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# Code No: 35100

Set No. 1

III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, May/Jun 2009 CONTROL SYSTEMS (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Write the procedure to determine the transfer function of a control system? (b) Explain the following terms: i. Poles of transfer function ii. Zeros of transfer function iii. Initial conditions of transfer function.

[8+8]

**2. Reduce the given block diagram (ﬁgure 2c) and hence obtain the transfer functions: (a) (b) (c)
**

C (s) E (s)

ifN(s) = 0 =0 = 0. [16]

C (s ) ifN(s) R (s ) C (s ) ifR(s) N (s )

Figure 2c 3. (a) What are the types of controllers that are used in closed loop system? Explain them? (b) The response of a system subjected to a unit step input is c(t) = 1 + 0.2e−60t −1.2e−10t Obtain the expression for the closed loop transfer function? Also determine the Un damped natural frequency and damping ratio of the system? [8+8] 4. (a) Show that that the break-away and break-in points ,if any, on the real axis (s) , where N(s) and D(s) are rational for the root locus for G(s)H (s) = KN D (s) polynomials in S, can be obtained by solving the equation dK =0 ds (b) Check whether the points (-1+ j) and (-3+ j) lie on the root locus of a system K . Use the angle condition. [8+8] given by G(s)H (s) = (s+1)( s+2) 5. (a) Deﬁne frequency response. (b) Discuss the advantages & disadvantages of frequency response analysis. 1 of 2

Code No: 35100 Set No. obtain the transfer function of lag compensator and draw pole-zero plot? (c) Explain the diﬀerent steps to be followed for the design of compensator using Bode plot? [3+3+10] 8.C Servomotor? [4+4+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 2 of 2 . (a) Discuss the signiﬁcance of state Space Analysis? (b) Deﬁne state variables.707. (a) What is compensation? what are the diﬀerent types of compensators? (b) What is a lag compensator. [10+6] 7. [2+6+8] 6. (a) Find the critical value of gain ‘K’ for the system G(s) = by Nyquist Criterion. 1 (c) Bring out the correlation between time response & frequency response and hence show that the correlation exists for the range of damping ratio 0 <ζ< 0. K s(1+s)(1+2s) (b) In addition to providing absolute stability the Nyquist Criterion also gives information on the relative stability. (c) Obtain the state variable representation of an armature controlled D. Elaborate.

Determine the ratio C (s) R (s ) and C (s ) D (s ) for the block diagram given (ﬁgure 2). [6+10] Figure 1b 2. Shown in ﬁgure 1b. (a) Explain the classiﬁcation of control systems? (b) Find the transfer function relating displacement ‘y’ and ‘x’ for the following system. [16] Figure 2 3. damping ratio and % Mp for unit step input. May/Jun 2009 CONTROL SYSTEMS (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1.F is (s+9) G(s) = s(sK [16] 2 +4s+11) . Determine under damped natural frequency. 1 of 2 . r is the displacement of the input shaft and e=r-c. [6+10] 2 4.Code No: 35100 Set No. (a) Obtain generalized error series and indicate the evaluation of the dynamic error coeﬃcients? c (b) A closed loop servo is represented by the diﬀerential equation d = 64e + 8 dc dt2 dt Where c is the displacement of the output shaft .Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations. 2 III B. Sketch the root locus plot of a unity feed ?back system whose open loop T.

(a) What is compensation? what are the diﬀerent types of compensators? (b) What is a lag compensator. Sketch the Bode plots for a system s+5) G(s) = s(s215( +16s+100) Hence determine the stability of the system.Code No: 35100 5. 6. [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 2 of 2 . (a) For the given T. 2 [16] (b) Explain the use of Nyquist Stability Criterion in the assessment of relative stability of a system. obtain the transfer function of lag compensator and draw pole-zero plot? (c) Explain the diﬀerent steps to be followed for the design of compensator using Bode plot? [3+3+10] 8.[2+6+8] 7. (a) State Nyquist Stability Criterion. Set No. y ¨ + 5y ˙ + 6y = u.F b0 T (s) = S 3 +a2 S 2 + a1 S +a0 Obtain the state model (phase variable form)? (b) Construct the state model for a system characterized by the diﬀerential equation. (c) Enlist the step-by-step procedure for the construction of Nyquist plots.

s(s+1)(s+10) [8+8] 4. (a) What is compensation? what are the diﬀerent types of compensators? (b) What is a lag compensator. 3 III B. obtain the transfer function of lag compensator and draw pole-zero plot? (c) Explain the diﬀerent steps to be followed for the design of compensator using Bode plot? [3+3+10] 8. 1 .Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations. [10+6] (t) + 12 dc + c(t) = r(t) + 2r(t − 1). State space equation. (a) A system is characterized by the following. 6. Sketch the root locus plot of a unity feed ?back system whose open loop T. x ˙1 x1 −3 1 0 u. 1 of 2 [4+12] . (a) How steady state error of a control system is determined? How it can be reduced? (b) Determine the error coeﬃcients and static error for G(s) = H (s) = s + 2. Explain the rules of signal ﬂow graph reduction and block diagram reduction techniques.Code No: 35100 Set No. May/Jun 2009 CONTROL SYSTEMS (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. [16] 3.1s ) Hence ﬁnd gain cross over frequency & phase cross over frequency. [16] G(s) = (s+2)( s+3)(s+4) 5. = + x ˙2 x2 −2 0 1 x1 y= 1 0 x2 Solve the state equation for a unit step input under zero initial conditions. (b) Sketch the Bode plots for the system 25 G(s) = s(1+s)(1+0 . (b) Discuss the eﬀect of adding poles & zeros to G(s)H(s) on the shape of Nyquist plots [6+10] 7. (b) Find the transfer function 9 d2 c(t) dt2 C (s ) R (s ) of a system having diﬀerence equation. (a) Distinguish between polar plots & Nyquist plots.F is K (s2 −2s+2) . (a) Explain and derive the relation between impulse response and transfer function. dt 2. (a) What are error graphs in relation to Bode plots? Explain their usage in brief.

Code No: 35100 Set No. 3 (b) Obtain state-space representation of the system with transfer function (S ) S +2 . [8+8] = (S +1) T (S ) = C 2 U (S ) (S +3) ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 2 of 2 .

[9+7] 1 of 2 .Code No: 35100 Set No. [10+6] 2. Figure 1a Figure 1a (b) Explain the advantages and features of transfer function. (a) Determine the overall transfer function relating C and R for the system whose block diagram is given (ﬁgure 2a). May/Jun 2009 CONTROL SYSTEMS (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations. 4 III B. (a) Obtain the transfer function of the following system and draw its analogous electrical circuit. Figure 2a (b) Explain the properties of block diagrams.

ﬁnd out the output of the system when the input applied to the system is unit ramp input? Sketch the r(t) and c(t) and show the steady state error.Code No: 35100 Set No. [10+6] 7.5. [16] s+3) 5. Phase cross over frequency ii. For G(S) = KV ≤ 20. Gain cross over frequency If this system is (b) A linear time invariant system is given by G(s) = s(s10 +10) excited by r(t) = 10 Sin 10t ﬁnd the response of the system at steady state. (a) Obtain the phase variable representation for a system whose transfer function Y (s ) S 3 +4S 2 +3S +10 = 6S is given by V 3 +8S 2 +4S +20 (s ) (b) A system is −1 x ˙ = −1 −1 described by x1 0 −4 −1 x2 + 1 u. [4+8+4] K s(1+s)(1+2s) 6. Determine the value of K for ξ =0. [8+8] 4. (a) What are generalized error constants? State the advantages of generalized error coeﬃcients? (b) For a ﬁrst order system. (a) Find the critical value of gain ‘K’ for the system G(s) = by Nyquist Criterion. sr show that the slope of the Bode magnitude plot is -20r dB / dec. (b) In addition to providing absolute stability the Nyquist Criterion also gives information on the relative stability. Elaborate. Sketch the root locus plot for the systems whose open loop transfer function is K given by G(s)H (s) = s(s+1)( . (a) Deﬁne i. −6 −2 1 −2 −3 x3 x1 y = 1 1 1 x2 x3 Find the transfer function? ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [16] 2 of 2 . (c) If G(s) = K . K . S (S +2)(S +20) Design a lag compensator given phase margin ≥ 350 and [16] 8. 4 3.