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Quarter 3 - Grade 7 - Science (ENERGY IN MOTION) 1.

To determine the acceleration rate of an object, you must calculate the change in velocity during each unit of ______. A. speed B. time C. motion D. deceleration 2. Which of the following is an example of a vector quantity? A. A student walks 2.0 km north. B. An object has a mass of 10.5 kg. C. A 1.0 kg object moves at 18 m/s. D. A ball has a maximum speed of 15 m/s. 3. A car has an oil drip. As the car moves, it drips oil at a regular rate, leaving a trail of spots on the road. Which of the following diagrams of the cars trail of spots shows the car continuously slowing down?

A.

C.

B.

D.

4. The graph below shows the speed of an object during a 10 s time interval.

In which of the following time intervals is the speed of the object decreasing? A. between 0 s and 2 s C. between 6 s and 8 s B. between 2 s and 4 s D. between 8 s and 10 s

5. The graph below shows velocity measurements made as a car moved north for 25 s.

How far did the car move during the first 15 s of the trip? A. 20 m B. 25 m C. 300 m

D. 500 m

6. A teacher asks a group of students to use a ruler to measure the amplitude of the wave shown below.

Between which of the following points should the amplitude be measured? A. points U and Z C. points W and Y B. points V and X D. points X and Z 7. Which of the following is an example of a mechanical wave? A. radio wave B. water wave C. light wave

D. microwave

8. A large spring is stretched horizontally between two people. One person wiggles the spring up and down at one end. The up-and-down vibration then moves along the spring to the other person. Which of the following types of wave is created in the spring? A. pressure wave B. transverse wave C. longitudinal wave D. nonmechanical wave

9. A string is tied on a spring. Two students then stretch out the spring, as shown below.

In which of the following ways does the string move when the students generate a longitudinal wave in the spring? A. C.

B.

D.

10. Electromagnetic waves of various frequencies reach Earth from distant parts of the universe. Which of the following can be inferred from this? A. The wavelengths must be very short. B. A single material must fill all of space. C. These waves can travel without a medium. D. The speed of these waves is 300,000,000 m/s. 11. A student hears the sound of a bell. Which of the following carries the sound of the bell to the student? A. electrical currents B. magnetic signals C. radio waves D. vibrating air 12. Which of the following statements best describes an electromagnetic wave with a long wavelength? A. It has a low frequency and can travel in a vacuum. B. It has a high frequency and can travel in a vacuum. C. It has a low frequency and can only travel in a medium. D. It has a high frequency and can only travel in a medium.

13. The pictures below show four different bells made of the same material.

Which of the following bells should have the lowest pitch? A. bell 1 B. bell 2 C. bell 3 D. bell 4 14. In the figure below, child A and child B are equal distances from a ticking clock. Which child hears a louder ticking sound?
A. Child A B. Child B. C. Child A and B

15. White light can be separated into the various colors of the visible spectrum. Which of the following is form due to this phenomenon? A. transverse light B. rainbow C. shadow D. photoelectric light

16. Which of the following waves require a material medium for their passage? A. radio waves B. sound waves C. visible light D. X rays

17. A heated rock is placed in a container of water that is cooler than room temperature. Which of the following statements best describes what happens? A. Cold is removed from the container of water until the rock, the container, and the water all reach the same final temperature. B. The heated rock loses heat to the container of water until the rock, the container, and the water all reach the same final temperature. C. The heated rock loses heat to the container of water until the rock, the container, and the water each reach a different final temperature. D. Cold is removed from the container of water until the rock, the container, and the water each reach a final temperature lower than their original temperatures 18. Which of the following is an example of heat transfer by conduction? A. sunlight heating a floor B. an electric stove heating an iron pan C. an air conditioning unit that help cools a room D. a wood stove heating nearby objects through electromagnetic waves 19. Which of the following conditions results in the build-up of static charge on an object? A. when neutrons outnumber electrons B. when there are more protons than neutrons C. when there are more electrons than protons D. when all neutrons have been removed from the object 20. A balloon is rubbed against a wool sweater. Which of the following occurs because of the rubbing? A. destruction of charged particles on the balloon B. release of charged particles from the air in the balloon C. movement of negatively charged particles from one material to the other D. movement of positively charged particles from one material to the other