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Qn 1

Ans C

JURONG JUNIOR COLLEGE PHYSICS DEPARMENT JC2 Common Test 2013 H1 Physics Paper 1 solutions Suggested solution Length of a metre rule = 100 cm. Reasonable estimate of its width = 3 cm, thickness = 0.5 cm.

2 3 4 5 6

C D A C A

Estimated volume = (100)(3)(3) = 150 cm3 . Both newton and ohm are not base units. Units of K = Units of

kgms2 F = = 1 (dimensionless) Av 2 m2kgm3m2s2

Options B, C and D are all to reduce random error. Very precise readings have low random errors, while readings which are not accurate have high systematic errors. For two forces applied at a point, the maximum magnitude (4N + 6N = 10N) of their resultant occurs when the two forces act in the same direction. The minimum magnitude (6N 4N = 2N) of their resultant occurs when the two component forces are pointed in opposite directions. For any other combinations of the two component forces, their resultant magnitude will be somewhere in between 2 N and 10 N.

Acceleration = rate of change of velocity = rate of change of the gradient of the graph Among the options, the gradient of the graph is changing in interval A only. Note: In this case, downwards is taken as positive. The stone starts from rest and falls under the effects of air-resistance until it reaches terminal velocity. Graph p velocity-time graph (since it shows that the stone reaches terminal velocity.) Graph q has an asymptote. This is only possible if the gradient represents the velocity. Thus it is a displacement-time graph. By elimination, graph r must be the acceleration-time graph. At t = 0, a = g. When the stone reaches terminal velocity, a = 0. The time taken for the flight up to the highest point should be shorter than the time taken for the flight down. Options A and B are wrong because if we consider vertical direction, both P and Q start with zero initial velocity (uy = 0 m s-1), and both are subjected to the same vertical acceleration (9.81 m s-2, acting downwards) Using: sy = uyt + ayt2 => t =

9 10

A D

2a y sy

Hence, both P and Q will take the same time to fall through the same vertical height (sy). However, just before hitting the ground, P has both a horizontal as well as vertical component of velocity. Hence, its KE is greater than Q which only has got a vertical component of velocity.

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Qn 11

Ans A

JURONG JUNIOR COLLEGE PHYSICS DEPARMENT JC2 Common Test 2013 H1 Physics Paper 1 solutions Suggested solution At the highest point of the balls motion (i.e. maximum height), the balls velocity will be zero. Hence, we can see that the ball reaches its highest point at time = 1.5 s. The balls displacement may be determined from the area under the velocity-time graph. Displacement = -(area of trapezium) + (area of triangle) = -[(1/2)(3+9)(0.6)] + [(1/2)(1.5 0.6)(8)] = 0

12

Horizontal component of velocity = vx = u sin 45 = 28.28 m/s Vertical component of velocity = vy = u cos45 - gt = 20.77 m/s Therefore, speed of object = ( 20.77)2 + (28.28)2 = 35.09 = 35 m/s

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14 15

D C

16 17 18

D C D

Q Ne N N = 4.8 = 1.6 1019 = 3.0 1019 s1 t t t t The electrons flow from the negative to the positive terminal of the battery. Hence Y to X. Q = It = (40 x 10-6)(800)(24)(60)(60) = 2764.8 C = 2800 C P 2.5 = 0.8333 = 0.833 A Current through resistor = current through bulb I = B = VB 3 Voltage across resistor VR = E VB = 9 3 = 6 V V 6 Resistance value = R = = 7.2 I 0.8333 X is the graph for a semiconductor diode, Y is the graph for a copper wire at constant temperature and Z is the graph for a tungsten filament lamp. For reverse-biased diode, there is negligible current, the resistance is very high, the e.m.f. of the source is across it (like a switch that is open) so A, B and D are true. l l ' R= and R ' = A A' I=

R' l ' A l' d 1 = = = (1.004) = 1.024 R l A' l d ' 0.99 R ' = 1.024R = 1.024(2.00) = 2.048 = 2.05 k
19 C

20

P 100 103 = = 10 A V 10 103 Power losses in cables = I 2R = (10)2 (5) = 500 W V4 R = V2R (I4 R )(4R ) = (I2R )(2R ) I2R = 2I 4R = 12 A Current through cables I =

Total current = 12 + 6 = 18 A V3R = VR (I3R )(3R ) = (IR )(R ) IR = 3I3 R IR + I3R = 18 A 3I3R + I3 R = 18 A 4I3 R = 18 A I3 R = 4.5 A
21 A

12 12 = = 1.333 A 2.5 + 3 + 1 + 2.5 9 Potential at Z = 0 (3 + 1)(1.333) = 5.332 = 5.3 V

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Qn 22

Ans B

JURONG JUNIOR COLLEGE PHYSICS DEPARMENT JC2 Common Test 2013 H1 Physics Paper 1 solutions Suggested solution
5 = 0.833 6 Between Q and S, effective resistance = (2+1) // (2+1) = 3 // 3 = 1.5 5 = 0.833 Between R and S, effective resistance = 1 // (2+1+2) = 1 // 5 = 6 4 = 1.33 Between S and P, effective resistance = 2 // (1+2+1) = 2 // 4 = 3 R 2 Original resistance = = = 0.4 5 5 R 2 New resistance = = = 0.5 4 4 Therefore the resistance increase by 0.1 . I4 = I5 > I1 > I2 = I3 Bulbs (4) and (5) are brightest as the current flowing through them are the highest. v 324 Using v = f, = = = 0.81m f 400 x x 30o = = x = 0.0675 m Using o o 0.81 360 360

Between P and Q, effective resistance = 1 // (2+1+2) = 1 // 5 =

23

24 25

C A

26

Q P

The dotted wave represented the new position. Therefore P is moving up and Since Q is at the crest, it is momentarily at rest
27 28 B D

I f 2 A2

Intensity at the eye = Intensity =

29 30

D A

P 2 P = Intensity 4r 2 =1.610-6 4 (15000 ) = 4520 W m -2 4r 2 Speed of light is constant in vacuum. For wave from infra-red to ultraviolet, wavelength decrease and frequency increase Since Q and R are perpendicular to each other, any plane-polarised light coming out from Q will be absorbed by R. No matter how P turns, the intensity of light after R will always be zero.

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