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The material found in these slides is obtained from the:


24-27 Apr 2012, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

These materials may be freely quoted for educational purposes with proper acknowledgement.

Prof.Vitit Muntarbhorn Law Faculty, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok

Cross border crime Transnational organised crime = 3 plus entities Laws, policies, enforcement, cooperation

Illicit drugs Human trafficking Arms trafficking Terrorism Corruption, money laundering Piracy/maritime

Cooperation ASEAN Centre onTransnational Crime Expert groups Presence of ASEANAPOL

And action plan: Cooperation against crime and corruption; Prosecutions Laws, enforcement, ratification of treaties Cooperation with agencies such as INTERPOL

- UN Convention against Transnational Organised Crime and 3 Protocols on human trafficking, human smuggling, firearms trafficking; cooperation, criminalisation, extradition, mutual legal assistance, confiscation of assets, help victims

Action against transnational (organised) crime

What type of cooperation ?

2000 UN Convention against corruption: criminalisation, cooperation, whistle blow, trace, track, confiscation of assets, v money launder, transparency measures

1976 Declaration of Principles to combat the abuse of narcotic drugs 2000 Bangkok political declaration in pursuit of a Drug Free ASEAN 2015 Blueprints of ASEAN Communities 2015: security blueprint and socio-cultural blueprint

ASEAN Socio-cultural Community Blueprint 2010-15: Drugs Free ASEAN E.g. prevention, demand reduction, rehabilitation, community awareness programmes

1988 Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotrophic Substances; cooperation, search , seizure, confiscation of assets

Action against illicit drugs trafficking

What type of cooperation ?

2001 ASEAN Declaration on Joint Action to Counter Terrorism: information exchange Cooperation in legal matters Cooperation in law enforcement matters

Institutional capacity-building Training Extra-legal cooperation

Also cooperation with UN Security Council/counter terrorism committee state reports to committee

Convention on offences and certain acts committed on board aircraft 1963 Convention for the suppression of unlawful seizure of aircraft 1970 Convention for the suppression of unlawful acts against safety of civil aviation 1971

Convention on the prevention and punishment of crimes against internationally protected persons 1973 International Convention against the taking of hostages 1979 Convention on the physical protection of nuclear material 1980

Protocol on the Suppression of unlawful acts of violence at airports serving international civil aviation supplementary to the Convention for the suppression of unlawful acts against the safety of civil aviation 1988

Convention for the suppression of unlawful acts against the safety of maritime navigation 1988 Protocol for the suppression of unlawful acts against the safety of fixed platforms located on the continental shelf 1988 Convention on the marking of plastic explosives for the purpose of detection 1991

International Convention for the suppression of terrorist bombings 1997 International Convention for the suppression of the financing of terrorism 1999 International Convention for the suppression of acts of nuclear terrorism 2005

Offence: per offences in the UN treaties such as the 1999 Financing of Terrorism Convention Sovereignty Convention not apply where offender commits offence in a State party, is a national of that State and is present there (not affecting other States)

Take necessary steps to prevent, e.g. early warning Prevent from using territories of members Prevent and suppress financing of terrorist acts Prevent movement of terrorists

Promote capacity building Promote public awareness Enhance cross border cooperation Exchange intelligence Regional databases Capacity against chemical, biolog, radiological, nuclear terrorism, cyber terrorism..

Research Video conf Planners, financiers are brought to justice

Fair treatment: human rights

Not refugee status if terrorist Rehabilitative programmes Mutual legal assistance extradition

Action against Terrorism

What type of cooperation ?

scope: Assistance in investigations, prosecutions and resulting proceedings. Coverage: Article 1(2): (a) taking of evidence or obtaining voluntary statements from persons;

(b) making arrangements for persons to give evidence or to assist in criminal matters; (c) effective service of judicial documents; (d) executing searchers and seizures; (e) examining objects and sites; (f) providing original or certified copies of relevant documents

(g) identifying or tracing property derived from the commission of an offence (h) restraining of dealings in property or freezing of property derived from commission of an offence (i) recovery, forfeiture or confiscation of property derived from commission of an offence

(j) locating and identifying witnesses and suspects (k) other assistance consistent with the treaty

Designation of central authorities Protection of confidentiality Obtaining of evidence Right to decline to give evidence Safe conduct ( of persons giving evidence) Search and seizure Service of documents

Assistance in forfeiture proceedings consultations

Action for mutual legal assistance in criminal matters What type of cooperation ?

Law enforcers local ASEANAPOL Community vigilance

Laws Policies Programmes/practices Mechanisms/personnel Resources material and non-material

Education Capacity building Monitoring and information tracking Networking/cooperation/participation ASEAN CharterRules-based organisation.Rule of Law, not Rule by Law!