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Getting Started: The Basics thanks Sapper1 It's the middle of the night.

You are awakened by the sound of sirens in the distance. You look at the clock; it's blinking. You get up, stumble thru the house and flip on the light switch...nothing happens. You look out the window and see nothing but pitch black everywhere. You turn on the tv and radio...both are out. You panic and grab the phone; it's dead too. So, NOW what do you do? ThInk about it. Without communication you will be deaf, dumb, and blind during an emergency or crisis.

OK, you know you need the ability to communicate, but feel overwhelmed and/or confused by the wealth of equipment and technical information. You don't want to get a license or spend a fortune on unnecessary equipment. So what do you do?

FIRST: Take a few minutes to determine your needs. They are:

* Who do you need to be able to communicate with; family?, friends?, neighbors?, team/group members? * How many people are involved? * How far do you need to be able to "reach out" to talk to these people? * What do you need to be able to listen to local fire, police, emergency services, news and weather? National news?

Once you've thought about these questions; don't get bent around the axle trying to buy expensive gear or everything all at once. Remember Keep It Simple.

SECOND: Write up a plan. Break it down into stages and go one step at a time. Your communications priorities should be as follows:

1. Local Monitoring 2. Field Team Commo 3. Local Area Mobile Commo 4. Regional Commo/Monitoring 5. Long Range Commo/Monitoring

When purchasing equipment, do everything in each step before proceeding to the next level. Make sure everyone in your group is on the same level and that all their gear is inter-operable with all other team members.

THIRD: Exercise the plan. Test the capabilities of the equipment you've obtained. Include in your testing the following (at minimum): * Range * Battery life * Scheduled Contact Time and Frequency * Everyones ability to effectively use the equipment.

STEP 1 Local Monitoring: Your first priority should be to have the capability to monitor local events during a crisis or emergency. You need to be able to hear fire, police, search and rescue, EMS, military, news and weather. To do this you must have a scanner. A handheld is the most versatile, cost effective way to go. It can be used at home, in a vehicle or carried in the field in your backpack. The most important features to look for are continuous frequency coverage, plenty of memory channels (at least 200), high speed scan and search. If you live in a large metro area you'll need a scanner with Trunk-Tracking capability to monitor police and emergency services. The Uniden BC-245XLT goes for around $200 and will cover all your needs. You will also need a frequency list. Check with your local Radio Shack, a friendly ham operator or public service person.

you must be able to talk within your immediate area. or if you're on the move. it's time to move on to the next level. Effective communications can be maintained out to approximately 20-40 miles with 11 meter (CB) radios. . the parking lot etc.. You do not have to have ham gear for local or regional communications. Everyone should have a GMRS handheld radio ($140) with a high gain antenna for team commo.5 . Step 2 Cost: Midland 75-440 MilSpec GMRS $140 2. say while in the field camping or hiking. Some will tell you this stage requires 2 meter gear. Have a radio shop peak and tune it and add 40 upper and 40 lower channels. Don't waste your time with cheap AM only rigs.db High Gain antenna $20 Mobile Antenna $25 Total: $185 Step 3 Local Mobile Commo: Now that you can monitor events in the local area and talk around the "neighborood".Step 1 Cost: Scanner $200 Step 2 Local Field Team Commo: Now that you can listen to local events.say during an evacuation or bug-out. This will give you coverage within a radius of approximately 5-6 miles. You and all your team members need to be able to talk across your countywide area. *OPTION* For increased range you can add a mobile antenna and use the GMRS in your vehicle or put up a base antenna and use it at home for a base station. Buy a radio with AM plus upper and lower sideband.. This is necessary if several miles separate you and your friends.

Step 4 Regional Communications and Monitoring: Once you're set up to talk mobile. you can use the moble rig from your vehicle. or can find one used. Purchase a deep cycle marine battery and a 2 amp trickle charger. Power Supply: You will also need a power supply for emergency backup during power outages. Don't scrimp on antennas or microphones. Mount the antenna to a 36' tv push up mast that is grounded directly to a 8' copper ground rod.000Mhz) and can also be used for shortwave receive. Mount it as high as possible on your vehicle. then mount a couple of binding posts and cigarette lighter style power connectors so you can hook up your radios and scanner. This antenna will cover a wide frequency range out of the box (26-29. you need to concentrate on setting up a base station for longer range (regional) contacts. Add an antenna tuner and you can use it for 18-10 meter. While you're at it add a outside scanner antenna to the mast for long range receive. add a 30 watt solar panel to keep the battery charged.Mount one of these radios in every team members vehicle. Put the battery i a marine battery box. Step 4Cost: 5/8's wave groundplane antenna $90 scanner antenna $35 36' mast and clamps $80 50' RG 213 Coax $25 8' Copper ground rod $10 . power mic. Use a Astatic RD-104E noise-cancelling. If you shop wisely.The 102" steel whip is the most cost effective antenna and will put out the strongest signal. Ground everything properly and wire the radio straight to the battery. Just bring it into the house and connect it to an outside base antenna such as the I-Max 2000 5/8 wavelength 11 meter groundplane. If your budget is tight.

$20 Trickle charger $25 Option: 30 watt solar panel approx $200 CITIZEN EMERGENCY RADIO TEAM C. *Establish a county wide Rapid Alert System which can interface with the Regional R. this will include chosing equipment and coordinating frequency / channel usage. It must do so in such a manner as to be able to provide clear and concise emergency messages to the state and national relay system without disrupting the existing system with compound.R.S. *Work with the individuals from the existing emergency communications network to establish the frequency that those persons will monitor dring an emergency.deep cycle marine battery $80 misc. and the communcations protocols and message structure to be used to pass messages quickly.A. whose duty it is to interface with and relay information and SitReps directly to the Regional. familys.E. confused and / or extraneous transmissions. *Establish communications which do not interfere with those of neighboring counties. Objectives include: *A means and discipline by which individuals. GOALS and OBJECTIVES: The goal of each neighborhood and tactical team should be to create a county wide emergency communications system that interfaces with the existing emergency comm infrastructure.T. connectors cables etc. concisely. and with as little redundancy as . and teams within the local county can communicate directly with the county Net Control Operator. State and or National network.

in case of emergency situations. and which shall. *Adopt and implement standardized Signal Corps methodology. command and control the various teams within the local Area of Operation. squads and thier base of operations and or Emergency Command Center. effective integration and coordination of emergency communications. Division (Regional) and/or State Comm sections.s which are monitored 24/7. teams.) RANGE of OPERATIONS: Nomal range may be considered to be . dependant upon the State structure. ground wave (line of sight) commo used in the local area of operations between team members. TACTICAL COMMUNICATIONS DEFINED: Tactical communications are short range. (Local is for the CERT Rapid Alert System.possible. 5-15 miles for team to base of operations commo and up to 50 miles for base to base (regional) commo. policies. SitRep relays and for the local Command Staff's use to coordinate. This also includes the Local and Regional radio networks. admnistration. operations and equipment so that the CERT may implement efficient.5-5 miles for Intra/inter team commo. using designated "public" sitrep frequencys and or alternate sitrep freq. allocate sitrep frequencys. procedures. Participating local units can issue sitreps to other local units. callsign designations and any other pertinent tactical information. tac-freqs. . CERT RADIO NETWORK ORGANIZATION: Base and mobile radio stations are grouped together for the purpose of message handling. Regional is for the CERT's in all surrounding counties. Routine or emergency sitreps will be relayed according to established Signal Corps SOP's which control use to net operations. These stations will adopt and use the Incident Command System of operations during a declared emergency.

At least two of these radio stations must be capable of maintaining contact with all the surrounding counties in the area. The most capable station in the county will be designated the Net Control Station. They will monitor all unit frequencys and gather Signal Intelligence from the local area as well as from the state and national level. disuse. Security cannot be stressed enough. status reports and SitReps to and from all the local units.Local radio nets should consist of a minimum of 3 base stations per county. The base radio stations will operate on a 24 hour basis during an emergency or while teams are deployed. They should also hold a weekly training net..for use by the radio net and tactical units during an activity. NOTE 2: Communications Equipment Operating Instructions: All CERT's must have a CEOI to maintain opsec/commsec and to standardise operating procedures. These instructions should be kept in a laminated notebook and are to be carried by all comm personel. operation and or period of time (net period). The potential use. or misuse of the CEOI can effect peoples lives.. plus mobile radios in every vehicle. These stations must be capable of setting up radio relay points if needed to maintain communications between the Emergency Operations Center and the various tactical and support teams. that are capable of contact with each other as well as the teams deployed in the field. and if that scenario should ever happen that an immediate replacement CEOI be issued to only those who have a need to know. *Net / Tactical Callsigns *Authenticator *Brevity / Op Codes. CEOI's should contain: *A Channel / Frequency plan made up of Primary and Alternate frequenciy pairs to be used on a rotational basis. NOTE 1: All CERT's will hold a weekly radio net to maintain contact with all team members and to issue and receive updates. These may be randomely chosen letter number groups of varying length (could resemble the 10 code). so great care should be taken to ensure that a CEOI does not fall into the wrong hands. .

(see TS here.*Any other instructions as needed. All CERT members will be trained to Team Radio Operator standards as established by the Signal Corps. event or emergency take place. ) and issue the appropriate SitRep / Alert Level. In the event the regional RAS is activated the specified frequency will be monitored 24/7 per instructions given by the regional net control operator. he should immediatly contact his commanding officer and the CERT Net Control Operator and advise them of the nature of the situation or incident.html ) Net Control Operators will be trained per the Comm Officer Guidlines. Should an incident. any CERT member can activate the local radio network by calling the net on the local CERT monitor channel (which should be monitored 24/7 by all team members).. The regional RAS will operate on a separate frequency from the local CERTs and will hold a weekly regional net to dessiminate information or to send and receive SitReps from participating CERTs. But.S / Alert Level instructions. police and weather etc. There must be at least one station in each county that is capable of contact with all surrounding CERTs in the regional area. They should also monitor local fire.. Regional Networks: Consist of several counties (CERT's) grouped together for mutual aid..A. They will then activate the Rapid Alert System (see R. These stations will form the Regional Rapid Alert System and must also be capable of maintaining contact with the State Emergency Network so that SitReps may be passed up the chain of command.net/k4dxe/doc/page3. CERT Network Activization: All CERT members are urged to monitor thier local media for breaking news. .. via a scanner so they will be aware of any emergency situations within the local AO.http://community2.webtv. so that all team members can be notified as quickly as possible CERT Training: Basic training classes will be held by all CERT's on a regular basis.

availability to the "general public" (ie no license requirement) and the ability to operate independant of outside power sources.webtv.html Mobile: Midland 75-440 GMRS HT / Mobile mag mount antenna "Broadband" 40 Channel AM/SSB CB / 102" Steel whip antenna 200 Channel Scanner Base Station: GMRS HT (from mobile) / Base "Repeater" Antenna / 20' mast "Broadband" 40 Channel AM/SSB CB / Deep Cycle Battery Power Supply / 5/8 Wave Groundplane Antenna / 30' Mast . CERT radio equipment falls into 3 catagorys. Other equipment considerations at the local / county comm level are: ease of use. Emergency radio equipment must be chosen based upon the function it is to perform. adequete range and use similar power soucres. charging facilities and be able to interchange battey packs. This is fine as long as all members are trained and licensed in thier use. Team. For our purposes GMRS is adequete for entry level tac-team commo and SSB CB is apprpriate for county wide and Regional commo. All equipment must have the same frequency/channel capability. make and model and should share the same features. Team portable / handheld radio equipment should be of the same brand.net/k4dxe/doc/page10. Standardization is essential. Team Radio Operators Field Gear: See http:://community2. Mobile and Base.EQUIPMENT CONSIDERATION: It is imperitive that ALL equipment chosen for use by the CERT be compatable. A network of incompatable equipment is a useless system. *NOTE* Some units may already have or choose 6 meter or 2 meter for local / regional use.

leaving (or coordinating) channels for use by adjacent neighborhoods or counties for thier own communications. Channel 19 AM .Support Net: Evac/Relief/ Health/Welfare traffic Signal Corps Tactical Bandplan: The followng simplex frequencies are for Intra Unit Initial Contact only.Search and Resque Channel Channel ____ .Intra / Inter Unit Communications: Used as a Regional Call channel to maintain contact with other CERT's in surrounding counties.Low power Mobile / Convoy Ops Channel 38 LSB . Channel ____ . based on using 3-4 channels. GMRS: Channel 1 Public emergency channel Channel 3 Inter/Intra Unit Commo NOTE: The first 7 GMRS channels are interoperable with FRS radios and should be used. Also for the public to contact the CERT to request aid and assistance during an emergency situation.Shortwave receiver for monitoring national news and ERPN CHANNEL / FREQUENCY PLAN: A channel plan is developed to limit the amount of communications for each purpose.Public Emergency Channel: Used to desseminate weather alerts and other pertinent information to the general public. Use . CB: Channel 9 AM .

But. Officers as soon as possible. The Regional or State R. Tac 1 026. All groups nationwide are urged to monitor these freq.485 FM Simplex Tac 8 146.525 FM Simplex Primary Call Tac 6 052. X/O or Comm.6125 FM Simplex (Channel 3 FRS/GMRS) RAPID ALERT SYSTEM PURPOSE: To create.385 Primary Local Call Channel Tac 3 027.S. and then. X/O or Comm Officer.A.040 FM Simplex Alternate Call Tac 7 146.s for mission critical information. so that their membership can be notified of any emergency situation in as quick and consise a manner as possible. ACTIVIZATION: The Local Rapid alert System may be activated by any member of the particular unit involved.520 FM Simplex Tac 9 462.600 FM Simplex Call Channel Tac 5 052. every effort maust be made o follow the chain of command by notifying the local C/O. only after confirmation of the local SitRep .160 LSB Low Call Tac 2 027.s 24/7. implement and regularly test an early warning system that will interconnect all local State and national groups. should only be activated by the respective C/O.555 Primary Nationwide DX Call Channel Tac 4 029. When calling for a contact on these frequencies Call for the "SC DX group". Do not use these freq.them to contact local friendly forces when you are out of your Area of Operations.

X/O and Communications Officer. . Established SitRep Protocols and OPSEC/COMSEC will be adhered to at ALL times. They will contact the team leaders and advise them of: *The nature of the emergency *Any special instructions *The telephone number or frequency where leaders can report results back to the EOC. Leaders report status back to EOC DETAILED PROCEDURE: 1.with the Local Units C/O. Emergency Deployment Plan: Should consist of rendevous / rally points.P. Telephone Tree S. Leaders notify team members 3. If the crisis is of a Statewide nature it will then be passed on to the National level by the State Net Control Station. ELEMENTS: The Rapid Alert Sytem shall consist of five elements. Summary: 1.O. Notify Team Leaders *The decision to initiate the telephone call tree is made by the EC or NCO. The telephone tree will be used to notify all members of the activization of Communications Network and of their units mobilization. evacuation routes. This contact list should include all members of the local unit as well as the Regional and State Commander. 1. EOC notifies Team Leaders 2. Telephone Tree: Each member must have a contact list of other members to call or page. persons members are to report to and specific member assignments during the emergency. 2.

Probable Threat.. Local. State and National Radio Networks in operation and monitored 24/7. 4. SALUTE reports announcements. They will also be used by the unit commanders to relay information / orders between units in the event other forms of communications are inoperable or compromised.. etc. press releases.. advising them of: *The nature of the emergency *Any special instructions *Request them to monior the Local Emergency Net. All sensitive or mission critical information should be encrypted by the most secure means available. 2. All equipment packed and ready to go. State and Nationwide radio networks operating in "open net mode" and monitored 24/7. DEFENSE CONDITION LEVELS: Defcon 1. the Eastern Regional Patriots Net and any other pertinent emergency frequencies. The Rapid Alert System is activated. "Red" Highest Alert Rating. backups must be contacted. Defcon 3. Team Leaders notify Team Members *Each Team Leader the notifies the individual members of his team. All . E-mail: For issuing SitReps.Incident i progress. 5. All units at pre-assigned locations and awaiting orders. 3. Local. Defcon 2.*If any leaders can't be reached. All units mobilized and Emergency Deployment Plans activated. Radio Networks: See CERT. "Yellow" Credible Threat. Messengers: Certain team members will be designated as messengers who are to ride through the neighborhood alerting the populace of any emergency.

.E.. Defcon 4.. your callsign. .. Brevity Code.. SitRep and Salute format per MilComm SOP. After the Net Control Station acknowledges you proceed with your message.The person or unit the message is for . Transmit information in the following order: PRECEDANCE---Routine.S. During a disaster all forms of communications in current use may fail or be shut down by the government.All members monitor news meda and all other forms of communication for developing situations. control or coordinate thier forces. CALL. Communications is equally as important to your survival as planning and organization. All equipment available. Defcon 5. Use the D.Give callsign of the station your are attempting to contact. Unit members maintain standard contact with team leaders through the weekly Local Radio Network.members stay in daily contact with team leaders via the Local Radio Network. Priority or Emeregency TIME---Followed by date-time group IE: 012302-1830 FROM---Followed by call sign of person sending message if differant from that of the sender.. Standby. Then. They will be deaf. Commanders who fail to implement tactical networks and comm plans will be unable to command.. Every group must set up a reliable means of commo in advance that is totally independent of outside control or power sources."BREAK" Text of message---Encode and limit to 25 words if possible. Minimal Threat.. dumb and blind during a crisis.. MESSAGE FORMAT: Use the following format to send/receive messages during net operations. LRN's make weekly contact with the Statewide Radio Network and issue SitReps to it as needed. TO.

call for resupply.O. . plus mobile radios in EVERY vehicle.I.I-are contained in a small laminated notebook and are to be carried by all comm personnel. 5-15 miles for team to base communications and up to 50+ miles for base to base commo. ground-wave (line of sight) commo used in your Area of Operations between team members. Communications Equipment Operating Instructions. squads and thier firebase or command center. operate the local Rapid Alert System and to maintain contact with other units in surrounding counties. Defined: Tactical communications are short range. equiped for SSB/Encrypted PSK31 operation. Every tactical network and team must have this to avod confusion and to maintain OPSEC. Range of Operations: Normal range may be considered . Tac Com also includes the Local and Regional networks. Tactical Networks: Consist of 3 base radio stations per county.O. They will remain operational on a 24 hour basis during a crisis or when the teams are deployed. Local is for the Rapid Alert System within your county.Tactical Comm. They will also act as relay stations between the differant A/Os within the region. reinforcement. C. Regional is the counties surrounding your A/O.C.5-5 miles for team to team commo.E. medevac etc. They will monitor all unit freqs and gather SigInt from enemy communications.. teams. These base stations provide commo between the base of operations and the teams deployed in the field.E. They must be able to receive and transmit over long distance using self contained power sources. Purpose: Area Commanders use Tactical Communication to direct fire and movement.

line of sight communications better suited for the urban environment. Band and Equipment Overview: Several bands and modes are available that will meet the above criteria. codes in use for the net and units during an activity. . FRS has 14 UHF channels. simple to use communications within a team. FRS radios only use is for clear. and other instructions as needed. operation or period of time. Codes are randomely chosen letter number groups of varying length (may resemble the 10-code) Different codes are used for the same thing.58/cgi-bin/atdl. a fixed (nonremoveable antenna) and a very limited real world range of about 1. They have very limted range. portable and have sufficient range to maintain contact with all team members and the base of operations. even daily. but the signal is attenuated or absorbed by dense folliage and heavy terrain.The CEOI contains: 7 split-frequency pairs to be used on a rotational basis. UHF signals penetrate buildings and metal clutter well. *NOTE* For detailed information about Communication Security procedures study: CommSec hXXp://155. It must also be compatable with the base station equipment in use. All codes and frequencys must be changed often.dll/fm/24-12/Ch7.58.5 miles. net/tac callsigns with an autheticator keyset.5 watt. No privacy and being FM are very easily DF-ed. FRS: Most groups are familiar with or use Family Radio Service equipment.htm Equipment: Tactical comm equipment must be lightwieght. a maximum output of . UHFHigh Band / VHF-Low Band and the Freeband. UHF-HIGH BAND: UHF is strictly limited range.217.

The first 8 channels are for base/mobile/HT simplex use: 462. near you. .. that are compatable with the first 7 FRS freqs. take a 10db gain 440mhz 4-element beam. . . HT with all 23 channels and 2 watts erp.725. All of these HT's can be upgraded with 1/2 wave 2.700. All they do is limit YOUR ability to hear others on the same freq. Most HT's have 15 channels with a 2 watt output. There are 8 freqs.575.. You could also build this antenna out of rigid copper pipe for almost nothing. These are: 462.000 mhz band that are for repeater input use only. . To increase your range further. in the 467. GMRS: A better UHF solution for urban ops is the General Mobile Radio Service. For general coverage in all directions use a omnidirectional vertical such as a J-pole or one of the readily available commercial antennas.550. GMRS has 23 FM channels (7 of which are compatable with FRS). but wont slow down a smart 12 year old with access to common gear laying around the house.5625. 625. Most use simple speech inversion circuitry which will confuse the basic moron. .encryption ain't gonna help you anyway.5 db gain whip antennas. .6875 and .1 swr on the GMRS band and turn it with a tv rotor. Midland currently offers a mil. To set up a GMRS network for your AO that has approx. Equipment is available with up to 50 watts output for up to 25 mile range. . there are 7 interstitial channels located between the regular GMRS freqs. take a 5 watt HT with a speaker mike and connect it to an outdoor antenna mounted 20-30 feet high. Prices are around $150. For mobile operation. . spec. Use the best low loss 50 ohm coax you can find such as LMR-400. Other companies are offering HTs with up to 5 watts erp. 6125. For increased range. and for a little more comsec. Also. If "da man" is within range. don't waste your money on encrypted units. Keep the cable run 50 feet or less.650.6625. *NOTE* .675 (Emergency Channel). cut it down for 1. Range is approximately 5 miles. 6375. Next.The so called "privacy codes" aren't.5875. mag mount antennas are available with up to 5 db gain.7125. 6-15 mile coverage.600. and . . 15 channels plus NOAA weather scan. .

So. BE aware that the FRS/GMRS frequencys are in the same band used by local. This is plenty of power for 5-15 mile range. occasional band openings allow base stations running beam antennas and power to reach out several hundred miles. During years of high sun spot activity. HT's for this band operate in the FM mode with an output of 5 watts. A GMRS call will look like this: KFW-1234.make one up. This is probably the reason why the military uses tac comm radios that operate from 30. if you don't have a call. There is little interferance or overcrowding. Typical mobile range is 40-50 miles. In most areas of the country this band sees little use and has been all but forgotten by the Tech class hams who think that 2 meters is the only band. the FCC issues a callsign with each new liscense. So. Due to the short range nature of GMRS. 6-Meter Low Band (50.. No one will check to see if you have a liscense unless you interfer with another liscensed operator.. State and Federal law enforement agencys and that they can monitor your commo in split second. SSB or FM with 25 watts output.975mhz.000-87. Mobile rigs such as the Ranger 5054 will operate CW. Most of the 6 meter HT's and mobile rigs can be broadbanded to cover the . Also. easily made and will increase the range even further.The FCC demands that you pay a $75 tax (liscense) to operate on GMRS. Anyone can buy a GMRS rig and most are tossing the paperwork in the trash.000mhz) is well suited for tac com operations at the local and regional level. NEVER interfer with a frequency when it is in use or another operator. enforcement of the rules has been rather lax. VHF-LOW BAND: Heres where it starts to get interesting. VHF Low Band is preferred in rugged terrain beause LB signals are much less affected by hills or dense folliage than VHF (2-meter) or UHF. They readily admit that the purpose of the tax is to "catch scofflaws" who owe child support or the IRS. Field expediant antennas for 6 meters are small.-54. It is a 3 by 4 call that should be very familiar to the old Class D CB operators.

000-52.53.0-52.620-51.000-53..100 CW.100-50.980 Repeater Output (19 channels) 52.800 Digital .600-50.500-51.5 feet tall and cost about $25.980 Repeater Output (23 channels except) .100-50..000-50..100 West Coast DX *NOTE* All freq.s above 51..480 Repeater Input (19 channels) ..300-50.. ARRL 6-Meter (50-54mhz) Bandplan: 50.10 are spaced 20 kHz apart on "even" channels.military frequencys which has many advantages.500-52..50.300 SSB..50.52. 51.400 AM Call 50.52.04 FM SIMPLEX 52.480 Repeater Input (19 channels) 51. 4. beacons 50.50..200 New DX SSB Call 50.000-51. CW ...000 BASE FM SIMPLEX ..50..600 All Modes ..540 SECONDARY FM SIMPLEX 53.125 Old DX SSB Call .50.) ..600 Simplex (6 channels) 51.120-51.125 DX suband ..52..620 Packett Call 51. Quarter wave mobile whip antennas are approx.53.020 Simplex .480 Repeater Input (23 channels except.525 PRIMARY FM SIMPLEX .

broadbanded mobile rig. A 25 watt.189-Packett/Data/CW 28.120-28.500-29.190-28.510-Satellites 29.300-29. use a 3 element horizontal beam. ARRL 10-Meter Bandplan: 28. The mobile rig will work well for a 40-60 mile coverage base station with a power supply. These bands usually open about 1 hour after sunrise and stay up until around 9 pm local at night. During band opening ranges of thousands of miles are possible.680-SSTV 29. 35-40 miles.699-SSB and FM 28.000-28. 24 hours a day.070-CW 28. First Europe and the North will come in then as the day advances.610-29.590-ARRL Emergency Net 28. Groundwave signals will cover 60+ miles base to base.510-29.520-53.150-CW/Data 28. scale. the Pacific West and Austailia. Latin America. such as the Ranger 2950DX or the old Uniden HR-2510 coupled to a 102 inch steel whip will have a range of approx. Most hams operate in USB mode on these bands while the freebanders tend to use LSB. set of meters/tuner and a vertical 5/8's wave antenna mounted 36' high.300-28.590-Repeater Inputs 29. a tv rotor and 40' mast.070-28.980 FM Simplex UPPER HF 12-11-10 Meters: Being at the upper end of the High Freq.600-National FM Simplex Freq.500-Most SSB activity 28.690-Repeater Output (Base) . For a little more stealth and increased range.300-CW/Beacons 28. 29. forrested terrain.53. these bands offer long range nationwide commo during daytime band openings and have excellant propagation in hilly.

Use them to contact friendly forces when you are out of your area of operations. When calling for a militia contact on these freqs: Call "CQ for the MSC DX group".485FM Simplex Call Tac8 146.930-CW/Data 24.600FM Simplex Call Tac5 52.405-27.555LSB Primary DX Call Tac4 29.000-26.325 AM/LSB-Alternate Call (Channel 32) Tac2 27. Freeband-25.500 National MilComm Monitor 27.405 (CB) 27. All groups nationwide are urged to monitor these freq.555 National DX Call Freq. Tac1 27.995 (Upper Band) 27.s 24/7.890-24.385LSB-Primary Local Call (Channel 3 Tac3 27.040FM Simplex Alternate Call Tac7 146.990-USB Militia Signal Corps Tactical Bandplan: The following simplex frequencies are for Initial Contact only.960 (Low Band) 12 Meter-24.520FM Simplex Call .Freeband-27.965-27. 11-Meter-26.990 24. Do not use these freq's for any mission critical information.890-24.38-National Contact Freq.385LSB-Ch.525FM Simplex Primary Call Tac6 52.930-24.

6125FM (channel 3 FRS) MINIMUM EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS: 1 FRS/GMRS radio and spare batteries per team member. aircraft and all local.58/cgi-bin/atdl. It can also monitor HF shortwave as well as military. It will give you the ability to TRX on 6 & 2 meter. State and Federal agency freq.E. *NOTE-Option* The Yaesu VX-5r HT can replace all squad radios as well as do double duty as a scanner. Team Radio Operators Field Gear: *1 Gear bag *1 GMRS Radio with hi-gain whip antenna per team.s *1 Headset w/boom mike for radios *2 Red light sticks and/or mag-lite with red filter *1 C. MURS and many other freq's.O.I on laminated 3"X5" cards *1 Notepad w/pencil *1 Topo map of teams Area of Operation *1 Mini-binoculars 12X25 *1 Manpack rechargeable battery system (7ah with various connectors to adopt to all squad equipment) For further information study: Tactical Single Channel Radio Comm Techniques study: http://155.Tac9 462.217.dll/fm/24-18. 70cm (440) FRS/GMRS.58. 2 per squad *1 200 channel scanner.htm .

even daily.E. Every tactical network and team must have this to avod confusion and to maintain OPSEC. and other instructions as needed. operation or period of time. C.Also. net/tac callsigns with an autheticator keyset. Communications Equipment Operating Instructions. study the Milcomm Organization. CEOI . All codes and frequencys must be changed often. Codes are randomely chosen letter number groups of varying length (may resemble the 10-code) Different codes are used for the same thing. For those who know nothing about tactical communications. These may be randomely chosen letter number groups of varying length (could resemble the 10 code).O.. operation and or period of time (net period).I-are contained in a small laminated notebook and are to be carried by all comm personnel. *Net / Tactical Callsigns *Authenticator *Brevity / Op Codes. read: Basic Tac-Comm CEOI's should contain: *A Channel / Frequency plan made up of Primary and Alternate frequenciy pairs to be used on a rotational basis.O..I.C. The CEOI contains: 7 split-frequency pairs to be used on a rotational basis.for use by the radio net and tactical units during an activity. codes in use for the net and units during an activity.E. *Any other instructions as needed. and Rapid Alert System threads in the comm forum.

here in the Army when we use a CEOI or SOI We change freqs on Single channel comms hourly. but when using TACSAT or FHM. However a web search may prove fruitful. And its a whole lot more than just 7. what will help is FM 24-35 I cant release that one for it is still classified . its done at any where from 4800 to 19600 frequencies per second.this stands for Coded Encrypted Operatiing Instructions. .