THE NOUN

1. State the simple and compound nouns in the list below: country; classroom, conference; blackboard; laboratory; doorway; afternoon; newcomer; lecture; weekend; day flight; sister-in-law; highway; freedom; friendship; department; passer-by; welcome; faculty; merry-go-round; forget-me-not; flower; threshold; sunshine; agency; wireless; butterfly; windmill; looker-on; record drawback; statesman; cars; penknife. 2. State how the nouns below are formed: (convertion; contraction; abbreviation; affixation; deflexion) Romanian; driver; the Pacific; UNO; outlaw; song; expectation; native; the present; failure; car; loss; white; translator; pen; HP; suggestion; the Mediterranean; bus; building; the ancients; the moderns; writing; captain; enlargement; gvt; guidance; the poor; the rich; exam; Dr; strength; ad; self-administration; vac; superstructure; breadth; co-partner. 3. Form sentences according to the model, choosing the appropriate noun in column two: e.g. A Romanian is a native of Romania. Frenchman England Italian Finland Englishman Japan Greek Italy Finn China Spaniard Egypt Belgian Poland Dane Greece Pole France Portuguese Belgium Swede Denmark Chinese Spain Egyptian Sweden Japanese Portugal 4. Make up sentences according to the model, choosing the appropriate noun in column two: e.g. The language spoken by the people of England is English Romania Indian Denmark Bulgarian France Chinese Germany Turkish Holland Portuguese Norway French Poland German Portugal Romanian Bulgaria Danish Turkey Dutch India Norwegian China Polish

English. -hood. mid-. -man. to register. broad. re-. read. to fail. humid. examine. rector. non-. suppositon. tend. Attach the appropriate prefixes (b) to the following nouns (a) a) father. -ation. young. prefer. president. (Make all the other necessary changes as in the model) e. -er. -ness. child. -ess. percent. long. to lose. craftsman. fore-. long. clean. Do you prefer spring or autumn? I have no preference for either. to discover. great. to expend. boy. Can you suggest a way out of this trouble? 2. offer. to perform. -ency. neo-. counter. arrangement. action. Can he guide the group to the forest? 10. -ence. child. friend. Give the abstract nouns of: partner. kind. b) – ee. summer. . -ment. -ure. Attach the appropriate suffixes (b) to the following words (a) a) write. Does he intend to tell her the truth? 3. drive. mis-. active. 6. vice-. sub-. book. -ship. utter. neutron. real. free. pre-. management. good. ex-. under-. useful. b) self-.g. -ance. pro-. -let. mobility. engine. noise. illiterate. secretary. in-. co-. warm. high. postulation. title. girl. free. host. author. -or. debt. Transform the underlined prepositional phrases into juxtaposed nouns e. Can you examine all these students today? 7. act. Form nouns with the following roots: man. -cer.g. leaf. possible. a hostel for students a student hostel a course for the summer a collector of stamps a camp for children a teacher of foreign languages a shelf for book a table for writing a singer of pop music an enthusiast for sports a sattelite of the earth 8. proud. seller.5. 9. to deliver. supreme. pay. afforestation. Can you describe him the rules of the game? 4. depart. intervention. dis-. improve. super-. 7. -ism. -dom. Have you informed them about the trip? 6. Answer these questions by changing the verbs into derived nouns. fellow. print. shore. anti-. apprentice. Can they achieve such a goal? 5. realism. 1. structure. -age. im-. friend. to know.

What a beautiful bush grows at your entrance door! 5. Her sister-in-law is a pleasant woman. The blackboard is not clean. feet. mice. countries. women. 3. Let’s hurry. The white butterfly is dangerous for the cabbage crop. sanatorium. 13. Change the underlined nouns into the plural. 16. 3. That person in front of the shopwindow seems interested in our grods. soprano. There is a finger post at the corner of this street. 12. Make up sentences with the nouns given below according to the model: She knows that the plural of crisis is crises. delicate flower. 4. 8. men. This shoolmaster is a person of broad experience. studio. Write the plural of the following nouns according to the models (A) and/or (B) arranging them on two colums: potato. bacterium. 6. A judge is always impartial. 16. She prefers being examined by a woman doctor. basis. classes. His opinion was that the compasses were out of order. wharves. lunches. This goods train must arrive in time.11. memorandum. oxen. 18. 2. 7. minimum. oasis. erratum. 10. I think that I have lost at least one penknife in my life. echo. Our English teacher is very young. analysis. 4. 15. 14. The Danube flows on the territory of our country. 10. Give the singular of the following nouns: children. stadium. They hoped that there was at least one on-looker. 7. photo. I like her paintings because of their light colours. 11. I am looking at the blackboard in front of me. buses. hippopotamus. 16. mouths. portfolio. We had lunch together. 6. Translate the following sentences into Romanian paying attention to the different meanings of the plural form 1. dashes. hero. . addendum. grotto. species. The price or this item has gone down. motto. 5. casino. A forget-me-not is a blue. solo. tomato. Make the other necessary changes 1. This new factory produces modern equipment. Turn the following sentences into the plural making all the necessary changes: 1. My school mate is a brilliant person. shelves. (A) cargo cargoes (B) piano pianos 13. 12. teeth. the bus is in the station! 8. geese. 3. The passerby has stopped in front of the beautifully dressed shopwindow. His fellow-traveller had a good knowledge of the event. This is not a toy! 19. salvo. concerto. The goods are left on the wharf. volcano. We like the cloth you produce. 20. 9. 2. 2. The roof of that house is damaged. mosquito. gymnasium. dice. 17. Negro. As a student you should wait for your teacher in the classroom. This library is wellsupplied. I shall go along this path. 11. 14. 13. My life has changed in the last years. thesis. The conference is held on Monday. gulfs. My daughter enjoys looking at a merry-go-round. loaves. There is a shortage in one box. flies. This sportsman has been awarded a gold medal. cups. phenomenon. brethren. 14. criterion. allies. bureau. 9. They have been waiting for the two presidents with colours flying. This class was very interesting. genius. formula. series. 17. 15. datum. 12.

15. Don’t be so impressed because of some stage effects! 10. dice). 15. Cred că această mobilă este de calitate bună. 22. Acest bagaj este foarte greu. 13. 9. 9. 8. 7. The gross returns are very important this year. 11. Practice the two possible meanings of the plural form of the above mentioned nouns. În cameră nu erau prea multe mobile. media). work. glass. media). Chose one of the two plural forms given in brackets: 1. For many years he lived in different social (mediums. 5. Iată o veste care te-ar putea interesa. 8. 18. I think that I shall shift my quarters. 2. The personal effects are duty free. Care sunt ultimele ştiri primite la redacţie? 13. 12. Sfaturile bune trebuie transmise mai departe. 7. Their company obtained important receipts for its sales. 14. Some time ago their companies employed a significant number of (staffs. dice) are cast. indices). Translate into English: 1. We shall meet on the premises of our company. . In this exercise there are some mistakes regarding the (indexes. 6. Diferitele firme ce funcţionează sub acest nume sunt aproape falimentare. 10. As the company was insured it received important damages. In that case the damages were very serious. 11. indices) for these books. His life covered three quarters of the century. Now we have to draw up the (indexes. The Letters of Credit should arrive in time. We should replace the old (dies. Banii sunt depuşi la bancă. indices) of the mind does lie. 23. The (dies. In the forehead and the eye the (index. The Bank of England preserved many of its old customs. manner. Care este sfatul tău în această situaţie? 4. facility. They started from good premises. 5. The (clothes. Nowadays we enjoy a multitude of mass (mediums. During the first two terms of the year they met several times for discussing. 9. pain. B. The salesman showed us various (clothes. ground. A. Informaţia sosită la timp este utilă. I have been waiting for you for more than 10 minutes. 14. 19. 17. 12. He is a famous man of letters. scale. 7. Give the Romanian translation of the plural form of the following nouns paying attention to their possible double meaning commodity. 6.4. using them in pair sentences of your own. We have received the receipts in good time. 20. 3. number. 6. staves). 4. 8. 17. 16. You should not try to reckon your happiness in terms of wordly success. staves) I bought yesterday was broken. Informaţiile nu sunt exacte. 11. Scrisorile de afaceri bine întocmite sunt o cerinţă a comerţului modern. cloths) to choose from for our dresses. spectacle. One of us should write down the minutes of our meeting. One of the (staffs. 3. You have to pay customs duties for these items. He received a pair of compasses as a birthday present. Aceste veşti au fost o surpriză pentru el. 19. 18. cloths) she wears are always very smart. Cunoştinţele de gramatică ne sunt foarte folositoare. Toate bagajele mele au rămas pe peron. 21. 5. 2. 10.

peace. epoch. greens. Comitetul a ajuns la un punct de vedere comun. 9. Marfa aceasta vine din Grecia. a team of workers. 5. aircraft. progress. quiz. headquarters. Mathematics (is / are) a very useful science. Etica se preocupă de principiile moralei. 10. Progresele ei la matematică sunt cu totul remarcabile. half. Acustica studiază sunetele. (Is / are) there any fish in this river? 8.g. 7. My folk (to live) in the country. merchandise. steels. cybernetics. 13. 11. Tunetele şi fulgerele brăzdau cerul. Etica sa este fără cusur. zero. Translate into Romanian a bunch of flowers. The crow (to be) on board “The Mures”. Choose the correct form of the verb out of the two given in brackets: 1. My family (to be) on a trip in the mountains. The pack of cards (was / were) lying all around them. an item of news. Our faculty foot-ball team (to play) in your town today. 15. 11. The government of this country (to agree) to take the necessary steps in the problems under discussion. Their class (is/ are) the best in the school. 7. contents. Publicul este rugat să nu fumeze în sala de spectacol. When the audience (to be) in the hall the performance begins. fishes. economics. 3. 8. cattle. income. 12. payee. auspices. a lump of sugar. 23. a flight of steps. wools. happiness. Studenţii se plimbau în parc câte unul sau câte doi. The Parliament (to be) summoned in session. cheque. 12. fruits. 2. The crowd (to gather) in front of the theatre door. wages. 11. a slice of bread. damages. 4. 10. 2. a series of events. Arrange the following nouns on 4 columns: A: nouns which have a plural – mentioned here in the singular (give the plural form). a spell of fine weather. 9. music. Simţeam cum puterile mă părăseau. Acustica acestei săli nu lasă nimic de dorit. 22. customs. 4. 5. 12. strength. After more than 50 years mankind (not to forget) the horrors or WW II. 10. proof. a stack of wood. B: noun which have no plural – mentioned here in the singular C: nouns which have no singular – mentioned here in the plural D: nouns with a different meaning in the singular – mentioned here in the plural. The means of locomotion (was / were) old. Poultry (is / are) grown on this farm. 14. A huge iron works (is / are) coming into being in our town. 8. 4.13. 2. The theatre had a corps of ballet which (was / were) famous. comfort. Our group (to be) always the first in foreign languages. Această lucrare se adresează unui public larg. story. e. costs. 6. a fleet of ships. 21. The foot and the horse of a country (was / were) important in the development of historical events. 3. 24. Use the verb in brackets in the singular or plural form (present tense) as required by the subject 1. 6. No thanks (is / are) needed. The sheep (was / were) spread all over the field. produce. ashes. a piece of meat.20. 3. sands. rubbers. I can see the trout that (move / moves) among the stones. Este de aşteptat ca întregul corp didactic să aibă o înaltă calificare. The cattle (to enter) the farm-yard in the evening. A B C D day-days health politics peoples book. 6. Un fulger ne-a luminat calea. scales. 5. Comitetul consta din 15 persoane. Corpul didactic era foarte numeros în universitatea lor. People (to like) going on trips in summer time. 7. . 9. thanks. Translate into English paying attention to the agreement between subject and predicate 1. wharf. spectacles. a chain of mountains. a crowd of people. a cake of soap.

husband. benefactress. niece. Of the two characters in “The Citadel”. barmaid. cock pheasant. Suddenly we felt that a lion came nearer: (-) dreadful roar made us shudder with anger. The brave little insect never remained there. tutor. d) grandson. hen sparrow. (-) springs in Germany and flows into the Black Sea. empress. dow. prosecutor. he-bear.25. to his brothers and sisters and even to all his other relations. 10. director. b) actor. dog. heir. (-) came out in search of (-) friends. her. tiger. 12. We all knew that only about a quarter of a mile out lay a boat. chairman. lady. bull. brother. c) administrator. 11. however (-) peaks are covered with snow even in summer. In the texts below insert the appropriate pronouns (he. What a charming actress! 6. 28. 5. Out of the sea came (-) And (-) shone bright. negro. (-) will last as long as we live. master. 3. 4. stallion. Beginning with the 15th of September this year. saleswoman. widow. man. I prefer the latter. (Hemingway) 3. chauffeur. 4. I think that the author of this novel cannot be old. “When sunset came we stopped in the valley waiting for the moon to rise. Our friendship is a very strong feeling. airman. shepherdess. (John Lubbock). The Carpathians are mountains of a medium height. 9. father. I didn’t know that his parents were so old! 8. At ten (-) came up beautiful and serene as ever. ambassador. its) for the corresponding gender of the nouns: 1. 6. male patient. executrix. his. doctor. Great Britain is an island. protectress. (-) prevented us from leaving the house. Arrange the underlined nouns in the following sentences on four columns corresponding to their gender: Model: 1) Masculine 2) Feminine 3) Common 4) Neuter man woman cousin book 1. undergraduette. 8. it. Give the corresponding words denoting the masculine gender for the following nouns in the feminine: mayoress. “The sun come up upon the left. Give the feminine corresponding to the following nouns of the masculine gender: a) boy. her son will be a pupil. author. witch. The Danube crosses the territory of our countruy. Romania has considerably developed (-) trade. 7. she. 9. poet. proprietor. We shall never forget our colleagues and teachers! 26. ewe. usherette. hero. son. This bird must be either a goose or a gander. . drone. lad. Although “Vanity Fair” is “a novel without a hero”. “Pride and Prejudice” is a famous novel which you should read. 2. clerk. madam. czarina. waiter. some people consider Becky as its heroine. with (-) sails half down”. bride. lion. This student has got only high marks. the doctor and his wife. The storm unleashed in the evening. bachelor. steward. 7. 5. aviatrix. 27. Boys and girls often walk together in the park. (-) capital is London. uncle. My friend often writes letters to his father and mother. and on the right Went down into the sea “ (Coleridge) 2.

5. 6. 10. 11. The newspaper of today has a lot of interesting news. A window blazed like a jewel in the sun’s last rays between the poplar trees”. The landscape of Romania is really impressive in some regions. Yesterday’s mail brought me the long expected letter. 14. A week’s holiday will be really pleasant. 8. 32. This book is two pounds’ worth. Charles’ family left the town for a short trip. bread – at the shop of a baker. 2. Justify the use of the Synthetic Genitive in the following sentences: 1. 15. 9. 3. 4. Cămila este de neînlocuit în lungile călătorii prin deşert. . We have seen Shakespeare’s plays “Love’s Labour’s Lost” and “The Winter’s Tale”. The commission is interested in Africa’s problems. Clothes are made in the workshop of a tailor. He had a hair’s breadth escape. We skated on the frozen surface of the river. 10. pentru marea sa putere de adaptare. Entering the room I saw that the boy’s books were spread all over the table. (Galsworthy). You shall observe the rules of this Club. They fought for the defence of their liberty and independence in many wars. 11. 4. 9. A month’s holiday is what he mostly desires. România şi-a trimis reprezentantul său la conferinţa regională. 13. 30. I don’t remember this child’s name. London’s traffic is heavy at peek hours. We buy cigarettes at the shop of a tobacconist. 16. 8. The offices of the company are on the 2nd floor. The vessel’s crew were on the deck. 6. His father’s job is interesting. We wandered to the Pine Forest / That skirts the ocean’s foam (Shelley). instead of the Propositional Genitive whenever possible: 1. 12. 17. 8. Publicul. The cover of this book has a pleasant blue colour. 9. 14. I don’t think that this parcel is more than a pound’s weight. 4. Who else’s proposal shall we consider now? 16. The life-boats of the ship were launched for a drill. 5. 5. În general conducătoarele auto sunt foarte atente. Soarele se roteşte în jurul axei sale odată la 25 de zile. 7. I shall never forget the green of the grass in my garden. Turn the Synthetic Genitive in the sentences below into the plural. Today’s journey was very confortable. The song of the birds was heard up the hill. 17. Use the Synthetic Genitive. 10. 2. 4. 7. 3. Vânzătoarele din acest magazin sunt foarte politicoase. Maşina şi vaporul sunt “ea” pentru şofer şi marinar. 10. A summer’s day in Devon is quite special with all its unusual softness. 7. I have to mention the highly satisfactory activity of these students in the language laboratory. 31. 5. plin de entuziasm şi-l exprima fără rezerve. Această cântăreaţă este o artistă de prima clasă. 9. aplaudând acea interpretare unică. Our country’s geography must be well known by the students. A twenty yards’ distance separates our houses. 2. “We had a marvellous two hours’ walk along the sea coast. The teacher’s remark should be taken into account. I shall spend this week-and at the Smiths’. wherever possible 1. We can’t solve the problems of the world. 13. Profesoara este foate iubită de elevii săi. This waitress’ smile is quite pleasant. Dacă întrebi pe oricine de pe stradă acesta îţi va arăta unde locuieşte medicul de familie.29. We had to stop after a journey of one day. The young man took no notice of the advice of his father. 6. 3. The task of a student is to learn. 12. Translate into English 1. 8. 7. 15. meat – at the shop of a butcher. 3. 6. We are interested in nobody’s problems. 2. That man’s seat is no longer vacant. vegetables – at the shop of a greengrocer.

the equipment of a farm. Replace the following Prepositional Genitives by a compound noun Model: a writer of prose a prose writer The cover of the book. 5. 13. Look up the following Synthetic Genitives and translate them into Romanian: . 2. 2. the pocket of the trousers. Explain the difference in meaning between the two forms of Genitive: 1. 2. She is my brother’s friend’s wife. This is the well-known American composer George Gershwin’s chief work “Porgy and Bess”. 10. 4.her heart’s desire . Explain the structures. 1. 2.at a stone’s throw . Receive this present. Cezar Petrescu wrote a novel of Eminescu. 1. 11. A. 2. In the city of Bucharest there are a lot of parks and gardens. The front door of the house was unlocked. In the moon’s light we could see the big house in front of us. “Cezara” is a novel of Eminescu’s. 9. 36. This film is a description of Dickens. Choose the form which is recommended out of the two forms given below: 1. 1. The students’ hostel is comfortable and cosy. This masterpiece is a portrait of Sargent’s. I have found in your library one of Lewis. the bank of the river. The visit of Kate’s parents pleased us very much.at swords’ point B.33. Smith and Wilson’s works. the coast of the sea. 35. In the light of the moon we could see the big house in front of us. 2.a bird’s eye view .a needle’s eye . The house’s front door was unlocked. Last week I saw the play “A . the level of the water. Kate’s parents’ visit pleased us very much. I met him after two months’ absence from his job. 2. He told us the story of Hemingway. 2. 2. She is the wife of my brother’s friend. the waves of the ocean. the satellite of the earth. The smoke or a wood-fire went up in the air. He went into a shop and bought a pound’s worth of chocolates. the meaning of the letter. We went in the sound’s direction. Everybody expected the jury’s verdict.at one’s wit’s end . We went in the direction of the sound.a pin’s head . 8. 14. The students’ return interrupted our conversation.out of harm’s way . 1. 7. All of his books have beautiful bindings. with Mary’s and Jane’s compliments! 12.at one’s fingers’ end . 6. 37. Study the following sentences paying attention to the different uses of the Genitive case (The Saxon Genitive or the Prepositional Genitive). Use them in sentences of your own 34. They were welcomed with a feeling of joy. 2. 15. 1.the journey’s end . 1. 3. The short excerpt is a description of Dickens’. I’ll be back in a few minutes’ time. This painting is a portrait of Sargent. 1. I read a story of Hemingway’s. 1. Several of the students got very good results.

4. El este un prieten al unchiului meu George. I’ve got a ticket … my best friend.Midsummer Night’s Dream”. Profesorul dictează studenţilor un text necunoscut. 11. Translate into English using the two forms of the Dative – with or without preposition – wherever possible. 19. We have made the guests a warm reception. Cabana cea mai apropiată este la o depărtare de 3 km. 5. 23. The whole group bought their colleague a bottle of wine in celebration of his birthday. 16. 41. 4. 5. 4. The language of the “Sports Bulletin” reporter is often obscure to the layman. 9. Change the following sentences using the “for” Prepositional Dative: Model: He brought Mary some flowers. She was reading the day before’s paper. He got a sum of money equivalent … the quality of his work. Notele acestui student au fost foarte mari pe acest semestru. Clima Angliei este destul de ploioasă. 8. 3. 18. 9. Camera lui Mihai şi a lui George este la etajul doi. 2. Tutungeria este la prima staţie. 11. I snatched the handkerchief … George’s hand to wave at the newcomers. I-am servit pe invitaţi cu prăjiturile făcute de mine. 20. as required by a Prepositional Dative 1. 7. 11. După câteva zile de drum am ajuns în oraşul natal. 8. 6. 5. 40. He brought some flowers for Mary 1. Am cerut un autograf de la autorul romanului nou lansat. Supunem propunerea aprobării adunării generale. 12. “of”. 2. This is an activity that requires great precision … the workers. This man is the father of the child I am going to examine tomorrow. What did you ask … the students? 8. The teacher is choosing his students a new text. “for”. 3. 22. The courage of young people is wellknown. 9. 7. 1. 17. 38. The child begged pardon … his parents. Profesorul explică studenţilor cuvintele noi. 2. We were walking along one of London’s parks. 21. Fill in the blanks with the prepositions “to”. 6. I have bought a present … my mother. I-am oferit lui Dan prilejul de a ne însoţi în excursie. 7. Au fost de acord cu propunerea noastră. 3. The student got her friend a ticket for the show. 3. 2. Invitaţii copiilor au stat până seara târziu. Mary called a taxi … her daughter. 7. Nepotul soţiei fiului lui Ion ne-a făcut o vizită în ianuarie. I-am făcut lui George o aluzie în sensul celor discutate. . 6. Pe toţi ne încântă veşmintele policrome ale toamnei. 10. Cut this little girl a slice of bread! 9. 6. 10. I inquired … Dan what the subject for debate at the seminar was. We found our parents good seats in the train. 5. 39. We must order that company some new equipment. What is your attitude … art? 10. Translate into English: 1. “from”. I booked my sister a roon at the hotel. Preşedintele a înmânat diplome şi premii câştigătorilor concursului. El a permis studenţilor folosirea dicţionarului. We are often astonished in front of Nature’s many wonders. Intenţionez să o prezint părinţilor mei pe cea mai bună prietenă a mea. The achievements of a modern democratic state speak for themselves. 8. 13. Fiul profesorului meu de matematică este în acelaşi an cu mine. The ship’s mast was broken by the storm. Luna ianuarie este cea mai friguroasă lună a anului. Ziarul de azi scrie despre dezbaterile din cadrul ONU. 4. I buy my daughter interesting books. Give my best regards … your friend.

There (is/are) a lot of (traffic/traffics) in the city at the peak hours. 4. 2. 11. Mary is the student with black (hair/hairs) who lives in our mansion. He is trying hard to find a (work/job) at present. 1. Choose the right preposition in the brackets: A. 3. I’m afraid. Choose the corect form out of the two given in brackets. but. 4. I have to repeat the questions (to/for) my students as they could not hear them because of the noise outside. 5. 4. have you got (a paper/some paper)? 5. We have to get plane tickets (to/for) our guests from abroad. Read the letter (to/for) your father because his glasses are broken. 10. 1. (Is/are) good (accommodation/accommodations) easy to find in your town? 8. 43. Speak (to/for) the audience now! 6.42. My (luggage/luggages) (is/are) on the platform. 1. I like the (furniture/furnitures) in your room. He left some flowers (to/for) his mother on the table. I’d like to take some notes. We use to write our letters (in/with) ink not (in/with) pencil. B. . Did you have a good (travel/journey) from London? 3. Don’t forget to buy (a bread/some bread) when coming back home. 3. 7. 6. Do you prefer going (by/with) car or (by/on) foot? 2. This dress is made (of/from) silk. I’ve got a problem and I need some (advice/advices). We must open this tin (by/with) a tin-opener. Some (information/informations) you can give us. about the hotels in London (is/are) useful. 12. My sister cooks some dinner (to/for) her son. 5. 9. 2. They have listened to the news (on/at) the radio. 6. there (isn’t/aren’t) much (work/works) availabe. The (news/new) (is/are) depressing. I prefer my cardigan made (by/with) machine.

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