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‫‪SLE 2011‬‬

‫بسم ال الرحمن الرحيم‬

‫نحن )‪ ( 19‬طبيب وطبيبة امتياز من كليات الرياض و جامعة الملك سعود‪ ,‬حاولنا في هذا‬ ‫المجهود أن نقوم بمراجعة أكبر عدد من السئلة المتكررة في اختبار الهيئة السعودية‬ ‫للتخصصات الصحية‪ .‬البداية كانت في منتدى طل ب جامعة الملك سعود في موضوع قامت‬ ‫بإنشائه الدكتورة سوسو ‪ .‬وشارك فيه العديد من الزمل ء من خل ل حل أكبر عدد من‬ ‫السئلة ‪ ,‬و مهمتنا كانت تصحيح أكبر قدر من الخطا ء ‪ ,‬ونتمنى من ال عز وجل أن‬ ‫نكون وفقنا في ذالك ‪ ,‬وهذا ل يعني أبدا بأن نسبة صحة الجابة ‪ % 100‬ولكن نتمنى أن‬ ‫‪ .‬تكون القر ب لذالك ‪ .‬ونتمنى للجميع التوفيق والنجاح‬

‫‪ -1‬هيثم بن تريكي – ‪1‬‬ ‫‪ -2‬عبدا لله القباني ‪2-‬‬ ‫‪-3‬عبدالكريم الشهري – ‪3‬‬ ‫‪ -4‬عمر الخرجي ‪4-‬‬ ‫‪ -5‬غادة الزامل ‪5-‬‬ ‫‪ -6‬هنادي اليامي ‪6-‬‬ ‫‪-7‬هديل الوكيل ‪7-‬‬ ‫‪-8‬مي السناني ‪8-‬‬ ‫‪-9‬سارة اللحيدان ‪9-‬‬

‫سلطان الشمري‬ ‫أحمد المصري‬ ‫خليل ابراهيم ياسين‬ ‫رشا البيبي‬ ‫أشواق العتيبي‬ ‫أميرة القحطاني‬ ‫ريم البلوي‬ ‫نادية تفنجكي‬ ‫جواهر الغامدي‬ ‫‪-10‬شذا الفايز‬

1. a. b. c. d. 2. a. b. c. d.

The periodontal tissues comprise which of the following tissues: Gingiva and the PDL. Gingival, PDL, and alveolar bone. Gingival, PDL, alveolar bone, and cementum. Gingival, PDL, alveolar bone, cementum, and enamel. The following chemically bond to the tooth: Composite resin. Dental sealants. Glass ionomer cement. All of the above.

3. In countries with higher annual population growth rates, the need for community – based preventive programs would be greater for: a. Dental caries. b. Periodontal disease c. Dentofacial anomalies d. Dental floozies. 4. a. b. c. d. e. The following medical conditions may precipitate a syncope: Hypoglycemia. Mild hyperglycemia. Anti hypertensive drugs with ganglionic blocking agent. Antidepressant therapy. All of the above.

5. Orthognathic ridge relationship (class II) presents several problems which should be taken into consideration when constructing complete denture prosthesis. These include all EXCEPT: a. Require minimum interocclusal distance. b. Have a great range of jaw movement. c. Require careful occlusion, usually cuspless teeth are indicated.

6. After insertion of complete denture, Pt came complaining from pain in TMJ and tenderness of muscle with difficulty in swallowing, this could be due to: a. High vertical dimension. b. Low vertical dimension. c. Thick denture base. d. Over extended denture base.

7. Pt. Presented after insertion of complete denture complaining of dysphagia and ulcers what is the cause of dysphagia? -over extended. -over post dammed. -under extended -under post dammed 8. Pt with denture has swallowing problem and sore throat. The problem is: e. Posterior over extension at distal palatal end f. Over extension of lingual. g. Over extension of hamular notch. 9. Nausea is a complaint that a new denture wearer might encounter. It may result from: ‫ا‬ a. Thick posterior border. b. Denture under extended. c. Denture slightly over extended. d. A & b are correct. 10. Planning centric occlusion for complete denture, it is advisable to have: a. 1-2 mm of vertical and horizontal overlap of upper and lower anterior teeth with no contact. b. Definite tooth contact of upper and lower anterior teeth in order to facilitate the use of anterior teeth for incision. 11. Compomer restorative materials are: a. Glass ionomer with polymer components b. Resin systems with fluoride containing glasses. c. Composite resin for cervical restorations only. 12. The posterior extension of max complete denture can be detected by the followings EXCEPT: a. Hamular notch. b. Fovea palatine. c. Vibrating line. none of the above ‫هاد السؤال جوابه‬ 13. The distal palatal termination of the maxillary complete denture base is dictated by the: a. Tuberosity. b. Fovea palatine. c. Maxillary tori. d. Vibrating line.

e. Posterior palatal seal. 14. All are participating in the determination of the posterior extension of the maxillary denture (posterior palatal extension) EXCEPT: hamular notch fovae palatine vibrating line retromolar (pads) areas. 15. Most common complete denture post insertion complaint after 24 hrs: a. Rough b. Overextension causing laceration c. Pt not used to new vertical dimension ‫الجواب اللول لوالتاني صح‬ 16. Which palatal form is more retentive and offers better stability to complete denture: a. V shaped b. Wide palate c. U shaped d. Flat palate 17. Vibrating line is: a. Joint between h. And s. Palate b. Joint btw movable and immovable parts of s. Palate

18. Vibrating line: a. Between hard & soft palate. b. Between mobile and non mobile soft tissue. 19. All relate to retention of maxillary complete denture EXCEPT: a. Tongue movement. b. Type of saliva. 20. Best instrument to locate vibrating line with it is T burnisher.

21. We can use to palatal posterior seal: 1. Le jao carver. 2. Kingsley scraper. 22. To a great extent, the forces occurring through a removable partial denture can be widely distributed and minimized by the following methods: a. Proper location of the occlusal rests. b. Selection of lingual bar major connector c. Developing balanced occlusion. d. All of the above. 23. The most frequent cause of failure of a cast crown restoration is: a. Failure to extend the crown preparation adequately into the gingival sulcus. b. Lack of attention in carving occlusal anatomy of the tooth. c. Lack of attention to tooth shape, position, and contacts d. Lack of prominent cusps, deep sulcus, and marginal ridges. 24. An examination of the edentulous mouth of an aged Pt who has wore maxillary complete dentures for many years against six mandibular teeth would probably show: a. Cystic degeneration of the foramina of the anterior palatine nerve. b. Loss of osseous structure in the anterior maxillary arch. c. Flabby ridge tissue in the posterior maxillary arch. d. Insufficient inter occlusal distance. 25. Dental carries is an endemic disease "means that the disease is: a. Occurs clearly in excess of normal expectancy. b. Is habitually present in human population. c. Affect large number of countries simultaneously. d. Exhibit a seasonal pattern. 26. Clinical failure of the amalgam restoration usually occurs from: a. Improper cavity preparation b. Faulty manipulation. c. Both of the above d. None of the above 27. Pt on treatment with steroids are placed on antibiotic after oral surgical procedure because:

a. b. c. d.

The Pt is more susceptible to infection. Antibiotics are synergistic to steroids. Antibiotic inhibits kerksheimer reaction. Antibiotic protect the Pt from steroid depletion.

28. Which of the following may cause gingival enlargement a. Phenyntoin (Dilantin). b. Cyclosporine c. Nifedipine ( a calcium channel blocker) d. Aspirin e. None of the above 29. Reliability of the measurements reflects that property of the measurements which:: a. Measures what is intended to be measured. b. Produces repeatedly the same results under a variety of conditions. c. Detects reasonably small shifts, I either direction, in group condition. d. All of the above. ‫الجوا ب مختلف فيه‬

30. The post operative complication after the removal of impacted third molar is: a. Secondary hemorrhage. b. Swelling. c. Pain. d. Alveolar osteitis. e. All of the above.

31. The posterior seal in the upper complete denture serves the following functions: a. It reduces Pt discomfort when contact occurs between the dorsum of the tongue and the posterior end of the denture base. b. Retention of the maxillary denture. c. It compensate for dimensional changes which occur in the acrylic denture base during processing. d. A& b are correct.

37. 36. . e. d. All of the above are correct. A & B are correct. Abutment teeth are not carious. An abutment tooth is inclined 15 degrees but otherwise sound. The Pt is cautioned to remove the denture out at night. c. When the lingual frenum is high or when there is a shallow lingual sulcus. c. c. Is of little importance as it is subject to variations. A type of occlusion which is similar to the occlusion of the natural teeth. For the purpose of retention. The occlusion of the existing denture is adjusted. b.32. If the oral tissues are inflamed and traumatized. and periodically replaced until the tissue are recovered. impression for making a new denture: a. In registering the vertical dimension of occlusion for the edentulous patient. To prevent the movement of mandibular anterior teeth. Polyether impression materials: a. May be exceeded if the appearance of the patient is enhanced. There is considerable resorption of the residual ridges. Crown of the abutment teeth are extremely long owing to gingival recession. c. 35. 33. The type of occlusion which allows simultaneous contact of the teeth in centric and eccentric jaw positions. The indication for the use of lingual plate major connector include: a. 34. An anterior fixed partial denture is contraindicated when: a. Are less stiff than poly sulfide rubber. Are less stable dimensionally than poly sulfide rubber. The type of occlusion which allows simultaneous contact of the teeth in centric occlusion only. Balanced occlusion refers to: a. Can absorb water and swell if stored in water. b. d. d. All of the above. b. Equals the vertical dimension of occlusion. b. Should be started immediately in order to prevent further deterioration. then making impression take place. b. c. b. and tissue condition material is applied. c. The physiological rest dimension: a.

clinical examination reveals sensitivity to percussion of the tooth. D. Recent years. 40. Fluoride toothpaste c. a Pt complained of a sensitive abutment tooth.d. there has been an evidence that the prevalence and intensity of the caries attack has been diminishing in the more economically developed countries. Artificial water fluoridation. b. Dental health education programs. Defective occlusion. Greater b. the most likely cause is: a. 39. Galvanic action between the framework and an amalgam restoration in the abutment tooth. Exposed dentine at the bottom of the occlusal rest seats. 25. 42. Less c. c. 38. mainly because of the wide spread use of: a. Three weeks after delivery of a unilateral distal extension mandibular removable partial denture. Actual destruction of micro-organisms in the root canal is attributed mainly to: a. Dental health education programs d. b. A & c. Water fluoridation. b. . Proper antibiotic thereby. Fluoride toothpaste c. The same ‫السوال مختلف فيه‬ 43. flouridated tooth paste 41. In recent years caries reduced in developed countries mainly due to: a. Cost effective method to prevent dental caries water fluoridation. The effects of natural fluoride versus added fluoride in reducing dental caries as it relates to the concentration are: a. Must always be greater than vertical dimension of occlusion. Individualized oral hygiene care.

Which are the ways in which the proximal contacts can be checked? a. 49. d. 2 mm. (like articulator paper but thinner) c. Mechanical preparation and irrigation of the canal. cold or the electric pulp tester. c. b. Use a dental floss. d. A tooth very painful to percussion. Use a pencil. Single tooth holding one pontic. 45. Acute apical periodontitis. A tooth that supports a removable partial denture. The incisal reduction for a metal ceramic restoration should be: a. 3 mm. Reduce the metal to 0. Reversible pulpitis. Use a silicone checker. b. One of the retainers showed chipping of porcelain at the ceramometal junction. In order to avoid the problem the dentist must: a. e. c.3 mm. c. Only b & d. Keep porcelain metal junction away from centric contacts. c. 1. 46. b. c. doesn’t respond to heat. 44. d. 4 mm. What is a Pier abutment? a. d.5 mm. During post insertion examination of a 3 unit ceramometal fixed partial denture. b. Effective use of medicament. Have uniform porcelain thickness. Have occlusion on metal. The most probable diagnosis is: a. 48. Be as flat as possible to enable an easy fabrication of occlusion anatomy. 47. None of the above.b. b. Use a shim stock. Irreversible pulpitis. None of the above. . d. The occlusal reduction for an all metal veneer crown should: a. All of the above.

b and c. e. c.5 mm with the opposing dentition. Gingival marginal trimmer. d. b and c. b and d. Hatchet. f. Gingival curetla. Removal of Undermined Enamel in Class II cavity is done by : . c. Follow the occlusal morphology with a clearance of no more than 0. e. Even in the presence of a gingival inflammation.A) Chisel B) Angle former C) Excavator . To temporarily expose the finish margin of a preparation. 50.5 mm with the opposing dentition. Usually retracted severely inflamed gingival margin. 52. B. 53. f. Straight chisel. Short duration of retraction of gingival margin during preparation of finishing line. Retraction of gingival margin can be done by many ways one of them is retraction cord. c. g. c. Be the last step in the tooth preparation. c and d. A. A. To accurately record the finish margin of a portion of uncut tooth surface apical to the margin in the final impression. Retraction of gingival margin during taking final impression to take all details of unprepared finish line. g. A and b. d. A and d. Follow the occlusal morphology with a clearance rating from 1 to 1. (8 min) b. 51. Regarding tissue retraction around tooth: a. b. Gingival retraction is done: a. d. Loose enamel rods at the gingival floor of a class II amalgam cavity should be removed using a: a. b.b. d. By various methods but the most common one is the use of retraction cord. A.

a) b) c) d) Approach 90 with outer surface. Straight chisel . To plan the line-angles in the proximal cavity in a class II you use: A. 2+3+4. 130 degree. 58. 90 degree d. 3. 30 degree b. Hand instrument which we used to make internal angles retentive grooves and preparation of cavity walls in the cavity is: a. 1+3. 1+3 and 4. 57. b. Number 35 cone bur. ‫الجواب اختلفو فيه لواللغلب الجواب اللول‬ 59. Biangled chisel C. Which of the following materials has been shown to simulate reparative dentine formation most effectively when applied to the pulpal wall of a very deep cavity: . 60 degree c. To provide maximum strength of amalgam restoration the cavo-surface angles should: 1. 4. Enamel hatched 56. Approach 75 with outer surface. What is the cavo-surface angle of prep for amalgam restoration: a. c. Angle former. d. Number 56 fissure bur. Which of the following burs would you prefer to use preparing a slot for the relation of an extensive amalgam restoration on maxillary molar: a. b. 3+4. Be supported by sound dentine. File d. 2. Number 556 fissure bur.54. Enamel hatchet 55. Be located in area free of occlusal stress. Chisel c.B. Number 5 round bur.

Macrofilled resin restoration.Ectodermal dysplasia . d. Fiber reinforced composite resin restoration :Sealer is used in RCT to .… .. d.Polyacrylic acid 10 seconds .62 .2 . 2. Zinc phosphate cement. b.Hemangioma .1 . Copalite varnish. Calcium hydroxide preparation. It induces reparation dentine formation. It has best seal over pulp. It is alkaline + less irritating to pulp. Calcium hydroxide is best pulp capping material because: 1. Microfilled composite resin restoration.Disinfect the canal -3 Child patient presented with swelling in the buccal and palatal . b. the pathology of the lesion :there is a giant cell. 60.a.… Diabetic .Down's syndrome .3 :Child with anodontia and loss of body hair. the diagnosis is – 64 . what is the diagnosis . c. Hybrid composite resin restoration.Giant granuloma . 61. A glossy finish is best retained on a: a.4 :Cavity etching before applying GIC is – 65 .Increase strength of RC filling -2 . Anhydrous class inomer cement. c.Fill in voids -1 .1 .3 .63 maxillary anterior area tow days ago.… Fructose .2 .1 . 3.

3 .2 .When PT is 1 – 1.3 ‫السؤال ناقص‬ 62.When PTT is 1 – 1.Polyacrylic acid 60 seconds . what is the least reliable way to :do test pulp ..When PT is 2 – 2.5 INR on the same day .Vertical dimension .Electric test .Phosphoric acid 60 seconds .5 INR on the same day .…Para .1 .3 .4 :surgery for ridges aim to – 66 .3 .1 .2 .Stimulation the dentine . Impression compound.5 INR on the same day .4 Patient with pain on the upper right area.2 . – 67 :when you can do .4 ‫اختلف في الجواب‬ :Skeletal face is from – 69 .2 . .5 INR on the same day .… .Speech . The most accurate impression material for making the impression of an onlay cavity: a. and the patient can – 68 not tell the tooth causes the pain.2 .When PTT is 2 – 2.Cold test .Hot test .Phosphoric acid 10 seconds .1 .1 .3 Patient with warfarin treatment and you want to do surgery.Neural .Modify ridge for stability .

False. They also contribute initial electrical insulation. 63. This mechanical support provides resistance against disruption of thin dentin over the pulp during amalgam condensation procedures or cementation procedures of . the restoration to provide pulpal protection or pulpal response Bases (cement bases. None of the above. c. True. b.page 174-175 " Liners and bases are materials placed between dentin (and sometimes pulp) and . *** 1 only. 2 only "Sturdevant's art and science of operative dentistry. c. which is required. A and b. f. generate some thermal protection and in some formulations provide pulpal treatment . Condensation type silicone. b. e. d. d. 5th edition . typically 1 to 2 mm) are used to provide thermal protection for the pulp and to supplement mechanical support for the restoration by distributing local stresses from the restoration across the underlying dentin surface. *** a primary infection is more severe.b. One of the main features of acute herpetic gingivostomatitis is the ulcers are confined to the attached gingival and hard palate: a. with associated lymphadenopathy.indirect restorations Liners are relatively thin layers of material used primarily to provide a barrier to protect the dentin from residual reactants diffusing out of a restoration and/or oral fluids that may penetrate leaky tooth-restoration interfaces. a. fever and malaise. Recurrent infections occur at various intervals ranging from monthly in some individuals to seldom in ) others) and affect the non-movable intraoral tissues (the ( hard palate and attached gingival 64. The minimal thickness. the need for liners is greatest with pupally .5 mm of base. Polyvinyl siloxane *** Polysulfide. is 0. The functions of cement bases are: To act alike a barrier against acids or thermal shocks.

e. When polishing the amalgam restoration: . c. d. Micro leakage decrease with aging of the amalgam restoration. High dimensional changes. Modern amalgams mixed with mechanical amalgamators .leakage of the material Form the disadvantages of amalgam is more technique sensitive if bonded ””Sturdevant's art and science of operative dentistry.space against Microleakage . Research has shown that freshly packed amalgam restorations leak but that this leakage tends to decrease as fillings age. most amalgams undergo very little Dimensional change /Http://www. Along the margins Of the amalgam.146 The oxychloride species is soluble. The Sn-Hg phase is oxidized into Sn-O and/or Sn-O-Cl. A.ee/dental-materials/amalgam-dental-amalgam/4 The dimensional change during the setting of amalgam is one of its most characteristic properties.extended metallic restorations that are not well bonded to tooth structure and that . g. Cavity varnishes and liners reduce initial . A and c.During setting. The oxide Precipitates as crystals and tends to fill up the spaces Occupied by the original Sn-Hg phase. f. A and b. 5th edition – page 696 Art and science of operative dentistry 2000 – page 156 . *** B only.Page 169 During electrochemical corrosion of low-copper amalgams. b.2-1 mm) 65. It is the least techniques sensitive of all current direct restorations.are not insulating such as amalgam and cast gold or with other indirect restoration • Thin liners(1-50 mm) subdivided into solution liners(varnishes2-5 mm) and suspension liners (typically 20-25 mm) • Thick liners(200-1000 mm= 0. b and c.tritura-tion or condensation 66. Sn-O helps seal the .145. It has been proven that amalgam restoration has the following characteristics: a.usually have negative dimensional changes The only EXCEPTion to this statement is the excessive delayed dimensional change resulting from contamination of a zinc-containing alloy with water during .dentaldiamond.

and rarely used today. coefficient of thermal expansion approached that of enamel and average life 4 years and in some of these restorations were reported to last for 10 years and .The failure due to discoloration and loss of contour "dental material & thier selection2002 " ‫ فلور‬25-12 ‫يحتوي إسمنت السيلكات‬ . A and c. 1 and 2. Characteristic: tooth matching . d. b. Recommended in patients with small rest. • Additional finishing and polishing procedures for amalgam are not attempted within 24 hours of insertion because crystallization is not incomplete. the adjacent enamel was thought to be rendered more resistance to recurrent caries .a. Silicate cement: First tooth colored restoration.by virtue of the high fluoride content and solubility of this material. ”Sturdevant's art and science of operative dentistry. a. Teeth more than 60 years . *** A only. 67. Alternative to rubber abrasive points polishing may be accomplished using a rubber cup with flour of pumice followed by a high luster agent. longer. 5th edition – page 499 " Silicate cement: first translucent filling material in 1878 by Fletcher in England . e. b. g. anticariogenic . In ant teeth with high caries activity . d. *** B only. f. A only. used in ant. ”Sturdevant's art and science of operative dentistry. e. 2.the danger of the point disintegrating at high speeds. c. 5th edition – page725 " • Polishing procedure by using a coarse . It can be used as permanent filling. Avoid heat generation by using wet polishing paste. good insulator . Wait 24 hours. It contains 15 % fluoride. such as precipitated chalk. need a liner or base under it to protect the pulp tissue from irritation resulting from low PH of the material. b and c.the danger of elevating the temperature of the restoration and the tooth. A. c. ease of manipulation . A and b. rubber abrasive point at low speed or” stall out ”speed and air-water spray for 2 reasons: 1.

a. b. a. d. e. f. *** CARRANZA’S page 188 Remove of overhangs permits more effective control of plaque resulting in reduction . Overhanging restoration margins should be removed because: It provides ideal location for plaque accumulation. Its removal permits more effective plaque control.68. Remove overhang. A & d. Stimulate inflammatory reaction directly. d. It is mineralized dental plaque. CARRANZA’S page 183 Calculus composition: inorganic content and organic content 70. . Remove bacterial plaque. c. b. b.of gingival inflammation and small increase in radiographic alveolar bone support 71. d. c. c. Which of the following statement is true regarding dental calculus: It is composed entirely of inorganic material. It is dens in nature and has a rough surface. *** None of the above. Treatment of gingival trauma from faulty oral hygiene is mainly: To advice the patient to change their faulty habits immediately *** Reassure the patient that it will disappear by it self. a. All of the above. c. b. a. 69. To buy a new brush. *** Remove food debris. e. It tears the gingival fibers leading to attachment loss. Main use of dental floss: Remove calculus. B & C only.

One of these is less exposed to extensive dental caries: a. 77. To prevent perio problem MOST effective method is: Community program. a. *** b. 76.Less plaque score. Floss used to: a. Inorganic material c. *** d)……. Plaque consists of: a. a.C) washing the food debris 73. Calculus induce further periodontal lesion due to: a) Directly stimulates inflammation b)more plaque adhere to it. malnourished b. *** Patient education. Removal of plaque. *** 74. Stimulate gingival d. c. What is the benefit of rinsing the mouth with water: A) Plaque removal B) calculus removal *** . Food CARRANZA’S page 98 • Dental plaque is composite of primarily microorganisms. b. b. Remove interproximal plaque.Obes. Bacteria b. Remove overhangs c. 78. Maximum time elapsed before condensation of amalgam after titration: 1minute. 3minutes. • The intracellular matrix estimated to account for 20% to 30% of the plaque mass consists of organic and nonorganic materials.72.Pt has xerostomia c. One gram of plaque contain 2X1011 bacteria. *** . 75. ….

Increase streangth. b.5 – 2 mm. c. *** 3 mm. 81.5 mm. of: a. b. 1. 10 min. 2 mm. a. 79. d. False. 82.c. 4 mm. 9minutes. d. the mix should be placed within: 1 min. 3 – 5 mm. Stainless steel pin is used in amalgam for: Increase retention. *** 5 min. 2. 4. a. c. Dental decks 2210 ‫حسب‬ . Length of pins must be equals in both tooth and restoration by a depth 1 mm. *** . After amalgam titrations. Depth of amalgam restoration should be: 1 – 1. *** Increase resistance. 1. A and b. b. 3. *** 2 – 3 mm. a. d.‫يزيد الوتد ثبات الحشوة لولكن يضعف الملغم لوينقص المقالومة‬ 83. 80. b. *** 3 min. Calcium channel blockers cause increase saliva secretion: True. c.

c. *** 4. Casted post. c. RCT contraindicated in: Vertical fracture of root. d. b. Gutta percha contain 20% gutta percha(matrix). b. ZINC phosphate cement. Fiber post. . a. Composite post and core Post fracture decrease with: prefabricated post ready made post *** . Frank fort plane. 2. which post is the least cause to fracture: 1. d. 90. a. c.casted post metal post 89. a. *** ZOE.66% zinc oxide(filler). b.(metal sulfates(radiopacifier 87. c. Teeth with RCT and you want to use post.”CARRANZA’S page 285 “Cause gingival enlargement 84. 85. One of anatomical land mark is: Ala tragus line. 86. 88. Prefabricated post. a. b. Performed post and amalgam. c. Periodontally involved teeth What can we use under composite restoration: Ca (OH). *** ZINC phosphate.11% heavy . b. *** Diabetic Pt. *** Ala orbital. ZINC oxide %. Ready made post. Single rooted anterior teeth has endodontic treatment is best treated by: Casted post and core. Gutta percha contain mainly: Gutta percha 20%. *** Performed post and composite. 3. Unrestored teeth. a.

a. d. 93. Hyperemia result in: Trauma of occlusion. a. c. c. The PH of the calcium hydroxide is: 7. Furcation area. c. a. By the age of 9.move upward to 4. pathologic changes in radiographs are always seen in: Periapical area. b.91. d.5 92. Pain of short duration. *** Bitewing x-ray.2 12 *** 19 5. *** Alveolar crest. *** Radiographic changes. Above the level of occlusal plane. It subsequently moved upward with age.ray of choice to detect the proximal caries of the anterior teeth is: Periapical x-ray.12 mm below the occlusal plane at the age of 3. a. b. c. a. it had reached approximately the same level as the occlusal plane. 94. Anterior the level of occlusal plane. . c. d. In primary teeth. *** The mandibular foramen was located 4. Below the level of occlusal plane. Occlusal x-ray. All of short duration. b. d. None of the above. The x. The foramen continued to .16 mm above the occlusal plane in the adult group 95. At base of developing teeth. Mandibular foramen in young children is: At level of occlusal plane. d. b. b.

c. Pulpities in decidous teeth in radiograph see related to: *** . d. 1. c. After trauma a tooth become yellowish in color. What is the copper ratio that eliminates gamma phase 2: a. Upward pull of masseter and temporalis. Pulp is partially or completely obliterated. 4% copper . *** Toward pull of medial pterygoid muscle. *** Immediate incision.furcation apex of root lateral to root 97. a. 101. Forward pull of lateral pterygoid muscle. b. d. 98. The lesions should not be incised as this may increase the . 3. d. Downward pull of geniohyoid and myalohyoid. this is due to: Necrotic pulp. Irreversible pulpitis.potential for infection 99. 2. c. Apical area.96. 2% copper b. Hemorrhage in the pulp. Complete uncoverage Observe for one week then incise Eruption cysts and eruption hematomas are usually asymptomatic and resolve with eruption of the tooth. b. *** Eruption cyst "eruption hematoma" can be treated by: No treatment. External root resoption. a. In deciduous tooth the first radiographic changes will be seen in: Bifurcation area. b. Endo Principles and Practice of Endodontics WALTON – page 45 yellowish discoloration of the crown is often a Manifestation of calcific metamorphosis 100. Step deformity of the Mandibular body fracture may due to: a.

*** 105.mildly handicapped and uncooperative. b. Excisional biopsy. b. b. Un comparative child. Using long needle. d. *** Mentally retarded Pt. *** . d. c. a. c. A and b.obstructive nose. With children rubber dam not use with: . d. *** Incisional biopsy. by: a. a. The most common type of biopsy used in oral cavity is: a. . Inorganic material in bone compromise: 65%. 10-12 blades. b. d. d. 6-7 blades. 103. 107. 106. c. Rubber dam is contraindicated in: Pt with obstructive nose. b. Pain during injection of local anesthesia in children could be minimized Slowly injection. c. More than 12 blades.c. 10 % copper 13 % copper *** 102.patient with fixed orthoappliance . a. Talking to the child during injection. A and b. *** 25% 10% 95% Polishing bur have: Less than 6 blades. 104.Hyperactive patient .

*** Which is most common: Cleft lip. d.infancy through adolescence. Punch biopsy. Bifid tongue. Fifth saturated. c. The pain could be due to: a. All of the above. . Formicrisol when used should be: Full Saturated.c. Related to periodontal ligament. Half saturated. b. 111. b. a. Palatal root. 113. Fibrous dysphasia. d. b. a. a. c. what could be the disease: a. d. b. Pt complain from pain in 45 which had gold onlay. *** . Polymorphic adenoma. Aspiration through needle. Cherubism *** c. None of the above. d. Cleft palate. b.pinkham. c. Cracked tooth or fractured surface. *** None of the above. 108. d. Chemicals from cement. 3rd edition. :‫المرجع‬ page348 110. c. High thermal conductivity of gold. Pediatric dentistry . b. 109.‫ا" بالعزل الحراري لوالكهربائي لذلك ل يمكن أن يكون هذا هو سبب اللم‬ ً"‫يصنف الذهب على أنه "جيد جد‬ 112. *** DB canal. a. The irrigation solution is good because: Lubricate the canals. Cleft lip and palate. c. 10 years old child present with bilateral swelling of submandibular area. In maxillary 1st molar 4th canal is found in: MB canal. Flushes the debris.

a. For onlay preparation. Easy to manage by elevator. Vestibalcochealer n VII. c. a. b.than is cleft lip alone 114. the cementum is contained . Dental secrets – page 256Hypercementosis increases the difficulty of tooth . Contemporary Fixed Prosthodontics ROSENSTIEL . c. Difficult to extract. c. g. b. A and b. ** Vagus n IX.*** RCT.(most common & most complicated) (Source: Peterson’s page 841) Clefts of the upper lip and palate are the most common major congenital . Management: Direct pulp capping. a. 8 years old Pt with pulp exposure in 11. e.removal Dental secrets – page 113If hypercementosis is present. c. *** 2 mm. Management: Apixofication. A and d. Root canal treatment. c. that is. a. Which cranial nerve that petrous part of temporal bone houses: Trigeminal n V Facial n VII.within and is surrounded by the periodontal ligament space 118. 21 years old Pt with pathological exposure in 35. b. *** All the above. b. d. Pulptomy. 1 mm. f. 116. a. t he periodontal ligament space is visible around the added cementum.5 mm. *** Hyper cementum: Occur in Pajet disease. 115. 117. Indirect pulp capping. reduction of functioning cusp should be: 1. Bulbous root.craniofacial abnormality Atlas of Oral Diseases in Children: Cleft lip and palate are more common together . d. b.

d. Occlusal plane is: a. c. *** ‫ ملم‬1. a. Above the level of the tongue. d. Below the level of the tongue.15 mm.I. and the lower/inferior head on the lateral surface of the lateral pterygoid plate. a. *** :mcqs in Dentistry "the tongue rests on the occlusal surface " 122. c. b.5 mm 120.mm. 0. *** .C *** Reinforced ZOE. 123. c.5 . Lateral pterygoid muscle has how many origin: 1. d. b. b. 7.1. 0. c. ZOE with epoxy cement.5 mm the minimal porcelain thickness is 1. The upper/superior head originates on the infratemporal surface and infratemporal crest of the greater wing of the sphenoid bone. Thickness of porcelain should be: 03-05 mm. Class II composite resin is lined by: G.05-0. 121. a.5-1. Cavity varnish. a. b. Embryo become fetus in: 1st week 1st month.0 . *** 5. 2nd month. 3rd month.5. 2.1 ‫ الجواب‬441 ‫ صفحة‬dental deck ‫حسب‬ The necessary thickness of the metal substucture is 0. b.5 mm Non functional cusp 1 mm 119.Functional cusp 1.

Calcification. a. ‫الجداري‬ In hairy tongue. b. 126. a. a. *** ‫الدمعي‬ Occipital. When a child must first exposed to the use of the tooth brush: Of age of 2 years. When does child should be first exposed for using tooth brush: As eruption of first tooth. d. During instrumentation. 2.124. c. d. Two years old.page 25 . a. *** One year old. c. Frontal and parietal bone. which taste buds increase in Length : Fili form. *** Occipital and tympanic bone. 3. c. 1. Circumvallates. c. 129. sudden disappear of root canal due to: Bifurcation of main canal. Of age of 4 years. All are single bone in the skull EXCEPT: Lacrimal. (2005) . d. 125. *** Apical perforation. 128. c. b. Foliate.Guide to Fluoride Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry . Primary school year. ‫الوتدي‬ Parietal. ‫القذالي‬ Sphenoid. 127. b. b. b. Immediately after eruption of first tooth. *** Fluoridated toothpaste for 3 years child is recommended but under supervision in small pea-sized amount National Fluoride Information Centre . *** Fungi form. Coronal suture is between: Occipital and temporal bone.4th Ed. a.

d. All of the above.Incisor with an adequate RCT and 9mm lesion . Expose the roots for scaling and root planning b.72 :complaining pain and over tissue in the mandibular.71 . a. . Space loose occur in: Proximal caries.3 Patient presented to you after fitting the immediate denture 5 – 10 months.age to avoid over-ingestion of toothpaste and ensure adequate plaque removal 130. a. Affect esthetics..73 a. d. Early extraction. c.2 . 131. Parents should supervise brushing up to at least 7 yrs of . b. e.after the treatment. Ankylosis. *** All the above. the tooth a symptom before the obturation .…First upper premolar with lesion on the buccal root .making it possible to remove all irritants . c.Epulis fissurment . ‫الفقد المبكر يخص السنان المؤقتة لوبالتالي تأثر النطق لوالناحية التجميلية أما ضياع المسافة عند الفقد المامي المبكر‬ (‫فيكون في السنان الدائمة )انزياح القواطع الدائمة لمكان الفقد‬ :Apicoectomy what is the right statement .2 :Main reason for surgical pocket therapy .1 Lateral incisor with good condensing RCT but swelling and pain 14 day . Remove supragingival calculus … . what is the diagnosis *** . A and b. b.1 Hypertrophic frenum .Brushing using a fluoride toothpaste should start as soon as the first teeth erupt (about 6 months of age).c The objective for pocket therapy is :1-increase the accessibility to the root surface . Cause space loss. *** Early loss of anterior tooth: Affect phonetic.

76 a. 2mm c. Bleeding. 4mm CARRANZA’S page 945 Biologic width= 2. *** http://www. Remove the attached plaque and calculus.97 mm + connective tissue ( attachment 1.04 mm ( junctional epithelium 0.07 mm Biologic zone= 2. c. 3mm d.reduce or eliminate pocket depth.net/ar/article.php?sid=152 : Periodontal debridement :Best measurement of periodontitis by.07 mm + gingival sulcus 0.69 :Periodontal attachment contain . *** Attachment level. A & b only. . Change the root surface to become biocompatible All of the above. d. b. b.73 mm( junctional epithelium 0.74 a. sulcus. 1 mm *** b.asnanak. making it possible for the patient to maintain -2 the root surface free of plaque reshape soft and hard tissues to attain a harmonious topography -3 :Biological width .77 Pocket depth. c. connective tissue :Periodontally involved root surface must be root planed to .75 Epithilum. a.97 mm + connective tissue (attachment 1. e. Remove the necrotic cementum.

10 mm.b. 4-5 mm.calculus :The tissue response to oral hygiene instruction is detected by . d. Observations based on longitudinal measurement of attachment loss in untreated subjects have indicated that . but a minimum of 4 mm of wellcondensed GP should be left. continuous process which has emphasized measurements of the static condition of periodontal pockets.120 Probing to elicit bleeding (which is the single most useful indicator of disease activity). 6. c. As a general guide the post should be at least equal to the anticipated crown height. 1 mm. 7.Clinical measurement of periodontitis has historically focused on the concept of periodontitis as a slow.check prepared canal length  Anatomy of the Human Body" What is the number of pharyngeal "brancheal" -2 :arches e.a.4th Ed. f.Less bleeding • Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry . (2005) – page 154 132. None of the above.Probe pocket depth ** . The dorsal ends of these arches are attached to the sides of the head.P should after post preparation: a. Amount of G. measuring pocket depth attachment levels. g.78 . 4. b. 5. and detecting subgingival . *** h.periodontal destruction occurs in discrete episodes of short duration Oxford . A periodontal probe is helpful to . while the ventral extremities ultimately meet in the middle .

Less dimensional stability.3rd Ed.6 cannot be modified by the more straightforward techniques. ectodermal cleft stomodeum is separated from the ectoderm (which forms the cranium and brain or of the buccopharyngeal membrane )which separates the . It is often used with . (PAEDIATRIC DENTISTRY . In each arch a cartilaginous bar. *** b. A and b. frangeal arch b. Should be poured within 1 hour.these only the first four are visible externally What is the name of pharyngeal "brancheal" arches: a.developed. b. c. *** 135. but of . (2005 Hand over mouth exercise is a technique for managing unsuitable behaviour that . consisting of right and left halves.stomodeum from the end of the pharyngeal gut The Dental Assistant 372 PROPERTIES OF ELASTOMERIC MATERIALS 134. Can be poured 6-8 hours. Hyoid. Mandibular. d. Polyvinyl siloxanes compared with polysulfide: a. Can be poured more than once. The first arch is named the mandibular. and with each of these there is one of the primitive aortic arches Encyclopedia of Diagnostic Imaging 422 :Stomodeum and fugi separated by -3 a.line of the neck. Can be poured after 24 hours. the others have no distinctive names. is . Polysulfide impression material: a. and the second the hyoid. 133.(inhalation sedation (conscious sedation . Maxillary. six arches make their appearance. b. *** c. c. In all. Can be poured after 7 days.

3rd Ed. but who .136. Pit and fissure sealants are indicated to prevent dental caries in pits and fissure: a. physically or mentally disabled. Act as a barrier between the sealed sites and the oral environment. b.teeth have more aprismatic enamel than permanent teeth Children with special needs. Primary .2 . In permanent teeth c. Hysterical.exhibits obstreperous or hysterical avoidance behaviours 137. (2005) Indications: (i) A healthy child who is able to understand and co-operate. In primary teeth b. Increase the tooth resistance to dental caries. *** Sealants are also effective at preventing pit and fissure caries in primary teeth. or have learning difficulties.soon after their eruption (PAEDIATRIC DENTISTRY . A and b. Newly erupted teeth. Mentally retarded. Uncooperative. b. (2005 The rationale for pit-and-fissure sealants in caries prevention -4 :is that they a. or for those from a disadvantaged social background Children with extensive caries in their primary teeth should have all permanent molars sealed . .3rd Ed. c. A & b. *** 138. d. Deep Pits and fissure. Pits and fissure sealants are indicated in: a. Hand over mouth technique is used in management of which child: a. b. Positive resistance. Have anti-microbial effect on the bacteria. Fissure sealing of all occlusal surfaces of permanent teeth . c. . *** c.1 should be considered for those who are medically compromised. *** PAEDIATRIC DENTISTRY .

been developed further and they now have a place in the treatment of caries 139.x 141. Restore all first molars and topical fluoride on second molars. Year old patient all first molars carious and suspected pit and fissure areas of the second molars.d. 2nd molar .C) Proximal surface D) ….-7 *** . Treatment plan: a. Restore first and second molars with amalgam. Occlusal caries affecting one or more first permanent molars indicates a need to seal the second permanent molars as soon as they have erupted sufficiently. tweny-four month year b. Initially developed to prevent caries their use has . Pit &fissure least effective with: a. Teeth that have lost pits and fissure sealant show… a.   Any child with occlusal caries in one first permanent molar should have the fissures of the sound first permanent molars sealed. E.a) Pit and fissure . C.b) Root surface . Restore first and second molars with composite. :Most tooth surface affected by caries. B. Higher susceptibility than non sealed teeth c. None of the above answers is correct. *** d.. Pit and fissure sealants (sealants) have been described as materials which are applied in order to obliterate the fissures and remove the sheltered environment in which caries may thrive. Restore all first molars and observe second molars. primary molar c. Lower susceptibility than non sealed teeth. The same susceptibility as teeth with full retained sealant 140. Restore all first molars and seal pits and fissures of second molars. *** d. The same susceptibility to caries as teeth that have not been sealed b.

Less response to stress. . contamination of oral saliva*** c. Malignant. salivary flow rate d. increased time of etching b. *** b. Ulcer. c. such as syphilis. Procedure done before applying pit & fissure -15 :sealant a. Procedure done before applying pit & fissure sealant: a. Success of pit & fissure sealants is affected mainly by: a. Aphthous ulcer. More characteristic in histology. compared with herbes ulcer is: a. disrupt barriers that provide protection against infections. b.Acid etch by phosphoric acid 146. or breaks in the skin or mucous membranes. Verrucous carcinoma: a. Bullae. d.Acid etch by phosphoric acid 143. ***  Initial exposure to the herpes simplex virus results in a generalized oral inflammation followed by vesicle formation and subsequent ulceration. Occur in lining mucosa. ulcers. 145. *** d. proper fissure sealant ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ 144. b.  Ulcerative STDs that cause sores. Multiple vesicle. Benign. Erythematous reaction. Syphilis first appearance: a. c. Leaves scar.142.

In combined endo-perio problem: a. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 149. 150. Fluorosis can happen only during the time that the enamel is forming on the teeth. Fluorosis does not happen to any portion of the teeth that have already erupted. It's not the same fluoride that cause fluorosis. Since all the tooth enamel (except for the wisdom teeth) forms before the age of six. Reline with resilient material. Saliva wasn’t out. Start with endodontic IX. Teeth already calcified. Tooth fracture during extraction may be occur due to: a. All of the above. .It’s a diffuse. d. Calcium in the mouth counter. Start with periodontic IX Complete Dentures: a clinical manual for the general dental practitioner p. c. Management knifedge ridge in complete denture: a. Fluoride which we use in the clinic doesn’t cause fluorosis because: a. It is also known as an Ackerman tumor Dentistry-Perio_Endo_Lesions 147. well differentiated. malignant neoplasm of epidermis or oral epithelium. b.17 148. Wide occlusal label. None vital tooth. *** b. b. papillary. only children six and under are susceptible to getting fluorosis. d. non metastasizing. c. Maximum coverage.

Epithelial cells. palatal root of maxillary molar) is used and proper . Improper holding by forceps. c. This guideline normally places the post approximately twothirds into the root length.5 mm 153. It is not necessary to construct a post for each canal in a multi rooted tooth.length has been established Dental secrets –9.2-5 The necessary thickness of the metal is 0. D.e. AH26 is root canal sealer consist of: . e. Sozio. d. Fluid. PROSTHODONTICS . Diabetic PT.5-2 . A and c.minimal ceramic thickness is 1.5 mm. b. c. Post length.D :Amount of reduction in PFM crown-22 .b. A and b g. 152. Bacteria b. d.0—1.7-2 . c. Core shape. 151. A. Epoxy resin . i. Post texture. A. Caries consist of: a. f.c. provided that the dominant root (i. b and c h..b. Post diameter.Ralph B.1. whereas the .a. All of the above.M. Post retention depends on: a.a. Improper length allows a potential for root fracture. Design of the preparation.1. ZOE b.

In distal extension p. b. Same but wait 5-10 min and then put in sealed plastic bag Many parts of bones are originally cartilaginous that -27 :replaced by bone a.d during relining occlusal Rest was not seated: a. d. b. Use impression compound. b. When you give a child a gift for good behavior this is called: a. DENTAL SECRETS . c. Titanium dioxide AH 26 silverfree. Negative reinforcement. Positive reinforcement. Broad spectrum antibiotic. Continue and seat in after relining. MB root appear distal to P if cone is directed M to D b. Heavy smokers.COMPOSITION AH 26. True. powder: Bismuth oxide. :Buccal object role in dental treatment of maxillary teeth -28 a. Methenamine. -All of the above. Remove impression and repeat it. b. e. powder: Bismuth oxide. Systemic steroid. c. Wash with water and spray with sodium hydrochloride for 10 sec. 156. DB root appear mesial to P if cone is directed M to D.obturation points 154. H2o2 mouth wash.Second Edition 155. Hairy trichoglossia may be caused by: a. Silver. Methenamine AH 26 resin: Epoxy resin INDICATIONS Permanent obturation of root canals of teeth of the secondary dentition with or without the aid of . False. :After taking alginate impression -26 a. b. .

g. i. All of the above Pt come for check up. :Occlusal plane should be-30 Parallel to interpupillary line.c. e.simple bone cyst Scallopped border above inferior alveolar canal between -32 :roots of mandibular molars. no complaining.b) aneurysmal bone cyst . j. h.a) solitary cyst . Periodontal abcess. d. Invasion of furcation. They do not displace teeth or resorb roots. They tend to occur above the inferior . . and the lamina dura is left intact. At least tongue is just above occlusal plane. these lesions tend to appear as smoothly outlined radiolucencies that scallop around the roots of the teeth. after radiograph u -31 see well circumscribe radiolucent area in related to mandibular molar & the periphery was radiopaque which not well defined :border the diagnosis is a. They may range from very small (<1 cm) to very large (involving most of the mandible). Parallel to ala tragus line. b. Occlusal plane at lower lip. :Check biting in lower denture can occur if-29 Occlusal plane above tongue Occlusal plane below tongue. None of the above. f.(c) traumatic bone cyst(simple bone cyst This is the radiographic finding for the the trumatic bone cyst Radiographically. this lesion is .alveolar canal ORAL RADIOLOGY 5th ed – page 321 :Radiographic radioulucency in the interradicular area -33 a.

area between vital mandibular bicuspias is more :likely to be a. c. d. Radiographic diagnosis of a well-defined. e. A radicular cyst. d. Swelling in left of mandible. Nasopalatine cyst. None of the above. Mandibular premolars b. The mental foramen c. Ossifying fibro c.Central . Residual cyst b. a.c. Female . Osteoma b. slowly increasing . Periodontal cyst. -37 radio opaque surrounded by radiolucent band a. Maxillary canine. Cementoblastoma Radiolucent are cover the pericornal part of the 3rd molar -38 :is a. ?Which cyst is not radiolucent -36 Globulomaxillary cyst Follicular cyst Dentigerous cyst. unilocular -35 radiolucent. Mandibular incisors. Osteoporosis. Mental foramen appear in radiograph as radiolucent round -34 :area to the area of a. c.Dentigerous cyst b. b.

Oral and Maxillofacial. Surgery.:Cyst in x. d.2 MASTER DENTISTRY. Squamous cell carcinoma of jaw bones c.radiopaque may or not expand to cortical bone /2 .multiradiolucent may or not expand to cortical bone /1 . first premolar clinically missing.multiradiolucent may with resoption of cortical bone /3 .a similar pattern Child 12 years old with swelling in the mandibular -42 premolars area. Ameloblastoma. :Intraosseous cyst in radiograph appears -41 .ray-39 . " "Radilolgy.radiopaque may with resoption of cortical bone /4 Central intraosseous ameloblastomas may perforate bone and present .Radiolucent with bone expansion . Lateral periodontal cyst b.1 Radiolucent with bone resorption . Pathology and Oral Medicine – page 149 Cyst growth :Several mechanisms are described for cyst growth. including epithelial proliferation • internal hydraulic pressure • . e. in X ray examination we found Radiolucent is cover the percoronal . Osteomylitis of the mandible.bone resorption • Which of the following lesions has more tendency to show -40 :well defined multilocular radiolucency a. Primordial cyst.

Fibro-osseous lesion. Six years after treatment.1 Pt come for check up. Osteomyelitis. His pain worsens and the bone became progressively exposed. b. osteoradionecrosis. e. Dental secrets – page 115 Malignant lesions destroy bone uniformly. He has a history of chronic alcoholism and was a heavy smoker.s osteomylitis c. Sequestra . Chronic osteomylitis . Gerre. d. areas of radiographically normal-appearing bone are frequently seen between the areas of destruction. after radiograph u -43 see well circumscribe radiolucent area in related to mandibular molar & the periphery was radiopaque which not :well defined border the diagnosis is simple bone cyst Radiographic diagnosis of bone destructive in the -44 :mandible without evidence of bone formation is a. no complaining. Malignancy c. Acute osteomylitis b. he develops a painful ulcer in the alveolar mucosa in the treated area following minor trauma. The diagnosis is a.:part of the 3rd molar is Dentigerous cyst . He is treated by a partial mandibular resection with graft. In ost eomyelitis.are not present in malignant lesions A 60-year-old man has been treated for a t2nom -45 osquamous cell carcinoma by radical radiotherapy. Fracture. Osteoradionecrosis d.

d. In radiographs. Hyperparathyroidism. PT give :history of bridge cementation 3 days ago. Adenomatoid Odontogenic cyst. c. no change in radiograph. c. good oral hygiene. which disease cause multiple -48 :radiolucencies a. Hypothyroidism. e. b.Osteoradionecrosis is more in -46 a: maxilla . Myxoma. b. Intraoral examination reveals no caries. Pulp necrosis. d. Chronic apical abscess. b. Internal oplique ridge. c. None of the above. . Genial tubercle.b: mandible c: no difference a. Ameloblastoma. Ricket disease. years old male PT came with severe pain on chewing 20 -50 related to lower molars. Acute apical periodontitis. Radiographic diagnosis of bilateral expansible radio -47 :opaque areas in the caninpremolar region of the mandible is Hematoma. b. d. Diagnosis a. The following are multilocular radiolucencies in x-ray -49 :EXCEPT a. c. Odontogenic keratocyst. Tours mandibularis. Remaining roots.

limited lateral excursions of mandibular .movements .le fort 1 b.subconjunctival haemorrhage .………2 .with limited mouth open what is ur diagnosis A.Fluid paranasal . Pathology and Oral Medicine Mobility in midface with step deformity in front zygomatic -51 :suture. Radilolgy. c.nasal bones and infraorbital rims Le Fort III involves the nasal bones and zygomatic-frontal sutures and the whole of the maxilla is detached from the base .lofort 2 c.bearing part of the maxilla is detached Le Fort II or a pyramidal fracture of the maxilla involves the .MASTER DENTISTRY.Suture . he has ecchymosis around the orbit in the right side only .lefort 3 c-zygomatic fracture Zygoma fracture: clinical flattening of the cheekbone prominence — paraesthesia in distribution area of infraorbital nerve — diplopia. restricted eye movements . Lefort II. Surgery.palpable step in infraorbital bony margin Open bite is seen in -53 a: lefort 2 b: unilateral condyle fracture c: bilateral condyle fracture what is the first sign if there is fracture in the face in x. in which the tooth. Bilateral zygomatic complex fracture Le Fort I is the lowest level of fracture.1 .and subjunctional bleeding in the maxillary buccal ?vestible .of the skull Pt came with fracture because of blow in the right side of -52 his face. Diagnosis a. Lefort III.– -54 ?ray .Oral and Maxillofacial. b.

g. New bone and connective tissue formation. Occlusal force.4 a. Inadequate gingival. Dental decks – page 266 During examination 34 show gingival recession buccally. d.……… A. Frenum attachment. b.Modified pen handle . -57 :the least correct reason is e. New attached periodontal ligament fibers. c. b.3 . inflammation of the gingival tissues. All of the above. Tendency to bleed on gentle probing.Overlap of bone . c. Pockets > 2 mm can occur in chronic gingivitis due to an increase in gingival size because of oedema or hyperplasia .. Chronic gingivitis is. d.((false pockets All of these are right ways to handle the instrument EXCEPT -57 . The location of the bone of the pocket. Depth. Pt is right hand brushee.All the above . :After scaling and root planning healing occur by -56 Long junctional epithelium. f. It is not associated with alveolar bone resorption or apical migration of the junctional epithelium. New attachment. as the name suggests. h. Oxford 118 Periodontal pocket differ most significantly from gingival -56 :pocket with respect to a.

5th Edition – page 132 Very high dosages are used initially to suppress bulla formation (of the order of 1 mg/kg prednisolone daily).50.d.10 mg .Pen handle d.100 mg hydrocortisone Tyldesley's Oral Medicine.When the cusp is supported by dentine and proper retentive preparation .c. but this may often be slowly reduced to a maintenance dose of 15 mg daily or thereabouts : Amalgam is used in extensive cavities -59 a. The most prevalent primary molar relationship -60 . Flush terminal.Palm and thumb The right corticosteroid daily dose for pemphigus vulgaris -58 :is a.1-2 g/kg/daily b. e. Distal step.b.a-flush terminal plane b-mesial step terminal plane c-end d-distal . f. The ideal occlusal scheme is -59 d.Inverted pen .When one cusp is lost and need to apply restoration to .replace it :In primary teeth. Mesial step.b.When Cusps lost and thin supported wall c.1-2 mg c.

b. 23. *** c. the width of the cavity is: a. but when the patient stand you notice that his legs bowing (curved). Patient comes to your clinic complaining that the denture become tight. Osteosarcoma.Buccal object role in dental treatment of maxillary teeth: a. Osteochondrosarcoma. Chondrosarcoma. b. b. 158. 2/3 inter cuspal distance. c. In cavity preparation. Leiomyosarcoma. Pit &fissure least effective with: 1/tweny-four month year 2/primary molar 3/2nd molar 160. d. MB root appear distal to P if cone is directed M to D. during examination you notice nothing. 161. 1/2 inter cuspal distance. 1/3 inter cuspal distance.A) Paget’s disease . _________________________________________________________ _______ 157.The most common type of malignant bone tumor of the -61 :jaws is a. DB root appear mesial to P if cone is directed M to D.. Success of pit & fissure sealants is affected mainly by: 1)increased time of etching 2) contamination of oral saliva*** 3) salivary flow rate 4) proper fissure sealant 159. What you suspect: *** .

Osteosarcoma.162. the diagnosis will be:???? A.B) osteosarcoma C) acute osteomyelitis 164. c. Radiograph show radio-opaque with radio-lucent border diagnosis: a. b. Patient came to your clinic with severe pain. Cementoblatoma. The x ray show scattered radiopaque line in the mandible jaw. *** 163. Your diagnosis is : A) ossifying fibroma *** .Garres syndrome C. 33 years old female PT come with slow growing swelling in the angle of the mandible. Osteoma.Fibrous dysplasia D.Osteosarcoma .Paget disease B. on x-ray the right side of the mandible has a radiolucency with a radiopaque border that resembles the sunshine rays.

one hand attempting to mobilise the maxilla by grasping it from an intra-oral approach. It is by: c. The stability of the maxilla is checked by bimanual palpation. Radilolgy. PT history of ill fitting denture. The condyles of the mandible are palpated and movements of the mandible checked. *** e. PT with lower complete denture. d. intraoral examination show with slightly elevated lesion with confirmed border. Reassure PT and no need for treatment. lacerations and bruises. Immediate surgical removal. False. Examination of residual ridge for edentulous PT before -2 construction of denture determine stability. fractured or displaced teeth. An intraoral examination is then carried out. any restriction of movement and subconjunctival haemorrhage. looking particularly for alterations to the occlusion. Pathology and Oral Medicine The eyes are examined for double vision (diplopia). . a step in the occlusion. as this is an important feature of a fracture of the base of the skull.Oral and Maxillofacial. Swelling. Surgery. Any evidence of cerebrospinal fluid leaking from the nose or ears is noted. *** g.:‫السؤال لغير لواضح لولذلك يمكن اختيار ما يأتي من خيارات من الفقرات السابقة لوالفقرة التالية‬ MASTER DENTISTRY. and the other noting any movement at extra-oral sites such as nasal.zygomatic-frontal and infraorbital 165. support and :retention related to the ridge f. True. . bruising and lacerations are noted together with any areas of altered sensation that may have resulted because of damage to branches of the trigeminal nerve. Instruct PT not to use denture for 3 weeks then follow up.

3. Minor surgery is needed. True. Management: h. To obtain the lateral condylar posts and incisal guide. Ask PT to place tip of tongue in posterior area and close. o. Complete blood count "CBC" is a laboratory test important in dentistry: u. vertical dimension. To obtain the protrusive condylar guidance. face low transfer. 168. None. 4. placement of the teeth. 169. False. *** . Special impression technique is required. s. tentative centric relation. q. *** " Questions and Answers" :‫المرجع‬ . To obtain the occlusal plane. Decrease in collagen fibers.166. Occlusal rim with nacial frame. best to use: k. pulp tissue will: r.‫يتراكم العاج الثانوي على جدران القناة اللبية‬ 170. Increase cellularity and vascularity. All of the above. . Occlusal rim with record base. i. *** To wet his lip and tongue. t. j.‫استخدام طريقة الضغط النتقائي‬ ‫تسميك الشمع لوتثقيب الطايع‬ 167. Upon examination of alveolar ridge of elderly PT for construction of lower denture easily displaceable tissue is seen in the crest of ridge. Occlusal rim with base wax. Inform the PT that retention of denture will decrease. *** ‫الرتفاع الشمعي‬ l. n. By aging. m. To recheck centric relation in complete denture: Ask PT to swallow and close. *** 2. :The goal of construction of occlusion rims is -32 1. Decrease in size. In recording jaw relation. *** ‫الصح‬ v. p.

The role of good sterilization: Washing.‫الكحولي‬ a. Boiling b. 175. Protocol of sterilization . *** Inspection. 52.‫ا لوالتهاب الكبد‬ ً" ‫" ذكر ضرلورته قبل الجراحة عند مرضى اليدز لوالمعالجين كيمالوي‬Dental secrets" . storage *** 176. drying. *** 173. c. b. 2. All of the above. e. Autoclave. drying. b. inspection . sterilization. 3. storage. A periapical radiographs. drying. 171. c. *** d. Proper clinical examination. storage. *** . Most convenient and effective form of sterilization of dental instruments: a. Boiling. *** a. d. d.Initial cleaning. storage. All of the above. Which of the following may be used to disinfect gutta percha points a. Result of pulp vitality test. autoclave. Diagnosis prior to RCT should always be based on: Good medical and dental history. inspection. Autoclave is enough. autoclave. cleaning. Autoclave relative to 100f dry oven a)the same time b)slightly higher time c)considerable higher time d)less time. Autoclave. Dry heat sterilization. Periodontal condition of remaining teeth. Autoclave. c. In class I partially edentulous lower arch. b. Mandibular tori. 1. 4. *** 174. selection of major connector depend on: Height of lingual attachment. 172. Chemical solutions.

membrane 178. Triangular. the fourth canal is likely found: In the disto-buccal root. *** In the palatal root. None of the above. a. d. b. b. 181.177. *** Square. ‫الترلوية الغنية تكفي‬ . c. a. AUTOCLAVE PRINCIPLE: causes dullness. If the maxillary first molar is found to have four.A) Autoclave 53. The accesses opening for a maxillary premolar is most frequently: Oval. 182. Breaks the protein cell membrane at moderately low temp. None of the above. In the mesio-buccal root. d. None of the above. *** No response to percussion and palpation test. Extension of the sealer cement through lateral canals. What is the basis for current endodontic therapy of a periapical lesion: a. c. c. 180. b. the perpical area usually heals despite the condition of the root canal. Why the moisture heat sterilization is better than dry heat sterilization A) makes the instruments less rusty and blunt B) needs more time and affects the proteins of the cell membrane C) needs less time and affects the proteins of the cell *** . a. *** breaks the protein cell membrane at very high temp ‫ يعني في حرارة أقل أم في لوقت أقصر؟؟؟‬،‫هناك اختل ف بين آخر سؤالين‬ 179. The radiographic criteria used for evaluating the successes of endodontic therapy Reduction of the size of the periapical lesion. d. What is the type of sterizliation applied on ligation/fixation wires *** . Due to rich collateral circulation system.

d. Strong intracanal medications are required to sterilized the canal and periapical area to promote healing. Gingival recession. Build up thick layer of porcelain. b. Endodontically treated 2nd maxillary premolar with moderate M & D caries is best restored by: Amalgam. f. If the source of periapical irritation is removed. b. . especially apical cyst. A and b are correct. Porcelain should be of uniform thickness and any defect of the preparation should be compensated by the metal substructure. b. Compensate any defect in the preparation equally by porcelain and metal substructure. d. 3/4 crown. a. 186. *** HBV can be transmitted by transplacental: ‫المشيمة‬ . b. d. Art and science of operative dentistry 2000 – page 659 it must have a minimum thickness of 0.75 to 2 mm (because of its " "(lack of compressive strength 187. must be treated by surgical intervention. MOD amalgam restoration with deep mesial box. *** c. A and c are correct. *** B and d are correct. c. a. *** 2-3 mm. e. 183. True. *** Onlay.‫مقالومة الخز ف للكسر تتأمن بسماكة كافية له على حساب المعدن لوبعدم لوجود زلوايا حادة‬ a. the ppotential for periapical healing is good. Reduction in amalgam restoration should be: 1-1. d. 3-5 mm.5-2 mm. c. c. Periapical lesions. g. To enhance strength properties of ceramo metal restoration. *** Supraocclusion. 185. it is important to: Avoid sharp or acute angles in the metal structure. a. 184. PT come with pain related to it after 1 month due to: Pulp involvement. 1.5 mm. Upon contact. a. c. d. Full crown.b.

Destruction of RBC may cause anemia and it is due to defect in cell membrane: ‫تخرب كريات الدم الحمراء‬ a. *** 193. 3 and 4 are correct. Selection of shade for composite is done: a. 4. *** b. Post should be lose. Measuring blood pressure is one of vital signs important in medical compromised: a. False. b. True. a. 191. In sickle cell anemia. After drying tooth and isolation with rubber dam. a. Can be due to the presence of a nutrient vessel. *** b.b. 2 and 3 are correct. d. *** False. 194. O2 is decreased in oral mucosa: ‫فقر‬ ‫الدم المنجلي‬ a. 1 and 2 are correct. *** b.‫اختيار اللون يكون بالضوء الطبيعي لوبوجود اللعاب‬ . 188. 1. Immunofluorecent test and biopsy are used to diagnosis pemphigus: ‫اختبار التألق المناعي لوالخزع يستخدم لتشخيص الفقاع‬ True. 2. 1.‫يكون المريض في لوسط معتم ألو مضيء‬ a. for insertion of post dowel: Post applied pressure. *** All are correct. c. b. Is always favorable if it is primary type. Insert it without pressure but with retention. . False. Bleeding of the socket following tooth extraction: 1. Takes not less than half – day in normal individual. None of the above. True. 190. After RCT. True. b. 3. c. Under light. *** ‫ توضع قطنة لوتلحظ التغيرات في لون السن عندما‬. c. 192. False. Is always a capillary bleeding in nature. b. 189. False.

Replace and suture intra alveolar by wire. 199. Remove and suture with primary heal. d. *** Single obligate anaerobe. Replace and suture. Streptococcus anaerobius.195. Bacteria in root canal pathosis: Mixed anaerobe and aerobe. *** ‫ردها إلى مكانها وخياطتها‬ b. over 90% of the bacteria were strict anaerobes. 197.sulcus is the source of bacteria in root canal infections . Because bacteria isolated from root canals are usually a subgroup of the bacteria found in the sulcus or periodontal pockets. it should be manually repositioned and stabilized by sutures Dental decks 1954 196. 198. Remove and leave to heal. d. it is believed that the . c. Microbial virulent produced by root bacteria is collagenase from spirochete: ‫الذيفان الجرثومي في القناة هو‬ ‫كولجيناز من الملتويات‬ a. None of the above. c. False. Dental pulp 2002 – page 294 When intact teeth with necrotic pulps were cultured. *** b. Streptococcus mutans. Aerobic. c. Porphyromonas endodontalis obligate anacrobe: *** ‫لهوائية مجبرة‬ b. Bacteria in root canal a) mixed**** b) anaerobes obligatory c) aerobes only a. Management of tuberosity fracture during extraction of maxillary molar is: a. True. b. Bacteria in endodontic pathois mostly is: a. If the tuberosity is fractured but intact.

For thermal isolation. *** Stability. Use the miswak only when they can not afford to buy the toothbrush and toothpaste. Use of miswak and toothbrush: Toothbrush after meals and miswak at prayer time and when out of home. f. Take same shape of natural tooth. ‫ممكن كتف معكوس ألو شطب معكوس‬ Extend to full length tooth preparation. 205. c. e. b. c. c. Retention. *** b. . . 202. Take shape of preparation abutment. a.200.D: ‫الحاجز المطاطي‬ a. d.‫لوظيفة الضمات مقالومة القوى العمودية‬ 204.‫ أما ماءات الكالسيوم فتحرض على انتاج العاج الثانوي لوتؤمن العزل الكيميائي‬،‫السمنت‬ a. B & c. Occlusal rest function: ‫مو متأكدة‬ To resist lateral chewing movement. In post and core preparation must: Extend to contrabevel. A & d. . h. Oral diaphragm consist mainly of: ‫)الحجاب الفموي )قاع الفم‬ Tongue. d. b. g. *** Miswak and toothbrush must be used together.‫القلب المعدني يمتد لنهاية حوا ف السن المحضر لويأخذ شكل الدعامة‬ a. Not irritant to the pulp. d. ‫الذقنية اللمية‬ Digastric muscle. c. To resist vertical forces. b. 4 jaw contact in teeth. c. Not use the miswak and use the toothbrush instead. ‫ كما أن العزل الحراري هو مهمة‬،‫بالواقع تحدث ماءات الكالسيوم تموت صغير في الجهة المقابلة من اللب‬ . a. 201. b. *** A & b. Calcium hydroxide is used in deep cavity because it is: a. Geniohyoid muscle. d. Simulate formation of 2nd dentine. D & c. In placement of R. *** ‫الضرسية اللمية‬ 203. ‫العضلة ذات البطنين‬ Mylohyoid muscle.

False. *** b.‫بالحجرة اللبية‬ 207. Only 4 contacts 2 lingual surface and 2 buccal surface. *** c. 210. Only 4 contacts 2 mesial and 2 distal. 212. None of the above. Chronic suppurative periodontitis: ‫التهاب النسج حول‬ ‫السنية القيحي المزمن‬ a. Swelling enlargement in tooth site. Fistula with drain. *** b. Pulp polyp in open coronal carious lesion. *** b. *** . before mandible b. *** c. False. False. Mandible is the 1st bone calcified in skull but clavicle start first but in same embryological time: ‫الترقوة‬ a. *** c. True.b. Main arterial supply in face is facial artery and superficial temporal artery: a. Maxilla is formed a. ‫الخراج المزمن يترافق مع ناسور لوتصريف للقيح لويبدي ألم خفيف بالقرع لول يترافق مع بوليب ألو مرجل‬ . 206. *** b. Masseter muscle extends from lower of border zygomatic arch to lateral border of ramus and angel mandible. slightly after mandible. PT complains from moderate pain. Acute periodontal abscess: a. 208. Extend of temporalis behind infratemporal fossa of temporal bone insert in coronoid process: ‫المتداد الصدلغي‬ ‫خلف الحفرة تحت الصدغ للعظم الصدلغي يدخل في الناتئ الكليلني‬ a. b. 211. 209. b. True. False. True. same with mandible c. Fistula present. ‫العضلة الماضغة تمتد من القوس الوجني إلى جسم الرأد لوزالويته‬ a. True.

flat bone by intramembranous ossification and some bone by endochondral and intramembranous ossification: ‫داخل الغضرلو ف لوداخل‬ ‫الغشاء‬ a. True. symmetrically smile or evert his lower lip.this may indicate: a. Trigeminal nerve problem.d. Masseter muscle. Some bone are formed by endochondral ossification like long bone. B. Mandible formed before frontal bone: a. *** ‫تتشكل الترقوة قبل الفك السفلي‬ ‫أما العظم الجبهي‬ 213. Trochlear nerve problem. Facial nerve problem. cheek corner of the lip are uncontrolled . False. 214. *** b. Upon giving a lower mandible anaesthesia. All of the above. Buccinator muscle. what’s the reason : *** . Facial nerve supply: a. none of the above 2. b. Muscle of facial expression are all innervated by facial nerve: a. 217. .. you notice the patient’s eye. 215. True. Mylohyoid muscle. True. D. False. C. hold eyelids closed. c. False. b. E. While performing cranial nerve examination you notice that the patient is unable to raise his eyebrows. *** b. *** d. Temoralis muscle. Oculomotor nerve problem.A) paresthesia of the Facial Nerve 216.

Cell of chronic inflammation: Lymphocytics. a. c. a. *** b. Decrease by smear layer.3. True. a. b. Tooth brushing and dental floss help in community prevention of periodontal disease: a. Prescribe medication to Pt with medical problem. c.penetration of bacteria Art & Science :Dentin permeability increase with the increase of cavity preparation decrease when sclerotic dentin develops under a carious lesion decrease with smear layer 4. Dentin permeability . *** After patient came to your clinic and gave an extended history and : complain. what’s your next step in treatment *** . c. b. b. *** ‫اللمفاويات‬ PMN. Permeability of dentine: ‫نفوذية‬ Bacterial product go through it.decreases with the increase of cavity preparation -1 . Do clinical examination. *** Allow bacteria to go in. ‫العدلت‬ Dentist must: Treat PT medically.A) Clinical examination B) Start the treatment C) Radiographic examination . ‫متعددات النوى‬ Neutrophils. take medical history and evaluate the medical state. 5.Increase with smear layer -3 Bacterial toxins can pass through before the actual -4 *** . 6.Increase when sclerotic dentin develops under a carious lesion -2 . False.

Reparative dentine: ‫الترميمي‬ 2nd dentine. *** 13. its color is dark: . ‫نقص أكسجة لو؟‬ 10. extracted or avulsed tooth. b. Increase blood preasure. c. True. False. d. Reparative dentine: a. *** 8. False.‫في حجرة اللب مع الزمن لومع لوجود النخر لوفي حالة التغطية لغير المباشرة‬ 9. *** "Dental pulp 2002 " :‫المرجع‬ ‫ لوفيما يخص التغطية بماءات الكالسيوم فالتموتات محدلودة باللب القريب من النكشا ف ثم‬،‫التموت لغير ردلود‬ . Amalgam tattoo is an oral pigmentation lesion: ‫تصبغ‬ a. Cementum contain cell like bone. Same like secondary dentine. *** Necrosis of pulp due to hyperoxia and anaryxia. Formed as dentine Bridge above the pulp. But in non vital tooth. c. 12. Microabscess on vital pulp: start necrosis of small part and sequela of destruction cycle and full repair: ‫الخراجات المجهرية باللب الحي تبدأ‬ ‫بتموت أجزاء صغيرة ثم دلورات من عقابيل التخرب لوالشفاء التام‬ a. *** Highly tubular dentine and it is detective from 1st dentine. False. Physiological reaction of edema on vital pulp: ‫لوذمة ألو احتقان‬ Decrease tissue fluid by decompression of blood vessel. b. True. a. It is yellow in color in vital. Development of maxillary process and medial frontal process in medial elongation of central portion: a. b. ‫أنبوبي‬ Sclerosing dentine with less permeability. ‫متصلب بنفوذية أقل‬ ‫ أما الثانوي فهو العاج المتراكم‬،‫العاج الترميمي يتشكل عند انكشا ف اللب لولمادة التغطية دلور مهم في تشكيله‬ . b. True.7.‫يتشكل جسر عاجي‬ 11. b. *** b. a. Happen as site if irritation.

d)Xerostomia :the best definition to odontoblast -27 *** ……a.wikipedia.Rigidity b.b-deep pressure c-temperature http://www.scribd. : what is the most factor encouraging dental caries (382 *** .org/wiki/Pulp_(tooth Odontoblastic layer.C) Smoking :Q.Axial fatigue ‫آخر احساس يختفي عندما نعطي تخدير موضعي‬ A-pain *** . odontoblastic process b. outermost layer which contains odontoblasts and lies next to the predentin and mature dentin during making filing by Ni/Ti it gets fractured due the property -50 :of … & a. *** b. True.Incipient caries in the old patients is MOSTLY due to a)smoking b)saliva *** .B) Hypocalcification .It ‘s subjacent to predentine.a.com/doc/17106080/Local-Anesthetics .Odontoblast cell is more in the cellular pulp than radicular (http://en. False.Both sensory & motor nerves are equally sensitive .A) Xerostomia .

and salty taste is lost last of all 218.Custom tray .Base plate 1. It will affect size of maxillary teeth. All of the above.2 *** . followed by sweet & sour. z. posterior class I composite is done in: ‫مو متأكدة‬ . 219.sense Applied to tongue bitter taste is lost first.4 .Set up . touch. A temporary form representing the base of a denture which is used for making maxillo-manibular (jaw) relative record for arranging teeth or for trail insertion in the mouth is: ‫مو متأكدة‬ . Bite registration paste (zinc oxide & eugenol paste). When esthetic is important.the best material used without producing pressure is: ‫ماعرفت الجواب‬ Wax. Compound. In recording man-max relation. deep pressure . Affect retention of lower denture. *** 1.Order of pain blockade is pain. y. Class III jaw relation in edentulous PT: ‫مو متأكدة‬ w.1 . bb.3 . x. Affect esthetic and arrangement of maxillary denture. Type of autoclave used ‫ماعرفت الجواب‬ a-hot oven outoclave b-class b autuclave c-class s autoclave d-class d autoclave 220. cc. temperature. ‫الصح‬ aa.Bite rims .

Most commonly. Occlusal pressure. c.Sodium hypochlorite. Hot. b. Cold. Crown with open margin can be due to: ‫مو متأكدة‬ a. Sweet.……………ALL OF THE ABOVE ‫ أي الخيارين‬،‫اختيار الوصلة الرئيسية يعتمد على ارتفاع الميزاب من حدلوده السفلية إلى العلوية‬ . *** b. Over contouring of crown prevent seating during insertion. d. d. Contact free area. Oral and perioral cyst formed from epithelial rest of serres: ‫مو متأكدة‬ a. *** c.Superior border of lingual sulcus . True. 38-irrigation solution for RCT cause protein coagulation is: ‫مو متأكدة‬ 1. 2. All of the above.……c. Complain from pain with: ‫مو متأكدة‬ a. ‫تشميع ل يتنالول كل تحضير التاج‬ c. 221. Bad oral hygiene. Putting die space on finishing line.a.<< H2O2 ‫ هو اللي يعمل‬PROTEIN COAGULATION 14. after placement of amalgam restoration PT. b. d.. 222. Waxing not covering all crown prep. b. Class I without central contact. *** 15. Galvanic shock. e.Iodine potassium.The inferior border of lingual sulcus b. 3-Formocresol. False. *** ‫ مو متأكدة‬:to design a lingual bar we should determine -28 a. Subgingival box. *** 4-None of the above.

2. wt is the Dx hypertrophic frenum/1 epulis .:Q 90 -non odontogenic Lesion similar to Endo Lesion a-Hyperparathyroidism *** . how to manage the extracted tooth: ‫مو واضحه الاجابات‬ 1.b-initial stage of cemental dysplasia c-ossifying Fibroma d-Dentigeaus cyst e-ameLobLastoma f-Lateral periodontal cyst j-myxoma & Hemangieoma Pt have denture.16 – You extract tooth with large amalgam restoration. Ordinary waste container.f /2 . 3. *** 4. Sharp container. Autoclave and deep buried. Office container. after 5 year he complain of ulcer and ‫ ماعرفت الجواب‬:inflammation in lower buccal vestibule.1 constidty 2 routed and constedety 2 none of above ‫ << مو لواضحة الجابات‬The kind of on lay wax used in cast braffiene 1 <<<<<2 <<<<<3 ‫ مو متأكدة‬. ‫ اقرب جواب << لمزم نرميها في‬DARK COTAINER WITH SOLUTION ‫عشان ذرات الزئبق الزيادة مايلوث اجو‬ ‫العيادة‬ The test for testing the bur all the blades of the burs path through 1 point called ‫ ماعرفت الجواب‬ronted.

(13% water by volume).%10 ‫ لوماء لومواد أخرى‬%20 ‫ لومواد عضوية‬%70 ‫بالحجم يتكون العاج من هيدرلوكسي أباتايت‬ 17. Galvanic action. c. Dentine composition: a. The primary direction for spread of infection in the mandible is to submental lymph node: ‫إلى تحت الذقن‬ a. **(The three primary spaces are the submental. Irreversible pulpitis. 43% organic by wgt. *** both can infect humans . False.** b. b. d. *** 19. 60-65 inorganic by wgt . Galvanic action. Reversible pulpitis. (20% organic by volume). *** when two metallic restorations are placed close to each other ) in an electrically conducting medium like saliva . c. a galvanic (current will happen which causes discomfort to the patient Filling amalgam in the first madibular molar when touch the -21 :spoon there is a pain the reason is 1. hepatitis C . . 25% water by wgt. True. b. example : influenza . DNA only infect human but RNA doesn't infect human: a. sublingual. Broken amalgam. (70% inorganic by volume). *** b.16. and submandibular spaces) 18. ) (SARS . True. False. 7 days after amalgam restoration Pt came complaining of pain during putting spoon on the restored tooth because: a.

to prevent future gingival recession: a. 25.20. Gracey Curette. . chisel = supragingival) 23. b. False. Subgingival scaling and root planning is done by: a. Artificial teeth best to be selected by: a. *** b. Hoe. Paraesthesia of lower lip after surgical removal of lower 8 is due to the irritation of inferior alveolar nerve: a. False. *** b. True. False. The aim of conditioning agent on dentine before GI cement is to remove smear layer: a. True. ‫إزميل‬ (hoe . Postextraction cord. True. 24. In full gold crown. Compomer release fluoride as GI: a. Make the tooth form good at gingival one third. ** (GI has a continuous release of fluoride because it reabsorbs it from the saliva but compomer has a limited release of fluoride). ‫مجرفة‬ c. *** b. Make the tooth form good at gingival one fifth. *** b. 22. True. Fluoride decrease dental caries by remineralization of enamel: a. 26. b.‫عموما تختار أسنان الجهزة الكاملة بشكل يتناسب مع الصلية قبل قلعها‬ 21. Preextraction cord. *** c. Chisel. . False. Make the tooth form good at gingival one half. *** b.

True. Hygiene. *** b. c. *** ‫صحية‬ c. Reversible pulpitis (hyperemia). PT feel pain of short duration after class II restoration. Dental plaque composed mainly of: a. c. Radiotherapy increase caries by decreasing salivary secration: a. Ridge lap. Irreversible pulpitis. Periodontitis. 32. Bacteria. *** b. Saddle. Inorganic materials. *** b. ‫محيطة بالسنخ‬ b. 29. Fixed partial prosthesis is more successful in: a. *** b. Food. Barbed broach in endodontic is used for pulp examination in straight canals: a. True. 31. Multiple missing teeth. ‫سرجية‬ 30. 28. False. . False. *** b.27. Diagnosis is: a. Best pontic is: a. Single tooth missing.

b. of macrofilled composites are adequate for Class III. Hybrid + rough filler. Microfills have a lower modulus of elasticity and flex with the tooth better than the strongest composite materials. is a microfilled composite selected for . *** (hybrids are more resistant to wear than the conventional macrofilled) Clinical Aspects of Dental Materials Theory.surface luster Microfilled composites are also used in Class V restorations at the cemento–enamel junction.decay The problem with microfilled composites is the low percentage filler (40–50%). c. This high resin content results in an . Composite for posterior teeth: a. and (Cases (3rd Ed 2009 The strength and other physical properties. and V restorations. Macrofills were used before dentinal bonding systems were developed. Clinical research has shown Class V microfill composite restorations are more likely to be retained . leakage. The surface area of the very small filler particles requires much more resin to wet the surface of the filler particles. The first layers to be placed are a hybrid composite selected for strength. EXCEPT wear resistance and surface roughness. Microfilled + fine filler. IV.than other composite materials . Excessive wear when used for Class I and II restorations limited their posterior use. such as an extensive Class IV restoration. Large composite restorations. Practice. are built in layers of several different shades and translucencies.increased coefficient of thermal expansion and lower strength Microfilled composites were used when esthetics are the dominant concern. Macroflled + rough filler. placing them in posterior teeth resulted in postoperative sensitivity. a veneer of sorts. The final layer.33. and recurrent .

Palatal maxillray process &Ethmoid bone B. Palatine and sphenoid bone. they are also used for Class III and IV .C.restorations 34. Palatine and zygomatic bone. Occipital bone.Palatal maxillary process & Palatine bone D. Hard palate consists of the following: A. *** b. Parietal bone. False. Palatal maxillary process & Sphenoid bone *** . Temporal bone. *** (opens opposite the maxillary second molar ) 37. 35. Parotid duct opens opposite in 2ndMandibular molars: ‫القناة‬ ‫النكفية‬ a. Impression. thus. ‫الجداري‬ c. ‫الوجني‬ 38.Hybrid composites are very popular. Check bite of retainer by: ?? a. ‫القذالي‬ 36. Palatal maxillary process & Temporal bone . Their surface finish is nearly as good as that of microfills. ‫الوتدي‬ b. Mastoid process is a part of: ‫الناتئ الخشائي‬ a. Paste. *** ‫الصدغي‬ b. their strength and abrasion resistance are acceptable for small to medium Class I and II restorations. Palate consists of: a. True. b. Palatine and maxillary bone. *** c.

. Establishing the diagnosis. Streptococcus salivarius.‫المعيار الساسي في قرار بدء المعالجة اللبية هو التشخيص المناسب‬ 41. During diagnosis and planning. Check restorability of the tooth. c. 15% fluoric acid. True. Spirochaeta. Streptococcus mutans. Establishing the pain. During bite registration. ***‫العقدية الطافرة‬ b. *** . *** c. c. White polycarbonate are temporary crowns used for anterior teeth: a. 44. During examination. Nerve impulse stops when injection local anesthesia: a. b. The most important microorganism in dental caries is: a. ‫اللعابية‬ c. *** b. *** b. b.39. 37% phosphoric acid. False. For etching 15 sec. *** b. ‫من كتاب الطفال‬ 43. Emergency endodontic should not be started before: a. 42. 3% sulfuric acid. True. False. for composite restoration use: a. Selection of type of major connector in partial denture is determined: a. ‫الملتويات‬ 40.

Papilloma. True. PMN. Lymphocyst. c. b. The most common benign tumor in oral cavity is: d. *** 46. *** Flat bone ossification is intramembranous (no cartilage) . The most prominent cell in acute inflammation is: ‫أبرز خلية‬ a. Lipoma. False. Plasma cell. ***‫ورم ليفي‬ e. Condensing osteitis (a focal sclerosingosteomyelitis). Pulp chamber in lower 1st molar is mesially located: a. False.‫لورم حبيبي‬ .( long bone ossification is endochondral 47. f.Local anesthetics work to block nerve conduction by reducing ) (the influx of sodium ions into the nerve cytoplasm c. and ) . Perapicalgranuloma. Fibroma. b. "Endodontics Problem solving in clinical practice 2002 " :‫المرجع‬ 48. *** b. True. 45.‫سوء التنسج‬ c.. *** b. Cementaldysplasia. Radiopacity at the apex of a tooth with chronic pulpitis: ‫الظللية‬ a. Flat bone grow by endochondral ossification: a.

Oval. Buccally. c. "Endodontics Problem solving in clinical practice 2002 " :‫المرجع‬ ( this canal is present in 45% of cases and is usually missed ) 50. Pus discharge. *** b. Radiograph. *** b. c. The access opening in lower incisor: a.49. 53. True. c. Extra canal if present in mandibular incisor will be: a. *** b. *** b. 54. Clinical examination. b. Widening of PDL. Distal. The most common cause of endodontic pathosis is bacteria: a. Vitality test. 52. (althoughradiographically it looks straight ) . Swelling. *** apex of triangle towards the thecingulum area and base of ) (triangle towards incisal edge 51. Triangular. *** b. Palatally. Palatal canal in upper molars is curved: a. False. Distally. Acuteperiapical abscess associated with a. Round. c. Lingual. Acute periapical cyst and acute periodontal cyst are differentiated by: ?? a.

*** 58. *** c. Distal posterior … . e. . 56. b. Person drinking fluoridated water. gracey 60 offset. b. rinsing with fluoride mouthwash.c 57. None of the above. Section of gracey is hemicircular and in universal triangular. b and c. Hypercementosis. *** c. False. b. Follow the Pt for 3 months. Leave it and inform the Pt.55. Gracey Used for cutting in specific area while universal is in any area. Universal 90 not offset. Gracey has one cutting edge while universal has two. True. Remove it as soon as possible.e g. If tooth or root is pushed during surgical extraction into max sinus: a. Ossifying fibroma. ( but text books say the angle of gracey is 70 degrees not 60 ) Gracey 13/14 . d. d. c and d. Difference between Gracey and universal curette: a. Mesial posterior b. A.19 a. c. then no need to put pit and fissure in his permanent teeth: a. b. A and d f. Periapicalcemental dysplasia. using toothbrush with fluoride. B. Radiopacity attached to root of mandibular molar: a.

d. e. Extension of rest to central fossa. the cause: a. 60. The 1st cervical vertebrae is: ‫فقرة رقبية‬ a. Rebasing. . Preventive measure. Thin metal framework. *** b. c. Small caries confined to enamel: a. b. 223. Bridge return to dentist from lab with different degree of color although the shade is the same. New denture. Atlas. Cause of fracture of occlusal rest: a. Shallow preparation in marginal ridge. *** c. b. *** g. Rampant caries in adult in anterior teeth restored by: a. f. *** b. Relining. Amalgam. c. Different thickness of porcelain. Amalgam feeling. None of the above. Keep under observation. Glass ionomer. 63. Thick opaque. ZOE. Axis. 62. *** b. Complete denture poorly fit and inadequate interocclusal relation: 61. Improper centric relation. c.59.

60 sec. *** b. c. 66. 45 sec. *** 67. Time of curing of dentine: a. *** b. 69. c. 30 sec. Most of dentine bonding material need conditioning time: a. Light curing time for simple shallow class III composite: a. d. 10 sec. 15 sec. Cavity varnish should be applied at least in: a. The nerve which supply the tongue and may be anesthetized during nerve block injection: a. IX. d. . *** d.64. c. False. *** b. b. 65. True. One layer. XII. 10 sec. 60 sec. 68. VII c. Cartilaginous joints in the body affect bone growth: a. b. 20 sec. 15 sec. 30 sec. 15 sec. V.

Four layer. *** CawsonEssintials of Oral Pathology and Oral Medicine 7th ed 71. with examination of barium sulphate. and some cases with anemia and (diabetes :Geographic tongue is always accompanied in patient with -10 a. Burning mouth syndrome C. d. Diabetes. A second application of cavity varnish is placed over the ) first to thoroughly coat the surfaces of the dentin and fill any voids from bubbles created when the first (application dries 70. …………. b. difficulty in swallowing. Psoriasis. *** c. b. Three layer. d. c. Diabetes. Pemphigus. Iron deficiency. Syndrome D. *** c.b. Two layer. however cases have been associated ) with mostly psoriasis . Geographical tongue B..A. Diabetic patient .‫الفقاع‬ etiology is unknown . Iron deficiency anemia. Geographic tongue is seen in Pt with: a. Erythema multiform. you found: ??? *** . A 21 years old patient who has iron deficiency anemia.

*** b. Cleaning and shaping of the canal. *** b. *** b. Determine the need for tissue conditioning and surgery. Pt came to the clinic complaining from soreness in the tongue sore throat the diagnosis is: a) burning mouth syndrome b) geographical tongue c) fissure tongue 73. During placement of amalgam pins.72. 4 pins. c. Determine occlusal height. d. c.‫نوبة‬ b. To obturate the canal the most important step is: a. one pin per surface . 1 pin. Determine vertical dimension of occlusion. the number of pins per cusp is: a. Cerebral palsy. (they don’t have control over the movement of their limbs ) 75. one pin per line angle ) . 76. Seizure. 3 pins. Learning disability. 2 pins. ( one pin per cusp . *** c. Diabetic Pt with ill fit denture. Irrigation of the canal. examination of residential ridge help to: a. 74. Handicapped Pt with lesion in central nervous system appears to have different type of disorder in movement and procedure: a.

The most common complication after extraction for diabetic Pt is: . c. *** b. The most common endodontic cyst is: a. c. 0.02 c. The most important in RCT is seal: ‫الهم للختم‬ a. The amount of L. Irreversible pulpitis.01 b. Wide flared cavity c.8 x 2 = 3. *** b. It respond to vitality test no pain on percussion. 79. Acute apical periodotitis. 82. The cause of fracture in amalgam class II restoration is: a. *** b. Thin thickness at the marginal ridge.8 ml cartridge is ) calculated by multiplying the amount of analgesic per/1ml with (the volume of the cartridge in millilitres .6 The amount of LA in milligrams per 1. Acute apical periodontitis. Middle 1/3.77. c. Deep cavity. 80. diagnosis is: ‫عفوي‬ a.6 78. Reversible pulpitis. 0. 81. Pt complains from severe spontaneous pain related to upper 6. Apical 1/3.A in 2% lidocaine with 1/100000 adrenaline is: a. Radicular cyst. Cervical 1/3. *** b. 3. 1. Keratocyst.

Infection. but in the posterior proximal areas a fiber optic (light can help detect incipient caries there 86. Contact area is in incisal/occlusal 1/3 in which tooth: a. ( problems with healing which leads to infection ) 83. Autoclave. Disinfection of GP is done by: a. *** b.‫لوذمة‬ d. Fiber optic light. b.a. ‫إحساس اللمس‬ c. *** . Oblique. Mandibular incisors. Radiograph. Severe bleeding. Periodontal ligament fibers in the middle third of the root is: a. *** b. X-ray film. Mandibular molars. (And dye) usually incipient caries are diagnosed by visual and tactile ) sensation . Tactile examination. *** b. 85. c. By clinical examination. *** b. c. *** 87. c. c. Tactile sensation. 84. Sodium hypochlorite. Incipient caries is diagnosed by: a. Lateral canal is detected by: a. Dry heat. Oedema. All of the above. Maxillary molars.

5. Over erupting tooth can be treated by: 1. To detect interproximal caries in primary teeth. ‫عبر الحاجز‬ 88. 90. Over eruption of lower right 2nd molar. Crowning after endo. Apical 1/3. 3. Horizontal. Intrusion of upper right 1st molar. *** 2. *** c. 92. Pt with missing lower right 1st molar for long time you'll find: a. Broken instrument during RCT. Cervical 3/3. 89. the best film is: a. c. Middle 2/3. A and B. . Intruded easily orthodontically. ‫انغراس‬ c. b. Extraction. 4.b. Transeptal. Ortho intrusion. Bitewing. c. 91. *** b. Crowing. *** b. Over erupted upper right 1st molar will be managed by: EXCEPT: a. Occlusal. *** b. Periapical. All the above. Mesial drifting of lower right 2nd molar. Adjustment of occlusion. best prognosis if broken at: ‫أفضل إنذار‬ a. c.

*** b. A tooth with 25 degree inclination could be used as abutment: ‫ميلن‬ a. Cause discomfort and pain. c. c.Pulp stone can be the following EXCEPT ‫ صحيح‬a) present freely in the pulp ‫ صحيح‬b)cause discomfort & pain to the patient ‫صحيح‬c)In radiographs.3. stopping of cusp is 1. Free in pulp chamber.Smallspheroidalradioopaque ‫ مش فاكر بالظبط نصها‬d)False stone occurs due to dystrophic dentin 94. *** b.m: a. True. *** Stones may exist freely within the pulp tissue or be attached ) (to or embedded in dentine :Q. *** . 1. b. ( the migration is also called chemotaxis ) 97. True.7. d. *** b. False.93.2. None of the above.8. 96. True. 0. The amount of facial redaction in PFM crown: a. 2. Intercellular movement of PMN leukocytes is called migration: ‫??ا‬ a. In onlay.5-2 m. False. 1. 95. Pulp stone: ‫الحصاة‬ a.

. Pt come with bristle even on mucous membrane.social and economic factors 106.5 mm before centric occlusal. 112. 4. Causes of parasthesia. 115..b. C) 1+2+3 110. Female pt come with endo treated upper central with m. The fundamental rule in the endodontic emergencies is : control pain by inflammatory non steroid. 99. diagnosis is certain. u asked for immune test: ???? pemphigus bullospemphigoid lichen planus 117. Normal values of Pt PTT healing time. ‫عدم التخدير‬ 100. A) 1+2 108.5 before centric occlusion fifth 1. False.family welfare 107. 585. ‫المعالجة‬. .‫أثناء اللبية اخترقنا مفترق الجذلور‬: Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA). 116.heriditary 104. 101. *** 114. *** ca oh formocresol 113.. *** 111. Porcelain veneer is planned with modification to cover incisal edge. B) 1+2+4 109.environement 105. 118. 98. The following factors effect the health 103. Causes of failure of cast crown.5 before centric occlusion 119. 102. 1. 3. 2. *** fourth 1. D) all of the above. d caries &haveincisal abrasion. veneer should end: fourth lingualy 0.

"Continuous wave of condensation" in the vertical condensation paragraph ??? 127. 141. Pt come with siuns u make gp tracing & take radiograph the gp appear in lateral surface of the root periodontal abscess periodontitis lateral acessory canal. 131. The cause of black cast which prevent pickling due to over heat contaminate with gas incomplete casting 132. B. the cutting edge should be at angle: 136. 133. Principles and Practice of Endodontics WALTON – page 273 126. Tech of endo fill where we use continuous condensation vertical condensation 124. Post graduated student use mta the prognosis depend on Prevent immediate suture disturbance during closure of wound. hot due to short root incomplete innervation .120. 612.70-80. *** 121. Sharpening the curette and sickle. 122. Immature tooth has less sensation of cold .60-70 140. *** 138. A.80-90 139. 135. 123. 125. In sharpness of instrument the angle between face & blade is 50-60 60-70 70-80. 128. *** 134. C. 129. *** using a flab 130.50-60 137. D. 142.

Radiograph.wide pulp chamber : Questions I did not know how to solve :In full gold crown. difficulty in swallowing. A 21 years old patient who has iron deficiency anemia. Iron deficiency anemia. Clinical examination.6 a. c. *** h. Make the tooth form good at gingival one fifth. to prevent future gingival recession . *** b. ?? :Check bite of retainer by. Acute periapical cyst and acute periodontal cyst are differentiated by: ?? a. Geographical tongue B. *** e.‫الفقاع‬ my research showed : etiology is unknown . Make the tooth form good at gingival one half. g.A.19 d. Pemphigus. with examination of barium sulphate. 36. Paste. Syndrome .. and some cases (with anemia and diabetes 56. Impression. Make the tooth form good at gingival one third. however cases ) have been associated with mostly psoriasis . Diabetes. Burning mouth syndrome C. Vitality test. you found: ??? *** . 55. b. *** c. Geographic tongue is seen in Pt with: f. ………….

.101 ???? :for immune test pemphigus bullospemphigoid lichen planus Principles and Practice of Endodontics WALTON – page .D. Molar tend to have greater canal curvature. u asked . . *** ca oh formocresol Pt come with bristle even on mucous membrane.Pulp stone can be the following EXCEPT ‫ صحيح‬a) present freely in the pulp ‫ صحيح‬b)cause discomfort & pain to the patient ‫صحيح‬c)In radiographs.. Among the reasons that molar teeth are more difficult to treat endodontically than anterior teeth: a. A and b.. *** d.‫المعالجة‬. b. None of the above.Smallspheroidalradioopaque ‫ مش فاكر بالظبط نصها‬d)False stone occurs due to dystrophic dentin ( all seem to be correct ) 143.110 273 Continuous wave of condensation" in the vertical " ??? condensation paragraph 144. 97. c. Molar have more complex canal configuration.‫أثناء اللبية اخترقنا مفترق الجذلور‬: Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA). Diabetic patient :Q.

b. Strongly related to poor oral hygiene. b. 2. The most common immediate treatment reported for fractured teeth was: a. Burning mouth syndrome is a chronic disorder typically characterized by each of the following EXCEPT: a. ‫يشبه ألم السنان بالشدة‬ . c. Most common in older Pt. 3 or 4. 146. Gingival hyperplasia related to phenytoin therapy is: ‫مضاد‬ ‫الصرع‬ a. c. Triangular. 3. Burning pain in multiple oral sites. Most common on lingual surface. ‫مو متأكده‬ b. How many canals can be present in mandibular second molars: a. ‫ألم حرقة‬ c. 3 or 4. 149. b. Round. *** d. *** ‫آفة بالغشا ء المخاطي‬ b. *** 148. Strongly related to phenytoin dosage. 95%. The correct access cavity preparation for the mandibular second molar is: a.145. d. Pain similar in intensity to toothache pain. Quadrilateral. 2. 50%. d. d. c. Oval. 82%. *** 147. c. 25%. Mucosal lesion. 3 or 4. 1.

unaccompanied by mucosal lesions or other evident clinical signs upon examination 150. d. Mariano Sánchez-Siles. Paz Andujar-Mateos. 2010 Jul 1. Salivary dysfunction. ‫المصدر‬ Stomatodynia e562 Journal section: Oral Medicine and Pathology doi:10. Which of the following is the most likely potential cause of BMS (Burning mouth syndrome): ‫ل‬ ً" ‫السبب الكثر احتما‬ a. Menopausal changes. c. Denture allergy. ‫تغير مستمر بحاسة الذلوق‬ It as a chronic orofacial pain. b. Persistent altered taste perception.4317/medoral. ‫انقطاع الطمث‬ ‫كلها أسباب‬ Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. Fabio Camacho-Alonso.d. Francisco Gómez García .15.15 (4):e562-8. Neural dysfunction.e562 Publication Types: Review Burning mouth syndrome: Update Pia López-Jornet.

153. Topical applications of fluoride.doses are useful in BMS 152. Present in the ingested foods. Present on the intraoral mucous membranes. d.‫النسج الرخوة‬ d. Is indicative of systemic fluorosis. Present in the plaque and tissue fluids bathing the newly erupted tooth. *** b. Water. e. ‫المعاجين‬ d. c. Is largely preventable. Becomes less noticeable with age. Can be contracted at any age. Is reversible. Incorporated in the tooth enamel. There is no therapy of proven general efficacy. Dental fluorosis: a. Anxiolytic agents.151. *** ‫يد ل على النسمام الفلوري‬ ‫الجهازي‬ b. c. Antidepressant agents. Which of the following represents the best pharmacologic therapy for BMS: a. Fluoride is not taken up systemically from which of the following sources: a. Food. *** ‫تطبيق موضعي‬ . Dentifrices. c. c. e. analgesics and oral mucosa protectors. *** ‫فعالية‬ ‫لوممكن تكون الجابه الخيره صحيحه لوجود العديد من الدلوية تستخدم في العلج‬ The most-used medications to treat this ‫ومممن نفممس المصممدر السممابق‬ syndrome are antidepressants. ‫اللغشية المخاطية‬ 154. d. The tricyclic antidepressants such as amitriptyline and nortriptyline at low . Corticosteroids. b. antipsychotics. antiepileptics. ‫??? مضادات الكآبة‬ b. Fluorides are most anticaries effective when: a. Present in the blood stream.

Present complaint. Fission. f. c. Thermodynamics. . Pts with history of diabetes of less than 10 years have more periodontal disease destruction than those with history of longer than 10 years. up is obtaining the: j. The prevalence of periodontal disease increase with the better metabolic coronal of the diabetic state. Galvanic action. The reported incidence of periodontal disease in the diabetes is less than that for nondiabetic. Non-insulin-dependent. Precipitation reaction. The spontaneous production of an electric current resulting from two dissimilar metal in the oral cavity is called: e. b. Medical history. Ketosis-prone. ‫تفاعل ترسيب‬ h. Traumatic history. Adult. *** l. *** d. Which of the following statement is true for the reported relationship of periodontal disease and diabetes mellitus: a. Restorative history. Biographical data. Accompanied by normal cell activity. ‫انشطار‬ 225. c. The first step in diagnostic work. i. ketosis-prone diabetes . . Type I diabetes mellitus can be characterized as: a.155. The prevalence of periodontal disease increase with the advancing age of the diabetic. Nuclear reaction. b. n. m.severe diabetes mellitus with an early onset 156.onset. k.‫الخيار الثالث يتضمن الخيار الثاني‬ 224. *** ‫معتمد على النسولين‬ d. *** g.

‫يزيد الثبات مع زيادة الرتباط الميكانيكي لولكن ينقص مع زيادة لزلوجة اللعاب‬ . Slow orthodontic extrusion using light force. Direct pulp capping with zao paste.‫جراب الدائم‬ 159. Carboxyl group provide bio adhesion. c. The basic difference between K files and reamers is: a. d. *** c. c. Zinc salts have been associated with stronger longer adhesion. d. To wait for re eruption of the intruded tooth. The geometric cross section. 160. 158. *** c. b. Best treatment of choice for carious exposure of a primary molar in a 3 year old child who complain of toothache during and after food taking: a.157. Direct pulp capping with caoh. *** ‫لزوجة‬ b. b. In case of traumatic intrusion of young permanent incisor. The depth of flutes. The number of spirals or flutes per unit length. Greater water solubility increase duration of adhesion. Formocresol pulpotomy. "Dental Secrets" ‫المرجع‬ ‫ أيام‬10 ‫ لوفي حال كانت الذرلوة مكتملة يتم القلع لوإعادة الزرع مع جبيرة‬،‫يتم البزلوغ خلل شهرين‬ ‫ أما السن اللبني فيقلع إذا انغرس حتى‬،‫لومع معالجة لبية لوحشو بماءات الكالسيوم خلل أسبوعين‬ . the treatment of choice is: a. Surgical repositioning of intruded tooth and splinting. d. It depends in part on physical force and viscosity. Which of the following statement about the mechanism of action for denture adhesive is not correct: a. Only antibiotic prescription and wait for eruption. The direction of the spirals. Caoh pulpotomy. b. *** d.‫كما يزيد الثبات كل من مركبات الكربوكسيل لوأملح الزنك لوزيادة سيولة الماء‬ . .

. No Monday. Pulp extirpation. b. the Pt present with a complain of tenderness on mastication and bleeding from the gingival. Pulpotomy. January 24. Effective use of medicaments. d. Full crown preparation. 4 retention points. The dentist should initially: a. incisal groove. ‫التدمير الفعال للبكتريا الموجوده في القناة‬ 163. b. *** c. A and b. January 24. 2000 mechanical preparation is necessary. 2000 Monday. Check the contract area. ‫ثلم عنقي لوحافة قاطعة‬ c. c. What is the proper cavity preparation for V-shaped cervical erosion lesion to be restored with glass ionomer cement: a. Explain to the Pt that the retainer irritated the surrounding soft tissue and prescribe an analgesic and warm oral rinse. 90ْ margin. d. Consider the probability of hyperemia. Proper antibiotic therapy. Check the occlusion. Mechanical preparation and irrigation of the canal. Natural defenses in healthy person. b. incisal bevel. It is recommended to avoid an intraligamental injection when the planned dental treatment is: a. Actual destruction of the micro organism in root canal attributed mainly to: a. ‫حافة‬ d. ??? 162. Cervical groove. b.‫لمنع انقطاع ترلوية اللب المتبقي‬ . *** 164. *** c. One week after filling of class II restoration. d.161. Cervical groove.

c. 169. Vac-ejector moisture control system. Denture. None of the above. Which of the following would be clinically un acceptable as a primary of isolating a tooth for sealant placement: a. ‫ما بعد‬ c. Periodontal disease. The root canal treated teeth has the best prognosis when the root canal is instrumented and obturated: a. Bad breath appears to be largely bacteria in origin. Faulty restoration.165. *** 168. Bad breath originating from the gastrointestinal tract is quite common. *** ‫تقلل الحدة‬ b. Which one of the following is a disadvantage of autoclaving endodontics instruments: a. Rubber dam. It can dull the sharp edges of instruments. d. To the radiograph apex. b. "Clinical Endodontics TRONSTAD " :‫المرجع‬ 167. Carious lesions. 1 mm beyond the radiograph apex. b. d. Cotton roll. Compared to other technique it takes too long to sterilize. "Dental Secrets" ‫المرجع‬ ‫أشار إلى إمكانية كلل السطوح القاطعة لوالسنابل لوصدأ أدلوات الكاربايد لوضرلورة تنظيف الدلوات‬ . c. None of the above. ‫نظام شفط كماصة اللعاب‬ d. Which one of the following is least likely to contribute to oral bad breath: ‫أقل عامل يسهم في رائحة الفم‬ a.‫لوتغليفها قبل التعقيم‬ 166. Each of the following is correct EXCEPT which one: a. . 3-4 mm short of the radiograph apex. b. All forms of bacteria are not destroyed by it. b. 1-2 mm short of the radiograph apex. *** c. *** d.

consistently successful 171. d. :1 ‫مرجع‬ ‫تزداد فرط الحساسية العاجية في العقدين الثالث لوالرابع – لوفي أعناق القواطع لوالضواحك – لومع‬ . c. *** . One source of the irritation that leads to hypersensitivity is improper tooth brushing. It is one of the most successfully treated chronic dental problems.‫معظم الدراسات أشارت لنقص الحساسية عند تقليل نفوذية القنية العاجية‬ Art and science of operative dentistry 2000 :2 ‫مرجع‬ Dentin hypersensitivity is a common clinical condition that is difficult to treat because the treatment outcome is not . HSV. *** b. The most common form of oral ulcerative disease is: a.Exposed dentine with opened dentinal tubules B.‫لن شعور النسان بنفسه الكريه هو معيار أكيد للمشكلة يمكن التعويل عليه‬ 170. .A. *** ‫ل يمكن التعويل على حس الشخص برائحة فمه‬ d. Fear of having bad breath may be a severe problem for some people. Which one of the following is not a characteristic of dentinal hypersensitivity: a. Major aphthous ulcer.‫البرلودة مقارنة بالتفريش ألو السكاكر‬ . Bahjet disease. Self-perceptions of bad breath appear to be unreliable. Minor aphthous ulcer. Hypersensitivity is due to: *** . b. d. The majority of the Pts who experience it are from 20 to 40 years of age. ‫القلعية الكبرى‬ c. Its prevalence range from 8 to 30%.Obliterated dentinal tubule 172.c.

The majority of primary herpetic infections are: ‫لغالبية بدايات الصابات الحلئية‬ a. The rule is: When two different radiographs are made of a pair of objects. d. The function of the anterior teeth is: Disarticulate the posterior teeth. b.directed SLOB technique  same lingual . h. ‫انفكاك تشابك‬ Incise food. d. Asymptomatic. None of the above. Proceeded by fever. ‫منع التآكل بالحتكاك‬ Prevent food impaction. 227. c and d. relative to the image of the lingual object. A. e. Accompanied by gingival erythema. Correct the length and begin instrumentation. Move away from the x-ray tube head. *** c. b. the lingual object in relation to the buccal object: ‫تزلوي‬ a. ‫حمامى‬ e. the image of the buccal object moves. Symptomatic. in the same direction that the x-ray beam is .226. Move in a superior direction from the x-ray tube head. e. The Buccal Object Rule is a method for determining the relative location of objects hidden in the oral region. When using the buccal object rule in horizontal angulation. 228. Opposite Buccal ‫لغير مفهوم‬ 229. If the initial working length film shows the tip of a file to be greater than 1 mm from the ideal location. *** c. Move with the x-ray tube head. Move in an inferior direction from the x-ray tube head. the clinician should: a. f. g. *** Prevent attrition. *** .

b. Move the file to 1 mm short of the ideal length and expose a film. c. Interpolate the variance, correct the position of the stop to this distance, and expose the film. d. Confirm the working length with an apex locator.  ‫لنه أدق‬ e. Position the file at the root apex and expose a film. (3 ‫ ألو‬2 ‫ ألو‬1 ‫ ملم بكثير )يجب توضيح المسافة هل هي أكثر من‬1 ‫يبدلو أن الفرق ل يتعدى‬

230. In geriatrle Pt, Cementum on the root end will: ‫الشيوخ‬ a. Become thinned and almost nonexistent. b. Become thicker and irregular. *** c. Render apex to locater useless. d. Often not be seen on the radiograph. e. Indicate pathosis.

231. Which of the following endodontic failure may be retreated only with surgery: a. Missed major canal. b. Persistent inter appointment pain. ‫المعند‬ c. Post and core. *** d. Short canal filling. 232. Which of the following failure may be treated nonsurgically: a. Post filling that has removed. *** b. Severe apical perforation. ‫انثقاب شديد‬ c. Very narrow canal with a periapical lesion and the apex can not be reached. d. None of the above. 233. Tobacco should be considered a risk factor when planning treatment for Pt who require: a. Implants. b. Periodontal surgery. c. Oral surgery. d. Esthetic treatment. e. All of the above. ***

234. Pulpal pain may not be referred from: a. The right maxilla to the left maxilla. *** b. The third molar to the ear. c. A max molar to the sinus. d. An incompletely fractured tooth. e. A max cuspid to ear. 235. Spontaneous pulpal pain is indicative of: a. Reversible pulpitis. b. Irreversible pulpitis. *** c. Neurotic pulp. d. Hyperplastic pulp. ‫فرط تنسج‬ e. Atrophic pulp. ‫ضامر‬ 236. Internal Resorption: a. Painful. b. Seldom differentiated external resorption. c. Can occur in primary teeth. *** .‫يحصل المتصاص الداخلي في السنان المؤقتة عند إجراء التغطية المباشرة‬
Internal resorption is often painless, and progresses slowly. Children with internal resorption will notice the affected tooth may turn pink as the cells eat .away the lining

237. Teeth that are discolored as a result of internal resorption of the pulp may turn: a. Yellow. b. Dark brown. c. Pink. *** d. Green. 238. After completion of orthodontic treatment he came complaining of pain in 11 tooth radiograph show absorption in the middle third of the root of 11 wt is the proper management: a. Apply caoh at the site of resorption. *** b. Do RCT in a single visit c. Extract the tooth & reimplant it d. Extract the tooth & do implantation Dental decks part 2 page236

Bowl -shaped area of resorpation in volving cementument dentin characterize external inflamatory root resorption, this type of external resorption is rapidly progressive and will continue if treatement is not instituted. the process can be arrested by immeditae root canal treatment with calcium hydroxide paste. remembre the etiology of external resorption : excessive orthodontie forces, periradicular .inflammation, dental trauma, impacted teeth

239. Treatment of internal resorption involves: a. Complete extirpation of the pulp to arrest the resorption process. *** b. Enlarging the canal apical to the resorbed area for better access. c. Utilizing a silver cone and sealer to fill the irregularities in the resorbed area. d. Filling the canal and defect with amalgam. e. Sealing sodium hypochlorite in the canal to remove the inflammatory tissue necrotic in the area of the resorption.

Clinical Endodontics textbook TRONSTAD – page 150 Irrigation with copious amounts of 5 % sodium hypochlorite may have some effect, but the treatment of choice is to pack the canal and the resorption lacuna with calcium hydroxide paste. By the next visit, the calcium hydroxide will have necrotized any remaining tissue in the lacuna, and the necrotic remnants are readily removed by irrigation with sodium .hypochlorite

a. b. c. d.

240. Sensitivity to palpation and percussion indicates: ‫الجس لوالقرع‬ Reversible pulpitis. Irreversible pulpitis. Neurotic pulp. Hyperplastic pulpitis.

e. Inflammation of the periradicular tissues. ***

a. b. c. d.

241. Transverse fracture of developing teeth in the mixed dentition can be managed by: ‫رضية‬ ْ ‫الكسور الع‬ Forced eruption. *** ‫تبزيغ‬ Extraction and placement of a removable partial denture. Placement of single tooth. All of the above.
242.

Apexification is procedure that:  (Use

mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) as an artificial root-end barrier)
a. Finds the most apical stop of the guttpercha in RCT. b. Induce the formation of a mineral barrier in the apical region of incompletely root. *** c. Is new in the endodontic field. d. Involves the surgical removal of the apical region of the root and placement of a retrograde filling material:

a. b.
c.

d.

243. The preferred material used in apexification is: Zinc phosphate cement. Zinc polycarboxylate cement. Calcium hydroxide. ***  Calcium Hydroxide Plug As an Alternative Dycal. 244. What is the estimated incubation period of HIV infection: ‫فترة الحضانة التقريبية‬ 4 weeks. 6 months. 3 years. 6 years. 10 years.

a. b. c. d. e.

245. Hydrogen peroxide is the ideal bleaching agent because: a. It bleaches effectively at natural ph. b. It bleaches faster than carbamide peroxide. c. Protection for sensitive tissues can be incorporated into the hydrogen gel. ‫يمكن ضمانها‬ d. All of the above. ***

246. The most common cause of the angina is: ‫الذبحة‬ a. Stress. b. Renal disease. c. Arteriosclerotic plaques of the coronary vessels. *** ‫انسداد الشريان التاجي التصلبي‬ d. Hypoglycemia. ‫نقص السكر‬ e. Hypertension. ‫ارتفاع الضغط‬ 247. Which of the following drugs is completely effective in eliminating angina episode: ‫نوبة الذبحة‬ a. Propranolol. ‫حاصر بيتا‬ b. Nifedipine. ‫حاصر قنوات الكالسيوم‬ c. Diltiazem. ‫مضاد ذبحة لوخافض ضغط‬ d. Transdermal nitroglycerin. *** ‫موسع تاجي تحت الدمة‬ e. None of the above.

248. CPR a. Is best performed in the dental chair. b. Should be performed on all patients experiencing chest pain. c. Is more efficient when using a full mask, delivering 100% oxygen, than with the mouth to mouth technique. *** d. Is beyond the medico legal responsibility of the practicing dentist.

249. Which statement concerning sensitive teeth is false: a. Small dentin exposure can result in sensitivity. b. The extent of dental hard tissue loss always correlates with sensitivity. c. A wide variety of clinical condition can cause teeth to become sensitive. d. Oral hygiene habits and diet can contribute to clinical sensitivity problems. .‫ا مع تشكل عاج ثانوي لومع التقدم بالعمر‬ ً"‫ا الحساسية فهو يترافق أحيان‬ ً"‫ل يسبب ضياع نسج السن دلوم‬

250. Droplet nuclei containing mycobacterium tuberculosis: ‫نوى القطيرات الحالوية على المتفطرة السلية‬ a. Do not cause infection. b. Settle out of room air quickly. ‫تستعمر‬ c. Do not spread widely in the building. d. Remain airborn for prolonged period. *** ‫تنتقل بالهوا ء‬ ‫لفترة طويلة‬ 251. The most common activity associated with percutaneous injury of the dentist is: ‫أكثر فعل يترافق‬ ‫بأذى جلد الطبيب‬ a. Suturing. b. Anesthesia injection. *** c. Handpiece dig. ‫الحفر بالقبضة‬ d. Trimming impressions. ‫تشذيب الطبعة‬

a. b. c. d.

252. The most common location of percutaneous injury among dentist is: Hand. *** Face. Elbow. ‫مرفق‬ Arm.

253. The normal response of a vital pulp to the thermal testing is: a. No response. b. Lingering painful response. ‫تدلوم لفترة‬ c. Hypersensitive painful response.

*** ‫سن شاهد‬ 256. Acute apical periodontitis. d. Painful response that disappears soon after stimulus is removed. Chronic apical periodontitis. ‫المسبب‬ 255. d. b. Lingering painful response. *** c. and circumscribed radiolucency of long duration. b. . In a range similar to that of the control teeth. Acute exacerbation of chronic apical periodontitis. No response. 257. Acute exacerbation of chronic apical periodontitis. a broken lamina dura.d. *** ‫هجمة حادة لخراج مزمن‬ Abscess. *** ‫المسبب‬ 254. Abscess. The periradicular diagnosis: ‫شفافية محددة الحوا ف‬-‫صفيحة صلبة مفتتة‬ a. ‫هجمة‬ ‫حادة لخراج مزمن‬ d. c. The periapical area over the involved tooth is inflamed and a. c. a broken lamina dura. b. Higher than that of the control teeth. b. Lower than that of the control teeth. ‫متأخرة‬ c. Asymptomatic tooth has a necrotic pulp. 258. Chronic apical periodontitis. and circumscribed radiolucency of long duration. A Pt present in severe pain. Hypersensitive painful response. A Pt with severe periradicular pain has a necrotic pulp. The periradicular diagnosis: Acute apical periodontitis. Painful response that disappears soon after stimulus is removed. d. No response. The normal response of a inflamed pulp to the thermal testing is: a. The normal response of a vital pulp to the electric pulp testing is: a.

‫التثبيت ببرلغي‬ Internal fixation. c. b. 261. External fixation. An open reduction. Intermaxillary fixation. d. Reduction of mandibular fracture is defined as: ‫رد الفك السفلي المكسور‬ Nonalignment and separation of the fracture segment. 262. a. e. The diagnosis is: a. *** 10% to 15%. d. ‫إعادة التصاق القطعة المكسورة‬ Holding of the fracture segments in place. *** Displacement. Acute apical periodontitis. d. e. c. ‫شد لوربط العصب‬ . b. b. a. c. 15% to 20% 20% to 25%. *** 259. The incidence of nerve damage after third molar surgery is estimated to be: 5% or less. The least likely mechanism for the nerve damage is: ‫ل لذية العصب‬ ً" ‫اللية القل احتما‬ Direct needle trauma. Abscess. d. b. 260.swollen. The tooth is mobile and depressible in its socket with a diffused radiolucency. *** Stretching and binding of the nerve. a. b. c. a. Chronic apical periodontitis. Acute exacerbation of chronic apical periodontitis. d. ‫الرض بوخز البرة‬ Intraneural haematoma formation. *** ‫مسك‬ ‫القطعة المكسورة في مكانها‬ Screw and bone places. c. ‫تشكل دموي داخل العصب‬ Local anesthetic toxicity. Wiring the upper and lower teeth together is called: Internal fixation. ‫عدم انحياز لوانفصال القطعة المكسورة‬ Realignment of fracture segments.

263.Sharpey's fiber ‫ *** عبر الحاجز‬.C) Sharpey's fiber Sharpey's fibres are the terminal ends of principle fibres (of the periodontal ligament) that insert into the .1 . d. Latex protein. *** Nickel.3 Transceptal fibers  A part of the gingival fiber system that extends from the supraalveolar cementum of one tooth horizontally through the .a. Pt take 40 cortisone in day of procedure double the dose just day of procedure double the dose day of procedure & day after stop the medication :What is the dominant type of fibers found in Cementum (346 A) longitudinal B) Circular *** . b.Longitudinal fibers .Transceptal fibers ‫ الطولنية‬. Which of the following is the cause of immediat type allergic reaction to latex products: Accelerator.cementum and into the periosteum of the alveolar bone Fibers which completely embedded in cementation and pass -14 from cementation of one tooth to the cementation of adjacent ‫ الليا ف التي تصل سنين متجالورين‬:tooth is ‫ أليا ف شاربي‬. Antioxidants. c..2 .

interdental attached gingiva above the septum of the alveolar bone to the cementum of the adjacent tooth.

: What is the main function of impression tray holes (347 *** .A)Fixing the Impression material

A Tailor is presented to your dental office, what’s the most (348 : common feature to be found in His teeth upon examination A)Attrition *** .B) abrasion C) Erosion D) Abfarcation

Abrasion of enamel and root surfaces may result from the – 7 :long term use of 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. A hard toothbrush. Tooth abrasive toothpaste or powder. Vigorous use of the toothbrush. A and B only. A, B and C. *** what’s the first sign of Syncope (349

*** .A) Paleness (B) nose bleeding (epistaxis C) Miosis

What’s the reason of the wax shrinkage upon fabrication (351 : of the bridge/crown

‫ل يوجد خيارات؟؟؟‬

Patient came to your clinic complaining of pain, upon (353 examination you can’t find a clue. What’s the next logical step to do in investigation *** .A) Panoramic x-ray B) CT Scan C) MRI D) Regular tomography

Q-contra indication of implant EXCEPT *** .many dental caries_1 malignancy_2 radiation therapy_3

:dental implant are successfully with min failure -1 a-premaxilla area in the upper arch b-posterior area of the maxillary arch c-mandible between the mental foramen .d-buccal shelf of the mandible :What’s the best implant type allowing Osseointegration (354 *** ..A) Root-form Endosseous implant

:The indications of implantation .Diabetic patient .1 .2

*** .Loss of one tooth only with the adjecent teeth

173. The most common immediate treatment reported for fractured teeth was: a. 25%. ‫مو متأكده‬ b. 50%. c. 82%. d. 95%. 174. Which of the following is the most likely potential cause of BMS (Burning mouth syndrome): ‫ل‬ ً" ‫السبب الكثر احتما‬ a. Denture allergy. b. Salivary dysfunction. c. Neural dysfunction. d. Menopausal changes. ‫انقطاع الطمث‬ ‫كلها أسباب‬
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2010 Jul 1;15 (4):e562-8. ‫المصدر‬ Stomatodynia e562 Journal section: Oral Medicine and Pathology doi:10.4317/medoral.15.e562 Publication Types: Review Burning mouth syndrome: Update Pia López-Jornet, Fabio Camacho-Alonso, Paz Andujar-Mateos, Mariano Sánchez-Siles, Francisco Gómez García

175. Which of the following represents the best pharmacologic therapy for BMS: a. Antidepressant agents. ‫??? مضادات الكآبة‬ b. Corticosteroids. c. Anxiolytic agents. d. There is no therapy of proven general efficacy. *** ‫فعالية‬ ‫لوممكن تكون الجابه الخيره صحيحه لوجود العديد من الدلوية تستخدم في العلج‬

The most-used medications to treat ‫ومن نفس المصدر السابق‬ this syndrome are antidepressants, antipsychotics, antiepileptics, analgesics and oral mucosa protectors. The tricyclic antidepressants such as amitriptyline and nortriptyline at low

,doses are useful in BMS

176. What is the proper cavity preparation for V-shaped cervical erosion lesion to be restored with glass ionomer cement: a. Cervical groove, incisal groove. b. Cervical groove, incisal bevel. ‫ثلم عنقي لوحافة قاطعة‬ c. 4 retention points, 90ْ margin. ‫حافة‬ d. No Monday, January 24, 2000 Monday, January 24. 2000 mechanical preparation is necessary. ??? 177. Pt take 40 cortisone in day of procedure double the dose just day of procedure double the dose day of procedure & day after stop the medication 178. 351) What’s the reason of the wax shrinkage upon fabrication of the bridge/crown : ‫ل يوجد خيارات‬ 179. 1- dental implant are successfully with min failure: a-premaxilla area in the upper arch b-posterior area of the maxillary arch c-mandible between the mental foramen ? d-buccal shelf of the mandible.

The best transport medium for evulsed tooth :is ‫ ماء الحنفية‬.Tap water

*** .(HBSS (Hank's balanced salt solution .Saliva •

.Milk

Which of the following is the longest in the :dental arch
.Maxiliary central incisor .Maxiliary second premolar .Mandibular canine *** .Maxiliary canine • • • •

Maxillary canine Main article: Maxillary canine The maxillary canine is the tooth located laterally from both maxillary lateral incisors of the mouth but mesially from both maxillary first premolars. It is the longest tooth .in total length, from root to the incisal edge, in the mouth

Chlorhexidine is used as mouth wash in the :concentration of
*** 0.1-0.2% • •

‫ في إرواء النقنية‬1-2%
5-10% 20% • •

Traumatically fractured crown of central • incisor in an 8-years-old child with pulp exposure (more than 1 mm) half hour ago, medical history is noncontributory and the tooth is not displaced. What is your :management

individuals ‫ يترك ندبة‬.Endodontics-pulpectomy and obturation .Caoh pulpotomy • • • ‫ استئصال‬.body • May be part of a syndrome in which • lesions also appear on the skin..genitalia Often appear in nervous.Total extirpation of pulp and caoh • ‫يتم البتر ل ن مجيء المريض متأخر وبنفس الونقت يترك للذروة المفتوحة فرصة إعادة التحام الحزمة‬ .Candidiasis • • ‫ *** حمامى متعددة الكشكال‬.Hairy leukoplakia • • .Erythema multiform ‫ طلوا ن مشعر‬.Rapidly progressing periodontitis .Kaposi's sarcoma • .‫الوعائية العصبية‬ ‫ الحزاز المنبسط‬:The oral lesions of the lichen planus . high-strung . conjunctiva and ‫ *** الملتحمة والعضاء التناسلية‬.Direct pulpcap with caoh and composite *** .Heals with scarring • • All of the following are oral features of • :acquired immunodeficiency syndrome AIDS EXCEPT ‫ضات‬ َّ‫ي ا‬ َ‫ب ّض‬ ْ‫م َي‬ ُ‫ ال ب‬.Are usually painful • • Rarely appear before lesion elsewhere on the .

surface • .Using efficient cooling system • • Blacking exposed tubules on the dentin *** .Time consuming ‫ يملي براحة المريض‬.None of the above • • • • Dentine hypersensitivity is best relieved or :controlled by ‫ فعال‬.‫تنتج الحمامى متعددة الكشكال عن فيروس الحل وعن الثكثار من الذغذية الحاوية على البنزوات وينتج‬ ‫عنها داء ستيفن جونسو ن‬ :The use of the rubber dam in endodontics is • ً‫ لزم عموم‬.Dictated by Pt comfort • The best restoration for max central incisor • that has received RCT through conservatively prepared :access opening would be .Post-retained porcelain jacket crown *** .An established rule .Post-retained metal-ceramic crown .Not required • • ‫ مستهلك للونقت‬.Frequently required ‫ا‬ • • ‫ *** نقانو ن معروف‬.Composite resin .

c and e .Mitral stenosis ‫ رجفا ن أذيني‬.intrapulpal pressure • Applying anti inflammatory agent to exposed .Rhabdomyoma ‫ ورم ليفي‬.C.A. b and d .Auricular fibrillation .A. b and c • • *** . d and e .Septicemia .Opening tubules to permit release of .Bacteremia ‫ إنتا ن الدم‬.A.Lipoma • • • • • ‫ ورم الخليا الحبيبية‬.Hypertension • • • • • ‫ تضيق أبهري‬.B.‫ ملغ أزيترومايسين‬500 ‫أو‬ Which of the following is a benign epithelial ‫ ورم ظهاري سليم‬:neoplasm ‫ الورم العضلي المخطط‬.Granular cell tumor . d and e • • • ،‫ ملغ سيفالكسين‬2 ‫ أو‬،‫ ملغ ثكليندامايسين‬600 ‫ أو‬،‫ ملغ أموثكسيسلين نقبل المعالجة بساعة‬2 ‫يجب تناول‬ .dentin • Pt with a history of subacute bacterial • endocarditis is a medical problem in a surgery because of ‫ التهاب كشغاف القلب‬:the possibility of ‫ تجرثم الدم‬.Fibroma ‫ ورم كشحمي‬.

Shallow ulcers ‫ ناتئ حليمي‬.All of the above :Ankylosis • • • • • No PDL Caused by trauma Extracted surgically *** .White streaks .‫ *** ورم كشائكي متقر ن‬.Papillary projections ‫ فقاعات‬.Keratoacanthoma ‫المرجع‬ Journal of Applied Oral Science • :Oral lesions of lichen planus usually appear as • ‫ *** بقع بيضاء‬.All of the above .Builae • • The function of the periodontal ligament include Mechanical function Formative function Nutritive function Sensory function • • • • • • *** .Red plaque • • • ‫ نقرحات مسطحة‬.

unsteady gait. The Pt :may have which of the following conditions *** Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis • Rapidly progressive periodontitis ‫ توسفي‬.Desquamative gingivitis . This began over the weakened while studying for the final exam.Compound odontoma .An 18 years old Pt present complaining of • pain. facial gestures). The condition is :described as ‫ صرع‬.*** Cerebral palsy All types of cerebral palsy are characterized by abnormal muscle tone (i.Complex odontoma • • • ‫وهو ورم سليم‬ A child came to the clinic with continuous • involuntary movement of his head and extremities and difficulty in vocal communication. spasms. problems with balance. bad breath and bleeding gingival. There can be joint and bone deformities and contractures (permanently fixed.Epilepsy • • ‫ كشلل دماذغي‬. The classical symptoms are spasticities. slouching over while sitting).Acute periodontal cyst • • • ‫التهاب اللثة التقرحي التموتي الحاد التهاب نازف مؤلم يحدث عند البالغين في حالت التعب والرهاق‬ . other involuntary movements (e.g. or motor development and coordination. tight muscles and joints). reflexes.*** Cementoblastoma ‫ ورم سني‬. Scissor walking (where the knees come .e.‫والتوتر رذغم العناية الفموية الجيدة‬ :The following are types of hamartoma EXCEPT (‫ورم عابي )خلقي‬ • ‫ ورم مصورات الملط‬. and/or soft tissue findings consisting largely of decreased muscle mass.

and/or behavioral disorders . apraxia. The effects of cerebral palsy fall on a continuum of motor dysfunction which may range from slight clumsiness at the mild end of the spectrum to impairments so severe that they render coordinated movement . epilepsy.Filtration ‫ النتشار‬.Active transport ‫ الرتشاح‬.Mesenchymal cell • High rate of fractures at canine area in the • mandible due to: I am not sure from the answer Change direction of forces occruing here *** Long canine root • • • Lower border is thin in this area Alveolus is thin in this area • . eating problems.virtually impossible at the other end the spectrum Secondary conditions can include seizures. but taken on the whole. . mental retardation. dysarthria or other communication disorders. sensory impairments. CP symptomatology is very diverse.Diffusion • • :Cell that can give more than one type • ‫ مصورات الليف‬.learning disabilities.Speech and language disorders are common in people with Cerebral Palsy The movement of water across a selectively :permeable membrane is called ‫ *** التناضح‬.Fibroblast Odontoblast • • *** .Osmosis • • • ‫ النقل الفعال‬.in and cross) and toe walking (which can contribute to a gait reminiscent of a marionette) are common among people with CP who are able to walk.

Myxoma & hemangioma Which virus is present in the patient's mouth ?all his Life Herpes Simplex Herpes zoster Varecilla Virus • • • • • *** None of the above HSV1 ‫ هو الهربس‬:‫سؤال عن الفيروس الذي يسكن الجسم مدى الحياة‬ • Infection is more dangerous in children than :adult because ‫ *** النقي‬Marrow spaces are wide .Ameloblastoma • .Lateral periodontal cyst • • ‫ ورم مخاطي ووعائي‬.Dentigerous cyst .:Lesion similar to Endo Lesion • Hyperparathyroidism • • ‫ *** درجة‬Initial stage of cemental dysplasia ‫أولية من خلل تنسج الملط‬ Ossifying Fibroma • • ‫ ثكيسة سنية‬.Affect growth centre • • • • .Hypo calcification in enamel .

The Common disease affecting the :submandibular salivary gland is *** Salivary calculi • • • ‫ متعدد الكشكال‬. peterson.mortality connected with treatment Oral pathology clinical pathologic correlation.Pleomorphic adenomas ‫ التهاب الغدة اللعابية الفيروسي‬.Marsupialization • Treatment of ranulas could involve either marsupialization or more often excision of both the gland and lesion.‫ الستئصال‬. Page 447 .Cauterization ‫ البضع‬. Page 222 Marsupialization can be performed before a definitive " "excision And Contemporary oral and maxillofacial surgery.Excision ‫ الكي‬. Ranulas are likely to recur if the sublingual gland or other gland causing them is not also removed with the lesion. There is little morbidity or .Viral sialoadenitis .…The usual treatment of ranula is marsupialization The preferred tx for recurrent or persistent ranula is excision of .the ranula and sublingual gland . 4th edition.3rd edition.Incision • • • ‫ *** التوخيف‬.Infected sialoadenitis • • :Ranula Can be treated by • ‫ القطع‬.

Community based programs • Private based programs • • (‫ *** )ثكل بمفرده‬.Initiating the color *** .Individually based programs the community based program is more accurate coz it is cost effective 60 ‫أثكسفورد ص‬ One-to-one in the clinical environment. This is usually the most successful approach.‫ ولكن الفقرة السابقة توصلنا للختيار الثالث‬،‫ا على هذا السؤال بالختيار الول‬ ً‫الزملء أجابوا سابق‬ . the most • :effective and most cost effective method is . it is .Bonding the metal structure .For the ceramometal restorations. because the message can be tailored to the individual and reinforcement is facilitated. However.the type of :finish line is *** Chamfer • • • Beveled shoulder deep chamfer is the answer :Benefits of opaque porcelain layer .expensive in terms of manpower .A & b • • • • In terms of caries prevention.

anatomical structures ..Associated pathology *** .Study of biological animals • • .determinant of disease in man .Submandibular+sublingual+submental *** • .space • • • .Radiographic examination in impacted teeth is :useful to demonstrate Proximity of the roots to the adjacent .(Fibroma (Ameloblastic fibroma • • Which of the following spaces are bilaterally ?involved in Ludwig's angina Submandibular + masticatory spaces Sublingual+Lat.hours later 24 .A study of special areas of the skin • • The study of the distribution and *** ..Pha.Study of disease in research laboratory • :Most common Benign Tumer in oral cavity is *** ..When you do amalgam finishing .Immediately • • • *** ..All of the above • • • • ‫ الوبائيات‬:Epidemiology can be defined as .

..Cancellous bone • • • Neoplasm that spread by Lymphatic from the :angle of the mouth reach the ‫ أمام صيوا ن الذ ن‬.Spongy bone ‫ إسفنجي‬.Preauricular Lymph nodes ***.Jugulo-digastric nodes Both answers are true I am ‫ فقر الدم الل تنسجي‬:Aplastic anemia is caused by not sure from the answer .Tetracycline .Submandibular Lymph nodes ‫ الضفيرة الجناحية‬...Penicillin . When polishing amalgam rest • • Avoid heat generation by using wet polishing paste Wait for 24 hours *** .Mental Lymph nodes • • • • *** .Thin compact bone ‫ إسفنجي‬.Pterygoid plexus • • ‫ذات البطنين‬-‫ الوداجية‬.A & b • • • • • A only B only :The roof of mandibular fossa consist of ‫ *** ثكثيف‬..Erythromycin • • • • .

but one known cause is an autoimmune disorder in which white . in the ferret (Mustela putorius furo) aplastic anemia is caused by estrogen toxicity. This is because female ferrets are induced ovulators. For example. the etiology is considered to be idiopathic (cannot be determined).000 treatment .mg 3. and carbamazepine aplasia is even more rare Exposure to ionizing radiation from radioactive materials or radiation-producing .courses. phenytoin.8 *** . or with the use of certain drugs.‫ *** مثل السيبتريم‬.6 ‫ تكو ن ثكميته‬%2 ‫إذا ثكا ن ترثكيز الليدوثكائين‬ ‫ ملغ‬0.devices is also associated with the development of aplastic anemia Aplastic anemia is present in up to 2% of patients with acute viral hepatiti In some animals aplastic anemia may have other causes. and after some time the high . chloramphenicol treatment is followed by aplasia in less than 1 in 40. will remain in heat.8 ml of xylocain mg/ml 20 mg/ml 1.6 • • • • Dental decks ‫حسب‬ ‫ سم مكعب‬1. phenylbutazone [Butazolidin]. carbamazepine. and phenylbutazone. quinine. Many drugs are associated with aplasia mainly according to case reports but at a very low probability. As an example.018 ‫ تكو ن ثكميته‬100000 ‫إذا ثكا ن ترثكيز الدرينالين جزء من‬ ‫وليس هناك علنقة بين ترثكيز الليدوثكائين وترثكيز الدرينالين‬ .anticonvulsant agents as mephenytoin What is the amount in mg in 1.levels of estrogen will cause the bone marrow to stop producing red blood cells Also: chloramphenicol. felbamate. including chloramphenicol. so mating is required to bring the female out of heat.8 ‫ ملغ ل ن حجم المبولة‬3. and such .Sulfonamide • In many cases. Intact females.blood cells attack the bone marrow Aplastic anemia is also sometimes associated with exposure to toxins such as benzene. if not mated.

Prosthetic valve infection ***‫ خثرة الجيب الكهفي‬.Weak • Odontogenic infection can cause least ‫ أنقل الختلطات لسباب سنية‬:complication ‫ خراج رئوي‬.infra orbital syndrome .Peritonitis • • • • ‫ إنتا ن صمام بديل‬.Syncope due to atrial obliteration .Pulmonary abscess ‫ التهاب الصفاق‬.Cavernous sinus thrombosis • Dental Secrets – page 260 What are the significant complications of untreated ?Odontogenic infection Tooth loss • Spread to the cavernous sinus and brain • • Spread to the neck with large vein complications • Spread to potential fascial spaces with compromise of the airway Septic shock • :Cavernous sinus thrombosis not manifested as .eye exophthalmos Dental Secrets – page 263 .The scientific evidence in dictating that oral • ‫ محتمل الخباثة‬:Lichen planus is a "premalignant Lesion" is Very strong Non-existent • • • Moderately strong *** .

:Cavernous sinus thrombosis Patients present with proptosis. and fever :In class 3 jaw relation in edentulous Pt .P not reach working • :length although it is the same size of last file ‫ برادة‬.Very toxic contain formaldehyde .All the above • • • Cause that master G.maxillary denture *** . neurologic .Dentin debris ‫ درجة‬.All of the above • :Endomethasone is a root canal sealer that • • Dissolve in fluid so it weaken the root canal .Ledge formation *** .Contain corticosteroids *** .It will effect size of maxillary teeth .filling .A & b • • • • None of the above Small access opening in upper centeral incisor :lead to .signs.Complete removal of the pulp • • .Affect retention of lower denture • • • • esthetic and arrangement of ====== . orbital swelling.

Incomplete removal of the pulp .None of the above • • :Blood supply of the palate is from *** .After drying tooth & isolation with rubber dam *** .Under light • • .*** .Vitality of the pulp .Conservative restoration • • In sickle cell anemia O2 decreased in oral ‫ فقر الدم المنجلي‬:mucosa *** .Long sphenopalatine artery Anatomising braches from all of the above ‫ فروع تشريحية‬EXCEPT c We distinguish between periapical and :periodontal abscess X-ray examination Clinical examination • • • • • • *** .Lesser palatine artery *** .Facial artery • • • • ‫ *** الوتدي الحنكي‬.True • • • False :Selection of shade for composite is done .Greater palatine artery *** .

The zygomatic process • • Maxillary sinus wall • "Dental Radiographic Diagnosis by Dr. Thunthy .shaped radiopaque structure in the upper ‫ ظليل‬:1st molar x-ray is *** .page 44 " And Dental Decks – page 150 Loss of sensation in the anterior 2/3 of the ‫ كشلل‬:tongue is related to paralysis of *** .:How can you prevent dental hyper sensitivity *** .Chorda tympani nerve ‫ وعصب حبل‬،‫العصب اللساني )فرع مثلث التوائم( مسؤول عن الحساس في أول ثلثين من اللسا ن‬ ‫ والعصب اللساني البلعومي مسؤول عن الحساس‬،‫الطبل )فرع الوجهي( مسؤول عن التذوق فيهما‬ .Restoration by adhesion • • Controlled by alcohol Put sedative medication • • A U.Hypoglossal nerve ‫ حبل الطبل‬.Lingual nerve • • • • ‫ تحت اللساني‬.‫ أما العصب تحت اللساني فمسؤول عن حرثكة اللسا ن‬،‫والتذوق للثلث الخلفي‬ :The choice of local anesthesia depend on • Diameter of the nerve • .

Type of L.A agent chemistry • .mm below the occlusal plane 7 • • • *** .Structure of the bone Number of branches • • *** .12 ‫يتراوح مونقع ثقبة الفك السفلي من‬ .B) The location of the nerve *** .Lysosomes ‫ النوى‬.mm above the occlusal plane 7 • At the occlusal plane.mm below the occlusal plane 5 .C) Bone structure compact ‫ أو ثكثيف‬cancellous ‫اختيار تقنية التخدير تتعلق بكو ن العظم إسفنجي‬ When you give inferior dental block for pedo Pt the angulations for the needle .‫اختيار المادة المخدرة بحد ذاتها هو أمر يتعلق باستعداد المريض لها‬ :Choice of local anesthesia technique influenced by .a) Chemical composition of anesthesia .‫سنوات إلى الثلث المتوسط عن البالغين‬3 ‫وترتفع الثقبة من الثلث السفلي للشعبة الصاعدة في عمر‬ :The cell primary site of ATP production is • ‫ *** متقدرات‬.Nucleus • • • .16 ‫ إلى‬،‫ سنوات‬9 ‫الطباق في عمر‬ .‫ ملم فوق مستوى الطباق عند البالغين‬4.Mitochondria ‫ جسيمات حالة‬.*** This answer according to the internet :‫حسب دراسة صينية‬ • ‫ إلى مستوى‬،‫ سنوات‬3 ‫ ملم تحت مستوى الطباق في عمر‬4.

Diapedesis • • • • ‫ *** انجذاب ثكيميائي‬.Cell wall • • • • • • .Vacuoles • • The organelle most closely associated with the ‫ العضيات‬:manufacture of proteins within the cell ‫ *** ريباس‬.Lysosome .Cell membrane The packing and sorting of protein is the :function of ‫ الشبكة الهيولية‬.‫ النويات‬.Nucleolus ‫ فجوات‬.Epistaxis • :Action of Histamine • .Phagocytosis ‫ انسلل‬.Chemotaxis ‫ رعاف‬.Endoplasmic reticulum *** Golgi apparatus • • • Mitochondria Nucleus • • The process of attraction of neutrophils to a :site of Local tissue injury is called ‫ بلعمة‬.Ribosome .Nucleolus .

au/bitst.z%20Iqubal.Broncho • • ‫ خيار نانقص‬ALL OF THE ABOVE :Cholesterol crystals are found in • ‫ *** ثكيسة متقرنة‬..Vasodilatation ‫ نفوذية‬. and odontogenic keratocysts :The process of cell engulfing particle is called • ‫عملية ابتلع الخليا للجزيئات‬ ‫ التقام‬.Radicular cyst .Phagocytosis ‫ احتساء‬.‫ توسع الوعية‬. dentigerous cysts.usyd.cysts.Chemokinesis ‫ نقصبي‬..edu.Permeability • • ‫ تحفيز ثكيميائي‬.Pinocytosis • The Most common odontogenic cysts in the :jaws are ‫ *** جذري‬.pdf Cholesterol crystals are found in many odontogenic cysts including radicular .Keratocyst • • • Most commonly dentigerous cysts are :associated with • .library.Keratocyst Periodontal cyst • • http://ses.Exocytosis • • • ‫ *** بلعمة‬.Endocytosis ‫ نقذف‬.

Cuboidal in type • • ‫بق‬ ّ‫ *** حركشفي مط ق‬. This could be ‫ ورم عظمي‬.Are sometimes called Lympho-epithelial cysts • ‫المرجع‬ Oral pathology clinical pathologic correlation. Page 316 Unilateral swelling + slowly progressing Lesion :on the Left side of the mandible.Clinically present in the Lateral neck tissue May be found anywhere along the • *** . dentigerous cyst Lining ‫ الكيسة السنية المبطنة بظهارة‬:epithelium may be ‫ مكعبي الشكل‬. Page 294 ‫ القناة الدرنقية اللسانية‬:Thyroglossal duct cysts .All of the above • • • ‫ ويكيبيديا‬:‫المرجع‬ Oral pathology clinical pathologic correlation.Reduced enamel epithelium .Are only found in the posterior tongue • • • .Osteoma .Unerupted mandibular third molars • • Histopathologically.3rd edition.Unerupted permanent maxillary canines *** .3rd edition.Cementoblastoma • • • .Stratified squamous in type ‫ ظهارة مينائية ضامرة‬.pathway of the embryonic thyroglossal duct .

‫أما الثكياس حول السنية فمن الغدد اللثوية‬ . Page 357 :Toothgerm of primary teeth arise from *** .Hertwig sheath • • *** .buccopharyngeal membrane :Apical periodontal cyst arise from • ‫ ذغمد هيرتفغ‬. The dental lamina is first evidence of tooth development and begins at the sixth week in utero or three weeks after the rupture of the .Epithelial cell of malassez http://en.3rd edition.Enamel organ • • • • • .Dental follicle .*** .‫الثكياس الذروية والجذرية تحصل على بطانتها الظهارية من تكاثر بقايا ظهارة سنية المنشأ‬ .Osteo-sarcom • • ‫المرجع‬ Oral pathology clinical pathologic correlation.wikipedia.Epithelial cell rest of malassez Ref: Apical periodontal cyst= periapical cyst = radicular cyst: these inflammatory cysts derive their epithelial lining from the proliferation of small odontogenic epithelial residues (rests of Malassez) within the PDL .Ossifying Fibroma .Dental lamina .org/wiki/Dental_lamina The dental lamina is a band of epithelial tissue seen in histologic sections of a developing tooth.

It is considered that these cell rests proliferate to form epithelial lining of variousodontogenic cysts such as radicular cyst under the influence of various stimuli. Southam Emeritus Professor of Oral Medicine and Oral Pathology University of Edinburgh UK http://obm.php?doc=html&abstractID=9558 http://en. They are named after Louis-Charles Malassez (1842– 1909) who described them.Peals of serres • • Oral Pathology . They are discrete clusters of residual cells from Hertwig's epithelial root sheath (HERS) that didn't completely disappear.de/index. Some rests become calcified in the (periodontal ligament(cementicles ‫ وهي التي‬،‫بقايا ملسية جزء من الرباط حول السني وهي تتمايز عن ما تبقى من خليا من ذغمد هرتفغ‬ ‫ وبعض البقايا تتكلس في الرباط‬،‫تتكاثر لتشكل البشرة المبطنة للثكياس سنية المنشأ ثكالكيس الجذري‬ .:Formation of periodontal cyst due to • ‫ أنفي دمعي‬. the epithelial cell rests of Malassez or epithelial rests of Malassez (frequently abbreviated as ERM) are part of the periodontal ligament cells around a tooth.Nasolacrimal cyst .‫فتكو ن الخليا الملطية‬ .wikipedia. Soames Professor of Oral Pathology University of Newcastle upon Tyne UK And J. C.quintessenz.org/wiki/Epithelial_cell_rests_of_Malassez In dentistry. V. (2005) J.Hertiwigs • • *** .4th Ed.Epithelial rest of malassaz .

Cell rest of serss • • • • . It is-in a lateral rather than an apical location because the inflammatory stimulus is emanating from a lateral canal. . Always originates within the surface epithelium. The associated tooth is always nonvital.Cell of Hertwig sheath :‫ثكلم مختلف‬ Dental secrets – page 66 What is the difference between a lateral radicular . Cancellous. which are vital 2.Cell Rest of Malassez . The lateral periondontal cyst is a developmental cyst in which the epithelium probably is derived from rests of dental lamina. ‫نسيج اسفنجي‬ 3. *** ‫عظم قاسي‬ Spongy bone. a. b.mandibular premolars. The roof of mandibular fossa consist of: Thin compact bone. It is usually located between the .Which is the most Likely cause of periodontal ?cyst *** .19 cyst and a lateral ?periodontal cyst A lateral radicular cyst is an inflammatory cyst in which the epithelium is derived from rests of Malassez (like a periapical or apical radicular cyst). Primary malignant melanoma of the oral mucosa: ‫القيتاميني الخبيث‬ a. c.

c. Homogenous Leukoplakia b. Basophilic islands of tumor cells having a "Swiss cheese" appearance. that divide the lobule in numerous cylinders giving it the appearance of Swiss cheese or honeycomb 5. c. The risk of malignant change being present in epithelium is greatest in: a. Speckled Leukoplakia Erythroplakia.b. *** d. ‫موسين‬ classic cribriform type consisting of pseudocystics. None of the above Acanthosis is diffuse epidermal hyperplasia.[1] Acanthosis implies increased thickness of stratum spinosum . i. a. *** c. 4. Mostly originates within the surface epithelium. it carries a higher than normal risk of malignant transformation 6. Basophilic islands of tumor cells that are intermingled with areas of pseudocartilage.e.The lesion is a precancer. ‫عنيبات مصلية‬ d. *** d. Chronic hyperplasic candidiasis d. Always originates from Langerhans cells within epithelium. Always originates from nevus cells in the connective tissue. b. *** c. Basophilic islands of tumor cells that contain mucin and normal acini. ‫جزر قاعدية التلون من الخليا الورمية المتداخلة مع‬ ‫لغضاريف كاذبة‬ b. Histopathologically adenoid cystic carcinoma in characterized by islands of: a. Erythroplakia. The term acanthosis refers to: A decreased production of keratin An increased production of keratin An increased thickness of the prickle cell zone (stratum spinosum). Basophilic islands of tumor cells having a "Swiss cheese" appearance and evidence of serous acini.

Jugular foramen. At which location in enamel is the density of enamel crystals is lowest: a. Dental health education. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma and polymorphous Low grade adenocarcinoma Pleomorphic adenomas (benign mixed tumors) are the most common benign . e. Is world wide in distribution but uneven in intensity. Can be prevented d. e. *** b. maxillary and mandibular branches leave the skull through three separate foramina: the superior orbital fissure. Salt flouridation c.e adenoid cystic carcinoma is the most common malignant tumor of all minor salivary glands 8. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma and adenoid cystic carcinoma. Superior orbital fissure. ‫لوداجية‬ The ophthalmic. c. DEJ. Inferior orbital fissure. ‫الميناء الموشوري‬ d. *** ‫)الثقبة البيضالوية )للعظم الوتدي‬ c. Dental caries: a. Facial enamel.7. Adenoid cystic carcinoma and adenocarcinoma b. comprising 85% of all salivary gland neoplasms . Mandibular branch of trigeminal nerve leaves the skull through: a. Currently the only effective preventive measure for periodontal disesse (apart from limited use of antiseptic solutions) is: a. The most common malignant tumors of the minor salivary glands are: a. Foramen rotundum. 11. *** 9. The mnemonic standing room only can . Prismless enamel. *** e. ‫الميناء الل موشوري‬ b. ‫)الثقبة المدلورة )للعظم الوتدي‬ b. *** ‫الملتقى العاجي المينائي‬ c. the foramen rotundum and the foramen ovale.SGTs. Edge of enamel Prisms. Adenoid cystic carcinoma and acinic cell carcinoma c. d. Is a transmissible disease b. Foramen ovale. Center of enamel Prisms. *** d. Regular and rough removal of dental plaque. All of the above. None of the above 10.

h. and V3 through the foramen ovale 12. c.be used to remember that V1 passes through the superior orbital fissure. b. V2 through the foramen rotundum. Tempromandibular. The following structures open into the middle meatus: ‫الصماخ‬ a.of the mandible in a posterior direction The sphenomandibular ligament lies on the medial side of the . *** i.‫ القناة النفية الدمعية‬:‫ينفتح على الصماخ السفلي‬ . ‫الجيب الوتدي‬ e. Sphenoid sinus. a. d.joint . Posterior ethmoidal sinus. ‫فكي سفلي صدلغي‬ b.‫ الجيب الغربالي الخلفي‬:‫ينفتح على الصماخ العلوي‬ . Sphenoid.‫ الجيب الغربالي المامي لواللوسط‬:‫ينفتح على الصماخ اللوسط‬ . ‫فكي سفلي لوتدي‬ c. Anterior ethmoidal sinus. All of the above . Nasolacrimal duct. f. Occipital. Ligaments associated with TMJ: a. b. *** The foramen ovale is situated in the posterior part of the sphenoid bone. Maxillary sinus. posterolateral to the foramen rotundum 13. ‫الجيب الغربالي الخلفي‬ c. Stylomandibular.‫ الجيب الوتدي‬:‫ينفتح على الجو ف الوتدي الغربالي‬ 14. All of the above. *** :* Ref The lateral temporamandibular ligament: limits the movement . ‫فكي سفلي إبري‬ d. b & d. Sphenomandibular. A. A & b. g. Foramen oval is in the following bone: ‫النافذة البيضية‬ ?????? Temporal. d. C & e.

Which most common salivary gland neoplasm: ‫لورم‬ ‫ لورم لغدي متعدد الشكال‬. A.The stylomandibular ligament lies behind and medial to the . Polycarboxylate b. ZOE e. c.Pleomorphic adenoma 19.all of the above /3 alveolar nerve block the 16. The optic foramen canal is a part of: A)Frontal bone *** .‫ الوتدي يتوضع لوسط المفصل لوالبري من خلف المفصل إلى زالوية الفك‬،(‫الفقي‬ 15.joint ‫الرباط الفكي السفلي الصدلغي يحدد حركات الفك الخلفية لوله قسمان )الخارجي المائل لوالداخلي‬ .palatal 18. Zinc phosphate ‫حسب كتاب المواد السنية‬ c. Location to give inferior landmarks are: pterygomandibular raphe /1 cronoid notch /2 *** . Optic nerve coming from which bone: . The following cavity bases are moisture sensitive: a.sphenoid bone . . The superior surface of the sphenoid bone 17.B)Sphenoid bone C)Esthmoid bone The optic foramen is the opening to the optic canal. GI cem. *** d.zygomatic .

22. GI cement c. *** b. Polycarboxylate cement. c. bases. condensatio sealing n forces ability X long history low pH X long history thickness may inhibit seating of casting moisture sensitive moisture.low cost washes out long history at margins of use X . ZOE. technique sensitive Calcium Hydroxide X Zinc Oxide Eugenol X X Zinc Oxyphosphate Zinc Polycarboxylat e Glass Ionomer Resin X X X X X X X fluoride release adhesive strength 20. Reinforced ZOE. *** 21. Which of the following types of base materials can be placed in contact with polymethyl methaacrylate & not inhibit the polymerization of the resin: a. Cement which contains fluoride: a. B. GI. the type of cement wich give retention to crown a-zn phosphate b-zn polycarpoxylate .Table. d. c. Zn phosphate cement d. and cements Liner Base Varnish X Cement Advantages Limitations . ZOE b. Varnish e. long withstand history.low cost most temporary) long history effective ( of use when in contact with pulp X antibacterial unable to . Materials used for liners.

3. Obtuse angles. *** b. Well rounded. 25. b. *** The answer is wrong and the best answer I found was this the most desirable finish surface for a composite resin can be provided by aluminum oxide disks :The best finished composite surface is achieved by -7 1. Mounted stone. Diamond bur.com/export . 12 fluted bur. b.c-resin d-resin modified glass ionomer this is the link to understand better the properties of cements http://docs. Matrix band with no additional finish. c.action%3Flocation %3D78+best+retentive+cements&hl=en&pid=bl&srcid=ADGE ESjDU9CrnG4qyeP1izDIm3OpEjkER3PlE2gYTYo78_idumZP_jsMKwyyunpYCBg9yZjan_J 3KuAB4Ee31eASFijWhmLylXK8TfxmIHKJH3mTMUMXeW6vr2NL m7ZLEQmv7O51gXf&sig=AHIEtbQgxcg38oCPPirGJLSkccbxleyc Sw 23. c. c. for restoration with composite resin all cavosurface angles should be a. Acute angles. Diamond finish burs. e. *** 2. d. d. White stones. No. In the preparation of cavity class II.com/viewer? a=v&q=cache:7ZZbodpOS9gJ:funktionalconsulting. The most desirable finished surface composite resin can be provided by: a. Hand instrument.fluted carbide bur. Carbid finishing burs. *** . A class IV composite resin restoration should be finished with a: a. ‫منفرجة‬ 24. Right angles.google. 330 Tungsten carbide bur. 12. Celluloid matrix band.

After finish class v glass ionomer cement we do finishing with: 1. Scale or knife later. *** 27. . Pumice slurry. After class V GI restoration removal of a thin flush of GI is done by: a. b. A+D. In class 5 composite restorations a layer of bonding agent is -8 :applied 1. Aluminum-oxide disc. Cured then remove cement. flexible abrasive discs used with a lubricant can be very effective.d. Scaller or knife immediately. Finishing stone later. Following removal of cement then cured. A fine grit aluminum oxide polishing paste applied with a prophy cup is used to impart a smooth surface. Best retained under matrix band. 2. Diamond bur. Mounted stone. 26. :Best finishing of composite done by 1. Finishing stone immediately. d. Following removal of cement and not cured. "Art & Science of Operative Dentistry" Micron finishing diamonds used with a petroleum lubricant to prevent desiccation are ideal for contouring and finishing conventional glass ionomers. Carbide bur. 3. c. Also. 4. *** 2. 2. A+B. e. Coarse diamond point (stone). f. 3.

where amalgams are thinner. *** B. Marginal deterioration of amalgam restoration should be due to: ‫تخرب أملغم الحوا ف‬ No enough bulk of dentine. ‫نحت زائد‬ Improper manipulation of amalgam. Indirect composite inlay has the following advantages over the direct composite EXCEPT: a. C and d.28. and corrosion may have compromised the integrity of the . b. At margins. c.1-2-3 /2 4-3 /3 29. d. . b. ‫تعامل لغير مناسب‬ A and b. g. ‫تآكل‬ Over carving. c and d. h. Good retention. Gingival seal. e. ‫*** ثبات‬ :OR Indirect composite inlay over come the direct composite by insusffition polymerization /1 good contact proximaly/2 gingival seal /3 good retention /4 1-2-4 /1 *** . Art and science of operative dentistry 2000 – page 157 Amalgams that are corroded or have inadequate bulk to distribute stresses may fracture. c. ‫ختم‬ d. Efficient polymerization. All the above. f. extrusion may have occurred. fracture is even more likely a.amalgam. ‫كمية عاج قليلة‬ Corrosion. Good contact proximally.

*** b. e.Calcium Fluoride 15. Ceramometal crown. d. Veneer. d. c. The body secret antibody against antigen using which cells: . Sio2. f. Al2o3. c. *** b. Corrosion over carving.Aluminium Phosphate 3. A restoration of anterior teeth with RCT. They also help to minimize marginal deterioration of the restoration by locating the margins away from enamel eminencies where . b.30. No enough bulk.6% . barium sulphate c. No dentin ( undermined enamel).Sodium Fluoride 9.3% .occlusal forces may be concentrated 31.6% 33. Composite laminated.Alumina 28. abraded incisal edge & small M&D caries is by: a. None of the above. The powder for GI cement contain: a. and they aid in establishing an enamel cavosurface angle as close as possible to 90 degrees . d. c.‫بجودة النوعية التجارية‬ These objectives help to conserve the dentinal support and strength of the tooth.zno.7% . Marginal deterioration of Ag restoration may be due to: ‫التخرب عند الحوا ف‬ a.9% .8% Aluminium Fluoride 1. Sio2. Improper manipulation of Ag. B. All of above. None of the above. GIC Powder: Silica 41. caf. *** ‫ ْ )ما يسمح بكتلة كافية( لومع التبطين‬90 ‫يقل التخرب مع زيادة النحاس لوصغر الحفرة لوكون الزلوايا‬ ‫بالفرنيش لوالعزل الفعال لوالنحت المتمادي الذي ل يترك زيادات قابلة للكسر لوالتكثيف الكافي لزالة‬ .‫الزئبق‬ ‫لم تظهر علقة بين نوعية المزج )آلي ألو يدلوي( ألو كون النهاء في نفس اليوم ألو اليوم التالي مقارنة‬ . 32.

Proximal caries should be opened when: Confined within enamel…. Neutrophil. we use all of this method EXCEPT: Digital x-ray. b.a. Paralleling tech (Long cone) 16 inch. High sensitive film. a. c. periodontium affected by which cells: a. c. Pass DE junction. Macrophages 35. d. e. T lymphocyte b. When take an x-ray to pregnant lady. ‫لومن أجل مراعاة لوضع الحامل ليس من الضرلوري إطالة زمن التشعيع‬ 36. 37. Bisecting algle (short cone) 8 inch. Dental decks – page 4 the 8 inch technique exposes more tissue by producing . *** Dentin laterally All of the above "Sturdevant's Art & Science of Operative Dentistry " ‫تزداد سرعة النخر عند لوصوله للملتقى المينائي العاجي‬ . In diabetic patient. 6 feet away in 90-135 angle. b.divergent beam a. When take x-ray we should stand: a. *** Lead apron with thyroid collar. d. *** ‫ لوهي تدعى‬pmns b. ‫ القمع القصير يعرض المريضة لشعة أكثر أما الشعة في تقنية القمع البعيد‬:‫حسب هذا المصدر‬ ‫ لوإذا قال قائل إن طريقة القمع الطويل تحتاج زمن أطول للتعريض‬،‫فتتناثر خارج جسم المريضة‬ ‫ لوبالمقابل‬،‫ خطر قرب القمع ل يمكن تلفيه‬:‫للشعة لزيادة لوضوح الصورة يكون الجواب ببساطة‬ . B lymphocyte 34.

‬‬ ‫الرفض إذا كانت المادة التعليمية ترفض أن تأخذ شيء من الدراسة‬ ‫‪40. Protect you against legal risks‬‬ ‫‪c. Autoimmune factors.‬‬ ‫‪b. Ugly duckling stage:‬‬ ‫‪a. If there's need of intervention. 13-15 years old. No different between blind & double blind. Ethics of the study include all of the following EXCEPT:‬‬ ‫أخلق الدراسة لوالبحث العلمي‬ ‫السرية ‪a. Privacy of all subjects. Protect you against role of the statistician‬‬ ‫‪b. 9-11 years old.‬‬ ‫" ‪"Dental secrets‬‬ ‫يحدث التهاب الشفة الصواري عند نقص البعد العمودي الطباقي لوعند تنضيد السنان الخلفية العلوية‬ ‫للدهليزي لوعند رفع السنان السفلية فتمنع الخدلود من إزالة اللعاب فيتجمع في زلوايا الفم لويسيل‪. Clinical research:‬‬ ‫عمياء ألو مزدلوجة التعمية ‪a.‬‬ ‫إذا كان هناك حاجة لمداخلة ‪b. Informed consent may be required or not. Cause of angular cheilitis:‬‬ ‫*** ‪a.‬‬ ‫‪c.‬‬ ‫كتاب "أمراض الفم"‬ ‫كما يحدث عند المسنين فاقدي السنان ألو البعد العمودي للسنان الطبيعية‪ ،‬لويحدث عند الطفال‬ ‫)عادة ترطيب الشفة(‬ ‫‪42.‬‬ ‫‪b. Loss vertical dimension Pt have complete denture.‬‬ ‫‪41. In a study. Object if the subject refuse to take part of the study. Protect against physical risks‬‬ ‫‪39. it should‬‬ ‫‪a.‬‬ ‫قبو ل المريض من عدمه ‪b.‬‬ ‫" ‪"Atlas Of Oral Medicine‬‬ ‫كما يحدث عند الصابة بالمبيضات البيض لوالعقديات لوالعنقوديات لونقص الحديد لوالفيتامينات لوداء‬ ‫كرلون لواليدز لوالمراض المناعية‪.‬‬ .‫في البحاث ???‪38.

experts123. b. d. *** Endodontics + Elsevier: Article Locator :‫المرجع‬ :‫تتألف أقماع الكوتا بركا من التالي‬ Gutta percha & barium sulfate) inorganic ) 75% (23%organic (gutta percha transpolyisoprene ‫البقية‬ a. c. 10mm c.*** 2. For post preparation we should leave ……mm of GP: a.com/q/how-much.Wikipedia. Naocl RC prep EDTA ‫مادة خالبة مثل‬ 45. 6-7 months.. 20% Gp & 70% ZOE. 7-9 years old.placement. ???? b. 43. 5mm.. 44.c.html Post and core . the free encyclopedia . *** :‫المرجع‬ Http: //www. 9 months. Hydrogen beroxide. 3. 50% Gp & 50% ZOE b. . 1 year. All are irrigation for canals EXCEPT: Saline.‫يستمر تباعد الرباعيات حتى تبزغ النياب‬ :Eruption of primary dentition starts from -25 1. Component of Gutta percha: a.

Most common bacteria causing caries: *** . 5-10% c. Prevention. Observation c. External carotid veins. ‫الصح‬ c. treat. *** ‫العصب الوجهي‬ b. 10-20% ‫الصح‬ At a firing temperature of 1400° C. In community diagnosis and treatment program: a. prevent. the maxillary artery and the superficial temporal artery. Restore with G I 48. Facial arteries.Streptococcal mutans 47. ‫عامل المرلونة العالي تمنع اللتصاق لوينقص جهود الشد‬ . Water flouridation b. The high modulus of elasticity prevent of bonding and decrease tensile strength. Pass throw parotid gland: ‫عبر الغدة النكفية‬ a. ‫اللوردة السباتية الظاهرة‬ Structures which pass through the parotid gland: • • The facial nerve and its branches run through the gland superficial to the retromandibular vein The external carotid artery. Low modulus of elasticity ( stiffness) ‫منخفض‬ c. ?????? 49.46. they shrink by 16 percent %40 ‫ حتى‬30 ‫ من‬783 ‫لوفي أكسفورد ص‬ 51. which gives off its two terminal branches. The cement under MOD amalgam have this character: a. 1-5% b. High modulus of elasticity(stiff)*** ‫معامل مرونة عالي‬ b. Proximal caries confined to enamel: a. inside the gland The retromandibular vein • 50. Facial nerve. Porcelain shrinkage after firing: ‫التقلص بعد الحماء للخز ف‬ a. ?? Diagnose. *** b. ‫الشرايين الوجهية‬ c.

Examination of Pt health by the dentist: To know the patients health. To know general health data. Polyacrylic acid.2nd is false 1st is false. *** 53. c. 2 statement true or false: RCT abutment of FPD has higher risk for fracture. e. ‫ كما أن من يسبب اللغماء نقص السكر لوليس‬،‫تنتج عن التخدير صدمة لوعائية مبهمة تسبب اللغماء‬ "vaso-vagal syncope "dental decks 1909 . ‫إلغماء‬ b. Vaso-vagal shock. c. 54. Syncope. Loss of consciousness most frequent cause: a.d. b. Diabetes. Abutment which has RCT in cantilever FPD have higher susceptibility to fracture. Fear.. To know what medications to give. c. ZOE powder. Both are false Both are true. Both a &c 753 ‫أكسفورد ص‬ ‫ لومقالومتها للثني لواللي‬Stiffness ‫زيادة عامل المرلونة تدل على زيادة صلبة المادة‬ Flexibility Sturdevant's Art & Science of Operative Dentistry" Page 479 " a.. Both glass ionomer & polycarpoxylate cement contain: a. The most common cause of loss of consciousness in the " ‫مرجع‬ "dental office is syncope . All of the above. *** b. d. CO2 . Most frequent cause of fainting in dental office: ‫اللغماء‬ a. b.2nd is true. 55. f. d. ‫ا في جسر مجنح‬ ً"‫الدعامة المعالجة لبي‬ 1st is true. 52.‫زيادته‬ 56. *** a. *** ‫صدمة لوعائية مبهمية‬ b.

pdf :2‬‬ ‫التهاب العظم لوالنقي ‪58. Maxilla‬‬ ‫*** ‪b.lsuhsc.‬‬ ‫الجهاد ‪Strain. Factors delay healing of wound:‬‬ ‫النتان ‪Infection.‬‬ ‫الكيسة الجذرية الجانبية مصدرها قناة ثانوية لسن متموت لوهي كيسة التهابية ظهارتها مشتقة من بقايا‬ ‫ملسية كالكيسة الذرلوية لوحول الذرلوية‪) .‬‬ ‫‪1week‬‬ ‫‪2weeks‬‬ ‫يعالج بورنيش الوايت هيد ‪) Whitehead Varnish‬مركب من صبغة اليودلوفورم‬ ‫‪ (Pigmentum Iodoform Compositum) (B. Peridontal cyst. Osteomyelitis most in:‬‬ ‫‪a.lsusd.the%20Jaws. Most common cyst oral cavity:‬‬ ‫كيسة جذرية ‪a.‬‬ ‫ا بسبب الترلوية الغزيرة‬ ‫ا جد"ً‬ ‫بالعلوي نادر جد"ً‬ ‫‪a.‬‬ ‫*** ‪All of the above.‬‬ ‫‪b.‬‬ ‫تتعارض ‪60.‬‬ ‫كيسة حول سنية ‪b..C‬الموضوع على شاشة ألو قطنة‬ ‫لسبوعين‪ ،‬ألو ضماد ألفوجيل‪.P.‬‬ ‫‪b.edu/faculty/.‫‪57. Mandible.‬‬ ‫‪c. Radicular cyst.‬‬ ‫العوامل المؤخرة لشفاء الجرلوح ‪59.‬‬ . Dry socket happen after:‬‬ ‫‪24 h‬‬ ‫*** ‪3-5days. Infection‬‬ ‫النتان أكيد لويجب أن يكون نقص الخياطة كذلك‬ ‫‪a.‬‬ ‫‪d.‬‬ ‫التهاب السنخ الجا ف ‪61. Poor suturing‬‬ ‫‪b.‬التهاب سني(‬ ‫ا بين الرحاء السفلية الحية‪.‬‬ ‫الحوا ف المتشققة ‪Torn wound edges. Factor interfere with healing:‬‬ ‫‪a.‬‬ ‫‪d.‬‬ ‫‪c.‬‬ ‫الكيسة حول السنية الجانبية ظهارتها من بقايا الصفيحة السنية لولغالب"ً‬ ‫)التهاب لثوي(‬ ‫مرجع ‪http: //www..

Brittle bones . b.62.Amber-colored teeth . type I includes the 14 :symptoms listed below Bluish-gray teeth .‫أما القلعية فهي في النسج المخاطية ل المتقرنة‬ 63. Dentinogenisis imperfecta have all EXCEPT: ‫سوء تصنع العاج‬ Broken enamel. Avulsion more important factor that affect reimplantation: ‫أهم عامل يحدد إنذار إعادة الزرع‬ a. *** c. type I The list of signs and symptoms mentioned in various sources for Dentinogenesis imperfecta. d. Broken bone. Leave scars. Blue sclera. In mucosa lining.‫فرط تنسج‬ c. ‫تلوث الجذر‬ b. ،‫ا‬ ً"‫ لوالنوعان ل يتركان أثر‬،‫للمقارنة بين القرحة الحلئية لوالقلعية فإن كبر القرحة ليس معيار للتفريق‬ . Supernumerary teeth.Recurring dental abscess .hyper?? b. Nicotine stomatitis: ‫التهاب الفم النيكوتيني‬ a.Bulbous teeth • crowns Absent tooth roots – canals .• Blue sclera . Contaminated roots. c.pulp chambers • (Enamel separation from the ivory (dentin • Misaligned teeth . 65. Time since the avulsion. Hyperplasia . b. *** Symptoms of Dentinogenesis imperfecta. Palate……. Small size.. Prickle cell like shape prominent …base…*** ‫طبقة خليا شائكة‬ ‫فوق سماكة من النسج‬ Dental decks 2004 ‫المرجع‬ a.canals . Compared to herpetic ulcers. ‫الوقت المنقضي‬ Dental secrets ‫المرجع‬ 64.pulp chambers • Too small tooth roots .aphthous ulcers are: a..

Filiform papillae. ‫حليمات كمئية‬ b. *** b. Nose bleeding. *** c. Parasthesia. Fungiform papillae. Hairy tongue is elongation of: ‫تطالول‬ a.‫الجهة الموافقة‬ mcqs In Dentistry ‫المرجع‬ 70. ‫يترافق كسر الفك السفلي مع سوء إطباق لونز ف لساني لوتحت لساني لوضزز لوخدر تحت الذقن في‬ .ray show large pulp chamber.A) Dentinogenesis Imperfecta B) Amelogenesis Imperfecta 67. 30years old pt came to the clinic with brownish discoloration of all his teeth (intrinsic discoloration) & yellowish in U/V light the most likely cause is: 1/ flourosis 2/ tetracycline. Malocclusion. thin dentine layer and enamel: a. *** ‫حليمات خيطية‬ a commonly observed condition of defective desquamation of the filiform papillae .Dentine dysplasia. Most sign of fracture of mandible: a. with blue sclera and an enlarged pulp chambers and short roots. Generalized gray discoloration in a 28 years old patient’s teeth.66. and multiple fractures in Enamel… the diagnosis is : *** . b.Dentogerous imperfect. 68. X. *** 3/ amelogensis imperfecta 4/ dentogensis imperfectea 69.

c.teeth and the premolars 72. 2mm thickness of amalgam above it a. 5-10Mp. Drainage of tip of the tongue: a. 73.drains tip of tongue (through tongue muscles and mylohyoid). b. Should be atleast 2mm depth in dentin. submental . b.:Drainage of tongue • • • • Deep cervical nodes: drains median part of anterior two-thirds.drains posterior third. 75. All. d. c. d. b. Mental nerve(branch of inferior alveolar) supply buccal gingivae of the mandibular anterior . 0. Dentin.71. Superior alveolar nerve. ( in coronal cementum) Acellular extrinsic fiber. What supply the gingival buccal tissue of premolars. Inferior alveolar nerve. b. *** c. d. 100Mp. submandibular: . Retropharyngeal . Submental*** . LA in mg if epinephrine 1: 100 000 in 2% xylocaine: . 30Mp. a. Submandibular lymph nodes b.5mm fron DEJ. Pins are insert into: Enamel. canines and incisors: a.drains lateral part of anterior two-thirds. 25Mp. Long buccal. *** Cellular mixed fibers( apical area) Intermediate cementum ( near CEJ) 74. Cementum in cervical 2/3 have: Acellular intrinsic fiber. After etch enamel and bond it with 5th generation the strength of? a. c. 76. *** DEJ.

8 mg c. Expensive 79. Treatment of fungal infections: a.a. Composite restoration that was matching in shade. Most difficult of extract: a. Biocompatible. Large disk space Storage b.. Very important part in endo treatment: a. after one week it became much light. 3rd molar with mesioangular fused roots b.8 ml = 36 mg 20 )2% 77. Mg b. *** ????????? 78. Absorption water. Mand 3rd molar with distoangular angulation with divergent curve roots *** 82. Mand. c. Radiolucent. Anxiety. b. Shade selected after rubber dam. Properties of ideal endo obturation material are all EXCEPT: a. 1. Complete debridement of the canal . Most cause: a. Penicillin b. Clarity and resolution. Tetracyclin c. *** 83. b.. ………light started photoinitation. The reason could be: a. Nystatin. *** 80. Pt have hyperventilation in clinic. *** c. 36mg mg\ml * 1. *** 81. Increase CO2 c. Reduced of CO2 b. Disadvantage of digital x-ray EXCEPT: a.

Deep scaling and root planning. 85. Healing b. Supra calculus all true EXCEPT: a. most of its component from cervical fluid. Provisional luting cement: a. Better blood supply to the wound. *** Also. Hard and rough *** b. Cardiac pt.84. Previous recent radio therapy. Chemical 92. *** b. hematologic malignancy. Traditional Glass ionomer: . white or yellowish in colore its component mostly from slaiva Sup>>>> hard. Mechanical attachment *** b. *** b. coagulopathy. *** 91. Full concentration b. Easy to detach c. dark in color(green on black). One fifth concentration. Has component of salivaqwsAS Supra>>>> less harder. 1mm Best thickness 15-25 micro meter 90. Base of the flap should be wide for: a. Prevent restoration from dislodgement. Perio endo lesion the primary treatment: a. Sealing c. 100 micrometer b. b. Zinc phosphate cement: a. uncontrolled cardiac disease 87. . 88. clay in nature.difficult to detect 89. uncontrolled diabetic. Formacresol used in: a. 5th concentration c. Endo treatment. 40micro meter c. Contraindication to extraction: a. Thickness of luting cement: ?? a. 86. leukemia.

f. d. *** 95. None of the above. tooth change in color become white yellowish . B& c. 93. 97. b. False negative response of an electric pulp test given: a. Calcification of dentin. Reliable. 94. d. Young with open apex examination test: a. b. h. Tap water. HBSS (Hank's balanced salt solution). c. calcification. *** g. Periodontal disease c.a. To replace single missing tooth. Primary teeth had trauma. Non reliable. b. Pulp is dead b. In teenager.what should you tell the parents: a. *** Wider buccolingually None of the above a. Best media for the avulsed tooth: e. recent truma. c. Maryland bridge: a. False negative result>>>> patient pre-medicated with analgesic. -Mechanical chemical bonding. *** 98. Milk. Pontic design of an FPD: Same size buccolingually of the missing tooth Smaller than missing buccolingually. b. premature apex 96. Mechanical bonding. Inflammation of pulp. Saliva. Best media in order>>> HBSS>> Saliva>>>milk>>>>saline>>>>water . Use with young. Acid-base reaction *** c. After trauma b. c.

increase resistant.If there is no cavitations. the best preventive measurement 100. Progression of initial caries to cavitations takes 18 month this based on strepto. The vertical fracture of the tooth detected by *** .increase retention.periodontal pocket.mutans initiate caries. i. lactobacillia progress caries . . Post length increasing will *** . Biological depth: j. less pulp exposure. the use of low speed hand piece in removal of soft caries in children is better than high speed because less vibration.…… gold..99. radiographically. better than high speed. The material of construction is co-cr. Crestal bone to gingival sulcus Its physiologic dimension of epithelium and connective tissue attachment(sulcus + epithelium+ connective tissue) = 2. In enamel caries passing half of enamel: a. Gold ti . Restoration. Leave it. wrought wire. increase strength of restoration . ***??????????? .04 Rigid palatal strap major connector.

Pain of short duration with hot and cold *** . Patient with amalgam usually complain of pain with *** . chimoclave. Hot . galvanic.vertical percussion.cold.irriversible pulpitis. chronic pulpitis. ?????????*** . Q. .Radiographic diagnosis of bilateral expansile radioopaque areas in the canine premolar area region of the mandible is a) Hematoma b) Remaining roots *** c) Torus mandibularis d) Internal oblique ridge e) Genial tubercle Bronchial asthma epinepherane concentration sub cautiously ***1/1000.dentin sensitivity. autoclave. Principle of elevator use of all the following EXCEPT .ultraviolet chamber.wheel and axle (1 *** widening the socket wall (2 wedging (3 lever(4 To kill HIV use all of the following EXCEPT naocl. .

None of above ?When do we do incision and drainage ‫ تورم منتشر قاسي‬. Widespread.Acute apical periodontitis :Pregnant lady needs oral surgery .d.2 .4 :education about ****a. Fungiform c. Needs steroid cover *** . Indurated diffuse swelling b. Caries b.6 ****a.A. Sinus tract c. Perio disease c. None of the above :When do we give antibiotic . Circumvalate d. Dental fluorosis :Hairy tongue elongation of .… . A&b Communities with high annual population growth need .3 a. Compromised host defence . :shade guideUnder light Dry tooth ????????????*** . Chronic apical periodontitis ****d. Dentofacial anomalies d. Needs under GA c. rapid infection ‫ دفاع منقوص‬b.apical periodontitis. Filliform b. Needs prophylactic antibiotic B.c ***D. Foliate .a.

d .B. Access to the tooth.15 :margin a.5-1 mm short of radiographic apex c.‫ممكن الحتمالت ناقصة‬ ****Marginal Leakage or micro leakage . Arise from dental tissue b. Terminate RCT at .14 a.. 0.. 0.mobility D. Hydrolic destruction on bond … . Radiographic apex . Root configuration and surrounding bone condition C. Eryhthematous reaction ***c.:Syphilis first appear as . All of the above e..12 a.13 . A & B :Tooth requires RCT with bone resorption.d Composite resto followup after 2 years showed stained . crown condition and tooth .c ‫الحل الصحيح هو‬. Relationship of associated vital structures .b.a.5-1 mm beyond radiographic apex … .7 a. Can turn malignant but rarely c. Stress from polymerization shrinkage***(which may lead to (leakage b. Multiple vesicles b. Ulcer d. Bulla :Odontogenic tumors . Have specific radiographic features … .‫يجب لوجود خيار كل ما سبق‬ :Radiographic evaluation in extraction EXCEPT .

Perio maintenance … .20 *** . A & b Digital radiography is a technique that shows transition .a. Tooth preparation and composite is the best treatment .a. Pulpal reaction is not possible .c Incipient caries .22 … .21 a. Sterile field *** . 2nd T .23 a. S. oral contraceptive. Lowers risk of swallowing c.24 from white to black.b :Organism that initiates caries .E.a b. The surface zone is the largest portion with the highest pore volume .a.16 *** .18 *** . Cyclosporines Also calcium channel blocker. Mutants … . Its main advantage is the ability to manipulate the image by computer ??????????a.:Muscle that form floor of the mouth . Skill of the operator b. Caries progress in enamel faster than dentin :Important factor in long term success of perio treatment .D. Improve visibility and access b.c :Which causes gingival enlargement . 2nd F b.c.b … . 1st T. 1st F. Mylohyoid … .d. Surface zone is relatively unaffected b. phenytoin Pedo use rubber dam for .

Palatal of 7 d. T lymphocytes :Hyperventilation in dental office . Low CO2 c. Condyle Avulsed teeth stored in .b Body defends itself by antibodies from . Fibroblasts c.c. Cementoblasts b.30 *** a. Cementicles . Water . Mandible c.. Palatal of 6 c. Upper premolars .26 a. .29 *** a. Both F Root most commonly pushed in max sinus .28 ????????*** . .32 *** a. Zygoma d. Distal of 6 & 7 Cementum is formed from . High CO2 Osteomyelitis more common . Anxiety b.. Buccal of 7 *** b.a. Milk b. Both T d. Maxilla *** b. Nasal septum e.27 *** a. B lymphocytes b.31 a.d Teeth have convexity in buccal and lingual . Buccal of 6 e.

tooth structure c. Reduces bacterial adhesion and carbohydrate storage .ligament and divergent curved roots E.B.periodontal ligament and fused conical roots B.5 mm in dentin *** c.c :The depth of cavity prep for composite in posterior .A. narrow periodontal . Distoangular position. wide periodontal ligament and fused conical rooths d. Enhances the precipitation of insoluble fluoroapitite into the . 0. B & C :Factors that make impaction surgery more difficult . Limited to enamel b.carious lesions .((antimicrobial activity b.E. large follicle. Number 15 blade . thin follicle. Distoangular position.ligament and curved roots C. Mesioangular position. large follicle.d. Number 12 blade *** .34 a. Number 6 blade .C. Number 2 blade . large follicle.inferior alveolar nerve Which scalpel below is universally used for oral surgical . 0. All of the above *** .36 a. Number 10 blade .38 ?procedures .33 a. separated from second molar and . Fluoride enhances remineralization of the noncavitated . Depends on caries extension d.… . Mesioangular position.D. wide . wide periodontal . Soft tissue impaction.E.2 mm in dentin :Fluoride reduces caries activity by . Depends on tooth discoloration e.

Le fort I .40 a. Staining b.39 . Reverse town c.a.???????? :Moon face appearance is not present in . Le fort II and Le fort III :Main disadvantage of chlorhexidine .42 :bone ‫ *** الرنين المغناطيسي‬.41 symmetry a. Submentovertex *** b.d.d.B. Burning sensation c. MRI b. Plain radiograph e.e. Altered taste The radiograph shows condylar head orientation and facial . Le fort II C. Transorbital The imaging showing disk position and morphology and TMJ . Le fort III ??????*** . Opg . Zygomatic complex . . Plain tomography what kinds of radiographs which we do not use for TMJ -1 ?movements A.a.transcranial b-computerized t c-conventional t d-arthrography :To check TMJ range of movement (200 a) cranial imagery ** B) arthrography c) traditional tomography d) computerized tomograph . ARTHROGRAPHY d. CT c.

49 exposure . Epithelial remnants could proliferate to periapical granuloma Enamel . Rest of malassez increase with age c. has trauma in 11 . Phosphoric acid ‫ مغنزيوم‬%10 ‫ أكسيد زنك لوحوالي‬%90 ‫يحتوي كل فوسفات الزنك لوالبولي كربوكسيلت على‬ Epithelial cells .D) computerized tomography Zinc phosphate cement and polycarboxylic cement both .:To check a perforation in the desk of the tmj we need . open apex. Repair by ameloblasts b. half an hour ago .617 A) cranial imagery B) arthrography.47 a.46 *** . *** (CT after injection of a high contrast (fluid C) traditional tomography *** .a. treatment is a. Silica quartz particles c. Apexification . Zinc oxide particles b.a. Rest of malassez decrease with age b. Permeability reduce with age c.44 have *** . Pulpotomy with formacresol b. Polyarcyilic acid d. Hertwig sheath entirely disappear after dentinogenesis d. with slight apical . Permeability increase with age d. Permeable to some ions Pedo.

percussion test. Periodontal pain 55.c. Actue apical periodontitis *** c. DPC (direct pulp capping d. With paget disease b.. Less soluble d.(c.a. And . Stiff *** e. examination positive pulp test . Difficult extraction c. Increase linear coefficient of Thermal Expansion B.. Extraction :Which intracanal medicament causes protein coagulation . Bulbous roots . Apical abcess d..50 *** . Assoc.‫ا لجدران السن‬ ً"‫مقالومة للهتراء لوأكثر امتصاص للماء لولكن أقل تسرب حفافي لنه يرتبط كيميائي‬ Pt came with pain awaken her from sleep 20 a. Naocl . None of the above.reversible pulpitis b.m. Polymerization shrinkage ‫ الينومير أقل في عامل التمدد الحراري )مماثل للميناء لوالعاج( لوأقل‬:‫بالمقارنة مع الكومبوزت‬ . 56. Chronic apical periodontits b. Hypercementosis a. rt side have recent fpd upper: a.54 :could'nt sleep later a. More wear resistant c. Pt with severe pain in lower left mandibular molar. Formocresol b. Irreversible pulpitis c.52 a. no radiographic abnormality. Hydrogen peroxide ‫يستفاد من خاصية تخثير الفورموكريزلول للبرلوتين في تثبيت لب السنان المؤقتة‬ :GIC compared to composite . Wad D.

. Apical radicular cyst *** b. Nance appliance c. Bilateral band and loop. lost 75 . d. Band and loop b. Band and loop space maintainers is most suitable for the maintenance of space after premature loss of: ‫حافظة المسافة طوق لوعرلوة تستخدم بالفقد المبكر لـ‬ A single primary molar *** ‫رحى مؤقتة لوحيدة‬ Two primary molars A canine and a lateral incisor All of the above Pedo ( forgot the age ) . c.d. Crown and loop ‫ لوإذا كان عمره قبل‬،‫إذا كان عمر الطفل ست سنوات ألو أكثر تكون حافظة المسافة طوق لوعرلوة‬ . No need for space maintainer. arrangement: k. years old child have 74 and 84 extracted best space 6 :maintainer is a. m. *** Bilateral distal shoe. Easily extracted with elevator e. A. Crown and loop. Keratocyst c.58 *** a. B &C *** 57.. . b. Lingual bar. d. (answer correct if permanent incisor not erupted ) 101. 6 years old child lost his upper right 1 st molar. .. Most common cyst a. c. *** 102. l. sm . Band and loop.‫بزلوغ الرحى اللولى الدائمة تكون حافظة المسافة طوق لوضابط لوحشي‬ years old patient lost his primary first maxillary molar the 36-5 :best retainer is a. b. Lingual arch.

‫أما لو فقدت جميع الرحاء المؤقتة لوكانت السنان المامية بازلغة فالحل هو القوس اللساني‬ :Lower anterior teeth labial mucosa supplied by . Nance appliance.‫ أما القاطعي فيعصب السنان‬،‫مخاطية القواطع‬ :Upper teeth palatal mucosa supplied by . Nasopalatine b. Anterior palatine *** c. . Both d. Mental nerve . Motor .a.‫ ممكن جهاز متحرك‬.the space maintainer for choice :is a-lingual arch B-bilateral band and loop c-bilateral band and loop with distal shoe d-removable partial denture ‫السؤال بهذه الصيغة )فقد جميع الرحاء المؤقتة مع بزلوغ الدائمة لوعدم بزلوغ المامية( الحل هو‬ . Lingual arch.‫فقد الرحاء الثانية طوق لوعرلوة لوضابط لوحشي ثنائي الجانب‬ . Inferior dental nerve .b. 2. 3.C. *** Crown and loop. Buccal nerve ‫ لوهو يعصب‬،‫العصب الذقني هو أحد فرعي العصب السنخي السفلي لوفرعه الثاني هو القاطعي‬ . Sensory b.59 *** .1. 4.‫ طوق لوعرلوة ثنائي الجانب‬:‫فقد الرحاء اللولى‬ . Band and loop.60 a. ‫كابح شفة‬ .‫إذا كانت الرحى الثانية المؤقتة بحاجة لتاج فيكون الخيار الثاني‬ years) child with bilateral loss of deciduous molars &the 6)-8 anterior teeth not erupted yet .61 *** a. Post superior alveolar nerve :Buccal branch of trigeminal is .

Palladium :Lingual plate .b. Nickle chromium d. Mixed Buccal nerve . Permeability increase toward DEJ . Psychomotor d. Cobalt chromium b..Wikipedia.68 a. Sensory *** b.C. the free encyclopedia ‫الفرع الخدي لمثلث التوائم هو العصب الخدي الطويل لوهو عصب حسي يعصب الخد لوالمخاطية‬ ..c. Coronal less than root dentine .a. Titanium c.3 ‫ حتى ر‬2 ‫الدهليزية السفلية من ض‬ ‫أما الفرع الخدي للعصب الوجهي فهو حركي مسؤلول عن العضلة المبوقة إحدى عضلت التعبير‬ .62 *** . Deep sulcus *** d.. Mobile anterior teeth c.69 . Shallow sulcus b. Sensory and motor :Buccal branch of facial is a.67 a. Gold . All of above :Indirect retainers mostly needed . Motor c.‫الوجهي‬ Dentine permeability increases . A+b e. Permeability increase toward bcj ‫ لومن التاج إلى‬، ‫يزداد عدد القنيات العاجية بالنتقال من منطقة الطباق إلى السطوح المحورية‬ .‫ لومن الملتقى المينائي العاجي باتجاه اللب‬،‫الجذر‬ :Which material has best biocompatibility Intraorally .

Composite b.Wikipedia. Class III d. Class I c. the free encyclopedia " . Amalgam :In restoring lost tooth.a. Porcelain d. Enamel rods change their direction *** C.71 :opposing a. which is least important . Gold *** c. Arch integrity and occlusal stability Enamel tufts are . Esthetic *** b. Extensions of odontoblasts in the DEJ . Class III with modification ‫بسبب الحاجة الكبر للتثبيت‬ Porcelain teeth in complete denture opposing natural teeth . Function d.74 a. Class VI *** b. Enamel rods get crowded ‫تتشكل في المنطقة التي تزدحم فيها المواشير المينائية‬ "Enamel tufts . Pt demand c. Clicking during mastication Which of following resto more likely to cause wear to .73 a. Wear of natural teeth c.70 :are not preferred due to a. Increase occ load on natural teeth *** b.b.

.77‬‬ ‫‪a.‬‬ .‬‬ ‫السرطانات المبكرة البدئية تظهر بشكل لويحات حمراء ألو بيضاء ألو قرحات ضحلة لوهي لغير‬ ‫مؤلمة‪.‬‬ ‫فيما بعد تبدلو لوبتقدم السرطانات تظهر بشكل قرحات ذات حوا ف مستديرة متبارزة لوقاسية لوتصبح‬ ‫مؤلمة‪. Chemical agents‬‬ ‫‪. Includes intervention‬‬ ‫‪d.‬فقرة مترجمة من كتاب ‪Cawson Essintials of Oral Pathology and‬‬ ‫‪ Oral Medicine 7th ed‬عن سرطان الفم لوالشفة‪:‬‬ ‫العوامل المسببة‪ :‬التبغ لوالكحول – أشعة الشمس – النتانات – أمراض بالغشاء المخاطي –‬ ‫اضطرابات لوراثية‪.b‬‬ ‫السئلة التالية حول ‪ Squamous cell carcinoma‬لوقد لوجدت ضرلورة العودة لكثر من‬ ‫مرجع للجابة عن هذه السئلة‪:‬‬ ‫بالبداية‪ ... Premature loss of primary teeth‬‬ ‫‪:To disinfect gutta percha .75‬‬ ‫‪a.‫‪:In clinical research .‬‬ ‫ا ضمن الفم )أكثر من ‪ %70‬من‬ ‫الحوا ف الجانبية الخلفية من اللسان هي الموقع الكثر شيوع"ً‬ ‫سرطانات الفم تتشكل على الحوا ف الجانبية للسان لوالحافة السنخية المجالورة لوقاع الفم(‬ ‫أكثر من ‪ %95‬من سرطانات الفم هي سرطانات شائكة الخليا متمايزة بشكل جيد ألو معتدلة التمايز‪.76‬‬ ‫‪a. Offers no benefits to subject at risk‬‬ ‫‪:One of the main cause of malocclusion . Needs control‬‬ ‫‪c. Blind or double blind‬‬ ‫‪b.

T2 NO MO d-T4 NO MO http://en. Connective tissue. 104. *** b. Stage Ib disease of squamous cell carcinoma: A-T1 NO MO b-T3 NO MO *** .103.org/wiki/Non-small_cell_lung_carcinoma TNM staging Grouping TX N0 M0 Occult carcinoma Tis N0 M0 T1 N0 M0 T2 N0 M0 T1 N1 M0 T2 N1 M0 Stage 0 Stage IA Stage IB Stage IIA Stage IIB T3 N0 M0 T1 N2 M0 Stage IIIA T2 N2 M0 T3 N1 M0 T3 N2 M0 Any T N3 M0 Stage IIIB T4 Any N M0 Any T Any N M1 Stage IV (Survival rate (percents Grouping . Epithelial tissue.c. Squamous cell carcinoma is derived from: a.wikipedia.

*** ‫متمايزة لحد ما‬ . *** e. e. *** Floor of the mouth.most common sites of intraoral cancer a. Page 71-72 : Dental Secrets . Floor of the mouth. Lip. Lip. 107.3rd edition. b. d. c. b.Five years Four years Three years Two years One year 61% 67% 71% 79% 82% 38% 41% 46% 54% 72% 34% 34% 38% 49% 79% 24% 26% 33% 41% 59% 13% 14% 18% 25% 50% 5% 1% 6% 2% 7% 13% 34% 2% 6% 19% IA IB IIA IIB IIIA IIIB IV 105. Buccal mucosa. 106. The majority of introral squamous cell carcinomas are histologically: a. Postero-lateral border of tongue. b. c. Skin. Most common site of squamous cell carcinoma: a. Most common site of oral squamous cell carcinoma: Postero-lateral border of tongue. Oral pathology clinical pathologic correlation. Buccal mucosa.page 35 The posterior lateral and ventral surfaces of the tongue are the . Well moderately differentiated. d. Skin. Poorly differentiated.

(2005) – page 247 :SCC Clinical appearance Most often seen as a painless ulcer. :Early squamous cell carcinoma of oral cavity present as . Spindle cell in type. erythroleukoplakia or erythroplakia (A reddened patch). Carcinoma in situation. ‫مغزلية الشكل‬ d. A white cauliflower like lesion Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry . *** e. Red plaque. The ulcer is described as firm with raised edges. an area of leukoplakia.4th Ed. Sessile mass. *** f. ‫كتل دلون عنق‬ c. *** b. or as malignant change of long-standing benign tumours or rarely in cyst linings. although may present as a swelling. Squamous cell carcinoma is multifactorial: ‫متعددة العوامل‬ a. Pain is usually a late feature when the lesion becomes superinfected or during eating of spicy foods.c. False. Referred otalgia is a common manifestation of pain from oral cancer.‫إذا جواب هذا السؤال هو ما يرد من هذين الخيارين لكن السبق هو البقع الحمراء‬ ‫ لوحسب‬،‫ يتميز بحوا ف مرتفعة ثابتة بقاعدة صلبة حبيبية‬SCC ‫أما بقية الصفات فخاطئة لن‬ ‫ فالصفة‬SCP ‫ عن الورم الحليمي شائك الخليا‬Burket.Oral medicine – page 553 : "A white cauliflower like lesion " . An ulcer. inflamed. 108. d. A red plaque.78 a. granular base and is fixed to . True. with an indurated. Vesicle.‫لوبقع حمراء‬ . ‫حويصلي‬ b.surrounding tissues ‫ هي كل من قرحة لغير مؤلمة‬SCC ‫من النص السابق يتضح أن صفات السرطانة حرشفية الخليا‬ .

0. A squamous cell carcinoma.b Cause of radicular cyst .. An ameloblastoma b.pedunculated papules with a cauliflower-like appearance 54. *** :File #40 means .79 *** a.80 a. Firm.Squamous cell papillomas may present as exophytic . 0. An odontogenic fibroma d. Cellulitis acute stage with diffuse selling no pus .40 is the diameter at d1 b. Non vital tooth b.81 *** a. Vital tooth :Most difficult of extract .54 mand. fixed neck nodes are most to be detected in association with: a. 3rd molar with mesioangular fused roots mand 3rd molar with distoangular angulation with divergent curve roots . .40 is from d1 to d16 :The difference between cellulitis and abscess . A basal cell carcinoma c.

For imapacted mandibular molars.1 mm *** b-.5 mm c-1 mm d.55 complete debridement of the canal- Minimum thickness of noble metal crown a-.5 ‫لوسماكة الخز ف‬ 441 ‫ صفحة‬Dental deck The necessary thickness of the metal substucture is 0.5 -0.Wikipedia. order from the least difficult to most difficult to remove Mesio angular Horizontal Vertical Distoangular The opposite in maxilla Dental decks 1846 Typically distoangular impactions are the easiest to extract in the maxilla and most difficult to extract in the mandible. while mesioangular impactions are the most difficult to extract in the <maxilla and easiest to extract in the mandible Wisdom tooth .5 mm the minimal porcelain thickness is 1.5 mm To locate the canal orifice use a-barite probe b-endo spreader .2 mm ‫ ملم‬1.1. the free encyclopedia :very important part in endo treatment.0 .

"Dental secrets " Soft palate falls abruptly facilitate recording post dam. first true. should be compered with antermere.c-endo file with curved tip d-round bur healing by secondary intention cause -a b-there is space between the edges filled by fibrous tissue c-leading to scar formation d.b and c :Contraindication for endo treatment EXCEPT . *** two false. falls . second true. prophylactic antibiotic needed in.10 gradually make recording post dam difficult two statement true.5 ‫ اقتراح‬generally conclusive. *** orthodontic band.1 "Art & Science .5 non strategic toothnon restorable teethvertical fracture teeth*** tooth with large periapical lesion Arrange the steps [ca(oh)2 placing –varnish-base –amalgam .9 anesthesia not interaligamentary. routine tooth brushing.page 171 " x-ray periapical for immature tooth is . first false. second false. suture removal. 2006 ‫ "التعويضات المتحركة الكاملة" دمشق‬:‫المرجع‬ . *simply inconculosive.

‫ قطع تحت السمحاق‬subperiostum incision. The operation ‫ *** رأب دهليز الفم‬. z-plasty. formation of blood. ‫ أما الخيار الثاني فيعني زيادة جرعة‬،‫بسبب لوجود ردلود الفعل الجسدية الخيار اللول لغير ممكن‬ . *** generalized dentin sclerosing by age .60 thick labial frenum with wide base.‫ أما الخيار الثالث )تثبيت الطفل( فهو لهذه الحالت‬،‫المادة المركنة لوهذا لغير مفضل عند الطفال‬ class III crown fracture in child patient the type of pontic . tie in unite with bandage. growth factor. What should dentist do conscious sedation. ‫ تحت السمحاق المخاطي‬deepmucoperiosteum incision. tie with baboose board. Vestibuloplasty is often indicated for frenum attachments with .15 *** fibrous in growth.vestibuloplasty.18 *** . YEARS old patient need to make complete denture with 16. egg shaped.ovate. . redo sedation.a wide base child patient take sedation before appointment and present . increasing in organic content of tubular dentin by age .17 with physical volt. Peterson's Principles of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 2nd Ed " "2004 page 173 Z-plasty are effective for narrow frenum attachments.12 difference in ph.‫ فتكون‬،‫ا من الحافة الخلفية لصفيحة العظم الحنكي الفقية‬ ً"‫ة بدء‬ ً" ‫أسدلت فجأ‬ ُ ‫شراع حنك كأنه ستارة‬ ‫د خلفي مناسب‬ ّ ‫بهذه الصفة لغير ملئمة لحداث س‬ caries progress in children more than adult due to . osteogensis during endodontic surgery aimed to prevent .

In 6 week intra uterine life the development start.who..... The oral epithelium is stratified squamous epithelium will thickened and give dental lamina *** a: true b: false Http: //www..c-toughness d-brittleness Toughness It is defined as the amount of energy per volume that a . (2005 Local contraindication of extraction -a -b .4th Ed.a-H2O2 with phosph B-superexol with sod parporate c-superexol with ca hydroxide *** :d... the free encyclopedia The ability of a metal to deform plastically and to absorb .energy in the process before fracture is termed toughness Toughness Mix in walking non vital bleatching . ridge lap.Wikipedia..int/publications/emhj/0503/08..hygienic.H2o2 with Sodium perborate (Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry ..material can absorb before rupturing Toughness .emro.htm Retention of amalgam depends on a-amalgam bond *** b-convergency of walls oclusally c-divergency of walls oclusally d retentive pins Bhatia's Dentogist: mcqs in Dentistry Energy absorbed by the point of fracture called a-ultimate strength b-elastic limit *** .

.73 a.a-structures layer protect tooth b-aid in remineralization The most affect tooth in nurse bottle feeding a-lower molars b-upper molars *** c-max incisor d-mand incisor :In restoring lost tooth.74 a... Arch integrity and occlusal stability Enamel tufts are . Extensions of odontoblasts in the DEJ . Function d.75 a. Pt demand c. Esthetic *** b.‫بقدر امتداد النخر لوفي الميازيب‬ Acquired pellicle *** . Blind or double blind . Enamel rods get crowded ‫تتشكل في المنطقة التي تزدحم فيها المواشير المينائية‬ "Enamel tufts .b.Wikipedia. Enamel rods change their direction *** C.C-conservative restorations preparation of all incipient cavity within enamel ً"‫ بما أن حشوات الكمبوزيت هي حشوات محافظة فإن التحضير يجب أن يكون محافظ‬:‫معنى السؤال‬ ‫ا‬ .. the free encyclopedia " :In clinical research .b_beveled amalgam margines *** .c-pt recent recive radiotheraby d-tooth in the malignant tumar *** e-both c and d Since in composite tooth prep should be conservative so the design a-amalgam in moderate and large cavities .. which is least important .

Offers no benefits to subject at risk x-ray periapical for immature tooth is . What should dentist do conscious sedation. Agar agar . ‫ أما الخيار الثاني فيعني زيادة جرعة‬،‫بسبب لوجود ردلود الفعل الجسدية الخيار اللول لغير ممكن‬ .C. Poly sulfide . should be compered with antermere.b. *simply inconculosive.17 with physical volt. what's the best : impression material to be used .D.587 to use epoxy Resin >>>>>>missing text>>>>>>>. Irreversible hydrocolloid .‫ أما الخيار الثالث )تثبيت الطفل( فهو لهذه الحالت‬،‫المادة المركنة لوهذا لغير مفضل عند الطفال‬ Most impacted tooth is *** a-mand 8 b-max 2 Q.B. child patient take sedation before appointment and present . You plan . Needs control c. Poly ether .5 ‫ اقتراح‬generally conclusive. tie in unite with bandage. tie with baboose board.A. Includes intervention d.a)mandibualr third molar Patient is diagnosed for ceramometal full veneer. redo sedation.Most common tooth which needs surgical extraction *** .

MTAD is a mixture of a tetracycline isomer (i. Faecalis .Alginate. an acid. *** 4. 1.. 3.Q27) the impression material of choice when we want to take :impression for epoxy resin pin is .D. Irrigant that kills e-foecalis 1-naoh 2-mtad. In an in vitro study.Silicon.effective solution for killing E.a) Polysulfide . and a detergent.Agar agar.None. MTAD was found to be an .B) Polyether .e. doxycycline). Irreversible hydrocolloid : Impression material cause bad taste to patient a-poly sulfide b-polyether c-additional silicon d alginate The impression used for preliminary impressions or study -27 :casts is 1. *** 2-saline 3-chlorohexidine Pathway to the pulp New irrigants are being developed in an attempt to address some of the shortcomings of past and current materials. Agar agar .C. 2.

2.extract the decidous tooth-1 start endo-2 observe over time-3 :dail wear of amalgam-12 microgram /DAY 1-3 weeping canal we use-14 g.p-1 *** caoh-2 .…-3 . There is dilation of follicle of :the permenant successor what will u do . 2-composite resin 4-leave and observe pt presented to u with trauma of the central incisor with open -9 apex tooth clinical examination revealed cut of blood supply to :the tooth what is the next step extraction-1 endo-2 observe over time -3 child came to u with grey discolouration of the deciduous -10 incisor also on radiographic exam. During the orthodontist removes orthodontic braces he noticed white hypocalcific lesion around the bracket what to do: 1-microabration and application of pumice then fluoride application.

(2005).dried and obturated :The easiest endo retreatment in -34 a.Weeping canals d. dental student using thermoplastized g.Over obturation w GP .addition some contraction of the GP occurs on cooling Useful for irregular canal defects .Obturated w silver cone :Tug back refers to-7 1.4th Ed.Retention of GP inside the canal. From the canal-1 inability to fill the proper length-2 failure to use maser cone at proper length -3 ledge -4 Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry . The chemically-induced exudation will then have stopped and the root canal can be .…-4 Clinical Endodontics textbook TRONSTAD – page 224 This situation is often referred to as a “weeping canal” and is annoying in that the apical part of the canal cannot be dried properly.problem he may face ‫ *** دراسات عليا‬extrusion of g. The right therapy is a discontinuation of the use of the tissue-irritating antiseptics followed by 2–3 weeks of calcium hydroxide in the root canal.b.p.p.Fluibilty of GP.Under obturation w GP c.page 177 It is difficult to control the apical extent of the root filling and in . What is the main -15 . 2.

Atropine : A.cracked enamel best Dx by (12 ***Dye ???how can test crack tooth(12 Xray elictric test ethyle dye test :caries detection dye composed main of-34 acid fuschin-1 basic fuchsin-2 *** .Drug used to increase saliva during impression taking is: 1234- anticholinergic *** cholinergic antidiabetic anticorticosteroid .5% basic " fuchsin :And Dental pulp 2002" + "Operative Dentistry" propylene glycol" 1.propylene glycol-3 ‫ صح‬3 ‫ و‬2 Paediatric Dentistry 3rd Ed (2005)" page 165: 0.bries secretion such saliva *** B.depresses the pulse rate c -cause central nervous system depression ‫ – تنقص إفراز اللعاب‬Mydriasis ‫ مادة ثكولينية تبطئ النبض – توسع الحدنقة‬:‫التروبين‬ 2.

In order to decrease the gastric secretion: histamine A antigen equivalent histamine B antigen equivalent anticholenergic.Drug not increase) saliva during :probe used to detect furcation-52 ‫ *** بالبعدين العمودي والقفقي‬. the proper medicine is: 1. Steroid.Pt with complete denture come to your clinic.*** used to (decrease impression taking is: 1. 3.4 6.2 . complaint from his dry mouth . adrenal steroids 5.*** . Anticholinergic.nabers probe-1 Least effective to kill aids is: ultra voilet source: dentogist naocl is very effective Also cetrimide and dry heat at 100 degree are inffective in kill aids . complaint from his dry mouth.Anticorticosteroid . = Anticholinergic.Pt with complete denture come to your clinic.the proper medicine is? A) anti diabetic medicine b)anti cholinergic c)steroid*** 4.‫الكولين ينقص اللعاب ويوسع الحدنقة ويبطئ النبض ويزيد الفراز المعدي‬ ‫مثبطات الكولين تزيد اللعاب وتضيق الحدنقة وتزيد النبض وتنقص الفراز المعدي‬ ‫مفعول التروبين مضاد لمفعول مضادات الكولين‬ 3. 2.Cholinergic .Antidiabetic . Anticordial. Anti diabetic medicine.3 .

Over instrumentation ‫الجواب النسب وهو ما يحدث في الحياة العملية هو‬ .over instrumentation-3 over medication-4 Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry .Apical infection B.A. with possible clinical sequelae of postoperative pain and inoculation of . pt complains from pain during percussion -15 :due to .materials.Over instrumentation "Pathway of the pulp 9ed 1st part – page 406 " Shaping to the radiographic apex is likely to produce overinstrumentation past the apical foramen.during endo pt is complaining of pain with percussion what u -17 ?suspect apical periodontitis-1 . (2005) – page 178 Pain following instrumentation: This is usually due to instruments or irrigants. and the healing process may be compromised :‫سؤال آخرمشابه فيه خيارا ن صحيحا ن‬ During doing Rct.apical tissues "Pathway of the pulp 9ed 1st part – page 217 " Postoperative discomfort generally is greater when this area (apical constriction) is violated by instruments or filling .secondery apical periodontitis-2 *** .4th Ed. or to debris being forced into the .Impact debris fragment c.microorganisms into periapical spaces .

b. therefore.4th Ed. C. Knusel are fluconazole resistant.All of the above. Tropicalis. (2005) – page 240 Fluconazole 50 mg od is the systemic drug of choice.cases ،‫ا هو الفلوثكونازول حب أو حقن وريدي ويفيد بالحالت المعندة‬ ً‫العلج المفضل للمبيضات جهازي‬ ‫ والمفوتريسن والميكونازول‬، ‫ا النستاتين معلق أو حب مص وممكن استخدام الكلورهكسيدين‬ ً‫وموضعي‬ . .Which one of the following was the most frequently reason for replacement of a molar restoration with larger restoration: a. d. 3rd Edition .Faulty restoration. C. and C.New caries.:pt on long term antibiotic came with systemic Candida - amphotrecin-1 *** fluconazol-2 nystatin-3 Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry . c. Glabrata. candida subtyping should be performed for resistant .‫ أثكثر سبب لعادة الحشو‬:‫صيغة السؤال‬ Clinical failure of the amalgam restoration usually occurs . and " "Cases. Practice.3 from *** a) Improper cavity preparation b) Faulty manipulation c) Both of the above d) None of the above Clinical Aspects of Dental Materials: Theory.‫ا‬ ً‫الذغلى ثمن‬ :Candida infection is a frequent cause of Burning mouth 289.Recurrent caries.

6 for premolar ‫وا ن تكو ن‬ and 2mm for molar art and science ‫أرجو من الجميع مذاثكرة هذا الموضوع والموجود بالتفصيل في ثكتاب‬ operative dentistry To know wall angulation :a child at dentation age is suffering from -16 a) diarrhea b) sleep disorders *** c) increased salivation . (2) corrosion and excessive marginal Fracture. (4) secondary caries.‫أو نقلة إنهائها‬ Art and science of operative dentistry 2000". Amalgam Restoration-related failures include: (1) bulk fracture of The restoration. (3) sensitivity or pain. And (5) fracture of tooth structure forming .(the restorative Tooth preparation wall(s Lesion at junction between hard and soft palate and :surrounded with psudoepithelium hyperplasia in salivary gland A) hyperplasia in salivary gland *** .‫السبب الرئيسي لفشل الملغم هو تحضير الحفرة ذغير الكافي وهو أهم من رخص المادة أو نقلة تكييفها‬ .B) necrotizing sialometaplasia ‫يتكرر ثكثير سؤال به رسمة سن ومطلوب‬-50 ‫كشوفو ياكشباب‬ DIVERGENT ‫ تكو ن أصل‬CLASS II ‫المفروض ا ن جدرا ن السن في‬ MARGINAL RIDGE 1.page 168 " Clinical failure is the point at which the restoration is No longer serviceable or at which time the restoration Poses other severe risks if it is not replaced.

03-0. 1-1. Pain on cold c. 0. Pain on biting d.‫ا‬ ً‫ ول يقل عن ذلك سوى في حالة التوضع اللساني للسن حتى نعيد إبرازها دهليزي‬،‫ ملم‬0. myelinated fibers that transmit sharp pain C-fibers – small unmyelinated nerve fibers that transmit dull .‫ يصاحب بزوغ السنا ن ثكل من زيادة اللعاب ونقلة الشهية‬: 49 ‫في ثكتاب طب أسنا ن الطفال ص‬ .B fibers C.‫بالضافة للعراض الخرى الناتجة عن اللتهابات بسبب وضع اليد بالفم والعض على أجسام أجنبية‬ when restoring asymptomatic healthy tooth with amalgam.3 mm *** b.5 mm ‫ ملم ويصل عند اللثة‬0.page 83 . Pain on hot *** b.5 mm c.A.or aching pain :minimal facial reduction when preparing for veneers (6 a.7 ‫إلى‬ Operative Dentistry A Practical Guide to Recent " ‫وحسب‬ "Innovations . (3 :the normal physiologic symptom after that is a. C fibers ‫المصدر ملف من النت‬ A-delta fibers – small. Pain on sweet ?sharp pain is due to which type of fibers (5 *** . A fibers B.5 ‫ التحضير للدهليزي ل يقل عن‬،‫ و أثكسفورد‬Dental secrets ‫حسب‬ .

you did x-ray and it revealed that the RCT filling is very good.be 0.D) Transillumination / visible light test Patient suffering from a cracked enamel. but u saw radiopaque.b) vertical root canal fracture : method of Detection of Cracked teeth (403 A) Horizontal percussion B) Vertical percussion C) Electric pulp test *** .D) Electric test patient came complaining of severe pain on biting.3–0. and pulpal :vitality is positive.Accessory canal *** . thin (film like) spot on the lateral border of the ?root what is the most probable diagnosis A. Upon examination no pulpal or periodontal findings. his chief complain (404 : is pain on A) Hot stimuli B) Cold stimuli *** ..5mm. your Dx ***cracked tooth syndrome (1 .The facial enamel is usually reduced by 0. reduction should .7mm after u did RCT to your pt he came back to the clinic after (7 few days with sever pain on biting. but where the underlying tooth is severely discolored.C) A & B . related (11 to a certain tooth.

but a fiber-optic light or disclosing solution may assist the diagnosis by making the crack easier to see.?cracked tooth syndrome is best diagnosed by (10 A. Palpation and vertical percussion d. If you feel pain.PAGE 213 The diagnosis of cusp fracture is easy when the cusp has fallen off.crack Your dentist may use a special tool to test the tooth. however. Radiograph b. There are different kinds of tools. It fits over one part of the tooth at a time as you bite down. . the patient may experience pain but often finds it remarkably difficult to locate this to a particular tooth. Lateral pressure on the suspect cusp may also help by producing a sensitivity that mirrors the patient’s symptoms.Often the pain occurs when the pressure is released A crack usually does not show up on an x-ray.can expand the crack until it is seen You may have X-rays taken but X-rays often do not reveal the . Pulp testing Pickard's Manual of Operative Dentistry Eighth edition OXFORD . A sharp instrument will be used to allow us to explore the tooth for cracks. Even on clinical examination it is often difficult to pinpoint which tooth is causing the pain. We will also place pressure on the tooth to see if we . the part of the tooth being tested most . a physical examination of the tooth will have to be performed.likely has a crack in it Diagnostic tests of cracked tooth . One looks like a toothbrush without bristles. Subjective symptoms and horizontal percussion c. Before this actually happens. The patient will frequently complain of sensitivity to hot and cold and discomfort on biting.

as methylene blue Tactile examination crutch the tooth surface with a sharp explorer widening a gap of the crack may elicit extremely ‫ أي بمثابة ضغط أفقي‬.The first sentence is correct and the second is wrong. Bass brushing has the advantage of the bristles enters in the :cervical area .painful response bite tests each cusp tip must be tested :‫ وتد‬Tooth sloth . second is true Caranza – periodontology – page 658 :Bass method advantages .individually pain on release often indicates crack tooth Transillumination: fiberoptic light source held perpendicular to the suspected crack that mean the prober exam for crack in the tooth(b) subjective symptoms and horizontal percussion the book is NBDE II :The best method for tooth brush is Bass method because a.a)both statements are true b)both statements are false c)first is true .visual examination of cracks: aided by staining with dye such .Can be used by patient with gingival recession and it rotainary advice to all types of patients.It enter to interproximal area b. and it is recommended for all patients *** .second is wrong d)first is wrong . *** 2. 1.The both sentences are correct.

‫اللساني‬ ‫ درجة مع تمسيد لطيف دائري للسنا ن واللثة للسماح‬135 ‫ فهي وضع الفركشاة بزاوية‬Charter ‫أما‬ . Orthodontic splint Dental decks – page 273 What’s the name of the Device used to measure Vertical (363 Dimension *** . Full crown b. (11 loss of gingival contour and recession.A.any patient with or without periodontal involvement patient comes to you with edematous gingiva. what's the best tooth ?brushing technique A. Charter d.‫النسجة الملتهبة واللثة المتراجعة‬ ‫ فتعني تعديل وضع الفركشاة بحيث توازي القواطع السفلية لسهولة تفريشها من‬Modified bass ‫أما‬ .It concentrates the cleaning action on the cervical and .‫بشفائها بعد الجراحة اللثوية‬ the best method to protect teeth that underwent (12 ?bicuspidization procedure from fracture *** .caliper .b. Scrub Caranza – clinical periodontology page 659 :‫المرجع‬ ‫طريقة ستيلما ن المعدلة تقوم على مبدأ تطبيق الضغط بجوانب أكشعار الفركشاة وليس بذراها لتقليل رض‬ . Modified stillman c. Modified bass *** . Splint with composite c.interproximal portions of the teeth The Bass technique is efficient and can be recommended for . inflamed.

the mandible (348 will a)deviate to the left side *** b)deviate to the right side c)no deviate Pt came after 24 month of tooth replantation which had (295 ankylosis with no root resorption. glandular opening.% 16-13 ‫ ونسبة تموت اللب‬% 80 ‫احتمال النجاح‬ oral surgeon put his finger on the nose of the patient and (260 the patient asked to blow this done to check ‫ الجواااااااااب الصحييح‬anterior extention of posterior palatal seal . *** . It most likely to develop root :resorption in *** reduce greatly /1 increase /2 after 2 years /3 after 4 years /4 136 ‫حسب أثكسفورد ص‬ ‫ وإذا ترافقت إعادة الزرع بالتصاق فيكو ن‬،‫ من حالت النخلع الكامل‬% 35-6 ‫يحدث التكلس في‬ . .posterior extension of posterior palatal seal .Willis Gauge Face bow pt have unilateral fracture of left the condyle. lateral extension of posterior palatal seal .

all- after bleaching a tooth. we don’t want to compromise the bonding. :we wait for a)24 hours ‫ *** الصح‬b)a week c) choose a different material Clinical Aspects of Dental Materials Theory. Practice. we wanna restore the tooth with (207 composite resin.:when increase vertical dimension you have to (229 increase minimal need /1 construct anterior teeth first then posterior teeth/2 use provisional crown for 2 months /4 all/5 :tracing of GP used for (226 *** source of periapical pathosis/1 acute periapical periodontitis/2 periodental abscess /3 none /4 (‫انقتفاء مسار نقمع الكوتا يهدف إلى معرفة مصدر الفة حول السنية )عن طريق الناسور‬ :isolated pocket in (222 vertical root fracturepalato gingival grooveendo origine lesion*** . and " "(Cases (3rd Ed 2009 .

albeit with likely limited success. what (204 :would you do *** a) full denture b) implant c) space maitainer d)no intervention PAEDIATRIC DENTISTRY .‫يجب تأخير عمل الحشوات التجميلية لما بعد التبييض بأسبوعين لتأمين ربط ثكافي مع الميناء‬ Three year old pt. (2005)" page 294" In cases of anodontia.Esthetic restoration of teeth should be delayed for 2 weeks .MALAR BONE NOT WELL FORMED OR ABSENCE - :‫متلزمة تريشلر ثكولينز‬ ‫ ميل ن‬.provided in adulthood (B)-autoimmune factors++ (one of the signs of Autoimm dis’s desck page 1334 ‫المرجع‬ Treacher collins syndrome characterized by ‫ تقدم فك سفلي‬.‫ حنك مشقوق‬.‫ تراجع الفك السفلي للخلف‬.‫ تشوه صيوا ن الذ ن‬.‫العينين للسفل‬ ‫ ويكيبيديا‬:‫المصدر‬ .underdeveloped cheek bone ‫كشكل السمكة للوجه بسبب ضمور العظم الوجني‬ .PROGNTHESIA OF MANDIBLE NO EAR LOSSUPWARD SLUTING OF EYE*** . These can be provided. has anodontia (no teeth at all). with the possibility of implant support for prostheses .3rd Ed. full dentures are required. from about 3 years of age.after the completion of tooth whitening .

mesial then lingual Trauma lead to fracture in the root between middle cervical (10 and apical third a) poor prognosis *** b) good prognosis Trauma caused fracture of the root at junction between (409 :middle and cervical third A) do endo for coronal part only B) RCT for both C) leave *** .buccolingual direction to dilate socket c.mandibular retrognathia /1 (loss of hearing (50% of cases /2 Patient present with deffieciency at the malar bone+open .bite+normal mental abilities *** . Jambhale S .occlusal plane perpendicular To the floor *** .D) extraction .Treacher Collins syndrome . the free encyclopedia ، TreacherCollins Syndrome-A Challenge For Aaesthesiologists Goel L. Bennur SK.Wikipedia.Indian J Anaesth :Treacher – Collins syndrome is mainly (97 *** .treacher cholins-1 cleidocrenial dyspasia-2 eagle syndrome-3 ……-4 :when removing lower second molar (6 a.b.

Topical anesthesia (d.the needle size over than 25 gauge (correct answer Patients can't differentiate between 23 – 25 – 27 and 30 gauge .give it slowly b. moderate-rate (dentinal caries.stretch the muscle c.A with less pain EXCEPT (23 a.attrition dentine (d. Clinical picture: spontaneous appearance .Secondary dentine occur due to (22 a. abrasion.all of the above (correct answer Secondary dentin is a physiological process by which the tooth lay down secondary dentin after complete formation of the (primary dentin (Even without external stimuli BUT. trauma. erosion. some operative procedures • Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology (Neville) • Sturdevant's Art and Science of operative dentistry :All of these are ways to give L.needles • Handbook of local anesthesia (Malamed) Lesion at junction between hard and soft palate and (32 surrounded with psudoepithelium a) Hyperplasia in salivary gland b) Necrotizing sialometaplasia ( correct answer) :Necrotizing sialometaplasia Benign condition mostly affects the palate and rarely other sites.recurrent caries c. Importance of recognizing this lesion is that it mimics malignancies.occlusal trauma b. reparative dentin ( tertiary or abnormal secondary dentin ) is formed in response to moderate level stimuli such as ( attrition. Cause: ischemia by surgical manipulation or local anesthesia.

Alternative regimens have included doses ranging from 200 mg 3 times daily to 200 mg 5 times daily.Proximal half crown -2 Alternatives Telescope crown -3 Non rigid connector -4 • Fundamentals of fixed prosthodontics (shillinburg) :Acyclovir dose for treatments of herps (40 a) 200 mg / 5 times a day b) 200 mg / 4 times a day c) 400 mg / 4 times a day d) 800 mg / 4 times a day ( Correct Answer ) "treatment "of Herpes Zoster There are different dosages for different cases of Herpes !! the :question should be more specific Acute Treatment of Herpes Zoster: 800 mg every 4 hours orally. Genital Herpes: Treatment of Initial Genital Herpes: 200 mg every 4 hours. followed by re-evaluation. 5 times daily for 10 days. 5 times daily for 7 to 10 days.most commonly at the junction of the hard and soft palate. The frequency and severity of episodes of untreated genital herpes may change over time. Chronic Suppressive Therapy for Recurrent Disease: 400 mg 2 times daily for up to 12 months. the frequency and severity of the patient's genital herpes . After 1 year of therapy. Early: tender swelling often with dusky erythema of overlying mucosa. subsequently the mucosa breaks down with the formation of a sharply demarcated deep ulcer with a yellowish grey lobular base • Oral Pathology Clinical Pathologic Correlation ( Regezi ) Missing lower six and tilted 7 (38 :Best treatment plan from most favorable to least Uprighting of molar by orthodontics -1 :If not possible .

com/zoviraxdrug.2 times / second b. Adults and Children over 40 kg: 800 mg 4 times daily for 5 days.76 times / second ( d.htm • Cawson Essintials of Oral Pathology and Oral Medicine 7th ed How much subgingivally do you go with the band in class II (446 :restorations .100 times / minute. • International Drug Index. Intermittent Therapy: 200 mg every 4 hours.A) 0. Children over 40 kg should receive the adult dose for chickenpox. ( correct answer . Zovirax (Acyclovir) http://www. Treatment of Chickenpox: Children (2 years of age and older): 20 mg/kg per dose orally 4 times daily (80 mg/kg/day) for 5 days. 5 times daily for 5 days. Diagnosis is a)Polymorphecadenoma b) sialotitis c) Sjögren's syndrome • Clinical outline of oral pathology diagnosis and treatment ( Eversole ) The compression / relaxation cycle of external cardiac (43 compression should be repeated a.rxlist. Therapy should be initiated at the earliest sign or symptom (prodrome) of recurrence.infection should be re-evaluated to assess the need for continuation of therapy with ZOVIRAX.5 – 1 mm B) 1 – 2 mm C) 2 – 3 mm A female patient came to your clinic with dry lips and (41 mouth and bilateral submandibular oedema and ocular :dryness.60 times / minute c.

vitality d.times per minute • 2005 American Heart Association Guidelines Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care for Cardiopulmonary One of the primary considerations in the treatment of (44 fractures of the jaw is a.1 . at the middle of the lower half of the sternum. checking the pulse for 10 sec every 10 breaths.e. (2005) . depressing 4¾5 cm 100 . >> periodontal status i.to obtain and maintain proper occlusion (correct (answer b.3 ( Periapical abscess ( correct answer .page 304 Circulation Feel for a carotid pulse.2 Gingival status.test teeth mobility c.Secondary caries .• Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry .4 Which of the following types of base materials can be (58 placed in contact with polymethyl methaacrylate & not inhibit the polymerization of the resin a) ZOE b) GI cement c) Zn phosphate cement . If it is present. If no pulse commence chest compression.embedded foreign bodies • Contemporary oral and maxillofacial surgery (Peterson) A child patient undergone pulpotomy in your clinic in1st (45 primary molar. bone level .4th Ed.Proximal caries . provide 10 breaths per minute. Next day the patient returned with ulcer on the :right side of the lip… your diagnosis is a) Apthosis b) Zonal herpes (c) traumatic ulcer (correct answer :Bitewing exam is used to diagnose EXCEPT (46 .

Ca (OH)2 .Rampant caries .1 .children with involvement of max.2+3 • ( correct answer ) 3+4 • .3 Nursing caries or ECC (early childhood caries) or BBTC (baby bottle caries) is a type of rampant caries in 2. Steam heat ( Correct Answer .2 ( answer .Zinc oxide and eugenol . Dry heat (B.3 • Basic Anatomy (snell) A child (2 years) with caries in the incisors we call this (51 :caries .2+4 • :Autoclaving technique is depending on (48 .a.3 . (correct answer . ( correct . and mand.4 .1 (Nursing caries.Varnish .Children caries .Anterior devision of mandibular nerve .1+2 • .4 year old .Zinc phosphate cement .d) varnish ( e) b&c ( correct answer :We can use under the composite restoration (47 .c. Chemicals Autoclave: Steam and pressure until it's heated • Contemporary Oral and Maxillofacial surgery ( Peterson ) :The inferior alveolar nerve is branch of (49 Mandibular nerve – not divided .1 Posterior devision of mandibular nerve.3.2 .2 . Anterior teeth • Dentistry for the child and adolescent (McDonald) .

Led . (correct answer .(A) ND (YAG .biolase. is especially common among the workers whose occupations expose them to extremely high levels of crystalline silica dust for long durations.2 • Emedicine : silicosis http://emedicine.com/article/302027-overview • http://www.628 .2 .com/about.com/clinicalarticles/Chen_DT_reprint1. >> used in periapical surgery .3 CO2 laser is used in periapical surgeries .medscape.Asepsis .html Silicosis.Persons who are working in glass factories they have the (52 :disease (Silicosis (correct answer . new advances in ND(YAG) laser for intracanal uses. or silica disease.1 .pdf . Both can be used in !!endodontic • Pathways of the pulp • Other articles from previous answer ( about ND(YAG) ) Http: //http//www.B) hene C) Argon / Hallogen led :Laser used in endodontic is (53 Co2.1 (Nd (YAG).silicosisclaims. Some of the common occupations or types of workers at risk of silica disease due to crystalline silica dust exposure include: Glass Workers :Laser core can be used in curing of composite .

moisture of contamination b.an incomplete break in the bone (d. (correct answer .healthmantra.C) 3 – 4 week .inadequate condensation of porcelain (correct (answer • Dental decks 441 .D) 4 – 5 week :Splinting of avulsed tooth (Mature 7-10 days (1-2 weeks Immature tooth 3-4 weeks • Dentistry for the child and adolescent (McDonald) • Contemporary oral and maxillofacial surgery ( Peterson) The most frequent cause of porosity in a prcelain (55 restoration is a.communication with oral cavity (correct answer .Http: //http//www.b) 2 – 3 week .Condensation of porcelain slurry by hand can cause porosity • Contemporary fixed prosthodontics ( Rosenstiel) A compound fracture is characterized by (56 a-many small fragments b -a star shaped appearance c.com/REVIEWS/lasers&Endo.excessive condensation of the porcelain d .htm A patient 14 years with avulses incisors 11 and 21 we can (54 :use a splint for ( a) 1 – 2 week.excessive firing temperature c.

4th Ed.a) salivary gland (submandibular sal.Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry . Diagnosis is (. (correct answer b) non-malignant c) hayperplastic d) none of the above • Oral and maxillofacial pathology (Neville) :Electric pulp tester on the adults is not accurate because (86 a) Late appearance of Fibers A b) Late appearance of Fibers C c) Early appearance of fibers A d) Early appearance of fibers C "Pathway Of Pulp 6th edition page 314 " The relatively late appearance of A fibers in the pulp helps to explain why the electric pulp test tends to be unreliable in . radiographically an Overhanging amalgam is :present.young teeth A patient complaining from a severe oedema in the lower (87 :jaw that increases in size upon eating. This is due to . next day (88 he returns complaining of discomfort at the site of the restoration. (2005)page498 in common with all fracture they can be grouped into simple (closed linear fracture) compound (open to mouth or skin :And Peterson's Principles of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 2nd Ed " "2004 page409 • fractures of the facial skeleton (peter banks) :Verrucous carcinoma is (76 (a) malignant. Gl A patient that had a class II amalgam restoration.

(a) lack of matrix usage.( correct answer B) no burnishing for amalgam :Contents of the Anaesthia carpule (89 .a)Lidocaine + epinephrine + Ringer’s liquid B)Lidocaine + epinephrine + distilled water. (correct (answer .C) Lidocaine + epinephrine only :Contents of anesthesia carpule Anesthetic agent, vasoconstrictor, preservative, sodium .chloride, distilled water • Hand book of local anesthesia (malamed) a patient that wasn’t anaesthetized well in his 1st visit, (90 next day he returns with a limited mouth opening (trismus). He :must be anaesthized, what’s the technique to be used a) William’s technique .b) Bercher’s technique ‫عبد الكريم خليل‬.‫ د‬- ‫التخدير الموضعي لجراحة الفم لوالوجه لوالفكين الجزء الثاني‬ ‫ هي‬Trismus ‫طريقة التخدير المستطبة في حال لم يستطيع المريض فتح فمه بسبب الضزز‬ ‫ لوتستخدم لتخدير العصب الماضغ)الفرع الحركي من السني السفلي( للوصول‬Bercher ‫طريقة‬ .‫الى ارتخاء الفك السفلي‬ !!I think it's a wrong question I tried searching for these two techniques and nothing .came up The technique used to administer a block with trismus or limited mouth opening is (akinosi closed mouth (technique • Handbook of local anesthesia (malamed)

At which of the following locations on a mandibular molar do you complete the excavation of caries first . a- axial walls

B- pulpal floor over the mesial pulp horns ( c- peripheral caries (Correct answer .d- all of the above are correct In deep carious lesion all peripheral caries is removed, some of the soft dentin in the floor of the cavity can be left and indirect .pulp capping is performed 1- Remove all peripheral caries 2- Remove caries in the axial wall (DEJ) 3- Leave soft dentin in the floor of the cavity 4- Indirect pulp capping • Principles of operative dentistry. CMCP contains phenol in concentration % a-0.5 (b- 35 % (correct answer % c-65 % d- 5 : CMCP composition p-Chlorophenol 35%, Camphor 65%

Dentist provided bleaching which also known as (home bleaching) contain a- 35-50% hydrogen peroxide b- 5-22% carbamide peroxide Home bleaching : 10-15% carbamide peroxide • Sturdevan't art and science of operative dentistry

Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry - 4th Ed. (2005) - page 316 a solution of 10% carbamide peroxide in a soft splint has been advocated for home bleaching

What is the disadvantages of Mcspadden technique in (obturation (thermocompaction (requires much practice to perfect.(correct answer • Endodontics (ingle)

: thermo mech. Tech of obturation is (493 A) thermafil B) obtura C) ultrafil (D) mcspadden. (correct answer • Endodontics (ingle) Fractured tooth to alveolar crest, what's the best way to ?produce ferrule effect A) restore with amalgam core sub-gingivaly. (violate biological (width (b) crown lengthening ( unesthetic results (c) extrusion with orthodontics (correct answer Extrusion with orthodontics : using brackets (may cause movement of other abutmemnt teeth) or utilizing an anchorage wire boded to adjacent teeth as described by oesterle and wood p.g.:191 • Fundamentals of fixed prosthodontics (shillinburg) 2- 65 years old black man wants to have very white teeth in his new denture what should the dentist do: a- Put the white teeth b- Show the patient the suitable color first then show him the white one (correct answer) c- Convince him by showing him other patients photos. d- Tell him firmly that his teeth color are good. Or

Do not show white teeth • textbook of complete denture 3- At which temperature that gutta percha reach the alpha temp: a- 42-48 c (Correct answer) b- 50-60 c- 70-80 d- 100c • Endodontics (ingle) During clinical examination the patient had pain when the -5 :exposed root dentine is touched due to a- Reversible pulpitis (b- Dentine hypersensitivity (correct answer c- Irreversible pulpitis The patient have dull pain and swelling and the PA shows -6 :apical radiolucency your diagnosis will be a- Acute periodontal abscess b- Chronic periodontal abscess with swelling (correct (answer It's usually asymptomatic except when there's occasional closure of the sinus pathway. S&S: swelling, PA .radiolucency,sinus tract • Endodontics principles and practice ( torabinejad)

All these shows honey combed bone radiographically -8 :EXCEPT a- Ameloblastoma b- Odontogenic myxoma cyst c- Odontogenic keratocyst (d- Adenomatoid odontogenic tumor. (correct answer

Unilocular radiolucent lesion may have some flakes of calcifications • Oral pathology clinical pathological correlations (regezi)

:Flouride amount in water should be -10 a- 0.2-0.5 mg/liter b- 1-5 mg/liter c- 1-2 mg/liter d- 0.1- 0.2 mg/liter Fluoride amount in water best maintained at 1 ppm (1mg/L). in hot climate communities this amount should be reduced because of the increase consumption of water • Textbook of preventive and community dentistry In the US the amount of fluoride in drinking water range from 0.7-1.2 mg/L • WHO The optimal fluoride concentration can be as high as 1.5 mg/L in cold climate and as low as 0.5 mg/L in very hot climate • Textbook of community dentistry

:Distal fissure of premolar contact oppose -11 a- Middle of the middle third & buccal fissure is wider than lingual b- Cervical line & lingual fissure is wider than buccal c- Middle of the middle third & vice versa d- Cervical of the middle third & vice versa :the powered toothbrush invented in -18 a- 1929 (b- 1939 (correct answer

c- 1959 d- 1969 • Clinical periodontology (Carranza) :The most superior way to test the vitality of the tooth with -22 a- Ice pack B- Chloro ethyl (C- Endo special ice. (correct answer D- Cold water spray • Endodontics (ingle) The way to remove mucocel is -24 a- Radiation (b- Excision (correct answer c- Chemotherapy d- Caterization

years old come with fractured max incisor tooth with 8 -25 incipient exposed pulp after 30 min of the trauma, what’s the :suitable rx a- Pulpatomy (b- Direct pulp capping (correct answer c- Pulpectomy d- Apexification

pt came to dental clinic having a hematological problem -27 after lab test they found that factor viii less 10% what’s the :diagnosis (a- Heamophilia A (correct answer b- Heamophilia b Factor VIII deficiency : Hemophilia A Factor IX deficiency : Hemophilia B

who is unable to differentiate the colors.Immediately b.After 2 hours c.you see the upper lip like too long .or in the chewing .deficient in the ?margins of the lip.Non restorable tooth b.Pt who has diabetes or hypertension sharpening the curette and sickle. 10 -34 and can't tell his name. the cutting edge should -30 :be at angle a.50-60 (b.60-70 • Clinical periodontology (Carranza) avulsed tooth is washed with tap water .80-90 d.Vertical root fracture c.but when you exam him . or address :He is acting like years old 3 -1 years old 4 -2 years old 10 -3 pt have a complete denture came to the clinic .:all these are contraindicated to RCT EXCEPT -29 a.24 hr’s -d yrs old child.Tooth with insufficient tooth support d. it should be -33 :replaced again a.70-80 (correct answer c.tell you no -39 complaint in the talking . reason is A)deficiency in the vertical dimensional b)anterior upper teeth are short c)deficient in vit B .

Cheilosis: Inflammation of the lips where there is scaling and fissures child has a habit of finger sucking and starts to show -41 :orodental changes. (correct answer /2 wide occ. .Psychological therapy -c -d Treatments for habits include appliances and encouragement . the child needs a.Upper anterior teeth should extend 1-2 mm beyond relaxed lip. you (76 found that the primary incisor entered the follicle for the permanent incisor what you will do A) Surgical removal of the follicle B) Leave it C) Surgical removal of the primary incisor. Table /3 all/4 Child 3 years old came to clinic after falling on his chin.Short upper anterior teeth may affect esthetic and phonetics • Textbook of Complete dentures Vitamin B Deficiency causes . (correct answer /1 .Early appliance b. (Correct (answer • Dentistry for the child and adolescent (McDonald) :Tongue develope from (77 (mandibular arch & tuberculum impar.and reminder for the patient • Dentistry for the child and adolescent (McDonald) :Knife ridge should be tx with relining soft material/1 (maximum coverage of flange.

3rd and partially 4th pharyngeal arches The tongue starts to develop at about 4 weeks. The lateral lingual swellings enlarge rapidly and merge with each other. second. A local proliferation of the mesenchyme gives rise to 3 swellings in the floor of the mouth. 9 The anterior part arises from the first arch.medscape. (correct answer /1 . Failure of the 2 lateral lingual swellings to merge causes cleft tongue or bifid tongue. they overgrow the tuberculum impar to form the oral part of the tongue.Lingual surface /4 :Crown and root perforation respond to MTA /1 use matrix with hydroxyapatite and seal with G I /2 (correct answer ) . The tongue originates from the first.2&3/1 root canal filling/4 • Endodontics principles and Practice ( Torabinejad ) :acceptable theory for dental pain transmission (82 (hydrodynamic theory (correct answer/1 fluid movement/2 direct transduction /3 The most accepted theory of pain transmission is the .com/article/1289057overview Perforation during endo space preparation what is the most . 1 • http://emedicine.Buccal surface /3 . and third pharyngeal arches and forms the migration of muscles form the occipital myotomes.hydrodynamic theory .Distal surface /2 .1 surface of distal root of lower molar will have tendency of :perforation (Mesial Surface. 2 lateral lingual swellings and a tuberculum impar arise from the mandibular process.2/1st branchial arch Tongue developes from the tissue of the 1st.

motion to remove the obstruction . curved hand file -3 once the file is beyond the ledge use in circumferential filing -4 .• Sturdevant's Art and science of operative dentistry PAGE 28 While u were preparing a canal u did a ledge.Start with a smaller size to a larger size -5 once obstruction removed the canal can be cleaned and -6 .file bypass the ledge Stripping Perforation: involves the furcation side of the coronal root surface and results from excessive flaring with files or drills • Endodontics principles and practices ( torabinejad) . this may lead to ?? perforation of the strip* :Removal of a ledge remove all obstructions coronal to the ledge-1 coronal portion of the canal prepared with a crown-down -2 technique by pass the ledge with a stiff. Can act as a lubricant to help the .sha[ed with any instrumentation technique EDTA : Remove smear layer. then u used (83 EDTA with the file.

the third and fourth digits (95) its length in millimeters.v black classification study what the number represent in the " instrument formula one for width one fo length one for angulation 1st: Width of blade -2nd: Length of the blade in millimeter-3rd: "Angle of blade -4th: when cutting edge at ab angle other then right For example. With the instruments in which the cutting edge is at an angle to the length of the blade. *** b) subluxation c) laceration ‫تمزق‬ d) abrasion ‫سحج‬ e) contusion ‫كدمة‬ Handbook of dental trauma 2001.289. Schick test .black (GV black) periodontal instrument classification: study what the number represent in the instrument formula For g. lip is painful with superficial wound what is the trauma’s classification: a) luxation. or intrusions. expressed in centigrades. Schick test an intradermal test for determination of susceptibility to diphtheria. The first two digits (15) of the formula designate the width of the blade in tenths of a millimeter. Thesaurus and Encyclopedia.page 73 Intrusive luxations.by the Free Online Medical Dictionary. and the fifth digit (8) represents the angle which the blade forms with axis of the handle expressed in hundredths of a circle (100 gradations or centigrades). the number of a gingival margin trimmer is given as 15-95-812R. The handle letter (R or L) signifies that the instrument is one of a pair made in "rights" and ."lefts" in order to work more efficiently 290. the sixth and seventh digits represent the angle made by the edge with the axis of the hand. Dr. . result from an axial force applied to the incisal edge of the tooth that results in the tooth being driven into the socket 291.definition of Schick test in the Medical dictionary . maxillary central incisors intruded. An adult had an accident.

A test to determine immunity to diphtheria by injection into the skin of dilute diphtheria toxin. Inflammation of the injected area . including those with . Put gauze on the file & bend it by hand ‫ ملقط‬b.indicates a lack of immunity .c)2 decades d)all life Art and science of operative dentistry 2000 – page 766 Complex amalgam restoration with pins: Smales reported that 72% of amalgam restorations survived for 15 years. Bend the file by pliers ‫ إصبع مجرد‬c by bare finger ‫ حبل‬d.you tell him a)2 years b)9 years *** .In a curved root u bent a file by ‫ *** شاش‬A.‫وحسبأوكسفورديتمالثنيبقبضةالمرآة‬ Father for child 12 year pt <asked you about .the age for the amalgam restoration of his :child .cusp coverage ‫ سنة‬20 ‫هذا يعني أن الحشوات العادية تستمر حتى‬ :168 ‫لونفس المصدر ص‬ . By twist .

or at the base of the sulcus. Apical to g. Above gingival crest. At the level of gingival crest. a constant gingival irritant has been constructed. or equigingivally at the gingival crest. for clinical simplicity. when a margin is to be . Subsequently. the margin must be placed subgingivally.Therefore.5 mm. *** b. Crest 1 mm d. Dental secrets – page 219 It is better for gingival health to place a crown margin supragingivally. 1—2 mm above the gingival crest. To prevent gingival injury place the margin of the retainer: A. Such positioning is quite often not possible because of esthetic or caries considerations. Crest 0. Apical to g . Margin ends slightly below the gingival crest. If the margin gf the subsequent crown is extended into the attachment apparatus. in the middle of the sulcular depth.292. the major concern is not to extend the preparation into the attachment apparatus. In preparing a subgingival margin. C.

4 . Cleft lip results from Failure of fusion of the medial nasal process and maxillary process OMFS secrets p. Pulpctomy. Tow maxillary arches.Stannous fluoride .placed subgingivally. Periodontitis. It is desirable to end the tooth preparation .slightly below the gingival crest ‫مع الخذ بعين العتبار الفقرة السابقة )لومن الناحية العملية( يجب أن يكون التحضير مباشرة تحت حافة اللثة‬ . 3 . 1 .1 Establish way for nursing and feeding.342* :Arrange the steps of cleft palate management Measures to adjust speech. .3 –4 – 1 – 2 :Type of professionally applied fluoride for mentally retarded pt . Observe.Acidulated fluoride solutions .3 Prevent collapse of two halves. 2 . Had trauma to 8 presented after 30 minute of injury He had crown fracture with incipient pulp exposure what u do: 1.1 . *** 3.Neutral sodium fluoride .2 Cosmetic closure.33 1.4 . *** 2. Direct pulp capping. 8 years old pt. 4. Viral infection. Child with late primary dentition has calculus and gingival recession related to upper molar what is the diagnosis: 1. 3.‫أي بنصف ميليمتر‬ ‫لولكن من مع الخذ بعين العتبار السؤال المطرلوح باعتبار أن اللولوية لحماية اللثة فيجب أن يكون التحضير‬ .‫على مستوى حافة اللثة‬ :Cleft lip is resulted from incomplete union of . 2. Maxillary arches and nasal arch. Pulpotomy. 2.2 . 3.3 (‫ يكونهوالجواب )يحررالفلور‬fluoride varnish ‫إذاواجد‬ 2. Local aggressive Periodontitis.

voids 7. Young pt came without any complain. 2nd day the patient returns unable to wear the denture again. Too little or too much water will weaken the gel. *the cause is pain: due to overextension. the cause is: a) Lack of Skill of the patient b) Lack of Frenum areas of the Complete denture.PTT=30-40sec ‫زمن تخثر الدم‬ bleeding time within < 8 min ‫زمن توقف النز ف‬ 5. How can you alter the sitting time for alginate a)alter ratio powder water *** b)alter water ratio c)we can’t alter it d)by accelerated addition "Dental decks 672" The best method to control the gelation time (setting time) is . scratches.‫ القلع من الخلف للمام مع الخذ بالعتبار صعوبة قلع بعض السنان‬:‫القاعدة‬ 8. *** c) 12345678 . What’s the type of cyst a) dentigerous cyst b) apical cyst c) radicular cyst 6.4. the dentist delivers a denture in the 1st day normally. *** PT=12-14 sec ---.altering the temperature of the water used in the mix Changing the water/powder ratio also alter the gelation time but these method also impair certain properities of the material. A completely edentulous patient. During routine X ray appear between the two lower molar lesion diameter about 2mm & extend laterally with irregular Shape. PTT: a)11-15 seconds . 25-40 seconds. Time of PT. When extracting all max teeth the correct order is: a) 87654321 b) 87542163.Undermixing may .

B) Double the cortisone dose at the day of operation. but is not currently taking steroids.600 mg prednisolone 10. D) Double the cortisone dose day before and at the day of operation and day after. the dose ofcorticosteroids should be doubled on the day of surgery. then give 40mg hydrocortisone prior to surgery And Dental secrets – page 49 For multiple extractions or extensive mucogingival surgery. 100mg intravenously or . What should the surgeon instruct the patient: a) Take half of the cortisone dose at the day of operation. should be given preoperatively .intramuscularly. he needs to surgical extraction of a tooth. Patient with lupus erythematous and under cortisone.*** c) Take half of the cortisone dose day before and at the day of operation and day after. then give only an . If the patient is treated inthe operating room under general anesthesia. upon oral surgery. Instruct patient to double dose of steroids the morning of surgery up to 200mg. If taking greater than 100mg. stress level doses of cortisone.A) 100 . the patient is given : *** . For a patient that is on a corticosteroid therapy. do surgery on day steroids are taken • If patient has had 20 mg of steroid for more than two weeks in the • past 2 weeks.additional 100mg If on alternate day steroids.overmixing may break up the gel What’s the reason of the wax shrinkage upon fabrication of the bridge/crown Wax left off the die* 9.prevent the chemical action from occuring evenly.200 mg hydrocortisone B) 400 .

we consider all of the following EXCEPT a) small in all diameters b) high yield strength c) minimal contact *** .edu.Steadily decreased .nlm.edu.googleusercontent.HTM Contraindications to Outpatient Surgery Ex-premature infants less than 60 weeks‘ postconceptual age http://www.ksu.d) small occlusogingival length The connector).ppt+"contraindication+OUTPATIENT+genera l+anesthesia"&cd=26&hl=ar&ct=clnk&gl=sa&lr=lang_en|lang_ar Out-Patient Dental Anesthesia: Dental Chair Anesthesia .ncbi. the prep should be long enough ) The following are indication of outpatient general anesthesia EXCEPT a) ASA categories 1 & 2 b) the very young child c) cost increase d) Patient admitted and discharge the same day http://web.sa/saadsheta/CPR%2520and %2520Emergency/CPR.om/medLib/MED_CD/E_CDs/anesthesia/site/content/v04/040516r00.Out-Patient dental extraction Children (4-10 years): high incidence of URTI .gov/pmc/articles/PMC2149014/pdf/anesthpr og00222-0007.pdf ‫ كغ‬15 ‫لوزن أطفال الدراسة ل يقل عن‬ http://webcache.squ.com/search? q=cache:ATrgYSTl2pIJ:faculty.nih.:Doing CANTILEVERS.

snoring and an upper respiratory tract infection The primary source of retention of porcelain veneer mechanical retention from under cut_1 mechanical retention from secondary retentive features _2 chemical bond by saline coupling agent_3 micromechanical bond from etching of enamel and _4 porcelain patient who has un-modified class II kennedy classification. with (49 good periodontal condition and no carious lesion the best clasp to <use on the other side <teeth side *** .edu/oto/grand/121996. chromosomal abnormalities. restless sleep.http://pt.com/pt/re/lww/fulltext. difficulty breathing during sleep.bcm.00001503-20021200000004. They found that the risks were significantly increased in children < 3 years of age.jsessionid=LzmbkxFdzyZ1TnJlh0YFQZy1T9nDcNVTdhgkR nJdbSpQNhyn89ZR!-643969902!181195628!8091!-1 Although age can no longer be considered a contraindication to outpatientanesthesia and surgery.html They examined 292 tonsillectomies and their was no documentation on the indications for tonsillectomy in the results.……mortality remain higher http://www.htm. anesthetic-related morbidity and .(a) reciprocal clasp (aker's clasp b) ring clasp c) embrasure clasp circlet ”rigid” clasp Edentulous pt cl II kenndy classification 2nd premolar used as abutment when we surving we found mesial under cut wt is the :proper clasp used wrought wire with round cross section/1 wrought wire with half round cross section /2 cast clasp with round cross section/3 .wkhealth. neuromuscular disorders.

Class II Kennedy classification. what will you do :first . What’s the type of the clasp you will use for this premolar . but when the patient stand you notice that his legs bowing (curved). The last tooth on the left side is the 2nd premolar which has a distal :caries.if not isolated put .D) All the above Q4) Patient come to your clinic complaining that the denture become tight.B) Primary closure should be obtained if there is no luntant tissue ‫ رأب السنخ‬.… (C ‫كتاب الطفال‬ .b) Refer to the physician for sensitivity test ?.a) Paget’s disease b) …….x Q6) A 55 year old patient with multi-extraction teeth. no tooth mobility.B) Increase steps .a) Increase time .”cast clasp with half cross section “RPC /4 A removable partial denture patient.C) Difficult in curved canals . What you :suspect . during examination you notice nothing.circlet clasp Q1) What are the disadvantages of mcspadden technique in :obturation .a) Suturing .C) Alveoplasty should be done in all cases Q7) Child with traumatized lip.x c) …….a) Radiograph to check if there is foreign body .a) gingivally approaching clasp b) ring clasp If the tooth is isolated put ring clasp . after :extraction what will you do first .

During examination you noticed that during opening of the mouth mandible is deviate the :right side with left extruded.D) Dentin when view in longitudinal ground ‫المرجع‬ Hunter-Schreger band formation as it exists in enamel structure. When examined by reflected light.b) The orifices are close to each other :Q13) Hunter Schreger bands are white and dark lines that appear in .follow up c) ……x :Q10) How do you know if there are 2 canals in the same root *** . Diagnosis is .a) Enamel when view in horizontal ground B) Enamel when view in longitudinal ground .:Q8) 2nd maxillary premolar contact area a) Middle of the middle third with buccal embrasure wider than .x d) …….a) Radiographically with 2 files inside the root . these bands appear as alternating light and dark areas in the enamel portion of a longitudinal ground tooth section A longitudinalsectionthatpassesprecisely through the center of the system (Fig 14) would appear to contain radially directed Hunter-Schreger bands. what will you tell the patient .than buccal embrasure c) Cervical to the incisal third …….c) Dentin when view in horizontal ground .a) This lesion needs no concern and he should not worry B) The patient should not wear the denture for 2 weeks then *** . each touching the .lingual embrasure B) Middle of the middle third with lingual embrasure wider ‫*** الفرجة الحنكية أكبر من الدهليزية‬.x Q9) Patient come to the clinic with ill-fitting denture.amelodentinal junction Q19) Patient complains from pain in TMJ. during examination you notice white small elevation on the crest of the :lower ridge.

a) Deviate to the left side ...-4 1 ‫الجواب هو‬ ‫ هو عبارة عن انزلق القرص المفصلي منمكانه لياخذ‬Disc dislocation with reduction ‫لن‬ ‫لوضع لغير لوضعه الطبيعي فاثناء الغلق الفم يكون امام اللقمة ثم يتراجعلياخذ مكانه على راس اللقمة اثناء‬ ‫)اثناءالفتح لواللغلق‬click( ‫اللغلق لوهذا يؤدي الى سماع صوت‬ ‫يبدا القرصالمفصلي بعدم العودة للخلف‬Disc dislocation without reduction ‫اما في حالة‬ ‫لويبقى امام الناتى المفصلي لويصبح فتح الفم صعبا لومؤلمالوقد يصبح المضغ شبه مستحيل لوعندها ليصدر‬ ‫ عند الفتح لواللغلق‬click ‫المفصل الفكي‬ :Q20) Unilateral fracture of left condyle the mandible will ..Iodole .x d) ……x ‫أل يجب أن يوجد خيار كسر لقمة الفك‬ Pt.internal derangement with reduction -1 internal derangement without reduction -2 reumatoid arthritis-3 . What will you suggest .a) Remove it with the tooth B) Splint the tooth to the 2nd molar then re-extracted after ”6 weeks.100%dittole .a) Condylar displacement with reduction . “ideal C) Suture Q28) After patient with Hepatitis-B left the dental chair the assistant :ask you how to disinfect the dental unit.1 .Hypo chloride . What is :the management . It was firmly attached to the tooth and cannot be separated.2 .. Presented to u complain of click during open and close.B) Deviate to the right side if the fx is above the attachment of lateral pterygoid > deviation to the same side if the fx is below the attachment of lateral pterygoid > deviation to the opposite side :Q21) The aim of treatment maintenance is *** ..b) Check tissue response Q23) During maxillary 3rd molar extraction the tuberosity fractured.3 .. Thers is :no facial asymmetry EXCEPT when opening What is the diagnosis ..a) Prevent secondary infection .B) Condylar displacement without reduction C) …….

C) Zinc acetate . 2 and 4 C) ……x d) ……x Pc with hepatitis B the best sterilization is ****a)formaldahid b)detol+100%alkohol***** .a) supernumerary of teeth :Q32) To hasten Zinc Oxide cement.…(D a+b(1 a+b+c(2 …(3 .b) 1.4th Ed.4 a) 1 and 2 .gas …… ..x d) ……x :Q30) cleidocranial dysostosis characteristic . ethyl D) a+b :Q29) Streptococcus activity detected by *** .D) Barium chloride Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry . you add .B) Catalase C) …..A) iodophors (B) dettol / 100% ethyl alcohol (all alcohols are not recommended C) hypocloride.page 770 "Journal of Dental Research " .a) Fermentation .a) Zinc sulfide .B) Barium sulfide . (2005) .…(c .…(4 (HBV disinfection: (enough with intermediate disinfection (192 *** .

brought to the hospital by his parents.:Q33) In which tooth the contact is at the incisal edge .b) High occlusal C) shallow preparation D) constricted isthmus Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry .a) Lower anterior teeth b) ……x Q39) Child came to the clinic with amalgam restoration fracture at :isthmus portion.d) Indirect pulp capping Q45) To remove a broken periodontal instrument from the gingival :sulcus *** .B) Apexification c) Direct pulp capping .B) General anesthesia . It is the .D) Intravenous sedation Q41) Fracture before 1 year of upper central incisor reach the pulp in 8 year old child.4th Ed. How will you manage this case .a) RCT *** . this fracture due to *** .part of the filling most prone to fracture Q40) Child with mental disorder suffer from orofacial trauma. the child is panic and :Irritable. .a) Schwartz Periotriever B) ………x Gingival condition occur in young adult has good oral hygiene was weakened ANUG.C) Gas sedation .a) Local anesthesia . (2005) – page 58 Isthmus joins the occlusal key with the interproximal box.a) Wide preparation at isthmus . the treatment should done under .

it will change to necrotic ulcerative . periodontitis . 2. unless the local etiologicfactors of the disease are removed. "Tyldesley's oral medicine" The influence of poor oral hygiene in the initiation of ANUG has been often stressed. You should treat ANUG until the disease completely removed.gingivitis . Otherwise. ANUG occur during young adult and AHGS in children. came to clinic with severe pain.inflamed. b. Gingivitis b. but there is no doubt that there are some patients whose standard of hygiene must be considered by normal .53 . ANUG c. heavy smoker. ANUG occur in dental papilla while AHGS diffuse erythematous inflamed gingival. gingivitis. Periodontitis Q46) 1.D) 1st false. “it will change to periodontitis . student has exams. 2nd true 241 ‫حسب أكسفورد ص‬ ‫ا لوالذي‬ ً" ‫ المعالج بشكل لغير كافي يمكن أن يتحول إلى الشكل القل أعراض‬AUG ‫التهاب اللثة التقرحي الحاد‬ CUG ‫يعر ف بالتهاب اللثة التقرحي المزمن‬ Chronic necrotic ulcerative gingivitis ‫ التهاب لثة تقرحي تموتي مزمن‬:‫ا الجواب‬ ً"‫إذ‬ Burket. poor nutrition A. All of the above. 2nd false.orbecome chronic and lead to periodontal disease .B) Both sentences are false ”C) 1st true. Differences between ANUG and AHGS is: a.Oral medicine – page 63 Thepatient must be made aware that. *** Student. interdental papilla is . ANUG may return .criteria to be good 1. c.desqumative gingivitis .A) Both sentences are true .

B) Cell A has true negative sample .1212 Q48) The rows show “truth”. elevate the . It is not wise to place any ultrasonic instrument directly on .a) Cell A has true positive sample .silver point out of the canal Indirect ultrasonics is another important method to remove silver points.C) Cell A has false positive sample .D) Cell A has false negative sample Distinguishing between right & left canines can be determined -because distal concavities are larger ‫ الصح‬with a line bisecting the facial surface the tip lies distally others We can differentiate between the upper mesial & distal canine bythe functional cusp tip is inclined distally if bisectioning crownthe cervical line on lingual surface is inclined mesiallyroot curved mesially The best way to remove silver point *** . the column show “test result”o .the silver point because it will rapidly erode away this soft material And Endodontics Problem solving in clinical practice 2002 – page 142 . utilizing the concept of fulcrum mechanics.a) Steiglitz pliers c) Ultrasonic tips d) H files E) Hatchet A grasping tool such as the Stieglitz pliers (Henry Schein) can generally get a strong purchase on the coronal end of a silver point and then.‫؟؟‬NUG ‫ أي‬necrotic ulcerative gingivitis ‫ألو هل يوجد شيء اسمه‬ mypicx.com .

page1308 Its most contagious one day before the onset of rash and until all .5 mg\liter .B) Irreversible pulpitis ‫ ***الصح‬.5 mg\liter C) 2-3 mg\liter 459 ‫ كتاب طب أسنان الطفال ص‬:‫المرجع‬ .UNTILL VESICLE BECOME CRUSTED UNTIL CARTER STAGE IS LAST.vesicle have crusted years pt come with necrotic pulp in upper central with root apex 10 not close yet best treatment *** . The point .C) Acute periodontitis d) Acute exacerbation of chronic pulpitis ‫ لولكن التهاب اللب المزمن خفيف العراض‬،‫السورة الحادة الشائعة تصيب الخراج المزمن لوتحوله لحاد‬ .is withdrawn using Stieglitz forceps or small-ended artery forceps :Mucoceles the best tx is ***a) Excision b) leave it c) marsupialization d) cauterization 470 ‫أكسفورد‬ :Optimawater fluoridation *** .Cement can be removed carefully from around the point using a Piezon ultrasonic unit and CT4 tip or sealer tip. Great care must be taken not to sever the point and damage the coronal end.2-0.‫يتم عزل مريض الحل النطاقي حتى تنقشر جميع الحويصلت‬ Dental decks .a) 1-1.‫يتحول إلى خراج حاد عند حدلوث سورة حادة‬ :ISOLATION PERIOD OF CHICKENBOX SHOULD BE AFTER APPEAR OF RACH BY WEEK*** .b) 0.‫لوفي المناطق الحارة حيث يكثر شرب الماء يجب أن يكون تركيز الفلورايد أقل‬ ‫سورة حادة‬:Acute exacerbation of chronic pulpitis .calcium hydroxide- .a) Reversible pulpitis .

.peterson :To drain submandibular abscess .calcific barrierapexfication with gutta percha filling gutta percha filling،‫ لومن ثم الحشو بالكوتابركا‬CALCIFIC BARRIER ‫الهد ف من ماءات الكاسيوم هو تشكيل السد الذرلوي‬ !!‫ا الخيار اللول ل يتعارض مع الثاني‬ ً"‫إذ‬ :‫طيب هذا السؤال أليس ألوضح لوإبن حلل‬ child 10 years came with trauma on the center incisor from (331 year ago .a) Intraorally through the mylohyoid muscles . submand.no vitality in this tooth .OMF secret . facial artery and .A)calcification B)RCT with gutta percha C)extraction D)capping Child have tooth which have no moblity but have luxation best :treatment acrylic splintnon rigid fixation = flexible rigid fixationif lateral luxation and no mobility .C) Extraorally at the most purulent site *** .B) Extraorally under the chin .D) Extraorally at the lower border of the mandible below lower border of man. by atleast 1cm to avoid injury to marginal mandibular .and in the x ray there is fracture from the edge of the ? incisal to the pulp . only if primary consider intrusive luxation and pressure over the tooth bud of the permanent-.and have discoloring on it . . gland. reestablish previous occlusion then apply non rigid fixation with an adjacent tooth. in the examination .lengual nerve. if luxation as in contusion no treatment.and wide open apex the best treatment *** .

Color analogues scale .1 .coccus mutans cause caries & this disease is /3 ‫ لوبائي‬epidemic /1 ‫ *** مستوطن‬.‫سيكون هذا السطح عرضة للعوامل الخارجية لولحدلوث التصبغات‬ .:Scale to measure marginal deterioration ***.after 24 h it is indistinguishable from untreated enamel :2 ‫مرجع‬ ‫يجب أن تغطي المادة الرابطة كل أجزاء السطح المكيف حيث يحتاج السطح المكيف الذي يبقى دلون‬ ‫ أشهر حتى يستعيد تمعدنه الطبيعي لوخلل ذلك‬3 – 2 ‫مادة رابطة لودلون كومبوزيت إلى حوالي‬ .page 158 " Progression of the events to deeper or more extensive ditching has been used as visible clinical evidence of conventional amalgam deterioration and was the basis of the mahler scale ?ST.2 "Art & Science .never occur b-after hours c-after weeks d.endemic/2 ‫ معزلول‬isolated/3 Dental caries: the disease and its clinical management .after months :1 ‫مرجع‬ Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry . and .Mahler scale .Page 124 :Best Root Canal Material primary central incisor ‫ كحشوة‬a-idoform b-Guttapercha ‫ كدلواء‬c-Formacresol Studies show that Complete Remineralization of surface of an -3 :accidentally etched enamel a.4th Ed. (2005) – page 355 Remineralization of etched enamel occurs from the saliva.

‫ أما التبطين فهو إضافة ألو تعديل باطن الجهاز‬،‫لوفيه يجب عدم تغيير البعد العمودي‬ When Do class I preparation of posterior tooth for Composite -8 :Restoration .vertical dimension :Rebasing of Complete Denture mean a-Addition or change in the fitting surface b-Increasing the vertical dimension *** .Rebasing is replacement of most or all of the denture base .c-Change all the fitting surface 401 ‫ أكسفورد ص‬:‫المرجع‬ .a-Low Air in the compressor b-Trauma to the head of the hand piece c-Pressure during operating !online saurce -:Most used Scalpel in oral surgery-5 *** .a-Bard Parker blade # 15 in fine.:One of these has no effect on the Life span of handpiece -4 *** .Cant do relining for the metal - :Relining of denture remove all or part of fitting surface of the denture and add acrylic add acrylic to the base of the denture to increase *** . source is peterson but not mentioned directly but 12 most of incisions are made with 15 blade :Advantage of Wrought Wire in RPD over Cast Wire -6 .a-Less irritation to the abutment couldn’t find it Why we use acrylic more than complete metal palate in :complete denture *** .

.*** ..a-Porcelain b-Composite c-GIC many sources updated articles when all the teeth are missing EXCEPT the 2 canines .. 2nd true ‫السؤال ناقص لكن الفقرة اللولى صحيحة‬ :Antibiotics are most used in cases of -13 a-Acute Localized lesion *** ..Class I modification 1 ‫لن الصنف الرابع )الفقد المامي( ليس له تعديل‬ Pontics are classified according to their surface toward the -12 ...b-Diffuse ...a-remove caries only b-extend 2mm in dentin ‫لويمكن تمديد الحشوة لتشمل الوهاد لوالميازيب الحرجة‬ :Color Stability is better in-9 *** .... -14 Technical faults ONLY are related to patient factor ... ..a.FALSE ay shay fi ONLY false -general rule Bone graft material from site to another site in the same person .TRUE *** .... -11 :according to kennedy classification it is *** ...2nd is false d-1st false .. ridge of the missing tooth A-Both statment are true b-both are false c-1st is true .......... Highly progressing lesion peterson Patient un-cooperation can result in fault of operation..

Wikipedia.energy in the process before fracture is termed toughness Toughness patency filling a-push the file apically to remove any block at the apex *** b-rotate the file circumferentially at the walls to remove any .-peterson : where does the breakdown of Lidocaine occurs (380 A) kidneys *** .block of lateral canals .B) Liver Energy absorbed by the point of fracture called a-ultimate strengh b-elastic limit *** c-toughness Toughness It is defined as the amount of energy per volume that a .a-allograft *** b-auto graft c-alloplast d-xenograft ester type of local anath secreted by -not secreted but excreted a-liver only b-kidney c-lung cholinesterase is produced by the liver. by breaking ester linkages it inactivates drugs such as succinylcholine and estertype local anesthetics. The hepatic microsomal enzyme system converts lipid soluble drugs into more water soluble ones that can be excreted by the kidney.material can absorb before rupturing Toughness . the free encyclopedia The ability of a metal to deform plastically and to absorb .

ada.of lateral canals . what is the best :Restoration to maintain the resistance of the crown .A) Glass ionomer resin with definite restoration Acidulated phosphat flouride a-1% fluoride ions *** b-1.c-if put on sound dentin Tooth with full crown need RCT.a-with thin base layer *** .23% c-2% d-2.emedicine viral oral infc years old pt had extraction of the lower primary molar & 5 /16 :he had fracture of the apex of the tooth what is the best ttt aggressive remove /1 .b-with thick base layer .herpes simplex /1 erythema multiform /2 140 ‫أكسفورد ص‬ ‫الحويصلت لوالتوعك من علمات الحل البسيط‬ .637 the crown.au/App_CmsLib/Media/Lib/0610/M28845_v1 _632973825445597500. you did the RCT through .D-file with bleaching agent best stress transfer under amalgam .org.c-rotary files circumferentially at the walls to remove any block .pdf child with vesicle on the hard palate with history of malaise /15 :for 3 days what is the possible diagnosis *** .23% f-3% http://www.

‫ليتحمله المريض – عامل تمدد لوتقلص منخفض – ناقلية حرارية منخفضة‬ old pt came to replace all old amalgam filling he had sever /24 :occlusal attriation the best replacement is composite /1 amalgam /2 ‫ حشوات مصبوبة‬cast metal restoration /3 *** .visualization & leave /3 to prevent injury to tooth bud y/o boy came to the clinic in the right maxillary central 7 / 17 :incisor with large pulp exposure pulpectomy with Ca(OH)2 /1 *** .visualization & remove /2 *** .pulptomy with Ca(OH)2 /2 Direct pulp capping /3 leave it /4 partial pulpotomy :wax properties are /23 expansion /1 internal stress /2 ‫حسب كتاب المواد السنية‬ ‫ التشكيل لوالنسياب‬:‫ا‬ ً"‫صفتا الشمع عموم‬ ‫ درجة تذلويبه أعلى بقليل من درجة حرارة الفم‬: ‫من الصفات الواجب توافرها في شمع الصب‬ .full crowns /4 5 ‫ تستطب التيجان الكاملة بحيث ل تتعدى زيادة البعد العمودي الطباقي‬340 ‫حسب أكسفورد ص‬ ‫ملم‬ :Teenager boy with occlusal wear the best ttt is /25 remove the occlusal /1 teeth capping /2 restoration /3 Child has bruxism to be treated with sedative .

good pronunciations .Furcation Grade 3-3 Furcation Grade 4-4 online sources instrument which we use to make groove in the wax is .Page 646 " A vinyl plastic bite guard that covers the occlusal surfaces of all teeth plus 2 mm of the buccal and lingual surfaces can be worn at night to prevent continuing abrasion.splint (7-14) day /1 or (3.vinyl plastic bite guard "Dentistry for Child and Adolescent .no pain. good occlusion.peterson :proxy brush with which type of furcation -33 Furcation Grade 1-1 Furcation Grade 2-2 *** . u will think this is due to *** . but u notice beginning of inflammation in the :gum and outer margins of the lips .xerostomia -1 vit-B deficiency-2 ?online sources . He came back 2 the clinic next day complaining of un comfort with the denture After u re check .cusp capping *** .14) weeks /2 if closed apix and stored in suitable medium such as hank's solution then 7-10 days. The occlusal surface of the bite guard should be flat to avoid occlusal interference :avulsed tooth /26 *** .41 Curver After u did upper& lower complete denture 4 old pt.

Postpone oral surgery or other oral :invasive procedures if platelet count is less than 75.‫المريض مع الوقت‬ :colour of normal gingiva in interplay between -51 Keratin.factors are present absolute neutrophil count is less than 1. Complaining now from limitation in movement of the :mandible.NIDCR recommendation Amalgam restoration and there is also gold restoration in the ?mouth what should dentist do .Change rest .b) Ankylosis .Patient with leukemia absolute neutrophilic count is 1700 what oral surgeon should do go on the manager postpone another day *** .v. Diagnosis is a) Sub luxation *** .000/mm3 or abnormal clotting .000/mm3 (or consider prophylactic antibiotics). suffered a trauma at the TMJ region as enfant..epithelial thickness An 8 years old child.put varnish ‫ المواد السنية‬:‫حسب كتاب‬ ‫تتشكل طبقة متلونة بفعل الكسدة تغطي الحشوة لوتعزلها عن الوسط الفموي لويتلشى انزعاج‬ .Put separating medium *** .work with prophylactic antibiotic platelets transfusion do nothing-----and absolute neutrophil count are sufficient to recommend oral treatment.b.Wait . – melanin.

unfavourable.Marylad bridge_4 "Summery of Operative dentistry – page 44 " Small occlusal forces (adhesive bridges in bruxist patients or • when replacing maxillary canine have poor results) • Intermediate restoration. • ‘Virgin’ abutment teeth. • Favorable occlusal scheme (deep overbite . *** only d b+d leukemia + infections. Genralised lymphadenopathy seen in a.HIV d.perncious anemia a+b a+b+c. • Missing lateral incisors. Class III occlusion favourable) • Splinting teeth .1. hiv no emedicine Pt has bad oral hygine and missing the right and left lateral insicor what ttt implant_1 rpd_2 conventional fpd_3 *** .lymphocytic leukemia c.infection b.

m 0.2 In FPD in upper posterior teeth we should have gingival .02 ***m.alveolar ridge :The tip of size 20 endo file is.3 m.primer & adhesive bonding agent - .Contraindication of gingivectomy surgical interference with edentulous ridge for a-good retention.4 :embrasure space to have healthy gingival so the contact in the middledepend in the opposing occlusion:Bonding agent for enamel we use.unfilled resin. stability and continuous uniform *** .m 0.8 *** .

……weak of the cusp with undermine enamelbevel and contra bevelweek cusp should strengthen it by resin - 2. nitric acid.A) Tofflemire matrix B) Mylar matrix C) Gold matrix D) Celluloid strips . *** >food accumulation open margin less than 0.11 .. the best matrix to be Used: *** . It acts as a wetting agent and provides micromechanical and chemical bonding to dentin The unfilled resin is then applied and light or dual-cured. pretreated porcelain . such as -2 hydroxymethalmethacrylate. or amalgam in some products :We redo high copper amalgam restoration when we have . or another agent -1 .that is used to etch enamel and/or precondition the dentin The primer: a hydrophylic monomer in solvent.luted with composite. For cavity class II amalgam restoration in a second maxillary premolar.primer with resin modified glass ionomer - Dental secrets – page 188 The etchant: phosphoric acid.5 mm :Complex amalgam restoration when to do it.resin dissolve in acetone or alcohol .10 amalgam with proximal marginal defect. -3 This layer can now bond to composite.

resin composite .Summery of Operative dentistry – page 220 Types of matrices .14 hemorrhage after traumaincomplete remove GP from the pulp chamber Incomplete removal of pulp tissue Pocket Atlas of Endodontics – page 178 In order to prevent discoloration of the tooth crown by components of the root canal filling material.often achieve better contact points and marginal adaptation Occasionally electrosurgery required to permit matrix . can light-cure through.to discoloration of the clinical crown Pathway of the pulp 9ed – page 231 .apical to the cementoenamel junction Pocket Atlas of Endodontics – page 88 It must be sufficiently extended mesially and distally so that the pulp horns can be completely accessed and all necrotic tissue removed.Metal Firm. used in Class V cavities Difficult cases In deep subgingival cavities use of special matrices such as tofflemire or automatrix or copper bands . a heated instrument must be used to sever the filling material 2mm . Tissues that are left behind can lead later on .13 high viscosityhigh retentionhigh strengthcan add colorantHigh resilience?????? :Discoloration of endo treated teeth . used for .Plastic Rigid.adaptation :Most important sealer criteria to be success . used for amalgam restorations Mylar Easily mouldable and can light-cure through.

17 catgutvicryl*** .16 air trapped Mixing stone.after a root canal. similarly.using warm water when mixing stone plaster is too thickvarious online sources :Non absorbable suture.coronal discoloration because the pulp horns remain ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF ROOT CANAL BACTERIA FROM SYMPTOMATIC NONVITAL TEETH WITH PERIAPICAL PATHOSIS * ANURADHA RANI ** ASHOK CHOPRA :Cast with (+ve) bubble b/c of .*Voids in impression when taken by the dentist pouring. if the biomech is not done well and insufficient usage of irrigants like hypochlorite and hydrogen peroxide.high compressive strength - . .18 *** .AFTER root canal The access cavity is positioned too far to the gingival with no incisal extension.blood recomposesand Hb gets converted to Haemosiderin which enters the dentinal tubules and causes the typical black discolouration after trauma. This can lead to bur and file breakage.the same flows into the tubules and a tooth which looked normal suddenly looks black .silk:most important criteria for full ceramic FPD .

21 :which parts *retentive arm… guide plane and Pt come with pain tooth #. & -19 may all or some of the teeth contact in both side regardless .24 :cusp tip area . When drink hot tea .High tensile strength Restorative dental materials 2002 – page 5 Because ceramics are stronger in compression than in tension.resistance to shattering Balance occlusion should be utilize in natural dentition .23 :continuous for 10 minutes diagnosis *** irreversible pulpitis necrotic Thickness of amalgam in complex amalgam restoration in .1st false & 2nd true both false both true - :Balance occlusion in complete denture help in . this property is used to advantage to provide increased ...20 retention.…& stability Reciprocal arm in RPD help to resist the force applied by . Pain ..where mandible move 1st true & 2nd false.

Cell death results in a decreased number of cells.5-2 mm 2-3The goal is to have at least 2 mm of amalgam thickness for functional cusps and 1. Dehydration of the impression. Immerse the impression in a chemical solution :Lingual bar contraindication .5 mm of amalgam for nonfunctional cusps during final restoration-online :Pulp with age .5 mm 1-1.5 mm 1.mm 0.27 short lingual sulcus long lingual sulcus too crowded lower anterior teeth Dental decks 671 . Expansion of the impression c. *** OX b. The surviving fibroblasts respond by producing more fibrous matrix (increased type I over type II collagen) but less ground substance that contains less water. So with age the pulp :becomes a) less cellular b) more fibrous c) overall reduction in volume due to the continued deposition (of dentin (secondary/reactive Pt need complete denture u take impression with irreversible hydrocolloid & poured it after late more than 15 min the cast :appear sort & chalky the reason is a.25 reduce collagen fiber Increase cellular in pulp ***.decrease pulp chamber size Specific changes occur in dental pulp with age.

virus. in radiographs it shows 3mm of radiolucency at the apex of the root Diagnosis is a)chronic apical periodontitis(s:none to mild pain + PA RL) torabinjad .44 plaster stone refractory(Plaster or stone can be used (hassaballa book Q.dissolving agent rotary or round bur--.28 .29 Bacteria and virus *** .Ideal properties of RC filling material is the following :EXCEPT a) Radiolucent in radiograph (grossman ideal properties to be radioopaque) torabinjad book b)Not irritate the surrounding tissue c) Easily removable when retreatment is necessary d)Stable and less dimensional change after insertion Q.Bacteria.Bacteria and fungu :Material which used for flasking complete denture .Patient came to your clinic with dull pain in the #6 .An in-vitro analysis of gutta.‫القواطع السفلية‬ . fungus and protozoa .could be -.‫القوس اللساني يستخدم في حال لوجود لجام لساني منخفض ألو عمق بالميزاب اللساني ألو ازدحام‬ .‫ا‬ ً"‫ عند لوجود عرن عظمي ل يمكن إزالته لوعند ميلن القواطع السفلية لساني‬:‫مضادات استطبابها‬ :Over extended GP should remove using .no response to the pulp tester.ultrasonic vibrating .percha removal using three different techniques *Bharathi G **Chacko Y ***Lakshminarayanan L surgery - :Sterilization mean killing .

Amalgam may also be Packed into the coronal aspect of the root canals (Nayyar core technique) and an amalgam core Built up.modified GI or resin composite may also be used These materials have the advantage that the preparation can be completed at the same visit. (2005) – page 158 Direct method Pre-formed posts are cemented into one or more canals.4th Ed. which is the preferred technique. Resin . ***torabinjad b)reinforced glass ionomer d)composite Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry .b) acute apical periodontitis c)acute periodontitis with abscess :Q.should be used with resin composite to enhance retention :Q. A Dentine adhesive system . dentist should do direct pulp cap -1 do indirect pulp cap -2 *** .best core material receiving a crown on molar a)amalgam.prepare for endo -3 .most comon site which drain pus is a) mandibular central incisors (most common site with vestibular space infection or abscess and thinnest overlying (buccal bone b)mandibular canines c) mandibular first molar Q-The nasopalatine bone forms a triangle will be parallel to an imaginary lines extended between cemento-enamel junctions of adjacent teeth True False Q.When removing moist carious dentin which exposes the :pulp.

Treatment of cervical caries in old patients with a temporary :restoration is best done by *** ."Dental secrets – page 167 " There is general agreement that carious exposure of a mature permanent tooth generally requires endodontic therapy. the promotion of a healthy :diet is low effective measure -1 moderately effective measure??? Not sure -2 high effective measure -3 mandatory measure -4 Q.Most used sugar substitute ( a) Sorbitol (website reference b) Mannitol c) Insulin *** d) Xylitol . and Hemorrage Control A clinical review failed to support direct pulpcapping or pulpotomy procedures in teeth when a mechanical exposure pushes infected carious operative debris into the subjacent pulp. Disinfection. partial pulpotomy and pulp capping of a carious exposure in a tooth with an immature apex have a higher .pulp. Because of the stigma of long-term failures. with toxic products involving much of the pulp However.In prevention of dental caries. Only in the treatment of pulp exposures in fractured young anterior teeth with open apices does the literature discuss . Carious exposure generally implies bacterial invasion of the .pulpotomy or direct pulp-capping with Ca(OH)2 Q. our profession generally selects traditional endodontic treatment.chance of working "Dental pulp 2002 – page 335 " Cavity Cleansing.a)Glass ionomer b)composite resitn :Q.

Q.x :The aim of treatment maintenance is .acute abscess is . Radilolgy.632 *** . Surgery.B) Check tissue response . RC failed best treatment is :to a) Extraction of the tooth *** .B) Cavity containing blood cells *** .a pyogenic membrane epithelium ‫أما الناسور )يترافق مع الخراج المزمن( فهو مبطن بنسيج بشرلوي‬ .. b) Redo the RCT c) Apicectomy :Q.C) Cavity containing pus cells .Oral and Maxillofacial.a) GP reach the apex ..15 ‫ ص‬Pathway of the pulp 9ed 1st ‫المرجع‬ ‫لوكذلك الكيس بطانته بشرلوية‬ :Q-The most close tooth to the maxillary sinus *** . Pathology and Oral Medicine An abscess is a pathological cavity filled with pus and lined by .Follow up of RCT after 3 years .a) Cavity lined by epithelium .A) Prevent secondary infection .b) Debridement materials reach the apical area C) …….d) Cavity containing fluid MASTER DENTISTRY.a)maxillary 1st molar :Q17) The aim of biomechanical process during endo is to allow .

the physiological rest position a) is equal to the vertical dimension of occlusion b) may be exceeded if the appearance of the pt is enhanced c) is of a little importance as it is subjected to variations d) must always be greater than vertical dimension of occlusion :Mandibular fracture other complications nasal bleeding_1 ‫ جحوظ‬exophthalmos -2 numbness in the infraorbital nerve distribution -3 Hypercementosis and ankylosis is seen in a: paget disease b: monocytic fibrous dysplasia c: hyperparathirodism years patient come with untreared truma to tooth that 7 became yellow in colour what you shoul tell the parents a: pulp is dead b: pulp become calcified ( tooth in this age still not (complete root formation yellwish color indicate calcificaton ?c: the tooth will absorb normally a and b :1 a and c :2 .in registering the vertical dimension of occlusion for the :edentulous pt.the retainer of rubber dam a)four points of contact two buccally and two lingually without rocking b) four points of contact two buccally and two lingually above the height of contour c) four points of contact two mesially and two distally ……… d) 2 points Q.Q.

curved haemostate allis forceps?(stillies forceps: longer forceps than adison ) peterson Adson forceps .Allis forceps *** b.all of the above "3 The infection will spread cervically in infection from a: lower incisors b lower premolars (c: lower 2nd and 3rd molars(sublingual sub mand d: upper incsisors Infeerior orbital fissure located In hypertension patient the history is important to detect severity a: true b: false When take x ray in upper premolar to locate lingual root using mesial shift it will apear a: distal b: buccal c: lingual *** .23 *** .tissue heal and take impression after 2 weeks the needle holder used in suturing of lower third molar.Adson forcep petrson .Regular tweezers ‫ لورم لثوي مشكل‬:Remove thick epulis figuratum -1 a.d: mesial in inflamed muocosa due to wearing denture to when do new denture a: immediatly b: after week c: put tissue conditioning material and wait until the *** .

(3 *** 2&1 (4 .Curved hemostat forceps to hold flap when suturing (2 *** answer: adson's Pulp oedema has no effect on vascular system -1 fluid is compressed in the vessels limiting the intercellular -2 pressure interstitial pressure increased due to increased -3 ‫ *** زيادة الضغط الخللي‬vascularity cause necrosis of the pulp tissues -4 the favored relationship in case of fabrication of a lower class 1 RPD opposing a natural dentition is prognathism -1 working side -2 balancing side -3 none of the above -4 ‫ الهد ف الرئيسي‬:mechanochemical prep'n during RCT main aim (6 widening of the apex (1 master cone reaches the radiographic apex (2 ***proper debridement of the apical part of the canal (3 master cone doesn't reach the apex (7 ledge(1 (residual remenants (debris(2 ...pterygomandibular raph (13 Insertion & origin muscles ...c..

should be medial to the injection *** .6 :‫صيغة اخرى‬ Picture of the tooth show divergence of the mesial and distal -9 a.6 only if < 1.6mm *** c.all of the above child patient with oblitration in the centeral permenant (16 :incisor.Not correct. Patient that has a central incisor with severe resorption and who's going through an ortho treatment that is going to make him extract the premolars. What will you do RCT pulpotomy pulpectomy ***careful monitoring …… a drawing The divergence should be mesiodistally for an amalgam restoration no it should be convergent if the remaining proximal marginal ridge = 1.= = = >1. it should be convergence b.Correct but it should be for occlusal with = 1.6mm d.6 mm ((not sure ??)) 293. ‫مشكوك في صيغة السؤال كما هي لولكن النسب هو الخيار اللول فهل نضع جهاز متحرك من أجل‬ ‫سن لواحد؟؟‬ :76 ‫ لوجسر ماريلند مناسب لهذه الحالة لولورد في أكسفورد ص‬، ‫ل‬ ً" ‫الزرع ممكن مستقب‬ . which of the following won't be present in the treatment plan rpd implant Maryland bridge auto implant of the premolars.<1.6 mm *** only if > 1.

5-0.).wrongdiagnosis. 50 . give epinephrine I. Anaphylaxis is always an emergency. • If the patient is in the early stages of anaphylaxis and hasn’t yet lost consciousness and is still normotensive. Patient with radiopacity in the periapical area of a 1st mandibular molar with a wide carious lesion and a bad periodontal condition is: condensing osteosis *** hypercementosis 295. when the patient has lost consciousness and is hypotensive... For severe reactions. or subcutaneously (S.5 mg epinephrine of 1/10000 intra venous adrenaline of 1/1000 intra muscular..Transplantation of a lower premolar into the socket of an extracted incisor can be considered if lower arch is crowded.. give epinephrine I.C.M.y/treatment.000 aqueous solution.V.1 to 0. *** Http: //http: //www.com. It requires an immediate injection of 0. helping it move into the circulation faster by massaging the injection site. :‫ملحظة‬ ‫ بينما عند حدلوث التحسس من البنسلين فإن‬%2 ‫الدرينالين المستخدم للتخدير الموضعي الطبيعي‬ 1/1000 ‫ أي‬%0. what's the most important in the emergency treatment to do: 200 mg hydrocortisone intravenous 0. repeated every 5 to 20 minutes as necessary.1 ‫الدرينالين المستخدم للحقن العضلي‬ bronchial asthma epinephrine concentration (263 subcutaneously *** .5 ml of epinephrine 1: 1.A) 1/1000 B) 1/10000 C) 1/100000 Dental secrets – page 50 If the reaction is immediate (less than 1 hour) and limited to the skin. 294. Patient had anaphylactic shock due to penicillin injection .

0. If the patient becomes hypotensive... If other symptoms of allergic reaction occur. bronchial constriction.best material for major connector ( 39 Gold wrought wire *** chrome cobalt gold palladium titanium during 3/4 crown preparation on premolar.mg of diphenhydramine should be given immediately either intravenously or intramuscularly. bur used to add (41 :retentive grooves is radial fissure . such as conjunctivitis. cardiac down's syndrome patient child with multiple carious lesion in most of his dentition child who needs dental care. rhinitis. but who's uncooperative.3 cc of aqueous 1/1000 epinephrine should be given by subcutaneous or intramuscular injection. The patient should be monitored and emergency services contacted to transport the patient to the emergency department.System B .or 5% dextrose/water :which is contraindicated to the general anaesthia (27 patient with an advanced medical condition like ***.. or angioedema.etc :continuous condensation technique in gp filling is (28 obtura I obtura II ultrafill *** ..‫جميع الخيارات الثلثة اللولى من تقنيات حقن الكوتا الملينة بالحرارة‬ . The patient should be monitored until emergency services arrive. an intravenous line should be started with either Ringer’s lactate . fearful..

on a central incisor receiving a full ceramic restoration, (42 during finishing of the shoulder finish line subgingivally Diamond end cutting in a class III composite with a liner underneath, what's the (44 best to use *** .light cured GI zno Eug Reinforced znoeug outline of 2nd molar Access Opening (45 ***Triangular with the base mesially

The outline form of upper maxillary molar access opening (397 : is Triangular, The base of this triangle is directed toward *** .A) Buccal B) Palatal C) Mesial D) Distal after usage of sharp scalpels, needles, what's the best (48 management *** .throw in a special container of sharp instrument (1 sterilize and re use(2 through in ordinary plastic waste basket (3

sharping of hand instrument mounted air driven better (259 than unmounted due to *** .A) fine grit B) sterilization C) ability to curve instrument

The mounted-stone technique. The second technique for sharpening dental instruments is the mounted-stone technique. This technique is especially useful in sharpening instruments with curved or irregularly shaped nibs. Equipment consists of mandrel-mounted stones, a straight handpiece, lubricant, two-inch by two-inch gauge, and again, the instrument to be sharpened. Mounted stones are made of two materials, Arkansas stones and ruby stones (sometimes called sandstones). Ruby stones are primarily composed of aluminum oxide. The ruby stone is comparatively coarse, has a rapid cutting ability, and is used for sharpening instruments that are dull. Mounted stones are cylindrical in shape and appear in several sizes. They have a fine grit and are used with the straight handpiece. The stones permit rapid sharpening, but without extreme care, will remove too much metal and may overheat the instrument. Overheating the instrument will destroy the temper, thereby causing the instrument to no .longer hold a sharp edge Unmounted sharpening instruments are better than (22 :mounted because has finer grains don't alter the bevel of the instrument easier to sterilize less particles of the instruments are removed = cut less .of the plade - ... Veterinary dentistry: principles and ved=0CA0Q6AEwAQ&safe=active#v=onepage&q&f=fals e & Unmounted stones are customarly preferred as they are kinder on insturment by removing less metal in the sharpening process ‫موضوع أفضلية التعقيم مذكور لولكن ليس بأهمية حفظ الدلوات من التآكل أثناء التشذيب‬ Clinical Aspects of Dental Materials: Theory, Practice, and " "Cases, 3rd Edition

Came to the clinic complaining from pain related to swelling on maxillary central incisor area which vital and normal under ?percussion periapical cyst /1 (incisive cyst( nasopalatin cyst/2 globulomaxillary cyst /3 aneurysmalbone cyst /4 Y/o boy came to the clinic in the right maxillary central incisor :with large pulp exposure pulpectomy with Ca(OH)2 /1 *** .pulptomy with Ca(OH)2 /2 Direct pulp capping /3 leave it /4 The percentage of simple caries located in the outer wall of the dentin (proximal sides of the tooth) which left with out :cavitations is around 1-10% 2-30% *** 3-60% 4-90% Irrigation solution for RCT ,when there is infection and draining from the canal is a) Sodium hypochlorite b) Iodine potassium *** .c) sodium hypochlorite and iodine potassium

"Pocket Atlas of Endodontics – page 154" Therefore, like citric-acid rinsing, EDTA solution is recommended before the placement of calcium hydroxide. At a 15% concentration, citric acid has been shown to be very .effective against anaerobic bacteria Solvidont, a bisdequalium acetate, exhibits good antibacterial properties, but also an unfavorable relationship between .cytotoxicity and antibacterial efficiency

Physiologic saline (nacl) is by far the most tissue-friendly .rinsing solution, but its antibacterial effect is quite low Iodine and also potassium iodine are good antiseptics with .equally good tissue biocompatibility .Betadine” is the commercially available product “ With paraformaldehyde or phenol-containing solutions, on the other hand, the tissue toxicityis higher than the antibacterial .efficacy

pt came with class IV he had tooth trauma & he brought the -2 fracture segment & on examination u found that the pulp is not :exposed & only u can see dentine, how u manage to get rid of the fragment & fill with composite to reattach the fragment with composite and latter cover with veneer others patient came to dentist after previous stressful procedure -12 complaining of burning & discomfort of his lip on examination u found lesions on the palate, diagnosis is -contact dermatitis -allergy -aphthous ulser *** (herpes simplex (herpetic gingivostomatitis adult 20 years male with soft tissue & dental trauma reveals -1 severe pain in soft tissues with loss of epithelial layers and :anterior upper centrals are intruded the diagnosis is a-abrasion with luxation b-errosion with sub luxation c-ulceration with luxation d-ulceration with subluxation

trigeminal neuralgia treated by carbomizapine, the max dose -2 :per day divided in doses is a-200 mg B-500mg C-1000mg D-1200mg 104 ‫ كتاب اللم الفموي الوجهي ص‬:‫المرجع‬ ‫ ملغ‬1200-600 ‫الجرعة اليومية‬ Usual Adult Dose for Trigeminal Neuralgia Initial dose: 100 mg orally twice a day (immediate or extended .(release) or 50 mg orally 4 times a day (suspension May increase by up to 200 mg/day using increments of 100 mg every 12 hours (immediate or extended release), or 50 mg four times a day. (suspension), only as needed to achieve freedom .from pain. Do not exceed 1200 mg/ day .Maintenance dose: 400 to 800 mg/day Some patients may be maintained on as little as 200 mg/day while others may require as much as 1200 mg/day. At least once every 3 months throughout the treatment period, attempts should be made to reduce the dose to the minimum effective level or to discontinue the drug Read more: Carbamazepine Dosage - Drugs.com years child with congenital heart disease came for 3-10 extraction of his lower 1st molar, the antibiotic for choice for ;prevention of infective endocarditis is a-ampicelline 30 mg /kg orally 1hour before procedure b-cephalixine 50mg/kg orally 1hour before procedure c-clindamicine 20mg/kg orally 1hour before procedure d-amoxicilline 50mg/kg orally 1hour before procedure Dental secrets ""Amoxicillin, 2.0 gm orally 1 hr before procedure :the organism that not found in newborn mouth -4 a-streptococcus mutant b-streptococcus salivaris

c-e-coli d-skin bacteria

‫المصدر التالي ينفي لوجود العقدية اللعابية لوالطافرة‬ Http://jdr.sagepub.com/content/49/2/415.full.pdf

Breast-fed babies, six months' old, studied by Belding and Belding,6 did not have S salivarius. When diets were supplemented with cereals and sugar, S salivarius became the dominant organism of saliva. When this supplement was .excluded from the diet, S salivarius disappeared entirely The absence of S mutans and S sanguis from the mouth of the infants agrees with previous findings that these streptococci require hard surfaces such as teeth and dentures for successful colonization in the mouth.'0"14 Subsequent studies of the infants in the present study will reveal if the occurrence of these streptococci in the mouth is strictly .correlated to the eruption of the teeth

And This infection, which generally affects only one breast, usually occurs two to three weeks postpartum, but it might occur after only one week. It's caused by Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli bacteria.1 These bacteria often are carried on the mother's or (hospital) staff's unwashed hands, or in the newborn's mouth.2 The bacteria enter the mother's body through an open, injured area of the nipple, although in some .cases there might be no discernible wound

:baby born without which bacteria (288 *** .A) Streptococcus mutans for a newly erupted tooth, the most bacteria found around (390 the tooth is *** .A) Streptococcus mutans

the major connector of choice -anteroposterior palatal strap is the least-1 U shaped *** u shaped favorable design Bcoz its posterior palatal lack rigidity Using indirect retainer is a-2 must Clinical prosthodontic .Compomer .B) Streptococcus salivaris ???What is uses if microscop .1 .2 .To see live cells .Glass ionomer Patient has a palatal torus b/w hard & soft palate.Amalgam .To see dead cells :instrument used for scratching stone cast to make postdam -6 a-le cron carver In primary tooth for restoration before putting the filling u put -base *** calcium hydroxide -varnish best way to detect presence of 2 canals *** putting 2 files & take x-ray for root canal treated tooth u choose to put post & amalgam this depend on *** remaining coronal structure -root divergence -presence of wide root others :The best method for core build up is -19 .3 *** .To see metaobolic *** .

Uneven pressure on the crest of alveolar ridge b. Increase vertical dimension Didn't find the answer in book White But I'vediffuse asked pla dr hassaballah his answer was b because if we have high v dimension causing pain it will stay even after we relief the area bcoz the cause is still exist After final inlay cementation and before complete setting of cement we :should a-remove occlusal interferences *** .genodermatosis that is Its rare others inhered as an autosomal dominant trait Usually appear at birth White diffuse plaque bilaterally May present extra orally Other name: cannone disease Ref: oral &maxillofacial pathology nevile 2 edition Pt construct for him a complete denture after few days he came to u complaining from pain & white spots on the residual ridge do relief in that area & give him ointment & after few days he came again complaining the : same but in another area the main cause is .b-burnishing of peripheries of restoration for more adaptation c-lowering occlusal surface It is easier to remove excess cement before it finally sets.a. Once the cement is hard the rubber dam is removed and the occlusion checked with articulating paper and adjusted with fine diamond burs Ref: Pickard's Manual of Operative .white sponge nevus .& other member in the family has i leukoplakia*** .White lesion bilaterally on cheek.

patient has underlying systemic condition answer in book but denture is overextende dr. Dental treatment for a patient on dialysis should be done on the day dialysis appointments avoid patient with 5between years old denture has a severeto gag reflex . and myocardial infarction .2 Occiptomental RG :middle 3d facial@ Lat oblique 30 degree 3 fx .hassaballah choose 2 Pt presented with vehicle accident u suspect presence of bilateral – 17 :condylar fracture what is the best view to diagnose condylar Fracture .b-1 day after dialysis resulting from depleted fluid@ c-1week afterhypotension dialysis occur appro in 30% of pt ..lefort I. bleeding difficulties he says he had the same symptoms in the first few days of the denture delievery and Ref: it went all alone Burket's oral medicine.Reverse towne .1 *** . Dental patient has severe gag reflex I couldn't find the secrets – page 54 .page 186 :pt with renal dialysis the best time of dental tx is -12 a-1 day before dialysis *** .salivary gland Posteranterior :low neck fx@ . upon history (17 .III Coronoid process @Reverse town :high neck fx Condylar fx Lateral oblique :angle of the@ mandible .cephalosporin Using pharmacological sedative during@ stressful procedure is recommended to \inhibit ncrease systolic pressure Patients typically receive dialysis 3@ times/week.serious sequlae of hemo dialysis that occur during or immediately after dialysis so the best treatment is on one day after dialysis Avoid using NSIAD coz its ncrease Na@ retention impaired action of diuretic lead to acidosis @Avoid using tetracycline .II.Occiptomenatal .cerebrovascular accident.

5 .2 .Female come need to endodontic for central insical .Glossopharyngeal nerve (CN 9 All intrinsic and extrinsic muscles of the tongue are supplied by the Hypoglossal nerve (CN 12). which is inervated by CN10 of the pharyngeal plexus Ref:snill human antomy Rate of electrosurgery :Electro surgery rate million per seconds or 7. palatoglossus.5 .million cycle per seconds 7.million cycle per seconds 25 – 10 .1 *** .IX .3 The nerve which supplies the tongue and may be anesthetized during :nerve block injection *** .3 There 3 classes of acive elecrodes million cycle per seconds 30 .2 Metal crown . edge the best restoration .Full crown .and have media .VII .cycle 1 megahertz .V .and have attrition in ?the insicial.2 :Taste of the ant 2/3 of tongue .1 .5 – 1.5 *** . except for one of the extinsic muscles.Jacket crown .20 composite restorations in the mesial and distal walls .5 – 1.4 Single electrode for incision or excision Loop electrode for planning tissue Heavy electrode for coagulaion .million cycle per seconds 10 – 7.3 )Fac ial nerve (Chorda tympani 4XII General sensation of the anterior 2/3 : Lingual Nerve which is a branch of Trigeminal nerve CN V Taste and general sensation for the post1/3: ).

Ref : Caranza periodontology – page 899 :Immature tooth has less sensation of cold hot due to . What is your treatment .3 No treatment is performed only anti inflammatory drugs and . physiotherapy. Mandible movements are normal in all ?direction….Inter maxillary mandibular fixation .38 fracture of the condoyle.Wide pulp chamber .Short root . is advised in most cases Unilateral condylar fractures without displacement. including close observation.2 .41 .1 . X-ray revealed bilateral .4 .3 Pt came to the clinic after he has an accident. soft diet.2 .Inter mandibular fixation .Incomplete innervations . are generally treated conservatively using arch bars and intermaxillary fixation .Fixed IMF for 6 weeks . and functional appliances.observation If there is change in occlusion : perform open reduction and bone plating of one side only If no changes :Conservative treatment.1 .

thrombocytopenia time .1 .Malformation .platelet count normal .Cracks in enamel .In cold water .Small to large opacities of hypocalcification in the enamel are thought to be caused by periapical infection. the 6 :tooth is intruded.3 .Displacement .2 Milk is an effective isomolar mediam . The permanent incisors are expected to have *** .35 .Crown dilaceration @ occurs in 3% of injuries to the primary dentition Ref: paediaric dentistry 3edition ch 12 :What is the best media for keep avulsion tooth . This condition is referred to as Turners Hyposplasia @White or yellowish-brown discoloration .In cold milk .years old patient received trauma in his maxillary primary incisor.4 Sequalae Localized enamel hypoplasia – trauma to the@ primary tooth can disturb enamel formation in the underlying permanent tooth.In milk same temperature of room .hemophelia B Hemophilia B: PT normal PTT raised .In water same temperature of room .1o Ref: Clinical medicine 5 edition page 463 by parveen .vit.3 .K deficiency thrombocytopenia: PT .a. Crown or root dilaceration .1 *** .7. :the diagnosis is .2 .4 Ref: paediaric dentistry 3edition ch 12 Child with previous history of minor trauma with excessive bleeding we do test the result is prolong PT & slightly increase clotting time & …………….Yellowish or whitish discoloration .b.c.9.APTT normal@ VI k deficiency: PT . Test is +ve.APTT prolonged easily bruising@ VI k is residues for factors 2. bleeding@ . especially on the labial surface.

dentist evaluate prognosis with flexible wire/1 ridge wire/2 in follow-up pd wire/3 Completed in centric occlusion is normal but in eccentric occlusion the :lower ant teeth & upper ant are interfere with contact wt should be do reduction of mand incisor/1 '' max '' ''/2 reduction of lingual inclination of max incisior /3 '' mand '' '' '' '' '' ''/4 :The correct answer is Reduction of labio incisal of lower ant_1 palatal surface of max teeth_2 Ref :clinical complete dt prosthodontic p 365 .3. can present with unilateral sore throat. unilateral facial and neck pain. 2/ (Albright syndrome) Albright It is suspected when two of the three following features are present: autonomous) endocrine hyperfunction such as precocious puberty Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia Unilateral Café-au-lait spots Eagle syndrome is a rare condition where an elongated temporal styloid process (more than 30mm) is in conflict with the adjacent anatomical structures. tinnitus. Head and neck nevi with multi lesion is: 1/Eagle syndrome. and otalgia Ref: Ref: oral &maxillofacial pathology nevilee 2 edeition : Avulsed teeth with replantation. dysphagia.

5 Highly processedRelatively high protein Moderate amounts of fat Minimal amounts of carbohydrate High concentration of calcium and phosphorus pH greater than 6 Stimulates saliva secretionExamples:Examples:Crackers Pre-sweetened cereals Breads 109. Histopathologically. Can be confused with acute hypertrophic candidiasis c. Have characteristic microscopic features b. sugars. Can be confused with Lichen planus Potato chipsCheese with chronic hypertrophic candidiasis d. Can be confused Peanuts Meat Muffins Dried fruits Cookies Milk It is characterized by wide and elongated rete ridges that appear to push into underlying ct (bulbous rete ridges Eggs It could be similar o papilloma Ref: oral &maxillofacial pathology nevilee 2 edition Some vegetables . or a mixture( Sticky consistency Breaks into small particles in the mouth Causes pH to fall below 5.:Food low cariogenic affect the following should be characteristic low buffring capacity /1 ph low than3/2 contain mineral/3 High CariogenicityLow CariogenicityHigh fermentable carbohydrate content )starch. early verrcus carcinoma : a.

after you check no caries when you pressure on maxillary premolar he ???feel pain.pneumoniae.3edeition p455 Round end diamond bur ???what name of bur use in facial surface of veneer (16 *** .fever.over instrumentation Canine space infection is evidenced by anterior cheek swelling with loss of the nasolabial fold and possible extension to the infraorbital region.4th Ed.or resto in hyperocclusion .maxilary sinusitis :Max sinusitis canine space infection Symptom of acute sinusitis :headache .WillisGauge Resting face height is assessed using A Willis gauge.tooth ache in premolar and molar area Causative organism: s. This is due to infection of the maxillary canine and potentially may spread to the cavernous sinus.Dimond fissure Ref :fundamental of fixed prosth. ef: oral &maxillofacial pathology nevilee 2 .3edeition p455 patient feel sever pain upper mouth pain is radiated to easy and ear (15 . moraxella catarhalis Acute apical periodontites Etiology :irreversibly inflamed pulp by caries. to measure the distance @ between the base of nose and the underside of the chin. In x ray no change what diagnosis Acute apical periodontits *** . H. (2005) – page 194 ???what name of bur used in proximal surface of laminate veneer (15 Radial dimound Ref :fundamental of fixed fissure prosth.influenza.for recording of vertical dimention we use -10 .pain on cheek bone . Is only accurate to ±1 mm . clinical complete dt prosthodontic Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry . dentoalveolar infection photophobia .The patient's appearance and speech@ profile silhoute@ @Face mask Ref: .

???pacifier habit what you see in his mouth -4 .and retruded mandible Ref: Oski's pediatrics: principles & practice In the pulp cell rich zone inner most pulp layer wich contain fibroblast 1 cell free zone rich with capilleres and nerve networks 2 odonotbalstic layer wich contain odontoblast 3 4all of the above .Open bite Affect of pacifier and digit sucking Cross bite Anterior open bite flaring maxillary incisors . ( ‫انها ناقصة‬ ‫)الجوبة اتوقع‬ posterior cross bite .retruded and croweded mandibular incisors .anterior displaced maxilla .

3edeition :Glenoid fossa is found in (71 .An ovate pontic :Saddle pontic c.Decrease radiographic film need .D) temporal bone Anatomy of the Human Body .The glenoid fossa = the mandibular fossa orbital cavity /1 depression in the temporal Bone that articulates nasal cavity/2 with the condyle of the Mandible and is divided into two parts by a slit middle cranial fossa /3 :ref *** .3edeition Ref: fundamental of fixed prosth.What type pontic design would you in a patient with a high esthetic -18 : demand when preparing teeth number 9 – 11 for a F P D a.ridge lap or saddle pontic b.Henry Gray – page 82 :The spread of odontogenic infection is based on (72 host defense /1 virulent of microorganism /2 No. Of bacteria /3 *** .modified ridge lap pontic Most esthetic pontic look like tooth but should not be used because is impossible to clean Ref: fundamentals of fixed :prosth.all /4 :3rd generation of apexo locator (81 Use with all pt Need more research Ncrease chair time ** .

used with porcelain to enhance wetability of bonding /1 used with tooth and porcaline /2 Saline is added to etched surface to improve resin bond o porcelain Ref:fundamental of operative dentistry schwartz 3edeition p509 : pt taken heparins he should do surgery after (96 Hr 1 /1 Hr 2 /2 Hr 4 /3 *** .:silane coupling agent (86* *** . we choose (195 A) Dicor . location on papilla of anterior (194 :area of the maxilla. bleeding on probing. Isolated A)giant cell granuloma *** .Hr 6 /4 hr if heparin is given IV . anterior maxilla area. highly esthetic.(B) pyogenic granuloma (pregnancy epulis C) giant cell granuloma :Porcelain.24 hr if 6( subcutanouseouly Ref: contemporary of oral and maxillofacial srgery petrson p 18 Pregnant 25 years.

zinc tend to oxide preferentially forming a zinc oxide that cover surface of alloy and suppress oxidation of other elements Side effect of zinc was moisture contamination in low copper amalgam High copper don’t exhibit phenomenon of delayed expansion before setting : Ref: ref fundmental of operative dentistry 341 155art and science of operative dentistry : endocrine and exocrine gland is (215 .A) ZR (zircon) reinforced in ceram Setting converted zinc o zinc oxide and produce H gas that could expand :Amalgam pain after restoration due toexcessively (198 amalgam resulting in patient pain A) phase 2 gamma B) phase 1 gamma *** . A+ b Zinc added o amalgam to enhance mechanical proprieties.d *** . Increase moisture sensitivity and cause expansion dentistry b.c --.e.C) zinc containing alloy D) Admix alloy but this is true only when there is moisture contamination :ref fundmental of operative dentistry 341 Zinc if added to amalgam . Increase marginal integrity and longevity than zinc free amalgam --.43 155art and science of operative a.C)Impress Dr hanef answer it :the highest strength in porcelain (196 *** ..B) in ceram .. reduce marginal fracture and prolong service of Rx.

B) remove all the old restoration & undermined enamel & caries C) insertion of post immediately for discharged sharp instrument (blades.*** . Cause . needle tips.B) Food impaction underneath the pontic C) separation between the abutment and the retainer.B) designed sharp instrument special container C) disinfectant in auto glave then throw D) put it in multifoil years old patient came to your dental office. *** (dissolving of cement / microleakage Loose retainer not easily identified by pt he may notice bad taste or smell Its indicate : an adequate prep Poor cementation Or caries Ref :contemporary fixed prosth 4 edition po936 rosenthial .. …etc) (317 : put in A) dicharged paper basket *** . wedges.A) broken abutment .P *** . By examination patient has an anterior mandibular 3 unit bridge that bubbles upon :Applying water spray and slight pressure. suffering 32 (338 from a bad odour and taste from His mouth.A) pancreas B) pituitary gland C) thyroid g D) salivary g E) sweat g :during post removal the first thing to do is (298 A) remove the G.

moth eaten appearance Diffuse sclerosing osteomylites_ 3 Uncommon disease occur in molar region Swelling trismus Etiology infection of bacteria of low virulence for eg skin infection RG : n crease opacity of the bone Focal sclerosing osteomyilites_4 (condensing osteties :Hunter Schreger bands are white and dark lines that appear in . pain. and Occur in children .Dentin when view in horizontal ground .no radiographic changes Chronic osteomylities : swelling.Enamel when view in longitudinal ground 2 dark lines seen in Alternating light .Diabetic patient came to clinic with pain & swelling & enlarged mandible.4junction and end before In pm dentoenamel they reach the enamel surface. your diagnosis is *** .3 that begin at the dental enamel Dentin when view in _molar longitudinal ground . they Tx : remove odontogenic infection represent areas of enamel rods cut in cross-sections dispersed between Nevile oral and maxillofacial pathology areas of rods cut longitudinally P126 127 The bands are not commonly Second addition observed in the incisal or occlusal . : on radiograph it showed mouth eaten appearance. .1w pulpities *** .b) focal sclerosing osteomyelitis c) diffuse sclerosing :Type of osteomylities acute osteomylites_1 Pt has sign and symptoms of typical infection Short duration .a) acute osteomyelitis .regions of enamel . tooth loss Radiographic feature: patchy ragged ill defined .Enamel when Localized view in horizontal ground . pus_2 discharge.19 area associated ..

they cannot be seen on radiographs unless special steps are taken to make them visible. its most common of inherited blood disorder Most of cases are mild and insignificant clinically : Paget disease Abnormal and anarchic resorbtion and deposition of bone Cause : unknown Affect old people . *** (Specialized radiograph for the Salivary gland disorders Dental secrets – page 107y Because the salivary glands consist of soft tissue. men more .Paget disease )Treacher collin syndrome (mandibulofacial dysotosis Rare Defect in second and first brachial arches Hypoplastic zygoma .Treacher Collins syndrome c.down word slanting palpebral fissure has coloboma in outer portion of lower eye lid 75% Ear defect Under developed mandible hypoplasia of condyle 15% has cleft palate Von willer band syndrome Its not syndrome Its disease caused by genetic deficiency of plasma glycoprotein von willerbrand factor. what’s the best :x-ray to help you A)panoramic B)occlusal (C)sialograph.Von Willebrand syndrome )>>>von der woude syndrome b. In a technique called sialograph Child with cleft palate and cleft lip with anodontia due to -23 a.Patient complaining from pain in the floor of the mouth (beneath the (340 lower jaw) your diagnosis is related to the salivary glands.

cleft lip and/or palate. The most common symptoms found in patients with EEC Syndrome are: missing or irregular fingers and/or toes (ectrodactyly).Maxillary involvement more common than mandible Extreme case cause Osseo nasal obstruction. After examination dentist diagnose the tooth is carious and has irreversible pulpitis. He decides to do RCT.B) Extraction C)Intra-pulpal anaesthia distal surface for first upper premolar . After enough time for anaesthisation. Female patient came to your clinic with continous severe pain related (337 to 1st \maxillary molar. as well as abnormalities of the eyes and urinary tract . It is the most common syndrome associated with cleft lip or cleft palate . or unusual facial features. or isolated cleft lip and cleft palate of varying severity. or both. the patient won’t allow the dentist to touch the :tooth due to severe pain. obliterated sinus Van der woude syndrome is an autosomal dominant syndrome characterized by a cleft lip or cleft palate.associated anomaly Ectrodactyly –ectodermal dysplasia cleft lip cleft /Palate (EEC Syndrome) is a rare form of ectodermal inherited as an autosomal dominant genetic trait the symptoms of which can vary from mild to severe. abnormalities of the hair and glands. absent teeth. Dentist should .. distinctive pits of the lower lips.contact with the neighbor teeth (342 : A)in the middle with buccal vastness wider than lingual one Mesial contact in than he middle third B)in the middle with lingual vastness wider bucccaly one D contact more cervical but still in middle third The crown is little narrower in lingual than buccal :Ref Dental anatomy 6 edition . These variable manifestations include lower lip pits alone. Hypodontia has been increasingly recognized as a frequently .A) give another appointment to the patient with description of antibiotics .

Neurocranium ossification b.Cyst` d.c.Non of above Which of the following canals in # 14 is most difficult to -25 :locat a.Endochondral ossification .Distobuccal *** .Which condition is an apical lesion that develop acute exacerbation of -26 :chronic apical abscess a.Intramembranous ossification c.All of above : Skeletal Bone of skull develop from-21 a.palatal b.Mesiobuccal d.Granuloma b-phonex abscess c.

upper 1st molar Pt came 2 u with coloration bluish (or green?? ) and black in the gingival margins .c-bismuth . clavicle Endochondral seen in long bone of limb and the cranial base .lower 2ed premolar d.this is caused because of a-mercury b-lead *** .lower 2ed molar *** .d-arsen All of these elements can cause discoloration .laura mitchel 3edeition p33 The developing humen clinical embrylogy7edetion Which tooth require special attention when preparing -27 :the occlusal aspect for restoration a.lower 1st premolar c.b.he said that hi has : gasteriointensinal problem.Ossification take place in hyaline cartlige Ref :introduction to orthodontic . clavira. mandible.Intramembranous :seen during embryonic development By direct transformation of mesenchymal cell to osteoblast Occur in facial bone.

class II amalgam restoration with deep caries the patient comes with localized pain related to it after 3 :months due to a)undetected pulp horn exposure b) over occlusion ...C) diapedesis Q.A) Acute osteomyelitis the movement of polymorphic cells in the gaps of (344 intracellular to the blood capillary :Outside it called ‫ مسامية‬A)porosity ‫ تسرب‬B)slinking (source Wikipedia) ‫ *** انسلل‬.C)metronidazole D) all of the above . By :clinical and radiographic examination your diagnosis *** .What is the test name for detecting the virulent of ((bacteria i do not remember the name may be spirochete .a-hemolysis B-catalase Patient suffering from pain in the area of the (345 mandibular molars with paresthesia in the lower lip..c) moisture contamination during the restoration …………(d : Dylantin (phynotoin) don’t give with (193 B)azoles *** ..

and dizygotic (or fraternal) twins . Nerve /3 pt with renal transplantation came with white elevated -13 lesion on tongue no history of smoking or tobacco chewing :diagnosis is a-candidiasis *** . when u did the examination u notice the max tubersity will be interfere with dt need 12 no blade to be extention/1 partial thickness flap extend buccal & palatal /2 suture under tension/3 After u inject L.:Thermal pulp test principle of blood supply of pulp/1 nerve supply of pulp /2 AO fibers/3 Pt need complete dt.plexus vein /2 Posterior alv.B-iatrogenic lesion c-hyperkeratosis D-stomatitis twins came to your clinic during routine examination .A for 2nd max molar pt become colorless : with external sweeling its due to facial artrey/1 *** .you found great (183 change behavior Between both of them this due to A)hereditary B)environment \C)maturation Dentistry for child and adolescent Human twins are of two basic types: monozygotic (or identical) twins resulting from a single ovum fertilized by a single sperm.resulting from fertilization of two ova by two sperm It also follows that difference between monozygotic twins result from environmental differences whereas those between dizygotic twins result from differences in both heredity and environment .

brand name :surgicel !!! B) Gelvon___no results in search .hemostatic agent . School of Dental Medicine.what medical condition should prevent the dentist (379 : from practicing dentistry A) Diabetes B) Hypertension . Stony Brook 11794-8702. dentist made a stab incision and is fixing a rubber drain to evacuate the pus. __ transmissible disease . the drain is sutured : to . The oral dryness is not associated with cardiovagal autonomic system dysfunction but may be due to disturbances in glycemic control___(Xerostomia in diabetes mellitus.A) Diabetes Mellitus DM: either insulin dependent or insulin independent .A Valdini. A Green and .) which of the following materials is NOT a (386 : hemostatic agent A) Oxidized cellulose…. L M Sreebny. It is strongly associated with objective measurements of poor salivary flow and with other oral and extraoral symptoms of desiccation. A Yu.C) Zinc Oxide patient suffering from a submandibular gland (398 abscess.the osmotic effect of the glucose solution result in polyuria (frequent urination )stimulate pt thirst causing polydipsia (frequent liquid consumption ) ___Contemporary .. OMFS Peterson 4th edition Dry mouth is a common complaint among ambulatory diabetic patients.!!!C) Influenza.D) Headache patient complaining of Xerostomia & frequent going (381 to the toilet at night . Department of Oral Pathology and Biology. State University of New York.

.. __ facial or buccal surface --fundamentals of fixed prostho.B) Step back tech . C) Crown down tech.A) Intra-oral B) From angle of the mandible.. setting inhibition when contact with latex gloves ( Reference (contemporary fixed prostho..A) Step down tech .less rigid than B and more than A . 2 plane by follow the monophology. 2..D). Shillingburg 3rd edition .. .. .adv: odor and long setting time B) Poly-ether___ adv: dimensional stability .A) parallel to long axis Labial reduction for porcelain metal restoration must -26 :be 1. dis.__ pathways of the pulp 9th edition Preparation of tooth for metal ceramic restoration (406 :should be done in A) two planes.…C) Between myloid muscle and The best material for taking full crown veneers (399 : impression is A) Poly-sulfide ___adv : dimensional stability (but less than B. dis.adv: . 1 plane for aesthetic.dis.adv :high stiffness C) Irreversible hydrocolloid__ not sufficiently accurate D) Poly vinyl siloxane (Additional silicone).__ Contemporary OMFS Peterson 4th edition . Shillingburg 3rd edition . rosenstile 4 th edition : what is the concept of Pro-taper system (401 .. __fundamentals of fixed prostho. __adv: dimensional stability equivalent to B .

but in 2nd molar due to thinner lingual bone than buccal plate .B) buccolingual direction to dilate socket C) mesial then lingual___ usually extraction done in bucco-occ. Over incline axial surface  excessive tooth structure reduction  3- less retention ..B) less retentive . Contact.. the direction is lingualy than buccaly Reference : Contemporary OMFS Peterson 4th edition Upon opening an incision in a periapical abscess in (416 : a lower 1st molar.thin casting in the junction between the occlusal and axial reduction 2. Long . Direction . you open A) The most bottom of the abscess . to the floor + ...If extension of the incisal plane __ over taper and too close to the pulp. : Functional cusp bevel in post teeth prevent 1. plane parallel . 2.parallel axial walls with one path of insertion more retentive : Preparation for anterior metal ceramic with one plane 1.If extension of the gingival plane __bad shade match and over contoured. Shillingburg 3 rd edition) : when removing lower second molar (410 A) occlusal plane perpendicular To the floor __occ.over contouring deflective occ.B) The most necrotic part of the abscess C) Extra oral . (fundamentals of fixed prostho.preparation for labial surface in one plane in the (343 :preparation for metal crown is A)more retentive *** .

This test has a low chance of having a false result after the first few weeks that a person is infected. and 6 months after exposure to find out if a person is infected with HIV Neonate 2 years old. This test is usually the first one used to detect infection with HIV.:What’s the test used for HIV (417 . ___ treated by DIRECTLY OBSERVED THERAPY SHORT COURSE (DOTS).. This test finds either the RNA of the HIV virus or the HIV DNA in white blood cells infected with the virus. But it is more expensive than a Western blot test and not commonly used. With the eruption of the 1st tooth <A)Riga-Fede disease. Elsevier Which of the following conditions is highly indicated . Also called . B) HIV C) H1N1 .Fede's disease Mosby's Medical Dictionary. Testing is often done at 6 weeks. • Polymerase chain reaction (PCR).554 :the tongue. but it is done to confirm the results of two positive ELISA tests.578 for the short therapy of DOTS andIs directly observed :once in the clinic A) Tuberculosis. This test is more difficult than the ELISA to perform. <sublingual traumatic ulceration Riga-Fede disease: an ulceration of the lingual frenum in some infants. other tests are not usually needed. If antibodies to HIV are present (positive). and screen blood or organs for HIV before donation. Like a Western blot test.. If ELISA is negative. Genetic material may be found even if other tests are negative for the virus. • Indirect fluorescent antibody (IFA). © 2009. caused by abrasion of the frenum by natal or neonatal teeth.Elisa Reference : webmed Several tests can find antibodies or genetic material (RNA) to the HIV virus. the test is usually repeated to confirm the diagnosis. PCR testing is not done as frequently as antibody testing because it requires technical skill and expensive equipment. 8th edition. The PCR test is very useful to find a very recent infection. • Western blot. determine if an HIV infection is present when antibody test results were uncertain. This test may be done in the days or weeks after exposure to the virus. 3 months. has a lesion on the centrum of . These tests :include • Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). it is used to confirm the results of an ELISA. This test detects HIV antibodies.

human resources. Green Light Committee (GLC) 5.. MILLER... TB drug management. International Standards of TB Care (ISTC). USPHS Dental . California 94118.int/tb/dots/en • • • • • At the begining of the Operation day in the clinic. Monitoring and evaluation system and impact measurement TB recording and reporting systems. (C . Five :components of DOTS 1. Health Center. community-patient involvement 4.who. TB planning and budgeting tool. Political commitment with increased and sustained financing Legislation..D) Mental Illness DOTS remains at the heart of the Stop TB Strategy . WHO epidemiology and surveillance online training (/Reference : WHO (http://www.. Practical Approach to Lung Health (PAL). planning. An effective drug supply and management system Availability of TB drugs. Global Drug Facility (GDF). Bacterial Contamination of Water Delivered by Dental Units L. . Standardized treatment with supervision and patient support TB treatment and program management guidelines. Global TB Control Report.584 :periodontium is . CABOT ABEL.. 16% contained Streptococcus salivarius.A) streptococcus mutans . drug resistance surveillance 3. ROBERT L. (D Studies on Dental Aerobiology: IV.. and 40% contained . Division of Dental Health. data and country profiles. San Francisco. USA The samples did have organisms typical of those found in the mouth .579 you should start the water/air spray for Three minutes : in order to get rid of which type of microorganisms . management. PPM. Streptococcus mitis was found in 26% of the samples. training 2. and GUNNAR RYGE . MICIK.B) streptococcus salivaris .enterococci The main link between the pulp and the the . Case detection through quality-assured bacteriology Strengthening TB laboratories. RUDOLPH E.

Irreversible pulpitis B. Acute periodontal abscess. Central mandible Incisor. and mid 3rd C. sever pain +no RG (evidence = acute (endodontics . Better used diluted . Dentinal tubules C. __mesially incisal 3rd near the incisal .A. Apical foramen. __endodontics . pulp test :is negative.1st pm . Diagnosis A. Ordinary irrigant solution . there's no swelling Related. with or with out swelling( no swelling if confined to bone ).B. edge . 1st maxillary molar__ all molars max and mand mesially in the .588 mandibular molar.distally more cervical Reference : Dental anatomy 6th edition :Naocl is used in RCT . Accessory canals D.594 . 1st maxillary premolar__ 1st and 2nd max pm in mid 3rd .C.590 :between the incisal (occlusal) third and middle third A. mesial contact more lingual than distal contact .D. Better result when used combined with alcohol . __-ve pulp test = necrotic . Suppurative periodontal abscess Which of the following teeth has a contact area . no evidence in radiograph. Oxidative effect . torabinejad 4th edition C. PDL Patient came with severe pain related to right 1st .A. junction of occ and mid 3rd.distally in the mid 3rd D. torabinejad 4th edition B.2 nd pm the opposite B. 1st mandibular premolar__ both 1st and 2nd mand pm in the junction of occ.

high incidence of cesarean section.: Naocl Most common irrigant . The most prominent clinical findings are abnormally large. The most prominent clinical findings in CCD: Abnormally large. The wide-open metopic suture results in separation of the frontal bones by a metopic groove. variable numbers of . failure to shed the primary teeth.dilution decrease the potential for toxicity . Individuals with CCD are shorter than their unaffected sibs and are more likely to have other skeletal/orthopedic problems such as pes planus. and short.: Cleidocranial dysplasia (referred to as CCD in this review) is a skeletal dysplasia characterized by delayed closure of the cranial sutures. abnormal dentition. failure to shed the primary teeth.nih. although bones formed through endochondral ossification can also be affected.. Manifestations may vary among individuals in the same family. and malocclusion. wideopen fontanels at birth that may remain open throughout life. such as the cranium and the clavicles.dissolve necrotic tissue by braking down proteins amino acids . clavicular hypoplasia resulting in narrow. the cranium is brachycephalic. hypoplastic or aplastic clavicles. supernumerary teeth with dental crowding. Diagnosis is based on clinical and radiographic findings. The forehead is broad and flat. broad thumbs. tapering fingers. recurrent ear infections.ncbi. and multiple dental abnormalities.gov/books/NBK1513/) Disease characteristics.638 :characteristic Reference : NCBI bookshelf (http://www.((endodontics . genu valgum.with cholorhexidine act synergistically to eliminate microorganisms . .nlm. including delayed eruption of secondary dentition. and mild degree of motor delay in children under age five years. and scoliosis. and hand abnormalities such as brachydactyly. torabinejad 4th edition A question about Cleidocranial dysostosis . including delayed eruption of secondary dentition. Other medical problems include recurrent sinus infections and other upper-airway complications. sloping shoulders that can be apposed at the midline. mid-face hypoplasia. • Mid-face hypoplasia • • Abnormal dentition. Clinical Diagnosis Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) affects most prominently those bones derived from intramembranous ossification. wide-open fontanels at birth that may remain open throughout life.

• Hypoplastic scapulae • Pelvis • Delayed ossification of the pubic bone. with wide pubic symphysis • • • Hypoplasia of the iliac wings Widening of the sacroiliac joints Large femoral neck and large epiphyses • Hands (Figure 3) • Pseudoepiphyses of the metacarpal and metatarsal bones. crowded teeth. tapering fingers. and short. frontal. supernumerary teeth • Thorax (Figure 2) • • Cone-shaped thorax with narrow upper thoracic diameter Clavicular abnormalities ranging from complete absence to hypoplastic or discontinuous clavicles. patent fontanels. and malocclusion • Clavicular hypoplasia. and mastoid sinuses • Impacted.supernumerary teeth along with dental crowding. which may result in a characteristic lengthening of the second metacarpal (see Figure 3) . The lateral and middle thirds of the clavicle are more commonly affected (see Figure 2). broad thumbs • • Normal intellect in individuals with typical CCD The most prominent radiographic findings in CCD: • Cranium Wide-open sutures. sloping shoulders that can be apposed at the midline Hand abnormalities such as brachydactyly. presence of wormian bones (small sutural bones) • • Delayed ossification of the skull • Poor or absent pneumatization of the paranasal. resulting in narrow.

. CD tissue may take time to adapt to the fitting surface B)lack of cheeck elastisty (pressure on the flanges <> (displacement of denture C)poor post dam (no posterior seal <> displacement of (denture A border line diabetic pt came with denture . and fifth digits with cone-shaped epiphyses • Other. Canine & premolar . hasaballa explanation : if tissue uncovered by CD for few hours they return to there normal form . A. Systemic antibiotic B. topical with OHI enough C. (topical + relining with a tissue conditioner + rest of tissues at night +Good oral hygiene)___ dr.659 stomatitis you find abundant debris in the tissue surface area of the denture>>the proper management :is A. Topical antifungal.661 . hasaballahs' answer . Osteopenia with evidence of decreased bone mineral density by DEXA in some individuals is a non-specific finding Pt with complete denture complain from tightness .after wearing the . Topical antibiotic Pain in central incisors from .. Systemic antifungal D.• • Hypoplastic distal phalanges Deformed and short middle phalanges of the third. Central &lateral incisors _ pain may radiate to the adjacent tooth B. he said we never give systemic antifungal. __ dr.656 of denture in morning then become good this due to A) relief of denture. Lateral & canine C. fourth.

( sodium sulfide is a ( strong alkaline solution .physiologic saline.milk .socked in fluoride (2% stannous fluoride ) for 5 min ~to slow the resorption process~ . Place it in sodium chloride then sodium sulfide ._ never do that B. Place the tooth in sodium sulfide of X%.. Remove minimal dentine. replantation : ( Avulsed tooth more than 60 min (closed apex PDL removed by placing in acid for 1 min ~ to reduce the inflammatory response when implanting~ . __open apex teeth have less dentine and wider pulp chamber . Follow conservative method years old pt have avulsed tooth for 60 min the 20 .water is the least desirable due to its hypotonic environment cause rapid cell lysis and increased inflammation on ..664 :management to return vascularity of the tooth >_< A. Premolar & molar !!! Question need to be more specified To treat non vital tooth with open apex when doing . It must be disinfected immediately. ___then pouring time deepened on the material .D.. Scrap the surface of the root. or covering the root with emdogain (enamel matrix protein ) and replanting Receiving the impression after removal from the -28 :mouth directly 1..662 : access openning with gates glidden bur take care to A.C. Remove all dentin B. saliva . Reference : pathway s of the pulp 9th edition Storage medium can be HBSS (hanks balanced salt solution ).GG should not be used deep in the canals where they may over cut and create a strip perforation _(pediatric dentistry 3 rd (edition welbury C..

To give enough space for the cementation materials. ___ not used any more due to dimensional changes . The vertical height of the maxillary occlusion rim -35 :from the reflection of the cast is 1. 3. 4. Wax plate. :The base plate could be made by-34 1.dr. __principles of CD prosthodontics . It must be left for minutes. 3. It must be poured immediately. 4. A and c. 2mm. 12mm. 4. ___principles of CD prosthodontics . 4mm. :The anterior width of the maxillary occlusion rim is -36 .hassaballa 3.dr. 4. 4. __ principles of CD prosthodontics . 8mm. ___found in principles of CD prosthodontics . 2.dr. 6mm.None.To give enough space for the used impression materials to allow border molding the tray.To give enough space for the die spacer. The goal of making the peripheries of the custom -31 tray under extended to all bordered clearance from the :frenum areas 1.2. The peripheries of the custom tray should be under -29 extended to all border and clearance from the frenum :areas 1. Acrylic plate. 42mm. 3.dr.hassaballa 2.hassaballa 2. It must be mounted immediately. 3. Ceramic plate.hassaballa 2. 22mm. 32mm.

20mm :The posterior width of the maxillary occlusion -37 1. 4. 4. Equal to the point representing 1/2 of the height of the frenum areas. To determine vertical and horizontal level of the teeth. 2.__ principles of CD prosthodontics .dr. A and B. 4. 8-15mm. :To record the vertical dimension in order to-41 1.hassaballah answer. principles of CD prosthodontics . :The posterior height of mandibular occlusion rim is -39 1. 5mm. 10mm. __6mm pm and 8-10 mm in m area . in principles of CD prosthodontics . 16mm. To determine the amount of space between the mandible and the maxilla which will be occupied by an artificial teeth.hassaballa 2. Equal to the point representing 1/2 of the height of the alveolar ridge. 8-10mm.hassaballa 3.dr.__ dr. 3.hassaballa 2. 6mm. :To record the occlusal plane in order to-40 1. 36mm. 4. 15-20mm. ___18 mm in principles of CD prosthodontics . 3.1. The anterior height of the mandibular occlusion rim -38 :is 1. __4mm. 3. hassaballah answer . Equal to the point representing 1/2 of the height of retro molar pad. 26mm.hassaballa 2. None. 3.dr. __ dr. . None. 10-15mm. 15mm. To determine the amount of space between the mandible and the maxilla which will be occupied by an artificial teeth 2.dr. 4.

70 degree. 2.dr.2.dr.To provide good functional requirements.20 degree. 2. 3. To determine vertical and horizontal level of the teeth.40 degree.dr.dr. 5-The primary goal of posterior tooth selection is: 1. A and B.hassaballa 4-The primary goal of anterior tooth selection is: 1. Zero degree. 40 degree.To satisfy sychological requirements. 3. None.hassaballa 3. None. None. _ principles of CD prosthodontics . :The incisal guide should be set on the articulator at -3 1. .dr.Zero degree. The protrusive condylar guidance should be set on the -1 :articulator at 1. 3.hassaballa 2.None. 4. 4.hassaballa principles of CD The lateral condylar posts should be set on the-2 :articulator at 1. 4. 4. 4. 60 degree. 2. 20 degree. prosthodontics . To let the patient feel comfortable. 40 degree. 3. *__horizontal condylar guidance . principles of CD prosthodontics . 1. To satisfy aesthetic requirements. ***___ principles of CD prosthodontics . To provide good functional requirements.hassaballa 2.To satisfy aesthetic requirements.None. 50 degree. __ 2. _ principles of CD prosthodontics .

None. Porcelain teeth.hassaballa 3. Flasking. Non-anatomy (cuspless) teeth or flat. 2. Porcelain teeth. __ principles of CD prosthodontics . Reference : dental anatomy . A and B. None. 3. 3/4 of the maxillary anterior teeth in normal jaw relationship. :The width of the lower teeth is-8 1. 3. Acrylic teeth.to get the teeth shade-6 1234:The Shade guide Incisal guide.:You need……. A and B. 2. The process of positioning or arranging teeth on the -10 :denture base is termed 1. Acrylic teeth.dr. None. Important functions must be considered when -11 :arranging anterior teeth 1. Investing. than max CI on average only 5\8 or 62% as wide :Generally posterior teeth are classified into -9 1.dr. 3. Casting. . teeth materials are-7 1. 2. Anatomy (cusp) teeth. 2. Aesthetics. Incision. 4. 1/3 of the maxillary anterior teeth in normal jaw relationship.hassaballa 4. _ principles of CD prosthodontics . ____ principles of CD prosthodontics . 3.hassaballa 4. Setting up. 2.6th edition__ Mand CI considerably narrower . 1/2 of the maxillary anterior teeth in normal jaw relationship.dr.

Buccal.3. Mesial. Which surface of the central incisor that contacts the -12 :median line 1. 1/2 mm. 4.dr. 2 mm. When the occlusal surfaces of the -15 :right and left posterior teeth are on the same level 1. Vertical plane. Compensating curve : antroposterior curvature in median plane(curve of spee ) and mediolateral curvature in frontal plane (curve of Wilson ) . 4.dr. 2. Mesial. Lingual. 1 mm. _ principles of CD prosthodontics . 2. _ principles of CD prosthodontics .above and parallel to the occlusal plane 1.hassaballa . 3. All. 3.dr. It is called ………. 2. 4. Compensating curve.hassaballa 2. 4. The incisal edge of the maxillary lateral incisor -13 :is……. Horizontal plane.. __ (slight distal inclination)_ principles of CD prosthodontics . 3 mm The long axis of the maxillary cuspid is inclined -14 :slightly to the 1. Phonetics.. 3. 4. All. Lingual. Distal.hassaballa 3.introduced in CD to compensate for opening influences produced by the condylar and incisal guidance during lateral and protrusive mand excursive movement. Buccal. Distal.

4. __ principles of CD prosthodontics . Of the maxillary first bicuspid is raised -16 :approximately 1/2mm of the occlusal plane 1.hassaballa 3. First bicuspid. Distal. 3.hassaballa The distance between the lingual surfaces of the -19 maxillary anterior teeth and the labial surfaces of the :mandibular anterior teeth is 1. Lingual cusp.hassaballa 3. Lingual. Buccal cusp. __ principles of CD prosthodontics . 4.lingual cusp touching the occ plane. Vertical overlap (overbite). 2. ___(buccal cusp 0.The ………. Occlusal plane. All. Mesial. Vertical overlap (overbite).hassaballa 2. Second bicuspid.__ principles of CD prosthodontics . 2.dr.dr.dr.dr. 2.5 mm above the plane . The long axis of the maxillary first molar is inclined -17 to 1. All maxillary posterior teeth touch the occlusal plane -18 :EXCEPT 1. Mesial surface. 2. Buccal.)_ principles of CD prosthodontics . First molar. Occlusal plane. The distance between the incisal edges of the-20 :maxillary and mandibular anterior teeth is 1.hassaballa 3. All. 3. 4. 4._ principles of CD prosthodontics . .dr. Second molar. Horizontal overlap (overjet). Horizontal overlap (overjet).

The distal surface of the central incisor.hassaballa 4. All. 3. 2. None. Cuspid (Canine). 2. Natural dentition all anterior teeth contact the lingual surface of opposing anterior teeth __ The mesial surface of the mandibular lateral incisor -23 :contacts 1. Horizontal overlap. Occlusal plane. Central incisor. 1mm. 3. 3mm. Lateral incisor. The mesial surface of the central incisor. 3.4.dr. 22-Which tooth of the mandibular anterior teeth that touch the lingual surface of the maxillary anterior teeth in normal centric relation? 1. 4. 2mm. Vertical overlap. 3.__ principles of CD prosthodontics . The tip of cusp of the mandibular cuspid is one above -24 the occlusal plane to establish ………. 4. For CD (artificial teeth ) no contact should bee b\w anterior teeth . Of the maxillary :anterior 1. 2. . The mesial surface of the cuspid..__ principles of CD prosthodontics . 1/2mm. All.dr. The distal surface of the cuspid. 4. (OVER BITE).hassaballa. The average distance between the lingual surface of -21 the maxillary anterior teeth and the buccal surface of :the mandibular anterior teeth is 1. 2.

The relation involves the movement of the -25 mandibular to the side either right or left in which the act of mastication is to be accomplished. All. Balanced occlusion is : . Working side. When the mandible moves to the working side. fundamental of fixed prostho.)only in CD . Second bicuspid. First molar. On the bucal edge of the ridge. The mandibular posterior tooth that has no contact-28 with any maxillary teeth during the balancing occlusion :is 1.hassaballa 4. Therefore the :side to which the mandible moves is called 1. This relation is called 1. Shililingburg 3rd edition In order to distribute the primary forces of-27 mastication. the -26 opposite side cusp to cusp contacts in order to balance :stresses of mastication. _ 3. None..dr. 3. On the lingual edge of the ridge. 2. 2. 4. Balancing side. 2. Compensating side. 4. Balancing relation. to fall within the base of the denture. Shililingburg 3rd edition 3. All. the :mandibular teeth are set 1. (bilateral balanced occ.__ fundamental of fixed prostho. __ principles of CD prosthodontics . Working relation. 3. Occlusal relation. First bicuspid. 4. On the crest of the ridge. Second molar. 2.

Polishing. 2. _ principles of CD prosthodontics . Flask. :direct pulp capping is done in-4 . We Vaseline the inner surface of the flasks all -30 :rounds 1. None. Deflasking. Shade of the teeth. To separate the models (casts) safety. Packing. 3. The procedure that follows the flasking procedure is-31 :called 1. Size and shape of the teeth.dr. 2. Separating medium. 4. A and B. (mold) 3.hassaballa 5. All the above. 3. Angle of the teeth.dr. Curing the acrylic. 2. None.hassaballa 3. 4. A and B.dr.Bilateral simultaneous anterior and posterior occlusal contact of teeth in centric and eccentric position_ principles of CD prosthodontics .dr. To help in the packing procedure.hassaballa :The used device in flasking procedure is called -29 1. _ principles of CD prosthodontics . Articulator.hassaballa 4.hassaballa 4.dr. __ principles of CD prosthodontics . 2. _ principles of CD prosthodontics . Teeth selection in setting up teeth gsf is based of -33 :these factors 1.

reference : . 4. Primary incisor. 300 roentgens per week. All the above. Zinc oxide eugenol.. __ there is no mini roentgens may be mill roentgens!!. Incisors.html The dose in Sv is equal to "absorbed dose" multiplied by a "radiation weighting factor (millisievert (msv) = one thousandth of a sievert (sv . _recommended if no signs and symptoms in the pulp . 2. direct pulp capping of a carious exposure in primary teeth is not recommended.Pinkham. 100 roentgens per week.ccohs. The maximum dose of X-ray exposure dose for – 14 :radiographic technique 1. 3. Primary molar. its indicated in traumatic or mechanical exposure when conditions for a favorable exposure are optimal . 100 mini roentgens per week. 2. = 3000 msv Reference : http://www. 10 roentgens per week.ca/oshanswers/phys_agents/ionizing. 3. =1000 msv 4. Permanent molar. 4. Premolar and molar. Glass ionemer cement.chapter 22 :Indirect pulp capping done in-16 1.I will choose it since it’s the least dose …. Composite. Pinkham.chapter 22 2.even in this cases success rate is not particularly high and may result in internal resorption or acute dentoalveolar abscess . What do we use as temporary filling material in -17 :anterior reign when aesthetic is important 1. = 100 msv 3. 3. 2. None of the above.1. Primary molar.

averaged over five years 20 Recommendatio n Relative to stochastic effects NCRP ICRP Occupational dose limits msv annual 50 msv annual effective dose 50 effective dose limit limit and 100 msv in 5 y and 10 msv cumulative effective dose cumulative effective .white and pharaoh :Acute periapical abscess characterized by – 15 1. Here are some :examples Sv .mSv .limit .TLV for annual dose for radiation workers in any one year 50 . All the above.TLV for annual average dose.Risk of death within days or weeks 10 (Sv .Risk of cancer later in life (5 in 1000 100 mSv . .05 Sv (50 mSv). 2.Risk of cancer later in life (5 in 100 1 (mSv . 4.The effects of being exposed to large doses of radiation at one time (acute exposure) vary with the dose. The recommended TLV is average annual dose of 0.dose limit Relative to msv annual 150 msv annual equivalent 150 deterministic equivalent effective effective dose limit to lens of effects dose limit to lens of eye and 500 msv annual eye and 500 msv equivalent dose limit to skin annual equivalent and extremities dose limit to skin and extremities Table 3-2 from oral radiology principles and interpretation . Some time not shown on the radiograph.R (roentgen) exposure is approximately equivalent to 10 mSv 1 tissue dose ?What effects do different doses of radiation have on people One sievert is a large dose. Varying degree of pain.5 th edition . Varying degree of swelling. _endodontics . 3.torabinejad 4th edition :Smear layer composed of – 16 .

4.. Inorganic particles. 2.. Contact. 3. search the net and books for the answers and this is what I got preparation for labial surface in one plane in the (343 :preparation for metal crown is A)more retentive *** .If extension of the gingival plane __bad shade match and over contoured.over contouring deflective occ. I've asked the professors. Dentine debris. (organic pulpal material and inorganic dentinal debris)_pathway of the pulp 9th edition .A) streptococcus mutans .579 you should start the water/air spray for Three minutes : in order to get rid of which type of microorganisms .1.thin casting in the junction between the occlusal and axial reduction 5. _(no bacteria in smear layer ) 4. (fundamentals of fixed prostho.If extension of the incisal plane __ over taper and too close to the pulp.parallel axial walls with one path of insertion more retentive : Preparation for anterior metal ceramic with one plane 3. Bacteria. Long . Over incline axial surface  excessive tooth structure reduction  6- less retention . Shillingburg 3 rd edition) At the begining of the Operation day in the clinic.B) less retentive . : Functional cusp bevel in post teeth prevent 4. . All the above.

MICIK. replantation : ( Avulsed tooth more than 60 min (closed apex .milk .. Lateral & canine C.. and GUNNAR RYGE . ROBERT L.B) streptococcus salivaris . CABOT ABEL. (C .664 :management to return vascularity of the tooth >_< A. USPHS Dental .. Bacterial Contamination of Water Delivered by Dental Units L...physiologic saline.... saliva ...( sodium sulfide is a ( strong alkaline solution . Scrap the surface of the root. Streptococcus mitis was found in 26% of the samples. Canine & premolar D.. MILLER. California 94118. RUDOLPH E. A._ never do that B. Reference : pathway s of the pulp 9th edition Storage medium can be HBSS (hanks balanced salt solution ). USA The samples did have organisms typical of those found in the mouth . Division of Dental Health.. Central &lateral incisors _ pain may radiate to the adjacent tooth B. Health Center.C. Place the tooth in sodium sulfide of X%. (D Studies on Dental Aerobiology: IV. and 40% contained .661 . San Francisco.. 16% contained Streptococcus salivarius. Premolar & molar !!! Question need to be more specified ==cause of pain years old pt have avulsed tooth for 60 min the 20 . Place it in sodium chloride then sodium sulfide .enterococci Pain in central incisors from .water is the least desirable due to its hypotonic environment cause rapid cell lysis and increased inflammation on ..

7. 1/3 of the maxillary anterior teeth in normal jaw relationship. 6.PDL removed by placing in acid for 1 min ~ to reduce the inflammatory response when implanting~ .emdogain (enamel matrix protein ) and replanting :The width of the lower teeth is-8 5.dr. 6. Reference : dental anatomy . . Second bicuspid. None. 8. Lateral incisor. Second molar.socked in fluoride (2% stannous fluoride ) for 5 min ~to slow the resorption process~ . Natural dentition all anterior teeth contact the lingual surface of opposing anterior teeth __ The mandibular posterior tooth that has no contact -28 with any maxillary teeth during the balancing occlusion :is 5.than max CI on average only 5\8 or 62% as wide 22-Which tooth of the mandibular anterior teeth that touch the lingual surface of the maxillary anterior teeth in normal centric relation? 5. Central incisor. 6. Cuspid (Canine).6th edition__ Mand CI considerably narrower . 7.hassaballa. First molar. or covering the root with . 8. 1/2 of the maxillary anterior teeth in normal jaw relationship. For CD (artificial teeth ) no contact should bee b\w anterior teeth . None. 8. 7. First bicuspid.__ principles of CD prosthodontics . 3/4 of the maxillary anterior teeth in normal jaw relationship.

05 Sv (50 mSv).dr. 6. =1000 msv 8.. The recommended TLV is average annual dose of 0.html The dose in Sv is equal to "absorbed dose" multiplied by a "radiation weighting factor (millisievert (msv) = one thousandth of a sievert (sv R (roentgen) exposure is approximately equivalent to 10 mSv 1 tissue dose ?What effects do different doses of radiation have on people One sievert is a large dose. = 3000 msv Reference : http://www.mSv . __ there is no mini roentgens may be mill roentgens!!.ca/oshanswers/phys_agents/ionizing. Here are some :examples Sv .hassaballa The maximum dose of X-ray exposure dose for – 14 :radiographic technique 5.The effects of being exposed to large doses of radiation at one time (acute exposure) vary with the dose.Risk of death within days or weeks 10 (Sv . 300 roentgens per week. 10 roentgens per week. 100 roentgens per week.TLV for annual average dose. = 100 msv 7.Risk of cancer later in life (5 in 100 1 (mSv .ccohs. 100 mini roentgens per week.Risk of cancer later in life (5 in 1000 100 mSv .TLV for annual dose for radiation workers in any one year 50 .Balanced occlusion is : Bilateral simultaneous anterior and posterior occlusal contact of teeth in centric and eccentric position_ principles of CD prosthodontics .I will choose it since it’s the least dose …. averaged over five years 20 Recommendatio NCRP n Occupational dose limits Relative to msv annual 50 stochastic effective dose limit ICRP msv annual effective dose 50 limit and 100 msv in 5 y .

Functions..……-2 restore aesthetic and functional requirements to patients with :maxillofacial defects 1. Aesthetic. 2. *** Orthodontics. All. Maxillofacial prosthodontist. Is the one that provides application and device to . is the art and science of functional. :The objectives of maxillofacial prosthetics -3 1. Partial denture.effects and 10 msv cumulative effective dose cumulative effective . 4. 4. 2. Endodontist. Pedodontist. *** 25mm. anatomic and …………-1 cosmetic reconstruction of missing or defective parts in the :maxilla.limit . mandible or face by the use of non living substances Complete denture. . 2. *** Peridontist. 10mm. 3. 20mm. 3. Protect the tissues. 15mm.white and pharaoh It is preferable to be the length of the handle of the custom -25 :tray 1. 4.5 th edition . 3. Maxillofacial prostheses. 2. 1. *** . 4.dose limit Relative to msv annual 150 msv annual equivalent 150 deterministic equivalent effective effective dose limit to lens of effects dose limit to lens of eye and 500 msv annual eye and 500 msv equivalent dose limit to skin annual equivalent and extremities dose limit to skin and extremities Table 3-2 from oral radiology principles and interpretation . 3.

Obturator. *** Developments defects. Acquired defects. Developmental defects. *** :Cleft palate. Splint. missing nose or ear. Congenital defects. 2. 2. 2. 2. Missing eye. 2. :Extra-oral restorations are-8 Radium shield. *** All. missing ear. 1. Congenital cleft palate. 2. All. Congenital defects. None.:The type of maxillofacial defects -4 1. prognathism are -5 Acquired defects. *** Developments defects. 3. Congenital defects. Stent. 3. 3. *** All. 4. Combined intra-oral and extra-oral restorations. None. 3. 1. 4. 3. pathology are -6 Acquired defects. :Accidents. Ear plugs for hearing. 4. 4. Lost part of maxilla or mandible with the facial structures is -9 :classified by Intra-oral restorations. cleft lip. 1. 1. The lack of continuity of the roof of the mouth through the -11 whole or part of its length in the form of fissure extending :anteroposteriorly is 1. *** . surgery. Extra-oral restorations. 4. 4. 3.

*** Stents.……-16 broken parts of jaw bones in their original position until repair ?takes bleeding 1. Are appliances used for immobilization of fragments of . 3. 4. 2. Environmental. 2. Rest seat. *** None. Obturators.:The factors that influence the induction of cleft palate -12 1. 4. The prepared surface of an abutment to receive the rest is -19 :called 1. *** None. 2. Minor connecter. 4. 2. *** None. Major connecter. A and B. 3. A prosthesis used to close a congenital or acquired opening -14 :in the palate is 1. 3. 4. *** None. 3. 2. Stent. Obturator. Speech aids. 4. . Minor connecter. 3. Splint. Rest. Splints. Major connecter. Hereditary. The part of a removable partial denture that contacts a -20 :tooth it affords primarily vertical support is called 1..

The part of a removable denture that forms a structure of -24 metal struts that engages and unites the metal casting with :the resin forming the denture base is called 1. Denture base connecter. Major connecter.lingual and incisal rest seat :The surveyor instrument consists of-30 1. Rest.:The part of a removable partial denture is -21 1. 4. None. 3. 3. Posterior rests. 2. Retainers. *** A rigid part of the partial denture casting that unites the -22 rests and another part of the prosthesis to the opposite side of :the arch is called 1. Rests. All. 2. 3. 4. Minor connecter. *** Retainer. Major connecters. Anterior rests. Vertical arm. Cast platform or table. A and B. 4. 2. : We have 3 major form Occlusal . Small analysis rod. 2. :The rests are classified into-26 1. 3. 2. Minor connecter. *** Retainer. 4. Major connecter. *** The primary guiding surface that determines the insertion -31 :for the partial denture is . All. 3. *** 4.

the bilateral -35 edentulous areas located posterior to the remaining natural :teeth is Class one. 2. *** Class tow. Four main types. 2. Class four. *** Technician. Three main types. Assistant. *** All. 4. Class one. The one who is supposed to give the correct design of the -32 :removable partial denture 1. Prosthodontist. Master cast. The tooth surface adjacent to the edentulous areas. 4. 3. According to the Kennedy's classification. Class three. 1. None. 3. 3. :Kennedy divided all partial edentulous arches -34 1. unilateral -36 edentulous area with natural teeth remaining both anterior and :posterior is 1. 2.1. The tooth surface opposite to the edentulous areas. 4. None. Refractory cast. 4. *** 3. Tow main types. 1. 2. 3. *** Five main types. According to the Kennedy's classification. . To fabricate a removable partial casting requires making a -33 second cast of high-heat investment material this cast is :called Study cast. 2.

Class three. Mouth wash and irrigation.3 1. 3. Dry shade guide.1 1.2 1. 2mm. 3. Surgical removal of the causative tooth. Class tow. 2. Extraction of the opposing tooth. 3. Lingual to MBC. Buccal to MBC. *** 3mm. To get file size 24. Class four. *** :We should select the shade for a composite resin utilizing a . 1mm. *** 1and 2 both true :Retentive grooves . None of the above are corrects. :Outline of Pericoronitis treatment may include . 3. Dry tooth isolated by the rubber dam.9 1. 4. 2. . 4mm. 4. *** 4.2. 3. *** 2. 4. the following length should be cut from . Distal to MBC. All the above. May be he ask about ???? function :4th canal in upper first molar is found . Bright light. Always axiobuccal and axiolingual. Is axiopulpal and axiogingival. 2. 3. Prevent lateral displacement of restoration.10 :file size 20 1. *** 2.

Palatal. a) b) c) d) Mesio-buccal canal. Disto-lingual. Disto-buccal canal.582 partial denture impression A. Custom trays can record an alginate impression as well as elastomeric impression C. 1+2+3+5. Mesio-palatal. 2+3+4+5. Palatal canal. 1+2+4+5. Custom trays provide even thickness of impression *** . All of the above :Which type of burs is the least in heat generation (14 a) diamond *** b) carbide .11 :molar is the 1.The narrowest canal found in a three root maxillary first . 2. Disto-palatal canal. 1. 4. 5. 5. Mesio-palatal canal. 2. Custom trays less effective than stock trays B.12 Mesio-buccal. 1+2+4. *** The best material for taking impression for full veneer (11 :crowns ***(a) poly vinyl sialoxane (additional Silicone Stock trays compared to Custom trays for a removable .material D. 3. Disto-buccal. 3. 4. *** :The following canals may be found in an upper molar .

c) titanium more heat generated in diamond burs dental secrets: page 200 Pt.S. M. Barker.A University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Dentistry . . R. What is the firs question that :the dentist should ask a. Wears complete denture for 10 years & now he has (15 cancer in the floor of the mouth.does your denture is ill fitted b.D.smoking. You make ledge in the canal you want correct this what is the most complication occur in this step: Creation false canal apical zip . D.initially misinterpreted as denture irritation 296.mucosa.H.D.and Gerry J.Prepared by Bruce F. Barker. *** (traumatic (cause Screening Oral Cancer .does your denture impinge the o..Ulceration on floor of mouth in edentulous patient . ***+ (80% of the cancer of the floor of the (mouth is caused by smoking c.Alcohol d.

The most technique use with children: . Removing of dentine in dangerous zone to cementum is: 1/ perforation Stripping perforation: lateral perforation 2/ledge caused by over instrumentation through thin 3/stripping. Killing Bacteria is: . Provisional restoration for metal ceramic abutment is a) aluminum sheet b) stainless steel crown c) zno d) tooth colored polycarbonate crown*** 30.TSD*** . *** 3/ occlusal plane CR/CO 4/ALL 299.Bacteriostatic . Occlusal splint device: 1/ used during increase vertical dimension 2/allative muscle of mastication. Chronic pericoronitis: . *** 34.hand over mouth -punishment 38.stripping perforation Not 100%sure 297. 1/ 2/ 3/ 4/ What kind of suture used under the immediate denture: horizontal matter suture vertical matter suture interrupted suture continous locked suture 300.Halitosis .Bactericidal. *** wall in the root and mostly happens at lateral 4/zipping (wall of danger zone (d wall of m root 298.Difficult mouth opening .

Safe months to treat pregnant ladies: . *** 40.primary 2nd max molar. . .primary 2nd mand molar. *** -7-9. Mandibular 1st permanent molar look in morphology as: . 41. . *** .1-3 -4-6.primary 1st max molar.-all of the above.primary 1st mand molar.