SEQUENCE OF TENSES
1. Use the verbs in the main sentence in The Past Tense. Make all the necessary changes: 1. The captain says that every passenger will abandon the ship. 2. She anticipates that the waiter will pour the wine on her dress. 3. Father informs the guests that he will make coffee for everyone. 4. The employers announce the journalists that they have already settled the dispute. 5. The children answer that they have seen the cat stealing the meat. 6. The porter says that he has just heard a strange noise. 7. He is sure that he will sell all the merchandise by the end of the week. 8. Joan says that her friend has been complaining about the traffic. 9. Jane says that she hesitates to phone the police. 10. I answer him I will be there in time. 11. I know he is a very good driver. 12. I understand that the teacher confused your name with mine. 13. The farmers say that the frost has destroyed the buds. 14. He understands that I have been waiting for him too long. 15. The hospital officials consider that the disease will spread. 16. The weatherman considers that more snow is on the way. 17. It is sure that the employer will introduce a new salary scale. 18. I answer him I will be there in time. 19. He says that he has already spent his money. 20. I think that I will chop up the meat before frying it. 21. He imagines that the viewers will be watching his painting in silent admiration. 22. He states that he is responsible for all the crisis. 23. She is sure that she will have typed the novel by that day. 24. I remember I have been able to dive that time. 25. He is sure he has already given my books back. 26. They do not allow anybody inside as the show began 15 minutes ago. 27. The employees answer that they have been working for 6 months in that company. 28. It is clear they will do their best to finish the work in time. 29. He is angry as he has been waiting for her in the rain too long. 30. Our manager is sure that the strike will have stopped by midday. 31. She says she will be working for her test paper this time tomorrow. 32. She declares that she will be waiting for him up to the end of her life. 33. I think I have found out everything about her plans. 34. Grandma believes that the little boy is playing in the garden. 35. I know doctor Jespersen is a great practitioner. 36. She claims she has been ringing home, but the telephone is probably out of order. 37. I can see that she has quickly got accustomed to this new way of life. 38. The designer says that these styles can be adapted to suit individual tastes. 39. He thinks the weather is going to change for the better. 40. She replies that she has just bought her new dress. 41. She admits that she has been typing all day long.
She (leave) already when I phoned her. I asked him what his intentions (be). 10. We all noticed that he (hint) to certain developments in his speech and we asked him what he really (mean). 3. 15. Andrew turned round and (go) back because he (forget) to turn the gas off. The newspapers stated that the scientists (advance) a new theory to explain this strange phenomenon. When I got back home. 32. He denied that they (enjoy) themselves by looking at old photographs for 2 hours. The manager asked me what the next item on the agenda (be). 27.
. I (lie) in bed thinking about getting up when the telephone rang. I’m afraid that the job (become) more and difficult for him. 6. He told me that it (annoy) him when people (forget) to say thank you. I heard with amazement that he (intend) to reconsider his opinion. 30. The court declared that the trial (be adjourn) until the following week. 12. but she always (smile) 14. Grandma complained that the two children (keep quarreling) all day long. 28. 22. 24. She said that she (not answer) the phone as she (take a bath) at that moment. all my family (watch) TV. 26. The whole family suddenly noticed that the little boy (miss). 11. 34. 2. The doctor said that the diet (allow) grandma one glass of wine a day. 35. While I (talk) on the phone the children started fighting and (break) the window in their bedroom. 23. We were sure that he (ignore) that bathing (be prohibited) there. 13. We didn’t know that you (be) friends. We all knew that she always (love) gardening. 25. 4. It was amazing that they (not phone) and they (not write) either for such a long time. They didn’t believe that I (call) before they (do). We didn’t believe that you (succeed) in selling the merchandise. I realized that I (have) it in my pocket all along. 29. He explained me that he (be) sorry he (not telephone) us yet. The president declared that the tax increases (affect) us all. The manager said that (be advertise) for a new secretary. The dealer claimed that there (be) an acute shortage of goods. 17. We were told that we (spend) our entire allocation for this year. 19. 37.2. 9. Half way to school. 31. 39. 18. The Prime Minister announced that he (resign). 21. He was sure that he never (get) his money back. 33. We all knew she (have) a hard life. Use the correct tense instead of the Infinitive in brackets 1. It was already known that tobacco (be taxed) in most countries along with alcohol. 38. The technician asked me how long the TV set (be) out of order. 20. He was angry that the police (refuse) to act without more evidence. He was not the only one who (need) help. I asked him who (be) that pretty girl he (speak to) last night? 36. I heard that the manager (be) rather alarmed that you (plan) to leave the company. 16. 5. 8. I couldn’t imagine you (be) friends! 40. 7.
2. Sarah a dorit să ştie dacă fratele ei a ajuns cu bine în America. My mother (cook) all day and (warm the house). It happened that I (know) him. 9. Mama m-a întrebat dacă mi-am terminat lecţiile. The baby had no sooner eaten the cake then he felt sick. I can’t help (wonder) where he has disappeared. 4. 15. 30. Mama se întrebă dacă fiul ei se simte chiar atât de rău sau doar se preface că este bolnav. 6. Pay attention to the exceptions to the rules of the sequence of tenses. By the time we got to the theatre. 2. I was warned that she (be) a vengeful person. Îmi amintesc că i-am promis să-i scriu în fiecare zi. They all knew that atomic energy used in science (change) the world. I had already begun reading the book when he (come). They could never understand that only the law of supply and demand as well as competition (govern) the free-enterprise system. 25. Bunicul mi-a spus că îi place să petreacă sărbătorile cu nepoţii. Angajaţii se întrebau cui se vor plânge despre veniturile lor mici. 10. 22. 11. When you visit me next month. We already (have) lunch by the time you arrived. Replace the Infinitive in brackets by the correct tense.3. the play already (begin). The doctor told me that the only cure for stress (consist) in learning to relax. Aşteptăm cu nerăbdare să se întoarcă. I asked him when he (have) our car serviced. The doctor didn’t leave until the nurse (arrive). 13. When we entered the house we realized that the radio (be on) all day long. the post already (arrive). Translate into English: 1. 1. 24. 3. 5. I had just entered the house and the telephone (ring). Tata era atât de cufundat în lectura ziarului încât nu m-a auzit intrând în casă. I (teach) for 15 years. When he retired he (work) for forty five years. the child (not want) to eat up his lunch. 6. It was known that water (boil) at 1000C. By the time I was forty. When I got home I felt better. 14. When I came back into the office. Smith left the supermarket after she (buy) everything she (need). Mother was satisfied that her son (help) the old man to put his luggage in the car. 27. I was sorry I (not remember) to bring the newspaper. 17.
. 19. Prietenii l-au întrebat dacă îi plăcea noua slujbă. 29. 23. according to the law he (join) the army next September. 20. My brother said that. 12. 28. 26. I almost (finish) my military service. 8. The passengers had fastened their seat belts before the plane (take off). 8. Mrs. 10. 9. 4. Copilul l-a întrebat dacă a încercat vreodată să scrie cu mâna stângă. 7. 5. 21. They found out that in almost all countries the railway system (be run) by the state. Copiii au spus că nu au auzit când mama i-a chemat în casă. When I phoned Tim he (not finish) his homework. 16. 4. 11. Everyone knows that he (hate) sleeping with the windows closed. I thought that old people (hate) living in a city. 7. Until I promissed him to teach him to ride his bicycle. 3. 18.
would accomplish) their work by the end of the week. was saying) applies only to some of us. He was afraid his new play (has attracted. had been working) for a year or two. 15. 4. had been married) three times. seemed) to have come to a halt. had fallen) asleep during the sermon. He declared that he (has never associated. couldn’t) fully appreciate foreign literature when translated. Mother said to her little doughter that such language (does not become. had never associated) himself with political extremism. is. Copii nu l-au plăcut pe profesor deşi acesta se străduia din răsputeri. He told me that his sister (has been married. 19. Choose the correct form from among the two given in brackets. The old woman was ashamed she (fell. it was one) of the coldest autumns in years. had been aroused) from his nap by the doorbell. 5. came) here. didn’t become) an educated child. 10. 23. I noticed that he (left. They said that they (would have accomplished. would be) to beat the inflation. 8. would find) him there at any hour of the day. He promised to be here at four o’clock but (didn’t turn up. 29. 21. had discovered) a new fuel. assimilated. She insisted on ringing the bell but there (was. He said that I (will find. 14. It is a sign of progress that cable TV (has been. We anticipated that demand (was. We lived in Bucharest until I (was. wouldn’t become. He complained that instead of making progress. Antrenorul. At the end of the year. At the beginning of the negotiation the members of the committee were sure that they (will reach. have been) sixteen. 13. 5. has been) no answer. was leaving) without speaking to anyone else. 25. is) around for some time now. The coach told me that the club (was made. had changed) a lot since he first (had come. The teacher specifies that what she (has said.
. reached. had had) quite a good year on balance. 11. 2. 17. 6. 3. His opinion was that one (can’t. had made. When I met her she (has been working. 20. were travelling) abroad. 16. 7. The Prime Minister stated that the Government’s main aim … for the following year (will be. have assisted) the police in their inquiries. 28. 9. Îmi pare rău că am uitat să-i dau banii. would attempt) to beat the world record. It seemed he (felt. would reach) an agreement. his work (seems. cât şi medicul ne-au spus că e bine ca Tim să înveţe să înoate cât mai devreme. He said to his friend that Romania (changed. 18. 15. 12. had been) likely to increase. made) an approach to a local business firm for sponsorship. 27. Tata s-a lăsat de fumat când s-a îmbolnăvit. 26. He was anxious for his family who (traveled. He was angry he (was aroused. 30. I noticed that the men (were assisting. the general manager declared that despite some failures our firm (has had. 13. would not turn up) until six. 1. is assimilating) people from many different countries. The weatherman claimed that it (has been.12. She declared she (attempts. The newspaper announced that they (discover. would attract) o good deal of criticism 24. It is a historical fact the USA (has assimilated. 22. was feeling) ashamed of having done so little work. 14.
understand. Tăbliţele de lut găsite stau mărturie că mai înainte încă de legiferarea lăsată de Hamurabi. would be) the main challenge facing the present government. 33. 36. The conditions 10… to make great strides forward in the perenial battle against ignorance and prejudice. would be) astronauts. Drept instrumente pentru efectuarea plăţilor au fost folosite de-a lungul timpului diferite produse ca vite. But perhaps that is a harsh judgement on a century that 6… remarkable progress in science and technology and 7… the vision. bring. She confessed that she (had. 100 years of the realizing of innate human potential. in which the powerful new technologies 12… to control us. She said she (was. would see) Mary in a few days’ time. ateliere. One of these days he will realize what a fool he (has been.000 years.31.
. tools and techniques now available to them for the greater good of all. 32. Aşezămintele închinate zeilor acumulaseră mari bogăţii imobiliare ori mobiliare. ca un echivalent general pentru restul produselor. depend. Radu Negrea – Banii şi Puterea 7. unelte. learn. He told me that he (will see. Choose the appropriate verb and fill in the blanks in the correct form: The past century 1… one in which mankind 2… great pride. exist. stocuri de lingouri de metale preţioase. 34. Vision or illusion 8… on the way in which men and women of perception and imagination 9… and use the ideas. The boys made believe that they (were. templele din Babilon aveau o activitate ce poate fi asemuită în unele privinţe cu aceea a instituţiilor bancare moderne. or the illusion. sclavi. The Prime Minister declared that reducing the gap between the rich and the poor (is. or are used by the few to control the many 13… are acceptable option Start. 1. he will be). tempt. see. blănuri şi unele obiecte cu valoare simbolică recunoscută. ajungându-se la o utilizare generalizată a metalelor care vor începe mai apoi să fie bătute ca monede. scare. not be. of a superior quality of life for a greater number of people. 35. cirezi. de pildă pietrele deosebite sau scoici. has) no relatives besides an aged aunt. would be) sorry. was. but her eyes betrayed her secret delight. not be. But for this to happen the next century 11… the learning century. Aceste avuţii nu conteneau să fie sporite atât prin munca sclavilor cât şi prin împrumuturi cu dobânzi mari. aveau pământuri. create. display. cereale. An alternative scenario. The world was of enormous ferocity and the cruelty and ignorance 3… in more regional skirmishes sometimes 4… us to question whether humanity 5… anything of value in the past 5. must be. Traduceţi în limba engleză: … Urmare lărgirii negoţului s-a trecut de la sistemul simplist al trocului la folosirea anumitor mărfuri ca măsură a valorii. depozite de cereale.