‫‪SLE 2011‬‬

‫بسم ال الرحمن الرحيم‬

‫نحن )‪ ( 19‬طبيب وطبيبة امتياز من كليات الرياض و جامعة الملك سعود‪ ,‬حاولنا في هذا‬ ‫المجهود أن نقوم بمراجعة أكبر عدد من السئلة المتكررة في اختبار الهيئة السعودية‬ ‫للتخصصات الصحية‪ .‬البداية كانت في منتدى طل ب جامعة الملك سعود في موضوع قامت‬ ‫بإنشائه الدكتورة سوسو ‪ .‬وشارك فيه العديد من الزمل ء من خل ل حل أكبر عدد من‬ ‫السئلة ‪ ,‬و مهمتنا كانت تصحيح أكبر قدر من الخطا ء ‪ ,‬ونتمنى من ال عز وجل أن‬ ‫نكون وفقنا في ذالك ‪ ,‬وهذا ل يعني أبدا بأن نسبة صحة الجابة ‪ % 100‬ولكن نتمنى أن‬ ‫‪ .‬تكون القر ب لذالك ‪ .‬ونتمنى للجميع التوفيق والنجاح‬

‫‪ -1‬هيثم بن تريكي – ‪1‬‬ ‫‪ -2‬عبدا لله القباني ‪2-‬‬ ‫‪-3‬عبدالكريم الشهري – ‪3‬‬ ‫‪ -4‬عمر الخرجي ‪4-‬‬ ‫‪ -5‬غادة الزامل ‪5-‬‬ ‫‪ -6‬هنادي اليامي ‪6-‬‬ ‫‪-7‬هديل الوكيل ‪7-‬‬ ‫‪-8‬مي السناني ‪8-‬‬ ‫‪-9‬سارة اللحيدان ‪9-‬‬

‫سلطان الشمري‬ ‫أحمد المصري‬ ‫خليل ابراهيم ياسين‬ ‫رشا البيبي‬ ‫أشواق العتيبي‬ ‫أميرة القحطاني‬ ‫ريم البلوي‬ ‫نادية تفنجكي‬ ‫جواهر الغامدي‬ ‫‪-10‬شذا الفايز‬

1. a. b. c. d. 2. a. b. c. d.

The periodontal tissues comprise which of the following tissues: Gingiva and the PDL. Gingival, PDL, and alveolar bone. Gingival, PDL, alveolar bone, and cementum. Gingival, PDL, alveolar bone, cementum, and enamel. The following chemically bond to the tooth: Composite resin. Dental sealants. Glass ionomer cement. All of the above.

3. In countries with higher annual population growth rates, the need for community – based preventive programs would be greater for: a. Dental caries. b. Periodontal disease c. Dentofacial anomalies d. Dental floozies. 4. a. b. c. d. e. The following medical conditions may precipitate a syncope: Hypoglycemia. Mild hyperglycemia. Anti hypertensive drugs with ganglionic blocking agent. Antidepressant therapy. All of the above.

5. Orthognathic ridge relationship (class II) presents several problems which should be taken into consideration when constructing complete denture prosthesis. These include all EXCEPT: a. Require minimum interocclusal distance. b. Have a great range of jaw movement. c. Require careful occlusion, usually cuspless teeth are indicated.

6. After insertion of complete denture, Pt came complaining from pain in TMJ and tenderness of muscle with difficulty in swallowing, this could be due to: a. High vertical dimension. b. Low vertical dimension. c. Thick denture base. d. Over extended denture base.

7. Pt. Presented after insertion of complete denture complaining of dysphagia and ulcers what is the cause of dysphagia? -over extended. -over post dammed. -under extended -under post dammed 8. Pt with denture has swallowing problem and sore throat. The problem is: e. Posterior over extension at distal palatal end f. Over extension of lingual. g. Over extension of hamular notch. 9. Nausea is a complaint that a new denture wearer might encounter. It may result from: ‫ا‬ a. Thick posterior border. b. Denture under extended. c. Denture slightly over extended. d. A & b are correct. 10. Planning centric occlusion for complete denture, it is advisable to have: a. 1-2 mm of vertical and horizontal overlap of upper and lower anterior teeth with no contact. b. Definite tooth contact of upper and lower anterior teeth in order to facilitate the use of anterior teeth for incision. 11. Compomer restorative materials are: a. Glass ionomer with polymer components b. Resin systems with fluoride containing glasses. c. Composite resin for cervical restorations only. 12. The posterior extension of max complete denture can be detected by the followings EXCEPT: a. Hamular notch. b. Fovea palatine. c. Vibrating line. none of the above ‫هاد السؤال جوابه‬ 13. The distal palatal termination of the maxillary complete denture base is dictated by the: a. Tuberosity. b. Fovea palatine. c. Maxillary tori. d. Vibrating line.

e. Posterior palatal seal. 14. All are participating in the determination of the posterior extension of the maxillary denture (posterior palatal extension) EXCEPT: hamular notch fovae palatine vibrating line retromolar (pads) areas. 15. Most common complete denture post insertion complaint after 24 hrs: a. Rough b. Overextension causing laceration c. Pt not used to new vertical dimension ‫الجواب اللول لوالتاني صح‬ 16. Which palatal form is more retentive and offers better stability to complete denture: a. V shaped b. Wide palate c. U shaped d. Flat palate 17. Vibrating line is: a. Joint between h. And s. Palate b. Joint btw movable and immovable parts of s. Palate

18. Vibrating line: a. Between hard & soft palate. b. Between mobile and non mobile soft tissue. 19. All relate to retention of maxillary complete denture EXCEPT: a. Tongue movement. b. Type of saliva. 20. Best instrument to locate vibrating line with it is T burnisher.

21. We can use to palatal posterior seal: 1. Le jao carver. 2. Kingsley scraper. 22. To a great extent, the forces occurring through a removable partial denture can be widely distributed and minimized by the following methods: a. Proper location of the occlusal rests. b. Selection of lingual bar major connector c. Developing balanced occlusion. d. All of the above. 23. The most frequent cause of failure of a cast crown restoration is: a. Failure to extend the crown preparation adequately into the gingival sulcus. b. Lack of attention in carving occlusal anatomy of the tooth. c. Lack of attention to tooth shape, position, and contacts d. Lack of prominent cusps, deep sulcus, and marginal ridges. 24. An examination of the edentulous mouth of an aged Pt who has wore maxillary complete dentures for many years against six mandibular teeth would probably show: a. Cystic degeneration of the foramina of the anterior palatine nerve. b. Loss of osseous structure in the anterior maxillary arch. c. Flabby ridge tissue in the posterior maxillary arch. d. Insufficient inter occlusal distance. 25. Dental carries is an endemic disease "means that the disease is: a. Occurs clearly in excess of normal expectancy. b. Is habitually present in human population. c. Affect large number of countries simultaneously. d. Exhibit a seasonal pattern. 26. Clinical failure of the amalgam restoration usually occurs from: a. Improper cavity preparation b. Faulty manipulation. c. Both of the above d. None of the above 27. Pt on treatment with steroids are placed on antibiotic after oral surgical procedure because:

a. b. c. d.

The Pt is more susceptible to infection. Antibiotics are synergistic to steroids. Antibiotic inhibits kerksheimer reaction. Antibiotic protect the Pt from steroid depletion.

28. Which of the following may cause gingival enlargement a. Phenyntoin (Dilantin). b. Cyclosporine c. Nifedipine ( a calcium channel blocker) d. Aspirin e. None of the above 29. Reliability of the measurements reflects that property of the measurements which:: a. Measures what is intended to be measured. b. Produces repeatedly the same results under a variety of conditions. c. Detects reasonably small shifts, I either direction, in group condition. d. All of the above. ‫الجوا ب مختلف فيه‬

30. The post operative complication after the removal of impacted third molar is: a. Secondary hemorrhage. b. Swelling. c. Pain. d. Alveolar osteitis. e. All of the above.

31. The posterior seal in the upper complete denture serves the following functions: a. It reduces Pt discomfort when contact occurs between the dorsum of the tongue and the posterior end of the denture base. b. Retention of the maxillary denture. c. It compensate for dimensional changes which occur in the acrylic denture base during processing. d. A& b are correct.

Equals the vertical dimension of occlusion. b. May be exceeded if the appearance of the patient is enhanced. c. An anterior fixed partial denture is contraindicated when: a. b. The type of occlusion which allows simultaneous contact of the teeth in centric occlusion only. then making impression take place. b. There is considerable resorption of the residual ridges. c. 37. The physiological rest dimension: a. Balanced occlusion refers to: a. impression for making a new denture: a. and periodically replaced until the tissue are recovered. b. 33. 35. d. b. To prevent the movement of mandibular anterior teeth. All of the above are correct. Should be started immediately in order to prevent further deterioration. An abutment tooth is inclined 15 degrees but otherwise sound. c. Abutment teeth are not carious. Can absorb water and swell if stored in water. All of the above. c. Are less stable dimensionally than poly sulfide rubber. Crown of the abutment teeth are extremely long owing to gingival recession. A type of occlusion which is similar to the occlusion of the natural teeth.32. The Pt is cautioned to remove the denture out at night. The occlusion of the existing denture is adjusted. e. A & B are correct. When the lingual frenum is high or when there is a shallow lingual sulcus. The type of occlusion which allows simultaneous contact of the teeth in centric and eccentric jaw positions. . 34. If the oral tissues are inflamed and traumatized. 36. c. Is of little importance as it is subject to variations. In registering the vertical dimension of occlusion for the edentulous patient. d. c. d. b. Are less stiff than poly sulfide rubber. The indication for the use of lingual plate major connector include: a. Polyether impression materials: a. and tissue condition material is applied. For the purpose of retention.

a Pt complained of a sensitive abutment tooth. the most likely cause is: a. Defective occlusion. Dental health education programs d. D. 40. Fluoride toothpaste c. The same ‫السوال مختلف فيه‬ 43. clinical examination reveals sensitivity to percussion of the tooth. Three weeks after delivery of a unilateral distal extension mandibular removable partial denture. 38. Proper antibiotic thereby. 39. Cost effective method to prevent dental caries water fluoridation. b. b. Must always be greater than vertical dimension of occlusion. flouridated tooth paste 41.d. Dental health education programs. Water fluoridation. mainly because of the wide spread use of: a. Fluoride toothpaste c. The effects of natural fluoride versus added fluoride in reducing dental caries as it relates to the concentration are: a. Greater b. there has been an evidence that the prevalence and intensity of the caries attack has been diminishing in the more economically developed countries. Less c. In recent years caries reduced in developed countries mainly due to: a. 42. Exposed dentine at the bottom of the occlusal rest seats. Recent years. b. A & c. Galvanic action between the framework and an amalgam restoration in the abutment tooth. Actual destruction of micro-organisms in the root canal is attributed mainly to: a. c. . 25. Artificial water fluoridation. Individualized oral hygiene care.

Irreversible pulpitis. Only b & d. cold or the electric pulp tester. d. b. Use a silicone checker. A tooth very painful to percussion. 1. d. 44. Reduce the metal to 0. Which are the ways in which the proximal contacts can be checked? a. d. Use a dental floss. c. The incisal reduction for a metal ceramic restoration should be: a. b. The occlusal reduction for an all metal veneer crown should: a. Reversible pulpitis. One of the retainers showed chipping of porcelain at the ceramometal junction. 4 mm. All of the above. d. Effective use of medicament. Single tooth holding one pontic. 46. What is a Pier abutment? a. Keep porcelain metal junction away from centric contacts. 48. . Acute apical periodontitis. b. c. Mechanical preparation and irrigation of the canal. A tooth that supports a removable partial denture. c. c. doesn’t respond to heat. b. b. 49.b.5 mm. Have occlusion on metal. In order to avoid the problem the dentist must: a. None of the above. 2 mm. Use a shim stock. Be as flat as possible to enable an easy fabrication of occlusion anatomy. 3 mm. c.3 mm. Have uniform porcelain thickness. e. The most probable diagnosis is: a. During post insertion examination of a 3 unit ceramometal fixed partial denture. 47. 45. (like articulator paper but thinner) c. None of the above. d. Use a pencil.

c. d. Be the last step in the tooth preparation. Removal of Undermined Enamel in Class II cavity is done by : . Follow the occlusal morphology with a clearance rating from 1 to 1. A. b. b. Usually retracted severely inflamed gingival margin. g. d. Loose enamel rods at the gingival floor of a class II amalgam cavity should be removed using a: a.b. e. 52. To temporarily expose the finish margin of a preparation. Hatchet. Retraction of gingival margin during taking final impression to take all details of unprepared finish line. Short duration of retraction of gingival margin during preparation of finishing line. d. 53. d. Gingival curetla. b and c. Follow the occlusal morphology with a clearance of no more than 0. 51. c. (8 min) b. Gingival marginal trimmer. e. b and d. c. A. c. Regarding tissue retraction around tooth: a. Even in the presence of a gingival inflammation.5 mm with the opposing dentition. Gingival retraction is done: a.A) Chisel B) Angle former C) Excavator . f. 50. A and d. B. Retraction of gingival margin can be done by many ways one of them is retraction cord. g. A and b. f. By various methods but the most common one is the use of retraction cord. b and c. c and d. To accurately record the finish margin of a portion of uncut tooth surface apical to the margin in the final impression.5 mm with the opposing dentition. A. Straight chisel.

57. To plan the line-angles in the proximal cavity in a class II you use: A. Enamel hatchet 55. b. 58. To provide maximum strength of amalgam restoration the cavo-surface angles should: 1. 60 degree c. Which of the following burs would you prefer to use preparing a slot for the relation of an extensive amalgam restoration on maxillary molar: a. Number 56 fissure bur. Number 5 round bur. 3.54. ‫الجواب اختلفو فيه لواللغلب الجواب اللول‬ 59.B. 1+3 and 4. Angle former. d. Approach 75 with outer surface. 2+3+4. Number 35 cone bur. Biangled chisel C. Hand instrument which we used to make internal angles retentive grooves and preparation of cavity walls in the cavity is: a. 1+3. 4. a) b) c) d) Approach 90 with outer surface. 2. Straight chisel . 3+4. Be supported by sound dentine. Which of the following materials has been shown to simulate reparative dentine formation most effectively when applied to the pulpal wall of a very deep cavity: . 30 degree b. 130 degree. What is the cavo-surface angle of prep for amalgam restoration: a. 90 degree d. c. b. Enamel hatched 56. Be located in area free of occlusal stress. Chisel c. File d. Number 556 fissure bur.

Fill in voids -1 .Disinfect the canal -3 Child patient presented with swelling in the buccal and palatal . Calcium hydroxide is best pulp capping material because: 1. d.3 :Child with anodontia and loss of body hair.… .1 .63 maxillary anterior area tow days ago.… Diabetic .a.62 .Polyacrylic acid 10 seconds ..Hemangioma . Macrofilled resin restoration. b. 3.3 .Giant granuloma . c. 2.4 :Cavity etching before applying GIC is – 65 . A glossy finish is best retained on a: a.… Fructose .Down's syndrome . what is the diagnosis . Zinc phosphate cement. It has best seal over pulp.Ectodermal dysplasia . d. Copalite varnish. Fiber reinforced composite resin restoration :Sealer is used in RCT to . Hybrid composite resin restoration. the diagnosis is – 64 . 61. Anhydrous class inomer cement. the pathology of the lesion :there is a giant cell. It induces reparation dentine formation.2 .Increase strength of RC filling -2 . 60. Microfilled composite resin restoration. Calcium hydroxide preparation. c.1 .1 . It is alkaline + less irritating to pulp. b.2 .

3 .Neural .3 ‫السؤال ناقص‬ 62.Phosphoric acid 10 seconds .3 . – 67 :when you can do . . Impression compound. what is the least reliable way to :do test pulp .1 .4 Patient with pain on the upper right area.When PTT is 2 – 2.When PTT is 1 – 1.Modify ridge for stability .2 ..2 .1 .Hot test .Cold test .4 ‫اختلف في الجواب‬ :Skeletal face is from – 69 .…Para .4 :surgery for ridges aim to – 66 .1 .Polyacrylic acid 60 seconds . and the patient can – 68 not tell the tooth causes the pain.Phosphoric acid 60 seconds .2 .3 .3 Patient with warfarin treatment and you want to do surgery.Speech . The most accurate impression material for making the impression of an onlay cavity: a.5 INR on the same day .2 .When PT is 2 – 2.When PT is 1 – 1.5 INR on the same day .… .2 .1 .5 INR on the same day .Stimulation the dentine .Vertical dimension .5 INR on the same day .Electric test .

is 0. d. fever and malaise. c. e. c. Polyvinyl siloxane *** Polysulfide. 2 only "Sturdevant's art and science of operative dentistry. with associated lymphadenopathy. True. d. the restoration to provide pulpal protection or pulpal response Bases (cement bases. A and b. This mechanical support provides resistance against disruption of thin dentin over the pulp during amalgam condensation procedures or cementation procedures of . One of the main features of acute herpetic gingivostomatitis is the ulcers are confined to the attached gingival and hard palate: a. b.5 mm of base. the need for liners is greatest with pupally .indirect restorations Liners are relatively thin layers of material used primarily to provide a barrier to protect the dentin from residual reactants diffusing out of a restoration and/or oral fluids that may penetrate leaky tooth-restoration interfaces. *** a primary infection is more severe. f. b. The functions of cement bases are: To act alike a barrier against acids or thermal shocks. They also contribute initial electrical insulation. Recurrent infections occur at various intervals ranging from monthly in some individuals to seldom in ) others) and affect the non-movable intraoral tissues (the ( hard palate and attached gingival 64. which is required.b. The minimal thickness. generate some thermal protection and in some formulations provide pulpal treatment . *** 1 only. 5th edition . False. a. 63. Condensation type silicone.page 174-175 " Liners and bases are materials placed between dentin (and sometimes pulp) and . typically 1 to 2 mm) are used to provide thermal protection for the pulp and to supplement mechanical support for the restoration by distributing local stresses from the restoration across the underlying dentin surface. None of the above.

5th edition – page 696 Art and science of operative dentistry 2000 – page 156 . g. e. most amalgams undergo very little Dimensional change /Http://www. b.146 The oxychloride species is soluble. When polishing the amalgam restoration: . High dimensional changes.During setting. Sn-O helps seal the . *** B only.dentaldiamond.are not insulating such as amalgam and cast gold or with other indirect restoration • Thin liners(1-50 mm) subdivided into solution liners(varnishes2-5 mm) and suspension liners (typically 20-25 mm) • Thick liners(200-1000 mm= 0. It is the least techniques sensitive of all current direct restorations. b and c. The oxide Precipitates as crystals and tends to fill up the spaces Occupied by the original Sn-Hg phase. Micro leakage decrease with aging of the amalgam restoration. Modern amalgams mixed with mechanical amalgamators . c.space against Microleakage . Cavity varnishes and liners reduce initial .2-1 mm) 65.tritura-tion or condensation 66. Research has shown that freshly packed amalgam restorations leak but that this leakage tends to decrease as fillings age. A. The Sn-Hg phase is oxidized into Sn-O and/or Sn-O-Cl.usually have negative dimensional changes The only EXCEPTion to this statement is the excessive delayed dimensional change resulting from contamination of a zinc-containing alloy with water during . Along the margins Of the amalgam. It has been proven that amalgam restoration has the following characteristics: a.145. f. d.Page 169 During electrochemical corrosion of low-copper amalgams.extended metallic restorations that are not well bonded to tooth structure and that . A and b.ee/dental-materials/amalgam-dental-amalgam/4 The dimensional change during the setting of amalgam is one of its most characteristic properties.leakage of the material Form the disadvantages of amalgam is more technique sensitive if bonded ””Sturdevant's art and science of operative dentistry. A and c.

b. g. ”Sturdevant's art and science of operative dentistry. 2. Alternative to rubber abrasive points polishing may be accomplished using a rubber cup with flour of pumice followed by a high luster agent. d. e. *** A only.the danger of elevating the temperature of the restoration and the tooth. • Additional finishing and polishing procedures for amalgam are not attempted within 24 hours of insertion because crystallization is not incomplete. 1 and 2. 67. f. b and c. A and c. ”Sturdevant's art and science of operative dentistry. Recommended in patients with small rest.by virtue of the high fluoride content and solubility of this material. 5th edition – page 499 " Silicate cement: first translucent filling material in 1878 by Fletcher in England . *** B only.The failure due to discoloration and loss of contour "dental material & thier selection2002 " ‫ فلور‬25-12 ‫يحتوي إسمنت السيلكات‬ . c. anticariogenic .the danger of the point disintegrating at high speeds. b. coefficient of thermal expansion approached that of enamel and average life 4 years and in some of these restorations were reported to last for 10 years and . Avoid heat generation by using wet polishing paste. such as precipitated chalk. In ant teeth with high caries activity . used in ant. d. 5th edition – page725 " • Polishing procedure by using a coarse . Characteristic: tooth matching . need a liner or base under it to protect the pulp tissue from irritation resulting from low PH of the material. e. A only. It contains 15 % fluoride. c.a. Silicate cement: First tooth colored restoration. Wait 24 hours. A. A and b. longer. and rarely used today. rubber abrasive point at low speed or” stall out ”speed and air-water spray for 2 reasons: 1. the adjacent enamel was thought to be rendered more resistance to recurrent caries . ease of manipulation . It can be used as permanent filling. a. good insulator . Teeth more than 60 years .

a. b. b. It is dens in nature and has a rough surface. c. Main use of dental floss: Remove calculus. It tears the gingival fibers leading to attachment loss. Overhanging restoration margins should be removed because: It provides ideal location for plaque accumulation. a. Remove overhang. c. a. 69. CARRANZA’S page 183 Calculus composition: inorganic content and organic content 70. d. b. Remove bacterial plaque. Treatment of gingival trauma from faulty oral hygiene is mainly: To advice the patient to change their faulty habits immediately *** Reassure the patient that it will disappear by it self. f.68. *** Remove food debris. *** None of the above. d. e. b. To buy a new brush. c. Which of the following statement is true regarding dental calculus: It is composed entirely of inorganic material. A & d. . B & C only. Its removal permits more effective plaque control. It is mineralized dental plaque. a. Stimulate inflammatory reaction directly. All of the above. d. *** CARRANZA’S page 188 Remove of overhangs permits more effective control of plaque resulting in reduction . e. c.of gingival inflammation and small increase in radiographic alveolar bone support 71.

…. *** b. malnourished b. • The intracellular matrix estimated to account for 20% to 30% of the plaque mass consists of organic and nonorganic materials. a. Floss used to: a.72. 78. b. b. 76. What is the benefit of rinsing the mouth with water: A) Plaque removal B) calculus removal *** . Plaque consists of: a. *** d)……. Stimulate gingival d. Removal of plaque. Bacteria b.Obes. 77. Inorganic material c. Calculus induce further periodontal lesion due to: a) Directly stimulates inflammation b)more plaque adhere to it. *** . *** 74. 3minutes. One of these is less exposed to extensive dental caries: a. One gram of plaque contain 2X1011 bacteria. Maximum time elapsed before condensation of amalgam after titration: 1minute. Food CARRANZA’S page 98 • Dental plaque is composite of primarily microorganisms. *** Patient education. c. Remove interproximal plaque. To prevent perio problem MOST effective method is: Community program. a. 75. Remove overhangs c.Pt has xerostomia c.Less plaque score.C) washing the food debris 73.

5 – 2 mm. Dental decks 2210 ‫حسب‬ . After amalgam titrations. Depth of amalgam restoration should be: 1 – 1. a. *** 3 mm. b. Increase streangth. d.‫يزيد الوتد ثبات الحشوة لولكن يضعف الملغم لوينقص المقالومة‬ 83. c. 10 min. the mix should be placed within: 1 min. *** 2 – 3 mm. 3 – 5 mm. b. 4 mm. 2. c. 82. 4. False. *** Increase resistance. 79.c. a. *** 5 min. Calcium channel blockers cause increase saliva secretion: True. Stainless steel pin is used in amalgam for: Increase retention. d. b. 1. d. 1. b.5 mm. 80. A and b. of: a. Length of pins must be equals in both tooth and restoration by a depth 1 mm. c. *** . 81. 3. a. 9minutes. *** 3 min. 2 mm.

ZINC oxide %. a. 86. *** Ala orbital. One of anatomical land mark is: Ala tragus line. . c. Unrestored teeth. a. Ready made post.66% zinc oxide(filler). RCT contraindicated in: Vertical fracture of root. d. 90. 2. *** 4. Teeth with RCT and you want to use post. ZINC phosphate cement. a. Gutta percha contain 20% gutta percha(matrix). 88. Fiber post. a. *** ZOE. Frank fort plane. b. *** Performed post and composite. c. d.11% heavy . Casted post. b. Prefabricated post. Performed post and amalgam.”CARRANZA’S page 285 “Cause gingival enlargement 84.casted post metal post 89. c. a. c. Periodontally involved teeth What can we use under composite restoration: Ca (OH). 85. 3. which post is the least cause to fracture: 1.(metal sulfates(radiopacifier 87. Single rooted anterior teeth has endodontic treatment is best treated by: Casted post and core. b. b. *** ZINC phosphate. Composite post and core Post fracture decrease with: prefabricated post ready made post *** . Gutta percha contain mainly: Gutta percha 20%. b. c. *** Diabetic Pt.

b. Pain of short duration. d. b. In primary teeth. c. b. a. it had reached approximately the same level as the occlusal plane. At base of developing teeth. c. It subsequently moved upward with age. *** Bitewing x-ray. None of the above.16 mm above the occlusal plane in the adult group 95. d. a. d.2 12 *** 19 5. c.12 mm below the occlusal plane at the age of 3.ray of choice to detect the proximal caries of the anterior teeth is: Periapical x-ray. d. c. Mandibular foramen in young children is: At level of occlusal plane. Below the level of occlusal plane. . *** Alveolar crest. a. 94. pathologic changes in radiographs are always seen in: Periapical area.91. Anterior the level of occlusal plane. a. 93. c. The x. Occlusal x-ray. Hyperemia result in: Trauma of occlusion. *** The mandibular foramen was located 4. The PH of the calcium hydroxide is: 7. The foramen continued to . b. By the age of 9. *** Radiographic changes. a.5 92. d.move upward to 4. b. Furcation area. All of short duration. Above the level of occlusal plane.

Step deformity of the Mandibular body fracture may due to: a. Endo Principles and Practice of Endodontics WALTON – page 45 yellowish discoloration of the crown is often a Manifestation of calcific metamorphosis 100.potential for infection 99. The lesions should not be incised as this may increase the . a. What is the copper ratio that eliminates gamma phase 2: a. 2% copper b. Downward pull of geniohyoid and myalohyoid. 2. c. *** Immediate incision. Irreversible pulpitis. Upward pull of masseter and temporalis. b. Hemorrhage in the pulp. c. 4% copper .furcation apex of root lateral to root 97. b. *** Eruption cyst "eruption hematoma" can be treated by: No treatment. d. 101. 3. 1. c. Forward pull of lateral pterygoid muscle. 98. *** Toward pull of medial pterygoid muscle.96. Apical area. Pulp is partially or completely obliterated. External root resoption. a. d. Complete uncoverage Observe for one week then incise Eruption cysts and eruption hematomas are usually asymptomatic and resolve with eruption of the tooth. In deciduous tooth the first radiographic changes will be seen in: Bifurcation area. b. this is due to: Necrotic pulp. After trauma a tooth become yellowish in color. Pulpities in decidous teeth in radiograph see related to: *** . d.

d.Hyperactive patient . 10 % copper 13 % copper *** 102. d. Excisional biopsy. b. a. 103. b. b. Un comparative child. More than 12 blades. d. Inorganic material in bone compromise: 65%. c. *** Incisional biopsy. b. 104. by: a.obstructive nose. a.patient with fixed orthoappliance . b. A and b. c. Using long needle. c. With children rubber dam not use with: .c. The most common type of biopsy used in oral cavity is: a. A and b. . *** 25% 10% 95% Polishing bur have: Less than 6 blades. 6-7 blades. Talking to the child during injection. 10-12 blades. Rubber dam is contraindicated in: Pt with obstructive nose. c. 107. *** . 106. *** 105. d. d. Pain during injection of local anesthesia in children could be minimized Slowly injection.mildly handicapped and uncooperative. *** Mentally retarded Pt. a.

The irrigation solution is good because: Lubricate the canals. c. what could be the disease: a. Punch biopsy. d. Cracked tooth or fractured surface. Flushes the debris. All of the above. In maxillary 1st molar 4th canal is found in: MB canal. Fifth saturated. Cherubism *** c. c. b. 111. Aspiration through needle.infancy through adolescence. c. d.pinkham. a. b. *** . Palatal root. *** Which is most common: Cleft lip. 108. b. 113. High thermal conductivity of gold. The pain could be due to: a. Polymorphic adenoma. Pt complain from pain in 45 which had gold onlay. d. :‫المرجع‬ page348 110. Cleft lip and palate. a. 3rd edition. b. *** DB canal.‫ا" بالعزل الحراري لوالكهربائي لذلك ل يمكن أن يكون هذا هو سبب اللم‬ ً"‫يصنف الذهب على أنه "جيد جد‬ 112. . None of the above. Bifid tongue. Chemicals from cement. Half saturated. a. Pediatric dentistry . b. a. b. c. 10 years old child present with bilateral swelling of submandibular area. Related to periodontal ligament. Fibrous dysphasia. 109. Cleft palate. d. Formicrisol when used should be: Full Saturated. d. c. *** None of the above.c.

Management: Apixofication. a.craniofacial abnormality Atlas of Oral Diseases in Children: Cleft lip and palate are more common together . c. the cementum is contained . b. Contemporary Fixed Prosthodontics ROSENSTIEL . that is. *** Hyper cementum: Occur in Pajet disease. 116. g. f. Which cranial nerve that petrous part of temporal bone houses: Trigeminal n V Facial n VII. A and b. b. b. Difficult to extract. t he periodontal ligament space is visible around the added cementum. Bulbous root. e. Management: Direct pulp capping. 8 years old Pt with pulp exposure in 11. *** All the above. 1 mm. a. c. d. Vestibalcochealer n VII. Dental secrets – page 256Hypercementosis increases the difficulty of tooth . c. Pulptomy. For onlay preparation. 115. ** Vagus n IX. 21 years old Pt with pathological exposure in 35. 117. b. Indirect pulp capping. A and d.(most common & most complicated) (Source: Peterson’s page 841) Clefts of the upper lip and palate are the most common major congenital . a.removal Dental secrets – page 113If hypercementosis is present. c.than is cleft lip alone 114. d. a. c. Easy to manage by elevator.5 mm. Root canal treatment. reduction of functioning cusp should be: 1.*** RCT. *** 2 mm.within and is surrounded by the periodontal ligament space 118. b. a.

d. The upper/superior head originates on the infratemporal surface and infratemporal crest of the greater wing of the sphenoid bone. *** ‫ ملم‬1. *** .5-1. b. Thickness of porcelain should be: 03-05 mm. a. Class II composite resin is lined by: G. 2. c.5 mm Non functional cusp 1 mm 119. c. b. *** 5. b. Lateral pterygoid muscle has how many origin: 1. Below the level of the tongue.5 mm the minimal porcelain thickness is 1.I. 0. 0. and the lower/inferior head on the lateral surface of the lateral pterygoid plate. b.05-0.15 mm.5 . 3rd month. a. 121. a. *** :mcqs in Dentistry "the tongue rests on the occlusal surface " 122. a.mm. b.5.0 .Functional cusp 1.1 ‫ الجواب‬441 ‫ صفحة‬dental deck ‫حسب‬ The necessary thickness of the metal substucture is 0.5 mm 120. 2nd month. d. Embryo become fetus in: 1st week 1st month. Above the level of the tongue.C *** Reinforced ZOE. c. Cavity varnish. ZOE with epoxy cement. d. Occlusal plane is: a.1. 123. 7. c.

c. c. Calcification.page 25 . d. *** Fluoridated toothpaste for 3 years child is recommended but under supervision in small pea-sized amount National Fluoride Information Centre .4th Ed. 3. b. 127.Guide to Fluoride Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry . ‫القذالي‬ Sphenoid. b. *** Apical perforation. d. When a child must first exposed to the use of the tooth brush: Of age of 2 years. *** Fungi form. 1. When does child should be first exposed for using tooth brush: As eruption of first tooth. During instrumentation. a. a. sudden disappear of root canal due to: Bifurcation of main canal. Two years old. Foliate. Primary school year. a. which taste buds increase in Length : Fili form. c. c. 128. Frontal and parietal bone. b. c. 125. Of age of 4 years. b. *** One year old. *** ‫الدمعي‬ Occipital. Coronal suture is between: Occipital and temporal bone. a. (2005) . a.124. ‫الوتدي‬ Parietal. ‫الجداري‬ In hairy tongue. 2. *** Occipital and tympanic bone. 126. b. 129. Circumvallates. Immediately after eruption of first tooth. All are single bone in the skull EXCEPT: Lacrimal. d.

1 Lateral incisor with good condensing RCT but swelling and pain 14 day . *** All the above. Remove supragingival calculus … . Cause space loss. *** Early loss of anterior tooth: Affect phonetic.1 Hypertrophic frenum .Incisor with an adequate RCT and 9mm lesion . b. . e. d. ‫الفقد المبكر يخص السنان المؤقتة لوبالتالي تأثر النطق لوالناحية التجميلية أما ضياع المسافة عند الفقد المامي المبكر‬ (‫فيكون في السنان الدائمة )انزياح القواطع الدائمة لمكان الفقد‬ :Apicoectomy what is the right statement . All of the above.making it possible to remove all irritants . b.after the treatment. what is the diagnosis *** . Space loose occur in: Proximal caries.age to avoid over-ingestion of toothpaste and ensure adequate plaque removal 130.73 a. Early extraction. 131. a.Epulis fissurment .2 . c. d.72 :complaining pain and over tissue in the mandibular.71 .Brushing using a fluoride toothpaste should start as soon as the first teeth erupt (about 6 months of age). Expose the roots for scaling and root planning b.…First upper premolar with lesion on the buccal root .2 :Main reason for surgical pocket therapy . A and b. Ankylosis. Parents should supervise brushing up to at least 7 yrs of . Affect esthetics. the tooth a symptom before the obturation .3 Patient presented to you after fitting the immediate denture 5 – 10 months. a.c The objective for pocket therapy is :1-increase the accessibility to the root surface .. c.

php?sid=152 : Periodontal debridement :Best measurement of periodontitis by. sulcus. A & b only. c. 3mm d. .73 mm( junctional epithelium 0.97 mm + connective tissue (attachment 1.74 a. 1 mm *** b.asnanak. e.97 mm + connective tissue ( attachment 1. *** http://www.04 mm ( junctional epithelium 0.76 a. connective tissue :Periodontally involved root surface must be root planed to .07 mm Biologic zone= 2.reduce or eliminate pocket depth.07 mm + gingival sulcus 0.77 Pocket depth. Remove the attached plaque and calculus. a. *** Attachment level. c.69 :Periodontal attachment contain . b. b.net/ar/article. Bleeding. Change the root surface to become biocompatible All of the above. d. making it possible for the patient to maintain -2 the root surface free of plaque reshape soft and hard tissues to attain a harmonious topography -3 :Biological width .75 Epithilum. 4mm CARRANZA’S page 945 Biologic width= 2. 2mm c. Remove the necrotic cementum.

Less bleeding • Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry .calculus :The tissue response to oral hygiene instruction is detected by . 7.4th Ed. (2005) – page 154 132. b. As a general guide the post should be at least equal to the anticipated crown height. A periodontal probe is helpful to .120 Probing to elicit bleeding (which is the single most useful indicator of disease activity).a.78 . Observations based on longitudinal measurement of attachment loss in untreated subjects have indicated that . None of the above. but a minimum of 4 mm of wellcondensed GP should be left.check prepared canal length  Anatomy of the Human Body" What is the number of pharyngeal "brancheal" -2 :arches e. f. continuous process which has emphasized measurements of the static condition of periodontal pockets. 4-5 mm. 5. 1 mm. c. 6.Probe pocket depth ** . 10 mm.periodontal destruction occurs in discrete episodes of short duration Oxford . d. and detecting subgingival .Clinical measurement of periodontitis has historically focused on the concept of periodontitis as a slow. measuring pocket depth attachment levels. Amount of G.P should after post preparation: a. while the ventral extremities ultimately meet in the middle . *** h. The dorsal ends of these arches are attached to the sides of the head. 4. g.b.

ectodermal cleft stomodeum is separated from the ectoderm (which forms the cranium and brain or of the buccopharyngeal membrane )which separates the . and with each of these there is one of the primitive aortic arches Encyclopedia of Diagnostic Imaging 422 :Stomodeum and fugi separated by -3 a. (2005 Hand over mouth exercise is a technique for managing unsuitable behaviour that . b. Can be poured after 7 days. Mandibular.developed. is . Can be poured 6-8 hours. *** b. A and b. Can be poured more than once. *** 135. In all. Hyoid. *** c.3rd Ed. c. Polyvinyl siloxanes compared with polysulfide: a. 133. In each arch a cartilaginous bar. Polysulfide impression material: a.line of the neck.these only the first four are visible externally What is the name of pharyngeal "brancheal" arches: a. Maxillary. the others have no distinctive names.6 cannot be modified by the more straightforward techniques. d. consisting of right and left halves. but of . frangeal arch b. b. and the second the hyoid.stomodeum from the end of the pharyngeal gut The Dental Assistant 372 PROPERTIES OF ELASTOMERIC MATERIALS 134. six arches make their appearance. It is often used with . (PAEDIATRIC DENTISTRY . Should be poured within 1 hour. Can be poured after 24 hours. Less dimensional stability.(inhalation sedation (conscious sedation . c. The first arch is named the mandibular.

2 . d. Pit and fissure sealants are indicated to prevent dental caries in pits and fissure: a. . *** PAEDIATRIC DENTISTRY . In permanent teeth c.soon after their eruption (PAEDIATRIC DENTISTRY . Increase the tooth resistance to dental caries. . Act as a barrier between the sealed sites and the oral environment. Uncooperative.3rd Ed. b. *** c. b. In primary teeth b. Pits and fissure sealants are indicated in: a. A & b. *** Sealants are also effective at preventing pit and fissure caries in primary teeth. A and b. physically or mentally disabled. Primary .3rd Ed. (2005) Indications: (i) A healthy child who is able to understand and co-operate. (2005 The rationale for pit-and-fissure sealants in caries prevention -4 :is that they a. c. Deep Pits and fissure.136. Newly erupted teeth. Hysterical. but who . Have anti-microbial effect on the bacteria. *** 138.exhibits obstreperous or hysterical avoidance behaviours 137. b. c. Hand over mouth technique is used in management of which child: a. Positive resistance. or for those from a disadvantaged social background Children with extensive caries in their primary teeth should have all permanent molars sealed .teeth have more aprismatic enamel than permanent teeth Children with special needs.1 should be considered for those who are medically compromised. Mentally retarded. Fissure sealing of all occlusal surfaces of permanent teeth . or have learning difficulties.

been developed further and they now have a place in the treatment of caries 139..a) Pit and fissure . The same susceptibility to caries as teeth that have not been sealed b. Restore first and second molars with composite.x 141. Restore first and second molars with amalgam.d. Initially developed to prevent caries their use has . Higher susceptibility than non sealed teeth c. C.   Any child with occlusal caries in one first permanent molar should have the fissures of the sound first permanent molars sealed. Pit &fissure least effective with: a. Restore all first molars and topical fluoride on second molars. Pit and fissure sealants (sealants) have been described as materials which are applied in order to obliterate the fissures and remove the sheltered environment in which caries may thrive. 2nd molar . Restore all first molars and observe second molars. *** d. None of the above answers is correct.-7 *** .b) Root surface . *** d. B. The same susceptibility as teeth with full retained sealant 140. Lower susceptibility than non sealed teeth. Restore all first molars and seal pits and fissures of second molars.C) Proximal surface D) …. :Most tooth surface affected by caries. tweny-four month year b. E. primary molar c. Year old patient all first molars carious and suspected pit and fissure areas of the second molars. Treatment plan: a. Occlusal caries affecting one or more first permanent molars indicates a need to seal the second permanent molars as soon as they have erupted sufficiently. Teeth that have lost pits and fissure sealant show… a.

increased time of etching b. Ulcer.142. Erythematous reaction. Multiple vesicle. c. salivary flow rate d. ***  Initial exposure to the herpes simplex virus results in a generalized oral inflammation followed by vesicle formation and subsequent ulceration. Less response to stress. Success of pit & fissure sealants is affected mainly by: a. such as syphilis. Syphilis first appearance: a. Occur in lining mucosa. Procedure done before applying pit & fissure -15 :sealant a. c. b. disrupt barriers that provide protection against infections.  Ulcerative STDs that cause sores. . Malignant.Acid etch by phosphoric acid 143. b. Aphthous ulcer. More characteristic in histology. d. 145. Verrucous carcinoma: a. *** d. proper fissure sealant ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ 144. ulcers. Benign.Acid etch by phosphoric acid 146. Procedure done before applying pit & fissure sealant: a. contamination of oral saliva*** c. Leaves scar. or breaks in the skin or mucous membranes. Bullae. *** b. compared with herbes ulcer is: a.

All of the above.It’s a diffuse. Teeth already calcified. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 149. Maximum coverage. b. Wide occlusal label. b. malignant neoplasm of epidermis or oral epithelium. None vital tooth. d. Start with endodontic IX. It's not the same fluoride that cause fluorosis. papillary. Saliva wasn’t out. Start with periodontic IX Complete Dentures: a clinical manual for the general dental practitioner p. Fluoride which we use in the clinic doesn’t cause fluorosis because: a. Reline with resilient material. *** b. Since all the tooth enamel (except for the wisdom teeth) forms before the age of six. Management knifedge ridge in complete denture: a.17 148. Tooth fracture during extraction may be occur due to: a. Calcium in the mouth counter. 150. Fluorosis can happen only during the time that the enamel is forming on the teeth. Fluorosis does not happen to any portion of the teeth that have already erupted. d. well differentiated. In combined endo-perio problem: a. c. only children six and under are susceptible to getting fluorosis. . It is also known as an Ackerman tumor Dentistry-Perio_Endo_Lesions 147. c. non metastasizing.

1. 151. d. Core shape. c. All of the above. 152. i. Diabetic PT.b. Post retention depends on: a.1. A and c.D :Amount of reduction in PFM crown-22 .5 mm. Caries consist of: a. f. A and b g. A.e. b. Epithelial cells.a.minimal ceramic thickness is 1.c.. PROSTHODONTICS .7-2 . Bacteria b. Post length. Improper length allows a potential for root fracture. Epoxy resin . e. It is not necessary to construct a post for each canal in a multi rooted tooth.b. Post texture. A. whereas the . Design of the preparation. b and c h. provided that the dominant root (i. D. Sozio. Improper holding by forceps.5-2 . palatal root of maxillary molar) is used and proper .0—1. This guideline normally places the post approximately twothirds into the root length. Post diameter.5 mm 153. ZOE b. c. c.M.a. d. Fluid. AH26 is root canal sealer consist of: .2-5 The necessary thickness of the metal is 0.Ralph B.length has been established Dental secrets –9.

Positive reinforcement. MB root appear distal to P if cone is directed M to D b. Broad spectrum antibiotic.Second Edition 155. Hairy trichoglossia may be caused by: a. Methenamine. Use impression compound. Systemic steroid. In distal extension p. Same but wait 5-10 min and then put in sealed plastic bag Many parts of bones are originally cartilaginous that -27 :replaced by bone a.COMPOSITION AH 26. DB root appear mesial to P if cone is directed M to D. :Buccal object role in dental treatment of maxillary teeth -28 a. Titanium dioxide AH 26 silverfree. H2o2 mouth wash. d. b. False. Heavy smokers. b. b. b. e. Wash with water and spray with sodium hydrochloride for 10 sec.d during relining occlusal Rest was not seated: a. b. Silver. Continue and seat in after relining. -All of the above. Methenamine AH 26 resin: Epoxy resin INDICATIONS Permanent obturation of root canals of teeth of the secondary dentition with or without the aid of . c. DENTAL SECRETS . :After taking alginate impression -26 a. Negative reinforcement. . True. When you give a child a gift for good behavior this is called: a. c. 156.obturation points 154. powder: Bismuth oxide. powder: Bismuth oxide. Remove impression and repeat it.

after radiograph u -31 see well circumscribe radiolucent area in related to mandibular molar & the periphery was radiopaque which not well defined :border the diagnosis is a. . Parallel to ala tragus line.b) aneurysmal bone cyst . Invasion of furcation. h. no complaining. All of the above Pt come for check up.(c) traumatic bone cyst(simple bone cyst This is the radiographic finding for the the trumatic bone cyst Radiographically.simple bone cyst Scallopped border above inferior alveolar canal between -32 :roots of mandibular molars.a) solitary cyst . d. They tend to occur above the inferior .c. They do not displace teeth or resorb roots. g. i. Occlusal plane at lower lip. :Check biting in lower denture can occur if-29 Occlusal plane above tongue Occlusal plane below tongue. these lesions tend to appear as smoothly outlined radiolucencies that scallop around the roots of the teeth. Periodontal abcess. and the lamina dura is left intact. At least tongue is just above occlusal plane.alveolar canal ORAL RADIOLOGY 5th ed – page 321 :Radiographic radioulucency in the interradicular area -33 a. this lesion is . :Occlusal plane should be-30 Parallel to interpupillary line. j. None of the above. e. f. b. They may range from very small (<1 cm) to very large (involving most of the mandible).

area between vital mandibular bicuspias is more :likely to be a. ?Which cyst is not radiolucent -36 Globulomaxillary cyst Follicular cyst Dentigerous cyst. -37 radio opaque surrounded by radiolucent band a. Osteoporosis.Dentigerous cyst b. unilocular -35 radiolucent. b. None of the above. slowly increasing . Nasopalatine cyst. Cementoblastoma Radiolucent are cover the pericornal part of the 3rd molar -38 :is a. Radiographic diagnosis of a well-defined. Maxillary canine. Osteoma b.Central . Mandibular premolars b.c. c. d. Periodontal cyst. Ossifying fibro c. Swelling in left of mandible. Residual cyst b. c. A radicular cyst. Mental foramen appear in radiograph as radiolucent round -34 :area to the area of a. Female . e. Mandibular incisors. The mental foramen c. a. d.

Surgery.multiradiolucent may with resoption of cortical bone /3 . Squamous cell carcinoma of jaw bones c. Primordial cyst.:Cyst in x.Oral and Maxillofacial. Ameloblastoma. Osteomylitis of the mandible.Radiolucent with bone expansion . including epithelial proliferation • internal hydraulic pressure • .1 Radiolucent with bone resorption .ray-39 .radiopaque may or not expand to cortical bone /2 . Lateral periodontal cyst b. first premolar clinically missing.a similar pattern Child 12 years old with swelling in the mandibular -42 premolars area. " "Radilolgy. Pathology and Oral Medicine – page 149 Cyst growth :Several mechanisms are described for cyst growth. :Intraosseous cyst in radiograph appears -41 . d.radiopaque may with resoption of cortical bone /4 Central intraosseous ameloblastomas may perforate bone and present .bone resorption • Which of the following lesions has more tendency to show -40 :well defined multilocular radiolucency a. e.2 MASTER DENTISTRY. in X ray examination we found Radiolucent is cover the percoronal .multiradiolucent may or not expand to cortical bone /1 .

Fracture. His pain worsens and the bone became progressively exposed. areas of radiographically normal-appearing bone are frequently seen between the areas of destruction. osteoradionecrosis. Gerre.:part of the 3rd molar is Dentigerous cyst . Osteomyelitis. Dental secrets – page 115 Malignant lesions destroy bone uniformly. Fibro-osseous lesion. Sequestra .s osteomylitis c. Chronic osteomylitis .are not present in malignant lesions A 60-year-old man has been treated for a t2nom -45 osquamous cell carcinoma by radical radiotherapy. Six years after treatment. no complaining. b. The diagnosis is a. d. Malignancy c. e. after radiograph u -43 see well circumscribe radiolucent area in related to mandibular molar & the periphery was radiopaque which not :well defined border the diagnosis is simple bone cyst Radiographic diagnosis of bone destructive in the -44 :mandible without evidence of bone formation is a.1 Pt come for check up. he develops a painful ulcer in the alveolar mucosa in the treated area following minor trauma. He is treated by a partial mandibular resection with graft. In ost eomyelitis. Acute osteomylitis b. Osteoradionecrosis d. He has a history of chronic alcoholism and was a heavy smoker.

Diagnosis a. Genial tubercle. Intraoral examination reveals no caries. Adenomatoid Odontogenic cyst. Pulp necrosis. c. c. b. Radiographic diagnosis of bilateral expansible radio -47 :opaque areas in the caninpremolar region of the mandible is Hematoma. b. Hypothyroidism. Ameloblastoma. Internal oplique ridge. Acute apical periodontitis. e. Myxoma. years old male PT came with severe pain on chewing 20 -50 related to lower molars. Odontogenic keratocyst. c. good oral hygiene. Chronic apical abscess. Hyperparathyroidism.b: mandible c: no difference a. d. which disease cause multiple -48 :radiolucencies a. no change in radiograph. c. PT give :history of bridge cementation 3 days ago. b. Remaining roots. None of the above. The following are multilocular radiolucencies in x-ray -49 :EXCEPT a. Tours mandibularis. Ricket disease. d. d. In radiographs.Osteoradionecrosis is more in -46 a: maxilla . b. .

Lefort III.Suture . in which the tooth.limited lateral excursions of mandibular . b.Oral and Maxillofacial.………2 .bearing part of the maxilla is detached Le Fort II or a pyramidal fracture of the maxilla involves the . Pathology and Oral Medicine Mobility in midface with step deformity in front zygomatic -51 :suture. he has ecchymosis around the orbit in the right side only . Surgery.1 .with limited mouth open what is ur diagnosis A. c.le fort 1 b.of the skull Pt came with fracture because of blow in the right side of -52 his face.nasal bones and infraorbital rims Le Fort III involves the nasal bones and zygomatic-frontal sutures and the whole of the maxilla is detached from the base . Diagnosis a.and subjunctional bleeding in the maxillary buccal ?vestible . restricted eye movements .– -54 ?ray .Fluid paranasal .MASTER DENTISTRY.movements . Radilolgy.lefort 3 c-zygomatic fracture Zygoma fracture: clinical flattening of the cheekbone prominence — paraesthesia in distribution area of infraorbital nerve — diplopia. Bilateral zygomatic complex fracture Le Fort I is the lowest level of fracture.lofort 2 c. Lefort II.subconjunctival haemorrhage .palpable step in infraorbital bony margin Open bite is seen in -53 a: lefort 2 b: unilateral condyle fracture c: bilateral condyle fracture what is the first sign if there is fracture in the face in x.

as the name suggests. h. Tendency to bleed on gentle probing.All the above .3 . The location of the bone of the pocket.Modified pen handle . Frenum attachment. New attachment. :After scaling and root planning healing occur by -56 Long junctional epithelium.Overlap of bone . Depth. Chronic gingivitis is. b. c.4 a. d. New attached periodontal ligament fibers. b. g. Pockets > 2 mm can occur in chronic gingivitis due to an increase in gingival size because of oedema or hyperplasia . Inadequate gingival.……… A. All of the above. Oxford 118 Periodontal pocket differ most significantly from gingival -56 :pocket with respect to a. Occlusal force. f. d. Dental decks – page 266 During examination 34 show gingival recession buccally. c. inflammation of the gingival tissues. It is not associated with alveolar bone resorption or apical migration of the junctional epithelium.((false pockets All of these are right ways to handle the instrument EXCEPT -57 .. New bone and connective tissue formation. -57 :the least correct reason is e. Pt is right hand brushee.

Palm and thumb The right corticosteroid daily dose for pemphigus vulgaris -58 :is a.When one cusp is lost and need to apply restoration to .100 mg hydrocortisone Tyldesley's Oral Medicine.Pen handle d.When Cusps lost and thin supported wall c.When the cusp is supported by dentine and proper retentive preparation . The ideal occlusal scheme is -59 d.1-2 g/kg/daily b. Distal step.b. Flush terminal.replace it :In primary teeth. but this may often be slowly reduced to a maintenance dose of 15 mg daily or thereabouts : Amalgam is used in extensive cavities -59 a.d. Mesial step.c.Inverted pen .a-flush terminal plane b-mesial step terminal plane c-end d-distal . f. The most prevalent primary molar relationship -60 . 5th Edition – page 132 Very high dosages are used initially to suppress bulla formation (of the order of 1 mg/kg prednisolone daily). e.1-2 mg c.10 mg .b.50.

Success of pit & fissure sealants is affected mainly by: 1)increased time of etching 2) contamination of oral saliva*** 3) salivary flow rate 4) proper fissure sealant 159. b. c. Pit &fissure least effective with: 1/tweny-four month year 2/primary molar 3/2nd molar 160. d. Osteosarcoma. Leiomyosarcoma.The most common type of malignant bone tumor of the -61 :jaws is a. 158.. the width of the cavity is: a. *** c. Patient comes to your clinic complaining that the denture become tight. What you suspect: *** . 1/2 inter cuspal distance.A) Paget’s disease . Chondrosarcoma. _________________________________________________________ _______ 157. b.Buccal object role in dental treatment of maxillary teeth: a. 23. MB root appear distal to P if cone is directed M to D. DB root appear mesial to P if cone is directed M to D. In cavity preparation. b. 161. but when the patient stand you notice that his legs bowing (curved). during examination you notice nothing. 1/3 inter cuspal distance. Osteochondrosarcoma. 2/3 inter cuspal distance.

Fibrous dysplasia D.Paget disease B.B) osteosarcoma C) acute osteomyelitis 164.162. 33 years old female PT come with slow growing swelling in the angle of the mandible. b.Garres syndrome C. Patient came to your clinic with severe pain. Osteoma. Radiograph show radio-opaque with radio-lucent border diagnosis: a. on x-ray the right side of the mandible has a radiolucency with a radiopaque border that resembles the sunshine rays. The x ray show scattered radiopaque line in the mandible jaw. c. the diagnosis will be:???? A. Cementoblatoma.Osteosarcoma . Your diagnosis is : A) ossifying fibroma *** . *** 163. Osteosarcoma.

bruising and lacerations are noted together with any areas of altered sensation that may have resulted because of damage to branches of the trigeminal nerve. Immediate surgical removal. An intraoral examination is then carried out. Swelling. The stability of the maxilla is checked by bimanual palpation. one hand attempting to mobilise the maxilla by grasping it from an intra-oral approach. looking particularly for alterations to the occlusion.Oral and Maxillofacial.zygomatic-frontal and infraorbital 165. *** e. d. as this is an important feature of a fracture of the base of the skull. True. Reassure PT and no need for treatment. any restriction of movement and subconjunctival haemorrhage. intraoral examination show with slightly elevated lesion with confirmed border. *** g. a step in the occlusion. Pathology and Oral Medicine The eyes are examined for double vision (diplopia). .:‫السؤال لغير لواضح لولذلك يمكن اختيار ما يأتي من خيارات من الفقرات السابقة لوالفقرة التالية‬ MASTER DENTISTRY. Surgery. Any evidence of cerebrospinal fluid leaking from the nose or ears is noted. The condyles of the mandible are palpated and movements of the mandible checked. Examination of residual ridge for edentulous PT before -2 construction of denture determine stability. Radilolgy. support and :retention related to the ridge f. . lacerations and bruises. fractured or displaced teeth. and the other noting any movement at extra-oral sites such as nasal. It is by: c. Instruct PT not to use denture for 3 weeks then follow up. PT with lower complete denture. False. PT history of ill fitting denture.

t. j. *** ‫الرتفاع الشمعي‬ l. False. Inform the PT that retention of denture will decrease. Management: h. n. By aging. *** 2. Minor surgery is needed. None. :The goal of construction of occlusion rims is -32 1.‫استخدام طريقة الضغط النتقائي‬ ‫تسميك الشمع لوتثقيب الطايع‬ 167. face low transfer. Occlusal rim with nacial frame. o. To obtain the protrusive condylar guidance. In recording jaw relation. Occlusal rim with base wax. 168. To obtain the lateral condylar posts and incisal guide. pulp tissue will: r. placement of the teeth. i.‫يتراكم العاج الثانوي على جدران القناة اللبية‬ 170. True. Decrease in size. vertical dimension. Ask PT to place tip of tongue in posterior area and close. p. 4. Increase cellularity and vascularity. m. *** . *** To wet his lip and tongue. All of the above. q. . Special impression technique is required. *** " Questions and Answers" :‫المرجع‬ . Decrease in collagen fibers. best to use: k. tentative centric relation. To obtain the occlusal plane. Occlusal rim with record base. 3. s. Upon examination of alveolar ridge of elderly PT for construction of lower denture easily displaceable tissue is seen in the crest of ridge. Complete blood count "CBC" is a laboratory test important in dentistry: u.166. 169. *** ‫الصح‬ v. To recheck centric relation in complete denture: Ask PT to swallow and close.

Protocol of sterilization . 3. autoclave. selection of major connector depend on: Height of lingual attachment. storage. 1. cleaning. Periodontal condition of remaining teeth. Boiling. Result of pulp vitality test. 4. 172. e. Most convenient and effective form of sterilization of dental instruments: a. sterilization. drying. c. Diagnosis prior to RCT should always be based on: Good medical and dental history. autoclave. d. drying. Dry heat sterilization. In class I partially edentulous lower arch.‫ا لوالتهاب الكبد‬ ً" ‫" ذكر ضرلورته قبل الجراحة عند مرضى اليدز لوالمعالجين كيمالوي‬Dental secrets" . Autoclave. b. Autoclave relative to 100f dry oven a)the same time b)slightly higher time c)considerable higher time d)less time. Autoclave. storage *** 176. *** a. Boiling b. The role of good sterilization: Washing. 2. *** Inspection. d. *** . inspection . Which of the following may be used to disinfect gutta percha points a. storage.Initial cleaning. inspection. Autoclave. b. Mandibular tori. *** 173. storage. All of the above. Autoclave is enough. b. 175. drying. Chemical solutions. *** 174. Proper clinical examination. c. *** d.‫الكحولي‬ a. A periapical radiographs. All of the above. c. 171. 52.

Extension of the sealer cement through lateral canals. 180. Due to rich collateral circulation system. a. c. Why the moisture heat sterilization is better than dry heat sterilization A) makes the instruments less rusty and blunt B) needs more time and affects the proteins of the cell membrane C) needs less time and affects the proteins of the cell *** . None of the above. What is the type of sterizliation applied on ligation/fixation wires *** . *** Square.A) Autoclave 53. AUTOCLAVE PRINCIPLE: causes dullness. In the mesio-buccal root. ‫الترلوية الغنية تكفي‬ . b. d. a. 181. c. What is the basis for current endodontic therapy of a periapical lesion: a. *** No response to percussion and palpation test. d. 182. c. b. the perpical area usually heals despite the condition of the root canal. None of the above. If the maxillary first molar is found to have four. Triangular.177. a. d. The radiographic criteria used for evaluating the successes of endodontic therapy Reduction of the size of the periapical lesion. The accesses opening for a maxillary premolar is most frequently: Oval. b.membrane 178. the fourth canal is likely found: In the disto-buccal root. None of the above. *** In the palatal root. Breaks the protein cell membrane at moderately low temp. *** breaks the protein cell membrane at very high temp ‫ يعني في حرارة أقل أم في لوقت أقصر؟؟؟‬،‫هناك اختل ف بين آخر سؤالين‬ 179.

a. Strong intracanal medications are required to sterilized the canal and periapical area to promote healing. d.‫مقالومة الخز ف للكسر تتأمن بسماكة كافية له على حساب المعدن لوبعدم لوجود زلوايا حادة‬ a. b. 184.5 mm. a. Art and science of operative dentistry 2000 – page 659 it must have a minimum thickness of 0. *** Supraocclusion. Periapical lesions. d. b. . b. a.5-2 mm. it is important to: Avoid sharp or acute angles in the metal structure. f. Upon contact. d. *** HBV can be transmitted by transplacental: ‫المشيمة‬ . especially apical cyst. d. PT come with pain related to it after 1 month due to: Pulp involvement. A and c are correct. *** 2-3 mm. 3/4 crown. Reduction in amalgam restoration should be: 1-1. Gingival recession. Porcelain should be of uniform thickness and any defect of the preparation should be compensated by the metal substructure. a. Build up thick layer of porcelain. *** Onlay. 3-5 mm. the ppotential for periapical healing is good. To enhance strength properties of ceramo metal restoration. c. b. MOD amalgam restoration with deep mesial box. True. e.b. If the source of periapical irritation is removed. must be treated by surgical intervention. *** c. 183. *** B and d are correct. 186. c. d. Full crown. 1. c. c.75 to 2 mm (because of its " "(lack of compressive strength 187. Compensate any defect in the preparation equally by porcelain and metal substructure. A and b are correct. g. 185. Endodontically treated 2nd maxillary premolar with moderate M & D caries is best restored by: Amalgam.

True. Immunofluorecent test and biopsy are used to diagnosis pemphigus: ‫اختبار التألق المناعي لوالخزع يستخدم لتشخيص الفقاع‬ True.‫يكون المريض في لوسط معتم ألو مضيء‬ a. False.‫اختيار اللون يكون بالضوء الطبيعي لوبوجود اللعاب‬ . Measuring blood pressure is one of vital signs important in medical compromised: a. 1. Insert it without pressure but with retention. Post should be lose.b. 194. False. 1 and 2 are correct. 2. *** b. Selection of shade for composite is done: a. True. *** b. Takes not less than half – day in normal individual. After drying tooth and isolation with rubber dam. a. None of the above. *** b. False. Is always favorable if it is primary type. Bleeding of the socket following tooth extraction: 1. a. b. True. 191. 189. *** 193. Destruction of RBC may cause anemia and it is due to defect in cell membrane: ‫تخرب كريات الدم الحمراء‬ a. 192. *** False. c. b. O2 is decreased in oral mucosa: ‫فقر‬ ‫الدم المنجلي‬ a. Is always a capillary bleeding in nature. 3 and 4 are correct. 3. b. c. d. *** ‫ توضع قطنة لوتلحظ التغيرات في لون السن عندما‬. Under light. b. 2 and 3 are correct. c. False. 1. for insertion of post dowel: Post applied pressure. *** All are correct. After RCT. 188. In sickle cell anemia. 190. Can be due to the presence of a nutrient vessel. 4. .

Remove and leave to heal. Replace and suture intra alveolar by wire. Microbial virulent produced by root bacteria is collagenase from spirochete: ‫الذيفان الجرثومي في القناة هو‬ ‫كولجيناز من الملتويات‬ a. Bacteria in root canal pathosis: Mixed anaerobe and aerobe. Remove and suture with primary heal. Streptococcus mutans. Replace and suture.195. it is believed that the . b. d. Bacteria in endodontic pathois mostly is: a. over 90% of the bacteria were strict anaerobes. 199. True. *** b. Porphyromonas endodontalis obligate anacrobe: *** ‫لهوائية مجبرة‬ b. Because bacteria isolated from root canals are usually a subgroup of the bacteria found in the sulcus or periodontal pockets. c. d. False.sulcus is the source of bacteria in root canal infections . Management of tuberosity fracture during extraction of maxillary molar is: a. it should be manually repositioned and stabilized by sutures Dental decks 1954 196. Dental pulp 2002 – page 294 When intact teeth with necrotic pulps were cultured. *** ‫ردها إلى مكانها وخياطتها‬ b. If the tuberosity is fractured but intact. 198. None of the above. c. Bacteria in root canal a) mixed**** b) anaerobes obligatory c) aerobes only a. c. Streptococcus anaerobius. 197. *** Single obligate anaerobe. Aerobic.

b. B & c. f. A & d. e. Oral diaphragm consist mainly of: ‫)الحجاب الفموي )قاع الفم‬ Tongue. b. a. 205. . c. 202. ‫ممكن كتف معكوس ألو شطب معكوس‬ Extend to full length tooth preparation.‫لوظيفة الضمات مقالومة القوى العمودية‬ 204. Calcium hydroxide is used in deep cavity because it is: a. d. In post and core preparation must: Extend to contrabevel. Retention. To resist vertical forces. Not use the miswak and use the toothbrush instead. d. c.‫ أما ماءات الكالسيوم فتحرض على انتاج العاج الثانوي لوتؤمن العزل الكيميائي‬،‫السمنت‬ a. ‫ كما أن العزل الحراري هو مهمة‬،‫بالواقع تحدث ماءات الكالسيوم تموت صغير في الجهة المقابلة من اللب‬ . b.‫القلب المعدني يمتد لنهاية حوا ف السن المحضر لويأخذ شكل الدعامة‬ a. For thermal isolation. *** ‫الضرسية اللمية‬ 203. D & c. Not irritant to the pulp. . 4 jaw contact in teeth. g. c. ‫الذقنية اللمية‬ Digastric muscle. c. *** A & b. Occlusal rest function: ‫مو متأكدة‬ To resist lateral chewing movement. *** Stability.D: ‫الحاجز المطاطي‬ a. Geniohyoid muscle. d. a.200. c. *** b. h. d. Use of miswak and toothbrush: Toothbrush after meals and miswak at prayer time and when out of home. ‫العضلة ذات البطنين‬ Mylohyoid muscle. Use the miswak only when they can not afford to buy the toothbrush and toothpaste. In placement of R. Take shape of preparation abutment. 201. b. . Take same shape of natural tooth. *** Miswak and toothbrush must be used together. Simulate formation of 2nd dentine.

slightly after mandible. True. *** b. 210. 212. True. Maxilla is formed a. 211. Swelling enlargement in tooth site. False. *** b. True. 208. ‫العضلة الماضغة تمتد من القوس الوجني إلى جسم الرأد لوزالويته‬ a. *** c. Extend of temporalis behind infratemporal fossa of temporal bone insert in coronoid process: ‫المتداد الصدلغي‬ ‫خلف الحفرة تحت الصدغ للعظم الصدلغي يدخل في الناتئ الكليلني‬ a. Chronic suppurative periodontitis: ‫التهاب النسج حول‬ ‫السنية القيحي المزمن‬ a. Mandible is the 1st bone calcified in skull but clavicle start first but in same embryological time: ‫الترقوة‬ a. *** . Fistula present. True.‫بالحجرة اللبية‬ 207. None of the above. before mandible b.b. *** c. PT complains from moderate pain. 206. Pulp polyp in open coronal carious lesion. False. *** b. b. False. Only 4 contacts 2 mesial and 2 distal. 209. Fistula with drain. False. Masseter muscle extends from lower of border zygomatic arch to lateral border of ramus and angel mandible. ‫الخراج المزمن يترافق مع ناسور لوتصريف للقيح لويبدي ألم خفيف بالقرع لول يترافق مع بوليب ألو مرجل‬ . Only 4 contacts 2 lingual surface and 2 buccal surface. b. *** c. *** b. Acute periodontal abscess: a. same with mandible c. Main arterial supply in face is facial artery and superficial temporal artery: a.

cheek corner of the lip are uncontrolled . Trigeminal nerve problem. c. False. *** ‫تتشكل الترقوة قبل الفك السفلي‬ ‫أما العظم الجبهي‬ 213. b. *** d. Masseter muscle. Buccinator muscle.this may indicate: a. you notice the patient’s eye. D. 215. Trochlear nerve problem.. While performing cranial nerve examination you notice that the patient is unable to raise his eyebrows. False. what’s the reason : *** . *** b. Facial nerve supply: a. none of the above 2. B. True. True. Muscle of facial expression are all innervated by facial nerve: a. Facial nerve problem. Mylohyoid muscle.d. flat bone by intramembranous ossification and some bone by endochondral and intramembranous ossification: ‫داخل الغضرلو ف لوداخل‬ ‫الغشاء‬ a. Oculomotor nerve problem. Temoralis muscle. *** b. C. All of the above. True. 214.A) paresthesia of the Facial Nerve 216. symmetrically smile or evert his lower lip. False. hold eyelids closed. 217. b. E. Upon giving a lower mandible anaesthesia. Mandible formed before frontal bone: a. Some bone are formed by endochondral ossification like long bone. .

Decrease by smear layer.penetration of bacteria Art & Science :Dentin permeability increase with the increase of cavity preparation decrease when sclerotic dentin develops under a carious lesion decrease with smear layer 4. a.decreases with the increase of cavity preparation -1 . *** After patient came to your clinic and gave an extended history and : complain. Permeability of dentine: ‫نفوذية‬ Bacterial product go through it. what’s your next step in treatment *** . b. Tooth brushing and dental floss help in community prevention of periodontal disease: a.3. 5.Increase with smear layer -3 Bacterial toxins can pass through before the actual -4 *** . False. Dentin permeability . *** Allow bacteria to go in. True. take medical history and evaluate the medical state. c. Do clinical examination. Cell of chronic inflammation: Lymphocytics.A) Clinical examination B) Start the treatment C) Radiographic examination . c. *** ‫اللمفاويات‬ PMN. c. 6. b. a. *** b. ‫العدلت‬ Dentist must: Treat PT medically.Increase when sclerotic dentin develops under a carious lesion -2 . ‫متعددات النوى‬ Neutrophils. a. Prescribe medication to Pt with medical problem. b.

True. ‫أنبوبي‬ Sclerosing dentine with less permeability. b. True. b. *** 13.‫يتشكل جسر عاجي‬ 11. Reparative dentine: ‫الترميمي‬ 2nd dentine. *** b. its color is dark: . extracted or avulsed tooth. a. 12. b. c. ‫نقص أكسجة لو؟‬ 10. Reparative dentine: a. Increase blood preasure. d. Amalgam tattoo is an oral pigmentation lesion: ‫تصبغ‬ a. Cementum contain cell like bone. ‫متصلب بنفوذية أقل‬ ‫ أما الثانوي فهو العاج المتراكم‬،‫العاج الترميمي يتشكل عند انكشا ف اللب لولمادة التغطية دلور مهم في تشكيله‬ . False. Happen as site if irritation. a.7. It is yellow in color in vital. *** Highly tubular dentine and it is detective from 1st dentine. But in non vital tooth. b. True. b.‫في حجرة اللب مع الزمن لومع لوجود النخر لوفي حالة التغطية لغير المباشرة‬ 9. *** 8. Same like secondary dentine. False. Development of maxillary process and medial frontal process in medial elongation of central portion: a. *** "Dental pulp 2002 " :‫المرجع‬ ‫ لوفيما يخص التغطية بماءات الكالسيوم فالتموتات محدلودة باللب القريب من النكشا ف ثم‬،‫التموت لغير ردلود‬ . Physiological reaction of edema on vital pulp: ‫لوذمة ألو احتقان‬ Decrease tissue fluid by decompression of blood vessel. *** Necrosis of pulp due to hyperoxia and anaryxia. Formed as dentine Bridge above the pulp. c. False. Microabscess on vital pulp: start necrosis of small part and sequela of destruction cycle and full repair: ‫الخراجات المجهرية باللب الحي تبدأ‬ ‫بتموت أجزاء صغيرة ثم دلورات من عقابيل التخرب لوالشفاء التام‬ a.

b-deep pressure c-temperature http://www.B) Hypocalcification . *** b.Odontoblast cell is more in the cellular pulp than radicular (http://en.C) Smoking :Q. odontoblastic process b. False.com/doc/17106080/Local-Anesthetics .It ‘s subjacent to predentine. outermost layer which contains odontoblasts and lies next to the predentin and mature dentin during making filing by Ni/Ti it gets fractured due the property -50 :of … & a.A) Xerostomia .Axial fatigue ‫آخر احساس يختفي عندما نعطي تخدير موضعي‬ A-pain *** .wikipedia.Rigidity b.org/wiki/Pulp_(tooth Odontoblastic layer.scribd. True.d)Xerostomia :the best definition to odontoblast -27 *** ……a.Both sensory & motor nerves are equally sensitive .Incipient caries in the old patients is MOSTLY due to a)smoking b)saliva *** . : what is the most factor encouraging dental caries (382 *** .a.

4 . temperature. followed by sweet & sour.Set up .the best material used without producing pressure is: ‫ماعرفت الجواب‬ Wax.3 .Bite rims . Type of autoclave used ‫ماعرفت الجواب‬ a-hot oven outoclave b-class b autuclave c-class s autoclave d-class d autoclave 220. z. bb. Bite registration paste (zinc oxide & eugenol paste). ‫الصح‬ aa. Affect esthetic and arrangement of maxillary denture. In recording man-max relation.sense Applied to tongue bitter taste is lost first. All of the above.1 . Affect retention of lower denture. When esthetic is important. y. Class III jaw relation in edentulous PT: ‫مو متأكدة‬ w. posterior class I composite is done in: ‫مو متأكدة‬ . A temporary form representing the base of a denture which is used for making maxillo-manibular (jaw) relative record for arranging teeth or for trail insertion in the mouth is: ‫مو متأكدة‬ . cc.Custom tray . and salty taste is lost last of all 218. 219. It will affect size of maxillary teeth.Order of pain blockade is pain. deep pressure . touch. x. *** 1.2 *** . Compound.Base plate 1.

. b. Oral and perioral cyst formed from epithelial rest of serres: ‫مو متأكدة‬ a. Most commonly. *** 15. Class I without central contact. Waxing not covering all crown prep.Iodine potassium. True.……c.……………ALL OF THE ABOVE ‫ أي الخيارين‬،‫اختيار الوصلة الرئيسية يعتمد على ارتفاع الميزاب من حدلوده السفلية إلى العلوية‬ . c. *** 4-None of the above. *** b. d. All of the above. Subgingival box. 38-irrigation solution for RCT cause protein coagulation is: ‫مو متأكدة‬ 1. e. Crown with open margin can be due to: ‫مو متأكدة‬ a. Galvanic shock. Hot.Sodium hypochlorite. b. 2. d. Over contouring of crown prevent seating during insertion. Putting die space on finishing line. Cold. 221.a. Sweet. *** ‫ مو متأكدة‬:to design a lingual bar we should determine -28 a. b. Occlusal pressure. d. 222. Complain from pain with: ‫مو متأكدة‬ a. ‫تشميع ل يتنالول كل تحضير التاج‬ c.<< H2O2 ‫ هو اللي يعمل‬PROTEIN COAGULATION 14. Bad oral hygiene. Contact free area. *** c. False.The inferior border of lingual sulcus b.Superior border of lingual sulcus . 3-Formocresol. after placement of amalgam restoration PT.

how to manage the extracted tooth: ‫مو واضحه الاجابات‬ 1.1 constidty 2 routed and constedety 2 none of above ‫ << مو لواضحة الجابات‬The kind of on lay wax used in cast braffiene 1 <<<<<2 <<<<<3 ‫ مو متأكدة‬. Ordinary waste container.16 – You extract tooth with large amalgam restoration. 3. Autoclave and deep buried.:Q 90 -non odontogenic Lesion similar to Endo Lesion a-Hyperparathyroidism *** . 2. wt is the Dx hypertrophic frenum/1 epulis .b-initial stage of cemental dysplasia c-ossifying Fibroma d-Dentigeaus cyst e-ameLobLastoma f-Lateral periodontal cyst j-myxoma & Hemangieoma Pt have denture.f /2 . *** 4. Sharp container. ‫ اقرب جواب << لمزم نرميها في‬DARK COTAINER WITH SOLUTION ‫عشان ذرات الزئبق الزيادة مايلوث اجو‬ ‫العيادة‬ The test for testing the bur all the blades of the burs path through 1 point called ‫ ماعرفت الجواب‬ronted. Office container. after 5 year he complain of ulcer and ‫ ماعرفت الجواب‬:inflammation in lower buccal vestibule.

43% organic by wgt. DNA only infect human but RNA doesn't infect human: a. *** both can infect humans . c. *** b. b. **(The three primary spaces are the submental. a galvanic (current will happen which causes discomfort to the patient Filling amalgam in the first madibular molar when touch the -21 :spoon there is a pain the reason is 1. ) (SARS . Reversible pulpitis. False. 60-65 inorganic by wgt . c. Galvanic action. (13% water by volume). Galvanic action. Irreversible pulpitis. hepatitis C . 25% water by wgt. (70% inorganic by volume). sublingual. d. *** 19. 7 days after amalgam restoration Pt came complaining of pain during putting spoon on the restored tooth because: a. (20% organic by volume).%10 ‫ لوماء لومواد أخرى‬%20 ‫ لومواد عضوية‬%70 ‫بالحجم يتكون العاج من هيدرلوكسي أباتايت‬ 17. and submandibular spaces) 18. *** when two metallic restorations are placed close to each other ) in an electrically conducting medium like saliva .16. False. True. True. .** b. Broken amalgam. Dentine composition: a. example : influenza . The primary direction for spread of infection in the mandible is to submental lymph node: ‫إلى تحت الذقن‬ a. b.

24. ‫مجرفة‬ c. ‫إزميل‬ (hoe . *** b. False. True. True. Preextraction cord. *** b.‫عموما تختار أسنان الجهزة الكاملة بشكل يتناسب مع الصلية قبل قلعها‬ 21. . b. True. 25. to prevent future gingival recession: a. False. False.20. False. *** b. ** (GI has a continuous release of fluoride because it reabsorbs it from the saliva but compomer has a limited release of fluoride). True. Subgingival scaling and root planning is done by: a. Make the tooth form good at gingival one third. Postextraction cord. *** c. Fluoride decrease dental caries by remineralization of enamel: a. *** b. Hoe. b. Make the tooth form good at gingival one half. The aim of conditioning agent on dentine before GI cement is to remove smear layer: a. chisel = supragingival) 23. Paraesthesia of lower lip after surgical removal of lower 8 is due to the irritation of inferior alveolar nerve: a. *** b. In full gold crown. Gracey Curette. 22. Compomer release fluoride as GI: a. . 26. Artificial teeth best to be selected by: a. Make the tooth form good at gingival one fifth. Chisel.

False. . *** ‫صحية‬ c. Multiple missing teeth. 31. *** b. Food. *** b. 32. False.27. c. PT feel pain of short duration after class II restoration. Radiotherapy increase caries by decreasing salivary secration: a. Barbed broach in endodontic is used for pulp examination in straight canals: a. Single tooth missing. ‫سرجية‬ 30. Irreversible pulpitis. 29. ‫محيطة بالسنخ‬ b. c. *** b. Dental plaque composed mainly of: a. True. Inorganic materials. Reversible pulpitis (hyperemia). Bacteria. Saddle. Periodontitis. Hygiene. Diagnosis is: a. True. 28. Fixed partial prosthesis is more successful in: a. Ridge lap. *** b. *** b. Best pontic is: a.

c. Practice. b. and recurrent . Large composite restorations. Hybrid + rough filler. This high resin content results in an . *** (hybrids are more resistant to wear than the conventional macrofilled) Clinical Aspects of Dental Materials Theory. is a microfilled composite selected for . IV. of macrofilled composites are adequate for Class III.decay The problem with microfilled composites is the low percentage filler (40–50%). Microfilled + fine filler.than other composite materials . and (Cases (3rd Ed 2009 The strength and other physical properties. a veneer of sorts. Composite for posterior teeth: a.surface luster Microfilled composites are also used in Class V restorations at the cemento–enamel junction. Macrofills were used before dentinal bonding systems were developed. The surface area of the very small filler particles requires much more resin to wet the surface of the filler particles. Macroflled + rough filler. and V restorations.increased coefficient of thermal expansion and lower strength Microfilled composites were used when esthetics are the dominant concern. are built in layers of several different shades and translucencies. Excessive wear when used for Class I and II restorations limited their posterior use. Clinical research has shown Class V microfill composite restorations are more likely to be retained . placing them in posterior teeth resulted in postoperative sensitivity. EXCEPT wear resistance and surface roughness. The final layer. The first layers to be placed are a hybrid composite selected for strength. such as an extensive Class IV restoration.33. leakage. Microfills have a lower modulus of elasticity and flex with the tooth better than the strongest composite materials.

Parietal bone. ‫القذالي‬ 36. Palatal maxillray process &Ethmoid bone B. they are also used for Class III and IV . *** b. *** c. ‫الوتدي‬ b. Palatal maxillary process & Sphenoid bone *** . Their surface finish is nearly as good as that of microfills. 35. Palate consists of: a.restorations 34. Paste. Palatine and zygomatic bone. *** (opens opposite the maxillary second molar ) 37. Occipital bone. their strength and abrasion resistance are acceptable for small to medium Class I and II restorations. False. Palatine and maxillary bone. b. Palatine and sphenoid bone. Mastoid process is a part of: ‫الناتئ الخشائي‬ a. thus. Palatal maxillary process & Temporal bone . ‫الجداري‬ c. Check bite of retainer by: ?? a. Hard palate consists of the following: A. Parotid duct opens opposite in 2ndMandibular molars: ‫القناة‬ ‫النكفية‬ a. Temporal bone. ‫الوجني‬ 38.Palatal maxillary process & Palatine bone D. *** ‫الصدغي‬ b.Hybrid composites are very popular.C. Impression. True.

3% sulfuric acid. *** b. Streptococcus salivarius. *** b. Selection of type of major connector in partial denture is determined: a. False. During bite registration. ‫اللعابية‬ c. 37% phosphoric acid. c. During diagnosis and planning. *** b. ‫الملتويات‬ 40. 15% fluoric acid. . 44. Nerve impulse stops when injection local anesthesia: a. *** . b. Check restorability of the tooth. For etching 15 sec. ‫من كتاب الطفال‬ 43.39. The most important microorganism in dental caries is: a. Emergency endodontic should not be started before: a. Establishing the diagnosis. c. Spirochaeta. b. for composite restoration use: a. 42. Streptococcus mutans.‫المعيار الساسي في قرار بدء المعالجة اللبية هو التشخيص المناسب‬ 41. True. White polycarbonate are temporary crowns used for anterior teeth: a. *** c. ***‫العقدية الطافرة‬ b. True. Establishing the pain. During examination. False.

Local anesthetics work to block nerve conduction by reducing ) (the influx of sodium ions into the nerve cytoplasm c. True. b.‫سوء التنسج‬ c. True. PMN.( long bone ossification is endochondral 47. Flat bone grow by endochondral ossification: a. Condensing osteitis (a focal sclerosingosteomyelitis). *** Flat bone ossification is intramembranous (no cartilage) . Fibroma. Radiopacity at the apex of a tooth with chronic pulpitis: ‫الظللية‬ a. b. *** b. and ) . c.‫لورم حبيبي‬ . f. Perapicalgranuloma. "Endodontics Problem solving in clinical practice 2002 " :‫المرجع‬ 48. False.. Plasma cell. *** b. ***‫ورم ليفي‬ e. Pulp chamber in lower 1st molar is mesially located: a. Cementaldysplasia. Lymphocyst. Papilloma. The most common benign tumor in oral cavity is: d. *** 46. False. 45. Lipoma. The most prominent cell in acute inflammation is: ‫أبرز خلية‬ a.

*** b. *** apex of triangle towards the thecingulum area and base of ) (triangle towards incisal edge 51. 54. Palatally. 53. "Endodontics Problem solving in clinical practice 2002 " :‫المرجع‬ ( this canal is present in 45% of cases and is usually missed ) 50. c. 52. True. False. Distally. *** b. Swelling. The access opening in lower incisor: a. Buccally. c. Clinical examination. Round. Lingual. b. *** b. Triangular. Palatal canal in upper molars is curved: a. Distal. Vitality test. The most common cause of endodontic pathosis is bacteria: a. c. *** b. c. Widening of PDL. Acuteperiapical abscess associated with a. Oval. Extra canal if present in mandibular incisor will be: a. Radiograph.49. Pus discharge. (althoughradiographically it looks straight ) . Acute periapical cyst and acute periodontal cyst are differentiated by: ?? a. *** b.

c 57. Gracey Used for cutting in specific area while universal is in any area.e g. 56. d. c and d. gracey 60 offset.55. Periapicalcemental dysplasia. Hypercementosis. Section of gracey is hemicircular and in universal triangular. *** c. e. rinsing with fluoride mouthwash. Ossifying fibroma. Universal 90 not offset.19 a. Difference between Gracey and universal curette: a. Person drinking fluoridated water. ( but text books say the angle of gracey is 70 degrees not 60 ) Gracey 13/14 . b. A and d f. True. c. Distal posterior … . then no need to put pit and fissure in his permanent teeth: a. Remove it as soon as possible. Radiopacity attached to root of mandibular molar: a. b. b. None of the above. Gracey has one cutting edge while universal has two. Leave it and inform the Pt. False. using toothbrush with fluoride. . Follow the Pt for 3 months. *** c. *** 58. Mesial posterior b. A. B. If tooth or root is pushed during surgical extraction into max sinus: a. b. b and c. d.

Bridge return to dentist from lab with different degree of color although the shade is the same. *** b. Complete denture poorly fit and inadequate interocclusal relation: 61. New denture.59. 63. Thick opaque. 62. Preventive measure. The 1st cervical vertebrae is: ‫فقرة رقبية‬ a. c. *** g. Amalgam. . Thin metal framework. None of the above. *** b. Amalgam feeling. Shallow preparation in marginal ridge. Rebasing. d. b. Improper centric relation. c. Glass ionomer. Relining. the cause: a. Cause of fracture of occlusal rest: a. ZOE. c. Atlas. Rampant caries in adult in anterior teeth restored by: a. Extension of rest to central fossa. *** c. *** b. Different thickness of porcelain. Axis. Small caries confined to enamel: a. 223. Keep under observation. 60. e. b. f.

68. False. The nerve which supply the tongue and may be anesthetized during nerve block injection: a.64. 15 sec. One layer. c. d. b. *** b. IX. *** b. True. c. *** 67. Cavity varnish should be applied at least in: a. b. 65. 45 sec. 60 sec. 10 sec. *** b. 15 sec. Light curing time for simple shallow class III composite: a. XII. Time of curing of dentine: a. VII c. *** d. . Most of dentine bonding material need conditioning time: a. 20 sec. 15 sec. 66. 30 sec. d. Cartilaginous joints in the body affect bone growth: a. 69. 30 sec. c. V. 10 sec. 60 sec.

d. however cases have been associated ) with mostly psoriasis .b. *** c. Psoriasis. Four layer. *** CawsonEssintials of Oral Pathology and Oral Medicine 7th ed 71. Burning mouth syndrome C. b. with examination of barium sulphate. Geographic tongue is seen in Pt with: a. and some cases with anemia and (diabetes :Geographic tongue is always accompanied in patient with -10 a. ………….A. A 21 years old patient who has iron deficiency anemia. c. Diabetes.‫الفقاع‬ etiology is unknown .. Iron deficiency anemia. Two layer. Three layer. b. Erythema multiform. Syndrome D. difficulty in swallowing. you found: ??? *** . d. Geographical tongue B. Pemphigus. Diabetes. Diabetic patient . A second application of cavity varnish is placed over the ) first to thoroughly coat the surfaces of the dentin and fill any voids from bubbles created when the first (application dries 70. Iron deficiency. *** c.

Determine occlusal height. 74. d.72. examination of residential ridge help to: a. Cleaning and shaping of the canal. To obturate the canal the most important step is: a. Irrigation of the canal. *** b. Pt came to the clinic complaining from soreness in the tongue sore throat the diagnosis is: a) burning mouth syndrome b) geographical tongue c) fissure tongue 73. Determine vertical dimension of occlusion. Cerebral palsy. one pin per line angle ) . ( one pin per cusp . 4 pins. Determine the need for tissue conditioning and surgery. *** b.‫نوبة‬ b. Diabetic Pt with ill fit denture. *** b. 2 pins. c. the number of pins per cusp is: a. Handicapped Pt with lesion in central nervous system appears to have different type of disorder in movement and procedure: a. *** c. During placement of amalgam pins. 76. Learning disability. 1 pin. 3 pins. c. Seizure. one pin per surface . (they don’t have control over the movement of their limbs ) 75.

8 x 2 = 3. *** b. *** b. Cervical 1/3. Middle 1/3. Irreversible pulpitis. diagnosis is: ‫عفوي‬ a. Reversible pulpitis. Acute apical periodotitis. Pt complains from severe spontaneous pain related to upper 6. *** b. 1. c. c.6 The amount of LA in milligrams per 1. 80. The most common complication after extraction for diabetic Pt is: . 3.6 78. 82.8 ml cartridge is ) calculated by multiplying the amount of analgesic per/1ml with (the volume of the cartridge in millilitres . c.01 b. Acute apical periodontitis. *** b. Thin thickness at the marginal ridge. It respond to vitality test no pain on percussion.77. The most common endodontic cyst is: a. Wide flared cavity c.A in 2% lidocaine with 1/100000 adrenaline is: a. 79. The amount of L.02 c. The most important in RCT is seal: ‫الهم للختم‬ a. 0. Keratocyst. 81. Radicular cyst. Deep cavity. Apical 1/3. The cause of fracture in amalgam class II restoration is: a. 0.

Dry heat. *** 87. Oedema.a. *** b. ( problems with healing which leads to infection ) 83. Contact area is in incisal/occlusal 1/3 in which tooth: a. Fiber optic light. Mandibular molars. Mandibular incisors. Tactile sensation. Maxillary molars. ‫إحساس اللمس‬ c. Severe bleeding. Periodontal ligament fibers in the middle third of the root is: a. Tactile examination. X-ray film. *** . Radiograph. Incipient caries is diagnosed by: a. 85. b. *** b. c. c. Autoclave. c. c. Lateral canal is detected by: a. (And dye) usually incipient caries are diagnosed by visual and tactile ) sensation . Disinfection of GP is done by: a. but in the posterior proximal areas a fiber optic (light can help detect incipient caries there 86. *** b.‫لوذمة‬ d. By clinical examination. Infection. 84. Sodium hypochlorite. All of the above. *** b. Oblique.

3.b. Ortho intrusion. Bitewing. To detect interproximal caries in primary teeth. c. Horizontal. ‫عبر الحاجز‬ 88. c. *** b. *** 2. b. Over erupted upper right 1st molar will be managed by: EXCEPT: a. A and B. Middle 2/3. Over eruption of lower right 2nd molar. 91. Adjustment of occlusion. ‫انغراس‬ c. Broken instrument during RCT. Intrusion of upper right 1st molar. Transeptal. Extraction. . Over erupting tooth can be treated by: 1. Cervical 3/3. best prognosis if broken at: ‫أفضل إنذار‬ a. *** b. 4. Pt with missing lower right 1st molar for long time you'll find: a. *** c. Mesial drifting of lower right 2nd molar. Occlusal. Intruded easily orthodontically. All the above. 90. c. *** b. Crowing. Crowning after endo. 89. the best film is: a. Apical 1/3. Periapical. 92. 5.

1.m: a. b. 95. stopping of cusp is 1. 2. False. Cause discomfort and pain.3. d.93. ( the migration is also called chemotaxis ) 97. Pulp stone: ‫الحصاة‬ a. *** . None of the above. c. True. False. Free in pulp chamber. 96.2.5-2 m.7. True.8. The amount of facial redaction in PFM crown: a. *** Stones may exist freely within the pulp tissue or be attached ) (to or embedded in dentine :Q. True. Intercellular movement of PMN leukocytes is called migration: ‫??ا‬ a. 0.Smallspheroidalradioopaque ‫ مش فاكر بالظبط نصها‬d)False stone occurs due to dystrophic dentin 94. *** b. *** b.Pulp stone can be the following EXCEPT ‫ صحيح‬a) present freely in the pulp ‫ صحيح‬b)cause discomfort & pain to the patient ‫صحيح‬c)In radiographs. A tooth with 25 degree inclination could be used as abutment: ‫ميلن‬ a. In onlay. c. *** b. 1.

*** 111. Pt come with bristle even on mucous membrane.5 before centric occlusion 119.‫أثناء اللبية اخترقنا مفترق الجذلور‬: Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA). Causes of failure of cast crown. Normal values of Pt PTT healing time. 99. d caries &haveincisal abrasion.b.5 before centric occlusion fifth 1. 3. 102. . ‫عدم التخدير‬ 100.environement 105. The fundamental rule in the endodontic emergencies is : control pain by inflammatory non steroid.. *** 114. Female pt come with endo treated upper central with m. *** fourth 1. Porcelain veneer is planned with modification to cover incisal edge. 118. B) 1+2+4 109. C) 1+2+3 110. 585. veneer should end: fourth lingualy 0. 4.5 mm before centric occlusal. *** ca oh formocresol 113.. diagnosis is certain. False. 115.family welfare 107. 112. 116. The following factors effect the health 103. 101.social and economic factors 106. D) all of the above. 98. ‫المعالجة‬.. Causes of parasthesia. 1.heriditary 104. 2. A) 1+2 108. u asked for immune test: ???? pemphigus bullospemphigoid lichen planus 117.

Sharpening the curette and sickle. 123.50-60 137. Immature tooth has less sensation of cold . B. the cutting edge should be at angle: 136. Tech of endo fill where we use continuous condensation vertical condensation 124. 612. Post graduated student use mta the prognosis depend on Prevent immediate suture disturbance during closure of wound. 142. 128. hot due to short root incomplete innervation . D.60-70 140. Principles and Practice of Endodontics WALTON – page 273 126.70-80. Pt come with siuns u make gp tracing & take radiograph the gp appear in lateral surface of the root periodontal abscess periodontitis lateral acessory canal. A. 131. 122. 141. *** 121. The cause of black cast which prevent pickling due to over heat contaminate with gas incomplete casting 132. 135. *** 134.120. C. In sharpness of instrument the angle between face & blade is 50-60 60-70 70-80. *** using a flab 130. "Continuous wave of condensation" in the vertical condensation paragraph ??? 127. *** 138. 133. 125. 129.80-90 139.

however cases ) have been associated with mostly psoriasis . ?? :Check bite of retainer by. b. with examination of barium sulphate.A. A 21 years old patient who has iron deficiency anemia. *** c. Radiograph. *** h. Make the tooth form good at gingival one fifth.‫الفقاع‬ my research showed : etiology is unknown . 36. Pemphigus. Paste. Diabetes. Syndrome . Geographic tongue is seen in Pt with: f.19 d. Clinical examination. Burning mouth syndrome C. Geographical tongue B.. c. you found: ??? *** .wide pulp chamber : Questions I did not know how to solve :In full gold crown. …………. Impression. difficulty in swallowing. g. to prevent future gingival recession . and some cases (with anemia and diabetes 56. *** e. Acute periapical cyst and acute periodontal cyst are differentiated by: ?? a. 55. Make the tooth form good at gingival one half. *** b.6 a. Iron deficiency anemia. Vitality test. Make the tooth form good at gingival one third.

Among the reasons that molar teeth are more difficult to treat endodontically than anterior teeth: a. *** ca oh formocresol Pt come with bristle even on mucous membrane. A and b.‫المعالجة‬. Diabetic patient :Q.Pulp stone can be the following EXCEPT ‫ صحيح‬a) present freely in the pulp ‫ صحيح‬b)cause discomfort & pain to the patient ‫صحيح‬c)In radiographs. u asked . Molar have more complex canal configuration.110 273 Continuous wave of condensation" in the vertical " ??? condensation paragraph 144. . b. Molar tend to have greater canal curvature.101 ???? :for immune test pemphigus bullospemphigoid lichen planus Principles and Practice of Endodontics WALTON – page . 97. c. *** d.‫أثناء اللبية اخترقنا مفترق الجذلور‬: Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA).D....Smallspheroidalradioopaque ‫ مش فاكر بالظبط نصها‬d)False stone occurs due to dystrophic dentin ( all seem to be correct ) 143. None of the above.

95%. Burning pain in multiple oral sites. Strongly related to poor oral hygiene. *** d. c. Round. How many canals can be present in mandibular second molars: a. d. c. d. Most common in older Pt. Burning mouth syndrome is a chronic disorder typically characterized by each of the following EXCEPT: a. Mucosal lesion. c. d. 3 or 4. Most common on lingual surface. Pain similar in intensity to toothache pain. Oval.145. b. Quadrilateral. b. 3 or 4. 2. The most common immediate treatment reported for fractured teeth was: a. b. Strongly related to phenytoin dosage. 3 or 4. ‫يشبه ألم السنان بالشدة‬ . 146. 82%. 149. 25%. c. 50%. Gingival hyperplasia related to phenytoin therapy is: ‫مضاد‬ ‫الصرع‬ a. 3. *** ‫آفة بالغشا ء المخاطي‬ b. 1. ‫ألم حرقة‬ c. *** 147. *** 148. 2. The correct access cavity preparation for the mandibular second molar is: a. ‫مو متأكده‬ b. Triangular.

‫تغير مستمر بحاسة الذلوق‬ It as a chronic orofacial pain. 2010 Jul 1. b. Francisco Gómez García . Mariano Sánchez-Siles. Paz Andujar-Mateos. c. ‫انقطاع الطمث‬ ‫كلها أسباب‬ Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal.4317/medoral. Denture allergy. Which of the following is the most likely potential cause of BMS (Burning mouth syndrome): ‫ل‬ ً" ‫السبب الكثر احتما‬ a.e562 Publication Types: Review Burning mouth syndrome: Update Pia López-Jornet.d. unaccompanied by mucosal lesions or other evident clinical signs upon examination 150. d. Neural dysfunction. Salivary dysfunction. Menopausal changes. Fabio Camacho-Alonso. Persistent altered taste perception.15. ‫المصدر‬ Stomatodynia e562 Journal section: Oral Medicine and Pathology doi:10.15 (4):e562-8.

Is largely preventable. b.‫النسج الرخوة‬ d. Fluoride is not taken up systemically from which of the following sources: a. Water. *** ‫تطبيق موضعي‬ .doses are useful in BMS 152. The tricyclic antidepressants such as amitriptyline and nortriptyline at low . Dentifrices. c. Dental fluorosis: a. Can be contracted at any age. Anxiolytic agents. d. Is indicative of systemic fluorosis. e. Present in the ingested foods. antiepileptics. ‫اللغشية المخاطية‬ 154. Antidepressant agents. Topical applications of fluoride. Present in the plaque and tissue fluids bathing the newly erupted tooth. Fluorides are most anticaries effective when: a. Food. analgesics and oral mucosa protectors. e. c. Becomes less noticeable with age. ‫المعاجين‬ d. Is reversible. There is no therapy of proven general efficacy. 153. *** ‫فعالية‬ ‫لوممكن تكون الجابه الخيره صحيحه لوجود العديد من الدلوية تستخدم في العلج‬ The most-used medications to treat this ‫ومممن نفممس المصممدر السممابق‬ syndrome are antidepressants.151. Present on the intraoral mucous membranes. *** b. Incorporated in the tooth enamel. *** ‫يد ل على النسمام الفلوري‬ ‫الجهازي‬ b. antipsychotics. c. Which of the following represents the best pharmacologic therapy for BMS: a. Present in the blood stream. Corticosteroids. c. d. ‫??? مضادات الكآبة‬ b.

k. Which of the following statement is true for the reported relationship of periodontal disease and diabetes mellitus: a. Fission. Biographical data. n. *** ‫معتمد على النسولين‬ d. Precipitation reaction. Nuclear reaction. The prevalence of periodontal disease increase with the better metabolic coronal of the diabetic state. up is obtaining the: j. Adult. f. ‫تفاعل ترسيب‬ h. Pts with history of diabetes of less than 10 years have more periodontal disease destruction than those with history of longer than 10 years. Accompanied by normal cell activity. m. i.onset. Traumatic history. The first step in diagnostic work. Present complaint. ketosis-prone diabetes . Thermodynamics. *** d. The reported incidence of periodontal disease in the diabetes is less than that for nondiabetic. Non-insulin-dependent. Galvanic action. Medical history. . . Ketosis-prone.155. b. Type I diabetes mellitus can be characterized as: a.severe diabetes mellitus with an early onset 156. *** l. c. ‫انشطار‬ 225.‫الخيار الثالث يتضمن الخيار الثاني‬ 224. c. *** g. Restorative history. b. The prevalence of periodontal disease increase with the advancing age of the diabetic. The spontaneous production of an electric current resulting from two dissimilar metal in the oral cavity is called: e.

Greater water solubility increase duration of adhesion. *** d. 160. Best treatment of choice for carious exposure of a primary molar in a 3 year old child who complain of toothache during and after food taking: a. Direct pulp capping with zao paste.157. . "Dental Secrets" ‫المرجع‬ ‫ أيام‬10 ‫ لوفي حال كانت الذرلوة مكتملة يتم القلع لوإعادة الزرع مع جبيرة‬،‫يتم البزلوغ خلل شهرين‬ ‫ أما السن اللبني فيقلع إذا انغرس حتى‬،‫لومع معالجة لبية لوحشو بماءات الكالسيوم خلل أسبوعين‬ .‫كما يزيد الثبات كل من مركبات الكربوكسيل لوأملح الزنك لوزيادة سيولة الماء‬ . To wait for re eruption of the intruded tooth. 158.‫يزيد الثبات مع زيادة الرتباط الميكانيكي لولكن ينقص مع زيادة لزلوجة اللعاب‬ . *** c. d. b. Caoh pulpotomy. Slow orthodontic extrusion using light force. The direction of the spirals. Surgical repositioning of intruded tooth and splinting. the treatment of choice is: a. In case of traumatic intrusion of young permanent incisor. *** c. Which of the following statement about the mechanism of action for denture adhesive is not correct: a. b. Formocresol pulpotomy. It depends in part on physical force and viscosity. Direct pulp capping with caoh. d. Zinc salts have been associated with stronger longer adhesion. Carboxyl group provide bio adhesion. The basic difference between K files and reamers is: a. Only antibiotic prescription and wait for eruption. c. *** ‫لزوجة‬ b. d. b. c. The depth of flutes. The number of spirals or flutes per unit length.‫جراب الدائم‬ 159. The geometric cross section.

Natural defenses in healthy person. b. 2000 Monday. d. incisal groove. 2000 mechanical preparation is necessary. Full crown preparation. What is the proper cavity preparation for V-shaped cervical erosion lesion to be restored with glass ionomer cement: a. It is recommended to avoid an intraligamental injection when the planned dental treatment is: a. The dentist should initially: a.‫لمنع انقطاع ترلوية اللب المتبقي‬ . Effective use of medicaments. ??? 162. incisal bevel. Explain to the Pt that the retainer irritated the surrounding soft tissue and prescribe an analgesic and warm oral rinse.161. Pulpotomy. Cervical groove. *** 164. Consider the probability of hyperemia. Pulp extirpation. b. Actual destruction of the micro organism in root canal attributed mainly to: a. ‫ثلم عنقي لوحافة قاطعة‬ c. ‫التدمير الفعال للبكتريا الموجوده في القناة‬ 163. . d. Cervical groove. d. c. 90ْ margin. January 24. January 24. A and b. Check the occlusion. Mechanical preparation and irrigation of the canal. Check the contract area. Proper antibiotic therapy. b. the Pt present with a complain of tenderness on mastication and bleeding from the gingival. ‫حافة‬ d. 4 retention points. No Monday. One week after filling of class II restoration. *** c. b. *** c.

Which one of the following is a disadvantage of autoclaving endodontics instruments: a. "Clinical Endodontics TRONSTAD " :‫المرجع‬ 167. *** d. Periodontal disease. *** c. Bad breath originating from the gastrointestinal tract is quite common. None of the above. ‫نظام شفط كماصة اللعاب‬ d.165. 1 mm beyond the radiograph apex. Faulty restoration. c. Which of the following would be clinically un acceptable as a primary of isolating a tooth for sealant placement: a. 1-2 mm short of the radiograph apex. It can dull the sharp edges of instruments. d. c. All forms of bacteria are not destroyed by it. Which one of the following is least likely to contribute to oral bad breath: ‫أقل عامل يسهم في رائحة الفم‬ a. *** ‫تقلل الحدة‬ b. Each of the following is correct EXCEPT which one: a. 169. *** 168. "Dental Secrets" ‫المرجع‬ ‫أشار إلى إمكانية كلل السطوح القاطعة لوالسنابل لوصدأ أدلوات الكاربايد لوضرلورة تنظيف الدلوات‬ . Bad breath appears to be largely bacteria in origin. b. To the radiograph apex. Carious lesions. b. . b. Rubber dam. The root canal treated teeth has the best prognosis when the root canal is instrumented and obturated: a. Denture. ‫ما بعد‬ c. Cotton roll. 3-4 mm short of the radiograph apex. None of the above.‫لوتغليفها قبل التعقيم‬ 166. b. d. Vac-ejector moisture control system. Compared to other technique it takes too long to sterilize.

‫القلعية الكبرى‬ c.Exposed dentine with opened dentinal tubules B. . :1 ‫مرجع‬ ‫تزداد فرط الحساسية العاجية في العقدين الثالث لوالرابع – لوفي أعناق القواطع لوالضواحك – لومع‬ . Bahjet disease.‫معظم الدراسات أشارت لنقص الحساسية عند تقليل نفوذية القنية العاجية‬ Art and science of operative dentistry 2000 :2 ‫مرجع‬ Dentin hypersensitivity is a common clinical condition that is difficult to treat because the treatment outcome is not . Self-perceptions of bad breath appear to be unreliable. One source of the irritation that leads to hypersensitivity is improper tooth brushing. Minor aphthous ulcer. *** b. The most common form of oral ulcerative disease is: a. *** ‫ل يمكن التعويل على حس الشخص برائحة فمه‬ d.consistently successful 171. b. Fear of having bad breath may be a severe problem for some people.A. It is one of the most successfully treated chronic dental problems. Its prevalence range from 8 to 30%.c. c.‫لن شعور النسان بنفسه الكريه هو معيار أكيد للمشكلة يمكن التعويل عليه‬ 170. d. Which one of the following is not a characteristic of dentinal hypersensitivity: a. HSV. The majority of the Pts who experience it are from 20 to 40 years of age.Obliterated dentinal tubule 172. Hypersensitivity is due to: *** . *** . d.‫البرلودة مقارنة بالتفريش ألو السكاكر‬ . Major aphthous ulcer.

228. The function of the anterior teeth is: Disarticulate the posterior teeth. *** Prevent attrition. Asymptomatic. Move in a superior direction from the x-ray tube head. e. b. g. d. relative to the image of the lingual object. The majority of primary herpetic infections are: ‫لغالبية بدايات الصابات الحلئية‬ a. *** c. h. The rule is: When two different radiographs are made of a pair of objects. Symptomatic.directed SLOB technique  same lingual . Correct the length and begin instrumentation. Opposite Buccal ‫لغير مفهوم‬ 229. A. If the initial working length film shows the tip of a file to be greater than 1 mm from the ideal location. Proceeded by fever. ‫انفكاك تشابك‬ Incise food. Move with the x-ray tube head. ‫منع التآكل بالحتكاك‬ Prevent food impaction. Move away from the x-ray tube head. *** c. the clinician should: a. the lingual object in relation to the buccal object: ‫تزلوي‬ a. The Buccal Object Rule is a method for determining the relative location of objects hidden in the oral region. None of the above. f. ‫حمامى‬ e. *** . d. c and d. Accompanied by gingival erythema. e. Move in an inferior direction from the x-ray tube head.226. the image of the buccal object moves. b. in the same direction that the x-ray beam is . 227. When using the buccal object rule in horizontal angulation.

b. Move the file to 1 mm short of the ideal length and expose a film. c. Interpolate the variance, correct the position of the stop to this distance, and expose the film. d. Confirm the working length with an apex locator.  ‫لنه أدق‬ e. Position the file at the root apex and expose a film. (3 ‫ ألو‬2 ‫ ألو‬1 ‫ ملم بكثير )يجب توضيح المسافة هل هي أكثر من‬1 ‫يبدلو أن الفرق ل يتعدى‬

230. In geriatrle Pt, Cementum on the root end will: ‫الشيوخ‬ a. Become thinned and almost nonexistent. b. Become thicker and irregular. *** c. Render apex to locater useless. d. Often not be seen on the radiograph. e. Indicate pathosis.

231. Which of the following endodontic failure may be retreated only with surgery: a. Missed major canal. b. Persistent inter appointment pain. ‫المعند‬ c. Post and core. *** d. Short canal filling. 232. Which of the following failure may be treated nonsurgically: a. Post filling that has removed. *** b. Severe apical perforation. ‫انثقاب شديد‬ c. Very narrow canal with a periapical lesion and the apex can not be reached. d. None of the above. 233. Tobacco should be considered a risk factor when planning treatment for Pt who require: a. Implants. b. Periodontal surgery. c. Oral surgery. d. Esthetic treatment. e. All of the above. ***

234. Pulpal pain may not be referred from: a. The right maxilla to the left maxilla. *** b. The third molar to the ear. c. A max molar to the sinus. d. An incompletely fractured tooth. e. A max cuspid to ear. 235. Spontaneous pulpal pain is indicative of: a. Reversible pulpitis. b. Irreversible pulpitis. *** c. Neurotic pulp. d. Hyperplastic pulp. ‫فرط تنسج‬ e. Atrophic pulp. ‫ضامر‬ 236. Internal Resorption: a. Painful. b. Seldom differentiated external resorption. c. Can occur in primary teeth. *** .‫يحصل المتصاص الداخلي في السنان المؤقتة عند إجراء التغطية المباشرة‬
Internal resorption is often painless, and progresses slowly. Children with internal resorption will notice the affected tooth may turn pink as the cells eat .away the lining

237. Teeth that are discolored as a result of internal resorption of the pulp may turn: a. Yellow. b. Dark brown. c. Pink. *** d. Green. 238. After completion of orthodontic treatment he came complaining of pain in 11 tooth radiograph show absorption in the middle third of the root of 11 wt is the proper management: a. Apply caoh at the site of resorption. *** b. Do RCT in a single visit c. Extract the tooth & reimplant it d. Extract the tooth & do implantation Dental decks part 2 page236

Bowl -shaped area of resorpation in volving cementument dentin characterize external inflamatory root resorption, this type of external resorption is rapidly progressive and will continue if treatement is not instituted. the process can be arrested by immeditae root canal treatment with calcium hydroxide paste. remembre the etiology of external resorption : excessive orthodontie forces, periradicular .inflammation, dental trauma, impacted teeth

239. Treatment of internal resorption involves: a. Complete extirpation of the pulp to arrest the resorption process. *** b. Enlarging the canal apical to the resorbed area for better access. c. Utilizing a silver cone and sealer to fill the irregularities in the resorbed area. d. Filling the canal and defect with amalgam. e. Sealing sodium hypochlorite in the canal to remove the inflammatory tissue necrotic in the area of the resorption.

Clinical Endodontics textbook TRONSTAD – page 150 Irrigation with copious amounts of 5 % sodium hypochlorite may have some effect, but the treatment of choice is to pack the canal and the resorption lacuna with calcium hydroxide paste. By the next visit, the calcium hydroxide will have necrotized any remaining tissue in the lacuna, and the necrotic remnants are readily removed by irrigation with sodium .hypochlorite

a. b. c. d.

240. Sensitivity to palpation and percussion indicates: ‫الجس لوالقرع‬ Reversible pulpitis. Irreversible pulpitis. Neurotic pulp. Hyperplastic pulpitis.

e. Inflammation of the periradicular tissues. ***

a. b. c. d.

241. Transverse fracture of developing teeth in the mixed dentition can be managed by: ‫رضية‬ ْ ‫الكسور الع‬ Forced eruption. *** ‫تبزيغ‬ Extraction and placement of a removable partial denture. Placement of single tooth. All of the above.
242.

Apexification is procedure that:  (Use

mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) as an artificial root-end barrier)
a. Finds the most apical stop of the guttpercha in RCT. b. Induce the formation of a mineral barrier in the apical region of incompletely root. *** c. Is new in the endodontic field. d. Involves the surgical removal of the apical region of the root and placement of a retrograde filling material:

a. b.
c.

d.

243. The preferred material used in apexification is: Zinc phosphate cement. Zinc polycarboxylate cement. Calcium hydroxide. ***  Calcium Hydroxide Plug As an Alternative Dycal. 244. What is the estimated incubation period of HIV infection: ‫فترة الحضانة التقريبية‬ 4 weeks. 6 months. 3 years. 6 years. 10 years.

a. b. c. d. e.

245. Hydrogen peroxide is the ideal bleaching agent because: a. It bleaches effectively at natural ph. b. It bleaches faster than carbamide peroxide. c. Protection for sensitive tissues can be incorporated into the hydrogen gel. ‫يمكن ضمانها‬ d. All of the above. ***

246. The most common cause of the angina is: ‫الذبحة‬ a. Stress. b. Renal disease. c. Arteriosclerotic plaques of the coronary vessels. *** ‫انسداد الشريان التاجي التصلبي‬ d. Hypoglycemia. ‫نقص السكر‬ e. Hypertension. ‫ارتفاع الضغط‬ 247. Which of the following drugs is completely effective in eliminating angina episode: ‫نوبة الذبحة‬ a. Propranolol. ‫حاصر بيتا‬ b. Nifedipine. ‫حاصر قنوات الكالسيوم‬ c. Diltiazem. ‫مضاد ذبحة لوخافض ضغط‬ d. Transdermal nitroglycerin. *** ‫موسع تاجي تحت الدمة‬ e. None of the above.

248. CPR a. Is best performed in the dental chair. b. Should be performed on all patients experiencing chest pain. c. Is more efficient when using a full mask, delivering 100% oxygen, than with the mouth to mouth technique. *** d. Is beyond the medico legal responsibility of the practicing dentist.

249. Which statement concerning sensitive teeth is false: a. Small dentin exposure can result in sensitivity. b. The extent of dental hard tissue loss always correlates with sensitivity. c. A wide variety of clinical condition can cause teeth to become sensitive. d. Oral hygiene habits and diet can contribute to clinical sensitivity problems. .‫ا مع تشكل عاج ثانوي لومع التقدم بالعمر‬ ً"‫ا الحساسية فهو يترافق أحيان‬ ً"‫ل يسبب ضياع نسج السن دلوم‬

250. Droplet nuclei containing mycobacterium tuberculosis: ‫نوى القطيرات الحالوية على المتفطرة السلية‬ a. Do not cause infection. b. Settle out of room air quickly. ‫تستعمر‬ c. Do not spread widely in the building. d. Remain airborn for prolonged period. *** ‫تنتقل بالهوا ء‬ ‫لفترة طويلة‬ 251. The most common activity associated with percutaneous injury of the dentist is: ‫أكثر فعل يترافق‬ ‫بأذى جلد الطبيب‬ a. Suturing. b. Anesthesia injection. *** c. Handpiece dig. ‫الحفر بالقبضة‬ d. Trimming impressions. ‫تشذيب الطبعة‬

a. b. c. d.

252. The most common location of percutaneous injury among dentist is: Hand. *** Face. Elbow. ‫مرفق‬ Arm.

253. The normal response of a vital pulp to the thermal testing is: a. No response. b. Lingering painful response. ‫تدلوم لفترة‬ c. Hypersensitive painful response.

258. The normal response of a vital pulp to the electric pulp testing is: a. *** ‫هجمة حادة لخراج مزمن‬ Abscess. *** ‫المسبب‬ 254. The periradicular diagnosis: Acute apical periodontitis. No response. c. Higher than that of the control teeth. A Pt with severe periradicular pain has a necrotic pulp. The normal response of a inflamed pulp to the thermal testing is: a. Chronic apical periodontitis. ‫هجمة‬ ‫حادة لخراج مزمن‬ d. c. In a range similar to that of the control teeth. b. and circumscribed radiolucency of long duration. *** ‫سن شاهد‬ 256. Painful response that disappears soon after stimulus is removed. Painful response that disappears soon after stimulus is removed. ‫متأخرة‬ c. Lingering painful response.d. Asymptomatic tooth has a necrotic pulp. Hypersensitive painful response. d. The periradicular diagnosis: ‫شفافية محددة الحوا ف‬-‫صفيحة صلبة مفتتة‬ a. 257. a broken lamina dura. No response. Acute exacerbation of chronic apical periodontitis. The periapical area over the involved tooth is inflamed and a. Acute exacerbation of chronic apical periodontitis. . Acute apical periodontitis. *** c. a broken lamina dura. ‫المسبب‬ 255. A Pt present in severe pain. b. Lower than that of the control teeth. b. d. b. and circumscribed radiolucency of long duration. Chronic apical periodontitis. Abscess. d.

b. The tooth is mobile and depressible in its socket with a diffused radiolucency. b. a. b. a. The incidence of nerve damage after third molar surgery is estimated to be: 5% or less. e. *** Displacement. c. 260. Reduction of mandibular fracture is defined as: ‫رد الفك السفلي المكسور‬ Nonalignment and separation of the fracture segment. c. a. e. The least likely mechanism for the nerve damage is: ‫ل لذية العصب‬ ً" ‫اللية القل احتما‬ Direct needle trauma. Chronic apical periodontitis. 262. Acute apical periodontitis. Abscess. ‫شد لوربط العصب‬ . *** Stretching and binding of the nerve. *** 259. 15% to 20% 20% to 25%. d. *** ‫مسك‬ ‫القطعة المكسورة في مكانها‬ Screw and bone places. d. External fixation. Wiring the upper and lower teeth together is called: Internal fixation. c. d. ‫عدم انحياز لوانفصال القطعة المكسورة‬ Realignment of fracture segments. d. b. ‫إعادة التصاق القطعة المكسورة‬ Holding of the fracture segments in place. ‫التثبيت ببرلغي‬ Internal fixation.swollen. The diagnosis is: a. ‫تشكل دموي داخل العصب‬ Local anesthetic toxicity. c. 261. An open reduction. b. d. *** 10% to 15%. a. Acute exacerbation of chronic apical periodontitis. ‫الرض بوخز البرة‬ Intraneural haematoma formation. c. Intermaxillary fixation.

c. Latex protein. Antioxidants. *** Nickel.Sharpey's fiber ‫ *** عبر الحاجز‬.a. Which of the following is the cause of immediat type allergic reaction to latex products: Accelerator.cementum and into the periosteum of the alveolar bone Fibers which completely embedded in cementation and pass -14 from cementation of one tooth to the cementation of adjacent ‫ الليا ف التي تصل سنين متجالورين‬:tooth is ‫ أليا ف شاربي‬. Pt take 40 cortisone in day of procedure double the dose just day of procedure double the dose day of procedure & day after stop the medication :What is the dominant type of fibers found in Cementum (346 A) longitudinal B) Circular *** . d.3 Transceptal fibers  A part of the gingival fiber system that extends from the supraalveolar cementum of one tooth horizontally through the .Transceptal fibers ‫ الطولنية‬. b.2 . 263..C) Sharpey's fiber Sharpey's fibres are the terminal ends of principle fibres (of the periodontal ligament) that insert into the .Longitudinal fibers .1 .

interdental attached gingiva above the septum of the alveolar bone to the cementum of the adjacent tooth.

: What is the main function of impression tray holes (347 *** .A)Fixing the Impression material

A Tailor is presented to your dental office, what’s the most (348 : common feature to be found in His teeth upon examination A)Attrition *** .B) abrasion C) Erosion D) Abfarcation

Abrasion of enamel and root surfaces may result from the – 7 :long term use of 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. A hard toothbrush. Tooth abrasive toothpaste or powder. Vigorous use of the toothbrush. A and B only. A, B and C. *** what’s the first sign of Syncope (349

*** .A) Paleness (B) nose bleeding (epistaxis C) Miosis

What’s the reason of the wax shrinkage upon fabrication (351 : of the bridge/crown

‫ل يوجد خيارات؟؟؟‬

Patient came to your clinic complaining of pain, upon (353 examination you can’t find a clue. What’s the next logical step to do in investigation *** .A) Panoramic x-ray B) CT Scan C) MRI D) Regular tomography

Q-contra indication of implant EXCEPT *** .many dental caries_1 malignancy_2 radiation therapy_3

:dental implant are successfully with min failure -1 a-premaxilla area in the upper arch b-posterior area of the maxillary arch c-mandible between the mental foramen .d-buccal shelf of the mandible :What’s the best implant type allowing Osseointegration (354 *** ..A) Root-form Endosseous implant

:The indications of implantation .Diabetic patient .1 .2

*** .Loss of one tooth only with the adjecent teeth

173. The most common immediate treatment reported for fractured teeth was: a. 25%. ‫مو متأكده‬ b. 50%. c. 82%. d. 95%. 174. Which of the following is the most likely potential cause of BMS (Burning mouth syndrome): ‫ل‬ ً" ‫السبب الكثر احتما‬ a. Denture allergy. b. Salivary dysfunction. c. Neural dysfunction. d. Menopausal changes. ‫انقطاع الطمث‬ ‫كلها أسباب‬
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2010 Jul 1;15 (4):e562-8. ‫المصدر‬ Stomatodynia e562 Journal section: Oral Medicine and Pathology doi:10.4317/medoral.15.e562 Publication Types: Review Burning mouth syndrome: Update Pia López-Jornet, Fabio Camacho-Alonso, Paz Andujar-Mateos, Mariano Sánchez-Siles, Francisco Gómez García

175. Which of the following represents the best pharmacologic therapy for BMS: a. Antidepressant agents. ‫??? مضادات الكآبة‬ b. Corticosteroids. c. Anxiolytic agents. d. There is no therapy of proven general efficacy. *** ‫فعالية‬ ‫لوممكن تكون الجابه الخيره صحيحه لوجود العديد من الدلوية تستخدم في العلج‬

The most-used medications to treat ‫ومن نفس المصدر السابق‬ this syndrome are antidepressants, antipsychotics, antiepileptics, analgesics and oral mucosa protectors. The tricyclic antidepressants such as amitriptyline and nortriptyline at low

,doses are useful in BMS

176. What is the proper cavity preparation for V-shaped cervical erosion lesion to be restored with glass ionomer cement: a. Cervical groove, incisal groove. b. Cervical groove, incisal bevel. ‫ثلم عنقي لوحافة قاطعة‬ c. 4 retention points, 90ْ margin. ‫حافة‬ d. No Monday, January 24, 2000 Monday, January 24. 2000 mechanical preparation is necessary. ??? 177. Pt take 40 cortisone in day of procedure double the dose just day of procedure double the dose day of procedure & day after stop the medication 178. 351) What’s the reason of the wax shrinkage upon fabrication of the bridge/crown : ‫ل يوجد خيارات‬ 179. 1- dental implant are successfully with min failure: a-premaxilla area in the upper arch b-posterior area of the maxillary arch c-mandible between the mental foramen ? d-buccal shelf of the mandible.

The best transport medium for evulsed tooth :is ‫ ماء الحنفية‬.Tap water

*** .(HBSS (Hank's balanced salt solution .Saliva •

.Milk

Which of the following is the longest in the :dental arch
.Maxiliary central incisor .Maxiliary second premolar .Mandibular canine *** .Maxiliary canine • • • •

Maxillary canine Main article: Maxillary canine The maxillary canine is the tooth located laterally from both maxillary lateral incisors of the mouth but mesially from both maxillary first premolars. It is the longest tooth .in total length, from root to the incisal edge, in the mouth

Chlorhexidine is used as mouth wash in the :concentration of
*** 0.1-0.2% • •

‫ في إرواء النقنية‬1-2%
5-10% 20% • •

Traumatically fractured crown of central • incisor in an 8-years-old child with pulp exposure (more than 1 mm) half hour ago, medical history is noncontributory and the tooth is not displaced. What is your :management

Caoh pulpotomy • • • ‫ استئصال‬.Total extirpation of pulp and caoh • ‫يتم البتر ل ن مجيء المريض متأخر وبنفس الونقت يترك للذروة المفتوحة فرصة إعادة التحام الحزمة‬ . conjunctiva and ‫ *** الملتحمة والعضاء التناسلية‬.‫الوعائية العصبية‬ ‫ الحزاز المنبسط‬:The oral lesions of the lichen planus .individuals ‫ يترك ندبة‬.Erythema multiform ‫ طلوا ن مشعر‬. high-strung .body • May be part of a syndrome in which • lesions also appear on the skin.Kaposi's sarcoma • .Are usually painful • • Rarely appear before lesion elsewhere on the .Candidiasis • • ‫ *** حمامى متعددة الكشكال‬.Rapidly progressing periodontitis .genitalia Often appear in nervous.Hairy leukoplakia • • .Direct pulpcap with caoh and composite *** ..Endodontics-pulpectomy and obturation .Heals with scarring • • All of the following are oral features of • :acquired immunodeficiency syndrome AIDS EXCEPT ‫ضات‬ َّ‫ي ا‬ َ‫ب ّض‬ ْ‫م َي‬ ُ‫ ال ب‬.

Not required • • ‫ مستهلك للونقت‬.‫تنتج الحمامى متعددة الكشكال عن فيروس الحل وعن الثكثار من الذغذية الحاوية على البنزوات وينتج‬ ‫عنها داء ستيفن جونسو ن‬ :The use of the rubber dam in endodontics is • ً‫ لزم عموم‬.An established rule .Post-retained metal-ceramic crown .Composite resin .Using efficient cooling system • • Blacking exposed tubules on the dentin *** .Dictated by Pt comfort • The best restoration for max central incisor • that has received RCT through conservatively prepared :access opening would be .surface • .Post-retained porcelain jacket crown *** .None of the above • • • • Dentine hypersensitivity is best relieved or :controlled by ‫ فعال‬.Frequently required ‫ا‬ • • ‫ *** نقانو ن معروف‬.Time consuming ‫ يملي براحة المريض‬.

Auricular fibrillation . b and c • • *** .Rhabdomyoma ‫ ورم ليفي‬. c and e . d and e .‫ ملغ أزيترومايسين‬500 ‫أو‬ Which of the following is a benign epithelial ‫ ورم ظهاري سليم‬:neoplasm ‫ الورم العضلي المخطط‬.Lipoma • • • • • ‫ ورم الخليا الحبيبية‬.C.Mitral stenosis ‫ رجفا ن أذيني‬.dentin • Pt with a history of subacute bacterial • endocarditis is a medical problem in a surgery because of ‫ التهاب كشغاف القلب‬:the possibility of ‫ تجرثم الدم‬.A.intrapulpal pressure • Applying anti inflammatory agent to exposed . b and d .Bacteremia ‫ إنتا ن الدم‬.Opening tubules to permit release of .A.Fibroma ‫ ورم كشحمي‬.A.Septicemia .B.Granular cell tumor .Hypertension • • • • • ‫ تضيق أبهري‬. d and e • • • ،‫ ملغ سيفالكسين‬2 ‫ أو‬،‫ ملغ ثكليندامايسين‬600 ‫ أو‬،‫ ملغ أموثكسيسلين نقبل المعالجة بساعة‬2 ‫يجب تناول‬ .

Red plaque • • • ‫ نقرحات مسطحة‬.All of the above .White streaks .‫ *** ورم كشائكي متقر ن‬.Builae • • The function of the periodontal ligament include Mechanical function Formative function Nutritive function Sensory function • • • • • • *** .Shallow ulcers ‫ ناتئ حليمي‬.Papillary projections ‫ فقاعات‬.Keratoacanthoma ‫المرجع‬ Journal of Applied Oral Science • :Oral lesions of lichen planus usually appear as • ‫ *** بقع بيضاء‬.All of the above :Ankylosis • • • • • No PDL Caused by trauma Extracted surgically *** .

or motor development and coordination. tight muscles and joints).Acute periodontal cyst • • • ‫التهاب اللثة التقرحي التموتي الحاد التهاب نازف مؤلم يحدث عند البالغين في حالت التعب والرهاق‬ .Complex odontoma • • • ‫وهو ورم سليم‬ A child came to the clinic with continuous • involuntary movement of his head and extremities and difficulty in vocal communication. reflexes. bad breath and bleeding gingival. and/or soft tissue findings consisting largely of decreased muscle mass.*** Cementoblastoma ‫ ورم سني‬.An 18 years old Pt present complaining of • pain. This began over the weakened while studying for the final exam. The condition is :described as ‫ صرع‬.*** Cerebral palsy All types of cerebral palsy are characterized by abnormal muscle tone (i. other involuntary movements (e. Scissor walking (where the knees come . The classical symptoms are spasticities. spasms.Epilepsy • • ‫ كشلل دماذغي‬.Desquamative gingivitis . slouching over while sitting). unsteady gait. facial gestures). problems with balance.Compound odontoma . There can be joint and bone deformities and contractures (permanently fixed.g.‫والتوتر رذغم العناية الفموية الجيدة‬ :The following are types of hamartoma EXCEPT (‫ورم عابي )خلقي‬ • ‫ ورم مصورات الملط‬.e. The Pt :may have which of the following conditions *** Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis • Rapidly progressive periodontitis ‫ توسفي‬.

eating problems.learning disabilities.Fibroblast Odontoblast • • *** .virtually impossible at the other end the spectrum Secondary conditions can include seizures. dysarthria or other communication disorders. CP symptomatology is very diverse.in and cross) and toe walking (which can contribute to a gait reminiscent of a marionette) are common among people with CP who are able to walk. sensory impairments. The effects of cerebral palsy fall on a continuum of motor dysfunction which may range from slight clumsiness at the mild end of the spectrum to impairments so severe that they render coordinated movement . mental retardation. but taken on the whole. apraxia.Osmosis • • • ‫ النقل الفعال‬.Speech and language disorders are common in people with Cerebral Palsy The movement of water across a selectively :permeable membrane is called ‫ *** التناضح‬.Filtration ‫ النتشار‬. .Active transport ‫ الرتشاح‬.Mesenchymal cell • High rate of fractures at canine area in the • mandible due to: I am not sure from the answer Change direction of forces occruing here *** Long canine root • • • Lower border is thin in this area Alveolus is thin in this area • . and/or behavioral disorders .Diffusion • • :Cell that can give more than one type • ‫ مصورات الليف‬. epilepsy.

Hypo calcification in enamel .Lateral periodontal cyst • • ‫ ورم مخاطي ووعائي‬.Dentigerous cyst .Myxoma & hemangioma Which virus is present in the patient's mouth ?all his Life Herpes Simplex Herpes zoster Varecilla Virus • • • • • *** None of the above HSV1 ‫ هو الهربس‬:‫سؤال عن الفيروس الذي يسكن الجسم مدى الحياة‬ • Infection is more dangerous in children than :adult because ‫ *** النقي‬Marrow spaces are wide .:Lesion similar to Endo Lesion • Hyperparathyroidism • • ‫ *** درجة‬Initial stage of cemental dysplasia ‫أولية من خلل تنسج الملط‬ Ossifying Fibroma • • ‫ ثكيسة سنية‬.Affect growth centre • • • • .Ameloblastoma • .

Viral sialoadenitis .mortality connected with treatment Oral pathology clinical pathologic correlation.‫ الستئصال‬.the ranula and sublingual gland . 4th edition.Infected sialoadenitis • • :Ranula Can be treated by • ‫ القطع‬. There is little morbidity or .Marsupialization • Treatment of ranulas could involve either marsupialization or more often excision of both the gland and lesion. Page 222 Marsupialization can be performed before a definitive " "excision And Contemporary oral and maxillofacial surgery.…The usual treatment of ranula is marsupialization The preferred tx for recurrent or persistent ranula is excision of .Incision • • • ‫ *** التوخيف‬. Ranulas are likely to recur if the sublingual gland or other gland causing them is not also removed with the lesion. Page 447 .Cauterization ‫ البضع‬.Pleomorphic adenomas ‫ التهاب الغدة اللعابية الفيروسي‬. peterson.Excision ‫ الكي‬.3rd edition.The Common disease affecting the :submandibular salivary gland is *** Salivary calculi • • • ‫ متعدد الكشكال‬.

‫ ولكن الفقرة السابقة توصلنا للختيار الثالث‬،‫ا على هذا السؤال بالختيار الول‬ ً‫الزملء أجابوا سابق‬ .Bonding the metal structure .expensive in terms of manpower . However. it is .Initiating the color *** .the type of :finish line is *** Chamfer • • • Beveled shoulder deep chamfer is the answer :Benefits of opaque porcelain layer .A & b • • • • In terms of caries prevention.Community based programs • Private based programs • • (‫ *** )ثكل بمفرده‬. the most • :effective and most cost effective method is . This is usually the most successful approach. because the message can be tailored to the individual and reinforcement is facilitated.For the ceramometal restorations.Individually based programs the community based program is more accurate coz it is cost effective 60 ‫أثكسفورد ص‬ One-to-one in the clinical environment.

space • • • .All of the above • • • • ‫ الوبائيات‬:Epidemiology can be defined as .hours later 24 ..Study of biological animals • • .Immediately • • • *** .When you do amalgam finishing .Radiographic examination in impacted teeth is :useful to demonstrate Proximity of the roots to the adjacent .Submandibular+sublingual+submental *** • ..Associated pathology *** ..Study of disease in research laboratory • :Most common Benign Tumer in oral cavity is *** .(Fibroma (Ameloblastic fibroma • • Which of the following spaces are bilaterally ?involved in Ludwig's angina Submandibular + masticatory spaces Sublingual+Lat.Pha.determinant of disease in man ..A study of special areas of the skin • • The study of the distribution and *** .anatomical structures .

Erythromycin • • • • .Penicillin .Spongy bone ‫ إسفنجي‬.Submandibular Lymph nodes ‫ الضفيرة الجناحية‬..Cancellous bone • • • Neoplasm that spread by Lymphatic from the :angle of the mouth reach the ‫ أمام صيوا ن الذ ن‬.A & b • • • • • A only B only :The roof of mandibular fossa consist of ‫ *** ثكثيف‬.Thin compact bone ‫ إسفنجي‬... When polishing amalgam rest • • Avoid heat generation by using wet polishing paste Wait for 24 hours *** .Mental Lymph nodes • • • • *** .Preauricular Lymph nodes ***.Pterygoid plexus • • ‫ذات البطنين‬-‫ الوداجية‬.Jugulo-digastric nodes Both answers are true I am ‫ فقر الدم الل تنسجي‬:Aplastic anemia is caused by not sure from the answer ..Tetracycline ..

6 • • • • Dental decks ‫حسب‬ ‫ سم مكعب‬1. For example.anticonvulsant agents as mephenytoin What is the amount in mg in 1.mg 3. Many drugs are associated with aplasia mainly according to case reports but at a very low probability.courses. felbamate. As an example.000 treatment .levels of estrogen will cause the bone marrow to stop producing red blood cells Also: chloramphenicol. phenytoin.018 ‫ تكو ن ثكميته‬100000 ‫إذا ثكا ن ترثكيز الدرينالين جزء من‬ ‫وليس هناك علنقة بين ترثكيز الليدوثكائين وترثكيز الدرينالين‬ .6 ‫ تكو ن ثكميته‬%2 ‫إذا ثكا ن ترثكيز الليدوثكائين‬ ‫ ملغ‬0.‫ *** مثل السيبتريم‬. This is because female ferrets are induced ovulators. or with the use of certain drugs. in the ferret (Mustela putorius furo) aplastic anemia is caused by estrogen toxicity. the etiology is considered to be idiopathic (cannot be determined). and carbamazepine aplasia is even more rare Exposure to ionizing radiation from radioactive materials or radiation-producing .blood cells attack the bone marrow Aplastic anemia is also sometimes associated with exposure to toxins such as benzene. if not mated. quinine. and phenylbutazone. Intact females. carbamazepine. but one known cause is an autoimmune disorder in which white .Sulfonamide • In many cases. and after some time the high .8 ml of xylocain mg/ml 20 mg/ml 1.8 ‫ ملغ ل ن حجم المبولة‬3. and such .8 *** . including chloramphenicol. chloramphenicol treatment is followed by aplasia in less than 1 in 40. will remain in heat. phenylbutazone [Butazolidin]. so mating is required to bring the female out of heat.devices is also associated with the development of aplastic anemia Aplastic anemia is present in up to 2% of patients with acute viral hepatiti In some animals aplastic anemia may have other causes.

infra orbital syndrome .Pulmonary abscess ‫ التهاب الصفاق‬.Prosthetic valve infection ***‫ خثرة الجيب الكهفي‬.Cavernous sinus thrombosis • Dental Secrets – page 260 What are the significant complications of untreated ?Odontogenic infection Tooth loss • Spread to the cavernous sinus and brain • • Spread to the neck with large vein complications • Spread to potential fascial spaces with compromise of the airway Septic shock • :Cavernous sinus thrombosis not manifested as .The scientific evidence in dictating that oral • ‫ محتمل الخباثة‬:Lichen planus is a "premalignant Lesion" is Very strong Non-existent • • • Moderately strong *** .eye exophthalmos Dental Secrets – page 263 .Weak • Odontogenic infection can cause least ‫ أنقل الختلطات لسباب سنية‬:complication ‫ خراج رئوي‬.Syncope due to atrial obliteration .Peritonitis • • • • ‫ إنتا ن صمام بديل‬.

A & b • • • • None of the above Small access opening in upper centeral incisor :lead to .P not reach working • :length although it is the same size of last file ‫ برادة‬.:Cavernous sinus thrombosis Patients present with proptosis.Affect retention of lower denture • • • • esthetic and arrangement of ====== .Very toxic contain formaldehyde .Dentin debris ‫ درجة‬. and fever :In class 3 jaw relation in edentulous Pt .Contain corticosteroids *** . orbital swelling.It will effect size of maxillary teeth . neurologic .All of the above • :Endomethasone is a root canal sealer that • • Dissolve in fluid so it weaken the root canal .Complete removal of the pulp • • .signs.maxillary denture *** .Ledge formation *** .All the above • • • Cause that master G.filling .

Greater palatine artery *** .Facial artery • • • • ‫ *** الوتدي الحنكي‬.None of the above • • :Blood supply of the palate is from *** .Long sphenopalatine artery Anatomising braches from all of the above ‫ فروع تشريحية‬EXCEPT c We distinguish between periapical and :periodontal abscess X-ray examination Clinical examination • • • • • • *** .True • • • False :Selection of shade for composite is done .*** .Under light • • .Incomplete removal of the pulp .Vitality of the pulp .Conservative restoration • • In sickle cell anemia O2 decreased in oral ‫ فقر الدم المنجلي‬:mucosa *** .Lesser palatine artery *** .After drying tooth & isolation with rubber dam *** .

‫ أما العصب تحت اللساني فمسؤول عن حرثكة اللسا ن‬،‫والتذوق للثلث الخلفي‬ :The choice of local anesthesia depend on • Diameter of the nerve • .Hypoglossal nerve ‫ حبل الطبل‬.Restoration by adhesion • • Controlled by alcohol Put sedative medication • • A U.shaped radiopaque structure in the upper ‫ ظليل‬:1st molar x-ray is *** .Lingual nerve • • • • ‫ تحت اللساني‬. Thunthy .page 44 " And Dental Decks – page 150 Loss of sensation in the anterior 2/3 of the ‫ كشلل‬:tongue is related to paralysis of *** .Chorda tympani nerve ‫ وعصب حبل‬،‫العصب اللساني )فرع مثلث التوائم( مسؤول عن الحساس في أول ثلثين من اللسا ن‬ ‫ والعصب اللساني البلعومي مسؤول عن الحساس‬،‫الطبل )فرع الوجهي( مسؤول عن التذوق فيهما‬ .The zygomatic process • • Maxillary sinus wall • "Dental Radiographic Diagnosis by Dr.:How can you prevent dental hyper sensitivity *** .

12 ‫يتراوح مونقع ثقبة الفك السفلي من‬ .*** This answer according to the internet :‫حسب دراسة صينية‬ • ‫ إلى مستوى‬،‫ سنوات‬3 ‫ ملم تحت مستوى الطباق في عمر‬4.mm below the occlusal plane 5 .Type of L.Structure of the bone Number of branches • • *** .B) The location of the nerve *** .mm above the occlusal plane 7 • At the occlusal plane.16 ‫ إلى‬،‫ سنوات‬9 ‫الطباق في عمر‬ .Nucleus • • • .Mitochondria ‫ جسيمات حالة‬.a) Chemical composition of anesthesia .‫سنوات إلى الثلث المتوسط عن البالغين‬3 ‫وترتفع الثقبة من الثلث السفلي للشعبة الصاعدة في عمر‬ :The cell primary site of ATP production is • ‫ *** متقدرات‬.‫ ملم فوق مستوى الطباق عند البالغين‬4.Lysosomes ‫ النوى‬.A agent chemistry • .‫اختيار المادة المخدرة بحد ذاتها هو أمر يتعلق باستعداد المريض لها‬ :Choice of local anesthesia technique influenced by .mm below the occlusal plane 7 • • • *** .C) Bone structure compact ‫ أو ثكثيف‬cancellous ‫اختيار تقنية التخدير تتعلق بكو ن العظم إسفنجي‬ When you give inferior dental block for pedo Pt the angulations for the needle .

Nucleolus ‫ فجوات‬.Cell wall • • • • • • .Phagocytosis ‫ انسلل‬.Cell membrane The packing and sorting of protein is the :function of ‫ الشبكة الهيولية‬.Vacuoles • • The organelle most closely associated with the ‫ العضيات‬:manufacture of proteins within the cell ‫ *** ريباس‬.Nucleolus .Diapedesis • • • • ‫ *** انجذاب ثكيميائي‬.Chemotaxis ‫ رعاف‬.Epistaxis • :Action of Histamine • .Lysosome .Ribosome .‫ النويات‬.Endoplasmic reticulum *** Golgi apparatus • • • Mitochondria Nucleus • • The process of attraction of neutrophils to a :site of Local tissue injury is called ‫ بلعمة‬.

Exocytosis • • • ‫ *** بلعمة‬.Phagocytosis ‫ احتساء‬.library.Keratocyst • • • Most commonly dentigerous cysts are :associated with • .au/bitst.Broncho • • ‫ خيار نانقص‬ALL OF THE ABOVE :Cholesterol crystals are found in • ‫ *** ثكيسة متقرنة‬.Radicular cyst .Endocytosis ‫ نقذف‬.Permeability • • ‫ تحفيز ثكيميائي‬.‫ توسع الوعية‬.usyd.Chemokinesis ‫ نقصبي‬.Vasodilatation ‫ نفوذية‬.z%20Iqubal.edu.Pinocytosis • The Most common odontogenic cysts in the :jaws are ‫ *** جذري‬.Keratocyst Periodontal cyst • • http://ses. dentigerous cysts.cysts..pdf Cholesterol crystals are found in many odontogenic cysts including radicular . and odontogenic keratocysts :The process of cell engulfing particle is called • ‫عملية ابتلع الخليا للجزيئات‬ ‫ التقام‬..

Page 294 ‫ القناة الدرنقية اللسانية‬:Thyroglossal duct cysts .All of the above • • • ‫ ويكيبيديا‬:‫المرجع‬ Oral pathology clinical pathologic correlation.Reduced enamel epithelium .pathway of the embryonic thyroglossal duct .Unerupted mandibular third molars • • Histopathologically.3rd edition.Clinically present in the Lateral neck tissue May be found anywhere along the • *** .Stratified squamous in type ‫ ظهارة مينائية ضامرة‬.Are sometimes called Lympho-epithelial cysts • ‫المرجع‬ Oral pathology clinical pathologic correlation. Page 316 Unilateral swelling + slowly progressing Lesion :on the Left side of the mandible.Cuboidal in type • • ‫بق‬ ّ‫ *** حركشفي مط ق‬.Unerupted permanent maxillary canines *** .Osteoma .3rd edition.Are only found in the posterior tongue • • • . This could be ‫ ورم عظمي‬. dentigerous cyst Lining ‫ الكيسة السنية المبطنة بظهارة‬:epithelium may be ‫ مكعبي الشكل‬.Cementoblastoma • • • .

Dental follicle . Page 357 :Toothgerm of primary teeth arise from *** .3rd edition. The dental lamina is first evidence of tooth development and begins at the sixth week in utero or three weeks after the rupture of the .org/wiki/Dental_lamina The dental lamina is a band of epithelial tissue seen in histologic sections of a developing tooth.Epithelial cell of malassez http://en.*** .Dental lamina .Epithelial cell rest of malassez Ref: Apical periodontal cyst= periapical cyst = radicular cyst: these inflammatory cysts derive their epithelial lining from the proliferation of small odontogenic epithelial residues (rests of Malassez) within the PDL .buccopharyngeal membrane :Apical periodontal cyst arise from • ‫ ذغمد هيرتفغ‬.Hertwig sheath • • *** .wikipedia.Enamel organ • • • • • .Osteo-sarcom • • ‫المرجع‬ Oral pathology clinical pathologic correlation.‫أما الثكياس حول السنية فمن الغدد اللثوية‬ .Ossifying Fibroma .‫الثكياس الذروية والجذرية تحصل على بطانتها الظهارية من تكاثر بقايا ظهارة سنية المنشأ‬ .

Epithelial rest of malassaz .Hertiwigs • • *** .Peals of serres • • Oral Pathology . Southam Emeritus Professor of Oral Medicine and Oral Pathology University of Edinburgh UK http://obm.wikipedia.:Formation of periodontal cyst due to • ‫ أنفي دمعي‬. Some rests become calcified in the (periodontal ligament(cementicles ‫ وهي التي‬،‫بقايا ملسية جزء من الرباط حول السني وهي تتمايز عن ما تبقى من خليا من ذغمد هرتفغ‬ ‫ وبعض البقايا تتكلس في الرباط‬،‫تتكاثر لتشكل البشرة المبطنة للثكياس سنية المنشأ ثكالكيس الجذري‬ .4th Ed.‫فتكو ن الخليا الملطية‬ . Soames Professor of Oral Pathology University of Newcastle upon Tyne UK And J. C. They are named after Louis-Charles Malassez (1842– 1909) who described them. the epithelial cell rests of Malassez or epithelial rests of Malassez (frequently abbreviated as ERM) are part of the periodontal ligament cells around a tooth. They are discrete clusters of residual cells from Hertwig's epithelial root sheath (HERS) that didn't completely disappear.org/wiki/Epithelial_cell_rests_of_Malassez In dentistry.Nasolacrimal cyst . It is considered that these cell rests proliferate to form epithelial lining of variousodontogenic cysts such as radicular cyst under the influence of various stimuli.quintessenz. (2005) J.php?doc=html&abstractID=9558 http://en.de/index. V.

The roof of mandibular fossa consist of: Thin compact bone. Always originates within the surface epithelium. c. *** ‫عظم قاسي‬ Spongy bone. It is usually located between the . Primary malignant melanoma of the oral mucosa: ‫القيتاميني الخبيث‬ a. Cancellous. It is-in a lateral rather than an apical location because the inflammatory stimulus is emanating from a lateral canal.mandibular premolars. b. ‫نسيج اسفنجي‬ 3. which are vital 2.19 cyst and a lateral ?periodontal cyst A lateral radicular cyst is an inflammatory cyst in which the epithelium is derived from rests of Malassez (like a periapical or apical radicular cyst).Cell Rest of Malassez .Cell rest of serss • • • • . The lateral periondontal cyst is a developmental cyst in which the epithelium probably is derived from rests of dental lamina. . a.Which is the most Likely cause of periodontal ?cyst *** . The associated tooth is always nonvital.Cell of Hertwig sheath :‫ثكلم مختلف‬ Dental secrets – page 66 What is the difference between a lateral radicular .

The term acanthosis refers to: A decreased production of keratin An increased production of keratin An increased thickness of the prickle cell zone (stratum spinosum). *** d. c. Chronic hyperplasic candidiasis d. 4. ‫عنيبات مصلية‬ d. Basophilic islands of tumor cells that contain mucin and normal acini. Always originates from Langerhans cells within epithelium. Erythroplakia. *** d. None of the above Acanthosis is diffuse epidermal hyperplasia. Histopathologically adenoid cystic carcinoma in characterized by islands of: a. Basophilic islands of tumor cells having a "Swiss cheese" appearance. Speckled Leukoplakia Erythroplakia. Basophilic islands of tumor cells that are intermingled with areas of pseudocartilage. ‫جزر قاعدية التلون من الخليا الورمية المتداخلة مع‬ ‫لغضاريف كاذبة‬ b.e. b. *** c. Homogenous Leukoplakia b. Mostly originates within the surface epithelium.[1] Acanthosis implies increased thickness of stratum spinosum . ‫موسين‬ classic cribriform type consisting of pseudocystics. c. i. that divide the lobule in numerous cylinders giving it the appearance of Swiss cheese or honeycomb 5. The risk of malignant change being present in epithelium is greatest in: a.b. it carries a higher than normal risk of malignant transformation 6. a. *** c. Basophilic islands of tumor cells having a "Swiss cheese" appearance and evidence of serous acini. Always originates from nevus cells in the connective tissue.The lesion is a precancer.

Mucoepidermoid carcinoma and polymorphous Low grade adenocarcinoma Pleomorphic adenomas (benign mixed tumors) are the most common benign . *** d. c. Foramen rotundum. Dental caries: a. Regular and rough removal of dental plaque. Inferior orbital fissure.7. ‫لوداجية‬ The ophthalmic. ‫الميناء الل موشوري‬ b. The mnemonic standing room only can . e. *** 9. *** ‫الملتقى العاجي المينائي‬ c. Superior orbital fissure. *** ‫)الثقبة البيضالوية )للعظم الوتدي‬ c.SGTs. None of the above 10. Can be prevented d. At which location in enamel is the density of enamel crystals is lowest: a. Salt flouridation c. maxillary and mandibular branches leave the skull through three separate foramina: the superior orbital fissure. the foramen rotundum and the foramen ovale. Mandibular branch of trigeminal nerve leaves the skull through: a. comprising 85% of all salivary gland neoplasms .e adenoid cystic carcinoma is the most common malignant tumor of all minor salivary glands 8. ‫الميناء الموشوري‬ d. Foramen ovale. Adenoid cystic carcinoma and adenocarcinoma b. d. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma and adenoid cystic carcinoma. Facial enamel. Prismless enamel. Dental health education. e. ‫)الثقبة المدلورة )للعظم الوتدي‬ b. *** b. All of the above. Jugular foramen. *** e. Adenoid cystic carcinoma and acinic cell carcinoma c. DEJ. Is a transmissible disease b. Edge of enamel Prisms. Is world wide in distribution but uneven in intensity. Center of enamel Prisms. 11. Currently the only effective preventive measure for periodontal disesse (apart from limited use of antiseptic solutions) is: a. The most common malignant tumors of the minor salivary glands are: a.

b & d. f.‫ القناة النفية الدمعية‬:‫ينفتح على الصماخ السفلي‬ . Sphenoid sinus. ‫الجيب الوتدي‬ e. Occipital. g. Maxillary sinus. The following structures open into the middle meatus: ‫الصماخ‬ a. Posterior ethmoidal sinus. a. c. *** The foramen ovale is situated in the posterior part of the sphenoid bone. All of the above . ‫فكي سفلي إبري‬ d. Ligaments associated with TMJ: a. ‫فكي سفلي لوتدي‬ c. A & b.‫ الجيب الوتدي‬:‫ينفتح على الجو ف الوتدي الغربالي‬ 14. b. All of the above. and V3 through the foramen ovale 12. b.‫ الجيب الغربالي الخلفي‬:‫ينفتح على الصماخ العلوي‬ .‫ الجيب الغربالي المامي لواللوسط‬:‫ينفتح على الصماخ اللوسط‬ . C & e. d. Stylomandibular. Sphenomandibular. h. A. posterolateral to the foramen rotundum 13. V2 through the foramen rotundum. Nasolacrimal duct. *** :* Ref The lateral temporamandibular ligament: limits the movement . Foramen oval is in the following bone: ‫النافذة البيضية‬ ?????? Temporal. ‫فكي سفلي صدلغي‬ b. *** i.joint .be used to remember that V1 passes through the superior orbital fissure. Sphenoid. d. Anterior ethmoidal sinus.of the mandible in a posterior direction The sphenomandibular ligament lies on the medial side of the . Tempromandibular. ‫الجيب الغربالي الخلفي‬ c.

palatal 18.joint ‫الرباط الفكي السفلي الصدلغي يحدد حركات الفك الخلفية لوله قسمان )الخارجي المائل لوالداخلي‬ . Optic nerve coming from which bone: . The optic foramen canal is a part of: A)Frontal bone *** . ZOE e.all of the above /3 alveolar nerve block the 16. Polycarboxylate b.‫ الوتدي يتوضع لوسط المفصل لوالبري من خلف المفصل إلى زالوية الفك‬،(‫الفقي‬ 15.sphenoid bone . Zinc phosphate ‫حسب كتاب المواد السنية‬ c.Pleomorphic adenoma 19. *** d. A. . The following cavity bases are moisture sensitive: a. Location to give inferior landmarks are: pterygomandibular raphe /1 cronoid notch /2 *** . Which most common salivary gland neoplasm: ‫لورم‬ ‫ لورم لغدي متعدد الشكال‬.zygomatic .B)Sphenoid bone C)Esthmoid bone The optic foramen is the opening to the optic canal. GI cem.The stylomandibular ligament lies behind and medial to the . c. The superior surface of the sphenoid bone 17.

Polycarboxylate cement. c. GI. Cement which contains fluoride: a. bases. Which of the following types of base materials can be placed in contact with polymethyl methaacrylate & not inhibit the polymerization of the resin: a. c.Table. Reinforced ZOE.low cost most temporary) long history effective ( of use when in contact with pulp X antibacterial unable to . the type of cement wich give retention to crown a-zn phosphate b-zn polycarpoxylate .low cost washes out long history at margins of use X . *** b. 22. Varnish e. ZOE. d. *** 21. B. Zn phosphate cement d. Materials used for liners. and cements Liner Base Varnish X Cement Advantages Limitations . long withstand history. technique sensitive Calcium Hydroxide X Zinc Oxide Eugenol X X Zinc Oxyphosphate Zinc Polycarboxylat e Glass Ionomer Resin X X X X X X X fluoride release adhesive strength 20. GI cement c. condensatio sealing n forces ability X long history low pH X long history thickness may inhibit seating of casting moisture sensitive moisture. ZOE b.

e. Celluloid matrix band. d. 25. b.com/viewer? a=v&q=cache:7ZZbodpOS9gJ:funktionalconsulting.com/export . c. c. Well rounded. Diamond bur. 330 Tungsten carbide bur. Mounted stone. d. ‫منفرجة‬ 24. c. *** b. 12 fluted bur.fluted carbide bur. b. *** 2. 3. No. A class IV composite resin restoration should be finished with a: a. Matrix band with no additional finish. 12. In the preparation of cavity class II.google. *** The answer is wrong and the best answer I found was this the most desirable finish surface for a composite resin can be provided by aluminum oxide disks :The best finished composite surface is achieved by -7 1. Carbid finishing burs. Diamond finish burs. for restoration with composite resin all cavosurface angles should be a.action%3Flocation %3D78+best+retentive+cements&hl=en&pid=bl&srcid=ADGE ESjDU9CrnG4qyeP1izDIm3OpEjkER3PlE2gYTYo78_idumZP_jsMKwyyunpYCBg9yZjan_J 3KuAB4Ee31eASFijWhmLylXK8TfxmIHKJH3mTMUMXeW6vr2NL m7ZLEQmv7O51gXf&sig=AHIEtbQgxcg38oCPPirGJLSkccbxleyc Sw 23. Obtuse angles. Right angles. White stones.c-resin d-resin modified glass ionomer this is the link to understand better the properties of cements http://docs. Hand instrument. Acute angles. The most desirable finished surface composite resin can be provided by: a. *** .

After class V GI restoration removal of a thin flush of GI is done by: a. A fine grit aluminum oxide polishing paste applied with a prophy cup is used to impart a smooth surface. e. Finishing stone immediately. 2. Best retained under matrix band. . 3. f. Following removal of cement and not cured. *** 2. :Best finishing of composite done by 1. Coarse diamond point (stone). 4. Pumice slurry. Scaller or knife immediately. Following removal of cement then cured. 2. A+D. A+B. Mounted stone. Scale or knife later. In class 5 composite restorations a layer of bonding agent is -8 :applied 1.d. c. d. 26. Finishing stone later. 3. *** 27. Aluminum-oxide disc. After finish class v glass ionomer cement we do finishing with: 1. Diamond bur. Carbide bur. b. Cured then remove cement. flexible abrasive discs used with a lubricant can be very effective. "Art & Science of Operative Dentistry" Micron finishing diamonds used with a petroleum lubricant to prevent desiccation are ideal for contouring and finishing conventional glass ionomers. Also.

‫تآكل‬ Over carving. Indirect composite inlay has the following advantages over the direct composite EXCEPT: a. g. ‫نحت زائد‬ Improper manipulation of amalgam. Efficient polymerization. Good retention. At margins. b. . fracture is even more likely a. All the above.28. b. f. h. c and d. c. ‫تعامل لغير مناسب‬ A and b. C and d.1-2-3 /2 4-3 /3 29. extrusion may have occurred. c. ‫*** ثبات‬ :OR Indirect composite inlay over come the direct composite by insusffition polymerization /1 good contact proximaly/2 gingival seal /3 good retention /4 1-2-4 /1 *** . ‫ختم‬ d. and corrosion may have compromised the integrity of the .amalgam. ‫كمية عاج قليلة‬ Corrosion. e. d. *** B. where amalgams are thinner. Gingival seal. Good contact proximally. Art and science of operative dentistry 2000 – page 157 Amalgams that are corroded or have inadequate bulk to distribute stresses may fracture. Marginal deterioration of amalgam restoration should be due to: ‫تخرب أملغم الحوا ف‬ No enough bulk of dentine.

abraded incisal edge & small M&D caries is by: a. *** b.3% . Sio2. Corrosion over carving.30.Alumina 28. b. GIC Powder: Silica 41. *** ‫ ْ )ما يسمح بكتلة كافية( لومع التبطين‬90 ‫يقل التخرب مع زيادة النحاس لوصغر الحفرة لوكون الزلوايا‬ ‫بالفرنيش لوالعزل الفعال لوالنحت المتمادي الذي ل يترك زيادات قابلة للكسر لوالتكثيف الكافي لزالة‬ . Marginal deterioration of Ag restoration may be due to: ‫التخرب عند الحوا ف‬ a. No enough bulk.Aluminium Phosphate 3. B. Ceramometal crown. Al2o3. e. c. *** b. c. None of the above. d.‫الزئبق‬ ‫لم تظهر علقة بين نوعية المزج )آلي ألو يدلوي( ألو كون النهاء في نفس اليوم ألو اليوم التالي مقارنة‬ . Improper manipulation of Ag. d.‫بجودة النوعية التجارية‬ These objectives help to conserve the dentinal support and strength of the tooth.occlusal forces may be concentrated 31. Composite laminated.zno. Sio2. barium sulphate c. No dentin ( undermined enamel). The powder for GI cement contain: a. A restoration of anterior teeth with RCT. and they aid in establishing an enamel cavosurface angle as close as possible to 90 degrees . All of above. None of the above.6% .6% 33. Veneer. caf.8% Aluminium Fluoride 1. The body secret antibody against antigen using which cells: . d.9% . 32.7% . They also help to minimize marginal deterioration of the restoration by locating the margins away from enamel eminencies where .Sodium Fluoride 9.Calcium Fluoride 15. f. c.

d. *** Lead apron with thyroid collar. When take an x-ray to pregnant lady. *** ‫ لوهي تدعى‬pmns b. 6 feet away in 90-135 angle. Dental decks – page 4 the 8 inch technique exposes more tissue by producing . In diabetic patient. ‫لومن أجل مراعاة لوضع الحامل ليس من الضرلوري إطالة زمن التشعيع‬ 36. d.a. e. High sensitive film. B lymphocyte 34. ‫ القمع القصير يعرض المريضة لشعة أكثر أما الشعة في تقنية القمع البعيد‬:‫حسب هذا المصدر‬ ‫ لوإذا قال قائل إن طريقة القمع الطويل تحتاج زمن أطول للتعريض‬،‫فتتناثر خارج جسم المريضة‬ ‫ لوبالمقابل‬،‫ خطر قرب القمع ل يمكن تلفيه‬:‫للشعة لزيادة لوضوح الصورة يكون الجواب ببساطة‬ .divergent beam a. Bisecting algle (short cone) 8 inch. c. b. Macrophages 35. periodontium affected by which cells: a. 37. Neutrophil. Proximal caries should be opened when: Confined within enamel…. Paralleling tech (Long cone) 16 inch. *** Dentin laterally All of the above "Sturdevant's Art & Science of Operative Dentistry " ‫تزداد سرعة النخر عند لوصوله للملتقى المينائي العاجي‬ . When take x-ray we should stand: a. a. we use all of this method EXCEPT: Digital x-ray. T lymphocyte b. b. Pass DE junction. c.

Protect you against role of the statistician‬‬ ‫‪b. Ethics of the study include all of the following EXCEPT:‬‬ ‫أخلق الدراسة لوالبحث العلمي‬ ‫السرية ‪a.‬‬ ‫‪c. In a study. Loss vertical dimension Pt have complete denture. 13-15 years old. Informed consent may be required or not.‬‬ ‫الرفض إذا كانت المادة التعليمية ترفض أن تأخذ شيء من الدراسة‬ ‫‪40. Protect you against legal risks‬‬ ‫‪c.‬‬ ‫‪b. No different between blind & double blind. Privacy of all subjects.‬‬ ‫" ‪"Atlas Of Oral Medicine‬‬ ‫كما يحدث عند الصابة بالمبيضات البيض لوالعقديات لوالعنقوديات لونقص الحديد لوالفيتامينات لوداء‬ ‫كرلون لواليدز لوالمراض المناعية‪. Clinical research:‬‬ ‫عمياء ألو مزدلوجة التعمية ‪a.‬‬ ‫" ‪"Dental secrets‬‬ ‫يحدث التهاب الشفة الصواري عند نقص البعد العمودي الطباقي لوعند تنضيد السنان الخلفية العلوية‬ ‫للدهليزي لوعند رفع السنان السفلية فتمنع الخدلود من إزالة اللعاب فيتجمع في زلوايا الفم لويسيل‪.‫في البحاث ???‪38.‬‬ ‫‪41. Ugly duckling stage:‬‬ ‫‪a.‬‬ ‫قبو ل المريض من عدمه ‪b.‬‬ ‫كتاب "أمراض الفم"‬ ‫كما يحدث عند المسنين فاقدي السنان ألو البعد العمودي للسنان الطبيعية‪ ،‬لويحدث عند الطفال‬ ‫)عادة ترطيب الشفة(‬ ‫‪42.‬‬ . it should‬‬ ‫‪a. 9-11 years old. If there's need of intervention. Protect against physical risks‬‬ ‫‪39. Autoimmune factors. Cause of angular cheilitis:‬‬ ‫*** ‪a. Object if the subject refuse to take part of the study.‬‬ ‫إذا كان هناك حاجة لمداخلة ‪b.‬‬ ‫‪b.

c. . the free encyclopedia . *** Endodontics + Elsevier: Article Locator :‫المرجع‬ :‫تتألف أقماع الكوتا بركا من التالي‬ Gutta percha & barium sulfate) inorganic ) 75% (23%organic (gutta percha transpolyisoprene ‫البقية‬ a.c. All are irrigation for canals EXCEPT: Saline. 6-7 months. 43. 20% Gp & 70% ZOE. Component of Gutta percha: a. 10mm c.com/q/how-much. ???? b.placement.Wikipedia. Naocl RC prep EDTA ‫مادة خالبة مثل‬ 45.experts123.html Post and core .*** 2. 50% Gp & 50% ZOE b.. 5mm.‫يستمر تباعد الرباعيات حتى تبزغ النياب‬ :Eruption of primary dentition starts from -25 1. 1 year. b. 3.. d. 7-9 years old. Hydrogen beroxide. 9 months. For post preparation we should leave ……mm of GP: a. *** :‫المرجع‬ Http: //www. 44.

46. External carotid veins. which gives off its two terminal branches. Prevention. The high modulus of elasticity prevent of bonding and decrease tensile strength. Facial nerve. Proximal caries confined to enamel: a. Facial arteries. Pass throw parotid gland: ‫عبر الغدة النكفية‬ a.Streptococcal mutans 47. In community diagnosis and treatment program: a. ‫عامل المرلونة العالي تمنع اللتصاق لوينقص جهود الشد‬ . ?? Diagnose. ‫الصح‬ c. 5-10% c. *** ‫العصب الوجهي‬ b. Restore with G I 48. Porcelain shrinkage after firing: ‫التقلص بعد الحماء للخز ف‬ a. they shrink by 16 percent %40 ‫ حتى‬30 ‫ من‬783 ‫لوفي أكسفورد ص‬ 51. ?????? 49. The cement under MOD amalgam have this character: a. 10-20% ‫الصح‬ At a firing temperature of 1400° C. High modulus of elasticity(stiff)*** ‫معامل مرونة عالي‬ b. treat. ‫الشرايين الوجهية‬ c. *** b. prevent. Observation c. the maxillary artery and the superficial temporal artery. inside the gland The retromandibular vein • 50. 1-5% b. Most common bacteria causing caries: *** . Water flouridation b. Low modulus of elasticity ( stiffness) ‫منخفض‬ c. ‫اللوردة السباتية الظاهرة‬ Structures which pass through the parotid gland: • • The facial nerve and its branches run through the gland superficial to the retromandibular vein The external carotid artery.

2nd is true. 55. e.‫زيادته‬ 56. 54. *** 53. Fear. f. CO2 . *** a. To know what medications to give. *** ‫صدمة لوعائية مبهمية‬ b. Diabetes. Examination of Pt health by the dentist: To know the patients health. The most common cause of loss of consciousness in the " ‫مرجع‬ "dental office is syncope .. *** b. b.d. d. To know general health data. Most frequent cause of fainting in dental office: ‫اللغماء‬ a. ZOE powder. Both are false Both are true. d. All of the above. c. Abutment which has RCT in cantilever FPD have higher susceptibility to fracture. Vaso-vagal shock. ‫ كما أن من يسبب اللغماء نقص السكر لوليس‬،‫تنتج عن التخدير صدمة لوعائية مبهمة تسبب اللغماء‬ "vaso-vagal syncope "dental decks 1909 .2nd is false 1st is false. c. Loss of consciousness most frequent cause: a. Syncope. 52. Both a &c 753 ‫أكسفورد ص‬ ‫ لومقالومتها للثني لواللي‬Stiffness ‫زيادة عامل المرلونة تدل على زيادة صلبة المادة‬ Flexibility Sturdevant's Art & Science of Operative Dentistry" Page 479 " a. Polyacrylic acid. 2 statement true or false: RCT abutment of FPD has higher risk for fracture. ‫ا في جسر مجنح‬ ً"‫الدعامة المعالجة لبي‬ 1st is true.. Both glass ionomer & polycarpoxylate cement contain: a. c. b. ‫إلغماء‬ b.

the%20Jaws.‬‬ ‫التهاب السنخ الجا ف ‪61. Radicular cyst.P.lsuhsc.‬‬ ‫كيسة حول سنية ‪b.‬‬ ‫ا بسبب الترلوية الغزيرة‬ ‫ا جد"ً‬ ‫بالعلوي نادر جد"ً‬ ‫‪a.edu/faculty/.pdf :2‬‬ ‫التهاب العظم لوالنقي ‪58.‬‬ ‫*** ‪All of the above.‬‬ ‫الكيسة الجذرية الجانبية مصدرها قناة ثانوية لسن متموت لوهي كيسة التهابية ظهارتها مشتقة من بقايا‬ ‫ملسية كالكيسة الذرلوية لوحول الذرلوية‪) .‬‬ ‫الحوا ف المتشققة ‪Torn wound edges. Maxilla‬‬ ‫*** ‪b.‬‬ ‫الكيسة حول السنية الجانبية ظهارتها من بقايا الصفيحة السنية لولغالب"ً‬ ‫)التهاب لثوي(‬ ‫مرجع ‪http: //www.C‬الموضوع على شاشة ألو قطنة‬ ‫لسبوعين‪ ،‬ألو ضماد ألفوجيل‪.lsusd. Dry socket happen after:‬‬ ‫‪24 h‬‬ ‫*** ‪3-5days..‬‬ ‫‪1week‬‬ ‫‪2weeks‬‬ ‫يعالج بورنيش الوايت هيد ‪) Whitehead Varnish‬مركب من صبغة اليودلوفورم‬ ‫‪ (Pigmentum Iodoform Compositum) (B.‬‬ . Mandible.‬‬ ‫الجهاد ‪Strain. Infection‬‬ ‫النتان أكيد لويجب أن يكون نقص الخياطة كذلك‬ ‫‪a. Factors delay healing of wound:‬‬ ‫النتان ‪Infection.‬التهاب سني(‬ ‫ا بين الرحاء السفلية الحية‪.‫‪57.‬‬ ‫‪b. Osteomyelitis most in:‬‬ ‫‪a. Factor interfere with healing:‬‬ ‫‪a.‬‬ ‫‪d..‬‬ ‫العوامل المؤخرة لشفاء الجرلوح ‪59. Poor suturing‬‬ ‫‪b. Most common cyst oral cavity:‬‬ ‫كيسة جذرية ‪a.‬‬ ‫‪c.‬‬ ‫‪d.‬‬ ‫‪b.‬‬ ‫‪c. Peridontal cyst.‬‬ ‫تتعارض ‪60.

Nicotine stomatitis: ‫التهاب الفم النيكوتيني‬ a. Dentinogenisis imperfecta have all EXCEPT: ‫سوء تصنع العاج‬ Broken enamel.• Blue sclera . b. Broken bone. Supernumerary teeth. ،‫ا‬ ً"‫ لوالنوعان ل يتركان أثر‬،‫للمقارنة بين القرحة الحلئية لوالقلعية فإن كبر القرحة ليس معيار للتفريق‬ . Palate……. c. Hyperplasia .pulp chambers • Too small tooth roots .Brittle bones ..Amber-colored teeth . 65. Prickle cell like shape prominent …base…*** ‫طبقة خليا شائكة‬ ‫فوق سماكة من النسج‬ Dental decks 2004 ‫المرجع‬ a.aphthous ulcers are: a. type I includes the 14 :symptoms listed below Bluish-gray teeth . Compared to herpetic ulcers.‫فرط تنسج‬ c. Leave scars. Time since the avulsion. Avulsion more important factor that affect reimplantation: ‫أهم عامل يحدد إنذار إعادة الزرع‬ a. Contaminated roots.pulp chambers • (Enamel separation from the ivory (dentin • Misaligned teeth . *** Symptoms of Dentinogenesis imperfecta. b.Bulbous teeth • crowns Absent tooth roots – canals .hyper?? b. type I The list of signs and symptoms mentioned in various sources for Dentinogenesis imperfecta..canals . *** c. Blue sclera. Small size.‫أما القلعية فهي في النسج المخاطية ل المتقرنة‬ 63. ‫الوقت المنقضي‬ Dental secrets ‫المرجع‬ 64.Recurring dental abscess . In mucosa lining. d. ‫تلوث الجذر‬ b.62.

Fungiform papillae. 30years old pt came to the clinic with brownish discoloration of all his teeth (intrinsic discoloration) & yellowish in U/V light the most likely cause is: 1/ flourosis 2/ tetracycline. Most sign of fracture of mandible: a.‫الجهة الموافقة‬ mcqs In Dentistry ‫المرجع‬ 70.Dentogerous imperfect. and multiple fractures in Enamel… the diagnosis is : *** .Dentine dysplasia. Generalized gray discoloration in a 28 years old patient’s teeth. with blue sclera and an enlarged pulp chambers and short roots.ray show large pulp chamber. Malocclusion. *** c. ‫يترافق كسر الفك السفلي مع سوء إطباق لونز ف لساني لوتحت لساني لوضزز لوخدر تحت الذقن في‬ . Hairy tongue is elongation of: ‫تطالول‬ a. *** b. ‫حليمات كمئية‬ b. *** ‫حليمات خيطية‬ a commonly observed condition of defective desquamation of the filiform papillae . Nose bleeding. Filiform papillae. X. 68. thin dentine layer and enamel: a. Parasthesia. *** 3/ amelogensis imperfecta 4/ dentogensis imperfectea 69. b.66.A) Dentinogenesis Imperfecta B) Amelogenesis Imperfecta 67.

Cementum in cervical 2/3 have: Acellular intrinsic fiber. 73. a. b. d. 5-10Mp. c. b.:Drainage of tongue • • • • Deep cervical nodes: drains median part of anterior two-thirds. *** c. All. LA in mg if epinephrine 1: 100 000 in 2% xylocaine: .drains posterior third.drains lateral part of anterior two-thirds. d. ( in coronal cementum) Acellular extrinsic fiber. Dentin. d. Pins are insert into: Enamel. 76. b. 75.teeth and the premolars 72. Inferior alveolar nerve. c. After etch enamel and bond it with 5th generation the strength of? a. canines and incisors: a. 2mm thickness of amalgam above it a. 30Mp. c. 0. Should be atleast 2mm depth in dentin. b. *** Cellular mixed fibers( apical area) Intermediate cementum ( near CEJ) 74. Retropharyngeal .5mm fron DEJ. Drainage of tip of the tongue: a. 25Mp. submandibular: .71.drains tip of tongue (through tongue muscles and mylohyoid). Submandibular lymph nodes b. 100Mp. Mental nerve(branch of inferior alveolar) supply buccal gingivae of the mandibular anterior . What supply the gingival buccal tissue of premolars. Superior alveolar nerve. submental . Submental*** . Long buccal. *** DEJ.

Absorption water. Mand 3rd molar with distoangular angulation with divergent curve roots *** 82. Expensive 79. 36mg mg\ml * 1. *** ????????? 78. Radiolucent. after one week it became much light. Nystatin. Pt have hyperventilation in clinic. Disadvantage of digital x-ray EXCEPT: a. Penicillin b. ………light started photoinitation. Treatment of fungal infections: a. Tetracyclin c. Increase CO2 c. Biocompatible.8 mg c. b. Large disk space Storage b. Mand. Most cause: a. Complete debridement of the canal . *** 80. Composite restoration that was matching in shade. Clarity and resolution.a. Anxiety. Shade selected after rubber dam. The reason could be: a. *** c. *** 81. Most difficult of extract: a.8 ml = 36 mg 20 )2% 77. *** 83. b. 1. Mg b.. 3rd molar with mesioangular fused roots b. Properties of ideal endo obturation material are all EXCEPT: a. c. Very important part in endo treatment: a.. Reduced of CO2 b.

Endo treatment. uncontrolled diabetic. Perio endo lesion the primary treatment: a. 88. white or yellowish in colore its component mostly from slaiva Sup>>>> hard. Better blood supply to the wound. most of its component from cervical fluid. Mechanical attachment *** b. 1mm Best thickness 15-25 micro meter 90. *** Also. 100 micrometer b. Thickness of luting cement: ?? a. *** 91. Formacresol used in: a. 40micro meter c. 85. Easy to detach c. Sealing c. Cardiac pt. 86. Deep scaling and root planning. Hard and rough *** b. clay in nature.difficult to detect 89. *** b. Prevent restoration from dislodgement. Traditional Glass ionomer: . One fifth concentration. Contraindication to extraction: a. Chemical 92. dark in color(green on black). coagulopathy. *** b. Has component of salivaqwsAS Supra>>>> less harder. Full concentration b. Base of the flap should be wide for: a. Provisional luting cement: a. Supra calculus all true EXCEPT: a. . Previous recent radio therapy. hematologic malignancy. uncontrolled cardiac disease 87. Healing b. leukemia. 5th concentration c. Zinc phosphate cement: a. b.84.

c. recent truma. To replace single missing tooth. Pontic design of an FPD: Same size buccolingually of the missing tooth Smaller than missing buccolingually. Pulp is dead b. d.a. B& c. Reliable. b. Periodontal disease c. c. b. b. 94. *** 98. -Mechanical chemical bonding. Inflammation of pulp. Young with open apex examination test: a. *** g. *** Wider buccolingually None of the above a. h. HBSS (Hank's balanced salt solution). Non reliable.what should you tell the parents: a. Primary teeth had trauma. Saliva. False negative result>>>> patient pre-medicated with analgesic. Best media in order>>> HBSS>> Saliva>>>milk>>>>saline>>>>water . d. Mechanical bonding. Best media for the avulsed tooth: e. In teenager. Use with young. After trauma b. b. *** 95. None of the above. Calcification of dentin. 93. Maryland bridge: a. c. premature apex 96. Tap water. calcification. f. tooth change in color become white yellowish . Milk. False negative response of an electric pulp test given: a. 97. Acid-base reaction *** c.

less pulp exposure. increase resistant. the best preventive measurement 100.…… gold. Leave it. Progression of initial caries to cavitations takes 18 month this based on strepto. Gold ti . Crestal bone to gingival sulcus Its physiologic dimension of epithelium and connective tissue attachment(sulcus + epithelium+ connective tissue) = 2. lactobacillia progress caries . Post length increasing will *** . . i.If there is no cavitations. increase strength of restoration . In enamel caries passing half of enamel: a. The vertical fracture of the tooth detected by *** .periodontal pocket. better than high speed. Biological depth: j.increase retention.. ***??????????? . The material of construction is co-cr. wrought wire. the use of low speed hand piece in removal of soft caries in children is better than high speed because less vibration. Restoration.99. radiographically.04 Rigid palatal strap major connector.mutans initiate caries.

irriversible pulpitis. chronic pulpitis. autoclave. Patient with amalgam usually complain of pain with *** . Q. ?????????*** .wheel and axle (1 *** widening the socket wall (2 wedging (3 lever(4 To kill HIV use all of the following EXCEPT naocl. .cold.vertical percussion. Pain of short duration with hot and cold *** . Principle of elevator use of all the following EXCEPT . galvanic.Radiographic diagnosis of bilateral expansile radioopaque areas in the canine premolar area region of the mandible is a) Hematoma b) Remaining roots *** c) Torus mandibularis d) Internal oblique ridge e) Genial tubercle Bronchial asthma epinepherane concentration sub cautiously ***1/1000.dentin sensitivity. Hot .ultraviolet chamber. chimoclave. .

a. Circumvalate d. Sinus tract c. Widespread. rapid infection ‫ دفاع منقوص‬b. Fungiform c.… . None of the above :When do we give antibiotic . :shade guideUnder light Dry tooth ????????????*** .2 . Needs steroid cover *** .d. Chronic apical periodontitis ****d. Dental fluorosis :Hairy tongue elongation of . Needs prophylactic antibiotic B.None of above ?When do we do incision and drainage ‫ تورم منتشر قاسي‬. Perio disease c.c ***D. Needs under GA c.6 ****a. Compromised host defence . Dentofacial anomalies d. Caries b. Indurated diffuse swelling b.Acute apical periodontitis :Pregnant lady needs oral surgery .4 :education about ****a.A. Foliate .apical periodontitis.3 a. Filliform b. A&b Communities with high annual population growth need .

mobility D.12 a.7 a. Stress from polymerization shrinkage***(which may lead to (leakage b.‫ممكن الحتمالت ناقصة‬ ****Marginal Leakage or micro leakage .15 :margin a.a.‫يجب لوجود خيار كل ما سبق‬ :Radiographic evaluation in extraction EXCEPT .5-1 mm short of radiographic apex c. Access to the tooth. 0. Ulcer d. Radiographic apex . A & B :Tooth requires RCT with bone resorption. Multiple vesicles b..c ‫الحل الصحيح هو‬. All of the above e.d Composite resto followup after 2 years showed stained . Can turn malignant but rarely c. Root configuration and surrounding bone condition C..13 . Have specific radiographic features … ..:Syphilis first appear as . Arise from dental tissue b. Eryhthematous reaction ***c.14 a.b.d . Terminate RCT at .B. crown condition and tooth . Bulla :Odontogenic tumors . Relationship of associated vital structures .5-1 mm beyond radiographic apex … . Hydrolic destruction on bond … . 0.

Pulpal reaction is not possible . 1st F. A & b Digital radiography is a technique that shows transition .d.b … . Surface zone is relatively unaffected b. Perio maintenance … .a b.16 *** .21 a. Skill of the operator b. S.b :Organism that initiates caries . Mutants … . Its main advantage is the ability to manipulate the image by computer ??????????a.c.D.a. Tooth preparation and composite is the best treatment . Sterile field *** . Cyclosporines Also calcium channel blocker.24 from white to black.23 a. Improve visibility and access b.c :Which causes gingival enlargement . 2nd T .:Muscle that form floor of the mouth .E. Mylohyoid … . Lowers risk of swallowing c.a. The surface zone is the largest portion with the highest pore volume .a.20 *** . 1st T. oral contraceptive. phenytoin Pedo use rubber dam for . 2nd F b.18 *** .c Incipient caries . Caries progress in enamel faster than dentin :Important factor in long term success of perio treatment .22 … .

28 ????????*** . Palatal of 6 c. Buccal of 6 e.d Teeth have convexity in buccal and lingual . Fibroblasts c. T lymphocytes :Hyperventilation in dental office . Condyle Avulsed teeth stored in . Distal of 6 & 7 Cementum is formed from . Nasal septum e. Water .32 *** a. Upper premolars . B lymphocytes b. . Maxilla *** b.a.27 *** a.c. Cementoblasts b.b Body defends itself by antibodies from . High CO2 Osteomyelitis more common .30 *** a. Palatal of 7 d. Anxiety b.26 a. Low CO2 c. Buccal of 7 *** b. Both T d. Cementicles . .29 *** a. Zygoma d.31 a. Milk b. Both F Root most commonly pushed in max sinus ... Mandible c.

large follicle.B. Soft tissue impaction.carious lesions . wide periodontal ligament and fused conical rooths d. Fluoride enhances remineralization of the noncavitated .tooth structure c.E.((antimicrobial activity b.5 mm in dentin *** c. Distoangular position. B & C :Factors that make impaction surgery more difficult .C.d.E. Number 2 blade . Distoangular position. Reduces bacterial adhesion and carbohydrate storage .38 ?procedures .ligament and curved roots C. Number 10 blade . Number 15 blade . wide periodontal . 0.2 mm in dentin :Fluoride reduces caries activity by . Depends on caries extension d.… .periodontal ligament and fused conical roots B. Mesioangular position. 0. Limited to enamel b. large follicle.c :The depth of cavity prep for composite in posterior .inferior alveolar nerve Which scalpel below is universally used for oral surgical .ligament and divergent curved roots E. wide . Enhances the precipitation of insoluble fluoroapitite into the .33 a. All of the above *** . separated from second molar and . thin follicle. Mesioangular position. narrow periodontal . Number 6 blade .D. Depends on tooth discoloration e.36 a. large follicle.A. Number 12 blade *** .34 a.

ARTHROGRAPHY d.transcranial b-computerized t c-conventional t d-arthrography :To check TMJ range of movement (200 a) cranial imagery ** B) arthrography c) traditional tomography d) computerized tomograph . CT c.42 :bone ‫ *** الرنين المغناطيسي‬.d. MRI b. Plain radiograph e. Le fort II and Le fort III :Main disadvantage of chlorhexidine .39 .a. Zygomatic complex . Le fort II C. Reverse town c.41 symmetry a. Transorbital The imaging showing disk position and morphology and TMJ . Plain tomography what kinds of radiographs which we do not use for TMJ -1 ?movements A. Le fort III ??????*** . Altered taste The radiograph shows condylar head orientation and facial . Burning sensation c.e.d. Opg .???????? :Moon face appearance is not present in . Submentovertex *** b.a. Staining b. .B.40 a. Le fort I .

Zinc oxide particles b. Permeable to some ions Pedo. Pulpotomy with formacresol b.a.47 a. *** (CT after injection of a high contrast (fluid C) traditional tomography *** .49 exposure . Polyarcyilic acid d. Hertwig sheath entirely disappear after dentinogenesis d. Silica quartz particles c. Epithelial remnants could proliferate to periapical granuloma Enamel .D) computerized tomography Zinc phosphate cement and polycarboxylic cement both . Apexification . treatment is a.617 A) cranial imagery B) arthrography. has trauma in 11 . Permeability increase with age d.a. with slight apical . Phosphoric acid ‫ مغنزيوم‬%10 ‫ أكسيد زنك لوحوالي‬%90 ‫يحتوي كل فوسفات الزنك لوالبولي كربوكسيلت على‬ Epithelial cells .46 *** . Rest of malassez decrease with age b. open apex. Permeability reduce with age c.44 have *** .:To check a perforation in the desk of the tmj we need . Repair by ameloblasts b. Rest of malassez increase with age c. half an hour ago .

Stiff *** e. Increase linear coefficient of Thermal Expansion B.a. More wear resistant c. no radiographic abnormality. Difficult extraction c.54 :could'nt sleep later a. With paget disease b. Actue apical periodontitis *** c. percussion test. Wad D.m. DPC (direct pulp capping d.50 *** . Extraction :Which intracanal medicament causes protein coagulation . Periodontal pain 55.. rt side have recent fpd upper: a. 56. Bulbous roots . Formocresol b.(c.52 a. Apical abcess d.reversible pulpitis b. Pt with severe pain in lower left mandibular molar. Hypercementosis a. examination positive pulp test . Hydrogen peroxide ‫يستفاد من خاصية تخثير الفورموكريزلول للبرلوتين في تثبيت لب السنان المؤقتة‬ :GIC compared to composite . Polymerization shrinkage ‫ الينومير أقل في عامل التمدد الحراري )مماثل للميناء لوالعاج( لوأقل‬:‫بالمقارنة مع الكومبوزت‬ . Irreversible pulpitis c. Assoc...‫ا لجدران السن‬ ً"‫مقالومة للهتراء لوأكثر امتصاص للماء لولكن أقل تسرب حفافي لنه يرتبط كيميائي‬ Pt came with pain awaken her from sleep 20 a. None of the above. Less soluble d. Naocl . And .c. Chronic apical periodontits b.

Band and loop space maintainers is most suitable for the maintenance of space after premature loss of: ‫حافظة المسافة طوق لوعرلوة تستخدم بالفقد المبكر لـ‬ A single primary molar *** ‫رحى مؤقتة لوحيدة‬ Two primary molars A canine and a lateral incisor All of the above Pedo ( forgot the age ) . c. d. *** 102. *** Bilateral distal shoe. Lingual arch. Apical radicular cyst *** b.58 *** a. 6 years old child lost his upper right 1 st molar. b. arrangement: k.‫بزلوغ الرحى اللولى الدائمة تكون حافظة المسافة طوق لوضابط لوحشي‬ years old patient lost his primary first maxillary molar the 36-5 :best retainer is a. Band and loop b. Lingual bar. A. Most common cyst a. . Band and loop. m. Crown and loop. No need for space maintainer. B &C *** 57. c. b. (answer correct if permanent incisor not erupted ) 101.d. . l. years old child have 74 and 84 extracted best space 6 :maintainer is a. Crown and loop ‫ لوإذا كان عمره قبل‬،‫إذا كان عمر الطفل ست سنوات ألو أكثر تكون حافظة المسافة طوق لوعرلوة‬ . Bilateral band and loop. Nance appliance c.. Keratocyst c. lost 75 .. sm .. d. Easily extracted with elevator e.

. 4.C.‫فقد الرحاء الثانية طوق لوعرلوة لوضابط لوحشي ثنائي الجانب‬ .b.the space maintainer for choice :is a-lingual arch B-bilateral band and loop c-bilateral band and loop with distal shoe d-removable partial denture ‫السؤال بهذه الصيغة )فقد جميع الرحاء المؤقتة مع بزلوغ الدائمة لوعدم بزلوغ المامية( الحل هو‬ .‫ ممكن جهاز متحرك‬.59 *** . 3. Nance appliance.a. Lingual arch. ‫كابح شفة‬ .‫ طوق لوعرلوة ثنائي الجانب‬:‫فقد الرحاء اللولى‬ . Nasopalatine b. Both d. Post superior alveolar nerve :Buccal branch of trigeminal is . Motor .‫أما لو فقدت جميع الرحاء المؤقتة لوكانت السنان المامية بازلغة فالحل هو القوس اللساني‬ :Lower anterior teeth labial mucosa supplied by .60 a. Sensory b.‫إذا كانت الرحى الثانية المؤقتة بحاجة لتاج فيكون الخيار الثاني‬ years) child with bilateral loss of deciduous molars &the 6)-8 anterior teeth not erupted yet .61 *** a.‫ أما القاطعي فيعصب السنان‬،‫مخاطية القواطع‬ :Upper teeth palatal mucosa supplied by .1. Mental nerve . Anterior palatine *** c. Band and loop. Buccal nerve ‫ لوهو يعصب‬،‫العصب الذقني هو أحد فرعي العصب السنخي السفلي لوفرعه الثاني هو القاطعي‬ . Inferior dental nerve . 2. *** Crown and loop.

Motor c. Permeability increase toward DEJ .. Nickle chromium d. A+b e.c.Wikipedia.62 *** . Psychomotor d. All of above :Indirect retainers mostly needed .69 . Permeability increase toward bcj ‫ لومن التاج إلى‬، ‫يزداد عدد القنيات العاجية بالنتقال من منطقة الطباق إلى السطوح المحورية‬ .3 ‫ حتى ر‬2 ‫الدهليزية السفلية من ض‬ ‫أما الفرع الخدي للعصب الوجهي فهو حركي مسؤلول عن العضلة المبوقة إحدى عضلت التعبير‬ .a.. Sensory and motor :Buccal branch of facial is a. Mobile anterior teeth c. Palladium :Lingual plate . Gold . Titanium c. Deep sulcus *** d.68 a. the free encyclopedia ‫الفرع الخدي لمثلث التوائم هو العصب الخدي الطويل لوهو عصب حسي يعصب الخد لوالمخاطية‬ . Shallow sulcus b.‫الوجهي‬ Dentine permeability increases .C. Cobalt chromium b. Coronal less than root dentine .‫ لومن الملتقى المينائي العاجي باتجاه اللب‬،‫الجذر‬ :Which material has best biocompatibility Intraorally .67 a.b.. Mixed Buccal nerve . Sensory *** b.

which is least important . Function d. Class VI *** b. Gold *** c.73 a. Esthetic *** b. Wear of natural teeth c. Arch integrity and occlusal stability Enamel tufts are . Porcelain d. Clicking during mastication Which of following resto more likely to cause wear to . Pt demand c. Amalgam :In restoring lost tooth. Extensions of odontoblasts in the DEJ .71 :opposing a. Composite b. Class I c. Enamel rods get crowded ‫تتشكل في المنطقة التي تزدحم فيها المواشير المينائية‬ "Enamel tufts . Increase occ load on natural teeth *** b. Class III d.74 a.b.70 :are not preferred due to a.a.Wikipedia. the free encyclopedia " . Class III with modification ‫بسبب الحاجة الكبر للتثبيت‬ Porcelain teeth in complete denture opposing natural teeth . Enamel rods change their direction *** C.

Premature loss of primary teeth‬‬ ‫‪:To disinfect gutta percha .‫‪:In clinical research .77‬‬ ‫‪a..75‬‬ ‫‪a.‬‬ ‫السرطانات المبكرة البدئية تظهر بشكل لويحات حمراء ألو بيضاء ألو قرحات ضحلة لوهي لغير‬ ‫مؤلمة‪.‬‬ ‫ا ضمن الفم )أكثر من ‪ %70‬من‬ ‫الحوا ف الجانبية الخلفية من اللسان هي الموقع الكثر شيوع"ً‬ ‫سرطانات الفم تتشكل على الحوا ف الجانبية للسان لوالحافة السنخية المجالورة لوقاع الفم(‬ ‫أكثر من ‪ %95‬من سرطانات الفم هي سرطانات شائكة الخليا متمايزة بشكل جيد ألو معتدلة التمايز‪.‬فقرة مترجمة من كتاب ‪Cawson Essintials of Oral Pathology and‬‬ ‫‪ Oral Medicine 7th ed‬عن سرطان الفم لوالشفة‪:‬‬ ‫العوامل المسببة‪ :‬التبغ لوالكحول – أشعة الشمس – النتانات – أمراض بالغشاء المخاطي –‬ ‫اضطرابات لوراثية‪.. Chemical agents‬‬ ‫‪.‬‬ .76‬‬ ‫‪a. . Offers no benefits to subject at risk‬‬ ‫‪:One of the main cause of malocclusion . Needs control‬‬ ‫‪c.b‬‬ ‫السئلة التالية حول ‪ Squamous cell carcinoma‬لوقد لوجدت ضرلورة العودة لكثر من‬ ‫مرجع للجابة عن هذه السئلة‪:‬‬ ‫بالبداية‪ .‬‬ ‫فيما بعد تبدلو لوبتقدم السرطانات تظهر بشكل قرحات ذات حوا ف مستديرة متبارزة لوقاسية لوتصبح‬ ‫مؤلمة‪. Includes intervention‬‬ ‫‪d. Blind or double blind‬‬ ‫‪b.

c. *** b. 104.org/wiki/Non-small_cell_lung_carcinoma TNM staging Grouping TX N0 M0 Occult carcinoma Tis N0 M0 T1 N0 M0 T2 N0 M0 T1 N1 M0 T2 N1 M0 Stage 0 Stage IA Stage IB Stage IIA Stage IIB T3 N0 M0 T1 N2 M0 Stage IIIA T2 N2 M0 T3 N1 M0 T3 N2 M0 Any T N3 M0 Stage IIIB T4 Any N M0 Any T Any N M1 Stage IV (Survival rate (percents Grouping . Stage Ib disease of squamous cell carcinoma: A-T1 NO MO b-T3 NO MO *** . Connective tissue.wikipedia.103. Epithelial tissue.T2 NO MO d-T4 NO MO http://en. Squamous cell carcinoma is derived from: a.

b. c. Buccal mucosa. Skin. 106. b. e. Lip. c. Floor of the mouth. *** Floor of the mouth.page 35 The posterior lateral and ventral surfaces of the tongue are the . Well moderately differentiated.3rd edition.most common sites of intraoral cancer a. Most common site of squamous cell carcinoma: a. The majority of introral squamous cell carcinomas are histologically: a. b. Most common site of oral squamous cell carcinoma: Postero-lateral border of tongue. Lip. 107.Five years Four years Three years Two years One year 61% 67% 71% 79% 82% 38% 41% 46% 54% 72% 34% 34% 38% 49% 79% 24% 26% 33% 41% 59% 13% 14% 18% 25% 50% 5% 1% 6% 2% 7% 13% 34% 2% 6% 19% IA IB IIA IIB IIIA IIIB IV 105. Page 71-72 : Dental Secrets . Postero-lateral border of tongue. d. *** e. Poorly differentiated. d. Skin. Oral pathology clinical pathologic correlation. Buccal mucosa. *** ‫متمايزة لحد ما‬ .

erythroleukoplakia or erythroplakia (A reddened patch). inflamed. False. an area of leukoplakia.‫لوبقع حمراء‬ . Vesicle. Squamous cell carcinoma is multifactorial: ‫متعددة العوامل‬ a. *** f. Spindle cell in type. A red plaque. *** b.4th Ed. (2005) – page 247 :SCC Clinical appearance Most often seen as a painless ulcer. Referred otalgia is a common manifestation of pain from oral cancer. ‫مغزلية الشكل‬ d. Red plaque. 108. Carcinoma in situation.78 a. An ulcer. Sessile mass. Pain is usually a late feature when the lesion becomes superinfected or during eating of spicy foods. although may present as a swelling. or as malignant change of long-standing benign tumours or rarely in cyst linings.‫إذا جواب هذا السؤال هو ما يرد من هذين الخيارين لكن السبق هو البقع الحمراء‬ ‫ لوحسب‬،‫ يتميز بحوا ف مرتفعة ثابتة بقاعدة صلبة حبيبية‬SCC ‫أما بقية الصفات فخاطئة لن‬ ‫ فالصفة‬SCP ‫ عن الورم الحليمي شائك الخليا‬Burket. A white cauliflower like lesion Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry . True. *** e.c. ‫كتل دلون عنق‬ c. with an indurated. :Early squamous cell carcinoma of oral cavity present as . d. granular base and is fixed to .surrounding tissues ‫ هي كل من قرحة لغير مؤلمة‬SCC ‫من النص السابق يتضح أن صفات السرطانة حرشفية الخليا‬ . The ulcer is described as firm with raised edges. ‫حويصلي‬ b.Oral medicine – page 553 : "A white cauliflower like lesion " .

80 a.. 0. Non vital tooth b.40 is the diameter at d1 b. A squamous cell carcinoma.79 *** a.54 mand. . 3rd molar with mesioangular fused roots mand 3rd molar with distoangular angulation with divergent curve roots . An ameloblastoma b. An odontogenic fibroma d.pedunculated papules with a cauliflower-like appearance 54.b Cause of radicular cyst . *** :File #40 means . fixed neck nodes are most to be detected in association with: a. Cellulitis acute stage with diffuse selling no pus .40 is from d1 to d16 :The difference between cellulitis and abscess .Squamous cell papillomas may present as exophytic . Vital tooth :Most difficult of extract . 0.81 *** a. A basal cell carcinoma c. Firm.

1. the free encyclopedia :very important part in endo treatment.1 mm *** b-.5 mm the minimal porcelain thickness is 1. order from the least difficult to most difficult to remove Mesio angular Horizontal Vertical Distoangular The opposite in maxilla Dental decks 1846 Typically distoangular impactions are the easiest to extract in the maxilla and most difficult to extract in the mandible.5 mm To locate the canal orifice use a-barite probe b-endo spreader .2 mm ‫ ملم‬1.5 -0.0 . while mesioangular impactions are the most difficult to extract in the <maxilla and easiest to extract in the mandible Wisdom tooth .Wikipedia.55 complete debridement of the canal- Minimum thickness of noble metal crown a-.5 mm c-1 mm d.For imapacted mandibular molars.5 ‫لوسماكة الخز ف‬ 441 ‫ صفحة‬Dental deck The necessary thickness of the metal substucture is 0.

*** orthodontic band. second false.10 gradually make recording post dam difficult two statement true.9 anesthesia not interaligamentary.page 171 " x-ray periapical for immature tooth is .1 "Art & Science . suture removal. prophylactic antibiotic needed in. falls .b and c :Contraindication for endo treatment EXCEPT . first true. first false.c-endo file with curved tip d-round bur healing by secondary intention cause -a b-there is space between the edges filled by fibrous tissue c-leading to scar formation d.5 ‫ اقتراح‬generally conclusive.5 non strategic toothnon restorable teethvertical fracture teeth*** tooth with large periapical lesion Arrange the steps [ca(oh)2 placing –varnish-base –amalgam . should be compered with antermere. 2006 ‫ "التعويضات المتحركة الكاملة" دمشق‬:‫المرجع‬ . routine tooth brushing. *** two false. "Dental secrets " Soft palate falls abruptly facilitate recording post dam. second true. *simply inconculosive.

‫ تحت السمحاق المخاطي‬deepmucoperiosteum incision. Peterson's Principles of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 2nd Ed " "2004 page 173 Z-plasty are effective for narrow frenum attachments. egg shaped. osteogensis during endodontic surgery aimed to prevent . growth factor. ‫ قطع تحت السمحاق‬subperiostum incision.ovate.17 with physical volt. tie with baboose board. redo sedation.15 *** fibrous in growth.vestibuloplasty. The operation ‫ *** رأب دهليز الفم‬. What should dentist do conscious sedation.‫ فتكون‬،‫ا من الحافة الخلفية لصفيحة العظم الحنكي الفقية‬ ً"‫ة بدء‬ ً" ‫أسدلت فجأ‬ ُ ‫شراع حنك كأنه ستارة‬ ‫د خلفي مناسب‬ ّ ‫بهذه الصفة لغير ملئمة لحداث س‬ caries progress in children more than adult due to .12 difference in ph. YEARS old patient need to make complete denture with 16. z-plasty. tie in unite with bandage. *** generalized dentin sclerosing by age . increasing in organic content of tubular dentin by age .‫ أما الخيار الثالث )تثبيت الطفل( فهو لهذه الحالت‬،‫المادة المركنة لوهذا لغير مفضل عند الطفال‬ class III crown fracture in child patient the type of pontic .a wide base child patient take sedation before appointment and present .18 *** . . formation of blood. ‫ أما الخيار الثاني فيعني زيادة جرعة‬،‫بسبب لوجود ردلود الفعل الجسدية الخيار اللول لغير ممكن‬ . Vestibuloplasty is often indicated for frenum attachments with .60 thick labial frenum with wide base.

...who..c-toughness d-brittleness Toughness It is defined as the amount of energy per volume that a .int/publications/emhj/0503/08. ridge lap...material can absorb before rupturing Toughness . the free encyclopedia The ability of a metal to deform plastically and to absorb .htm Retention of amalgam depends on a-amalgam bond *** b-convergency of walls oclusally c-divergency of walls oclusally d retentive pins Bhatia's Dentogist: mcqs in Dentistry Energy absorbed by the point of fracture called a-ultimate strength b-elastic limit *** . The oral epithelium is stratified squamous epithelium will thickened and give dental lamina *** a: true b: false Http: //www. (2005 Local contraindication of extraction -a -b .hygienic.Wikipedia.a-H2O2 with phosph B-superexol with sod parporate c-superexol with ca hydroxide *** :d...4th Ed..energy in the process before fracture is termed toughness Toughness Mix in walking non vital bleatching .emro.H2o2 with Sodium perborate (Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry . In 6 week intra uterine life the development start..

‫بقدر امتداد النخر لوفي الميازيب‬ Acquired pellicle *** ..73 a..b_beveled amalgam margines *** .C-conservative restorations preparation of all incipient cavity within enamel ً"‫ بما أن حشوات الكمبوزيت هي حشوات محافظة فإن التحضير يجب أن يكون محافظ‬:‫معنى السؤال‬ ‫ا‬ . Esthetic *** b.c-pt recent recive radiotheraby d-tooth in the malignant tumar *** e-both c and d Since in composite tooth prep should be conservative so the design a-amalgam in moderate and large cavities . the free encyclopedia " :In clinical research . Extensions of odontoblasts in the DEJ .. Function d. Pt demand c.Wikipedia.a-structures layer protect tooth b-aid in remineralization The most affect tooth in nurse bottle feeding a-lower molars b-upper molars *** c-max incisor d-mand incisor :In restoring lost tooth.b.75 a. Enamel rods change their direction *** C. Blind or double blind . Enamel rods get crowded ‫تتشكل في المنطقة التي تزدحم فيها المواشير المينائية‬ "Enamel tufts ..74 a. Arch integrity and occlusal stability Enamel tufts are . which is least important ..

Most common tooth which needs surgical extraction *** . what's the best : impression material to be used . ‫ أما الخيار الثاني فيعني زيادة جرعة‬،‫بسبب لوجود ردلود الفعل الجسدية الخيار اللول لغير ممكن‬ . Offers no benefits to subject at risk x-ray periapical for immature tooth is . Includes intervention d.b. What should dentist do conscious sedation. Agar agar .a)mandibualr third molar Patient is diagnosed for ceramometal full veneer. Needs control c.17 with physical volt. child patient take sedation before appointment and present .B. *simply inconculosive. tie in unite with bandage. Poly sulfide .D.587 to use epoxy Resin >>>>>>missing text>>>>>>>.A. Irreversible hydrocolloid .‫ أما الخيار الثالث )تثبيت الطفل( فهو لهذه الحالت‬،‫المادة المركنة لوهذا لغير مفضل عند الطفال‬ Most impacted tooth is *** a-mand 8 b-max 2 Q. Poly ether . should be compered with antermere. tie with baboose board.5 ‫ اقتراح‬generally conclusive. You plan .C. redo sedation.

. 3. *** 4.Silicon. 1. Irrigant that kills e-foecalis 1-naoh 2-mtad. an acid.Q27) the impression material of choice when we want to take :impression for epoxy resin pin is . Irreversible hydrocolloid : Impression material cause bad taste to patient a-poly sulfide b-polyether c-additional silicon d alginate The impression used for preliminary impressions or study -27 :casts is 1.a) Polysulfide . and a detergent. In an in vitro study.Agar agar. 2. doxycycline).C.effective solution for killing E. MTAD is a mixture of a tetracycline isomer (i.e. MTAD was found to be an .Alginate.D. Faecalis .None. *** 2-saline 3-chlorohexidine Pathway to the pulp New irrigants are being developed in an attempt to address some of the shortcomings of past and current materials. Agar agar .B) Polyether .

extract the decidous tooth-1 start endo-2 observe over time-3 :dail wear of amalgam-12 microgram /DAY 1-3 weeping canal we use-14 g.p-1 *** caoh-2 . 2-composite resin 4-leave and observe pt presented to u with trauma of the central incisor with open -9 apex tooth clinical examination revealed cut of blood supply to :the tooth what is the next step extraction-1 endo-2 observe over time -3 child came to u with grey discolouration of the deciduous -10 incisor also on radiographic exam.…-3 . There is dilation of follicle of :the permenant successor what will u do . During the orthodontist removes orthodontic braces he noticed white hypocalcific lesion around the bracket what to do: 1-microabration and application of pumice then fluoride application.2.

p.Retention of GP inside the canal. What is the main -15 .Obturated w silver cone :Tug back refers to-7 1. 2.b.Under obturation w GP c.page 177 It is difficult to control the apical extent of the root filling and in .Fluibilty of GP.…-4 Clinical Endodontics textbook TRONSTAD – page 224 This situation is often referred to as a “weeping canal” and is annoying in that the apical part of the canal cannot be dried properly.4th Ed.dried and obturated :The easiest endo retreatment in -34 a. The right therapy is a discontinuation of the use of the tissue-irritating antiseptics followed by 2–3 weeks of calcium hydroxide in the root canal.p.addition some contraction of the GP occurs on cooling Useful for irregular canal defects . dental student using thermoplastized g.problem he may face ‫ *** دراسات عليا‬extrusion of g.Over obturation w GP . The chemically-induced exudation will then have stopped and the root canal can be .Weeping canals d. From the canal-1 inability to fill the proper length-2 failure to use maser cone at proper length -3 ledge -4 Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry . (2005).

propylene glycol-3 ‫ صح‬3 ‫ و‬2 Paediatric Dentistry 3rd Ed (2005)" page 165: 0.5% basic " fuchsin :And Dental pulp 2002" + "Operative Dentistry" propylene glycol" 1.Atropine : A.depresses the pulse rate c -cause central nervous system depression ‫ – تنقص إفراز اللعاب‬Mydriasis ‫ مادة ثكولينية تبطئ النبض – توسع الحدنقة‬:‫التروبين‬ 2.cracked enamel best Dx by (12 ***Dye ???how can test crack tooth(12 Xray elictric test ethyle dye test :caries detection dye composed main of-34 acid fuschin-1 basic fuchsin-2 *** .bries secretion such saliva *** B.Drug used to increase saliva during impression taking is: 1234- anticholinergic *** cholinergic antidiabetic anticorticosteroid .

Anti diabetic medicine.Anticorticosteroid .the proper medicine is? A) anti diabetic medicine b)anti cholinergic c)steroid*** 4. adrenal steroids 5.2 .*** . Anticholinergic.3 . Steroid.*** used to (decrease impression taking is: 1.4 6. 3.Antidiabetic . complaint from his dry mouth. 2.Pt with complete denture come to your clinic. the proper medicine is: 1.In order to decrease the gastric secretion: histamine A antigen equivalent histamine B antigen equivalent anticholenergic. complaint from his dry mouth .Pt with complete denture come to your clinic. = Anticholinergic.‫الكولين ينقص اللعاب ويوسع الحدنقة ويبطئ النبض ويزيد الفراز المعدي‬ ‫مثبطات الكولين تزيد اللعاب وتضيق الحدنقة وتزيد النبض وتنقص الفراز المعدي‬ ‫مفعول التروبين مضاد لمفعول مضادات الكولين‬ 3. Anticordial.nabers probe-1 Least effective to kill aids is: ultra voilet source: dentogist naocl is very effective Also cetrimide and dry heat at 100 degree are inffective in kill aids .Cholinergic .Drug not increase) saliva during :probe used to detect furcation-52 ‫ *** بالبعدين العمودي والقفقي‬.

Impact debris fragment c.secondery apical periodontitis-2 *** .A. (2005) – page 178 Pain following instrumentation: This is usually due to instruments or irrigants.during endo pt is complaining of pain with percussion what u -17 ?suspect apical periodontitis-1 .Over instrumentation "Pathway of the pulp 9ed 1st part – page 406 " Shaping to the radiographic apex is likely to produce overinstrumentation past the apical foramen.microorganisms into periapical spaces .Apical infection B.over instrumentation-3 over medication-4 Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry .materials. and the healing process may be compromised :‫سؤال آخرمشابه فيه خيارا ن صحيحا ن‬ During doing Rct. pt complains from pain during percussion -15 :due to .4th Ed. with possible clinical sequelae of postoperative pain and inoculation of .apical tissues "Pathway of the pulp 9ed 1st part – page 217 " Postoperative discomfort generally is greater when this area (apical constriction) is violated by instruments or filling .Over instrumentation ‫الجواب النسب وهو ما يحدث في الحياة العملية هو‬ . or to debris being forced into the .

Tropicalis.‫ا‬ ً‫الذغلى ثمن‬ :Candida infection is a frequent cause of Burning mouth 289. C. and " "Cases. (2005) – page 240 Fluconazole 50 mg od is the systemic drug of choice.All of the above.New caries.3 from *** a) Improper cavity preparation b) Faulty manipulation c) Both of the above d) None of the above Clinical Aspects of Dental Materials: Theory. Glabrata. Practice. C.Which one of the following was the most frequently reason for replacement of a molar restoration with larger restoration: a. candida subtyping should be performed for resistant .‫ أثكثر سبب لعادة الحشو‬:‫صيغة السؤال‬ Clinical failure of the amalgam restoration usually occurs .Recurrent caries. d. therefore.cases ،‫ا هو الفلوثكونازول حب أو حقن وريدي ويفيد بالحالت المعندة‬ ً‫العلج المفضل للمبيضات جهازي‬ ‫ والمفوتريسن والميكونازول‬، ‫ا النستاتين معلق أو حب مص وممكن استخدام الكلورهكسيدين‬ ً‫وموضعي‬ .4th Ed. Knusel are fluconazole resistant. 3rd Edition . c.Faulty restoration. and C. .:pt on long term antibiotic came with systemic Candida - amphotrecin-1 *** fluconazol-2 nystatin-3 Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry . b.

Amalgam Restoration-related failures include: (1) bulk fracture of The restoration.page 168 " Clinical failure is the point at which the restoration is No longer serviceable or at which time the restoration Poses other severe risks if it is not replaced.‫السبب الرئيسي لفشل الملغم هو تحضير الحفرة ذغير الكافي وهو أهم من رخص المادة أو نقلة تكييفها‬ .‫أو نقلة إنهائها‬ Art and science of operative dentistry 2000".B) necrotizing sialometaplasia ‫يتكرر ثكثير سؤال به رسمة سن ومطلوب‬-50 ‫كشوفو ياكشباب‬ DIVERGENT ‫ تكو ن أصل‬CLASS II ‫المفروض ا ن جدرا ن السن في‬ MARGINAL RIDGE 1. (2) corrosion and excessive marginal Fracture.(the restorative Tooth preparation wall(s Lesion at junction between hard and soft palate and :surrounded with psudoepithelium hyperplasia in salivary gland A) hyperplasia in salivary gland *** .6 for premolar ‫وا ن تكو ن‬ and 2mm for molar art and science ‫أرجو من الجميع مذاثكرة هذا الموضوع والموجود بالتفصيل في ثكتاب‬ operative dentistry To know wall angulation :a child at dentation age is suffering from -16 a) diarrhea b) sleep disorders *** c) increased salivation . And (5) fracture of tooth structure forming . (3) sensitivity or pain. (4) secondary caries.

B fibers C.page 83 . Pain on sweet ?sharp pain is due to which type of fibers (5 *** . 0. myelinated fibers that transmit sharp pain C-fibers – small unmyelinated nerve fibers that transmit dull .‫بالضافة للعراض الخرى الناتجة عن اللتهابات بسبب وضع اليد بالفم والعض على أجسام أجنبية‬ when restoring asymptomatic healthy tooth with amalgam.5 mm c.‫ يصاحب بزوغ السنا ن ثكل من زيادة اللعاب ونقلة الشهية‬: 49 ‫في ثكتاب طب أسنا ن الطفال ص‬ .or aching pain :minimal facial reduction when preparing for veneers (6 a.‫ا‬ ً‫ ول يقل عن ذلك سوى في حالة التوضع اللساني للسن حتى نعيد إبرازها دهليزي‬،‫ ملم‬0. C fibers ‫المصدر ملف من النت‬ A-delta fibers – small.5 ‫ التحضير للدهليزي ل يقل عن‬،‫ و أثكسفورد‬Dental secrets ‫حسب‬ . Pain on biting d. (3 :the normal physiologic symptom after that is a. Pain on cold c. Pain on hot *** b. 1-1.5 mm ‫ ملم ويصل عند اللثة‬0.3 mm *** b.A. A fibers B.03-0.7 ‫إلى‬ Operative Dentistry A Practical Guide to Recent " ‫وحسب‬ "Innovations .

your Dx ***cracked tooth syndrome (1 .D) Electric test patient came complaining of severe pain on biting.The facial enamel is usually reduced by 0.3–0. his chief complain (404 : is pain on A) Hot stimuli B) Cold stimuli *** .D) Transillumination / visible light test Patient suffering from a cracked enamel. you did x-ray and it revealed that the RCT filling is very good. but where the underlying tooth is severely discolored.5mm. Upon examination no pulpal or periodontal findings.C) A & B . reduction should . related (11 to a certain tooth.7mm after u did RCT to your pt he came back to the clinic after (7 few days with sever pain on biting. thin (film like) spot on the lateral border of the ?root what is the most probable diagnosis A. but u saw radiopaque.Accessory canal *** .b) vertical root canal fracture : method of Detection of Cracked teeth (403 A) Horizontal percussion B) Vertical percussion C) Electric pulp test *** . and pulpal :vitality is positive.be 0..

If you feel pain. however. but a fiber-optic light or disclosing solution may assist the diagnosis by making the crack easier to see.crack Your dentist may use a special tool to test the tooth.PAGE 213 The diagnosis of cusp fracture is easy when the cusp has fallen off. The patient will frequently complain of sensitivity to hot and cold and discomfort on biting. Lateral pressure on the suspect cusp may also help by producing a sensitivity that mirrors the patient’s symptoms.Often the pain occurs when the pressure is released A crack usually does not show up on an x-ray.?cracked tooth syndrome is best diagnosed by (10 A. the part of the tooth being tested most . Before this actually happens. Pulp testing Pickard's Manual of Operative Dentistry Eighth edition OXFORD . A sharp instrument will be used to allow us to explore the tooth for cracks. There are different kinds of tools.can expand the crack until it is seen You may have X-rays taken but X-rays often do not reveal the . It fits over one part of the tooth at a time as you bite down. a physical examination of the tooth will have to be performed. Subjective symptoms and horizontal percussion c. Radiograph b. One looks like a toothbrush without bristles. the patient may experience pain but often finds it remarkably difficult to locate this to a particular tooth. Even on clinical examination it is often difficult to pinpoint which tooth is causing the pain. We will also place pressure on the tooth to see if we .likely has a crack in it Diagnostic tests of cracked tooth . Palpation and vertical percussion d. .

visual examination of cracks: aided by staining with dye such .as methylene blue Tactile examination crutch the tooth surface with a sharp explorer widening a gap of the crack may elicit extremely ‫ أي بمثابة ضغط أفقي‬.second is wrong d)first is wrong . *** 2. second is true Caranza – periodontology – page 658 :Bass method advantages .a)both statements are true b)both statements are false c)first is true . and it is recommended for all patients *** .individually pain on release often indicates crack tooth Transillumination: fiberoptic light source held perpendicular to the suspected crack that mean the prober exam for crack in the tooth(b) subjective symptoms and horizontal percussion the book is NBDE II :The best method for tooth brush is Bass method because a.The both sentences are correct. 1.It enter to interproximal area b.painful response bite tests each cusp tip must be tested :‫ وتد‬Tooth sloth .Can be used by patient with gingival recession and it rotainary advice to all types of patients. Bass brushing has the advantage of the bristles enters in the :cervical area .The first sentence is correct and the second is wrong.

‫النسجة الملتهبة واللثة المتراجعة‬ ‫ فتعني تعديل وضع الفركشاة بحيث توازي القواطع السفلية لسهولة تفريشها من‬Modified bass ‫أما‬ . inflamed.any patient with or without periodontal involvement patient comes to you with edematous gingiva. Modified stillman c. Full crown b.‫بشفائها بعد الجراحة اللثوية‬ the best method to protect teeth that underwent (12 ?bicuspidization procedure from fracture *** . what's the best tooth ?brushing technique A. Splint with composite c.interproximal portions of the teeth The Bass technique is efficient and can be recommended for . (11 loss of gingival contour and recession.caliper . Charter d. Scrub Caranza – clinical periodontology page 659 :‫المرجع‬ ‫طريقة ستيلما ن المعدلة تقوم على مبدأ تطبيق الضغط بجوانب أكشعار الفركشاة وليس بذراها لتقليل رض‬ .b.‫اللساني‬ ‫ درجة مع تمسيد لطيف دائري للسنا ن واللثة للسماح‬135 ‫ فهي وضع الفركشاة بزاوية‬Charter ‫أما‬ .It concentrates the cleaning action on the cervical and . Orthodontic splint Dental decks – page 273 What’s the name of the Device used to measure Vertical (363 Dimension *** .A. Modified bass *** .

the mandible (348 will a)deviate to the left side *** b)deviate to the right side c)no deviate Pt came after 24 month of tooth replantation which had (295 ankylosis with no root resorption. . lateral extension of posterior palatal seal .posterior extension of posterior palatal seal . *** .Willis Gauge Face bow pt have unilateral fracture of left the condyle.% 16-13 ‫ ونسبة تموت اللب‬% 80 ‫احتمال النجاح‬ oral surgeon put his finger on the nose of the patient and (260 the patient asked to blow this done to check ‫ الجواااااااااب الصحييح‬anterior extention of posterior palatal seal . It most likely to develop root :resorption in *** reduce greatly /1 increase /2 after 2 years /3 after 4 years /4 136 ‫حسب أثكسفورد ص‬ ‫ وإذا ترافقت إعادة الزرع بالتصاق فيكو ن‬،‫ من حالت النخلع الكامل‬% 35-6 ‫يحدث التكلس في‬ . glandular opening.

all- after bleaching a tooth. :we wait for a)24 hours ‫ *** الصح‬b)a week c) choose a different material Clinical Aspects of Dental Materials Theory. and " "(Cases (3rd Ed 2009 . we don’t want to compromise the bonding. Practice.:when increase vertical dimension you have to (229 increase minimal need /1 construct anterior teeth first then posterior teeth/2 use provisional crown for 2 months /4 all/5 :tracing of GP used for (226 *** source of periapical pathosis/1 acute periapical periodontitis/2 periodental abscess /3 none /4 (‫انقتفاء مسار نقمع الكوتا يهدف إلى معرفة مصدر الفة حول السنية )عن طريق الناسور‬ :isolated pocket in (222 vertical root fracturepalato gingival grooveendo origine lesion*** . we wanna restore the tooth with (207 composite resin.

what (204 :would you do *** a) full denture b) implant c) space maitainer d)no intervention PAEDIATRIC DENTISTRY .provided in adulthood (B)-autoimmune factors++ (one of the signs of Autoimm dis’s desck page 1334 ‫المرجع‬ Treacher collins syndrome characterized by ‫ تقدم فك سفلي‬.Esthetic restoration of teeth should be delayed for 2 weeks .MALAR BONE NOT WELL FORMED OR ABSENCE - :‫متلزمة تريشلر ثكولينز‬ ‫ ميل ن‬.‫العينين للسفل‬ ‫ ويكيبيديا‬:‫المصدر‬ .‫يجب تأخير عمل الحشوات التجميلية لما بعد التبييض بأسبوعين لتأمين ربط ثكافي مع الميناء‬ Three year old pt.‫ تشوه صيوا ن الذ ن‬.3rd Ed. has anodontia (no teeth at all).after the completion of tooth whitening . from about 3 years of age.PROGNTHESIA OF MANDIBLE NO EAR LOSSUPWARD SLUTING OF EYE*** . albeit with likely limited success. (2005)" page 294" In cases of anodontia. full dentures are required.‫ حنك مشقوق‬. These can be provided.‫ تراجع الفك السفلي للخلف‬. with the possibility of implant support for prostheses .underdeveloped cheek bone ‫كشكل السمكة للوجه بسبب ضمور العظم الوجني‬ .

buccolingual direction to dilate socket c. Jambhale S .Wikipedia.treacher cholins-1 cleidocrenial dyspasia-2 eagle syndrome-3 ……-4 :when removing lower second molar (6 a.D) extraction .Treacher Collins syndrome .Indian J Anaesth :Treacher – Collins syndrome is mainly (97 *** .mandibular retrognathia /1 (loss of hearing (50% of cases /2 Patient present with deffieciency at the malar bone+open .b.bite+normal mental abilities *** .occlusal plane perpendicular To the floor *** . Bennur SK. the free encyclopedia ، TreacherCollins Syndrome-A Challenge For Aaesthesiologists Goel L.mesial then lingual Trauma lead to fracture in the root between middle cervical (10 and apical third a) poor prognosis *** b) good prognosis Trauma caused fracture of the root at junction between (409 :middle and cervical third A) do endo for coronal part only B) RCT for both C) leave *** .

Topical anesthesia (d.stretch the muscle c. Clinical picture: spontaneous appearance .give it slowly b.needles • Handbook of local anesthesia (Malamed) Lesion at junction between hard and soft palate and (32 surrounded with psudoepithelium a) Hyperplasia in salivary gland b) Necrotizing sialometaplasia ( correct answer) :Necrotizing sialometaplasia Benign condition mostly affects the palate and rarely other sites.recurrent caries c.occlusal trauma b. moderate-rate (dentinal caries.all of the above (correct answer Secondary dentin is a physiological process by which the tooth lay down secondary dentin after complete formation of the (primary dentin (Even without external stimuli BUT. abrasion. erosion.Secondary dentine occur due to (22 a. Importance of recognizing this lesion is that it mimics malignancies. Cause: ischemia by surgical manipulation or local anesthesia.the needle size over than 25 gauge (correct answer Patients can't differentiate between 23 – 25 – 27 and 30 gauge .attrition dentine (d. trauma. some operative procedures • Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology (Neville) • Sturdevant's Art and Science of operative dentistry :All of these are ways to give L.A with less pain EXCEPT (23 a. reparative dentin ( tertiary or abnormal secondary dentin ) is formed in response to moderate level stimuli such as ( attrition.

Genital Herpes: Treatment of Initial Genital Herpes: 200 mg every 4 hours.Proximal half crown -2 Alternatives Telescope crown -3 Non rigid connector -4 • Fundamentals of fixed prosthodontics (shillinburg) :Acyclovir dose for treatments of herps (40 a) 200 mg / 5 times a day b) 200 mg / 4 times a day c) 400 mg / 4 times a day d) 800 mg / 4 times a day ( Correct Answer ) "treatment "of Herpes Zoster There are different dosages for different cases of Herpes !! the :question should be more specific Acute Treatment of Herpes Zoster: 800 mg every 4 hours orally. 5 times daily for 7 to 10 days. Alternative regimens have included doses ranging from 200 mg 3 times daily to 200 mg 5 times daily. The frequency and severity of episodes of untreated genital herpes may change over time. the frequency and severity of the patient's genital herpes . 5 times daily for 10 days. After 1 year of therapy. followed by re-evaluation. subsequently the mucosa breaks down with the formation of a sharply demarcated deep ulcer with a yellowish grey lobular base • Oral Pathology Clinical Pathologic Correlation ( Regezi ) Missing lower six and tilted 7 (38 :Best treatment plan from most favorable to least Uprighting of molar by orthodontics -1 :If not possible . Early: tender swelling often with dusky erythema of overlying mucosa.most commonly at the junction of the hard and soft palate. Chronic Suppressive Therapy for Recurrent Disease: 400 mg 2 times daily for up to 12 months.

( correct answer .rxlist.htm • Cawson Essintials of Oral Pathology and Oral Medicine 7th ed How much subgingivally do you go with the band in class II (446 :restorations . Diagnosis is a)Polymorphecadenoma b) sialotitis c) Sjögren's syndrome • Clinical outline of oral pathology diagnosis and treatment ( Eversole ) The compression / relaxation cycle of external cardiac (43 compression should be repeated a. Therapy should be initiated at the earliest sign or symptom (prodrome) of recurrence.5 – 1 mm B) 1 – 2 mm C) 2 – 3 mm A female patient came to your clinic with dry lips and (41 mouth and bilateral submandibular oedema and ocular :dryness.76 times / second ( d.60 times / minute c. • International Drug Index. Children over 40 kg should receive the adult dose for chickenpox. Adults and Children over 40 kg: 800 mg 4 times daily for 5 days. 5 times daily for 5 days. Treatment of Chickenpox: Children (2 years of age and older): 20 mg/kg per dose orally 4 times daily (80 mg/kg/day) for 5 days.com/zoviraxdrug.infection should be re-evaluated to assess the need for continuation of therapy with ZOVIRAX.100 times / minute. Intermittent Therapy: 200 mg every 4 hours.A) 0.2 times / second b. Zovirax (Acyclovir) http://www.

• Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry . at the middle of the lower half of the sternum. If no pulse commence chest compression.Secondary caries .vitality d.4 Which of the following types of base materials can be (58 placed in contact with polymethyl methaacrylate & not inhibit the polymerization of the resin a) ZOE b) GI cement c) Zn phosphate cement . If it is present.embedded foreign bodies • Contemporary oral and maxillofacial surgery (Peterson) A child patient undergone pulpotomy in your clinic in1st (45 primary molar.to obtain and maintain proper occlusion (correct (answer b. (2005) .times per minute • 2005 American Heart Association Guidelines Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care for Cardiopulmonary One of the primary considerations in the treatment of (44 fractures of the jaw is a.3 ( Periapical abscess ( correct answer .test teeth mobility c. provide 10 breaths per minute.2 Gingival status. depressing 4¾5 cm 100 . Next day the patient returned with ulcer on the :right side of the lip… your diagnosis is a) Apthosis b) Zonal herpes (c) traumatic ulcer (correct answer :Bitewing exam is used to diagnose EXCEPT (46 .4th Ed.Proximal caries .page 304 Circulation Feel for a carotid pulse. >> periodontal status i.1 .e. bone level . checking the pulse for 10 sec every 10 breaths.

Ca (OH)2 .1 (Nursing caries. (correct answer .2+4 • :Autoclaving technique is depending on (48 .Zinc oxide and eugenol . Anterior teeth • Dentistry for the child and adolescent (McDonald) .1 Posterior devision of mandibular nerve.3 • Basic Anatomy (snell) A child (2 years) with caries in the incisors we call this (51 :caries .2+3 • ( correct answer ) 3+4 • .2 .4 year old . Dry heat (B.Varnish .4 .1 .d) varnish ( e) b&c ( correct answer :We can use under the composite restoration (47 .3 .Anterior devision of mandibular nerve .Rampant caries .3.c.2 ( answer .children with involvement of max. Chemicals Autoclave: Steam and pressure until it's heated • Contemporary Oral and Maxillofacial surgery ( Peterson ) :The inferior alveolar nerve is branch of (49 Mandibular nerve – not divided .a.1+2 • .2 .Children caries . and mand. ( correct . Steam heat ( Correct Answer .Zinc phosphate cement .3 Nursing caries or ECC (early childhood caries) or BBTC (baby bottle caries) is a type of rampant caries in 2.

Some of the common occupations or types of workers at risk of silica disease due to crystalline silica dust exposure include: Glass Workers :Laser core can be used in curing of composite .medscape.1 .com/article/302027-overview • http://www. (correct answer .html Silicosis.com/about.com/clinicalarticles/Chen_DT_reprint1.628 . is especially common among the workers whose occupations expose them to extremely high levels of crystalline silica dust for long durations.Persons who are working in glass factories they have the (52 :disease (Silicosis (correct answer .2 • Emedicine : silicosis http://emedicine. new advances in ND(YAG) laser for intracanal uses. >> used in periapical surgery .B) hene C) Argon / Hallogen led :Laser used in endodontic is (53 Co2.biolase.3 CO2 laser is used in periapical surgeries .pdf .2 .Led .(A) ND (YAG .silicosisclaims. Both can be used in !!endodontic • Pathways of the pulp • Other articles from previous answer ( about ND(YAG) ) Http: //http//www.1 (Nd (YAG). or silica disease.Asepsis .

(correct answer .htm A patient 14 years with avulses incisors 11 and 21 we can (54 :use a splint for ( a) 1 – 2 week.Http: //http//www.com/REVIEWS/lasers&Endo.excessive firing temperature c.C) 3 – 4 week .an incomplete break in the bone (d.Condensation of porcelain slurry by hand can cause porosity • Contemporary fixed prosthodontics ( Rosenstiel) A compound fracture is characterized by (56 a-many small fragments b -a star shaped appearance c.D) 4 – 5 week :Splinting of avulsed tooth (Mature 7-10 days (1-2 weeks Immature tooth 3-4 weeks • Dentistry for the child and adolescent (McDonald) • Contemporary oral and maxillofacial surgery ( Peterson) The most frequent cause of porosity in a prcelain (55 restoration is a.b) 2 – 3 week .moisture of contamination b.healthmantra.inadequate condensation of porcelain (correct (answer • Dental decks 441 .excessive condensation of the porcelain d .communication with oral cavity (correct answer .

Gl A patient that had a class II amalgam restoration. Diagnosis is (.young teeth A patient complaining from a severe oedema in the lower (87 :jaw that increases in size upon eating. radiographically an Overhanging amalgam is :present. (2005)page498 in common with all fracture they can be grouped into simple (closed linear fracture) compound (open to mouth or skin :And Peterson's Principles of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 2nd Ed " "2004 page409 • fractures of the facial skeleton (peter banks) :Verrucous carcinoma is (76 (a) malignant. next day (88 he returns complaining of discomfort at the site of the restoration.a) salivary gland (submandibular sal.4th Ed.Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry . (correct answer b) non-malignant c) hayperplastic d) none of the above • Oral and maxillofacial pathology (Neville) :Electric pulp tester on the adults is not accurate because (86 a) Late appearance of Fibers A b) Late appearance of Fibers C c) Early appearance of fibers A d) Early appearance of fibers C "Pathway Of Pulp 6th edition page 314 " The relatively late appearance of A fibers in the pulp helps to explain why the electric pulp test tends to be unreliable in . This is due to .

(a) lack of matrix usage.( correct answer B) no burnishing for amalgam :Contents of the Anaesthia carpule (89 .a)Lidocaine + epinephrine + Ringer’s liquid B)Lidocaine + epinephrine + distilled water. (correct (answer .C) Lidocaine + epinephrine only :Contents of anesthesia carpule Anesthetic agent, vasoconstrictor, preservative, sodium .chloride, distilled water • Hand book of local anesthesia (malamed) a patient that wasn’t anaesthetized well in his 1st visit, (90 next day he returns with a limited mouth opening (trismus). He :must be anaesthized, what’s the technique to be used a) William’s technique .b) Bercher’s technique ‫عبد الكريم خليل‬.‫ د‬- ‫التخدير الموضعي لجراحة الفم لوالوجه لوالفكين الجزء الثاني‬ ‫ هي‬Trismus ‫طريقة التخدير المستطبة في حال لم يستطيع المريض فتح فمه بسبب الضزز‬ ‫ لوتستخدم لتخدير العصب الماضغ)الفرع الحركي من السني السفلي( للوصول‬Bercher ‫طريقة‬ .‫الى ارتخاء الفك السفلي‬ !!I think it's a wrong question I tried searching for these two techniques and nothing .came up The technique used to administer a block with trismus or limited mouth opening is (akinosi closed mouth (technique • Handbook of local anesthesia (malamed)

At which of the following locations on a mandibular molar do you complete the excavation of caries first . a- axial walls

B- pulpal floor over the mesial pulp horns ( c- peripheral caries (Correct answer .d- all of the above are correct In deep carious lesion all peripheral caries is removed, some of the soft dentin in the floor of the cavity can be left and indirect .pulp capping is performed 1- Remove all peripheral caries 2- Remove caries in the axial wall (DEJ) 3- Leave soft dentin in the floor of the cavity 4- Indirect pulp capping • Principles of operative dentistry. CMCP contains phenol in concentration % a-0.5 (b- 35 % (correct answer % c-65 % d- 5 : CMCP composition p-Chlorophenol 35%, Camphor 65%

Dentist provided bleaching which also known as (home bleaching) contain a- 35-50% hydrogen peroxide b- 5-22% carbamide peroxide Home bleaching : 10-15% carbamide peroxide • Sturdevan't art and science of operative dentistry

Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry - 4th Ed. (2005) - page 316 a solution of 10% carbamide peroxide in a soft splint has been advocated for home bleaching

What is the disadvantages of Mcspadden technique in (obturation (thermocompaction (requires much practice to perfect.(correct answer • Endodontics (ingle)

: thermo mech. Tech of obturation is (493 A) thermafil B) obtura C) ultrafil (D) mcspadden. (correct answer • Endodontics (ingle) Fractured tooth to alveolar crest, what's the best way to ?produce ferrule effect A) restore with amalgam core sub-gingivaly. (violate biological (width (b) crown lengthening ( unesthetic results (c) extrusion with orthodontics (correct answer Extrusion with orthodontics : using brackets (may cause movement of other abutmemnt teeth) or utilizing an anchorage wire boded to adjacent teeth as described by oesterle and wood p.g.:191 • Fundamentals of fixed prosthodontics (shillinburg) 2- 65 years old black man wants to have very white teeth in his new denture what should the dentist do: a- Put the white teeth b- Show the patient the suitable color first then show him the white one (correct answer) c- Convince him by showing him other patients photos. d- Tell him firmly that his teeth color are good. Or

Do not show white teeth • textbook of complete denture 3- At which temperature that gutta percha reach the alpha temp: a- 42-48 c (Correct answer) b- 50-60 c- 70-80 d- 100c • Endodontics (ingle) During clinical examination the patient had pain when the -5 :exposed root dentine is touched due to a- Reversible pulpitis (b- Dentine hypersensitivity (correct answer c- Irreversible pulpitis The patient have dull pain and swelling and the PA shows -6 :apical radiolucency your diagnosis will be a- Acute periodontal abscess b- Chronic periodontal abscess with swelling (correct (answer It's usually asymptomatic except when there's occasional closure of the sinus pathway. S&S: swelling, PA .radiolucency,sinus tract • Endodontics principles and practice ( torabinejad)

All these shows honey combed bone radiographically -8 :EXCEPT a- Ameloblastoma b- Odontogenic myxoma cyst c- Odontogenic keratocyst (d- Adenomatoid odontogenic tumor. (correct answer

Unilocular radiolucent lesion may have some flakes of calcifications • Oral pathology clinical pathological correlations (regezi)

:Flouride amount in water should be -10 a- 0.2-0.5 mg/liter b- 1-5 mg/liter c- 1-2 mg/liter d- 0.1- 0.2 mg/liter Fluoride amount in water best maintained at 1 ppm (1mg/L). in hot climate communities this amount should be reduced because of the increase consumption of water • Textbook of preventive and community dentistry In the US the amount of fluoride in drinking water range from 0.7-1.2 mg/L • WHO The optimal fluoride concentration can be as high as 1.5 mg/L in cold climate and as low as 0.5 mg/L in very hot climate • Textbook of community dentistry

:Distal fissure of premolar contact oppose -11 a- Middle of the middle third & buccal fissure is wider than lingual b- Cervical line & lingual fissure is wider than buccal c- Middle of the middle third & vice versa d- Cervical of the middle third & vice versa :the powered toothbrush invented in -18 a- 1929 (b- 1939 (correct answer

c- 1959 d- 1969 • Clinical periodontology (Carranza) :The most superior way to test the vitality of the tooth with -22 a- Ice pack B- Chloro ethyl (C- Endo special ice. (correct answer D- Cold water spray • Endodontics (ingle) The way to remove mucocel is -24 a- Radiation (b- Excision (correct answer c- Chemotherapy d- Caterization

years old come with fractured max incisor tooth with 8 -25 incipient exposed pulp after 30 min of the trauma, what’s the :suitable rx a- Pulpatomy (b- Direct pulp capping (correct answer c- Pulpectomy d- Apexification

pt came to dental clinic having a hematological problem -27 after lab test they found that factor viii less 10% what’s the :diagnosis (a- Heamophilia A (correct answer b- Heamophilia b Factor VIII deficiency : Hemophilia A Factor IX deficiency : Hemophilia B

70-80 (correct answer c. it should be -33 :replaced again a.you see the upper lip like too long .After 2 hours c. who is unable to differentiate the colors.deficient in the ?margins of the lip.Non restorable tooth b.50-60 (b.:all these are contraindicated to RCT EXCEPT -29 a.but when you exam him . reason is A)deficiency in the vertical dimensional b)anterior upper teeth are short c)deficient in vit B . the cutting edge should -30 :be at angle a.Vertical root fracture c.Pt who has diabetes or hypertension sharpening the curette and sickle. or address :He is acting like years old 3 -1 years old 4 -2 years old 10 -3 pt have a complete denture came to the clinic .Immediately b.24 hr’s -d yrs old child.or in the chewing . 10 -34 and can't tell his name.60-70 • Clinical periodontology (Carranza) avulsed tooth is washed with tap water .Tooth with insufficient tooth support d.80-90 d.tell you no -39 complaint in the talking .

you (76 found that the primary incisor entered the follicle for the permanent incisor what you will do A) Surgical removal of the follicle B) Leave it C) Surgical removal of the primary incisor.Cheilosis: Inflammation of the lips where there is scaling and fissures child has a habit of finger sucking and starts to show -41 :orodental changes. (Correct (answer • Dentistry for the child and adolescent (McDonald) :Tongue develope from (77 (mandibular arch & tuberculum impar. Table /3 all/4 Child 3 years old came to clinic after falling on his chin.Upper anterior teeth should extend 1-2 mm beyond relaxed lip.Psychological therapy -c -d Treatments for habits include appliances and encouragement . the child needs a. . (correct answer /2 wide occ.and reminder for the patient • Dentistry for the child and adolescent (McDonald) :Knife ridge should be tx with relining soft material/1 (maximum coverage of flange.Short upper anterior teeth may affect esthetic and phonetics • Textbook of Complete dentures Vitamin B Deficiency causes .Early appliance b. (correct answer /1 .

1 • http://emedicine. The tongue originates from the first.com/article/1289057overview Perforation during endo space preparation what is the most . second.hydrodynamic theory . 3rd and partially 4th pharyngeal arches The tongue starts to develop at about 4 weeks. 9 The anterior part arises from the first arch.2/1st branchial arch Tongue developes from the tissue of the 1st.2&3/1 root canal filling/4 • Endodontics principles and Practice ( Torabinejad ) :acceptable theory for dental pain transmission (82 (hydrodynamic theory (correct answer/1 fluid movement/2 direct transduction /3 The most accepted theory of pain transmission is the .Buccal surface /3 . (correct answer /1 . Failure of the 2 lateral lingual swellings to merge causes cleft tongue or bifid tongue. 2 lateral lingual swellings and a tuberculum impar arise from the mandibular process. The lateral lingual swellings enlarge rapidly and merge with each other. A local proliferation of the mesenchyme gives rise to 3 swellings in the floor of the mouth.medscape. they overgrow the tuberculum impar to form the oral part of the tongue.Distal surface /2 .1 surface of distal root of lower molar will have tendency of :perforation (Mesial Surface. and third pharyngeal arches and forms the migration of muscles form the occipital myotomes.Lingual surface /4 :Crown and root perforation respond to MTA /1 use matrix with hydroxyapatite and seal with G I /2 (correct answer ) .

Can act as a lubricant to help the . curved hand file -3 once the file is beyond the ledge use in circumferential filing -4 .• Sturdevant's Art and science of operative dentistry PAGE 28 While u were preparing a canal u did a ledge. this may lead to ?? perforation of the strip* :Removal of a ledge remove all obstructions coronal to the ledge-1 coronal portion of the canal prepared with a crown-down -2 technique by pass the ledge with a stiff.motion to remove the obstruction .Start with a smaller size to a larger size -5 once obstruction removed the canal can be cleaned and -6 .file bypass the ledge Stripping Perforation: involves the furcation side of the coronal root surface and results from excessive flaring with files or drills • Endodontics principles and practices ( torabinejad) .sha[ed with any instrumentation technique EDTA : Remove smear layer. then u used (83 EDTA with the file.

v black classification study what the number represent in the " instrument formula one for width one fo length one for angulation 1st: Width of blade -2nd: Length of the blade in millimeter-3rd: "Angle of blade -4th: when cutting edge at ab angle other then right For example.by the Free Online Medical Dictionary. expressed in centigrades. Schick test an intradermal test for determination of susceptibility to diphtheria.289. The first two digits (15) of the formula designate the width of the blade in tenths of a millimeter. the number of a gingival margin trimmer is given as 15-95-812R. . Schick test . lip is painful with superficial wound what is the trauma’s classification: a) luxation. *** b) subluxation c) laceration ‫تمزق‬ d) abrasion ‫سحج‬ e) contusion ‫كدمة‬ Handbook of dental trauma 2001. and the fifth digit (8) represents the angle which the blade forms with axis of the handle expressed in hundredths of a circle (100 gradations or centigrades). the sixth and seventh digits represent the angle made by the edge with the axis of the hand.black (GV black) periodontal instrument classification: study what the number represent in the instrument formula For g. maxillary central incisors intruded.page 73 Intrusive luxations.definition of Schick test in the Medical dictionary . the third and fourth digits (95) its length in millimeters."lefts" in order to work more efficiently 290. Thesaurus and Encyclopedia. result from an axial force applied to the incisal edge of the tooth that results in the tooth being driven into the socket 291. The handle letter (R or L) signifies that the instrument is one of a pair made in "rights" and . Dr. An adult had an accident. or intrusions. With the instruments in which the cutting edge is at an angle to the length of the blade.

Bend the file by pliers ‫ إصبع مجرد‬c by bare finger ‫ حبل‬d.‫وحسبأوكسفورديتمالثنيبقبضةالمرآة‬ Father for child 12 year pt <asked you about .you tell him a)2 years b)9 years *** . Put gauze on the file & bend it by hand ‫ ملقط‬b. including those with .indicates a lack of immunity . Inflammation of the injected area .In a curved root u bent a file by ‫ *** شاش‬A.the age for the amalgam restoration of his :child .cusp coverage ‫ سنة‬20 ‫هذا يعني أن الحشوات العادية تستمر حتى‬ :168 ‫لونفس المصدر ص‬ .A test to determine immunity to diphtheria by injection into the skin of dilute diphtheria toxin. By twist .c)2 decades d)all life Art and science of operative dentistry 2000 – page 766 Complex amalgam restoration with pins: Smales reported that 72% of amalgam restorations survived for 15 years.

or equigingivally at the gingival crest. a constant gingival irritant has been constructed. At the level of gingival crest.292. In preparing a subgingival margin. C. for clinical simplicity. *** b.5 mm. Such positioning is quite often not possible because of esthetic or caries considerations. If the margin gf the subsequent crown is extended into the attachment apparatus. 1—2 mm above the gingival crest. Subsequently. Apical to g . the major concern is not to extend the preparation into the attachment apparatus. in the middle of the sulcular depth. Apical to g. Margin ends slightly below the gingival crest.Therefore. Crest 1 mm d. Dental secrets – page 219 It is better for gingival health to place a crown margin supragingivally. Crest 0. when a margin is to be . or at the base of the sulcus. To prevent gingival injury place the margin of the retainer: A. the margin must be placed subgingivally. Above gingival crest.

Pulpotomy. Tow maxillary arches. 8 years old pt. Local aggressive Periodontitis. 4 .3 –4 – 1 – 2 :Type of professionally applied fluoride for mentally retarded pt . Direct pulp capping. 3. 3 . 3.‫على مستوى حافة اللثة‬ :Cleft lip is resulted from incomplete union of . 2.342* :Arrange the steps of cleft palate management Measures to adjust speech. 1 . 2. . Had trauma to 8 presented after 30 minute of injury He had crown fracture with incipient pulp exposure what u do: 1.3 Prevent collapse of two halves. *** 2. Viral infection. 4. Child with late primary dentition has calculus and gingival recession related to upper molar what is the diagnosis: 1. Maxillary arches and nasal arch. Pulpctomy.3 (‫ يكونهوالجواب )يحررالفلور‬fluoride varnish ‫إذاواجد‬ 2. Observe. Cleft lip results from Failure of fusion of the medial nasal process and maxillary process OMFS secrets p. Periodontitis.2 . It is desirable to end the tooth preparation .placed subgingivally.33 1.Acidulated fluoride solutions .2 Cosmetic closure.1 Establish way for nursing and feeding.‫أي بنصف ميليمتر‬ ‫لولكن من مع الخذ بعين العتبار السؤال المطرلوح باعتبار أن اللولوية لحماية اللثة فيجب أن يكون التحضير‬ .4 . *** 3.Neutral sodium fluoride .slightly below the gingival crest ‫مع الخذ بعين العتبار الفقرة السابقة )لومن الناحية العملية( يجب أن يكون التحضير مباشرة تحت حافة اللثة‬ .Stannous fluoride . 2 .1 .

*** c) 12345678 . Too little or too much water will weaken the gel. Young pt came without any complain. What’s the type of cyst a) dentigerous cyst b) apical cyst c) radicular cyst 6.PTT=30-40sec ‫زمن تخثر الدم‬ bleeding time within < 8 min ‫زمن توقف النز ف‬ 5. Time of PT. scratches. PTT: a)11-15 seconds . When extracting all max teeth the correct order is: a) 87654321 b) 87542163. A completely edentulous patient. 25-40 seconds. the cause is: a) Lack of Skill of the patient b) Lack of Frenum areas of the Complete denture.4. During routine X ray appear between the two lower molar lesion diameter about 2mm & extend laterally with irregular Shape. *the cause is pain: due to overextension.Undermixing may . How can you alter the sitting time for alginate a)alter ratio powder water *** b)alter water ratio c)we can’t alter it d)by accelerated addition "Dental decks 672" The best method to control the gelation time (setting time) is . voids 7. *** PT=12-14 sec ---. the dentist delivers a denture in the 1st day normally. 2nd day the patient returns unable to wear the denture again.altering the temperature of the water used in the mix Changing the water/powder ratio also alter the gelation time but these method also impair certain properities of the material.‫ القلع من الخلف للمام مع الخذ بالعتبار صعوبة قلع بعض السنان‬:‫القاعدة‬ 8.

If taking greater than 100mg. do surgery on day steroids are taken • If patient has had 20 mg of steroid for more than two weeks in the • past 2 weeks.additional 100mg If on alternate day steroids. then give only an . he needs to surgical extraction of a tooth. the patient is given : *** .prevent the chemical action from occuring evenly. What should the surgeon instruct the patient: a) Take half of the cortisone dose at the day of operation.intramuscularly. stress level doses of cortisone. D) Double the cortisone dose day before and at the day of operation and day after. Instruct patient to double dose of steroids the morning of surgery up to 200mg.overmixing may break up the gel What’s the reason of the wax shrinkage upon fabrication of the bridge/crown Wax left off the die* 9. If the patient is treated inthe operating room under general anesthesia. For a patient that is on a corticosteroid therapy. upon oral surgery.A) 100 .*** c) Take half of the cortisone dose day before and at the day of operation and day after. but is not currently taking steroids. should be given preoperatively . then give 40mg hydrocortisone prior to surgery And Dental secrets – page 49 For multiple extractions or extensive mucogingival surgery. Patient with lupus erythematous and under cortisone. 100mg intravenously or . the dose ofcorticosteroids should be doubled on the day of surgery.200 mg hydrocortisone B) 400 . B) Double the cortisone dose at the day of operation.600 mg prednisolone 10.

:Doing CANTILEVERS.HTM Contraindications to Outpatient Surgery Ex-premature infants less than 60 weeks‘ postconceptual age http://www.ppt+"contraindication+OUTPATIENT+genera l+anesthesia"&cd=26&hl=ar&ct=clnk&gl=sa&lr=lang_en|lang_ar Out-Patient Dental Anesthesia: Dental Chair Anesthesia .ncbi.googleusercontent.edu. the prep should be long enough ) The following are indication of outpatient general anesthesia EXCEPT a) ASA categories 1 & 2 b) the very young child c) cost increase d) Patient admitted and discharge the same day http://web.nlm.squ.om/medLib/MED_CD/E_CDs/anesthesia/site/content/v04/040516r00.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2149014/pdf/anesthpr og00222-0007.ksu.pdf ‫ كغ‬15 ‫لوزن أطفال الدراسة ل يقل عن‬ http://webcache.Steadily decreased . we consider all of the following EXCEPT a) small in all diameters b) high yield strength c) minimal contact *** .edu.com/search? q=cache:ATrgYSTl2pIJ:faculty.sa/saadsheta/CPR%2520and %2520Emergency/CPR.Out-Patient dental extraction Children (4-10 years): high incidence of URTI .d) small occlusogingival length The connector).

com/pt/re/lww/fulltext.http://pt.jsessionid=LzmbkxFdzyZ1TnJlh0YFQZy1T9nDcNVTdhgkR nJdbSpQNhyn89ZR!-643969902!181195628!8091!-1 Although age can no longer be considered a contraindication to outpatientanesthesia and surgery. They found that the risks were significantly increased in children < 3 years of age. chromosomal abnormalities.bcm.00001503-20021200000004. with (49 good periodontal condition and no carious lesion the best clasp to <use on the other side <teeth side *** . restless sleep.wkhealth.……mortality remain higher http://www.(a) reciprocal clasp (aker's clasp b) ring clasp c) embrasure clasp circlet ”rigid” clasp Edentulous pt cl II kenndy classification 2nd premolar used as abutment when we surving we found mesial under cut wt is the :proper clasp used wrought wire with round cross section/1 wrought wire with half round cross section /2 cast clasp with round cross section/3 . neuromuscular disorders.edu/oto/grand/121996. anesthetic-related morbidity and . snoring and an upper respiratory tract infection The primary source of retention of porcelain veneer mechanical retention from under cut_1 mechanical retention from secondary retentive features _2 chemical bond by saline coupling agent_3 micromechanical bond from etching of enamel and _4 porcelain patient who has un-modified class II kennedy classification.html They examined 292 tonsillectomies and their was no documentation on the indications for tonsillectomy in the results. difficulty breathing during sleep.htm.

What’s the type of the clasp you will use for this premolar . The last tooth on the left side is the 2nd premolar which has a distal :caries.C) Alveoplasty should be done in all cases Q7) Child with traumatized lip. what will you do :first .B) Primary closure should be obtained if there is no luntant tissue ‫ رأب السنخ‬.a) Suturing .circlet clasp Q1) What are the disadvantages of mcspadden technique in :obturation .B) Increase steps .b) Refer to the physician for sensitivity test ?.a) Increase time .a) Radiograph to check if there is foreign body . no tooth mobility. but when the patient stand you notice that his legs bowing (curved).D) All the above Q4) Patient come to your clinic complaining that the denture become tight. What you :suspect .C) Difficult in curved canals .… (C ‫كتاب الطفال‬ .x Q6) A 55 year old patient with multi-extraction teeth.a) Paget’s disease b) ……. Class II Kennedy classification.a) gingivally approaching clasp b) ring clasp If the tooth is isolated put ring clasp . during examination you notice nothing. after :extraction what will you do first .”cast clasp with half cross section “RPC /4 A removable partial denture patient.x c) …….if not isolated put .

during examination you notice white small elevation on the crest of the :lower ridge. Diagnosis is . When examined by reflected light. what will you tell the patient . these bands appear as alternating light and dark areas in the enamel portion of a longitudinal ground tooth section A longitudinalsectionthatpassesprecisely through the center of the system (Fig 14) would appear to contain radially directed Hunter-Schreger bands.D) Dentin when view in longitudinal ground ‫المرجع‬ Hunter-Schreger band formation as it exists in enamel structure. each touching the . During examination you noticed that during opening of the mouth mandible is deviate the :right side with left extruded.lingual embrasure B) Middle of the middle third with lingual embrasure wider ‫*** الفرجة الحنكية أكبر من الدهليزية‬.a) This lesion needs no concern and he should not worry B) The patient should not wear the denture for 2 weeks then *** .c) Dentin when view in horizontal ground .x Q9) Patient come to the clinic with ill-fitting denture.a) Radiographically with 2 files inside the root .:Q8) 2nd maxillary premolar contact area a) Middle of the middle third with buccal embrasure wider than .a) Enamel when view in horizontal ground B) Enamel when view in longitudinal ground .b) The orifices are close to each other :Q13) Hunter Schreger bands are white and dark lines that appear in .amelodentinal junction Q19) Patient complains from pain in TMJ.follow up c) ……x :Q10) How do you know if there are 2 canals in the same root *** .x d) …….than buccal embrasure c) Cervical to the incisal third …….

.B) Condylar displacement without reduction C) …….a) Deviate to the left side .... Thers is :no facial asymmetry EXCEPT when opening What is the diagnosis .-4 1 ‫الجواب هو‬ ‫ هو عبارة عن انزلق القرص المفصلي منمكانه لياخذ‬Disc dislocation with reduction ‫لن‬ ‫لوضع لغير لوضعه الطبيعي فاثناء الغلق الفم يكون امام اللقمة ثم يتراجعلياخذ مكانه على راس اللقمة اثناء‬ ‫)اثناءالفتح لواللغلق‬click( ‫اللغلق لوهذا يؤدي الى سماع صوت‬ ‫يبدا القرصالمفصلي بعدم العودة للخلف‬Disc dislocation without reduction ‫اما في حالة‬ ‫لويبقى امام الناتى المفصلي لويصبح فتح الفم صعبا لومؤلمالوقد يصبح المضغ شبه مستحيل لوعندها ليصدر‬ ‫ عند الفتح لواللغلق‬click ‫المفصل الفكي‬ :Q20) Unilateral fracture of left condyle the mandible will .Iodole .a) Condylar displacement with reduction . Presented to u complain of click during open and close.100%dittole .1 ..a) Remove it with the tooth B) Splint the tooth to the 2nd molar then re-extracted after ”6 weeks..2 ..internal derangement with reduction -1 internal derangement without reduction -2 reumatoid arthritis-3 .Hypo chloride .x d) ……x ‫أل يجب أن يوجد خيار كسر لقمة الفك‬ Pt. What is :the management .b) Check tissue response Q23) During maxillary 3rd molar extraction the tuberosity fractured. It was firmly attached to the tooth and cannot be separated.a) Prevent secondary infection .B) Deviate to the right side if the fx is above the attachment of lateral pterygoid > deviation to the same side if the fx is below the attachment of lateral pterygoid > deviation to the opposite side :Q21) The aim of treatment maintenance is *** . “ideal C) Suture Q28) After patient with Hepatitis-B left the dental chair the assistant :ask you how to disinfect the dental unit.3 . What will you suggest .

A) iodophors (B) dettol / 100% ethyl alcohol (all alcohols are not recommended C) hypocloride.a) Fermentation . 2 and 4 C) ……x d) ……x Pc with hepatitis B the best sterilization is ****a)formaldahid b)detol+100%alkohol***** .…(c . ethyl D) a+b :Q29) Streptococcus activity detected by *** .D) Barium chloride Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry .…(4 (HBV disinfection: (enough with intermediate disinfection (192 *** .x d) ……x :Q30) cleidocranial dysostosis characteristic .page 770 "Journal of Dental Research " .b) 1.C) Zinc acetate .B) Barium sulfide .a) supernumerary of teeth :Q32) To hasten Zinc Oxide cement.4th Ed. you add .B) Catalase C) …..a) Zinc sulfide .4 a) 1 and 2 .gas …… .. (2005) .…(D a+b(1 a+b+c(2 …(3 .

d) Indirect pulp capping Q45) To remove a broken periodontal instrument from the gingival :sulcus *** .a) Wide preparation at isthmus . the treatment should done under .a) Lower anterior teeth b) ……x Q39) Child came to the clinic with amalgam restoration fracture at :isthmus portion. brought to the hospital by his parents.D) Intravenous sedation Q41) Fracture before 1 year of upper central incisor reach the pulp in 8 year old child. It is the .part of the filling most prone to fracture Q40) Child with mental disorder suffer from orofacial trauma.C) Gas sedation .b) High occlusal C) shallow preparation D) constricted isthmus Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry .a) RCT *** . . (2005) – page 58 Isthmus joins the occlusal key with the interproximal box. this fracture due to *** . the child is panic and :Irritable.B) General anesthesia .a) Local anesthesia .:Q33) In which tooth the contact is at the incisal edge .B) Apexification c) Direct pulp capping .a) Schwartz Periotriever B) ………x Gingival condition occur in young adult has good oral hygiene was weakened ANUG. How will you manage this case .4th Ed.

orbecome chronic and lead to periodontal disease . Differences between ANUG and AHGS is: a. *** Student.D) 1st false. gingivitis.inflamed.53 . ANUG occur in dental papilla while AHGS diffuse erythematous inflamed gingival. ANUG may return .desqumative gingivitis . ANUG occur during young adult and AHGS in children. heavy smoker. Otherwise. ANUG c. “it will change to periodontitis . periodontitis . 2nd false. but there is no doubt that there are some patients whose standard of hygiene must be considered by normal .gingivitis . student has exams. came to clinic with severe pain.A) Both sentences are true . poor nutrition A.B) Both sentences are false ”C) 1st true. it will change to necrotic ulcerative . "Tyldesley's oral medicine" The influence of poor oral hygiene in the initiation of ANUG has been often stressed. 2nd true 241 ‫حسب أكسفورد ص‬ ‫ا لوالذي‬ ً" ‫ المعالج بشكل لغير كافي يمكن أن يتحول إلى الشكل القل أعراض‬AUG ‫التهاب اللثة التقرحي الحاد‬ CUG ‫يعر ف بالتهاب اللثة التقرحي المزمن‬ Chronic necrotic ulcerative gingivitis ‫ التهاب لثة تقرحي تموتي مزمن‬:‫ا الجواب‬ ً"‫إذ‬ Burket. unless the local etiologicfactors of the disease are removed.Oral medicine – page 63 Thepatient must be made aware that.criteria to be good 1. interdental papilla is . Periodontitis Q46) 1. Gingivitis b. b. c. 2. All of the above. You should treat ANUG until the disease completely removed.

the column show “test result”o .the silver point because it will rapidly erode away this soft material And Endodontics Problem solving in clinical practice 2002 – page 142 .‫؟؟‬NUG ‫ أي‬necrotic ulcerative gingivitis ‫ألو هل يوجد شيء اسمه‬ mypicx.a) Cell A has true positive sample . It is not wise to place any ultrasonic instrument directly on .B) Cell A has true negative sample . elevate the . utilizing the concept of fulcrum mechanics.silver point out of the canal Indirect ultrasonics is another important method to remove silver points.a) Steiglitz pliers c) Ultrasonic tips d) H files E) Hatchet A grasping tool such as the Stieglitz pliers (Henry Schein) can generally get a strong purchase on the coronal end of a silver point and then.com .C) Cell A has false positive sample .D) Cell A has false negative sample Distinguishing between right & left canines can be determined -because distal concavities are larger ‫ الصح‬with a line bisecting the facial surface the tip lies distally others We can differentiate between the upper mesial & distal canine bythe functional cusp tip is inclined distally if bisectioning crownthe cervical line on lingual surface is inclined mesiallyroot curved mesially The best way to remove silver point *** .1212 Q48) The rows show “truth”.

calcium hydroxide- .Cement can be removed carefully from around the point using a Piezon ultrasonic unit and CT4 tip or sealer tip.C) Acute periodontitis d) Acute exacerbation of chronic pulpitis ‫ لولكن التهاب اللب المزمن خفيف العراض‬،‫السورة الحادة الشائعة تصيب الخراج المزمن لوتحوله لحاد‬ .is withdrawn using Stieglitz forceps or small-ended artery forceps :Mucoceles the best tx is ***a) Excision b) leave it c) marsupialization d) cauterization 470 ‫أكسفورد‬ :Optimawater fluoridation *** .5 mg\liter C) 2-3 mg\liter 459 ‫ كتاب طب أسنان الطفال ص‬:‫المرجع‬ .‫يتحول إلى خراج حاد عند حدلوث سورة حادة‬ :ISOLATION PERIOD OF CHICKENBOX SHOULD BE AFTER APPEAR OF RACH BY WEEK*** .a) Reversible pulpitis .5 mg\liter .vesicle have crusted years pt come with necrotic pulp in upper central with root apex 10 not close yet best treatment *** .b) 0.a) 1-1.B) Irreversible pulpitis ‫ ***الصح‬.UNTILL VESICLE BECOME CRUSTED UNTIL CARTER STAGE IS LAST. Great care must be taken not to sever the point and damage the coronal end.2-0.‫يتم عزل مريض الحل النطاقي حتى تنقشر جميع الحويصلت‬ Dental decks .page1308 Its most contagious one day before the onset of rash and until all .‫لوفي المناطق الحارة حيث يكثر شرب الماء يجب أن يكون تركيز الفلورايد أقل‬ ‫سورة حادة‬:Acute exacerbation of chronic pulpitis . The point .

in the examination .and in the x ray there is fracture from the edge of the ? incisal to the pulp . submand. reestablish previous occlusion then apply non rigid fixation with an adjacent tooth.calcific barrierapexfication with gutta percha filling gutta percha filling،‫ لومن ثم الحشو بالكوتابركا‬CALCIFIC BARRIER ‫الهد ف من ماءات الكاسيوم هو تشكيل السد الذرلوي‬ !!‫ا الخيار اللول ل يتعارض مع الثاني‬ ً"‫إذ‬ :‫طيب هذا السؤال أليس ألوضح لوإبن حلل‬ child 10 years came with trauma on the center incisor from (331 year ago .and have discoloring on it . if luxation as in contusion no treatment.A)calcification B)RCT with gutta percha C)extraction D)capping Child have tooth which have no moblity but have luxation best :treatment acrylic splintnon rigid fixation = flexible rigid fixationif lateral luxation and no mobility .a) Intraorally through the mylohyoid muscles . only if primary consider intrusive luxation and pressure over the tooth bud of the permanent-.OMF secret .B) Extraorally under the chin . facial artery and . .lengual nerve.C) Extraorally at the most purulent site *** . gland..no vitality in this tooth .and wide open apex the best treatment *** . by atleast 1cm to avoid injury to marginal mandibular .D) Extraorally at the lower border of the mandible below lower border of man.peterson :To drain submandibular abscess .

after months :1 ‫مرجع‬ Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry .Mahler scale .endemic/2 ‫ معزلول‬isolated/3 Dental caries: the disease and its clinical management .Color analogues scale .coccus mutans cause caries & this disease is /3 ‫ لوبائي‬epidemic /1 ‫ *** مستوطن‬.page 158 " Progression of the events to deeper or more extensive ditching has been used as visible clinical evidence of conventional amalgam deterioration and was the basis of the mahler scale ?ST.2 "Art & Science .‫سيكون هذا السطح عرضة للعوامل الخارجية لولحدلوث التصبغات‬ .Page 124 :Best Root Canal Material primary central incisor ‫ كحشوة‬a-idoform b-Guttapercha ‫ كدلواء‬c-Formacresol Studies show that Complete Remineralization of surface of an -3 :accidentally etched enamel a. and .after 24 h it is indistinguishable from untreated enamel :2 ‫مرجع‬ ‫يجب أن تغطي المادة الرابطة كل أجزاء السطح المكيف حيث يحتاج السطح المكيف الذي يبقى دلون‬ ‫ أشهر حتى يستعيد تمعدنه الطبيعي لوخلل ذلك‬3 – 2 ‫مادة رابطة لودلون كومبوزيت إلى حوالي‬ .:Scale to measure marginal deterioration ***. (2005) – page 355 Remineralization of etched enamel occurs from the saliva.1 .never occur b-after hours c-after weeks d.4th Ed.

a-Less irritation to the abutment couldn’t find it Why we use acrylic more than complete metal palate in :complete denture *** . source is peterson but not mentioned directly but 12 most of incisions are made with 15 blade :Advantage of Wrought Wire in RPD over Cast Wire -6 .a-Low Air in the compressor b-Trauma to the head of the hand piece c-Pressure during operating !online saurce -:Most used Scalpel in oral surgery-5 *** .Rebasing is replacement of most or all of the denture base .c-Change all the fitting surface 401 ‫ أكسفورد ص‬:‫المرجع‬ .a-Bard Parker blade # 15 in fine.:One of these has no effect on the Life span of handpiece -4 *** .‫ أما التبطين فهو إضافة ألو تعديل باطن الجهاز‬،‫لوفيه يجب عدم تغيير البعد العمودي‬ When Do class I preparation of posterior tooth for Composite -8 :Restoration .vertical dimension :Rebasing of Complete Denture mean a-Addition or change in the fitting surface b-Increasing the vertical dimension *** .Cant do relining for the metal - :Relining of denture remove all or part of fitting surface of the denture and add acrylic add acrylic to the base of the denture to increase *** .

a-Porcelain b-Composite c-GIC many sources updated articles when all the teeth are missing EXCEPT the 2 canines ..... Highly progressing lesion peterson Patient un-cooperation can result in fault of operation..a.....*** ...TRUE *** .....Class I modification 1 ‫لن الصنف الرابع )الفقد المامي( ليس له تعديل‬ Pontics are classified according to their surface toward the -12 .. 2nd true ‫السؤال ناقص لكن الفقرة اللولى صحيحة‬ :Antibiotics are most used in cases of -13 a-Acute Localized lesion *** ....FALSE ay shay fi ONLY false -general rule Bone graft material from site to another site in the same person ... ridge of the missing tooth A-Both statment are true b-both are false c-1st is true ...2nd is false d-1st false ... -14 Technical faults ONLY are related to patient factor . .... -11 :according to kennedy classification it is *** ..b-Diffuse ..a-remove caries only b-extend 2mm in dentin ‫لويمكن تمديد الحشوة لتشمل الوهاد لوالميازيب الحرجة‬ :Color Stability is better in-9 *** .

material can absorb before rupturing Toughness .-peterson : where does the breakdown of Lidocaine occurs (380 A) kidneys *** . The hepatic microsomal enzyme system converts lipid soluble drugs into more water soluble ones that can be excreted by the kidney.Wikipedia. by breaking ester linkages it inactivates drugs such as succinylcholine and estertype local anesthetics. the free encyclopedia The ability of a metal to deform plastically and to absorb .a-allograft *** b-auto graft c-alloplast d-xenograft ester type of local anath secreted by -not secreted but excreted a-liver only b-kidney c-lung cholinesterase is produced by the liver.B) Liver Energy absorbed by the point of fracture called a-ultimate strengh b-elastic limit *** c-toughness Toughness It is defined as the amount of energy per volume that a .energy in the process before fracture is termed toughness Toughness patency filling a-push the file apically to remove any block at the apex *** b-rotate the file circumferentially at the walls to remove any .block of lateral canals .

herpes simplex /1 erythema multiform /2 140 ‫أكسفورد ص‬ ‫الحويصلت لوالتوعك من علمات الحل البسيط‬ .org.23% f-3% http://www.emedicine viral oral infc years old pt had extraction of the lower primary molar & 5 /16 :he had fracture of the apex of the tooth what is the best ttt aggressive remove /1 . what is the best :Restoration to maintain the resistance of the crown .au/App_CmsLib/Media/Lib/0610/M28845_v1 _632973825445597500.ada.637 the crown.c-if put on sound dentin Tooth with full crown need RCT.a-with thin base layer *** .23% c-2% d-2.b-with thick base layer .A) Glass ionomer resin with definite restoration Acidulated phosphat flouride a-1% fluoride ions *** b-1.c-rotary files circumferentially at the walls to remove any block . you did the RCT through .pdf child with vesicle on the hard palate with history of malaise /15 :for 3 days what is the possible diagnosis *** .of lateral canals .D-file with bleaching agent best stress transfer under amalgam .

full crowns /4 5 ‫ تستطب التيجان الكاملة بحيث ل تتعدى زيادة البعد العمودي الطباقي‬340 ‫حسب أكسفورد ص‬ ‫ملم‬ :Teenager boy with occlusal wear the best ttt is /25 remove the occlusal /1 teeth capping /2 restoration /3 Child has bruxism to be treated with sedative .visualization & remove /2 *** .pulptomy with Ca(OH)2 /2 Direct pulp capping /3 leave it /4 partial pulpotomy :wax properties are /23 expansion /1 internal stress /2 ‫حسب كتاب المواد السنية‬ ‫ التشكيل لوالنسياب‬:‫ا‬ ً"‫صفتا الشمع عموم‬ ‫ درجة تذلويبه أعلى بقليل من درجة حرارة الفم‬: ‫من الصفات الواجب توافرها في شمع الصب‬ .visualization & leave /3 to prevent injury to tooth bud y/o boy came to the clinic in the right maxillary central 7 / 17 :incisor with large pulp exposure pulpectomy with Ca(OH)2 /1 *** .‫ليتحمله المريض – عامل تمدد لوتقلص منخفض – ناقلية حرارية منخفضة‬ old pt came to replace all old amalgam filling he had sever /24 :occlusal attriation the best replacement is composite /1 amalgam /2 ‫ حشوات مصبوبة‬cast metal restoration /3 *** .

41 Curver After u did upper& lower complete denture 4 old pt. He came back 2 the clinic next day complaining of un comfort with the denture After u re check . but u notice beginning of inflammation in the :gum and outer margins of the lips .xerostomia -1 vit-B deficiency-2 ?online sources .no pain.cusp capping *** . good occlusion.14) weeks /2 if closed apix and stored in suitable medium such as hank's solution then 7-10 days. good pronunciations .vinyl plastic bite guard "Dentistry for Child and Adolescent . u will think this is due to *** . The occlusal surface of the bite guard should be flat to avoid occlusal interference :avulsed tooth /26 *** .Furcation Grade 3-3 Furcation Grade 4-4 online sources instrument which we use to make groove in the wax is .Page 646 " A vinyl plastic bite guard that covers the occlusal surfaces of all teeth plus 2 mm of the buccal and lingual surfaces can be worn at night to prevent continuing abrasion.splint (7-14) day /1 or (3.peterson :proxy brush with which type of furcation -33 Furcation Grade 1-1 Furcation Grade 2-2 *** .

put varnish ‫ المواد السنية‬:‫حسب كتاب‬ ‫تتشكل طبقة متلونة بفعل الكسدة تغطي الحشوة لوتعزلها عن الوسط الفموي لويتلشى انزعاج‬ .000/mm3 or abnormal clotting .Patient with leukemia absolute neutrophilic count is 1700 what oral surgeon should do go on the manager postpone another day *** .b) Ankylosis . Postpone oral surgery or other oral :invasive procedures if platelet count is less than 75.v.Change rest .000/mm3 (or consider prophylactic antibiotics)..‫المريض مع الوقت‬ :colour of normal gingiva in interplay between -51 Keratin. Complaining now from limitation in movement of the :mandible.work with prophylactic antibiotic platelets transfusion do nothing-----and absolute neutrophil count are sufficient to recommend oral treatment.b. suffered a trauma at the TMJ region as enfant.epithelial thickness An 8 years old child. – melanin. Diagnosis is a) Sub luxation *** .factors are present absolute neutrophil count is less than 1.NIDCR recommendation Amalgam restoration and there is also gold restoration in the ?mouth what should dentist do .Wait .Put separating medium *** .

Marylad bridge_4 "Summery of Operative dentistry – page 44 " Small occlusal forces (adhesive bridges in bruxist patients or • when replacing maxillary canine have poor results) • Intermediate restoration. • Favorable occlusal scheme (deep overbite .unfavourable. Genralised lymphadenopathy seen in a. hiv no emedicine Pt has bad oral hygine and missing the right and left lateral insicor what ttt implant_1 rpd_2 conventional fpd_3 *** . Class III occlusion favourable) • Splinting teeth .HIV d. • Missing lateral incisors. • ‘Virgin’ abutment teeth. *** only d b+d leukemia + infections.1.perncious anemia a+b a+b+c.lymphocytic leukemia c.infection b.

primer & adhesive bonding agent - . stability and continuous uniform *** .Contraindication of gingivectomy surgical interference with edentulous ridge for a-good retention.2 In FPD in upper posterior teeth we should have gingival .3 m.alveolar ridge :The tip of size 20 endo file is.m 0.unfilled resin.02 ***m.8 *** .4 :embrasure space to have healthy gingival so the contact in the middledepend in the opposing occlusion:Bonding agent for enamel we use.m 0.

such as -2 hydroxymethalmethacrylate. *** >food accumulation open margin less than 0. or amalgam in some products :We redo high copper amalgam restoration when we have .5 mm :Complex amalgam restoration when to do it.luted with composite. or another agent -1 . the best matrix to be Used: *** . It acts as a wetting agent and provides micromechanical and chemical bonding to dentin The unfilled resin is then applied and light or dual-cured..that is used to etch enamel and/or precondition the dentin The primer: a hydrophylic monomer in solvent.resin dissolve in acetone or alcohol . For cavity class II amalgam restoration in a second maxillary premolar. pretreated porcelain .……weak of the cusp with undermine enamelbevel and contra bevelweek cusp should strengthen it by resin - 2.10 amalgam with proximal marginal defect. nitric acid.primer with resin modified glass ionomer - Dental secrets – page 188 The etchant: phosphoric acid.11 .A) Tofflemire matrix B) Mylar matrix C) Gold matrix D) Celluloid strips . -3 This layer can now bond to composite.

often achieve better contact points and marginal adaptation Occasionally electrosurgery required to permit matrix .13 high viscosityhigh retentionhigh strengthcan add colorantHigh resilience?????? :Discoloration of endo treated teeth . used for .adaptation :Most important sealer criteria to be success . a heated instrument must be used to sever the filling material 2mm .to discoloration of the clinical crown Pathway of the pulp 9ed – page 231 . can light-cure through.Summery of Operative dentistry – page 220 Types of matrices .resin composite .Metal Firm.14 hemorrhage after traumaincomplete remove GP from the pulp chamber Incomplete removal of pulp tissue Pocket Atlas of Endodontics – page 178 In order to prevent discoloration of the tooth crown by components of the root canal filling material. used for amalgam restorations Mylar Easily mouldable and can light-cure through. used in Class V cavities Difficult cases In deep subgingival cavities use of special matrices such as tofflemire or automatrix or copper bands .apical to the cementoenamel junction Pocket Atlas of Endodontics – page 88 It must be sufficiently extended mesially and distally so that the pulp horns can be completely accessed and all necrotic tissue removed.Plastic Rigid. Tissues that are left behind can lead later on .

if the biomech is not done well and insufficient usage of irrigants like hypochlorite and hydrogen peroxide.*Voids in impression when taken by the dentist pouring.high compressive strength - . This can lead to bur and file breakage.18 *** .17 catgutvicryl*** . similarly.16 air trapped Mixing stone.coronal discoloration because the pulp horns remain ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF ROOT CANAL BACTERIA FROM SYMPTOMATIC NONVITAL TEETH WITH PERIAPICAL PATHOSIS * ANURADHA RANI ** ASHOK CHOPRA :Cast with (+ve) bubble b/c of .using warm water when mixing stone plaster is too thickvarious online sources :Non absorbable suture.silk:most important criteria for full ceramic FPD .AFTER root canal The access cavity is positioned too far to the gingival with no incisal extension.blood recomposesand Hb gets converted to Haemosiderin which enters the dentinal tubules and causes the typical black discolouration after trauma.the same flows into the tubules and a tooth which looked normal suddenly looks black . .after a root canal.

this property is used to advantage to provide increased ..24 :cusp tip area .23 :continuous for 10 minutes diagnosis *** irreversible pulpitis necrotic Thickness of amalgam in complex amalgam restoration in .21 :which parts *retentive arm… guide plane and Pt come with pain tooth #. & -19 may all or some of the teeth contact in both side regardless ..…& stability Reciprocal arm in RPD help to resist the force applied by .resistance to shattering Balance occlusion should be utilize in natural dentition .High tensile strength Restorative dental materials 2002 – page 5 Because ceramics are stronger in compression than in tension..1st false & 2nd true both false both true - :Balance occlusion in complete denture help in .20 retention. When drink hot tea . Pain .where mandible move 1st true & 2nd false.

5-2 mm 2-3The goal is to have at least 2 mm of amalgam thickness for functional cusps and 1. Dehydration of the impression. *** OX b. The surviving fibroblasts respond by producing more fibrous matrix (increased type I over type II collagen) but less ground substance that contains less water. So with age the pulp :becomes a) less cellular b) more fibrous c) overall reduction in volume due to the continued deposition (of dentin (secondary/reactive Pt need complete denture u take impression with irreversible hydrocolloid & poured it after late more than 15 min the cast :appear sort & chalky the reason is a.mm 0. Cell death results in a decreased number of cells. Expansion of the impression c.decrease pulp chamber size Specific changes occur in dental pulp with age.5 mm 1.27 short lingual sulcus long lingual sulcus too crowded lower anterior teeth Dental decks 671 .5 mm 1-1. Immerse the impression in a chemical solution :Lingual bar contraindication .25 reduce collagen fiber Increase cellular in pulp ***.5 mm of amalgam for nonfunctional cusps during final restoration-online :Pulp with age .

fungus and protozoa .Patient came to your clinic with dull pain in the #6 .‫القوس اللساني يستخدم في حال لوجود لجام لساني منخفض ألو عمق بالميزاب اللساني ألو ازدحام‬ . virus.Bacteria.‫القواطع السفلية‬ .ultrasonic vibrating .dissolving agent rotary or round bur--.‫ا‬ ً"‫ عند لوجود عرن عظمي ل يمكن إزالته لوعند ميلن القواطع السفلية لساني‬:‫مضادات استطبابها‬ :Over extended GP should remove using .An in-vitro analysis of gutta.44 plaster stone refractory(Plaster or stone can be used (hassaballa book Q.Bacteria and fungu :Material which used for flasking complete denture .percha removal using three different techniques *Bharathi G **Chacko Y ***Lakshminarayanan L surgery - :Sterilization mean killing .no response to the pulp tester.could be -.29 Bacteria and virus *** .Ideal properties of RC filling material is the following :EXCEPT a) Radiolucent in radiograph (grossman ideal properties to be radioopaque) torabinjad book b)Not irritate the surrounding tissue c) Easily removable when retreatment is necessary d)Stable and less dimensional change after insertion Q. in radiographs it shows 3mm of radiolucency at the apex of the root Diagnosis is a)chronic apical periodontitis(s:none to mild pain + PA RL) torabinjad .28 .

Amalgam may also be Packed into the coronal aspect of the root canals (Nayyar core technique) and an amalgam core Built up.modified GI or resin composite may also be used These materials have the advantage that the preparation can be completed at the same visit. A Dentine adhesive system .prepare for endo -3 . (2005) – page 158 Direct method Pre-formed posts are cemented into one or more canals. Resin . ***torabinjad b)reinforced glass ionomer d)composite Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry . which is the preferred technique.should be used with resin composite to enhance retention :Q.4th Ed.best core material receiving a crown on molar a)amalgam.When removing moist carious dentin which exposes the :pulp.most comon site which drain pus is a) mandibular central incisors (most common site with vestibular space infection or abscess and thinnest overlying (buccal bone b)mandibular canines c) mandibular first molar Q-The nasopalatine bone forms a triangle will be parallel to an imaginary lines extended between cemento-enamel junctions of adjacent teeth True False Q. dentist should do direct pulp cap -1 do indirect pulp cap -2 *** .b) acute apical periodontitis c)acute periodontitis with abscess :Q.

partial pulpotomy and pulp capping of a carious exposure in a tooth with an immature apex have a higher . and Hemorrage Control A clinical review failed to support direct pulpcapping or pulpotomy procedures in teeth when a mechanical exposure pushes infected carious operative debris into the subjacent pulp.Treatment of cervical caries in old patients with a temporary :restoration is best done by *** .chance of working "Dental pulp 2002 – page 335 " Cavity Cleansing.pulpotomy or direct pulp-capping with Ca(OH)2 Q. our profession generally selects traditional endodontic treatment. Only in the treatment of pulp exposures in fractured young anterior teeth with open apices does the literature discuss .In prevention of dental caries.a)Glass ionomer b)composite resitn :Q. Because of the stigma of long-term failures. with toxic products involving much of the pulp However. Disinfection.Most used sugar substitute ( a) Sorbitol (website reference b) Mannitol c) Insulin *** d) Xylitol . Carious exposure generally implies bacterial invasion of the .pulp."Dental secrets – page 167 " There is general agreement that carious exposure of a mature permanent tooth generally requires endodontic therapy. the promotion of a healthy :diet is low effective measure -1 moderately effective measure??? Not sure -2 high effective measure -3 mandatory measure -4 Q.

acute abscess is .C) Cavity containing pus cells .Q.b) Debridement materials reach the apical area C) …….Oral and Maxillofacial.a)maxillary 1st molar :Q17) The aim of biomechanical process during endo is to allow . b) Redo the RCT c) Apicectomy :Q.15 ‫ ص‬Pathway of the pulp 9ed 1st ‫المرجع‬ ‫لوكذلك الكيس بطانته بشرلوية‬ :Q-The most close tooth to the maxillary sinus *** .B) Check tissue response .d) Cavity containing fluid MASTER DENTISTRY.a) GP reach the apex .632 *** .a) Cavity lined by epithelium ..B) Cavity containing blood cells *** . RC failed best treatment is :to a) Extraction of the tooth *** .Follow up of RCT after 3 years . Surgery.x :The aim of treatment maintenance is .a pyogenic membrane epithelium ‫أما الناسور )يترافق مع الخراج المزمن( فهو مبطن بنسيج بشرلوي‬ .. Radilolgy. Pathology and Oral Medicine An abscess is a pathological cavity filled with pus and lined by .A) Prevent secondary infection .

in registering the vertical dimension of occlusion for the :edentulous pt. the physiological rest position a) is equal to the vertical dimension of occlusion b) may be exceeded if the appearance of the pt is enhanced c) is of a little importance as it is subjected to variations d) must always be greater than vertical dimension of occlusion :Mandibular fracture other complications nasal bleeding_1 ‫ جحوظ‬exophthalmos -2 numbness in the infraorbital nerve distribution -3 Hypercementosis and ankylosis is seen in a: paget disease b: monocytic fibrous dysplasia c: hyperparathirodism years patient come with untreared truma to tooth that 7 became yellow in colour what you shoul tell the parents a: pulp is dead b: pulp become calcified ( tooth in this age still not (complete root formation yellwish color indicate calcificaton ?c: the tooth will absorb normally a and b :1 a and c :2 .the retainer of rubber dam a)four points of contact two buccally and two lingually without rocking b) four points of contact two buccally and two lingually above the height of contour c) four points of contact two mesially and two distally ……… d) 2 points Q.Q.

curved haemostate allis forceps?(stillies forceps: longer forceps than adison ) peterson Adson forceps .Regular tweezers ‫ لورم لثوي مشكل‬:Remove thick epulis figuratum -1 a.tissue heal and take impression after 2 weeks the needle holder used in suturing of lower third molar.Adson forcep petrson .Allis forceps *** b.23 *** .d: mesial in inflamed muocosa due to wearing denture to when do new denture a: immediatly b: after week c: put tissue conditioning material and wait until the *** .all of the above "3 The infection will spread cervically in infection from a: lower incisors b lower premolars (c: lower 2nd and 3rd molars(sublingual sub mand d: upper incsisors Infeerior orbital fissure located In hypertension patient the history is important to detect severity a: true b: false When take x ray in upper premolar to locate lingual root using mesial shift it will apear a: distal b: buccal c: lingual *** .

pterygomandibular raph (13 Insertion & origin muscles ..c....Curved hemostat forceps to hold flap when suturing (2 *** answer: adson's Pulp oedema has no effect on vascular system -1 fluid is compressed in the vessels limiting the intercellular -2 pressure interstitial pressure increased due to increased -3 ‫ *** زيادة الضغط الخللي‬vascularity cause necrosis of the pulp tissues -4 the favored relationship in case of fabrication of a lower class 1 RPD opposing a natural dentition is prognathism -1 working side -2 balancing side -3 none of the above -4 ‫ الهد ف الرئيسي‬:mechanochemical prep'n during RCT main aim (6 widening of the apex (1 master cone reaches the radiographic apex (2 ***proper debridement of the apical part of the canal (3 master cone doesn't reach the apex (7 ledge(1 (residual remenants (debris(2 .(3 *** 2&1 (4 ..

= = = >1.6mm *** c. ‫مشكوك في صيغة السؤال كما هي لولكن النسب هو الخيار اللول فهل نضع جهاز متحرك من أجل‬ ‫سن لواحد؟؟‬ :76 ‫ لوجسر ماريلند مناسب لهذه الحالة لولورد في أكسفورد ص‬، ‫ل‬ ً" ‫الزرع ممكن مستقب‬ .all of the above child patient with oblitration in the centeral permenant (16 :incisor. What will you do RCT pulpotomy pulpectomy ***careful monitoring …… a drawing The divergence should be mesiodistally for an amalgam restoration no it should be convergent if the remaining proximal marginal ridge = 1.Not correct. Patient that has a central incisor with severe resorption and who's going through an ortho treatment that is going to make him extract the premolars.Correct but it should be for occlusal with = 1.<1. which of the following won't be present in the treatment plan rpd implant Maryland bridge auto implant of the premolars. it should be convergence b.6mm d.should be medial to the injection *** .6 :‫صيغة اخرى‬ Picture of the tooth show divergence of the mesial and distal -9 a.6 mm *** only if > 1.6 mm ((not sure ??)) 293.6 only if < 1.

:‫ملحظة‬ ‫ بينما عند حدلوث التحسس من البنسلين فإن‬%2 ‫الدرينالين المستخدم للتخدير الموضعي الطبيعي‬ 1/1000 ‫ أي‬%0. when the patient has lost consciousness and is hypotensive.5 mg epinephrine of 1/10000 intra venous adrenaline of 1/1000 intra muscular.000 aqueous solution.. *** Http: //http: //www..5 ml of epinephrine 1: 1.wrongdiagnosis. 50 . give epinephrine I. or subcutaneously (S. repeated every 5 to 20 minutes as necessary.1 ‫الدرينالين المستخدم للحقن العضلي‬ bronchial asthma epinephrine concentration (263 subcutaneously *** .5-0. Patient had anaphylactic shock due to penicillin injection .C. 294. • If the patient is in the early stages of anaphylaxis and hasn’t yet lost consciousness and is still normotensive.. For severe reactions.1 to 0.).com. It requires an immediate injection of 0.. what's the most important in the emergency treatment to do: 200 mg hydrocortisone intravenous 0.y/treatment.A) 1/1000 B) 1/10000 C) 1/100000 Dental secrets – page 50 If the reaction is immediate (less than 1 hour) and limited to the skin. helping it move into the circulation faster by massaging the injection site. give epinephrine I. Patient with radiopacity in the periapical area of a 1st mandibular molar with a wide carious lesion and a bad periodontal condition is: condensing osteosis *** hypercementosis 295.M.Transplantation of a lower premolar into the socket of an extracted incisor can be considered if lower arch is crowded. Anaphylaxis is always an emergency.V.

If other symptoms of allergic reaction occur.. an intravenous line should be started with either Ringer’s lactate .. fearful. but who's uncooperative.or 5% dextrose/water :which is contraindicated to the general anaesthia (27 patient with an advanced medical condition like ***...best material for major connector ( 39 Gold wrought wire *** chrome cobalt gold palladium titanium during 3/4 crown preparation on premolar. 0.mg of diphenhydramine should be given immediately either intravenously or intramuscularly. The patient should be monitored until emergency services arrive. bronchial constriction. rhinitis.etc :continuous condensation technique in gp filling is (28 obtura I obtura II ultrafill *** . The patient should be monitored and emergency services contacted to transport the patient to the emergency department. bur used to add (41 :retentive grooves is radial fissure .System B .‫جميع الخيارات الثلثة اللولى من تقنيات حقن الكوتا الملينة بالحرارة‬ .3 cc of aqueous 1/1000 epinephrine should be given by subcutaneous or intramuscular injection. cardiac down's syndrome patient child with multiple carious lesion in most of his dentition child who needs dental care.. If the patient becomes hypotensive. or angioedema. such as conjunctivitis.

on a central incisor receiving a full ceramic restoration, (42 during finishing of the shoulder finish line subgingivally Diamond end cutting in a class III composite with a liner underneath, what's the (44 best to use *** .light cured GI zno Eug Reinforced znoeug outline of 2nd molar Access Opening (45 ***Triangular with the base mesially

The outline form of upper maxillary molar access opening (397 : is Triangular, The base of this triangle is directed toward *** .A) Buccal B) Palatal C) Mesial D) Distal after usage of sharp scalpels, needles, what's the best (48 management *** .throw in a special container of sharp instrument (1 sterilize and re use(2 through in ordinary plastic waste basket (3

sharping of hand instrument mounted air driven better (259 than unmounted due to *** .A) fine grit B) sterilization C) ability to curve instrument

The mounted-stone technique. The second technique for sharpening dental instruments is the mounted-stone technique. This technique is especially useful in sharpening instruments with curved or irregularly shaped nibs. Equipment consists of mandrel-mounted stones, a straight handpiece, lubricant, two-inch by two-inch gauge, and again, the instrument to be sharpened. Mounted stones are made of two materials, Arkansas stones and ruby stones (sometimes called sandstones). Ruby stones are primarily composed of aluminum oxide. The ruby stone is comparatively coarse, has a rapid cutting ability, and is used for sharpening instruments that are dull. Mounted stones are cylindrical in shape and appear in several sizes. They have a fine grit and are used with the straight handpiece. The stones permit rapid sharpening, but without extreme care, will remove too much metal and may overheat the instrument. Overheating the instrument will destroy the temper, thereby causing the instrument to no .longer hold a sharp edge Unmounted sharpening instruments are better than (22 :mounted because has finer grains don't alter the bevel of the instrument easier to sterilize less particles of the instruments are removed = cut less .of the plade - ... Veterinary dentistry: principles and ved=0CA0Q6AEwAQ&safe=active#v=onepage&q&f=fals e & Unmounted stones are customarly preferred as they are kinder on insturment by removing less metal in the sharpening process ‫موضوع أفضلية التعقيم مذكور لولكن ليس بأهمية حفظ الدلوات من التآكل أثناء التشذيب‬ Clinical Aspects of Dental Materials: Theory, Practice, and " "Cases, 3rd Edition

Came to the clinic complaining from pain related to swelling on maxillary central incisor area which vital and normal under ?percussion periapical cyst /1 (incisive cyst( nasopalatin cyst/2 globulomaxillary cyst /3 aneurysmalbone cyst /4 Y/o boy came to the clinic in the right maxillary central incisor :with large pulp exposure pulpectomy with Ca(OH)2 /1 *** .pulptomy with Ca(OH)2 /2 Direct pulp capping /3 leave it /4 The percentage of simple caries located in the outer wall of the dentin (proximal sides of the tooth) which left with out :cavitations is around 1-10% 2-30% *** 3-60% 4-90% Irrigation solution for RCT ,when there is infection and draining from the canal is a) Sodium hypochlorite b) Iodine potassium *** .c) sodium hypochlorite and iodine potassium

"Pocket Atlas of Endodontics – page 154" Therefore, like citric-acid rinsing, EDTA solution is recommended before the placement of calcium hydroxide. At a 15% concentration, citric acid has been shown to be very .effective against anaerobic bacteria Solvidont, a bisdequalium acetate, exhibits good antibacterial properties, but also an unfavorable relationship between .cytotoxicity and antibacterial efficiency

Physiologic saline (nacl) is by far the most tissue-friendly .rinsing solution, but its antibacterial effect is quite low Iodine and also potassium iodine are good antiseptics with .equally good tissue biocompatibility .Betadine” is the commercially available product “ With paraformaldehyde or phenol-containing solutions, on the other hand, the tissue toxicityis higher than the antibacterial .efficacy

pt came with class IV he had tooth trauma & he brought the -2 fracture segment & on examination u found that the pulp is not :exposed & only u can see dentine, how u manage to get rid of the fragment & fill with composite to reattach the fragment with composite and latter cover with veneer others patient came to dentist after previous stressful procedure -12 complaining of burning & discomfort of his lip on examination u found lesions on the palate, diagnosis is -contact dermatitis -allergy -aphthous ulser *** (herpes simplex (herpetic gingivostomatitis adult 20 years male with soft tissue & dental trauma reveals -1 severe pain in soft tissues with loss of epithelial layers and :anterior upper centrals are intruded the diagnosis is a-abrasion with luxation b-errosion with sub luxation c-ulceration with luxation d-ulceration with subluxation

trigeminal neuralgia treated by carbomizapine, the max dose -2 :per day divided in doses is a-200 mg B-500mg C-1000mg D-1200mg 104 ‫ كتاب اللم الفموي الوجهي ص‬:‫المرجع‬ ‫ ملغ‬1200-600 ‫الجرعة اليومية‬ Usual Adult Dose for Trigeminal Neuralgia Initial dose: 100 mg orally twice a day (immediate or extended .(release) or 50 mg orally 4 times a day (suspension May increase by up to 200 mg/day using increments of 100 mg every 12 hours (immediate or extended release), or 50 mg four times a day. (suspension), only as needed to achieve freedom .from pain. Do not exceed 1200 mg/ day .Maintenance dose: 400 to 800 mg/day Some patients may be maintained on as little as 200 mg/day while others may require as much as 1200 mg/day. At least once every 3 months throughout the treatment period, attempts should be made to reduce the dose to the minimum effective level or to discontinue the drug Read more: Carbamazepine Dosage - Drugs.com years child with congenital heart disease came for 3-10 extraction of his lower 1st molar, the antibiotic for choice for ;prevention of infective endocarditis is a-ampicelline 30 mg /kg orally 1hour before procedure b-cephalixine 50mg/kg orally 1hour before procedure c-clindamicine 20mg/kg orally 1hour before procedure d-amoxicilline 50mg/kg orally 1hour before procedure Dental secrets ""Amoxicillin, 2.0 gm orally 1 hr before procedure :the organism that not found in newborn mouth -4 a-streptococcus mutant b-streptococcus salivaris

c-e-coli d-skin bacteria

‫المصدر التالي ينفي لوجود العقدية اللعابية لوالطافرة‬ Http://jdr.sagepub.com/content/49/2/415.full.pdf

Breast-fed babies, six months' old, studied by Belding and Belding,6 did not have S salivarius. When diets were supplemented with cereals and sugar, S salivarius became the dominant organism of saliva. When this supplement was .excluded from the diet, S salivarius disappeared entirely The absence of S mutans and S sanguis from the mouth of the infants agrees with previous findings that these streptococci require hard surfaces such as teeth and dentures for successful colonization in the mouth.'0"14 Subsequent studies of the infants in the present study will reveal if the occurrence of these streptococci in the mouth is strictly .correlated to the eruption of the teeth

And This infection, which generally affects only one breast, usually occurs two to three weeks postpartum, but it might occur after only one week. It's caused by Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli bacteria.1 These bacteria often are carried on the mother's or (hospital) staff's unwashed hands, or in the newborn's mouth.2 The bacteria enter the mother's body through an open, injured area of the nipple, although in some .cases there might be no discernible wound

:baby born without which bacteria (288 *** .A) Streptococcus mutans for a newly erupted tooth, the most bacteria found around (390 the tooth is *** .A) Streptococcus mutans

To see live cells .B) Streptococcus salivaris ???What is uses if microscop . the major connector of choice -anteroposterior palatal strap is the least-1 U shaped *** u shaped favorable design Bcoz its posterior palatal lack rigidity Using indirect retainer is a-2 must Clinical prosthodontic .2 .3 *** .Glass ionomer Patient has a palatal torus b/w hard & soft palate.Compomer .To see dead cells :instrument used for scratching stone cast to make postdam -6 a-le cron carver In primary tooth for restoration before putting the filling u put -base *** calcium hydroxide -varnish best way to detect presence of 2 canals *** putting 2 files & take x-ray for root canal treated tooth u choose to put post & amalgam this depend on *** remaining coronal structure -root divergence -presence of wide root others :The best method for core build up is -19 .To see metaobolic *** .1 .Amalgam .

b-burnishing of peripheries of restoration for more adaptation c-lowering occlusal surface It is easier to remove excess cement before it finally sets. Once the cement is hard the rubber dam is removed and the occlusion checked with articulating paper and adjusted with fine diamond burs Ref: Pickard's Manual of Operative .genodermatosis that is Its rare others inhered as an autosomal dominant trait Usually appear at birth White diffuse plaque bilaterally May present extra orally Other name: cannone disease Ref: oral &maxillofacial pathology nevile 2 edition Pt construct for him a complete denture after few days he came to u complaining from pain & white spots on the residual ridge do relief in that area & give him ointment & after few days he came again complaining the : same but in another area the main cause is .White lesion bilaterally on cheek.a.& other member in the family has i leukoplakia*** . Increase vertical dimension Didn't find the answer in book White But I'vediffuse asked pla dr hassaballah his answer was b because if we have high v dimension causing pain it will stay even after we relief the area bcoz the cause is still exist After final inlay cementation and before complete setting of cement we :should a-remove occlusal interferences *** .white sponge nevus . Uneven pressure on the crest of alveolar ridge b.

Dental patient has severe gag reflex I couldn't find the secrets – page 54 . Dental treatment for a patient on dialysis should be done on the day dialysis appointments avoid patient with 5between years old denture has a severeto gag reflex .2 Occiptomental RG :middle 3d facial@ Lat oblique 30 degree 3 fx .II. bleeding difficulties he says he had the same symptoms in the first few days of the denture delievery and Ref: it went all alone Burket's oral medicine.page 186 :pt with renal dialysis the best time of dental tx is -12 a-1 day before dialysis *** .salivary gland Posteranterior :low neck fx@ .lefort I.cerebrovascular accident.patient has underlying systemic condition answer in book but denture is overextende dr.b-1 day after dialysis resulting from depleted fluid@ c-1week afterhypotension dialysis occur appro in 30% of pt .cephalosporin Using pharmacological sedative during@ stressful procedure is recommended to \inhibit ncrease systolic pressure Patients typically receive dialysis 3@ times/week.III Coronoid process @Reverse town :high neck fx Condylar fx Lateral oblique :angle of the@ mandible .1 *** . upon history (17 .Reverse towne ..Occiptomenatal .serious sequlae of hemo dialysis that occur during or immediately after dialysis so the best treatment is on one day after dialysis Avoid using NSIAD coz its ncrease Na@ retention impaired action of diuretic lead to acidosis @Avoid using tetracycline .hassaballah choose 2 Pt presented with vehicle accident u suspect presence of bilateral – 17 :condylar fracture what is the best view to diagnose condylar Fracture . and myocardial infarction .

IX .20 composite restorations in the mesial and distal walls .2 Metal crown .2 :Taste of the ant 2/3 of tongue .million cycle per seconds 7.1 *** .Jacket crown .5 – 1.Female come need to endodontic for central insical .5 .million cycle per seconds 25 – 10 .3 )Fac ial nerve (Chorda tympani 4XII General sensation of the anterior 2/3 : Lingual Nerve which is a branch of Trigeminal nerve CN V Taste and general sensation for the post1/3: ).and have attrition in ?the insicial.5 – 1.cycle 1 megahertz .5 *** .1 .3 There 3 classes of acive elecrodes million cycle per seconds 30 . palatoglossus. edge the best restoration . which is inervated by CN10 of the pharyngeal plexus Ref:snill human antomy Rate of electrosurgery :Electro surgery rate million per seconds or 7.and have media .million cycle per seconds 10 – 7.3 The nerve which supplies the tongue and may be anesthetized during :nerve block injection *** .5 .2 .V .VII .Full crown .4 Single electrode for incision or excision Loop electrode for planning tissue Heavy electrode for coagulaion .Glossopharyngeal nerve (CN 9 All intrinsic and extrinsic muscles of the tongue are supplied by the Hypoglossal nerve (CN 12). except for one of the extinsic muscles.

Short root .Wide pulp chamber .Ref : Caranza periodontology – page 899 :Immature tooth has less sensation of cold hot due to .41 .observation If there is change in occlusion : perform open reduction and bone plating of one side only If no changes :Conservative treatment.4 . physiotherapy. including close observation. soft diet.Inter maxillary mandibular fixation .Incomplete innervations .1 .Inter mandibular fixation . are generally treated conservatively using arch bars and intermaxillary fixation .1 . Mandible movements are normal in all ?direction….3 No treatment is performed only anti inflammatory drugs and .38 fracture of the condoyle.Fixed IMF for 6 weeks .3 Pt came to the clinic after he has an accident. X-ray revealed bilateral .2 . What is your treatment . is advised in most cases Unilateral condylar fractures without displacement. and functional appliances.2 .

thrombocytopenia time .4 Ref: paediaric dentistry 3edition ch 12 Child with previous history of minor trauma with excessive bleeding we do test the result is prolong PT & slightly increase clotting time & …………….years old patient received trauma in his maxillary primary incisor.APTT normal@ VI k deficiency: PT . :the diagnosis is . Crown or root dilaceration .hemophelia B Hemophilia B: PT normal PTT raised .Cracks in enamel . This condition is referred to as Turners Hyposplasia @White or yellowish-brown discoloration .Yellowish or whitish discoloration .In water same temperature of room .c.a.In cold milk .1 *** .Displacement .In milk same temperature of room . bleeding@ .35 .b.Crown dilaceration @ occurs in 3% of injuries to the primary dentition Ref: paediaric dentistry 3edition ch 12 :What is the best media for keep avulsion tooth .vit.Malformation .In cold water .3 .Small to large opacities of hypocalcification in the enamel are thought to be caused by periapical infection. The permanent incisors are expected to have *** . Test is +ve.3 .9. the 6 :tooth is intruded.1 . especially on the labial surface.2 .APTT prolonged easily bruising@ VI k is residues for factors 2.2 Milk is an effective isomolar mediam .platelet count normal .K deficiency thrombocytopenia: PT .7.4 Sequalae Localized enamel hypoplasia – trauma to the@ primary tooth can disturb enamel formation in the underlying permanent tooth.1o Ref: Clinical medicine 5 edition page 463 by parveen .

dentist evaluate prognosis with flexible wire/1 ridge wire/2 in follow-up pd wire/3 Completed in centric occlusion is normal but in eccentric occlusion the :lower ant teeth & upper ant are interfere with contact wt should be do reduction of mand incisor/1 '' max '' ''/2 reduction of lingual inclination of max incisior /3 '' mand '' '' '' '' '' ''/4 :The correct answer is Reduction of labio incisal of lower ant_1 palatal surface of max teeth_2 Ref :clinical complete dt prosthodontic p 365 . and otalgia Ref: Ref: oral &maxillofacial pathology nevilee 2 edeition : Avulsed teeth with replantation. 2/ (Albright syndrome) Albright It is suspected when two of the three following features are present: autonomous) endocrine hyperfunction such as precocious puberty Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia Unilateral Café-au-lait spots Eagle syndrome is a rare condition where an elongated temporal styloid process (more than 30mm) is in conflict with the adjacent anatomical structures. tinnitus. unilateral facial and neck pain.3. can present with unilateral sore throat. dysphagia. Head and neck nevi with multi lesion is: 1/Eagle syndrome.

Can be confused with acute hypertrophic candidiasis c.:Food low cariogenic affect the following should be characteristic low buffring capacity /1 ph low than3/2 contain mineral/3 High CariogenicityLow CariogenicityHigh fermentable carbohydrate content )starch. early verrcus carcinoma : a. Can be confused with Lichen planus Potato chipsCheese with chronic hypertrophic candidiasis d. sugars. Have characteristic microscopic features b. Histopathologically.5 Highly processedRelatively high protein Moderate amounts of fat Minimal amounts of carbohydrate High concentration of calcium and phosphorus pH greater than 6 Stimulates saliva secretionExamples:Examples:Crackers Pre-sweetened cereals Breads 109. Can be confused Peanuts Meat Muffins Dried fruits Cookies Milk It is characterized by wide and elongated rete ridges that appear to push into underlying ct (bulbous rete ridges Eggs It could be similar o papilloma Ref: oral &maxillofacial pathology nevilee 2 edition Some vegetables . or a mixture( Sticky consistency Breaks into small particles in the mouth Causes pH to fall below 5.

maxilary sinusitis :Max sinusitis canine space infection Symptom of acute sinusitis :headache . Is only accurate to ±1 mm . dentoalveolar infection photophobia .tooth ache in premolar and molar area Causative organism: s.over instrumentation Canine space infection is evidenced by anterior cheek swelling with loss of the nasolabial fold and possible extension to the infraorbital region.Dimond fissure Ref :fundamental of fixed prosth.pain on cheek bone . This is due to infection of the maxillary canine and potentially may spread to the cavernous sinus.influenza.or resto in hyperocclusion . moraxella catarhalis Acute apical periodontites Etiology :irreversibly inflamed pulp by caries. clinical complete dt prosthodontic Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry .for recording of vertical dimention we use -10 .pneumoniae. H.fever.3edeition p455 patient feel sever pain upper mouth pain is radiated to easy and ear (15 . to measure the distance @ between the base of nose and the underside of the chin. (2005) – page 194 ???what name of bur used in proximal surface of laminate veneer (15 Radial dimound Ref :fundamental of fixed fissure prosth.WillisGauge Resting face height is assessed using A Willis gauge.4th Ed. ef: oral &maxillofacial pathology nevilee 2 .after you check no caries when you pressure on maxillary premolar he ???feel pain.3edeition p455 Round end diamond bur ???what name of bur use in facial surface of veneer (16 *** .The patient's appearance and speech@ profile silhoute@ @Face mask Ref: . In x ray no change what diagnosis Acute apical periodontits *** .

anterior displaced maxilla .???pacifier habit what you see in his mouth -4 . ( ‫انها ناقصة‬ ‫)الجوبة اتوقع‬ posterior cross bite .and retruded mandible Ref: Oski's pediatrics: principles & practice In the pulp cell rich zone inner most pulp layer wich contain fibroblast 1 cell free zone rich with capilleres and nerve networks 2 odonotbalstic layer wich contain odontoblast 3 4all of the above .retruded and croweded mandibular incisors .Open bite Affect of pacifier and digit sucking Cross bite Anterior open bite flaring maxillary incisors .

Decrease radiographic film need .The glenoid fossa = the mandibular fossa orbital cavity /1 depression in the temporal Bone that articulates nasal cavity/2 with the condyle of the Mandible and is divided into two parts by a slit middle cranial fossa /3 :ref *** .3edeition Ref: fundamental of fixed prosth.modified ridge lap pontic Most esthetic pontic look like tooth but should not be used because is impossible to clean Ref: fundamentals of fixed :prosth.An ovate pontic :Saddle pontic c.ridge lap or saddle pontic b.D) temporal bone Anatomy of the Human Body .3edeition :Glenoid fossa is found in (71 .Henry Gray – page 82 :The spread of odontogenic infection is based on (72 host defense /1 virulent of microorganism /2 No.all /4 :3rd generation of apexo locator (81 Use with all pt Need more research Ncrease chair time ** . Of bacteria /3 *** .What type pontic design would you in a patient with a high esthetic -18 : demand when preparing teeth number 9 – 11 for a F P D a.

we choose (195 A) Dicor .:silane coupling agent (86* *** .(B) pyogenic granuloma (pregnancy epulis C) giant cell granuloma :Porcelain. highly esthetic.24 hr if 6( subcutanouseouly Ref: contemporary of oral and maxillofacial srgery petrson p 18 Pregnant 25 years. location on papilla of anterior (194 :area of the maxilla.used with porcelain to enhance wetability of bonding /1 used with tooth and porcaline /2 Saline is added to etched surface to improve resin bond o porcelain Ref:fundamental of operative dentistry schwartz 3edeition p509 : pt taken heparins he should do surgery after (96 Hr 1 /1 Hr 2 /2 Hr 4 /3 *** . anterior maxilla area. bleeding on probing.Hr 6 /4 hr if heparin is given IV . Isolated A)giant cell granuloma *** .

A) ZR (zircon) reinforced in ceram Setting converted zinc o zinc oxide and produce H gas that could expand :Amalgam pain after restoration due toexcessively (198 amalgam resulting in patient pain A) phase 2 gamma B) phase 1 gamma *** .C) zinc containing alloy D) Admix alloy but this is true only when there is moisture contamination :ref fundmental of operative dentistry 341 Zinc if added to amalgam ..d *** . zinc tend to oxide preferentially forming a zinc oxide that cover surface of alloy and suppress oxidation of other elements Side effect of zinc was moisture contamination in low copper amalgam High copper don’t exhibit phenomenon of delayed expansion before setting : Ref: ref fundmental of operative dentistry 341 155art and science of operative dentistry : endocrine and exocrine gland is (215 . Increase moisture sensitivity and cause expansion dentistry b.e.43 155art and science of operative a.C)Impress Dr hanef answer it :the highest strength in porcelain (196 *** .c --..B) in ceram . reduce marginal fracture and prolong service of Rx. A+ b Zinc added o amalgam to enhance mechanical proprieties. Increase marginal integrity and longevity than zinc free amalgam --.

…etc) (317 : put in A) dicharged paper basket *** . *** (dissolving of cement / microleakage Loose retainer not easily identified by pt he may notice bad taste or smell Its indicate : an adequate prep Poor cementation Or caries Ref :contemporary fixed prosth 4 edition po936 rosenthial . needle tips. Cause .A) broken abutment .P *** . suffering 32 (338 from a bad odour and taste from His mouth. By examination patient has an anterior mandibular 3 unit bridge that bubbles upon :Applying water spray and slight pressure. wedges.B) Food impaction underneath the pontic C) separation between the abutment and the retainer.A) pancreas B) pituitary gland C) thyroid g D) salivary g E) sweat g :during post removal the first thing to do is (298 A) remove the G.B) remove all the old restoration & undermined enamel & caries C) insertion of post immediately for discharged sharp instrument (blades..*** .B) designed sharp instrument special container C) disinfectant in auto glave then throw D) put it in multifoil years old patient came to your dental office.

and Occur in children .1w pulpities *** ..no radiographic changes Chronic osteomylities : swelling. pus_2 discharge.Dentin when view in horizontal ground . your diagnosis is *** .regions of enamel .Enamel when view in longitudinal ground 2 dark lines seen in Alternating light .Enamel when Localized view in horizontal ground .4junction and end before In pm dentoenamel they reach the enamel surface.a) acute osteomyelitis . tooth loss Radiographic feature: patchy ragged ill defined .3 that begin at the dental enamel Dentin when view in _molar longitudinal ground . pain.moth eaten appearance Diffuse sclerosing osteomylites_ 3 Uncommon disease occur in molar region Swelling trismus Etiology infection of bacteria of low virulence for eg skin infection RG : n crease opacity of the bone Focal sclerosing osteomyilites_4 (condensing osteties :Hunter Schreger bands are white and dark lines that appear in .b) focal sclerosing osteomyelitis c) diffuse sclerosing :Type of osteomylities acute osteomylites_1 Pt has sign and symptoms of typical infection Short duration . they Tx : remove odontogenic infection represent areas of enamel rods cut in cross-sections dispersed between Nevile oral and maxillofacial pathology areas of rods cut longitudinally P126 127 The bands are not commonly Second addition observed in the incisal or occlusal .19 area associated .Diabetic patient came to clinic with pain & swelling & enlarged mandible. : on radiograph it showed mouth eaten appearance. .

In a technique called sialograph Child with cleft palate and cleft lip with anodontia due to -23 a. its most common of inherited blood disorder Most of cases are mild and insignificant clinically : Paget disease Abnormal and anarchic resorbtion and deposition of bone Cause : unknown Affect old people .Treacher Collins syndrome c. what’s the best :x-ray to help you A)panoramic B)occlusal (C)sialograph. they cannot be seen on radiographs unless special steps are taken to make them visible.down word slanting palpebral fissure has coloboma in outer portion of lower eye lid 75% Ear defect Under developed mandible hypoplasia of condyle 15% has cleft palate Von willer band syndrome Its not syndrome Its disease caused by genetic deficiency of plasma glycoprotein von willerbrand factor.Von Willebrand syndrome )>>>von der woude syndrome b.Patient complaining from pain in the floor of the mouth (beneath the (340 lower jaw) your diagnosis is related to the salivary glands. men more .Paget disease )Treacher collin syndrome (mandibulofacial dysotosis Rare Defect in second and first brachial arches Hypoplastic zygoma . *** (Specialized radiograph for the Salivary gland disorders Dental secrets – page 107y Because the salivary glands consist of soft tissue.

or isolated cleft lip and cleft palate of varying severity.. abnormalities of the hair and glands. He decides to do RCT. distinctive pits of the lower lips. or unusual facial features.contact with the neighbor teeth (342 : A)in the middle with buccal vastness wider than lingual one Mesial contact in than he middle third B)in the middle with lingual vastness wider bucccaly one D contact more cervical but still in middle third The crown is little narrower in lingual than buccal :Ref Dental anatomy 6 edition . cleft lip and/or palate. Female patient came to your clinic with continous severe pain related (337 to 1st \maxillary molar. Hypodontia has been increasingly recognized as a frequently . or both. After examination dentist diagnose the tooth is carious and has irreversible pulpitis.B) Extraction C)Intra-pulpal anaesthia distal surface for first upper premolar .A) give another appointment to the patient with description of antibiotics . These variable manifestations include lower lip pits alone. absent teeth. It is the most common syndrome associated with cleft lip or cleft palate . the patient won’t allow the dentist to touch the :tooth due to severe pain.Maxillary involvement more common than mandible Extreme case cause Osseo nasal obstruction. obliterated sinus Van der woude syndrome is an autosomal dominant syndrome characterized by a cleft lip or cleft palate.associated anomaly Ectrodactyly –ectodermal dysplasia cleft lip cleft /Palate (EEC Syndrome) is a rare form of ectodermal inherited as an autosomal dominant genetic trait the symptoms of which can vary from mild to severe. The most common symptoms found in patients with EEC Syndrome are: missing or irregular fingers and/or toes (ectrodactyly). After enough time for anaesthisation. Dentist should . as well as abnormalities of the eyes and urinary tract .

palatal b.All of above : Skeletal Bone of skull develop from-21 a.Intramembranous ossification c.Which condition is an apical lesion that develop acute exacerbation of -26 :chronic apical abscess a.Granuloma b-phonex abscess c.Neurocranium ossification b.Endochondral ossification .c.Distobuccal *** .Non of above Which of the following canals in # 14 is most difficult to -25 :locat a.Mesiobuccal d.Cyst` d.

d-arsen All of these elements can cause discoloration .c-bismuth .lower 2ed molar *** .this is caused because of a-mercury b-lead *** .Intramembranous :seen during embryonic development By direct transformation of mesenchymal cell to osteoblast Occur in facial bone.Ossification take place in hyaline cartlige Ref :introduction to orthodontic .lower 2ed premolar d.b.lower 1st premolar c. clavicle Endochondral seen in long bone of limb and the cranial base .laura mitchel 3edeition p33 The developing humen clinical embrylogy7edetion Which tooth require special attention when preparing -27 :the occlusal aspect for restoration a.he said that hi has : gasteriointensinal problem. mandible.upper 1st molar Pt came 2 u with coloration bluish (or green?? ) and black in the gingival margins . clavira.

.What is the test name for detecting the virulent of ((bacteria i do not remember the name may be spirochete . By :clinical and radiographic examination your diagnosis *** .c) moisture contamination during the restoration …………(d : Dylantin (phynotoin) don’t give with (193 B)azoles *** .C)metronidazole D) all of the above .class II amalgam restoration with deep caries the patient comes with localized pain related to it after 3 :months due to a)undetected pulp horn exposure b) over occlusion .a-hemolysis B-catalase Patient suffering from pain in the area of the (345 mandibular molars with paresthesia in the lower lip....A) Acute osteomyelitis the movement of polymorphic cells in the gaps of (344 intracellular to the blood capillary :Outside it called ‫ مسامية‬A)porosity ‫ تسرب‬B)slinking (source Wikipedia) ‫ *** انسلل‬.C) diapedesis Q.

A for 2nd max molar pt become colorless : with external sweeling its due to facial artrey/1 *** . Nerve /3 pt with renal transplantation came with white elevated -13 lesion on tongue no history of smoking or tobacco chewing :diagnosis is a-candidiasis *** . and dizygotic (or fraternal) twins .B-iatrogenic lesion c-hyperkeratosis D-stomatitis twins came to your clinic during routine examination .:Thermal pulp test principle of blood supply of pulp/1 nerve supply of pulp /2 AO fibers/3 Pt need complete dt.you found great (183 change behavior Between both of them this due to A)hereditary B)environment \C)maturation Dentistry for child and adolescent Human twins are of two basic types: monozygotic (or identical) twins resulting from a single ovum fertilized by a single sperm. when u did the examination u notice the max tubersity will be interfere with dt need 12 no blade to be extention/1 partial thickness flap extend buccal & palatal /2 suture under tension/3 After u inject L.resulting from fertilization of two ova by two sperm It also follows that difference between monozygotic twins result from environmental differences whereas those between dizygotic twins result from differences in both heredity and environment .plexus vein /2 Posterior alv.

. State University of New York. It is strongly associated with objective measurements of poor salivary flow and with other oral and extraoral symptoms of desiccation. OMFS Peterson 4th edition Dry mouth is a common complaint among ambulatory diabetic patients. dentist made a stab incision and is fixing a rubber drain to evacuate the pus. Department of Oral Pathology and Biology.) which of the following materials is NOT a (386 : hemostatic agent A) Oxidized cellulose….brand name :surgicel !!! B) Gelvon___no results in search .!!!C) Influenza. the drain is sutured : to . Stony Brook 11794-8702.A Valdini.D) Headache patient complaining of Xerostomia & frequent going (381 to the toilet at night . __ transmissible disease . A Green and . School of Dental Medicine.the osmotic effect of the glucose solution result in polyuria (frequent urination )stimulate pt thirst causing polydipsia (frequent liquid consumption ) ___Contemporary . L M Sreebny. A Yu.A) Diabetes Mellitus DM: either insulin dependent or insulin independent .C) Zinc Oxide patient suffering from a submandibular gland (398 abscess. The oral dryness is not associated with cardiovagal autonomic system dysfunction but may be due to disturbances in glycemic control___(Xerostomia in diabetes mellitus.hemostatic agent .what medical condition should prevent the dentist (379 : from practicing dentistry A) Diabetes B) Hypertension .

A) parallel to long axis Labial reduction for porcelain metal restoration must -26 :be 1... C) Crown down tech. __fundamentals of fixed prostho.. 1 plane for aesthetic. 2. dis.adv: odor and long setting time B) Poly-ether___ adv: dimensional stability . rosenstile 4 th edition : what is the concept of Pro-taper system (401 . dis.adv: ..…C) Between myloid muscle and The best material for taking full crown veneers (399 : impression is A) Poly-sulfide ___adv : dimensional stability (but less than B.. __adv: dimensional stability equivalent to B .B) Step back tech .adv :high stiffness C) Irreversible hydrocolloid__ not sufficiently accurate D) Poly vinyl siloxane (Additional silicone). Shillingburg 3rd edition .__ Contemporary OMFS Peterson 4th edition . Shillingburg 3rd edition .D). setting inhibition when contact with latex gloves ( Reference (contemporary fixed prostho. __ facial or buccal surface --fundamentals of fixed prostho.. .A) Step down tech .dis. 2 plane by follow the monophology...__ pathways of the pulp 9th edition Preparation of tooth for metal ceramic restoration (406 :should be done in A) two planes.less rigid than B and more than A .A) Intra-oral B) From angle of the mandible. .

but in 2nd molar due to thinner lingual bone than buccal plate . Direction ... : Functional cusp bevel in post teeth prevent 1..If extension of the gingival plane __bad shade match and over contoured. Shillingburg 3 rd edition) : when removing lower second molar (410 A) occlusal plane perpendicular To the floor __occ..preparation for labial surface in one plane in the (343 :preparation for metal crown is A)more retentive *** .B) The most necrotic part of the abscess C) Extra oral .over contouring deflective occ. Long . plane parallel . (fundamentals of fixed prostho. Over incline axial surface  excessive tooth structure reduction  3- less retention .B) less retentive . the direction is lingualy than buccaly Reference : Contemporary OMFS Peterson 4th edition Upon opening an incision in a periapical abscess in (416 : a lower 1st molar. to the floor + . you open A) The most bottom of the abscess .parallel axial walls with one path of insertion more retentive : Preparation for anterior metal ceramic with one plane 1.If extension of the incisal plane __ over taper and too close to the pulp.B) buccolingual direction to dilate socket C) mesial then lingual___ usually extraction done in bucco-occ. 2. Contact.thin casting in the junction between the occlusal and axial reduction 2.

578 for the short therapy of DOTS andIs directly observed :once in the clinic A) Tuberculosis.. This test may be done in the days or weeks after exposure to the virus. ___ treated by DIRECTLY OBSERVED THERAPY SHORT COURSE (DOTS). This test is more difficult than the ELISA to perform. it is used to confirm the results of an ELISA. PCR testing is not done as frequently as antibody testing because it requires technical skill and expensive equipment. © 2009. Testing is often done at 6 weeks. If ELISA is negative.554 :the tongue. The PCR test is very useful to find a very recent infection.Fede's disease Mosby's Medical Dictionary. But it is more expensive than a Western blot test and not commonly used. B) HIV C) H1N1 . but it is done to confirm the results of two positive ELISA tests.. 8th edition. This test finds either the RNA of the HIV virus or the HIV DNA in white blood cells infected with the virus. This test has a low chance of having a false result after the first few weeks that a person is infected. other tests are not usually needed. determine if an HIV infection is present when antibody test results were uncertain. • Indirect fluorescent antibody (IFA). and screen blood or organs for HIV before donation. This test is usually the first one used to detect infection with HIV. • Polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Elsevier Which of the following conditions is highly indicated . the test is usually repeated to confirm the diagnosis. 3 months. With the eruption of the 1st tooth <A)Riga-Fede disease. and 6 months after exposure to find out if a person is infected with HIV Neonate 2 years old. These tests :include • Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Also called . If antibodies to HIV are present (positive). Genetic material may be found even if other tests are negative for the virus. • Western blot. has a lesion on the centrum of . <sublingual traumatic ulceration Riga-Fede disease: an ulceration of the lingual frenum in some infants. Like a Western blot test.:What’s the test used for HIV (417 . This test detects HIV antibodies.Elisa Reference : webmed Several tests can find antibodies or genetic material (RNA) to the HIV virus. caused by abrasion of the frenum by natal or neonatal teeth.

D) Mental Illness DOTS remains at the heart of the Stop TB Strategy .. community-patient involvement 4. PPM. Global Drug Facility (GDF).579 you should start the water/air spray for Three minutes : in order to get rid of which type of microorganisms . Monitoring and evaluation system and impact measurement TB recording and reporting systems.584 :periodontium is . and 40% contained .. USA The samples did have organisms typical of those found in the mouth . MILLER. Bacterial Contamination of Water Delivered by Dental Units L. human resources. WHO epidemiology and surveillance online training (/Reference : WHO (http://www. Health Center. drug resistance surveillance 3. management.. Streptococcus mitis was found in 26% of the samples.. International Standards of TB Care (ISTC). Five :components of DOTS 1. CABOT ABEL.enterococci The main link between the pulp and the the . TB planning and budgeting tool. TB drug management. Global TB Control Report.B) streptococcus salivaris . 16% contained Streptococcus salivarius. Political commitment with increased and sustained financing Legislation. San Francisco. Case detection through quality-assured bacteriology Strengthening TB laboratories.. planning. training 2. Green Light Committee (GLC) 5. An effective drug supply and management system Availability of TB drugs.who. RUDOLPH E.int/tb/dots/en • • • • • At the begining of the Operation day in the clinic. and GUNNAR RYGE . Practical Approach to Lung Health (PAL). Division of Dental Health. Standardized treatment with supervision and patient support TB treatment and program management guidelines. (D Studies on Dental Aerobiology: IV.. ROBERT L. California 94118. (C . USPHS Dental . MICIK.. data and country profiles. .A) streptococcus mutans .

A. torabinejad 4th edition B. Better result when used combined with alcohol .1st pm . edge . __endodontics .C. 1st maxillary premolar__ 1st and 2nd max pm in mid 3rd . torabinejad 4th edition C. __-ve pulp test = necrotic .2 nd pm the opposite B. Accessory canals D.594 . 1st mandibular premolar__ both 1st and 2nd mand pm in the junction of occ. PDL Patient came with severe pain related to right 1st . Suppurative periodontal abscess Which of the following teeth has a contact area . and mid 3rd C. Apical foramen. Acute periodontal abscess. __mesially incisal 3rd near the incisal . mesial contact more lingual than distal contact . Better used diluted . Diagnosis A. Irreversible pulpitis B. Oxidative effect .A. Central mandible Incisor. Ordinary irrigant solution .distally more cervical Reference : Dental anatomy 6th edition :Naocl is used in RCT .D. pulp test :is negative. junction of occ and mid 3rd. there's no swelling Related. no evidence in radiograph. with or with out swelling( no swelling if confined to bone ).B.588 mandibular molar. 1st maxillary molar__ all molars max and mand mesially in the . sever pain +no RG (evidence = acute (endodontics . Dentinal tubules C.590 :between the incisal (occlusal) third and middle third A.distally in the mid 3rd D.

the cranium is brachycephalic.((endodontics . mid-face hypoplasia. • Mid-face hypoplasia • • Abnormal dentition. genu valgum.. and hand abnormalities such as brachydactyly. The most prominent clinical findings in CCD: Abnormally large. although bones formed through endochondral ossification can also be affected. .dissolve necrotic tissue by braking down proteins amino acids . tapering fingers.: Naocl Most common irrigant . and multiple dental abnormalities. Diagnosis is based on clinical and radiographic findings. failure to shed the primary teeth. high incidence of cesarean section. and mild degree of motor delay in children under age five years. failure to shed the primary teeth. wideopen fontanels at birth that may remain open throughout life. and scoliosis. including delayed eruption of secondary dentition.638 :characteristic Reference : NCBI bookshelf (http://www. The most prominent clinical findings are abnormally large. hypoplastic or aplastic clavicles.: Cleidocranial dysplasia (referred to as CCD in this review) is a skeletal dysplasia characterized by delayed closure of the cranial sutures.gov/books/NBK1513/) Disease characteristics. abnormal dentition. torabinejad 4th edition A question about Cleidocranial dysostosis . Manifestations may vary among individuals in the same family.ncbi. such as the cranium and the clavicles. variable numbers of . Other medical problems include recurrent sinus infections and other upper-airway complications. and short.nlm. wide-open fontanels at birth that may remain open throughout life.with cholorhexidine act synergistically to eliminate microorganisms .nih. The wide-open metopic suture results in separation of the frontal bones by a metopic groove.dilution decrease the potential for toxicity . recurrent ear infections. including delayed eruption of secondary dentition. and malocclusion. sloping shoulders that can be apposed at the midline. Clinical Diagnosis Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) affects most prominently those bones derived from intramembranous ossification. The forehead is broad and flat. clavicular hypoplasia resulting in narrow. broad thumbs. supernumerary teeth with dental crowding. Individuals with CCD are shorter than their unaffected sibs and are more likely to have other skeletal/orthopedic problems such as pes planus.

frontal. presence of wormian bones (small sutural bones) • • Delayed ossification of the skull • Poor or absent pneumatization of the paranasal. sloping shoulders that can be apposed at the midline Hand abnormalities such as brachydactyly. and malocclusion • Clavicular hypoplasia. The lateral and middle thirds of the clavicle are more commonly affected (see Figure 2). tapering fingers. patent fontanels. and mastoid sinuses • Impacted. supernumerary teeth • Thorax (Figure 2) • • Cone-shaped thorax with narrow upper thoracic diameter Clavicular abnormalities ranging from complete absence to hypoplastic or discontinuous clavicles. which may result in a characteristic lengthening of the second metacarpal (see Figure 3) .supernumerary teeth along with dental crowding. and short. crowded teeth. • Hypoplastic scapulae • Pelvis • Delayed ossification of the pubic bone. broad thumbs • • Normal intellect in individuals with typical CCD The most prominent radiographic findings in CCD: • Cranium Wide-open sutures. with wide pubic symphysis • • • Hypoplasia of the iliac wings Widening of the sacroiliac joints Large femoral neck and large epiphyses • Hands (Figure 3) • Pseudoepiphyses of the metacarpal and metatarsal bones. resulting in narrow.

fourth. Topical antibiotic Pain in central incisors from . hasaballahs' answer .659 stomatitis you find abundant debris in the tissue surface area of the denture>>the proper management :is A.after wearing the . Lateral & canine C. CD tissue may take time to adapt to the fitting surface B)lack of cheeck elastisty (pressure on the flanges <> (displacement of denture C)poor post dam (no posterior seal <> displacement of (denture A border line diabetic pt came with denture ..661 . hasaballa explanation : if tissue uncovered by CD for few hours they return to there normal form . Systemic antifungal D. Systemic antibiotic B.• • Hypoplastic distal phalanges Deformed and short middle phalanges of the third. Canine & premolar . Central &lateral incisors _ pain may radiate to the adjacent tooth B. he said we never give systemic antifungal. A. topical with OHI enough C. __ dr. Osteopenia with evidence of decreased bone mineral density by DEXA in some individuals is a non-specific finding Pt with complete denture complain from tightness . and fifth digits with cone-shaped epiphyses • Other. (topical + relining with a tissue conditioner + rest of tissues at night +Good oral hygiene)___ dr. Topical antifungal. .656 of denture in morning then become good this due to A) relief of denture.

physiologic saline.D.water is the least desirable due to its hypotonic environment cause rapid cell lysis and increased inflammation on . Scrap the surface of the root.GG should not be used deep in the canals where they may over cut and create a strip perforation _(pediatric dentistry 3 rd (edition welbury C. Place it in sodium chloride then sodium sulfide . ___then pouring time deepened on the material . It must be disinfected immediately.664 :management to return vascularity of the tooth >_< A.socked in fluoride (2% stannous fluoride ) for 5 min ~to slow the resorption process~ . Follow conservative method years old pt have avulsed tooth for 60 min the 20 .._ never do that B. Reference : pathway s of the pulp 9th edition Storage medium can be HBSS (hanks balanced salt solution ).....( sodium sulfide is a ( strong alkaline solution .C. saliva . Remove all dentin B. Remove minimal dentine.662 : access openning with gates glidden bur take care to A. Premolar & molar !!! Question need to be more specified To treat non vital tooth with open apex when doing . Place the tooth in sodium sulfide of X%.milk . or covering the root with emdogain (enamel matrix protein ) and replanting Receiving the impression after removal from the -28 :mouth directly 1. replantation : ( Avulsed tooth more than 60 min (closed apex PDL removed by placing in acid for 1 min ~ to reduce the inflammatory response when implanting~ . __open apex teeth have less dentine and wider pulp chamber .

___found in principles of CD prosthodontics . A and c. 32mm.dr.dr. __principles of CD prosthodontics . 2mm. 4mm. :The base plate could be made by-34 1.To give enough space for the cementation materials.dr. 12mm.hassaballa 2. 3. :The anterior width of the maxillary occlusion rim is -36 . 4. The vertical height of the maxillary occlusion rim -35 :from the reflection of the cast is 1.hassaballa 2. 4. 3. Acrylic plate. Wax plate. ___ not used any more due to dimensional changes . 42mm. 8mm.dr.hassaballa 2. It must be poured immediately. 4.2. The goal of making the peripheries of the custom -31 tray under extended to all bordered clearance from the :frenum areas 1. ___principles of CD prosthodontics . It must be mounted immediately. 3.To give enough space for the die spacer. 22mm. 4.None. 3. The peripheries of the custom tray should be under -29 extended to all border and clearance from the frenum :areas 1.To give enough space for the used impression materials to allow border molding the tray. 2. Ceramic plate. It must be left for minutes. 6mm.hassaballa 3. 4. __ principles of CD prosthodontics .

hassaballa 2. 4. __6mm pm and 8-10 mm in m area .__ principles of CD prosthodontics . 3. Equal to the point representing 1/2 of the height of retro molar pad. 15-20mm. 4. 8-10mm. None. :The posterior height of mandibular occlusion rim is -39 1. 16mm. The anterior height of the mandibular occlusion rim -38 :is 1.hassaballa 2. 4. :To record the occlusal plane in order to-40 1. 10-15mm.dr. 20mm :The posterior width of the maxillary occlusion -37 1. Equal to the point representing 1/2 of the height of the frenum areas. __4mm. 3. To determine the amount of space between the mandible and the maxilla which will be occupied by an artificial teeth 2. Equal to the point representing 1/2 of the height of the alveolar ridge. __ dr. 5mm.hassaballa 2. 8-15mm. 15mm. 10mm. A and B.dr. 26mm. To determine the amount of space between the mandible and the maxilla which will be occupied by an artificial teeth. None.1. 36mm. 4. ___18 mm in principles of CD prosthodontics .dr. 4. 3. 3. 2. in principles of CD prosthodontics . To determine vertical and horizontal level of the teeth. :To record the vertical dimension in order to-41 1. hassaballah answer . . principles of CD prosthodontics .hassaballa 3. 6mm.__ dr.dr.hassaballah answer.

To provide good functional requirements.hassaballa 2. 3. The protrusive condylar guidance should be set on the -1 :articulator at 1. 5-The primary goal of posterior tooth selection is: 1. A and B.40 degree.dr. _ principles of CD prosthodontics . 3. 1. 50 degree. To let the patient feel comfortable.Zero degree.To satisfy sychological requirements. 4. . 40 degree. 4. 4. :The incisal guide should be set on the articulator at -3 1.2. None. None. Zero degree.hassaballa 3. 4. ***___ principles of CD prosthodontics .To satisfy aesthetic requirements.hassaballa 4-The primary goal of anterior tooth selection is: 1. To determine vertical and horizontal level of the teeth. _ principles of CD prosthodontics . 4. 70 degree. 2. 3. 2.dr.dr.None.dr. None.To provide good functional requirements. prosthodontics .hassaballa principles of CD The lateral condylar posts should be set on the-2 :articulator at 1. __ 2. principles of CD prosthodontics . 60 degree. To satisfy aesthetic requirements.None.dr. 2.20 degree. 20 degree. 3.hassaballa 2. *__horizontal condylar guidance . 40 degree.

Important functions must be considered when -11 :arranging anterior teeth 1. 3. 3.to get the teeth shade-6 1234:The Shade guide Incisal guide. Flasking. Setting up. Aesthetics. 1/3 of the maxillary anterior teeth in normal jaw relationship.hassaballa 4. teeth materials are-7 1. . 3/4 of the maxillary anterior teeth in normal jaw relationship. Porcelain teeth. Incision. Acrylic teeth. None. 3.hassaballa 4. Reference : dental anatomy . :The width of the lower teeth is-8 1. than max CI on average only 5\8 or 62% as wide :Generally posterior teeth are classified into -9 1. Porcelain teeth. None. Anatomy (cusp) teeth. Acrylic teeth. 1/2 of the maxillary anterior teeth in normal jaw relationship. Non-anatomy (cuspless) teeth or flat. The process of positioning or arranging teeth on the -10 :denture base is termed 1. 2.hassaballa 3. __ principles of CD prosthodontics . 4. None. ____ principles of CD prosthodontics . 2. 2. 2. _ principles of CD prosthodontics . A and B.dr. 2.dr. Casting. 3. Investing.6th edition__ Mand CI considerably narrower .dr. A and B.:You need…….

The incisal edge of the maxillary lateral incisor -13 :is……. It is called ………. 1 mm. Vertical plane.hassaballa 2. __ (slight distal inclination)_ principles of CD prosthodontics . Lingual. _ principles of CD prosthodontics . 2 mm.hassaballa 3. 4.dr. Mesial.above and parallel to the occlusal plane 1. Phonetics. 2. Distal. Compensating curve : antroposterior curvature in median plane(curve of spee ) and mediolateral curvature in frontal plane (curve of Wilson ) . 4. 4. 4. When the occlusal surfaces of the -15 :right and left posterior teeth are on the same level 1. 3 mm The long axis of the maxillary cuspid is inclined -14 :slightly to the 1. 3. Buccal. 2. All.. Compensating curve.hassaballa . 3. _ principles of CD prosthodontics . All.introduced in CD to compensate for opening influences produced by the condylar and incisal guidance during lateral and protrusive mand excursive movement. Buccal. 3. Distal.dr.dr. 1/2 mm. 4. Which surface of the central incisor that contacts the -12 :median line 1.3.. Lingual. Horizontal plane. 2. Mesial.

4. Horizontal overlap (overjet). The long axis of the maxillary first molar is inclined -17 to 1.hassaballa 3. ___(buccal cusp 0. 4. Of the maxillary first bicuspid is raised -16 :approximately 1/2mm of the occlusal plane 1. 4. Horizontal overlap (overjet). Second molar.)_ principles of CD prosthodontics .lingual cusp touching the occ plane. 2.hassaballa The distance between the lingual surfaces of the -19 maxillary anterior teeth and the labial surfaces of the :mandibular anterior teeth is 1.dr.dr.__ principles of CD prosthodontics . __ principles of CD prosthodontics .dr. The distance between the incisal edges of the-20 :maxillary and mandibular anterior teeth is 1.hassaballa 3. Second bicuspid. Lingual cusp. 2. Buccal. . All. 3. Buccal cusp. 2. First bicuspid.dr. First molar.hassaballa 2. __ principles of CD prosthodontics ._ principles of CD prosthodontics . All maxillary posterior teeth touch the occlusal plane -18 :EXCEPT 1.5 mm above the plane . 3. Vertical overlap (overbite). Occlusal plane. Mesial surface.hassaballa 3.The ……….dr. 4. Lingual. Distal. Occlusal plane. Vertical overlap (overbite). All. Mesial. 2.

(OVER BITE). Cuspid (Canine).hassaballa 4. 22-Which tooth of the mandibular anterior teeth that touch the lingual surface of the maxillary anterior teeth in normal centric relation? 1. Natural dentition all anterior teeth contact the lingual surface of opposing anterior teeth __ The mesial surface of the mandibular lateral incisor -23 :contacts 1.. 2. 4. 3. 4. 3.4. The tip of cusp of the mandibular cuspid is one above -24 the occlusal plane to establish ………. Occlusal plane.__ principles of CD prosthodontics .hassaballa. 1mm. The mesial surface of the cuspid. All. Of the maxillary :anterior 1. 2. 2. 3mm. 2. . Horizontal overlap.__ principles of CD prosthodontics . The distal surface of the cuspid. 2mm. The average distance between the lingual surface of -21 the maxillary anterior teeth and the buccal surface of :the mandibular anterior teeth is 1. None.dr. 3. Vertical overlap. 3. 1/2mm. All. For CD (artificial teeth ) no contact should bee b\w anterior teeth . The mesial surface of the central incisor. Lateral incisor. Central incisor. The distal surface of the central incisor.dr. 4.

First bicuspid. On the lingual edge of the ridge.)only in CD . Second bicuspid. When the mandible moves to the working side. fundamental of fixed prostho. __ principles of CD prosthodontics . the -26 opposite side cusp to cusp contacts in order to balance :stresses of mastication. 4. Working relation. Shililingburg 3rd edition In order to distribute the primary forces of-27 mastication. Balancing side. Second molar. Balancing relation. Working side. 3.dr. Compensating side. All. 2.. Therefore the :side to which the mandible moves is called 1. _ 3. Balanced occlusion is : .hassaballa 4. the :mandibular teeth are set 1. 4. 2. Shililingburg 3rd edition 3. Occlusal relation. All. On the bucal edge of the ridge. The mandibular posterior tooth that has no contact-28 with any maxillary teeth during the balancing occlusion :is 1. This relation is called 1. 3. 4. First molar.__ fundamental of fixed prostho. 2. to fall within the base of the denture. None. (bilateral balanced occ. 2. On the crest of the ridge.The relation involves the movement of the -25 mandibular to the side either right or left in which the act of mastication is to be accomplished.

Angle of the teeth. Curing the acrylic.Bilateral simultaneous anterior and posterior occlusal contact of teeth in centric and eccentric position_ principles of CD prosthodontics .hassaballa 4. _ principles of CD prosthodontics . None. A and B.dr. 2. The procedure that follows the flasking procedure is-31 :called 1. :direct pulp capping is done in-4 .dr. (mold) 3. Size and shape of the teeth. 2.dr. None.hassaballa 3. Teeth selection in setting up teeth gsf is based of -33 :these factors 1. _ principles of CD prosthodontics . We Vaseline the inner surface of the flasks all -30 :rounds 1. To separate the models (casts) safety.dr. Deflasking. A and B. 2. 3. 2. Separating medium.hassaballa 4. 4. __ principles of CD prosthodontics . 4. Articulator. Flask.dr. _ principles of CD prosthodontics . Polishing. 3.hassaballa 5. Shade of the teeth.hassaballa :The used device in flasking procedure is called -29 1. All the above. Packing. To help in the packing procedure.

chapter 22 :Indirect pulp capping done in-16 1. 300 roentgens per week. __ there is no mini roentgens may be mill roentgens!!. Primary molar. 4.reference : .ca/oshanswers/phys_agents/ionizing. = 3000 msv Reference : http://www. 2. Primary incisor.ccohs. its indicated in traumatic or mechanical exposure when conditions for a favorable exposure are optimal . _recommended if no signs and symptoms in the pulp .even in this cases success rate is not particularly high and may result in internal resorption or acute dentoalveolar abscess . = 100 msv 3.html The dose in Sv is equal to "absorbed dose" multiplied by a "radiation weighting factor (millisievert (msv) = one thousandth of a sievert (sv . 2. 10 roentgens per week. All the above.I will choose it since it’s the least dose …. Permanent molar. None of the above.. The maximum dose of X-ray exposure dose for – 14 :radiographic technique 1. 3. Premolar and molar. Glass ionemer cement.chapter 22 2. What do we use as temporary filling material in -17 :anterior reign when aesthetic is important 1. 3. =1000 msv 4. 2. 100 mini roentgens per week. 4. Primary molar. Pinkham. Zinc oxide eugenol.1. Incisors. direct pulp capping of a carious exposure in primary teeth is not recommended. 3. 100 roentgens per week. Composite.Pinkham.

mSv .5 th edition .TLV for annual average dose. _endodontics .05 Sv (50 mSv). The recommended TLV is average annual dose of 0.The effects of being exposed to large doses of radiation at one time (acute exposure) vary with the dose. 4.TLV for annual dose for radiation workers in any one year 50 .Risk of death within days or weeks 10 (Sv .torabinejad 4th edition :Smear layer composed of – 16 .Risk of cancer later in life (5 in 100 1 (mSv . Here are some :examples Sv . Varying degree of swelling. 3.white and pharaoh :Acute periapical abscess characterized by – 15 1. Varying degree of pain.R (roentgen) exposure is approximately equivalent to 10 mSv 1 tissue dose ?What effects do different doses of radiation have on people One sievert is a large dose. averaged over five years 20 Recommendatio n Relative to stochastic effects NCRP ICRP Occupational dose limits msv annual 50 msv annual effective dose 50 effective dose limit limit and 100 msv in 5 y and 10 msv cumulative effective dose cumulative effective .limit .Risk of cancer later in life (5 in 1000 100 mSv . All the above. . 2.dose limit Relative to msv annual 150 msv annual equivalent 150 deterministic equivalent effective effective dose limit to lens of effects dose limit to lens of eye and 500 msv annual eye and 500 msv equivalent dose limit to skin annual equivalent and extremities dose limit to skin and extremities Table 3-2 from oral radiology principles and interpretation . Some time not shown on the radiograph.

over contouring deflective occ.thin casting in the junction between the occlusal and axial reduction 5.parallel axial walls with one path of insertion more retentive : Preparation for anterior metal ceramic with one plane 3. Bacteria. Dentine debris. ..If extension of the gingival plane __bad shade match and over contoured.1. 4. search the net and books for the answers and this is what I got preparation for labial surface in one plane in the (343 :preparation for metal crown is A)more retentive *** .579 you should start the water/air spray for Three minutes : in order to get rid of which type of microorganisms . 2.. Shillingburg 3 rd edition) At the begining of the Operation day in the clinic.If extension of the incisal plane __ over taper and too close to the pulp. All the above. Long . (organic pulpal material and inorganic dentinal debris)_pathway of the pulp 9th edition . 3. _(no bacteria in smear layer ) 4. (fundamentals of fixed prostho. I've asked the professors.B) less retentive . Inorganic particles.A) streptococcus mutans . Contact. : Functional cusp bevel in post teeth prevent 4. Over incline axial surface  excessive tooth structure reduction  6- less retention .

. and GUNNAR RYGE . Central &lateral incisors _ pain may radiate to the adjacent tooth B. A.milk . Canine & premolar D.C. MICIK... California 94118. ROBERT L._ never do that B. Streptococcus mitis was found in 26% of the samples. Division of Dental Health. Place it in sodium chloride then sodium sulfide .enterococci Pain in central incisors from ....water is the least desirable due to its hypotonic environment cause rapid cell lysis and increased inflammation on .661 .. CABOT ABEL. and 40% contained . replantation : ( Avulsed tooth more than 60 min (closed apex .. RUDOLPH E. Bacterial Contamination of Water Delivered by Dental Units L..664 :management to return vascularity of the tooth >_< A.. USA The samples did have organisms typical of those found in the mouth . saliva . (C .( sodium sulfide is a ( strong alkaline solution .. Scrap the surface of the root. (D Studies on Dental Aerobiology: IV. Reference : pathway s of the pulp 9th edition Storage medium can be HBSS (hanks balanced salt solution ). USPHS Dental . Lateral & canine C.B) streptococcus salivaris . Place the tooth in sodium sulfide of X%. 16% contained Streptococcus salivarius... San Francisco.physiologic saline. Health Center.. MILLER. Premolar & molar !!! Question need to be more specified ==cause of pain years old pt have avulsed tooth for 60 min the 20 .

First bicuspid. .hassaballa. Second molar. 7.socked in fluoride (2% stannous fluoride ) for 5 min ~to slow the resorption process~ . Natural dentition all anterior teeth contact the lingual surface of opposing anterior teeth __ The mandibular posterior tooth that has no contact -28 with any maxillary teeth during the balancing occlusion :is 5. Reference : dental anatomy .6th edition__ Mand CI considerably narrower . 1/3 of the maxillary anterior teeth in normal jaw relationship. For CD (artificial teeth ) no contact should bee b\w anterior teeth . Lateral incisor.than max CI on average only 5\8 or 62% as wide 22-Which tooth of the mandibular anterior teeth that touch the lingual surface of the maxillary anterior teeth in normal centric relation? 5. 6. None. 8.__ principles of CD prosthodontics . Cuspid (Canine). Central incisor. Second bicuspid. 6.dr. 8. 3/4 of the maxillary anterior teeth in normal jaw relationship. 8. 7. None.PDL removed by placing in acid for 1 min ~ to reduce the inflammatory response when implanting~ . First molar. 1/2 of the maxillary anterior teeth in normal jaw relationship.emdogain (enamel matrix protein ) and replanting :The width of the lower teeth is-8 5. or covering the root with . 7. 6.

Risk of cancer later in life (5 in 1000 100 mSv .Risk of death within days or weeks 10 (Sv . 10 roentgens per week.The effects of being exposed to large doses of radiation at one time (acute exposure) vary with the dose.html The dose in Sv is equal to "absorbed dose" multiplied by a "radiation weighting factor (millisievert (msv) = one thousandth of a sievert (sv R (roentgen) exposure is approximately equivalent to 10 mSv 1 tissue dose ?What effects do different doses of radiation have on people One sievert is a large dose. 100 roentgens per week.hassaballa The maximum dose of X-ray exposure dose for – 14 :radiographic technique 5. = 100 msv 7.Balanced occlusion is : Bilateral simultaneous anterior and posterior occlusal contact of teeth in centric and eccentric position_ principles of CD prosthodontics .mSv . = 3000 msv Reference : http://www.I will choose it since it’s the least dose ….ccohs.dr. Here are some :examples Sv . 6. 300 roentgens per week. The recommended TLV is average annual dose of 0. averaged over five years 20 Recommendatio NCRP n Occupational dose limits Relative to msv annual 50 stochastic effective dose limit ICRP msv annual effective dose 50 limit and 100 msv in 5 y ..ca/oshanswers/phys_agents/ionizing. 100 mini roentgens per week.05 Sv (50 mSv). =1000 msv 8.TLV for annual dose for radiation workers in any one year 50 .Risk of cancer later in life (5 in 100 1 (mSv . __ there is no mini roentgens may be mill roentgens!!.TLV for annual average dose.

*** Orthodontics. anatomic and …………-1 cosmetic reconstruction of missing or defective parts in the :maxilla. 4. *** Peridontist. 3. 2. Protect the tissues. 4. *** . 3. Partial denture. *** 25mm. 1. Maxillofacial prosthodontist. is the art and science of functional. Pedodontist.limit .effects and 10 msv cumulative effective dose cumulative effective . 2. 3.……-2 restore aesthetic and functional requirements to patients with :maxillofacial defects 1.5 th edition . Aesthetic. 20mm. 2. 3. . mandible or face by the use of non living substances Complete denture. Maxillofacial prostheses. Is the one that provides application and device to . 2. 4. 10mm. All.white and pharaoh It is preferable to be the length of the handle of the custom -25 :tray 1. :The objectives of maxillofacial prosthetics -3 1..dose limit Relative to msv annual 150 msv annual equivalent 150 deterministic equivalent effective effective dose limit to lens of effects dose limit to lens of eye and 500 msv annual eye and 500 msv equivalent dose limit to skin annual equivalent and extremities dose limit to skin and extremities Table 3-2 from oral radiology principles and interpretation . 15mm. Functions. Endodontist. 4.

*** Developments defects. 2. Developmental defects. 3. *** . Ear plugs for hearing. Congenital defects. 4. 2. Lost part of maxilla or mandible with the facial structures is -9 :classified by Intra-oral restorations. *** :Cleft palate. 2. 2. missing ear. Acquired defects. 1. 4. Splint. prognathism are -5 Acquired defects. 4. 1. 3.:The type of maxillofacial defects -4 1. 1. surgery. Extra-oral restorations. 1. missing nose or ear. Congenital defects. Obturator. :Accidents. Congenital defects. Missing eye. 3. Stent. None. All. 2. :Extra-oral restorations are-8 Radium shield. 3. *** All. 4. 3. 4. cleft lip. *** All. None. The lack of continuity of the roof of the mouth through the -11 whole or part of its length in the form of fissure extending :anteroposteriorly is 1. 4. *** Developments defects. Combined intra-oral and extra-oral restorations. Congenital cleft palate. 2. pathology are -6 Acquired defects. 3.

4. Obturators. 4. Environmental. Minor connecter. *** None. Speech aids. Rest. 3.……-16 broken parts of jaw bones in their original position until repair ?takes bleeding 1. 3. Obturator. 2. Minor connecter. 3. *** None.:The factors that influence the induction of cleft palate -12 1. A prosthesis used to close a congenital or acquired opening -14 :in the palate is 1. The prepared surface of an abutment to receive the rest is -19 :called 1. Major connecter. 2. Major connecter. 4. *** None. Hereditary. A and B. The part of a removable partial denture that contacts a -20 :tooth it affords primarily vertical support is called 1. . 2.. 3. Rest seat. *** Stents. 2. *** None. 3. Splint. 2. 4. Splints. Are appliances used for immobilization of fragments of . Stent. 4.

4. Major connecter. 3. Retainers. A and B. *** The primary guiding surface that determines the insertion -31 :for the partial denture is . Small analysis rod. 2. Minor connecter. Minor connecter. The part of a removable denture that forms a structure of -24 metal struts that engages and unites the metal casting with :the resin forming the denture base is called 1. All. Cast platform or table. None. 4. Denture base connecter. 2. 2. 3. *** A rigid part of the partial denture casting that unites the -22 rests and another part of the prosthesis to the opposite side of :the arch is called 1. 2. *** Retainer. Major connecters. All. Vertical arm. :The rests are classified into-26 1. Anterior rests. 3.:The part of a removable partial denture is -21 1. *** 4. Rests. *** Retainer. 2. 4. Rest. 3. 3. Posterior rests. 4.lingual and incisal rest seat :The surveyor instrument consists of-30 1. Major connecter. : We have 3 major form Occlusal .

2. 4. the bilateral -35 edentulous areas located posterior to the remaining natural :teeth is Class one. According to the Kennedy's classification. *** Five main types. None. *** Technician. unilateral -36 edentulous area with natural teeth remaining both anterior and :posterior is 1. 1. 3. Three main types. 3. Refractory cast. Class four. None. 2. *** All. 4. The one who is supposed to give the correct design of the -32 :removable partial denture 1. 2. Four main types. :Kennedy divided all partial edentulous arches -34 1. Prosthodontist. *** 3. Class one. To fabricate a removable partial casting requires making a -33 second cast of high-heat investment material this cast is :called Study cast. The tooth surface adjacent to the edentulous areas. Class three.1. *** Class tow. 1. The tooth surface opposite to the edentulous areas. According to the Kennedy's classification. 3. 2. 3. 2. . 4. Master cast. Assistant. Tow main types. 4.

3. the following length should be cut from . *** 2. Mouth wash and irrigation. Is axiopulpal and axiogingival. Surgical removal of the causative tooth. Bright light. 3. 2. 2mm. *** :We should select the shade for a composite resin utilizing a . 3. 4mm. *** 4.1 1.10 :file size 20 1. 3. 1mm. *** 1and 2 both true :Retentive grooves . All the above. 2. . May be he ask about ???? function :4th canal in upper first molar is found . *** 3mm. 3. Class four. To get file size 24. 4. 3. :Outline of Pericoronitis treatment may include .9 1. Always axiobuccal and axiolingual. *** 2.2 1. Lingual to MBC. Class tow.2. Buccal to MBC. 2. 4. Extraction of the opposing tooth. Dry tooth isolated by the rubber dam. Dry shade guide. 4.3 1. Prevent lateral displacement of restoration. Distal to MBC. Class three. None of the above are corrects.

3. 2. *** The best material for taking impression for full veneer (11 :crowns ***(a) poly vinyl sialoxane (additional Silicone Stock trays compared to Custom trays for a removable . 5. 4. Palatal. 2+3+4+5. 1. Disto-buccal canal.582 partial denture impression A. Custom trays can record an alginate impression as well as elastomeric impression C. a) b) c) d) Mesio-buccal canal. 3.The narrowest canal found in a three root maxillary first . 4. All of the above :Which type of burs is the least in heat generation (14 a) diamond *** b) carbide . Custom trays provide even thickness of impression *** .11 :molar is the 1. Mesio-palatal.material D. Disto-lingual. 5. *** :The following canals may be found in an upper molar . 1+2+3+5. Custom trays less effective than stock trays B. Disto-palatal canal. Palatal canal.12 Mesio-buccal. Mesio-palatal canal. Disto-buccal. 1+2+4. 2. 1+2+4+5.

D. M.Prepared by Bruce F. . You make ledge in the canal you want correct this what is the most complication occur in this step: Creation false canal apical zip . Barker.does your denture is ill fitted b. *** (traumatic (cause Screening Oral Cancer .initially misinterpreted as denture irritation 296.Alcohol d. Wears complete denture for 10 years & now he has (15 cancer in the floor of the mouth.mucosa.c) titanium more heat generated in diamond burs dental secrets: page 200 Pt.smoking. ***+ (80% of the cancer of the floor of the (mouth is caused by smoking c.A University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Dentistry .D.Ulceration on floor of mouth in edentulous patient .and Gerry J..D. Barker.does your denture impinge the o. R. What is the firs question that :the dentist should ask a.S.H.

*** 3/ occlusal plane CR/CO 4/ALL 299.Difficult mouth opening . Provisional restoration for metal ceramic abutment is a) aluminum sheet b) stainless steel crown c) zno d) tooth colored polycarbonate crown*** 30. Occlusal splint device: 1/ used during increase vertical dimension 2/allative muscle of mastication. Killing Bacteria is: .Bacteriostatic .hand over mouth -punishment 38.Halitosis . Chronic pericoronitis: .TSD*** . *** wall in the root and mostly happens at lateral 4/zipping (wall of danger zone (d wall of m root 298. The most technique use with children: .Bactericidal. 1/ 2/ 3/ 4/ What kind of suture used under the immediate denture: horizontal matter suture vertical matter suture interrupted suture continous locked suture 300.stripping perforation Not 100%sure 297. Removing of dentine in dangerous zone to cementum is: 1/ perforation Stripping perforation: lateral perforation 2/ledge caused by over instrumentation through thin 3/stripping. *** 34.

*** -7-9. . . *** 40.-all of the above. *** . .primary 1st max molar.primary 2nd max molar. Mandibular 1st permanent molar look in morphology as: .1-3 -4-6. Safe months to treat pregnant ladies: . 41.primary 2nd mand molar.primary 1st mand molar.

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