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Transportation Options for Individuals with intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
Transportation Options for Individuals
with intellectual and Developmental
Disabilities

Amy Goodman, Autism NOW

Krystian Boreyko, Easter Seals Project ACTION

and Developmental Disabilities Amy Goodman , Autism NOW Krystian Boreyko , Easter Seals Project ACTION aproject

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and Developmental Disabilities Amy Goodman , Autism NOW Krystian Boreyko , Easter Seals Project ACTION aproject

Presenter’s Profile

Amy Goodman, MA

Co-Director of Autism NOW The Arc 1825 K Street NW, Suite 1200

Washington, DC 20006

202-600-3489

agoodman@autismnow.org https://www.facebook.com/AutismNowCenter https://twitter.com/autismnowcenter aproject of

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agoodman@autismnow.org https://www.facebook.com/AutismNowCenter https://twitter.com/autismnowcenter aproject of

The Air Carrier Access Act

Prohibits discrimination on the basis of

disability in air travel and requires air

carriers to accommodate the needs of individuals with disabilities.

disability in air travel and requires air carriers to accommodate the needs of individuals with disabilities.

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disability in air travel and requires air carriers to accommodate the needs of individuals with disabilities.

The Air Carrier Access Act (cont.)

Passed by Congress 1986

Covers all disabilities, including broken bones

Cannot refuse a passenger because of disability

Must provide any information given to others

bones • Cannot refuse a passenger because of disability • Must provide any information given to
bones • Cannot refuse a passenger because of disability • Must provide any information given to

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bones • Cannot refuse a passenger because of disability • Must provide any information given to

The Air Carrier Access Act (Cont.)

Cannot require proof of disability

Do not generally require travel with

another person as a condition to fly

Air carriers cannot charge for providing facilities, equipment, or services

Airports must be accessible and usable for

all individuals

providing facilities, equipment, or services • Airports must be accessible and usable for all individuals aproject

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providing facilities, equipment, or services • Airports must be accessible and usable for all individuals aproject

The Air Carrier Access Act (Cont.)

Provides assistance with:

Moving to and from seats

Enplaning and deplaning

Preparation for eating

Use of wheelchair if needed

Stowing, retrieving carry-on items

Access to information of importance

Use of wheelchair if needed • Stowing, retrieving carry-on items • Access to information of importance

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Use of wheelchair if needed • Stowing, retrieving carry-on items • Access to information of importance

The Air Carrier Access Act

Does not assist with:

Cannot lift or carry an individual

Cannot feed an individual

Using the restroom

Cannot help with elimination functions or

any medical services

feed an individual • Using the restroom • Cannot help with elimination functions or any medical

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feed an individual • Using the restroom • Cannot help with elimination functions or any medical

Tips for Air Travel

Plan Ahead

Be Assertive

Research Airlines

Navigating Airport Security

Utilize airline assistance hotlines

Know your rights as a passenger

• Navigating Airport Security • Utilize airline assistance hotlines • Know your rights as a passenger
• Navigating Airport Security • Utilize airline assistance hotlines • Know your rights as a passenger

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• Navigating Airport Security • Utilize airline assistance hotlines • Know your rights as a passenger

Transportation Security Administration

(TSA)

Procedures for screening and checkpoints

Information related to disability

TSA’s Notification Card to help communicate discretely.

All passengers regardless of medical condition or

disability must be screened

Depending on disability or medical condition the screening may be different

disability must be screened • Depending on disability or medical condition the screening may be different

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disability must be screened • Depending on disability or medical condition the screening may be different

Acceptable Items on an Airplane

Casts

Orthopedic shoes

Crutches

Prosthetic devices

Wheelchairs

Support appliances

Support Braces

Baby apnea monitors

Service Animals

Augmentation devices

Ostomy supplies

Exterior medical devices

Canes

Assistive/adaptive equipment

Walkers

CPAP machines and respirators

Scooters

Braille note takers

Hearing Aids

Tools for prosthetic devices

Slate and stylus

Personal supplemental oxygen concentrators

Coclear Implants

Any other disability related equipment and associated supplies

Medications and associated supplies

Tools for wheelchair disassembly/reassembly

 

All diabetes related medication,

equipment, and supplies

wheelchair disassembly/reassembly   • All diabetes related medication, equipment, and supplies aproject of
wheelchair disassembly/reassembly   • All diabetes related medication, equipment, and supplies aproject of
wheelchair disassembly/reassembly   • All diabetes related medication, equipment, and supplies aproject of

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Transportation Security Administration

(TSA)

All items must be screened or visually inspected

Including wheelchairs and scooters

Types of screenings:

o Metal detector

o Advanced imaging technology

o

Pat down screening

o

TSA’s notification card

o Metal detector o Advanced imaging technology o Pat down screening o TSA’s notification card aproject
o Metal detector o Advanced imaging technology o Pat down screening o TSA’s notification card aproject

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o Metal detector o Advanced imaging technology o Pat down screening o TSA’s notification card aproject

Transportation Security Administration

(TSA)

The type of screening you use will depend on your

disability or medical condition

Discuss the options with TSA prior to the screening to choose the appropriate one

Be patient

Be honest

Know your rights

TSA prior to the screening to choose the appropriate one • Be patient • Be honest
TSA prior to the screening to choose the appropriate one • Be patient • Be honest

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TSA prior to the screening to choose the appropriate one • Be patient • Be honest

Transportation Security Administration

(TSA)

TSA Cares: Help Line- Call 3 days prior to travel 1-855-787-2227

Hours of Operation

o Monday-Friday 8am-11pm EST

o Holidays 9am-8pm EST

E-mail: TSA-ContactCenter@dhs.gov

of Operation o Monday-Friday 8am-11pm EST o Holidays 9am-8pm EST • E-mail: TSA-ContactCenter@dhs.gov aproject of

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of Operation o Monday-Friday 8am-11pm EST o Holidays 9am-8pm EST • E-mail: TSA-ContactCenter@dhs.gov aproject of

Touching Individuals with Autism and other

Intellectual or Developmental Disabilities

Appropriate or Inappropriate?

Individuals with Autism and other Intellectual or Developmental Disabilities Appropriate or Inappropriate? aproject of
Individuals with Autism and other Intellectual or Developmental Disabilities Appropriate or Inappropriate? aproject of

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Individuals with Autism and other Intellectual or Developmental Disabilities Appropriate or Inappropriate? aproject of

Touching Individuals with Autism and other

Intellectual or Developmental Disabilities

Ask first

Use firm pressure when touching someone

Explain what you are doing and why you doing it.

Never use light touch

Only touch necessary places

Explain what you are doing and why you doing it. • Never use light touch •

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Explain what you are doing and why you doing it. • Never use light touch •
Tactile Defensiveness
Tactile Defensiveness

Touching can be a problem for individuals with disabilities.

The reason: tactile defensiveness

Body and brain use flight or fight response

Individual may hit if touched the wrong way

It is not their fault, they may not understand why they

did it

may hit if touched the wrong way • It is not their fault, they may not

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may hit if touched the wrong way • It is not their fault, they may not
Tactile Defensiveness
Tactile Defensiveness

Sensory Issues

Different reactions to sensations

Don’t be alarmed or frightened

Touch in a non-intrusive way

Only touch if absolutely necessary

Minimize touching body unless individual is okay with it.

way • Only touch if absolutely necessary • Minimize touching body unless individual is okay with

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way • Only touch if absolutely necessary • Minimize touching body unless individual is okay with
Obtaining a Driver’s License
Obtaining a Driver’s License

Against law- not to report

Procedure-exactly the same

Medical form

a Driver’s License • Against law- not to report • Procedure-exactly the same • Medical form
a Driver’s License • Against law- not to report • Procedure-exactly the same • Medical form

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a Driver’s License • Against law- not to report • Procedure-exactly the same • Medical form
Obtaining a Driver’s License
Obtaining a Driver’s License

What to bring with you:

Medical form

o filled out and signed by doctor

Birth Certificate

o

Original copy

o

Courthouse not hospital

o

Proof of identity

Social Security Card

o

Legally given name

o

Social security number

Proof of Residency

o

two forms

o

i.e. voter registration card, bank statement

security number • Proof of Residency o two forms o i.e. voter registration card, bank statement

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security number • Proof of Residency o two forms o i.e. voter registration card, bank statement
Driver’s License- How to acquire?
Driver’s License- How to acquire?

Fill out application and medical form

Go to Division of Motor Vehicles (DMV)

Take required information

Take up to desk and get number

Wait turn

Take written exam

Take eye exam

information • Take up to desk and get number • Wait turn • Take written exam

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information • Take up to desk and get number • Wait turn • Take written exam

Driver’s License- How to acquire (cont.)

Take picture

Pay fees

For more information contact local DMV

In person

On phone

On-line

• For more information contact local DMV • In person • On phone • On-line aproject

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• For more information contact local DMV • In person • On phone • On-line aproject

Adapting Motor Vehicles

Evaluate your needs

Select the right vehicle

Choose qualified dealer to modify the vehicle

• Evaluate your needs • Select the right vehicle • Choose qualified dealer to modify the
• Evaluate your needs • Select the right vehicle • Choose qualified dealer to modify the

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• Evaluate your needs • Select the right vehicle • Choose qualified dealer to modify the

Evaluating your Needs

Driver Rehabilitation Specialists o Evaluation includes

Vision

Muscle strength

Coordination

Reaction Time

Judgment and decision making skills

Ability to drive with the equipment

Insurance Company may pay

• Judgment and decision making skills • Ability to drive with the equipment Insurance Company may

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• Judgment and decision making skills • Ability to drive with the equipment Insurance Company may

Selecting the right vehicle

Collaboration: you, evaluator, and modification dealer

You: purchase or lease vehicle

Vehicle modification dealer: properly modifying the

vehicle

dealer • You: purchase or lease vehicle • Vehicle modification dealer: properly modifying the vehicle aproject
dealer • You: purchase or lease vehicle • Vehicle modification dealer: properly modifying the vehicle aproject

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dealer • You: purchase or lease vehicle • Vehicle modification dealer: properly modifying the vehicle aproject
Choose qualified dealer to modify the vehicle
Choose qualified dealer to modify the
vehicle

reimbursement purposes

State Agencies specify dealer you must use- for

• State Agencies specify dealer you must use- for • Phone inquiry-ask questions • Credentials,

Phone inquiry-ask questions

Credentials, experience, and references

Visit dealer-ask questions

Specific questions: Cost, payment, how long, etc.

and references • Visit dealer-ask questions • Specific questions: Cost, payment, how long, etc. aproject of

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and references • Visit dealer-ask questions • Specific questions: Cost, payment, how long, etc. aproject of
Auto Insurance for Individuals with Disabilities
Auto Insurance for Individuals with
Disabilities

Illegal for an insurance company to charge higher

premiums solely on the basis of a disability

ADA- prohibits insurance companies from increasing auto insurance rates for disabled individuals without

any due cause

Diabetes, epilepsy, and certain heart conditions

rates for disabled individuals without any due cause • Diabetes, epilepsy, and certain heart conditions aproject
rates for disabled individuals without any due cause • Diabetes, epilepsy, and certain heart conditions aproject

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rates for disabled individuals without any due cause • Diabetes, epilepsy, and certain heart conditions aproject
Auto Insurance for Individuals with Disabilities
Auto Insurance for Individuals with
Disabilities

Anyone can get auto insurance providing you have a car and a valid drivers license

Be upfront about disability

Provide any documentation to get best rate possible

Some disabilities may require additional coverage

Provide any documentation to get best rate possible • Some disabilities may require additional coverage aproject
Provide any documentation to get best rate possible • Some disabilities may require additional coverage aproject

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Provide any documentation to get best rate possible • Some disabilities may require additional coverage aproject
Disability Plates and Permits
Disability Plates and Permits

Qualifying disabilities

Portable oxygen

Legal blindness

One leg or no legs

Inability to walk 200ft

Neuro-muscular dysfunction

Class III or IV cardiac conditions

Arthritic, neurological or orthopedic conditions

Lung disease

Physical or mental impairments which are equal in

conditions • Lung disease • Physical or mental impairments which are equal in degree of disability

degree of disability

conditions • Lung disease • Physical or mental impairments which are equal in degree of disability

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conditions • Lung disease • Physical or mental impairments which are equal in degree of disability

Disability Plates and Permits
Disability Plates and Permits

Proof of disability

Need doctor to fill out the forms for you

(MD,DO,DPM, OD)

“Application for License Plates and Parking Permits for People with Severe Disabilities”

Available at DMV, call center, or internet

Doctor’s statement less than 1yr old

Doctor’s Letterhead

Doctor’s licensing state, number and signature are

required

than 1yr old • Doctor’s Letterhead • Doctor’s licensing state, number and signature are required aproject

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than 1yr old • Doctor’s Letterhead • Doctor’s licensing state, number and signature are required aproject
Disability Plates and Permits
Disability Plates and Permits

License Plates: International Symbol

Passenger cars

Motorcycles

Vans

Pick ups not for commercial use

Only issued for a vehicle registered in the name of

use • Only issued for a vehicle registered in the name of person who has the

person who has the disability

May only have one set of plates

for a vehicle registered in the name of person who has the disability • May only

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for a vehicle registered in the name of person who has the disability • May only
Disability Plates and Permits
Disability Plates and Permits

Person with disability must be travelling in the car in

order to use handicapped parking spaces

Never park in access aisle or striped area next to a reserved space

Remember you are not exempt from parking regulations or fees

If you move to a new state, you must start over with your proof of disability

parking regulations or fees • If you move to a new state, you must start over

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parking regulations or fees • If you move to a new state, you must start over
Driver Services
Driver Services

Vocational Rehabilitation

Assessment and Training Services

Teens, Seniors, and individuals with disabilities

Check with local VOC REHAB for specifics o Each one may have slightly different requirements

• Check with local VOC REHAB for specifics o Each one may have slightly different requirements

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• Check with local VOC REHAB for specifics o Each one may have slightly different requirements
Tax Relief Scheme for Vehicles
Tax Relief Scheme for Vehicles

Vehicle must be modified for a specific disability to

qualify

Individual must have a severe and permanent medical condition or disability in that they cannot use the lower half of their body

Need to have a Primary medical Certificate to qualify

that they cannot use the lower half of their body • Need to have a Primary
that they cannot use the lower half of their body • Need to have a Primary

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that they cannot use the lower half of their body • Need to have a Primary
Tax Relief Scheme for Vehicles
Tax Relief Scheme for Vehicles

Vehicles that are relieved of taxes must be used primarily for the transportation of a qualifying person with a disability

Three ways to apply:

person with a disability • Three ways to apply: o Driver with a disability o Passenger

o Driver with a disability

o Passenger with a disability

o Family members

• Three ways to apply: o Driver with a disability o Passenger with a disability o

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• Three ways to apply: o Driver with a disability o Passenger with a disability o
Car Share
Car Share

Car Sharing is a service that provides 24/7 self-serve access to a network of vehicles stationed around your

city, which can be reserved by the hour or day via

smart phone, internet and call centers.

Use and return it when you trip is over

Cities: Washington DC (Zip Car), Austin (Car2Go), Boston (ICar),Los Angeles (LAXcarshare),Oklahoma City (Time Car), New York City (Mint), and other countries as well.

For more info: refer to the handout that will be e- mailed to you.

(Mint), and other countries as well. • For more info: refer to the handout that will

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(Mint), and other countries as well. • For more info: refer to the handout that will
Bike Share
Bike Share

Bicycles that you share by reserving them by the hour ($1.50 and up), day ($5-$10), or year ($60-$75).

For reservations: visit kiosk, use credit card, punch in code, remove bike, ride and return

Cities: Boston, Denver, Miami Beach, Minneapolis, and

Washington DC

For more info: refer to handout that will be e-mailed to you.

Miami Beach, Minneapolis, and Washington DC • For more info: refer to handout that will be

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Miami Beach, Minneapolis, and Washington DC • For more info: refer to handout that will be
Miami Beach, Minneapolis, and Washington DC • For more info: refer to handout that will be
Transportation Options and Accommodations for Individuals with Disabilities Krystian Boreyko Training and Technical

Transportation Options and Accommodations for Individuals with Disabilities

Krystian Boreyko

Training and Technical Assistance Specialist

Easter Seals Project ACTION

April 30, 2013

WWW.PROJECTACTION.ORG

Boreyko Training and Technical Assistance Specialist Easter Seals Project ACTION April 30, 2013 WWW.PROJECTACTION.ORG
Meet the Presenter Krystian Boreyko 39

Meet the Presenter

Meet the Presenter Krystian Boreyko 39

Krystian Boreyko

Easter Seals Transportation Group • Multiple projects focusing on: – Accessible transportation for people with

Easter Seals Transportation Group

Multiple projects focusing on:

Accessible transportation for people with disabilities

Transportation for older adults

– Veterans’ transportation concerns

School transition programs and travel skills for students

Mobility management

Easter Seals Project ACTION • Funded by the U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration

Easter Seals Project ACTION

Funded by the U.S. Department of

Transportation, Federal Transit Administration

Housed within Easter Seals Office of Public

Affairs Since 1988

Our Mission To promote universal access to transportation for people with disabilities under federal law

Our Mission

To promote universal access to transportation for

people with disabilities under federal law and beyond by partnering with transportation providers,

people with disabilities and others through the

provision of training, technical assistance, applied

research, outreach and communication.

Session Outline • Overview of ADA regulations for transportation • Available transportation options including: –

Session Outline

Overview of ADA regulations for transportation

Available transportation options including:

Buses

Paratransit

Trains and Subways

Taxis

ADA Basics • The ADA is a civil rights law prohibiting discrimination against persons with

ADA Basics

The ADA is a civil rights law prohibiting discrimination

against persons with disabilities

Regulations pertaining to transportation intended to

create an equal travel environment

Requirement to make reasonable modification to policies and procedures

ADA Regulatory and Enforcement Authority • US DOJ – Title II public entities – Title

ADA Regulatory and Enforcement Authority

US DOJ

Title II public entities

Title III places of public accommodation and commercial facilities

US DOT

Title II Part B public transportation

Private transportation taxicabs and motor coaches

Transit facilities

Stop Announcements 1. At transfer points with other fixed routes 2. At other major intersections

Stop Announcements

1. At transfer points with other fixed routes

2. At other major intersections and destination points

3. At intervals along a route sufficient to permit individuals with visual disabilities to be oriented to their location

4. At the request of a person with a disability

Route Identification • If a stop is served by more than one route, operator must

Route Identification

If a stop is served by more than one route, operator

must make sure a route identification announcement is made at the stop for waiting passengers

Operators must know the other routes well enough to provide travel instructions

Announcement must be loud enough for individuals to hear clearly

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Service Animals • No national certification process for identifying service animals • Transportation providers can

Service Animals

No national certification process for identifying

service animals

Transportation providers can not ask for:

A certificate

Identification card

Note from a physician

The animal to wear a vest or other identifying gear

No limitation on the type of animal

Determining Service Animal Status • A transportation provider can ask: – Is that a service

Determining Service Animal Status

A transportation provider can ask:

Is that a service animal?

Is that a pet?

What tasks does the animal perform?

Must rely on the answer provided by the customer

Can not ask for a demonstration

tasks does the animal perform? – Must rely on the answer provided by the customer –
Finer points of regulation • No limit to the number of animals a person uses

Finer points of regulation

No limit to the number of animals a person uses

One in training

Performing different tasks

Fear, allergies, other objections not a reason to deny service

For the driver

For other passengers

Handler must always be in control of the animal

If There is a Problem • Speak to the person handling the animal • Explain

If There is a Problem

Speak to the person handling the animal

Explain the problem

Allow the person to take action

Follow policies regarding what to do when disruption

occurs on the vehicle

Regulations on Mobility Devices • The term “common wheelchair” has been removed from the regulatory

Regulations on Mobility Devices

• The term “common wheelchair” has been removed

from the regulatory language

Originally intended as operational use of design concept

In practice, was used to exclude customers using mobility aids that didn’t meet the definition

Court found that this was legal given the DOT

language on “common wheelchairs”

New Regulatory Language Transit providers must carry a wheelchair and occupant – If the lift

New Regulatory Language

Transit providers must carry a wheelchair and occupant

If the lift (or ramp) and vehicle can physically accommodate them

Unless doing so is inconsistent with legitimate safety requirements

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Lifts, Ramps, and Securement Areas • Lifts are for the use of anyone who asks

Lifts, Ramps, and Securement Areas

Lifts are for the use of anyone who asks for them.

Need not be a person using a wheelchair.

Securement spaces for the use of passengers in

wheelchairs

ADA requires securement be available. Transit agencies can have a policy on use.

If your agency has a policy requiring securement but equipment is unable to secure the mobility device, you are still required to transport the individual.

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Amendments for Rail • Rail station requirements apply only to new or altered commuter, intercity

Amendments for Rail

Rail station requirements apply only to new or altered

commuter, intercity and high-speed station platforms

No retrofitting is required

Where no track through station is shared with freight,

full-length level-entry boarding is required

Methods to Achieve Performance Standard • Full-length level-entry boarding • Car-borne lifts • Station-based

Methods to Achieve Performance Standard

Full-length level-entry boarding

Car-borne lifts

Station-based lifts

Mini-high platforms

Standard • Full-length level-entry boarding • Car-borne lifts • Station-based lifts • Mini-high platforms
ADA Resources • Federal Transit Administration • http://fta.dot.gov/ADA

ADA Resources

Federal Transit Administration

Resources • U.S. Access Board • http://www.access-board.gov

Resources

U.S. Access Board

MOBILITY OPTIONS 59

MOBILITY OPTIONS

Public Transportation Services • Fixed Route • Demand Response • Motorcoach • ADA Complementary Paratransit

Public Transportation Services

Fixed Route

Demand Response

Motorcoach

ADA Complementary Paratransit

Public Transportation Services • Fixed Route • Demand Response • Motorcoach • ADA Complementary Paratransit 60

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How to Ride • Trip planning – Visit your local transit provider’s website – Level

How to Ride

Trip planning

– Visit your local transit provider’s website

Level of service depends on population size

Take advantage of customer service line

Online resources

Google transit directions

Accessibility for Fixed Route • External vehicle signs • Bike racks • Steps, lifts, ramps,

Accessibility for Fixed Route

External vehicle signs

Bike racks

Steps, lifts, ramps, kneeling system

Wheelchair boarding and deboarding processes

Fare box

Internal vehicle signs

Alternative format signs

Stop request signals

Priority seating area

Mobility aid securement system

Securement locations and processes

Public Announcement (PA) system

Security equipment and processes

Safety equipment and processes

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Demand-Response • Popular in more rural areas • Rides are reserved ahead of time •

Demand-Response

Popular in more rural areas

Rides are reserved ahead of time

Smaller vehicles

Often does not have designated stops

Origin to destination service

Motorcoach Service • Larger vehicles • Travel longer distances • Wheelchair Lift located in rear

Motorcoach Service

Larger vehicles

Travel longer distances

Wheelchair Lift located in rear of vehicle

On trip longer than 3 hours, drivers must provide a comfort stop on request if the coach has an inaccessible restroom

Operators providing interline service to customers

using mobility devices are required to contact all subsequent carriers so that each one is prepared to provide accessible service for the customer at

transfer points

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DOT Definition of Large and Small Operators • Determined by annual revenue • Large operator

DOT Definition of Large and Small Operators

Determined by annual revenue

Large operator has gross annual transportation

revenue equal to or exceeding $9.3 million

Small operator has a gross annual transportation revenue less than $9.3 million

Accessibility of Fleet • Large operators are expected to have accessible fleets • Replace inaccessible

Accessibility of Fleet

Large operators are expected to have accessible

fleets

Replace inaccessible buses as they go out of service

Most should be close to 100% accessible by now

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Accessibility of Fleets (cont.) • Small operators may request customers to give 48 hours notice

Accessibility of Fleets (cont.)

Small operators may request customers to give 48

hours notice if an accessible vehicle is needed

If the request is not made in advance, provider is still

required to make a good faith effort to provide an

accessible vehicle

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ADA Complementary Paratransit • Paratransit as a complement to fixed route service – Each public

ADA Complementary Paratransit

Paratransit as a complement to fixed route service

Each public entity operating a fixed route system shall provide paratransit or other special service to individuals with disabilities that is comparable to

the level of service provided to individuals without

disabilities who use the fixed route system. § 37.121 (a).

to the level of service provided to individuals without disabilities who use the fixed route system.

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Where Paratransit Goes • Service must be comparable to fixed route service • Must service

Where Paratransit Goes

Service must be comparable to fixed route service

Must service within ¾ mile of the fixed route

For rail or bus stations, service must be within a ¾

mile radius round the station

If an eligible rider resides outside service area, s/he can travel into service area and then use the service

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Eligibility for Paratransit Services Three categories of eligibility: • Category 1 : includes persons with

Eligibility for Paratransit Services

Three categories of eligibility:

Category 1: includes persons with disabilities that are unable to use accessible fixed route service

Category 2: includes persons with disabilities that

have the ability to use the accessible fixed route services, but the service available is not accessible

Category 3: includes persons with disabilities that are unable to travel to or from a station or a bus stop

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Types of Eligibility • Unconditional : Not reasonable for individual to use fixed-route services for

Types of Eligibility

Unconditional: Not reasonable for individual to use

fixed-route services for any trips under all conditions

Conditional: Individual is able to use fixed-route

services under certain conditions

Temporary: For an individual whose disability is temporary or functional abilities are expected to change

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Scope of Paratransit Service • Trips are origin-to-destination • Systems can have a basic level

Scope of Paratransit Service

Trips are origin-to-destination

Systems can have a basic level of service

Curb-to-curb

Door-to-door

No specified trip type: can be medical, work, recreation,

etc.

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Trains/Subways • Heavy Rail • Light Rail • Passenger Rail 73

Trains/Subways

Heavy Rail

Light Rail

Passenger Rail

Trains/Subways • Heavy Rail • Light Rail • Passenger Rail 73

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Accessibility • Level boarding • Tactile strips along platform edge at key stations • Area

Accessibility

Level boarding

Tactile strips along platform edge at key stations

Area in rail vehicle for mobility device

Stop announcements

Stations made accessible with elevators

Taxis • Must offer same level of customer service • Drivers provide assistance upon request

Taxis

Must offer same level of customer service

Drivers provide assistance upon request (not including lifting the passenger)

Must transport customers in mobility devices

Must transport service animals

Cannot charge additional fees

Important Note Passenger can request assistance from the operator on any mode 76

Important Note

Passenger can request assistance from the

operator on any mode

Learning to Ride • Travel Training: – Learning to ride public transportation independently – Contact

Learning to Ride

Travel Training:

Learning to ride public transportation independently

Contact ESPA for more information on travel training services in your area

Different Levels of Travel Training • Transit Orientation – Group or individual activity which explains

Different Levels of Travel Training

Transit Orientation

Group or individual activity which explains the transportation systems

Options and services available

Use of maps and schedules;

Paying fare;

Use of mobility devices while boarding, riding and exiting

Other vehicular features

– Paying fare; – Use of mobility devices while boarding, riding and exiting – Other vehicular
Levels of Travel Training (cont.) • Familiarization – Individual or small group trip activity to

Levels of Travel Training (cont.)

Familiarization

Individual or small group trip activity to demonstrate the use of transportation systems;

A travel trainer accompanying experienced traveler(s) on a new mode of transportation or route.

systems; – A travel trainer accompanying experienced traveler(s) on a new mode of transportation or route
Levels of Travel Training (cont.) • Travel Training for an Experienced Traveler – One-to-one short-term

Levels of Travel Training (cont.)

Travel Training for an Experienced Traveler

One-to-one short-term instruction

Provided to an individual who has previously traveled independently

Provided to individual who needs additional training or support to use

A different mode of travel

A different route

Mode of transit

Travel to a new destination

to use • A different mode of travel • A different route • Mode of transit
Levels of Travel Training (cont.) • Travel Training for a New Traveler – One-to-one comprehensive,

Levels of Travel Training (cont.)

Travel Training for a New Traveler

One-to-one comprehensive, specially designed instruction in the skills and behaviors necessary for independent travel on public transportation

Provided to an individual who does not have independent travel concepts or skills to go from point of origin of trip to destination and back

who does not have independent travel concepts or skills to go from point of origin of
Thank you! Krystian Boreyko 800-659-6428 www.projectaction.org kboreyko@easterseals.com 82

Thank you!

Krystian Boreyko

800-659-6428

Webinar Materials The PowerPoint, recording a n d add i t i o n a

Webinar Materials

The PowerPoint, recording and additional handouts will be provided in a follow-up email. Email Phuong (pnguyen@autismnow.org ) if you have any questions.

Website:

Information & Referral Call Center:

1-855-828-8476

Next Webinar:

Tuesday, May 28, 2012, 2:00-3:30 PM, EDT Service Implications of the DSM-5 for People with Autism