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Department of Chemical Engineering University of Waterloo

Preliminary Report
On Experiment No. 4

Experiment 4: Corrosion Studies

ChE 391 Expt. Feb 12th 2013

Group G William Hancharek Michael Pydiah Kevin Liang

The steel sample coupons will be measured for their diameter 2. Kevin will deal with anything to do with the actual apparatus. Michael will run the machine.Statement of Objective The purpose of this experiment is to study and compare corrosion rates of galvanized steel with same concentration of sulfuric acid but at different temperature fully submerged. Experimental Procedure William will be responsible for data collection. The sample will be inserted into a beaker having Co-Zn solution. (units are W = mass loss in g. 4. Two graphie electrodes and the reference electrode will also be inserted.01 h = density in g/cm3 ( ) or Where is measured corrosion current in μA/cm2 is the density of the material tested in g/cm3 is the equivalent weight of the sample material . 3. to nearest 1 mg A = exposed surface in cm2. Equations Where K = conversion factor based on desired corrosion rate. 1. to nearest 0. The attachment point will be sealed with paraffin wax. and the electrodes should not touch each other. The diameter of this opening will be measured. A small hole will be made in the wax midway down the side of the sample. William will collect data. to nearest 0. The cylindrical coupon will be wrapped with paraffin wax to cover everything but the bottom flat face. Michael and Kevin will set up the experiment. The electroplating of a CoZn coating onto the mild steel sample will be completed.01 cm2 t = time of exposure in hours. Part B: Part C II and III will first be performed on plain steel samples in one of the test mediums. a. 5. The reference should be close to the sample.

The following equations transform the sinusoidal response into rotational vector representation with the in-phase portion of the current defined as the real component and the out-of-phase portion defined as the imaginary component of the rotating vector. ) If estimates of Tafel beta are known. The corrosion rate may also be expressed in terms of a mass loss rate ( ) This experiment will use Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS). and the shift in the phase angle between the input and output.∑ Where: fi is the mass fraction of element i in an alloy. Tafel. √( Where is the double layer capacitance is the polarization resistance is the uncompensated resistance. and Linear Polarization Resistance (LPR) scans to determine the corrosion current icorr. These equations find the parameters of interest which are the impedance Z = E/I. or CDL of a Randles cell can be obtained from the maximum phase shift vs. The double layer capacitance. then the Rp value can be used to estimate the icorr with the following equation: . log frequency data with the following equation. The following equations are for EIS. ni is the valence of the i Wi is the atomic weight of element i.

If the Tafel equations for both the anodic and cathodic reactions in a corrosion system are combined. This model is for one isolated electrochemical reaction: ( ) (13) Where is the measured current is a reaction dependant constant – Exchange Current is the measured electrode potential is the equilibrium potential when I=0 is the Tafel constant in volts/decade. they generate the Butler-Volmer Equation: [ Where ] is the corrosion potential in volts is the anodic Beta Tafel or Stern-Geary Constant volts/decade is the cathodic Beta Tafel or Sterm-Geary Constant in volts/decade. .(12) The Tafel equation models an electrochemical reaction that is under kinetic control.

Sulfuric acid MSDS: Science lab (2012) Material Safety Data Sheet. - .php?msdsId=9925146 hazardous in case of skin and eye contact (tissue damage particularly on mucous membranes of eyes and skin burns) . ensure that cold water is used to flush any parts of body exposed to sulfuric acid. Retrieved Feb 10.Safety hazards Gloves and protective eyewear should be worn at all times during the experiment. Seek medical attention immediately if serious exposure occurred. In case of any contact with the 2013 from www.Inhalation may cause severe irritation of respiratory tract and potentially shortness of breath.

Galvanized Steel Plasmet (2010) Material Safety Data sheet for Galvanized Steel Products. Retrieved Feb 10. 2013 from www.pdf Additional Important Precautions The seal should be snuggly when tightening the make sure that excessive force is not used otherwise the glass tube on the headpiece will crack easily. (Che 391.Chemical Engineering Laboratory 4 Manual report) .plasmet.


Part B .