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April 2009 NABCEP Study Guide Questions 1-29

SolPowerPeople, Inc. Austin, TX March 8, 2012

Problem 1

Problem 1
­  1. b. “as required by OSHA Subpart E.” ­  Seems to be an error in this answer. NABCEP indicates subpart

“E”. OSHA indicates subpart “M”.
­  1926.501(b)(1)
­ 

"Unprotected sides and edges." Each employee on a walking/working surface (horizontal and vertical surface) with an unprotected side or edge which is 6 feet (1.8 m) or more above a lower level shall be protected from falling by the use of guardrail systems, safety net systems, or personal fall arrest systems.

Problem 1 .

Problem 2 .

b. . reference OSHA Subpart E.Problem 2 ­  2.

Problem 3 .

2” (of NABCEP Study Guide) ­  “The severity of the shock depends on the path of current flow through the body. the amount of current. and the duration of the exposure” . A. “See section 3.1.Problem 3 ­  3.

Problem 4 .

2” (of NABCEP Study Guide) ­  “Currents above 10 mA can paralyze or “freeze” muscles.1.” . “See section 3. A.Problem 4 ­  4.

Problem 5 .

“See section 3. ineffective heartbeat.” .Problem 5 ­  5. and can result in death in minutes unless a defibrillator is used.1. D.2” (of NABCEP Study Guide) ­  “Currents of more than 75 mA ac can cause a rapid.

Problem 6 .

2” ­  “Lockout and tagging is used to prevent unknowing individuals from energizing electrical circuits while they are being serviced or maintained.1.” .Problem 6 ­  6. “See section 3. A.

Problem 7 .

holes and excavations. roofs.3” (of NABCEP Study Guide) ­  “Consequently. B.1.Problem 7 ­  7.” . and wall openings where an employee or worker can fall 6 feet or more. “See section 3. OSHA requires that fall protection be used for walkways and ramps.

Problem 8 .

Problem 8

­  8. D. “See section 3.1.3” (of NABCEP Study Guide) ­  “Guardrails used to protect open-sided floors and platforms

must have top rails between 39 and 45 inches tall, a mid rail, and toeboards at least 3-1/2 inches high.”

Problem 9

Problem 9

­  9. B. “See section 3.1.3” ­  “Guardrails used to protect open-sided floors and platforms

must have top rails between 39 and 45 inches tall, a mid rail, and toeboards at least 3-1/2 inches high.”

Problem 10 .

D.1.Problem 10 ­  10. preferably closer.3” ­  “Safety nets must be deployed no further than 30 feet below where work is performed. “See section 3.” .

Problem 11 .

“See section 3.Problem 11 ­  11.1.4” ­  “OSHA requires that a stairway or ladder be used at points of access where there is an elevation break of 19 inches or more on a jobsite. C.” .

Problem 12 .

or higher than 30 inches. must be equipped with at least one handrail.1.4” ­  “Stairways with four or more risers. capable of withstanding a force of 200 pounds. A. “See section 3.Problem 12 ­  12.” .

Problem 13 .

B. capable of withstanding a force of 200 pounds.” .4” ­  “Stairways with four or more risers. “See section 3.Problem 13 ­  13.1. must be equipped with at least one handrail. or higher than 30 inches.

Problem 14 .

with less than a 1/4-inch variation. D.4” ­  “Stairs must be installed between 30 and 50 degrees. must have uniform riser height and tread depth.1. “See section 3.” .Problem 14 ­  14.

Problem 15 .

4” ­  “Stairways landings must be at least 30 inches deep and 22 inches wide at every 12 feet or less of vertical rise.1.Problem 15 ­  15. B.” . “See section 3.

Problem 16 .

B.4” ­  “Non-self-supporting ladders (those that lean against a wall or other support) must be positioned at an angle where the horizontal distance from the top support to the foot of the ladder is 1/4 the working length of the ladder. 1/4th of 20 is 5 feet. “See section 3. .1.” ­  The working height is 20 feet.Problem 16 ­  16.

Problem 17 .

4 feet .Problem 17 L = (12)2 + (3)2 + 3 L = 144 + 9 + 3 L = 153 + 3 L = 12.4 + 3 L = 15.

Problem 17 3.4 + 3 L = 15.1.4 feet 3 feet (i. ¼ of 12 as required by OSHA) Unknown length 12 feet 2 2 .e.4 “When using a portable ladder for access to an upper landing surface.” 3 feet as required by OSHA L = (12) + (3) + 3 L = 144 + 9 + 3 L = 153 + 3 L = 12. the side rails must extend at least 3 feet above the upper landing surface.

Problem 18 .

ladders must have nonconductive side rails such as wood or fiberglass. D.1. .Problem 18 ­  18.4” If using ladders where the employee or the ladder could contact exposed energized electrical equipment. “See section 3. such as transformers or overhead services.

Problem 19 .

as well as highvoltage shock and burns. D. “See section 3.1. and protect against falling objects.6” ­  “Class B hardhats are intended for electrical and utility work.” from NABCEP Study Guide. .Problem 19 ­  19.

This classification changed in 1997 to Classes G & E.1. . The 1986 revision had a Class B classification for high voltage.Problem 19 ­  WRONG!: Hard hats are classified based on ANSI Z89.

Problem 19 .

Problem 20 .

1. “See section 3. D. and inspecting daily and maintaining in a clean and reliable condition.” .Problem 20 ­  20.6” (of NABCEP Study Guide) ­  “Employee responsibilities include using PPE in accordance with training received and other instructions.

Problem 21 .

corrosive gases. “See section 3.” . vapors.Problem 21 ­  21. and liquids. D. and welding operations.6” ­  “Eye protection must be provided to protect against hazards such as dust and other flying particles.1.

Problem 22 Note: NABCEP loves this question! .

­  C is the best answer because (a) is not at the level of the workers.Problem 22 ­  22. and d is not at the level of the workers and not in communication with them while they work. . C. (b) may be distracted.

.502(h)(1)(ii) 1926.Problem 22 "Safety monitoring systems. 1926.502(h)(1)(iv) The safety monitor shall be close enough to communicate orally with the employee.502(h)(1)(iii) The safety monitor shall be on the same walking/working surface and within visual sighting distance of the employee being monitored." Safety monitoring systems [See 1926.502(h)(1)(ii) The safety monitor shall warn the employee when it appears that the employee is unaware of a fall hazard or is acting in an unsafe manner.. and 1926.502(h)(1)(v) The safety monitor shall not have other responsibilities which could take the monitor's attention from the monitoring function. 1926. .502(k)] and their use shall comply with the following provisions: 1926.1926.502(h)(1)(i) The safety monitor shall be competent to recognize fall hazards.502(h)(1) The employer shall designate a competent person to monitor the safety of other employees and the employer shall ensure that the safety monitor complies with the following requirements: 1926.501(b)(10) and 1926.

Problem 23 .

B.) . even if modules are connected in series or parallel.Problem 23 ­  23. (Wiring must be sized accordingly. The module and wiring can withstand short-circuit current of the module.

Modules have a nameplate rating for Isc (short-circuit current) under STC (standard test conditions) which is an irradiance of 1.Problem 23 ­  Consider this.000 watts per square meter .

Problem 23 ­  Now consider that all modules have a “series fuse rating” which is an indication of the ampacity of the device. as in how much current the device can handle. .

000 watts / m = 6.2 3.25amps = 3. it would been to be exposed to an irradiance level of 3.Problem 23 ­  This implies that in Isc @1. 200W / m 2 2 order for the module to produce current greater than the ampacity of the module itself.25 20 amps / 6.2 × 1. 000W / m 2 = 3.200 watts per square meter which you would never see with terrestrial irradiation. .

Problem 24 .

B ­  Be sure to use the −20°C correction factor from NEC Table 690.Problem 24 ­  24. C.18. Multiply the open-circuit voltage by 1. .7.

Problem 24 .

Problem 25 .

The GFP is designed to provide fire protection. The GFCI protects people from shock.Problem 25 ­  25. . B.

1: The 2008 NEC.Problem 25 ­ From 3. . in article 690.5.5 requires that all grounded PV arrays must incorporate a ground-fault protection device to reduce fire hazards.4.

Problem 26 .

5%/°C (rule of thumb) for module temperatures above 25°C.5×(60−25) = 17. the module voltage will have decreased by 0. .5%. resulting in Vmp = 14.1 V.Problem 26 ­  26. The module maximum power voltage decreases at the rate of -0. ­  Hence. at 60°C. C.

Problem 27 .

.Problem 27 ­  27. See NEC 480. A.9(A). Note that option (c) represents an implementation of (a). but is not exact NEC wording.

Problem 27 .

Problem 28 .

The corrosive vapors from the batteries can degrade the circuitry in the electronic equipment causing premature failures.” ­  “When vented lead-acid batteries are used. C. . “See instructions from equipment and battery manufacturers.” ­  The answer implies all of the other battery types listed produced outgassing that can damage electronic equipment.Problem 28 ­  28. they should not be located beneath any electronic components.

Problem 29 .

9: “If batteries are used outdoors in cold climates. DO NOT CHARGE THE BATTERY. the electrolyte freezing temperature increases as the batteries discharge. Let it thaw slowly in a place where.” . See any instructions from manufacturers of storage batteries or equipment that uses storage batteries. Do not attempt to accelerate the thawing process with anything that might be capable of igniting any gases that may be liberated. ­  From section 3. the electrolyte will be contained. if it should rupture. B.1.Problem 29 ­  29. If the electrolyte freezes.