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C. Jr. and Russell John Myers. December 1983 Thesis Advisor: D.POSTGRADUATE Monterey. distribution unlimited T215718 . Soger Approved for public release. California THESIS A COMPARISON OF THE NAVY'S "DO-IT-YOURSELF" MOVE PROGRAM WITH OTHER DOD AND COAST GUARD ACTIVITIES by John Arthur Williams. Jr.

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AUTHORS 6. to determine if fraud. REPORT NUMBER 7. U. to provide do . firstly. PROJECT. MONITORING December 1983 13. U. distribution URlimited. report) Unclassified I 5a. II dllloront from Report) It. READ INSTRUCTIONS BEFORE COMPLETING FORM 3. KEY WORDS (Contlnuo on reeetee tide II neeeeeawy «»<* Identity by block number) Household Goods - "Do-It-Yourself " (DITY) Move Program (Navy) 20. Marine Corps. ABSTRACT (Continue on revere* tide II neceeemry and Identity by block number) This study is a comparison of the "DO-IT-YOURSELF" (DITY) Household Goods moving program. REPORT DATE NUMBER OF PAGES SECURITY CLASS. AN 79 1473 FORM EDITION OF 1 NOV <S IS OBSOLETE S/N C102-LF-0U-6601 UNCLASSIFIED SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF THIS PAGE (When Dmtm Snterec .S. TASK AREA & WORK UNIT NUMBERS CONTROLLING OFFICE NAME ANO AOORESS 12. including both administrative and payment procedures. Russell John Myers.S. GOVT ACCESSION NO RECIPIENT'S CATALOG NUMBER 4. California 93943 H. Jr.. Jr. (ol cf\la Naval Postgraduate School Monterey. REPORT NUMBER 2.S. California 93943 U. Navy.UNCLASSIFIED SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OP THIS PACE |W)im Data Enfrod) REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE I. PERFORMING ORG. U. PROGRAM ELEMENT. CONTRACT OR GRANT NUMBERf*. Coast Guard and the The two purposes of this comparison are. DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT (ol tho mbetrmct entered In Block 20. secondly. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME ANO AOORESS 10.S. waste and aouse exists within the Navy system to a significant degree and. DECLASSIFICATION/ DOWNGRADING DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT (ol shlt Report) Approved for public release. Naval Postgraduate School Monterey. Army. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES IS. SCHEDULE 1*. T|Ti_E (and Subtitle) S. Air Force. U. as presently used by the U. 17.S. 83 AGENCY NAME • AOORESSfff dllloront Irotn Controlling Ofllco) !S.) John Arthur Williams. TYPE OP REPORT & PERIOO COVERED A Comparison of the Navy's "DO-ITYOURSELF" Move Program With Other DOD and Coast Guard Activities • Master's Thesis December 1983 6. t.

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with specific applications to the Conclusions are drawn based upon U. Navy is explored.S. personal observations and interviews with planning and operational staffs while taking into consideration manning types and levels. DITY Program. the possibility of degradation of service to the member. and interviews with major civilian contractors involved in this Additionally. most importantly. at the various service headquarters and supporting staffs. and. in general. S/N 0102- LF- 014-6601 2 UNCLASSIFIED SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF THIS RACErW»i»n Dmlm Enfrmd) . the historical development of the program. political limitations and realities. fiscal responsibilities.SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF THIS PAGE (Whti Dmf Bnffd) Block 20 (continued) recommendations for beneficial modification of the Navy This study was supported through personal interviews program. personal observations of member counseling sessions.

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distribution unlimited. United States Navy B. NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL December 1983 . Lieutenant Commander. Jr.A. A Comparison of the Navy's "DO-IT-YOURSELF" Move Program With Other DOD and Coast Guard Activities by John Arthur Williams.B. 1971 Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE IN MANAGEMENT from the.. Supply Corps. Jr. Drake University.. Lieutenant Commander. Texas A&I University. 1974 and Russell John Myers. United States Navy B.Approved for public release.A. Supply Corps.

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:

Y KNOX LI BE

ABSTRACT
This study is a comparison of the "DO-IT-YOURSELF"
(DITY)

Household Goods moving program, including both administrative
and payment procedures, as presently used by the U.S. Army,
U.S. Air Force, U.S. Marine Corps, U.S. Coast Guard and the

U.S. Navy.

The two purposes of this comparison are, firstly,

to determine if fraud, waste and abuse exists within the Navy

system to a significant degree and, secondly, to provide

recommendations for beneficial modification of the Navy
program.
This study was supported through personal interviews

at the various service headquarters and supporting staffs,

personal observations of member counseling sessions, and

interviews with major civilian contractors involved in this
program.

Additionally, the historical development of the

DITY Program, in general, with specific applications to the
U.S. Navy is explored.

Conclusions are drawn based upon

personal observations and interviews with planning and operational staffs while taking into consideration manning types
and levels, political limitations and realities, fiscal

responsibilities, and, most importantly, the possibility of

degradation of service to the member.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
I.

INTRODUCTION
A.
B. C. D.

8 8 9

BACKGROUND
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
CONTENTS

10
10

II.

PRESENT SYSTEMS IN USE
A.

12 12
12
13

UNITED STATES NAVY SYSTEM
1.
2. 3.

Background
General Information

Member/Transportation Officer/Contractor Procedures
Payment Procedures

22 29
29

4.

B.

UNITED STATES ARMY SYSTEM
1.

Background
General Information

29
30

2. 3.

Member/Transportation Officer/Contractor Procedures
Payment Procedures

37

4.

39

C.

UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS SYSTEM
1.

40

Background
General Information

40
40
41
41

2.
3.

Payment Procedures

4.
5.

Required Reporting
Use of the 500 Pound MRT Minimum Instead of the 225 Pound Weight Allowance

42

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53 PROS TO THE SERVICE MEMBER 53 54 CONS TO THE SERVICE MEMBER PROS OF THE NAVY SYSTEM C. 50 5. H. Member/Transportation Officer/Contractor Procedures Member Elects a DITY Move Utilizing a Privately-Owned Vehicle Member Elects a DITY Move Utilizing Rental Service Equipment 49 4. L. 3. CONS OF THE ARMY SYSTEM PROS OF THE MARINE CORPS SYSTEM CONS OF THE MARINE CORPS SYSTEM PROS OF THE AIR FORCE SYSTEM CONS OF THE AIR FORCE SYSTEM PROS OF THE COAST GUARD SYSTEM G. 62 63 64 66 CONS OF THE COAST GUARD SYSTEM M. B. SYSTEM COMPARISONS A. OTHER CONSIDERATIONS 6 . 42 42 Background General Information 2. 55 56 CONS OF THE NAVY SYSTEM PROS OF THE ARMY SYSTEM 57 58 59 F. Payment Procedures Service Restrictions III. Background General Information 2. 7. I. D. 42 44 44 44 E. UNITED STATES COAST GUARD SYSTEM 1. UNITED STATES AIR FORCE SYSTEM 1.D. K. E. 50 50 51 6. 60 61 J.

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DOD GBL PERSONAL PROPERTY TRAFFIC) 78 APPENDIX E (DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS A. DOD GBL PERSONAL PROPERTY TRAFFIC) APPENDIX D 76 77 (HEADQUARTERS. B.IV. 68 68 70 CONCLUSIONS RECOMMENDATIONS APPENDIX A (DITY RECAP) 75 APPENDIX B (DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY. DOD GBL PERSONAL PROPERTY TRAFFIC) BIBLIOGRAPHY INITIAL DISTRIBUTION LIST 79 80 82 . DOD GBL PERSONAL PROPERTY TRAFFIC) APPENDIX C (DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY. MARINE CORPS.

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Navy was experiencing difficulties in the management of the express baggage shipments of household goods moves for Navy members. . the Army and Air Force also had begun operation of their "Do-It-Yourself " Programs at six Army bases and six Air Force bases. The contract used in the DITY program is a centrally negotiated Blanket Purchasing Agreement (BPA) against which orders are placed. U-Haul International was the only rental company under contract. The major difficulties encountered in the express shipment program was with the Railway Express Agency (REA) and centered around traceability damage claims. and on-time delivery. The program was expanded in July 1972 to By October include all fifty Navy CONUS shipping activities.I. but is . the U. To counter these difficulties the Navy's "Do-It-Yourself" (DITY) moving program was established in January 1971 to increase the options available to members moving within CONUS and to provide a service suited to the needs of qualified individuals and their families. INTRODUCTION A. BACKGROUND During 1968-1969.S. accountability. 1974. The program was tested between 1 January 1971 and 30 June 1972. During that time period. It is not a requirements contract. using five CONUS household goods shipping activities and three contractors.

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waste and abuse are major problems for the U. Navy and. some are quantifiable but. to a large extent. fiscal and personnel limitations and. but when orders are placed. along with Government ordering and payment procedures are specifically covered in the contract. secondly. much like the van lines' tender of services. The member is authorized to make either a local move or an inter-city move. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM Decisions concerning the administration and conceivable modification of the Navy's DITY Program are greatly influenced by a number of variables. whichever is authorized under his orders. to attempt to develop a program which lies within the constraints of legal responsibilities in contracting services.an open-ended contract. maintenance of quality . both the Navy and the contractor have certain terms to meet. most are non-quantifiable variables. Items such as equipment availability and reliability and contractor furnished insurance coverage for product failure. This implies that the Navy is not obligated to place any minimum number of orders with the contractor. most importantly. The costs may not exceed the costs of a move under the conventional move program of the Department of Defense. Any member who is eligible for a Government paid shipment is eligible to move himself under this program. Participation of service members is strictly voluntary.S. The research procedure then is to determine if fraud. B.

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of service to the member.

Given these limitations and param-

eters, the question is whether significant cost savings can be

realized while either maintaining or upgrading the quality of
service to the service member
C.

OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The objective of this study will be to determine whether

fraud, waste and abuse of a significant nature exist within

the U.S. Navy's program.

A comparison will be made between the

Navy's DITY Program and the programs of the other services to
include the pros and cons cf each system while paying particular

attention to administrative and bill payment procedures of each

particular system.

Service size, mission, and general types of
a

duty will be viewed in

non-quantifiable manner in an attempt

to gain a perspective of the individual service's use of the

program.

The various administrative processing procedures

utilized by the services for the DITY Program will also be

researched in an attempt to upgrade and better utilize the
Navy system.
D.

CONTENTS
The following chapter. will discuss in detail the history,

both general and specific methods of administration, and bill

payment procedures utilized by the various services.

Chapter

III will state the pros and cons of the DITY Program from the

member's standpoint, a comparison of the various service's
programs, and a recapitulation of the major program differences.

10

Chapter IV states conclusions and makes applicable recommendations for the possible modification of the U. 11 . Navy's program.S.

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The DITY Program was tested between 1 January 1971 and 30 June 1972.. UNITED STATES NAVY SYSTEM 1 . 176 and 37 United States Code 406 I. The program was 12 . Implementing regulations are found in Volume 8. Joint Travel Regulations. 1976. Part H as modified.S. Navy experienced difficulties in the management of the express baggage shipments of household goods. with five CONUS household goods shipping activities and three contractors involved. damage claims. To resolve these difficulties the Navy's "Do-It- Yourself" (DITY) Program was established in January 1971. PRESENT SYSTEMS IN USE The DITY household goods shipment program for members of the Armed Forces was authorized pursuant to Section 747 of the Department of Defense Appropriation Act. the U. (1976). Public Law 94-212. Background During the period 1968-1969. Prior to and including this period. II. Railway Express Agency (REA) was the primary mover of express shipments. and on-time delivery. The major difficulties encountered in the express shipment program with REA centered around traceability accountability. Chapter A. with its objective being to increase the options available to members moving within CONUS and to provide a service suited to the needs of certain individuals and their families. 90 Statutes 153.

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expanded in July 1972 to include all 50 Navy CONUS shipping

activities
2
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General Information
a.

Eligibility
Any Navy member who is otherwise eligible for move-

ment of personal property at Government expense is eligible to

move himself under the DITY Program.

This includes members

having permanent changes of station, retirement, separation,
and assignments to move into or out of Government quarters.
b.

Voluntary Participation

Participation is on a strictly voluntary basis.
The member may choose to move himself or have his property

moved by conventional means, or a combination of both DITY and
conventional means may be utilized.
c.

Weight Tickets
The member is required to obtain two certified

weight tickets for all DITY moves, even if only a portion of
his household goods are moved under the DITY Program.

Specific

information concerning weight tickets is contained in sub-

paragraph k below.
d.

Travel Allowances

Under the DITY Program the member is entitled to
travel allowances as shown below:
(1)

If the move is incident to permanent change

of station orders,

including temporary duty en route, he is

13

entitled to mileage allowances in accordance with Joint Travel

Regulations (JTR), paragraph M4150-2, Item
(2)

1.

If the

move is incident to separation orders

or orders releasing the member from active duty, and he has

received mileage allowances in accordance with JTR, paragraph
M4157, he is not entitled to additional mileage allowances for

travel under the DITY Program.
(3)

If the member's dependents ride to the new

destination in the rental truck, or in a privately-owned
vehicle, they are entitled to monetary allowances in lieu of

transportation.

Such monetary allowances are in addition to

the allowances paid to the member for his travel.
(4)

No travel allowances are authorized for local

moves.
e.

Monetary Incentives Payment
The member may be eligible for an incentive payment,

but only if he moves himself with rental equipment obtained

from the contractors by the Personal Property Transportation

Officer.

He is not paid an incentive for moving in a truck or

trailer which he has rented himself; however, he will be

reimbursed for actual expenses.

The member may also be eligible

for an incentive payment if he has used his privately-owned

vehicle to move himself.
be used, however.

Not all privately-owned vehicles may

The types of vehicles permitted to be used
small privately-owned trailers,

for incentive moves are:

pickup trucks (including those outfitted with camper shells

14

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00 $2. makes the deduction and issues a W-2 form at the time payment is made. after the move is completed and all required documentation. All incentive payments are made by the Navy Material Transportation Office.00 80 percent of GBL constructive cost: . station wagons. camping trailers. All incentive payments are to be considered income and are subject to 20 percent withholding tax.918 pounds net weight divided by 100 pounds raised to next even CWT = 80.560.048. including certified weight tickets are received. Virginia. following vehicles are not authorized for incentive moves: motor homes.00 7. automobiles.00 $32.00 to MRT rate (Packing Rate) ( Total: (2) $27.00 x 80) = (3) $2. motorcycles.) only). The incentive is based on 80 percent of what it would have cost the Government to move your household goods by conventional means.560) = ( 15 .00 5. and econoline-type vans. Conventional move utilizing a Government Bill of Lading (GBL) constructive cost: ($32. Norfolk. and pickup trucks. Example of estimated incentive computation for member with more than 225 pounds weight allowance: (1) Military Rate Tender (MRT)' rate per hundredweight CWT Add $5. if outfitted with self-contained camper units. Norfolk. Virginia. Other cargo vehicles may be The used if approved by NAVSUP on a case-by-case basis. less actual costs paid by the Government. Navy Material Transportation Office.80) x ($2.

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25 CWT x $21.40 Example of estimated incentive computation for a member with 350 pounds: (1) a 225 pound weight allowance who anticipates moving MRT.45 Procedures to Claim a Monetary Incentive If the move was completed by using a rental truck or trailer.00 768.45 as excess cost.80 $43.00 898.00 $ 94 8.25) = ( $47. f.40 50.00 per CWT) = 80 percent of GBL constructive cost: .00 5.00 (5) Minus operating allowance: ($.25 (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) Less payment to contractor: Gross payment to member: Less 20 percent Federal Withholding Tax: Net payment to member: Total incentive payment to member: The member is liable for a checkage in the amount of $5.00 S $16.45 -$5. 500 pounds minimum Add $5.25 $37. At the time of initial counseling by 16 .00 Sub-total: (2) Member authorized only 225 pounds (2.80) x ($47.25 x 200 miles) = $ $ 50. a separate claim in order for the incentive to be paid is not required.45 -$5.100.00 $21.25 CWT (2.40 Estimated net incentive: Add operating allowance: Total payment to member: $ $ $ 718.00 179.) (4) Less payment to contractor: Gross payment to member: $1. -$5.60 (6) Less 20 percent Federal Withholding Tax: $ Sub-total: (7) $ 718.

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Virginia 23511 for payment. The member must submit either proof of ownership or authority from the vehicle's owner for the use of the vehicle to the initial processing PPTO prior to the move. Navy Material Transpor- tation Office. This address is ( entered in Block 14 of the Application for Shipment 1299). quarters or lodging. Code 024. Claims submitted on this form are required to be forwarded to Commanding Officer. and that if there is an incentive due. gas and toll receipts.2. The PPTO will indicate approval of the use of the POV on the DD Form 1351-2 and is required to annotate the form with the type of POV used. DD Form The PPTO is also required to annotate Block 19 of the DD Form 1299 to indicate the member's understanding that no incentive payment will be made without the two required weight tickets. A rented vehicle for use as a POV for the purposes of moving is not permitted.the Personal Property Transportation Officer (PPTO) a check forwarding address will be ascertained. and certified weight tickets. Norfolk. Substantiating documents for this claim include two copies of the member's orders. No reimbursement will be provided for meals. A claim for incentive is not required if a rental truck or trailer is utilized. or other costs not directly incurred as a result of operating the vehicle. it should be forwarded to the address which is shown in Block 14 of the DD Form 1299. If an unauthorized privately-owned vehicle (POV) the member is required to submit a claim ( is used for the move. 17 . for the incentive payment on a Travel Voucher DD Form 1351-2).

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S.g. Operating Allowances An operating allowance will be provided to the member by his local Disbursing Officer for all inter-city truck rentals. is required to make a determination if the member's vehicle is If the capable of accommodating a temporary trailer hitch. and moving aids utilized by the member are deducted from his incentive payment. if necessary. it can be adapted at Government expense to accommodate the contractor's trailer. Trailer Hook-ups The contractor. a permanent ball If the member's vehicle has an existing permanent hitch on the vehicle. Rental Equipment Rental equipment from the contractors vary from a 4-foot by 6-foot van trailer to a 24-foot moving truck. tolls. oil. If the truck rental is cancelled. The contractors also have available a wide variety of packing The costs of packing materials materials and other moving aids. Purchases of items not related to the operation of the rental truck are strictly forbidden. special permits. member's vehicle is determined to not be capable of accommodating a temporary hitch. i. This allowance is to be used for fuel. a trailer cannot be authorized by the PPTO unless the member is willing to pay for type hitch. 18 . working through the PPTO. the operating allowance must be returned to the U. Treasury. and weight tickets. h.

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There is no operating allowance authorized for moves involving trailers. the member is required to obtain two weight tickets. Weight Tickets Weight tickets serve as the basis for the entitle- ment audit by the Navy Material Transportation Office. a maximum time limit of 48 hours is authorized at Government expense. including both truck and trailers. Additionally. the maximum time limit will be established at the time the PPTO reserves the rental equipment. Time and Mileage Authorized For all local moves. Virginia. he is required to pay the extra costs directly to the contractor's representative at destination upon return of the rental equipment. inter-city moves by truck also have a mileage limitation. k. including both truck and trailers. . nor is there one for local moves involving trucks.. Additional fuel. In order to receive a monetary incentive. one indicating 19 . In all cases when the member exceeds either the maximum time or mileage limit for the move. if required. moves There is no mileage limitation on local For all inter-city moves. Trucks used for local moves will be pro- vided to the member with a full tank of fuel. must be substantiated by a receipt for the fuel purchased and the receipt submitted to the contractor's dealer for reimbursement at the time the vehicle is returned to the contractor j. Norfolk.

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and the driver and all passengers must be out of the vehicle. (5) The trailer must be connected to the towing vehicle. This applies to shipments by truck. (6) Trunks. but is required to submit a loaded weight ticket for each trip made. Requirements for obtaining an accurate weight ticket are as follows: (1) Empty and loaded weights for trucks must be obtained by weighing the entire unit on one scale. the empty weight of the vehicle and one indicating the loaded weight. On local moves. rear seats and baggage carriers on the towing vehicle are required to be empty when both weight tickets are obtained. the member is required to submit only one empty weight ticket. (2) The gas tank is required to be full at both weighings (3) The driver and passengers must not be in the vehicle. trailer or a combination of truck and trailer. (4) Both empty and loaded weights for trailers must also be obtained by weighing the towing vehicle and trailer as one complete unit at each weighing. as well as to moves by authorized privately-owned vehicles. 20 .. the gas tank of the towing vehicle must be full.

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and fifty thousand dollars property damage. this expense is deducted from the incentive to be paid. Loss and Damage to Household Goods The member is covered up to the maximum fifteen thousand dollar limitation for loss and damage to household 21 . e. paragraphs M8100-2b and M8100-2c. Storage Members are entitled to temporary storage up to 90 days.g. insurance limits are set at: For truck one million dollars personal liability. Insurance Insurance coverage for product failure is furnished by the contractor under the terms of the contract. Self- storage. Additional temporary storage may be authorized by the destination Transportation Officer under the provisions of Joint Travel Regulations. however. n. but no incentive will be authorized for the storage portion of the move. m. Incentive payment Actual storage will be paid only for the line-haul movement. failure. storage in a mini-warehouse at the member's expense. but additional insurance is at the member's expense and is not a reimbursable item.. two million dollars group liability. The storage must be arranged through the PPTO who is required to annotate the member's claim forms with his approval in order that the member may be reimbursed. subject to reimbursement. is also authorized.1 . Product failure insurance is also provided for trailers. expenses will be paid by the Government.

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if the loss or damage is not the result of the member's own negligence and if the damage or loss is supported by a personal property inspector's report. responsibilities. ere. "No-cost" orders At that time. Member Elects a DITY Move Utilizing a PrivatelyOwned Vehicle A privately-ownea vehicle (POV) is defined in sub- paragraph e above.goods. 3 . The member is required to show registration or other proof of ownership at the time of counseling. which authorize the shipment of household goods. If the member is not the owner. Member/Transportation Officer/Contractor Procedures The service member initially receives his orders directing transfer. do not permit the shipment of household goods. The initial counseling session conducted by the Transportation Officer's representative will discuss in both generalities and detail the member's entitlements. etc. with a minimum of six copies of his orders. During the course of this interview it is determined whether a DITY move is considered to be a viable alternative for the At this point. are taken by the individuals noted: a. 22 . the member proceeds to the local Personal Property Office for counseling. the following procedures member to utilize. Under no circumstances will a member be authorized to rent a vehicle for use in this type of move. he is required to furnish written authority from the owner to use the vehicle. separation from the service.

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and the DITY counseling session is considered completed. two copies of his orders. if the member accepts a DITY move. Virginia 23511. (Code 024. the member makes determination as to whether to continue with his DITY application. If the member declines participation in the DITY Program. Block V "Charges Meals and Quarters" - BOQ or Non-Government enter the local Defense Acquisition Regulations (DAR) rate. other alternatives are explained. to the Commanding Officer. Navy Material Transportation Office. Norfolk. Utilizing the information a received during the counseling session. However. accompanied by two certified weight tickets (see sub-paragraph k above). 23 . the counselor will at that time prepare a Travel Voucher ( DD Form 1351-2) utilizing the following special entries: Used" - Block IV "Transportation Request/Meal Tickets enter "Movement of personal property by POV under the monetary incentive plan is authorized".2). Upon completion of the move.At this time the counselor prepares an estimate of costs to the Government and the approximate amount of incentive which will be paid to the member. followed by the PPTO's signature and date. the member is required to sign and date the travel voucher and submit it for adjudica- tion and payment. together with gas and toll receipts.

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etc.. but are designated by the contractors' regional representatives. If the member accepts a DITY move. remain the same for a DITY move utilizing rental equipment. Current BPAs do not include rates and charges.b. packing materials and moving aids. At this point. Ryder Truck Rental. Inc. The initial counseling session procedures concerning entitlements. Jartran Rental System. Also. Individual dealers are not named in the BPAs. Upon request. the counselor will attempt to determine which type or types of rental equip- ment the member is eligible for and which is considered to be 24 . Member Elects a DITY Move Utilizing Rental Service Equipment Rental service equipment is defined as either a trailer. the member will make a determination as to whether to continue with his DITY application or request an alternative type of move. and Hertz Rental System. are included in the BPAs. the contractors' representatives will provide this information directly to the Transportation Officer. The contractors have designated regional representatives to coordinate rentals for each of the activities served. The counselor will once again prepare an estimate of costs to the Government and the approximate amount of incentive which will be paid to the member. or combination thereof. The rental of this equipment is possible through the use of Blanket Purchasing Agreements ( BPAs ) which have been executed with U-Haul Inter- national. which is procured for the member's use from a qualified source by the local Trans- portation Officer or his representative. truck.

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the paperwork submitted by the counselor must be fully documented showing justification for this decision. e. the lower cost method is used provided it meets the member's needs. work stoppages.the most suitable. decision. Questionable cases are referred to NAVSUP for The "Do-It-Yourself 'DITY' Counseling Checklist" is utilized in the counseling session. plus five dollars per hundredweight. unless the member specifically requests a certain contractor. When it is determined that the constructive cost is less than the DITY costs. Factors which might lead to this justification include unrealistically short reporting time at a new duty station. When evaluating the price quotation. or strikes. Upon completion of the determination of (4 type of equipment. the counselor will personally contact each of the contractors noted above to obtain a competitive price quotation. between the DITY method and the line haul rate in the applicable military rate tender. (DD Form 2278) 25 . The counselor will then prepare a price comparison. large truck (24 feet). etc.g. number of days allowed. The counselor will normally place the order with the contractor submitting the lowest price. using the low cost carrier. small trailer feet x 6 feet).. Whenever the higher cost DITY move is used. short time-frames in which the member must move into or out of quarters. etc. the counselor will take into consideration such factors as comparability of vehicle sizes.

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a statement indicating that the member has made other shipments (including GBL shipments). when appropriate. and the number of hours authorized for a local move. I request that any payment due me be forwarded to the address shown in Block 14". a statement indicating "high value" items are included in the DITY move. the counselor will place the original DD Form 1299 and two copies of the member's orders in the envelope.. Block 19 will contain the statement "I understand no incentive payment will be made without receipt of two certified weight tickets. when appropriate. 26 . in addition to the DITY move. An Application for Shipment ( DD Form 1299) will be prepared to include the following special entries: Block 7 - "rent truck" will be annotated on "do-it-yourself move". This form is currently printed on the back of the letter size. At the time of counseling. The member is once again counseled concerning the importance of weight tickets and instructed to ensure the weight tickets are included in the envelope at time of the submission of his claim. preprinted envelope which is provided by the contractors directly to the Transportation Officer. Block 14 will be annotated to indicate the address the member desires the incentive payment to be forwarded. the applicable DAR local move contract rate will also be shown. and give it to the member unsealed with the documents inside. when appropriate. or number of days and/or miles authorized for one-way moves A standard rental verification form is used by all contractors involved in the DITY Program.

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papers. papers. no excess When the weight of cost will be collected from the member. Norfolk.000 pounds. the incentive computation will be based upon the member's authorized weight allowance.500 pounds of professional books. is now 12. For example: The member's weight allowance is 12. exceed the constructive costs. If the weight of the professional books.500 pounds. 3 This claim must be submitted within days of the move completion date. the member will pick up the rental equipment.000 pounds. Upon completion of the move and return of the vehicle to the contractors' represen- tative at destination. as determined by the counselor and the contractor selected. 27 . along with the packing and moving aids as requested. On the date specified. which is based on mileage. Navy Material Transportation Office. Code 024. and equipment results in DITY costs above the constructive costs for the maximum weight allowance.The member proceeds to the local Disbursing Officer to draw his operating allowance. If the DITY costs His total weight The incentive is based on 12. and make his move as planned.2. When the total weight of- the household goods and r professional books. the member is required to submit his claim for payment to the Commanding Officer. He moves 11.000 pounds of household goods and 1. papers and equipment. such excess costs will not be collected. etc. Virginia 23511 for adjudication and payment. tolls. and equipment exceeds the member s authorized weight allowance.

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inclusive of the vehicle operating allowance. and mirrors for use in pulling a trailer. If the DITY costs exceed the constructive costs of moving the maximum weight allowance. papers and equipment.the household goods alone exceeds the member's authorized weight allowance. For local moves. 28 . charges will be collected on a pro-rata basis. Specific items are hand trucks. incentive computations will be based on the maximum weight allowance. regardless of the weight of the professional books. temporary bumper hitches. including: (1) Unit Rental Price This is the rental price for the vehicle itself. and include trailer light packages. and ball hitches for use with privately-owned hitches. unit rental price is quoted on a daily basis. all items of packing material not otherwise indicated as rental items. plus a mileage charge. unit rental prices are quoted by the local contractor representative on a point-to-point lump sum basis. There are a number of cost factors involved in the counselor's computations. furniture pads. For inter-city moves. (2) Other Authorized Rentals This category includes items required by the member which are rented (not purchased) for his use. (3) Authorized Purchases These are items available from the contractor by purchase only.

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are processed by the Commanding Officer. Navy program. State Income Tax is not deducted from the member's incentive payment. Norfolk. Payment Procedures The Navy utilizes a centralized billing/payment system All claims for DITY moves. B. a The Army program of today is considered to be very viable and important program for Army personnel. The Army pilot program was tested at six Army bases commencing October 1974. NAVMTO utilizes a basic. somewhat sophisticated system of auditing procedures for submitted claims. Navy Material Transportation Office. Virginia 23511. which was established in January 1971. and a "tickler" system for incomplete moves and Government obligations to contractors.4 . including payments to both members and contractors. Navy members must submit their claims for adjudication and payment within thirty days after completion of the move to prevent the issuance of pay adjustment auth- orizations directing the checkage of the member's pay for all advance allowances and contractor obligations. Code 024. 29 . Background The Army's system was in the various stages of develop- ment and checking of alternative methods of moving household goods until October 1974 when the Army started testing their DITY Program. The pilot program was based primarily on the guidelines promulgated by the Department of Defense and the U.S. UNITED STATES ARMY SYSTEM 1 .2.

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A. General Information a. (page 14). the weight ticket requirements are the same as delineated in the Navy program.2.S. the travel allowance benefits are the same as delineated in the Navy program. Eligibility The eligibility requirements for Army members to participate in the DITY Program are the same as for those of Navy members delineated in sub-paragraph II. Travel Allowances Under the Department of the Army DITY Program.A.The Department of the Army Headquarters is currently in the process of updating and modifying the Army program to meet the needs of today's Army. d. See sub-paragraph II.2.d. c.e. However. a. Voluntary Participation Participation in the Army DITY Program is on a strictly voluntary basis. Navy program in sub-paragraph II. (page 13). b. (page 13). 2. (page 13).A.C. A. monetary incentive payment for a member who is authorized only a 225 pound weight allowance differ drastically 30 . 2 . Monetary Incentive Payment The basic requirements of the Army's DITY Program monetary incentive payment are identical to those contained in the U.2. Weight Tickets Under the Department of the Army DITY Program. See sub-paragraph II. e.

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as shown in sub-paragraph II.80) x ($105.2.e (page 15). if applicable.A.7 5 (3) 80 percent of GBL constructive cost: .65 Total incentive payment to member: The great disparity between the example above and the previous example for Navy personnel is based on the fact that since the MRT is based on a 500 pound minimum. would be exactly the same for an Army member with a comparative weight allowance with the exception that State Income Tax deductions. for an Army member with a 225 pound weight allowance who anticipates moving 350 pounds.00 per CWT) = $105. are made.00 500 lbs = 5 CWT (5 CWT x $21. this minimum weight of 500 pounds instead of the member's entitlement 31 .00 (Packing rate) MRT. $16.00 Sub-total (per CWT): (2) $21.65 40.00) = ( $ $ $ (4) (5) less payment to contractor: Gross payment to member: (6) Minus operating allowance: ($. However.00 84.15 Net payment to member: $ $ 40.) The example of the estimated monetary incentive payment computation for a member with more than 225 pounds weight allowance for Navy personnel.00 43. the method of computing and actual difference in total payment to the member differ greatly: (1) 500 lbs minimum (per CWT Add $5.25 50.25) x (100 miles) Less 20 percent Federal withholding tax: Less state tax (if applicable): $ (7) (8) (9) 10.00 $ 5.

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32 .: of only 225 pounds is utilized in the computation for Army personnel.f. This liability is based on the fact that the MRT is promulgated with the minimum weight of 500 pounds. Certified weight tickets (tare and gross) for each truck/trailer loaded and unloaded or POV loaded and unloaded. although the member is authorized to move only 225 pounds. f. To further justify the utilization of the 500 pound minimum weight.A. a DD Form 1351-2 is submitted with the required supporting documents to the F&AO making payment. Department of the Army officials stress the fact that had the member not utilized the DITY Program the Government would be liable for payment to a household goods carrier for a conventional move (utilizing normal GBL payment procedures) for a minimum weight of 500 pounds. Incentive payments are made by the appropriate Finance and Accounting Office (F&AO) based on the member's claim DD Form 1351-2 (Travel Voucher) upon completion of the move. (page 16). Procedures to Claim a Monetary Incentive The basic procedures to claim a monetary incentive are basically the same as stated in the Navy program. After the member completes the move.2. The following supporting documents must be furnished by the member (1) (2) Three copies of travel orders. See sub-paragraph II. Origin F&AO's effect payment for a members leaving active duty and in all other cases where destination F&AO cannot be identified.

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an approval statement on the DD Form 1299 is substituted for the DD Form 1155 and rental contract. (3) Three copies of DD Form 1155 (Order for Supplies and Services ) (4) Customer's copy of the rental contract. . i.2.2.. .g. g. as computed by the destination contractor's agent after returning the equipment.A. Rental Equipment The various types of rental equipment for Army personnel are identical to those contained in sub-paragraph II. (page 18) Trailer Hook-ups The requirements or alternatives for trailer hook-ups for Army personnel are identical to those contained in sub-paragraph II. includ- ing the cost of moving aids and operating allowance.A. (page 18).A.i. (page 18).h. Operating Allowances Entitlement to and procedures for computing the operating allowance for Army members are the same as those for Navy members delineated in sub-paragraph II.2. (5) (6) ( Two copies of the cost comparison statement. 33 . h. One copy of the receipt for purchased items if applicable ) (7) When POVs are utilized.

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1 .2. he is reimbursed accordingly. Weight Tickets Proper submission of weight tickets. (page 19). (page 13}. are essential for an Army member's claim to be properly adjudicated and processed. current Army regulations require the submission of three certified copies of both weight tickets.J. For example.' Current Army regulations require the checkage of the member's pay for all costs and allowances paid if proper weight tickets are not submitted to the paying F&AO within 45 days of completion of the move. Since the actual travel time 34 .j. both tare and gross. five days are allowed for truck rental. required to submit only two properly certified weight tickets. the member should have a residence available for delivery of the household goods upon arrival at destination. however.2. The requirements for obtaining an accurate weight ticket are identical for those of Navy personnel delineated in sub-paragraph II. Time and Mileage Authorized The authorized time limit and authorized mileage for rental equipment for Army personnel are computed in the same manner as they are for Navy personnel contained in sub- paragraph II. or upon expiration of the time allowed for the truck rental. k. Storage When a DITY move is made. New Jersey to Fort Eustis. if the member is moving from Fort Dix. Virginia.A.A. If the member subsequently submits the weight Navy members are tickets.C.

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When temporary storage is authorized. such as in a mini- warehouse. the least costly method will be selected by the destination Transportation Officer. The cost of the move to quarters will be based on the local contract rate. the destination Transportation Officer will issue a DD Form 1155 for a 35 . household goods moved under DITY may be placed in or remain in a storage facility at the member's expense (which terminates his PCS entitlement). may be subsequently issued. paragraph M8309. However. the member should have a delivery residence upon arrival or. If the member elects to personally arrange for self -stowage of his household goods. and DITY moves are necessary: one out of storage. the DITY move from stoarge to point of destination will not result in an additional incentive payment. If so. and orders assigning the member to Government quarters under Joint Travel Regulations. on the fifth day after vehicle rental commenced. continuation of the move. therefore. two separate one to the point of storage.can be one or two days. The DITY move into storage is performed The delivery from storage is a as a regular inter-city move. he does so at his own personal expense. Subsequently. when the member desires delivery of his property. a member may then be eligible for an additional incentive. at the latest. If the member does not have a delivery address. If temporary storage is required. the member is to contact the destination Transportation Officer to arrange for storage.

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The member must then file a claim through the Transportation Officer for reimbursement of storage costs. any accident under AR 385-40. paragraphs M8100-2b and M8100-2c. Accidents will be investigated and claims arising against the United States out of a DITY move will be processed in accordance with applicable Army Regulations.2. 36 . (page 21).m. however. Insurance Insurance coverage for product failure are identical to those delineated in sub-paragraph II. m. Extended vehicle rental time is an additional option open to the member. and will thus be immune from suit if a vehicular accident occurs. to report 3. Additional temporary storage may be authorized by the destination Transportation Officer under the provisions of Joint Travel Regulations. a member will be considered to be performing official duties on a DITY move when personally driving on a direct route from one duty station to the next without delay or deviation. The member is required.A.rental vehicle to move the property from storage to the member's residence. The charges for extended vehicle rental are deducted from the member's incentive payment. Normally. Chapter and to the Claims Judge Advocate's Office of his gaining command. Members are entitled to temporary storage up to 90 days.

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the following actions are member to utilize. The initial counseling session conducted by the Transportation Officer's representative will discuss in both generalities and detail the member's entitlements. During the course of this interview it is determined whether a DITY move is considered to be a viable alternative for the At this point. Member/Transportation Officer/Contractor Procedures The service member initially receives his orders directing his transfer.2.n.n.A. o. approved privately-owned vehicles are authorized. separation from the service. taken by the individuals noted: 37 . time. with a minimum of two copies of his orders. "No-Cost" At that orders do not permit the shipment of household goods. which authorize the shipment of household goods. 3 . DITY Between CONUS and Alaska and CONUS and Canada Members are entitled to utilize the DITY Program on these moves as long as the entire route includes only over- land highways. The use of the maritime highway is not permitted Neither is the use of contractor-furnished rental equipment authorized. Loss and Damage to Household Goods The regulations for reporting loss and damage to household goods are identical to those delineated in sub- paragraph II. etc. the member proceeds to the local Transportation Officer for counseling. responsibilities. (page 21). etc. however.

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. the CONUS TO will mail the completed DITY documents to the overseas TO who will provide them to the member Members are counseled on all aspects of the DITY Program. with the DITY origin and destination. the overseas TO will send a DD Form 1299 signed by the member. the member is required to sign a statement to this effect on the DD Form 1299. For members stationed overseas who desire to make a DITY move upon returning on PCS to CONUS. the counselor will assist him in determining the proper size and type of equipment. The counselor will then make a cost The If comparison of the moving options available to the member. estimated weight. and two copies of the PCS orders. The CONUS TO will process the DD Form 1299 and advise the member by message if a DITY move is authorized. If authorized. estimated DITY cost may exceed the GBL constructive cost. along with the proper amounts of packing materials needed for the move. This statement will show that the member acknowledges the estimated excess costs due and the method for making payment. If the member is entitled to and desires the use of rental equipment. so. the origin Transportation Officer (TO) will counsel the member using the Do-It-Yourself (DITY) Checklist (DD Form 2278). For members stationed in CONUS . with special emphasis placed on the requirements for receipt of a monetary incentive. to the CONUS TO at the location of the household goods. The estimated weights are based on "estimating charts" provided in the rental 38 .

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3. (page 22). Member Elects a DITY Move Utilizing a PrivatelyOwned Vehicle The procedures used for Army personnel are basically identical to those for Navy personnel contained in sub-paragraph II. (page 24 ) Payment Procedures The remainder of the procedures and entitlements for Army personnel are basically identical to those of the Department of the Navy. 4 . company's moving guide pamphlet. except as noted in sub-paragraph H. The counselor will order the vehicle. a.O.3.b. The counselor will at this time provide the member with all details concerning the pick-up of the vehicle and packing and moving aids.2. for Army personnel: a. packing materials and moving aids for the member. However. A. and will complete an Order for Supplies or Services ( DD Form 1155). (page 37 ) b. The 39 .. The counselor will obtain price quotes from the rental companies and complete the "price quotation" block of the DD Form 2278.B.A. a. there are two main exceptions The Army member is required to submit the required paperwork to properly support his claim for payment to the gaining F&AO . . Member Elects a DITY Move Utilizing Rental Service Equipment The procedures used for Army personnel are basically identical to those for Navy personnel contained in sub-paragraph II. which is a decentralized payment system.

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. 2 General Information As a national service under the Department of Defense. the Navy system strictly adheres to the member's weight entitlement of 225 pounds. The Marine Corps pilot program began in early 1976 and was somewhat modified in June 1980. b. Virginia. Contrastingly. . C. Navy Material Transportation Office. UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS SYSTEM 1 Background The Marine Corps system is based primarily on the guidelines promulgated by the Department of Defense and the U. the Marine Corps system is authorized by the same Public Law 40 . although the member is entitled to a maximum weight of 225 pounds. Navy system is a centralized payment system wherein the member is required to submit his claim for payment to the Commanding Officer. The Army system for computing the incentive payment (less than two years service) for personnel in pay-grades E-4 and E-3 and below is based on a 500 pound minimum weight as shown in the MRT. Norfolk. although if the member did not elect a DITY move. The Marine Corps program of today is fully operational and strongly supported by Marine Corps Headquarters. Navy program. The Army system does deduct State Income Tax from the incentive payment. when applicable. the Government would be charged at the minimum weight of 500 pounds as indicated in the MRT.S.

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and 29) are basically identical. 3. ) a quarterly report of moves made The report submitted by the installa- tion Transportation Officers include only those DITY moves 41 . The three major differences in the Marine Corps system are the paying agents. while the Disbursing Officer serving the activity holding funding responsibility for the move is responsible for all payments on local moves. and is required to use the same implementing instructions as the other services under the purview of the Department of Defense Generally. required statistical reporting of DITY moves and the authorization for the use of the 500 pound MRT rate instead of the 225 pound weight allow- ance for members E-4 (less than two years service) and E-3 and below. Albany. The Commanding General (Code 470). Marine Corps Logistics Base.. II. 4. the information contained in sub-paragraphs II. Georgia 31704 is responsible for both contractor and member payments for inter-city moves. A.. 3 Payment Procedures The Marine Corps system utilizes both a centralized and decentralized system for payments on DITY moves. Marine Corps Logistics Base. Albany. and each installation Transportation Officer. 4 Required Reporting The Commanding General (Code 470). are required to submit to the Commandant of the Marine Corps (Code LFT-4 under the DITY Program. and II. 22. (pages 13.. GA. 2. A. . A.

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2. . the Air Force system is authorized to have a DITY Program. B. Report Symbol MC-4050-04 has Use of the 500 Pound MRT Minimum Instead of the 225 Pound Weight Allowance The Marine Corps system for computing the incentive payment for personnel in pay-grades E-4 (less than two years service) and E-3 and below are identical to those utilized by the Department of the Army contained in sub-paragraph II. (page 40 ) D. B.b. They are required to use the same implementing instructions as the other services under the purview of the Department of Defense. The information contained in sub-paragraphs 4. UNITED STATES AIR FORCE SYSTEM 1 Background The Air Force's DITY Program started approximately the same time as the Army's program (October 1974). B.B. 3.. 2 General Information Under Public Law. The Air Force pilot program was tested at six Air Force bases commencing October 1974 and is a fully operational and very successful program today. and II. Generally. II. chargeable to C&MMC local funds. and 39) is basically identical with the following exceptions: 42 . The pilot program was based primarily on the guidelines promulgated by the Department of Defense and the Navy program. 5. been assigned to this report. 37. (pages 30. II.4. the Air Force DITY Program is the same as the Army's system.

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For example. or laws that would preclude operation of rental or privately-owned trucks or trailers in intra and/or inter-country DITY moves. Regulation AFR 75-33 lists the different restrictions for DITY moves by location. However. Transportation Officers processing DITY moves at overseas locations are aware of limitations such as age restrictions. licensing requirements may vary by country.2. d. c.B. Redistribution Charges Air Force Transportation Officers are specifically tasked to search for alternate turn-in points if a redistribution charge will be added to the cost of the rental equipment. The major commands are required to consolidate the reports from their respective Transportation Officers and submit a combined 43 . DITY Outside CONUS DITY Moves are authorized outside of CONUS in designated locations. b. the Air Force system parallels the Navy system in which only two copies of tare and gross weight tickets are required. (page 34) indicates that the Army system requires the submission of three copies of both tare and gross weight tickets.k. certain areas have designated restrictions which pertain to specific areas.a. Required Reporting Installation Transportation Officers are required to file reports on all DITY moves completed each quarter. Weight Tickets Sub-paragraph II. However. type of driver's license required.

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44 . UNITED STATES COAST GUARD SYSTEM 1 Background The United States Coast Guard originally started their DITY Program in June 1981 due to requests from the field to initiate a program similar to the other services. : JTR 1011 has been assigned to this report. 2 General Information a.B. Use of the 500 Pound MRT Minimum Instead of the 225 Pound Weight Allowance The Air Force system for computing the incentive payment for personnel in pay-grades E-4 (less than two years service) and E-3 and below is identical to that for Army personnel identified in sub-paragraph II. to Headquarters. Eligibility The eligibility requirements for Coast Guard members to participate in the DITY Program are the same as those for Navy members described in sub-paragraph II.4. E. (page 40). . not later than the 25th day of the month following the quarter reported. report. The United States Coast Guard's program was developed for the purpose of increasing the options available to military members for the movement of their personal property within CONUS and to provide members who use this program an opportunity to earn a monetary incentive for moving their own household goods..b. USAF/LETT. Report Symbol RCS e. (page 13 ) 2. A. a.

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2.d.2.A. Coast Guard members are explicitly advised that 45 .A.e.2. (pages 13 and 19). Voluntary Participation Participation in the Coast Guard DITY Program is strictly voluntary. The incentive payments are made by the appropriate origin Authorized Certifying Officer (ACO) based on the member's claim.A.k.A.2. c.C.e. (page 13). The availability of the service is not intended to eliminate the member's right to choose one auth- orized mode of shipment over another. which is submitted on DD Form 1351-2 (Travel Voucher or Subvoucher) upon completion of the move. and although the use of the DITY Program is encouraged.B. Travel Allowances The travel allowances for which the Coast Guard member is entitled are the same as those for Navy members described in sub-paragraph II. (page 14) as modified by the Army's program described in sub- paragraph II. e. it is not mandatory. Monetary Incentive Payment The basic requirements of the Coast Guard's DITY Program procedures utilized to determine the eligibility for payment of a monetary incentive are similar to those contained in the Navy's program described in sub-paragraph II. and II. Weight Tickets The Coast Guard requirements for weight tickets are the same as those for Navy members described in sub-paragraphs II.2. d.b. (page 30).

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fuel. oil. (page 18). Trailer Hook-ups The requirements or alternatives for trailer hook- ups for Coast Guard personnel are identical to those contained in sub-paragraph II. This allowance is to be used for rental of equipment.2.f. The ACO is required to indicate by endorsement on the original and three copies of the member's orders the cash advance. f. special permits. and weight tickets. Operating Allowance A cash advance operating allowance will be auth- orized by the origin travel Authorized Certifying Officer (ACO) for all inter-city truck/trailer rentals.2..A.A. if any. Procedures to Claim a Monetary Incentive The basic requirements of the Coast Guard's DITY Program procedures utilized to determine the eligibility for payment of a monetary incentive are similar to those contained in the Navy's program described in sub-paragraph II.2.A. moving aids. (page 16 ) g. Rental Equipment The various types of rental equipment for Coast Guard personnel are identical to those for Navy members con- tained in sub-paragraph II. Other purchases. paid in connection with the DITY move.h. tolls. are strictly 46 . especially those not related to the operation of the rental truck/trailer. h. (page 18). payment of the monetary incentive will not be completed until a minimum of 45 days after completion of the move.g. i.

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whichever is smaller. On inter-city moves. Rental trucks used for local moves are provided with a full tank of fuel and are required to be returned with a full tank of fuel. the cash advance paid to the member is 50 percent of the Military/Government Rate Tender (MRT) line haul transportation rate. or the estimated weight indicated on the Application for Shipment ( DD Form 1299). based on the foregoing. The weight to be used is the Joint Travel Regulations (JTR) prescribed maximum weight allowance. if the Transportation Officer determines that the cost to the Government would have been $2. the less cash incentive will be realized by the member A cash advance operating allowance is also auth- orized for a local move involving a truck/trailer. For example. prohibited. The member is required to reconcile the operating The more allowance expenditure upon completion of the move.00.00. A most significant restriction placed on Coast Guard personnel is that an advance operating allowance is not available to members released from active duty and no longer in a pay status 47 .00 per hundred pounds for the distance between the new and old duty stations.000. expenses incurred. the cash advance operating allowance given to the member would be $1. the local drayage contract/tender is utilized. The cash advance operating allowance is 50 percent of the drayage rate.. For local moves. plus $5.000.

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j. and return them to the local Transportation Officer within 30 days from receipt of the rental vehicle.A. plus the loss of any incentive payment due. The requirements for obtaining an accurate weight ticket are identical for those of Navy personnel described in sub-paragraph II. Weight Tickets Proper submission of weight tickets. j.A. and three for the Air Force and Army member. 48 .m. 1 .2.C. Time and Mileage Authorized The authorized time limit and mileage for rental equipment for Coast Guard personnel are computed in the same manner as they are for Navy members described in sub-paragraph II." Failure to do so could cause the member to be billed for the total cost of the shipment.2. both tare and gross. . m. 2. (page 13). B.1. are essential for a Coast Guard member's claim to be properly adjudicated and processed. (page 21).. The member must obtain valid weight tickets.2. Storage The storage entitlement for Coast Guard members is similar to those for Army personnel contained in sub-paragraph II.A. (page 19) k. Only one copy of both tare and gross weight tickets are required to substantiate the member's claim as compared to two for the Navy and Marine Corps. (page 34) Insurance The Coast Guard member's entitlement for insurance are identical to those for Navy members described in sub- paragraph II.

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the member himself is tasked with searching for and arranging for the rental service equipment. etc. It should be stressed that unlike the other services. ) Member/Transportation Officer/Contractor Procedures The service member initially receives his orders direct- ing his transfer.2. Loss and Damage to Household Goods Claims for loss and damage to household goods are identical to those delineated in sub-paragraph II. as this is not a function of the duties required of a Coast Guard Transportation Officer.A. member proceeds to the local Transportation Officer (TO) for counseling with the original and three copies of the orders. The origin Transportation Officer has the responsibility to counsel members in regard to the DITY Program and to approve or disapprove requests based on the cost-effectiveness to the Government. the permit the shipment of household goods.n. 49 . (page 21 3 . separation from the service. "No-Cost" orders do not At that time.. a The Transportation Officer is required to utilize "DITY WORKSHEET FOR ONE-WAY/LOCAL MOVES" for computing actual costs for the member's move. The counselor is also required to utilize a "DO IT YOURSELF MOVE COUNSELING CHECKLIST" during the counseling session. which auth- orize the shipment of household goods. n. packing aids and moving aids.

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6 (page 46 ) ) Payment Procedures The Transportation Officer at origin makes the cost comparison/incentive estimate at the time of counseling to determine if a PITY move is advantageous to the Government compared to the conventional method of moving. Operating allowances are not authorized for members being released from active duty and no longer in a pay status. plus $5. An estimate of the weight allowance to be shipped. 5 Member Elects a PITY Move Utilizing Rental Service Equipment The counseling procedures utilized for Coast Guard personnel are similar to those for Navy personnel contained in sub-paragraph II.a. However. the local drayage contract/tender is used.00 per hundred pounds. the Coast Guard does not have established BPA contracts for truck/trailer rental equipment. However.3. For local moves. II. (page 22). the cash advance for operating allowance authorized by the Authorized Certifying Officer (ACO) will be 50 percent of the total Military/Government Rate Tender (MRT) line haul rate.1.E.A.3. . The cash advance operating allowance is 50 percent of the drayage rate. 4.. (page 24).b. The member is required to use his advance (See sub-paragraph operating allowance to pay for the rental.A.2. Member Elects a PITY Move Utilizing a Privately-Owned Vehicle The procedures utilized for Coast Guard personnel are similar to those for Navy members contained in sub-paragraph II. or the member's weight 50 .

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allowance. It is the member's respon- sibility to retain the required paperwork provided by the origin Transportation Officer and to obtain properly certified weight tickets. The origin ACO makes all payments of the initial cash advance operating allowance. unlike the Navy. and Warehouse- man's Association of America. Upon completion of the move. based on the weight tickets obtained at either the origin or destination points. is used in the initial cost comparison. the member is required to furnish the actual net weight of the shipment. Inc. Service Restrictions Since the U. Air Force and Marine Corps. 7 . Marine Corps and Air Force systems the Coast Guard member with a 225 pound weight allowance.00 per one hundred pounds is utilized.S. plus $5. Army. The Coast Guard member is required to submit this paperwork to the new duty station's ACO which. the 500 pound MRT minimum weight rate. whichever is less. is a decentralized payment system. to the destination Transportation Officer. due the member. Coast Guard is a service under the Department of Transportation and not under the Department of Defense as is the Navy. if any. interaction to the extent of arranging for or payments 51 . This cost is then furnished to the ACO for computation of the incentive and operating allowance. Similar to the Army. The Trans- portation Officer computes the conventional GBL cost using the applicable MRT and mileage from the mileage guide published by the Household Goods Carriers' Bureau of Movers.

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processing. Army. Likewise. Coast Guard members are required to utilize only Coast Guard activities in all areas of arranging. Air Force and Marine Corps are restricted from the use of Coast Guard facilities concerning DITY moves. in the areas of arranging. and payment of DITY moves. or payment for DITY moves 52 .concerning DITY moves for Coast Guard members is very restrictive. Air Force or Marine Corps members. there exist no restrictions concerning the interaction of Navy. processing. amongst these services. Army. Contrastingly. members of the Navy.

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A DITY move is usually performed in a more relaxed atmosphere. It is normal 53 . especially if the weight to be moved 'exceeds the member's authorized weight allowance and would normally place the member in an "excess cost" situation. A. without any external pressures. The major benefits to the member of utilizing a DITY move are centered around the fact that the utilization of the program is strictly voluntary and the potential f. There are.or personal financial gain. 3. especially during the packing process. specific pros and cons which relate to the member and a separate set of pros and cons which directly relate to the administration of these programs and indirectly relate to the member. the basic criterion ranging from eligibility to payment procedures for most of the services are considered to be somewhat general and suited to the individual service. This helps to assure the member that: all of his household goods will reach the final destination in a timely manner and without the added burden of possible loss or theft. This atmosphere allows the member to more exactly sort his property. By utilizing a DITY move the member is in constant possession of his entire lot of household goods. PROS TO THE SERVICE MEMBER 1. however. 2. SYSTEM COMPARISONS As delineated in Chapter II.III. to his liking.

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practice under a non-DITY move to turn the packers loose in the member's residence and simply stand by and observe their actions. The disadvantages to the member begin with a lack of state-of-the-art equipment. The household moving equipment rental market. B. This can be coupled with a 12-foot trailer for A "moderate" military another 378 cubic feet of cargo space. has a fairly limited size and type of equipment available. This equipment. household consisting of a family with three or more children would find the use of a single truck alone bordering on insufficient cargo space. when the member and/or his family members are performing this task they tend to reevaluate their property as they are packing it. dominated by only a few major commercial firms. special shock absorbers for a smoother ride. when compared to the modern equipment of commercial movers which are specifically constructed for the movement of household effects with extra doors for ease of packing. however. is definitely not in the member's best interest.. The largest single unit (without going to a commercial semi- tractor type equipment) is a 24-foot truck holding 1303 cubic feet of cargo. This action saves the Government ship- ping costs and helps the member to keep within his authorized weight allowance. CONS TO THE SERVICE MEMBER 1. etc. 54 .

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2. 5. coupled with varying weather conditions. and unpacking of his household goods. The U.. the rigors associated with driving a truck or pulling a trailer. these payments are deducted from the total incentive payment to the member. Navy program is a very unencumbered program for the member to utilize. loading. but furniture pads for rental/ purchase are made of either paper or thin cloth. neither of which provide the protection of quilted commercial pads. a DITY move for a "moderate" sized military family can be a very labor intensive experience. Although provisions exist for the hiring and payment of laborers to assist in loading and unloading. Finally. etc. If the move being made is a long-distance move.S. can be harrowing to the member and/or his family. The majority of the administrative processes required to make the program work are placed on the local Personal Property Transportation Officer and his assistants . unloading. Boxes are available. Another disadvantage to the member is in the area of All packing limited availability of suitable packing material. materials the member receives from the contractor must be paid for and this amount is deducted from the member's total incentive payment. The typical member cannot classify himself as a professional packer or mover. C. 4. road conditions. 3.. PROS OF THE NAVY SYSTEM 1. The member must consider the required labor and skill necessary for the packing.

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a The Navy is the only service which The Navy instruction governing the DITY Program is not as explicit in detail as the instructions for the other services 4. adheres to this policy. D. CONS OF THE NAVY SYSTEM 1. reporting procedures. The Navy system is heavily burdened administratively in the area of Transportation Officer procedures in comparison to the procedures required in a conventional move (e. The Navy system strictly adheres to the 225 pound weight entitlement for personnel in pay-grades E-4 (less than two years service) and E-3 and below even though the MRT minimum published weight limit is 500 pounds upon which conventional move is based. etc. 2. 2.g. etc. 3... drawing up of the cost comparisons. obtaining quotes from all contractors. auditing procedures. The Navy system utilizes a centralized billing/payment procedure which allows for greater controls in the area of fiscal responsibility.). 56 . Transportation Officer counselors are required to use published MRT rates instead of discounted rates offered by many household goods carriers on various routes to draw up the required cost comparison. The use of published rates instead of discounted rates results in an inaccurate analysis of the cost and benefits to both the member and the service.

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50 per CWT does not include packing/unpacking.50 in the Navy DITY Program based on 13.storage or other accessorial charges. The majority of the administrative processes required to make the program work are placed on the Installation Transportation Officer and his assistants. PROS OF THE ARMY SYSTEM 1 .. The Navy system currently authorizes the payment of advance operating allowances to members being released from active duty and no longer in a pay status. It is estimated that these charges would increase the average cost per CWT by 30-40 percent. This change would result in the average cost per CWT of a conventional move ranging from $27. as compared to the average cost per .342 shipments (see Appendices A and B). This procedure makes the collection of erroneous or fraudulently obtained payments difficult and highly susceptible to fraud and abuse.5.70. 57 . hundredweight (CWT) of $37. The Army program is a very unencumbered program for the member to utilize. which remains substantially lower than the average cost of $37. E. Statistics obtained from the Military Traffic Management Command (MTMC) and Navy Material Transportation Office (NAVMTO) indicate the average cost per hundredweight (CWT) of a domestic door-to-door move utilizing conventional means to be $20. The average cost utilizing conventional means of $20. 6.50 per CWT for a DITY move.50 based on 42 661 shipments.65 to $28.

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However.47 which is higher than that reported for DITY moves.312 shipments as compared to the average cost per hundred- weight (CWT) of $24.30 in the Army DITY Program based on 13. CONS OF THE ARMY SYSTEM 1. However. 58 . The Army instructions governing the DITY Program are extremely well written and very explicit in the areas of entitlements. the average cost utilizing conventional means of $21.05 based on 72.36 to $29. The Army system utilizes a decentralized payment system which allows for a greater number of errors. Statistics obtained from MTMC and NAVMTO indicate the (CWT) average cost per hundredweight of a domestic door-to- door shipment utilizing conventional means to be $21.05 per CWT does not include packing/unpacking.780 shipments (see Appendices A and C). storage or other accessorial charges. 3. This change would result in the average cost per CWT of a conventional move ranging from $27. it should be noted that considering the decentralized billing procedures utilized by the Army any difficulties in the reporting system utilized by individual Installation Trans- portation Officers could greatly influence these reported figures. procedures and sample forms.2. It is estimated that these charges would increase the average cost per CWT by 30-40 percent. less opportunity for successful auditing. F. and a fragmented reporting system.

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G. 3. 4. 2 The Marine Corps instructions governing the DITY Program are extremely well written and very explicit in the areas of entitlements. The Army system currently authorizes the payment of advance operating allowances to members being released from active duty and no longer in a pay status. Installation Transportation Officers are required to use published MRT rates instead of discounted rates offered by many household goods carriers on various routes to draw up the required cost comparisons. The Marine Corps program is a very unencumbered program for the member to utilize. The majority of the administrative processes required to make the program work are placed on the Installation Transportation Officer and his assistants.. Statistics obtained from MTMC and NAVMTO indicate the (CWT) average cost per hundredweight of a domestic door-to- door shipment utilizing conventional means to be $25. The use of published rates results in an inaccurate analysis of the cost and benefits to both the member and the service. . PROS OF THE MARINE CORPS SYSTEM 1. procedures and sample forms. The Army DITY Program is heavily burdened administra- tively in the area of Installation Transportation Officer procedures 3.05 based 59 . This procedure makes the collection of erroneous or fraudulently obtained payments difficult and highly susceptible to fraud and abuse. 2.

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con- sidering the combination of both centralized and decentralized billing/payment procedures utilized by the Marine Corps any difficulties in the reporting system utilized by individual Installation Transportation Officers could greatly influence these reported figures (see Appendices A and D).07.174 shipments as compared to the average cost per hundred- weight (CWT) of $25. However. storage or other accessorial charges.on 15. This change would result in the average cost per CWT of a conventional move ranging from $32. The average cost utilizing conventional means of $25. Transportation Officer counselors are required to use published MRT rates instead of discounted rates offered by many household goods carriers on various routes to draw up the 60 . less opportunity for successful auditing and a fragmented reporting system. The Marine Corps utilizes both a centralized and a decentralized billing/payment system which allows for . H.05 per CWT does not include packing/unpacking. 2.56 to $35. The Marine Corps DITY Program is heavily burdened administratively in the area of Installation Transportation Officer procedures. It is estimated that these charges would increase the average cost per CWT by 30-40 percent. which is substantially higher than the average cost per CWT of a DITY move. CONS OF THE MARINE CORPS SYSTEM 1. 3. greater number of errors.23 in the Marine Corps DITY Program based on 7575 shipments.

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2. procedures and sample forms. 4. an indepth knowledge of 61 . The Air Force Transportation Officers are specifically tasked to search for alternate turn-in points for rental service equipment. if a redistribution charge will be added to the cost of the rental equipment. The use of published rates results in an inaccurate analysis of the cost and benefits to both the member and the service. I. This particular tasking is not specifically referred to in the instructions of the other services 3. required cost comparison. All Air Force installations visited and observed during the research phase of this study indicated a very high concern for the member and his entitlements. This procedure makes the collection of erroneous or fraudulently obtained payments difficult and highly susceptible to fraud and abuse. 4. processes required to make the program work are placed on the local Installation Transportation Officer and his assistants.. The Air Force instructions governing the DITY Program are extremely well written and very explicit in the areas of entitlements. PROS OF THE AIR FORCE SYSTEM 1 The Air Force system is a very unencumbered program for The majority of the administrative the member to utilize. The Marine Corps system currently authorizes the pay- ment of advance operating allowances to members being released from active duty and no longer in a pay status. .

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19 in the Air Force DITY Program based on 25. The Air Force program is heavily burdened administra- tively in the area of Installation Transportation Officer procedures. It is estimated that these charges would increase the average cost per CWT by 30-40 percent.59 based on 71. 2. This change would result in the average cost per CWT of a conventional move ranging from $29. These positive "customer-service" attributes tend to greatly increase both quality and quantity of service to the individual member. 5.. the inner workings of the program.36 to $31.62 which is substantially higher than the average cost per CWT of A and E ) a DITY move (see Appendices J.824 shipments as compared to the average cost per hundred weight of $22. The average cost utilizing conventional means of $22. CONS OF THE AIR FORCE SYSTEM 1. Statistics obtained from MTMC and NAVMTO indicate the (CWT) average cost per hundredweight of a domestic door-to- door shipment utilizing conventional means to be $22. storage or other accessorial charges.617 shipments. and appeared to be very customer-oriented in all phases of the program.59 per CWT does not include packing/unpacking. This procedure makes the collection of erroneous or fraudulently obtained 62 . The Air Force system currently authorizes the payment of advance operating allowances to members being released from active duty and no longer in a pay status.

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However. This shifting of responsibilities allows for lower administrative costs in running the program and allows the counselor to place his emphasis on other types of moves. 3. and a fragmented reporting system. Air Force Headquarters personnel contend that the collection rate for members in this category averages 40 percent. administrative processes required to make the program work are placed on the member. The Coast Guard program is a very unencumbered program The majority of the for the Transportation Officer to utilize. The use of published rates results in an inaccurate analysis of the cost and benefits to both the member and the service. and do not consider this procedure to be a draw- back to the Air Force system. 63 . 4. less opportunities for successful auditing. based on results of collection actions initiated and completed. PROS OF THE COAST GUARD SYSTEM 1.payments difficult and highly susceptible to fraud and abuse. K. The Air Force system utilizes a decentralized payment a system which allows for greater number of errors. Transportation Officer counselors are required to use published MRT rates instead of discounted rates offered by many household goods carriers on various routes to draw up the required cost comparison.

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unlike the other services. This practice results in an accurate analysis of the cost and benefits to both the member and the service. that payment of the monetary incentive will not be completed until 45 days after completion of the move. utilize discounted rates offered by many household goods carriers on various routes instead of published MRT rates to draw up the required cost comparison. Coast Guard members are expressly told. The Coast Guard is the only service which utilizes this procedure. and reduced workloads permit them to utilize this procedure. a minimum of The member is allowed a 50 percent cash advance operating allowance which is to be used for rental of the 64 . L. Coast Guard Transportation Officers. 3. 3. 2. in comparison to the other services.. CONS OF THE COAST GUARD SYSTEM 1 The Coast Guard instruction governing the DITY Program is not as explicit or detailed as the instructions of most other services. 2. Coast Guard officials contend that the relatively small number of Coast Guard personnel who utilize the DITY Program. a Although this is a distinct disadvantage to the member. The Coast Guard system does not permit the payment of advance operating allowances to members being released from active duty and no longer in a pay status. and their implementing instructions so state. it is definite plus to the service.

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equipment, moving aids, fuel, oil, special permits, weight
tickets, tolls, etc.
All other services utilize a BPA contract

which is used to pay for the rental service equipment which is

usually the member's major expense.
4.

The Coast Guard member is tasked with searching for and

arranging of the rental service equipment, packing aids, and

moving aids.

In all other services this task is required of

the Transportation Officer and his assistants.

This practice,

if not carefully approached and handled by the member,

could

make a significant difference in the amount of total incentive
he may receive.
5.

The Coast Guard system does not require inspections of
This practice could possibly result in a significant

DITY moves.

fraud problem for the service.
On behalf of the Department of Defense services, the Navy

Regional Contracting Center, Washington, D.C. has signed a

Blanket Purchasing Agreement (BPA) with the rental companies
who operate within the Continental United States.
Overseas,

where the DITY Program is authorized for use, BPAs are placed
with rental companies on a local or area basis, and are signed
by the proper Service Contracting Officer.

The Coast Guard

Program does not utilize the BPA system; therefore, there
exists no interaction between the Navy Regional Contracting

Center and the Coast Guard in the area of DITY moves.

65

M.

OTHER CONSIDERATIONS
To complete this non-quantifiable comparison, extensive

personal interviews were held with the various service head-

quarters and supporting staffs, a number of personal observations of member counseling sessions were conducted, and inter-

views with major contractors involved in the programs were
held.

The mechanics of this effort are displayed in Chapter II,

and the resulting pros and cons to the member and each system
are displayed above.

The programs of all services, with the exception of the

Coast Guard, appear to be very member oriented; however, they
are extremely time-consuming and place a large administrative

burden on the services to fulfill both the letter and intent of
the programs.

This attitude was prevalently displayed in all

interviews with counselors, supervisors, headquarters staff
personnel and service members alike.
In the area of completeness and detail of service instruc-

tions promulgating and detailing administrative procedures and

member's responsibilities and benefits, the Army, Marine Corps,
and Air Force programs appear to be more complete.
All services,

with the exception of the Coast Guard, utilize published MRT
rates instead of discounted rates offered by many household

goods carriers on various routes to draw up the required cost

comparisons.

Due to the large volume of service members

utilizing the DITY Program, this practice eases the time and

administrative burdens of the Transportation Officer's staff

66

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the total costs indicated above for each service do not support the conclusions that the DITY Program is a great cost-saver. During the research phase of this study the major emphasis in support of the programs appeared to be the great cost- savings enjoyed by all services. 67 . but in reality is an inaccurate analysis of the true cost to the Government. Realizing that this report has not taken into account all of the quantifiable variables for a truly detailed analysis. The strict adherence of the Navy program alone to the 225 pound weight entitlement for personnel in pay-grades E-4 (less than two years service) and E-3 and below places the Navy member at a definite disadvantage in comparison to his peers in the other services. The centralized billing/payment system utilized by the Navy as compared to the decentralized or combination systems utilized by the other services appears to be a distinct advantage in the effective use of financial personnel and provides a greater opportunity to successfully audit the system and billings/payments strictly from a financial standpoint and provides timely and accurate reports of utilization and cost.and provides a greater financial benefit for the member.

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with the exception of the Coast Guard. and abuse of the program entitlements/benefits.. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS A. the significance of these differences. Within the limited scope of this study. The programs of all services. waste. and in the area of inspections of DITY moves. waste. and abuse does exist in varying degrees for certain areas of the Navy's program. however. specifically. 68 . in the area of advance operating allowance paid to members who are being released from active duty and no longer in a pay status. the specific application of administrative procedures and payment/ billing procedures vary from service to service. CONCLUSIONS It appears that the Do-It-Yourself method of moving utilized by the various services follow the same general guidelines as required by law and regulation. from service to service. IV. it is felt that the potential for fraud. emphasis was placed on the potential for fraud. appear to be very conscious of the needs of the member and are especially suited to be an extra entitlement/service offered to the member In this study. The remainder of this study was conducted as a comparison of the entitlements and administrative and payment/billing procedures utilized by the various services. Although the actual number of differences is considered to be minimal.

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on-site observa- tions conducted. and administratively burdened programs. This adherence definitely places the Navy member in a disadvantaged position when compared to members of This particular subject the same grade in the other services. The Navy program is the only program which strictly adheres to the 225 pound weight allowance for members in pay-grade E-4 (less than two years service) and E-3 and below.are considered to be great. The manning levels of trained counselors who are considered to be very knowledge- able in the area of DITY moves and counselors in general for 69 . but are extremely time-consuming. and a review of the administrative and payment/ billing procedures of the various services. it appears the DITY Programs of all services are in the best interests of the member. labor-consuming. while adding extra measures of auditing and attempting to collect erroneous or fraudulently-obtained payments from a member who is no longer in a pay status. This procedure places those services in a position of creating a potential for fraud and abuse. As a result of the many interviews held. Guard program permit the payment of an advance operating allowance to members being released from active duty and no longer in a pay status. has been among the topics of various conferences since the inception of the other service programs and remains today as a significant difference of opinion as to which stance is All service programs with the exception of the Coast correct.

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If the member did not elect a DITY move. and was moved by conventional means. waste. with the exception of the Air Force. it is the writers' opinion that the Navy's Do-It-Yourself (DITY) Program is a very valuable and viable program to the service member. We believe the following recommendations will beneficially improve the Navy's program for both the member and the Government: 1 . RECOMMENDATIONS Based on the data presented. the Navy is the only service adhering to the 225 pound maximum weight allowance for members in pay- grade E-4 (less than two years service) and E-3 and below. B. This is a very important benefit to junior personnel from which the member would definitely benefit without any extra cost to the Govenrment 70 . all services.. it was clearly stated that this appears to be a disservice to the member and should be changed accordingly. although the member is entitled to a maximum weight of 225 pounds. and abuse. The other services compute the incentive 'payment for these members utilizing the 500 pound minimum weight (as delineated in the MRT). the Government would be charged the rate of the minimum weight of 500 pounds as indicated in the MRT. appear to be somewhat lacking in both total allowed and onboard strength. 225 Versus 500 Pound Minimum Weight Entitlement Presently. The results of the many interviews held indicate that the Navy program maintains the greatest control to alleviate fraud. Throughout the interviews conducted.

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4 Publicity Increased emphasis should be placed on making the Navy member aware of the possible benefits available to him by utilizing the DITY Program.. and examples 3 Operating Allowance The Navy program currently authorizes the payment of advance operating allowances to members being released from active duty and no longer in a pay status. 2 Instructions/Procedures The Navy program instructions and procedures governing the DITY Program do not appear to be as explicit or detailed as the instructions/procedures for the other services. it is recommended that the Navy review and modify the applicable instructions and procedures to present more precise and complete details especially in the area of entitlements. . Therefore. it is recommended that the Navy's program be modified to increase the weight limit of these members to a maximum of 500 pounds for DITY moves only. This procedure makes difficult collections of erroneous or fraudulently- obtained payments. it appears to be in the best interest of the Government. Therefore. . it is recommended that the Navy program be modified to delete the entitlement of advance operating allowances to these members. Wider dissemination of this information could and should be made to the member by utilizing 71 . Therefore. procedures. Although this is a reduction of benefits to the member.

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this creates longer than normal waiting times for the members and. therefore. magazines. newspaper and magazine articles. Therefore. at times. and additional billets be added as necessary. insufficient and/or inaccurate presentation of entitlements. The use of senior enlisted personnel in the ratings of Storekeeper and Personnelman as personal property counselors should also be considered. by various means. 72 . it is recommended that a study be made of the manning levels of Personal Property Offices and that appropriate training of personnel be conducted. 5 . Counselor Shortages The DITY Program as currently in use is very labor and time consuming and administratively cumbersome for the Trans- portation Officer and his assistants. and their program has been significantly accepted by the members.the various service newspapers. The Air Force. etc. Plan-of-the-Day notes. A Plan-of-the-Day notes. publicizes their DITY Program on a continuous basis. existing unfilled vacancies be rectified. for example. benefits and procedures. which will direct the member's attention to the possible benefits to both the member and the Government. etc. vigorous Navy publicity campaign should be undertaken to create bulletin posters. Total numbers of trained counselors who are considered to be very knowledgeable of the DITY Program appear to be insufficient.

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waste. Actual savings to the Government by using Individual Rate Tariffs (IRT) as compared to the standard Military Rate Tariffs (MRT) in the computation of the monetary incentive to the member 73 . Therefore. . 7 Further Studies In addition to the recommendations indicated above. etc.. and availability to accomplish this task. duties. and the tendency appears for the inspectors to devote their limited time to conventional moves rather than DITY moves. Personal Property Office counselors should explicitly advise the member of the consequences of fraudulent actions on his part. it is considered necessary that an increased number of DITY shipments be inspected. and abuse of the DITY In Program. the attempt to alleviate fraud. workload. it is recommended that a study be undertaken of the total numbers. To accomplish this task. . As an interim measure. it is further recommended that an in-depth analysis be made in the following areas: a. it is recommended that Personal Property Officers contact the local Naval Investigative Service Office for assistance in randomly inspecting DITY moves at the time the member receives his loaded vehicle weight ticket. 6 Inspector Shortages The Navy requires that a minimum of 50 percent of all outbound and inbound household goods shipments be inspected. additional personnel may be required. of local inspectors in an attempt to determine work habits.

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Conduct an in-depth analysis of actual payments a made to members released from active duty and no longer in pay status with the intent of determining the actual percentage of erroneous or fraudulently obtained payments and the method and results of collection actions for these members. continual emphasis should be placed on the Navy's DITY Program in achieving maximum cost reduction to the Government and definite incentives to the service member. In view of the millions of dollars spent annually by the Department of Defense for the transportation of household goods. 74 . The above recommendations have been made and areas that warrant further attention have been identified with the intent to upgrade and improve the Navy's Do-It-Yourself Program.b.

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. NAVMTO. Department of the Army. D. L... 80 . . interview of 12 and 13 September 1983. Conkel. Headquarters. Naval Supply Center. B. interview of 9 September 1983. Coast Guard. Naval Supply Systems Command. Section 747. Do-It-Yourself Method of Moving Personal Property NAVSUPINST 4050. BIBLIOGRAPHY Air Force Regulations Manual AF REG 75-33.S. Department of the Army Headquarters Pentagon Building. Department of Defense Appropriation Act. Department of the Air Force. Coast Guard. United States Code 406 (1976) . T. Public Law 94-212. D.C.. SC. Norfolk. interview of 13 and 14 September 1983.3.. interview of ( 7 DALO TSP-P7 September 1983 ) Compton. . Volume III. 90 Statutes 153. Department of Transportation. Do-It-Yourself Method of Moving Personal Property MARINE CORPS ORDER 4050. interview of 21 October 1983. Chapter I. Air Force. Chapter 1. Headquarters. Hanson. . . 24 June 1981. Naval Supply Systems Command (Code 05). Department of the Air Force Headquarters. Part X. Headquarters. Headquarters U. 62D. Marine Corps. Department of Transportation. J. Department of the Navy. 30 September 1977. Chandler.. N. U. D.S. Department of the Navy. MTMC 4 November 1983. Army Regulations Manual Army Regulation 55-71.. CAPT..13. Washington. U. Gleason. 1976..S. Comptroller Manual COMDTINST M4400. Virginia.C. Consolidated Personal Property Shipping Office. Headquarters. . Washington. Pentagon Building. D. Chief. interview of 7 September 1983.. Boesse. . Chapter 14. 19 June 1980 as modified by Changes 1 and 2. USN.. San Diego. Virginia. Washington. Department of the Army. Washington. . California. 176 and 37. F. Norfolk. telephone interview of Harriman.C. 1A.S. B. Do-It-Yourself (PITY) Method of Moving Personal Property COMMANDANT INST M4050.C. .

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Virginia. interview of 14 September 1983.. Myers. interview of 9 September 1983. Department of the Navy. It's Your Move Number 8A-67. F. San Diego. Secretary of Defense Pamphlet. California. Tuttle. E. California. 20 May 1981. Department of the Army. Marine Corps Headquarters.. NAVMTO.. . Padilla. J.. Department of Defense. California. Sallard. San Francisco. California. interview of 6 September 1983. Norfolk. interview of 12 and 13 September 1983. USN.. Information Guidance Series. D.C. I. Camp Pendleton. M. Hill. interview of 4 November 1983. Langley Air Force Base. Joint Travel Regulations. . Pallone. Volume Chapter 8. D. LCDR. . Military Traffic Management Command. Virginia. interview of 21 October 1983. CWO. July 1976. . Marine Corps Recruit Depot. Ludwick. Commandant. Personal Property Office. . Virginia. 9 August 1983. interview of 21 October 1983. interview of 21 October 1983. USMC. It's Your Move . Chief. July 19 78. for Fiscal year 1982. The Do-It-Yourself of Moving Personal Property Department of the Army. interview of 8 September 1983.. Transportation Statistics by Branch of Service.. Mrs. Washington. California. Naval Military Personnel Command. Washington. Commonwealth Building. USCG. Report.. CW02 Coast Guard Headquarters.Hebert.C. J. Washington D. Naval Supply Systems Command (Code 05). R. San Diego. District Headquarters. Rosslyn. Personal Property Topics NAVSUPNOTE 4050. telephone interview of 4 and 7 November 1983. MAJ.. Pratt. Office of Information for the Armed Forces. Fort Ord. Headquarters. Naval Supply Center. .. interview of 7 and 9 September 1983. R. Macey. 81 . SC. Shetler. Naval Supply Systems Command.C. N.

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MA J L. Department of the Air Force Room 4A324 Pentagon Building 20310 Washington.C. California 93943 2 4. Commandant Marine Corps Commonwealth Building Room 684 Rosslyn. D.S. Boses. J. Chandler 1 Headquarters. Virginia 23801 2. California 93943 1 5. 2 7. California 93943 CAPT F. Boger. Department Chairman. Macey. 8. Code 54 Department of Administrative Sciences Naval Postgraduate School Monterey. Ms. Code 54BK Department of Administrative Sciences Naval Postgraduate School Monterey. Virginia 22314 Defense Logistics Studies Information Exchange U. D. 1 3. 9. USN Naval Supply Systems Command (SUP 05) Washington. 1 Headquarters. Code 0142 Naval Postgraduate School Monterey.C. Department of the Army DALO TSP-P7 Pentagon Building 20310 Washington. 1.C. Library. Assistant Professor D.C. USMC Headquarters. Virginia 20380 1 82 . D. Army Logistics Management Center Fort Lee.INITIAL DISTRIBUTION LIST No. Copies 2 Defense Technical Information Center Cameron Station Alexandria. 20376 Mr. SC. Conkel 2 6. N.

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D. Virginia 23511 13.2 Norfolk. Denning Headquarters.J. Myers. Code 4211 Naval Postgraduate School Monterey. 20390 Washington. Williams. Commandant of the Coast Guard Room 5 306 2100 2nd Street S. Ludwick Navy Material Transportation Office Code 024. Gleason. LCDR Russell J. California 94625 LT M.O.C. Washington.C. California 93943 12. USN Air Terminal Officer U. 14.S. USN Commander Fleet Air. Shepherd Personal Property Office. 11. Mr. SC. Box 2 FPO New York 09521 16. Naval Station FPO New York 09 540 LCDR John A. SC. 15.W. E. USN Naval Telecommunications Command (Code 131) 4401 Massachusetts Avenue N. J. Mediterranean (Code N8 P. B. Dempsey.W. 83 . Ms. SC. D. CAPT E.) 10. 20593 Mr. USN Commanding Officer Naval School Physical Distribution Management Oakland.

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YOURSELF" move program with other DOD and Coast Guard r ac'** Cities. v°<f« *£ .l 4 Williams A comparison of the Navy's "DO.207815 Thesis W59T9 c.IT. 10 i 6 5 > i 8 a 6 6 ? I • Thesis W5979 c «l '815 Williams A comparison of the Navy's "DO-IT-YOURSELF" move program with other DOD and Coast Guard activities.

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