Biology 12

Examination Booklet 2008/09 Released Exam June 2009

Form A

DO NOT OPEN ANY EXAMINATION MATERIALS UNTIL INSTRUCTED TO DO SO. FOR FURTHER INSTRUCTIONS REFER TO THE RESPONSE BOOKLET.

Contents: 32 pages 67 multiple-choice questions in the Examination Booklet

Examination: 2 hours Additional Time Permitted: 60 minutes © Province of British Columbia

PART A: MULTIPLE CHOICE Value: 67 marks Suggested Time: 80 minutes INSTRUCTIONS: For each question select the best answer and record your choice on the Answer Sheet provided. Using an HB pencil, completely fill in the bubble on the Answer Sheet that has the letter corresponding to your answer.

You have Examination Booklet Form A. In the box above #1 on your Answer Sheet, fill in the bubble as follows.
Exam Booklet Form/ Cahier d’examen
A B C D E F G H

1. What is a function of ribosomes? A. B. C. D. to carry lipids to the cell membrane to break down macromolecules taken into the cell to produce proteins for use within the cell membrane to produce nucleic acids at the endoplasmic reticulum

Use the following diagram to answer question 2.

2. Which of the following is produced by this structure? A. B. C. D. ATP and oxygen glucose and ATP ADP and phosphate water and carbon dioxide

Biology 12 – 0906 Form A

Page 1

Use the following electron micrograph to answer question 3.

X

3. Which of the following is a component of the structures indicated by X? A. B. C. D. lipid vitamin nucleic acid carbohydrate

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Biology 12 – 0906 Form A

#1536B ©Dennis Kunckel Microscopy, Inc.

B. C. U V Y Z 5. B. C. X. Y. Molecules produced at U are a structural component of A. D.Use the following diagram of a cell to answer questions 4 and 5. V. Which of the following produces the structures labelled W? A. Biology 12 – 0906 Form A Page 3 . Z. X W Y V U Z 4. D.

glycine glucose adenine glycogen 7. storing genetic information catalyzing cellular reactions sending chemical messages transporting glucose into a cell Use the following molecular diagram to answer question 8. CH2OH C H C OH OH C H H C OH OH H C O H 8. A polymer formed from this molecule A. B. acts as a chemical messenger. C. stores fat in the body. D. Which of the following is not a function of a protein? A. provides rigidity to plant cells. Which of the following is a monomer of polysaccharides? A. D. C. B. C. Page 4 Biology 12 – 0906 Form A . D. moves ions across the cell membrane.6. B.

Use the following molecular diagrams to answer question 9. W X Y Z Biology 12 – 0906 Form A Page 5 . Which molecule is a component of the fluid part of the cell membrane? A. D. W H N H H C H C O H O Z CH3 CH2 CH2 O O P O CH2 O C CH O OC CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH CH CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH3 O CH2 O– + N CH3 CH3 X N P S N CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 Y CH2OH C H C OH OH C H H C OH OH H C O H CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH3 9. C. B.

D. ribose. 8% thymine and 42% cytosine. C. If a DNA molecule contains 8% adenine and 42% guanine. X indicates A. B. X 10. 42% uracil and 8% cytosine. thymine. B. Page 6 Biology 12 – 0906 Form A . 8% uracil and 42% cytosine. deoxyribose.Use the following diagram to answer question 10. 42% thymine and 8% cytosine. phosphate. C. it also contains A. 11. D.

B. X 12. Which of the following enzymes catalyzes the process illustrated above? A. C. B. Which of the following is occurring at X? A. C. D. D. bonds between bases are breaking bases are joining by hydrogen bonding bonds between the sugar and phosphate are forming bonds between the ribose and phosphate are breaking 13. maltase helicase nuclease peptidase Biology 12 – 0906 Form A Page 7 .Use the following diagram of replication to answer questions 12 and 13.

D. Bonds break between amino acids and phosphates. B. B. The sequence of bases in one strand of a DNA molecule is C C G T A C. B. D. Bonds break between phosphates and sugars. Bonds form between uracil and thymine. GGCATG GGCUTG CCGTAC GGCAUG 16. C. DNA has uracil and tRNA does not. Bonds form between cytosine and guanine. Page 8 Biology 12 – 0906 Form A . DNA contains deoxyribose and tRNA does not. C. One structural difference between DNA and tRNA is that A. 15. tRNA contains more bases than DNA.14. Which of the following represents the sequence of bases that attach to this strand during replication? A. Which of the following occurs during complementary base pairing? A. C. tRNA contains more hydrogen bonds than DNA. D.

W X Y Z Biology 12 – 0906 Form A Page 9 . C. D. B. W X ⎫ Y ⎬⎪ ⎪ ⎭ Z Time 17. Which of the following represents a molecule that contains peptide bonds? A.Use the following diagram to answer question 17.

The mRNA would be repaired before leaving the nucleus. B. Three-letter codons of messenger RNA and the amino acids specified by the codons AAU AAC AAA AAG ACU ACC ACA ACG AGU AGC AGA AGG AUU AUC AUA AUG Asparagine Lysine CAU CAC CAA CAG CCU CCC CCA CCG CGU CGC CGA CGG Histidine Glutamine GAU GAC GAA GAG GCU GCC GCA GCG GGU GGC GGA GGG Aspartic acid Glutamate UAU UAC UAA UAG UCU UCC UCA UCG UGU UGC Glycine UGA UGG UUU UUC UUA UUG Stop Tryptophan Phenylalanine Leucine Tyrosine Stop Threonine Proline Alanine Serine Serine Arginine Cysteine Arginine Isoleucine Methionine CUU CUC CUA CUG Leucine GUU GUC GUA GUG Valine 18. The resulting protein would function correctly.Use the following chart to answer question 18. Page 10 Biology 12 – 0906 Form A . The resulting protein would be too short. C. D. Which of the following occurs if a mutation results in a codon changing from C G A to A G A? A. The resulting protein would contain serine in place of alanine.

Use the following diagram to answer question 19. Which of the following represents the base sequence of X after a single base mutation has occurred? A. B. D. T A T G C A 1 4 45 2 4 45 3 X 19. C. ATACGT ATTCGT AUACGU AUUCGU Biology 12 – 0906 Form A Page 11 .

B. B. C. D. the same as that of the solution. the concentration of solute in the cells is A. W and Y W and Z Y only Z only 21.Use the following diagram of transcription to answer question 20. C. Page 12 Biology 12 – 0906 Form A . higher than that of the solution. Y W ribose Z 20. lower than that of the solution. When cells are in a hypertonic solution. Which of the following bonds have formed during this process? A.

What process is illustrated? A. B. C.Use the following diagram of a cell process to answer question 22. Biology 12 – 0906 Form A Page 13 . C. B. pinocytosis. Which of the following is a monomer of the mosaic component of the cell membrane? A. D. osmosis phagocytosis active transport facilitated transport 23. facilitated transport. B. D. glycerol nucleotide amino acid phospholipid 24. phagocytosis. D. Outside of cell ATP ADP +P Outside of cell Time 22. C. A vesicle merges with the cell membrane during the process of A. exocytosis.

B. K+ K+ K+ K+ K+ K+ K+ K+ + K K+ K+ K+ K+ K+ K+ K+ K+ K+ K+ K+ K+ Cell membrane 25. diffusion.Use the following diagram to answer question 25. The process illustrated in the diagram is A. decreases and the level of solution will be at X. D. Use the following diagram to answer question 26. facilitated transport. B. active transport. decreases and the level of solution will be at Y. Initial level 20% NaCl X Initial level Y 10% NaCl 1 hour Membrane permeable to water only 26. A thistle tube containing a 20% NaCl solution is placed in a beaker containing a 10% NaCl solution. C. Page 14 increases and the level of solution will be at Y. Biology 12 – 0906 Form A . osmosis. C. increases and the level of solution will be at X. After one hour the concentration of NaCl in the tube A. D.

the substrate cannot bind to the active site. adding extra substrate adding a competitive inhibitor decreasing the available energy changing the pH away from the optimum Use the following diagram to answer question 28. Rate of Reaction 0 Time T 27. the enzyme denatures the substrate. D. B. The changes shown in the diagram cause the rate of an enzyme-catalyzed reaction to decrease because A. C. the enzyme can no longer increase the activation energy. Enzyme Changed Enzyme 28. Biology 12 – 0906 Form A Page 15 . B. Which of the following will have no effect on the shape of the graph after Time T? A. the coenzyme is unable to bind to the substrate.Use the following graph to answer question 27. D. C.

C. B. C. D. 31. Which of the following describes the function of an enzyme? A. C. 30. cardiac sphincter and the stomach. Page 16 Biology 12 – 0906 Form A . duodenum. It increases the activation energy of a reaction. D. D. pyloric sphincter and the pancreas. Food passing through the digestive tract from the esophagus to the duodenum must pass through the A. salivary glands. It increases the available substrate. D. stomach. the liver the stomach the esophagus the duodenum 32. pyloric sphincter and the liver.29. It speeds up a chemical reaction. It contributes atoms to facilitate a chemical reaction. B. stomach and the colon. The chemical digestion of starch begins in the A. B. C. B. In which structure does peristalsis not occur? A. mouth.

B. D. absorb lipids. Biology 12 – 0906 Form A Page 17 . remove toxins from the blood. D. V W Y Z 35. Which of the following is a component of gastric juice? A. B.33. A function of structure X is to A. B. bile trypsin pepsinogen bicarbonate ions Use the following diagram of the digestive system to answer questions 34 and 35. D. chemically digest fats. C. C. X Y W V Z 34. In which structure is maltose converted to glucose? A. produce insulin. C.

duodenum. pancreas. B. D.36. Use the following diagram to answer question 37. stomach. After the digestion of a meal. C. liver. X 37. which of the following increases in concentration in structure X? A. An increase in the concentration of glucose in the blood results in increased secretion of a hormone from the A. D. B. lipids glucose maltose amino acids Page 18 Biology 12 – 0906 Form A . C.

X Y W Z 38. D. The contents of which structure contains the greatest concentration of hydrogen ions? A. C. W X Y Z Biology 12 – 0906 Form A Page 19 .Use the following diagram of the digestive system to answer question 38. B.

D. Page 20 Biology 12 – 0906 Form A . the anterior vena cava. C. the pulmonary trunk. X 39. Structure X indicates A. B. the chordae tendineae. a pulmonary vein.Use the following cross-sectional diagram of the heart to answer question 39.

W X Y Z Biology 12 – 0906 Form A Page 21 . W X Y Z 40. B. D. C.Use the following diagrams of blood vessels to answer question 40. Which of these vessels is involved in the process of internal respiration? A.

platelets antibodies red blood cells white blood cells Page 22 Biology 12 – 0906 Form A . D. B. D. X 41. C. C. B. the jugular vein the coronary vein the subclavian vein the anterior vena cava 42. Which structure is indicated by X? A. Which of the following is required to initiate blood clotting? A.Use the following diagram of the circulatory system to answer question 41.

Both have internal valves. heart  brain  lungs. C.43. B. W X Y Z 44. C. C. lungs  heart  brain. D. A red blood cell leaves the right ventricle. B. moves through the circulatory system and arrives in the anterior vena cava. W and X W. B. Y and Z W and Z X and Y 45. D. Both carry fluids directly to the right atrium. lungs  brain  heart. Biology 12 – 0906 Form A Page 23 . The sequence of organs through which this cell moved is A. D. Which of the following characteristics is not true of both the posterior vena cava and a lymph vein? A. heart  lungs  kidney. Which of these are a part of the immune system? A. Both carry fluids low in oxygen. Both remove fluids from the tissues. Use the following diagram of the formed elements of the blood to answer question 44.

46. bronchi. C. alveoli. larynx. Which of the following occurs at the venous end of a capillary bed in a muscle? A. C. D. B. trachea. B. D. C. which of the following vessels carries blood with the highest concentration of oxyhemoglobin? A. Osmotic pressure causes water to move into the blood. During inhalation. bronchi. Blood pressure forces water to move into the tissues. trachea. Page 24 Biology 12 – 0906 Form A . 48. C. Voice sounds are produced in the A. Plasma proteins leave the bloodstream. D. 49. pharynx. In fetal circulation. B. B. the aorta the umbilical vein the umbilical artery the anterior vena cava 47. Carbon dioxide and glucose enter the bloodstream. D. larynx. air moves from the bronchioles into the A.

B. D. C. W X Y Z 51. C. Consider the following reaction: CO 2 + H 2 O  H + + HCO3 – Which of the following occurs as a result of an increase in the rate of this reaction? A. Y X Z W 50. Which structure responds to nerve impulses from the medulla oblongata? A. D. decreased activity in the aortic bodies decreased stimulation of the diaphragm increased rate of contraction of the rib muscles increased concentration of carbonic anhydrase in the blood Biology 12 – 0906 Form A Page 25 . B.Use the following diagram of the respiratory system to answer question 50.

C. B. D. What would result if the sodium gates did not open at time X? A. Page 26 Biology 12 – 0906 Form A . What part of a neuron carries impulses toward the cell body? A. C. Active transport would stop. B. D. C. an axon a dendrite the synaptic cleft the myelin sheath 53. What structure stores neurotransmitters? A.52. The potassium gates would open. D. The outside of the membrane would remain positive compared to the axoplasm. +40 Membrane potential (millivolts) 0 membrane potential (millivolts) –65 X Time (milliseconds) 54. B. a receptor site the synaptic cleft a synaptic vesicle the postsynaptic membrane Use the following graph of an action potential to answer question 54. The membrane potential would change from  65 mV to +40 mV .

C. The postsynaptic membrane remains polarized. 56. What structure can carry both urine or semen? A. Contractile proteins pull synaptic vesicles to the membrane. D.55. The synaptic vesicles release neurotransmitters. C. C. D. Which of these substances is found in X but not in Y? A. Which of the following results if the synaptic ending is treated with a substance that prevents the absorption of calcium ions? A. the ureter the urethra the vas deferens the collecting duct Use the following diagram of the glomerulus to answer question 57. B. urea water glucose fibrinogen Biology 12 – 0906 Form A Page 27 . B. The neurotransmitter is denatured. D. B. X Y 57.

X Y W V U Z 58. C. Page 28 Biology 12 – 0906 Form A . Pressure filtration pushes it from structure W to structure X. It is reabsorbed from structure V into structure X. What happens to most of the water that passes into the glomerular filtrate? A. B. D.Use the following diagram of a nephron to answer question 58. Tubular excretion carries it from structure Z to structure Y. It is reabsorbed from structure U into structure Z.

The contents of which of the following have the greatest concentration of urea? A. B. X Y Z W 59.Use the following diagram of a nephron to answer question 59. C. D. W X Y Z Biology 12 – 0906 Form A Page 29 .

Glucose increases. Both decrease in concentration. D. C. D. B. C. Glucose decreases. What happens to the concentration of glucose and urea as blood flows from X to Y? A.Use the following diagram of a kidney to answer question 60. 61. X Y 60. while urea increases. Both increase in concentration. while urea decreases. the glomerulus the Bowman’s capsule the distal convoluted tubule the proximal convoluted tubule Page 30 Biology 12 – 0906 Form A . B. Which of the following structures responds to aldosterone? A.

C. Which part of a sperm cell stores hydrolytic enzymes? A. to produce ATP to store chromatin to propel the sperm to release hydrolytic enzymes 63. D. B. the head the flagellum the acrosome the mid-piece 64. epididymis  vas deferens  urethra seminiferous tubule  ureter  urethra seminiferous tubule  urethra  vas deferens epididymis  seminiferous tubule  vas deferens Biology 12 – 0906 Form A Page 31 . D.Use the following diagram of a sperm cell to answer question 62. What is the primary function of the structure labelled X? A. C. B. X 62. Which of the following describes the path of sperm during ejaculation? A. C. B. D.

What is the function of the interstitial cells in the testes? A. Exam Booklet Form/ Cahier d’examen A B C D E F G H This is the end of the multiple-choice section. B. D. ovary uterus thalamus anterior pituitary You have Examination Booklet Form A. Page 32 Biology 12 – 0906 Form A . C. the ovaries the adrenal cortex the hypothalamus the posterior pituitary 67. to produce sperm cells to produce testosterone to produce seminal fluid to provide a site for sperm maturation 66. C. B. Which structure produces a hormone that results in the secretion of estrogen? A. Which of the following is affected by oxytocin? A. B. D. Answer the written-response questions in the Response Booklet.65. In the box above #1 on your Answer Sheet. D. C. ensure you filled in the bubble as follows.

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Cahier d examen A B C D E 12 Question 5 0 F G H 1 2 3 NR Question 6 0 1 2 3 4 NR Student Instructions 1. F. 3. E. 40845 Version 200810. Use a pencil to fill in bubbles when answering questions on your Answer Sheet. C. Place your Personal Education Number (PEN) label at the top of this Booklet AND fill in the bubble (Form A. B.or black-ink pen when answering written-response questions in this Booklet.1 a . 2. 4. Read the Examination Rules on the back of this Booklet. D. G or H) that corresponds to the letter on your Examination Booklet.MINISTRY USE ONLY MINISTRY USE ONLY Question 1 0 1 2 3 NR Question 2 0 Place Personal Education Number (PEN) here. 1 2 3 4 NR Question 3 0 1 2 3 NR Question 4 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 NR Course Code = BI 2008/09 Released Exam June 2009 Exam Booklet Form/ . Use a blue.

MINISTRY USE ONLY Place Personal Education Number (PEN) here. Course Code = BI 12 Biology 12 2008/09 Released Exam June 2009 Response Booklet © Province of British Columbia .

a reaction catalyzed by a human enzyme is subjected to an increase in temperature from 37°C to 80°C . Answer the following questions in the space provided in this Response Booklet. 2. In an experiment. (3 marks) Biology 12 – 0906 Response Booklet Page 1 . Use a pen for this part of the examination unless otherwise instructed. 3. Describe what happens to the rate of this reaction. and explain why this has occurred. 1. You may not need all of the space provided to answer each question.PART B: WRITTEN RESPONSE Value: 23 marks Suggested Time: 40 minutes INSTRUCTIONS: 1.

Y X blood flow blood flow 2. (4 marks: 2 marks each) Page 2 Biology 12 – 0906 Response Booklet .Use the following diagram to answer question 2. Explain how the structure of blood vessels X and Y are well-suited to their function.

(3 marks) Biology 12 – 0906 Response Booklet Page 3 .3. Describe how the diaphragm and rib cage function to change the pressure in the thoracic cavity during inhalation.

Explain 3 ways in which one of these products is used by structure X. (6 marks) Page 4 ⎫ ⎪ ⎬ ⎪ ⎭ Y Biology 12 – 0906 Response Booklet . X 4. By listing reactants and products. describe the chemical process that occurs in structures Y.Use the following diagram to answer question 4.

5. (3 marks) Biology 12 – 0906 Response Booklet Page 5 . Explain how the nephron regulates blood pH.

Thickness of endometrium 1 X 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 Y Day 6. (4 marks) Page 6 Biology 12 – 0906 Response Booklet .Use the following graph to answer question 6. Explain how changes in the secretions of the pituitary gland and the ovaries cause changes in the thickness of the endometrium shown at X and Y.

Biology 12 – 0906 Response Booklet Page 7 .

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Cheating on an examination will result in a mark of zero. paper or item that might assist in writing an examination. 2. The use of inappropriate language or content may result in a mark of zero being awarded. Upon completion of the examination. The Ministry of Education considers cheating to have occurred if students break any of the following rules: • Students must not be in possession of or have used any secure examination materials prior to the examination session. • Students must not remove any piece of the examination materials from the examination room. 4. . • Students must not possess any book. return all examination materials to the supervising invigilator. including work pages. including a dictionary or piece of electronic equipment. 3. Answers entered in the Examination Booklet will not be marked. however. including allowing one’s paper to be viewed by others or copying answers from another student’s paper. You may. Response Booklet or Answer Sheet after the invigilator has asked students to hand in examination papers. 5. • Students must not communicate with other students during the examination. • Students must immediately follow the invigilator’s order to stop writing at the end of the examination time and must not alter an Examination Booklet. • Students must not copy. The time allotted for this examination is two hours. • Students must not give or receive assistance of any kind in answering an examination question during an examination.Examination Rules 1. take up to 60 minutes of additional time to finish. work done by any other person. that is not specifically authorized for the examination by ministry policy. plagiarize or present as one’s own.