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Date:15/04/2013 Kind attention Dr M Chitale, Dr D. M.More, Dr Sanjay Dahasahstra Subject : LOUDSPEAKER----Suggestions to improve water-supply Ref: Your advertisement appearing in Lokasatta dated 15-04-13. Dear sirs I have described below The Concept Of WATER-TANKS In The River-Bed . I wish to have a meeting with the concerned persons to explain & to convince them that the idea is theoretically OK & is workable OR get myself convinced that it has a flaw. Problems and hurdles in the execution can be resolved if authorities are bent upon doing some good work. CONCEPT OF WATER-TANKS IN THE RIVER-BED Trenches should be dug up in the river bed . The widh of the trench should be that of the river. Its length & depth will depend on the volume of water required for the particular village . For example, length can be about 500 to 1000 meters and depth can be about 20 meters and even more if necessary. River-bed of about 500 meters to be kept as it is after the first trench . Then second trench is to be dug up. After second trench, again river bed of 500 meters to be kept as it is and so on . Likewise we can dig up chain of trenches, and if necessary, throughout the length of the river. During mansoon the river will be flowing to its brim and obviously trenches will be full of water. After rainy season is over level of water in the river gets reduced slowly and after few months river becomes dry. But, if trenches are dug up then water in the trenches remains stored throughout the length of the river and these trenches are LARGE WATER TANKS . Once water is stored we can plan , in many ways , how to use it and for what purpose.

Advantages: --availability of water during summer. --no land- acquisition as widh of trench is same as widh of river. --all other irrigation projects like dams, river- bunding etc. can -- be implemented as it is.

-- one time investment only in the cost of excavation. - probably good quality- sand may be available in the trenches --severity of flood due to heavy rains will get reduced. Problems & Remedies : 1) Siltation will occur in trenches. --it can be removed once in two years. 2)Sewage water of village/city & effluents of factories will enter the trenches. - Question is how it is not creating any problem today , especially when water from the dam is released in to the river? Eventhen installation of ETP - PLANTS TO be made compulsory. 3)Stored water will get evaporated. -its percentage will be much less as what must be happening in case dams. 4)Stored water in the trenches may percolate. It cannot be instantaneous. It is very slow. Eventhen it will improve WATER-TABLE condition around trenches. Difficulties: 1) River-Bed may be of rocks. Explosives and strong dynamites should solve the problem.

Digging 20 to 30 meters deep is not a problem at all as a tunnel is already being dug up in MUMBAI itself which is around 30 meters below the ground level to improve the water-supply. Conclusion: The concept may sound a bit absurd but I feel it is worth trying. On trial basis a small trench of around 100 meters in length with depth of 15 meters can be dug up immedately before mansoon to study and observe various aspects. Such a small trench will not be expensive and may be within powers of a local authority eliminating unnecessary movements of files. Hoping a favourable response or atleast an acknowledgement . Yours faithfully P.K. SOHONI 30 Prarthana Samaj Rd Sane-Wadi , Vile-Parle(E) Mumbai-400057. Tel. 26112139 Emai address: