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27 October 2003

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DRAFT FOR DEVELOPMENT DD 86-3:1990 Licensed Copy: Technical Information Services Dept . (c) BSI Damp-proof courses — Part 3: Guide to characteristic strengths of damp-proof course material used in masonry . CNL Technical Information Services. Uncontrolled Copy.. 27 October 2003.

27 October 2003. Uncontrolled Copy. Consumer Policy Committee of BSI Contract Flooring Association Copper Development Association Department of the Environment (Property Services Agency) Department of the Environment (Building Research Establishment) Institute of Building Control Institute of Clerks of Works of Great Britain Inc.. Lead Sheet Association Local Authority Organizations Mastic Asphalt Council and Employers’ Federation Natural Slate Quarries Association Packaging and Industrial Films Association Royal Institute of British Architects Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors Society of Chemical Industry This Draft for Development. CNL Technical Information Services.DD 86-3:1990 Licensed Copy: Technical Information Services Dept . upon which the following bodies were represented: Associated Lead Manufacturers Limited Association of British Roofing Felt Manufacturers Association of Jute Spinners and Manufacturers Autoclaved Aerated Concrete Products Association Brick Development Association British Board of Agrement British Ceramic Research Ltd. was published under the authority of the Board of BSI and comes into effect on 30 November 1990 © BSI 02-2000 The following BSI reference relates to the work on this standard: Committee reference ECB/44 ISBN 0 580 18848 5 Amendments issued since publication Amd. having been prepared under the direction of the Elements and Components (of Diverse Materials) for Buildings Standards Policy Committee. No. Date of issue Comments . (c) BSI Committees responsible for this Draft for Development The preparation of this Draft for Development was entrusted by the Elements and Components (of Diverse Materials) for Buildings Standards Policy Committee (ECB/-) to Technical Committee ECB/44.

. CNL Technical Information Services. Uncontrolled Copy. 27 October 2003. (c) BSI Committees responsible Foreword 1 Scope 2 Definitions and symbols 3 Characteristic strengths Table 1 — Characteristic strengths for DPC materials Page Inside front cover ii 1 1 1 2 © BSI 02-2000 i .DD 86-3:1990 Contents Licensed Copy: Technical Information Services Dept .

Notification of the start of the review period. According to the replies received. This standard has been updated (see copyright date) and may have had amendments incorporated. its reference number should not be marked on products. This Draft for Development is intended to provide provisional data relevant to the design of unreinforced masonry incorporating damp-proof course materials (see qualifying provisions below). the responsible BSI committee will judge whether the Draft for Development can be converted into a British Standard or what other action should be taken. ii © BSI 02-2000 .DD 86-3:1990 Foreword Licensed Copy: Technical Information Services Dept . will be made in an announcement in the appropriate issue of BSI News. an inside front cover. The code of practice for structural use of unreinforced masonry. tension. advice on the resistance to compression. The British Standards Institution requests that. 27 October 2003. Materials which squeeze out are undesirable in highly stressed walls. and the effect of sliding at the damp-proof course should be considered especially in relation to lateral loading. because of the provisional nature of this publication. CNL Technical Information Services. It has been assumed in the drafting of this Draft for Development that the structural design will be entrusted to appropriately qualified and experienced persons conversant with the recommendations and calculation procedures given in BS 5628-1. (c) BSI This Part of DD 86 has been prepared under the direction of the Elements and Components (of Diverse Materials) for Buildings Standards Policy Committee. This publication is not to be regarded as a British Standard. Observations which it is felt should receive attention before the official call for comments will be welcomed. In general. These should be sent to the Secretary of BSI Technical Committee ECB/44 at the BSI Head Office address as shown on the back cover. Uncontrolled Copy. It is recommended that it should be applied on this provisional basis so that information and experience of its practical application may be obtained. with a request for the submission of comments from users of this Draft for Development. sliding and shear should be sought from the manufacturers of the damp-proof course. BS 5628-1 states: Designers should pay particular attention to the characteristics of the materials chosen for damp-proof courses.. Summary of pages This document comprises a front cover. This will be indicated in the amendment table on the inside front cover. It is issued in the Draft for Development series of publications and is of a provisional nature because further evidence is required before the data given can be incorporated into a British Standard. pages i and ii. pages 1 and 2 and a back cover. A review of this Draft for Development will be carried out not later than two years after its publication.

DD 86-3:1990 Licensed Copy: Technical Information Services Dept . b) Shear stresses occur at the interface between the DPC and the masonry. In no case should the characteristic strength at the mortar/DPC interface be taken as greater than that of the mortar itself without DPC.2 The characteristic strengths at the mortar/DPC interface for flexible DPC materials are given in Table 1. The compressive loads should be limited accordingly. Uncontrolled Copy.1 When selecting a DPC material.. both transverse to and along the line of the wall.3 For rigid and semi-rigid DPC materials. c) Bituminous DPCs of the type complying with BS 6398 may squeeze out from the face of masonry walls when subjected to permanent vertical load. block and mortar shown or. 3. 2 Definitions and symbols For the purposes of this Draft for Development. NOTE The titles of the publications referred to in this Draft for Development are listed on the inside back cover. alternatively. (c) BSI 1 Scope This Draft for Development provides guidance on the characteristic strengths developed between mortar and the damp-proof course (DPC) material according to the mode of loading. 3.5 regardless of the category of construction or manufacturing control. the definitions and symbols given in BS 5628-1 and BS 5628-3 apply. The provisional data derive from tentative test methods given in DD 86-1 and DD 86-2. consideration should be given to the following design aspects. 3 Characteristic strengths 3. The values given in Table 1 should be used in combination with a partial safety factor ¾m of not less than 3. 27 October 2003.3 of BS 5628-1:1978. a) Flexural stress occurs at the interface between the DPC and the mortar bedding when the masonry is subjected to lateral forces such as wind loading or earth pressure. and when lateral loads and bending moments are transmitted from connecting members. CNL Technical Information Services. parapet walls and panel walls are particularly vulnerable. Free standing walls. the characteristic strengths should not exceed the values given in Table 3 of BS 5628-1:1978 for the categories of brick. The characteristic strengths are intended to be used in combination with the design procedures set out in BS 5628-1 and concern those loadbearing elements of an unreinforced masonry structure including a DPC. © BSI 02-2000 1 . tests may be carried out in accordance with A. when the masonry is subjected to lateral forces or moments as in item a) or as a result of relative expansion or contraction of masonry on either side of the DPC. particularly on south facing walls. The strengths are derived from tests in accordance with DD 86-1 and DD 86-2.

15 + 0. 27 October 200 Table 1 — Characteristic strengths for DPC materials Property Mortar designation in BS 5628-1 Bitumen DPC N/mm2 Pitch/bitumen polymer N/mm2 Polyethylene N/mm2 Mastic asphalt N/mm2 Copper N/mm2 Lead N/mm2 Zinc N/mm2 2 Characteristic compressive strength.60 + 0. e.20 — — — 0. Hence for purposes of calculation the strength of the mortar should be the determining factor.6g — 0. .25 + 0. CNL Technical Information Services. fv (see note 3) i) ii) iii) iv) i) ii) iii) iv) 0.6gA 0.6gA — Mortar strength (see note 2) — — 0. There is no extrusion or long term compression of the DPC.55   (see note 6)      — — 0.20 + 0. NOTE 2 Limited by compressive strength of the mortar.20 + 0.5 0.5 0. fk Characteristic shear strength.35 — — — Mortar strength (see note 5) — NOTE 1 The value of fk is for a single layer of bitumen DPC.6gA 0. NOTE 4 The value of fv corresponds to a short loading time. NOTE 3 gA is the design vertical load per unit area as defined in BS 5628-1. NOTE 7 Reference should be made to manufacturers’ literature. NOTE 6 The value of 0. The value of fkx is unlikely to be critical except when using designation i) mortar with low absorption bricks.25 + 0.25 + 0.5 0..6gA 0.6gA — — — 0. It is limited by the long term compression of the DPC.45 + 0.07 + 0.40 + 0.g due to wind action.55 — Mortar strength (see note 5) — — — — — 0. NOTE 5 The characteristic strength of the DPC material is either equal to or greater than the mortar strength.35 or 0. fkx i) ii) iii) iv) © BSI 02-2000 DD 86-3:1990    (see note 1)      (see note 4)   Mortar strength (see note 2) 0.Licensed Copy: Technical Information Services Dept .6gA — 0.6gA — — — Mortar strength (see note 2) — — 0.6gA Mortar strength (see note 5)        See note 7       Mortar Mortar Mortar strength strength strength (see note 2) (see note 2) (see note 2) — — 0.6gA Mortar strength (see note 5)       0.6gA 0.5 Characteristic flexural strength.55 applies only to high bond strength DPCs (see Appendix C of BS 6398:1983).20 + 0.

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