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DU IHR SIE - Which German form of YOU is correct? 1.

Talking to an adult you only know casually or have just met. Sie 2. Talking to several family members or relatives. ihr COMMENT: More than one! Addressing one person would be du. 3. Talking to Frau Schmidt on the phone. Sie 4. Writing a business letter. Sie 5. Talking to your neighbor's dog. du COMMENT: "Man's best friend" or any pet is always du. 6. Addressing God, as in a prayer. du COMMENT: Students often question this answer, but they need to remember that English (and most languages) addresses God with THOU and THY, words that are related to German du. "Hallowed be Thy name..." 7. Talking with two good friends of yours. ihr COMMENT: More than one! 8. Talking to a colleague at work. Sie COMMENT: A German working relationship, even a long one, does NOT mean you can use "du"! Some Germans work together for years without ever using "du." English-speakers should not transfer their own ideas of cultural correctness onto Germans. What works in the US, Britain, or Canada may not be suitable in Germany. Germans make a more clear distinction between a "colleague" (SIE) and a close "friend" (DU). 9. Talking to the children of a co-worker. ihr COMMENT: More than one child! 10.Writing a letter to a good friend. du

Just have to know this one. die Gefahr (danger) . 4.RULE: None. 14.RULE: -ismus words are masculine. 9. der Sonntag (Sunday) . Could also be plural die (girls). 2. 15.RULE: One of the exceptions to the rule that most words ending in -tum are neuter.RULE: None.RULE: Plurals are always die. 10. .are neuter.RULE: -tät ending is always feminine.RULE: -schaft suffix is always feminine. (except das Bier). das Radio .RULE: Alcoholic beverages are masc. der Frühling (spring) . die Häuser (houses) . 16.RULE: Words ending in o (from Latin) are usually neuter.RULE: One of the exceptions to the rule that most words starting with Ge.RULE: Nominalized verbs (gerunds in English) are always neuter. 5. Very few exceptions (der Atlantik). This is one. der Irrtum (error) . die Tür (door) .RULE: -chen ending is always neuter. der Rhein (the Rhine) . but the translation wasn't plural. Just have to know it. 3. 6. 13. 19.RULE: 95% of words ending in -e are fem. 18. das Schreiben (writing) .Answer Key . der Film (film. 17. 11. die Avocado. der Wein (wine) . 8.RULE: Seasons are masculine.RULE: Days of the week are all masculine. die Universität (university) .RULE: -ik ending is almost always fem. die Musik . die Freundschaft (friendship) .German Gender Quiz 1 1. 20. but there are some exceptions: der Euro. der Kommunismus (communism) . 12. das Büro (office) .RULE: Rivers are either masc. die Verkäuferin (sales person) . die Ecke (corner) .RULE: -in ending is always fem.RULE: Words ending in o (from Latin) are almost always neuter. 7. movie) . der Schnee (snow) . or fem. das Mädchen (girl) . even if it's a girl.RULE: Precipitation words are masculine.

they) Nom er he sie she Interrogative Pronouns (questions) Nom (people) Nom (things) wer? who? was? what? wer? was? Indefinite Articles (a. it. My mother is an architect. The dog bites the man. der the Fem. The verb "is" acts like an equal sign (my mother = architect). Dieser Gedanke ist blöd. die the Third Person Pronouns (he. All German nouns have one of three possible genders: masculine (der). The nominative case can also be found in the predicate. she. But the nominative is most often the subject of a sentence. Meine Mutter ist Architektin. DEE). ein a/an keine* no/none wer? was? wer? was? es it sie they Notice that each pronoun ends in the same letter as its corresponding definite article? (der/er. feminine (die) or neuter (das). as in the last example. das the Plur. an) Fall Case Nom Masc. the nominative word or expression is in red: Der Hund beißt den Mann. ein a/an Fem. Definite Articles (the) Fall Case Nom Masc. .Nominative The nominative case—in German and in English—is the subject of a sentence. These gender words are also called definite articles ("the"). This thought is stupid. The nominative plural of any gender is always die (pron. The term nominative is from Latin and means to name (think of "nominate"). die the Neu. r/e/s/e) In the examples below. eine a/an Neu.

which changes from der/ein to den/einen. He (the dog) bites him (the man). in much the same way as English Definite Article (the) Fall Case Nom Akk Masc. ein einen einen Bleistift einen Mann einen Wagen einen Präsidenten** einen Jungen** Fem. you don't need to worry about the feminine.) The masculine pronoun er (he) changes to ihn (him). nouns add an -en or -n ending in the accusative and in all other cases besides the nominative. (Since the accusative only changes in the masculine gender. the accusative (direct object) word is in red: Der Hund beißt den Mann. die die Neu. der den den Bleistift den Mann den Wagen den Präsidenten* den Jungen* *Note: Some masc. neuter or plural. die die In the examples below. keine* keine* wer? who? wen? whom? wer? who? wen? whom? Fem. . eine eine Neu. The dog bites the man.whom?) Nom (people) Acc (people) wer? who? wen? whom? wer? who? wen? whom? Indefinite Article (a/an) Fall Case Nom Akk Masc. ein ein Plur. Interrogative Pronoun (who? . Den Mann beißt der Hund. In German you can tell that a noun is in the accusative case by the masculine article. Er beißt ihn. das das Plur.Accusative In English the accusative case is known as the objective case (direct object). The dog bites the man.

except for plurals ending in -s. keine keinen keinen Leuten Fem. the dative changes in all genders and in the plural. nouns add an -en or -n ending in the dative and in all other cases besides the nominative. keine) Fall Case Nom Dat Masc. plural nouns add an -en or -n if the plural does not already end in -n. Fall Case Nom Dat Neu. ein einem einem Bleistift einem Mann einem Wagen einem Präsidenten* einem Jungen* *Note: Some masc. Fall Case Nom Dat Neu. die den den Leuten den Autos Fem. In English the dative case is known as the indirect object. Definite Article (the) Fall Case Nom Dat Masc.Beißt der Hund den Mann? Is the dog biting the man? Beißt den Mann der Hund? Is the dog biting the man Dative The dative case in German is a vital element of communicating in German. Unlike the accusative. das dem dem Mädchen dem Haus Plur. ein einem einem Mädchen Plur. which only changes in the masculine gender. der dem dem Bleistift dem Mann dem Wagen dem Präsidenten* dem Jungen* *Note: Some masc. The pronouns also change correspondingly. Indefinite Article (ein. die der der Frau der Verkäuferin Note: In the dative. nouns add an -en or -n ending in the dative and in all other cases besides the nominative. eine. eine einer einer Frau einer Verkäuferin .

von plus the dative often replaces the genitive: Das Auto von meinem Bruder = My brother's car. adjectives almost always have an -en ending. die der Plur.einem Haus keinen Autos Note: In the dative. The genitive is used more in written German than in spoken form. Examples: des neuen Autos. you only need to learn those two. In the examples below. Since the genitive only has two forms (des or der). In addition to its function as the indirect object. Wir machen das mit einem Computer. In spoken. in the masculine and neuter. The genitive case is also used with some verb idioms and with the genitive prepositions. The question word in the genitive is wessen (whose): Wessen Buch hast du? (Whose book do you have?) You can tell that a noun is in the genitive case by the article. except for plurals ending in -s. Ich danke Ihnen. the dative is also used after certain dative verbs and with dative prepositions. everyday German. der des (-es/s)* Indefinite Article (a/an) Nom Gen ein eines (-es/s)* ein eine (k)einer keine Neu. nouns add an -en or -n ending in the genitive and in all other cases besides the nominative. I thank you. Definite Articles (the) Fall Case Nom Gen Masc. das Fem. the dative word or expression is in red: Der Polizist gibt dem Fahrer einen Strafzettel. der hohen Kosten The Germanic word for the genitive case is der Wesfall. there is also an additional noun ending. The policeman is giving the driver a ticket. plural nouns add an -en or -n if the plural does not already end in -n. die *Note: Some masc. However. We do that with a computer Genetive The genitive case in German shows possession and is expressed in English by the possessive "of" or an apostrophe-s ('s). which changes to des/eines (masculine and neuter) or der/einer (feminine and plural). either -es or -s: das Auto meines Bruders my brother's car (the car of my brother) die Bluse des Mädchens . Adjective endings: In the genitive case.

the girl's blouse (the blouse of the girl) der Titel des Filmes (Films) the title of the film .