This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
When the Mayan, the Aztec, and Incan civilizations flourished, what was occurring elsewhere in the world? The Maya 300 – 1000 The Inca 1438 – 1532 The Aztecs 1440 - 1521
Pyramids Hieroglyphics 365-day calendar Caesar Augustus was the first Emperor of the Roman Empire. Jesus was crucified by the Romans. St. Paul the Apostle organized little Christian churches throughout the Mediterranean Sea. the Roman Empire reached its greatest size. Network of roads - united the empire. Paper - The Chinese invented paper around 100 A.D. In 800, the manufacture of paper spreads to the Islamic Empire. In 1100, as a result of the Crusades, Europeans began to manufacture writing paper
Zero 30 A.D. 50 AD. 100 A.D. 100
The Roman Empire
When it came to technology, China was always CENTURIES ahead of Europe.
300 The Americas The Maya 300 600
900 o o o o o o o o
o o o
(Peak: 300 to 900 A.D.) in Central America. The civilization reached its peak from the 300s to 900 A.D. the Maya lived in the rainforest of Guatemala. King Pacal ruled the city of Palenque. He lived at the same time as Mohammed. He was buried deep within a pyramid, like ancient pharaohs of Egypt. People migrated north to the Yucatan Peninsula. Many cities: Tikal, Palenque, Bonampak, Chichen Itza on the Yucatan Peninsula. Pyramids Murals - painted the walls. Astronomy - Earth moves around the sun. 365-day calendar - more accurate than the European calendar of that time. Zero - The Maya invented zero. Maize - Corn was the main food. Hieroglyphs - the first in the Americas to develop a system of writing. The hieroglyphs were picture symbols that expressed ideas. Using tree bark, they made paper and wrote books. Popol Vuh was the sacred book of the Maya: It contains ancient myths about the creation of the universe. The Maya lacked draft animals, the wheel, and iron weapons.
Golden Age of India (The Gupta Empire: 320 - 500 A.D.) Hindu-Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3). Zero - The Hindus invented zero. Steel - Metallurgists were the first to invent steel.
page 1 of 5 Timeline of World History
literature. Feudalism provided political order and local government.D. in return for land. porcelain.D. Muslim Spain became the intellectual center of Europe. Augustine converted England to Christianity. you were a nobleman.CENTURY 300 CIVILIZATION The Roman Empire Roman Empire. Saint Augustine. A multicultural society where Jews and Muslims lived together in peace and harmony.) Muslim scholars: Brilliant in art. The black Kingdom of Ghana controls the gold trade. not birth Islamic Empire covered the Middle East. Magnificent cities with great universities. astronomy. Medieval Europe o o o o page 2 of 5 Timeline of World History . and tea to the Middle East. The Lord-Vassal System: The vassal swore to protect his lord. Porcelain .) The Silk Road financed the Golden Age of China. Astrolabe .: What financed the Golden Age of Islam? Trade along the Silk Road! The Caliph of Baghdad (described in Arabian Knights) ran the Islamic Empire.In Northern Europe. Imperial China The Golden Age of China (The Tang dynasty: 600 900 A. and Spain (the only Muslim country in Europe). The French duke defeated the Anglo-Saxons and became the King of England. Silk . Japan adopted the Chinese writing system and religion (Buddhism). Algebra. Muslim armies conquer Saudi Arabia. 330. 800-1100 The Islamic Empire The Golden Age of Islam. 500 600 The Islamic Empire By 750 In 711 The Islamic Empire 700 -1000 A. China exported silk. Christian monks converted the pagan barbarians to Christianity. Local: Each lord ruled his estate as if it were a little kingdom The Norman Conquest William the Conqueror invaded England in 1066. North Africa. Muslim scholars conducted a massive project: To translate all the classical writings from ancient Greece and Rome. Mecca became the center of the Muslim world. Kings in England and France began building strong central govt. They tried and failed to take Western Europe. Land was power: If you owned land. Central Asia. They ruled it for 700 years (711 to 1492). Muhammad was the founder of the religion of Islam. Japan Medieval Europe EVENT Emperor Constantine made Constantinople the new capital of the Christianity (350) became the official religion of the Roman Empire.Invented by the Chinese. Its wealth was based on the trans-Sahara gold trade. Muslim merchants spread the religion of Islam to West Africa. The Feudal Contract: If the vassal did not fulfill military service. Civil service test and merit system: Government officials were chosen by ability. Confucianism: The official philosophy: Scholar-officials run the government. The rise of feudalism. medicine. St. Kingdom of Ghana Muslim merchants trade their salt for gold.Invented by the Chinese. he lost the land. Moors invaded Spain. Muslim armies conquer North Africa. West Africa The Trans-Sahara trade begins: Merchants from North Africa carry salt in camel caravans. math.geographers used it to determine latitude and longitude. This was the first great kingdom of West Africa. Being a foreigner. he made nobles swear allegiance directly to him! The Bayeux Tapestry chronicled the Norman Conquest. They cross the Sahara Desert and travel to the savanna (grasslands) of West Africa. (There were no universities in Europe.
Judges made law. Mansa Musa rules from 1307 to 1337.A judge decides whether a man should have been arrested. Marco Polo travelled to China in 1271.D. India. 1215 The Magna Carta was the beginning of Constitutional Government King John of England broke every law in the book. Habeas Corpus . Replaced the lord ruling his own manor.) China ended all overseas voyages in 1433. Henry II set up the English legal system: Common Law . Gold from the Kingdom of Mali became the foundation of Europe’s economy. Central Asia. The Mongol Empire stretched from China to Russia. He travelled 15. The Ming became isolationist: They wanted nothing to do with the outside world.) West Africa The Kingdom of Mali reached its peak in the 1300s.in Arabic. Because of their experience with the Mongols. Its wealth was based on the trans-Sahara gold trade. It becomes a center for trade. He firmly controlled the Trans-Sahara gold and salt trade.that is. Trial by jury . the Middle East.000 miles to visit the Middle East. they were great storytellers. Muslims taught many people how to read and write . West African mines were the most important single source of gold for Europe.1368 A. (50% in the cities. Confucian scholars convinced the Ming emperor to end the voyages. An independent judiciary . Prince Henry the Navigator sailed to the Indian Ocean. between China and Europe. and China. His entourage: 60.) West Africa page 3 of 5 Timeline of World History . Law was based on past precedent.replaced trial by combat (French) and trial by ordeal (Anglo-Saxon). The Mongols rule China (The Yuan dynasty: 1279 . the Ming looked down on all foreigners. . made a fantastic pilgrimage to Mecca.CENTURY ~1175 CIVILIZATION EVENT English legal system King of England. he visited the Kingdom of Mali. law. Circuit courts . Imperial China Genghis Khan crossed the Great Wall and conquered China. He travelled 75. The Islamic Empire Ibn Battuta made a pilgrimage to Mecca in 1325. Sundiata was the great warrior-king. The griots (oral historians) sang an epic story about Sundiata’s life. . From then on. China. He reopened the ancient Silk Road . Timbuktu became a center of Muslim learning: Muslims scholars studied government.Mansa Musa. a practicing Muslim. Medieval Europe The Magna Carta. West Africans had an oral tradition . Pilgrimage to Mecca-. Central Asia. The Mongols were barbarians on horseback who swept across Asia. India. Each of the 500 slaves carried a four-pound bar of gold. His book inspired Europeans to trade with China. Muslim merchants spread the religion of Islam and the Arabic language to West Africa. (Zheng He reached it in 1433.000 people. The Black Death The bubonic plague killed 25% of Europe’s population. Vasco da Gama sailed to India.Judges are on their way to being independent of the King! 1200 1271 1300 1324 1347-1350 1488 1498 The Kingdom of Mali was founded in 1230 by Sundiata.000 miles to visit all of the Muslim countries: North Africa.Judges rode from town to town. and religion. it was against the law to make maritime expeditions. In 1353. He makes Timbuktu his capital city.
) The empire was centered in Peru.... o Pyramids o 365-day calendar o Hieroglyphs . Those who refused to confess were burned at the stake...000 feet above sea level..1521) in Mexico. In the 1200s..000 feet above sea level.Roads connected the island city to the mainland.. the ancestors of the Aztecs settled in the Valley of Mexico. The Aztecs lacked draft animals. The conquered peoples were enslaved and used as human sacrifice....... Tenochtitlan: The capital was built around 1350. Cusco : The capital was 11.King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella 1492 was a busy year for Spain: 1. Pictographs: Pictures symbolized objects... and iron weapons..system of writing... Cortes conquered the Aztecs in 1519...) It had 100..000 miles high in the Andes Mountains... 1438-1532 The Americas The Inca Empire (Peak: 1438 .... the wheel..Like Venice.1532) in South America. our highest city. The Spanish Inquisition .. As of 1492.. The Reconquista . CENTURY CIVILIZATION EVENT 1440-1521 The Americas The Aztec civilization (Peak: 1440 . it is Mexico City. Montezuma became Emperor in 1502.. America. Ecuador. (Denver. they had conquered all of central Mexico. o Canals ... It was 8. and Chile The empire extended 3. It was as large as any city in Europe....000 miles along the west coast of S. Columbus landed in the Americas and claimed it for Spain.000 feet above sea level. page 4 of 5 Timeline of World History .Muslims 2...Jews 3. it was the largest empire on the face of the earth..... (Today.Christians People were tortured to extract confessions. Within 200 years.000 people.. canals ran through the city...persecuted .... o Cotton o Irrigation o Tacos and tortillas o Avocado o Chocolate o Continuous warfare: The Aztecs made war on their neighbors.. is 5... It was built on an island in Lake Texcoco. o Causeways ..conquered the . He was able to do so because the conquered peoples of Mexico supported him.. Expulsion of the .. It stretched for 3.
1438-1532 The Americas The Inca were outstanding engineers who built great public works: o Network of roads . but the government fed everybody. won the war. o Suspension bridges o Aqueducts o Terrace farming o Irrigation o Cotton o The Potato . but the Inca counted by 10s. and iron weapons. Atahualpa. He was able to do so because he killed the Inca ruler. There was a civil war between his two sons: Husascar. the younger brother. The Inca lacked draft animals. No writing system whatsoever.messengers over a road system. Extremely wealthy in silver and gold. the Inca ruler died. they built roads to unite the empire.No personal freedom. (As we do.a wonderful gift to the world! o Centralized government o The Welfare State . The Inca empire was highly centralized: It could not run without the emperor. Pizarro conquered the Inca in 1532.Like the Romans. the older brother was heir to the throne. the wheel. but weakened the Inca empire. o Tightly organized agricultural system.) In 1527. page 5 of 5 Timeline of World History . o An all-powerful emperor and a highly structured society. Atahualpa. o Effective communication system. o Laws administered by judges.