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.] Mt. , Lc. . Only Mc. calls attention to the unexpected presence of a crowd.

crowd. Even in the villages of Caesarea the Lord was recognised and followed by the Jewish population. The prediction of the Passion was for the Twelve alone; but the crowd could share with them the great practical lessons which it suggested, and it needed them at this moment when it was pressing with too light a heart into the Kingdom of God. Bengel: doctrina catholica. .] The words are identically the same in Mt. down to , and with one exception there is no important variation in Lc. Such a saying uttered on such an occasion would naturally impress itself verbally on the Twelve, and gain currency in an identical form. The phrase . is not suggested by the . of v. 33 but by the eagerness of the crowd or the presence of the Twelve: see note on 1:17. To constitute a loyal disciple three things were necessary. (1) , to deny, i.e. to refuse to recognise, to ignore, oneself. The verb occurs in Isa. 31:7 ( ) ; in the N. T., besides this context, it is used in reference to the disciple who denies all knowledge of his master (Lc. 22:34), or the master who refuses to recognise the unworthy disciple (Lc. 12:9): is similarly employed by Mt., Lc., Jo., Jude, Paul. The idea is very inadequately represented by the current notions of self-denial which regard it as the abnegation of a mans property or rights rather than of himself: the true interpretation is given by St Paul, Gal. 2:19 f. , , , . Cf. Thpht.: . . ... , , . . Bede: pensemus quomodo se Paulus abnegaverat qui dicebat, Vive autem iam non ego. (2) , to put oneself into the position of a condemned man on his way to execution, i.e. to be prepared to face extreme forms of shame and loss. This reference to crucifixion was perhaps not new to the Twelve (Mt. 10:38); to the crowd at least it must have been deterrent in a high degree, suggesting a procession of furciferi headed by Jesus and consisting of His followers. Such wholesale crucifixions had occurred within memory (Schrer, 11. 1. p. 5) and might be expected in case of a revolt. Lc. adds in view of Christian experience, which had learnt to see the Cross in ordinary trials, but the Lords words were doubtless intended also to prepare His followers for the supreme trial of faith. (3) , to persevere in the exacting course of a personal following (cf. 1:18). Without this martyrdom itself would be insufficient; cf. Victor: ,

Thpht Theophylact. Victor Victor of Antioch (in Cramers Catena).

, . The following is to be habitual and permanent (, pres., cf. , ).1 HE YEAR OF REJECTION (April, A.D. 29 to April, A.D. 30), 7:2415:47 (Mark covers this years ministry more fully than he does the other years of Christs public ministry. In recording this final year of Christs public ministry, Mark sketches Christs ministry of withdrawals from Galilee, he touches upon Christs ministry in Perea, he gives a

Swete, Henry Barclay (Hrsg.): The Gospel According to St. Mark. The Greek Text With Introduction, Notes and Indices. London; New York : MacMillan and co., limited; The MacMillan company, 1898, S. 181

Gingrich, Roy E.: The Gospel of Mark. Memphis, TN. : Riverside Printing, 1999, S. 30

El lugar que ocupa nuestro pasaje en relacin al libro es el siguiente: III EL AO DEL RECHAZO 7:24-15:47./ A. El ministerio de retirada 7:24-9:50. /3. La tercera retirada-la retirada de Cesrea de Philipo (8:27-9:50). / (6) La revelacin de Jess del costo del discipulado (8:34 38)3 / (a) Los detalles del costo del discipulado (8:34) y por ltimos organiza el pasaje en tres divisiones 1) una vez-por-toda la negacin de s mismo 2) Un diario (Lucas9:23) tomar de la cruz 3) un continuo seguir a Jess

319:1.] ANNOUNCEMENT OF HIS APPROACHING DEATH AND RESURRECTION. REBUKE OF PETER. Matt. 16:2128. Luke 9:2227. Luke omits the rebuke of Peter. Mark adds, ver. 32, . . : and, in the rebuke of Peter, that the Lord said the words . In vv. 34, 35, the agreement is close, except that Luke adds , aft. . , and Mark . aft. , ver. 35 (it is perhaps worthy of remark that St. Mark writes in ver. 34: possibly from the information of him, to whom it was said, ; , John 21:22); and informs us, in ver. 34, that our Lord said these words, having called the multitude with his disciples. This Meyer calls a contradiction to Matt. and Luke,and thinks it arose from a misunderstanding of Lukes . Far rather should I say that our account represents every detail to the life, and that the contains traces of it. What wonder that a crowd should here, as every where else, have collected about Him and the disciples? 37.] If (see var. readd.) the words in brackets be omitted, the sense will be, For what can

Gingrich, Roy E.: The Gospel of Mark. Memphis, TN. : Riverside Printing, 1999, S. 36

aft after.

Alford, Henry: Alford's Greek Testament: An Exegetical and Critical Commentary. Bellingham, WA : Logos Research Systems, Inc., 2010, S. 1:369-370