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# PATRIND HYDROPOWER PROJECT

Diversion Tunnel Hydraulics
Diameter = 6.0 m
Formula used for circular tunnel under pressure is William Hazen and for gravity flow is Manning's equation for computing velocity
and head loss
0.63

V = 0.85 CR

WL

0.54

S

V = (1/n) R2/3 S1/2

HGL

where V is velocity in m/sec
C and N are co-efficient of roughness and its value for concrete lined applied is taken as 125 and 0.013, respectivly
H1

R is hydraulic radius

WL

R = A/P

D

where A is the cross section area of flow in m

2

H2

EL U/S

EL D/S

and P is the wetted perimeter in m
S is the hydraulic gradient

L

Q is the discharge in cumec
Q = AV

DATA:
U/S Invert Level

739.00

2424.53

ft

m

D/S Invert Level

738.50

2422.89

ft

m

Length of Tunnel

235.00

771.00

ft

m

Slope of Tunnel

0.0021

0.0021

ft/ft

6.00

19.68

ft

Dia of Tunnel
X-Sectional Area

ft

m/m
m

2

2

m

28.27

304.34
Entrance
loss

Friction
loss

WL U/S

WL U/S

WL U/S

WLD/S

WLD/S

Entrance
loss

f

f

SinB

Angle D

a

a

P

P

h

0

r

V

V

Q

Q

ft

masl

ft

masl

ft

m

ft

ft

Head
Loss
m

ft

m

ft

m

ft/sec

m/sec

ft

m

ft /sec

m /sec

2425.4

739.25

2423.7

738.75

0.003

0.001

1.6

2425.4

0.5

0.8

0.2

3.9

1.2

0.20

47.01

8.1

2.5

15.9

4.9

9.0

2.8

0.3

0.1

0.013

2.21

0.67

4.3

0.40

9.51

0.27

2426.2

739.50

2424.5

739.00

0.009

0.003

1.6

2426.2

0.5

1.6

0.5

5.4

1.7

0.29

66.93

11.5

3.5

22.4

6.8

8.2

2.5

0.5

0.2

0.013

3.49

1.06

12.0

1.12

41.90

1.19

2427.0

739.75

2425.4

739.25

0.015

0.005

1.6

2427.0

0.5

2.4

0.7

6.5

2.0

0.35

82.56

14.2

4.3

27.2

8.3

7.4

2.3

0.8

0.2

0.013

4.55

1.39

21.8

2.02

98.98

2.80

2427.8

740.00

2426.2

739.50

0.022

0.007

1.6

2427.8

0.5

3.3

1.0

7.3

2.2

0.41

96.04

16.5

5.0

31.1

9.5

6.6

2.0

1.1

0.3

0.013

5.48

1.67

33.0

3.07

181.12

2428.6

740.25

2427.0

739.75

0.029

0.009

1.6

2428.6

0.5

4.1

1.2

8.0

2.4

0.45

108.22

18.6

5.7

34.5

10.5

5.8

1.8

1.3

0.4

0.013

6.33

1.93

45.5

4.22

288.05

8.16

2429.5

740.50

2427.8

740.00

0.036

0.011

1.6

2429.4

0.5

4.9

1.5

8.5

2.6

0.50

119.51

20.5

6.3

37.5

11.4

5.0

1.5

1.6

0.5

0.013

7.12

2.17

58.9

5.47

419.13

11.87

2430.3

740.75

2428.6

740.25

0.044

0.013

1.6

2430.2

0.5

5.7

1.7

8.9

2.7

0.54

130.18

22.4

6.8

40.2

12.3

4.1

1.3

1.8

0.6

0.013

7.85

2.39

73.1

6.79

573.42

16.24

2431.1

741.00

2429.5

740.50

0.052

0.016

1.6

2431.0

0.5

6.5

2.0

9.3

2.8

0.58

140.41

24.1

7.4

42.6

13.0

3.3

1.0

2.1

0.6

0.013

8.54

2.60

87.8

749.74

21.23

2431.9

741.25

2430.3

740.75

0.061

0.018

1.6

2431.9

0.5

7.3

2.2

9.5

2.9

0.61

150.32

25.8

7.9

44.9

13.7

2.5

0.8

2.3

0.7

0.013

9.18

2.80

103.1

9.58

946.70

26.81

2432.7

741.50

2431.1

741.00

0.069

0.021

1.6

2432.7

0.5

8.1

2.5

9.7

3.0

0.64

160.00

27.5

8.4

46.9

14.3

1.7

0.5

2.5

0.8

0.013

9.80

2.99

118.7

11.03

1162.70

32.92

2433.6

741.75

2431.9

741.25

0.077

0.024

1.6

2433.5

0.5

8.9

2.7

9.8

3.0

0.67

169.54

29.1

8.9

48.7

14.9

0.9

0.3

2.8

0.8

0.013

10.38

3.16

134.5

12.50

1395.95

39.53

2434.4

742.00

2432.7

741.50

0.086

0.026

1.6

2434.3

0.5

9.8

3.0

9.8

3.0

0.70

179.00

30.7

9.4

50.4

15.4

0.1

0.0

3.0

0.9

0.013

10.93

3.33

150.5

13.98

1644.47

46.57

2435.2

742.25

2433.6

741.75

0.094

0.029

1.6

2435.1

0.5

10.6

3.2

9.8

3.0

0.73

188.46

32.4

9.9

52.0

15.9

-0.7

-0.2

3.2

1.0

0.013

11.45

3.49

166.5

15.46

1906.05

53.97

2436.0

742.50

2434.4

742.00

0.102

0.031

1.6

2435.9

0.5

11.4

3.5

9.7

3.0

0.76

197.98

34.0

10.4

53.5

16.3

-1.5

-0.5

3.4

1.0

0.013

11.95

3.64

182.3

16.94

2178.27

61.68

2436.8

742.75

2435.2

742.25

0.111

0.034

1.6

2436.7

0.5

12.2

3.7

9.6

2.9

0.79

207.63

35.7

10.9

54.8

16.7

-2.4

-0.7

3.6

1.1

0.013

12.42

3.78

198.0

18.39

2458.44

69.62

2437.7

743.00

2436.0

742.50

0.119

0.036

1.6

2437.5

0.5

13.0

4.0

9.3

2.8

0.81

217.48

37.4

11.4

56.0

17.1

-3.2

-1.0

3.8

1.2

0.013

12.86

3.92

213.3

19.82

2743.57

77.69

2438.5

743.25

2436.8

742.75

0.126

0.039

1.6

2438.4

0.5

13.8

4.2

9.0

2.7

0.84

227.64

39.1

11.9

57.1

17.4

-4.0

-1.2

4.0

1.2

0.013

13.28

4.05

228.2

21.20

3030.34

2439.3

743.50

2437.7

743.00

0.134

0.041

1.6

2439.2

0.5

14.6

4.5

8.6

2.6

0.86

238.21

40.9

12.5

58.1

17.7

-4.8

-1.5

4.2

1.3

0.013

13.67

4.17

242.5

22.53

3314.95

93.87

2440.1

743.75

2438.5

743.25

0.141

0.043

1.6

2440.0

0.5

15.4

4.7

8.1

2.5

0.89

249.36

42.8

13.1

59.0

18.0

-5.6

-1.7

4.3

1.3

0.013

14.03

4.28

256.1

23.80

3593.06

101.74

2440.9

744.00

2439.3

743.50

0.148

0.045

1.6

2440.8

0.5

16.3

5.0

7.5

2.3

0.91

261.34

44.9

13.7

59.8

18.2

-6.4

-2.0

4.5

1.4

0.013

14.36

4.38

268.8

24.97

3859.51

109.29

2441.8

744.25

2440.1

743.75

0.154

0.047

1.6

2441.6

0.5

17.1

5.2

6.7

2.0

0.93

274.51

47.2

14.4

60.5

18.4

-7.2

-2.2

4.6

1.4

0.013

14.65

4.47

280.4

26.05

4107.97

116.32

2442.6

744.50

2440.9

744.00

0.159

0.048

1.6

2442.4

0.5

17.9

5.5

5.7

1.7

0.95

289.61

49.8

15.2

61.1

18.6

-8.0

-2.5

4.8

1.4

0.013

14.91

4.54

290.5

26.98

4330.12

122.62

2443.4

744.75

2441.8

744.25

0.163

0.050

1.6

2443.2

0.5

18.7

5.7

4.3

1.3

0.97

308.35

53.0

16.1

61.5

18.8

-8.9

-2.7

4.9

1.5

0.013

15.11

4.61

298.7

27.75

4513.67

127.81

2444.2

745.00

2442.6

744.50

0.187

0.057

1.6

2444.0

0.5

4.92

1.50

0.0019

125

15.19

4.63

304.34

28.27

4622.94

130.91

2445.0

745.25

2442.6

744.50

0.289

0.088

2.5

2444.7

0.7

4.92

1.50

0.0028

125

18.86

5.75

304.34

28.27

5741.32

162.58

2445.9

745.50

2442.6

744.50

0.395

0.120

3.3

2445.5

1.0

4.92

1.50

0.0037

125

22.00

6.71

304.34

28.27

6695.00

189.58

2446.7

745.75

2442.6

744.50

0.502

0.153

4.1

2446.2

1.2

4.92

1.50

0.0047

125

24.78

7.55

304.34

28.27

7542.29

213.57

2447.5

746.00

2442.6

744.50

0.612

0.186

4.9

2446.9

1.5

4.92

1.50

0.0056

125

27.32

8.33

304.34

28.27

8313.42

235.41

2448.3

746.25

2442.6

744.50

0.722

0.220

5.7

2447.6

1.7

4.92

1.50

0.0065

125

29.66

9.04

304.34

28.27

9026.46

255.60

2449.1

746.50

2442.6

744.50

0.835

0.254

6.6

2448.3

2.0

4.92

1.50

0.0074

125

31.85

9.71

304.34

28.27

9693.27

274.48

2450.0

746.75

2442.6

744.50

0.948

0.289

7.4

2449.0

2.2

4.92

1.50

0.0083

125

33.92

10.34

304.34

28.27

10322.12

292.29

2450.8

747.00

2442.6

744.50

1.062

0.324

8.2

2449.7

2.5

4.92

1.50

0.0093

125

35.88

10.94

304.34

28.27

10919.06

309.19

2451.6

747.25

2442.6

744.50

1.177

0.359

9.0

2450.4

2.7

4.92

1.50

0.0102

125

37.75

11.51

304.34

28.27

11488.68

325.32

2452.4

747.50

2442.6

744.50

1.293

0.394

9.8

2451.1

3.0

4.92

1.50

0.0111

125

39.54

12.05

304.34

28.27

12034.56

340.78

2453.2

747.75

2442.6

744.50

1.410

0.430

10.7

2451.8

3.2

4.92

1.50

0.0120

125

41.27

12.58

304.34

28.27

12559.54

355.65

2454.1

748.00

2442.6

744.50

1.527

0.466

11.5

2452.5

3.5

4.92

1.50

0.0129

125

42.93

13.09

304.34

28.27

13065.95

369.99

2454.9

748.25

2442.6

744.50

1.645

0.502

12.3

2453.2

3.7

4.92

1.50

0.0138

125

44.54

13.58

304.34

28.27

13555.70

383.85

2455.7

748.50

2442.6

744.50

1.764

0.538

13.1

2453.9

4.0

4.92

1.50

0.0147

125

46.10

14.05

304.34

28.27

14030.39

397.30

2456.5

748.75

2442.6

744.50

1.884

0.574

13.9

2454.6

4.2

4.92

1.50

0.0156

125

47.62

14.51

304.34

28.27

14491.40

410.35

2457.3

749.00

2442.6

744.50

2.004

0.611

14.8

2455.3

4.5

4.92

1.50

0.0166

125

49.09

14.96

304.34

28.27

14939.88

423.05

2458.2

749.25

2442.6

744.50

2.124

0.647

15.6

2456.0

4.7

4.92

1.50

0.0175

125

50.53

15.40

304.34

28.27

15376.84

435.42

2459.0

749.50

2442.6

744.50

2.245

0.684

16.4

2456.7

5.0

4.92

1.50

0.0184

125

51.93

15.83

304.34

28.27

15803.17

447.50

2459.8

749.75

2442.6

744.50

2.366

0.721

17.2

2457.4

5.2

4.92

1.50

0.0193

125

53.29

16.24

304.34

28.27

16219.63

459.29

2460.6

750.00

2442.6

744.50

2.488

0.758

18.0

2458.1

5.5

4.92

1.50

0.0202

125

54.63

16.65

304.34

28.27

16626.91

470.82

2461.4

750.25

2442.6

744.50

2.611

0.796

18.9

2458.8

5.7

4.92

1.50

0.0211

125

55.94

17.05

304.34

28.27

17025.61

482.11

2462.3

750.50

2442.6

744.50

2.734

0.833

19.7

2459.5

6.0

4.92

1.50

0.0220

125

57.23

17.44

304.34

28.27

17416.27

493.17

2463.1

750.75

2442.6

744.50

2.857

0.871

20.5

2460.2

6.2

4.92

1.50

0.0229

125

58.49

17.83

304.34

28.27

17799.38

504.02

2463.9

751.00

2442.6

744.50

2.980

0.908

21.3

2460.9

6.5

4.92

1.50

0.0238

125

59.72

18.20

304.34

28.27

18175.38

514.67

2464.7

751.25

2442.6

744.50

3.104

0.946

22.1

2461.6

6.7

4.92

1.50

0.0247

125

60.93

18.57

304.34

28.27

18544.67

525.13

2465.5

751.50

2442.6

744.50

3.229

0.984

23.0

2462.3

7.0

4.92

1.50

0.0256

125

62.13

18.94

304.34

28.27

18907.61

535.40

2466.4

751.75

2442.6

744.50

3.354

1.022

23.8

2463.0

7.2

4.92

1.50

0.0265

125

63.30

19.29

304.34

28.27

19264.53

545.51

2467.2

752.00

2442.6

744.50

3.479

1.060

24.6

2463.7

7.5

4.92

1.50

0.0274

125

64.45

19.65

304.34

28.27

19615.73

555.46

2468.0

752.25

2442.6

744.50

3.604

1.098

25.4

2464.4

7.7

4.92

1.50

0.0283

125

65.59

19.99

304.34

28.27

19961.48

565.25

2468.8

752.50

2442.6

744.50

3.730

1.137

26.2

2465.1

8.0

4.92

1.50

0.0292

125

66.71

20.33

304.34

28.27

20302.05

574.89

2469.6

752.75

2442.6

744.50

3.856

1.175

27.1

2465.8

8.2

4.92

1.50

0.0301

125

67.81

20.67

304.34

28.27

20637.67

584.39

2470.5

753.00

2442.6

744.50

3.982

1.214

27.9

2466.5

8.5

4.92

1.50

0.0310

125

68.90

21.00

304.34

28.27

20968.56

593.76

2471.3

753.25

2442.6

744.50

4.109

1.252

28.7

2467.2

8.7

4.92

1.50

0.0319

125

69.97

21.33

304.34

28.27

21294.92

603.01

2472.1

753.50

2442.6

744.50

4.236

1.291

29.5

2467.9

9.0

4.92

1.50

0.0328

125

71.03

21.65

304.34

28.27

21616.94

612.12

2472.9

753.75

2442.6

744.50

4.363

1.330

30.3

2468.6

9.2

4.92

1.50

0.0337

125

72.07

21.97

304.34

28.27

21934.80

621.12

2473.7

754.00

2442.6

744.50

4.490

1.369

31.2

2469.3

9.5

4.92

1.50

0.0346

125

73.10

22.28

304.34

28.27

22248.65

630.01

2474.6

754.25

2442.6

744.50

4.618

1.408

32.0

2469.9

9.7

4.92

1.50

0.0355

125

74.12

22.59

304.34

28.27

22558.66

638.79

2475.4

754.50

2442.6

744.50

4.746

1.447

32.8

2470.6

10.0

4.92

1.50

0.0364

125

75.13

22.90

304.34

28.27

22864.97

647.46

2476.2

754.75

2442.6

744.50

4.874

1.486

33.6

2471.3

10.2

4.92

1.50

0.0373

125

76.12

23.20

304.34

28.27

23167.71

656.04

2477.0

755.00

2442.6

744.50

5.003

1.525

34.4

2472.0

10.5

4.92

1.50

0.0382

125

77.11

23.50

304.34

28.27

23467.01

664.51

2477.8

755.25

2442.6

744.50

5.132

1.564

35.3

2472.7

10.7

4.92

1.50

0.0391

125

78.08

23.80

304.34

28.27

23762.98

672.89

2478.7

755.50

2442.6

744.50

5.261

1.603

36.1

2473.4

11.0

4.92

1.50

0.0400

125

79.04

24.09

304.34

28.27

24055.75

681.18

2479.5

755.75

2442.6

744.50

5.390

1.643

36.9

2474.1

11.2

4.92

1.50

0.0409

125

79.99

24.38

304.34

28.27

24345.41

689.39

2480.3

756.00

2442.6

744.50

5.519

1.682

37.7

2474.8

11.5

4.92

1.50

0.0418

125

80.94

24.67

304.34

28.27

24632.08

697.50

2481.1

756.25

2442.6

744.50

5.649

1.722

38.5

2475.5

11.7

4.92

1.50

0.0427

125

81.87

24.95

304.34

28.27

24915.84

705.54

2481.9

756.50

2442.6

744.50

5.779

1.761

39.4

2476.2

12.0

4.92

1.50

0.0436

125

82.79

25.23

304.34

28.27

25196.78

713.49

2482.8

756.75

2442.6

744.50

5.909

1.801

40.2

2476.9

12.2

4.92

1.50

0.0445

125

83.71

25.51

304.34

28.27

25474.99

721.37

2483.6

757.00

2442.6

744.50

6.039

1.841

41.0

2477.5

12.5

4.92

1.50

0.0454

125

84.61

25.79

304.34

28.27

25750.55

729.17

2484.4

757.25

2442.6

744.50

6.170

1.881

41.8

2478.2

12.7

4.92

1.50

0.0463

125

85.51

26.06

304.34

28.27

26023.54

736.90

2485.2

757.50

2442.6

744.50

6.301

1.920

42.7

2478.9

13.0

4.92

1.50

0.0471

125

86.40

26.33

304.34

28.27

26294.03

744.56

2486.0

757.75

2442.6

744.50

6.432

1.960

43.5

2479.6

13.2

4.92

1.50

0.0480

125

87.28

26.60

304.34

28.27

26562.10

752.15

2486.9

758.00

2442.6

744.50

6.563

2.000

44.3

2480.3

13.5

4.92

1.50

0.0489

125

88.15

26.87

304.34

28.27

26827.80

759.68

2487.7

758.25

2442.6

744.50

6.694

2.040

45.1

2481.0

13.7

4.92

1.50

0.0498

125

89.02

27.13

304.34

28.27

27091.21

767.14

2488.5

758.50

2442.6

744.50

6.826

2.080

45.9

2481.7

14.0

4.92

1.50

0.0507

125

89.87

27.39

304.34

28.27

27352.38

774.53

2489.3

758.75

2442.6

744.50

6.958

2.121

46.8

2482.4

14.2

4.92

1.50

0.0516

125

90.73

27.65

304.34

28.27

27611.37

781.87

2490.1

759.00

2442.6

744.50

7.089

2.161

47.6

2483.1

14.5

4.92

1.50

0.0525

125

91.57

27.91

304.34

28.27

27868.24

789.14

2491.0

759.25

2442.6

744.50

7.222

2.201

48.4

2483.7

14.7

4.92

1.50

0.0534

125

92.41

28.17

304.34

28.27

28123.04

796.36

2491.8

759.50

2442.6

744.50

7.354

2.241

49.2

2484.4

15.0

4.92

1.50

0.0543

125

93.24

28.42

304.34

28.27

28375.83

803.51

2492.6

759.75

2442.6

744.50

7.486

2.282

50.0

2485.1

15.2

4.92

1.50

0.0552

125

94.06

28.67

304.34

28.27

28626.65

810.62

2493.4

760.00

2442.6

744.50

7.619

2.322

50.9

2485.8

15.5

4.92

1.50

0.0561

125

94.88

28.92

304.34

28.27

28875.54

817.66

2494.3

760.25

2442.6

744.50

7.752

2.363

51.7

2486.5

15.7

4.92

1.50

0.0570

125

95.69

29.17

304.34

28.27

29122.56

824.66

2495.1

760.50

2442.6

744.50

7.885

2.403

52.5

2487.2

16.0

4.92

1.50

0.0579

125

96.50

29.41

304.34

28.27

29367.75

831.60

2495.9

760.75

2442.6

744.50

8.018

2.444

53.3

2487.9

16.2

4.92

1.50

0.0587

125

97.30

29.66

304.34

28.27

29611.15

838.49

b

b

1

h

R

R

ft

m

S

N/C

A
2

A
2

8.16

3

3

5.13

85.81

27 36440.70 304.7 22.2 2511.40 1037.59 917.93 34.0 4.18 973.92 967.00 32.628 2.0739 125 110.8 2505.00 2442.2 4.75 2442.25 2442.50 2442.668 3.27 33071.8 762.0596 125 98.50 9.0765 125 112.1 24.73 35.9 21.23 34.099 66.50 12.34 28.2 20.630 3.50 8.5 4.42 2504.50 10.50 10.50 12.7 768.12 2512.6 744.92 1.3 17.265 69.50 9.50 2442.50 0.6 744.358 2.34 28.8 19.6 764.6 744.77 997.34 28.182 68.84 904.27 30092.1 18.6 744.7 18.50 31.7 2509.942 3.50 1014.34 28.50 10.09 304.67 33.50 0.640 77.4 761.27 33941.23 2513.50 0.394 3.92 1.766 79.6 744.50 0.6 2490.1 2488.50 0.78 304.50 12.6 744.3 2507.50 0.50 11.92 1.34 28.6 744.50 8.79 2518.28 2523.34 28.5 19.21 2515.0641 125 101.515 74.976 83.40 2520.07 36.92 1.01 35.8 25.934 82.05 1054.89 2522.5 4.217 3.0 22.15 .7 4.50 304.27 35002.75 2442.50 10.7 765.34 304.6 766.8 24.712 3.3 21.5 25.0 4.48 1065.44 30.50 0.682 77.66 37.50 11.5 762.50 9.05 304.27 30802.74 32.50 12.92 1.32 304.50 10.4 2503.0898 125 122.3 2499.62 2506.50 11.38 304.34 28.151 2.69 2509.5 4.27 37042.2 2492.0694 125 106.50 0.50 0.34 28.4 18.27 36034.93 2524.27 34581.12 304.00 858.223 2.0614 125 99.27 31268.686 2.34 28.27 35830.080 3.258 3.16 2521.88 30.92 1.763 2.044 3.0810 125 115.3 768.0 767.1 763.1 2500.0774 125 112.50 2442.34 28.7 4.7 23.50 0.34 28.84 2501.02 37.49 961.23 304.5 20.27 35418.0 4.15 2526.50 11.50 8.50 0.42 304.3 2495.6 22.27 36238.92 1.1 23.50 0.75 2442.50 11.40 36.9 17.820 2.6 744.27 31727.4 764.92 1.354 3.50 0.50 10.0 4.8 766.6 744.55 2525.808 80.75 2442.50 2442.6 744.92 1.92 1.6 744.92 1.50 0.05 2516.9 766.0827 125 117.98 31.41 1002.2 4.25 2442.6 744.00 948.4 767.82 33.50 10.5 4.4 23.25 2442.2 4.2 20.56 304.75 2442.1 766.492 3.61 2519.25 2442.50 0.99 1020.089 2.2 25.00 2442.25 31.50 2442.32 34.50 2442.7 761.74 31.34 28.9 763.169 3.92 1.34 28.566 55.27 32850.0801 125 115.00 2442.4 2498.27 31036.6 744.50 9.80 845.50 8.0881 125 121.39 33.21 30.34 28.7 4.27 30331.87 2510.23 2514.66 30.50 8.58 2500.34 28.484 54.6 744.75 2442.431 73.36 898.0819 125 116.141 67.92 1.6 21.45 1048.848 3.6 744.92 1.729 59.50 0.0 4.34 28.6 744.1 24.PATRIND HYDROPOWER PROJECT WL U/S WL U/S WLD/S WLD/S Entrance loss Entrance loss Friction loss WL U/S Head Loss b b S N/C V V ft masl ft masl ft m ft ft m ft m ft m ft/sec m/sec ft m ft /sec m /sec 2496.27 31954.0605 125 98.0 764.50 9.02 885.00 2442.50 12.72 f f SinB Angle D 2 a a P P h h ft m 0 r R R A 2 A 2 Q 3 Q 3 991.768 3.4 2491.00 304.86 2504.21 32.40 36.00 2442.34 28.0 762.52 33.598 76.75 2442.90 304.7 4.2 2503.033 3.27 37241.25 2442.50 8.27 36642.7 4.22 985.935 63.50 0.0792 125 114.6 744.0756 125 111.50 0.92 1.48 2509.5 2502.19 2513.5 24.0854 125 119.5 765.50 0.0685 125 105.0659 125 103.50 0.6 769.50 13.63 304.92 1031.26 2505.92 1.121 3.50 0.27 31498.68 304.13 2498.348 71.50 0.9 767.50 0.92 1.92 1.5 4.34 2497.3 763.34 28.84 304.10 33.00 2442.50 0.8 769.26 304.4 769.34 28.34 28.6 744.50 0.2 4.0730 125 109.27 34792.63 34.74 852.34 28.88 2499.9 2500.2 767.92 1.6 744.2 2496.27 979.50 0.92 1.770 59.70 35.0 2504.27 30567.92 1.23 2508.5 4.3 22.50 0.08 304.94 2503.9 2493.0 2496.34 28.62 865.14 304.92 1.34 28.98 1008.50 2442.06 35.6 2498.74 36.2 4.34 28.0907 125 123.65 872.34 28.985 3.7 4.0 4.92 1.30 304.6 744.34 28.50 8.6 16.34 28.5 4.10 878.3 765.2 4.906 3.34 28.7 4.0916 125 123.27 33725.50 12.058 65.0836 125 117.85 304.8 2497.95 2507.92 1.0712 125 107.5 2494.92 1.976 64.88 304.90 942.27 34155.25 2442.92 1.92 1.92 1.50 9.25 2442.1 2492.607 56.50 9.6 744.53 936.27 32628.0863 125 119.525 55.6 744.6 744.6 744.6 2509.811 60.71 37.7 18.7 2501.7 2513.34 28.75 2442.0 21.0 4.6 744.68 304.45 304.50 0.0676 125 105.0632 125 101.21 304.8 2512.50 12.92 1.4 19.2 16.50 0.6 744.5 4.25 2442.0 2511.27 32405.25 2442.00 2442.00 2442.5 768.647 57.0668 125 104.91 1043.6 744.47 304.6 2505.87 930.34 28.27 32180.61 304.50 0.6 744.8 20.0783 125 113.94 32.50 11.92 1.00 2442.2 4.41 2502.50 2442.1 768.6 762.6 17.805 3.0889 125 121.5 761.017 64.6 744.305 3.50 0.50 0.473 73.69 304.27 29852.531 3.0703 125 107.50 0.34 28.38 35.06 36.9 2508.91 911.01 2511.86 955.6 744.390 72.418 2.1 19.92 1.307 70.4 23.27 37438.34 28.55 304.2 4.73 1060.50 0.50 0.5 2506.6 744.0 2489.2 770.224 68.724 78.27 36842.0721 125 108.893 62.0650 125 102.99 304.50 304.1 2507.8 2489.27 33509.37 37.0 769.6 744.50 0.7 2494.94 2518.6 744.6 744.0 4.440 3.688 58.576 3.27 33290.92 1.0623 125 100.27 34369.50 2442.556 75.0748 125 110.552 2.00 2442.6 744.90 304.0 17.92 1.34 28.27 37635.92 1.7 4.954 2.6 744.42 891.2 761.06 2517.2 764.6 744.852 61.7 4.92 1.34 28.92 1.90 304.493 2.48 32.898 3.60 2523.4 2510.0 4.10 304.34 28.892 82.50 10.34 28.50 0.0872 125 120.27 35210.2 4.92 1.850 81.75 2442.46 1026.50 11.09 29.29 304.78 304.8 765.90 923.23 2500.5 4.5 4.0845 125 118.7 763.27 35624.285 2.34 28.

653 13.6 2431.89 2431.74 1.05 2436.4 0.0 755.3 0.7 0.50 1.5 67.65 2487.811 2.5 13.99 241.5 16.28 28.75 0.9 34.00 2445.107 2.30 2490.04 61.6 2426.75 0.144 1.9 745.5 2.7 69.0351 125 81.06 13.5 0.8 2.075 1.48 41318.8 16.9 748.75 0.75 0.3 2474.7 5.00 2445.0 5.0445 125 92.2 2478.27 8.9 745.82 220.25 2445.5 5.919 1.029 0.013 5.02 2458.035 1.786 15.7 1.54 4.0 2.8 0.9 2.2 3.74 1.0 3.75 0.72 2437.8 2.0480 125 96.2 4.03 2430.78 29.00 771.019 1.568 29.3 740.2 9.50 0.5 18.5 1.34 414.132 0.74 1.6 2440.479 0.6 3.25 2445.20 107.1 756.7 1.5 14.8 -9.6 0.92 2461.01 414.009 1.48 25631.51 4258.146 3.8 756.38 2459.50 6.070 0.51 725.332 42.06 151.24 38.4 2459.6 0.9 745.2 5.74 1.9 21.00 2424.91 279.9 2450.89 2.74 873.54 1190.9 5.831 16.75 2445.70 178.8 0.25 2445.68 170.24 38.9 745.9 745.5 19.50 2.75 2432.52 30.1 2456.5 -0.80 315.9 745.7 5.6 8.7 1.87 23.0505 125 98.197 0.0 2486.37 772.74 1.235 41.9 0.16 24.50 3.8 0.079 0.50 4.0 0.75 2445.3 0.060 1.575 46.013 2.1 0.0 3.7 5.48 414.08 3.24 38.36 27.59 3.9 745.7 11.3 0.9 745.970 2.9 13.84 30.164 0.50 7.5 0.0 3.2 17.682 1.24 38.50 5.4 0.9 0.95 414.013 0.6 2473.1 743.7 743.7 9.9 745.6 2439.4 2485.6 0.2 5.9 745.0 5.37 167.0334 125 78.74 1.8 759.224 1.24 38.86 414.6 2441.289 2.25 2445.47 641.9 745.5 15.74 23.15 404.6 2451.66 4996.3 2.75 0.1 0.82 2450.9 745.4 21.703 2.34 2438.98 1127.876 17.662 31.5 13.50 4.86 7.2 4.50 0.5 758.005 1.62 49.49 709.9 741.06 398.9 745.64 30.29 2427.6 4.36 4.2 -2.01 131.35 1116.75 0.31 62.61 831.040 1.493 2.4 16.25 2445.24 38.50 2445.381 43.74 1.69 414.07 414.290 0.9 745.4 742.48 39422.3 0.013 4.9 745.85 414.74 1.74 1.013 7.5 739.74 1.3 0.7 20.8 12.79 2463.24 2491.9 -10.091 38.6 8.49 23.6 2435.6 7.3 743.4 12.95 .50 8.0169 125 54.4 49.24 38.529 1.03 414.49 4.0 10.195 23.18 347.921 18.9 11.3 0.5 2462.0 1.85 11.29 2156.05 37.139 39.75 0.13 2450.52 414.48 29862.75 2445.2 7.6 741.4 0.94 29.2 11.0204 125 60.055 1.48 32255.74 1.9 4.0 0.877 0.88 247.7 758.9 1.42 2455.013 16.0 749.860 2.2 5.93 2445.4 0.75 0.61 3.18 2436.5 1.0 6.013 10.0 14.47 6.7 741.9 5.30 0.0497 125 97.44 414.48 32715.6 8.0 0.07 1071.75 0.PATRIND HYDROPOWER PROJECT Diversion Tunnel Hydraulics Diameter = 7.3 743.50 6.027 1.8 10.50 2445.75 0.8 0.25 2445.2 11.3 756.00 0.7 37.72 2454.855 0.0142 125 49.93 2429.25 0.00 2432.43 10.75 0.25 0.2 4.9 745.50 0.0 5.67 4.50 2.74 1.048 1.69 204.2 5.24 38.74 1.151 0.75 0.75 0.12 99.3 746.0 66.2 8.91 374.013 16.45 2494.1 0.59 2481.50 2445.4 744.947 36.3 -2.9 12.50 4.6 2484.7 0.75 0.86 1094.4 6.5 5.287 0.24 38.33 2468.3 1.9 745.6 2445.5 0.89 110.25 2445.9 745.0377 125 84.6 2427.2 5.2 12.4 751.92 268.75 2435.1 760.75 2445.50 2445.9 745.7 -3.70 414.23 28.50 2445.4 5.2 5.0 5.2 10.24 38.49 27.62 693.5 3.3 20.11 47.00 2445.24 38.5 740.51 161.013 11.018 2.48 8477.6 11.60 976.4 0.6 2.13 5357.48 42055.74 1.0488 125 97.0 0.0018 125 16.5 0.50 2445.48 28341.742 14.74 1.24 38.6 744.24 38.50 2445.6 1.75 0.85 414.4 53.0 71.55 414.013 14.24 38.2 5.24 38.75 0.2 5.5 11.0098 125 40.449 2.75 2445.50 119.4 3.6 2442.013 13.62 2472.0 0.25 2436.25 2443.7 743.2 10.3 3.8 20.8 1.1 746.06 2492.84 939.5 740.97 414.46 14.5 5.037 1.81 13.009 0.0359 125 82.2 0.00 2445.89 21.79 376.76 187.9 745.172 0.25 2445.0045 125 26.00 0.0 10.48 6830.48 34934.0 -1.88 b b 3 h R R ft m S N/C A 2 A 2 3 3 5.75 0.0385 125 85.0531 125 101.5 0.1 0.10 16.072 1.00 2445.4 9.2 2471.2 5.4 760.6 2437.7 754.6 15.69 414.3 19.75 0.55 1060.6 2.9 64.0 11.2 2.21 0.619 1.3 0.013 12.5 743.19 39.73 913.1 68.08 2462.75 2445.3 29.5 0.0 9.01 2495.003 0.67 13.75 0.5 2455.00 0.06 414.3 2482.0316 125 76.6 752.7 37.013 16.1 2482.48 16930.24 38.07 29.9 753.7 0.16 20.39 414.0027 125 20.1 13.050 1.7 29.47 430.8 1.66 2468.9 745.0 8.7 4.3 43.0325 125 77.20 414.96 2457.1 2449.98 24.9 2483.2 1.5 -3.77 4.50 5.096 0.1 759.6 2434.46 109.7 11.4 2.25 2445.2 0.5 17.770 2.9 745.55 787.9 745.74 1.25 0.6 747.74 30.88 2454.5 2.75 0.27 414.0238 125 65.2 7.227 0.5 2.3 2.651 2.1 7.48 11128.4 0.08 414.9 -6.2 752.8 15.7 5.5 9.9 0.6 0.7 5.011 1.9 46.0428 125 90.284 41.6 15.4 -0.74 1.75 0.74 1.5 11.72 2467.87 8.05 414.50 5.77 5.232 1.6 2446.01 414.1 70.2 739.29 414.7 4.8 2472.24 38.50 3.85 CR WL 0.62 926.966 18.2 14.24 38.9 2468.88 6839.1 753.4 63.2 10.75 0.5 0.56 137.74 817.48 41688.97 ft Dia of Tunnel X-Sectional Area ft m/m m 2 2 m 38.45 22.9 745.25 0.4 739.2 0.5 7.5 21.3 5.320 1.5 1.0 739.75 0.74 1.5 4.013 15.19 414.5 11.3 2463.82 360.50 1.75 2445.7 1.55 2470.75 0.74 1.33 76.75 2428.40 40.5 2448.1 741.65 2428.00 2445.26 278.90 257.712 0.1 15.5 5.50 1.4 3.50 2445.50 2440.50 7.9 7.9 0.48 18503.9 745.2 745.6 0.6 759.3 12.50 2445.3 21.24 38.7 0.20 1295.0 m Formula used for circular tunnel under pressure is William Hazen and for gravity flow is Manning's equation for computing velocity and head loss 0.7 5.0 2479.8 740.8 755.41 2448.10 4.48 39807.4 6.8 7.8 17.50 7.24 38.75 0.8 749.25 2433.609 12.51 179.7 751.0 745.74 1.11 407.469 1.5 14.545 1.8 2465.5 5.2 745.0116 125 44.6 0.48 36622.50 2445.56 1050.2 2.5 1.5 5.9 745.95 604.50 9.0021 ft/ft 7.1 748.013.75 2445.8 747.9 745.013 13.27 414.74 1.0081 125 36.00 2445.78 203.1 743.74 1.75 0.9 745.9 6.0 5.42 20.53 2480.0 0.15 131.6 6.8 0.00 2442.8 0.5 751.0 757.5 14.6 740.4 57.9 745.187 40.50 2445.19 2476.25 0.8 744.48 23876.9 745.53 128.50 6.61 20.39 414.5 4.77 859.4 2.6 -2.0 -4.9 741.9 10.3 740.54 56.0 1.9 9.98 311.95 23.9 745.17 29.7 1.2 1.6 2440.6 -8.97 2488.24 38.11 3.71 455.6 2444.84 240.24 38.4 742.9 1.1 37.0 2453.28 2474.5 5.9 745.99 387.6 0.74 1.48 21998.75 2445.75 0.9 8.66 414.19 2489.25 2445.0471 125 95.00 2445.6 0.2 5.87 1562.0290 125 73.42 741.49 2442.9 2457.75 0.2 2486.6 3.39 2435.0522 125 100.176 2.6 2429.1 0.10 2463.07 2449.00 0.8 0.24 38.25 2427.7 3.74 1.5 2.24 38.28 79.98 460.0 0.088 0.14 9.5 65.57 414.5 21.64 414.02 414.013 14.28 59.6 754.75 0.48 17732.478 45.5 743.0454 125 93.16 414.1 27.1 2475.50 8.4 19.24 38.2 5.35 1.2 24.521 28.013 11.8 0.874 0.9 2461.4 60.433 0.7 0.4 18.7 5.48 19966.48 12263.69 2486.2 11.7 5.2 8.66 21.71 2453.1 0.8 20.24 38.74 1.74 1.12 2440.95 900.38 4.7 1.4 0.41 26.4 750.50 0.50 2.50 2.2 742.1 2.9 745.6 2466.9 7.96 294.75 0.75 0.74 1.75 0.0 0.75 0.25 2445.24 38.67 2447.6 8.50 5.7 40.50 2445.334 25.8 0.129 2.74 1.25 2445.9 745.82 113.75 2425.75 0.570 0.9 55.72 345.5 748.2 1.0195 125 59.25 2440.56 1.29 25.0 5.74 1.6 4.474 27.804 33.57 523.24 38.0 5.2 5.7 -5.8 -2.3 1.50 2424.001 1.351 7.57 414.48 39033.5 0.522 10.00 2445.46 414.00 22.88 15.6 2431.75 2438.89 ft m Length of Tunnel 235.0 18.0090 125 38.5 0.3 749.0 739.013 15.0 2460.1 1.53 5705.013 9.74 1.38 2477.6 2428.73 187.59 2440.72 17.1 17.62 154.2 3.66 120.48 34062.9 745.6 2436.50 3.59 5.29 193.2 739.15 989.388 1.97 4.764 1.0420 125 89.058 1.043 1.02 29.0063 125 32.6 740.20 14.0282 125 72.3 0.0 4.8 0.30 193.1 741.24 38.3 2470.24 38.08 18.3 750.75 0.5 0.24 38.013 13.013 9.179 0.4 0.4 3.6 2430.60 146.00 2439.13 260.75 0.50 0.610 0.10 29.5 20.24 38.14 4.091 2.50 7.5 1.50 3.04 2485.74 1.75 2445.9 745.12 2459.022 0.50 4.2 0.0212 125 61.4 3.0 9.1 2.0186 125 57.24 38.0021 0.0054 125 29.148 0.0 746.9 760.9 10.022 0.48 16093.0 2.4 1.38 2483.18 3523.37 26.20 622.9 745.6 2444.76 2439.12 414.9 5.9 2.7 5.9 0.3 0.2 5.2 2467.5 11.7 3.0368 125 83.75 0.226 4.609 2.7 5.54 S V = (1/n) R2/3 S1/2 HGL where V is velocity in m/sec C and N are co-efficient of roughness and its value for concrete lined applied is taken as 125 and 0.00 ft m Slope of Tunnel 0.02 2464.9 745.5 5.20 414.04 6614.86 3888.3 2.50 2445.157 0.5 3.9 4.1 750.9 7.0437 125 91.7 5.37 2482.0125 125 46.2 -7.3 0.8 14.27 61.33 414.7 5.79 414.9 1.74 1.50 1.053 0.49 18.11 4629.0247 125 67.74 1.032 1.989 1.9 756.0299 125 74.49 2495.0 2.61 414.60 9.2 3.9 22.436 9.7 17. respectivly H1 R is hydraulic radius WL R = A/P D where A is the cross section area of flow in m 2 H2 EL U/S EL D/S and P is the wetted perimeter in m S is the hydraulic gradient L Q is the discharge in cumec Q = AV DATA: U/S Invert Level 739.48 37034.5 14.9 745.052 1.9 745.74 1.7 5.75 0.74 1.55 53.8 13.74 1.0273 125 70.2 0.24 38.40 2477.4 0.5 9.013 15.4 7.34 1105.0 752.4 2466.771 50.1 11.74 1.15 2.74 1.74 1.50 1.74 1.0 -2.95 44.40 80.013 8.8 13.60 2445.24 38.75 0.74 1.74 1.0 11.9 -1.48 29363.31 2446.48 24473.74 1.24 38.5 746.5 3.24 38.50 0.3 4.4 33.74 1.48 14292.75 0.995 36.50 2444.95 2452.4 2452.899 35.4 5.3 0.48 30839.123 0.52 15.00 2445.7 2454.142 0.49 1.7 19.4 70.50 1.50 2.9 745.4 754.62 951.998 0.47 3.6 9.9 745.50 4.23 414.7 10.3 2456.930 2.66 25.50 4.0221 125 63.9 3.7 -0.0 2464.8 3.012 19.0 71.50 0.75 0.75 0.50 6.4 9.5 0.74 1.00 1001.2 5.56 2444.61 414.48 37441.24 414.24 38.4 2.9 745.65 162.62 330.70 1037.029 1.5 17.0 1.770 1.057 1.75 0.0 1.75 0.3 3.43 1180.171 0.057 20.50 0.19 43.00 2436.8 3.73 11.00 2429.5 5.75 0.5 2481.07 24.013 6.427 27.24 38.50 2434.8 4.8 752.298 1.48 13311.23 2481.4 2474.48 35363.48 33169.2 742.63 479.48 23265.016 1.61 315.0 742.88 18.50 0.5 5.5 753.309 6.24 38.48 22639.7 7.757 32.48 27286.25 2451.23 19.6 36.75 0.74 1.75 2445.8 744.47 3164.1 6.24 38.50 8.9 8.5 5.3 0.24 38.527 45.0 5.267 5.4 747.48 28856.5 5.21 45.0 1.0036 125 23.24 2.3 760.24 38.0 5.25 2430.2 0.8 -1.5 0.334 2.50 0.47 414.5 3.0463 125 94.73 414.34 565.5 2.6 2432.6 10.50 2445.2 0.75 0.27 2484.75 2445.0 0.2 2460.75 0.74 1.48 26744.75 0.75 42.393 8.94 414.0072 125 34.9 14.6 750.2 5.24 38.6 -1.1 3.5 5.5 13.2 6.81 4.7 5.18 64.2 10.1 -1.04 3.149 22.6 2435.70 2443.75 2445.74 1.00 2445.579 0.16 17.9 745.75 0.5 8.75 0.1 2468.74 1.2 747.6 2433.58 2.4 739.624 47.3 2.061 1.38 296.9 745.9 745.0 5.50 0.50 7.7 8.75 0.0 6.4 0.7 5.24 38.7 755.32 2491.00 0.84 223.65 16.19 414.28 2460.87 20.48 40945.60 89.58 2465.2 0.0 5.6 2438.50 1.5 4.2 5.39 27.0 2472.7 2476.9 758.0 742.84 757.7 738.27 1013.9 745.74 1.5 12.00 0.0 3.5 3.9 745.9 21.48 35787.75 2441.24 38.3 13.75 0.25 414.50 8.3 1.87 12.25 2445.3 0.4 0.2 6.24 38.23 25.85 22.24 38.4 9.74 1.9 1.7 748.48 31789.03 45.7 745.42 99.75 0.9 745.8 2.241 23.2 10.0514 125 99.26 2434.2 13.6 5.014 1.13 414.0308 125 75.48 15216.50 2437.50 8.84 845.48 38244.04 886.74 1.24 38.5 2477.0 745.52 17.24 38.84 34.28 22.5 10.55 2473.24 38.013 16.24 545.037 0.3 8.9 6.0107 125 42.3 2448.6 9.0 5.68 36.60 23.9 745.43 414.11 676.043 37.9 10.4 2478.75 2815.9 61.50 0.42 70.2 3.015 0.24 38.2 0.7 741.08 2441.48 9881.5 8.0160 125 53.0230 125 64.75 0.453 1.50 2.74 1.003 1.40 414.1 5.75 0.6 2458.8 12.13 1025.4 0.75 0.80 211.04 414.7 0.19 13.05 2427.67 141.726 0.1 0.5 2470.74 1.2 0.0402 125 87.44 631.86 802.97 2479.24 38.29 2426.9 745.4 0.75 0.48 36207.64 17.7 14.5 11.87 3.9 745.0 5.3 1.25 0.2 749.48 1.7 4.186 4.24 38.8 742.80 1082.50 2431.68 414.479 9.9 745.48 27818.48 37845.351 0.13 2456.24 38.9 744.24 585.2 5.57 1850.3 753.3 8.75 0.7 0.9 0.201 0.19 149.14 414.5 11.1 17.06 658.41 414.6 2447.3 16.25 2445.8 3.00 0.24 38.2 5.7 20.25 2423.8 2454.0394 125 86.4 3.53 ft m D/S Invert Level 738.48 38640.2 12.0134 125 48.74 1.83 6036.3 1.5 0.75 2431.9 58.608 1.007 1.013 7.67 414.6 2425.45 31.47 2431.75 0.19 15.50 2422.50 4.0256 125 68.0342 125 80.429 44.0 30.50 3.288 24.48 8.94 280.3 25.429 0.7 5.9 745.24 38.9 751.02 2478.75 0.50 6.48 40569.8 2480.9 18.56 19.852 34.48 2472.0 5.9 745.72 414.70 414.6 744.565 11.8 2484.50 7.75 195.673 48.2 0.74 1.48 34500.45 1148.4 -4.14 964.51 502.722 49.069 1.9 0.01 6342.50 1.0264 125 69.34 170.5 5.75 2445.27 44.013 12.8 4.38 88.191 0.50 2427.5 12.83 2475.48 40190.50 3.50 8.5 0.39 26.061 0.50 10.377 1.74 414.24 38.1 2464.6 0.93 36.7 0.5 6.40 27.8 24.09 21.1 2.114 0.13 2471.2 2452.836 1.5 19.2 3.84 414.32 28.97 828.75 0.0 5.0 3.0411 125 88.63 V = 0.9 745.9 33.2 757.7 2469.1 1.103 21.48 25058.186 0.86 238.75 0.615 30.5 755.045 0.72 3.80 2466.00 2445.5 5.33 25.0151 125 51.3 0.50 5.00 2445.0 4.75 2445.9 51.013 3.7 2.9 2476.9 0.74 1.48 19247.49 5.50 1.381 26.84 12.697 13.50 313.8 742.4 4.48 21339.23 2486.9 3.140 0.74 1.709 32.75 2445.24 38.8 740.02 414.7 5.2 7.2 15.9 745.25 2445.7 0.3 1.62 96.48 33618.00 2445.5 5.1 0.105 0.00 2426.2 5.24 52.9 1.4 757.32 1138.2 5.7 1.9 5.50 3.2 9.74 1.50 7.7 0.94 49.43 1170.80 2493.024 1.00 2445.8 2458.5 5.9 745.69 32.85 414.48 31318.4 -8.41 26.5 0.2 754.921 1.48 20663.5 11.4 3.75 0.84 229.7 10.9 745.6 757.14 1048.3 758.4 744.73 2469.7 2462.70 2433.021 1.95 35.7 2450.5 3.9 32.7 2480.48 30354.3 1.6 741.46 1159.6 2427.2 5.3 -0.9 744.70 51.75 0.5 5.743 0.39 23.5 21.50 5.34 197.9 745.50 6.9 745.9 0.7 5.3 6.0177 125 56.5 4.4 -1.045 1.24 Entrance loss Friction loss WL U/S WL U/S WL U/S WLD/S WLD/S Entrance loss f f SinB Angle D a a P P h r r V V Q Q ft masl ft masl ft m ft ft Head Loss m ft m ft m ft/sec m/sec ft m ft /sec m /sec 2425.7 0.0 759.48 26193.24 38.50 2445.6 15.27 2478.53 186.75 0.25 0.5 5.6 2443.

0 767.13 414.9 745.671 4.48 44549.77 414.3 763.7 17.12 2513.75 0.24 38.04 2512.00 2445.0829 125 129.2 5.1 15.24 38.50 12.6 21.95 1514.74 1.7 5.74 1.314 59.0 5.76 1384.370 76.75 2445.5 23.48 53485.9 745.2 5.48 414.00 2445.50 12.74 1.50 1522.50 13.83 39.75 0.50 12.74 1.24 38.04 414.97 414.7 765.48 53780.59 2499.200 3.68 1319.5 5.75 2445.33 2505.74 1.17 1338.81 1281.0761 125 123.24 38.74 1.0685 125 116.965 69.6 766.73 414.5 5.2 2497.664 64.9 745.1 24.6 2492.1 2501.24 38.74 1.24 38.0574 125 105.25 2445.514 3.0650 125 113.66 35.48 51382.7 2509.0719 125 119.0846 125 130.48 46925.522 78.48 50144.25 2445.0769 125 124.14 31.74 1.50 11.3 2489.75 0.4 767.86 1419.1 2490.9 2487.24 38.0557 125 104.3 765.50 2445.26 1411.95 1506.53 414.21 414.74 1.34 1211.29 414.48 52593.75 0.1 768.50 2445.9 745.223 3.3 20.0710 125 118.28 2523.24 38.05 2504.74 1.83 1347.1 16.48 49515.48 47911.5 22.0702 125 118.0548 125 103.1 763.85 33.7 5.34 1446.74 1.35 414.74 1.50 14.0 5.74 1.7 5.87 1437.25 2445.54 39.2 770.75 2445.6 2510.24 38.67 414.3 19.47 1328.820 50.0 762.50 2445.75 0.00 2445.9 745.340 4.413 2.0812 125 127.50 10.7 18.67 34.64 2501.75 2445.02 1480.0 18.6 2506.9 745.53 36.0 5.75 0.51 38.50 2445.24 38.471 77.74 1.50 13.48 1497.48 50456.1 23.1 2494.50 10.24 38.50 13.25 414.968 53.0540 125 102.7 768.48 44201.319 75.915 68.30 36.74 1.6 762.86 32.0659 125 114.5 5.43 2498.30 37.5 762.74 1.75 0.74 1.24 38.74 1.5 2507.414 60.2 21.9 2501.9 745.2 2493.0 5.003 4.9 745.48 54073.36 1231.25 2445.24 38.69 38.170 4.75 0.74 1.00 2445.97 1241.9 745.75 0.4 769.0 2490.24 38.74 1.678 3.25 2445.336 4.169 4.50 9.268 74.6 769.74 1.00 2445.899 3.20 414.364 3.49 414.48 43496.48 49198.5 5.8 2498.0 18.40 39.24 38.7 2488.0642 125 112.90 1402.9 745.28 31.75 2445.0 5.24 38.50 13.7 5.0736 125 121.75 0.55 2525.864 68.81 414.2 767.78 2517.4 2492.70 2510.69 2500.20 2497.51 2502.669 4.8 769.9 20.50 14.4 16.75 0.48 52892.24 38.8 23.17 2524.24 38.48 52293.98 2519.9 745.51 1489.50 14.4 2499.0 764.74 1.75 0.009 3.50 9.2 5.38 1290.48 51075.116 72.75 2523.36 2507.62 1531.50 9.5 768.2 5.77 1309.70 32.24 38.9 21.4 24.75 0.90 2511.0625 125 110.9 745.5 5.8 16.50 11.74 1.2 5.9 745.4 17.75 0.12 39.24 38.28 34.22 35.43 414.94 1271.68 1300.50 12.24 38.836 4.74 1.9 745.528 3.737 2.24 38.0616 125 110.07 1251.03 414.75 2445.78 38.0 769.9 745.00 2445.0727 125 120.75 1393.624 80.75 0.4 761.0 2498.48 51687.7 2495.017 54.6 19.0608 125 109.74 1.7 5.9 745.9 745.6 20.48 46592.2 2504.78 414.75 2445.50 10.5 5.0 5.13 2514.215 57.5 2496.385 3.8 22.1 766.74 414.48 46257.2 5.52 414.167 73.74 1.174 4.2 5.38 33.9 745.81 37.71 1261.9 766.0795 125 126.04 33.55 37.714 65.79 414.48 48879.50 2445.0 19.25 2445.75 0.50 11.94 2516.5 761.0820 125 128.0744 125 121.9 745.82 1201.29 2518.874 3.0599 125 108.116 55.48 50766.48 42781.9 745.837 4.24 38.16 1365.16 1221.2 5.5 5.5 765.24 38.77 36.573 79.87 35.50 2445.75 0.75 0.36 414.05 36.0 2505.015 70.4 2503.5 2488.50 14.50 14.0582 125 106.48 47256.9 745.252 2.62 2520.24 38.1 23.00 2445.2 22.9 21.7 19.0676 125 115.50 12.24 38.7 2502.0 5.75 0.74 1.48 53189.21 33.066 71.48 45239.24 38.814 67.75 0.349 3.75 0.91 1375.00 2445.9 745.24 38.68 2500.0591 125 107.564 63.3 2496.6 2499.6 764.48 414.74 1.003 4.48 43849.9 745.24 38.711 3.2 764.92 414.3 768.614 64.184 3.48 43140.3 20.74 1.265 58.8 762.9 745.3 2507.74 1.0 5.45 2509.505 4.4 18.72 2504.2 761.8 2505.50 14.9 745.58 414.75 0.25 2445.0778 125 124.03 414.0633 125 111.48 51990.48 44895.856 3.78 2508.48 48236.5 5.7 761.74 1.26 414.7 5.4 764.75 0.00 35.218 73.74 1.50 13.9 745.869 51.066 55.502 4.8 765.90 414.74 1.50 15.19 f f SinB Angle D 4 a a P P h h ft m r r R R A 2 A 2 Q 3 Q 3 .55 32.548 3.844 3.87 2506.8 16.575 2.74 1.75 0.28 414.9 745.3 2500.96 38.40 31.74 1.0837 125 129.75 0.25 2445.5 15.75 0.22 2521.50 10.464 61.75 0.364 59.9 745.9 745.00 414.98 1472.9 745.48 49831.70 414.514 62.50 11.50 10.7 763.75 0.77 2522.0 5.57 414.37 1463.75 2445.56 2518.0803 125 126.89 2526.72 1428.24 38.9 745.48 48558.4 2511.037 3.9 767.9 745.50 15.9 745.4 17.75 0.75 0.9 763.9 2509.74 1.75 0.75 2445.48 42419.1 2508.31 2503.7 5.0753 125 122.24 38.50 2445.24 38.24 38.0565 125 105.9 745.48 1356.0668 125 114.9 745.75 0.9 745.020 3.1 17.15 2509.24 38.74 1.0786 125 125.0693 125 117.764 66.50 9.48 47584.06 2515.75 0.48 45581.165 56.00 32.48 45920.79 414.14 414.00 2445.50 12.04 37.5 2503.15 2513.00 2445.7 5.48 34.75 0.26 414.50 11.8 24.2 5.75 0.50 2445.PATRIND HYDROPOWER PROJECT WL U/S WL U/S WLD/S WLD/S Entrance loss Entrance loss Friction loss WL U/S Head Loss b b S N/C V V ft masl ft masl ft m ft ft m ft m ft m ft/sec m/sec ft m ft /sec m /sec 2496.692 3.9 745.8 766.420 77.44 35.24 38.08 34.50 2445.5 22.75 0.25 2445.50 10.5 5.50 13.24 38.24 38.5 5.50 9.061 3.17 1454.8 2491.7 5.54 414.918 52.50 11.9 2494.01 414.75 0.24 38.

5 0.25 45.983 16.5 6.162 0.526 0.5 4.116 0.038 0.6 0.56 2.2 0.10 19.05 50.05 50.4 -3.0 61.1 746.4 55.53 127.70 2442.0428 125 98.25 2494.94 541.92 541.6 740.4 2455.56 2.013 5.30 541.64 2435.0104 125 45.4 2462.40 26.3 743.2 5.0 25.0 0.7 6.1 746.1 746.1 12.1 43.66 867.3 2477.0 12.9 741.3 11.55 1457.2 24.9 0.9 2460.7 49.6 12.26 25.44 4.089 0.8 44.3 22.27 47361.00 2449.00 2449.5 5.55 1054.2 0.75 2448.25 2449.18 2472.0129 125 51.05 50.707 0.4 739.5 13.3 -5.04 1489.5 1.7 1.8 18.55 9203.7 13.00 2442.8 47.0337 125 86.361 36.07 1096.3 2466.75 2449.6 2433.80 1.38 2427.014 1.22 29.0 -0.00 0.50 1.56 2.00 0.1 741.3 746.00 0.3 1.27 32396.27 39436.1 5.62 2.50 6.25 2433.5 743.9 0.05 50.5 9.365 6.05 50.56 2.0 1.37 1.4 742.50 6.1 746.1 17.799 28.9 741.05 50.1 746.3 0.2 749.56 2.1 743.94 53.29 2480.27 37973.4 1.73 3.50 3.25 62.27 17.1 2452.61 4.17 1375.011 1.76 564.85 49.26 541.46 27.00 0.50 2422.65 5.4 1.22 3.722 1.3 24.89 2459.904 1.2 6.1 746.6 752.9 52.50 8.00 0.6 2427.2 0.56 2.00 0.03 28.0 742.086 1.50 2449.8 18.54 S V = (1/n) R2/3 S1/2 HGL where V is velocity in m/sec C and N are co-efficient of roughness and its value for concrete lined applied is taken as 125 and 0.013 2.617 10.52 2456.50 6.3 0.95 28.4 0.4 739.0154 125 56.25 0.0 742.5 16.8 747.56 2.9 5.069 1.5 2483.56 668.013 18.6 0.240 0.22 23.86 238.48 277.1 6.4 -1.105 1.7 4.29 65.53 18.39 183.6 2447.56 2.84 269.6 10.053 2.9 751.56 2.8 0.1 746.2 4.7 -0.1 746.0 4.29 2472.0 65.19 5.25 0.98 541.1 746.9 744.7 6.004 2.2 20.0 2463.07 759.9 3.5 0.82 1010.50 4.7 4.8 1.05 50.2 25.8 18.8 759.0271 125 76.7 8.39 124.50 0.69 37.0403 125 95.20 4.6 759.59 212.8 1.0469 125 103.251 20.1 2470.1 743.3 3.01 214.1 746.81 541.00 0.1 5.6 2445.2 1.32 541.1 746.9 14.96 297.364 0.0027 125 21.09 201.72 100.00 0.4 2.0 0.702 41.6 7.1 746.491 2.0179 125 61.001 1.8 0.1 746.05 50.77 4388.2 1.00 2426.268 0.75 2449.005 1.8 -2.7 28.21 0.1 4.0137 125 53.5 21.03 54.27 33244.2 6.50 3.8 2.5 23.5 6.3 2451.9 1.24 31.33 9.4 2.7 7.96 68.33 8018.75 2449.64 2445.2 739.1 750.6 2434.46 787.00 0.6 0.21 162.01 2035.75 13.1 746.10 541.47 111.27 26820.14 29.2 78.92 2455.9 0.63 104.05 50.25 0.38 2470.430 2.38 2450.3 2.88 48.7 3.75 0.4 757.1 0.0021 0.98 1032.1 0.2 8.3 6.00 2445.00 0.689 27.75 2449.59 533.0 6.54 541.0 759.79 207.27 42898.0 1.044 1.3 0.1 746.46 541.0 0.036 1.05 50.8 47.5 0.68 541.8 744.02 1214.9 11.2 754.6 5.5 9.2 6.7 6.33 2484.75 2449.2 4.00 0.27 30638.4 4.50 0.77 200.8 2457.2 3.1 -1.633 26.13 2463.6 3.00 0.8 1.4 12.744 27.9 5.00 0.0 0.5 0.9 7.27 48569.6 0.6 2438.8 36.4 7.47 19.6 2449.75 2449.25 0.7 0.76 541.057 1.25 2448.4 17.05 50.50 2434.15 67.56 2.00 0.27 45496.88 136.27 43560.27 27818.75 0.3 -0.0 6.5 0.049 1.0 71.6 0.4 10.00 541.63 541.40 541.19 149.0 752.047 1.2 5.645 41.05 50.20 16.45 1116.4 747.060 1.098 0.1 4.00 2449.5 12.3 0.007 1.50 2440.2 745.9 8.2 745.745 2.50 2449.0018 125 17.7 -1.003 0.8 0.7 0.03 142.9 2453.8 0.082 1.7 6.8 18.153 0.08 175.56 2.5 1.474 38.93 274.77 2486.49 57.00 0.535 0.2 0.68 3.4 7.4 4.46 917.4 2.36 50.00 0.8 21.3 50.7 6.75 2445.05 50.33 2485.18 31.05 50.05 50.0477 125 104.25 ft Dia of Tunnel X-Sectional Area ft m/m m 2 2 m 50.5 67.00 0.7 745.04 430.8 -10.0 m Formula used for circular tunnel under pressure is William Hazen and for gravity flow is Manning's equation for computing velocity and head loss 0.56 1156.39 1408.3 740.61 2449.75 2449.5 24.1 80.8 3.56 2.2 2.8 1.5 2.055 1.7 6.50 2449.080 0.1 -8.0 2467.71 4.17 541.19 541.50 2447.05 50.40 1323.05 50.97 541.6 741.0221 125 68.5 2.36 541.41 2452.56 2.4 17.7 6.0 74.191 34.6 32.5 3.29 24.4 0.7 21.00 0.037 0.1 3.67 9527.1 746.0 4.5 22.2 6.4 3.44 2432.50 5.0419 125 97.2 2.18 288.1 0.2 2455.0229 125 70.27 38711.6 2441.304 2.86 439.48 511.359 1.50 2424.2 6.588 40.59 1566.4 754.50 4.0 0.56 2.68 13.5 0.50 0.46 1145.9 745.1 756.820 2.400 1.041 1.56 2.9 -2.5 13.26 1416.25 0.24 34.8 81.04 685.62 13.05 50.0095 125 43.7 12.5 2451.7 0.63 17.5 6.50 8.09 44.27 18572.00 0.50 2449.5 2.8 5.27 46747.63 157.50 2449.7 2453.01 2479.21 22.304 36.4 6.00 2424.911 30.2 -3.72 24.3 16.00 2432.82 2475.3 749.78 21.4 2480.33 482.9 5.56 2.5 755.50 4.9 0.6 -1.013 16.465 8.9 0.2 1.5 0.6 2436.143 18.27 21220.00 0.3 21.4 5.22 112.34 2495.05 50.83 123.15 449.242 2.62 2454.090 18.9 0.9 758.2 7.013 14.1 7.05 50.8 752.013 18.4 7.6 13.50 3.5 13.1 753.6 741.27 541.5 6.7 6.75 2449.88 246.56 2.1 746.54 3.00 0.7 10.5 14.2 6.69 1233.51 29.5 26.6 1.126 0.9 0.05 50.09 25.220 4.7 0.75 2449.78 23.90 2457.5 748.66 164.013.0 0.8 2482.2 3.0304 125 81.5 2472.66 14.00 2449.51 23.073 1.4 23.6 2435.30 1505.4 10.1 759.99 42.00 2436.54 26.50 7.6 2443.64 541.52 2431.013 4.56 2.2 2473.7 0.619 2.4 7.49 1.00 0.1 746.5 59.0 15.0 3.00 0.27 44214.3 0.05 50.2 747.7 4.63 1341.27 19935.44 18.0444 125 100.178 1.17 4.50 8.02 541.75 2449.1 746.9 6.5 6.1 3.50 2449.05 50.44 2491.8 3.7 9.013 8.56 1.3 19.7 741.2 9.27 13800.27 9549.967 31.0246 125 72.1 746.5 18.87 27.84 230.6 2435.5 6.3 1.6 2440.5 758.25 2443.7 7.9 6.0436 125 99.6 2461.5 23.50 9.5 4.22 541.0 68.1 -3.7 6.96 1551.99 1441.56 2.204 0.1 746.7 741.0 6.25 2449.91 541.19 5.00 ft m Slope of Tunnel 0.88 18.05 50.1 34.56 2.247 35.0052 125 31.3 5.54 541.06 14.14 2486.26 60.00 0.50 2.83 4.27 52040.0 12.00 0.0 0.0 12.0 1.013 11.00 0.2 2463.362 0.93 2380.036 17.6 2432.989 45.0 6.05 50.01 541.35 82.8 30.1 10.59 2464.013 17.7 6.045 0.7 0.0 2.11 2491.7 0.2 1.90 41.79 3.003 1.25 30.75 0.5 6.6 77.27 50906.9 760.25 2449.013 11.25 25.25 2446.928 1.00 0.4 2476.27 55315.72 224.00 0.8 0.751 1.013 12.9 81.8 79.50 32.013 6.27 40150.7 748.7 15.56 2.62 541.5 20.8 2475.25 2449.50 3.0087 125 41.197 19.51 1473.0 6.5 740.89 6.8 2485.58 162.68 541.6 -6.019 1.75 0.85 238.17 2.25 0.6 2425.50 0.6 2431.27 35678.63 9.56 2.1 0.1 746.1 746.2 11.5 2458.1 11.56 2.25 2449.50 9.95 541.29 2.05 50.98 313.3 14.196 0.0296 125 80.37 2467.50 2.50 9.8 38.1 746.052 0.50 7.05 50.27 46125.38 1176.13 2483.12 2438.009 1.76 541.56 135.6 757.50 2444.50 1.5 6.1 14.6 2468.1 746.531 39.93 2454.5 12.24 1596.5 8.43 102.7 6.6 8.0 1.0 757.6 0.5 13.2 1.56 2.45 330.0378 125 91.05 50.3 0.566 9.0 13.9 3.56 2.30 390.461 1.3 750.67 541.6 -3.00 0.27 17114.54 523.0263 125 75.231 0.4 1.83 3535.6 -2.5 4.27 56369.62 1536.7 24.31 2469.80 2450.09 270.1 746.2 5.5 746.27 25787.8 3.25 2449.05 50.1 746.00 0.1 3.5 75.0 8.27 541.3 0.5 2.68 171.8 0.6 2442.32 2481.7 2478.73 185.9 744.53 2434.79 2443.05 Entrance loss Friction loss WL U/S WL U/S WL U/S WLD/S WLD/S Entrance loss f f SinB Angle D a a P P h r r V V Q Q ft masl ft masl ft m ft ft Head Loss m ft m ft m ft/sec m/sec ft m ft /sec m /sec 2425.188 0.3 9.27 41544.00 0.7 3.56 203.7 12.00 2449.50 2431.50 6.6 2426.00 0.25 57.50 2478.33 1075.50 2449.3 12.50 1.27 44859.35 541.05 50.8 740.42 2458.6 750.50 6.27 37222.027 1.05 50.0 6.3 2.8 742.0452 125 101.2 757.5 739.016 1.4 742.75 541.80 20.9 2478.00 0.80 1358.50 3.9 753.27 55844.1 746.858 0.135 0.2 13.5 40.1 0.2 742.27 49750.0 -2.5 6.3 753.8 2468.65 541.1 746.1 746.1 0.236 0.05 50.35 2459.1 746.013 15.2 752.5 2.00 0.75 2441.04 23.50 3.013 14.05 50.023 32.56 2.74 635.0021 ft/ft 8.540 1.18 40.67 1425.50 2427.3 0.00 2449.27 54243.89 22.6 2429.3 1.360 22.5 0.6 0.71 8.3 0.0 5.2 6.00 2449.00 0.8 1.50 2.0 0.20 b b 5 h R R ft m S N/C A 2 A 2 3 3 6.0 0.2 2480.4 12.56 2.80 3955.0 6.78 2453.18 21.25 2423.56 2.0 41.5 25.14 941.64 2429.013 13.0 2481.5 6.0044 125 28.7 2471.4 8.64 541.5 18.36 2495.51 24.05 50.36 115.5 2465.4 744.1 2484.25 2449.4 0.5 16.0 0.4 0.50 5.4 10.18 69.56 2.0112 125 47.00 0.50 7.0386 125 93.7 2457.033 1.4 13.3 760.2 11.1 746.691 0.416 0.0279 125 78.09 16.2 0.27 36457.7 5.05 50.27 47968.00 0.77 27.0 4.24 29.00 0.5 10.6 2439.117 2.56 2.8 744.00 0.1 2466.70 178.8 0.5 2.56 2.05 50.66 5286.6 2446.6 1.5 70.00 0.96 1392.05 50.56 2.5 1.38 20.2 6.14 987.6 9.92 2474.013 3.89 815.4 8.4 23.98 19.0 57.00 2449.63 2492.35 5.9 748.50 4.56 2.31 71.7 11.0 6.0 22.67 5.5 17.81 214.95 2468.0 8.5 746.50 1.71 2477.062 1.0 22.2 739.4 1.0 739.2 1.013 9.49 47.1 0.9 756.3 2.9 0.7 13.75 2438.56 2.50 2449.1 2.047 46.03 77.56 2.1 746.013 13.67 227.0 0.24 466.0354 125 88.18 29.01 2493.25 2449.27 2440.03 4.030 1.2 2470.8 24.85 3132.61 150.30 48.8 755.024 1.25 2427.6 2448.81 39.2 20.414 23.7 743.9 0.0204 125 65.065 1.55 5.5 6.2 -2.77 541.2 12.7 3.0 6.0 6.00 0.45 497.3 2473.56 2.50 9.7 6.27 42226.2 6.50 2449.0 4.50 4.4 4.4 3.22 31.05 50.180 0.44 6208.931 2.69 2437.45 1520.27 34884.0254 125 74.5 7.25 2436.64 9.2 36.51 7.6 2437.39 25.0 6.75 2449.3 0.05 50.7 6.00 0.45 188.2 13.37 2466.0 0.5 15.6 2444.5 0.99 2447.18 484.51 1.7 743.00 2429.50 0.8 0.417 37.1 746.013 17.00 0.00 0.879 0.6 2454.88 2746.47 12.283 1.10 2430.6 744.32 250.39 260.1 1.1 746.74 2477.22 11.4 -8.6 0.2 0.930 15.46 11.669 11.05 50.0 6.25 2440.39 92.90 2428.9 14.0312 125 82.03 0.83 222.0146 125 54.6 4.31 56.50 7.4 5.6 2475.1 2.6 2428.997 3.1 741.013 15.0213 125 67.0 13.7 754.50 119.4 43.1 748.68 38.56 2.5 17.6 0.27 52599.1 746.27 49162.022 0.46 541.559 2.5 6.9 1.6 13.58 351.6 1.56 2.226 0.062 0.5 3.8 0.052 1.5 12.89 ft m Length of Tunnel 235.38 541.49 699.00 0.5 2479.50 0.1 2459.0370 125 90.5 2.8 740.56 2.42 15.1 0.27 53152.5 9.53 2488.00 0.1 746.0188 125 62.93 3.6 0.0 0.57 15.40 2451.6 2450.7 738.71 901.25 2449.135 33.50 2.9 -1.09 28.94 411.013 7.75 0.0196 125 64.2 9.0411 125 96.079 32.8 2461.2 6.50 2449.00 0.1 746.0287 125 79.4 3.89 2444.27 31528.41 86.5 3.1 746.2 12.5 5.75 2425.0 31.5 0.013 16.41 498.00 0.3 756.009 0.84 .56 2.1 746.8 0.7 19.0 -12.1 760.6 0.3 6.00 0.09 1136.8 3.3 8.87 2445.523 24.8 6.8 756.50 8.2 6.00 2449.8 4.27 8837.50 0.219 0.0 745.1 76.4 744.9 -11.8 0.7 5.75 2428.85 CR WL 0.75 2449.0120 125 49.06 1195.00 0.0 3.7 11.25 2436.07 25.1 746.469 23.94 16.4 751.26 6670.029 0.8 21.189 2.67 541.0 749.00 0.91 264.74 2482.27 29725.75 2431.74 5.0 0.7 6.41 2476.7 2482.8 3.58 9795.39 541.0 2456.00 0.50 2.5 7.5 19.7 751.79 541.7 16.5 11.16 541.27 50331.50 0.038 1.0238 125 71.4 -1.6 2431.00 0.1 746.40 2431.9 6.56 2.7 5.56 2.50 8.62 71.96 340.6 17.7 0.6 2427.6 754.50 892.00 0.9 2485.3 -3.7 2.013 16.2 15.56 2.998 1.50 5.070 1.05 50.3 740.56 2.2 11.1 746.2 8.75 2449.50 2449.6 0.071 0.7 10.39 730.316 5.00 2439.8 40.127 2.567 0.56 2.22 541.65 2489.6 9.23 4.06 2446.7 1.879 0.866 2.00 0.1 746.9 0.013 12.305 21.5 8.85 2440.27 23602.1 0.2 742.6 744.013 10.212 0.05 50.05 50.639 1.7 758.4 0.8 2.1 746.7 6.9 11.195 0.6 11.013 15.0070 125 36.4 2469.6 2448.05 50.25 2449.46 2461.7 745.5 0.053 0.50 5.9 3.55 21.91 25.9 48.144 0.5 20.05 50.817 43.9 -7.05 50.8 13.7 6.50 0.199 0.86 8439.00 2449.50 0.95 285.64 525.11 1713.026 0.25 2449.50 9.69 2441.3 11.8 20.0 1.5 743.0 2.85 32.22 2460.98 335.73 541.33 10.2 6.5 0.27 11844.3 743.2 12.57 5745.15 841.00 0.75 0.75 193.2 3.5 1.58 142.0460 125 102.70 541.0061 125 34.8 2.0 739.00 0.00 0.56 2.013 17.5 6.50 2449.013 17.0171 125 59.0 46.25 2430.50 1.5 21.25 541.6 -9.5 6.3 0.05 50.75 2449.0 746.88 14.01 58.0078 125 39.516 9.4 80.107 0.4 760.1 746.PATRIND HYDROPOWER PROJECT Diversion Tunnel Hydraulics Diameter = 8.11 541.53 541.23 2487.6 2430.9 11.48 5.1 746.5 6.2 3.77 964.27 15535.5 14.825 13.0 9.56 2.5 73.4 6.1 746.6 2444.88 246.8 10.27 53700.00 2439.90 255.56 2.5 10.1 746.9 82.4 5.56 2.7 0.0 755.75 2435.2 0.4 3.56 2.3 2459.63 V = 0.5 63.56 2.6 740.015 0.25 0.0 -4.00 0.8 0.9 2464.62 2490.75 541.3 5.03 2471.7 16.5 23.50 2437.0163 125 58.0 6.72 2463.4 0.00 0.06 88.6 2.576 1.50 2449.07 52.7 2464.0 4.9 0.5 -0.71 372.773 13.9 9.0 10.760 42.0 24.65 1581.27 22439.5 3.2 4.32 309.25 541.50 2449.2 0.50 1.12 3.0 9.28 31.8 0.7 13.73 2462.0 0.50 7.0 6.2 24.2 6.067 1.013 7.1 746.05 50.225 0.46 1252.8 742.0 4.8 2.6 747.6 4.5 751.63 541.56 2.1 4.00 0.00 2449.50 9.94 20.0395 125 94.86 541.1 0.5 6.05 50.82 392.3 3.4 750.53 ft m D/S Invert Level 738.173 3. respectivly H1 R is hydraulic radius WL R = A/P D where A is the cross section area of flow in m 2 H2 EL U/S EL D/S and P is the wetted perimeter in m S is the hydraulic gradient L Q is the discharge in cumec Q = AV DATA: U/S Invert Level 739.72 1288.34 541.5 753.415 7.73 4832.72 2473.374 2.28 2427.25 2449.02 7129.9 0.1 746.022 1.721 12.3 758.3 7.81 2468.85 1306.268 4.1 746.75 0.75 0.5 3.874 44.51 36.00 26.9 2.1 0.9 15.0 745.56 2.03 267.9 2471.26 30.0321 125 84.56 541.14 2481.7 6.00 2449.5 6.9 745.2 0.0035 125 25.72 7580.932 45.9 2.98 5.8 12.25 2449.3 0.0345 125 87.877 14.1 746.3 2484.50 4.50 0.27 34072.1 2477.819 1.0362 125 89.00 0.9 0.3 0.0 2474.79 2465.3 5.25 0.50 7.9 3.3 1.452 1.05 50.77 40.56 2.27 54781.1 746.23 541.7 755.66 27.636 2.3 746.578 25.4 0.6 2440.12 2433.8 19.05 50.855 29.678 2.6 2.05 50.50 5.62 600.072 1.31 2426.0 11.7 11.2 6.25 30.00 2449.00 771.6 0.013 9.5 0.269 1.9 0.88 5.27 24716.7 0.808 2.50 0.4 0.1 746.85 11.27 40852.69 1270.1 746.05 50.5 740.91 2.05 50.6 0.5 6.56 2.0 1.9 8.2 6.00 2449.00 0.1 746.3 1.40 2436.2 6.7 3.05 50.2 6.0329 125 85.05 50.25 2449.6 0.3 3.56 2.50 2.9 1.03 541.171 0.8 749.7 3.27 51476.27 28785.00 0.722 0.

27 70041.04 541.2 6.25 35.0542 125 111.05 50.2 2498.56 2.67 34.1 768.3 763.745 56.0509 125 107.3 2501.00 0.66 541.1 763.27 68302.453 52.05 50.50 16.36 1724.5 6.28 36.27 59429.56 2.0 2506.0550 125 112.4 764.170 76.2 6.0721 125 130.0 6.91 541.0623 125 120.8 19.49 2521.1 746.50 12.56 2.6 22.50 14.36 34.569 5.38 1909.27 65617.1 746.86 38.176 4.50 16.50 14.89 541.27 57917.930 73.42 2500.512 53.5 14.12 37.66 39.1 746.27 56889.0737 125 131.27 72161.039 60.37 40.46 541.77 1792.05 50.5 2490.19 541.1 746.863 58.446 4.56 2.6 766.29 2066.50 16.23 541.50 10.8 2492.2 761.25 2449.44 2514.00 0.50 11.572 68.79 2509.105 47.25 2449.60 1696.5 6.335 64.00 0.5 762.50 12.00 0.27 63770.14 40.45 2504.85 2501.95 1738.1 746.00 0.56 2.70 541.05 50.43 38.05 50.50 16.51 2523.35 541.08 2515.00 0.50 11.75 2449.0688 125 127.9 16.871 72.95 37.48 541.39 2524.15 32.687 55.25 39.1 746.2 6.1 746.00 0.48 541.53 2518.00 0.56 2.50 10.8 21.93 541.7 6.766 5.39 1640.7 763.00 0.97 541.6 20.00 2449.35 2520.6 18.1 746.990 73.00 2449.05 50.75 2449.8 17.7 768.00 0.56 2.76 33.2 6.3 2508.0680 125 126.27 61875.50 11.39 1883.2 2494.48 541.50 10.11 1752.00 0.5 6.56 2.1 2491.00 2449.86 2503.56 2.4 17.0761 125 134.56 2.05 50.0 6.05 50.1 17.25 2449.0729 125 131.45 541.0713 125 129.4 767.05 50.56 2.1 21.10 32.81 1934.0 2492.56 2522.222 4.7 2496.2 764.42 541.588 4.3 2497.56 2.50 15.44 1858.1 746.513 67.50 2449.1 19.61 37.0753 125 133.95 2513.50 10.50 17.05 50.18 541.06 1958.50 16.6 16.25 2449.89 1921.00 0.3 22.4 2501.1 2495.05 50.392 4.2 6.9 763.4 15.2 6.50 2449.91 41.1 746.93 2497.395 51.00 2449.00 2449.27 72579.65 541.56 2.59 541.50 13.9 767.05 50.712 3.56 2.88 2518.50 2449.05 50.567 3.5 765.27 70896.05 50.27 67861.13 35.5 6.0575 125 115.804 57.45 39.612 4.50 2449.67 2506.279 50.75 2449.7 19.00 2449.27 70470.0 18.00 0.00 0.25 2449.97 541.632 68.5 6.6 2507.253 4.811 71.12 541.27 69610.13 541.922 59.05 38.75 2449.56 2.1 746.63 2516.12 2517.098 61.7 21.1 746.20 541.417 4.0 2488.4 2487.90 2502.1 746.25 2449.0745 125 132.7 765.570 54.1 746.3 2490.5 761.05 50.866 3.PATRIND HYDROPOWER PROJECT WL U/S WL U/S WLD/S WLD/S Entrance loss Entrance loss Friction loss WL U/S Head Loss b b S N/C V V ft masl ft masl ft m ft ft m ft m ft m ft/sec m/sec ft m ft /sec m /sec 2496.50 12.81 1870.1 23.56 2.138 3.23 1896.00 35.56 2.45 1779.0 6.963 5.1 746.50 12.00 0.27 58929.002 4.75 2449.25 2449.521 3.1 746.7 6.71 541.0 764.1 746.3 768.00 2449.56 2.50 11.00 0.0697 125 127.1 2502.75 2449.56 2.2 770.73 541.7 2503.0526 125 109.49 1983.628 55.25 2449.1 746.75 2449.05 50.0583 125 116.43 2007.27 62829.23 1845.640 4.27 68741.834 4.00 0.6 769.00 0.13 2507.0 20.00 0.05 50.19 1946.22 541.98 541.31 541.11 2505.50 2449.1 746.1 746.00 0.50 13.56 2.7 761.05 50.05 50.9 2489.50 15.50 11.0485 125 105.99 2509.1 746.0640 125 122.394 65.4 2494.00 0.197 4.05 50.05 50.1 746.1 746.48 1971.56 2.757 3.04 2499.1 746.6 2486.00 0.00 0.84 33.0 6.7 6.3 765.03 39.05 50.56 2.27 61392.08 2055.98 32.05 541.56 2.43 36.806 4.27 1710.7 6.0 6.221 49.05 50.7 6.5 2497.08 2512.82 40.157 62.0 22.0 767.05 50.00 0.27 64700.372 4.50 13.4 761.0501 125 107.27 64237.00 2449.05 32.8 2499.2 18.05 50.3 16.980 4.7 2489.15 2519.7 6.3 20.00 0.8 762.5 2507.5 19.0615 125 119.2 6.7 17.329 3.56 2.57 2523.00 0.12 1832.56 2.2 20.7 6.0 769.2 767.50 15.00 2449.27 66523.5 2504.4 2504.56 2.3 18.27 58425.92 1765.1 746.1 746.8 765.7 6.50 12.27 67418.56 2.27 66972.50 2449.0 6.19 2031.1 746.27 62353.50 15.05 50.05 50.1 746.00 0.50 2449.096 3.9 2496.24 38.1 746.9 2502.0 6.454 66.8 23.7 15.27 63301.27 60418.50 15.56 2.4 769.276 64.028 4.377 3.00 2449.0 6.05 50.73 2043.05 50.50 14.0705 125 128.1 746.481 3.0 6.50 13.27 71320.0599 125 117.784 4.5 21.73 2513.980 59.05 50.75 2449.00 0.1 746.230 77.0493 125 106.51 2508.1 746.0 2499.27 66071.05 50.8 766.05 50.68 41.2 6.25 2449.56 2.6 764.50 14.904 3.5 6.0558 125 113.0648 125 122.1 746.1 746.10 2510.56 2.21 2525.2 22.751 70.0632 125 121.39 541.54 2498.27 72994.56 2.56 2.27 69177.26 1682.05 50.38 2078.97 2526.6 2493.27 73407.13 2511.95 1805.00 0.50 13.69 2500.56 2.27 71742.76 541.05 50.87 35.0 762.47 34.50 15.6 2500.00 0.0672 125 125.00 0.6 762.05 50.00 0.5 768.9 766.63 541.51 1625.00 0.00 0.0 15.94 541.13 1995.56 2.27 59925.50 2449.92 33.2 2505.04 1818.059 3.05 50.75 2449.0664 125 124.50 14.0607 125 118.25 1654.27 65160.05 50.2 14.67 f f SinB Angle D 6 a a P P h h ft m r r R R A 2 A 2 Q 3 Q 3 .2 6.2 16.1 746.00 0.1 746.73 541.0567 125 114.8 2506.70 2504.27 57405.58 36.18 1668.50 2449.2 2487.050 74.00 0.7 6.337 50.34 541.8 769.1 766.57 34.0518 125 108.49 1610.78 37.0591 125 117.56 2.0656 125 123.0534 125 110.60 40.160 5.1 746.27 60907.110 75.56 2.163 48.948 3.1 2509.5 23.217 63.5 6.5 6.00 0.692 69.8 15.73 36.0777 125 135.86 541.5 6.50 10.288 3.673 3.5 6.56 2.22 541.0769 125 134.187 3.44 2019.

4 747.62 22886.4 747.9 12.37 1051.4 8.5 11.7 3.0 755.9 88.4 2.42 10.0196 125 69.4 3.77 63.75 0.7 741.284 3.0362 125 96.07 290.6 2434.92 1692.25 0.3 2475.0 7.2 4.7 7.23 684.4 754.4 747.25 2446.1 0.138 0.75 2438.013 18.1 0.6 744.6 16.6 2431.25 0.04 1982.0 7.7 10.6 747.002 40.48 21.0228 125 75.9 0.5 743.9 7.86 237.75 2452.09 321.5 3.0026 125 23.6 2447.3 44.62 48611.49 84.25 2452.38 2.95 289.6 70.97 3.58 3.7 14.95 65.0284 125 84.38 2.5 18.17 1488.911 2.62 55362.54 2481.217 1.75 2452.7 741.25 0.36 20.22 2476.28 12321.70 2450.64 1593.25 0.1 0.080 0.77 63.25 0.023 27.6 2471.5 8.49 2445.76 2493.5 4.50 8.9 -5.4 0.2 23.0 7.2 4.53 684.059 1.00 0.1 0.50 2427.38 2.25 2452.50 2452.7 9.84 2471.62 67014.09 2430.8 2.50 1.0 7.8 12.640 23.76 197.25 0.62 54444.75 0.49 684.38 2.013 19.482 0.4 747.5 13.8 0.77 63.23 16.029 0.9 748.7 743.3 2.8 742.5 13.0252 125 79.4 747.00 2452.64 52.118 0.4 744.4 2478.424 6.08 684.2 9.4 2482.34 4.06 684.4 6.6 -10.25 0.7 0.2 7.50 4.1 24.7 4.46 545.4 13.23 2472.5 14.74 29.00 2452.5 0.389 19.50 10.25 0.38 2.6 2444.62 49626.6 752.62 26645.15 47.148 1.77 63.086 1.77 63.00 0.4 747.6 2432.013 19.17 38.23 2441.8 742.9 2.77 3419.0021 0.77 63.75 2452.3 2.25 0.8 1.50 2452.55 565.00 28.273 0.3 2.16 7.30 3.9 8.5 9.7 5.3 0.577 22.76 19.0 7.0132 125 56.1 59.427 1.99 24.1 26.38 10839.11 19.50 2452.6 2.2 4.5 2.2 19.77 63.62 69278.6 4.25 0.17 25.62 57158.67 2470.72 6.25 0.062 0.5 7.3 0.29 28.62 34432.7 13.95 2460.099 0.5 0.9 0.77 63.0323 125 90.19 74.91 2432.7 758.41 1897.5 8.50 3.75 2441.46 49.45 2435.1 0.5 7.201 3.5 6.8 4.013 18.1 5.657 9.33 684.25 0.068 41.4 0.4 747.6 0.44 104.238 0.85 5870.4 3.5 77.94 77.5 2.0 7.7 8.08 2463.2 7.3 0.6 2441.50 2437.0 2459.6 0.95 2449.44 30.22 1515.962 0.9 9.97 2440.62 51602.77 63.75 2428.4 27.91 123.1 753.43 18.4 747.5 2.25 31.20 2447.14 684.50 2422.02 456.451 20.3 -0.3 1.7 5.1 2462.054 1.1 741.5 12.77 63.0 75.0017 125 18.5 66.54 S V = (1/n) R2/3 S1/2 HGL where V is velocity in m/sec C and N are co-efficient of roughness and its value for concrete lined applied is taken as 125 and 0.77 63.09 2486.7 11.5 0.93 27.5 0.00 2432.25 0.2 0.4 747.89 532.2 2.0 16.1 8.013 17.50 119.013 17.5 -0.174 1.4 0.85 CR WL 0.065 1.8 752.77 63.0156 125 61.9 14.4 747.09 1763.6 27.24 1433.6 2425.0 1.61 32.62 63882.06 676.0 25.9 19.0 7.83 223.68 .199 2.6 -4.2 7.00 2442.0 33.1 0.60 734.0 739.0 2.3 1.03 2452.00 2429. respectivly H1 R is hydraulic radius WL R = A/P D where A is the cross section area of flow in m 2 H2 EL U/S EL D/S and P is the wetted perimeter in m S is the hydraulic gradient L Q is the discharge in cumec Q = AV DATA: U/S Invert Level 739.8 749.9 745.49 684.4 750.56 1376.6 744.75 0.50 9.124 2.8 1.8 -3.89 433.4 747.0 -2.6 741.62 684.013 12.36 62.96 362.936 39.0 -1.8 57.128 0.7 5.05 6407.50 1.6 85.4 0.5 758.8 755.7 6.0 12.7 14.5 2.7 2474.5 9.8 35.0291 125 86.50 3.837 0.62 33008.90 2461.7 3.0 742.7 7.62 70019.35 1541.75 2445.1 2.0 10.6 741.9 0.6 0.62 47577.88 41.62 68531.38 2.50 0.38 1.75 0.0 1.33 77.3 33.9 2463.013 5.2 4.350 0.38 51.69 2479.77 63.3 -9.29 15.21 2483.01 665.6 0.4 4.00 1875.5 7.50 7.77 63.051 1.4 0.62 684.9 741.282 0.41 2446.311 4.4 760.82 684.9 751.77 63.75 2451.15 23.071 0.9 2456.50 6.9 10.016 1.2 2482.5 0.75 243.8 9.4 0.09 291.6 740.8 7.6 2444.50 2452.3 88.71 684.540 1.75 2425.6 1.2 0.2 749.5 23.7 -1.2 0.8 8.5 3.40 4836.38 2.96 1157.027 1.3 18.033 1.62 71478.04 380.0 746.7 0.4 747.00 2452.7 -4.0 2476.23 2491.05 1618.38 2.253 0.9 61.15 74.77 63.84 2437.PATRIND HYDROPOWER PROJECT Diversion Tunnel Hydraulics Diameter = 9.673 36.7 6.3 1.69 5.4 0.87 6.50 0.8 0.5 0.59 1255.3 0.2 7.36 338.13 6.2 5.23 335.984 2.65 1940.20 14.147 0.53 5.62 53512.5 2485.0 14.72 2462.51 2459.738 36.47 25.91 2464.0 60.25 501.50 3.50 4.9 0.39 2436.17 684.1 746.25 0.8 0.6 2448.4 0.50 1.77 63.2 3.081 1.32 2.50 0.77 63.77 63.50 10.9 2473.00 2426.4 739.870 38.5 25.96 109.80 2431.3 15.6 2435.4 747.3 0.68 41.72 185.62 58904.50 10.1 6.62 29978.93 17.339 1.5 7.83 227.166 0.0164 125 63.19 684.97 684.7 17.62 45444.13 479.6 -2.66 166.70 18.32 31.0 7.38 2.580 0.0394 125 101.5 1.65 9196.5 13.083 1.6 2448.0148 125 59.4 4.57 140.5 17.6 2437.74 684.018 14.0 6.48 2495.0 3.25 0.50 2452.155 0.20 22.7 14.2 745.94 136.9 3.022 1.94 684.3 749.5 10.204 0.50 0.5 746.944 1.50 9.3 743.21 0.50 3.4 11.6 2442.0 4.52 5.7 -0.25 2452.9 11.50 2444.3 16.0 31.38 2.716 10.11 17.50 2431.2 90.590 1.23 684.51 24.836 12.2 3.50 5.38 2.7 8.3 1.50 2424.2 5.31 166.3 27.5 5.6 3.7 11.25 0.6 73.352 1.0 m Formula used for circular tunnel under pressure is William Hazen and for gravity flow is Manning's equation for computing velocity and head loss 0.1 743.50 7.7 7.77 63.25 0.38 2.9 3.0021 ft/ft 9.056 1.5 62.25 2452.2 7.61 2454.013 2.35 523.50 1.50 5.46 1786.00 2452.4 747.1 0.47 1087.63 V = 0.2 7.9 0.8 740.3 2.98 802.69 848.5 753.00 771.50 8.2 752.8 -11.50 6.25 0.50 8.72 2494.0059 125 36.85 13441.8 740.62 62263.50 2.9 6.4 7.75 2452.62 63077.1 0.44 684.88 96.3 2455.7 4.2 1.5 0.4 7.019 1.1 0.50 348.3 750.1 756.6 2452.6 2427.042 1.704 23.76 2485.7 1.5 20.1 750.25 2452.9 0.4 747.62 20783.47 22.77 63.5 6.2 1.7 24.00 2452.2 2458.90 1.47 2427.2 4.0108 125 50.65 2468.5 4.1 38.246 0.8 -3.0067 125 38.50 8.25 0.5 61.1 14.4 747.11 2455.5 2468.4 747.49 2488.69 684.4 7.7 1.50 2450.15 43.38 2.00 2452.53 ft Dia of Tunnel X-Sectional Area ft m/m m 2 2 m 63.2 10.62 37133.17 684.38 2.658 0.7 2484.5 740.514 21.5 18.24 54.77 63.25 2452.7 754.0 752.4 2458.25 0.77 63.77 63.39 27.25 0.0100 125 48.8 1.742 1.3 5.00 2452.9 745.013 13.0339 125 93.23 175.34 684.50 7.9 0.7 2.8 756.2 13.6 0.53 684.598 9.0 9.9 1.0 13.9 2480.27 2474.3 740.2 8.38 2.4 742.75 0.6 2451.38 2.0 18.55 34.5 739.28 754.5 -0.62 39667.3 0.8 -2.1 743.7 738.6 0.546 0.0180 125 66.5 0.1 84.2 754.25 0.6 2449.4 747.75 2448.87 59.6 4.97 8.6 759.68 934.94 37.045 1.4 4.281 31.5 28.6 2.5 5.46 1461.25 0.62 66244.60 1405.71 1716.35 684.0 4.85 230.9 3.50 5.204 0.5 22.2 -3.7 5.38 2.7 4.5 746.391 0.4 747.94 20.84 684.64 2438.1 1.95 61.61 8634.1 0.25 0.8 0.47 112.45 81.4 13.12 28.38 2.75 1317.75 2431.3 0.3 9.959 27.8 2463.015 0.2 757.013 14.55 2445.3 760.7 7.18 684.007 1.4 2.81 621.3 0.10 151.41 212.38 2.62 50623.54 361.50 26.0401 125 102.75 2452.216 30.4 747.0409 125 103.25 2452.1 2455.8 759.62 60604.33 2426.0354 125 95.0 0.6 2428.9 5.46 5.62 38419.7 4.98 315.0 757.28 15.013 7.9 2.632 2.17 30.5 0.38 2.2 -3.185 0.18 2.00 0.38 2.0236 125 76.7 751.3 -1.6 38.69 2478.3 753.0 759.2 4.264 18.1 2479.5 1.00 2452.5 7.77 63.21 4.0 12.0 3.6 9.22 5.6 2427.5 12.0 4.6 11.0 1.00 2445.5 10.25 0.8 3.5 0.77 2489.77 63.30 363.013 11.72 27.411 32.25 0.21 52.9 1.255 4.9 756.9 6.2 7.03 684.141 16.0 0.87 1013.77 63.7 0.20 684.0 7.6 4.0315 125 89.4 747.20 2436.1 741.5 13.2 2465.0 78.51 2457.4 747.481 7.77 63.8 2484.7 0.6 2429.9 0.0 1.50 2452.21 5.9 14.29 1233.7 7.0 0.2 739.25 0.62 42064.3 2479.9 91.025 1.84 132.011 1.77 63.8 25.013 16.00 0.4 0.38 31.6 740.4 747.92 196.49 2475.0417 125 104.58 220.013 11.28 1567.64 112.5 6.7 48.85 24.1 0.51 1.38 2.0075 125 41.43 2428.5 17.4 747.86 46.3 20.9 4.27 26.0 5.80 5.7 0.55 133.7 7.25 0.8 747.5 7.24 42.085 1.637 2.50 4.50 1.73 604.8 4.007 1.1 0.077 1.1 2469.0 7.5 14.5 -1.75 2452.83 684.77 63.0 7.4 747.10 2459.77 Entrance loss Friction loss WL U/S WL U/S WL U/S WLD/S WLD/S Entrance loss f f SinB Angle D a a P P h r r V V Q Q ft masl ft masl ft m ft ft Head Loss m ft m ft m ft/sec m/sec ft m ft /sec m /sec 2425.268 43.7 3.7 27.0188 125 67.2 22.0370 125 97.3 2468.4 -3.10 684.41 95.0 745.2 14.6 0.009 0.095 1.91 261.50 2452.2 11.2 22.9 22.90 17.18 4344.1 0.38 2440.140 0.25 0.6 747.50 0.267 0.8 42.9 1.29 63.9 753.9 0.77 63.9 3.4 747.8 0.24 6954.4 747.0 2466.99 57.968 1.0331 125 92.5 11.5 7.553 2.8 0.50 2452.75 0.0 63.35 2472.18 3.19 588.38 2.25 0.62 40881.25 0.6 2440.50 2.003 1.68 172.77 63.22 684.0 13.7 745.5 0.77 63.84 5.25 0.2 0.38 2.0 50.4 2.09 684.4 747.9 5.25 2452.9 -12.03 2439.01 1347.5 16.3 6.607 35.6 2430.50 2465.5 26.013.5 751.50 2452.4 747.64 684.04 153.93 15.1 10.5 1.7 2457.77 63.2 12.0 0.4 10.95 653.5 89.27 56.38 2.75 0.697 2.2 -2.4 0.24 684.89 638.4 747.0268 125 82.9 760.00 ft m Slope of Tunnel 0.3 0.12 11359.8 5.4 2465.9 744.3 2462.3 10.90 5.540 8.45 28.8 3.0 7.77 4.8 0.849 3.60 2492.3 8.38 2.0 0.6 2445.94 2443.2 739.2 747.50 0.77 63.11 228.4 3.8 747.326 18.0 2.013 16.65 2450.38 2.7 11.3 2.6 2431.50 8.5 2461.00 0.77 63.62 31526.38 2.38 2.5 24.25 0.5 740.50 1.56 5.62 64678.039 1.00 2449.67 5.8 1.38 2.43 32.2 7.97 3871.66 10.7 2.5 82.013 12.0 1.25 0.014 1.0034 125 26.5 1.3 12.776 11.762 1.25 2452.4 739.50 7.941 0.62 153.0347 125 94.4 6.82 684.221 0.9 2466.013 19.25 0.50 2452.6 754.7 3.201 42.50 9.00 29.1 2.38 2.013 4.50 2.6 2453.4 42.75 2452.62 18468.66 12749.22 26.1 72.022 0.0276 125 83.38 2.6 2450.4 747.001 1.38 2.93 1123.38 2.013 7.25 0.8 0.0 2470.0 746.72 684.0386 125 100.6 2426.77 63.50 0.0 6.013 17.6 0.6 13.2 14.25 0.7 91.25 0.60 684.2 0.0 7.25 0.25 2423.013 13.2 742.0124 125 54.1 2473.98 30.5 15.8 3.8 2460.96 1739.62 46521.75 2452.5 10.272 2.6 0.46 39.3 24.6 92.4 747.86 684.6 52.38 2.4 747.5 7.25 2452.8 0.157 0.3 1.416 2.34 2427.06 73.25 0.768 2.202 17.52 126.25 2440.62 52565.7 743.13 2484.213 0.339 2.9 8.62 70752.6 2453.230 0.83 306.1 2.38 2.8 2477.4 747.38 2.0 0.6 2433.2 0.75 3.176 0.5 3.2 2476.346 32.6 8.9 5.62 44343.5 2454.25 0.93 2.06 4.075 1.013 19.3 3.4 747.5 7.25 0.25 2443.62 67776.74 191.63 9753.25 0.75 2448.22 314.69 54.3 14.50 2.75 2452.1 -0.83 4.4 747.50 6.4 747.5 26.50 2434.77 63.77 63.5 7.9 27.62 59759.3 1.2 7.5 7.77 63.5 4.0 19.4 751.195 0.8 0.2 0.2 6.831 25.25 0.2 7.2 26.24 371.25 684.42 92.2 6.770 0.4 747.25 1528.8 0.9 2.77 63.5 7.25 0.4 1.62 61438.25 0.8 92.53 ft m D/S Invert Level 738.94 57.542 34.7 14.00 0.0 0.50 7.14 684.62 35805.4 747.22 684.3 2.5 748.9 4.25 0.848 2.31 5.38 2.6 2457.56 44.0 742.1 -12.070 1.013 18.9 744.3 17.484 2.5 22.29 1831.41 12.89 252.476 33.1 3.2 4.3 756.2 6.5 6.6 2446.8 1.62 15860.75 25.4 747.13 2468.25 2452.0220 125 73.92 2466.50 10.00 2439.38 2.037 0.013 9.44 2442.07 5.6 0.38 1853.77 11855.50 0.42 2431.25 0.2 2.50 0.6 0.1 9.42 b b 7 h R R ft m S N/C A 2 A 2 3 3 3.4 747.7 12.79 684.0 2483.009 1.8 2470.40 684.0 7.25 0.5 2481.60 146.98 684.44 684.3 16.073 1.27 2433.9 0.7 2481.4 747.109 0.2 20.7 7.2 12.5 7.3 11.2 7.8 6.62 58037.6 1.6 2477.6 2464.25 2452.382 1.00 2452.44 2585.5 24.08 30.4 747.4 12.6 750.7 7.4 2471.013 8.5 80.060 2.2 7.3 21.3 0.91 266.6 8.6 0.260 0.1 748.64 2491.0212 125 72.54 10303.00 0.70 178.4 0.50 2.15 2486.5 27.5 743.3 0.066 3.4 747.8 0.80 210.50 6.0 0.25 0.7 5.36 22.3 740.2 13.013 15.9 758.97 300.1 86.85 703.7 0.7 4.6 -7.38 2.71 684.75 0.2 7.5 0.54 975.5 46.0299 125 87.2 0.2 12.04 14.2 0.9 9.83 684.50 2440.26 1852.38 14.77 63.7 1.95 2487.77 63.48 2477.311 0.5 18.4 -2.4 56.62 56266.92 269.00 0.045 0.62 20.1 20.4 747.77 63.7 2467.25 0.7 7.0 0.3 18.25 2430.020 0.0 749.6 757.27 2467.38 181.5 21.9 6.62 12794.97 522.76 648.5 11.40 7510.38 2.50 6.4 747.6 23.3 26.4 0.7 0.21 27.6 2440.2 7.31 2454.77 63.3 20.4 747.78 204.5 14.62 24829.77 63.2 3.2 7.0307 125 88.5 7.86 13128.0 739.1 29.1 0.0116 125 52.5 5.38 2.52 1223.2 6.00 2436.4 14.78 13.0204 125 70.7 2460.2 11.38 2.3 3.40 968.38 2.5 8.50 9.9 59.08 2003.25 0.3 0.4 742.367 5.013 15.83 3.38 2.64 385.4 747.6 2.0051 125 33.66 684.7 7.2 12.90 2044.0 15.0 81.2 3.0092 125 46.38 2.8 744.99 21.0425 125 105.00 0.35 1191.8 4.4 747.0244 125 78.77 63.6 24.0378 125 98.27 449.3 746.00 2424.0 2.14 260.41 1808.067 1.9 741.5 2474.64 585.087 28.31 4.5 21.25 0.0 7.89 ft m Length of Tunnel 235.50 0.0 0.00 2452.147 2.25 0.77 409.4 747.7 14.003 0.9 -1.896 13.04 2495.5 19.26 11.93 22.013 14.00 2452.6 2439.4 0.62 20.77 63.2 4.8 13.1 0.062 1.0 4.77 63.2 3.1 0.895 26.50 684.53 2473.556 1.25 2452.8 744.1 760.98 2456.5 1.957 13.50 2447.29 9.00 2452.5 7.0042 125 30.4 744.4 757.0083 125 43.7 1.013 3.62 28355.59 69.720 3.25 2450.0 11.2 0.02 26.1 68.6 2438.1 56.4 747.82 2490.96 1961.7 755.38 2.6 0.30 2429.1 4.6 6.6 2.88 1919.2 745.67 2444.8 0.62 72197.3 0.1 27.43 2481.50 362.135 41.3 54.63 5346.0 1.798 1.0 0.5 23.0 5.70 684.2 15.72 0.7 0.6 2.88 71.75 276.25 2427.86 29.64 684.75 2453.29 66.25 0.804 37.6 0.4 0.77 63.1 26.31 2024.37 87.65 2.278 0.29 2480.7 7.75 2452.09 892.743 0.3 4.2 0.78 2469.013 19.6 4.005 1.1 2.75 2435.06 1643.75 2452.25 2433.013 9.036 1.1 746.6 2435.62 43217.079 15.05 684.1 10.1 -8.4 5.079 1.3 8.767 24.75 2452.50 0.91 11.048 1.00 2452.5 21.0 -3.08 2458.33 2205.2 19.7 7.50 4.6 7.57 1.25 0.64 4.4 4.64 159.2 0.2 -13.38 2.3 4.6 2436.07 14.013 16.88 245.0140 125 57.19 1667.75 2452.152 29.2 50.50 2452.2 2472.25 0.30 2477.62 65465.1 25.5 4.1 759.1 1.25 2436.3 0.59 2990.7 7.054 0.38 2.75 0.2 7.38 2.0 745.32 36.0172 125 64.46 2434.1 28.5 0.7 748.53 8071.2 742.7 745.8 -8.49 11.2 7.77 63.41 197.5 755.3 -6.9 21.8 13.3 758.94 278.01 67.50 2452.5 0.91 2451.50 5.50 4.25 0.60 29.38 2.81 51.6 2443.50 1.50 3.4 747.76 23.7 46.2 14.4 747.502 3.2 0.1 40.81 217.5 4.01 34.3 746.25 0.013 6.1 1.7 7.1 0.05 684.38 2.7 87.7 7.5 8.0 0.090 0.0 17.2 0.0260 125 80.25 0.8 53.98 2482.5 3.77 63.3 743.4 0.09 244.44 1286.0 3.5 28.50 0.25 0.35 9.7 0.030 1.02 2463.51 123.013 10.50 2452.

51 2124.4 747.00 2452.3 20.77 63.38 2.235 67.97 2506.38 2.1 2503.272 4.77 63.2 7.25 0.62 78403.04 37.8 17.7 7.84 684.00 2452.9 20.01 2501.938 51.8 762.38 2.0596 125 126.925 4.586 4.7 761.08 2604.25 0.2 2489.0 17.44 684.50 12.0650 125 132.25 2554.1 2496.1 20.6 769.073 53.95 37.8 2500.38 35.25 2452.4 747.2 14.26 f f SinB Angle D 8 a a P P h h ft m r r R R A 2 A 2 Q 3 Q 3 .38 2.628 5.0526 125 118.6 2488.21 2521.77 63.25 0.62 90226.4 13.25 0.05 2511.25 0.50 18.5 7.0 2506.11 684.50 16.8 2494.7 7.72 2436.25 0.38 2.77 63.00 2452.413 57.94 2366.55 33.2 22.2 7.30 684.38 2.77 63.7 7.40 2620.76 38.43 38.50 14.62 84813.4 747.77 63.50 13.3 18.50 2505.38 2.51 32.0464 125 110.52 34.2 770.5 2491.38 2.5 7.5 765.0711 125 139.0 14.0 7.38 2.4 747.62 89049.62 95358.25 0.0565 125 122.2 2506.25 0.5 7.2 7.91 39.62 81022.46 40.25 0.4 747.50 17.3 21.9 763.4 747.25 0.920 3.334 44.1 2486.75 684.4 747.75 2452.50 15.5 2504.62 84192.77 63.0 2490.80 2182.77 63.6 762.25 0.0 7.25 0.0 7.50 2452.498 5.04 39.44 42.77 63.77 63.68 684.5 7.3 763.2 7.8 766.0580 125 124.38 2.77 63.94 684.38 2.61 2497.38 2.31 2518.031 4.26 36.0603 125 127.50 11.30 2668.0611 125 128.49 684.2 7.61 40.46 35.4 747.77 63.50 15.25 0.50 18.77 63.50 2452.1 22.63 684.597 3.38 2.764 5.25 2452.70 684.7 7.8 14.77 63.86 2516.4 764.PATRIND HYDROPOWER PROJECT WL U/S WL U/S WLD/S WLD/S Entrance loss Entrance loss Friction loss WL U/S Head Loss b b S N/C V V ft masl ft masl ft m ft ft m ft m ft m ft/sec m/sec ft m ft /sec m /sec 2496.50 12.2 7.2 15.3 2498.25 0.83 2515.617 59.9 21.46 2513.823 62.0 769.89 2504.9 19.25 2452.62 91389.511 70.535 46.46 2312.277 55.14 2504.38 2.686 60.77 63.50 14.50 18.38 2.08 684.0696 125 137.4 747.77 63.0 7.72 2238.25 0.0680 125 135.0588 125 125.4 747.478 3.11 2513.38 2.4 747.25 0.30 40.4 747.4 747.0472 125 111.047 4.59 2525.4 16.25 0.0703 125 138.50 2452.77 63.0642 125 131.62 74318.4 747.77 63.257 3.19 684.477 4.38 2.992 5.0549 125 121.5 21.32 36.0510 125 116.4 747.92 2084.4 2488.468 45.373 4.75 2452.4 2501.816 3.789 73.50 13.50 13.77 63.38 2.51 2508.669 48.5 7.38 2.175 5.254 4.1 766.92 2519.62 82303.62 91966.4 747.1 2493.30 2201.5 7.75 2452.38 2.62 83566.77 63.0634 125 130.4 747.62 79065.097 65.92 684.141 54.142 4.0 762.4 747.4 747.4 15.06 684.7 21.037 3.50 11.0456 125 109.166 66.8 765.2 7.77 63.18 39.42 2523.50 16.55 34.373 68.4 2495.57 684.09 2384.0 7.2 7.5 19.54 38.38 2.54 34.50 17.38 2.4 747.87 2700.082 5.7 18.0 2493.377 3.45 684.38 2.39 684.0 2500.871 50.77 63.25 0.0 7.87 2257.50 12.50 17.50 11.25 0.3 2502.158 3.97 41.65 38.62 87857.581 71.95 684.45 684.25 0.2 764.77 63.78 2517.38 2.63 2498.4 747.57 2220.8 769.77 63.50 2452.25 0.2 2499.50 18.5 7.891 63.38 2.50 14.86 37.25 0.304 68.64 684.60 2453.62 41.37 684.77 63.19 2522.402 5.62 89639.62 94240.25 0.20 684.2 761.481 58.0518 125 117.0657 125 133.72 2330.04 2064.4 747.7 765.822 4.38 2.5 20.77 63.03 684.0 16.46 2652.30 39.6 764.77 684.736 49.76 40.7 19.4 747.3 765.5 2498.50 13.4 767.4 17.84 2487.62 75702.7 2497.92 2163.345 56.38 2.62 85429.14 2275.00 2452.38 2.5 762.0503 125 115.50 14.4 747.7 763.62 2470.75 2452.4 747.62 87256.25 0.028 64.53 2509.77 63.8 2487.0 764.549 59.9 2503.62 2524.0 7.00 684.0626 125 130.006 52.38 2.77 63.25 0.62 76385.7 7.58 2509.62 77063.6 16.77 63.8 13.49 2538.19 684.442 69.0688 125 136.149 4.50 2452.50 16.9 766.25 0.75 2452.25 0.4 747.00 2452.77 63.2 7.8 16.26 42.62 93676.949 5.7 768.0433 125 106.75 2452.63 2294.25 0.699 3.20 2502.9 2490.35 2510.6 2501.62 86651.7 7.4 747.5 768.6 18.3 768.597 4.7 7.38 2.70 2514.719 73.1 768.31 2507.14 41.4 747.50 11.86 2521.19 36.62 82937.50 2452.47 2499.6 766.0619 125 129.57 2571.4 747.52 2348.38 2.00 2452.50 34.30 684.364 4.50 15.90 684.25 0.602 47.50 17.25 0.62 81665.77 63.0 15.6 14.2 767.4 747.20 684.62 94801.60 684.48 32.04 2401.0541 125 120.960 64.50 14.4 747.35 684.77 63.0487 125 113.12 36.25 0.90 684.855 5.51 2636.0479 125 112.50 12.77 63.55 33.77 63.50 2452.0534 125 119.25 2452.25 0.650 72.0440 125 107.53 2143.66 2500.25 0.803 50.701 4.50 18.0495 125 114.0665 125 134.62 88455.77 63.89 2419.70 684.47 2526.25 0.62 86042.62 73617.42 35.38 2.00 2452.536 5.75 2452.50 16.7 2491.62 80375.25 0.75 2452.9 2497.25 0.0 767.9 767.78 684.7 2504.77 63.2 2496.5 7.5 7.7 7.4 747.7 7.38 2.62 75013.3 2485.6 2494.7 22.3 2492.59 2518.6 15.8 2507.4 769.4 747.25 0.0572 125 123.0673 125 135.62 79722.309 5.4 747.50 2452.62 77736.16 684.1 763.50 15.49 2587.401 45.62 72911.9 2487.5 761.62 90809.4 747.38 2.09 2684.50 12.808 4.25 2452.939 3.4 747.2 17.723 5.57 2523.62 92539.50 10.754 61.5 7.38 2.1 18.75 2452.35 2504.00 2452.38 2.4 747.25 2452.50 16.4 761.53 33.25 2452.38 2.0557 125 122.0448 125 108.0 7.42 684.4 2505.62 93109.25 2503.44 2520.15 2500.1 19.64 2512.77 63.80 41.50 2452.25 2452.48 684.00 2452.25 2452.00 2452.0 7.209 55.68 2104.

9 11.57 138.1 748.0157 125 65.39 78.3 750.00 2452.75 0.70 1096.316 0.6 2431.0111 125 54.39 78.04 717.4 0.61 20.7 755.6 15.8 19.4 18.20 2467.93 25.07 1314.4 8.0353 125 101.033 1.0 5.75 0.50 4.3 24.2 95.50 1.00 2455.5 0.75 0.61 845.50 9.8 5.5 758.50 0.68 17832.419 5.8 -3.18 5.0 6.219 0.081 0.39 2481.969 1.0323 125 97.92 2298.89 251.00 0.20 2.48 12910.7 0.00 ft m Slope of Tunnel 0.03 2486.1 2.7 748.36 19.5 -5.6 2431.013 3.0 4.35 83.132 0.013 18.20 91.5 8.2 21.657 20.40 32.5 743.4 6.5 4.729 21.6 741.052 36.1 2481.0 752.7 13.75 2455.7 -2.20 2.54 65210.9 744.50 0.9 751.67 167.39 78.001 1.7 3.05 5.4 16.6 2449.0203 125 75.03 2480.50 2474.8 740.50 0.4 4.31 761.4 0.0 11.0195 125 74.40 1810.2 100.20 2.14 8265.2 5.139 0.35 2459.00 2455.0 742.5 748.2 9.02 2460.7 738.95 695.0 75.0057 125 37.159 0.6 2444.75 0.013 12.96 845.33 2483.6 2428.5 0.098 1.00 2455.009 0.355 4.56 1448.00 0.1 2.79 9.3 1.2 4.50 0.4 3.50 8.54 23893.457 29.39 78.66 845.5 1.014 1.20 2.29 5814.39 78.54 44432.50 0.7 748.50 0.50 0.30 71.21 2433.6 740.20 2.5 4.7 25.0331 125 98.80 3.88 36.75 0.5 19.0 2.0 0.7 748.75 181.00 0.046 1.1 0.93 274.3 97.39 78.67 845.9 6.5 4.83 225.7 6.240 0.52 12.4 62.2 0.9 26.2 752.7 22.9 7.7 748.50 2455.019 1.39 2018.3 0.50 2.3 -4.0 8.50 0.291 4.5 10.9 0.59 10.50 0.3 3.7 0.81 6.39 78.013 7.50 5.50 0.4 30.9 2476.0072 125 43.6 754.2 8.7 745.68 417.50 2455.005 1.6 66.80 213.76 2440.00 0.50 5.310 0.8 0.5 21.25 2436.9 0.5 12.01 29.7 12.19 581.42 210.20 2.50 8.3 746.34 6.7 12.6 740.828 33.28 41.12 845.20 2469.7 3.1 2.4 0.7 748.9 748.22 3.39 78.2 10.50 2455.50 10.00 2455.50 234.0 8.6 2445.9 21.9 3.683 9.3 9.6 2.24 337.39 78.202 37.1 743.0 1.67 14208.50 3.7 46.6 62.75 2431.5 8.3 0.070 1.8 0.3 758.0 2462.8 1.09 311.013 20.37 845.2 747.54 61304.7 748.7 748.0 -2.82 219.55 3685.5 8.5 29.5 0.48 52.0 8.25 16008.50 0.2 8.50 0.75 2455.1 741.3 2458.0 1.6 0.39 78.6 2440.60 2440.20 2.099 1.7 94.52 125.9 -1.4 757.7 8.0233 125 81.2 15.7 748.9 745.21 62.049 1.31 837.2 2478.013 19.70 271.23 2432.79 2489.2 13.303 0.6 89.9 4.7 7.54 47902.5 13.6 0.7 743.013 6.4 5.0165 125 67.44 2465.95 60.7 8.1 77.5 17.8 96.5 2457.7 17.438 1.7 72.6 36.5 23.81 16.35 2426.50 2447.3 7.3 2.20 2.33 2327.015 0.025 1.0 3.5 8.20 2.50 0.50 0.78 2449.043 1.5 8.72 2471.2 6.62 23.8 4.7 748.6 2436.93 285.7 748.9 0.37 2466.20 758.05 845.0 0.7 3.1 2.36 3.00 2486.69 78.0368 125 104.81 ft X-Sectional Area ft m/m m 2 2 m 78.022 1.6 -2.1 93.75 195.086 1.12 66.6 0.11 2464.54 67699.081 1.1 0.50 0.9 7.12 845.6 99.82 5.5 -0.50 4.506 3.7 748.63 148.72 184.39 494.0 8.9 0.20 2.2 1.39 78.8 740.81 443.3 2477.25 2443.324 0.8 0.2 0.1 0.69 7629.50 1.6 0.5 746.96 2457.3 0.8 -3.2 739.50 0.5 8.3 5.2 15.1 0.814 1.72 80.1 1.20 2.013 11.50 5.9 4.71 133.7 27.54 16574.977 35.1 5.6 2450.9 16.52 24.64 119.1 70.5 0.00 2426.22 51.39 78.256 0.9 50.05 1030.54 62630.7 0.75 2438.7 748.63 17472.39 78.50 0.4 16.98 46.0301 125 93.259 3.6 0.199 0.4 5.0127 125 58.21 0.98 845.3 743.0 65.5 5.5 27.4 -4.6 0.20 2.2 0.79 4.10 845.2 2461.15 37.42 2384.32 25.54 36622.4 -3.091 25.0256 125 85.751 0.50 4.0 m Formula used for circular tunnel under pressure is William Hazen and for gravity flow is Manning's equation for computing velocity and head loss 0.094 1.35 4.14 2450.20 2.1 12.54 89100.50 0.7 3.9 0.39 78.3 743.1 2465.59 2459.50 0.18 3216.0218 125 78.98 27.013 20.7 748.029 0.99 9571.127 36.5 8.8 3.7 745.94 1492.013 2.5 4.87 2446.50 10.7 748.34 795.54 51156.50 0.037 0.50 0.22 2481.9 13.99 1618.00 2455.4 750.54 66465.021 0.7 748.6 12.9 0.9 0.50 0.00 2432.22 1577.25 2455.20 2.39 78.15 54.3 2.35 82.9 0.321 0.1 88.6 8.013 9.20 2.8 0.39 78.50 0.9 100.88 244.3 9.7 741.50 0.013 10.39 15.2 9.76 46.35 2.013 19.92 21.5 2470.0 755.8 755.946 23.5 14.51 2454.9 2.3 0.2 2474.6 2433.6 0.7 748.99 10.031 1.3 2464.7 748.9 741.0096 125 50.8 4.8 -8.31 565.072 0.003 0.4 1.013 18.75 2455.162 14.1 0.57 1.6 2440.54 54232.6 2435.0338 125 99.8 11.48 2491.247 3.50 2440.238 0.39 78.4 754.4 8.6 10.0361 125 103.39 78.75 0.54 70107.5 7.164 0.7 4.4 3.75 2435.58 2450.7 8.8 14.50 2455.0 0.0103 125 52.5 8.61 13565.281 0.95 2.4 0.237 27.9 -2.3 19.7 6.54 57156.96 845.3 14.32 13.0 2472.25 2238.7 8.2 -7.8 0.0 8.6 2427.9 741.5 20.9 2482.013 13.092 1.50 0.97 303.515 18.2 14.310 27.273 1.0 9.6 4.5 18.01 2051.02 2430.1 16.6 2455.013 15.8 55.20 5.62 3.6 2467.0 0.2 3.56 16.075 1.8 0.7 0.7 748.46 2427.48 104.97 1773.7 748.5 -1.52 22.120 0.7 8.39 78.20 2.90 20.5 8.5 26.2 4.3 1.50 119.90 258.99 1258.69 26.1 3.6 28.5 3.50 1.39 78.39 78.7 68.673 1.2 0.7 748.54 87178.50 836.7 102.5 2.12 845.85 2774.00 2449.0263 125 87.43 845.7 2470.6 2434.0142 125 62.68 1206.55 2427.6 -0.20 2.5 2.50 1.51 845.36 1735.3 0.1 0.64 5.39 78.54 77998.3 0.3 6.36 845.096 1.50 9.8 1.7 748.0241 125 82.2 15.7 748.25 2446.0 25.7 741.902 34.15 19.6 2452.7 16.5 755.54 29584.00 845.54 84220.6 30.7 41.12 2434.7 16.7 748.013 14.25 2455.95 2476.7 1.54 14.20 2.6 0.5 0.50 2.39 78.50 0.39 78.08 6.50 8.80 30.25 2455.5 2464.6 6.87 845.50 6.0065 125 40.43 574.9 0.02 2463.20 2.8 747.6 12.2 3.768 2.2 -3.75 2455.8 70.6 4.59 2470.75 2455.7 11.860 2.02 845.2 0.39 78.278 2.265 0.8 759.50 0.33 1981.54 88144.110 0.2 15.444 18.65 2440.28 21.65 161.0180 125 70.99 2494.54 68912.6 2438.7 13.75 2425.50 6.50 7.2 16.0 2469.8 4.69 173.1 0.4 2.0 -3.7 15.042 1.0 0.2 10.57 845.75 2445.67 2.3 3.50 3.92 2435.50 2437.9 5.18 43.39 78.6 0.00 2439.54 S V = (1/n) R2/3 S1/2 HGL where V is velocity in m/sec C and N are co-efficient of roughness and its value for concrete lined applied is taken as 125 and 0.289 0.07 496.89 4.54 72442.2 757.52 6.304 2.74 289.7 24.1 2.4 31.50 28.5 29.461 0.0021 0.00 2455.1 -9.6 2437.013 20.7 743.32 346.2 4.39 78.0 11.17 1631.0 8.3 5.9 748.7 0.75 2455.7 748.50 0.20 2.20 2.4 6.7 8.18 6.12 2431.50 0.2 8.25 2455.9 744.0 0.484 6.8 0.21 1658.9 16.355 0.82 51.80 6.8 2463.75 2455.1 1.20 2.5 743.50 0.3 15.3 760.2 -4.52 1.2 9.1 17.013 10.4 0.7 2476.5 740.44 2468.3 2471.818 10.3 740.9 15.4 2474.0286 125 90.58 8913.0 22.4 747.1 4.72 845.2 747.7 4.54 71283.531 30.6 19.5 2.9 0.20 2.0188 125 72.3 4.013 21.12 2495.75 2451.6 0.5 30.1 0.1 7.8 31.1 2458.232 15.1 33.2 5.7 748.0346 125 100.4 0.15 49.5 67.50 2424.5 0.49 21.013 11.5 19.8 8.6 0.6 0.302 16.08 327.028 1.2 742.0293 125 92.3 -0.013 21.62 17.2 8.46 54.0 8.2 5.50 0.47 365.20 2.0 0.5 19.2 0.7 748.0271 125 88.75 0.8 3.92 4.6 1.16 36.25 0.1 6.96 292.039 1.5 30.63 14833.9 48.22 1308.6 72.9 2469.38 18.4 5.50 2455.4 747.5 0.036 1.013 16.7 1.6 2439.588 0.5 8.7 0.95 470.26 8.39 78.79 207.7 748.750 9.2 0.013.50 2444.50 0.20 2.50 0.74 190.7 9.50 4.129 0.3 0.8 0.4 30.25 2455.3 15.2 0.94 282.2 6.6 92.5 1.5 35.85 56.50 2450.790 2.9 756.39 78.3 0.8 2.007 1.3 3.1 0.50 0.3 2.2 0.679 32.66 2484.8 23.01 22.83 2448.0 4.2 8.50 2427.7 748.09 22.6 2456.25 2455.50 7.45 74.54 59951.5 11.018 24.7 748.8 6.32 198.61 845.6 2448.2 3.2 8.2 10.3 0.7 748.24 186.50 66.7 8.6 58.0 3.54 76916.4 6.6 53.013 5.067 1.03 2356.013 20.28 7.1 2475.6 2480.07 2493.25 2427.5 8.1 741.013 21.5 1.76 56.7 -1.73 10906.5 4.19 78.09 2479.8 30.0 7.4 2484.522 2.98 316.2 9.56 2363.5 23.1 4.66 2487.0173 125 69.1 1.2 745.061 1.7 748.00 2455.2 2484.2 16.03 11577.8 0.72 12.40 504.6 3.39 90.54 40697.17 1917.95 4181.6 80.5 0.39 78.50 2.53 5.7 28.13 781.0 745.4 11.20 2.6 750.94 90.1 759.00 3.4 751.7 748.79 13.25 0.7 748.25 0.70 845.48 118.5 17.164 26.36 0.8 1.7 748.7 0.5 22.99 2436.32 548.9 49.7 748.3 -15.20 2.3 0.4 5.179 0.2 0.39 364.168 2.51 2477.3 13.1 0.75 6401.7 5.4 742.29 2178.9 60.53 676.39 78.50 0.5 0.013 3.50 0.59 2472.2 4.50 0.51 845.0226 125 80.4 760.50 0.1 753.41 2147.PATRIND HYDROPOWER PROJECT Diversion Tunnel Hydraulics Diameter = 10.5 746.54 20530.2 7.1 -2.1 0.8 2473.20 2.8 4.50 2431.6 752.149 0.54 73583.50 4.50 2434.39 78.62 2495.7 758.8 4.3 740.00 2455.85 672.6 7.54 80121.00 771.90 3.86 2492.2 43.013 16.0 8.5 26.89 ft m Length of Tunnel 235.0080 125 45.25 2455.2 45.1 4.54 49553.42 98.75 2455.78 252.5 25.6 2451.75 2448.013 17.50 0.0025 125 24.39 78.9 5.04 2445.5 21.8 0.75 2441.5 15.6 4.50 2455.47 112.5 13.752 3.50 0.229 3.78 845.4 2461.2 6.2 0.41 4.8 12.7 6.97 31.54 26875.9 2459.85 845.7 2.50 0.6 2460.50 0.9 758.7 6.000 3.0119 125 56.547 2.0 5.28 39.25 2433.5 740.61 845.59 57.6 2473.17 2439.12 845.1 2.956 0.92 2429.6 2447.8 0.25 2440.43 30.6 2443.4 5.18 308.5 2.820 2.7 748.20 2.04 2443.81 2428.013 13.8 742.50 0.7 751.50 9.090 0.31 2490.6 -1.39 78.46 824.3 2481.0 8.7 748.58 908.7 4.3 0.013 14.38 4702.4 742.1 91.25 0.4 2467.5 102.3 -10.0088 125 48.00 0.4 3.2 8.3 4.1 8.6 759.20 2.5 7.0 739.1 38.5 11.20 2.50 2455.3 756.093 13.50 0.45 1535.8 1.6 26.39 Entrance loss Friction loss WL U/S WL U/S WL U/S WLD/S WLD/S Entrance loss f f SinB Angle D a a P P h r r V V Q Q ft masl ft masl ft m ft ft Head Loss m ft m ft m ft/sec m/sec ft m ft /sec m /sec 2425.209 0.4 5.22 7007.504 1.011 1.804 0.5 2.4 14.44 845.6 87.54 46197.273 0.7 8.41 2438.1 746.6 76.062 2.013 12.9 6.75 2454.4 0.8 9.0 745.2 749.5 751.62 23.0 31.6 0.013 19.70 1403.736 1.8 2.013 18.4 0.6 744.16 2468.0 4.02 78.2 73.53 ft m D/S Invert Level 738.54 75820.54 58569.0 13.50 6.072 1.55 2485.3 2.54 86202.2 21.8 31.6 2430.353 39.34 17037.8 747.69 27.7 748.2 739.4 0.50 10.28 64.50 10.50 0.20 2.00 44.5 0.1 743.85 231.4 40.6 747.1 746.2 23.25 61.00 0.4 744.2 9.20 2.20 2.277 38.50 0.8 16.0 749.7 748.022 0.7 748.4 15.4 2.03 1037.0 0.7 5.56 164.585 1.18 402.39 78.8 756.296 0.36 2477.2 0.055 1.96 2495.0 11.20 2.1 26.8 3.189 0.50 9.099 2.6 8.0 746.016 1.75 2455.28 2441.25 0.6 0.3 12.91 2083.50 2455.39 78.5 64.1 -13.4 4.0 21.27 216.53 28.013 4.9 9.4 5.7 29.8 0.61 385.25 2423.7 748.0211 125 77.7 748.14 23.2 7.100 0.1 756.20 2.8 11.55 845.2 12.5 1.6 2442.5 28.0021 ft/ft Dia of Tunnel 10.37 26.91 2488.5 16.9 3.9 98.0 8.39 78.38 2268.064 1.44 5.1 0.0134 125 60.6 2444.1 10.7 8.9 745.6 1.25 0.70 178.0 4.6 2452.0 0.0 0.50 2455.39 78.20 2.20 2.7 2.6 2426.383 1.00 2455.54 55712.50 1.4 0.07 2453.6 2435.9 0.50 2454.3 2.50 2.8 0.7 7.683 0.3 753.0 739.38 10236.50 6.04 b b 9 h R R ft m S N/C A 2 A 2 3 3 3.7 2463.8 744.20 522.5 2477.2 8.616 8.50 3.6 4.3 0.7 8.20 2.4 3.26 845.6 2.9 27.2 20.5 28.0 0.5 0.28 845.873 23.59 144.39 78.052 1.7 754.6 2432.50 0.0049 125 34.50 2422.20 2.88 68.50 0.1 2471.53 2462.2 8.50 0.63 156.2 1.36 2437.339 2.39 78.9 10.1 20.02 2452.1 748.05 240.39 28.1 82.33 2491.0 2.375 0.0 8.909 1.3 -1.8 29.6 2427.5 8.6 0.4 0.67 845.50 0.85 CR WL 0.0248 125 84.75 2455.41 845.00 2436.9 14.5 15.52 2482.6 2457.39 78.7 2.39 78.85 1951.00 2424.5 -7.090 1.4 744.83 2447.50 15435.5 2.0375 125 105.9 7.0 0.2 8.0 1.2 0.0 0.0278 125 89.0 1.84 29.2 30.85 140.54 34421.5 10.20 845.66 17.6 2429.54 74709.0150 125 64.7 14.8 2.40 811.550 7.5 -11.40 845.25 0.20 2.3 9.7 2482.9 753.54 82194.67 5.27 777.29 12246.5 3.07 2436.56 .058 1.50 2455.38 59.5 102.58 845.3 0.5 53.1 4.50 2.0316 125 96.39 78.12 738.40 2468.9 0.8 3.8 59.6 2446.06 2208.01 845.25 2455.8 752.1 750.358 1.1 5.5 24.19 2431.61 150.5 5.50 0.2 8.99 76.7 101.75 2455.40 86.54 79066.5 9.8 742.8 749.7 0.4 0.65 624.5 0.2 10.9 0.39 1.045 0.1 78.73 845.1 2.73 37.54 63932.2 8.35 2458.27 845.2 1.5 17.4 12.4 8.0 13.4 -3.20 2.8 14.77 28.0 7.27 63.9 -12.00 32.3 27.8 76.7 748.20 2.0 746.6 0.1 -0.06 437.88 2413.024 13.65 16.8 2466.0 0.00 2445.6 2453.83 1.1 18.54 845.9 4.50 0.60 235.1 0.07 15.62 2475.5 753.20 2.01 420.6 18.6 2441.169 0.68 43.26 31.013 17.69 2472.5 8.203 1.4 0.6 2.33 2451.7 8.74 32.009 1.5 7.25 2455.50 11.14 14.50 0.6 24.33 6.4 0.2 8.30 2454.32 73.054 0.7 748.8 0. respectivly H1 R is hydraulic radius WL R = A/P D where A is the cross section area of flow in m 2 H2 EL U/S EL D/S and P is the wetted perimeter in m S is the hydraulic gradient L Q is the discharge in cumec Q = AV DATA: U/S Invert Level 739.46 70.50 0.9 0.50 0.50 2455.04 26.00 2442.86 237.58 6.02 1697.063 0.7 8.8 0.34 845.3 25.0308 125 94.6 2448.75 648.8 20.247 0.8 26.6 1.54 32085.51 5.4 739.87 16545.228 0.955 12.50 8.013 17.8 29.2 56.43 2442.54 85216.07 1846.3 749.2 754.05 163.6 84.4 1.95 11.51 2473.0 0.69 845.5 22.50 5.907 0.5 8.9 760.50 0.75 0.6 744.89 845.7 748.621 2.73 2461.00 2429.25 0.8 4.20 2.42 98.034 2.083 1.54 52714.94 845.00 0.54 38708.5 739.6 27.20 2.6 0.50 0.7 748.7 15.9 24.7 8.01 6.551 0.1 5.39 78.6 7.83 5247.63 V = 0.4 13.54 2478.6 5.09 845.5 14.31 10.62 30.146 1.428 40.00 0.8 8.54 42602.95 469.2 8.2 2468.5 3.373 17.0041 125 31.43 482.00 0.25 2455.50 7.3 746.886 11.4 7.0 2478.0 742.20 2.3 1.41 845.5 31.42 4.25 2450.08 845.08 24.50 0.8 1.5 7.8 28.50 7.5 2483.384 28.2 0.013 8.0 4.0 8.8 2.65 130.8 0.4 10.51 18.77 260.6 2454.6 0.00 0.3 4.3 20.92 265.8 744.71 2463.50 0.0 15.54 974.9 1.50 0.82 2115.0017 125 19.0 0.1 1.26 28.54 83213.5 11.27 453.6 2425.0033 125 28.2 1.50 0.98 1152.54 599.50 11.0 8.7 8.108 1.6 0.25 2453.41 2445.6 4.19 2.25 0.801 22.45 105.6 741.39 78.7 7.75 0.28 1985.1 760.87 5.2 742.078 1.05 2444.586 19.013 15.6 0.753 32.7 -12.1 -0.25 2455.63 845.8 2479.6 747.54 81163.9 6.42 34.7 748.00 2455.2 745.7 748.25 0.23 29.0 0.3 7.0 8.4 0.7 13.22 4.9 2.50 2455.27 1882.0 2.75 2428.0 16.0 9.4 739.7 9.00 2455.50 3.5 16.3 1.53 845.79 30.20 2.9 2466.8 0.6 757.2 8.1 4.9 -6.55 132.39 78.4 7.61 5.51 23.003 1.78 26.6 -4.4 0.088 1.39 78.0 759.45 2455.0 1.00 2455.79 384.39 78.579 2.47 47.1 1.12 31.6 17.75 0.7 1.4 2480.0 757.5 6.77 201.54 390.2 -14.1 85.40 468.1 74.75 2455.76 2456.25 2430.605 31.21 1356.7 2460.013 7.7 748.25 2455.23 2523.9 2.

72 33.39 78.729 54.2 2490.64 845.50 15.57 845.28 845.50 0.50 0.7 2492.54 97315.50 0.117 58.89 33.6 2496.20 2.7 748.71 845.40 2498.54 91913.00 2455.2 8.806 55.07 41.71 2516.8 12.00 38.20 2.3 14.4 2496.25 2510.50 0.6 766.4 764.19 2501.20 2.7 748.93 2514.25 2455.5 2505.66 40.14 3173.7 748.51 2511.2 8.097 5.7 748.50 0.54 95546.7 748.50 0.50 0.195 59.0589 125 134.50 0.997 4.50 17.79 2924.7 748.50 0.7 768.20 2.0 2491.50 11.20 2.1 2497.50 2455.266 49.75 2455.00 2455.50 14.6 15.2 770.215 69.136 68.1 2488.40 845.7 8.0530 125 127.96 2505.872 6.39 78.0449 125 116.299 5.582 5.7 748.14 2901.0 762.50 0.50 18.4 13.0427 125 113.00 2455.39 78.7 748.39 78.80 845.5 2486.54 119555.25 2455.1 2503.50 20.2 767.0523 125 126.0464 125 118.7 748.8 766.09 38.24 845.50 0.50 0.4 769.7 18.62 32.50 0.5 8.0 8.54 98189.39 78.33 845.20 2.039 57.745 4.20 2.39 78.75 2455.0 8.39 78.515 4.50 0.25 2455.75 2455.8 20.50 16.21 2509.50 0.50 0.7 748.80 2971.50 15.42 43.0398 125 108.52 32.0 8.51 845.13 845.5 2499.2 8.31 845.50 13.50 2455.18 2523.07 34.273 59.25 2455.4 2490.7 8.7 748.39 78.0625 125 138.38 3385.12 2654.00 2549.25 2455.555 5.057 68.7 2498.50 0.6 2502.0 17.50 2455.54 118095.54 110530.39 78.11 35.31 2513.9 766.50 0.7 748.7 748.5 8.50 13.71 845.5 8.8 765.3 16.54 112849.0581 125 133.30 2948.20 2.25 2455.0486 125 121.5 13.821 65.00 2455.9 16.502 4.78 845.17 35.50 0.0501 125 123.978 67.992 3.0647 125 141.23 3217.80 845.580 41.50 17.50 12.8 769.20 2.50 0.614 5.0 8.50 19.50 2455.5 8.85 2497.00 2455.81 2509.50 2455.1 15.59 2500.50 15.884 55.50 2455.9 767.5 768.5 8.261 4.9 2488.75 2455.0611 125 137.02 34.24 845.3 763.18 37.7 748.47 845.02 845.13 845.54 106563.504 41.2 16.81 2853.7 8.39 78.6 2489.57 2502.2 764.9 2492.54 115873.0 2501.20 2.3 20.5 17.PATRIND HYDROPOWER PROJECT WL U/S WL U/S WLD/S WLD/S Entrance loss Entrance loss Friction loss WL U/S Head Loss b b S N/C V V ft masl ft masl ft m ft ft m ft m ft m ft/sec m/sec ft m ft /sec m /sec 2496.50 18.2 8.54 90047.50 14.20 2.74 39.50 0.9 20.20 2.50 0.15 35.29 41.0494 125 122.50 20.1 13.50 20.731 43.00 845.50 0.41 845.50 2455.840 5.90 2518.492 3.7 748.50 0.8 2501.96 34.78 2518.71 2499.58 845.39 78.73 2576.0 767.7 8.243 4.75 2455.655 42.2 8.45 845.83 845.54 104116.50 19.39 78.278 4.04 2628.008 4.54 113612.39 78.05 845.507 62.54 117359.50 0.6 762.7 761.390 6.50 0.39 78.5 765.50 18.69 42.14 2520.39 78.8 2495.19 36.39 78.20 2.755 4.25 2455.0 19.83 2829.48 3344.6 14.2 8.20 2.43 2994.0 2494.84 845.73 3302.652 53.73 2755.54 101615.43 f f SinB Angle D 10 a a P P h h ft m r r R R A 2 A 2 Q 3 Q 3 .294 70.32 3151.0 8.8 2489.69 845.68 3238.39 78.036 46.0383 125 106.39 78.60 2512.7 765.39 78.00 2455.900 66.3 18.2 761.61 3085.54 111308.50 16.1 2494.39 78.50 17.50 3364.50 13.7 748.54 92834.20 2.66 3107.807 44.42 845.39 78.742 3.96 2522.7 748.39 78.7 748.4 761.50 0.50 16.39 78.49 40.3 765.50 0.0442 125 115.50 19.0 8.1 19.54 845.50 0.0 2485.53 2519.343 50.09 2525.16 37.95 42.7 748.0560 125 130.6 764.0574 125 132.39 78.39 40.50 0.6 769.54 108166.00 2455.82 42.54 100768.20 2.0 764.75 2455.39 78.50 0.39 2515.742 64.50 0.20 2.20 2.50 0.54 109747.5 8.95 39.08 3195.7 2486.0538 125 127.20 2.96 845.2 8.0479 125 120.39 78.50 12.7 763.249 4.54 107367.42 2504.4 767.7 8.7 8.30 3017.7 748.39 78.00 2455.884 45.85 845.2 20.3 2493.50 0.54 3040.72 2730.2 8.56 42.7 8.54 114370.355 5.81 33.20 2.50 15.30 2506.0420 125 111.54 2513.5 15.25 2455.7 748.497 51.24 3323.54 99915.1 768.53 3259.54 104937.50 11.50 2455.8 18.7 748.0603 125 136.3 2500.50 16.85 3281.351 60.39 78.94 845.0552 125 129.0 8.54 96434.54 102455.25 2455.50 0.20 2.3 2503.7 8.54 115124.2 14.0405 125 109.7 748.54 99056.574 52.42 2508.0640 125 140.9 763.7 748.20 2.7 748.0 769.00 2455.39 78.420 50.54 112081.54 118827.3 2487.75 2455.50 0.1 766.5 8.20 2.20 2.1 763.7 748.5 21.67 2504.50 0.73 2503.75 2455.46 2507.88 2517.19 36.5 8.7 748.4 18.7 19.50 11.19 2877.0 8.0435 125 114.242 3.0596 125 135.1 17.20 2.8 762.47 845.50 19.961 56.7 748.769 4.7 748.0508 125 124.58 40.5 761.7 748.9 13.0516 125 125.39 78.54 90984.7 748.20 2.14 845.50 12.75 2455.13 845.13 37.50 17.39 78.20 2.0 21.495 3.023 4.5 8.429 61.9 2498.24 2524.20 2.3 768.20 2.54 94650.2 12.960 45.28 2523.54 105753.8 14.25 2705.05 38.10 845.20 2.9 2504.2 2500.11 2804.20 2.53 3129.131 6.39 78.54 108959.4 2502.9 15.8 2485.00 2455.6 21.0545 125 128.20 2.09 845.0457 125 117.82 2526.89 39.50 13.068 5.50 2455.39 78.5 2493.7 2505.20 36.5 19.043 5.7 8.20 2.20 2.39 78.190 48.6 17.54 116618.7 748.113 47.20 2.586 63.0567 125 131.12 2680.20 36.0633 125 139.0390 125 107.18 41.50 18.788 5.27 3062.325 5.8 16.50 12.5 762.2 2497.66 2602.46 2780.77 845.0 8.50 14.2 8.649 6.54 103288.7 748.7 748.82 39.494 4.54 93746.744 3.5 8.7 748.62 2521.20 2.664 64.812 5.77 2500.39 78.533 5.0618 125 137.39 78.993 3.7 748.7 748.0412 125 110.0471 125 119.39 78.20 2.

00 370.6 29.4 24.9 1096.3 1716.3 468.1 545.4 41.8 33.5 24.7 1159.1 759.9 35.7 484.6 30.0 455.9 1405.3 1810.3 34.1 469.5 25.6 27.6 3302.9 768.8 32.0 14.0 752.3 964.7 2700.8 1157.9 837.2 18.3 1136.3 10.4 66.7 34.00 664.4 24.8 3129.7 22.6 2.7 1.6 118.6 19.00 789.7 25.7 26.00 1020.6 6.0 867.7 741.4 3.5 32.0 769.9 29.1 744.1 2083.1 2366.1 30.3 1982.1 764.6 2.7 2143.00 593.7 1.6 5.2 32.8 622.5 4.2 1883.4 3.7 6.00 817.5 766.3 34.00 1065.2 16.2 2.4 15.4 42.4 348.9 1356.1 .8 763.00 1043.5 926.3 35.8 26.1 38.4 1551.4 1214.4 43.7 166.0 29.6 2.7 2220.00 630.6 4.4 648.3 4.3 1201.6 1983.2 1610.4 2948.6 100.6 25.4 1897.3 3.7 21.2 21.2 1241.4 193.7 19.4 37.1 2294.00 845.9 5.4 28.0 21.00 948.4 4.6 2549.2 15.00 898.3 15.5 32.4 4.00 130.7 39.2 37.3 270.7 745.4 1779.9 228.5 1951.00 423.8 327.3 1358.4 29.6 62.3 131.4 36.7 767.6 362.3 1489.7 2441.1 13.4 2571.3 1618.5 762.4 6.4 5.4 25.6 1013.2 347.8 28.9 27.5 848.7 31.2 18.1 2504.4 250.7 753.3 34.00 729.2 1808.5 252.1 4.5 22.9 1288.4 36.4 3.9 30.7 751.4 3217.9 14.1 1116.0 1286.0 32.4 37.9 3.8 1492.3 22.8 29.4 23.4 28.7 1515.7 2654.2 19.0 5.00 21.00 973.2 181.7 1832.4 41.3 1497.7 1668.5 757.2 1393.6 10.0 26.6 5.2 746.6 35.0 748.6 1308.7 16.00 5.7 1531.1 149.0 6.0 873.4 42.8 41.0 20.5 13.3 2853.9 402.0 635.4 1463.00 872.0 4.00 697.4 1281.9 38.5 3040.3 765.00 109.2 6.3 749.5 976.1 755.0 750.1 38.6 22.1 18.0 28.00 514.6 52.1 109.8 23.00 77.2 23.6 2.1 11.5 758.2 12.9 31.8 8.7 1071.8 1.9 6.00 470.3 37.0 17.2 23.6 747.0 754.2 1025.0 1724.1 36.0 4.6 4.0 770.0 5.1 2755.3 38.6 760.3 1658.9 35.7 1425.2 31.8 757.2 19.5 27.00 235.1 5.7 89.0 5.4 5.1 21.8 29.8 9.00 309.1 1054.00 46.7 2031.2 33.1 756.1 36.00 923.3 10.2 2078.5 38.4 39.9 201.00 997.4 743.2 33.7 693.5 2636.3 3385.3 36.9 40.7 25.8 817.9 4.0 39.9 759.5 40.8 1934.3 5.7 1.1 1428.6 2327.9 9.7 33.7 16.9 1319.1 24.9 2208.3 36.00 759.6 4.1 5.5 39.00 555.5 27.PATRIND HYDROPOWER PROJECT Diversion Tunnel Hydraulics Comparison of hydraulic Performance Discharge (cumecs) WL U/S masl 6m 7m 8m Velocity (m/s) 9m 10 m 6m 7m 8m 9m 10 m 740.6 742.0 27.4 57.1 761.7 1.2 37.2 291.3 33.9 31.4 3.9 170.9 2064.7 2436.

s.l.0 740.0 0 500 1000 1500 2000 Discharge (cumecs) 2500 3000 3500 4000 .0 Q-6m Q-7m Q-8m 755.0 Q-9m Q-10m 750.) 765.0 U/S Water level (m a.0 745.Discharge vs Water Level in Reservoir 770.0 760.

0 V-10m 15.Flow Velocity vs Water Level in Reservoir 50.0 Flow Velocity (m/s) 35.0 V-7m V-8m 25.0 V-6m 30.0 10.0 5.0 0.0 0 500 1000 1500 2000 Discharge (cumecs) 2500 3000 3500 4000 .0 45.0 V-9m 20.0 40.