2/4L accommodation and field centre. The proposed development concept for the Bream field (17/12-1) is similar to Knarr. The topsides (constructed by Aker Egersund) go in next year. Total capex for Grieg is NKr24 billion. The topsides. built by Kvaerner Stord. In addition extensive modifications are being carried out on existing facilities within the Greater Ekofisk area. and on Bøyla. Production start up from Edvard Grieg (previously Luno) in block 16/1 is looked for in October 2015. currently being constructed by Smoe. The 2/7S jacket for Eldfisk II is under construction at Dragados and is due for installation next year. First production from BP’s Skarv field (Skarv FPSO pictured above) in the Norwegian Sea is now looked for in the fourth quarter of this year. Swedish spend Sweden’s Lundin Petroleum is planning capital expenditure of NKr25 billion in Norway over the next four years. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher.not for reproduction or retransmission. and weather delays last winter affecting the riser pull-in campaign. which is expected to start up in the autumn of 2016. The owners are investing NKr83 billion in the various development projects (2011 value) on Ekofisk and Eldfisk. The topsides being built by Kvaerner Stord will be completed in 2014. Ekofisk South and Eldfisk II. BG Norge is looking at start-up from the Knarr field in block 34/3 in 1Q 2014. o f f s h o r e . for a production start in the autumn of 2016. A new equipment room for Eldfisk 2/7A. with subsea wells tied into a leased FPSO. The 2/4L jacket (built by Kvaerner Verdal) and the bridges (built by Smoe in Singapore) were installed on the field in June. .

367. A contract for the 16.000 barrels of crude oil equivalent by 2015. Marathon submitted a PDO for Bøyla (previously Marihøne) in block 24/9-9S in June. Lundin project director Bjorn Sund is confident of meeting a tight 36-month delivery schedule through the use of Norwegian yards.tetratec. and time was lost with equipment manufactured in Europe being transported to Korea and back.281. and FID in late 2013/early 2014. Petoro 30% and Statoil 19%. Total Norge is hoping to award topsides. a tieback to the Haewene Brim FPSO located at Shell’s UK sector Pierce field.’ he explained. Field development in Norway will concentrate on Knarr and Edvard Grieg. Maria has an estimated 60-120 million barrels of oil as well as 2-5bcm of recoverable natural gas. Concept selection is expected in early 2013. Bernard Schrimpf. but the contract has yet to be awarded. Inc. In 2013 the Wintershall head count in Stavanger is set to rise from over 200 to 300. Partner interests are Total (operator) 51%.e n g i n e e r. A PDO for the NKr26 billion field development was approved by the Storting in June. Commercial viability as well as potential further upside will need to be confirmed during appraisal drilling in 2103. sales@tetratec. which means that you are losing a www. w w w .500te jacket for the field was awarded to Kvaerner in February. Technip (pipelines and installation) and Maersk Drilling (jackup). Last month Lundin confirmed an option in the Edvard Grieg topside contract for Kvaerner to perform the offshore hook-up and commissioning assistance. By the end of 2015 Wintershall is planning to invest up to €2 billion in exploration and field development in Norway and the UK. Additional exploration wells are also planned for 2012/13. Among the contractors are Aker (subsea production system). and on Catcher and Cladhan in the UK. 30/4 and 29/6 by the end of the +1. The company is looking at either a standalone facility or a subsea tieback to the Heidrun or Kristin fields. o f f s h o r e . He observed that Korean yards lacked co-ordinated engineering and procurement. Wintershall is now eyeing a 2017 production start for the Maria discovery in Norwegian block 6406/3. Preliminary resource estimates for Skarfjell. An appraisal well in May confirmed the upper end of the discovery estimate. Development of the discovery is planned with a subsea facility tied back to Alvheim (pictured above right). The expansion plans are reflected in the rapidly growing number of employees.NORWAY OFFSHORE a newbuild flotel. is expected in 4Q 2013. OE Proven Well AbAndonment & decommissioning solutions » » » » » » » Project Engineering and Management Rigless and Subsea P&A Wireline Services Topside and Subsea Cutting Diving and Marine Heavy Lift Installation & Construction ® ® ® A TETRA Company A TETRA Company TETRA Technologies. october 2012 43 . discovered in March this year about 17km south-west of the Gjøa field. Statoil is responsible for the export lines. c o m range between 60 and 160 million barrels of recoverable oil. OFFSHORE ENGINEER | For reprints please contact the Publisher. managing director Wintershall Norge said at ONS. SURF and FSO contracts for the Martin Linge (previously Hild) field in blocks 30/7. ‘When we evaluated thoroughly you need to add another six months’ minimum construction time [building in Korea]. Production drilling starts in 2014 and first production is looked for in 2016. Technip has EPIC contract for the subsea facilities. Expected production start-up is end 2013 or beginning 2014. First oil from Lundin’s Brynhild field. Wintershall’s target is to raise the daily production more than tenfold to 50. 29/9.not for reproduction or retransmission. It has total recoverable reserves estimated at 189 million boe.1983 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . Shell is responsible for topsides modifications on Pierce.

For reprints please contact the Publisher.not for reproduction or retransmission.Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . .

ince its discovery in 1986. It also showed an optimized fracture half-length of about 50m. was secured and converted to suit the needs of the job. This high-viscosity fluid. but does not contain the fracture height growth. The shale layer acts as a barrier for gas flow. Josef Shaoul. gave initial production rates ranging from 0. o f f s h o r e . Schlumberger and Fenix Consulting Delft joined forces in 2008 to drill a horizontal sidetrack and place five hydraulic fracture stages to effectively drain the reserves in the block.e n g i n e e r. which is a common fracturing treatment in the North Sea. which included drilling a deviated appraisal well and fracture stimulating the first horizontal development well. Shell. These developments. enhances fracture height growth. which was selected to allow for high pumping rates and running of composite bridge plugs (as a contingency for sand plugs). OFFSHORE ENGINEER | For reprints please contact the Publisher. operational issues. The Olympic Princess (above). The conversion was planned to provide redundancy in executing each treatment and to allow the vessel’s stimulation capacity to be attractive to other users in the area. Principal items of equipment on vessel.drilling & completions The Olympic Princess during fracturing operations in the North Sea. The fracture geometry will be radial shape. which should prevent potential interaction between the fractures. Table 1 provides the equipment listing for the vessel. The selected fracture treatment includes a delayed borate crosslinked gel and coarse resin-coated proppant (16/20 mesh intermediate strength proppant) at a target average concentration of 2. The distance between the fracture initiation points is around 200m. Erik Schrama. A 1. including the fracture design methodology. Inflow modeling suggested that the orientation of the fractures is longitudinal compared with the well trajectory.09 million Nm3/d. which should connect with the various reservoir sections that are separated by a thin shale layer. w w w . and Mark Norris. Due to the shape of the reservoir and the location of the field with respect to the platform.not for reproduction or retransmission. which was also experienced in the vertical wells. the reel was stripped of internal pipework and a drop-in power stand was selected to reduce weight. 23/8in coiled tubing reel onto the jackup barge. c o m Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . Several components were brought together to conduct this operation.1mD) in the Dutch sector of the North Sea has undergone several well developments aimed at draining the reservoir at sufficiently high and sustainable rates.5-3lb/ft2.09 million Nm3/d. Drilling the sidetrack The fracturing plan The key parameters in the fracture design were the fracture height. factors such as liquid loading soon brought the production rates down to the range of 0. the well was drilled in the direction of maximum horizontal stress. Shell. Coiled tubing reel. a tight gas field (average reservoir permeability below 0. Drawing on the lessons learned from these previous drilling campaigns.5km long horizontal reservoir section was completed with a 41/2in cemented liner with advanced flexible cement technology to minimize the effect of pressure and temperature cycles. A specially converted platform supply vessel (PSV) to serve as the stimulation vessel. The reel was lifted onboard from the jack-up barge at its previous Table 1. but large washouts were seen in the shale sections (up to 10in in shales vs 6in in sandstone). a modern DP2 PSV. october 2012 45 . However. such that the fractures were longitudinal. The effective development of low-permeability tight gas reservoir resources requires operational efficiency to improve production performance. combined with the designed pump rate of 25bpm. This article reviews the drilling and fracturing operations in the development of this well.2 million Nm3/d to nearly 0. The well was drilled with an oil-base mud. post-fracturing production analysis (with more than one year of Tight-gas horizontal well fracturing in the North Sea S production history) and a production forecast. and fracture conductivity.07-0. Schlumberger discuss the North Sea’s first true tight-gas horizontal well fracturing application. Fenix Consulting Delft. To lift the 42te. Robin Naughton-Rumbo and Fred van der Bas. The well was completed with 51/2in x 5in Cr-13 production tubing.

stock tanks. Following well clean up. Flowback spread. during which the volume of fluid returned on location was 13.drilling & completions Table 2.000lbm of proppant to be placed using 150. Slurry stages from 1ppa to 10ppa were then pumped. The flowback spread consisted of a liquid-only flowback loop and a multiphase flowback loop. w w w .3% of the total fracturing fluid injected. Fracture dimensions and conductivity for Fracture 1. A circulation sub was then opened with a drop ball. Scotland. The slurry was displaced with 35bbl crosslinked gel followed by linear gel. and water treatment facilities. 12 perforations were made at each interval within 0. Following a liner cementation check and depth reference run on coiled tubing. o f f s h o r e . and were completed and commissioned within three weeks. A hydraulic fracturing spread of 12.000hhp with 700. Results of breakdown analysis. location and sea-fastened for the journey to the normally unmanned installation. The multiphase loop could be activated at any time and consisted of two high-pressure sand knockout vessels. The vessel sailed to the Netherlands in preparation for the first fracture treatment. The perforations were made by pumping a linear gel laden with 100-mesh sand at a specific rate for a specific time period before pulling out of hole (POOH) by 0. a high-risk activity given the number of coiled tubing interventions planned.75m. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. Coiled tubing was used to clean out sufficient fill to access the next stage and sand-jet perforations. allowing the vessel to rapidly re-supply after each fracturing operation. with a tail-in of 14. a choke manifold.5ppa to make the proppant plug. a heater. brine and chemical additives were stored in IJmuiden.000 gallons of fluid at a pump rate of at least 20bpm and surface pressure of 8000psi. The closed in tubing head pressure (CITHP) was increased to 345 bar and held for 10 minutes with success. In total. the main fracture treatment was pumped at 30bpm. Each fracture treatment was designed for 250. Proppant. 46 OFFSHORE ENGINEER | october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . the well was hooked up to the facilities and production commenced. A pressure test was conducted on the remaining fill to test its suitability to isolate the first stage treatment. Following a series of datafracs to measure injectivity. . gauge tank.not for reproduction or retransmission. high-pressure dual sand filters. Fracturing procedure Fracturing operations began in November 2009.000lbm of proppant storage and 400. A total of 128. Vessel rigging up operations commenced in early October 2009 in Montrose. The liquid-only loop consisted of an adjustable choke and a shaker system to take returns during coiled tubing interventions when the formation is plugged off and an overbalance maintained. a high-pressure separator. Figure 1. The efforts avoided any need for spooling and/or welding offshore.000 gallons of fluid storage was designed and installed.e n g i n e e r.25m.000lbs of proppant was placed in the formation for stage one. the first set of perforations was made with a sand-jetting toolstring containing three nozzles at 120° phasing. This same general process was repeated for the remaining four fracture stages. and the gel and sand were cleaned out.

c o m calculated bottomhole pressure (BHP) was generated using a wellbore model. This analysis was used to predict long-term production. The pressure distribution at the end of the first year of production.04 mD estimated from the fracture treatment data analysis. which agreed well with the permeability of 0. The results of this initial matching of the early time production gave an estimated effective fracture half-length on the order of 25m for the first four zones. o f f s h o r e . these increases were most pronounced after each well shut-in. The first step in the history matching process attempted to match the observed water rate and the production logging tool (PLT) results. Matching the remaining part of the first year of production required an improvement to the model to reflect that the actual well production index (PI) was increasing during that time. shown in Figure 2. porosity. and a much better length of 55m for the final fracture (#5). consistent with convergent flow in the fracture due to the very short perforated intervals. which was used for history matching the first year of production with a full 3D reservoir simulation model.02-0. Screenout was attributed to a width restriction at the wellbore.e n g i n e e r. it took one year for the propped fractures to fully cleanup. A w w w . The resulting fracture half-lengths were also shorter.02-0. A 3D reservoir simulation model was created by upscaling the geological model. However. The simulation model was constrained by using the measured (allocated) daily gas production rate. During the first year of production. Pressure distribution in the reservoir after one year of production. during the initial cleanup period. which also gave valuable information about the reservoir pressure evolution. In this interpretation. A summary of the breakdown injection analyses is shown in Table 2. To avoid screenout in subsequent zones. The estimated permeability. By reducing the effective fracture length for the different zones. permeability and water saturation data were also upscaled. corresponding to the points where the well’s PI increased.drilling & completions Table 3. suggested that the poorer-than-expected production could be due to poor cleanup of the proppant pack. Figure 2. 47 . october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . The production record contained several shut-ins. and the surface pressure remained constant at 33 bar. Fracture treatment analysis The fracture treatment data was evaluated on a zone-by-zone basis to estimate the average formation permeability and the fracture dimensions. varied from 16µD to 40µD. Results of main fracture treatment analysis. based on pre-fracture simulations. all five fractures were producing with their total propped length open to flow. it was only possible to match early time behavior. At the end of the simulation. OFFSHORE ENGINEER | For reprints please contact the Publisher. The simulated fracture dimensions for Fracture 1 (Figure 1) were slightly smaller than the total payzone height. The average formation permeability in the history-matched model was about 0. a measured water rate was also available. using only the first few weeks of production data. the gas rate did not exhibit the steep decline typical of tight-gas wells. treatment execution was altered by pumping smaller proppant volumes with larger pad volumes and lower maximum proppant concentrations.not for reproduction or retransmission. An initial analysis with a simple 2D model. This was quite close to the pre-fracture estimate of 50µD average permeability to gas (at in situ conditions). This match was made by increasing the effective length of each of the five fractures over time. which led to a reduced effective propped length . Because no well test (with buildup) was performed following the initial cleanup. a significant near-wellbore choke effect had to be added to the model. With these parameters. it was possible to match both the water production and the PLT results. Post-fracture Initial post-fracture production from the well was lower than expected.03mD at initial water saturation.a phenomenon often observed in tight-gas wells. It was also noted that to match the buildup data. with less propped fracture width. there was uncertainty in trying to ascertain the cause of the production discrepancy. as summarized in Table 3. combined with the large diameter proppant (16/20 mesh). which is based on the fluid leaking off from the fracture while it is closing.

execution and evaluation of Shell’s fracturing operations in Europe. he joined Shell’s offshore operating unit in the Netherlands in ©2012 Carrier Corporation. The production improvement compared to an unfractured horizontal well approached a factor six. which is very encouraging for future tight gas developments. conducts fracture stimulation studies. Erik Schrama studied offshore engineering at Delft University of Technology and joined Shell in 2003 as a production technologist. The forward simulation (Figure 3) also predicted that the total water production after five years will still be only 1400m3 out of the 2100m3 of fracture water pumped into the well. He built up his competence as a completions and well interventions (C&WI) supervisor and engineer with NAM in the Netherlands and on assignment to Pinedale. Asia and Africa. A member of the United Technologies Corporation family. we do. increasing the total perforated length from 600mm by a factor of two or three. He spent two years For the first time in the North Sea a true tight gas reservoir was successfully developed using a horizontal well with multiple fractures. engineering manager at Fenix Consulting Delft (formerly StrataGen Delft). which should also reduce the risk of near-wellbore screenout. And in many cases. He worked at RES from 1989-96. 48 OFFSHORE ENGINEER | october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . Production forecast for four years based on history match of first year’s production. he has accumulated over 30 years’ industry experience working in well construction and reservoir stimulation and was recently recognized by the SPE for his contribution to industry. l After executing all the fracture treatments. London.carrier. As a global leader. the reservoir boundary had not been reached. . While the new perforations may not hit the longitudinal fracture. US. He currently works as a senior production technologist for Shell subsidiary Petroleum Development Oman. a variety of methods can be used to reduce the effect of Future recommendations broadening his expertise as a contract holder. w w w .e n g i n e e r. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. At this point. We would go to the ends of the Earth to bring safe.drilling & completions Figure 3. Finally. Wyoming. He is currently supporting the design. For future wells of this type. After two years in R&D and technical services and a spell working in Siberia’s Salym field. Fracpro training courses. The one-year production match using a numerical reservoir simulator has provided valuable insights to explain why the well’s production has remained constant for such a long time. and the production simulation predicted that this would occur in the higher permeability layers after more than two years of production.marinesystems. welltest analysis. After his physics study he joined Shell Research in the petrophysics department and then moved to production technology working on well stimulation research projects with a focus on fracturing. Fred van der Bas is a subject matter expert on hydraulic fracturing at Shell based in the Netherlands.not for reproduction or retransmission. sustainable products to every corner of the world – even if yours is in the middle of the sea. For more information visit www. it is recommended to increase breaker concentration in the flush fluid. o f f s h o r e . He has over 20 years’ industry experience and received his Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees from MIT in electrical engineering and computer science. China as C&WI operations team lead for the exploration and appraisal activities on two unconventional gas fields. Carrier Marine & Offshore Systems offers cooling and refrigeration solutions customized to the unique conditions found on offshore platforms. we work to bring safe. reservoir simulation studies and software development. the main proppant for the treatments could actually be a smaller size (ie 20/40). He is currently on assignment in Sichuan. jet or perforate additional holes over the same interval. where he was the lead software engineer for development of Fracpro. any increase in inflow area will significantly reduce the near-wellbore pressure drop. l Tail-in with a small volume of an even larger proppant size (ie 12/18). During 2009/10 he project managed the drilling and hydraulic fracturing phase of the first offshore tight gas development using a horizontal well with multiple fractures. Since receiving his Bachelor’s degree with honors from Robert Gordon University in engineering. is involved in multidisciplinary engineering for major North Sea stimulation campaigns while extending support and experience to the operational phases. reliable solutions to our customers. convergent flow at the perforations. on-site fracture engineering. to try to reduce proppant pack damage in the near-wellbore area caused by pressure testing of the proppant plugs. Given the low permeability. stimulation domain manager and engineering advisor for Schlumberger Well Services in Aberdeen. Stock symbol UTX. highlights the elliptical pressure around the horizontal well. where he has worked for more than 30 years. Josef Shaoul. OE Robin Naughton-Rumbo joined Shell in November 2005 having earned his Master’s degree in mechanical engineering from Imperial College. Mark Norris.

technology and environmental care.740 M PRESSURE 19. 5250ft 6000ft 6750ft 7500ft 8250ft Quality that makes the difference. For reprints please contact the Publisher. That’s why more operators turn to Tenaris. 9000ft Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . Quality manufactured line pipe products.887 FT / 2. On every count. . Tenaris delivered.000 PSI 2250ft TEMPERATURE 250°F SERVICE HP/HT SOUR ENVIRONMENT 3000ft CASCADE AND CHINOOK 3750ft 4500ft THIS IS NO PL ACE TO COMPROMISE. Expertise gained in extreme offshore environments around the world.0ft LOCATION LOWER TERTIARY GULF OF MEXICO 750ft FACILITY FIRST FPSO IN GULF OF MEXICO 1500ft DEPTH 8. Exceptional R&D that leads to better solutions. Ultra deepwater fields like Cascade and Chinook require the highest levels of experience.not for reproduction or retransmission.

not for reproduction or retransmission. .orrsafety. KONG® Metacarpal Protection 80% impact absorption.4% impact absorption o ers sidewall and complete ngertip protection.774. Patent Pending Finger Protection 76. kong@orrcorp. The first and only impact resistant glove developed solely with the Oil & Gas Safety Committee and industry experts KONG® Knuckle Protection 90% impact absorption.Join the other companies that have seen proven results and have reduced or eliminated hand injuries by using KONG® Impact Resistant gloves Product of the Year OHS 2010 Award Winner For reprints please contact the Publisher.IMPACT PROTECTION GLOVES Reduces the three most common hand injuries in the Oil & Gas Industry: Hairline Fractures Bruising Blows Pinched Fingers 3 1 0 • • • Exclusive Palm Material 25% more abrasion resistant than normal synthetic leather.000+ Since the inception of KONG® Impact Resistant gloves.6455 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . over a million pairs of hands have been better protected 502.000. Zero hand injuries.

not for reproduction or retransmission. they can become high risk. In addition. has produced viscous oil and experienced significant water encroachment with water cut of 96% due to corrosion. 51 . including deformation or complete separation due to formation movement. c o m Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . any length of casing can be isolated depending on well objectives. Several standard approaches exist. An innovative cased-hole expandable liner system has been deployed to repair casing corrosion in an offshore Congo well. safety and environmental risks. An operator working in a mature shallow-water (197ft) field off the coast of the Republic of Congo needed a cost-effective and long-term solution to repair a section of corroded casing at a depth of 385m to 423m on one of its wells. combined with the presence of H2S gas. This. The inner diameter of the expandable liner and the connections are never exposed to expansion pressure. the cement may break down. The rig then simply pulls a cone through the liner. commence oil production and shut off water flow while maintaining a safe working environment. C Congo platform showing the basic parameters of the rig. For example. Weatherford has developed an alternative casing-remediation solution with the MetalSkin cased-hole solid expandable liner system. The installation process involves positioning the liner system to the desired location downhole and applying surface pressure to expand and set an internal jacking system to anchor the liner. o f f s h o r e .e n g i n e e r. crane and blowout preventers. Over the course of its nearly 40-year operating history. additional liners. The integral carbide anchoring mechanism positively locates the liner in position and prevents any further movement. the low-pressure reservoir. located 820-1312ft below the sea floor. In addition. Longer term. completion. and corrosion due to the properties of the well effluent. exposing the formation to high pressures and contamination of the reservoir from the cement during the squeeze. Alternatively if the rig or work string is limited. erosional wear by workovers or drilling activity. if cement squeezes are not properly deployed. thus reducing production. the well in question was in a remote location and produced from an offshore platform with both deck-space and weight limitations. Because there october 2012 Second skin for casing Resolving these situations to get drilling or production back online requires an intervention. given the economic balance between a mature-field remediation program and its cost. regardless of the damage mechanism and provides a larger ID and better access to reserves than scab liners for future drilling. they can prove unpredictable requiring multiple squeezes to be run. By using a downhole hydraulic jack there is no need for high-volume pumping services. production or injection operations. well. Weatherford’s Scott Durment and Doug Farley explain why and how. which prevented the operator from using a typical workover rig. Designed to bridge the casing-repair gap between cement squeezing and scab liners. makes production operations challenging and calls for platform personnel to consistently remain vigilant of any potential health. thereby maintaining the integrity of the system. In addition. Short term. the desired solution also needed to be efficient and provide a long-term benefit that precluded the need for another intervention. thus expanding it from the bottom up. The objective was to repair the corroded casing to regain well integrity. scab liners or straddle-pack assemblies all restrict the original hole size. the system can be reset and can be expanded with repeated stroking of the jack system. The system is typically installed in one day and in a single trip. OFFSHORE ENGINEER | For reprints please contact the Publisher.drilling & completions Restoring well integrity Congo-style asing damage in older wells comes in many forms and from many sources. Because multiple joints of this cased-hole liner can be connected downhole. but have demonstrated varying degrees of success and may negatively impact the economics of the w w w . the solid expandable system provides permanent isolation to the damaged section of the casing.

drilling & completions

are no darts, plugs or shoes required to generate pressure when the anchor is set, no drillout is required. The casing can be tested immediately and the subsequent operations can commence. Once installed, the cased-hole liner provides minimal ID reduction to the casing, which helps optimize completion designs for higher production or injection rates.

The MetalSkin expandable cased-hole liner.

Because of the economic and long-term benefits of solid expandable liner, the company was selected to install an H2S-resistant, 51/2in x 7in, 29# expandable cased-hole liner in the Congo well between 1224ft and 1608ft. The remote location and safety concerns made the intervention more difficult and required significant pre-job planning. Because of deck space and weight limitations and no present workover rig, special consideration and planning was conducted prior to the installation. The liner casing would be deployed using a mast with a maximum over-pull of 12te, and a maximum height under hook of 41ft . The equipment would be conveyed into the wellbore using a surface jack system that is unique to this field given platform’s limitations with a working travel of 63in, using 1.6m cylinders capable of 80 tons of force. Equipment

Planning and risk assessment


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handling and peripheral operations would be performed using a crane with a maximum load of 3.8te at 18m. Blowout preventers are located 6.6ft below the main deck. In addition, prior to the installation, the company collaborated with the operator to evaluate the potential risks in working in the H2S environment. These risks were documented and a mitigation plan was implemented that was designed to address the potential release of H2S during the operation. High priority was given to adhering to and implementing the safety policies developed jointly between Weatherford and the client. Safety meetings and job safety analysis (JSA) were conducted before each phase of the equipment and well preparation and prior to the expandable installation to ensure that all personnel were completely aware of the actions during each segment of the installation process. These meetings offered an opportunity for all personnel to ask questions, make comments or suggestions and be made aware that they were all empowered to shut down the operation if they questioned an activity or if they observed anything that could be unsafe. At times, work was stopped to ensure that safety remained the utmost priority.

Liner installation

Pre-job operations included a clean-out trip with bit and mill assembly to ensure that all downhole obstructions or tight spots were cleared, as well as a caliper log to verify the inside diameter of casing down to and across the planned setting depth of the expandable liner. Once satisfied with the condition of the wellbore and casing to accept the expandable liner, installation commenced. Thirteen connected liner joints were tripped in hole with a workstring to TD at a maximum run-in-hole speed of 60ft/min. The entire liner assembly was run 2-3ft past setting depth and picked back up to the setting depth mark on the pipe, which closed the slide valve in the string. The liner was then expanded using a setting tool requiring 5000psi inside the workstring to achieve expansion and anchoring the liner. Once anchoring was confirmed, a jack system pulled the workstring out of hole so as to expand the liner in 5ft intervals. Expansion continued using an over-pull of 36-40 tons. During this time, the rig was pumping water in the hole to prevent the release of gas. The cone section was pulled out of the top of the liner on joint number 13, which was verified by a weight drop from nine tons to three tons on the indicator. The liner top was confirmed at a depth of 1224ft.



The expandable liner was successfully installed and expanded at the proper depth in a single trip, isolating the corroded zone. The installed liner provided a post-expansion drift of 5.265in to enable the well to be produced at a rate of 250b/d, with no water production. The minimal ID restriction in the wellbore post remediation allowed the client to continue production with the same completion strategy without having to downsize the electric submersible pump. Finally, through continual communication with the client, all operations were performed without injury in a safe and professional manner, allowing the client to resume production with full HSE integrity. OE Doug Farley is global product line manager for Solid Expandable Systems at Weatherford. A graduate of Texas State Technical College, he has over 30 years’ experience in operations, manufacturing, and engineering of drilling and completion tools and has been involved in international manufacturing facilities start-up. Albert Durment is a project coordinator for the Critical Wells Team Wellbore Construction group at Weatherford. Based in Houston, he has over 30 years’ oil & gas industry experience, with a diverse background ranging from positions as a floorhand, technical advisor, to his current role.

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october 2012



Effective tension and compression in pipeline and riser buckling
t has been known for a very long time, at least since the early work of Lubinski (1950), that buckling calculations about the longitudinal force in a pipeline or a riser need to take into account the longitudinal force in the fluid contents as well as the longitudinal force in the wall of the pipe. That is why a longitudinally-constrained pipe can buckle under internal pressure alone, as can readily be demonstrated by experiment (Palmer & Baldry, 1974). In that instance, the longitudinal force in the pipe wall is tensile because of the Poisson effect, but there is a larger longitudinal compressive force in the contents, and so the resultant longitudinal force is compressive and the pipe can buckle if the resultant longitudinal force is large enough. It turns out that the condition under which buckling can occur is a simple one: the constrained pipe buckles when the resultant compressive force, counting both the pipe wall and the contents, is equal to the calculated buckling force that corresponds to the pipe dimensions, material and end conditions. The reality of this effect is understood and recognised, and it routinely forms part of calculations (see, for example, Sparks, 2007) and of codes (see for example, Det Norske Veritas, 2010, section 4 G 306). Neglect of it has occasionally led to accidents. However, arguments about the point still surface occasionally. They are often based on an assertion that the contained fluid cannot exert a lateral force on a pipe, and that in consequence the pipe cannot buckle, or alternatively that a pipe cannot buckle if the pipe wall is in tension. The objective of the experiments described here is to demonstrate the effect by a simple theoretical analysis, followed by a straightforward experimental demonstration, designed to leave no room for argument about the details.

‘Effective tension’ is one of the key concepts in pipeline and marine riser engineering since it tells the user how to account for the pressure in the fluid inside and outside the pipe. Although known and understood for at least 60 years, engineers still sometimes overlook it and get into trouble. Prof Andrew Palmer and Agustony Sabtian discuss the outcome of a recent National University of Singapore experiment aimed at removing any remaining uncertainty.


Figure 1. the column between two parallel lines drawn perpendicular to the chain-dotted line. Figure 1(b) is an expanded view of the element AB and the lines that define it, and shows the forces and moments that act on it. At the upper end A, there is a downward force equal to the compressive force in the column, as can be confirmed by considering the equilibrium of the column section above A. At the lower end B, there is an upward force equal to the compressive force in the column. Because the column is deflected, the downward force at A is not in line with the upward force at B. That offset creates a couple: if element AB is to be in equilibrium that couple has to be balanced by bending moments at A and B. It is because those moments create curvature that the column can buckle, even though there is no lateral load. The analysis of Euler buckling looks for the condition under which an initially-straight elastic column can remain in equilibrium even though it has deflected sideways. The lowest critical load at which that can happen is close to the load at which real slender columns buckle. At the cost of increased mathematical complexity, the analysis can be made more sophisticated by taking account of large deflections, but the practical conclusion is essentially the same.


It is helpful first to consider an initial straight column rather than a pipe. That example has the advantage of not being controversial: nobody argues that an Euler column cannot buckle because there is no lateral force on it. The classical structural analysis shows that the column buckles under a load that can readily be calculated, and many experiments confirm that.. Figure 1(a) shows a weightless column. Initially the column was straight and stress-free, and lay along the chain-dotted line. Under load, the column has deflected away from the original line. It is loaded by equal and opposite compressive forces that act along that line; there is no lateral load. AB is an element of


OFFSHORE ENGINEER | october 2012

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Consider next the pipe shown in Figure 1(c), internally pressurised by a weightless fluid and deflected away from its initial position in which the tube axis lies along the chain-dotted line. Again define an element of the pipe and its contents AB between two parallel intersecting planes perpendicular to the line. That element is redrawn in Figure 1(d). The downwardpointing heavy arrow at the top represents the force exerted by the pipe and the fluid above A across the plane A and onto the element AB. The upward-pointing heavy arrow at the bottom represents the force exerted by the pipe and the fluid below B across the plane B and onto the element AB. Those forces are not in line, and again the offset creates a couple. Figure 1(e) shows the fluid (not the tube and fluid together) between the parallel planes A and B. The heavy arrows represent the forces exerted on the fluid element between A and B, by the fluid above the element at A and below the element at B. Again those forces are not in line, and together they create a couple. There is no shear across the fluid boundaries at A and B. The element of fluid is in equilibrium. There must therefore be a balancing couple, represented by the circle with arrowheads, which is the resultant couple that corresponds to the forces exerted by the wall of the tube on the element of fluid. An equal and opposite couple is exerted by the fluid element onto the wall of the tube between A and B. Exactly as in the case of the Euler column in Figure 1(a), it is that couple that can create buckling, and that needs to be accounted for in calculations. These issues are explored at greater length in numerous publications. They take account of additional factors such as the weight of the fluid contained within the tube, but again without altering the underlying conclusion. Lubinkski’s original work (1950) did not use the term effective tension, and that came in later (Lubinski, 1977). In retrospect, it was perhaps not the ideal choice of words, but it is nowadays so widely used that it would be counter-productive to try to change it.

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Figure 2(a) is a uniform straight tube. Two possible loading systems are illustrated in Figure 2(b) and 2(c). Loading 1 in Figure 2(b) loads the tube as a pin-ended column, as in the classical Euler buckling analysis; the internal pressure is atmospheric. The axial load is transmitted to the pipe wall by end plugs. The tube wall is under longitudinal compression, and the longitudinal stress is compressive and equal to the

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Figure 2.
w w w . o f f s h o r e - e n g i n e e r. c o m

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october 2012


the longitudinal force in the contents does not need to be taken into account. but now the plugs are slightly different. If. The pressure is contained by frictionless end plugs at both ends. so as to provide the same pin-ended end conditions as in loading 1. Figure 4 is a photograph of the end bearings in loading 1. outside diameter 9. then the pipe will not buckle at all in loading 2. and therefore the tube wall carries a longitudinal tension of 89N. 56 OFFSHORE ENGINEER | october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . The longitudinal force in loading 1 is the force measured by the load cell. for the test under internal pressure. the longitudinal force is carried wholly by the pipe wall in loading 1 but wholly by the pipe contents in loading 2.25mm.e n g i n e e r.not for reproduction or retransmission. It is not to be expected that the deflections will coincide perfectly. Figure 3 is a sketch showing how the tube was mounted in the Tritech 100kN testing machine. because in the ideal situation with frictionless plugs (Figure 2(c)) the pipe wall would be in pure circumferential tension. so that they are free to move axially within the tube. axial load divided by the cross-section area of the pipe wall. The circumferential hoop stress is tensile.research Figure 3. for loading 1 (longitudinal compression applied externally) and loading 2 (internal pressure).53mm. Sabtian (2012) describes the experiment in detail. Figure 5 is a detailed drawing of the top end plug in loading 2. the 0. but with the pump.5% yield stress was 280MPa. and the tube would therefore shorten longitudinally because of the Poisson effect. wall thickness 1.5GPa. but the plugs are free to rotate in the plane of the diagram. The accepted theory of effective longitudinal force tells us that the resultant longitudinal force at which the pipe will buckle will be the same in loading 2 as in loading 1. loading 2. o f f s h o r e . Two different tubes were used for loading 1 and loading 2: they had the same specification and identical dimensions. In summary. the load cell force is 571N and the pressure multiplied by the internal area is 660N. The elastic modulus measured in a tension test was 188. as objectors to the effective force concept occasionally argue. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. and the central deflection was measured by two perpendicular pairs of Sakkae Figure 5. The force on each plug is the internal pressure multiplied by the internal cross-sectional area of the tube. . each of them has an initial Experiment The tube was Swagelok 316L stainless steel. valve and pressure gauge removed. At the end of the test. on the other hand. It is to be expected that the tube will be put into tension. The scheme described in Figure 2(c) is an ideal experiment with frictionless end plugs. and the internal pressure can be increased up to the point at which the pipe bursts. Partial frictional restraint therefore puts the tube into longitudinal tension. The tube was mounted so that it could laterally deflect freely in any direction. then. The circumferential hoop stress is zero. The plugs have to be constrained so that the internal pressure does not push them out of the tube. The longitudinal force in loading 2 is the force measured by the load cell. Significant departure from linearity began when the stress reached 175MPa. Loading 2 in Figure 2(c) loads the tube by applying internal pressure. 13FLP100A potentiometers. w w w . Although the two tubes in the two tests were nominally identical. It can be seen that the loads at which the deflections become large agree well. so that absolute deflection could be calculated as the vector sum of the two deflections. Figure 4. and the ultimate tensile stress 580 MPa. This allows a straightforward experimental test of the theory. A practical implementation has to contend with some friction in the end plugs. The same set-up was used for loading 1. Figure 6 plots the longitudinal force against the lateral movement at the mid-height of the tube. but because of the effect of friction on the end plugs that force is a little smaller than the measured internal pressure multiplied by the internal cross-sectional area. The longitudinal stress is zero.

the buckling load derived from the plot is 652N. 1973) (1) where P is the compressive force in the column Pcr is the Euler critical load ∆0 is the initial out-of-straightness when the compressive force P is 0. OFFSHORE ENGINEER | For reprints please contact the Publisher. The linearity of the Southwell plot depends on the dominance of the first Fourier component of the out-of-straightness. The corresponding buckling load is 626N. u (mm) Figure 6. The same graph includes the calculated buckling load. That component becomes dominant as the load approaches the Euler w w w . I is 285.5GPa (1. the buckling load derived from the plot is 630N. His method makes it possible to determine the elastic critical load and the initial out-of-straightness without continuing the test to the point at which the deflections become large and the column begins to deform inelastically. The Euler buckling load of an elastic pin-ended column with length L. o f f s h o r e . and the initial out-of-straightness is 1. and the out-of-straightness will not be exactly the same: this point is quantified below.9mm. elastic modulus E and second moment of area I is π2EI/L2. c o m Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only .0mm4 and L is 920mm. and the initial out-of-straightness is 0. The slope of the resulting line is 1/Pcr. u is the additional lateral deflection that occurs when the compressive force is increased from 0 to P. Southwell plots A real column can never be perfectly straight. In the loading 2 case.research Experimental load deflection curve Compressive force (N) Measured midpoint deflection. In the loading 1 case.not for reproduction or retransmission. october 2012 57 . Equation (1) rearranges into (2) Southwell plots u/P against u. and so it begins to deflect at loads less than the buckling load. out-of-straightness.9mm. In this instance E is 188. Southwell (1936) put forward an elegant method for analysing buckling tests on columns. The relationship between the load and the lateral deflection becomes (Britvec. Figure 7 shows the Southwell plots for loadings 1 and 2.885×105N/mm2).e n g i n e e r. and the intercept on the u/P axis is ∆0/Pcr.

A further comparison can be made with Figure 6. A.research Loading 1 – Southwell plot Loading 2 – Southwell plot u/P (x10-2mm/N) Measured midpoint deflection. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. (1988). u (mm) Figure 7. w w w . . offshore engineering. pp46-54. OE Andrew Palmer has divided his career equally between practice as a consulting engineer and university teaching. pressure and weight on pipe and riser deformations and stresses. 2012. American Petroleum Institute. Acknowledgement The authors thank Charles Sparks and Jack Bayless for their participation in the stimulating discussions that led to the tests described in this article. A. o f f s h o r e . (1988). CP.not for reproduction or retransmission. u (mm) Agustony Sabtian recently received his BEng (Honours) in civil engineering from the National University of Singapore. S). RV. The agreement is good. Lubinski. Journal of Petroleum Technology. The stability of elastic systems. Gulf Publishing. Det Norske Veritas. Hopefully this will resolve the argument once and for all. An introduction to the theory of elasticity for engineers and physicists. Sabtian. JAS. Høvik. 178-214. Det Norske Veritas. It is consistent with the accepted effective tension theory of how to treat longitudinal force in internally pressurized pipes. 1936. The influence of tension. Lateral buckling of axially-compressed pipelines. Britvec. Reprinted in Developments in petroleum engineering: Collected works of Arthur Lubinski (ed Miska. Pipe and riser deflections and global stability: the effective tension concept. CP. Pergamon Press. Tulsa.e n g i n e e r. AC & Baldry. 2012. his studies focused on offshore engineering. He is currently Keppel Professor at the National University of Singapore. In Fundamentals of marine riser mechanics. A study of the buckling of rotary drilling strings. 2007. Submarine pipeline 58 OFFSHORE ENGINEER | october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . SJ. pp1283-1284. Revue de l’Institut Français du Pétrole. In 1975 he joined RJ Brown & Associates. In 1996 he became research professor in petroleum engineering at Cambridge University. Pennwell. Transactions of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. The results allow a three-way comparison between two independent experiments and theory. Vol26. It gives no support to those who have argued that internal pressure cannot create Lubinski. S). March 1984. and in 1985 he founded Andrew Palmer & Associates. there ought to be no buckling under loading 2: that is incontrovertibly not the case. OK. Necessary tension in marine riser. Southwell. Norway. Effective tension in pressurised pipelines. According to the counterargument. Vol106. Prof Palmer is the author of three books and more than 200 papers on pipelines. During his undergraduate years in the NUS Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering. Oxford University Press. 1977. Sparks. Drilling and Production Practice. loading 2 theory buckling load (N) 652 630 626 u/P (x10-2mm/N) Measured midpoint deflection. 1974. References inpexcareers. Palmer. and it vindicates that theory. National University of Singapore. loading 1 experiment. reprinted in Developments in petroleum engineering: Collected works of Arthur Lubinski (ed Miska. A. 1984. critical load: that is discussed in detail by Britvec (1973). as follows: experiment. Sparks. His final year thesis is used as reference for this article. geotechnics and ice. Unpublished BEng dissertation. 1950. Offshore Standard DNV-OS-F101. The linearity will not be retained once plastic deformation begins. Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering. Gulf Publishing. 1973.

oil gas companies have relied on UNITECH help them improve the safety. Norway Dusseldorf. Our connectors reflect the industry’s most advanced designs. Germany Perth. gas lift and reliability and efficiency of their subsea intervention and distribution systems for controls. For more than 25 years. Our connectors reflect the industry’s most advanced designs. WA Singapore Houston.Engineered Simplicity Engineered Simplicity Engineered Simplicity For more than 25 years.tailored to your needs quality materials . proven toto work for years chemical injection. proven to work for years the harshest environments and under the heaviest loads. Norway Dusseldorf.unitechsubsea. Texas North Sea Europe Australia Asia Pacific North America Bergen.not for reproduction or retransmission. Norway Dusseldorf. WA Singapore For moreFor information visit us at the For more information us atat www. reliability and efficiency their subsea intervention and distribution systems for controls. proven work for years chemical injection.Single Bore High Pressure Metal-to-Metal Seal Connectors (ؽ” toto Ø4”) UH-500 Series . Texas Content is copyright protected and provided visit for personal use only . Texas Bergen. For more than 25 reprints please contact Publisher.unitechsubsea. Germany Perth.tailored to your needs North Sea Europe Australia Asia Pacific North America North Sea Europe Australia Asia Pacific North America Bergen. oil && gas companies have relied on UNITECH toto help them improve the safety. Our connectors reflect the industry’s most advanced designs. Gas Lift Connectors Quick Disconnect Couplers • • Gas Lift Connectors • • Quick Disconnect Couplers • Gas Lift Connectors • Quick Disconnect Couplers Hydraulic Connectors Flying Lead Systems • • Hydraulic Connectors • • Flying Lead Systems • Electrical Hydraulic Connectors • Umbilical Flying Lead Systems Electrical Connectors Umbilical Bundles •• Connectors •• Bundles • Multi-Quick Electrical Connectors • Subsea Umbilical Bundles Systems Multi-Quick Connect Stab Plates Subsea Intervention Systems •• •• Connect Stab Plates Intervention • Multi-Quick Connect Stab Plates • Subsea Intervention Systems Male connector with Male connector with integrated manipulator integrated manipulator Male connector with operated ball valve operated ball valve integrated manipulator operated ball valve Male (fixed) connector Male (fixed) connector Male (fixed) connector Pressure Pressure compensated female compensated Pressure female pressure cap with pressure cap with compensated female temperature temperature && pressure cap with pressure sensors pressure sensors temperature & pressure sensors Female pressure cap Female pressure cap Female pressure cap Female (free) connector Female (free) connector with Grayloc hub with Grayloc hub Female (free) connector with Grayloc hub UH-500 Series .Single Bore High Pressure Metal-to-Metal Seal Connectors (ؽ” to Ø4”) Terminator Yankee high Terminator Yankee high integrity male & female integrity male & female Terminator Yankee high MQC (up to MQC (up to 1616 couplings) integrity male &couplings) female MQC (up to 16 couplings) Charlie X1 male Charlie X1 male && female MQC (up to female MQC to& Charlie X1 (up male couplings) 2828 couplings) female MQC (up to 28 couplings) Delta X includes Delta X includes integrated solenoid integrated solenoid Delta X includes control valves control valves && integrated solenoid control system control system valves & control system ROV Operated Multi-Quick Connect (MQC) Stab Plates ROV Operated Multi-Quick Connect (MQC) Stab Plates ROV Operated Multi-Quick Connect (MQC) Stab Plates High reliability designs through low system complexity high High reliability designs through low system complexity && high quality materials .tailored your needs High reliability designs through lowto system complexity & high quality materials . gas lift and chemical injection. oil & gas companies have relied on UNITECH to help them improve the safety. inin the harshest environments and under the heaviest loads. WA Singapore Houston. gas lift and reliability and efficiency ofof their subsea intervention and distribution systems for controls. For more information visit us www. in the harshest environments and under the heaviest loads.Single Bore High Pressure Metal-to-Metal Seal Connectors (ؽ” Ø4”) UH-500 Series . Germany Perth. .

. It has a 2100m2 deck area and crane coverage to enable HV cable splicing.not for reproduction or retransmission. it will offer superior manoeuvrability and a high transit speed with a multi-lay system that can support both rigid and non-rigid pipelines. the Lewek Connector is one of the most efficient and complete installation vessels in the market. as a consequence. Emas AMC was awarded a contract by ABB last month for cable installation between Statoil’s Troll A platform and the land station at Kollsnes. Despite testing weather conditions on its first two assignments. Transit speed is 16 knots. which allows for the laying of several cables simultaneously. The vessel also has bundle-lay capability. ‘Fitted with bundle-lay capability. Length overall is 156. good integration with the yard. took delivery of its first newbuild deepwater. will join Lewek Connector (pictured top) in the Emas AMC fleet in 2014. will also be equipped with DP3 and rated for 3000m-plus water depth operations. flexlay subsea construction vessel Lewek Connector in March this year. It is currently carrying out cable installation for the German sector DolWin offshore wind farm. Lewek Connector has been fully employed with no technical downtime since delivery. Lewek Constellation. and good technical people.’ Upcoming sister vessel Lewek Constellation. Reports by Meg Chesshyre and Russell McCulley. ‘The large pay load capacity increases the efficiency of cable-laying operations by avoiding the time-consuming splicing of cables and reducing the need to reload products. The vessel will have a 3000te heavy 60 O F F S H O R E EN G INEE R | o c t o b e r 2 0 1 2 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . I think. Lewek Constellation. regional head for Emas AMC Europe and Africa. multi-purpose. ‘We have not had a single hour of technical downtime on a brand new vessel. Next year it already has cable installation for Statoil on Gudrun and for Eni on the Barents Sea Goliat project. a large ice classed multi-lay vessel with heavy lift capabilities. a large ice classed multi-lay vessel with heavy lift capabilities. o f f s h o r e . The DP3 Lewek Connector is capable of operating in 3000m water depth and has two turntables with a total payload capacity of 9000te. formed last year when Emas acquired Aker Marine Contractors from Aker Solutions. then a second riser replacement campaign for Statoil from May until August. is due to come into operation in the second quarter of 2014. vessels in action SURF sisters Emas AMC. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. of a good project team.9m and breadth 32m.’ The vessel’s first job was riser replacement for Statoil on Snorre B. followed by highvoltage cable installation between Wales and Ireland for ABB in late April/May. It also has a mobile reel drive system for up to 4 x 300te reels. A second vessel. w w w . currently under construction in Vietnam.e n g i n e e r.’ explained Svein Haug. The company currently has a long-term agreement with ABB for the Lewek Connector in connection with the installation of power cables and related services. to provide additional power to run two compressor drive systems. According to Emas AMC.vessels in action New or upgraded vessels have been very much in evidence lately as the subsea and deepwater vessel markets continue to grow and more renewable energy opportunities emerge. reported Emas AMC vice president strategic projects Bjarne Birkeland. A further riser installation programme possibly stretching the season into November is under discussion with Statoil. Looking ahead to 2014.

then to Huisman’s Schiedam facility in the Netherlands for the installation of a thirdgeneration multi-lay system. Birkeland said the new vessels marked the company’s entry into the SURF market. For reprints please contact the Publisher. the vessel will have 3000te crane. Technip is also building a new pipelayer. Following this October’s launch from the Vietnamese yard.e n g i n e e r. but we have proved with the Statoil riser replacement programme that we can go in as an agile. a 900te hang-off clamp.6inOD. Designed for North Sea.vessels in action lift crane. plus a London consulting group concentrating on heavy lift work. ‘Today we are not Technip or Subsea 7. Due for completion late next year. With a length of 178m. Lewek Constellation is scheduled for delivery late May 2013. The company is looking at establishing a marine/spool base in Norway’s Stavanger area. There is also an option to install J-lay. w w w . and deck area (without reels) of 4200m2. two 1250te flexible pipe carousels. Norway. and has identified two sites. currently under construction by STX in Fløro. but the headcount is expected to grow as more high-end vessels join the fleet. Emas AMC has offices in Houston. It will then go to China for installation of the 3000te Huisman crane. Atlantic basin and inter-continental operations.not for reproduction or retransmission. at Spain’s Metalships yard. The company currently has around 200 engineers. o f f s h o r e . Oslo and Singapore. Deep Energy will have the capability to handle rigid pipe up to 18in OD with a maximum coating thickness of 2in and flexible pipe and umbilicals up to 23. The contractor claims the vessel. Deep Energy (pictured above). Deep thinking: Technip expects to take delivery of its big new pipelay vessel. c o m O F F S H O R E EN G INEE R | o c t o b e r 2 0 1 2 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . four 1200te rigid pipe storage reels and a 19m x 8m moonpool. It will incorporate an innovative PLET handling system. mid-2013. it will be deployed in the Far East. fast organisation and deliver a result. 61 . will have a high transit speed of 20 knots. Deep Orient. breadth of 46m.’ he added.

Volstad. Next up would probably be a job installing inter-array Poised for pipelay McDermott International is building a new high-capacity reeled pipelay vessel with top-tier payload capacity. Canyon Offshore VP for trenching and renewable energy Gary Aylmer enthused: ‘I went to see the boat in February. Equipped with a high-capacity tower with 400te tensioner and tilting angles from 28-90° for rigid and flexible pipelay. McDermott said anticipated transit speed is 15 knots. will target pipe diameters in the 4-16in range. ‘LV108 is another milestone in our vessel renewal programme focusing on the subsea construction market for flexible and rigid product installation.e n g i n e e r.’ said Johnson. Outfitting of sister reel pipelay vessel LV105 was completed in May and it is booked for a maiden assignment in Asia in water depths up to 4430ft. just outside Trondheim. The vessel will be a sister ship to the recently completed subsea construction vessel North Ocean 105 (LV105). and I was impressed that the captain and chief engineer were standing by the boat then.’ As of late summer. Aylmer said. LV108 will have accommodation for 120 and a 450te/150te A&R system rated for pipe abandonment or subsea lowering to 3000m water depth.vessels in action Versatile vessel Norway’s Bergen Group Fosen shipyard. 62 O F F S H O R E EN G INEE R | o c t o b e r 2 0 1 2 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . chairman. and they’d been on there a long time. The LV108 is expected to meet this need. although it would likely involve trenching or construction in the North Sea. russell mcculley . the Norwegian port from where a good many of its marine crew hail. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher.’ said Stephen Johnson. Spain. tentatively named Lay Vessel 108 (LV108). with a nominal 2500te reel payload. w w w . Outfitting of the custom-designed lay system will begin following delivery of LV108 around 3Q 2014.4m long DP2 vessel. Artist’s impression of the new reeled pipelay vessel LV108. The recently completed LV105. ‘Market analysis indicates that the subsea and deepwater construction market is expected to continue to grow and there is demand for more tonnage in both the rigid reel lay and flexible lay markets. ‘We look forward to LV108 joining the LV105 and other vessels in our fleet in 2014. was the last stop for Canyon Offshore’s Grand Canyon offshore construction vessel as the newbuild was readied for North Sea service under a five-year fixed-rate charter with owner Volstad Maritime. Other features include two portside AHC main cranes – 100te and 400te – for subsea lifts and construction support.’ The 132.not for reproduction or retransmission. The 125m x 25m DP3 Skipsteknisk design vessel will operate out of Ålesund. really is proud of the ship. o f f s h o r e . president and CEO of McDermott. and is to be built to similar specifications at the Metalships & Docks yard in Vigo. the Grand Canyon’s first mission was ‘up in the air’. being a family owned business.

com engineering for a better world Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . IMO is Watching You. The vessel will accommodate the new T1200 jet trencher and two 200HP XLX ROV systems and is equipped with a 250t crane. Keep Below 15 ppm! De-oiling of drain water with GEA Westfalia Separator eagleclass: recovers the oil and keeps you below 15 ppm at any time. 59302 Oelde. moulded breadth of 24. The 175-turbine project in the Thames estuary is expected to occupy the new vessel for more than 100 days. length of 106. the under-deck stiffening we put in. ‘Because of its size. Grand Canyon’s amenities include carefully detailed rooms. Fax: +49 2522 77-1778 noting that it can switch easily between oil & gas or renewable energy operations. will be co-owned by Eidesvik and Subsea 7 under newly created joint venture Eidesvik Seven. The new OCV is scheduled for delivery in 3Q 2013 and is earmarked for service in the Gulf of Mexico. Comply with IMO regulations the economic way. the beam.5m and 16 knot service speed. with a crew capacity of 90. large picture windows in some common areas and a small swimming pool on a side deck. Following its launch by Ulstein Verft in December. According to Volstad Maritime. Eidesvik Offshore and Subsea 7 have joined forces to develop the Seven Viking.’ And a rather plush one: accommodating a crew of 108.not for reproduction or retransmission. Germany Phone: +49 2522 77-0. GEA Westfalia Separator Group GmbH Werner-Habig-Straße 1. The Ice-C class vessel. Canyon Offshore and parent company Helix Energy Solutions Group have reached agreements with Volstad Maritime and Bergen Group Fosen for the construction and chartering of an identical sister vessel.vessels in action cables for the UK’s major London Array wind farm development. Rather. it’s a very versatile vessel. a next-generation IMR and light construction the contract for delivery of Grand Canyon 2 is worth more than $800 million. www. o f f s h o r e . the ship maintains position with four tunnel thrusters. c o m O F F S H O R E EN G INEE R | For reprints please contact the Publisher. ‘I don’t think we want to pigeonhole the vessel. ‘It’s setting the bar high. moonpool and a reinforced deck that can support not only the trenching system but a reeled lay system and carousel. it will go on long-term charter with Subsea 7 working under contract for Statoil. Aylmer explained.e n g i n e e r. w w w .info@gea.’ Aylmer said. A third sister vessel is also in the works. october 2012 63 OI-215-1-006 . The Grand Canyon (OE October 2011) is well suited to this kind of shallow-water operation because it has no azimuth thrusters forward. VIKING RAID: Ulstein Group.’ Aylmer observed. allowing it to work in depths as shallow as 10m and to hold station ‘comfortably’ in 3 knot currents with thrusters running at 50% power.

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which alongside their cold temperature performance and energy efficiency potential. GE Oil & Gas launched a CHA hydraulic actuator series at ONS that accepts supply pressures up to a maximum of 6000psi. allowing cycling of the reamer multiple times during the course of the run.PRODUCTS IN ACTION section with the potential for several hole-related issues. one North Sea customer undertook a long and challenging 91/2in x 101/4in w w w . For flexibility in handling borehole instability. turbine and gas engine oils. According to Schlumberger. a powerful dualcoil spring package is capable of shearing standard 7/32in braided cable. released at ONS by Schlumberger. Russia and the Nordic countries. the resulting 9283ft run was completed in just over 300 circulating hours.e n g i n e e r. other Mobil high performance lubricants developed for the oil & gas industry include the SHC 600. 65 . Building on Rhino XS hydraulically expandable reamer technology. allowing valve closure. At –400°C. as well as offering improved safety features including: a quick-disconnect design that enables removal of the actuator from the bonnet within the valve operating stroke. ‘In deepwater environments.not for reproduction or retransmission. this provides huge savings for our customers by enabling faster and reliable activation. formulated to help oil & gas companies operating in extreme environments to reduce unscheduled downtime and maximise productivity. allowing the reamer to be placed below inner diameter-restricted bottomhole assembly components resulting in a reduced pilot-hole interval at total depth. Ian Milne. president. OFFSHORE ENGINEER | For reprints please contact the Publisher. For hydraulic equipment operating in even colder conditions. EAME industrial lubricants marketing advisor for ExxonMobil Lubricants & Petroleum Specialties. simply by changing the pump flow rate in a predetermined sequence. the Rhino XC is designed to provide complete control of reamer cutter-block deployment. you eliminate the associated safety risks that engineers face when undertaking the work. The company also offers a proprietary online oil analysis service.’ noted Dean Watson. The CHA series offers two Hydraulic oil shows Arctic promise Recent tests on Mobil Industrial Lubricants’ Arctic performance hydraulic oil have reportedly shown that it can help reduce hydraulic system energy consumption by up to 6. Gear and Polyrex series. Given pride of place in ExxonMobil’s ONS display in Stavanger this summer.’ Offshore Norway. The range includes gear. significant productivity and sustainability improvements can also be realised by extending equipment life and oil drain intervals. are claimed capable of extending the service life of machine components by lasting between three-to-six times longer than mineral oil based products. o f f s h o r e . SHC 500 is said to be four times thinner than similar viscosity index conventional mineral hydraulic oils. Pegasus. ‘Alongside the safety benefits. the operator required on-demand capability to close reamer flow to the annulus. regardless of well-inclination angle. c o m Robust actuators pile on the pounds Expanding its portfolio of hydraulic actuators for the surface drilling sector. Its flow activation system eliminates the need for time-consuming pumpdown device activation. The company’s earlier cost-effective RA series could manage supply pressures up to 3500psi. compressor. ‘With its on-demand capabilities and unlimited activations and deactivations of the cutter blocks. october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . allowing it to circulate around the hydraulic system faster at start up. which enables operators to monitor proactively the condition of lubricants and address conditions that could potentially lead to unscheduled downtime. ‘Safety is the number one concern for oil & gas companies and by reducing scheduled and unscheduled maintenance. the Mobil SHC 500 series has been engineered to help protect hydraulic equipment operating on offshore and onshore oil & gas rigs and platforms located in extremely cold climates such as the Arctic. customers can optimize their underreaming program in real time. is a next-generation reaming tool that provides unlimited activation of the flow actuation system to reliably enlarge boreholes. when compared with standard mineral hydraulic oils. Signum.’ said Akram Reda. The Rhino XC was run. said the new actuator line is more robust and increases the company’s market competitiveness. ensuring the lubricant is in place to protect machine components. products in action Rhino reamer delivers on-demand The Rhino XC on-demand reamer. without depressurizing the valve and releasing hydrocarbons. president of the GE Oil & Gas Pressure Control business.2%. bearing. Schlumberger Drilling Tools & Remedial. specialised products such as Mobil Univis HVI or Mobil Aero HF-A have been developed.’ In addition to SHC 500. The hydraulic oil is part of the high performance Mobil SHC brand of synthetic lubricants. and a captured spring design that prevents release of the preloaded spring during repair or actuator removal. a new run-length record for the client.

TimeLock for longterm suspension or harsh conditions. and LastLock. it adds. was specifically developed to meet the requirements of the oil & gas industry in detecting and quantifying naturally occurring radioactive isotopes. Radiation monitoring The new NORM (naturally occurring radioactive material) monitor. barrier failure can prove disastrous – for rig teams. added to Tracerco’s range of radiation monitors at ONS.e n g i n e e r. The company attributes Lock’s impressive retrieval Want to Improve Digital Oilfield Communications? Energistics has a Standard for that. large-diameter ( /2in) LP actuator ports: one for easy alignment to supply lines. extended periods or harsh conditions.PRODUCTS IN ACTION Does Your Digital Oilfield have a Language Barrier? record to the high-differential ball valve. Upstream Standards. you never have to worry that something will get lost in translation. . and one with an optional safety head designed to protect the actuator from overpressurization. ‘When sealing wells for suspension or abandonment.not for reproduction or retransmission. 1 ‘Smart darts’ hit reliability target Aberdeen-based Churchill Drilling Tools had on display at ONS an innovative dart activation system now being deployed for technically challenging high-angle sections in Norwegian continental shelf wells. The darts are deployed with hardened landing shoulders and dual sheer points. the local environment and an operator’s reputation. The advanced technology behind our new Lock series of well suspension plugs provides the assurance and protection the industry needs. DAV MX mechanical extrusion dart activated bypass valve deployment achieved its 100% reliability target last year.’ said the downhole tool developer. the combination of advanced seal engineering. and a 100% retrievability record combine to provide absolute protection. minimising debris buildup. according to Rolf Haaland. simplified slip design. A new range of four gastight well suspension plugs. Open data exchange standards from Energistics are embedded in more than 40 software packages used by more than 100 oil and gas companies globally. o f f s h o r e . The series comprises four application-specific products: SafeLock. 66 OFFSHORE ENGINEER | october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . Bottom Line Results.’ According to Archer. the top section can be milled easily to release the slips. According to Churchill. for total security in permanent well abandonment. Well integrity on the upgrade With Energistics’ Standards. pressure testing from below and pre-set seal surface cleaning takes Lock seal assurance to ISO 14310 V0 level. w w w . reliability and performance than with conventional ball activation through polymer extrusion. StormLock for storms. was unveiled by well integrity specialist Archer during ONS. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. Designated the NORM Monitor-IS. Should well conditions prevent normal retrieval. anti-debris filter and conclusive pull-and-rotate release mechanism. ‘The MX system allows the use of rigid Smart Darts for multi-cycle control and exploits their robustness and resilience to high pressure/ high temperature (HPHT) environments to deliver greater speed. for short to medium term suspension periods. VP and GM of Archer’s Oiltools division. with high efficiency and low operating costs. easy move and reset. Rapid set and seal. designated the Lock series. Its dual probe option is said to optimise monitoring capability for all types of NORM including Radium and Lead-210 based scales. the robust and intrinsically safe portable unit can also measure contamination levels.

there’s no room for mistakes. For reprints please contact the Publisher. ETSO approvals) Emergency equipment and signs Fire safety equipment and pyrotechnics Order your free copy of the VIKING safety catalogue at www. Get VIKING’s full safety package with all the documentation: n n n n Evacuation systems Protective suits and lifejackets (incl.Offshore wind safety solutions .full protection in harsh environments When you’re 60 meters above sea level with strong winds blowing.Protecting people and business Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only .not for reproduction or VIKING LIFE-SAVING EquIPMENT .VIKING-life. .

For reprints please contact the Publisher. .Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only .not for reproduction or retransmission.

Safety Innovations.’ Describing the awards. as well as individual success.e n g i n e e r. Santa Catarina state. said: ‘I’m particularly pleased that we’re supporting the 2013 Offshore Achievement Awards. the Society of Petroleum Engineers Aberdeen Section is again hosting the Offshore Achievement Awards with the support of main sponsor Taqa Bratani. Great Small Company. Leo Koot.000ft2 facility in St Martin Parish. the Expro Group. reflecting the growing reach of the North Sea industry. The titles of two categories have changed this year. Aker Solutions and Statoil were jointly awarded the ONS Innovation Award in Stavanger for their work investment plans include construction of a 200m long quayside with an artificial bay to protect against the river’s high currents and allow fast access to the new facility for seagoing vessels needing to install.’  Further details of the awards and how to enter can be found at www. the organisers are switching the 21 March 2013 black tie awards ceremony to the Aberdeen Exhibition & Conference Centre. having even more OFFSHORE ACHIEVERS Following a successful re-launch last year. With the forecast growth of subsea developments. 2012 69 . as the ‘premier forum for celebrating the very best in the offshore industry’. Louisiana to produce onshore and offshore drilling equipment for global customers. Offshore Renewables. but because they recognise w w w . Working Together.000m2 production facility in southern Brazil alongside the Itajai-Açu river in Navegantes. however criteria remain the same. be recognised. The $19 million on the Åsgard subsea gas compression system (OE April). The Innovator. a privately owned Brazilian engineering firm with over 400 marine and offshore projects to its credit. newly elected chairman of the SPE Aberdeen section. director of CO2DeepStore and the SPE board member responsible for organising the OAAs. OFFSHORE ENGINEER | september For reprints please contact the Publisher. ITF’s Anthony Onukwu. Over 70 entries were received for the 2012 awards. and Leo Koot. Based in Rio de Janeiro. In addition to recognising exceptional business growth. The 2013 categories are: Export Achievement. c o m Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . commission and test Huisman systems and equipment onboard. Ian Phillips. originally run by Scottish Enterprise. said: ‘The success we saw after re-launching the awards last year was hugely positive and demonstrated that the awards have a firm place in the energy sector calendar. Taqa recognises that it’s going to take innovative commercial solutions to maximise the potential of the UKCS. Busy planning an even bigger Offshore Achievement Awards ceremony in Aberdeen next March are (left to right): CO2DeepStore director and SPE board member Ian Phillips. FPSOs and other marine applications. as well as the high performers and pioneers who will develop tomorrow’s cutting edge solutions and innovations.’ Forum Energy Technologies is planning to build a new 150. Subsequent Technip has completed the acquisition of Stone & Webster process technologies and associated oil and gas engineering capabilities from Canada’s Shaw Group. Emerging Technology (previously New Idea). Anticipating an even bigger turnout this year. subsea compression will become widespread. Aker CTO Åsmund Bøe commented: ‘This technology has the potential to change offshore gas field developments worldwide. and the winners included Amec. not only because they celebrate success throughout the industry. Kromav has a team of some 200 people specialising in engineering services for offshore platforms. It is expected to be operational in 2Q 2013. 3sun and Professor Alex Kemp. impact as projects move into deeper waters further from shore. BRAZIL BERTH: Dutch offshore lifting and drilling solutions provider Huisman has begun the landfill works for a 15.not for reproduction or retransmission. Great Large Company. managing director of the awards’ main sponsor Taqa Bratani. Phillips said it was vital that the talent responsible for shaping today’s industry. Young Professional. and Significant Contribution (previously Lifetime Achievement). the awards will focus on particular innovations.spe-oaa. The 27th Offshore Achievement Awards are open to entries until 1 December from UK-registered companies in both the offshore oil & gas and renewables sectors. o f f s h o r e . managing director of main sponsor Taqa Bratani. safety breakthroughs and collaborative efforts. so it’s important that companies with a creative approach to doing business are awarded.FIRMS & FACES firms Amec is acquiring a 50% stake in Kromav Engenharia.

will directly oversee the company’s operational business groups. The company’s team there. which supplies leak detection and condition monitoring sensors for the subsea sector. Swagelok has acquired the assets of Erie. GE completed its acquisition of Bergen. She has spent the past 16 years at Houston’s Rice University. w w w . Aquaterra Energy opened an office in Aberdeen last month. and the development of new product lines in the ocean sciences and survey markets. SL Libreville. a 30-year oil & gas industry veteran. A geoscientist. The company also announced that it is planning to install ‘the largest hydrostatic pressure testing vessel in the world’ at the new facility. Jens Pace became COO of African Petroleum on 1 October. GL Noble Denton has established a global design centre for floating structures at its offices in Brevik. working on drilling riser systems. Mark Roberts has been promoted to EVP operations for Houston-headquartered Gertjan van Mechelen has joined ERHC Energy as exploration manager. Norway. he worked internationally for BP and its heritage company Amoco (UK) Exploration for over 30 years. a post now occupied by Michael Northcott. was due for delivery in September. Anne Drinkwater (pictured) has become a non-executive director of Tullow Oil. Swedish polymer and syntactic foam specialist Trelleborg officially opened its newly constructed facility in Macaé. subsea templates and the like. BRAND NEW: Smit Lamnalco recently launched SL Gabon. Her earlier posts include asset team manager for Marathon Alaska operations and business development director for North and South America. this is the first of two newbuilds contracted for a five-year period by Total Gabon to provide support in the offshore oilfields and to assist tanker operations at the onshore terminal of Cap Lopez. An acknowledged authority on IOR. offshore platforms. Shyamal Bhattacharya (pictured) has taken over as operations director at Indian state oil company subsidiary ONGC Videsh. he will oversee the company’s Africa-focused exploration activities.not for reproduction or retransmission. The second tug. fittings and fluid control devices. plant will replace an existing facility in nearby Broussard. is headed by GM Eric Doyle who commented: ‘We are developing the expertise to provide high value engineering and technical support at a local level. last month. She previously served in senior posts with BP. Harold Kvisle (pictured). This is backed up by the infrastructure and long-term established engineering team in Norwich and Cambridge. remaining for three years afterwards mainly in the role of Atlantic region EVP. Built by Damen Shipyards Galati in Romania. Julian Hammond was promoted to CEO and president of 70 O FFS H O RE E N G I N EER | s e p t e m b e r 2 0 1 2 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . as executive director of energy & sustainability in a joint appointment to the UC Davis Graduate School of Management & Institute of Transportation Studies. Brazil. The acquisition further expands GE’s portfolio of monitoring and sensing solutions and will be part of the company’s Measurement & Control business.’ SeaRobotics Corporation has teamed with a private equity group led by Ocean Investments Capital to fund the expansion of the company’s core business. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. Norway headquartered Naxys. Carri Lockhart (pictured) is Marathon’s new UK North Sea asset team MD. the commercialization of its Robotic Hull Cleaning systems. a director of Talisman Energy. Previously with ConocoPhillips and TransAtlantic Petroleum. he once headed the Institute of Reservoir Studies in Ahmedabad. last month. has taken over from the retiring Jim Bowzer as Marathon Oil’s VP North America production operations. where she served as director of the energy forum at the James A Baker III Institute for Public Policy. the first tug branded under its new corporate identity. IPT manufactures high and medium pressure subsea valves. Gardline Geosciences and Canyon Offshore have established a three-year strategic alliance to provide seabed drilling. at Port Gentil. o f f s h o r e . following the integration of Smit’s terminal handling activities with Lamnalco in July 2011. succeeds Watkins as VP international production operations. Roberts.e n g i n e e r. currently VP of International Production Operations (IPO). Pennsylvaniabased Innovative Pressure Technologies. He was co-founder and CEO of CSL before its 2007 sale to DOF Subsea. Amy Myers Jaffe has joined the University of California. Marathon’s Norway business manager. Ciaran O’Donnell (pictured) has been appointed CEO of subsea project and integrity management specialist Flexlife. Davis. including the production of unmanned surface vessels (USVs). sampling in situ services for the offshore site investigation market. . Aker Solutions is opening an engineering office in the northeast of England. Mitch Little. The company’s drilling technologies business will be the main beneficiary of the expanded Stockton-on-Tees presence. He steps up from VP of Houston onshore. has stepped up to president and CEO of the Canada-headquartered E&P company following the departure of John Manzoni. including president of BP Indonesia. faces Gretchen Watkins.firms & faces Audubon Engineering.

For reprints please contact the protected and provided for personal use only .net www. Hidd. Content Kindgom ofis Bahrain copyright Tel: +973 1767 4119 Fax: +973 1746 4913 T E: aos@asry.not for reproduction or retransmission. .asry.LEADING LEADINGRIG RIGAND ANDSHIP SHIPREPAIR REPAIR IN INTHE THEARABIAN ARABIANGULF GULF SINCE SINCE1977 1977 ISO 18001 ISO 28000 & 20858 ISO 9001 & 14001 ISO 27001 & ISPS Code ASRY Y Offshore Services P.O.Box 50110.

based at the EIC Houston office. Coates is tasked with developing Sigma’s presence in London having just opened a new office there.firms & faces Tethys Petroleum following the resignation of David Robson on health grounds. Bob Coates (pictured) has been named COO of Aberdeenheadquartered FPSO moorings and marine engineering services company Sigma Offshore. and prior to that spent more than a decade with Oceaneering International Services. a newly created post.e n g i n e e r. Pat Haggerty (pictured) has joined Modus Seabed Intervention as head of projects. Previously with the group’s field operations unit for seven years. Alfonso Leon has been promoted to SVP and chief of staff at Apache. Hunt hailing from Flexlife and Acergy and Lutfy from Subsea 7 and DOF Subsea UK. North and Central America. Scotland headquarters.not for reproduction or retransmission. . reporting to MD Laurent Maubré. Previously a director of London Marine Consultants. Calixto Deberaldini has been appointed BDM and strategy adviser at Brazil’s Fluke Engenharia. o f f s h o r e . Brady Parish joined the company as VP investor relations. w w w . Gregory Navarre (pictured) has stepped up from COO to president of Horton Wison Deepwater following the departure of Jim Maher to pursue other interests. executive director of Singapore’s Keppel Shipyard has assumed the role of acting MD of the yard’s businesses and operations following the sudden death of Nelson Yeo. She previously worked for Canyon Offshore and Saipem America. he returns as EVP of its global Petroleum Services division. Deberaldini joins the Acteon group business unit from GE Oil & Gas where he served as the subsea division’s Brazil sales manager. John Hunter (pictured) has been appointed project engineering manager at Divex’s Westhill. Both are chartered engineers. Peter Lilley took over as non-executive chairman. Greg Hewitt (pictured) becomes the saturation diving systems supplier’s Asia Pacific region GM. Aimee Marsh (pictured) is the new Energy Industries Council executive director. John Lindsay has been promoted to president and COO of Helmerich & Payne. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. Navarre previously served in various positions with Global Marine and Horton Wison Deepwater’s sister company Wison Offshore & Marine (USA). now part of Singapore-based Ezra Holdings. reportedly to pursue other business opportunities. Chor How Jat. Åge Landro (pictured) has rejoined Norway’s AGR Group after a short break. He was with Subsea 7 for seven years. 72 O FFS H O RE E N G I N EER | s e p t e m b e r 2 0 1 2 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . David Hunt (pictured left) and Faris Lutfy (below) head up an expanded engineering division at Aberdeen-based Ecosse Subsea Systems. latterly as Aberdeen-based GM of Europe & West Africa ROV operations in its iTech division. Rahul Dhir stepped down as MD and CEO of Cairn India. He joined the company in 1987 as a drilling engineer and most recently served as EVP and COO.

pile driving hammers. Our concept “Lift.not for reproduction or retransmission. technology and business development – rental & products. 2012 73 . based at the company’s Houston office. David Hayden has stepped up from technical manager to MD of Harris Pye UK. O FFS H O RE E N G I N EER | s e p t e m b e r For reprints please contact the Publisher.firms & faces David Kirk became CEO of Australian geosciences and well engineering consultancy AWT International on 1 October.000m. 50 man accommodation block. Previously with Hamworthy. heave compensation devices.e n g i n e e r. R Michael Haney (pictured) has joined Douglas-Westwood to head up its new office in Houston’s central business district. tubular running services. Eddie Moore has joined Zenith Oilfield Technology. Kirk. Install. Phil Keating has been appointed energy sector BDM for pneumatic motion and fluid control technology provider Norgren. replaces AWT founder Cameron Manifold who will continue to advise the Perth-based company in a strategic capacity. All in one go. recently acquired by Lufkin Industries. previously with Weatherford. He was previously with Accenture.” continues to provide an extremely efficient solution. based in Paris. Richard Jenkins (pictured) has joined Claxton Engineering as VP operations. working out of Oman. he will manage SBC’s utilities practice. She was previously with Wood Group Integrity Management. www. he served most recently as Amec’s operations director for West Africa. Doyle Boutwell (pictured) has been named as manager. Previously with McKinsey. Baker Hughes and Seaweld Engineering. He was previously with Weatherford International as director of global quality and training. etc. deep sea winches. Lifting capacity on our DP2 vessels is achieved with two 900t mast cranes. based in Houston. Peter Smith (pictured). Chris Peeters has been appointed EMEA region director of Schlumberger Business Consulting. with Steve Blake slotting in to Hayden’s former role. as manager of sales and operations for the Middle East and w w w . he will initially support Acteon’s Asia-based Cape business unit as it expands its subsea pipeline sector product and service offering. Previously VP operations in Wasco Energy’s pipe coating division. has joined Zenith in a similar capacity covering the Asia-Pacific region. A versatile partner Jumbo Offshore transports and installs heavy subsea structures and mooring systems in water depths up to 3. Arthur D Little and Booz Allen Hamilton. Tom Trigg (pictured) has been appointed global technical advisor for drilling waste management specialist TWMA. Jon Robertson has taken over the role of MD at ROV supplier Saab Seaeye following the departure of Dave Grant to pursue other interests. Over the last 10 years Jumbo has built up a solid and reliable reputation as a safe transport and offshore installation contractor. o f f s h o r e . He recently retired from ExxonMobil. who previously acted as Woodside’s Pluto LNG project development manager. Chris Charman (pictured) takes over from the retiring Hugh Williams as CEO of the International Marine Contractors Association (IMCA) in December. based in Kuala Lumpur. c o m Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . Ship. Karen Christie (pictured) has joined Aberdeen consultancy Maxoil Solutions as global business development director. at Greene’s Energy Group.jumbo-offshore. Versatility is enhanced with the addition of dedicated project equipment such as. Kevin Revere (pictured) has joined the Acteon group as VP. Since leaving the Navy he has worked as a loss adjuster and held various risk management and risk financing posts.

Infield Systems senior analyst Jamie Balmer.imca-int.mcedd. spe. drilling. Doha.arctictechnology conference. www. www. www. Meeting. SPE/IADC conference & exhibition. www. Conference & exhibition. Conference & exhibition. www. and the future of the role of gas. Jakarta. Aberdeen.oilgascruise.amiplastics. London. www. 3-6 September 2013 SPE Offshore Europe.iptcnet. Vienna. www. Conference.worldfuture energysummit. www. 3-5 Sustainable ocean summit. The Hague. IADC conference. Conference & exhibition. www. IADC conference & San Antonio TX. Conference & 23/24 Offshore energy. takes place 11-14 November. For further details. www. Conference & 8-10 ATCE. London. IADC conference & exhibition. . www. Amsterdam. technology deployment. NOSCA March 2013 4-8 20 Global safety and 23-25 Drilling & completing trouble zones. More than 15-18 Lessons learnt from recent oil spills. w w w . 20/21 Critical issues Middle East. www. 20-22 OMC. human capital.000 attendees and 1500 exhibitors are expected at this year’s gathering. Scheduled speakers include Jostein 23-25 Oilfield engineering with polymers. www. Galveston TX.dynamic-positioning. 18-20 MCE deepwater development. projects. www. www.offshore-europe.opito-oscc. Total SVP Michael Borrell and Robert Blaauw. www. New Orleans. spe@rodgerandco. 17-19 Geo India.theeagc. www. Johannesburg. Abu Dhabi. l www. SPE conference & exhibition. Dubai. diary 3-5 Subsea 74 O F F S H O R E EN G I NEE R | o c t o b e r 2 0 1 2 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . Cape Town. For further details. 15-17 World future energy summit. rju@amiplastics. Conference & 16/18 Russian oil & gas exploration & production. Conference & exhibition.gastech. l www. Perth. New 7 Subsea pipelines integrity management.aogexpo. Scotsdale AZ. SPE/ICoTA conference & exhibition.subseasurvey. Conference & exhibition. www. IADC 23/24 Oil & gas Africa upstream logistics and supply shairn. Meeting. 6-8 OilComm. Conference & 29-2 Nov Africa oil week. which focuses on core issues affecting the industry. 16/17 Contracts & risk management. Conference & 13/14 European autumn gas 30 Sept-2 October 2013 SPE ATCE. Conference & November October 4-9 Society of Exporation Geophysicists annual meeting. www. Conference & exhibition.santosoffshore. o f f s h o r e . Moscow. offshore-energy. Conference & exhibition. www. Abstracts by 14 January February 2013 5/6 HSE & training. Ravenna. 24/25 Drilling Africa.not for reproduction or retransmission.subseaasia. Conference 7 21-23 Offshore Middle East. Consul General of Norway. Abu Dhabi. Sao Paulo. the largest industry event in the Middle East. www. The 20-22 Australian oil & 28/29 IMCA annual 27-30 OSEA. l www. 21-31 Gulf oil & gas 16-19 Santos offshore.arctictechnology conference. New Delhi. www. www. a senior advisor at Shell. Conference. Brazil. Persian Gulf. Stavanger.iadc. Aberdeen. 5-7 December January 2013 15-17 Underwater 22-24 Asia Pacific oil & gas. Conference & 14/15 European well 9-15 International mechanical engineering. Kuala Lumpur. Washington 28/29 Offshore wind economics & finance. Conference & exhibition. SPE conference & exhibition.underwaterintervention. www.subseauk.omc.spe. and also calls for papers to: diary@offshore-engineer. Singapore. www. MERL conference. Las Vegas. Conference. www.offshore-europe. HSE and asset Please send conference. www.osea-asia. www.aeminfo.decomworld.nosca. Conversations on and off the floor will zero in on the latest developments and best practices in well completion and intervention. exhibition and meeting entries. For further details. Technical sessions cover the spectrum of challenges facing companies as they move further into northern 9/10 Dynamic Scheduled panel sessions cover topics including growth and sustainability. www. Conference & Looking ahead l The Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition & Conference (ADIPEC).com 22/23 Produced water management.spe. SPE conference & exhibition. Abstracts by 19 l The European chapter of the Intervention & Coiled Tubing Association (ICoTA) will host the SPE ICoTA European Well Intervention Conference in Aberdeen 14/15 November. Conference. Conference. www.icota-europe. The technical program covers topics relating to geosciences. Houston. Conference & exhibition.russianoilgas. go to www.oceancouncil. l www. www.adipec. www. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. Abstracts by 3 December. Houston. 8-11 Gastech. Houston.adipec.oilcomm. www. Abstracts by 28 January 2013. Galveston TX. Amsterdam. Conference & exhibition.e n g i n e e r. Conference & exhibition.wplgroup. 18-20 Pipeline coating.iadc. field development. go to www. 3-5 Arctic technology.spe. Conference. 21/22 North Sea 22-24 October 2013 Asia Pacific Oil & Gas. Aberdeen. Houston. Conference & 7-9 IADC AGM. Houston. Rio de 11-14 ADIPEC. Abu 5-8 Subsea survey IRM. ASME congress & exposition. OPITO conference. Conference & exhibition. Vienna. go to l The Arctic Technology Conference will be held 3-5 December in Houston. Call for papers 18-20 March 2013 MCE deepwater development.

Maximize MTBM Kobelco Oil-Free Screw Compressors for Vapor Recovery Unpredictable gas composition causing problems in your oil-injected compressors? Turn to the solution proven by offshore industry leaders: Kobelco oil-free screw compressors. Increased profits. www. . No matter how dirty or corrosive the gas may be. Predictable performance for unpredictable gases.not for reproduction or retransmission. Houston. Kobelco oil-free screws can handle it. The result? Quantum leaps in Mean Time Between Maintenance (MTBM).com For reprints please contact the Publisher. Kobelco oil-free screw compressors for offshore service. With no oil in the compressor chamber. Tokyo +81-3-5739-6771 Munich +49-89-242-1842 Kobelco Compressors America. Inc. Ask Kobelco For Oil-Free Screw Compressors! Kobe Steel. there’s no risk of contamination or breakdown in oil Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . Ltd.kobelcocompressors. Texas +1-713-655-0015 sales@kobelco-kca. improved productivity and enhanced environmental compliance.

. PAVILION 75. TNK BP. Technical Conference Programme Discover the 18 technical and 3 plenary sessions which make up the 2012 conference programme.COM 16 18 OCTOBER 2012 Attend the number one meeting place ‘by the industry for the industry’ and engage face-to-face with Russia’s exploration and production community. Weatherford and Platinum sponsors: Sponsors: Organised by: Energy & Marine Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only .not for reproduction or retransmission. Registration Open www.russianoilgas. Industry-leading Committee Join Victor A. High-Calibre International Event Visit the exhibition hosting over 80 companies showcasing leadingedge technology. Novatek. Programme Commitee Co-chairs to discuss all major issues in the area of hydrocarbon exploration and production. For reprints please contact the Publisher. Shell. NGK Slavneft and Sergey Kolbikov. Saveliev. including a dedicated Knowledge and Science Zone and Technology Incubator new for 2012 2012 sponsors: Contact us today: Tel: +44(0)20 8439 8890 Email: rog@reedexpo. featuring key industry speakers from BP. A Focused.The premier meeting place for the Russian Oil and Gas industry SPE Russian Oil & Gas Exploration & Production Technical Conference and Exhibition 2012 ALL RUSSIA EXHIBITION CENTRE. RUSSIA WWW. MOSCOW.RUSSIANOILGAS.

nl Tel: +31 (0)547 Tel: +81 045 624 3502 Fax: +81 045 624 3503 Malaysia: Koh Earn Soo. O F F S H O RE E N G I N EER | For reprints please contact the Tel: +1 713 285 5072 w w w . o f f s h o r e .Com Orion Instruments ORR Safety Corp Postle Industries Samson Rope Schlumberger Technology Corp Seanic Ocean Systems/ Ashtead Technologies SPE Russian Oil & Gas Exploration & Production Tenaris Tercel Oilfield Tetra Technologies Inc Tradequip Tri-Tool Inc Unitech Offshore As Viking Lifesaving Equipment As Yokagawa UK Ltd Zetechtics Ltd 5 72 79 11 21 71 26 33 61 25 48 72 57 39 7 68 66 52 2 63 17 19 23 58 73 75 38 8 4 77 6 52 64 50 44 55 80 42 76 49 30 43 37 53 59 67 12 22 october 2012 France/Spain: Paul Thornhill Tel: +44 (0)1732 459683 Fax: +44 (0)1732 455837 Singapore: UK/Spain: June Jonet junejonet@thesilverback. c o m Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . DNV Drilling & Completing Trouble Zones Forum Energistics Energy Images. Inc Delmar Systems Det Norske Veritas As.display advertisers display advertising Advertising representatives Australia: June Jonet Display advertisers October 2012 ABB Ltd Aero Tec Laboratories. Inc Aker Subsea Inc Allseas Archer Asry Offshore Services AtCoMedia Directories Baker Hughes Inc Bayou Companies Cameron Carrier Marine Clarion kes. Fax: +31 (0)547 271831 Scandinavia: Brenda Homewood Tel: +60 (0)3 6280 4136 Fax: +60 (0)3 6274 7660 Netherlands/Belgium/ Germany: Arthur Schavemaker Tel: +39 010 570 4948 Fax: +39 010 553 0088 Japan: Akiyoshi Ojima Mike Cramp Tel: +44 (0)1732 459683 Fax: +44 (0)1732 455837 Scotland: Neil Levett neil@aladltd. 77 .com Tel: +1 713 874 2220 Rhonda Warren rwarren@atcomedia.not for reproduction or retransmission.Com Forum Energy Technologies GEA Westfalia Separator Group Greene’s Energy Group Halliburton Energy Services Hytorc INPEX Jumbo Shipping Kobelco/Kobe Steel Ltd Magnetrol MTU Friedrichafen Gmbh Nylacast OE Reprints OE Statement of Ownership Tel: +1 713 535 1521 Diana Smith Tel: +44 (0)1732 459683 Fax: +44 (0)1732 455837 Italy: Fabio Potesta Tel: +1 713 874 2211 Tel: +1 713 874 2212 John F Lauletta Jr n g i n e e Tel: +44 (0)1732 459683 Fax: +44 (0)1732 455837 USA – Houston: Bill Krull bkrull@atcomedia.

. having helped construct Iran’s nuclear plant at Bushehr as part of a long-standing relationship with Tehran. and neighbouring and potential partner EU-member Cyprus.e n g i n e e r. o f f s h o r e . Many observers assume that Russia. Everyone knows about the Russian interest in controlling the European energy market. Putin and Russia’s energy giants are not idly awaiting the vicissitudes of the market place. confirmed that Iran is suing Russia for damages to the tune of some $4 billion in the Court of Arbitration in Geneva for cancelling . Here is a fascinating new play in the Israel-Iran nuclear saga. Russia’s battering ram. Meanwhile. And in recent weeks. the answer may have been settled with Putin’s Russia having already sold out its Iranian ‘partners’ for an attempted hand into Israeli gas. Potential partnerships between Gazprom and Shell are also in the offing. But Putin’s Kremlin is clearly rattled by the threat of decline for that which underpins Russia’s entire economy: its energy hegemony. of course must be quite aware that Gazprom. a contract to sell five divisions of the S-300 long-range anti-aircraft missile system worth an estimated $800 million to $1 billion. But there is now a new kid on the block that could pose a very clear and present threat to Russia’s vital European market: Israel along with Cyprus and their upcoming potential status as gas exporting energy superpowers. OE l Michael J Economides is a professor at the Cullen College of Engineering. Nabucco is developing at a glacial pace and still lacks a Why Russia toys with new partnerships A substantive gas supplier. or delay our efforts? I don’t know. one thing is clear: he is a shrewd. With the looming threat to the economy all too real. Development of the eastern Mediterranean’s newfound natural gas wealth could well end up reaching the European market.’ It seems that Putin’s Russia is playing a long game of its own. a whole new. Putin and Gazprom have pursued a flurry of new developments aimed at making Russia a ‘more open’ proposition to foreign investors.not for reproduction or retransmission. and one that could drag in Russia. In March. can easily prove to be a Trojan Horse in any major future natural gas development. France’s Total acquired a 20% stake in another Russian gas venture in the Arctic. he and Israeli prime minister Netanyahu agreed a deal to form a junior company to Gazprom that would help develop Israel’s Leviathan gas field in the eastern Mediterranean.ebb & flow ‘Whatever one thinks of Vladimir Putin’s politics. often ruthless. Do they want to buy from us. higher value. while publicly playing down the impact that shale gas and oil is likely to have. 78 OFFSHORE ENGINEER | october 2012 Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . A 20 million tonnes per year liquid natural gas (LNG) export from the eastern Mediterranean into Europe would amount to about one third of current Russian exports. . in a bid to retain a key stake in its European export market – Russia supplies a quarter of all Europe’s (rising) natural gas demand – Moscow is set on doing all in its power to protect its ‘captive’ market. operator on the global stage.’ by Professor Michael J Economides and Peter Glover s the tension between Israel and Iran ratchets up. and a new threat posed to a European market still dependent on Russian gas imports – the significant potential of Israeli and Cypriot gas exports. But they are here. an Israeli news report quotes a senior Israeli gas executive as saying: ‘The Russians have been poking around here for a while. c o m For reprints please contact the Publisher. w w w . In recent days. and editor-in-chief of the Energy Tribune. While many Western observers continue to raise the spectre of a ‘wider Middle East conflagration’. Russia has ramped up its militarization of the Arctic in support of its energy claims there. More recently. Russia’s gas giant Rosneft. Chief among them: ensuring its vast energy resources help it to remain a global superpower. Putin is privately urging Russia’s energy majors to learn all they can about hydraulic fracturing techniques.’ The same report also cites Israeli energy website Tashtiot as claiming that during Putin’s recent visit to Israel. Eurasia Monitor reported that ‘the government agency that oversees Russia’s arms exports and imports . an interesting sub-text has developed over the role of Iran’s traditional backer. often ruthless. However. According to reports. the Nabucco project. Israel. game chip is now in play: Moscow’s interest in Israeli energy. Putin is only too aware of the triple whammy of falling domestic energy productivity. one thing is clear: he is a shrewd. surging global shale development in the wake of the transforming US shale revolution. Russia. operator on the global stage. . The views expressed in this column do not necessarily reflect OE’s position. So what Russia would do if Iran was attacked? Intriguingly. . It will try to affect a project that could certainly lessen its energy stranglehold over Europe. Meanwhile. In the same week that Putin visited Jerusalem. University of Houston. Putin flagged new tax breaks for offshore oil and gas to make far-flung projects more viable. where Peter Glover is the Europe editor. In April. would be likely to become embroiled directly in support of its Middle East allies in an Israel-Iran conflict. Designed to pipe Caspian region gas to Europe avoiding crossing Russian soil along the way. . the Kremlin appears to have higher economic and political priorities. has cut Arctic exploration deals with Norway’s Statoil and with Italy’s Eni. Last year saw Russia outmanoeuvre the EU once again when its Nord Stream pipeline came online way ahead of the EU’s ‘great pipe hope’ to help it diversify away from Russian gas dependency. Whatever one thinks of Vladimir Putin’s politics.

Any location Any environment Any application Any depth “Aker Solutions provides umbilicals. Trade Mark of Aker Solutions and its subsidiaries.akersolutions. risers. For reprints please contact the Publisher.not for reproduction or retransmission. to help safeguard your valuable assets and secure your production success. All rights reserved. © Copyright 2012. It’s the . power cables. The result is the ultimate in geometric flexibility. and flowline heating systems engineered to meet the unique demands of any subsea production scenario” Each unique package utilises our custom profiling approach to hold the elements inside the umbilical within a floating matrix application. Umbilicals technology: just another example of ingenuity delivered by Aker Solutions Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . www. reliable way to keep your field flowing.

The Rhino XC has over 1. 12-DT-0171 The Rhino XC reamer’s self-contained flow actuation technology provides unlimited.not for reproduction or retransmission. on-demand reaming Rhino XC and Rhino are marks of Schlumberger. For reprints please contact the Publisher. eliminating pumpdown device actuation to efficiently enlarge boreholes in a variety of formations.000-circulating hours and 50. Search slb. adding to the industry-leading Rhino integrated borehole enlargement system’s record of more than 6 million ft.000 ft reamed in a range of Global Expertise | Innovative Technology | Measurable impact Content is copyright protected and provided for personal use only . © 2012 Schlumberger. . reliable cutter block activation.Rhino XC on-demand hydraulIcally acTuaTed reamer Reliable. Measurable Impact is a mark of Schlumberger.