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nav yvnOIOV OVl.

h:unOV
spE1 1:nv unoypanv l.iiC: ouyypastoC:
'EK66rnc;:
4\. fEQPf!AfJHE - BIBII/08HKH TQN EIIIIHNQN
KcvrptKn 6J6ecOJc;: lltvopJJav 114- Aenvat rrnfl.: 210 3815000J
Kntafac; 263- Kn1016 trnfl.: 210 8015113) Bl/3fllonwflc1ov:
npcbrn {KOOOIC::
fJ/VOJC: fJJG6JKruou: georgiadesbooks.gr
'Hf1cKrpovtK6 Tax/JJ10: hellinikiagogi@yahoo.com
fJKtJJ/3PIOC: 2011
rxto1ov Avrcbvnc; Bptrrac;, t:wyp6cpoc;
Ecfltoonofnmc; -
EX6/JJGra:
c:PfflJJC: - Movr6c;:
'EKrunwmc;:
<<K. rraupwv6Knc; & Lla E.E.}}
rrnfl.: 210 3803866J
<<flavvnc;
trnfl.: 210 3833595)
<<X. & r. zaxap6noufJoc; - fJ. Llrapac; O.E.}}
trnfl.: 210 4828351J
nvcUJJGrtK6 6JKGIWJ1Gra: All TANH
fJ/VOIC: fJJGOIK!UOU: WWW.altani.gr
'Hf1cKrpovtK6 Tax/J1c1o: altagr@otenet.gr
Tnf1cOJ10t6runov: 22910 78148
ISBN
9 78-960-316-532-3
EuxaplarciJ lotOJrtpwc; r6v Kov Avrwvn Bptrra 616 rnv 6tf10KP6fl OUJ1/30f1nv
rou cfc; rflv napoOaav Kooatv.
AnayopEUEtOI n napouofOOIC: an6 13tl!JOtOC:, n avOOn!JOOfcUOIC: KOf VEVIKWC: n ava-
napaywyn f.v 0A4), f.v !J8Pcl n ncp!AnntiKWC: n n OIOOK8Utl EOtW Kaf !J[Oc; Ocflfooc;
n napaypa<)>ou taO nap6vtoc; 8pyou, Kae oiovonnots tp6nov (!JnxaviK6v, Ms-
KtPOVIK6v, <)>WtatUniKOV, nxoypa<)>nOEWC: n aAAwc; nwc;J, OU!J<I>WVWC: np6c; t6v
N. 237/1920, 4264/62, 2121/93 Kai Ao1nouc; tv vevs1 Kav6vac; Llls8vooc; LliKafou,
OVEU nponyOU!J8vnc; aosfac; tflc; ouyypa<)>ewc;, n 6nofa EXcl tnv anoKA810tiK6tnta,
tnV KUPIOtnta, tnv VO!JtlV Kaf KatOXtlV.
AJ\TANH
nPQTH EKAOIII
EKAOIEII "I\. rEQPriAAHI - BIBI\100HKH TQN EI\1\HNQN"
A0HNAI 2011
roo
Kafi4n6flflwva
Kaf roO
8 TO CI>QTOr niNA:: nEPIEXOMENQN 9
np6fiOVOC:: ..................................................................................................................... 13
Eiaavwvn ...................................................................................................................... 1s
1. Ms8oooc; sp(Jnvsiac; tflC: Muaonoylac; ............................................................ 16
2. 6 vsoc: tp6noc: tpsuvnc: twv
tflC: 'EnnnVIKflC: fnoooonc; .................................................................................... 17
3. 'H tenEOIOUPViO tWV /8VVOIWV ........................................................ 20
4. T6 IJSVIOtOV tWV napaoEIVIJCltCUV:
ZEUC:, 6 OU!JnOVtiKOC: voOc; ............................................................................... 22
5. "Hpa, n ljJuxn tOO KOOIJOU,
n n01o8ot6tnn ouz;uyoc; tOO .ll16c; ................................................................ 27
6. 'Ep(Jnvsfa
ouv6(Jscuv Kaf tvspys1wv.
XpcfOC:/OVOVKnC: KOf KOIVCUVfOC: ..................................................................... 31
Ks>6na1ov 1ov
Zoooy6voc; nnyn tOOV n J\ntoo ..................................................... 37
1. oi 1\movsvsic: 'AptEIJIC:- An6nnoov ................................................................ 38
2. noia n aitia tmfloyflc; tflc; 1\ntoOc; un6 tOO Ll16c;
ora tnv vsvsmv toO >oot6c:: ........................................................................... 42
3. 'H o1nnfl 8p1Jnvsfa toO 6v6(Jatec: tflc; asac: 1\mooc: ................................ 44
a. Elc: t6v aioam6v KOOIJOV tWV avapwnoov ............................................. 45
!3. Elc; t6v vom6v oiOKOOIJOV twv 6aav6twv aswv ................................ 47
4. rsvsafloyla 1\ntoOc; ............................................................................................ so
5. 'EniOtSVOOIJO ....................................................................................................... 53
Ks>6n01ov 2ov
TsfiQ>oOaa, n
n
9
, - - o , ,
u w, n an..,u::; tnc; Ka..,sotnKulac; ............................................... 57
1. 'H KatOOtaOIC: tflC: IJEPIOtflC: ljJUXflC: ............................................................... 58
2. NYNn, n sotfa tOO asf ....................................................................................... 60
3. TsflcpoOoa tvavtfov An6flfloovoc: .................................................................. 62
4. lVuxonoyiKn avaflumc: Tsfi<Pouoac: ................................................................ 64
5. An6nnoov Kal 6 6pi81J6c: 4,
tWV teooapoov OtoiXEfoov tflC: 'lept'lc; TEtPOKtUOC: .................................... 66
6. 'OIOtOC: KOf ol'nOIC: ................................................................................................ 68
7. An6flnoov Kaf $86voc: ........................................................................................ 72
8. ZEUC: Kaf Tucpoosuc:. An6flnoov Kai nuaw ........................................................ 75
10 TO
Ke:6flmov 3ov
0UIJ6C: "Hpac; vsvvf) Tu<t>aova,
WC: np6c; t6v 'O!JnPIKOV "VIJVOV .................................................................... 79
1. 'D!Jnpoc: Kaf 8UIJ6c: ............................................................................................ 80
2. '0 Tu6oov ci( t6v 'O!JnPIKOV "VIJVOV EiC: An6flfiOOVO ............................ 81
3. 'H 6v68c01( 6vatpoflC: Tu60VO( ei( ttlV opOKOIVO nuew ................. 91
4. Anoflfloovfa, n 6tOIJIKOtnC: tOO 8vnto0,
nuew, n npOOOOniKOtn( tOU ......................................................... 93
Ke:6fla1ov 4ov
MueoROVIKn iapapxia
tG>v 13091Jf6oov toO <t>wt6c:/vvooaswc: ....................................................... 97
1. H ArNOIA
1\ntW, n IJtltnp tWV OUO tSKVOOV
N16!3n, n IJtltnp tWV owoEKO ............................................................................ 98
2. H ArNOIA
'HpaKflfl( Kai n Kflonn tOO IJOVtiKOO tpfnoooc: ...................................... 103
3. H ANAZHTHm:
Al W6Tva1 toO tOKEtOO Kaf n 'ApteiJIC: ................................... 107
4. H ANEYPEm:
"Hfl1oc: - re:flnvn sic: t6v t1JuxovontiK6v !3iov twv evmwv .................. 111
Ke:6flmov 5ov
IsRnvn/'AptSIJIC:/'EK6tn,
t6 IJUOtnPIOKOV Cl>OOC: toO oupavoO
(.8UVaiJeiC: KC!I tvtpyeiC!i tiic; 9eCic; AptSIJic'Soc;> .................................................... 117
1. Ayv6tnc: Kai ape:tn, n asoopfn tflC: esoc: AptSIJIOOC: .................... 118
2. Ttooapsc;, ai sfla01 tfl( AptSIJIOOC: Kai
f..I[O, n 61asuyouoa KspuvTtnC: ................................................................... 123
3. nposfiSUOI( KOf npOOPIOf..IO( tWV lVUXWV ................................................. 132
4. /\syvoot6c: x1twv Kaf z:wvn AptSf..llooc: .................................... 135
5. 1:UVOS0f..IO(, 6 6pat6( OUPOVO(,
6 f..IU8ofloyfac: Kaf 1nooofac: ................................................... 138
Ks6fla1ov 6ov
A pat n.
we: np6c; nueav6pav. nRatwva.
np6KROV Kal 'APIOtOtSRnv ........................................................................... 143
1. 'Op1KOC: "VIJVOC: MOUOWV ............................................................................. 144
2. re:vJKn sloavoovn sic: tnv esfav ouofav tflc: epa t n c: 6 p s t n c: ... 147
3. nueay6pac:. o p s u c: 'O p r K w v Apxwv ........................................ 149
nEPIEXOMENQN 11
4. 'H 1flOOOia tOO nueayopsiou, 0EOOPtl1JOtO(,
n tou f..IS t6v KuKnov Kal
n OUVOEOI( Of..IOt8poov f..IS tnv Apstnv 15 2
5. nfl6tOOV, 8spanSUttl( tVUXWV ....................................................................... 158
6. np6Kfloc:. 6e6ptoov Kai eaptwv .................................... 161
7. ApiOtOtSfln(, 881JcfliOOttl( ................................................................. 164
8. 'H E;pwtnOIC: 169
Ks6fla1ov 7ov
BRsnCA>
oupava. vnva .......................................................................... 171
1. eswv KOf evm:wv sic: t6 6f..lnpiKO snn 172
' ' ' ' ' :::. 174
2. OltiO onf..IIOUPVIO( KUK110U ................................................................. .
3. Avaypaf..lf..IOtiOf..IOi t6Koov, ot6xoov, oK6touc:. K6touc: ............. 180
Ks6flmov 8ov
T6 9001JO tOOV OUVWVUIJWV
SiC: t6V OU1Jj30RIOIJOV KOi j3iOU .......................................... 191
1. /1316( KOi f..ISpn ...................................................................................... 192
2. Btnoc:/i6c:/61ot6c: ........................................................................................... 194
3. Mtpn toO !38flouc:/io0/61otoO: 'ApoiC:, ...................... 198
4. xopon/vsupa .................................................................................................. 199
5. Kopwvn 203
6. 8nKn/apstpa/yooput6C: ................................................................ 205
KE6flmov 9ov
IUVKPIOIC: ll16UIJWV .............................................................................. 209
1. ntvts, al 0Vti8SOSI( tWV .................................................................. 210
2. Mia, n OUVKfliOI( tWV 218
3. t6 tflC: osflnvnc: sxs1 op6v; .................... 220
4. "EKOtO( - 'EK6tn ................................................................................................ 2 2 3
5. ruvooiK6C: Kai 6otpiK6C: !Jnv tnc: osnnvnc:.
n f..IOIEutiKn auvaf..IIC: tnc: .................................................................... 224
Ks6flmov 1 oov
<l>ooc;/An6RRoov Kai
A6voc:/'Ep1JiiC: ........................................................................................................ 229
1. zsuc: Kaf Maio, ol yovsTc: toO 'Ep!JOO ........................................................... 230
2. 'Epf..lflC: Kai 6 6p!8f..I6C: 4 ................................................................................... 232
3. 'H xsnwva ........................................................................................................... 234
12 TO MYHHPION TOY
4. 'H K186pa ............................................................................................................. 237
5. AI nc:vn1Kovm 6yc:A6oc:c: ............................................................................... 240
6. 'H 6n6KPUOC: OPI81JOOOia .......................................................................... 243
7. 'H E:ou.n:c:p1Kn 8p!Jnvc:ia tii<: E:vvofac: 13o0c: ................................................. 246
8. 'H OUIJ1i'lfworc: ................................................................................................... 248
Kc:6nmov 11ov
u'Qn6ilfiOOV OU navtf <i>CIElVEtCIIu ................................................................. 251
1. 'H UOVOI( tOO nennou tii<: nannaoo<: :a.envac:,
OUV001( nennou IJE enavc:voapKW01( Kaf
'Apte!JIC:- An6nnwv ........................................................................................ 252
2. An6onao1-1a "Y!Jvou Kannr!J6xou El<: An6nnwva,
n tenetoupyfa tii<: 'Enravc:iac: ................................................................... 253
a. NOV ................................................................................................................ 253
13. AvaKnfvc:oec:, m.Jnm Kai Knc:ioc:c: ........................................................ 255
v. Neor. IJOnnn Kaf xop6c: ............................................................................. 257
6. 'Eo8n6<: Kaf 1-!EVOC: ..................................................................................... 264
E. /\ltai, ai 8uyatEPEC: tOO 816<: ................................................................. 266
Enl-floyoc; ................................................................................................................ 2 71
1. 'Ayvwomc:. n AnonnWVIO( EKOVOI( toO 6pi81J00 11 ......................... 272
2. 'H mo mvo!J8vou ........................................................................ 2 7 4
3. '0 6v8pc.vnO!JOPIOIJ0( tWV 8EWV ............................................................ 278
4. 'H oraooxn twv tvc:pvc:rwv twv ec:wv ....................................................... 280
5. '0 teniKO( OKOn6( ............................................................................................ 284
6. 816 taOta ........................................................................................................... 285
EmiiKt!Kn Blr3fi10VPCI<i>fa ................................................................................. 2 8 7
nPoAoror
np6flovoc;
<iAppntol oi esof. 'Pntol oi IJU90I twv 'EiUlnvoovn. ouov ci'!Jsea
c:ic; 9EOIV v6 FlEVWIJC: m::pf tWV i6ic.vv tWV 9C:WV, onwc; 6va8psr 6
rwKp6mc; c:ic t6v Kpatuflov toO nfl6twvoc;. 'OiJWC:. t6 6pxm6m-
ta 6v61-1ata, ai 6uv61JC:IC: Kaf al Evspyc:raf twv IJOC: napc:66enoav
we ic:p6 napaKamenKn, 616 v6 tOUC EV9UIJOUIJ89a Kaf v6 touc;
IJVn!Jovc:uwiJc. "Oxl 616 tnv i61Kn twv c:uxapfom01v. 616t1 oi esoi
ou68v 8xouv v6 npoofi6130UV 6n6 tOUC evmouc;, 6nn6 616 t6v
i61KOV IJOC OUVtOVIOIJOV 1Jct6 tWV Sc:fwv OVOIJ6tWV
1
, 1:6 6noia
c:Tvm n KPUn Kamypan t:WV Sc:iwv 6pc:t:wv.
ec:im ai 6pc:mi npooc:vvf:ouv Kai EV ouvc:xc:IQ 86movt:m toO ljJu-
xovomrKoO IJOC Biou. 8xouoa1 n1v 6UVOIJIV v6 IJC:t:a!JOPwvouv
tnV 6v8pwnfvnv 'Ot:av Kaf 8' OOOV aum Eni8U1Jji t:OV
6nOOUIJJ30niOIJOV Kaf KOt:av6nOIV t:WV IJU8WV, OVOKOfiUnt:C:I t6C
ec:fac; t6oc:1c; Kaf ior6tmac;, 8vt6c; twv 6nofwv 6rap8pwvovm1 at
6pc:taf tWV ec:wv IJE tp6nov aonflov Kaf n6vtotc: OUIJI30niKOV.
'H 6uva1JIC: t:wv IJU9wv. t:p1Jnvsuo!J8vwv 1JE04' tnc; 'EnnnviKiic;
rnwoonc;, npoo8pc:r c:ic tnv 6vepwnivnv 616vorav tnv 6uvat6-
tma v6 6v8pxc:tar c:ic; t6 'OfiUIJnla 6WIJOt:a Kaf v6 Kaefomtm ouv-
6altuiJWV twv ec:wv, 8nc:r6n n 'EnnnvrKn rnwooa c:Tvm t6 IJEoov
smKorvwvlac; IJOC !JEt' Autwv.
816 v6 yivouv oi 6vwt8pw ouflfloyroJ.IOi oac:ic; Kai suKplvc:ic; c:ic;
tnv 6r6vorav, c:Tvm 6v6yKn v6 J.IOC 6noKaflueouv t6 6v61-1ata,
ai 6uv6J.1src;, ai svspysrm Kaf t6 OU!JI30fla twv ec:wv toO ct>wt6c;,
6nfla6n tWV 8i6UJ.IWV An6flflc.vvoc; Kai AptEJ.ilooc;.
Eic; 'EKsfvouc; c:Tvm 61cPWJ.IEVn n sniKflnOic;, tnv 6nofav touc;
6nc:ueuvOJ.18 IJE tnv 8flni6a v6 J.IOC 8mtpsljJouv tnv Sc:wpiav toO
wt6c;, we; uv <i>G>c;, t6 6noiov r3fltnsr sv Eiflflo <i>G>c;, sv <i>G>c; t6
onoiov Bfltnsl svt6c; t0Un
2
616 v6 960WJ.18V c:ic; tnv 98c.vpiav
toO 8vt6c; IJOC wt6c; ....
1 nnarwvoc; Kparunoc;" 400d- 40 1a.
2 nnwrfvou 'Evv&66c(", 'Evv&ac; E, etJ.Ia 3 nspf rwv yvwptanKwv
unoaraaswv Kaf roo intK&Iva', 8, 22- 24.
13
14 AnOJ\1\QNIOY <I>QTOr 15
Eiaavoovn
16 TO MYHHPION TOY AnOAAQNIOY <PQTOl:
'H EP8UVa n8pf wt6C. n 6nofa OKOnOU88T, !xpnCJitJOnofn08 OUVKEKPI-
tJEVnV tJE8ooov 616 va anoKan(nj.Jp t6C K8KPUtJtJEVaC lj.JUXOVOntiKOC
ouv6tJ81C Kal 8v8PV8iac t&v E:nnnvrK&v tJUSwv. 'H tJ8oooc n8prflatJf36V81
tO KatWtEPW !nf tJEPOUC OtOIXETa:
a. Tnv iotopfav toO tJU8ou. tv n8prnnlj.Ja
13. rae ouv6tJ81C Kaf tv8PV8iac t&v 88&v.
v. Tnv 8ptJnV8iav t&v 88fwv OVOtJOtWV Kat6 nnatwva Kaf np6Knov.
6. T6 V8V8aflOVIKOV otvopov t&v 88WV <npoy6vouc>.
8. T6 tEKVa 88&V <6noy6vouc>.
c. Tnv OUV88t1Knv EPtJnV8Iav 8iC annnyopiKOV tnfn860V:
a. Eic t6 vom6v n8olov toO wt6c.
13'. Eic t6 tvor6tJ8oov toO htJfwtoc Kai
y'. EiC t6 aio8nt6v tOO OKOtOUC t&v Svm&v av8pwnwv.
z;. lhV tflC iotac t&V apl8tJWV, EOV unapxouv apl8tJOf 8iC t6V
tJ08ov.
n. lhv olaOtaUPWOIV !WV c:upntJO!WV tJE t6C 8E081C tflC ct>lflooofac.
e. TOUC OUOX8ti01JOUC tJU8ofloyfac. 1f'IOOOiac. aotpOVOtJiac.
Ol evm:oi. tJE 1300IV !OC avepwnOtJOP<PIKOC avayKaC. al6no101 EtJaviz;ov-
tal 8iC tOC OiKOV8V81aKOC Kaf KOIVWVIKOC napaot0081C 1:00 tJU80U, tJ8-
Laj3afvouv EK tOO aioem:oo KOOtJOU 8iC !OV vom6v OIOKOOtJOV 010 va
8ptJnV8UOUV, 616 !WV OVOIJO!WV t:WV 88WV Kaf t:WV OUtJI36f'IWV t:WV, t:OC
ouv6tJ81C Kal -rae tv8py8fac twv.
'H un8pouofa uorc t&v 88lWV OV!WV 8Tval 6np60it:OC 8iC tnv avepwnfvnv
oiOVOiaV. apxnc o nptnEI VO OI8UKPIVI08ji 01:1 EiC l:nV napoOoav
8pcuvav OEV np008yyfl;8!01 n 88fa npaytJatiKOmC l:WV Un8pOUOlWV
OV!WV, tllV 6nofav OUo8iC avepwnrvoc vooc; 8Tval 8ic; 8EOIV va ouflfl613!1.
'0 av8pwnOtJOP10tJOC !WV En8100oiwv anoKafiUm81 1:6 6pat6v OKn-
VIKOV t&v 6op6-rwv flOVIOtJWV 1:00 tJU8ou 8ic; l:OV evm6v avepwnov Kaf
OXI tnv ouoiav l:WV iofwv l:WV Un8pouoiwv OV!WV.
'H ct>1noooia. euvattpa tnc; Mueonovlac;. Kal tJ88oo8U81 616 toO
/\6you t6 tJUOmplaK6 8EtJal:O tOO tJU80U Kaf 1:6 tnavanpooo!Opf2;81 616
t&v EVVOIWV,tWV K8KPUtJtJEVWV tvt6c; l:WV tflc; 'EflflnVIKflc; rnwo-
onc; tJE -rp6nov t8fl8tOUPVIKOV.
ElrAmrH 17
'EflflnVIKn rn&ooa. n 6nofa EV8avfoen 8ic; EV noflu tJaKpuv6v na-
p8fi86V 8ic; t6v y8wyparK6v -r6nov tflc; 'Enn6ooc;, 8Tvm 8v t8p6otrov
VOntiKOV OiKo66tJntJa.
tnv napoOoav 8p8uvav otv 6val;m8itar n apxn tflc; V8VE08WC tflc;
rnwoonc;. onflaon n xpovofl6ynofc; me;, n 6nofa EX81 Kam-
noen 6n6 t6v nattpa Kp6vov /xp6vov. 'Ev tOUtOIC. n OUVatJfc me un8p-
, ;) f , - I I 'J ;)/ I
j3afV81 tOV tJ8tpnOitJOV ana EIVal
i'lletfac; n 'EflflnVIKn rfl&ooa 01Jif'l81tal aolaf'l81nl:WC 81<:; l:OV nflavmnv rn
IJE t6c; iofac; pfz;ac;. npo88tJata Kai an6 -roue; "Eflflnvac;.
fpatJtJatiKn Kaf OUV!OK!IKOV EXOUV tJE tnv napooov tOO XPOVOU.
"OiJWC. 6 oK8fl8t6c; -rnc vnwoonc;. ai XUtJW081C. z;wvmvaf. napoOoar
c:ic; tnv Ka8ntJ8PIVO!ma !WV 'Eflflnvwv, niOtOnOIOOV !nV au88VtiKOtnta
tnc; oK8tiJ8wc; twv tJE t6c; iolac; B813aiwc;, h ontJaoia tJ8PlK&v nt-
EX81 Kaf autn tJ8tal3fln8fl.
Elvm EVOiatpov va OlaniOtWSji, tav h OOtJn t&v EX!l npotfl881
an6 tJfav tUXafav nap68801V 80VVWV Kaf OUnnaj3fuV n UnOpXEI tJla EOW-
t8PIKn, 66patoc; ouvoxn. h enola tJE touc; oiKouc; me; aptJouc; ouvtovfl;81
tnV OUVOf'IIKnV EKpa01V tOO npoOPIK00 Kaf tOO ypamoO fl6you.
nap6eso1c; 6votJ6twv Kaf pntJ6twv ouyKpotoOv apxiK&c; t6v fl6yov.
j.IEV pfltJa aV8PWV81 t6c; t6 ot OVOtJa E:K81VOV, 6 6no1oc;
onwc; flEV81 6 =:tvoc; 8ic; t6v ro1otnv
3

VO h 'EflflnVIKn rn&ooa, un6 t6 npiOtJa, t6 OnOiOV cionyayc:
8iC t6v ol6floy6v tOU Kpatufloc; n nc:pi 6p86tmoc; OVOtJOtWV,
ea nptnp va flneoov un' Olj.JIV, ttooapc:c; j3aOIKOi nap6yovt8C.
tJEVOU VO napaKOfiOU8nop 6 avayvwm:nc; t6 8UpntJata tflc; na-
tJcfiEtnc;.
'0 EP8UVntnc; nptnEI VO 8UPlOKEtal c:ic; OUV8Xfl tnanv tJE tnv 8ptJn-
VEiav t&v Kai tnv ttutJofloyiav twv. xpnoltJOnor&v t6
tflc; apxafac; 'EflflnVIKflc; fflwoonc;.
'0 EP8UVntnc; 86 nptnp VO yvwpfl;p np&!OV t6 npCiytJa, 1:6 6noTOV Ka-
.l:OVOtJOl;8!01 tJE -rnv OUVKEKPitJEVnv OVOtJaOfav Kaf va EX!l tpc:uvnen
j.IS t6v -rp6nov Ka!6 l:OV nnatwva:
u . Otl o(m: OVOIJOtOOV anna noilu IJOiliiOV auto autwv
Kai j.I06ntov Kaf z;m:ntEOV n SK tWV OVOj.IOtWV.ll.
nflarwvoc; Eo<Ptarnc;" 262 o.
18 TO
L .. anna np8ns1 noFH.J m::p1oo6tspo Kai v6 IJ08aivou1Jc Kaf v6
epSUVOUIJE tO np6y1JOta, an' OUtO tO '1610, napa an6
t6 OVOj.WtaJ.
mnar(J)voc; Kparunoc; 439 b,
6n66. Hn llayfou, EK6. I. ZAXAPOnOYIIOLJ.
v. 'O 8psuvmnc. aKoflouawv t6 nap6oc:IVIJO toO nn6twvoc n6vtotc:,
v6 avaZ:ntfl tnv npoEFlEUOIV tflC apxnc tflc AcpoO
iKavonolntlKWC. n OUVEXEIO cpalvEtal we ouvtnc:Ja tflC OPXIKflC ElJPi-
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v6 IJC:flEt(l Kaf v6 epEUVQIJE npoooxn, av autn h 136on EXEI tc:an
6pa6 n OXI. Kaf OtaV 8Kc:ivn iKavonOintiKO, ofla t6
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5
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6
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tflC ouofac tOO np6y1JatOC, EV tOUtOIC aut6 86 avayvwpfZ:stal an6
OFIOUC tOUC OUVOJ.!Iflm::ac.
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enon t6 nap6v 66olnOPIKOV c:ic t6v 6m6aflw6n EOWtC:PIKOV OIOKOOJ.!OV
twv 6VOJ.!6twv 616 twv
4 nncrrwvoc; "Kparunoc;" 390 e.
5 nnarwvoc; 0. n., 390 d.
6 nn6rwvoc; 0. n., 434a-435c.
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a. 22 6v6J.Jata ec:wv <396 b Kai 401 b- 408 d>.
11 acn:pwv KOf UOIKWV cpaiVOJ.!EVWV (408 e - 410 d) Kaf
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19
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t:WV OVOIJOtWV tWV Sc:wv Kai. EV OUVC:XEiQ, tWV OOtPWV Kaf tWV UOIKWV
cpOIVOIJEVWV, tWV 6nofwv t6 aSpOIOIJa sTva1 11 + 2 2 = 3 3. nspiEPVWC,
aut6c dvm 6 1'6IOC tp6noc. 6 6noToc npoEKUtjJSV Kai sic tnv
apiSJ.Jooo1Knv /aotpovOIJIKnv tflc esovovfac toO 'Hm6oou
8
,
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tWV 33 tPOniKWV EtWV tOO nfliou.
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IJOO 33, we EIJcpavfZ:stal 6' E:v6c c:ic tOUC Otixouc tflC esoyovfac Kai 6'
EtEPOU sic tnv tmnovnv tWV apiSIJWV un6 tOO nnatwvoc; '0 apiSIJOC
57, tWV 57 nSIKWV EVVOIWV, OUOEV api81J0001KOV nspiSXOJ.!EVOV na-
poumaz;a 'DIJWC, cpafvstal we v6 8nc:Fl8yn 6 apiSIJOC 57 616 v6 Kflsfon 6
KUKflOC tWV c:k t6v apiSJ.!OV 90.
'0 OUVOFIIKOC apiSIJOC tWV 6 OPISIJOC 90 n 9 X 10
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9 6nnwvsr tnv 6noKnnpwmv E:v6c KuKnou 8vvo1wv. Al6tlu1JSXPIIJSV toO
api91J00 9 $90VSI n $UOIKfl nopsla tnc; api9J.IIiOSWC: I<Cif J.!St' CIUtfiV
apxstal n6FIIV an6 t6 SVn
9
nnsTota ooa vsvov6ta, 6vta Kal EOOOJ.!EVa
tnc Mueonoviac exouv tnv 6noKnnpwoiv twv sic t6v 6pi81J6v 9.
Mst6 t6c aut6c 6px6c. ea nptnn tnfonc v6 EniOnJ.Javen Otl 6
I:WKPOtnC OEV npoKpiVSI tnV IJ(av n tnv Oflflnv anoi.IJIV cpUOSWC n <<Kat6
ouvenKnv r.wv 1-18 t6v o1K6V tou tp6nov
f.tuJ.Jofloyiac. aoKwv KPitiKnv sic t6v E:aut6v tou, r.nv ot tflc ou-
z;ntnoswc tnv 6nVSI sic EKKPSIJOtnta, ntvwv sic t6v Kpatuflov: uMno-
psi, FlOin6V, Kpatufls, va SJVOI EtOI, J.JnopsT OJ.!WC: KOI OXI. "Qots npsnsl
v6 IJS eappoc; Kal J.!S npoooxn Kal va J.Jiiv napaosxsom tlno-
ta anspiOKSnta Vltld CKOIJCI SJOCII vsoc; Kaf ot6 aveoc; tnc; nfiiKlCIC:
- Ktli snslta an6 ttiv av t6 ppfic;, v6 t6 IJStCIOW0!1C: Kaf OS
1JSVa.n
10

7 nflarwvoc; "Kparufioc;", h roo axofiiGaroO 'Hfl. 1\ayfou,
BK6. /. ZAXAPOnOY/\OE>>.
8 ll.flravnc; "APPHTOI !lOrDI, 'HOI66ou "ecoyovfa" Kaf 6 6plfJf.J6C: 33", KEC/>. 2, a. 74
Kaf a. 240.
9 'laf.J{3fifxou "T6 ecofioyouf.JcVa rfic; ll.p!fJf.Jnr!Kf'lc;", "ncpf tvvc66oc;".
10 nnarwvoc; "Kparunoc" 440 d.
20 TO AnOJ\1\QNIOY CI>QTOI
unpoyiJOtl, tO appnta OVOIJOtO tWV ac:wv sxouv KOtOIWPIEU0'1 oflov
t6V KOO'IJOV, onwc: fiEVOUV oi ec:oupyof KOf OXI IJOVOV aut6v t6v
KOO'IJOV, aflflo Koi oflac; toe; unp autoO 6UVOIJEIC: .... '0 KOO'IJOC:
Elvm nflflpnc; t6oov an6 tflv OO'OV KOI an6 tO OVOIJOtO
ec:wvu
11

'0 tp6noc; tf'IC: EPEUvnc; tWV OVOIJCitC.VV KOf tWV pn!JO!WV slv01 t E fl E 0 1 -
o up v 6 C:
12
T6 f. p v o v, 616 v6 86op sic; n1v t s R c: 1 6 tnt 6 tou.
6o0 6riOKflnpc.u9n, 86 anOKOfiUtiJ!l tOC: KSKPUIJIJSVOC: tOU iol6tntac;.
osv f.xc:1 npoKatslflniJIJSvac; 6n6lj.Jc:1c;, outc: oiaoormots
1JOpnc; OOVIJOtiOIJOV. npoxc.upsT KOt6 tllV poflv tOO auto0 me;, OlJOO
h on1JIOupy6c; aicfa. tnv 6nofav 1JSta8pouv ai MoOoOI/IJUnoc:lc; 616 tnc;
lc:pac; tc:Rstnc; c:ic; tnv v6noiv IJOC:
13
.
'Vn6pxouv OIOOPE!IKOi tp6nol, 616 VO yfvouv ai anOKOfiUljJSIC: tf'IC: IJU-
OtiKf'IC: twv 6vo1J6tc.uv. touc; 6nolouc; txpnOIIJOnofnoc:v 6
nnatc.uv c:ic; t6v ol6floy6v tOU Kpatufloc;, xc.upfc; OIJC.UC: v6 tOUC: KOtO-
VOIJOO!l KOf VO IJOC: tOlJC: napOUOI00!11JE80oiKWC:.
Eic; OUtrlV trlV nc:pfntC.UOIV, IJrlnc.uc; 6 nn6tC.UV tUXOiWC: OUVSypaljJS KOi na-
pSoWOEV c:ic; tnv 6vepwn6mm t6 f.pyov tou; Mnnwc;, o16 t6v n6vov
aut6v, 6 oi6Royoc; Kpan)Roc; tec:wpnen 6v6 touc; aiwvac; we; EV 01op6v
OIOfiEIIJIJO, ouvoveunEUIJO tuxafwv tWV oo(3apwv spywv
tOU; 'OIJWC:. aivEtal Otl oi OIJUntOI osv touc; tp6nouc.
616 twv 6nofwv h 6nn8c:1a otav nc:oiov Kaf EK toO
6op6tou IJEt8pxc:tal toO 6pato0.
'lc:poupy6c;, 6 nn6tWV oEV En1(36flfiEI npOKOtaOKEUOOIJEVOC 6n6lj.JE:IC KOf
otv K081c:pwvc:1 o6v1-1a. o16t1 toc:(36oen t61JUOtiK6 tnc 6oiac tc:Rc:tnc. tnc
npoc:pxo!Jtvnc EK toO vomoo olaK60IJOU twv Mouowv /!Junoc:wv. 'H IJE:-
mop6 6v61Jatoc;, EK toO vomoO sic t6v aioem6v KOOIJOV,
tK twv iKavotntwv toO tpc:uvmoo va nnno16op, 6van6vwc tnc; vonoc:wc
tou. t6v ec:Tov vom:6v oi6KOOIJOV. Ta napaoc:fv!Jata tnc 1JE:taopac;.
omv npotpxwvtal EK tWV OVOIJOtWV tWV ec:wv c:TvOI ai EiKOVEC tWV
14

autwv. 6 vooc 6onvc:Tt01 c:ic tnv
11 np6Kflou Ek; r6v nflarwvoc; npwrov AfiKI/.Monv" 150.
12 Ll. LlnJ.!n!POKOU Miya ofln( !fl( 'EflflnVIKfl( rflc/Jaan(!!, flfiJ.IJ.IG
rcflcaJOupyfa, "h aUJ.!nflnpwaJc; epyou 'Ha. 'rcflcaloupyfa r6 riflc1ov nav
epyov".
13 'OpC/>JKO( ''YJ.IVO( Moua6Jv, LXXVI /76, ar. 7, "a/ rcflcr6c; evnroTc;
J.!Ua!lnOflcU!OU(. ".
14 np6Kflou Efc; r6v Kparuflov nflarwvoc; eKfloyaf xpnaiJ.IOtJJ 9, 4 - 8, tnfanc; 48, 11
- 15 Kaf ncpf rflc; Kar6 nflarwva ecofloyfac;", Bt{3flfov c;, KcC/>. t{f, 60, 2- 5.
21
'EV npoKEIIJEVC!), h tWV tnc; 'EflflnVIKf'IC rnwoonc; c:lvOI
i c: p 6 n P a 1 c. c:Tva1 l c: p o n p a i a. 'Eav. Kat6 tnv twv
un6 tOO tpc:uvmoO, SX!l OIOniOtwen Otl c:lval UOC:I Kaf EXOUV
npotnec:1 EK tnc; aiwv16mtoc;. t6tc: IJC:tsxouv twv ec:fwv iolotntwv Kaf
avnKOUV c:ic; t6v vom6v OIOKOOIJOV, onou unapxouv EVt6c; tnc; aiwvl6-
tntOC. tnEIOrl c:lval ai EiK6vsc; tWV OVOIJOtWV tWV oucnwv Kaf tWV 6vo-
1JOtWV tWV Sc:wv.
'01-JWC!.. VEVIKWC nola c:Tv01 h UOIC tf'IC tEfiC:OIOUPVfac;; "Epyov tC:fiE:OIOUp-
yfac; c:iyOI n, tEfiC:OIC/6fiOKflnpwOic; IJIOC EIJOvfoc:wc;/Emavc:iac;, npo-
c:pXOIJEVnc; EK tOO VOntOO OIOKOOIJOU tOO Sc:fou, KOt6mv aitrliJOtOC tOO
aioemoO KOOIJOU tWV evmwv avepwnwv. "Epyov me c:Tval h
EIJ6viOIC/Em6vc:ra 6avwv npav1-16twv. 6vtJKC:IIJEVWV, vc.vov6r.wv.
ovtwv Kai IJE.fln6vtwv c.ic; t6v aioem6v KOOIJOV.
Eic; tnv nc.pfm:WOIV l:f'IC 'EflflnVIKf'IC rnwoonc;, h tWV
c.Tv01 ic.pa vom1Kn 'H f.pc.uva twv uoc.t otv 6vaspc:-
WI c:ic; tuxaiac; oKslj.Jc.tc;. o16t1 aum1 616 r.wv avaypOIJIJOtiOIJWV sxouv 1JE-
ta(3Rnen c:ic; tvvoiac;. "Exouv Kataotn 6v!6tm:c.c;/lo801, 6noKaflum61JC:-
c:ic; tnv spc.uvav 010 tnc; EIJOvloc:wc; nor6tntOC n/Kaf
io!otntwy. ai 6noTOI OEV un6 tnc; ouvneouc; EtUIJOfloyiac; c:ic;
to 'Otav. EK 1:00 6avooc; 6iaK60IJOU vfvc:tal EIJ6viOIC c.ic; 1:6v
?iaem6v .K60IJOV, Kat6mv c.ioiKnc; ic.pac; vontiKf'lc; t6l:c. EK tnc;
c:vonOiniJEVnc; ouofac; tnc; 'losac; EVt6c; tOO "Ev KOf tnc; OKIVnofac; toO vo-
ntoO nc:ofou. t6
15
IJE.ta8pc:r tnv 'lotav l-IE t6c; noflnac; tnr-
tvvo1wv c.ic; tnv toO aioemoo.
'? avayvwomc; OKOflouec:T touc; fiOVIOIJOUC tOO nnatwvoc;, we; np6c; t6
rl,?POOE.lVIJOtO tWV t6c; 6noiac; aut6c; IJOC txopnyn-
OEV, WC 8E.IOV EiJnVE.UOIV. 'EfiEU8E.POC 6 voOc;, OIOniOtWVE.I trlV 6Rn8C:IOV
tWV fiOVWV tOU, EOV IJE.fiE.trlO!l t6 ic.p6v KE.iiJEVOV.
T6 c.Tv,al t? (3i(3flfov twv APPHTQN /\OrQN. Eic; ofla t6 (31-
(31110 cnc.xc:1pnen n twv Kpuwv tvvo1wv twv oi Kav6-
vc:c; twv o16 tnv IJEtatponnv twv c.ic; tvvoiac;, c:Tv01 h ic.p6 tc.flc.-
moupyla, h 6nofa avnnec.v c:ic; tc.Rc.toupyiav c.ic; t6 aoutov toO vaoO/
VOO IJOC.
91 Kav6vc.c. oi 6noio1 tnv IJEto(3onnv twv c.ic; tvvoiac;.
E.XOUV ooen c:ic; t6 npwtov KOi t6 OE.UtE.POV (31(3fliov tWV APPHTQN /\O-
rQN16.
15 nflarwvoc; "napJ.!cvfonc;}) 156 c- 157 c.
16 Aflr6vn( "APPHTO/ 1\0fQ/, 'Enfoaupoc;, 86flou AnoK6fiUI/JI(!!, KcC/>. 2 Kaf 3,
a. a. 11- 3 7 Kaf "APPHTOI !lOrDI. ecof. EUJ.1{30fla, Apxiwna rwv 'Eflflnvwv>J,
KcC/>. 4, a.a. 111- 141.
22 TO MYHHPION TOY AnOJ\1\QNIOY <DQTOI
'H npwm 8Koo01c toO npwtou !3rJ3nfou tvtvc.to t6 toe 2000. "EKtotc. oi
Kav6vc.c sopalwoav tOUC nOVIOIJOUC /EVVOIWV <j)U01 IJt nonn6
napaoc.fviJata Kaf c.ic t6 8nt6 J31!3nia.
"Evoc.Ka sm IJE.t6 tnv npwmv on1Joofc.uo1v twv Kav6vwv Kai twv na-
pao1VIJ6twv. c.lva1 J3ti3010V Otl 86 unapxouv ouvat6tntC J3nt1W-
OE.WV anna Kaf KanuljJc.wc napannljJE.WV. EliJal c.ic tnv OI08E.CJIV tWV ava-
yvwotwv. oi 6noTo1 sxouv avtlppnoc.IC 616 1-1iav nc.pmttpw o1c.pc.uvn01v
toO <Pntvov1:oc au1:o0 8t1-1atoc.
np6 tnc 8p1Jnvc.lac 1:wv LlroUIJWV 1:00 <Pwt6c. toO An6nnwvoc Kaf tnc Ap-
l:tiJrooc. n spc.uva o<j)c.in1 va nnnOI00!1l:OUC npwtan:iouc tiiC
toO alo8moo KOOIJOU.
Mt anc.piOPIOtOV OE.J3aOIJOV Kaf otoc. 86 anotOFIIJnOW tnv spc.uvav tWV
6vo1-16twv toO IJE.viotou twv onu1-1nfwv 8c.wv. Ta ouo 6v61-1a1:a
toO znv6c/ L116c/voo Kai tnc "Hpac/l!Juxnc. ouv8ttouv t6c ouv61JE.IC Kai
t6c f.vc.pyc.iac twv. ai 6noT01 tnv <Pumv Kaf tnv nEil:oupyiav toO
aio8moo KOOIJOU.
npwtov t6 6vo1-1a toO IJEVfotou twv 8Ewv oniJIOupyoO
tOO aio8mo0 OUIJnavtoc. u'O sic; Kal Ka80niK6c; 6ni ..IIOUPVOC: tOO JJOVO-
ysvooc; KOOJJOU sTvcu Kat6 t6v nnatwva 6 zsuc;n
17

nT6 OVOIJO tOU anavtei un6 nondnouc; tunouc;, oflouc; OIJWC: otps-
<j)OIJEVOUC: un6 tflV iofav pfz;av. Zsuc; KCil aiOFIIOtf ZsOc; KCII sic; BOIWtfav
Kaf OWPIOtf .llsuc; Kal Iosuc; .... n
18

'Aflnoc tunoc tOO OVOIJatoc tOO Znv6c c.lval 6 z n v. 'H napnxnOIC IJt t6
anaptiJ<j)atOV toO pniJatOC > W, tOO ii V, unooEIKVUEI Otl t6 OVO-
IJa tOO Znv6c WC npwtnv ouofav. tnv ouofav tiiC L1n1JI-
oupy6c toO IJOvovc.voOc KOOIJOU Kaf xopny6c c.lva1 6 zc.uc/Znv
19

'0 z 11 v - t6 z; ii v
Z E V I/.ll E V I
0 IVMnANTIKOI NOYI
ut6v yap .llla t6v voov tOO KOOIJOU unoflOIJI30VOVtSC:n
20
17 np6Kflou "ncpf rfu; Kar6 nflarcuva ecofloyfac;", Bl/3flfov c;', Kc</>. n', 35, 1- 4 "6 eTc;
Kaf OfiOt; roO J.lOVOYcVOOt; KOaj.JOU onj.JIOUPYOt; Kar6 nflarcuva 6 Zcl)(. ".
18 NcWicPOV 'EyKUKfiOn0161KOV roO "H/1/0Y", f/fiJ.lJ.lO ZcU(.
19 Otto Kern "Orphicorum Fragmenta", 'fcpof !16yo1 tv 'Pai/Jcpofalt; KIJ: 167,
" ... .ZcU(. 6 np6 rwv IPIWV KpOVIOWV, our6t; tart rwv Of/cuv onj.JIOUPYO(. ".
20 Otto Kern 6. n., an. 168.
23
IV ZEY
.ll I A - Z E V :Eli
ll.lliOtl npayiJatiKOOC:. t6 OVOJJCI tOO .ll!OC: sTvcu, we; 86 tHtysto, sic; OKE-
pcuoc: 6p!OIJOC:" a<j)OO olaxwpfz;ov aut6 sic; ouo IJEPn. IJStCIXSIPIZ:OJJSSa
aflflOI t6 v IJEPOC: Kaf aflflOI t6 aflflovLJ 'Eav OIJWC: svweoov sic; sv
1-16vov q,avspoovouv tnv $umv toO esoo. tKsTvov. t6 6noiov HEVOIJS
otl tCIIPI6Z:sl sic; t6 OVOJJO v6 x.n tnv iKav6tnta v6 np6ttfln
21

zc.uc. 6 OUIJnaVtiKOC vooc. <j)aVEPWV81 616 tOO om:oo OVOIJatoc Otl n
f I I I - I "5' C:. C:. I -
uljJ[Otn VOntiKn Kal npaKtiKn i'lE.ItOUPVIa tOU navr:oc IVai n IKaVOtnC tOU
au - E u - yvuc.1v Kai toO o 1 a - E u - vvuc.rv t6 6vm Kai t6 np6y1Jata
o16 twv ounfloyiOIJWV Kal twv avtrotofxwv
'EK tnc iot6tmoc: toO 6v61Jatoc zc.uc. vc.v. znv- 6c tont-uoupyn8n 6 ai-
o8m6c KOOIJOC. Eic aut6v 6 z E u c. yc.v. z n v- 6c. oio1 t6 ii v 010 tiiC
tOO IJttpou. tiiC OUIJIJctplac. t6 6noTa anoaaivouv navtoO
wpa16mc Kai apc.tn. Eic t6 IJEiviJa ot sxc.1 avaKatcu8n Kaf n ann8c.la
22

'EK napanflnnou. tK toO ocuttpou 6v61-1at6c tou . .ll E u c. vc.v . .ll 1 6 c
aitfac tiiC <P8opac. EiC tnv 6noiav tK tOO VOIJOU un6K81Vt01 t6 8vnt6
OVta 6 I a - 6 I a - on(l, 6 I a - nU1 tnV unnv. n 6nofa IJOVOV
Kat6mv arac EX1 ouvap1J008ii
23

'H tmJ3EJ3aiwmc tflC olttiic Rcltoupyfac toO 6v61-1atoc toO Znv6c/ .ll16c
naptxc:tal Kai un6 tiiC <j)lflooo<Pfac. /\tyc:l 6 LWKPOtnC c.ic t6v <DaTopov:
11Kal tycil 6 '1610<:;, <Daiops, EiiJCII tpaotnc; CIUtWV tOOV OIOIPEOSWV Kal
ouvaywyoov, o16 v6 ylvw iKav6c; v6 oKtntWIJOI. 'Eav ot VOJJiow Otl
KOnOIO<:; aflnoc; OUVCitCII v6 OVtlflOIJJ30VEtOI t6 OVtiKSIIJEVOV Kaf we;
ouvonov Kal avaflsfiUIJEVOV sic; t6 OtOIX.Sia tOU, tOOtOV OKOfloueoo
tnavw sic; ta 'fxvn, nou a$fiVSI 6niOW tOU, WC: VO ntO 8SO<;.n
24

'H tSnE.OIOUPVfa tOO OUIJnaVtiKOO voO tOO Znv6c/ L116C c.Tv01 n iKav6tnC
tWV OlalpC:tiKWV /Kata<j)atiKWV Kaf tWV OUVaVWVIKWV /ano<j)atiKWV OUn-
flOVIOIJWV, n 6nola anoKafluntEtOI 010 tOO 6v61Jat6c tOU. 'EIJETC t6 8vn-
t6 OVta, t6 6niJIOUPVr11Jat6 tOU tvt6C tOO IJOVOVC:VOUC oupav00
25

1JE.ttXOIJ8V autflC tflC VOntiKiiC nc.n:oupyfac C:iC t6V OnEIP08nOXIOtOV
J3a81JOV tWV ouvatotntWV tiiC <j)UOEWC IJaC. WC nfav 6n01JC:IJaKpU01JtVa
21 nflarcuvoc; "Kparuflot:" 396 a.
22 nfl6rcuvoc; "C/Jffln{3ot; 64- 65.
23 nflarcuvoc; "TiJ.JOIOt:" 35 A- c.
24 nflarcuvoc; "C/Jaiopoc;" 266 B.
25 nflarcuvoc; "TiJ.Jaiot;" 31A, '"'Eva, cihcp Kar6 r6 nap66ciYJ.lO fr6v oupav6vJ
6c6nj.JIOUPYnJ.JiVO( tara!"' 318, "aflfl' ck OOc J.lOVOYcVflt; oupav6<; YcYOVW(
tan rc Kaf tr' tara!", 928, "cit; oupav6t; OOc J.lOVOYcVflt; wv".
24
t8Kva toO nm:p6c; tJac; znv6c;/ 816c;. ruvcnwc;, sTvOIIJcVIomc; onouoat6m-
toc;, n Km:av6nOIC tile; tv FIOV4) 1FI0001Kilc; Kaf npaKtiKilc; tvc:pyc:fac;
tWV OUFIFIOVIOIJWV
26

'H KFifmc; toO K6tw91 o1nnoO 6v6tJatoc; toO Znv6c; - 816c;, tv ouvouaotJ(i),
anoKaFIUnt1 t6c; OUVOIJciC tOO ontJIOUPVOO tOO aioemoO OUtJnav-
toc;.
"VljJIOtOV nap66c1VtJa KUKFIIKilc; ncpl<j)OpCic; IJOVilc;/napatJOVilc;, npOOOOU
Kai tmotpoilc;
27
c:Tva1 6 zc:uc;; 8c:uc;. 'H tK toO "Ev /Zc:uc; np6oooc; c:ic; t6
noFIFI6/ 8c:uc; c:Tv01 6 KataatiKOC ouFIFIOVIOIJOC, 6 6no1oc; npooocUEI
6n6 t6 tc:FIE16tc:pov c:ic; t6 6tc:FI8otc:pov, ou Kai 1-18 K69ooov.
'Ev(i) n tmotpon tK tWV noFIFIG>v I 8Euc; c:ic; t6 "Ev /Zc:uc; c:Tval 6 6noa-
tiK6c; ouFIFioylotJ6c; Kaf 1-18 avooov, Kaewc; tmotp8c:l 6n6 t6
6tc:F18cnc:pa c:ic; t6 t8FIE16tc:pa.
26 np6Kflou Efc; r6v nflarwvoc; npCJrov AflKr/3r66nv" 180- 181.
27 np6Kflov Efc; r6v 7fJ.JaJOv nflarwvoc;" /3r/3flfov B; 209, 10- 210 11.
EII:ArQrH 25
'EK KataatiK00 OUFIFIOVIOIJ00 Kai tv aUV8XEfQ tOO 6noatiK00, oi
6noTo1 tc:floOvtal tvt6c; tG>v ouo 6votJ6twv, tl;aivnc; ai
E:vvolal:
1. Eic; t6c; 6pe6c; mwac:1c;, u1v 6votJaatiKnv Kai tnv KflntiKnv, 6tJot8pwv
tG>v 6votJ6twv z - c: u c; Kai 8 - c: u - c;, c:ic; tnv npwmv Kaf tnv "tc:flc:u-
mfav ntWOIV, n flSl;IC/EVVOia toO 8 U. E u c:Tva1 t6 6p96v,
t6 Kafl6V, t6 6ya96V, t6 ofKaiOV
28
we; tEfliKOC aKOn6c; tile; OntJIOUP-
yiac;.
T6 OVOtJa z - 8 u - c; Kai 8 - E u - c;, apxilc; KattJSXPI 6floKflnpwac:wc;
tOO tcfliKOO aKonoO, t6V auvOFIIKOV aKon6v tOO 8pyou,
t6 6no1ov op tvt6c; tOO E U, onflaon tvt6c; "tile; avae6tmoc;, tile;
6pe6mtoc; Kaf toO orKaiou. T6 c: u clv01 6 poup6c; tG>v tvc:pyc:16>v
toO znv6c;/ 816c; tK 1:ilc; 6votJaatiKilc; tJSXPI Kaf tile; KFintiKilc;.
2. Eic; t6c; nflayfac; mwac:1c;, trlV V8VIKrlV, OOtiKrlV Kaf aitlatiKrlV, un6pX81
6 olaxwplatJ6c twv znv - Kaf 81 - Kaf twv Kataflnl;c:wv
-o c;, -1, -a. Ai tG>v ouo 6votJ6twv c:Tv01 oraopc:tiKaL tv(i) ai Ka-
twv c:Tv01 OtJOiat
Ai 6tJIFI00V, n IJSV Znv- nc:pl tile; -l;Ewc; toO nOS 81- nc:pi
tile; o1a- tOO ora- XWPiatJOO, tnv naOOIV tOO 'Eni nFIE:ov
n 0 I - c:Tv01 n npwtn aunna(3n l:WV FISl;EWV 0 i - Kn Kai 0 I - KaiO-
auvn.
3. Ai -oc;, -1, -a, Ko1vaf c:ic; 1:6 ouo 6v6tJata, E:pouv
c:ic; tnv 8m6vc:1av t6 o a 1 a, t6 6no1a Emtc:noOvtar c:ic; t6 66pa-
tov nc:ofov un6 tOO 8 I 6 c; - z n v 6 c;. 'H 0 a I 0 c; avnKcl c:ic; t6v
ec:Tov vom6v oi6KOatJOV. 'H nE:l;1c; ic:p6c; c:ic; t6v aiaem6v KOOIJOV.
'H o o 1 o c; 6va8pc:t01, Kat6 Kup1ov n6vov, c:ic; tnv ouvatJIV
tile; OIKOIOOUvnc; Kaf avantUOOEtOI c:ic; t6v 016noyov tOO nn6twvoc;
EU9upwv, n nc:pf 6oiou nEipaotiKOC.
'H n8l;lc;/8vvora o o 1 o c; tmKupwvEI tnv vvo1av tile; I a- 6tmoc;. ET-
var 6 '( o o c;;o o 1 o c;. Elva1 6 tile; 61Ka1oouvnc;, 6 mpwv '( o a c;
6noat6ac:1c; tJEtal;u twv ouo tJEpwv, 6 6noToc; o8v KOIJVEI o1aKpioc:1c;
sic; t6 9ETOV nc:oiov. 8EV opo Kat' avanoyiav, we; c:ic; t6v aio9m6v KO-
OIJOV.
'0 ZEUC/ 8EUC, VEV. Znv - 6c;/ 81 - 6c;, tKt6c; tile; ior6tntoc; tOO OU - -
VVUEIV Kaf tOO Ola - ttJnEpiSXEI Eic; tnv VEVIKrlV, OOtiKrlV Kaf ai-
tlatiKrlV tnv 0 I - tile; 81 - Knc;. Met' autilc; 6 znv apxc:l c:ic; t6 OUIJ-
nav, o16t1
28 Ll. LlnJ.Jnrp6Kou Mtya Ofinc; rflc; 'EflflnvrKflc; ffl6Jaanc;", flfiJJJJO EU
fauvonrrKCJc;J.
26 TO MYHHPION TOY AnOJ\1\QNIOY <I>QTOI:
lHKnc; !Jtflnw nav6spKtoc;, avnaOIJ6pcpou.
n KCif Znv6c; CVCIKtOC: tnf ep6vov iEp6v IC:EI,
oupav6ec:v Kaeopooaa 13fov evmGJv nonucpunwv.
tole; 06fKOI<; tiiJWPOC: tmj3pf80UOCI 61KCIBCI,
ia6tntoc; annedr;1 auvavouaa av61JOiau
C'O!JI.IO 6VUIJVGJ, navtc:n6m::ou. 6ynao1J6pcpou,
h onofa Kai c:ic; tOO Znv6c; OVOKtO<; t6V lc:p6v 8p6vov Mp6l;Etal,
OUPOV08EV K080pGJaa tOV 13iOV tGJV nonU$UnWV 8vntGJV,
c:ic; tOU<; 66iKouc; E$OPIJOOOa we; 61Kaia ti1JWp6c;,
h EV lo6tntl tfl annac:lg t6 6uo6p1JOOta OUVOP!JOl;ouoa>.
('Op<J>tKOC: ''YJJVOC: iJ{Knc;, LXII /62, or. 1- 5,
6n66. AIKat. raf3pa - Eupuv61-1n<: , eK6.
uMc:ta t6v Llla snc:tal n LlfKn tOO eslou VOIJOU ti1JCA>p6c;. Eic; tOUC: OKO
noueoovtac; tflv KOOIJI6tm:a Kai toe; eslac; smtavoc: toO voo c:lvm
suspystiKn, SV4> sic; tOUC: KCII 01JC18Sic; Sn1130nnSI tnv ti-
IJCA>plav, touc; iofouc;. tO tEKVCI KCII toe: n6RSIC: tWV
29
.11.
ruvcnwc;. IJSt6 n1v 6uva1-11V tnc; c;wnc;, tnc; 6noiac; xopny6c; slvm 6 zsuc;/
Znv, OSUtEpa i616tnc; tOU SlVOI h tflc; 61KCIIOOUVn<;. u6 IJEV NOIJOC:
avnKSI nsploo6tspov sic; tnv sl;ouofav tOO Kp6vou, n ot LliKn OKO-
Rouesi t6v IJSVOno .Llfan
30
npoon6pxs1 6 nm:np Kp6voc; Kaf ns-
wr h LlfKn, 6 ui6c; ZSU<;.
'0 6E 'Opcpsuc; 616 t6v Zflva nEVE! (( n nonunOIVOC: OKOiloueooas
t6V .Llfa, apwy6c; sic; tmJC: n6vtOC:n
31
LliOti 616 tflc; tiiJWpiac; 6noKa8aipSI
touc; 661Kouvtac; Kai 616 tnc; 6novo1JflC: tnc; 61Kmoouvnc; 6noKa81ata tnv
61KCIIWVOUaa tOUC: 061Kn8EVta<;.
sK twv npwtwv 6uo tou iolotntwv, tnc; xopnyfac; tnc; c;wnc; Kai
tflc; 61KOIOauvnc;, anoppESI sic; tnv 6i6VOIOV n 6016tnc;, n
sic; t6c; twv 6uo tou 616tl
uZc:uc; KC:cpann, zc:uc; JJEOOCI, 816<; 6' EK navta tttUKtE.Il.
<Zsuc; h Kscpann. zc:uc;, h 1-lton. eK t6 n6vta sxouv vc:vvnan>.
Wtto Kern, ((Orphicorum Fragmenta,
lspof J\6yot tv 'PatjJcpofmc; KiJ 168, 12 3, 43,
SKo. WEIDMANN, 6n6o. 'Anravnc;J.
29 nnarcvvo<; N6tJoJ", BJ/3fifov Ll', 716 A-B Kai np6Knou Ef<: r6v Kparunov
nnarcvvo<; tKnoyaf xpflaJfJOJ" 181, 9- 14.
30 np6Knou n&pf rn<; Kar6 nn6rcvva e&onoyia<;", BJ/3fifov <;', K&C/>. e, 44, 16- 18.
31 np6Knou o.n. K&C/>. n', 39, 25- 27, "T0 oiLJiKn nonuno1vo<; tcptan&ro naaJV
6pcvy6<;".
EII:AmrH 27
'0 0 a I 0 C: 61SnCIUVEI IJEaC!) tWV tPIWV nflayfwv ntwaswv (ySVIKfl<;, 60-
tiKfiC. aitiCitiKflc;), napCIIJEVWV 0 a I 0 c; tc; as! sic; t6 S U tWV OUO 6p8WV
ntwaswv. Kai KnntiKnc;, too vomoo ns6fou. 'Ev KataKnsi61
uSV t6 aocp6v IJ00VOV Rtysoeal OUK tetnsl Kaf tetflc:l Znv6c:
OVOIJCI.n.
(SV t6 oocp6v KCiliJOVOV c;E,v 68XEtal nc:pi tfl<; ouoiac; toU n6yov
Kaf 68xc:tal t6 toO znv6c;J.
('HpaKnefrou, an. 32,
(<HPAKJ\EITOE, 6n66. X. 'A. 1\aJJnpfoou,
8Ko. 8Jf3ntoncuneTov KJ\Eim.
'0 zsuc;/vooc; tOO siva I au4SUVIJEVOC IJE tnv "Hpav /tiJuxnv
toO KOOIJOU, 1-18 tnv 6nofav 6 '161oc; 6va$EPEI 01:1 slva1 tpwtSUIJEVOC:
32

'O nn6twv t6 sic; t6v Kpatuflov, nEvwv: 11'H "H p a c:iva1
acpoO jJOniOtCI iiEVEtCII Otl 6 zc:uc:. 0$00 tnv E p 0 aen-
KS, tnv niipc: vuvaiKa toun
33
T6 6vo1-1a tnc; a sac; "H p a c; auvnxsi IJE t6
t p , tpftov E:viK6v np6awnov too t p 6 w>w/avanw.
Eic; t6v 'Op$1KOV me; "VIJVOV, n "Hpa tmf3SI301WV81 t6c; KOtW81 6UVOIJEIC:
Kai svspysiac;, t6c; axstiK6<; IJE tnv c;wnv Kaf l-IE t6 atOIXSiOV tOO OEPOC,
IJE t6 6noiov t6 OVOIJ6 tnc; slv01 auv6E6EIJEVOV:
uKUCIVEOIC: KOnnOIOIV EVniJtVn, OEPOIJOP$E,
"Hpa, 11CIIJI3CIOlnEICI, 816<; OUnilEKtPS
ll!uxotp6cpouc; aupac; evmolc; naptxouaa npoanvc:Tc;,
OIJI3PWV 1-1tv J.Jntnp, avtiJWV tpocpt, navtovtvc:enc:
xwpfc; yap atec:v ou6tv OilWC: $UOIV iff.yvoo-
KOIVWVEIC: yap 011CIOIV KEKPCIIJJJtVn ntp1 OEJJV4)"n.
CEvt6c; KUCIVOOV K6nnwv Ka8n1J8Vn, 08POIJOP$S,
"Hpa nOIJI300filEIO, IJOKapfa OUVEUVE,
naptxouoa c:ic; touc; avmouc: npoonvslc; aupac;,
ai onoTOI 6poov SVIOXUtiKGJc; en[ tfiC: \jluxnc;,
twv OIJI3PWV, 6VEIJOOV tpocpt, h t6 n6vta yc:vvwoa,
xwpfc; aoO ouMv 86 n6uvm::o v6 yvwplon tnv $UOIV tnc; l;wnc;,
32 'OfJflpou 'lflf6<;, = 328, "dJ<; ato vOv EPGfJGI''.
33 nn6rcvvo<; ((Kparuno<;" 404 c.
28 <l>QTOI
OIO"CI au EniKOIVWVSic; IJE anavta t6 6vta,
6VOJJEIJEIVIJEVn IJE t6v ic:p6v 6EpaJ.
topC/JIKOf; "YJJVO( ''Hpnf;, XVI/16, or. 1- 6,
6n6o. AIKar. ra{3pa - Eupuv6JJnf;. iKo. ILJ.EOeEATPONJ.
'0 zsuc;/vooc; tOO OUJjnavtoc; nOJJI30VSI we; nOI06ot6mv ouz;uyov tOU
tr'IV "Hpa, tVuxnv tOO KOOJJOU
34
'H "Hpa sTvm h t:snsutafa tOU auz;uyoc;,
orotl 6notsns1 tov ouvosOJJOV vomoO oraKOOJJOU Kaf aioem:oO
KOOJJOU, npoKSIJJvou v6 onJJroupynen sic; tov aioemov KOOJJOV h Kivn-
OIC: tiic; nvoiic;, 6 anp, 6 onoioc; sTval to KUPIOV xapaKt:nPIOtiKOV 01:01-
xsiov tnc; z;wnc; ol' ona t6 EJJ4Juxa 6vm toO aioemoo nsoiou.
'H "Hpa 8>6mstar tiic; iolotmoc; toO z;nv toO ouz:uvou me; znvoc;. 'lspoc;
sTvar 6 v61JOC: 8pwtoc; - "Hpac;. 'OIJOO nap8xouv to z;nv sic; t6
6vta. Kat6 tOV npoKnOV, un es6 nap6ysr a' SCIUtflc:;, OIJOO IJS tOV on-
IJIOUPVOV KCII natspa, OFICI t6 vsvn tG>V ljJUXWV, t6 unspKOOIJICI KCif t6
SVKOOIJICI, t6 OUpOVICI KCII t6 unoosflnVICI, t6 asia KCII t6 ayysfiiKO KCII
tO OCIIIJOVIKO KCIJ tO IJSPIOtOn
35

"Avsu "Hpac; OEV 66 z:wr\ h EK toO Znvoc; npospXOIJEVn, sic; tOV
aioemov KOOIJOV. 616 tiic; siKovoc; toO esfou 6vo1Jatoc; me; h "Hpa
1'
SIVOI
,.....---...,.. ,.....---...,.. ,.....---...,.. ,.....---...,.. ,.....---...,..
HPAHPAHPAHPAHPA
.......___,., .......___,., .......___,., .......___,.,
(("lowe; n6FIIV 6 VOIJ06smc:;. anaoxofln!JSVOC: IJS t6 OUPOVICI >CIIVOIJS-
VCI, KCit6 IJStCitpom1v WVOIJCIOS t6v aspa "Hpa, estWV t6 npG>tOV
yp61JIJCI tflc:; sic; t6 tsfloc; aut6 1.1nopsic; v6 t6 8vvono!1c:. t6v
tnavafi613!1C: noflfl6c:; op6c; t6 OVOIJCI "Hpan
36

T6 6vo1Jat:a voo Kai tVuxnc;, znvoc; Kaf "Hpac;, napsxouv sic; trw 4Juxnv
tnv 6uvatotma v6 ounn6f3!1. 8K tG>v ouo esfwv OVOIJOtWV, to ouves-
"COV unspKOOIJIOV VOnjJa, tO onoiov onjJIOUpysT tnv aounnnntOV 6vtom-
ta toO navtoc;. Kaf auto 8nrcsnsTtm sic; tnv 'EnnnvrKnv rnwooav Kat'
anonutov oiKOVOIJfav I.IEO<.y IJOVov ouo 6voJJ6twv.
ME t6c; avanuosrc; tOO npoKnOU sic; to IJUntiKOV KSliJSVOV toO Kpatunou
toO nn6twvoc; 6vtrna1JI3avo1Jsea tnv oofav, tnv IJrl 6noKanuntOIJ8vnv
sic; touc; IJU6ouc;. Autoi 8xouv 8opav twv sic; tov 6vepwno1JOP1o1Jov.
ETval ouvsnG>c; 6v6yKn sueuc; 6pxiic; v6 tOVIOS!i 0!1 6 avepwno-
34 'Hot66ou "esovovfa" or. 921.
35 np6Kflou "Ek; r6v Kparuflov nflanvvoc; iKflovaf xpfJottJOt" 169, 10- 15.
36 nflarwvoc; "Kparufloc;" 404 c.
EIIAmrH 29
iJOP>10IJOC: twv eswv twv 'Ennnvwv otoxov 8xsr tnv K6nul!Jrv Kai oxr
tnV 6noK6nU$1V tWV ioiOtntU>V tWV 6SWV 616 tnv anOJJOKPUVOIV tWV
j3sj3nnWV 6no t6 SsTa Kaf t6 OOia, t6 anoia OntOVtal tiic; Ssoupylac;.
sic; t6c; IJU6onoyiK6c; 61nynosrc; h esfa 1JOpn tiic; "Hpac; oo-
j3ap6c; 8vot6osrc;, we; npoc; to unspOUOIOV tWV eswv. 'OIJWC:. ouyxpovwc;
h Mueonovfg naptxsr 8v OloaKtiKOV IJ06njJa sic; touc; OjJUntouc; evmouc;,
tO onoTov SiVOI 6vayKaiOV 616 VO toe; 4JUXOC tU>V ano tnv
anOVIOtOV 4JUXIKrlV OVSnOpKSiaV.
Al.Jtn KOIJVEI tnv 81J0ViOIV me; 010 tiic; Z:nnotuniac;, we; tvtpysrav tiic;
"Hpac;/l!Juxiic; toO KOOIJOU, otav Kata61WK!11JE n66oc; t6c; tpw1Jvac; toO
ouz:uvou me;
a. Tnv ec:6v 1\mw. 8K vovswv ec:wv, euvatpoc; twv Trt6vwv Koiou Kal
Oij3nc;, IJntpoc; tWV tOO wtoc;. 'H 6s6 "Hpa oEV 6noat8nnSI
tnv euvm:spa me; Einsfeurav, tnv es6v twv toKstwv. v6 EP!1 sic; to
we; tO we; Anonnwva, napa KatOniV tSXVOOjJatoc; tWV 6EOIVWV ai
onoial OUjJnapfm:avto sic; tOV tOKC'l:OV tiic; /\nto0c;
37

13. Tnv I:s1J8nnv, Kopnv toO evmoo K6o1JOU Kai tiic; esac; 'Ap!Jovfac; <Su-
ympoc; Apooimc; - 'Apc:wc;>, IJntEpa toO 'H I:c!JEnn 6no-
tEPWVEtal uno toO KEpauvoO tOO 600 KatOniV tEXVOOIJatoc;
h "Hpa, IJSta1Jrc:OIJEVn, 8nc:roc: trw I:c!JEnn v6 z:mno11 6no tov v6
tOV iofl Eic; OnOV tOU tO IJEVanciOV. '0 oraow2';Stal Kaf KUO-
opc:ital sic; tov !Jnpov toO


v. Tnv ARKJJnvnv, Kopnv twv evmwv 'Hnc:Ktpuwvoc; Kai IJntpoc;
tOO 'HpaKnEOUC, c:ic; tnv onofav >EPSI npOOKOIJIJata we; npoc; tnv
vtvvnofv tou, otaupwvouoa t6c; xc:ipac; "CWV Morpwv, wo"Cs v6 IJrlV
vc:vvnen 6 'HpaKniic;
39

A0ANATOI 0EOI
Koioc; <l>oil3n
1\HTO
0NHTOI: nATHP - A0ANATOI: MHTHP
K6otJO<: ApJJovfa
IEMEAH
AM<t>OTEPOI 0NHTOI
'HfleKtpuwv
AI\KMHNH
Oi vovc:Tc; "CWV tprwv yuvarKwv IJEta8pouv tnv KniiJaKa tiic; 8nrKo1vwvfac;
Kaf tiic; 8naiic; twv nc:61wv, 6nnaon tiic; 66av6tou 1\ntoOc;, tiic;
Svmotmoc; - 66avaolac; I:EIJEnnc; Kal tiic; Svmiic; AnKIJrl-
vnc;. autwv IJEtaJ3i1362';EtOI n 8vtpyc:ra "'CWV tPIWV 61a!3a61JiOEWV tWV
teoo6pwv tEKVWV toO tWV AptEIJIOOC - Anonnwvoc;,
VUOOU Kaf 'HpaKRouc; c:ic; to OUIJnav, aopatov Kalopatov.
37 'Ot.mPtK6c; "YtJvoc; sic; Jl.n6flflwva, or. 97- 107.
38 Newrepov 'EyKUKflonat6tK6V roO HIIIOY", flflfJfJO EetJifln.
39 navvn 1\GfJI/JO Jl.pxafou 'EflflnvtKoO K60fJOU", flflfJfJG 'HpaKflflc;.
30
/\HTO
APTEMII -An0/\1\QN
V I
MHTEPEI
tEME/\H A/\KMHNH
TEKNA
AIONYIOI
ZArPEYI:/EAEYGEPEYr
HPAK/\HI
0 LlELMOI:, 0 META:::Y
AGANATQN & GNHTQN
'EK tiic; aeav6tou esac; /\m:oOc; t6 vont6v &c; 8pstal sic: t6 ou1.mav
!JEOC!) Apt8tJI6oc; Kai An6flflwvoc;. 'EK tnc; 8v61atJ8oou rstJtflnc: t6 aioen-
t6v &c; 8pstal IJEOC!) sic; t6V Z4)61aK6V KUKfiOV tWV EV-
06PKWV ljJUXWV, tOO onofou apxwv slva1 6 Zaypsuc;/EfiSU8S-
psuc;. Kaf t8floc; EK tflc; evmnc; AflKtJnvnc;, IJEOC!) 'HpaKfltouc;, tntpxstal
h OUV6SOIC: tOO esfou vtvouc: l-IE t6 evm6v 610tl 6 'HpaKfliiC: EXSI Kaf
aut6c: nat8pa ae6vatov es6v, t6v I-IEVIOtOV Zflva KaltJnt8pa evmnv
vuvaTKa, tnv AflKtJnvnv.
'H ispapxia t&v ovtwv sic; t6 ou1-1nav slvat tiic; 61Kai06oofac; toO
voO, sic; t6v 6noiov np8ns1 v6 8xouv OUIJIJStoxn ai ouz;uy01 Kaf t6 t8Kva
tOU, t6 anoia slvm ai E:K6VOSIC: t&v OUtJnaVtlKWV 6SOIJWV. 'EK t&v
6SO!JWV aut&v Kat' OU68va tp6nov IJSIWVStal h 8sfa 6vt6mc: tiic; fl01-
080t6mc: ouz;uyou tou "Hpac:.
'0 av8pwnOtJOP101JOC: tflc; Mu8ofloyfac: KafluntSI t6c; eslac; tvspyslac;
toO outJnavtiKOO NoO Kai tnc; 4Juxnc; toO KOO!JOU.
Eic; t6 aioem:6v ns6iov, h es6 "Hpa/ljJuxn/ouvaioentJa Kat8pxstalsic: t6
ns6fov tiic: avepwnfvnc; l;nflm::unfac;, h 6nola OU6StJiav OXEOIV EXSIIJE t6c;
esfac; 6uv6tJSIC: Kai tvspysfac; tnc: esac;.
Eic; t6 esiov ns6iov t6 OVO!Ja tiiC: esac: 68v anotJaKpUVStal t&v 6uo 1610-
tntwv me:: Tnv /tpaOtJiav me: UOIV Kaf tllV Q)UOIV tOO at-
poe;, 6 6noioc;, we; OtOIXSiOV, naptxsl tnv EK t&v wv OUK aV8U 6uva-
IJIV tnc; z:wnc;.
ME: t6v 61axwpto1-16v t&v ns6iwv h Mueonovfa 6noKa8tot tnv 6pe6m-
ta t&V OUflflOVIOIJWV. 'H 'EflflnVIKn rfl&ooa napEXSI tnv Ofln8SiaV tWV
OVOIJ6twv t&v es&v, EV(i) OtJ08oc; slval t6 napan8taOtJa, t6 anoKpuntov
tnV afln8SiaV tOO 8sfou ns6fou Kaf ouyxp6vwc; KIVntonOIWV t6v VOOV
t&v evnt&v sic: t6 aioem6v 616 t&v KataattK&v Kaf 6noattK&v oufl-
flOVIOIJWV.
31
It6XO<; tOOV c:mflfiOVIOIJOOV tOOV enflfiVWV
"3" c: !J , - ,
EIVCII n CIVEUPEOI<; tn<; afln9efa<;:
6v61-1ata toov esoov
n ai 6UVOIJEI<; Kal ai EVEPVSICI( tWV,
EK6nfiOUIJEVCII 616 toO IJU9ou, sival h aflfi9EICI;
MaflflOV OUV6UaOtiKWC: 86 nptnn v6 t6 OUtJn8paotJa. Mu8ofloyfa
Kaf 'EflflnVIKn rfi&ooa supfoKovtal sic: npomwv1ov 61aflsKtiKnv ox801v.
M autiic;, IJStaysvs01::8pwc;, 6 8vm::6c; avepwnoc: 86 ouflfl6S!1 tnv 61n:nv
lsp6v tsflstoupylav, IJUOUIJSVOC: sic: t6 isp6 Kal o01a: ''Avw, toO napa6slv-
tJatoc:. 6 Znv /VOOC: - "Hpa/ljJUXn. K6tw, n siKWV tOU, 6 Kat' avafloylav
avepwnoc: IJE t6c; 6uvm:6tnta<; tOO 8siou ns6iou Kaf t6C: 66UVatJiac: tOO
aloemo0
40

npoooxn, slvm En1Kiv6uvoc: 6 ouvai08ntJa!IKOC: KOO!JOC: tOO evm:oo av-
epwnou. T6 ouvaloen1-1a slva1 nflnpsc: nayl6wv, npoKSI!JEvou v6 1-1ilv
npavtJatonomeoov oi 66patol 6sotJoi 616 tiic; vsvtoswc: CHpaKflnc:> Kaf
EIJavtoeoov ai IJOPaf sic: t6v aioent6v KOO!JOV Kal
ooc:>. wots v6 EK-6 n n-weoov 86& ai '168m toO vom:oo 61aK6otJou
C'AptSIJIC: - An6flflwv>.
(("Otl tO IJSV af61a EK tOOV 6UVOIJEOOV n EVEPVE16>V sflaxsv tiic;
OVOIJCIOfac;, tO 6 VEVnta EK tiic; xpsfac; KC1f KOIVOOVfac;.n.
t6 IJSV aiola Kai avaflflofwta 6vta EflaSav t6c; OVOtJaofac;
tWV 6n6 t6c; OUVOIJ8lc; n t6c; tvspysfac; tWV, tO 68 V8Vnt6 EK tiic;
6v6yKnc; Kaf tflc; tWV KOIVWVfac;J.
mp6Kfiou Ek; r6v Kparufiov nnarcvvoc; tKfiovaf xpnotJJOt 19,
tKo. KAKTOE. 6n6o. rflc; ouvvpacptcvc;J.
T6 OVWtEPW 6n6onao1-1a tOO np6KfiOU 86 OXStiKWc; IJE t6C:
6 u v a 1-1 I c Kai E v t p v s I a tOO 8E:iou vomoO 61aKOOIJOU n/Kaf
tOO aio8nto0 KOOIJOU Kal xps(a/a V 6 y K n Kaf K 0 IV W V (a tOO ys-
VntOO aioemoo KOOIJOU. 'H t&v tE:oo6pwv 8vvo1&v slvm
OVayKa(a 616 tllV Katav6nofv tWV Ka( EVtOC tOO ns6IOU tWV.
40 np6Kfiou "Efc; r6v Tfpatov nn6rwvoc;", Bl/3fifov A; 5, 12- 6, 7.
32 TO <I>QTOI:
np6 a(n::wv, n 6 ( 01 a, 6 - 1' 01 a c:Tv01 t6 6vannoiu.rra Kai 1JEta-
13ann61JEVa np6y1Jata tOO VOntOO 61aKOOIJOU
41
, t6 anoia EXOUV
OIV, OIJWC:. EXOUV 8op6v Kaf e6vatOV
42

'Enionc;, v6 EIJavio8o0v ai 6vti8Et1Kai napaot6oc:;c; IJ8-
6 1 o i w v Kai v 8 v n t w v. v6 ap1oeoov ai t6081C: Kai ai iol6-
tWV.
s:lvcu tEKVa 6UVOIJS:WV Kaf
i616tm:s:c; tEKVCI EVS:PVS:IG>V.
Ta v 8 v n t 6 tOO a!oentoO KOOIJOU un6KEIVtal 8ic; touc; VOIJOUC: tnc; IJ8-
tal3onnc; Kai tnc; 8opac; Kai un6 tWV VOIJWV tnc; X p 8 i a c;/
6 v 6 v K n c; Kai tnc; K o 1 v w v i a c;, E:vt6c; twv anolwv Kai
n IJOp<j)n tWV.
lltWV yap cu6fwv KCII t6 OVOIJCitCI es:Ta Kal 0(3001JICI we; is:pa
es:G>v. toe; 6uv61JS:IC: ts Kaf tvspydac; twv es:G>v
va, ansp Kaf 6 tv IWKPCitnc; at(3sl, Kal ntpa toO
,.u::yfatou 6(3ou nspl auto sufi6(3SICIV EXSI.n.
(8.10tl tWV cuolwv Kal t6 ec:Ta OVOIJCitO clVOI Ocl3am:6 we; icpa
8cWV, anotunwvovta t6c; OUVOIJEIC: Kal t6c; EVEPVEfac; tWV ec:wv,
Kaf cic; aut6 !3c!3afwc; 6vaepctal 6 LCA>Kp6tnc;, cic; t6v <l>ifln!30V,
IJS Oci300IJOV, Kai cic; aut6 EXcl cUfl6!3ciOV Kai nspav toO IJE:Vl-
cn:ou 6!3ou.>.
mp6Kflou Ek; r6v Kparuflov nflarwvoc; tKfloyaf xpflatJJOI 30, 11-14.
SK6. KAKTOL, 6n66. rflc; ouyypacptwc;J.
'0 nn6tWV Kai tOO 1J8ViOtOU 6130U, OEj3aOIJOV Kai EUn6-
j381aV, v6 atJiflnon nc:pi twv 6vo1J6twv twv 88&v!
Eic; t6v vont6v OI6KOOIJOV tWV ec:wv. n 6 u v a IJ I c; unoonnWV1 t6c;
t 6 o c: 1 c;, ai anoTm EV taut4}. Oi ec:oi c:ic; t6v
ec:Tov vont6v OI6KOOIJOV 8vt6c; tOO Ayaeoo. avcu EK6n-
nW08WC: Kal. 8v4) n6vtotc: EV taut4}, 6vtlotoixwc; npoo-
68uouv c:ic; EV8pyc:iac; EV ann4)
43
T6 EV ann4) c:lva1 n io16tnc; tnc; ec:iac;
npovoiac; tWV ec:wv. n 6nofa EKOnnWVEtCII npoooc:uouoa c:ic; t6 yc:vn-
t6 '' oi a sol npovooov t6 '1610 Kaf 616 t6c; 6r16tntac; Kal 616 t6 IJEpn
41 Ap1arortflouc; ncpf OupavoO A, B" 283 b- 284 a.
42 nfl6rcvvoc; 11fJOIOC:" 40 8, i1c; on rflc; afrfac; VEVOVcV oa' dnflavfl rwv tiarpcvv
(wa ecra 6vra Kaf dfo1a Kaf Kard raurd tv raurci) arpe6tJcva def tJEVer "Kaf
np6Kflou "Efc; r6v 71tJalov nfldrcvvoc;", BJ/3flfov E', 280,23- 281.
43 np6Kflou "Efc; r6v Kparuflov nflarcvvoc; tKfloyaf xpnaJfJOJ" 140.
33
tWV, OC: OUflfi0(3WIJS fiOinOV tflV fiOVIKflV OUflfiOVIOIJWV
a616l!Jsuatov es:wplav IJOC: napaol6sl 6 nflatwv nspl tnc; npovofac;
tG>V asoov.
1144
-
'H 8vvo1a o u v a IJ 1 c; c:TvmiJuotnplaKn, E:nc:16n nc:ltoupyc:T c:ic;
tc:pa t6 nc:oia. 6Kfvntoc; c:ic; t6 vont6v. c:ic; t6 aioem:6v. Eic; t6
vom:6v nc:ofov n 6 u v a 1.11 c; napa1J8Vcl 6Kivm:oc;, Ol6tl t6 SeTa OVta otv
xouv XP8fav IJVnl.lnc: napc:ne6vtoc; tv xp6V4). u'E6v 6s, KCII onwc; ni-
OtSUStCII, 1<088 v6n01c; slv01 OXPC>VOC:. aQ>oO 6SV supiaKOVtCII
SV xp6V4), aflfl6 SVt6<; tflc; aiWVIOtntO<;, elVCII 06UVCitOV VO UnOPX!1
'EKSi IJVfliJn, OXI IJOVOV tOOV 566>, anfl6 Kal 6nOIOU6nnots
ySVIKOOC:. 'AflnWOtS 'EKSi 1<088 tl elVCII nap6v.n
45

T6 ec:Ta ovta. 016 tnc; taxutmoc; tnc; ec:6oc:wc; t<.UV, EXOUV tnv taut6xpo-
vov VVWOIV tWV n6VtWV EVt6c; tflc; 686ptOU aiwv16tmoc;, onwc; n.x.
otav 13ntnw1Jc 8va np6ownov Kaf mutoxp6vwc; 13fltno1Jc touc;
6ean1Jouc;. tnv IJUtnv. t6 ot61Ja K. An. 1J8pn toO npoownou
46

Eic; t6V vom:6v OI6KOOIJOV n 6 u v a IJ I c; tOO .fiiOC: nc:plfla1JI36vc:l tau-
toxp6vwc; t6 tnc; uoc:wc;, tnv tuxnv Kaf t6 6np613nc:m:ov, ouvoc:oc:!Jtva
IJ8 tnv aiwvl6tnta
47
'Ev tOUtOIC:. npOKC:IIJ8VOU v6 OPQ n N 8 1J E 0 I C: 616
v6 EniKpatfl a untptatoc; N 6 IJ 0 c; tnc; OUjJnavtiKflC: OIKCIIOOUvnc; c:ic; t6v
xp6vov, N 6 1J 0 C: Kaf N 8 1.1 8 0 I C: 6nnxo0v, 016 tWV OUO OUIJWVWV N Kaf
M. tnv OnjJaoiav tflc; 0 U V 6 1.1 c W c; Kaf tflc; 1J V n 1J n C:. OVEU tWV anofwv
otv e6 c:ic; t6v aioem:6v K60I.IOV.
Kaf npayjJatl, c:ic; t6 aio8nt6V nc:ofov, n 6 U V a 1J I C: c:ic; tnV
'EflflnVIKnV rflwooav dv01 OUVOC:081J8Vn IJ8 tnv 1J V n 1J n V. 'Qc; np6c; t6
yp61JIJata Kai t6c; ounnal36c: n o u - v a 1-1 - 1 c; 81Jnc:prtxc:1 tnv umv
tnc; Olnflnc; IJ v n - jJnc;, npOEPXOIJtvnc; EK l:flc; npwmc; ouflflaj3nc; 0 u - toO
6pi81J00 0 U 0 Kai tWV tPIWV ypa1JIJ6tWV, t6 anoia 8nOVtal - V a 1.1 - n
- 1J V a - n -1J V n - . 'H - I C: KnEfcl tnV
44 nfldrcvvoc; "TitJOIOC:" 30 B - c " .... 616 rnv roo eeoO veviaem np6vo1av."
np6Kflou "nepf rwv otKa np6c; rnv np6vowv dnopntJdrcvv" Kaf "nepf rflc; Kard
nfl6rcvva ecofloyfac;", BJ{3flfov A, Ke. Je', 69, 11- 14. 'H eecvpfa ncpf npovofac;
dvanruaacral Kaf elc; rd KeC/>dflaw Je' Kaf 1c;' roo tv fl6vcv tpyou Kaewc; Kaf "Efc;
r6v 71tJaJov nfldrcvvoc;", BJ/3flfov B', 216, 1- 18.
45 nflcvrfvou 'Evve66ec;", 'Evvedc; Ll, 8BfJO 4 'nepf 1/JUXfiC: dnoptcJv 6eurcpov', 1,
11 - 15, "Ef ot Kaf, tJanep ooKeT, axpovoc; naaa v6na1c;, tv alcJvJ, dflfl' ouK tv
xp6vcv 6vrcvv rwv tKeT, douvarov fJVIitJnv elvat EKeT oux on rwv tvraoea,
aflfld Kaf Oflcuc; orouoOv, dflfld tanv SKaarov nap6v".
46 nflcvrfvou <<'Evvedoec;", 'Evvedc; Ll, 8EfJO 4 'nepf 1/JUXflc; dnopJWV oeurepov', 1, 25
-26.
47 Otto Kern "Orphicorum Fragmenta", Fragmenta Veterioria, 21a f46J 'ndanc;
tnd.JVUfJOC: WV (/>UOeWC: re Kaf ruxnc;' ndvrcvv a(Jr6c; <0 ZeUC:> ai'rfoc; WV".
34 TO MYHHPION TOY AnOJ\J\QNIOY <l>QTOt
ll Y N A M I
I I X< \ \
ll y.
N A I I
'Qc; 8K tOUtOU, n av6 -IJVn - Ole; sic; t6 aio8m6v nsolov SJVOI 0 u - v a 1-1 - I c;
KIVOUJJ8vn, ouvotouoa t6v aio8m6v K60IJOV 1-18 t6v vom6v oi6KOO!JOV,
aitiac; tflc; olnnflc; 1-1 v n 1-1 n c; tWV 8vmwv av8pwncuv.
Eic; tnV nspfntWOIV tWV 8VntWV av8pwncuv, 016 noiov n6yov n Q:>UOIC:
tflc; 1-1 v n 1-1 n c;, 8!-lnSpiSXOIJSVnc; 8vt6c; tflc; 0 u - v 6 1-1 - s U) c;, slval 61axw-
PIO!JSVn sic; 6 u o IJSpn;
'0 n6yoc; SJVOI Otl n ljJuxn, l-IE tnv Ka8oniKnV me; ovaKansi t6c;
OUVOFIIKOC: i616tmac; tWV nponyOUIJSVWV tnc; 13iwv 010 tflc; ova - 1-1 v n -
0 s U) c;. Kat' aut6v t6v tp6nov, n ova - 1-1 v n - Ole; OUV6SSI t6 aio8m6v
ns61ov 1-18 t6 vont6v
48
. Ai napsF18oOoa1 81-1nstplm npot8pwv 131wv ono-
tsnoOv t6c; anoKtn8sloac; i 6 1 6 t n t a c; tflc; napouonc; 8voapKwoscuc;,
8vG;J n OSUt8pa tnc; 1-1 V n 1-1 n ava8pStal sic; t6c; o U V 6 1-1 E: I C:lt 6 0 E: I c;
tflc; un6 61a!J6PWOIV 8voapKWOE:Wc;. 'H ljJuxn supiOKEtOI sic;
t6 OUVOPOV tOOV 6UO KOOIJWV KIVEitOI KOf np6<; t6<; 6UO KO-
tEU8UVOEI<;n49.
'H t 6 o 1 c; c:ic; t + 6 o 1 c;. T6 OUIJwvov Ton-
1-laivsl a t 6 a I V
50
. 'Evt6c; tflc; 8vvoiac; 0 t 6 a I c; Un6pXC:I n t 6 a I c;, n
6nofa 86 IJC:tai3Fin8fl c:ic;- 6 a 1 v 1w01v l&8na1v toO T, tflc; t 6 as w c; KaL
Kat6 auvtnc:1av. tnv ap01v tiic; at 6 a c: w c;
51
. 'H ovtf8c:Oic; OKivnafac; Kaf
01JE:tai3Finofac; tOO aUIJWVOU T, 616 tiic; 8navannljJc:cuc; tOO I:, IJE:tai36R-
Rc:tal c:ic; w01v 1 &8na1v 8vt6c; twv i6fwv 1 8vvo1wv. T 6 a 1 c; Kai
a t 6 0 I c; OKfVntOC: n a t 6 0 I c;, tSfVOUaa np6c; tflV
KiVnOIV n t 6 a I c;. ETval t6 OKivmov KIVOOV tOO Aplatot8Rouc;
52
.
48 nfiarwvoc; "cpafowv" 72 E- 77 B, h ezwpfa rflc; 6vaJJvilazwc;. Ll. LlnJJnrp6Kou
11M8ya Ofinc; rflc; 'EfifinvJKflc; rnwaanc;", nnwa 6v6JJvnaJc;, " ... . 6J
6nOKPU<P. h iKav6rnc; rJv6c; roo iv8UJ.Ic/08al npoy&vcar8pac; auroO:
0 nueay6pac; nro EK rcJv ix6vrwv rnv OVOJ.!VnOJV. ". nfiwrfvou <<'EVVc66cc;JI,
'Evvzac; Ll, etJJa 3, nzpf 1/luxflc; 6nop1cJv npcJrov', 27, 15- 25.
49 nfiwrfvou "'Evvc66cc;", 'Evv&ac; Ll, 8BJ.IG 4 'n&p{ 1/Juxflc; anopJcJV o&ur&pov',
3,11-12.
50 nnarwvoc; "Kparufioc;" 427 b.
51 nfidrwvoc; ((Kparufioc;)) 401 d- e. (T- OOJC:/WOIC: we; np6c; r6v Kav6va rflc;
trzpoJwazwc; rflc; YPGJ.IJ.IGIIKflc;J.
52 ApJarortfiouc; ra 11Mcr6 ra (/)UOIKO" r.8. 1012b, 31.
EIIAmrH 35
Eic; t6V vom::6v OIOKOaiJOV n 8 v - 8 p v s I a E:JVOI t6 8 v - t6c; tWV
8swv Kuoopou!Jsvov p v o v. T6 8 p- v o v sic t6 8sTov nsofov onnoi
otl slva1 6 v 6 v- oc;lt8Kvov 8 p- wtoc; twv 8swv. 'H 8 v 8 p v s 1 a twv
y 6 V W V E P W t 0 c; un6pXSIEVt6c;tiiCOI616tntoc;laicuv!6tntOCt008clou
nsolou, n 6noia EKonnwvctal we; np6vola, 8pouaa tnv cuoaiiJOViav sic;
t6 aia8m:6v nsofov. 'Eav nom6v 6sxeo01JE otl oi esof dva1 nvs1-16vsc;
tWV navtWV KCII EXOIJS OUIJWvnosl Otl n np6vma tWV annwvstCII sic;
on a ovts<; avaeof Kal SXOIJE 6sxesT Otl KOtEXOUV "nCioav apstnv".
IJE nolav 61KCIIOfloylav !JnOpoOv va Cl!JSnnoouv tnv SU6CIIIJOVJCIV, sic;
tfiV onofav un6KSIVtOI OnOI tiic; npovofac; tWV;n
53

Eic; t6V vom6v 610KOOIJOV, n i 6 I 6 t n c. tSKVOV 8vspvclac;, 86 EFI8!10PW-
y6c; sic; tnv npoan68clav npoa61op1a1JOO tiic; uocwc; tiic; tvcpvslac;.
'H '( o I 0 c;, tiic; i o I 6 t n c;, sic;
I o + i 6 t n c;.
+ 0 T H I
'H i o - t a 6v6vsm1 sic; t6v vom6v 616KOOIJOV twv as! nnatw-
VIKWV 'I 0 - EWV
54
, npospXOIJSVWV EK tiic; 8swpfac; tiic; ova - 1-1 v n - oswc;.
'H I o - ta slva1 6 npo6yyE:Fioc; tiic; tvvoiac; i 6 t n c;, n 6noia tnf 8swv on-
1-lafvcl, 130UnnOic;, 88nn01c;, Eni6UIJ[a
55
.
'H ouv6C:OIC: tiic; i 6 - 16tnc;, npospXOIJSVn 8K tiic; i 6 - tac; tfl 8cfQ
f30UnnaSI, 8cRnOSI Ka( En18UIJ(Q, anOKtQ tllV isp6tnta tOO 8cfou VOntOO
oiaK6aiJOU, auv6c6SIJSVnc; l-IE t6c; E V- S p V S [a c; tWV 8SWV.
Bounn01c;, 8tnn01c;, 8m8u1Jfa, 8K toO 8c:fou nsofou npospx61JSVal, sxouv
on1JIOUPV6V tnv SounnOIV 113ounnv tOO 816c;. BouRn slva1 n E8snouafa
tiic; tm8U!Jiac; Tou c:lc; t6 aio8m6v nsoiov, tnv 6noiav
1Jcta136nncl cic; tv8pys1av o16 tiic; IJavtiKiic; t8xvnc; toO Tpfnoooc; 6 npo-
a1Finc; tou ui6c;. 6 An6nncuv
56
.
Eic; t6 aia8nt6v ns6iov tWV 8vmwv ov8pwncuv FISitoupyoOv
n xpsia Kai n av6yKn. I:XE:l:IKWC: IJS tnv uxpslan tman!Jaivstal Otl
slva1 t6 6not8Rso1-1a tiic; ov6yKnc;. ot8pn01c;, 8vos1a
57
. 'H xpcla 8xs1
nonn6c; tvvoiac;. e6 piJnvsu8fliJ8 tnv an!Jaoiav tiic; 6 v 6 v K n c;.
53 np6Kfiou rflc; Kara nnarwva ezofioyfac;", BJ{3fifov A, Kc<P. 1ar , 78, 3- 7.
54 nnarwvoc; {3J{3fifov E', 476 A- 480. "cpafowv" 65 B- 66 B.
"napJJ&vfonc;" 129 A- 136 A.
55 Ll. LlnJJnrp6Kou 11M8ya Ofinc; rflc; 'EfifinvJKflc; rnwaanc;", nnwa f6rnc;.
56 'OJJnPIKOC: "YJJVOC: cfc; An6fifiwva, or. 131- 132.
57 Ll. LlnJJnrp6Kou "Mtya Ofinc; rflc; 'EfifinvJKflc; rnwaanc;", fifiJJJ.IG xpcfa, 4J.
(!)lUV lJ /\(91
I
110/r JIOIDijfl(/>3)1
L UlHVH
"6/- -9!- 'H ',IIOl(!)dU JOjOIIOdU Jljl jd3U,
l 'j J9311113, 'J3Q9311113/
1
nDIIJlroi-JU JO>I 0- J 817l JOdQiD<P" JO!Iro191-JU 09
"JIDUII') Orfrfljt-J 'JUDD(f)I-JJ Jlj>IIIIUI-JI-13, Jljl JUI-19, 119>11$3V n0>19d1UrfUV v 6S
a - P Olfl JOI-J(IlOd)f" JOIIrol91-JU 8S
:AoJoo
-OlJI<J) Od?10AI19 1\1;11 ?11 AOJAOY091111\1 Od?lUI1 1\1;11 A(I)?9AI10 Q 101\13 JO!OU
:A(9110IAOY 1\(91 919
UOC,I09391U? J91 9A 'JOJAOY091111\1 JY1 Od?10AI19 'OJOOOlJI<J) 4 01U1910A
-119 1\1;11 13X3" !1\(1)1 JOJ3Ad3A? )0>1 J13119AI19 JOA?I11111d>l3>1 J91 Lid(IOOJ\9 9A
J\(939 J\(91 J\(1))9! J\(91 J\(1)191101\9 J\(91 919 'J\l;I>IIAOy JO>I 01U19>11Q09
-311 ?11 I]OA/J91U 1]01 110d91>10AJ? 1]01 JUY(IU JY>II101111 JY1 J(l)3iJOAOI9 09
-!3Y>I J\1;11 OJAOY091111\1 l;I>IIJ\UYY3, H, :oi1U1C,d? 91 10139)1 )0)1
"JUJ\(l3d? JUO(lOdOU JYl 101J\01U9, A?9 JI301;1AUi?
(l)d?110d3U !0 'J(I)11Q, . J\(939! J\(91 O)J\(I)J\10>1 l;I>I11J\OUI1110 4 101\13 O)J\(I)J\10>1
?9 4 'ogJ0)3100dQ'i JY1 Od?10AI19 '939 U10JA311 101\13 U>IA9A'i A?l1 4 JO>I
'J(I)I0938 !J\01100>1019 A01UOJ\ J\0139 J\01 J13 10101\J\3 J(l) AI10XdOUI1 011\(I)J\
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tal tnv Evtaolv tnc; on1JIOUPYIK6tmoc; toO .8t6c;, t6 o 8nnu t6 ((IJC:ifltxov
6Ei tflc; 1\ntoOc;, WOt8 va h 61Jann, EPWtOC: in6mtl IJI-
ycioa, OUIJI3iWOIC: tOO
"AVEU autwv tWV iOIOtntwv EVOEXEtal t6 aomnov Kai aiJOi'lUVtOV 8c:Tov
we;, t6 6noTov autn 86 V8VVtlO[l, VO 1JOi'lUV8fi 6n6 ioxupac;, at6KtOUC:
8m8EOEIC Kai VO Kataat:ji KOtaOtP01KOV Kat6 tnv K08000V,
np6onnljJIV Kaf Q01JOfWOlV tOU an6 tOUC: nOIKfnOUC:
v6c:c; 8ic; t6v aio8nt6v KOOIJOV.
.816tl aitia tflc; vc:vtac:wc; twv .8ioUIJWV otv c:Tvm 1-16vov 6 nan1p zc:uc;/
vooc;. I:UIJIJEtOXOC: 81Va! Kat h IJ(nnp 1\ntoo, 8nc:lon EKEivn EKU06pno8 Kal
t6v 881ov on6pov E:ni 8nt61Jnvov Kai 8yc:vvn8noav h 'Aptc:-
IJIC:/h1Jiwc; Kai 6 An6flnwv /we; tflc; 61avoiac;. 88j3afwc; om.uoupy6c; toO
8lva1 6 nm:np Z8uc;;voOc;
12
'DIJWC:. Mv h 1-1nmp /\moo otv
annweji IJE yflUKUtnta, avaenv npoaip801V Kal np81Jfav 8ic; t6 OUIJnav,
6 Kfvouvoc; ea c:Tval IJEVIOtoc;. 'H onop6 tflc; 8c:fac; vonoc:wc; tOO .816<:;
Kaf 6n6 touc; ouo yovc:ic; tOO un6 VEVEOIV wt6c; AptEIJIOOC: -
An6nnwvoc;. 'H i:mfloyn toO E.ytvc:to aitlac tflc; IJC:Inlxl6tm:oc; tflc;
8c:ac. h 6noia tOO EVEnV8U08V t6v ocpoop6tatov EPWta.
"EX811J8VOflnv 016 t6c; ljJuxac;, 68av6tOUC: Kai 8vnt6c;, VO slv01 VOVOI
8pwtoc;, o16t1 6 Epwc; ouvo81 t6 IJEpn toO vom:oO olaK60IJOU, avc:u npo-
OKOIJIJOtwv. napanStaOIJOtWV, OKIWV K. nn. EIJnOofwv.
'O zc:uc;/voOc;, h OUIJnavtiKn vontiKn tvtpy81a, otl IJE 1Jntpa
tnv /\m:w h vtv8mc; twv tEKvwv toO wt6c;/8oc:wc; np6c; vvwmv. t6
OlJ!.JnOV OEV ea KIVOUV8UO[l. 'H KnnpOVOIJIK6mc; Kaf EK tWV ouo nnc:upwv,
natp6c;/ oniJIOUPVIKn noy1Kn 8vpyc:1a - 1Jntp6c;/ ouvaiJtC: o1aonopac;
tiic; VOntiKflC: SV8pysfac; IJE yannvnv Kai npEIJiav, 86 8lva1 tc:nc:fa t6oov
8vt6c; tflc; aiwv16tm:oc;. ooov Kal E.vt6c; tflc; c:iK6voc; me;. onflaon 8vt6c;
toO xp6vou.
12 np6Kflou <<Ef; r6v 71paJOv nflarwvo;, BI/3flfov B', 206, 27- 207, 20.
44
r 6 V OC: S p WtOC:, n E V t6C: tOU CHJj..lnaVtOC: E V S P V E I a
6$EIREtOI aic; tflV OUVEUPEOIV 816c; 1\ntoOc;,
onilaon tnc; OUIJnaVtiKfiC: vonaawc; tOO uiJntiStOUn 8IOC:/V00
Kaf
ut6 nmov avepwnOIOI Kai aeavatOIOI eaolOIVn
tnc; eaac; 1\ntoOc;.
'EK tWV, tO tEKVO - n Kal
6 An6nnwv ea cpwtfoouv IJE tnv oocpfav tOO tWV Kal
IJE ttlV ynUKUtnta. npa6tnta Kai npC:IJlOV tWV
anavtaxoO
'0 toO 'OnUIJniOKOO nav8EOU, 6

pfnt81 13FlEIJIJO
td tC:KtaiVOIJC:Va toO 6pato0 KOOIJOU Kai vc:n eta
ttlV 8n1noynv tWV 8IOUIJWV tEKVWV tOU. li On1JOlV81
6 tWV ec:G>v; unapiRnntiKWC: Fl01n6v ea npsnp va nOOIJe Otl 6
ysRwc; tWV 9EWV slva1 n 0$9ovfa tnc; E V S P V S fa c;, n 6nofa Ka-
tSU9UVStal np6c; t6 OUIJnav Kal n aitfa tnc; tWV EVKOOIJIWV
npayiJOtWV .n
14

OEV 81'1J88a SEOIV uv6 Kaf va OVW_I.ISV avw t6
tnc; OIJIJan
15
t6v 8ia/vo0v. av Kaf 6 OEV c:lval IJOVOV 6
natnp tWV aeavatwv ec:wv. anna Kaf natnp, natnp tWV evmwv
6vepwnwv
16
npayjJatl, OEV tOn1JWIJ8 va KOl
tOU, EK toO <P613ou
anc:tc:cppwen un6 tOO n Svmn KaotJiii"c: l:81JEFln, !Jtltnp 8IOVUOOU,
tEKVOV
Kai n \lJUXn OIC:PWtOtal: 'Avc:u tOO 86
npooc:yytoeoov ai Kai ai 8vspyc:1m twv ec:fwv 6vtwv;
'H Kaf np6KnOU t6 avwtspw 8pwm-
IJO rno Kai va c:Tvm n Kaf IJSFlEtn tWV OVOIJOtWV
twv eswv.
13 'Hot66ou "esoyovfa" or. 520.
14 flp6KfiOU "Ek; ra<; flflarwvo<; flOfltr&fa<; 'YnOJJVnJ.IO", Bt{3flfov A', 127.
15 nflarwvoc "nofllr&fa", f3tf3flfov z. 533 D.
16 'Op(j)tKO<; "YJ.JVO<; 1Jt6<;. XV/15, or. 12 "J.IOKGPWV r& 8&6JV nar&p floe Kaf av6p6Jv"
Kaf 'lspoKfliou<; "rx6flta sic ra Xpuoa "Enn r6Jv nueayop&fwv", or. 61.
H J\HTQ
u"Otl EV t4) KpatUil4> 0 IJEyac; nilatwv OKOn6v EXSI OU t6C:
npwtfatac; KCif IJSOCIC: KCII tSiiSUtafac; tOOV 9SOOV OICIKOOIJflOSI<;
avuiJVSTv, Cli1R6 1J6vac; t6c; t.v toTe; 6v61JCIOIV autoov BK<i>CII
VOIJEVCIC: i6i6tntac;.n.
( Eic; t6v Kpatunov 6 !JEyac; nn6twv otv sxc:1 oKon6v v6
on tOUC: npwtapXIKOUC:. tOUC: SVOIO!JEOOUC: Kai tci'lEUtaiouc;
KOOj.lOUC: tWV ec:wv. anna j.JOVOV t6c; EK<POIVOj.lEVac; iot6tm:ac;
tWV OVOj.lOtWV tWV.l.
mp6Kflou 1<Ek; r6v Kparuflov nflarwvoc; tKfloyaf xpnaJJJOt>> 166,
BK6. KAKTOE, an66. rflc; auyypaqytwc;.
45
'H napoOoa spc:uva ea 6oxofln8fl1JOVOV IJE tWV OVOIJOtWV
twv eswv tG>v ouo nsofwv: T6v vom6v otaKOOIJOV tG>v eslwv
aeav6tWV OVtWV Kal t6v aioem6v KOOIJOV tWV evmwv.
nptnsl onnaon va un0081KVU8tal noiov EK tWV QUO avw
nc:6fwv 6vatpstm n SpjJnvsfa tOO eciou t6v esTov von-
t6V 6IOKOOIJOV tOO uslvmn n t6v aioem6v KOOIJOV tOO uyfyvsaemn.
816tt nonnannaf Kai avtJSsttKaf svvo1a1 anoKpuntov-
tal tWV ec:iwv OVOj.lOtWV toO nc:olou. t6 6noTov
tpc:uvwvtal. '0 EXEI va
anoKpumn 6n6
T6 Katwnspw aoxonoOvtm j.JE tnv SpjJnvc:fav tOO
c:ic; t6v aioem6v KOOIJOV. napa6s1VI.la 6vtt8c:ttKG>v ouvaj.lc:wv Kai 8vcp-
Vc1G>v c:Jvm t6 napanstaOIJO, t6 6noTov anoKp(JntC:I tnv OniJOOfav tOO
uJ\ntwn.
uKaf tnelon n J\ntW OflilnyopsTtal KCIB sic; flflenv KCII sic; VUKtCI,
t6 tE:Kva tvtaOea anJJafvoumv. 6 JJSV An6Rflwv t6v "Hfl1ov,
n ot 'ApU:IJIC: tnv Isflnvnv.n.
rAe. Erayclpfrou r6JJOC: A', a. 235,
BK6. EIIEY8EPH EKEI.fl!D.
'EK toO cpumKoO <PoiVOIJEVou toO
VUKt6c;, tOO 8nc:pXOIJEVOU Kai ava-
VOIJ88a tnv VUK"CC/nnen; /\new/ 1\ntw, 0101:1 Kat' avafloyfav nfliou
oc:nnvnc;. aioemoo - vomoO, /\ntw c:Tvm n ec:6, n Kuocpopnoaoa ta
tE:Kva toO tnv 'AptEI-liV Kai t6v E:p1Jn-
vc:fa nptnc:r v6 tnv 6vtf8c:mv vomoo o1aK601JOU Kai
aioemoo KOOIJOU, - t6v vom6v olaKOOIJOV tG>v
ec:fwv aeavatwv OVtWV t6 t6 nov OUOEI.liav
I.IEiWOIV otxstal, OV, t6 uncPOUOIOV aoutov 6 apxwv

46
:AVtleEtWC: E:le t6V aioem6v KOOIJOV unapXEI n U01Kn OIOOOXn tiie 08-
vawe 8navaflOIJ(30VOIJEVne tOO UOIK00 wt6C:. t6
OnOIOV un6KE1tal c.ie tnV KnoEIJOViOV !WV OKOtEIVWV OWIJCJtWV tiie Uflne
T - f ,... I 'S' (. )f 'J t ) f (.
Kal tiie nnene. 'Eow to we oc.v C.IVOI o apxwv. c.1v01 o apxotJc.voe. o
unoxwpwv c.ie toue v61-1oue toO aioemoo nc.olou tiie 8K nc.pltponne
81-1avioc.we wt6e - oK6toue. onflaon tne Kata nc.pimw01v tvaflnavne
wt6e KOi OKIEle/tiJC.UoOue/61JOec.fac:/KOKiae/e6vou/6pyiie K. fln.
'H no1n6v. oK6toue/nnene/ /\mooe - wt6c tJ6-
vov c.ie t6v aioem6v KOOIJOV. T6 OK6toe aflflnyopc.T tnv flnenv I /\new
tnv OXEtiKrlV iJE toue uaflflouc;n tOO 'HpaKflcitou. Elva1 t6 napanEtOOIJO
tiie ljJuxiie. n anoia OEV SXC.I OKO!Jn aioeaveii tnv avoyKnv
Zci tWV OKIWV tOO rnnflaiOU
17
, tWV EV EOUt(i)
OKIWV KOi tWV EV aflfl4).
KOtJtJia wt6e/vvwoc.we otv o1atapoooc.1 tnv tnavafln-
ntiK6tnta tWV ntJC.POVUKtiwv tiie tvoapKOU ljJuxiic. OIOtl ofla t6 OUIJ-
(3ovto tiiC tcfloOv un6 tnv KnOC.IJOViOV tWV OKOtC.IVWV UfliKWV ano-
fla(3WV KOi tWV ioiOtEflWV (3flEljJC.WV. 'H ljJuxn c.Tv01 EUOOUOO/KOIIJWIJEVn.
'H ufln tnv KOflUntcl IJE t6 napanEtOOIJO tiic; flnenc;. 'H OVOtJVnOie tWV
nponyOUIJEVWV me: (3iwv SXEI anoflc.oeii, OtOV avuopoc;, OKoec.KtOC:. Snl-
vc. t6 UOWP tiie flnenc; an6 tnV Kpnvnv tiiC: flnOiJOOUVnC:
18
.
'H ljJuxn twv noflflwv. otv ettc.l avwv1won tpwtn!Jata, otv_ tm<::mc.T
anavtnOEIC:. 'H KOtC.OmiJEVn OIVOIJC.V1Krl npOVIJOtiKOtnC: ciVOI ano-
OEKtn, t6oov otav tnv iKavonor[l, ooov Kai otav tnv toflmnwpfi. Zc.T
tvt6c; tWV OKOfliWV atpanwv tiic; uflnc; c.ic; tnv OOIOflclntOV tpOXUtnta
tOO tjJC.UOOUC:, tiiC KOKiac; KOi tOO e6vou. TO anotEflEOIJOtO OEV EXOUV
a'(tiO. l:KOtOC: KOi flnen KOflUntOUV tO 01'1:10. 4J + C. U 0 0 C: C.lVOI 0 unvoe
tiic; ljJUXiiC:. c.Tnc.v 6 nflotWV
19
, 010!1 c. U o 0 c; OniJOiVC.I unvoc;. 'Eni nflEOV,
n nnen, n OUVOEOEIJEVn IJE tnv uflnv KOi IJE t6 OVOIJO tiic; ec.ac; E1J(30flflcl
c.ic; OKEljJC.IC:. al 6nol01 OIC.UKPIVit:ovtOI an6 t6v np6KflOV.
nnoioc; fl01n6v 6 fl6yoc;, 61Cl t6v onoiov npsnsl OVOIJ6Z:WiJS
</\m:w> trw uflnv IJS tnv OKSljJIV Otl sivcn suxpnotoc;, xpnOIIJSUOU
oa we; SKIJOVSiOV 61' oflac; t6c; IJOP6c;. 6SXOIJSVn sn' autnc;, we.; sic;
Kaepsntnv, t6c.; SIJavlosu:: oflwv tWV OVtWV Kai we; aitlav tflc; flnenc;
61' oflouc; ooouc; (3flsnouv sic; OUttlV
20
;JJ
11 nflarcuvoc "nofiJrsfa,,, {31{3flfov z. 514 A- 517 B, 6 JJOeoc roo rnnflafou.
18 nflarcuvoc "nofiJrsfa", {31{3flfov !', 617. JJOeoc roo Hp6c;. otto Kern "Fragmenta
veterioria'' 32 Kaf tpJJnvefa: f\flravnc "APPHTOI !lOrDI, esof. rt.JJJ{30fla, f\pxtruna
rci>v 'Eflflflvcuv", KE</J. 8, a.a. 264- 272.
19 nflarcuvoc "Kparufloc" 421 D.
20 np6Kflou "Efc r6v Kparuflov nflarcuvoc tKflovaf xpflaiJJOIJJ 178.
H 1\HTQ 47
'Qc; np6c; tO OVWtEpW, n /\ntW/flnen KOtayp6ctOI WC: Ufln Eic; tnV OU-
vc.fonOIV twv noflflwv. Tnv ljJuxJKnv ouvec.oiv twv nc.pJypoEitJE t6 na-
nc.pi(3fln1JO tiic; flnenc; n IJntEPO tWV LliOUIJWV, n
/\new.
Elc; avttolaotoflnv, o1o tnv on!Jaoiav toO 6v61-1atoc; tiic; /\mooc; oxc.tiKWC:
IJE tnv iol6tm:a tiic; flnenc;, 6 np6KflOC flEVEI: u"Otav 6 IWKp6tnc; WVOIJO
2:S QUttlV ttlV 9s6v "flnenv", 'lowe; n9sfls VO t6C: ljJuxac; an6
tnv OVWPIIJOtnta tflc; VEOVIKflc; nfliKiac;. "H9SfiE 6nfla6n v6 SIJ(36fln
sic; t6C: ljJux6c; tnv fln9nv tWV KOKWV, fln9nv tflc; OVOOtOtWOEWC:
KOI tOO KfiU6WVIOIJOU, ai 6noTOI un6pxouv sic; t6v KOOIJOV tiic; VEVS
oswc;, npOVIJOtO t6 6noia s6oov t6 SV9UIJiitOI n ljJuxn a6uva-
tOV v6 t&v vontwv. 'H iJVtliJn 65nysi c.ic; t6 avtiKSIIJEvov tnc;
iJVniJOVSUOEWC:, sinc.v 6 nflwtivoc;. "Onwc; n MVn!JOOUvn OUVKPOtSi
tnv iJVtl!JnV tWV vontwv, 61JOiwc; KOf n /\ntw 6wplz;sl tnv flnenv tWV
UfiiKWV KOf tnv avuljJWOIV sic; t6 vont6
21
.n.
'H ec.o /\ntW c.Tvm IJEVlOtn ec.o, anOKPUntOUOO Eic; tOUC: noflflouc; tnv
io16tntO tiiC: npwtoyc.voOc; UOEWC: tOO wt6c;, OIOtl n ec.o KafluntEtOI
IJE t6 8niec.tov Kuav6nc.nfloc;
22
. ruvc.nwc;, IJE t6 oc.utc.pov napantta-
OIJO tOO KUOVOO me ntnflOU, n /\ntW KpUntEI tnv OniJOOiOV tWV EVEP-
VEIWV me;.
aitlac; tiic; npa6tmoc; twv ouvo!JEWV Kai tiic; c.uonflaxvfac; twv tvc.p-
yc.lwv me;, n ec.6 OEXE!OI oflac; toe; napaKflnOEIC: Kai lKEOiac !WV evmwv,
ol 6noTo1 l:ntOOV an6 tnv ec.ov tnv (3oneSIOV me;, 0101:1 n ec.o c.iva1 nO-
fluflfliOtn23. 80 tJnOpOOOE n eso VO (3onenan al.n:oc; tac; tOflOinwpouc;
t!Juxae:
'Eflnic; unapXEI, 610!1 n ec.o c.Tvar IIIJelfliXOC: aisi, IJSiflD<OC: apxiic; ....
avepwnOIOI Kal a9av6tOIOI 9EOiOIVn
24
. 'H /\ntW c.lva1 VflUKC.Ta n6Vt0t8,
VflUKC.TO apxiic; Kai 'laou tpuc.po 010 tOUC: avepwnouc;, OOOV Kaf 010
touc; aeavotouc ec.ouc;. Oi evmoi avepwnOI, tov KOI OtOV ouflflo(3ouv
tnv KO!OOtaOIV tOO OKOtOUC KOf tliC flnenc; EVt6e !WV 6noiwv KOtOIKOOV,
anc.ueuvOVtaiiJE napaKflnOEIC Eic; autnv tnv ec:ov. 'H ec.o c.ic; OUtOUC: eo
snen apwy6c;. Oi OflflOI, oi noflfloi. oi OIJUntOI, oi 13E(3nflOI OUtWC: n aflflwc;
OEV anc.ueuvovtal c.ic; tnv iJEVOflnv ec.ov.
21 np6Kflou "Efc r6v Kparuflov nflarcuvoc iKfloyaf xpflaiJJOI" 178, 41- so.
22 'Op</JJKOC ''YJJVOC llnroOc;, XXXV/35, ar. 1.
23 'Op</JtKOC "VJ.IVOC llnroOc, XXXV/35, ar. 2. Ll. Llnj.lnrp6KOU "Miya
Oflnc rnc 'EflflnvJKfiC rflc/Jaonc". flfiJJJJO nofluflfl1aroc. "6 noflu n noflfi6KJC
iKETEUOJ.IEVO(. OV noflflof iKirEuaav".
24 'Ha166ou "esovovfa" ar. 406- 408.

I
48 TO MYrTHPION TOY AnOI\1\QNIOY <DQTOI
816 68 tOUC 6Riyouc. tOUC non IJctJUniJEVOUC. h !JntEpa t&v 8IOUIJWV, h
1\mw, Ola6Et81 trlV 66patov OUVaiJIV tflC 6ya6ot6mc ljJUXIKflC ouoiac.
tKc.ivnv tnc noRuRRiomc 13aolnc.1aC
25
, tnc 1Rc.uonnaxvnc 6c.ac. c.lc n1v
onofav 6ncU6UVOUV t6C tnf tflC ouoiac napaKI'ln081C tWV oi J.lrl 8UOOV-
t8C 6vmoi av6pwno1.
Eic tnv nc.pintWOIV autnv, ol 6Rfyol, we 1\mw, t6v tvc.pyonolnOOUV
t6v voOv tWV (8fa), IJE tnv ounRnljJIV !WV OUO /\ntOVVWV tEKVWV tnC
<AptEIJIOOC- An6Rnwvoc>. npoxwpoOv c.ic tnv aval;ntnOIV tOO vomoo
wt6c.
Oi IJrl 8UOOVtC KcKa6ap!JEVOI 6vm:of. tvt6C OIWnflC Kaf OlaROVIOJJOO
616 tflC npOOEUXflC
26
vvwpiz;ouv Otl ai untpmtal napaKnnOEIC tWV otv
npoopiOIJOV tnv 6c:6v 016 tnv RUOIV UniKWV anmtnOEWV, ai 6noTai
VEVVOOV t6C tflC l;WflC. AVti6EtWC. OlaKaWC Eni6UIJ00V
v6 npooR613ouv tnv wtauvn tvtpyc:1av tflC iKav6tmoc npooRntVc:wc
yvwoc:wc. 'H 6E6 /\ntw c:Tvm h z;wov6voc nnvn. EK tflC 6noiac 66 tKnO-
pc;u6f1 t6 &C. 616 tflC VEVEOEWC tWV tEKVWV tnC.
'Qc 1Jnt8pa tWV 8IOUIJWV tOO wt6C OlaXEEI EiC t6C VOntiK6C ouolac
tWV 6EWV, sic t6C ljJUXIK6C ouofac Kaf tEROC Eic t6V aio6m6v oupav6v
t11V npE!Jiav, tnV npa6tnta Kai tnV Katav6nOIV. 8&pov tflC 6EOC np6c
t6C 6yv6c ljJux6c c:Tv01 h towtEPIKn yaRnvn tflC o&pov t6
6noTov Kamuv6Z:EI c:ic we. we npooRntlJEWC 6Efac VVW08WC sic
t6c ljJux6c. IJEO'-!l t&v tvc:pyc:1&v t&v 816UIJWV t8Kvwv me.
EiC tOUC 6Rfyouc OnOKaRuntEI tnV OUVOniKrlV me 2;'-!)0VOVOV EVEPVSiaV.
II 'H 1\ntw s1vcu 2;'-!)0y6voc; nnvn .... 'EKnBIJnSI onov t6 $00<;
KCif $Wtfl;EI t6c; vontiKO<; ouofac; tOOV 9SOOV Kal tOU<; ljJUXIKOUC: KO-
OIJOU<;, sv{;) tEnSUtaiov Katauv6Z:SI OU!Jnavta t6v aio9nt6v oupa-
v6v. on!JIOupvoooa t6 KOOIJIK6v cpooc; Kal syKa91otoooa tnv ah:fav
tou sic; t6 tKva me;, t6v An6nnwva Kaf tnv 'AptSIJIV,
np6c; t6 n6vta 6<npanol36nov t6 vontiK6v Kal $&<;
27
n.
noToc 6 tERIKOC OKon6c tflC avaz;ntnoc:wc tOO wt6C un6 tflC 61avofac;;
AiljJuxaf. 1JEt6 6n6 noRn6c; tvoapKwoc:lc;, 6vtc:nn6noav otl 6 nRavnmc
rn. ElVa! 6 nRavfnnc tflc; unnc Kai tflC nn6nc. OVtiKatOntPIOJJOC tOO 6c:lou,
66av6tOU, 0$66ptou vom:oo OlaKOOIJOU. 'Eo&. c:ic tnv rnv, siva! t6
tKn0168UtrlPIOV, onou t6 JJa6n!Jata tEI'liKOV OKOn6v tnv 616Kpi-
OIV OpEtflC - KaKfac.
25 'Op</JtK6c; "YJ.IVOC: llm:oOc;, XXXV/35, or. 2.
26 np6Kfiou "Efc; r6v TtJ.!OIOV nn6rwvoc;", Bt{3fifov B', 209, 9- 210, 11.
2 7 np6Kflou "Efc; r6v Kpart.Jfiov nMrwvoc; iKfioyaf xpr'latJ.IOI" 178, 1- 9.
49
ME tnv oi6KPIOIV Kai tnv tniRoynv tflc; apstflC, ai ljJuxaf OtPEOVtal sic
tnv 1Jnt8pa toov 816U!JWV toO wt6c. rtp8ovtal onnaon c.ic tnv aitiav
(!Jntipa /\ntW), h 6nofa ElVal xopny6c tflC 6v6oou np6c tOUC 6SOUC Kaf.
ou] tnc olaKpfoc.wc Kaf 6p6nc tmnovnc; twv. h 6s6 K61JV1 tnv z;wnv twv
61JaRnv Kai ntJEpnv Kaf tOUC iofouc iKavouc v6 OEX6o0v t6 we tWV
810UIJWV tSKVWV me. WOtE v6 OlaKplvouv tnv ouolav tiiC OPEtiic.
Kaf OUVcXfl;1, Rsywv 6 np6KROC, OXEtiKWC IJE tnv OIEiOOUOIV tflC 6pctiiC
sic t6c anoKc:Ka6aptJ8vac t1Jux6c t&v 6vmwv. otl h 6c.6 t6c avuljJwvc.1 c:ic
tnV VOnt:IKrlV nEPIOXrlV tOO nm::p6c tOOV 8IOUIJWV, tOO 810(. 8101:1 h 686,
cioaKououoa t6c napaKRnom; twv. t6c 6pn6z;s, 6n6 t6c toov
UfliKOOV 6ya6oov Ka6wc Kai 6n6 tnv KOupaotiKrlV Kai OVOUOIOV tnavafln-
ntiKOtnta tiiC z:wnc Kai xopnyc:l autac;, tv Z:wn, tnv <<Paotwvnv >>
28

nEic; CIUtO, npoo;3nnovtac; Kaf oi 9SOnOVOI
oav "J\ntw", sns1on owpfz;s1 sic; t6c; ljJux6c; t6v
nnaotov> xapaKtnpa, nnvnv tnc; sKouolac; z;wnc; xopn-
ylav tnc; paotwvnc;. Ann6ooc;, aut6 ofocl sic; ooouc; anotsfvov-
tCII np6c; autnv, O$CitOV svtpysaav, 613nal3n z;wnv, npa6tm:a, atapa-
KCII vontiKnv vannvnv.n
29

o rwKpamc sic t6v Kpm:unov, 1-18 tnv 6v6flumv toO 6v61Jat6c me.
sio6yc:1 tnv iosav toO unslou toO naouc;n
30
, onRaon h 1\mw t6
1\ (C:TOV) - n t <n60C) - w tnv JJEViOtnV tOU (Q = "Q + Meya> EK6nflw-
CJIV. 'H 1\ n t W, 010 tiiC anoRutou O!Jafl6tmoc Kai tiic; yRUKUtmoc;, tiiC
anoualac tnc; tpaxutmoc, Ka6fotatal xopnv6c 6!3Ral3oOc z;wnc;, npa6m-
mc. Kaf VOntiKiiC vannvnc. 'H OVUljJWtiKn 0 u v a IJ I c tiiC 1\n-
tOOC EPEI t6c ljJux6c tnv vom1Knv nc.p1oxnv toO natp6c 816c.
'lspwtatov t6 ovO!JCI tnc; 1\ntouc; sKnnpoootnan
sic; t6 1\ntovsvn tsKva me;,
we; ayv6tntoc; OUVCI!..IIC: sic; tnv 'AptSIJIV Kaf
we; OICinSKtiKflc; SVEPV81CI sic; t6v An6nnwva.
otoc h 6vtr6Ct1Kn 8ptJnvsfa toO 6v61Jatoc tnc 6c:ac. 'EKn6pcuolv
tnC t6v VOOV tOO np6KFIOU, tOO 8JJnV8U06EVtOC un6 tWV Kata-
ypa&v tOO nR6twvoc t&v OVOIJOtWV tOOV tcoo6pwv 6s&v 1\n-
toOc. AptE!Jiooc. An6RRwvoc.
28 np6KfiOU 0. n., 178, 10- 15 Kaf Ll. LlnJ.!nTPOKOU Miya Ofinc; rflc;
'EfifinvJKflc; rnwaanc;", nnwa paarwvn, "&t.JKofifa, &uxipw, l .. .I np96rnc;, nm6rnc;".
29 np6Kfiou, "Eic; r6v Kpart.Jfiov nn6rwvoc; iKfioyaf xpnatJ.IOI" 178, 15- 22.
30 nnarwvoc; <<Kpart.Jfioc;", 406 b.
50
tnv toO 6v61.1atoc; tiic; 1\ntoOc;, o16 toO 6nolou
aav ai avti8Et1Kai me; io16mtc:c. t6 vtvoc. tK
toO 6noiou npoiifl8c:v, 6 tp6noc; 616 toO 6nofou auvc:fln8n Kai h 88a1c;
me; c:ic; t6v 8c:Tov vom6v OIOKOaiJOV, oom:c: v6 npo(3fln8ji EUOIOKPitOC,
OVEU napanc:taaiJOtWV, n ciKWV me; clc; ttlV 686vnv tiic; o1avofac; 1.1ac.
1c<l>afl3n 6' au Kolou noflunpm:ov nfiSsv S:<; suvfw
KUOOIJEVn 611 Eneata Sea 600 t.v Ci>lfl6tntl
J\ntw Kuav6nsnflov S:ysfvato, ........ .
reivato 6' 'Aotsplnv SUWVUIJOV, nv note ntpon<;
nvavst' St: IJEVO 6WIJO <l>fRnv KSKfliioSal OKOitiV.n.
(Kai n <l>aff3n, a(n:n Ot6 nonun68nto tOO Koiou np8E KPEf30tl,
Kl StOI SEa an6 8E00 t6v EPC.Uta t6 ontpiJO Mtxtn Kal
tn /\moo tnv vanav6nc:nnnv tvtvvnoc: ........ .
'H 'lola Kai tnv AOtEpfa vtvvnoE, nou toOto t' OVOIJO SXEI
t6 xpuo6, tnv Aotc:pfa.
nou 6 ntponc; KOnOtE vuvaiKa tOU OKPII3n va yfvn
w6nynOE Ot6 tJEya 6v6xtep6 tOU.l.
{'HOJ66ou <<eeovovfa>>, ar. 404-410
6n66. nav. IIEKaraa, iKo. nAnvPon
Kat6 t6v 'Haiooov. natnp tiic; 1\m::oOc; 6 Tit6v KoToc; c:lvm 6 oc:utc:poc;
ul6c; toO oupavo0
3
\ nannou tiic; Kuavontnnou 1\m:oOc;, l.lct6 t6v
npc.ut6tOK6V tOU ul6v, t6V 'QKc:av6v. Eic; t6V 'OpiK6V me; "YIJVOV n 1\m::w
anoKaflcTtm Kolavtic;, <PEPEI onflaon t6 OVOIJa tOO natp6c; mc;
32

K 0 0 I
)S( I I
0 K 0 I
T6 6vo1.1a toO K o f o u. 6vaypa1JtJatll;6tJEVOV, npo(36nflEI trw svvo1av toO
0 '( K 0 u. npoavwc;, n6y4) tiic; tmani.IOU OEUt8pac; 88ac:wc. trw 6noiav
KatEXSI c:ic; tnv as1p6v tWV VSVEaSWV tWV TltOVWV, 86 npEn[l 6 OEU-
tsp6tOKOC Tn:av K o i o c; v6 npostOitJ6an tvt6c; toO von "CoO, 6op6tou
or K o u tnv auvofliKrw Ka8ap6tma o16 tnv np6oflmjJ1v
tiic; nsW"CiaiJEVnc; vvwoswc;. '0 K 0 i 0 c/o I K 0 e EXSI 6vafi6(3SI t6v
31 'Ha16oou "e&oyovfa>> or. 133- 134.
32 'Op</JJKOC: "YJ.JVOC: llnroOc;, XXXV/35, or. 2.
51
EK!OnlaiJOV K68s 'lxvouc; avvwalac;/aK6toue. fln8nc; Kal KaKiac;. .lliOtl,
we; fi8VSI 6 IOOKP6tnc;, t6 tJtl KaSap6v 6EV slvc11 6StJit6V va
tal tOO KOSapoO 6 KOK6c; 68 (3s(3afooc; sJva1 aK6Saptoc;, K06ap6c; 68
6 avtlestoc;.
33
.
Eic; aVtiOiaOtonnv, sic; t6v xwpov t&v tvaapKC.UV IJSPia"CWV lj.IUXWV, tv!6c;
"[00 0 i K 0 - 0 0 1.1 n tJ a t 0 c; "CiiC tJEplatiic; lj.luxne. h wpyaVC.UtJEVn 0 6 tJ n -
a I c; tWV FIOylaiJWV tl.lavfl;ctal a"CCCOICIKWC. 'H FIEl;le 0 0 tJ n/ 0 6 1.1 n a I c;
sxc:1 piz;av me t6 o E 1.1 a c. t6 6noiov an1.1afvs1 aw(Ja. 'Ev-c6e -coo
!OC. n lj.luxn 86 6 0 tJ n a !1 t:OUC 6p8ouc; nOylaiJOUC t:OO o 1' K o u me;.
npospxOIJEVn tK tiic; fln8nc;, tl; ait:lac; tiic; n6aswc; noa6mtoe
uoatoc an6 t6v A tJ E fl n "[a notai.I6V
34
, h 8voapKOC lj.luxn O"CCCOICIKWC
86vc:1 c:ic; tnv vvwa1v, 1.18 !nv npoOn68so1v !iic; Kanne npompEaswc; tiic;
lj.luxiic;, t6 flsiov tOO n8ouc;, Ka8' 6tJOlWOIV tiic; IJSV6flnc; 8soc; 1\ntoOc;.
T6 6v61-1ata tiic; vsvsanoviac; tiic; 1\m:oOc; slva1 h npoc:!OII.Iaoia tiic; vc:-
vEoc:wc; toO wt6c;, toO 6nofou h 1\m:w slva1 h Kat' Knnpov61.1oc.
Ta 6v61Ja"CCC tiic; 1Jntp6c; me; <I> 0 f 13 n c. tnc; aosfliie me; 'A 0 t s p r a e
Kaf toO ouz;uvou !iic; 'A o! c: p I a c; n 8 p a o u, trw ouvoEouv tJct6 "COO
c.u!6e. toO 6nolou tKslvn slvm h tv ouv61JSI !a me;, anna Ka!8xsr Kal tnv
tv tvspysiQ iol6tnta. 'E8c:flouoiwc; h 1\mw 86 ysvvnon t6 we;.
uE'fts flom6v EK tOO tesflouolou WVOIJOOSn "J\ntw" (616tl t6 PiiiJO "fiG>"
"SEfiOO"), s'lts EK tOO uflsfoun, we; "1\sntoo", sic; KOSS nspfntoo-
OIV Kaf tK tG>v 6uo toutoov t6 tiic;
esac;.n
35

rxc:trKwc; tJE tnv l.lntEpa tiie 1\moOc;, tnv <Dof(3nv, napampc:Tmr otr au!n
EPSI tnv tOOIV, tnv 6nofav 86 n613!1 we; ior6tnta 6 1.1Eflnc.uv tyyov6e
tnc;, 6 <t>oi(3oc; 'An6nnc.uv
36
<t>oi(3oc; an1.1aivs1 t6 Ka8ap6v Kai 61.1iavtov toO
navt6c;, t6 6noTov npoOn6pxs1 Kaf toO Knnpooo!siml ora toO
tiic; IJOtJtJnc tau Trmviooe
'Haosn<Pn tiic; /\moOch c: u w v u tJ o c 'A at s pi a. ora toO s u toO 6 v 6-
tJ a "[ 6 c; me;, OtPESI sic t6v EV - a 0 t p 0 v oupav6v tnv VOntiKtlV
opaOiv, OOOtS l.laZ:u !.IE t6v ouz;uy6v tnc; t6v n E p 0 n v n <l> E p 0 n v v6
IJSta - <PEp !1 t6 OtJtJa tiic; lj.luxne 1.1ac sic tnv 8Eamv toO o(;pavo0
37
'O
33 np6Kflou "ncpf rflc; Kar6 nflarwva e&ofloyfac;, Bl/3flfov A', K&</J. {3', 10, 15- 18,
"Mn Ka8ap(/J yap, nafv 6 [WKparnc;, KG8apo0 ecp6nr&08GI J.Jfl OU 8cJ.llrOV fr nac;
Y& J.Jflv 6 KGK6c; navrwc; 6K68aproc;, Ka8ap6c; oi 6 tvavrfoc;. ".
34 nflarwvoc; "nofiJr&fa", f3t/3flfov 1 ', 621 A.
35 np6Kflou "Eic; r6v Kpart.Jflov nflarwvoc; iKfloyaf xpnaJJ.JOI 178, 19- 23.
36 nflourapxou "n&pf roo El roo tv fJ&fi<PoTc;>> 20. "<PoT{3ov oi ofmou r6 Ka8ap6v Kaf
ayv6v of naflmof nav wv6J.Jat:ov, ".
37 nflarwvoc; 404 c - e, Kae 6J.Jofwa1v roo 6v6J.Jaroc; rflc; <P & p pi-
<Parrac;/n & p a & - 6vnc;.
52 TO MYrTHPION TOY AnOJ\1\0NIOY <DOTOI:
n 8 p an c; c:IVOI'"CSKVOV 1:00 Trr6voc; Kpc:fou, tpitou TltOVOC:. tSKVOU faiac;
- Oupavo0
38
Kai tflc; EupuJ3fn<;
39
, KatEXWV tllV ioiOtnta tfl<; unc:pt6tnc;
ni61JOOUVnc;n, unc:ptxwv n6vtwv c:ic; VVWOIV, WV ncnciPaiJEVOC:.
'0 Koioc;, n <Poil3n. n AOl:EPfa Kai 6 ntponc;, ai l:Eooapc:c; SeTal 6vt6tntcc;,
6notc:no0v t6c; 6px6c; tG:Jv ouv61JEWV /t6oc:wv Kai tG:Jv E:vc:pyc:1G:Jv I iolo-
tntwv l:flC: 90<; Am:oOc;. OJ tf.ooaptc; tWV nnOIOIWVOUV 616 tOO oupaviou
wt6c; tnv 9c:fav 6vt61:nt6 tnc;, l:rlV onofav Kanunl:cl 0 KUavoOc; ntnnoc;
1:00 n6nnou me; oupavoo 6n6 touc; 69an1Jouc; tG:Jv 13cl3nnwv.
'0 KUavoOc; ntnnoc;, n6ycy 1:00 XPWIJatoc;, OUIJJ30ni4cl t6v oupav6v.T6
E:ni9stov Kuav6nc:nfloc; tnc; AntoOc; 8xs1 ouo 8p1Jnvsiac;:
a. 1116 tOUC: noflflOUC: slval anflG:Jc; svac; OKOtSIVOC: ntnfloc;, SnSion sic;
tOV aio9nt6v KOOIJOV n AntW t6 OKOtOC: Kaf tnv fln9nv. Oi
nonnoi otv 6nopoOv nspf toO xpw!Jatoc; Kai napa!Jtvouv c:lc; tnv oKo-
tclv6tma toO ntnnou.
13. 1116 touc; IJSIJUniJEVouc;. 6 Kuavooc; ntnfloc; sTvm 6 8xwv t613a9u xpG:JIJa
tOO oupavoo. Oupav6c; slvm 6 n6nnoc; tflc; AntoOc;. 'H Antw EKfln-
POVOIJnOS tnv iol6tma toO n6nnou mc; v6 Katafla1JI36vp 6n6Knnpov
t6 oup6VIOV OtSPEWIJO, OIOtl OIJOia IJE EKciVOV c:Tvm Kai EKSivn KUO-
v6nsnfloc;.
'0 Zsuc; tnv AntW WC.: IJntEPO tWV OUVKSKPIIJEVWV tEKVWV tOU,
tOO n1JiWtOC.: Kai toO wt6c;, tflc; A.ptEIJIOOC: toO VUKtSPIVOO oupavoO
Kaf tOO A.n6flnwvoc; toO hiJSpnoiou, flOIJJ30VWV un' Ol(JIV tOU tnv Kflnpo-
VOIJIKrlV i610tnt6 tnc;, tflc; KUOVOnEnflOU.
ruyxp6vwc; of: 0 ZSUC: l:rlV EPWtSU9nKS aitiac; tflc; IJSifliXIOtntOC: tnc;, n
anoia t6c; E:vt60EIC: tflc; 6n1JIOUPVIK6tnt6c; tOU c:ic; 6n6Kfln-
pov t6 6pat6v oupav6v, toO onolou sTvm 6 6n1JIOUPVOC::
40

38 'H0166ou B&oyovfa or. 134.
39 'Ho1660U B&oyovfa or. 375- 377.
40 Otto Kern. Orphicorum Fragmenta, 'f&pof 116yo1 tv 'PatjJcyofmc; KiJ. ', 164. r 1171
KO{ 165. (122) KOf np6KnOU Efc; r6V TfJJOIOV nncm.uVOC:, 8J{3nfov 8', 206, 27- 207,
20, n&pf 1J.16c;, onJJJOupyoO roo aloenroo KOOJJOU.
uMSVIOtOV 6n navt6c; KOtO $UOIV 6pxfiv.n.
maoiKWt6mv on!Jaoiav 8xc:1 616 Kaes tl t6 v 6pxfZ:!1 Kavsic; 6n6
tnv <PUOIKnv tou 6pxnvJ.
mn6rwvoc; <<T{fJO/OC:J} 29 B,
6n6o. A nanaesoowpou, tKa. nAnYPOD.
l
53
T6 VcVeaflOVIKOV otvopov tflc; 9soc; AntoOc; 6v6yc:tal c:ic; tnv uKata
umv 6pxflvn, onflaon c:ic; 1:ouc; npwtouc; vc:vvntopac; toO OU!Jnavtoc;,
c:ic; tnv raTav Kal c:lc; t6v 6otc:p6c:vta Oupav6v. 11woc:Ka c:Tvm t6 tf:Kva
rafac; Kaf OupavoO, TltOVEC.: Kaf TltaVioc:c;. autG:Jv c:Tvm oi
TltOVEC: KoToc; Kaf <Po113n. 'Pta Kaf Kp6voc;
41
'H Amw c:Tva1 tEKVOV <Pofl3nc;
Kal Kofou. v4> 6 zc:uc;. tiKvov 'Ptac; Kal Kp6vou. ruvcnwc;, 61J6tc:pol
Zc:uc; Kaf Amw. vc:vvntopc:c; twv 1116UIJWV toO wt6c;, c:Tvm tvvovof
Oupavoo Kai raiac;, E:K vovtwv Tlt6vwv.
'H 6pxn toO wt6c; npotpxc:tar E:K toO 6otc:p6c:vtoc; Oupavoo E:nc:1on ol
6ottpc:c; c:Tvm unup6EVtEC:n
42
Kaf 6po0v we; 6va1Jcta66tEC: wt6c;.
Elvar t6 uic:p6v otflac;n
43
tOO OU!Jnavtoc;.
41 'Ho16oou B&oyovfa, or. 126- 138.
42 'OpJK6c; ''YJJvoc; Aorpwv, V/1/7, or. 5.
43 'OpJK6c; ''YJJvoc; Aorpwv, V/1/7, or. 1.
54 MYITHPION TOY AnOJ\1\QNIOY CI>QTOI
Aflflnyopia oupavoo. n uKUav6nsnfloc;n 1\m:w Km:txsl t6 voviola tOO
urr6c. t6 6noTa ea ouvsvweoov !JEt' EKEivwv tOO Ll16C 616 va 8pouv
sic t6 OUjJnav tllV flsn::oupyfav tfic vonoswc IJ yaflnvnv
Kai npsjJfav un6 tnv KnOEIJOViav me. 'H esfa VVWOIC. EK tOO oupaviou
OlaKOOIJOU, ea tavuo8fl/anflw8[1 sic t6v aioem6v KOOIJOV IJ 6vajJ8-
ta66tac touc Ll16UIJOUC 'AptSIJIV - An6flnwva. y6vouc 8pwtoc. 1\ntoOc
- Ll16c.
'H KflnpOVOIJIKOtnC 1JEta6i6Etal 616 tiiC 'EflflnVIKiiC fflwoonc IJ opya-
VOV ta 6v61-1ata twv eswv. oi n t n v s c/TI t a v s c. E:K toO pn!Jatoc
t a V U W, slxav tnV oo6pav t 6 0 IV Vel tEVtWVWVtai/OnfiOOVtOI EiC
t6v vom6v 616KOOIJOV
44
'O tnc npwmc ouflflal3flc Ti -
Enl - t 8 i v E I tnv OnjJaofav tiiC tavuw, tEVtWVW, anflwvw.
Msta tnv Kaf tnv viKnv toO Llr6c. ol T 1 t a v s c E:ufla-
Kioenoav sic touc olkouc toO Taptapou. Alhof sTvm oi vovsTc twv
'OfiUIJnfwv 8EWV Kaf oi np6yOVOI tWV OIKWV jJaC natpwv.
uTitiivsc;. ralnc; Kai OupavoO ayflaa tEKVO,
np6yOVOI nattpoov, yafnc; untvsp8SV
o'fKOIC: taptapfoBOI xeov6c; 8vvafovtsc;.
apxaf KOf nnyaf nCiVtWV 8VntWV nOfiUIJOX8WV,n.
Co osTc; ol Trcavsc. t6 fla1Jnp6 tiKva tiic; rnc Kaf wo Oupavoo.
oi np6yovo1 tWV ioiKWV IJOC: natEPWV,
nou l:OUOatE OflfiOtE unsp6vw tiic; yiic;,
anna nou KOtOIKEitE twpa sic tOUC: O'IKOUC: tOO Taptapou,
sic; t6 IJUXOV (t6 [368oc;J toO 'Aoou,
OEiC sloes al apxaf Kaf al nnyaf OfiWV tWV 8VntWV tWV
noflU[3000VIOIJiVWV.).
('OpC/>JK6c; "Ypvoc; Tiravwv. XXXVII/37. ar. 1- 4,
11TA 0P1KA, 6n66. En. Mayyfva, EK6. 'EYKUKnOn016efac; roO ((H!IIOY,,J.
oi KOivoi vovsTc. nm:tpsc Kai IJnttpsc 6eav6twv Kai evntwv. t.K twv
T I t 6 V W V npOEPXOIJEVOI, pouv EiC 01JOtpOUC tnv KOIVrlV Kfln-
POVOIJIKOtnta tiiC io16tm:6c twv, 6nownwes:Toav Kal opay1oes:Toav
E:vt6C toO 6v61Jat6c tWV. KflnpOVOIJIKOtnC sic autnv tnv nspfntWOIV
siva! n Eni8U1Jia, etnnOIC Kaf [3ouflnOIC np6c tnv t 6 0 I V, tnv t 6 v u -
0 I v tWV ut.v saut@u OUVOIJSWV, IJSta[3aflfiOIJ8VWV sic E:vsp-
ysiac ut.v aflfl(i!>n.
44 Ll. LlnpnrpaKOU <<Miya Ofinc; rflc; 'EflflnVIKflc; [flWOOn(>', flf/J.JJ.JO TOVUW,
"4J pr. tvrefvw tmr&fvw, etrw &lc; ao6pav raatv fi Kfvnatv, Ktv6J rt
6ppnrtK6Jc; .... " Kaf np6Kflou Eic; r6v Kparuflov nflarwvoc; iKfloyaf xpflatpot"
106, 23-24," 7iravac; yap 6 ptv r 'lap{3fltxoc;J napa r6 oJarefv&tv tnf navra rae;
taurwv ouvap&tc;''.
55
Ll10 IJEV t6 es:Ta voma OVta t6 EV Oflflc.y sTvm n ooop6 t 6 0 I c va
t a v u w v t a r o1a -t s i v o v t a 1 616 tiic npovoiac sic t6 aioema. 816
OE t6 evma 6vepwnlva OVta s:TvOI, 010 IJ8V touc noflflouc n t 6 v u -
0 I c/616 - t a 0 I c/6n6KtnOIC UfiiKWV 6yaewv. EVG) 616 touc; 6flfyouc n
ooop6 t 6 0 I C/t 6 v u 0 I c Eni8U1Jfa np6c tnv unofluflfllatnvn Tl-
t a v I 6 a 1\ntW. 'H esa, 010 tWV t8KVWV me;, 'Ap"CSIJIV Kaf An6flnwva, 86
touc avulj;won sic t6v Tit a v a Kpovionv Llia/voov.
T6 8auj.la01:6v tiiC 'EflflnVIKiiC rflwoonc slv01 nwc; n iofa 1\ntW
t.mtPtnEI sic tnv OIOVOiaV va E:vtonf4!1 IJ flSntOIJtpslaV tnv Olnfliiv
OVti8Et1KrlV 0\jJIV, 6' SVOC tiiC OUj.lnaVtiKiic; 6 - fl n 8 - Sf a C tiic; 8 Sf a C
a fl n C
45
, tiiC esfac nnyflc;/ 1\ n t o 0 c/ 1\ n 8 o 0 c; 616 tnv
6vuljJWOIV tiic; VOrlOEWC sic; tO 6VOKtopa tOO Ll10C/V00 Kaf 6' Etpou
tnc; n n e n c;, onnaon tnv 6nwns1av IJVI11Jnc twv esfwv 6pa1J6twv twv
uSU66VtOOVn 8VntWV 6v8p<iJnwv, Kata tOV 'HpaKflSitOV!
45 nflarwvoc; Kparufloc;,, 421 b.
56 <l>QTOI H AJ\AZONEIA KAI 57
Ke(/)6naJov 2ov
TsRcJ>oOaa, n KOf
nueoo. n antlnc; tnc; KaesatnKufac;
58 AnOJ\J\QNIOY <I>QTOr
A86vatOI ec:oi Kaf "EnFinvc:c; evm:of avepwnol sxouv KOIVOUC: npoy6vouc;,
nm:pc:c; Kaf (Jnt8pc:c; tWV, tOUC: TltQVC:C:. &10 tflc; 6vaFioyfac;, h SVOCIP-
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4 'OpnpfK6c; ''Ypvoc; sic; An6flflwva, or. 91- 92.
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(Ae. Eray&Jpirou 'Qyuyfa>>, T6J.JOC: A', a. 387,
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10

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va npoo8pouv EKOtOIJI30c;, xpnOIJOV. Eueuc; OE OIJEOWC: S6E-
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11

8 'Hot6oou 8covovia>> or. 915- 920.
9 'Hot6oou 8covovfa>> or. 921.
10 'Of..lnptK6<; "Yf..IVO( cl<; An6flflwva, or. 240- 245.
11 'Of..JnptK6<; "Yf..IVO( cf<; An6flflwva, or. 246- 255.
H A/\AZONEIA KAI H :EHI.IJII THI 63
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tOJJnpJK6c; "VJ.Jvoc; sic; An6tmwva, ar. 257,
<<OMHPIKOI VMNOI>>, 6n6o. Ll. nanaofraa- 'En. !lao1a,
tKo. Blf3ntonwnsrov rflc; EETIAE))J.
Kaf ouvcxiz;ouoa tOO SflEVE cueapowc;: ((noToc.; 6 fl6yoc; 6SRSIC: va
iOpU0!1C: m;:piKOFiiU'i VCIOV S600, S<j)' OOOV sic; t6 ntpOOIJCI CIUt6 OtCIIJCI
toOv oi IJS noflu a6puf3ov notfz;ouv Z:@a toov sic; tac.;
nnyac.; IJOU; 16 IJSPOC.: Of.v s:lva1 KCitOFIFinflov 010 t6v va6v oou, onou
ea unapxouv noflfla KCII ispa KEIIJI1FIIO. Kataflflnfl6tspov IJSPOC: va t6v
Ktlonc.: aa slva1 sic; tnv ntuxnv toO napvaaooo, tnv Kpfaav. 'EKs16tv
aa KPOtOOV ta OPIJOtCI, OUt aa OKOUVStCII 6 Ktunoc; tOOV afl6yoov. 'EKci
sic; t6nov vaflnv1ov aa otxsoa1 ta navCIKPII3a 6$1EP001Jata, nou ea ooo
npoa<j)spouv ai ysvsaf tOOV avapoonooV.n
12

Kal npOVIJOtl, n Tc:no0oa tnv VVOOIJnV tOO An6nnwvoc;, npo-
KEIIJEVOU VO KPOttl0!1 010 t6v EOUtOV me; tnv KUPIOtnta tOO xoopou, 6
6noToc; OVEK06EV avflKEV anoKnEIOtiKWC: sic; EKEfvnv.
'O <t>oTSoc; An6flflwv IJE eu1-16v E:yKat8nclljJE tnv TcfloOoav Kaf 8ea-
oc:v sic touc; onou t6 vvwot6v E:nc:1o6o1ov
An6nflwvoc; Kai opaKOIVOC: nueooc;, t6 6noTov ea avafluen EV OUVEXcfQ.
Msta n1v tnc; opaKmvac;, 6 An6fli1wv 6vtc:flnen o1ati t6v
IJE t6onv KOKOtl6EIOV h KOflflfpooc; Kpnvn.
'H Tc:i1o0oa t6v sotc:lnE c:ic; t6v napvaoo6v Kaf sic; tnv Kploav. xwpfc;
SESafwc; va 6vaEP!1 tnv napouofav tiic; opaKalvac; nueooc;, IJE OKOn6v
tnv 010 navt6c; tOU un' autiic;. 'OIJWC:. ta VEVOV6ta OEV
we; np6c; t6c; npooooKiac; tflc; Tc:nouoac;. '0 An6i1flwv
IJEta tnv tnc; opaKalvac; sKivnoEv 61-18owc; Kai tnsotpstiJc:.
'Qpy!OIJEVOC: tflc; annueuvc: ta flOVIO: n/l.SV ooO SIJEFinStO,
o0oa, v6 SX!1C: t6nov Z:nflsut6v KCII va IJOIPOZ:SOCII IJCIZ:U IJOU 0$1-
SPOOIJCitCI KCif tiiJOC:. 000 OKOI'IliJWC: sl;nnatnosc:; t6V voO IJOU.n. Eu6uc;
fJE OVOXOOIJOta KOl nfeouc; EKaflulj.Jc: t6 uoata tflc; Tc:flouoac; Kai c:ic; t6
12 'Of..JnpJK6<; ''Yf..IVO( ck; An6flflwva, or. 257- 274.
64 TO MYHHPION TOY AnOAJ\ONIOY <l>OTm:
1Jpoc; auto avnyC:IPC:V r3WIJOV, tOV Tc:nOUOIOV E:nOVOIJa40IJC:VOV, ta-
nc:IVWVWV Kaf t6 pc:Tepa tnc Tc:nouoac;
13

Ai OUVOIJE:IC Kai al EVEPVC:IOI tWV ec:wv anoKanuntOVtOI c:ic tOV r5a-
euatoxaotov 616novov tOO nn6twvoc Kpatunoc; 010 tflc; avanuac:wc
Kai avaauvetac:wc tG:lv OVOIJOtWV tWV. Eival to nap66C:IVIJa, to 6noTov
npoanaec:T h napoOaa 8pc:uva v 6Konouenan c:ic; t6c; nc:ntoiJc:pc:iac; Kal
c:lc; to auvonov tOU.
noTov to lj.JuxovontiKOv aniJOIVOIJEVov ouv61Jc:wv Kai tvc:pyc:1wv tiic; IJU-
eonoyiKflC 6nynac:wc;; .&lOti K08C: 1JU80nOVIKtl nap6ataOIC: avayc:tOI
c:ic tnv avtfatOIXOV lj.JUXOVOntiKtlV OIC:PVaalav tOO evmoO, 010 va tOV
6unvfon sic; t6c; ouv61JE:IC Kaf tou. To ec:Tov 8KpaZ:o1Jc:vov
61' tvoc; 8c:o0, 6op{l n6vtotc: c:ic; auyKC:KPIIJIJSVnv apc:tnv n 6pc:t6c;,
tv{}) to evmov EIJavf2';C:I tnv c:uanwtov nnc:upav tOO xapaKtiipoc; tOO
uno 8apto0 ovtoc;.
nola n lj.JUXIKtl ouaia tiic; Tc:nouaac; Kai noTov tO OnjJaiVOIJE:VOV, tO
npoKUntOV EK tOO OVOjJatoc; me;; 'H lj.Juxn <Tc:no0oa>
otv c:Tv01 sic; 8801v va avayvwpian tnv ulj.Jfamv tiiJtlV, tnv 6nofav tflc;
npoa8PSI avsu avtannayjJOtWV 6 Anonnwv /we;, 010 tnc; IJOVliJOU na-
pouafac toO vaoO tou.
'H Tc:no0oa otv aV1::1na1JSOVC:tOI Otl tO we;, tO 6noTov ea Katauyaon
c:ic 6noKnnpov tO ETvm tiic; ouafac; me;, ea IJStm:ptliJn tnv KaKfav sic
apc:tnv. NOIJll;SI Otl, OtC:POUIJSVn t6c; tiiJOC:. t6c; 6nofac; tiiC anoofoouv
ol <ai Kat6 nc:pfntWOIV avc:u nsplcXOIJSVOU aKtlj.JSIC). nspl-
nOIOUIJC:VOI t6 2';G)a tWV (tO Katwtc:pa 8VOtiKt6 me;>. 86 anontan ttlV
mc;
14
'H anaz;ovsla Kaf h 1nautia tunwvouv tO tnc; lj.Juxnc
OjJIJa. 'H lj.Juxn tnc; Tcnouoac anoKanuntStal 010 tOO OVOjJatoc; me.
omv npoasyyla8[llj.JuxonoyiKWC.
T E A 0 Y I
X \ \ \ I
T <Y> A + 0 Y I A
13 'OJ1nptK6c; ''YJJVOC: &lc; An6flflcuva, or. 375- 387.
14 'OJJnpJK6c; "YJJVOC: &lc; An6flflwva, or. 261- 265.
H AI\AZONEIA KAI
65
TU n n o, U a 9 h TEno0aa lj.Juxn, c:iv01 nEPIOPIOIJvnc; VOnjJoauvnc;,
. V01Jf2';ouaa Otl EiVOI ouvatov va to l'oiOV tO we;. n 0 c;, 6
atc:pn1J8voc; tiic; aiaenac:wc tiic; 6p6ac:wc; c:ic; to vom:IKov nc:ofov an1Jafvc:1
tnV apvnOIV npoannlj.JEWC: olaxpOVIKiiC WtOC:. 816 tWV nt6
XPWIJOtWV tnc; '( P I 6 0 C toO oupaviou tntpxetal h olaauvoEalc;
tOO tiic; "I pI 0 0 c. Kopnc; 0aUjJaVtOC:
15
, IJEtO tOO oupavlou
tOO Anoflnwvoc;. Ai Ka80fl1Kaf oup6vlal ec:aaE:IC tWV tOU E:6ntov-
t01 tiiC: '(PI 6 0 C tWV 68anjJWV tWV 8VntWV avepwnwv.
'OIJWC. 6 utU<!>fl6C: t6 t' oota t6v t voov t6 t' OIJIJOt' elll E:onnwosv 6 ro-
oKniiC:16. 01' 6nfyov IJOVOV ouvatal va to we;. '0 Anonnwv
1JEt6 tnv tnc; op6Kalvac: nueooc. tmotp8c:l c:ic to
OnOU n8nnaE Kat' apxac; VO iopua[l t:OV vaov tOU.
To 88TOV Eivm avannofwtOV Eic; t6c; ano60EIC tOU Kaf 86v anoxwpfl,
tOOto otv anjJaiVEI aouvajJiav n unoxwpnOIV. 'EnaVEPXOIJC:VOV to we;/
Anonnwv KanUntEI t6 uoata tiic; anamc; (Kpnvnc; TEnouaae>. OIOtl, Eic;
ttlV OPVntiKtlV tOU 8KpaOIV, tO atOIXETOV tOO Uoatoe. 616 tiie am:a-
8Efac; tne pone tou. to anp6Snc:mov tne Klvnac:wc; Kai to
tov r56eoe tou, c:Tvm


'0 AnonnWV OIEnfatwaE ttlV oOniOtnta Kaf KaKOtl8EiaV tiie TEnouaac;,
h enola tOV antatEinEV c:ie tnv Kpfaav, OXI nOVC!) tiie npEIJfae Kal tiic;
yannvne tOO tonou, anna IJS aKonov va 6 ec:oc; uno tiie
6p6Kalvac; nueoOe. Toaov h anal;OVEfa, anam Kaf KaKOtl8Eia
<TEno0aa>, oaov Kai h aiilj.Jie <nu8W) KatatponWVOVtOI uno tOO wtoe.
tO 6noTov EKXSEtal c:ie tO aujJnav we nnlaKn 8EOIC npoe VVWOIV. '0
Anonnwv. tnavc:newv 8yKa81opuc:1 c:ie tov opoac:pov. vannv1ov tonov.
tOV vaov tOU, tOV 6noiov OVOIJOl;EI TEnOUOIOV.
T E A + + 0 Y I 0 I
0 U a I 0 e + t c n + elVa! apayE npo8Kta01c; tiie nponyOUIJSVne svvofae.
tiic; tuniic; ouane TEnouaae; 8Er5afwc; OXI. 'H t E n - Elomc; tiic; 0 u a i a c;
tOO <t> c:Tva1 to Kamuvaz:ov we; <<t>> c:ie tov ic:pov xwpov. 'H nap81JI3a-
OIC tiic; tvc:pyc:iac; toO AnoFinwvoc; auvotc:1 to ovoiJa tiic; Tc:nouaac; ox1
nn8ov IJEta tiic; t u n ii c; o u a n e T E n o u a a c;, anna IJctO toO:
d E A + 0 Y I 0 I
'H avtiKat6ataOIC: toO 6oOVtiK00 aujJWVOU T, uno tOO tnianc; 6oOVti-
K00 .&, otv 6nVEI OIJ1130nfav, we; npoc; tnv auj.JntWOIV tWV ouo OVOIJO-
tWV.
15 'Ho16oou "e&oyovfa,, or. 265- 266 Kaf nf/6rwvoc; "e&afrnroc;" 155.
16 Eo(/)oKfltouc; "Oiolnouc; Tupavvoc;" or. 371.
17 Aflr6vnc; "APPHTOI /\Oro!, e&oi, EUJ1/30fla, Apxtruna rwv 'Eflflnvwv", K&</J. 2,
a. 65.
66 TO MYITHPION TOY AnOJ\J\QNIOY <I>QTOI
'H 0 u a I a tWV 8 6 n <P w v najJnpuVEI t6v voov. O!OV anooEXEtal n1v
Ssfav napouafav tOO c.ut6C. n enola KataUVOZ:EI sic tnV ljJuxnv, IJEtO tnV
tnc opaKmvac nueooc Kaf tnv Katmaxuvnv tnc t u <P n n c
o u a n c T s Fl o u a a c.
T6 Kai appmov tnc rnwaanc OEV 6noaanviZ:EI nwc sTvm
ouvat6v ol' tv6c 6v61Jatoc. toO 6v61Jatoc twv 8snwv. va npoKumouv
ai avnestiKaf 8vvo1m tnc npwnv t u <P Fl n c o u a n c T s n <P o u a a c Kal
toO vov Ts Fl <Po u a I o u v a o o. tn8Ktaarv toO vaoo twv 8sflwv.
Kata t6v AS. rmvs1pftnv
18
, t8aaapac hJJ8pac IJEta tnv vtvvnafv tou
e An6FIFIC.UV anoxc.upc:T IJ6t6 tnc 1Jntp6c tOU Kal tnc 'APtEIJIOOC EK tnc
8nflou Kal 86vsr sic t6v xwpov twv 8c:FIwv. e enoioc oovo!J6Z:sto t6ts
nuew. T6 anjJaVtiKOV IJflVU!Ja sivm h napouafa toO An6FIFIWVOC sic tOUC
8EFIouc. e enoToc 6vafla!JI30VEI tnv tnc op6Kalvac. vnmoc.
wv tsaaapwv hJJspovuKtfc.uv.
'0 6pi81JOC tWV tliJEPOVUKtfc.uv o8v npoaoropiZ:EI tnv XPOVIKnV OIOPKEiaV
tWV tsaaapc.uv nsplatpowv tfiC rfiC toO 8auto0 tnC. anna tnv 1JE-
taOPIKnV anjJaafav tOO ayvooatOU XPOVIKOO oraatnjJatOC, t6 enoTov
EK tsaaapc.uv 'lawv IJEPWV anotEFIOU!JEVOV, EKnpoawnsT tnv y8vvn-
aiV, tnv tnv Kal tnv tEFIIKnv IJIOC Ka-
mataaswc. io8ac, VEVOVOtOC K. 0.
n8pav tWV 6vc.ut8pc.u, e OPI81JOC t8aaapa aU!J(30flfZ:EI tnv KUPiapxiav tOO
OVtOC tnf tWV tsaaapc.uv atOIXEfc.uv tnc TstpaKtUOC (yfl, uowp, anp, nOp)
sic t6v xwpov, tnv enofav n K08E ljJuxn 6sinEI va yvc.upfQ"l, npotoO
npoxc.upnas1 sic tnv tnc tac.utsprKnc me opaKarvac.
'H opOKOIVa nuSw, aUIJI30FIIKn SiKWV tfiC xpovfac aoptatiac. oOKnOI-
aofac. aopavsfac. 6o1aopfac tvc:opsusr sic K68s ljJuxnv. h enola o8v
KatEXEI tnV yvwarv tWV tEaaapc.uv atOIXSlWV Kaf tfiC autWV
19
,
0101:1 o8v 86 sTvm sic 88aiV va EKpaan anoplac tnf tnc ouafac tWV
OVtC.UV. ''Avc.u tnc anavtnaswc tWV npwtc.uv (3aOIKWV anoprwv h avoooc
c:ic t6 Anoflnoov1a nsola toO <Dc.ut6c slvm 6v81Ktoc.
Xp6voc;, o api81J6c; twv tsoaapc.uv li!Jspwv.
KOI xwpoc;, 0 OPI81J6c; tWV tsoaapoov OtOIXdoov,
tv OUV6UCIOIJ@, von0100v t(W <j)UOIV tflc; ljJuxflc;.
18 Ae. Eray&Jpfrou "nyuyfa", r6fJOC: A. a. 387.
19 nnarwvoc; "71/Jaloc;" 33 A- 36 B.
H AJ\AZONEIA KAI H IH'IJII THI KA0EITHKYIAI TA:::Em:
\jluxn, KCISIOtCIIJSVn anonFIWVIOc;, KCIFIUntEI IJS FIISouc;
tnv Kpnvnv TsFI<!>oOaav /aflaz;ovsfav,
KOI <j)OVEUEI tnv 6POKOIVCI nuew/oii\jJIV tOO KCitSotnjJSVOU.
67
Tpc.uSsTaa h nuSw/aflljJIC un6 toO An6FIFIWVOC/<Pwt6c. OUtS e Tuwc.uc.
aFIFIO outs Kal n Xf!Jalpa
20
86 8FI8ouv va tnv awaouv. Autn KSitStal tnf
tfiC ync !JntPOC tnC <rafael Kai EfliaactOI IJE anaajJOUC np6 toO eavatou
tnC.
EiC t6 tEFIOC tOO "YIJVOU tOO KaFIFIIIJOXOU sic 'An6Fiflc.uva, 6va8povtal ai
anJJaVtiKal FlsntOfJEPEIOI, axstrKwc; 1-18 t6v tp6nov tnc;
opOKOIVaC nuSoOc;:
11'ln, in na1nov aKouoiJsv ouvc:Ka toOto .dsFI6c; tol
npWtiOtOV tUIJVIOV EUPt0 na6c:;
niJOC: tKn(3onfnv xpuatwv tnc.Os:iKvuoo
nuew to Kati6Vtl auvnvtc.to OaiiJOVIoc; enp,
aiv6c; 0>1c; t6V IJSV au KCitflvapc,c;,
l:'innov tn (3Cinnwv WKuv oiat6v
tnntitnos: ot fla6c;, in, in nmnov, Ys:l(3tfloc; .... n.
<AKouotJsv tnv tmwvnmv in. in nmnov
OIO tOOtO 6 fla6c; tWV 11Enwv aut6 t6 E<I>U!JVIOV
nupc: npwta-npwta, OtaV tau tnc:oEfKVUC:C:
tnv tJaKpol3oflfav twv xpuowv aou
'EVW 08 Katti301VC:C: sic; tnV nu8w,
at auvnvtnoc: nc:nwp1o Snpfo. ol3c:p6 fo1.
Aut6 t6 f61 t6 t6vc:uac:c; tau. tvavtlov mu
6Aflsn6flflnfla <tnavc.ut6l ypnyopa 13tfln Kaf 6 Aa6c;
at tnc:untJnac: wv6z;wv in. in na1nov. pfl!Jc: t6 138floc; .... J.
("YJ.lVOt; Kafifi!J.JOXOU eft; An6fifiU>va (2), ar. 97- 103,
<<TA OPC/JIKA>>, an66. En. Mayyfva, EK6. 'EyKUKfiOnaJ6efat; roO H!IIOYJ!J.
noTov clvm t6 8pyov toO An6FIFiwvoc;. t6 enoTov EKtEFicT 6noot6acwc;
wt tnv EKn(3oninv/1JaKpof3oniav twv xpuawv tou
'H aflflnyop!Kn 8vvo1a tnc vc:v8acwc; toO c.ut6c; cic; vnaov c:Tvm h nav-
tax68cv ouvalaSnjJOtiKn nofliOPKia tnc; ljJuxnc; EK tWV uoatc.uv /UnOKEI!Jc-
VIKWV 6n6ljJcC.UV Kaf tflc; 6yvoiac/6ata8c:fac; tWV ljJUXIKWV 1Jctaf30AWV.
'H vnaoc; 6noo8xc:m1 IJE Kaptsplav t6 KU!Jata toO nc:Fiayouc; O!JEtaKivn-
toc. atsvaz:ouaa. oaKpup6coaa. ejJoia IJE t6v 13iov tWV auvala8nJJa-
tiKWV avepwnwv ....
20 'H0166ou B&oyovfa" ar. 367-368.
II
68 TOY AnOJ\.1\.QNIOY <I>QTOI:
'H 1:00 n1v o!c:pc:6v vnv c:Tvm h i3ounn-
1-18 tnV
KataKtnOiv t&v aioem:wv npav!Jatwv Kaf
aut&v 'H annnyoptKn EiKWV ola 1\n-
<nc:Tov toO
'H tWV tnV nu8w niOtOnOIEi tnV 1JEtai30nnv, n 6nofa SnfKEital.
8.10tl En18UIJE1 va nnnolaon tnv opaKOIVO nuew. h 6nola
KataonapaOOEI IJE KOKJOV ta 8UIJOta toO 60VIJOtiOIJ00 Kaf

'Enf nn8ov h nuew. tWV OtaOfiJWV uoatwv, avaoioEI tnv anc:xen
60IJtlV 601Jtl h 6nofa OIOtPEXEI OIOXEOIJEVn
t6v atpa. 'H 61JOfa IJE
naoav Katc:ueuvorv otv Ota!Jat np6 t&v u-
OIK&v E!Jnoofwv. 'H c:Tvm ouvm:6v va
tweoov IJOVOV IJE tnv pfil!JIV tWV xpuowv i3En&v tWV
toO T6 8xc:1 tnv ouvat6tma oKo-
ora toO va
tnV Ofil!JIV
'0 I 0 t 6 c:lvm OUVWVUIJOV '0 t6V KpatU-
nOV toO tnv /8vvorav IJE t6 pfi!Ja oro-
IJOI21, t6 6noTov On!JOfVEI Otl unoettw,
ec:wpw. I:n!JOiVEI EXW nav800IJEVnv VVW!JnV Kaf IJtl
t6 tnafpOIJOI, cliJOI tnv anol!Jiv IJOU.
T6 VOntOV KOtan01Ji3aVOV 6n6Knnpov
t6 oupaVIOV OtEPEWIJO an6 tnv avatonnv IJEXPI tnv OUOIV), OVEUEI
IJE t6v 6 I 0 t 6 V tnv 0 '( n 0 I V, o1anOov o1a tnv ooKnOI-
oofav22.
6 An6nnWV t6v "VIJVOV tOO Kanni1Ja-
XOU23, 6101:1 KOtEXWV tOV 6 I 0 t 6 V 0VEUEI tnv 0 I' n 0 I V Kaf 8c:pancUcl
l:tlV l!Juxnv EK v6oou toO "COO nuew;

'O t6v U!Jvov toO n8yc:r 1-18 tnv Ka-
mtp6nworv un6 "COO
21 nflarwvoc; "Kparufloc;" 420 b - c.
22 Ll. LlnJJnrp6KOU "Miya Oflnc; rflc; 'EflflnVIKflc; [flwaanc;", flfiJJ{JG
6oKnaJaofa, "r6 nenflavn{Jivwc; vo{Jf(e!V taur6v ao6v".
2 3 ''VJ.Jvoc; KaflfltJJ6xou efc; fl.n6flflwva, ar. 43.
H AJ\.AZONEIA KAI
u"Oc; 6t' 8nc:ux61JC:VO<;, tnv ot OK6toc; OOOE KOfiUljJE.
tnv 6' autoO Katsnuo h::p6v IJSVOC: 'Hsnfo1o
ou vov nuew KIKflnoKstal. oi ot avaKta
KCifiSOUOIV BnWVUIJOV OUVEKCI Keiel
nOoc: ntnoop IJSVOC: 'Hc:flfOIO.n.
C'Etal E!Jiflnoc: Kaf oK6wc; Kaflulj,lc: ta IJatla
EKelvnc;.
I:t6V t6no aut6 tnv KOtaOaniOe t6 ic:p6 tJaVIOOIJO toO "Hfllou
VI' aut6 twpa nuew t6v 68 avaKta
IJE t6 EnWVUIJO nuelo t6v KafloOoav, Vlatl EKEI
ot6V t6no aut6 t6 6tanc:paOtiK6 IJEVOC: tOO "HfliOU oamos t6
t8pac;J.
{'()J.mptK6c; 'YJJvoc; &fc; :An6nflwva, or. 370- 374,
rrOMHPIKOI YMNOb>, an66. Ll. nana6froa- 'Efl. lla61a,
EK6. Bl/3fltonwfl&iov rnc; rrEETIAE).
69
'H h npoc;pXOIJEVn EK tWV OUVOI08n1JOtiKWV
u6atWV, onou ap80KC:tal va t6 t8pac;, dvm h 0 '( n 0 I c: c:ic; t:6 aflnn-
VOPIKOV nc:6fov onl!Jc;wc;. evnoKel h nuew/ofil!JIC:/0 '( n 0
OtaV ta 13Enn toO 'EKni36nou 010-
nc:paoouv tnv vontiKtlV aopavciOV. 'H 88flyc:tm c:ic; tnv aKI-
vnofav, OXI IJOVOV tWV ouvmo8n1JO!IKWV u6atwv, anna Kai tfic;
c:ic; t6 tEnj.Ja, EVt6c; tOO 6nofou unc:pontiKn h
ouoia 0 i n 0 c; w c;.
t6v 'O!JnPIKOV "YIJVOV Eic; An6nnWVO t6 tnfec:tov ava-
8pct:al E:ma 61a va tovion tnv ioxuv t&v
tpwtnoc:wv 13efl&v /13on&v /6 1 o t w v 1-18 ot6xov tnv tnc; ola-
voiac; toO n 'OIJOIOU!JcVOC:
6 tnv l!Juxnv 1-18 t6v 1l.n6flflwva. 6 6noloc; n6vto-
tc: 86 Ka8c: 6Kvnpfav Kai aKplofav t&v fli1JV02';6vtwv
uoatwv (OUVOI08niJOtiKWV aoUVOIJIWV), tWV 6nofwv KOtOIKci Kai
tp8ct01 h '( n 0 t6 EVt6c; tWV uo6twv toO uno-
OUVclontou.
Meta t6V 8avatOV tfiC: npOKEIIJEVOU va y[V[l KOta-
VOntn h opa01c; 6 An6nflWV Ka810tatai
'Oxl EK anna EK tOO n u v e a v 0 IJ a I, onflaon
1 1 , , , ( ,, , , '3' (
IJaveavw Katomv o1ot1 n c:um:oxoc; elVa! o !Je-
n u eo o in o c: w c:.
70
unues:oecu: T6 ofms:oear EK tOO nuew. t6 ofmw.
nuetoeat T6 OKOOOCII KCIBIJCieETV. 'EK toO ns:uew, ns:uow
6 os:uts:poc; 66pBotoc;, nueov tnue61Jnv. tnues:to Kal t6
anapEIJCitOV, nueaoeatn.
(Thomas Gaisford s. T.P., ((Etvmologicon Magnum Lexicon,
tKo. nEIIEKANon
11.16 tWV 8UOt6XWV EPWtllOC:WV tii<:; !JaiC:UtiKii<:; tOO I:WKPOtOUC
24
, 6no-
681KVU8tal n 61J68c:la Kai 6oKnOioofa tOO 61Ja8o0c; Kaf 61<] tflc; efJO-
noyfac; tnspxctal n tiJUXIKrl K68ap01c;, e 6fJa8nc; tnv av-
taOfWOIV, tnf tfl<:; enofac; EOtnpnx8n n 0 '( n 0 f C tOU.
n n U 8 w/nu 8 W V 6vantUOOEI tnV VOntiKrlV
tvtpyc:1av. n enola c:Tvm 6napaitmoc. &ate: 6!' autiic; v6 6nannavn e
vooc; tK tnc; ont!Jc:wc;. 'H n u e w;n u e w v c:Tva1 e e u w v + n n e u w + n.
6nna6n 8JVOI e tnv Of1$1V, npOK81fJEVOU 616 tOO n tiiC nUn n C
m + unnc;), v6 6VOIX8!i 1:6 ntpaofja Kai v6 tmtsuxen n open EniKOIVWVia
t!Juxnc; Kai voo.
An6 tnv unnv, UniKrlV UOIV 1:00 aioemoO K60fJOU, 86 nc:paon n t!Juxn
sic; 1:6 66pa1:ov vom6v 1:00 w1:6c. 1:6 enoiov c:Tva1 n8nt01:6mc uf1C
Kai l:aXUl:OtWV OUXVOl:rll:WV, tvannaOOfJEVWV l:WV 6UO npwmp-
XIKWV OUOIWV, tnc; fJSPIOl:iiC ouoiac; Kai tiiC 6fJC:pfotOU/OUV8X00C
25
tiiC
unnc Kaf tiiC tvspyc:fac, WC OrlfJ8POV napc:otx8n tnv 6ua61K6tma Unnc;
Kai tvc:pyc:iac Kaf n UOIKn EniO'trll . .ln.
'0 60yfJat!K6C. e Ka1:8X61J8VOC un6 l:iiC nueooc. e EK tiiC ont!Jc:wc 6fJC:ta-
Kfvmoc. 6pvsiml t6V 616noyov, Oj30UfJ8VOC tnv 8UOtoxiav tflC tpw-
trl08WC. Ll16tl ai EPWtrl081C 6nan:o0v nOVIKrlV 6n6VtnOIV, 6n6 l:OUC
n6vtac 6no68Ktn, tnv enoiav aut6c; 66uva1:8T v6 6W0!1, n6y4) tiiC 6KI-
vnofac tiiC 61avofac; tOU, n enola t6V 6notptncl 6n6 tnv tflc:u8tpav
Kai 6vayvwp!OIV tWV nav8aOIJEVWV 6n6$8WV tOU 616 tnv
c:upc:01v tnc 6nnec:fac.
'H tmm:n!Jn tflC 61an8Kt!KiiC !JE 1360IV 1:nv !JE8060V l:iiC 6101PE08WC, 1:00
ep!OfJOO, tnc Kal tflc; 6vanuoswc;
26
Ka81c:pwvc:1 tnv 6nneaav
fJIOC 6n6$8WC, 8toc:wc, VVWOC:WC. Ai tv n6y4) fJE80601 l:iiC 61an8KtiKiiC
c:Tvm 6yanmaf c:ic t6v An6nnwva.
24 nflarwvot; 8cafrnroc; 150 B- 151 E.
25 nflarwvo( Tfi.JGIO( 35.
26 np6Kflou Ek r6v Kparuf/ov nflarwvot; iKfloyaf xpnati.JOI 3.
H AJ\AZONEIA KAI
II 6 es:6c;, KCif ouvfoti101 61CinKt1Ki1V, we; OVCIVKCIICIV
toTe; IJEnnoumv 6pewc; autoO ouvnos:1v.n.
L .. 6 880C IJC:VaAWVEI tn OlanEKtiKn Kai tn OUVIOtO WC: avayKafa
OE OOOUC: IJEflnOUV VO OUV8VV000Vt01 toU 6p86.l.
mnour6pxou ((HetK6 - nspf roo El roO tv lJ.en<PoTc; 6,
6n6o. n . rt6en, eKo. TEQPrtAlJ.HD.
71
'0 60V!Jal:IK6C 6tv 6no6EX8t01 tnv ncntOIJEPC:IaV l:WV OUVKPil:IKWV
oto1xc:fwv, outc: tnv ouvec:o1v t&v tnf fJtpouc 6pewv tmxEIPnfJ6twv,
1:6 enola 616 l:WV 61a1pE08WV Kai tWV ouvaywy&V
27
e6nyo0v EiC tnv
too o6vfJat6c tou.
'H 66y - fJa, npoc:pxofJtvn tK 1:00 pnfJatoc 6oKtw > w. EK toO
6nolou npOEPX8tOI Kai n fJE tnv 6pxafav tnC OnfJaOiav, 6vaEP8-
t01 EiC trlV UnOK811J8VIKrlV anOtiJIV tiiC aiVOIJ8VIKiiC, aio8ntiic;, epatiiC
OVtlnnt!Jc:wc tWV aloenoc:wv. AUl:n EV6EX8t01 v6 c:Tvm 6nnenc n t!Jc:u6nc;
Kaf 6EV 6vaEP8t:al c:ic l:rlV 6Vl:IK81fJ8VIKrlV npay!JatiK6mta tiiC von-
oc:wc;. Ai 61aj3a8fJi081C tiiC VOnl:IKiiC n811:0UPViac c:Tva1 6' v6c fJEV 1:6
epat6 n WC C:iKaofa Kaf nfOl:IC' 6' EtEPOU OE VOnt6, WC 6IOVOia
Kaf v6nOIC
28

'O nue6xpnotoc; <E:K 1:00 nuveavO!JOI Kai xpaw tni xpnOfJWVl c:Tva1 e napa
toO nuefou An6nnwvoc 6o8c:ic xpnofJ6C. e xpno!Jo6otn8c:ic
29

'H nue - xc:1 ouvc:nwc 6uo 6v1:18ctiK6c; on!Jaofac 6Kivnolac - Klvn-
oc:wc: npwtn sivm n Oiit!JIC tflC OtaOifJ61:ntOC, 6SU1:Epa n KIVntiK6tnC
1JE04l 1:iic; E:pw1:noc:wc. omv c:ic tnv nue - npootc:S!i 1:6 OU!Jwvov
N Kal n fJEtatpanc:T c:ic nuve- 1:00 pnfjatoc nuve - OVOfJal. i116ti 1:6
OU!JWVOV N 8lVOI t6 Kal:' tpyanc:Tov l:flC N - onoc:wc: Kai tOO
N - oo. 1:6 enoiov 616 1:nc; tpc:uvnc Kai 1:flc noyiKiiC 86 6no!36nnn t6v
60y!JatiOIJ6V l:iiC: ont!Jc:wc, l:fiC 6Kivnofac Kai tflc 6Kvnpiac:. ai enolOI ou-
un6 tnV OKEnnv tiiC 0 i n 0 8 W C.
NOntiKrl Oiit!JIC c:Tvm n 66p6vc:la tiiC 6p6Kalvac nueooc. n enola 6!-18-
taKivmoc: 01:1 0 I' 8 t a I c:i6tVOI. 'Qc; PntWC 61atunWV81 e
nn6twv otnv Anonovfav toO rwKp61:ouc:
II aflil' OUtOC: IJtV 0 '( e t a f tl ei6EVCII OUK Ef6ooc;, tvoo ot,
ooons:p ouv OUK oioa, ouos 0 '( 0 IJ a I n.
27 nflarwvot; C/JaTopo(" 266 B.
2 8 nflarwvot; <<nOfllrcfa", {31{3Fifov rr. 511 A - E.
29 Ll. Lln11nrp6Kou Miya Oflnt; rfl( 'Eflf/nVIKfl( rflwaan(, f/fii.JI.JG
nue6xpnarot;.
72 MYHHPION TOY AilOJ\J\QNIOY <I>QTOI:
L .. 6flfl' outoc: IJSV 01:1 KOtl, E.vQ oev
syoo M. onooc: npOVIJOtl Mv EtOI ouM Otl
K6tl.l.
mn6rwvoc; 11'Anofioyfa LWKPOfOUC: 21 D,
6n66. K. e. 'Apanonoufiou, eK6. nAnYPOD.
II OUK 0 I 6 IJ E v 0 c; sioEVCII a J,.ln oloea.n.
L.. OIOtl OEV ea Otl ooa Mv
mn6rwvoc; llecafrnroc;>> 210 c,
6n66. r. iJnJJonoufiou, eK6. nAnYPon
uNOO<; EOtiV 6 tiic; 6iCifiBKtiKiic; ilPOr30fi8U<;n
30
'H 0 '( n 0 I c; KOtam:pE:Q)c:-
1:01 un6 tflc; OIOFlE:KtiKflc; .. 8JOtl 6 voOc;, OIJOIOC: IJE npoeonE:a. speu-
v&v t6 OKOtE:IVO KOi OKOtav6m:a OiltJE:1a tflc; oOKilOIOOQ)iac; KOi tOO ooy-
1JOtiOtJ00, t6 6no1a tPEilOVtal c:ic; OtaKtOV Q)uynv np6 OUtflc;. Eic; tOOto
OUVtefVE:I Kaf n6FIIV h AnoFIFIWVIOC: apxn tOO <t>oot6c;, 6 I -
0 t 0 U C:/13Efln KOt6 tfiC: OnljJc:ooc; tfiC: OOKilOIOOQ)fac; tflc; 6p6KOIVOC: nu-
6o0c;.
'0 "VtJVOC: tOO KaflflltJ6XOU Eic; An6Fifloovan SPXC:tOI va npooeton t6
SOXOtOV OtOIXE:IOV c:ic; tnv oflljJIV, tnv 6nofav anonvE:el h op6KOIVO
600. Met6 tnv tflc; ayvofac;, OOKnOIOOQ)fac; Kaf 60VIJOtiOIJ00
tflc; OPOKOIVOC: nueooc; un6 tOO An6Fifloovoc;, Kata>66vc:l IJE tnv OE:IPOV
tou 6 <t>e6voc; 616 v6 6noouvatJW0!1 t6v ec:6v Kai v6 t6v napanflavnon.
T6 IJ66ntJa toO >66vou. t6 6no1ov napaoioc:1 6 KaflflitJaxoc;. c:1vm
tiKflc; OiltJOOfac;. 0101:1 OEV c:Tvm E:napKnc; h t:iic; onljJc:ooc; Kai tflc;
OtJ06eiac;. 6Flfl6 c:Tvm avayKaia Kaf h OUV816ntonoin01c; t:nc; tnc:pXOIJEVnc;
flafflanoc; tOO KPU>00 >66vou. 6 6no1oc; OIOOEXetOI t:6v Q)<UtiOIJOV tflc;
OIOVOiac; c:ic; tO VOntiKO nc:oia tflc; tJ6xnc; t&v 6vm&v. 'Aflflooon:: IJOVOV
6 <t>66voc; otv yfvc:m1 6nooc:Kt6c; c:ic; t6v 6c:1ov vont6v 616KOOIJOV toO
nflatooVIKOO <t>afopou
31

u'O <!>86voc; 'An6Rfloovoc; tc; oucn:a fl68piOC: sinav
OUK OVOIJCII t6v OOI66v, oc; oux, ooa n6vtoc;, OEioEI.
t6v <!>86vov 'Qn6flfloov t' &ot t' ssmsv
Aooupfou p6oc;, arlfl6 t6 noflfla
30 np6Kflou 1tfk; r6v Kparuflov nfl6rwvoc; iKfloyaf xpnaif.IOI>> 3.
31 nfl6rwvoc; 11<PaTopoc;>> 247 A. "86voc; yap ecfou xopoO larara1. ".
yi'ic; Kaf noflfl6v <!>'
6' OUK an6 navt6c; uooop <!>OPEOUOI
aflfl' ntl<:; tE OXPOOVtOC:
nfoaKOC: ispiic; 6nfyn fllr36c:. OKPOV aootOV.
6 ot MWIJOC:, 6 $86poc;, svea
co >66voc; zinc: Kpu>6 c:ic; t6 a(ma 1:00 An6Flfloovoc;
OEV t6v 6mo6v, nou osv tpayou66el
onooc; ooa KOi h e6Flaooa. '0 An6flnoov
IJE t6 n6o1 tou (Kflootono6v> t6v >66vov Kai c:Tns t6
Elva1 IJSV6fla t6 psuiJOIO toO Aooupiou nota!JOO,
aRM napaoupc:1 E:navoo c:ic: t6 vsp6 tOU
noflREC: OK06apofSC: tflc; yflc; KOi
IJevanov ooop6v 6n6 >puyava.
Eic; tnv 8noo OIJWC: ai 1JER1ooa1 6Ev >8pouv vc:p6
6n6 K66s nnyn, anna flfysc; otay6vEc;, nou OVEPXOVl:OI
Ka6apsc; Kaf 61J6nuvtsc; 6n6 iEpav nnvnv,
Kl' aut6 c:TvOI t6 KOnFIIOtOV.
Xaips avaKta 6 6E MWIJOC (6 >86VOC:) ac; un6V!l SKEi onou
c:Tv01 6 6ns6poc;>.
("YJJvoc; KafifiJJJ6xou cfc; 'An6fifiwva ( 2J, or. 105 - 113,
11TA OPC/>IKA>>, 6n66. En. Mayyfva, EK6. 'EYKUKfiOnat6efac; roO
1
tHIIIOYJ.
73
'0 <t>66voc;, 66patoc;, >66VEI IJS tp6nov KPU>6v KOI unounov Eic; t6 WtO
toO ec;oO :O.n6flflwvoc;. nayic; tou c:lva1 6ptototc:XVIKWC: KeKPUtJtJEVn
SVtOC: tOO 60UIJOOIJ00 unf.p tflc; OUVOI06iltJOtiKfl<; >uoc:ooc; tiic; 6nsp6Vt0U
eafl6oonc;. ETnc:, flotn6v, 6 <t>66voc; c;ic; t6v An6nnoova 616 va t6v
napanflavnon: uosv 8CIUIJOl;W t6v OOI66v, 6sv tpayouo6SI, onwc;
OOCI KCif n 80fiCIOOCin.
'0 An6flflwv flaj3c: n1v yv&01v t&v tc:oo6poov ototxc:iwv Kae 6o6v np6c;
tOUC: 8en>ouc;, wv OKO!Jil vnmov. Kalan h yv&Oic; tOU nc;pi tOO OtOIXEiou
1:00 uom:oc;, we; 6vc:>f.pen avootE:pw, nto IJevfotn, E:>' ooov tyc:vvnen
c:ic; viioov KOl EQ)avc;pwen. we; LlnfliOC: An6flflwv sic; OUttlV
32

'0 ec:6c; An6flnwv napal3fl8nc:1 tnv ontJaofav toO n6vtou. t6v 6nolov nc:pt-
c:ic; tnv OiltJOOiav tOO Aooupiou notOtJOO. 'H smfloyn toO An6nfloo-
voc; c:ic; t6 ovotJa A o o u p 1 o c; c:Tva1 npoootoptOtiKn tiic; t&v
uoatwv tou. 'O A o o u p 1 o c; onnwvc:1 o16 toO npwtou <t>oovnEvtoc; A, on
68v c:Tva1 t6 OtE:PntiKOV A, 6fln6 t6 npoo6etiKOV. 816 tOO otnfloO I: tflc;
6 o u p tJ 6 c;.
32 Aflr6vnc; APPHTOI !IOTOI, esof, [Uf.1{3ofla, Apxiruna rwv 'Eflflflvwv",
Kccj:>. 2, nspf rcaa6pwv aro1xcfwv.
74 TO MYHHPION TOY An0/\1\QNIOY <!>QTOr
ruvc:nwe. 6 Aooup1oe nom1-16e c:Tva1 6 6 1-1 o o o u p w v, 6 ouv - napa
- 0 u p w v l-IE 1-JcVaFinv Opi-JnV ta FIUI-Jata tfle vne/sVOtiKta Kaf na6n,
FIKWV 1-JC:VaFiov a u p - c t 6 v aKa6apmwv /UFIIKWV anoFiauoc:wv E:nl
tWV OPIJntiKWV u6atwv tOU/OUValo6ntJatiKWV aouva-
1-JIWV.
'H avtfopaole tOO 6800 c:ie t6V CI>66VOV efVal flEV xpnOIIJO-
nOicl ta tOU ola va t6V tii-JWpnon, aFIFia t6V FlaKtfl;cl ncplpovn-
tiKWe, ntvwv:
11TO OUVCIIOGn!-IOtiKO u6ata tOO Aaaupfou notOIJOU c:iva1 IJSV
nnoua1a, nflnv OIJWC:: auj.lnapaaupouv toe; aKaGapafac; tiic;
yiic:; <punapoc; smGUIJfOC:) KOI t6V OUP<!>EtOV axpnatWV npay-
IJOtWV (OVEU VOntiKiiC: 0110Kti11JOtWV). Eic; avtiGEOW
toov IJefllaaoov. toov lapoov Gepana1vf6wv tnc; 8nooc:. 6nna6n
tiic; GEOC: 8fi1Jntpoc;, tiic; onofac; itp10 n nfiiKIWIJSVn
MEfliOOOll.
'0 6c:6e An6Finwv 81-1a6ntc:uoe nnnofov twv IJenloowv, wv aK6tJn nale
33
'H
tnv ipe1av me. tnv Mtn1ooav. c:ie ta tJevana tJUotn-
Pia me. 'H MEniOOa tovc:u6n un6 tWV VUVOIKWV tiie nc:piOXfle, oiOtl otv
toue anc:Kanumev ta IJUOtJKa me. T6 tJa6ntJa c:Tvm onouoaTov: oi 1-10ota1
otv anoKanumouv ta 1-JUOtiKa tOO N61-JOU tWV OUVatJeWV Kaf tWV tvc:p-
VeiWV twv 6ewv Kaf aoJotaKtwe oveuovm1 an6 tae tVuxae.
'EK toO ow1-1atoe tne Mc:nioone tvc:vvn6noav ai 1JEnloom
34
Autal, !-leta
1-Jeviome povtiooe, ounntvouv 1-16vov 6nivae omv6vae an6 Ka6apav
nnvnv, ai 6noim8xouv nonu 1-JC:VanutEpav tWV uoatwv OnOKnnpou
toO Aooupiou notatJOO.
'H Ka6ap6me tOO OUVai06n!-latoe OEV avcupfOKetOI eie tnv !Jeyannv
noo6mta, anna c:ie trlV tnaxfomv, tllV npOePXOI-JEVnv SK Ka6apae nn-
vne. T6 Ka6ap6v ouvafo6n1-1a npooEPetal !-leta 1-Jevlome ele
tnv 0eav flntJntpav tWV Kapnwv un6 tiie ai-JOnUVtOU $Uxiie/
1-Jenfoone.
'H ayvn tVuxn. n sxouoa tnfyvwmv tfle anOKeKa6ap1-JEVne me ouofae SK
tWV punapwv OUVOI06n1-JatiKWV uoatWV, anOoiWXVel nepiPOVntiKWe
t6v Cl>66vov eie t6v t6nov toO 6nE6pou Kaf tiie 6opae. eie t6v onoTov
aut6e avnKel!
'H svoapKoe tVuxn. 61-JOIOUI-JEVn Kata t6 ouvat6v !-lEta toO 6Eo0 toO
Cl>wt6e, 6a 1-JaXetOI eie t6 UOIKOV ne6fov t6v 66vov 1-JE ta VOntiKa
Kal tae oKE$c:le Kata tnv svoov oK6nc;umv twv ounnoyiOI-JWV
Kata t6v VUKtePIVOV me 6 I a - nOV101-JOV
35

33 'OJ.Jnp!KO( ''YJJVOC sic 'EpJ.JfiV, or. 552- 563.
34 Esp{3fou ([PGJ.IJJGriKOOJ EX6n1a sic BIPYififou Aivs16oa" I 430.
35 JJ.nr6vnc APPHTOI IIOfO/, 'EnnnVIKOC L11a - noy!OJ.IOC", 10C r6JJO(. KS. 1.
TA:Em: 75
Eie tnV 0c:oyovfav tOO 'HOIOOOU unapXC:IIJla KatanUtiKn C:iKWV tfle 1-1axne
toO D.16e/NoO Kal toO tPOI-JC:poO ttpatoe TuwEwe/anaz;ovc:iae
36
,
tOO onofou
.. EK 6 oi WIJWV
iiv 8Kat6v KE<j)aflaf O<j)IOC:. 6EIVOio 6poKovtoc; .... n.
(An6 touc WIJOUC tou 8Km:6 <1>161oO, 6p6Kovm <Poi3c:poO.
<Putpwvavc: Kc<!>6flla ... .l.
tHa16oou <<fJeovovfaJ>, ar. 824- 825,
an66. n. lleKaraa, EKO. nAnYPOn
'0 ZEue/voOc; KatatponooVEI t6 tEpac; Tuwta 1-JE tac; E:Kat6v KEaflac;,
SXWV 0 'loiOC IJlaV KC:ann, onflaon sva V00V OUJjnaVtiKiiC ioxuoc; svav-
tl t&v E:Kat6 tnf !JEpouc; KEanwv toO tEpatoc;. typnyopmc; "COO E:vl-
afou voO tOO lllOC SOWOe 6vmouc; Kaf a6av6!0UC 6n6 !nV tmKpatnOIV
Eic; t6V KOOI-JOV tOO tpatoc; tiic; 61eOnaOIJEVnc; vontiKiiC 8v6tmoe, OUIJ-
un6 tWV E:Kat6V Kcanwv, t600V cic; !0 OtOIJIKOV, 000 Kai
Elc t6 OUI-InOVtiKOV 8nfnE60V.
vu KV OIJflxavov iliJOtl KefVC
KCif KS:V 0 V GvntOiOI KOf OGOVOtOIOI
eiiJfl ap' VOnOE natflp OV6POOV te SSWV tS.n.
<KI' eKc:ivn trlV h!Jtpa E,pyo nou M.v 66 ea VIVOtaV,
Kaf Saxe yfvcl i3aOIFIICtC aut6C {O Kai at 6VntOUC Kai
o' aeav6touc;,
OV t6 i3nEIJIJa t' aypunv6 tOU t6V eVOIWSe 0
tWV av6pwv Kai tWV 8eWV.l.
tHm6oou ((eeoyovfa, ar. 836- 839,
W( av(J)rep(J)J.
n tmKpammc; tWV E:Kat6v Keanwv tOO TuWEWC 6a tnEC:Pe OXI
anflwc; !OV nonUIJePIOI-JOV cic; touc; nOVIOI-JOUC tWV S1-Jp6vwv OVtWV,
anna tnv nnnpn tn1Kp6mmv tflc; o1aon60EWC Kaf tOO xaouc; K68c: 6pya-
VWI-JEVnc;, E:vonOini-JEVnc; Kai OUOtnl-latiKflC VVWOeWC !flC afln6efac; an6
t6v vom6v oi6K001-JOV twv 66av6!wv 1-JEXPI t6v alo6m6v KOOIJOV twv
6vmwv ov"Cwv.
Elc; avtlota61-JIOI-Ja, 6 ul6c; Kaf An6nnwv Kam-
tponwvc:l anootaOEWC 1-JE nonn6 tnv op6Kalva nu6w, n
anoia SXC:I I-lia 1-JOVOV KC:ann.
36 'Ho16oou 0soyovfa" or. 820- 868.
'958- 558 '10 "DJIIOA03B nOQ91DH, L
'/\1})111UO/\ )0>1 '/\IOU10!;>YS
391;:>>1 M>?JAOQ)03? 9 13d?<P /\0!01.19 /\91 'nOI1?A9 OOdU3 001 9UQ
'OOI10110I111odA0/\9 001 JC030?911/\9 Jl,J1 1;:>19 '1013Q)?d10010>1 /\0!01.19 91
'nOJ31JIOOS 00>111n<j) 001 -1ncp 1013/\jA UA?I1021101111odAO/\Q -<Pn1 H,
::>Qxnm :JQ113AC!Jd<P310UQ ::>y1 oSQI::! H,
'YJ ./\Ull.)./\01::!1.1 ./\91 :>QOdiO>I QlO>I 13Q31dn>l
JO>I jO.J\1)." :Jyl 013lOJO<j)lJ 91 9UQ ?11\1
'?lOU ./\?9
./\COO$n1 :JOri1$0d1 0 :>COriO :JOIOUO !>U1
I' 13 Ill-
'(99nu 0./\IO>II}dV ./\1.)1 13./\(910>10 :J(!)(J)/ ./\COI::!1::!9U'f. 9 'j91V 001 J9tn Q
'OJ3X3./\nO A? 'JO>I :J019>10/0?('1)$n! JOd?l 9113iQI$01./\?
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lOlUG> AOINUVVOU'd AOl 88
90 TO MYrTHPION TOY AnOI\1\QNIOY <i>QTOI:
Kai vsvvcrcm h anopfa: Elvar ouvm:6v t6 ouvmo6n!Jat6 !Jac: v6 vsvvoov
Kaf v6 f:Ktp8ouv t6 6npiWOEOtEPOV tWV u:p6tc.uv. t6V Tu6ova; M6fli-
Ota, aut6 slvar ouvat6v. otav t6 ouvafoen!Ja, tflflsiljJEI floyiKflC:. oufl-
fla!JI36vsr t6 vsvov6ta Kai EP!JnVEUEI IJE unoKSIIJSVIKO KPitnpra t6 ano-
tcflEO!Jata.
'H VEVVnOIC: tflC: :A6nvac: _ clvm OnOl:EflcO!Ja jJaKPOC: KUOopfac: Kaf 6o-
IJOIWOEWC: 6pxwv
3
f18v sivm tuxaiov E:pc.utrK6v E:ns1o6orov. npoKuljJav EK
6v?p!J60tou OU!Jncpropac: toO ouz:uvou tflC: "Hpac:. toO f1r6c:. ora
mv !JciWOIV tflC: npooc.unrK6tm6c: me. we EKcivn, napaoupesToa EK tWV
OUVai06n!JOtWV me. EnfOtEUOEV.
f1UOl:UXWC: OU!JI3afVcl OUXVO SiC tnV OV6pc.unfvnv UOIV, 6 V00C: v6 IJrlV
EX!l anopiac: we np6c: t6c: aitfac:. Kai. av Kaf tv 8ypny6pOEI, unvwua
'Evwnr6v !Jac: t!Javfz:ovtar oi SuoovtEC:, oi KOIIJWIJEVOI toO npwtou
tOO 'HpaKflcftou. 'H EflflSiljJIC: anopfac: sTval nap6ywv
vwepomtoc:. snouxaOIJ00 Kaf uvnc: tK tflc: npay!JatrK6tmoc:. ai-
tfac: tflc: ouvxuoswc: Kaf tnc: 6Ka6oplotiac: !Jac:. h aflnesra twv ovtwv Kai
tWV npay!J6twv IJOC: oraEUVEI Kaf anOKPUntEtal. 'H KpfOIC: vsvvatal EK
twv ouyKpfoswv Kai oraKpfoswv twv nmpay!Jtvwv, &ots 6 vooc: oufl-
noyrz:6,1JEVOC: oraflovrZ:61Jsvoc:. O!JEP6flnmoc:. v6 6noaivstm nspf
tOU tl npaKtEOV.
Elvar n6vtots h 6nflsla apxn <raTa, "Hpa> h anoKflSIOtiKn aitfa tflC: vsvt-
oswc: tsp6tc.uv; 'Dxr, 6161:1 sic tnv MueofloyrKnv !Jac: nap6oo01v t6 xsp-
oaia Kaf 6afl6001a t8pata, appsva Kaf 6nflsa, EJVOI tEKVa OPKUOC:/Kn-
t?0C:, EVVOVOf rafac.;/n6vtOU
4
, tEKVa tfl<.; OUVOI06njJatiKfl<.; !JaC: avon-
Oia<;.
T6 'EilflnVII<O MU60ilOV11<6 ttpata OICIKPJVOVtCII KUpfc.uc.;
Sl; aida<:; tflc; OtEVfiC: tWV OXtOEWC:
1Jet6 toO uoatoc;/ouvmoen!Jatoc;.
np6y!Jatl, IJEt6 tnv naptflEUOIV tOO anCIItOU!JEVOU xp6vou, h "Hpa EVEV-
vnosv !OV Tu6ova, tEKVOV 6ouvnc:. anO!EflcO!Ja 6UIJ00. /116 v6 OUIJ-
nflnpwo(l o t6 KaK6v, 8pouoa KaKC!) KaK6v, <at. 354>. h "Hpa t:vs-
6vatponv tou sic tnv op6KaJvav nuew. euvat8pa tflc;
rmac:/svotrKtc.uv. napoum6Z:stat 8vwnr6v !Jac: 8K v8ou h ouva!JIC twv
8votiKtc.uv toO otorxsiou tflc: yflc.;.
3 Be_oy?vfa:' or. 806 - 942 Kaf APPHTOI 11orot, eeol, EUJ..1{30fia,
Apxeruna rwv Efifinvwv", KeC/>. 10.
4 'H016oou Beoyovfa" or. 210- 332.
YMNON 91
Mu6ofiOVIKWC: h op6Karva nuew n Kat' aflflnv IJU60flOVIKrlV nnynv, 6 6p6-
KWV nu6WV nto tEKVOV tflC rafac. T6 MavtsiOV tWV f1EflG:lv nto sic tnv
61KaiOOOOfav tflc; rafac Kai 8poupsitO un6 !flC nu600C n Kat' aflflnv
EKOOXrlV, un6 tOO nu6WVOC. 'Ev OUVSXC:iQ t6 MaVtciOV nsp1flfl6SV ciC !rlV
KOIVrlV OIKCIIOOOOfav nooSIOWVOC Kaf rafac. AKOflOU6WC c:ic; tnv 0EIJI6a,
tnv <t>oil3nv. IJE tc:flcutafouc; avaK"Cac; 1:wv f1c:flwv, t6v An6flflwva Kai
t6v E"Cspoeaflfl 6osfl6v tou, t6v f1r6vuoov
5

'H apxn EVEVStO un6 tflc; ralac;/EVOtlK!WV Kaf noosrowvoc;/OUVCII06n!Ja-
toc;, n 68 un6 tOO An6nnWVOC:/1JEtPOU Kaf f110VUOOU/EKOta-
OiaOIJ00. oi ouo 6osnoL 8K 6raopst1Kflc; osnuoc:/1Jntpac;, IJSt8xouv
EK nsprtponflc; sic; tnv Kuprapxiav toO ispoO t6nou. T6 t8taptov, oi
XSIIJSPIVOf !JflVEC: OVrlKOUV sic; tOV f110VUOOV' 6EPOC, 61VOnW-
pOV, 1:6 tpfa tf:tapta tOO nntaKOO EtOUC:. h IJSVOnn XPOVIKrl OIOPKSia
avnKSI c:ic t6v An6nnwva.
Elvm On!JaVtiKOV v6 vvwpfZ:c.u!JEV Otl apxn, Kat6 tnv ApxmosnnnVIKrlV
nap6600IV, slv01 n6Vt0tE n 8noxn 1:00 XSIIJWVO<.;, Otav 6 on6poc; Ola-
tSnST tv unVWOSI, un6 tnv yflv, O!JOIOC !JE t6c; tv unvwosl 8vo6pKOUC:
ljJuxac;. o f1r6vuooc vsvvatm Kat6 tnv XSIIJSPIVnv tponnv, tnv 21nv f1s-
KS!JI3Piou Kat6 t6 Xci!JSPIVOV 'HniOOtOOIOV, OtaV h rn supfOKEtal un6 tnv
KatOXrlV tOO OKOtOUC:, tflc; tJaKpOt8pac; VUKtOC: tOO EtOUC: sic; 6IOPKSiaV.
T8ooapa htJSPOVUKtla !JStO, EK tflC 25nc apxiZ:sl h
toO c.ut6c; sic; tnv rflv. '0 6pi8!JOC 4 tnavanatJI30VStal !JE OlaopstiKOV
tp6nov sic; t6 nnavntiK6v tJac: ruotntJa tJst6 tnv vtvsmv toO esoo f11o-
vuoou. WC: OUVEI3n Kal sic; tnV nspintWOIV tWV tSOOOPWV h!JSPWV tflC:
61aopotJflC: toO An6nnwvoc;, E:K tflc; f1nflou sic; touc; f1c:nouc.
T6 ysyov6ta tflc; 6va68osc.uc; tflc; avatpoflc; toO Tu6ovoc; un6 tflc;
"Hpac; tVUXflC sic; tnv nuew np6 tflc; tOO An6fl-
nwvoc sic; touc f1snouc;. Elva1 h tv n6v4> 6v6eso1c;. nola
vtav anoyontSUOIV nal3c h "Hpa/ljJuxn sic; tnv 6vtinnljJIV tWV O!JUrl-
tWV, WOtS !JE tnv y8vvnOIV toO tspm:woouc; tEKVOU tnc;, v6 !JrlV un6pxn
Onnn nEpiOOOtSpOV Kat6nnnnoc; tpo6c; 61' autO nnnv tflC OrlljJcW<.;; nola
evmn !Jnt8pa 66 EV VVWOSI me; t6 tEpatG:losc tEKVOV me; sic;
t6 avispov KOtSOtn!JEVOV; Mnnwc; 6 IJ06oc; e8ncl E!J!JEOWC: v6 unol36nn
!Jiav VSVIKW!Epav, Kat60taOIV OnljJSWC:, SiC trlV 6noiav UnOKSIVtOI t6
tEKVa tflC: av6pc.un6tnt0C ciC 8nox6c; 61a8opac;;
5 LJ.N. rouofl "T6 Mavreiov rwv 1Jefiwv", a. 40 -41. Jtfiravnc; APPHTOI !lOrDI,
'EfifinVIKOC: iJJO- fiOYIOfJOC:", 2oc; r6J..IOC:, KeC/>. 15, 0.0. 367- 370.
'H anf..laafa cptJaewc; rwv oJaooxJKcJv eefwv 6vrwv, ra (mora elxav elc; rfiV
oJKaJoooafav rwv r6 Mavrerov.
92 TO MYITHPION TOY
T6 IJEVIO"COV t8pac.; tnc; uoc;wc;, 6 Tuawv. vnmoc; OKOIJn WV, aa tnnpc;a-
oan tK tWV apvm:IKWV, tnouxaOIJEVWV Kai avc;u ouoc;v6c; E:vora8pov-
toc;, taoc;wv tnc; tpooO tou opaKmvac; nuaooc;. unaKoc; toO Mavtslou
tWV Llcnoov. '0 Tuawv 688n sic; tnv anoyov. KaKnV tOU UOIV, OVE:U
Ka8oonvnoc;wc; apxwv Kaf Mnnwc; h 6va8cOJC: tnc; nmocfac; tOO
Tuaovoc;, tEKVOV n6VOU, 8UIJ00 Kaf anal;OVEfac; cfc; opaKalvav /X80VIOV
61v slv01 anonutwc; E:niKOIPOC:;
nolav crvatpoflv Kai nolav n01osfav
fiCIJJI36VOUV t6 tSKVCI J.ICIC: OfiJ.ISPOV;
ME: noiov 6plototcxvrK6v tp6nov 6 UtJvwo6c; 8xc:r anoKpuljJsr tac; avwtt-
pw OlaXpOVIKac; Kaf navtots tv iOXUI 6nn8sfac;; ilEV KatOVOIJal;SI tnv
opaKOIVa IJE t6 OVOIJa nuaw Eic; tnv apxnv tnc; ornvnoswc; toO IJU80U
<ot. 300>, napa 1-16vov sic; t6 tE:floc; Kaf 6o0 tnavanassr tnv 6nsapfav
OPOOIV tnc; onljJswc;, iol6tm:oc; npospXOIJEVnc; tK tOO OVOIJatoc; tnc; nu-
aooc; <ot. 372 Kaf 373>.
T6 OVOIJa tnc; nueooc; ZPIJnvsuen. npospXOIJSVOV tK toO pniJatoc; nuew.
t6 6noiov oniJaivc;r onnw. norw tl oanp6v. E:pw onljJiv trvoc;. 'O Tuawv
Sa 6vatpafl 6n6 tnv iJEyfomv 6ouownmov apxnv tnc; anmosuofac;,
touttotr tnv onljJ1v toov npotunwv. toov ioav1Kwv. toov Kaf toov
uljJnnwv 6pa1Jatwv. Ai tv n6y4) E:nnsfljJSIC: 8xouv tnv 6nnnyoprKnv IJOP-
nv tnc; xeoviac; opaKarvac;.
AnottnSOIJa onljJswc; c;Tvm Otl, t6 VSVIKWt8POV aiVOIJSVOV tnc; OKivnolac;
tnc; OUVmpsi tnv OflljJIV tWV OUVai09ntJatiKWV uoatWV. Autn
tnouxaOIJEVn, avovoc; Kai anovoc;, napaiJEVSI sic; tnv OiJSPIIJVnofav
me;. 'H vom1Kn 6opavs1a SaofZ:staJ sic; tnv avonoiav Kaf suefZ:staJ sic;
t6V VOntiKOV SavatOV tnc; 6o1aopfac; Kal tnc; avofac;.
'H nflnpnc; Ciyvola tWV UVIOOV apxoov
"3' < , -
SIVOI 0 npoayyc;f!oc; tWV J.ISflfiOVtiKOOV KCIKOOV.
0UIJCitCI OS CIUtiic; n VSCI vsvs6, tiic; onoiac; n nCIIosia avstsen
sic; tflv op6KCIIVCIV nuew/tnfls6paOIV I illaoiKtUOV K. Ci.
IJSOWV OflljJsooc;, 01JC19sfac;, EKUfiiOIJ00, IJSt' afln9oavsfm;!
'H OIOaOKanla npow98lt:OI OVSU 616aoKanwv. tOUtEOtiV OVSU ljJUXIKflC:
tnanc; OloaOKOVtWV Kai oroaOKOIJEVWV. Aitia h nc;vfa tOO ns-
PISXOIJEVOU tnc; OIOaKttac; unnc;. Kata ouvtnsrav, E:ntpxstal h 8nnSiljJIC:
tvolaspovtoc; OIJottpwv oroaoK6vtwv Kaf oroaOKOIJtvwv Kai. Kat'
tnE:Ktaolv, t6 npoKuljJav vsvrKwtc;pov 6not8nso1Ja tnc; anmosuofac;. 'O
iJOSoc; toO rnnnalou toO nnatwvoc; sTva1 napwv.
0YMOI: HPAI: rENNA 93
'Ensron t6 etiJa tnc; 6vm:ponc; t<ilv naiowv 8xc;r iJSyfomv oniJaofav
ora tnV SUPU91JOV n8n:oupyiav tnc; KOIVWVfac;, E:' OOOV autn 6niJIOUP-
VEi touc; Kanouc; n touc; KaKouc; 1Ja9mac; Kai iJSnnovmc; nonitac;, h
"Hpa/ naveaoiJtvn vonJJoouvn, 6vtJnaiJI3avo1Jivn
tnv 8flnErljJrv tnc; nOVIKnc;. avaattcl tnv 6vatponv toO tE:Kvou me; sic;
tnV opaKaiVaV /OflljJIV.
'0 nuSIOC: 'An6flfloov, EK pfiJJatoc; nuv86VOIJCII,
SXOOV $OVSUOSI anCIIOEUOlCIV op6KCIIVCIV nuew,
ofoSI t6c; anavtfiOSIC: sic; t6c; anoplac; tOOV iKStOOV tOU,
npol3afvoov sic; tflv K68ap01v tiic; ljJuxiic; toov,
o16 tiic; tsxvnc;.
"Epyov toO An6nnwvoc; slvm h 6Kprl3nc; oK6nsuorc; E:K toO 1JaKp68c;v toov
tspatwowv tm8UIJI<ilv tnc; opaKmvac;;nu8oOc;. Llr6tr. tav 6 tJaKpol36noc;.
6 Kaf An6nnwv 8a tnnnolaz:;c;v
tnv nu8w. av Kai 8s6c;, 8a OIEtpsxs t6v Kfvouvov tnc; IJOfluvoswc; tOU
un autnc;.
Ta tOU otv EXOUV KataoKsuao8n tK tWV Kspatwv aiyaypou. we;
nta ta UOIKa tWV 8vmwv tKEfvnc; tnc; tnoxnc;. 'H nor6mc; tOO Uni-
KOO t<ilv toO An6nnwvoc; slvm 6 xpuo6c;. OUIJI30nov 6<P8apoiac;,
Ka8ap6tmoc;, ota8sp6tm:oc; Kaf aiwvfac; wtsrv6tmoc;.
'H KaiJnunn tOO 61JOia J.IS t6 OXiiiJa tOO 6v8pwnivou Kpavfou.
npoofla1JI3avsl tac; ior6tmac; toO xpuooo. omv 6 vooc; ounna1JI3av!1 tac;
Ka8apac; OKEljJ81c;. ilia tnc; naiJljJSWC: tWV ai OKEljJSIC: tU<Pnwvouv t6 a8niOV
8npfov. t6 6noiov osx61Jsvov ta aixiJnpa 13Enn/61otouc;/oKtl!Jslc; toO
An6nnwvoc;
il16t1 ta ouJJI30niKa 13tnn toO An6nnwvoc; slvm ta E:mxs1pn1Jata tnc;
vvwoc;wc;. ta 6noia nanfl61Jsva l3annouv Kal o1anuouv tnv 6KatJl!Jiav.
t6v OOVIJatiOIJOV Kai tnv OOKnOIOOfav tOO x8ovfou 68WC:. ill' aut6 6
na6c; wvaz:;s, in. in nmnov. pfl!Jc: ta13tnn
6
'O na6c;. 6 6noioc; <Pwval;sl in
nmnov 6nnnyopsi tnv ouvaivEOiv 6noKnnpou toO 6v8pwnivou vtvouc;,
t6 6noiov OUIJIJSttxsr sic; tnv tnc; opaKalvac;/6yvoiac;/nu-
8oOc;.
6 "YJJVOC: Kaflfi/J.IOXOU clc; An6flflcuva, ar. 103.
94
Km:6 t6v avepwnO!JOPIOIJ6V tWV 8ciwv OVtWV Kai avtavaKnOOEWC:
c;ic; t6 uoiK6v n5iov c;lval avc;p6v ou
1. 'H z;cyono16c;, z:touoa, tKtuRWtiKI\ 6Kivmoc; - KIVOU!JEVn, aiwvia,
a8aptOC: Kai 6vnaoc; ouoia avnK1 EiC: t6C: tvc;pyc;[ac; toO 'Hniou/
An6nnwvoc;.
2. 'H 8oponot6c;, \!JUXPO, OKOtciVrt, am:a8nc; Kai ac:f KIVOU!JEVn, 8aptn,
8VnOKOUOa Kai avayEVVWIJEVn, 6p4loa tnaiiC: OUOia OVrlK1 EiC:
t6c;5uv6tJ8C:tiic;nueooc
Eic; t6 !JEtaOPIK6v nc:5iov avtiOtoixwc: 5tamotwvc:tm Otl:
1. 'H 6tO!JIK6mc; toO 8vmo0 avepwnou, 6 "HRIOC:/An6nnwv tOU, c:Tva1
z:twv, 6Kivmoc:- KIVOU!JEVOC:, ac:i n61Jn<.UV, 65t6opoc; we: np6c;
t6c: KalptK6c; !Jctal3on6c; Kai ntpav t&v 6t!J0001PIK&v 61ampaxwv,
an6tJaKpoc;,aeaptoc
' r - '!
'H atO!JIKOmC: tOU OUVcnWC: EIVal:
a. tvc;pyntiKn <Z:touoa>.
13. anootE:nnouoa t6c; OKtivac;/OKE\lJEIC: me: (O!JEtaKivmoc: cic; t6c;
6px6c; Kai tOC: aflfl6 OEl KIVOU!JEVn WC: np6c; tnV tniKOIVW-
vfav me: !JEt6 tiic; npoowmK6tmoc;>,
y. OVEU OUVOI08ntJatiKWV (nUpiVOC:.
5. oanc; Kal EU510KPitOC:. we: np6c; t6c; 6n6\!J1C: me: <ac:f fl61JnOUOa),
c. !Jrl flatJI36vouoa un' O\!JIV t6c; EUKatplaK6c;, Kat6 ouv8nKnV aflflayac;
tWV ncpiOtOOEWV Kai tJaKp6v tWV npOOWPIVWV npOOWniKWV OIE-
(OOI6opoc; we: np6c; t6c; KaiPIKOC: !JE:tai30fl6c;>.
c;. aolatapaKtoc: ah:iac; tiic; 6noot6oc:wc: me: <8K6c;/6n6tJaKpoc;>.
2';. a8aptOC: Kaf aiwvfa ....
2. 'H npOOWniK6tnC: tOO av8pwnou, h nu8W/Oii\!JIC: tOU, c:Tvar \lJUXpa,
(Jypa, 8ofln, uoativn Kaf yrifvn, na81aO!JEVn aitiac; tWV KalpiKWV
!Jctal3oflwv. 8vt6c: t&v 6t!J0001PIK&v o1ampaxwv /oKE:\!Jc:wv, na-
poOoa, 8aptn.
'H npoowmK6tnc; toO avepwnou c:Tvm ouvc:n&c;
a. unoflOVIOtiKn, c:ic; O,tl 6op(l c:ic: t6 npOOWniKO me: OU!J8povta
<$uxp6>.
l3. OUVOI08ntJatiKWC: (Uyp6),
y. 66piOtOC:, WC: np6c; tOC: 6n6\!JEIC: tnC: ((Jypa Kaf 80fln),
0YMOl: HPAl: rENNA YMNON 95
o. KtntiKn (fl6ycy toO OVKOU Kaf tiiC: tKtOOEWC: tWV OUVai08ntJatiKWV
UOOtWV) Kai XE:IpaywyoOoa tOUC: aflflOUC: (fl6ycy tOO ayvwotOU
me: 1368ouc;>.
E. 1Jct:6 naeouc: C:U!Jct613flmoc;, 8vt6c; tiiC: olvnc: t&v VEVOV6twv
ah:iac; tWV KaiPIKWV !Jctal3ofl&v tiiC: yiic;/tvotfKtWV Kaf tWV
Ot!J0001PIKWV 1Jcta13ofl&v /OKE\!JEWV),
c;. analtntiKn <napoOoa>
2';. 8aptn, Of.[ VEVVWIJEVn Kaf ac:f 8VnOKOUOa ....
"HfliOC:/An6flflwv /Ot01JIK6tnc; Kai nu8w/ofl\lJIC:/npooooniK6tnc; npoo8-
pouv tnv apxc:wmKnv c:iK6va tiic; ouaoiK6tmoc: toO c:Tvm 1:00 evmoo
eiC: oflnv tnv tpayc:fla1Knv tOU OIOOtOOIV.
'H K68ap01c; tiiC: o1avofac; ElVOI t6 E,pyov tJaC: c:ic; t6 AnoflflWVIOV tninc:oov
tOO W1:101J00. 'Oony6c; IJaC: o h OIOOOXn tWV 8cfwv "OVtWV 1:00 Wti-
01J00 !iiC: o1avoiac; llaC:. J\nwOc;, Ap!EIJIOOC:, An6flflWVOC: !JE tnv na-
pouoiav !iiC: OVEOtpaiJIJEVnc; OU!JnOV!IKiiC: tvc:pyE:iac; tiiC: "Hpac;/l.j.JUXiiC:
toO K60!JOU. '0 oE: voOc; toO U!JVWooO tvE:vvnoE:v vav Tu6ova x6p1v
htJ&V, o16 v6 fl613wtJc: !Jet6 vvwoc:wc: t6 tJ8tpa tJac: ....
'H IJE:ViOm tWV 8C:OIVWV, h XPU068pOVOC: Kaf iOOl:E:flnc; "Hpa, h \lJUXn
tOO K60!JOU, llaZ:f !JE t6v ouz:uv6v me;, t6v OU!JnOVtiK6V voov I Llia
7
na-
paKofloueoov 8K toO U\!JOUC: tOO VOntOO 'OflU!JnOU t:6C: !JcPIOtOC: \!JUXOC:
tWV nOflU!J6X8WV 8vm&v avepwnwv. MEIOIOOV !JE tnv avonoiav t&v
evmwv. Xpuo6epovoc; Kai iooteflnc;, h "Hpa ilvm ouz:uvoc: toO
.ll16c; voO.
T6 tnc:1o6o10V tiic; VEVEOEWC: tOO Tu6ovoc; elvm t6 napan8taO!Ja, WOtE
ol 8VntOf VO VO!J[OOUV 01:1 !JE 1:6 8EiOV! "O!JWC:, OC: !JrlV fln-
O!JOV001J8V 01:11:6 88iOV E.xcl avaKFIOOtiKnv OXEOIV IJE t:6c; 6vepwnO!JOP-
1KOC: napaot6oc:1c; Kai !JU8ouc; t&v evmwv. T6tJ8v 8K 81Javiz;ov-
t:al c:ic; tnv ap1o1:c:p6v nnc:upav. t6 o8 aplotep&v c:ic: tnv 'EK
t6 t8fl810V elva! h i616mc; t&v ec:iwv aeav6twv ovtwv OPI-
OtEPWV t6 6tc:fl8c; t&v 8vm&v av8pwnwv. T6 68 av8poonO!JOP1K6V
OtoiXEiov tiic; Mueonoyfac; tJac: elvm t6 napan8tao1.1a. t6 61aun6ooov
tnv ic:p6tma t&v eefwv ovtwv tK t&v 6ean1J&v t&v 13c:l3nflwv Kaf 6tJu-
nt:wv avepwnwv.
7 Otto Kern Orphicorum Fragemnta>>, 'lEpof 116y01 tv 'Pal/Jcp6fatc; KL!', 163, "'0
6t 6nJJwupy6c; aur6c;, 6 JJ t v t a r o c; z E u c;, au< u vET r f1 ''H p c;r 616 Kaf
I a o rc fl f1 c; aur(iJKafiETraJ,'' Kaf "tv 6 p p f1 r o 1 c; rc fl Era r c; "H p a c; Ka f
L! I 6 C: E U 6 a f J.1 0 V a V 6 J.1 0 V".
96 MYITHPION TOY AnOAJ\QNIOY <DQTOr 97
Kec/)OfiOIOV 40V
MueoROVIKn ispapxfa
toov toO <!>wt6c;/vvwaswc;
98
ccKcli tOOto nooc; OUK 01J06fa sotfv autn n S:novd610t01:;,
n tOO o'lsoecn si6tVOI a OUK o16V;n.
<Kaf "CCUtO nwc: oi.v sTval n tnovsi610to<: SKcfvn 01J06cla,
onflaon va Kavsi<: Otl ooa oEV
mnarcvvoc; fJ.nonoyfa [CVKPOrGUC: 29 8,
6n6o. K. e. fJ.panonounou. tKo. nAnVPOrJ.
Ei<: tnv Mu6onoyiav napa6EIYIJa Olnflii<: ayvoiac:; siva1 6IJ06oc:; tiic:; N16l3n<:
Kai tWV 5oo6EKa tEKVOOV me;. 'H N1613n K6pn tOO T a V t 6 fl 0 U
Kaf ouz:uvoc toO AIJiovoc. 816 tiic 6voiJatoesofac nm:p6c:; Kai ouz:uvou,
tnsoniJ6ven h t 6 n a 1 v a tuxn tiiC N1613nc:;, h 6nola 616 toO A IJ i -
0 v 0 C/V 6 0 u ouz;uyou me. tiiC OIJ1 vonosooc. onnaon tiiC aotaesfac
tWV O!J1- t a fl a v t 8 u 0 IJ tv 00 v tEKVOOV tOOV, untom tnv tpayiKnV
!JO'ipav twv avtlotoixoov 6voiJ6toov natp6c Kai ouz:uvou. Mstal3nn6sioa
sic nieov XOOVEUEI t6c OUIJopac mc:;
1
, OIOtl OEV tvv6nosv tnv ouoiav
tiiC OlnfliiC ayvoiac. 'EVOIJIZ:EV, <4}Et0 Otl tyvoopiZ:EV, tvG) otv EVVWPIZ:E
2

nola n !JOTpa tiiC N16l3nc:;;
utfi < Ni613!1> nsp 6W6eKO naT6ec; tvf IJeVOPOIOIV OROVtO
IJEV 6uyat8psc;, 6' uitsc; nj3WOVtec;.
touc; IJEV A.n6RRoov ntvc:v an' 6pyupEOIO l310i0
xoo61Jevoc; Nl613n. toe; 6' 'AptC:IJIC: ioxta1pa,
OUVeK' apa 1\ntoi iOOOKetO KaRRmap(H-!>"
ii 60IW tEKEeiV, n 6' autn yeivato noRRouc;n.
<a(n:n <tnv Ni613n> nou 6oo6cKa na1616 ota IJEyapa tfl<: xa6nKav,
euvmi.psc:;, Kl y1oi otnv nl3n wuc:;.
TOU<: OKOtOOOcV 6 An6nfloov IJE apyup6
xonoo!Jivoc; IJE tnv N1613n, Kl n oa"itsutpa 'Aptc!JIC:.
EVcKa nou IJE tnv /\moo IJE tic KanE<: napciE<:"
EflcVc nooc; ouo IJOVOV EtcKE nmola EKcivn, noflfla n 'lola).
topflpou <c'tn16c; Q 603- 608,
6n6o. K. fJouKa, tKo. JfJEOeEATPON - rEQPf!AfJHrJ.
Ta owosKa tEKVa tiiC N1613nc. slvm ai appsvsc:; Kai al enflslal apxaL
al 6noT01 iooti!JOOC KataflaiJI36vouv t6v Z4)61aK6v KuKflov. t6v KuKflov
tiiC ZOOiiC tOO 6tspo6aflo0c:; 66sflo0 tWV i1IOU!JWV, tOO 8IOVUOOU
1 'OiJflpou 'lfll6<;" Q 617.
2 nflarwvo<; 'Anofloyfa [WKPGIOU(" 24 A - C.
MYE>OJ\Or!KH IEPAPXIA TOY <I>QTOI/rNQIEm: 99
zavpE:ooc. 'EKnpoooonoov <ta ttKva> tac C>wosKa ol.jJs1c:; tiic tfJuxovomiKiiC
OUOtOOSOOC tWV 6VntWV av6poonoov, tWV tvoapKWIJEVOOV ciC t6V Z4)61a-
KOV KUKflOV tOO 6pato0 oupavoo. Ta owC>sKa "CEKVa EXOUV OXEOIV OK6-
t0UC np6c:; we:;, IJSt6 tOO nflfou/An6nfloovoc:; Kai tfiC osnnvnc:;/AptEIJI-
ooc;.
ME t6v 6vov. t6v 6noTov o;anpauouv 616 tiic; oi 8i6UIJOI,
ai tvc;pyntiKaL appsvsc;, Kai ai OUVaiJIKal. ennslal apxai 6nfi6Z:ouv
nsoiov i116tl t6 13Efln tWV i1IOUIJOOV EXOUV tnv i616tm:a va
tvap1JOVf2;0UV tac; OVti6EtOUC tOOcl<: tKsivoov, touc; 6noiouc; nnnttOUV
IJE t6 stnn tOOV. Ta tWV 13SflWV /130UflWV, npospXOIJSVa EK tiic;
ouofac; toO oot6c. ouvtsivouv sic; tnv E:vonofnOIV tWV OUVOIJSWV tiic;
tfJUXii<:. VUKtSPIVWV Kai n!JSpnofoov, osnnvnc;- nniou, A.ptEIJIOOC- A.n6flfloo-
voc;. Ta 13Efln tWV .l110UIJOOV OEV IJE tnv Z:oonv - 66vatOV,
onflaon IJE tnv flUOIV tiic; tfJuxiic; 6n6 tOO OW1Jatoc;
3
, onooc; 6 010
tiic; anfliic; OlnVrlOSWC OlaKnpUOOEI.
T6 nap66SIVIJa toO An6nfloovoc;, 6 6noioc; 0VC:USI t6 appsva tEKVa
tiic; Ni6Snc Kaf OVtiOtofxooc; tiic; AptEIJIOOc;, n 6noia 0VSUSI t6 ennsa,
slv01 n avayooyn tiic; tfJuxovontiKiic; opaomp16tmoc; tK toO aioemoO
KOOIJOU ci<: t6v vom6v OIOKOOIJOV IJE tnv tv6101JSOOV un61JVnOIV toO
oupavoO, n 6noia npotpxstal EK tOO OPI6IJ00 12 tWV OWOSKa 2;4)6ioov
toO Z4)61aK00 KUKflOU tOO 8IOVUOOU, tWV 6 apptvwv + 6 enntoov apxwv
tOO KUKflOU.
Al appc:vsc; Kaf al 6nflSIOI tfJuxal, tEKVa tiic; Nl613nc. annaz;ouv ioo-
tl!JOOC nsofov OUVSI6nt6tntoc;. T6 aut6 iOXUcl c;ic; OflOKflnpov tnv KflliJO-
Ka tWV OVtiOtofxoov enntoov Kai apptvoov OUVOIJcOOV Kal tvspySIWV, ai
6noTa1 iootfiJOOC xouv olaiJOipaoeii sic; t6 OUIJnav. Ka1-11Jfa twv ouo von-
tiKWV tK6vosoov otv unsptspsi, WOtS n aflnn va uotspnon. Kat' aut6v
t6v tp6nov. 6 vooc; 61o6oKctal tnv 6penv Kaf
tWV apxwv. OKOflouewv t6 OPXIKOV nap66SIVIJa tWV i110U!JOOV tOO i116c;
Kai tii<: 1\mooc; Kaf tnv tv ouvsxc:fQ xa!Jnfloottpav l3a61-1i6a twv owoc:Ka
( 6 + 6) tEKVOOV tiic; N16j3nc;.
Oi 1\movc:vsic L1f6u1JOI toO oot6<: 8xouv npotnes1 6n6 tnv IJnttpa toov
1\ntoo/nsiov tOO neouc;. rvoopfz;ouv Otl h !Jnttpa tOOV <npQ6mc;, yafln-
vn Kai npSIJfa) slvm UtfJfomc:; ic;papxiKiiC On!JaOfac; 6n6 tnv 6noiav
autof EVSVVn6noav. LUVSnWc; n j31a16mc;, Kata tnV OV6poonfvnv OVtffln-
tiJIV otv slvm io16mc; toov. 'H otlVIJn tiic; vsvtosooc; 6n6 t6 oK6toc sic;
t6 we; EXcl IJfav 6avii, flSntOtamv OlaXOOPIOtiKnV ypaiJIJrlV: Elv01 t6
tOO nn6toovoc;
4
Kai sTvm n IJSt613aOic; 6n6 tnv sic;
tnv Elv01 n <noinOic;)) tOO nnatooVOC sic; t6 I:U!JnOOIOV IJE tnv yc;-
VIKOOttpav me; On!JaOfav:
3 nflarwvo<; "<Paf6wv" 670- E
4 nflarwvo<; "nofltr&fa", {31{3fifov Z', 515 c.
100 AnOJ\J\QNIOY
((n yap t4) SK tOO IJtl ovtoc; sic; t6 ov i6Vtl Ot4)00V aitfa noaa
sotl nofnmc; .... n
<naoa aitfa JJSta136oswc; olouofmots npavJJatoc; 6n6 trlV avu-
sic; tnv sTvar nofnmc; .. .l.
rrEupn6aJOV!! 205 b,
an66. 'f. EUKOUrpfl, tKo. Bt{3fiiOnWfieTOV rrEETIALi
1
J.
'H n - o In a 1 <:. JJB apKtiK6v VPOIJJJO t6 m.JJJwvov n tfl<: n u Fl n <:.
smtp8nsl tt1V JJSt01300IV an6 t11V tOO 6op6tOU sic; tnv unap-
tOO apatoO. 6rlVouaa OVOIKtn tnv nspintwalv vvwaswc: n 0 in-
a s w c; sic; t6v K6aJJov twv aiaenoswv Kai tn<: eopoc;.
'H Ni613n snaipstOI Otl autn tvt.vvnas OW6SKO tBKVO, tv(!) n 1\ntW JJOVOV
ouo. 'H nopaH:;/ 0 r n a I <: tiJJWPSital, 610!1 EXSI tnv 6stnpiav tn<: sic; tnv
61nnnv OVVOIOV
5
. 'H anaz;ovsfa tfl<: Nt613n<: EXSI snaK6Fioueov t6v e6va-
"COV "CWV "CBKVWV me: 6n6 t6 tBKVO tfl<: 1\ntoOc;. 810!1 n Nl613n ot.v OVti-
FIOJJI30VS"COI Otl, OVE:U VUKt8PIV00 KOf rlJJSpnafou rlJJiWtOC: KOi wt6c;,
68v un6pxsl vom6v we; c:ic; t6v KUKFIOV tflc; zwnc;, t6v Z<!,)OIOKOV KUKFIOV,
t6v anolov tKnpoawnoOv t6 owosKa ttKva me;.
8tv un6pXSI tvauvsiom:oc; 13foc;, E' oaov we; c:ic; t6v aUJJI30FI!aJJOV, an-
tJOfVSI 6' E:v6c; KOSaptiKrlV apstnv CAptE:JJIC:) KOi 6' Ettpou, ouvat6tn-
t0 npoannljJswc; tnavwVIKwv napaat6oswv np6c; KO-
tov6nmv KOi auvosaiV JJct6 tWV annwv EVVOIWV tOO iofou tmntoou.
npooosutiKWC: 68 "CWV OVtlatofxwv avwt8pwv tnJnt.owv JJB tSFIIKOV aKO-
n6v t6 VVW81 OOUtOV <An6FIFIWV).
Tpia sTva1 t6 nsofa: 'O K6tw aiaem6c; K6aJJOC: twv evmwv, a svoi6JJsaoc;
OUPOVIOC: tWV OWOSKO t8KVWV tflc; Nl613n<:. tOO nniou KOi tflc; asnrwnc; KOi
a avw vom6c; OIOKOOJJOC: tWV esiwv aeav6twv OVtWV, tOO An6nnwvoc:.
tflc; AptEIJIOOC: KOf tWV EnEKSIVO 'loswv.
ruvc:nwc;, n EVOUVSIOrltOU 13fou, npospXOIJtVn EK tflC: 1\ntoOc;,
EK tOO Flsiou tOO neouc; me;, 86VSI IJt tnv tOO voO/ 8t6c;
<Kaf zc:uc;, wt6c; Kaf o16 - EK toO aK6touc;> sic; tnv vtvsmv
tOO wt6<;. 'H vt.vsmc; anoKOFIUntSI Otl IJOVOV n 6vti8SOIC: npoatpsl
t6 KOtOFIFinna spc:SfaiJOtO sic; t6V VOOV KOf npOKOFISI trlV VEVSOIV tWV
810UIJWV Apxwv tflC: VOrlJJOVOC: z;wnc; EK toO natp6c; 8r6c;, t6 anoia EXOUV
tnianc; Knnpovo!Jnasl Kai tnv tnv nps!Jiov Kai tnv vannvnv
tflc; 1Jntp6c; tWV 1\ntoOc;.
'H o1nnn avvota, t6 owosKa tE.Kva tflc; N16l3nc; np8ns1 v6 6noe6vouv
o16 v6 owaouv tnv twv c:ic; tnv vtvsa1v toO wt6c;, onnaon toO
E1Jpovoc; 13 i 0 U, a anoioc; 616 tOO 13 I 0 E:>6vsuac; t6 anovov
5 nnarwvoc; Ai1Kii3166nc; IJcll;WV n npciltoc;n 120 C - E.
MY00J\OriKH 101
IJBPOC: tflc; ljJuxiic;. t6 t8Kva tiic; N1613nc;. Anaz;ovc:ia Kai 8napmc; sTva1 xa-
paKtnplatiK6v vvwplaJJO tflc; 0 i n 0 E w c;. Tnv 0 r n a I v Q>OVEUOUV t6
8ioUIJO toO <Pwt6c; o16 twv 6 1 a t w v /13snwv
6
Kaf 6x1 t6 uaiK6 ttKva
tflC: N1613nc;, t6 anoia ElVOI n JJU80FIOV1Krl, apatonofnmc; tiic; OVOVWVIKflc;
KOtaatOOEWC: tflc; ljJUXiic;, annonOiniJEVnc; 616 tOO av8pwnOJJOP1aiJ00.
T6 80UIJOOt6v tflc; 'EFIFinVIKiic; rnwoonc; slvm Otl n N I 6 13 n. 010 toO OVtl-
atofxou 6vaypaJJIJOtiOJJ00, tman1Jaivs1 tnv attpnmv 13 i o u. ol6tl N 1 6-
13 n = N n 13 1 o c;.
N I 0 B H

N H + B 0 I
T6 v n - slvm apvntiKOV np68EJJO KOi np6 tWV avmpsT t6 OUIJ-
pal;6JJEVOV <vnnsnc; = a avsu tntouc;, vnnsvenc; = a 1-111 nsvewv>. T6
OVOIJO tflc; N I 613 n c; slval etmc; tOO 13 I 0 0/t 6 0 u KOI apvnmc; tOO
13 I 0 u. Avan6vwc: ot tflc; et.oswc; tOO VOrliJOtoc; OUVOOSI
JJE tnv ornnv IJU80FIOVIKrlV EKooxnv: N n 13 I 6 c; = e6vm:oc; tWV OWOSKO
tBKVWV me;. Eic; Enii3S130iWOIV tWV avwtE.pw 8pxstal t6 OVOIJO tflc; Nl613nc;,
t6 anoTov 616 tOO OVOVPOIJIJOtiOIJOO anoKOFIUntC:I tnv r3 I 0 v + H.
onnaon 13 i 0 v 'HFIIOKOV, avc:u tOO anolou 6tv un6pXC:I z;wn, anna KOI
tOUtOXPOVWC: 1316 V + H, onna6n nFIIOKOV KOl asnnVIOKOV
N 0 B H

B 0 N + H
ruvsnwc;, OWOEKO t6 ttKVO tflc; Nl613nc: unflpxav sic; tnv KOt6ataaiV
6poouvnc; KOf aauvs16nafac; KOf 8npcns VO ano86vouv. MBVOUV Ot00
tni tvvta rliJEPOVUKtiO KOl tnv OEK6mv oi OUPOVIOI esoi avtnai30V tnv
ta>11 tWV
7
Eic; OVtiOtOIXfav, slvOI n un61Jvnmc; !WV tvvta rlJJSPOVUKtfwv
tiic; aval;mnaswc; xwpou tflc; 1\moOc; 616 tnv ytvsmv toO wt6c; n1v
OEKOtnV.
'H /\ntW KOi t6 oUO tnC: tEKVO, n 'AptSIJIC: KOf a An6FIFIWV, 1-18 tnv OUl;SU-
toO natp6c; 816c;!NoO. 6nn6z;ouv t6 tninsoov auvs1om6tmoc; twv
evm::wv an6vwv 6vtwv Kaf t61Jstatptnouv sic; 8nnova <e6vatoc; t8Kvwv
6 nnarwvoc; Kparufloc;}} 420 b - d.
1 'OJJilpou 'ffiJac;}} Q 610- 613.
102
N16(3nC. 66vatOC 61nfliiC ayvoiaC). '0 OVtiKatontpiOJJOC tJctal;u t&V f.v-
VOIWV c:lvm VOIJOC toO OlJtJnavtoc tJ apxnv tnv 6vtavaKflaattKnV iol6-
tnta tiiC uacaopinC tJetal;u nflfou - ac:flnvnc.
8i0tl n flEl;IC f3 I 6 c. OUVWVUIJOC tflc; fltl;c:wc; t 6l; 0 V, auv65cl JJE tnv E.v-
VOiaV tOO UOIK00 6av6tOU, t6V bno1ov npoKaflcT t6 0VIKOV onflOV,
6nfl6 unoflave6vEI c:ic tnv EVVOiaV tflC aflflaync nc:5iou, 5nfla5n tiiC nc:-
WtiOtJvnc VOntiKiiC OVtlflnljJc:wc. n bnoia auvo5EUEI tnv E:vonoinOIV
c:ic tnv auvc:i5nmv t&v ouo t 6l; w v, t&v ouo f3 1 & v, 6flfl6 Kal t&v ouo
f3 1 w v toO 6vtoc. toO vuKtEPIVOO Kai toO htJc:pnaiou. tiiC tva6pKou Kai
6a6pKou uac:wc; tnc wuxnc toO evmoo.
:Aflflayn f.ntntoou vonJJoauvnc f.mantJaivc:tat 616 tiiC tol;c:utiKiiC ttxvnc
tWV 816UJJ<.UV Kaf 6x1 60floovia t&V owoc:Ka tEKV<.UV tiiC N I 6 f3 n C. '0
6p!61JOC 12, olaX<.UPI06c:ic c:ic El;l appc:va Kai c:ic El;l enflc:a 1:Kva. npoaw-
nonOIET tnv ia6ti1JOV iaxuv t&v enntc.uv OUVOIJC:<.UV Kaf apptvwv tvc:p-
VC:IWV, ai onoTOI OIEnouv t6V raflal;iav. ETvOI n 6vtl0t01Xfa c:ic t6 tninc:-
oov 1:&v evn1:&v 1:iic f.Kp6ac:wc twv Aeav61:wv. toO TI!OVIKOO Kaf toO
'OflUtJnlaKOO 8<.U5C:Kaetou <c:ic: olnfloOv, El;l appc:vc:c; ec:oi Kai El;l enflc:lal
ec:aD c:ic; 1:nv ic:p6pxnmv t&v anavmxoO "OV!<.UV.
'0 6pi61JOC: ouo tWV !EKV<.UV 'tiiC: /\ntoOc; Kaf tOO 816C:. EV appc:v Kai EV
enflu, OV!IO!OIXOUV c:ic; !OV vom6v OIOOKOOIJOV np6c; 1:0 ow5c:Ka tEKVa
(El;l + El;l) 'tiiC: N16(3nc: tOO EVOiatJEOOU oupaviou nc:5fou. Kal we; aivc:-
!OI, 1:6 tEKVa 'tiiC Nt6(3nc;, 616 !WV !Ol;C.UV /(31WV 1:00 bpatoO nflfou Kai
ac:flnvnc;. tnpaytJa'tonoinaav tnv 66pa1:ov auvoc:mv, tJE04l 1:iic; 6vti-
O!Oixfac; !WV !Ol;<.UV /f3t&v An6flflwvoc; - Ap!EIJIOOC:. T6 tEKVa tiic; Nl6(3nc;
aeava!OnOIOUV!OI 6n6 tnV opCIOIV tWV t 6 <.U V /(3 I W V tWV 816UIJ<.UV
tOO <t>wt6c: Kal EK tiic; olnfliic; 6yvoiac; tOO v n !3 i 0 u tJEtEPXOVtal c:ic;
t6v !3 i o v 1 !3 1 6 v toO Z4)otaKo0 KuKflou.
8UOtUXWC n N16(3n otv 6vtc:fln6n tnv lc:p6pxnmv f.vt6c; tOO OUtJnav-
tiKOO xwpou tOO oupavoO t&V tEKV<.UV, t6 bno1a f.ytvvnac:. 8EV
6vtc:nnen tnv E.vvo1av toO 6tJi. toO AtJ1 - ovoc; auz:uvou me:. f.K tiic;
anopac; toO bnolou tvc:vvnenaav t6 owoc:Ka tKva, t6 OtJ1/ota(3100Vta
tJC:tal;U vontoO oupavoo Kai yiic; c:ic; t6v aiaem6v oupav6v!
'0 IJ060C: otv avatpstal sic; t6V UOIKOV eavm::ov
t&V SVOOPK<.UV OVt<.UV, an6vwv n ROVIKWV.
Oi llioUJJOI tOO <t>wt6C: slvm enpsutaf!wtoo6tal \IJUXOOV.
dtv aaxonoOvtm IJE ta awiJata toov evntoov.
E1vm avaywysic; \I.IUXOOV tOOV (3i<.UV,
o16 toov /f31wv toO wt6c;/vvwaswc;.
"OJJWC:. tf OU1Jj3CtlVSI 1JU60ROVIKOOC: sic; t6V \I.IUXOVOntiKOV (3fov
Kat6 tnv annnv OVVOIOV;
MY00J\Or1KH IEPAPXIA TQN cPQTOI/rNQIEQI 103
'H 'Emm:ntJn tWV 'Emm:ntJ&V, n lllaflEKtiKn, n 6noia oonyc:T cic; tnv tJaV-
tiKnV, avnKC:I c:ic: tnv WPIIJ<.Uttpav nfliKiav, fltyc:l 6 nfloutapxoc: c:lc: t6
nc:pi toO El toO tv llc:floTc;, 6vac:p6tJc:voc: c:ic: tnv Kflonnv toO Mavn-
KOO Tpino5oc; un6 tOO 'HpaKfltouc:. n tjJuxn, n 6nofa otv EXEI E.nen
6K6tJn c:ic; tnanv niJE t6v Xslpwva Kal t6v "Atnavta, touc;
IJO t6ts ntav VEOC: <0 'HpaKfliiC:> Kal 6n6tsfla BOI<.Ut6c; Kaf nofle1J000e
olafiSKtiKn ttxvnn
8

Mu6ofiOVIKWC:. n Knonn tOO MaVtiKOO Tpinoooc; 6n6 t6v VEOV 6K6tJn
c:ic; nRIKiav 'HpaKRii, EKnpoawnc:i K66c npw"iKnV, VEOEIOEPXOIJEVnV c:ic;
t6. Mum:npta, ljJuxnv, n onoia npoana6c:i v6 51EI05UO!l EiC tnv 'HfllaKnV
<.Uti01V tflc; 81aflc:KtiKiiC: 'EmatntJnc:. xwpfc; v6 EX!l nponynec:i n enpc:UOIC:
Kai 6 wtlatJ6c: me: 6n6 tnv rc:Rnvnv /'AptctJIV /EK6mv.
'En!OtntJn E1Val 6 Ka6oonymnc; tiic; tiJUXiic;, 6 onoioc; tnv
OloaOKcl nwc; 66 u6tJOI<.U8ji IJC:t6 tOO 0c:lou napaoc:iytJat6c; tnC. tOO
An6flflwvoc;. 'H uOIJOiwcnc; IJC:ta tOO esloun 6vaRUEtOI c:ic; t6v 816Royov
0c:aimtOC:
9

'H 6n6Kmmc; toO MavtrKoO Tpfnoooc; npoOnoeE:tc:r tnv yv&mv tnc;
OtntJnC: tOO Aya6o0 Kaf tOO KaKOU, we; tnv avantUOOEi o nn6t<.UV c:ic; t6v
0!6Royov XaptJionc;, 'OtJWC:. OptJntiKn c:lval n tm6UtJia toO evmoO, 6
6noToc; 6K61Jn avunoljJiaatoc;, avttOIIJOC: Kaf 6WtiOtOC:. OVcU tflc; 6pw-
yiic; tiic; Roxine; ac:Rnvnc;/Apti:tJIOOC:. VOtJfZ:EI 0 r E t a I, 6ptJWIJC:VOC: EK
tiic; ayvofac;, Otl 516 tiic; Knoniic; e6 KataKtnan 010 tiic; (3iac; tnv
OUVOfliKnV tJaVtiKnV 6EaOIV tWV np6, tWV VUV Kai tWV tJC:tO.
'H Mueo- floyrKn ac:rp6 t&v npoo5c:utrKwv, vontrK&v flc:rtoupy!&v CHpa-
Kfliic;> IJE avaywynv c:ic; t6c; 0c:fac; 'Ovt6tntac; ('EptJOO, AptEIJIOOC:. An6R-
flwvoc; Kai 816c;- 1\ntoOc;l, ic:papxc:ital we; f:l;iic;:
a. 'EpiJiic;: I:uRRoyn t&V f.nftJEPOUC: OtOIXC:i<.UV. Elva1 n E p JJ E i a Kat6ata-
OIC:, tiiC auRRoyiic; t&v oEOOIJEV<.UV un6 tiic; ljJUXiiC. '0 EX<.UV ntc:pa c:ic;
touc; n6oac; 'EptJiiC: 6' utimfloO t6 f.nltJtpouc; nc:npavJJtva.
OUVEXWC: tJC:taKIVOUJJEVOC: VOnt!KWC:. 1flOOO<:j)IKWC: c:IVOI n olalpEtiKn
IJE80ooc; n oi KataatiKOf OUflROVIOIJOl
10
'H 1n0001Kn K66oooc;
npooocuc:1 f.K toO tv6c; c;ic; t6 noRR6.
'E p IJ n c; c:lvm 6 vc:wtc:poc; tWV ec:&v toO 'ORUtJnOU, unoonflwvwv Otl
n opOOIC: tiic; VOntiKiiC: iKaV6tntOC: c:upiOKC:tOI c:ic; tnv OUflnoynv tWV
atorxc:iwv 616 tnv 8vapl;1v tiic; tnc:l;c:pyaalac; t&v tvvo1wv 616 v6 6Ko-
B nfiour6pxou n&pf roO El roo tv 1JEfioic; 6.
9 nfiarwvoc; fJEafrnroc; 176 E- 177 A.
10 nfiarwvoc; "<Palopoc; 266 B.
104
nOU8rlOfl n E p 1J n V 8 fa tWV OcOOIJ8VWV. 'H OUnnoyn OtOIXcfWV, IJ
tKKfvnOIV n1v OPXIKrlV tpcin:nOIV, t6 c:Tval n npwm olaOIKaoia, tK
tiic; 6noiac; tJ81JcV6nnv npoon68c:1av, nonu K6nov Kaf xp6vov 86 npo-
KuljJouv oi OlalpEtiKOi OUnnOV101J0{
11
.
!3. 'H ec:6 'AptEIJIC: c:Tva1 noxc:ln, Wolvwv tnapwy6c;
12
Kal OW-
tEIPa, tnc:1on tKc:ivn (3onec:T c:ic; t6v tOKEt6v t6c; vE:ac; ljJux6c; 616 v6
6vaoueoov, 6vavc:vvW1JEVal 616 1:iic; KaSaptiKiic; 6pc:tnc;, c:ic; t6 we;
tiic; 6nn8cfac; Kaf tOO :Aya8o0. /\OXcfn annWOt8 nto Kaf n npwm
tOO (3iou me;, OtaV tJiav ntJ8pav 1Jct6 tnv vtvc:oiv me;, l(fluou-
oa n6vouc; 6s1vaic; sv avoyKOIC:n
13
sixc: 13onenoc:1 tnv 1Jnt8pa me;
1\ntw sic; tnv y8vs01v toO An6nnwvoc;.
y. An6flf1Wv: 'H .l1iai'lEKtiKn 'EntotntJn slva1 tEKVOV tOO E U V VUE IV
K a f t 0 0 o I a - E U V V U E I V. Vi6c; 1:00 8IOC:/V00 ciVOI 6 <1> a E-
a f IJ 13 p 0 t 0 c; An6nnwv, 6 xopny6c; tOO an' EU8clac; <1> 6 0 u c; c:fc;
tOUC: 13 p 0 t 0 U c;, 6 vc:pyonOIWV sic; autOUC: tnV iKaV6tnta tiic; 8nt-
OtpoQ>iic; 8K twv o1a1ptoswv sic; t6 t6v 6px1K6V noyiOJJOV. Oi ou-
vaywyiKoi OUnnOVIOJ..IO( olaoEXOVtal tOUC: 61alpEtiKOUC:
14
.
,(H Kaf 61afiSKtiKOV Kaflsic; t6v n6yov SKOOtOU fiOIJI30VOVta
tiic; ouolac;;ll
6nn8Eia, OlanEKtiKOV 8KEiVOV nou t6 n6yo
tiic; ouolac; tOO KOSE np6yJJatoc;;).
mfl6rU>voc; rrnofltrefa, Bt/3flfov z ', 534 B,
6n66. C/J. nanna, tK6. nAnYPOLJ.
npwtov nptm::l n ljJuxn v6 nnn016on tnv 'EntotntJnV tOO Ayaeoo Kaf
toO KaKoO, ooots JJE E.vesov tJavfav v6 JJE tnv tJaVtiKnV
15
,
6oO 8Q>np1Joos tnv E:vtonnv toO vvwe1 oaut6v, tnc; npotponnc;
toO esoO, espansutoO twv ljJuxwv
16
.
nntov sic; t6v voov <6v6ou01c; tnc; vnoou 8nnou EK
tWV UoOtWV) ai IJEXPI wOos OKat6nnntOI, i'lOV4> OUValo8n1JatiKiic;
OUVXUOSWc;, npOOWntKai 6n6ljJSic;, ai oinostc;. Autal OtaOiaKWC: UnE-
xwpnoav sic; t6V $Wti01JOV tOO :An6nnwvoc;. M04> tWV VOntiKWV
oupavfwv OlaoiKtUWV anOKanUntOVtal ai KPUaf avanoyfal, OUOXS-
11 np6Kflou aEfc; r6v Kparuflov nfl6rwvoc; iKfloyaf xpnOJfJOI 3, 1 - 4.
12 'OpC/JtK6c; ''YtJvoc; npoeupafm;, 1112. ar. 2.
13 'OpC/JtK6c; ''YtJvoc; npoeupafac;, 11/2, ar.9.
14 nflarwvoc; ,,<f>aTopoc; 266 B Kai np6Kflou Efc; r6v Kparuflov nflarwvoc; iKfloyaf
xpfJOJfJOI 3, 4 - 5.
15 nflarwvoc; XapfJionc; 173 D- 174 E.
16 nflarwvoc; <Paiopoc; 265 B.
MY00J\OriKH IEPAPXIA 105
tiOIJOI Kal olaQ>opon01nos1c;, ouvavwval Kal o1a1ptoslc; twv ovtwv Kal
tWV npay1JOT:WV
17
'H OlanSKtiKrl 'Entotn!Jn 6onysi sic; tnv EVOpatiKnV
616 tnc; Sc:wpiac; np6i3nsljJ1v twv J..1Enn6vtwv Kaf tiSEtal c:ic; nsltoup-
yiav 6n6 tnv ljJuxnv 6 MavtiK6c; Tpinouc;, ox1 nntov twv oinoswv/oo-
131aiwv tmSUIJIWV toO 'HpaKntouc;, 6nn6 twv 8c:nwv.
6. n/\alflanac;, OIJI3POUC:. npnotiipac;. tE KSpauvouc;u,
6vayyni'lEI 6 'OpQ>IKOC: "YJJVOC: toO Kc:pauvfou L116c;, 6 6noioc; c:lva1
6Q>860tOU IJSyanciOU, ioxuoc; Kai otouc;. '0 KEpauv6c;, 616 toO f3pov-
tEP00 80pU[30U Kaf 010 tiic; (3paxut6mc; Kaf Q>WtEIVOt6mc; oupa-
VOO nOIJljJEwc;, Enttptncl tnv KaS' 6noKnnpiav etaOIV Kai
VVWOIV tWV VEYOVOtWV, tWV OVtWV Kal tWV 1JEnn6vtwv n EOOO-
IJEVWV, 6noKa8afpwv 6 zsuc;/vooc; touc; von!Jovsc; v6sc; IJE tnv (3po-
xnv (OJ..113POUC:). MEt:6 tnv JJUnOIV Eic; t6 IJUOtnpla nctal n Eno-
m:sia18.
.l110tl IJOVOV 6 voOc; <n OUVOi'liKrl tOO 816c; EniKPO!Eia) KatEXEI tnv
iKaV6tnta, OXI annwc; v6 t6c; EOWtEPIKOC: aitfac; Kaf t6
tEPIKO 6notcnEOIJata, anna Kai v6 ounnaiJ[36vn t6c; OVtiOtolxouc;
6p8wttpac; 6no6oc:1c; sic; tnv 1-16xnv Kat6 tiic; 6yvolac;, tvwnaesfac;,
KataouvaotEUOEWc; XOPIV npOOWniKWV UFIIKWV EnltEUVIJOtWV, noo-
vwv Kaf nnoutou.
'0 tOO K09S OVtOC: slv01 UOSI Sl;OnfiiOIJSVOC:
IJS toe; avwtspw AptSIJIOiac;.
Kaf.diiKOC:
toe; 6nofac; KCitSXSI uc5UVOIJSin.
EupfoKstm O!JWC: sic; 'HpaKnsouc;,
6nfla6n sic; KOtOOtOOIV ayvofac;, OVWPIIJOtntoc;,
............... ,., Kal tapaxiic;, sic; Katoatamv
'O 6vtiKEIIJEVIK6c; oKon6c; tiic; Mueo - noylac;, c:lva1 o16 tnc;
6nnnyopfac; Kai tWV OUIJI30niOIJWV, va anotpEljJfl tnv ljJuxnv 6n6 tnv 0 I'-
n 0 I V, napOpiJntiKOtnta Kai tnV (3iav ('HpaKniic;) Kai v6 tnv 6onynan Eic;
tnv twv esiKwv i61otntwv 'Ep1J00/n6you/tpJJnvc:iac;, Apt-
IJiooc;/KaSaptiKiic; apstiic; Kai An6nnWVOC:/1JaVtiKiic;. Ttnoc; 6, JJ04)
toO .l110C:/V00
19
, 616 twv 6p8wv i'lOVIOIJWV uiJS apxnv aya96tn-
ta, tnv ouoiav np6 OUOIWV, (3ouflnmv. np6 tWV
c5uv01JSWv ouvaiJIV Kal tsnoc; tnv np6vo1av np6 twv tvspys1wv
17 nflarwvoc; r<nofltrcfa, {31{3fliov rr. 511 A- E.
18 nnourapxou r<ncpf '10100( Kaf 'OafploOQ> 382 D, "ncpf enonrcfac;".
19 Otto Kern Orphicorum Fragmenta, 'fcpof l\6yot tv 'Pai/Jcpofatc; KIJ', 168, 'r6v
yap !Jfa r6v VOUV roO KOOfJOU unoflafJ{3GVOVIc(' Kaf 'navra yap EV Znv6c;
fJcYaflcp raoc OWJ.IOIJ Kclrai'.
106 TO MYITHPION TOY AnOAJ\QNIOY 0QTOI
SVSPVSICIVn
20
, v6 uno6SIKVU!1 sic: t6v 6vm6v tnv 6p6nv 6o6v tiic; ava-
ywyiic; tou sic: t6 'OflUIJniO OWIJOta.
'0 vooc: tOO snn6you OVtOC:, 010 tWV ansJpap[61JWV tvoapKWOSWV, Ka6f-
01:atal OtaOICIKWC: iKav6c: 010 tiic; OVCIIJVrlOSWC:. av Kaf 13fltnwv tnv
tEPIKrlV oljJ1v tG:lv npay1J6twv Kaf tG:lv ovtwv, v6 IJrlV Eic;
aut6c;. 'EK tiiC: annflc; ayvofac; VO Eioxwpfl EiC: t6 OOUtOV tiiC: VOrlOEWC:.
EiC: trlV 6EWPlCIV. NO KOtaVOfl tOC: avafloyfac;, OIO<!>OPOC: Kaf OIJOIOtm:ac;
616 tiic; ouyKpfoEwc; OIJOEioG:lv Kataot6oc;wv. vsvov6twv. avtiKEIIJtvwv
tiic; ouvoniKiiC: EiK6voc: tnc: <l:luoc;wc;. nnn-
a<J>mpEtiKWC: tnv 'lotav, t6 np6tunov nap6oSIVIJO, tK toO 6nofou
npoflfl6EV n <J>UOIKrl EiKWV, Ka6fm:atal <!>lfl01J06nc; ljJuxn.
uiO. naacn OO'CII IJSVOnCtl tWV u:xvwv npoaoSOVtCII aoons-
axfcu; KCd IJStSWPOnOyfac; $UO'SWC: nspr t6 yap Ut1Jnn6VOUV
tOOtO KOf n6Vt!"' tC:nSOIOUpy6v BOIKSV SVtS09SV nOElSV
SiO'USVOI.Il.
U:Q. "ORal coal ETVOI IJEVOROI tEXVOI 8xouv avayKnV na-
patnpnOEWC: Kaf OVWtEpac; 8niOttl1JnC: nepi tiic; UOEWC:. 616t1 t6
SKEivO tWV 61avonf,J6twv Kaf t6 navtERWC: tEREIOV an' 8KE1
cpafvEtal otl eiotpxEtOI eic; t6 8pyaJ.
269 E- 2 70 A
an6o. Erc(/J. X. nanna, tKo. nAnYPOD.
n6tE OIJWC:; 'Dtav xs1 onou66os1 trw 'Emotn!Jnv toO <l:lwt6c: 616 tflc;
061antwtou Kaf Oolansfntou aypsuoswc;/6npsuoswc: tflc; Afln6siac;, IJUn-
tiKflC:- snontiKflC: ttxvnc; tWV
H nCH.;}tsipan 'AptSIJIC: 010 tflc; u6sooplac;n tOO VUKtSpiVOO OUPOVOO
KOI
6 MC1VtiK6c; Tplnouc; tOO 'An6nnoovoc; 61<] tfl<; a1anSKtiKfl<; 'EmatnjJn<;,
EV C:JUVOUOOIJ4) <t>oot6<; liiJf<t>ooto<;, slvcu n IJSVCinSI006n<; ouv6sou;
twv ouv61-1soov Kaf toov tvspys1oov toov a1ou1Joov.
M8 no1ov IJ8oov 66 c:ioxwpnon6 vooc; c:ic; n1v, av Kai <Pwtc:lvnv, ouonp60J-
tov Kaf 6UOOIOKPitOV autnv 'EmotnjJnV tWV 'EniOtniJWV, tnv
KtiKrlV21; nwc; 66 Oi6ax6fl tnv aypsuOJV tOO lwt6c;, 6 EXWV tv-
OUV810tltWC: v6 6Konou6non npwtov t6 ap!Ja tiic; Apt81Jiooc; Kai tv ou-
vc:xc:fQ E:Kc:ivov toO An6nnwvoc;;
20 np6Kflou "Ek; r6v TfJJaJov nfl6rcvvoc, Bt{3fliov Ef, 412, 1 - B.
21 nflarcvvoc "nofllrcfa, {3t{3flfov Z', 534 f- 535, "oooncp eplyK6c; toTe; IJOefliJOOIV
n OIOAcKtiKn hiJTV, 8n6vw KcToea1, Kaf OUKEt' aflAo tOUtoU IJOeniJO avwt8pw
6pewc; av E:mtfecoeOI, aAA' EXciV non t8Aoc; t6 tWV IJOeniJOtWV;".
II np6c; t6 ov ns$UKWC: s'(n Oj..llnnaaeal 0 ys ovtwc; <PifiO
IJOElnc;, Kaf ouK E:miJSVOI snf toTe; siva1 normoic;
EKOO'tOIC:, aflfl' '101 OUK OIJ(3fiUVOitO ou6' anoflnyol tOO
spwtoc;, npfv autoO 0 tatiV EKOOtOU tiic; Q>uac:wc;
4> npoanK1 E:<t>6nu:aea1 toO toloutou npoanK1 ot
4> nflnO'IOO'OC: Kaf IJiysfc; t@ OVtl ovtwc;. ysvvnoac;
VOUV KCii aflfa910V, yvoln tS KOI Ofln96>c; z;c.;>n KCif tptQ>OitO KCif
OUtW nnyol oo6Tvoc;, npfv 6' OU;n.
<.... 6 6nnEl1v6c; <Pii101Ja9nc; c:Tvat ysvVniJEVOC: v6 v6
cpeaon np6c; t6 OV, Kai OEV OtaiJatQ sic; t6 eswpOUIJSVa we;
nonn6, ani16 npoxoopsl Kai 6EV XOVcl t6 LOU OUtS 0 EPWC:
tou tEns1oovs1, npfv Katopeooon v6 8nen c:ic; tna<Pnv IJE tn cpuon
1:00 Ka8aut6 OVtOC:, xpnOIIJOnOIWV t6 IJEPOC: tflc; nou
ETVOI tOICIUtnc; tnanc; Kai Elva! onOIO tJEPOC: tnc:
OUVVEVEUEI" acpoO t6 nftnOJOO[l Kai npay-
f,JatiKO IJE t6 OV Kaf V8VVtl0!1 VOOV Kaf afln8EiaV, tOte 6nOKtQ
nRtov tnv ann81vn yvooon, t6tc v6 6Rn81VO Kaf v6
tPEctal, Kai 8tal nutpoovc:tal 6n6 t6c; oo6Tvac: toO tOKEtOO,
npwtutspa OtJOOC: ox!;).
nontrcfa, {31{3nfov XT, 490 A - B,
an6o. rannvoo, tKo. nAnYPOD.
107
Tf yfv8tal IJE tnv Woivnv tOO OVtWC: <PiflOIJ0600c;; Kai n6niV n <J>!Flooo<Pia
otpt<J>c:l t6 OIJIJa me; c:ic; tnv Mu6o - novfav o16 v6 n613!1 tnv 6c:iav me;
apwynv. Al woivc:c; tOO t0K8t00, ai O<!>SiflOIJ8VOI8ic; tnv OUOKOniav nnn-
01008WC: tOO OVtWC: "Ovtoc: tiic; avwttpw nc:piKOnflc; tOO nn6twvoc;, c:Tvm
n Kat60tOOIC: tflC: 1\ntoOc;, tiiC: nc:pt<J>E:POIJEVnC: sni tvv8a h!Jtpac; np6 toO
tOK8t00, n 6nofa nponyc:ital tflc; yc:vtoc:wc; tflc; AptEIJIOOC:/n!Jf<Pwtoc;/
SOWt8PIKflC: 6yv6tntOC: IJEXPI tOO nnnpouc; <!>WtiOIJOO tflc; V8VE08WC: tOO
Anonnwvfou <Pwt6c; c:ic; tnv ljJuxnv tnv OEKOtnV njJspav.
Mt tnv vtvc:01v toO hiJI<Pwtoc:/Apt81Jtooc; sic; tnv 'Optuyfav, npoool-
wpfo6n n npotEPOI6tnc; tG:lv tvc:pyc:IG:lV tn<:;, otav sj3on6noc: tnv IJntEpa
tnc; c:ic; tnv vtvc:01v toO <Pwt6c;/An6nnwvoc; Kaf Kattotn Woivwv tna-
pwy6c;22. T61JUOtnplaK6 6 p v 1 a tvc:vvn6noav c:ic; n1v 'O p- tu- vi a v.
apxaiov OVOIJCI tflc; vnoou


22 'Op(/JIKOC "YIJVOC npoeupaiac,ll/2, or. 2.
23 Ll. LlnJJnrp6Kou "Mtva Oflnc rnc 'EflflnvJKflC mwaanc, flflJJJ.IO 'Opruyfa.
108 TO MYITHPION TOY An0/\1\0NIOY <I>OTOI:
KaS' OIJOiC.UOIV tnc: 1\nwoc:. ai vi:m KUOopo0o01 aval:moov IJi:
pc.uta VO yevvnoouv tOV vi:ov 8aut:OV SVtOC: tOO IJUOtnplaKOO VU-
K!f..PIVOO h1Jfc.ut:OC: usic.; to 9SWPOUIJSVa we; noililau. 'H 'Aptf..IJIC:. ou-
VOOOC: tWV vi:c.uv ljJUXWV, toe: OIOOOKf..l tnv tvvolaV tOO nFlnSOUC: tWV
OOtSPC.UV Kaf tiiC: 0POC: tC.UV, onFlaon tiiC: KaSaptiKiiC:
apetiiC:. h anoia 8pe1 ciC: tnv 8vonoln1JSVnV KfVnOIV tiiC: ljJUXiiC: tOO
KUKFlOU toO taUt00
24
. h ljJuxn. anOIJaKPUVOIJSVn SK tWV nonnwv
nc.p1opwv toO KUKFlou toO Sati:pou, 6 pwc; tnc; 6sv tsils1wvs1 nplv
Katop9W0!1 va i19!1 sic; sna>fw IJE tnv $UOIV toO Ka9auto ovtoc;n
Kaf autoO eic: tnv YBVcOIV toO $C.UtOC:/AnoFlFlc.uvoc: Kaf ut6ts
va ailn91VO Kaf va tPS$Etal Kal StOI ilutpoovstal an6 toe; W6ivac;,
OXI OIJWC: nponyou!Jtvwc;.n.
/\fav snwouvoc: h Scc.upfa tnc: OPXIKii<; npooFlnljJc.c.uc: tii<; ayvotmoc: tOO
c.utoc:. tnv 6nolav xc.1 6vano(31 h 'AptEI...IIC: 6QooOxo<;, h Sco
va25. TOOOV ci<; tO UOIKOV nc:ofov. h SEO OIEUKOFlUVEI tOUC: tOKE!OUC:
OU1Jnooxouoa woiol
26
, ooov Kai c:ic: to vomov, 1Jta8pouoa to we:
tWV IJUpfc.uv 6ot8pc.uv EiC: tO<; vi:a<; ljJUXO<;, WC: ac.oopo<;.
'0 nnc.ucTvo<;, 6 ioputn<; tOO VEOnFlatC.UVIOIJ00, avantUOOEI tnv ifl000-
1KnV Sc.c.upfavn c:ic: toe: 'Evvc:ooac: tou.
nKaf yap OUK SXEI ntpac; n aswpla ou6t t6 aswpnJja.n.

mnwrfvou 'Evve66cc;, 'Evvc6c; f. 8EJ.10 8, 5, 30- 31,
6n66. (/)ffiOfiOVIKflc; 'OJ.166oc; K6KroU, SK6. KAKTOD.
"Otl IJSV ouv navta tO te we; OVtCI EK aswpfac; Kal
eswpla, Kal to EKsfvwv ysv6JJsva eswpouvtwv EKEfvwv
Kal auto eswpnJJata .... u.
COtl 6na ta aflnS1v6 np6y1...1ata npoi:pxovtal an6 tn Si:aon KOI
EiVal Si:aon, Kal tO f610 6aa npOKUntOUV an6 aUtO, OtaV SEWV-
tCII, Kal clVOI ta lola aVtiKEfiJEVa Staanc; ... J.
mnwrfvou (<'Evvc66cc;>>, 'Evvc6c; r. etJJa 8, 1. 1 - 3,
we; 6vwrtpV)J.
24 nfl6rcuvoc; Tfpa10c;" 42 c- D.
25 'Op/KOC: "YfJVOC: Aprif..IJ6oc;, XXXVI/36, or. 3.
26 'Op<f>JK6c; ''Yf..IVOC: npoeupafac;, 11/2, or. B.
nt6 yap elva! tl eio6c; ECJtl nOIEiV,
nilnpwaCII eswpfac;.n.
ot EOtl navta
l616tl om.uoupyfa an1...1afve1 on!Jioupyfa K6n01ac: IJOPnc;. Kl aut6
IJS tn OSIPO toU anjJalVEI nflnpc.uan tWV navtwv IJS staanJ.
mnwrfvou (<'Evvc66cc;, 'Evvc6c; f. 8EJ.10 8, 7, 22- 23,
6n66. (/)lfiOfiOYIKflc; 'OJ.166oc; K6Krou, SK6. KAKTOD.
109
"Otav h v6n01c: ounn6f3n tnv an1...1aoiav tnc: Sec.upiac;/Seooc.c.uc:. toO
OPOV tO SeTa, onFlaon toO VOcTV to SeTa, SIJavll:ctal h SK - 6 n n -
c.u01c;. h vnooc: n n o c:. 6 ic:pwtm:oc; tonoc: yc:vi:oc:c.uc; c.utoc: c.ic: tov
voOv. 'EKcT anoKaFlUntHal h tcflctoupyia !WV 6ia(3aS1JfOC.UV !00 c.uto<;,
(t:O 0 p y I a tii<; '0 p - tU - y i a c;> h 6nofa nto KcKPUIJIJEVn ci<; aopm:ov
ofKtuov. to 6noTov npoOnnpxc. svt:oc; tnc: ljJuxnc;. h 'Aptc.-
IJIC:/hl...lf<Pc.uc:/oEnnvn. 6 6vtavaKflOOC.UC: C.Ut101JOC:. yEVVOtal npo tOO
c.utoc;/fl.noi'lnc.uvoc: KOi h 'AptciJIC: ylvctal h Sc.ia apc.uyoc;. h Wofvc.uv
tnapc.uyoc; tnc; vE:ac; ljJuxnc: c.ic: tnv nc.pmti:pc.u nopc.iav me: npoc; tov
Anonnc.uva/ we;.
nola c.lvar h 'Apt1JIC:;
II .... namq>anc;, OQOOUXE, esa 8IKtUVVO, iloxsfn .... ll.
L.. nou fl01Jn81C Eic; oi'lou<;, Kai Kpatc.Tc; i'lal...lnooa. OU h S0
h npootm:c:uouoa toe: yc.vvnoc.1<; ... .>.
top</JJKOC: "YJ.lVOC: 'AprejJJooc;, XXXVI/36, or. 3,
((TA OP(J)/KA, 6n66. En. Mayyfva,
tKo. 'EyKuKfionmocfac; roO ((HIIIOYJ.
"tiles. esc OWtSipa, $Inn JJUOt!101V anamv .... ll.
<.. .. "Ena. w S0, YIO oc.utnpfa IJac:. we: Inn c.ic: oi'louc: tOUC: IJ81JU-
n1Ji:VOU<; ... .l.
top</JIKOC: ''YJJVOC: 'Aprej.JtoOC:, XXXVI/36, or. 13,
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27
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ta, iaopponfav Kaf uyc:fav. 0 nfl10e, Otl h
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13iov tfle $UXfl<:;
32
TotE 6 npOOEKtiKOC: napatnpmne 86 0Vtlfln<j:>8ji t6
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annov 010 tflc; 6vtavaKn6ac:wc; tWV OKtlvwv tflc; oc:nnvnc;.
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KtiKOV K080PIJOV
33

32 nflarwvoc "noflnefa", f3t/3flfov e, 571 c- 572 B.
33 'lepoKfliouc "Ex6flta efc; ra Xpuaa "Enn rwv nueavopefwv>>, ar. 40- 45 Kaf
Aflravnc; IIOfO/, 'EflflnVIKO( /Jta - fiOVIOJ.IOC:>>, 10( T0/.10(, KE(/). 1 Kaf
20( TOJ.IOC:, KE(/). 1, 2 KOf 3.
MY901\0riKH IEPAPXIA TQN 113
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pa 6n6 tOUC: 880UC: 010 VQ npO<j:>UnOX800V, flOIJI30VOVtEC: tO anapaitn-
ta IJEtpa np6c; ano<j:>uynv tWV KOKWV, OIEUKPIVi2:EI 6 'Op<j:>IK6e "VIJVOC: tOO
'Ovc:ipou
34

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toO nniou avtavaKnQ l-IE 8UOI08noiav 1:6<:; OK"Civac; tOU. nnnywva
T6 1:nc; Apt:EIJIOOe (OC:nnvne> Kat6 tnv navotnnvov anoKtEl tnv
IJC:ViOtnV tOU OUVOIJIV Kaf OIOOtaOIV, Kaflumov t6v oupav6v an' aKpne
c:lc; aKpnv. 'H nnnpne tn1ppon tflc; op6ac:wc; tnC: OIOPK811JOVOV KOt6 t6
tPirliJC:pov tflc; 14nc;, 15nc; Kai 16nc; h!Jtpac; toO KUKnou me;. ruvc:nwc;
c:Tva1 nEpiOPIOIJEVn, nEPIOOIKrl Kaf !JnOOIJIVflc; SVtOOEWC:, OUVKPIVOIJEVn
IJE SKEivnv tflc; OOIOnEintou Ka8nJJEPIVflc; toO nniou.
Ele 6vtlatolxiav, 6 vuKtc:prv6c; $UXIK6c; JJae 13 f o c;, 8xc:1 ouoraotrK6v tv-
ola<j:>tpov IJOVOV KOt6 t6c; nE:piOOOUC:, ai onoiar svann6000Vtal 6va-
n6ywe twv ouv8nKwv tflc; hJJc:pnofac; oraopoJJfiC: twv tJJnEIPIGlv IJOC:. 'H
avavwvn 6n6 t6 oupavla OWIJOta nnfou - OEnnvnc;, c:ic; t6v $UXIKOV !JOe
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- AptEIJiooc;, analtET trw xpiimv toO voo, 6 6noioc; ta
navta sic; t6 C::JIJJjnavn, REVEl 6 nn6twv c:ic; touc; N6JJOU<:;
35

lf SKnpoawnoOv nnroe Kal OEnnvn sic; t6v avepwmvov $UXIOIJOV;
T6 tyw, 6 nfiiOC: t6 tau, n asflnvn.
Kaf avtlotp6wc;:
T6 tyw, n asfinvn - t6 tau. 6 nfiiOC:.
"HfiiOC:: sTval h OUVOj.m:;. n 9sflnau;, n autonsnofenmc;, t6 tyw
toO OVtO<; . H ata9sp6tnc; . H VEVEOIOUPVOC: aida . H autonpopofln Kal
unspfaxumc; tiic; onJjiOUPVIK6tm:oc;. OVEU tiiC:: 6nolac; osv ea
n VEVEOIOUPVOC:: aida tWV navtoov. Kaf uXp6vou natnpn
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36

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6nolac; osv 9a olaooxn ysvswv sic; tnv $UOIV. uXp6vou IJrl
tnpn KCif sivm n Isflnvn OO<; np6c; t6V avtfatOIXOV 'Op-
<j:>IKOV .,VIJVOV
37

34 'Op(/)tKO( 'YJJVO( 'Ovefpou, LXXXV//86, ar. 13- 16.
35 nflarwvoc; N6JJOI>>, Bt{3flfov IB', 966 e.
36 'OptKOC: "YJJVO( 'Hflfou, Vl/1/8, ar. 12- 13.
37 'Op(/)tKOC: "YJ.IVO( EEflflvnc;, IX/9, ar. 5.
114
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'Otav yiV!l avnnnm:o<; Kai Katavomo<; 6 towtEPIKOC 616noyo<; 1:00 hiJS-
pOVUK"tiOU nniOU - OSnnvnc; (OXtOI<; f;.ypnyopOEWC: - unVOU), 1:01:8 iJa-
iJ[a vta nSI!OUpyfa, n 6nofa 616 1:00 VVW81 oautOV,
tnv ouvsiono1v sic 1:nv - nsptoxn 1:00 ETvm me. Tots 6 nn1o<:/
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tOU, Ka8WC Kai t6<: !OOEIC t W V ann W V, iJEt6 tWV 6nofwv sic
tnanv Kat6 tnv oi6PKEiav 1:ii<: typnyoposwc.
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pic; Kivouvov sic 1:nv Ka6niJEPivnv Ka1:6o1:ao1v tvpnyoposwc Kai 1:nv
6Vtlfla1Ji30VS!al we OIOI08ntiKnV iKavotm::a. 81' autn<: iJaV86VEI v6 ouv-
olantvstal iJt ns16W, fla1J(36vouoa un' OtiJIV tnv SUOI08noiav tOO tou, tnv
osnnvnv t 0 0 a n n 0 u. Auto OniJalVEI Otl sic tOV avtiKatontpiOiJOV
tOO E:autoO 86 unEIOtpxstal n6vtOtE tO nmxviol tiic; aflnayn<; etosw<;:
nots to tvw 86 tov poflov toO nnfou Kai nots tiic; osnnvnc. 'An-
notE 86 slva1 tO nOIETV Kai annOtE tO n60XEIV tOO nn6tWVO<;, OIOtt
nt6 nav !dvncm; nv KCII l:'iflflo napa tOOto ou68v, tiic; 68
KIVnoswc; 6uo (611, nnn91 IJ8V l:'inSIPOV SK6ts:pov, 6UVCIIJIV
6E t61J8V nOISiV 8XOV, t6 68 1100X1V.n.
<T6 nov siva1 Klvnmc; Kaf OU6EV anno napa Kfvnmc;, tflc; ot
KIVnOEWC 6UO f . .!Opcpaf unapXOUV, anEIPOI sic; nflfl8oc; Kaf h iJ[a
Kai h anfln, h 1-1ia iJEV exouoa lKaVOtnta VO f:vspyfl, n oE anfln
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-90031 /\001r;>rid39 9UQ UA?ri01Unl,!O>I '09JU09 /\1.}1JnAAOd10 ?ri /\OOJ 10/\13
<rll9 JO>I r!lOOIJ>If}>l) 1\00U"l,!>ln)l /\(91 OOrll,!099 00>1190/\0ri 001 J093A?ri 91
,u.orlrl?lJS 9d3So<l>
Amqs JO>I '/\(9190S Ol1Jrld?9 IJdOOO?l 91J9 UA?riOOn3>10010>1 OQJUOQ ?rl
1\0D). '119rii\OA9ri1JA?, IOlJQ I\0Xl3 1\MliQ(Id<j) 91 9UQ 0019>1 JO>In 00/\0df)O
001 JO>I )OJOJ JY1 0/\>1?1 J3UOOl,!>lf))l )3/\00)/\0dQO !0 'Ut:!?S JO>I
J\01UriO>IQ3 /\noor;>n3>10010>1 JY1 9/\ JOUOOIJ>If))l )1)01 9U9 /\30U11;12? 939 H,
::>Q39 ::>y1 nou"oodu>l? 'JUAYY30 ::>y1 /\00/\)1>19 /\(91 JO>I ::>ynod9019
)y1 001 1\0)AOl,!O/\Q ,10>1 '/\939 /\1:11 9U9 /\O]l,!O>IQ3 ?ri 101/\0d?01
-3ri UlJ?S 91 JO>I /\01UriO>IQ3 A9d>llri 91 11919 .10132913dX /\Od1?dO
31QO ')OOriQ, )U1 A9t:!399 /\91 )J3 1\0!0>IAO/\Q IO/\J3
oyr;>A3ri 91 '1\0dl?do 31QO oyr;>A3ri 10132913dx A?9 939 H, "AOJ93U
/\91UO/\ 91 )J3 )OOJdn>l 9YY9 '/\91U90JO 91 Jj3 /\0/\9ri IXQ '939
ID/\13 Jlri31d'd,, lJ '939 013YY9 )0>1/\'d,, JO>I Jf)OJ/U6!?9 Lid?
:JOOUQ '/\01399 /\1;11 10/\13 OJV )U1 Od?10U /\91 9U9 JQ39 )l.J1 OriU1JO /\01Jd1
'/\n01Uf}IJO>IOU9 :JQri )UJrinAoony
-OU )!.J1 919 )31U1919! !0 JO)OUQ Jr;>l /\Q?1/\IOUXdr;>d3! /\1:11 919 't.J00
10/\13 OJ\ 13U3dU /\001 01DriO/\O Ol,!l,!OU 01 '/\001 10>1 1\IOUO/\
J 1 I I C J J 1 J r; I I
-010>1 /\1:11 919 /\001 /\Q?I3Ad3A? /\(91 AYX09019 /\1:11 J)3 AOJOOriUO /\UYr;>A3ri
JO>I /\001 /\0011;11019! AQ?1 lJ ID/\!3 AQ?39 /\(91 UJrlnAwnyou H,
AOINOVVOU'd AO.L 1\lllil'IHU;AI/\1
124 TO MYITHPION TOY
Kaf 8vav Kuva nonunofKIFIOV, !OV 8vav oupavov, udc; oupavoc; 05
VOVEVfH:; WVn
15
, IJE touc:; nonunOIKfnouc:; aattpac;. ETvOI uta E.v oupav4)
nondRIJatall
16
'Enf nntov 6 nav 8owae eic; "tnv 8e6v Kaf 8m:6 aKunac;
'tOXU!Epac; ano t6c; aupac;, onnaon 'tOUC 8m6 nnavntac;
17
, auyKpiVO-
!JEVOUC elc; mxutma 1Je1:6 'tWV annavwv 1:00 nponyn8EV'tOC nonunOI-
Kfnou WC npoc; touc:; 6ateplatJOUC oupavoO. To auvonov tWV KUVWV ei-
Val otKa tpeic;.
'H elc; tnv aerp6v twv apretJwv E:mr3el3arwver to annnyoprKov antJai-
VOIJEVov. To ot auvonov, 6 6pi81JOC 13 unoociKVUel tnv tOO
htJiaewc;, tJUatiKOO IJE:Vfatou !WV oupavlwv KUKFIWV. Eic; t6 n IJ fa e a !WV
KUKFIWV npaytJatonoroOvtal ai IJ u n a e I c. '0 tJEVIatoc; tWV oupavfwv
KUKFIWV c:TvOI 6 KUKFIOC tOO tOUtOO toO nn6twvoc:; n tOO Mey6nou 'Evl-
autoO twv 26 Krovwv toO tJVntJc:fou tile:; eonou tile:;
oaupou. '0 IJEVIatoc:; KUKFloc:; tOO oupavoo eTVOI 6 KUKFloc:; twv 26 Xlnle-
ti<I)V tile:; Metamwaewc:; twv 'lantJePIWV.
Oi 6pi8tJOf olatptxouv IJE aaunnnntov toxumta t6 op1a tOO xpovou. Tl
SVVWPii::eV 6 KannftJaxoc:; we npoc:; tOU oupaviouc:; KUKnouc;, touc:; non Ka-
tavevpatJtvouc:; eic:; tOV TftJOIOV tOO nn6tWVOC Kai OnOtUnW!JEVOUC c:ic;
to o6neoov tile:; 8onou tile:; 'Emoaupou; 6 l'oiOC: tOV tJ08ov
E:mntvwv touc; OPI81JOUC: n touc:; naptnal3eV ano nnynv, tnv 6nofav StJeic:;
otv ola8ttOIJEV;
'Qc:; npoc:; tnv OVWtEPW BptJnVeiav, n 8e6 'AptEIJIC: FlatJI30Vel tnv
etmv me E:vtoc:; 8voc:; !Jevanonpc:neatatou nnOiafou, E:vtoc:; tOO autJ -
n a v (t) o c:;, npoKeltJtvou v6 KOIJ!1 twv tJUamplaKwv me:; E:vc:p-
yc:rwv eic:; to n tJ 1 au toO oiKOO me:; KUKnou Kat6 tnv navatnnvov.
oi Kuvec:;, ora tile:; 6apnaewc; twv. E:xouv avaKanul.jJc:l t6c;
l.jJUXOC:/8np6tJato eic:; 6va2:nm01v tile; annec:fac; tOO navtoc;/navoc; Kat6
t6c; navac:nnvouc; Kaf aci>ac; Kaf 613nal3eic; t6c; napaofoouv c:ic; tnv ee6v.
Kaf auvexfi::el 6 KanFlftJaxoc;, fltywv:
nAvaxoopoOaa an6 E.6Gl (n 'AptEIJIC:} an6 nlaw aou OKORoueooaav
Kal ta OKUniO - nupcc; c:lc; touc: np6no6ac; toO nappaalou opouc;
Sn0$1a, nou 8x6pcuav IJEVOnO Vcvov6c; auto EI300Kav navtotc Eic;
tac; oxeac; tOO Avaupou IJS tO IJaOpa nEtPOola Kal naav IJcvanutc
pa an6 taupouc; Kal an6 ta KEPCitO touc; OOtPCI$tE xpua6c;. =:a$-
VIKO KCitERn$8nc; an6 SKnnn2;1V KCif clncc; np6c; tnv Kap610V aou <an6
IJEOCI OOU): Aut6 t6 npGltO KUvnyl ea ciVCII tiic; AptEIJI6oc;. TO
ER0$10 naav oRa nsvtc ta tEOOEPCI an auto ta OUVERC113EC: IJOVn
15 nf16rwvoc; TfJJGIOC:" 31 B Kaf 92 B.
16 nf16rwvoc; "nofltrzfa", /3t/3f1fov z. 529 c.
17 nf16rwvoc; T{fJGIOC:" 36 D Kaf 38 D.
tnV l.jJuxnv tOO uno 6unv1a1V Ennoyou 8vmo0 avepwnou, n EVOPCI-
tiKn snan IJE tov nn1ov /Anonnwva otv c:Tva1 8tKtn, 86v npwtov otv
avan613!1 tnV npoetOitJaafav tile; avaywyilc; n ac:nnvn/'AptEIJIC.
ot tWV ouo ec:wv, ApttJ,.IIOOC: - Anonnwvoc;, 1JEOOnai3Ei 6 npwc; 'HpaKFlilc;,
&atE v6 n tWV nc:oiwv yc:upon01oc:; auvoc:Oic; IJE touc;
evm:ouc; avepwnouc;. 'H SVEPVEia tile; AptEIJIOOC: SK tOO vomoO 61a-
KOatJOU tJEtal3aivcl Eic; !OV BVOIOtJEaov xwpov tOO npwoc 'HpaKntouc;,
KataOtcPWIJEVOU c:ic; tOV oupavov, 616 v6 Kattn8!1 tJEa4) ac:nnvnc; c:ic;
tOV aioemov KOatJOV !WV evmwv avepwnwv (l'oc: Eiaavwvn>.
Eic; tO vomov nc:ofov, n tOO ac:nnvlaKoO wtoc; SnltptnEI
c:ic; trlV 8vaapKOV l.jJuxnv v6 Katavonan 616 tile; olaKEKOIJIJEVnc; sna-
vannl.jJEWC: tile; axtoc:wc; me; tnv tJUnttKnv axtmv tJt tnv 'AptctJIV Kat6
tnV oiOPKEiaV tOO tJnvoc;. Autn ot snavana1Jr30Vctal 616 tile:; KUKniKilC
tnavaopac; E:vtoc; toO E:touc; twv tJnv1afwv KUKnwv tnc; ac:nnvnc;, To
6tJuopov we; tnc; ac:nnvnc; c:Tvaral3pov Kaf ananov. ea anotc:pwan
tnv vtav l.jJUXnV, Ka8wc; n 'AptEIJIC: nOXEin tnv npOEtOIIJOi::cl 016 tnv
ytvc:aiV tOO olala8ntiK00 me; 6py6vou.
'H IJnVIafa tnavannntiKn yvwmc;, tnv 6nofa npooEPEI n 'AptEIJIC:. SiJnc-
PIEXEI tnv vovrtJotm:a toO ac:nnvraKoO KUKnou, 6 6noioc; c:Tva1 Kat6nnn-
noc; unoooxc:uc; c:uaraemono1nac:wc; tflc; oxtoc:wc; 6pato0 Kai
aopatOU nc:ofou. 'H axtmc autn annwatc: c:ic; tO aioemov nc:ofov xpo-
VIKWC: outJnfmc:r c:ic; 6pi8tJOV htJc:pwv tJE tov vuva1Kc:Tov KUKnov tile; 4>o-
tOO avepwnfvou ytvouc;.
Aopatoc; Kaf 6patoc; KOatJOC auvavtwvmr tnv atiVtJnv tile;
apxnv IJIOC: tJC:FIFIOVtiKilc; E:voapKWOC:WC. Kat' avanoyiav yc:v-
vnac:wc; 13Ptouc; c:ic; tOV aiaemov KOO!JOV c:TvOI n vtvc:mc; vtou, anna
6ata8o0c;, nVC:UtJatiKOO 6pyavlatJ00 c:ic; tOV VOntOV OIOKOatJOV.
n olalaenmc;, n anoia napO!JOIOi::ctOI IJE tnv Ej.JQVIOIV Kaf
tnc; oc:nnvnc;, c:Tv01 cuyanta Kai anpoaooKmoc;, 6tJol64ouoa tJE to
anpooooKmov tile; tnailc; 6op6tou/6pato0 Kaf 6pato0/ 6op6tou. 'H
olaioenmc; otv EPXC:tal Kat6 13ounnOIV' c:TvOI anpoatJC:VOC Kai c:uvanta,
18 ''YJJVOC: KaflfJIJJOXOU cfc; 'JJ.ptcfJIV, ar. 98- 109.
126 TO MYHHPION TOY An0/\1\0NIOY
61Jola 1-18 tnv nc:ptootKnv EIJovtmv Kaf tnc; ac:nnvnc; Kaf Kat'
avanoyiav IJS tnv anp6r3FIntOV OUnnmjJIV tSKVOU Kato tnv OUVEUPEOIV
tWV 8VntWV av8pwnwv.
Mu80FIOVIKWC:. h o1aia8n01c; annnyopETtOI IJE tnv snaov tOO r3a-
OinEiOU, OUVOEOIJEVnc; IJEtO tflc; 8Eac; AptEIJIOOC, tOO 'HpaKFIEOUC Kaf
tnc 8Eac; "Hpac;/ljJuxnc toO KOO!JOU. 'H ec:o "Hpa Ek t6v
'HpaKnn. 'O npwc 'H p a - K n n c. txwv ennoac:t t6 vona tnc: ec:ac:. eo Ka-
taatii 6 tWV 8Eiwv Kal tWV evmwv OVtWV Kaf Elc; td tpfa nEola
t6 K n t 0 c; tflc; "H p a c; ljJuxnc;. n6aov auv8Etoc; dvm h EP!JnVEia tWV
tvc:pyc:twv tflc; "Hpac; ljJuxnc;, h 6noia napE!Jn6otaE IJEV tnv vtvvnafv
tOU, OIJWC: t6v EI30n8naEV Eic; t6v tEFIEUtaTov tOU aenov, we; np6c; t6v
Kannf!JaXOV.
'H 'AptEIJIC: Kuvnv IJE touc; o8Ka tPEic; Kuvac; me; c:lc; tnv aK1ov toO oo-
aouc; to IJIKPO Ao0 to aunnol3ouv oi Kuvc:c; me; Kai avEu
tpau!Jati01J00 tWV, tO KpatET IJE tPUEp6tnta Eic; t6 Otfl8oc; me;. Eivm
ai VEal ljJuxai. ai 6noTal EUPiOKOVtal Eic; tnv apxnv tflc; IJUntiKflc; tWV no-
pEiac;.
Eic; tnv lEpattKnv vnwaaav. h auvec:mc; tnc; Kuwv osv Eivm tu-
xaia. 'Ev tOUtOIC: OEV EXEI OXEOIV IJE tnv EtU!JOFioyiav tWV we;
non 01Enl01:wen Kai 010 nonnoc; annac; IJEXPI toOoE.
Kuwv ETvat 6 K u- <oop> - w v v o 0 c;. K u w v vc:v. K- u v 6 c;/v o 0 c.
Elvat 6 KUKntK6c; <Kl nEptEP61JEVOC: v o 0 c;. 'OIJWVUIJOV Eic; t6 aiaem6v
nc;olov Kaf auvwvu!Jov c:ic; t6 vom::6v EK toO pn!Jatoc; Kuw c;ic; tnv IJE-
toxnv dvm 6 K u w v, 6 K u o o p w v. Elvm t6 vofl!JOV ov, t6 6noTov
KUKFIIKWC: nEpiEp61JEVOV, onnaon Kat6mv KUOopiac; FIOylaiJWV, 80
nolac; ljJuxoc; eo EP!1 np6c; !JUnmv c:ic; tnv 'AptEIJIV. Oi KUVEC:
Apt81Jtooc; Kai 'EKomc: toe; ljJuxoc;. 'H IJEV 'AptE!JtC: toe; tv
hot 'EKom toe c:ic; t6v 'AnnwatE tnaotatv c:Tvm
Kaf n 'EKOm
19
6UnVIOIC: tflc; otai08naEWC: 80 EiVOI n !JEFIFIOVtiKn nan-
an6 tnv 6nolav eo tv h ljJuxn 010 vd Men Eic; EniKOI-
vwvlav IJE t6v 66patOV OIOKOO!JOV, Kat6mv tflc; Emnoync; me; an6 tOUC:
Kuvac;.
Aaanwc; otv ETvat wxaTov ott t6aov h 'AptEIJtC:. ooov Kai 6 Llt6vuaoc;
auxvo Eic; to ayyc:ia KpatWVtEC: IJIKPOC: tfloouc;.
Ani'lnyoptKWC:. h Raoc;/ljJuxn c:upioKEtm KPUIJIJEVn Eic td ui'li'lw!Ja-
ta toO ooaouc;. oni'laon 8vt6c; tnc; aata8Eiac; twv wtooKtdoEwv tnc;
vuKt6c;/avvolac; me;.
'H nan 8EOC: AptEIJIOOC: Kai !floou anartET OtaotaKnV, !navai'ln-
ntiKnV, KUKi'ltKnv opdv. n6aov 6nai'lnv. n6aov ii'ldc:tpan/ii'lapd/nnnpnc;
19 'Opcj:JIKOC: "Ypvoc; 'EKarnc;, I /1, or. 3- 4.
127
xapac;
20
c:lva1 h ioxtmpan <ioxsmpa = KpatoOaa 138noc;F
1
'AptEIJIC:. Ms
n6aac; OPQ Enf tflc; ljJuxflc;, n 6nofa np6KEitOI VO 1JUn8fl. Ms
n6anv povtfoa to 13Ei'ln me;, npOKEIIJEVOU vd Kuvnvnan. we;
Kuvnystlc; Kai !Ran - 136Floc;, 13di'li'louaa tnv Raov
22
, tnv vtav. avvnv
ljJuxnv.
Llt6tt h 2 n a <P o c; otaanatat Eic; 2 i'l a + w c;. 'H npoataKttKn 8 R a
npotpxc:tat EK toO pn!Jatoc; t n o w tunoc; toO pn!Jatoc; tflau-
vw
23
'H 8 n c: u o ' c: w t 6 c; tmKupwvEt tnv aRnec:tav too 6v61Ja-
t6c; me;. BEI3afwc; Eic; t6 aia8m6v nc:ofov ouoE!Jfav oxsotv 8xEI t6
2 n a o c; IJE tnv 8 n E u a 1 v <P w t 6 c;. Eic; t6 annnyoptK6v nc:oiov toO
IJU80U FIEttOUPVEi. !JEOcy tflc; 'Ei'li'lnVIKflC: rflwaanc;, we; npoi30FIEUC: wtf2';wv
tnV OUOKOtiOIJEVnV IJaC: OIOVOiaV.
'H 8naoc; Elvm t6 6yv6"tc:pov Kaf auyxp6vwc; taxutEpov z:wov toO
ooaouc;. 'Emnpooestwc; SXEI Kai tnv opaOIV, auvotov t6 we;
IJE tnv si'lcuatv, tnv 6nofav avc:pwvc:1 t6 6vo1-1a 8Ra-wc;. 'H snaoc;
8npEUEtal IJE IJEVOi'lnv oUOKOnfav Kaf anmtET tExvnv h aunnnljJic; me;,
npOKEIIJEVOU VO 1Jr1V tpaUIJati08fl Kaf ano8dvn, onnaon VO anOi'lE08fl n
6yv6mc; me; 010 navt6c;.
To 138nn tnc; Apt81Jt6oc; sxouv ot6xov tnv on!Jtoupyfav vtou nvEu!Jatt-
KoO 6pyovou, t6 6noTov KanniEPVEi tnv otafa8nOIV 010 VO un6
npoOno88aEtc;, c:ic; tnv tv6pamv 6 evm6c;.
'H IJUntiKn OlaOIKaofa OIEPXEtal an6 tPEic; oaEic;. npwtov, 010 tflc; t0-
h 880, WC: KUVnVEtiC:, OVEUEI t6V nai'la16v na8nttK6V, av6n-
!OV op8a tnc; ljJuxnc; !vt6c; toO OK6touc; twv oaowv Kato tnv otopKEI-
av tflc; vuKt6c;/i'ln8nc;/ayvofac;. 'Ev auvc:xc;fa. h 8Ed Ka8iotatar EFla-
nl36i'loc;n, 13dni'lEI 010 tWV 13EnWV me; toe; Otav !OC: IJUji Eic; tOUC:
np6nooac; tWV 6ptwv Kaf on tOO nappaafou opouc;.
T6 naP P 0 0 I 0 V OPOC:. 8K tOO nap 0 Kal p 0 a 0 W, iwv. tunoc; avtl
tOO P n a a W, On!JalVEI Enf XOPEUtWV, KPOUW, KtUnW t6 8oaoc; 010 tWV
noowv, XOPEUW
24
'H OVO!Jato8Eafa tOO opouc; Ka8oonyc;i tnv ljJuxnv,
OEIKVUOUOa Eic; autnv Otl, IJE tnv PU81JIKnV KPOUOIV tWV noowv Kaf
t6v !navannntiK6V OIJOIOV KP6tov, eo etan Eic; auvnxnOIV IJE t6 nav I
nova t6 VEOV me; OIOia8ntiK6v opyavov. '0 xop6c; Eic; tnv apxaiav !8-
80r11JOIVE tnv nponapaOKEUnv tnc ljJUXIKflC avatOOcWc;,
ou Kaf h tmnovn toO IJUntiKOO xopoO twv tndwv c:lc; touc; np6nooac;
opouc;, toO n a p o toO p a a I o u <noool3onmo0>.
20 'Epn&OOKfliouc;, an. 40.
21 'OpnptK6c; "Ypvoc; &lc; 'An6flflcuva, or. 15, 159, 199.
22 'Opcj:JJK6c; "Ypvoc; 'Apripi60c;, XXXVI/36, or. 10.
23 'J. Erapar6Kou rnc; 'Apxafac; 'EflflnvJKnc; rflwoanc;", flnwa t fla cu.
24 Ll. Llnpnrp6Kou "Mtva Oflnc; rnc; 'EflflnviKflc; rflwaanc;", flnppa paaocu.
128 TOY AnOJ\1\0NIOY <l>OTm:
Tsnoc:: OS, OQOOOXOC:: h ec:a c:ic tac:; Maouc CrriV!..IIOIOV t6 we/
olafoSnOIV, atav QU!OI OVEPXOV!OI c:ic t6 opn, t6 6noia ana avnKOUV c:lc
tnV OIKQIOOO<Jiav me:; (ot. 17>.
To tpfa 8nl8eta tflC:: Sc:Cic:;, KuvnystiC>>, Snanr36nOC::>> Kaf oQoOOXOC::
6noKnnpwvouv tnv IJUnttKnv 6otv tnc:; otatoenac:wc::.
T6 OIQIOSntiKOV nVEUIJOtiKOV opyavov, c:lvOI 6 OUVOC:l:IKOC OPIJOC::. tOO
6nolou h opo01c:; c:lva1 h E:vonotm:tKn t601c:: tnc:: l!Juxnc np6c:; tnv v6n-
otv Kai h 6vtiec:t6c me:: op6, onnaon h t601c:: 6n6 tnv v6n01v np6c:;
tnv l!Juxnv. 'H OIJ1op01JOC:: KfVnOIC:: slvOI ai naniVOPO!Jnm::tc tflc:; wuxnc::.
'H OPXIKn tOOIC:: ea IJE:tar3nnen sic:: KSVtPOIJWnOV opav, Km:sueuvOIJS-
vn np6c; tnV otfav WtOC:: 010 tflC Ka8aptiKflC apHiiC:: tflC:: 8EOC::. tflC::
Opnnc:: YotOPOC::>>. T6 vtov opyavov tnc:; l!Juxnc:: 8nn:uyxaVSI Kat' aut6v
t6v tp6nov tnv suatoemonofnOIV Kai EniKOIVWViav 6pato0 Kal aop6tou
nsofou. ToOto slva1 ouvat6v v6 8mtsuxe[i o16 tnc; napampnoswc; toO
N61-1ou tnc esfac:: <t>uoc:wc:;.
Eic:: t6 Xpuaa twv nueavopsfwv ava8psm1:
nAflfl{l au Sapas:t, nsf SeiOV yt.voc, zatl r3POtOiOIV,
ok h::pa npot.pouaa uaac; osfKvuatv fKaata .... n
<Anfl6 ou 8xc: e6ppoc:;, 6' ou 8Eiav EXEI tnv Katavwvnv t6 vsvor,
tWV avepwnwv, c:ir, tOUC:: 6nofouc; n ic:pa cpuOIC, anoKaflUntouoa
OEIKVUEI EKOOta ... .l.
OepoKneour; << rx6nw efr; ra Xpuaa 'Enn rwv nueavopefcvv>>, ar. 63- 64.
an6o. 'Epp. navrenaKn, eKo. nAnYPOD.
'E6v n ic:p6 UOIC, 000 6noKanUl!J!1 t6 8Eia me, IJUOtiKO, ta
Xpuoa "Enn, tOtE al OUVOIJEIC tnc:; l!Juxnr, oou ea ot owoouv 6n6 nonn6
OEIV0
25

npoKciiJSVOU VO VEVVnS[l t6 tEnEtOUPVIKOV opyavov, Kat' apxac:; anal-
tcital omec:p6mr, c:ic:: t6v ot6xov o16 tnc; tKnmoc:uoswc; c:ic:: tnv
r3onlav, onnaon tnv Enlnoynv EVOC Kaf IJOVOV ic:poO OKonoO, IJE!O tflc:;

'Enavana1Jr36vc:tat att c:ic:: t6v UIJVOV toO Kannt1J6xou Eic:; 'AptEIJIV 6 not-
mnc; 6vaEPEI at! Eic:; tOUC:: np6nooac; tOO nappaofou opouc; n 'AptEIJIC:
ouvnvmos nSVtE Maouc;, ai 6noiat tx6pc:uav, noav IJEVanUtEPOI 6n6
taupouc:; Kaf c:Txav xpuoa Kspata. uMt & 'AptSIJIC:. sinsc; sic;
tflV Kap<'51a aou Otl aut6 nptnsl va dvm t6 npwto Kuvnv. t6
toO EautoO aoun.
25 lcpoKfliouc; Ex6flta clc; ra Xpuaa 'Enn rwv nueavopcfwv", or. 65- 66.
TOY OYPANOY 129
np6v1Jatl, n 'AptEIJIC::, avavvwpiz;ouoa tnv onouo016tnta toO
IJSVESouc:; tWV mupwv, t6 6noiov EXOUV ai naOIIJE t6 xpuoa Kspata,
Kaewc:; Kai toO xopoO tWV, vail h ec:6 avana!JSOVcl IJOVn tnc; v6 ounn6S!1
Kaf tOC nsVtE En6ouc:;, OVC:U tflc; Sonec:fac:; tWV OEKatpiWV KUVnVEtiKWV
me Kuvwv. Toe:; t8ooapar, c:ic:; t6 ap1-1a me,, not or8uvs.
AutnV OUVEflOSEV 6 'HpaKniir, c:ic:; t6V tsnsutaiov aenov tOU, Kat6 OUIJ-
Sounnv tnc:; "Hpac;, wc; np6c:; t6v Kannf!Jaxov. Eic; tnv Mueofloylav tOO 8.1-
oowpou toO LIKEniWtOU 6 aenoc; tWV M6wv c:lval 6 t8taptOC
26
tv{};)
c:ic; t6v Anonn6owpov c:lvm 6 tpftOC
27
nteav6v, 6 Kannf!Jaxoc;, xwpic:; va
KatOVOIJOl;fl tOUC n6your, tOU, ofoEI c:ic:; t6v aenov tWV n6wv tnV on-
IJaOiav tnc:; toO op61JOU np6c; t6 ec:Tov, IJEOC!) tnc:; otatoen-
ttKiic; 6oo0 016 tflc:; VUKtEPIVflc; tnaflc; IJS t6V OUPOVIOV OIOKOOIJOV tOO
nav6c:;. 8.16 t6v n6yov aut6v, npoavwc:;, e8tEI we:; OWOEKatov aenov
tnv 6noKnnpw01v Kal toO ul!Jiotou oKonoO, onnaon tnv
KEiwOiv Kal 6(Joiwofv IJOC:: 1-18 t6 esiov 8vt6c; toO navt6c:;.
'0 avepwn01JOPIOIJOC::, IJS t6v 6noiov napaoioEtal c:ic:; tnv avepwnivnv
OIOVOiaV t6 88TOV, ouvnewc:; an' autoO aitfac; tflc; OIO-
opac; IJcv8eouc;, (naoc:; np6c:; mOpov sic:; tnv npoKEIIJSVnv
nc:pfmwotv>. t6 6noiov npooei:tEI t6 IJEVaflc:iov, t6 6noTov nc:incl 6n6
tnv oravorav twv evmwv.
nnsov, t6 xpuoa Kspata twv tfl6wv toO ap1Jat6c:; mc;
t6 OIJIVEC: tnr, aiwvr6tmoc:;. Eivm n OIJIKtOC avtauvc:ra, tnv 6noiav IJ8-
ta8pouv !0 OVUlVWIJSVO c:lc; t6v oupav6v KEPOta tWV M6wv EK tOO
vomoo oraKOOIJOU c:ic:: t6v aioem6v KOOIJOV. 'AnnWOtE ta anna, n
!6 Op!Ja tnc; ec:ac; Kal oi xanrvof c:lvm Kala uta 6n6xpuoa (Ot. 110 - 113).
'O anaotp6mwv xpuo6c:; 8pc:r 1:nv opayToa tnc:; IJUnoc:wc;, Kaerc:pwvwv
Eic:; tnv ec:6v tnv tplnnnv we:; avw tEnStoupyfav tWV tPIWV EniSEtWV mc;,
tiic; Kuvnyttrooc;, tnanS6nou Kaf oQoouxou.
'H nueay6pc:roc; Tc:tpaKtuc:; EKnpoownc:imr IJE tnv 1:wv tc:oo6pwv
IJEVOnWV XPUOWV, aeav6tWV OVVWV t6 6noia nponopEUOVtal Eic:;
t6 OPIJO tiic; AptSIJIOOc;, KaeoonyoU(J8VO un'autnc; Kat6 !nV OIOPKEIOV
!iic; VUKt6c;. nola n On(Jaofa autnc; !flc; aiVOIJEVIKWc; tuxafac:; Enlnoync:;
toO api81J00 4 twv tn6wv, ouv IJfa, h 6noia orac:uyc:1 Kaf. Kataorw-
KOIJEVn an6 t6v 'HpaKnii, ounnaiJSOVEtal; M6vov 6 'HpaKniic:; ouvatOI v6
ounfl613!1 tnv ns(Jntnv o1ac:uvouoav naov, or6tr c:Tvm t6 tvot6(Jsoov
ov, t6 aioemoo KOOIJOU, tK tnc; 1Jntp6c; tou AnKIJnvnc: Kai toO
vomoo oraK60IJOU EK toO natp6c; tou 8.r6c;.
26 !JJ06WPOU [JKcfiiWrOU 'laroptKfl Bl/3fiJOeflKn 13. f1aropJK6c;, fi;nac roue;
xp6vouc; roo Kafaapoc;J.
27 'Anoflflo6wpou BJ/3flloef1Kn", Bl/3flfov B', v, 3 r 180- 109, VPGJ.IfJGrtK6c;, 'Aenvaroc;J.
130 TO MYHHPION TOY AnOAAQNIOY <I>QTOI
'H tWV t8006pwv ti16<)>WV /OtOIXciWV 6n6 tnV 'Apt81JIV - 886V, n
6nofa 8Z:ntnas v6 napatJsfvn napetvoc 616 (3iou 6n6 t6v nm:tpa tnc ala,
OUIJI30niZ:sl t6v 8K tWV tsoo6pwv KataotpO<)>IKWV naewv.
Aut6 6n1JIOUPV00V t6 nnSy!Ja (OU!JnnSytJata Kat6 tnV OntJSPIVnV $U-
xonoyfav) tOO $UXIOIJ00 tOO 6v8pwnou, 6nna6n tWV
8votiKtWV /yn, tWV unsp(30n1KWV OUVOI08ntJ6tWV /U6atOC. t6V 61aOKOP-
niOIJOV tWV OKE$SWV /aspoc Kai tnc 6pync/nup6<:
28
aJ' aut6v t6v n6-
"r ) 1 ( ( I ,.. f f ) - ) I I
yov s1vm smtavn n ayvotnc twv otoiXSIWV va sKnpoownmar ano ta
ayv6tspa Kaf taxutspa, OXI nntov IJIKP6 Z:4)a tOO 66aouc, 6nn6 sic
1JEVS80C IJcVanutspa Kai aut&v tOUtWV tWV taupwv, Z:cuxesvtwv sic
t6 apj.la tnc napetvou esac. WOtS 616 toO VOntiKOO ({OPOV v6 a<)>unvl-
oouv tnv
Eic tnv apxnv tnc IJUntiKnc Knf!JaKoc 6 6pi81J6c 4 K61-1vs1 tnv 81J<t>6v1ofv
tOU, OXI annwc 6va<)>sp61JSVOC sic t6 tsooapa OtOIXSia, 6nn6 sic tnv
i6fav tnv apstnv, tnv apstnc'latopa 'AptSIJIV. '0 6pi81J6C 4 siva1 n ilao-
6oc sic tnv IJUOtnplaKnv 666v tnc 61maenoswc. Ai tsooapsc i616tmsc
tnC apstn<: j.IS806SUOVtOI 616 tnC <)>povnoswc, tn<: 6v6pslac, tnc OW-
<)>poouvnc Kaf tnC 61KaiOOUVnC. WC np6c tnv nonu j.IStaVSVSOtEpav 61-
a(3681JIOIV tnc <Pinoao<Pfac.
'H nsj.lntn na<)>OC 61E<)>uys. '0 Kannlj.iaXOC 6EV ouvsxiZ:SI tnv 61nyn01v
tOU nspav tnC 6va8E08WC tnC 0Unnn$SWC tnC 8n6<)>0U 6n6 t6V 'HpaKnn
Kat' 8vtonnv tnc "Hpac, $uxnc tOO KOOj.IOU, 616 t6v 6W6EKatov Kaf t8-
nsutaiov tOU 08nOV.
Kat6 tnv 8K6oxnv tOO Anonno6wpou, 6<)>00 618<)>uysv n na<Poc Kaf
68v ouvsnn<)>Sn un6 tnc AptEIJI60C, sic t6v 'HpaKnn 6vst88n 6n6 t6v
Eupua88a n ounnn$1C Kai 8motpo<)>n tnC sic aut6v. '0 'HpaKnnc Kat8(3a-
ns tspaatfac npoonaesiac 616 v6 tnv avsupn. Tnv Kats6fWKS 8nf sv EtOC
j.IEXPI tOO AptSj.IIOlOU Kaf IJEXPI tOO /\66WVOC notaj.IOO, Kat' annOUC 68
j.IEXPI tOUC 'Vnsp(3opsiouc. nonu KOn!W6n<:. 6UOKOnOC Kaf 6n6j.laKpoc n
tnC 6iai08ntiKnC iKav6tntOC. TEnOC 6 'HpaKnnc tnv 8tpauj.l6ti-
OSV SRa<)>pWC SiC tOV n66a Kaf tnV OUVEna(3S.
Kae 666v, 6 'HpaKnnc ouvnvtnos tnv 'AptSIJIV 1-18 t6v An6nnwva. 'H es6
8Z:ntnOS 6n6 t6v 'HpaKnn tnv 8matpo<)>nv tnC SR6<)>0U tnC, Ka8WC Kaf 6
An6nnwv. wpy1o8sic. slxs tnv 6168so1v v6 61SK61Knon 131aiwc tnv
na<)>ov. '0 'HpaKnnc tOUC sic autouc Otl nto uno-
XPSWj.IEVOC v6 8motpE$!1 sic t6v Eupuoeta tnv na<)>ov, aitiac tn<:
6ounsfac tOU sic aut6v. n'AKOROU900<; 0 'HpaKRii<; S<j)sps t6 noRUtiJ.,IOV
<t>optiov sic; t6 av6Ktopa tOO Eupuaetoo<;, 0 onoio<; a<t>nas t6 isp6v
sRsuespov Kal n6Rin
29

28 Aflr6vnc; ((APPHTOI 1\0TOI, esoi, [UJ.1/30fla, Apxiwna rwv 'Eflflflvcvv", KBC/>. 2.
29 Nec/Jrspov 'EyKUKflonau5tKOV roO "HJIIOYn, rOJ.!OC: E/\1\A.[, 0. 150 Kaf WC:
np6c; r6v J.lnoflfl66cvpov.
TO MYITHPIAKON <I>QI TOY OYPANOY 131
Kat' a(n:nv tnv 6sutspav 8K6oxnv toO IJU8ou, oxstiKWC 1-18 tnv n81Jntnv
na<)>ov, n 8v6paOIC/nEIJntn na<)>OC KataKtOtal 6n6 tnv 8nsu88pav
$UXnV, n 6nofa 6EV 6SOIJSU8t01 Kaf osv nsp!opfz;etm 8vt6c 8owtSPIKWV
n VOIJWV, 60VIJ6twv, 8SWPIWV K. nn. npoKaeo-
PIOIJEVOOV 6Vtlnn$SWV, 61' aut6 Kai j.IOVOV Kat6mv tspaotlwv npoana-
8SIWV anOKtOtal.
T6 6votJa toO E u p u a - e t w c siva1 8v6siKtiK6v tnc s u p u t n t o c tnc
e s 6 a s (A) c. tnv 6nofav xopnysT 616 toO 6V61Jat6c tOU n ansncuetpw-
OIC tnc 8 n 6 <P o u. "E n a <P w c. 'H 8matps<)>sl sic t6 <Pwc tnc
Anonnwviou avmuvsfac. tnv 6noiav 6 enpsUl:nc toO <Pwt6c avaz;ntsT
Kai KataKt 616 tnc 8vop6oswc. toO 8vt6c 6pav. 6nna6n toO 8vt6c vo-
sTv.
MS tnv OUj.IJ.,IStOXnV tOO nav6c; ( 1) Kal tWV KUKi'lOOV tOU, oi onoiOI aRRn
yopoOvtcu 616 tWV 6SKCI tPIWV KUVWV, tOO nJ.,Iiasoo<; toO J..leVIOtOU
Msy6Rou 'EVICIUtOO (26 : 2 = 13), tOO 6006eKOtOU (12) a9ROU toO
'HpaKRSOU<; Kai tWV nsvte (5) sR6$00V, tiic; 'AptSJ.,1160C: Kal tii<; "Hpa<;
naptxstal t6 aepoiOIJCI oRoov tWV SVSPVSIWV toO IJU90U:
a. ToO nav6c;.
(3. ToO auv6Rou tWV OSKCI tPIWV KUVWV, nJ,Jiasoo<; tOO KUKnOU tiiC:
Mstantwasooc: twv 'lanJ,Jsptwv,
v. ToO 6oo6sK6tou aeRou toO 'HpaK.Rtouc:. OflOKnpwasooc: tWV aeRoov
tou sic: t6v Z4>6taK6v KuKnov.
6. TG>v nsvts sR6$00V,
e. Tiic; esac; 'AptSIJIOOC: Kal
c;. Tiic; esac: "Hpac;
1 + 13 + 12 + 5 + 1 + 1 = 33
Km:6 n6oav meav6tm:a, 616 v6 SIJ<)>avlaSii 6 6pi8JJ6c 3 3, 6 Kanni!Jaxoc
napouofaos 6uo Kuvac, Kat6 t6 fliJIOu ncuKouc. sic tnv tnc tJUn-
tiKiiC tsnstnc.
'0 6pi81J6C 33 siva1 6 6otpovOIJIK6C 6pi81J6C t&v 33 tpomKwv 8twv toO
KUKnou toO nniou, vvwot6c sic tOUC 'Op<)>IKOUC
30
0s6c n6v anoKansTtm
sic t6v 'Op<)>JK6v tou "VtJvov 6 es6c An6nnoov.
30 Aflr6vnc; "APPHTOI 1\0rot, 'Hat6oou((esoyovfa"Kaf 6 6pteJJ6c: 33", KC/>. 11.
132
'EK tnc: EIJaviocwc: tnc: tn6ou/avv6tm:oc: cic: t6c: t!Jux6c; 6noppEI t6
npwtov OlttOV OVWVIWOEC: tpwtn!JO tWV tvo6pKWV evm:wv, t6 ava-
OUOIJEVOV EK tOO OK6touc: tnc ayvoiac: tWV.
nola n npotflsucm:; Kal noioc; 6 npoopiOIJOC: tnc; t1J1.rxnc; IJOU;
Ai IJUOtnpiOKai 6navti10EIC: avnKOUV EiC tnv OIKOIOOOOfav tflC: 8EOC:
Apt1JIOOC, h 6noia tflC: 8EOC: 'EKOtnC: usn sf Kal tnv "A.pts-
IJIV 'EK6tnv 'Opsuc; KEKflnKSVn
31
Kaf 6x1 1-16vov tnc eeoc 'EK6tnc;, 1-1
tnv 6nofav h 'AptEIJIC 6nn6 Kai tnc; rcnnvnc:. tnc; 6noiac: clva1
6vaywy6c;, tOO 'Hnfou, u'HsflfOIO n6psopoc; EniOKOntwv n6flov ayv6vn,
tOO 8IOVUOOU, tOO 816c;, tOO liniOKOO nav6c;, onnaon tOO An6nnWVOC
32
,
Kai anRWV 8EWV
33

T6 6vwtpw oup6vla OWIJOta 010 v6 anavtnoouv cic; t6
avwv1&occ; tpwtn!Ja twv t!Juxwv. 816 ot61Jatoc; TI!Jafou, 6JJvac nn6twv
W!Jinnoc ncpl tnc: onopac; twv t!Juxwv twv evm:wv un6 toO on!JIOUP-
voo cic; t6 Ol6opa oup6vla OWIJOta, ncpf t6v nniOV, ncpf tnv Ocnnvnv,
annal o OUtWV ncpi tWV nOinWV OWIJOtWV. 'lo6pi81JOI ElVOI ai $UXOf
tWV evm:wv avepwnwv. 0001 Kai 6 6pi81JOC tWV 00tPWV
34

'H 6n6vtnmc;, n01n6v. cic; t6 npwtov oKRoc; tnc; tpwtnocwc; ncpi tnc;
npoEnEUOEWC tWV $UXWV, IJOC E:o68n un6 tOO nn6twvoc;. Ai t!Juxai IJOC
ElVOI tKva toO 8!6c;, On!JIOUPVOO toO 6pato0 OU1JnOVtOC:
35
Kaf nneav
6n6 tOUC 6otpac;, WC: np6c; tnv 'Op1Knv nap6600IV, tnv 6noiav IJOC
1JctEPEV 6 nn6twv Kai tnv 8p1Jnvcuocv 6 np6Knoc;.
'H 6 OUVOEOIC tflC: npocnEUOEWC IJOC 1Jct6 toO oupavoO anoKanuntEtal
Eic; t6 IJUOtnpla tWV 6patWV oupaviwv OWIJOtWV Kaf tWV WC: OVW 8EWV,
oi 6noTOI t6 S1J$UXWVOUV. u OIOtl t6 esiov otv flsfnel ouosv6c; I<CII
napsupfoKstal sic; anavta, o16t1 t6 "Ev tvun6pxs1 navtoO. sic;
t6V (3C181JOV Kat6 t6v 6noiov K06S ov SXSI fi6(3SI un6otaOIV SK tWV
eswv .... n
36

'H 6n6vtnmc; cic: t6 oELJtcpov oKtnoc; tnc: tpwtnocwc; ncpl toO npoo-
PIOIJOO tWV $UXWV otv ElVOI ouvat6v v6 ooen. tnEIOn SK
31 otto Kern "Orphicorum Fragmenta", 1spoi J16yo1 tv 'Pal/fcp6iOJc; KLJ', 188 Kai
'HOJ66ou "esoyovfa" ar. 411- 452. Efc; 42 arfxouc; h suvo1a roO LJ16c;
np6c; rnv 8cOV Ka8wc; Kai ai cUcPYcGiOJ, rae; onoiac; npoaespsv h 886 sic; roue;
evnrouc;.
32 'Op</JJK6c; "YJ.lvoc; :4.n6flficvvoc;, XXXIV/34, ar. 25 "avaKra nava. es6v 6JKtpcvr'
6vej.Jcvv aupiYJ.lae ftvra".
33 Otto Kern "Orphicorum Fragmenta", 1spoi J16y01 tv 'Pal/fcp6iOJc; KLJ', 188.
34 nflarcvvoc; "TiJ.lGIOC: 41 D - 42 E Kai Otto Kern "Orphicorum Fragmenta". 'Jspof
J16yo1 tv 'Pal/Jcp6fmc; KLJ', 188.
35 np6KfiOU "Efc; r6v Ttj.JGIOV nflarcvvoc;". Bl{3flfov B', 317, 17- 19, "6 aurae;
avwvs1ra1 6nj.JJoupy6c; zsuc;" Kai np6Kflou "Eic; r6v TfJ.1a1ov nflarcvvoc;, Bl/3flfov
B', 313- 314, 24 Kai 317. 20.
36 np6Kflou "Efc; r6v TfJ.latov nflarcvvoc;", BJ/3flfov B', 209, 19,- 210. 3.
TOY OYPANOY 133
tflC tncu8pac; (3ounnOEWC: tflc; K08E IJEPIOtflC EVOOPKOU t!Juxflc;, n610tl
tKsiva t6 6noTa ontpvovtm otv sivm S:tsPOKIVOUIJSVa outs tots-
pn!Jtva tnsuatpac; tnlfloync;, anfla Otl tmtsflsitCII avwesv SK tOO on-
j.JIOUPVOO, OU1J(30flfiSI ot Kaf n (3ouflncm; tWV iofwv tWV \IJUXWV" OIOtl
K08S ljJuxn vvwpil;SI Kai tnlfltysl tnv n 6nofa tflc; talpi6Z:SI Kal
tyKa610t{! t6v taut6v me; Kal t6 oxn1-16 me; sic; ta IJSpn toO OU!Jnav-
, C ..., - 'J" ;:t. - I Cl 1 'J ::t.l T T r
tO<:;, ta OnOICI tn<:; SIVCII OIKSia, XWPIC: OIJWC: va SIVCII lOla IJS tOUC: 6SOUC:
nspf tGlv 6nofwv onsipstai,n
37

'Qc; EK to(n:ou, 6 npoopiOIJOC twv t!Juxwv sxcl ouo 6vti8EtiK6c; Katcu-
euvOEIC: np6c; t6 avw, np6c; t6v vom:6v OIOKOOIJOV tOO oupavoO tv
t6v ai $UXOi Eic; t6c; EnlnOVOC tWV OnOK08aipOVtal 010 tflC OPEtflC
KOf Eic; OUtnv tnv ncpfntWOIV uOnOIOC Z:non Kana tOV XPO
vov tOO WPIOSV n IJOipa, tnavspx6J.,ISVOC: J.,IStO t6v eavat6v tOU
sic; tnv KatOIKiav tOO aotpou EK tOO onofou nponnesv. 86 :non
FIOinOO SUtUXIOIJSVnv Kaf OIJOfav np6c; tnv z:wnv tOO aatpou
tOUn
38

Eic; ti1V OVtf8ctOV ncpintWOIV, n Enlfloyn tflC iKavonotnOEWC tWV Km:a-
m::potKWV noovwv
39
e6 6onvnon t6v evm6v np6c; t6 K6tw, sic t6v
aioem6v KOOIJOV tnc; vnc Kaf twv tnavcvoapKwocwv Kal E:' ooov 116
napa!JSFinon tnv SKnalosuolv tOU, t6ts, ao0 :non J.,lfav
tOV snavtpxstal sic; tOV OtSflflc; Kaf OV6nt:Oc;n
40

'OIJWC.
M noTov tp6nov slva1 ouvatn h ouvoeolc: J.IOC: IJS t6 JJaKpuv6v
oup6vtov OOtPIKOV napsfle6v IJOC;
tflc; K08a,:lt1Kflc; O,:lStnc;.
Me noiov IJUOtiKOV tp6nov anoKafluntStOI tOOtO;
tnc; IJU6onoviac;.
nooc: h MflnVIKn 1JU60floyla, 010 tOO 6vepwnOIJOPIOIJ00 tyKata
flcfnS:I t6v aio6nt6v KOOJ.IOV toO ns:olou tnc; evm:6tntoc; KCil avtpxc-
tat toe (3a8J.Jioac:. tvvfZ:ouoa touc; np6nooac; toO esiou vontoO ol-
aK60IJOU;
Ala tnc; <(>lflOOO<(>fac;.
'Ynopxs:1 ouvosoJJoc: twv ouo. IJU8ofloylac; Kal tnooofac;;
Bs(3aiwc;, unapXSI 6 o(Jpav6c;, 6 6no1oc; anoKaftuntetOI sic; tOUC:
evntouc; 616 tOO VOIJOU tWV aotpwv, tfic; QOtPOVOIJiac;.
37 np6Kflou "Eic; r6v TftJaJov nflarcvvoc;", Bl/3flfov E', 304, 5- 12.
38 nn6rcvvoc; "TiJ.laJoc;" 42 B.
39 nflarcvvoc; "<Pifln{3oc;" 63 c- 64 B.
40 nflarcvvoc; <<TiJ.laloc;" 44 c.
134
'H OUVOcOIC: tOO avw jJEt6 tWV KOtW, tOO napaos[yjJatoc: 1Jct6 t&v
EiKOVWV
4
1, npayjJatonOIETtOI EiC: t6V IJEOOV, tOO OVW IJU8onoyfac:/
8sonoyiac: Kai tOO KOtW 1noaocpiac:. 010 tflC: aatpOVOjJiac:. 'EKST ol VOIJOI
toO 6pato0 oupavoO <I>EPOUV sic: 8nanv tnv IJntEpa IJU80noyiav /88-
onoylav, - t6 napaoSIVIJa, IJE tnv 8uyatpa me;. tnv 1noaoiav, - tnv
EiK6va. Oi VOIJOI t&v oupaviwv OWIJOtWV Kai ai KIVnOEIC: tWV OUVOEOUV
t6v aia8m6v KOOIJOV IJE t6v vom6v ot6KOOIJOV
42
.
E M \IJ Y X 0 N TO n A N
43
A N Q, TO nAPA.dEirMA
MY00J\OriA/0EOJ\OriA
a. NOHTOI 81AKOIMOI 18EQN
44
(3. AOPATOI NOHTOI OYPANOP
5
AIQNIOTHI, ArENNHTOI KAI A0ANATOI
M08oc;, 6v61-1ata es&v, vsvsanovla, ouv61JEIC
Kaf EVEPVEIOL
M E I 0 N, H AITPONOMIA
OPATOI AII0HTOI OYPANOI
rENEIII OYPANIQN IQMATQN YnO TOY 8HMIOYPrOV
46
aotEPIOIJOf, 6ottpc;, nnaviital, oopu6p01
K.Rn.
K A T Q, H EIKQN
<I>IJ\OIOCJ>IA
0NHTOTHI/<D00PA KAI nAAirrENEIIAI
NOniJOVO Kaf av6nta 8Vnt6 OVtO.
41 nflarwvo<; "Tft.Jalo<;>> 29 B - D, nepf napaoefvtJaroc; mf efK6voc;. np6Kflou "nepf
rflc; Kara nflarwva eeoflovfac;, Bl/3flfov A', K&C/J. {3', 9, 20 - 1 o, 1 o.
42 nflarwvo<; "nofl1refa, /31/3flfov z ', 529 E- 530 c.
43 nflarwvoc; "N6tJOI 896 d- e.
44 nflarwvoc;" 1Pa/6poc; 247 C- E, nepf unepoupavfou r6nou.
45 nflarwvo<;" IPalopoc; 246 D- 247 c.
46 nflarwvoc;" TffJOIOC: 36 E- 37, "TO 06JfJO roO o(JpavoO Kariarn opar6v",
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53

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54

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55

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56
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57
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-11/\t;) JO>I ?9 Url9>19 'J01U1910U JY>1113d0019 JO>I 1\Q '/\001 0i013rl
JOA?rl0>13tJUrlno J(9>11AOI:l 'JQirl )IJ1 JOd?100Did3U r;>IJI:lt;) '/\010/\/\;?
Aynd>l AOJrl AOA9rl Ano2r;>lonodou A?9 Jl3i?l:l !O A(9rlmwrl
-rlodAOAt;) /\(91 f?19 '119, 10/\!3 noA9V 00>11/\UIJY3, 001/\9100rln09 91
noriD9>IOI9 oo1uoA nora9
AOA9V A9>1111JdS! A91 AI)>IIAU(:!l-!3, Al}l AnoA
I}J\9 1}19 'JOriOilOI111odAIJA9 !0
lO!U<l> AOINUVVOU'If AO! 0!
142 TO MYHHPION TOY AnOJ\1\QNIOY <I>QTOI
KE</)OnOIOV 6ov
'A P s t n.
we; np6c; nuaay6pav. nriatoova.
np6KRov Kal 'AptototRnv
143
144 TO MYHHPION TOY AnOJ\1\QNIOY
Kai spsyoouno1o euvatpsc;,
MOOOCII nu::plosc;, IJSVCii'IWVUIJOI, Oyfla6>n1JOI,
evntolc;, ok K napiits, noes1v6tata1, noflUIJOP$01,
naanc; riCIIoefnc; apstnv VEVVWOCII OIJSIJrltOV,
9pSnt1PCII ljluxiic;, OICIVOfac; 6p9o66t1PCII,
KCif VOOU SU6UVOtOIO KCI9nyntEIPCII OVCIOOCII,
Cll tEi'IEt(u:; 9VntOIC: IJUOtlriOi'ISUtOUC:.
Kfl100 t' Eutspnn tE 06fl10 tE MsflnOIJEVn tE
Tspljl1xopn t' 'Epatw ts nor!UIJVI6 t' oupavfn ts
Kaflfl16nm auv !Jntpf KCII su6uv6tm escn ayviil.
Oflfl6 IJOfiOit, 0saf, IJUOtCIIC:, noflunofKifiOI, ayvai,
suKfiEICIV, l;iiflov t' tpat6v norlUUIJVOV avouaatn.
(MVn!JOOUvn<: Kaf Znv6c; ioxupoO sic; ai8SPIKOV KPOOOO!JOV
MoOoar n1spiosc;. !JcvanoovutJOI, avna6ntJOI,
sic; ooouc; evmouc; napsups8frrs. no8s1v6tatal, nonuf..IOP01,
VEVVOtE tnv O!JEf,.lntOV apstnv n6onc; nar6sfac;,
t!JUXiic;, 6p8nv KatEU9UVOIV sic; tnV 6iOVOIOV 6f60UOOI,
mo nonu6uv6f,.lou vo6c; Ka8o6nyntslpar avaooar
osTc; sic; muc; evmouc; t6c; 1JUOtnpiaK6c; tsnst6c;:
KnSIW, 06nsla, TEPt!Jix6pn, 'Epatw,
noflUtJVIa, Oupavia. Kann16nn Kai h
Kal navfoxupoc; 6vvn es6. Anna. enasts. a sal.
sic; muc; tJUOtac;, nonunoiK1no1, 6yvaf.
6ya86v KOi KOf nOnUUf,.IVntOV ayouoaU.
('Op<J>!KOC: "YJJVOC: MouaciJv, LXXVI/76, or. 1- 12,
an66. AIKar. rappa - Eupuv6JJnc;, tK6. lfJ.EOeEATPONJ.
''AVW8EV npospXOIJSVOC. 6 'Op1KOC: "YIJVOC: tWV MOUOWV yK061opUSI sic;
trlV OIOVOIOV tWV 8Vnt:WV t6 EVtOC tOO 6nofou 86 KOtOIKrlO!l
h un6 tWV Mouowv un6onc; m:uoslnc; OIJS!Jntoc; apstnn (Ot. 4).
AI n 1 s p f 6 s c; MoOo01. i 8 p s 1 a 1 too aiaspiKoO 'OnutJnou 1, olspx6tJs-
val EK tiic; i s p a c; n u n n c; tG:Jv noyiOIJWV toO natp6c; twv vsv-
voov sic EKEfvouc; tOUC evmouc. oi 6noTOI MKOVtal 6n6 t6c; tsnst6c;
tnv s01v tiic; OIJE!JntOu 6pstiic;, 1Jntp6c; n6onc; natosiac;. 'Qc; 6not8ns-
OIJO tiic; 8oswc. sic; t6c ljlux6c;, ai 6noT01 tsfvouv np6c; tnv 6016mta
tOO 6sfou, on!JIOUpysTtOI 6 n66oc;, onwc; napan6r50UV 6n6 t6c; 1JSV6nac;
es6c; t6c; esiac; E1Jnvsuos1c; 616 tnv twv lspwv tsnstwv COp1-
KoO "YIJVOU MOUOWV, Ot. 7>.
1 'Ha16oou 8zoyovfa" 36- 115.
KAI APIHOTEJ\HN 145
A.nnnyopiKWC sTv016 MayviitiC nieoc;, we t6v tvs6VIOSV sic; tnv OIOVOIOV
iJOC 6 Euptnfonc;
2
, ot nn6twv sic; t6v o16nov6v tou "lwv E:ptJnvsuoc: tnv
UOIV toO IJOVVrltOU c:ic; t6v aio6nt6v KOOjJOV, ouvotwv aut6v jJE:tO
tOO 6EiOU VOntOO nEofOU
3

Kat6 t6v nn6twva, aut6c; 6 nleoc c:ic; t6 aio6nt6v nc:oiov OXI jJO-
vov Olonpouc; 60KtUFlfouc;/KplKOUC:, 6nn6 tOUC napEXE:I KOi tnV ouva-
iJIV v6 KOjJVOUV O,tl KOf 6 jJOyvnmc onnaon v6 KOi an-
nouc; KpfKouc;, iJE 6not8nEO!JO v6 iJEV6Floc; 6piJ066c; Ol-
onpwv KpfKwv hvwiJtvwv twv. 'H ouvaiJic twv 6Efflstal Eic; t6v
Mavviitlv. noToc; 6 nfeoc aut6c; Eic; t6 vom6v nEoiov;
'H o1aooxn tG:Jv tvEpyc:l&v toO M6yvmoc/l..lavvntou c:ic; tnv l!luxnv
6 vooc; (Zcuc;>. 6 tnv !JVrljJnV <MvnjJOOUvnv, Ot. 10C) Kai 61..100
8pouv Eic; VEVE:OIV t6c; jJUrlOEIC (MOUOOC, Ot. 20Cl. '0 !JOVVrltnC/6E:IOV,
yEvvwv t6c; iJUrlOEIC. t6c; EK toO 6Eiou npoc:pxo1..18vac. t6c; iJEtOEPEI Eic;
t6v voov twv evmwv, ol6noTo1 MKovtOI 6n6 t6 6ETov.
Ai tvtpyEIOI toO M6yvmoc/iJOVVntou /Znv6c. Mvnj..loouvnc;. Mouowv.
tp8ouv tnv ljluxnv t&v evmwv. oioouo01 ouyxp6vwc Eic; tnv o16vo1av
tnV tvoot6tnV KOtEU6UVOIV tWV OtOXOOiJWV (Ot. SOC). Ai MoOOOI Ka6i-
Ot0Vt01 6 tvol6tJEooc Oionpooc; oaKtun1oc;. ai navtoouvaiJOI avaooa1
K06nyntpl01 tOO VOO (Ot. 6oc;), anOKOnUntOUOOI ElC tOUC 6vntOUC t6C
jJUOtnpiOKOC t8nEt6c; (Ot. 70C).
Ai tfiKOjJEVOI un6 tWV Mouowv ljluxar ETval al KOt6nnnnOI, onwc napa-
n6r5ouv t6c iJUOtnplaK6c; tEnEt6c;. M8 6pxnv t6v znva/voo Kaf tnv Mvn-
iJOOuvnv /jJVnjJnV EiJOVVntfoenoav un6 tWV Mouowv c:ic tnv uljliotnv
OUtrlV tcflEtOUpyfav.
'Vn6pXEI onnaon 6Eia 6pwyn, h 6nofa EXEI E!JUtcUOSI Eic; tnv 6v6pwnfvnv
ljJuxnv tnv EOIV tiiC OVOVWViiC Eic; t6 68TOV 016 tWV tEAE:tOUPVIWV.
uKcn:6 t6V 'loiOV tp6nov Kaf h MoOoa tvetouc; nou::T KCII autWV tWV
SV9EOOV nflii90C: OnflOOV, Oi OnOiOI


Kai 6py6tE:pOV 6 nn6tWV Otl: n'O 96<:; 616 IJS
oou ofloov CIUtWV 6c5nyT tnv wuxnv tWV avepoonoov, SK1 onou tmeu-
IJEi, tnv OUVOIJIV tOO S:v6c; SK tiic; OUVOIJ00<:; toO aflfiOU.n
5

2 nflarwvoc; "'1wv" 533 d Kaf tK rci>v axoflfwv roo KAKTOY (9J JJcroC/JtpoJ.IcV on
Kard JJiav tKooxflv, nOIJJflv, tnwvoJJat:6JJcvoc; Mdyvnc;, 6vcK6flul/lc, xdptv rfic;
atonpac; aKpnc; rfic; p6{3oou rou, rflv ouvaJJJV Kanotwv fliewv vd efiKouv r6v
afonpov. Kar' aflflnv EKooxflv h OVOJJOOfa rfic; JlOYVnrtKfic; flfeou OC/JcfflcrOJ cfc;
rflv tnapxfav rfic; Mayvnafac;.
3 nflarwvoc; "'1wv 536 a- d.
4 nflarwvoc; '1cuV>> 533 e.
5 nflarwvoc; '1wv" 536 a- !.J.
146 TO MYITHPION TOY AnOAAQNIOY <DQTOI:
'Qc tJia aitiac tWV
tvvta 'EfiiKWVt66wv MouoG>v
6

'0 6pl8tJOC 9 t6v KUKfiOV. I:uyxp6vwc 68 autoO 6 VEOC
KUKfloe. 6t6tl 6 apl8tJ6e 8 v v t a ouyxp6vwc v 0 e/naflm6e Kal
vtoe.
'Evvta. 6 6pt81J6e tG>v 'E fl1 K w v 1 6 6 w v Mouowv. t nl o o 1 t6v KU-
Kflov. t6v 6noTov h MoOoa K fl 00, aflfl6 6tv K fl I IJE
tnv 8tJ6vtolv tne tv6me Kaf Mouone Kaflflt6nne. tJntp6e
tOO 'Op8we. 'H wpafa OljJte Kal h wpafa wvn me. avcu IJOPiie Kal nxou.
We am:oe Kaf a6patoe napouofa. yKa8iotatal tfiV ljJUXfiV.
816 toO t fit v 1-1 o o tne toO evmoo. tJE04) toO K6flnoue tiie
Kafln16nne. h tK toO evmoo t6
'H ljJuxn tnv UOIV tiiC ouofac !iie Kaf. Kai
6af1JWV, !6v xop6v !G>v floytOtJWV.
h ij.luxn 616 'tiie !6v 8apt6v. uflrK6v.
KOOIJOV, t6v 6noiov !6 OWtJa me IJE !OV aeap!OV, auflov.
tvonotntJEVOV 616KOOIJOV, tK 'tOO 6nofou h ljJuxn me. 'H
ouofa me Kai aflflae ljJux6e. '0 Mouoaytme A - n 6 fl -
nwv. tG>v Mouowv 616 !00 n 6 fl o u !OV
xop6v !WV fiOVIOIJWV.
noToe or6npoOe 6aK!Unloe tnv ljJuxnv 1.18 !6 'H 8Kop6
!00 'Op1K00 "VtJVOU !WV MouoG>v 6 M6yvne/tJayvnmc. 6 6noTOC
!fiV tOV 6t6KOOIJOV, OnOU h OUOa h KO-
puafa 'toO xopoO tnc 'Op1KiiC rpatJtJfle. 6 npo-
'tiie ljJuxne. Elvm h h Yo!WP. h 6nofa e6 tnv Ka-
t6v nap6vm r3fov me. 6 np6Knoe t6v UtJvov tou
t6e Mouoae:
ciAflfl6 8801 aoct>inc; E:p!flCIIJnEOC: nyeiJOViiEC:,
KSKflUt', E:neiVOIJEV( 0 np6c: lHIJicf>OPntOV atapn6v
OPVICI KCII tEflet6<; ic;p(A)v avact>afvete IJU8WV.n.
(Aflfl6 OETe oi 8Eof. nou El08C: hVEIJOVEC: (6onyof) tflc; lc:y-
yoj36flou oofac;. 6Kouom:t IJC: Kaf avc:pooom:c: t6 IJUOtnpla Kai
t6c; tEflEtOupyfac; tWV ic:pwv fl6ywv c:ic; 81JE, nou onc:uow (j3aof2';w
tonEUOIJEVWC:) np6c; tnV 6o6v, h anoia oonyc:i c:ic; t6 uljJnJ.
fnpOKfiOU <<''YfJVOf; elf; rae; MOUOOf;>>, ar. 30- 32,
6n66. En. Mayyfva, SKo. 'EYKUKfiOnaJoefac; roO <HIIIOYJ.
6 'HOIOOOU "ecoyovfa or. 1, "MOUOGCUV 'EfilKCUVIGOCUV 6pXWfJc8a 6cfOc/V, ".
147
'H ljJuxn t6 avwttpw tJU80flOVIKOV tiie Aptt-
1J!60e. toO An6nnwvoe Kai tG>v Mouowv. 'Ev t0UtOie,IJ6VOV I.IE t6e
tUniK6e tfle tJUSonoyiac;, ai 6noTar xap6ooovtat t6 SUI.IO-
h ljJUXn 6EV v6 tnV ouofav tiie
flOVIKnV ouv6ntouoa ioxup6v IJE t6 flo-
VIOtiKOV me IJEpoe. !nV fiOVIKnV me. autiie ot v6 npoxwpn011 t6
npaK!EOV tOO 13fou me. T6 1JU80nOVIKOV
r368pov tnf tOO npaKtEOU.
Kaf !0 KafpiOV 8poom1Ja: noO Kaf 61660Ketat h av6-
flUOie Kaf h tv tiie tvvofae tiie t6 ap-
xaTa 1i10001K6 noO h nnyn 'tiiC ouolae Kai !iiC
ouot6oc:wc; me. 6 tJavvnmc; me. 6 vooe 'tOO evmoo v6
tnv aKonouenon; nwe Kal. 616 tne v6 npo-
'tnv tK vtou Kaf 8ap1Jovnv me. 8nKwv Kal ouv-
6twv KOl aflnae ljJux6e c:ic t6v xop6v !WV 'Ef11KWV166wv
Mouowv;
Eic; t6 Mtya oflnc; tiiC 'EflflnVIKiie ffloooone tOO 8ntJ. 8n1Jntp6KOU
un6pxouv 6tKa Ent6 avaopal 616 tnv tiic;
!OUt Ole. 8ni tiiC ouofae tiie WPIOIJEVa IJOVOV 0!01-

"lowe flotn6v, npG>tov v6 h ioia h 6 p t n 616 v6
npOOOIOPl0!1 h ioia. 6v n Kat6 OUV8nKnV Kat6 tnV ano-
ljJIV toO nn6twvoc t6v 616noy6v tou ((Kpatunoe. 'O rwKp6mc 68-
Otl h a p t n sivm 0101:1 8vt6e me t6e
i616mtae. aop6toue Kai appntoue. ((A p s t n anjjaiVSI SUKO
nfa Kata tnv nopsfav. snSitCI Otl n nopsfa tii<; avaenc: ljJuxnc: Elvm
n6vta tnsuetpa &Jots t6 p t 0 v navtots OVS!JnOOIOta, SXSI fl6PSI
Kaewc:; alvst01 aut6 OVOIJCI. Kal 6pe6v va tnv OVOIJ6l;w-
1JSV as I p n t n v. Ann' rowe; 6 6ntJIOUpy6c:; etnel va srnn a ips t n v
(EKnSKtfiV), 610 va Otl autn n Kat6cnamc: sival npotiiJOttpa
onwv Kal ouvxwvsuesToa OOVOIJ60en a p s t n.n
7

np6ytJOtl, h 6 p 't n clVOI OIOtl, av Kai oi 6vwv6-
1J00t01 flOVOI me. Oi a p p n 't 0 I, 6EV t6 fiE-
tv 'toutolc;, Eie t6 yp61JIJOta Kai t6e ounnaP6e me
h a 6 pat 0 e ((a i p t n/8KnC:Ktn OUVatJie KOi h ((6 f p n t 0 pon
tflc me. 'H toO I:wKp6toue IJE 'tnv no-
!lie avaene ljJuxne. Eie !6e avwttpw 6noKpuoue me
7 nnarcuvoc; "Kparufioc; 415 d-e.
148 MYHHPION TOY AnOJ\J\QNIOY <f>QTOr
npooti8et01 n E p a t n ouofa me:. n n npoKum:ouoa an'
cuecfac: E-K toO 6v6tJat6c: me: 616 nic: x1aotf 6vtannavnc t&v npwtwv
ouo wvnsVtWV A Kai E ciC: E Kai A.
P E T H
)K
E P T H
'H voapKOC: ljJuxn, n 6noia clval K6toxoc: 6pctflC:. Ka8fotatal
ot6tt t6c: ouvat6tmac: t&v EVEPVEIWV me:. Elvm
lotwp/vvwomc: t&v eclwv iolotntwv tnc: !Jcv6nnc: SEEIC:. tnc: 'Apt t 1..1 1-
0 0 C:. tflC: 0 p E t fl C: '{ 0 t 0 p 0 C:, tnV 6nofav flKOnOU8nOEV jJaiVO!JtVn
EiC: t6 opn tWV OtOXaOjJWV.
"O!JWC:. ntpav toO oupavfou napaoEIVtJatOC: tflC: 6pctflC:. al l.jJuxai tWV
tnn6vwv evmwv avepwnwv 016 tnv 6n6Kmofv me: tnv
vvw01v tnc: ecwpiac: Kaf tnv EtJnpaKtov taptJovnv cic: t6v voapKov
r3iov Kat6 tnv napatJovnv twv tow. nwc: e6 tnv t.veutJneoov Kaf. 616 tnc:
avatJvnocwc:. 6o0 tnv Katavonoouv. ea tnv nnn016oouv Kaf ea 6vta-
noKpl8oOv clc: t6v E p w t 6 me:. VEVO!JEVal ai l'o1a1 t p a t a i Kai. Kat6
t6 ouvat6V, v6 6tJOIW800V tJt autnv;
''Anavta t6 1n0001KO OUOtnjJata tWV apxafwv tJaC: npoy6vwv uljJfomv
6nootoflnv clxav tnv OVEUPEOIV tnc: ouofac:. t6v 6piO!JOV, tnv 6v6fiUOIV
Kai tnv OUV8EOIV tflC: 6pctflC: Kal tWV !JEPWV me:. 'H 6pctn, we: n81Kn
6notcflci't01 EK !JEPWV, t6 6noia ouvettouv t6 tvlaiov oflov tflC: ouvo-
fiiKiiC: 6p8iiC: OU!JncpiOpCic; Kai tOO 6v8pwnfvou fiO-
VIKOO OVtOC:.
T6 Kupra !JEPn tiiC: 6pctiiC: ElVOI n p6vn01c;, n 6vopcia, n owpoouvn
Kai n OIKaiOOUVn, t6 6noia !JE t6 tpfa !JEpn tiiC: l.jJuxiic;:
T6 fiOVIOtiKOV /fiOVIKn nptncl v6 KUPiapxji !JE p6vnOIV, t6 8U!JOEIOEC:/
ouvalo8ntJa v6 ncl8ctat !JE owpoouvnv cic: tnv p6vn01v toO floyr-
OtiKOO/floyiKiiC: Kai v6 OlaKatEXEtOI 6n6 6vopcfav. T6 Sni8U!JntiKOV /Eni-
8U!Jl01 Kaf tvotiKta, t6 6noTov EXEI !JEV6flnv ouvatJIV cic: tnv l.jJuxnv toO
Ka8cv6c:. v6 1..168!1 v6 unaKoun cic: tnv p6vno1v tiic: fiOVIKiiC: Kai tnv ow-
poouvnv Kal tnv 6vopclav tOO 8U!JOEI000C:
8
u"Evav avepwnov t6v
fiSIJE av6paiov, KCitO t('IV VVWjJnV IJOU, an6 a(m1v tnv anm!JIV, 6n-
fla6n OtOV t6 8UIJOEI6Sc; tOU 616 IJSOOU tG>v nunwv KOI tWV n6ovG>v
........;;;.;.;;,;.,;;..;;.;;..=...;;t;;.;;.nv tvtonnv toO nOVIKOO 616 ta or3ap6 Kal ta 1Jfi.n
9

8 nfl6rwvot; "noflncfa, {31{3flfov L!'. 441 E- 442 B.
9 nflarwvot;. O.n., 442 c Kaf "116xnt; 196 D, 197C Kaf 199 B.
KAI APIHOTEJ\HN 149
'H 6p8n Katav6nOIC:, 60!JOlWOIC:, OiKEiWOIC: Kai ap!JOVn Kaf tWV tPIWV
!JEPWV tnc: 6pctnc: tmtptncr cic: t6v evm6v v6 op !JE t6 tttaptov !JE-
poc: autnc:. tnv 61Ka1oouvnv.
'0 6vayvwomc;, 6 6noTOC: tm8U!Jci v6 yvwpi0!1 tnv 6pctnv ciC: tnv anfliiv
me: SKooxnv, 86 nptnn v6 orar36on Kat' 6px6c: t6v nfvaKa toO Ktr3n-
toc:. 'H r3I08EU>pfa tOO Olafl6you ElVal OtWIKn, onWC: autn Ola!JOp<.08nKE
Kat6 tnv tpimv ncpiooov me; Kai !JOfiiOta 6n6 t6v MOUOWVIO 'Po0o.
Kat6 naoav n18av6tma. alvm pyov K6no1ou tJaemoO toO Mouowvfou
'Pouou. 6 6noToc: ttpononolnoc t6v tJ08o toO 'HpaKfltouc: 616 touc: ouo
op6tJouc:. n1eavwtata Ktr3nc: Kai 6py6tcpov toO npooctten
Kai n npotflcUOlC: tOU, WC: 0nr3aioc;. 8.EV nto 6 jJa8m:nc; tOO I:WKPOtOUC:.
o16t1 6 MouowviOC: 'PoO<Poc: Q1oE noflu 6py6tEPOV
10

'Ev ouvcxcfQ 6 avavvwomc: 86 nptnn v6 6Koflouenon tnv 6o6v tiic;
1flooofac. tJEflct&v t6 8.' Blr3fliov tiiC: noflttcfac: toO nn6twvoc;
11
nE-
patttpw npootpcr 6 np6Kfloc: cic: t6 r31r3fliov tou Eic: t6c: no-
fln:cfac: nfl6tWVOC 'Vn6tJVntJa, Blr3flfov 8'. Eic; t6 Kcl!JEVOV tOO np6KfiOU
yivctar np6o8EtOC: 6vafiUtiKOC: OUOXEtiO!JOC: tWV tPIWV !JEPWV tiiC: l.jJUXiiC:
!Jct6 tWV WC: OVW tcoo6pwv iOIOtntWV tiiC: 6pctiiC:
12
T6 'H81KO EuonjJcla
Kaf t6 'H8tK6 NtKO!JOXcla toO 'Aplotottflouc: 6floKflnpwvouv t6c: r360EIC:
tnc: npaKtiKiiC: 6pctiic: cic: tnv tnfyEIOV
0 P CD E Y I
)X \ \ \
CD 0 P E Y I
<t> 0 P- E U C: 6pxwv 6 nueay6pac;. Munesfc: un6 tOO Ayflaon!JOU,
iapo6vtOU tOO '0 p t W C:. EiC: uta nspf 8EWV OPVIOn, Kattom OUV8-
XIOtnC: tiiC: 'Op1KiiC: 080fiOVIKiiC: napa660EWC:. 8.8UtEPOC: OE OUV8XIOtnc;
tiiC: 'Op1KiiC: napa660EWC: 6 nfl6tWV
13
Tnv 80IV 8np8U08-
WC: tiiC: apstnc:. otv tnv EXOUV oi O!JUntOI evmof OIOtl autof etflouv v6
KpatnOOUV 01Kt6 Kaf SiC: tOC: OUO tWV XEipac;, aUtO t6 6nOiOV OEV jJn0-
10 Efaavwvn eft; r6v nfvaKa roo Ki{3nrot;, ax6flw uno roo A e. e. <Pflwpou,
iKo. nAnYPOL.
11 nflarwvot; "nof11rcfa, {31{3flfov Lf, 435 B- 445 B .
12 np6Kflou "Eft; rat; noflncfat; nflarwvot; 'Yn6JJVnJ.Ja, Bl{3flfov B', 206- 236.
13 Otto Kern "Auctores de Orfeo, 250. np6Kflou "ncpf rnt; Kar6 nflarwva
e&ofloyfat;, Bl{3flfov A', 26, 1- 4.
150 TOY AnOI\1\QNIOY
poOv OU"Cc v6 iooOv, OU"Cc v6 OKOUOOUV. 01' n
Kai E:cpapjJoyn E$' ooov 6 "CWV o8v Eni8U!JC:i
v6 anoKaSapSft nMfl pfntnc; tpocpnv sic; 6oxsiov OK68apt0VIl, R8youv
oi nueay6pc:1o1
14

Anayopc:uouv onnaon ol nueay6pc:1o1 t6v npoonnutiO!JOV. <t> o p c: u
tWV apxwv toO '0 p cp t w 6 sntnc:yc: !JE nonu auomp6
KPitnpla 016 !J08ntc:fav aut6V, npOKC:I!JEVOU
v6 oc:xSfl we; tOU. 'Ev ouvc:xsiQ 8n8r3anc: tPIC:tflV
OnO!JOVWOIV 010 VO OOKI!J008f\ n tWV KOf n npayjJOtiKn tWV
$1nOjJ08C:IO
15

Kcf!JC:VOV, t6 6noiov EjJnC:piEXOVtOI ai nc:pi
oRa t6 nc:ofa tOO EVOOPKOU r3iou, c:Tval t6 Xpuoa "Enn tWV nu-
eayopc:iwv. 'Ocpc:inojJC:V v6 R6r3W!JC:V, ec:Tov OVOVWVIKOV nap66C:IVIJO
010 tnV 6p8nv tflc; t6c; apx6c;, t6c; 6nofac; EnpEOr3C:UOV
oi nueay6pc:101. npwmv 68 apxnv c:lxav t6c; nonltiKOc; Apc:t6c;, we; c:Tvm
Katavc:vpa!J!JEVOI c:ic; touc; npwtouc; 6Ktw m:ixouc; twv Xpuowv 'Enwv.
AKonoueoov ai KaeaptiKaf Apc:tai <at. 9 - 45>. al ec:wpm:IKaf Apc:tai <at.
46 - 51), ai napaoC:IVIJOtiKOf (Ot. 52 - 62) KOf ai 'lc:patiKOf n 0C:OUPVIKOf
Apc:taf (Ot. 63 - 71).
Km:6 t6v '0FlU!Jnl6owpov: uAi apstal, ai xpnOijJOnOIOOOCII tOV floyov n
tfiV tPIIJEPEICIV tiic; ljJUXiiC: Kai t6 !JS:IJStpnjJSVCI n69n,
on we; ai noflltiKCif )).ps:tal, (tWV 6nofwv '16IOV sivCII VO !JS:tCIXEIPIZ:WVtCII
tnv tPIIJSPEICIV, 6nfla6n !JCIZ:i IJS tflv ljJuxnv, tOV VOOV Kaf tO OWIJCI KCif
Sni61WKOUV tO IJStPOV Kaf tOV KCitEUVCIOIJOV tWV na9Glv) n 6SV IJS:-
tCIXEIPIZ:OVtCII tfiV tPIIJSPEICIV" KCII sic; tfiV ns:pfntWOIV CIUtflv n npo-
ona900V VO anO$UVOUV Kaf VO anaflflayoOv ano t6 n69n, onwc; OUIJ-
f3afVEI IJS t6c; Ka9aptiK6c; Aps:t6c; n EXOUV n6n smtUXSI tnv nflnpn
anaflflayflv ano tO n69n, On We; ai 0S:WpntiKCif )).pstal 6 6S nflwtiVOC:
61CIKPJVSI nflnofov tWV OPS:tWV tOUtWV Kaf aflflac; )).ps:t6c;, t6c; napa-
6SIVIJCitiKOC:.
11Lll0tl, Kaeooc; tO O!JIJCI IJCIC:. npotspov IJSV, $Wt1Z:OIJS:VOV uno tOO nflla-
KOO $Wtoc;, sivCII 6161opov tOO $wtlz;ovtoc; nflfou, we; sflflajJnOIJE-
VOV Kaf $Wt1Z:OIJSVOV" UOtS:POV 6S WC: VO EV00tal Kaf VO OUVOntStCII
Kaf tponov tiVO sv Kaf nfiiOVEVSC:: yfvs:tal, OUtW Kaf n i'IIJS:tspa \Puxn
Kat' apx6c; IJSV Sflfi61Jnetal uno tOO NoO, Kaf svspysl Kat6 t6c; 0s:wpn-
tiKOC: Aps:tac; tOIOUtotponwc; IJSV spyov tiic; <t>IFIOOO$fac; slval voov
i'IIJOC: v6 Kataotnon. tiic; 6 es:oupyfac;, tvwon 111.1ac; 1.18 t6 vont6,
wots: v6 tvs:pyo01JSV napa6EIVIJOtiKOOC: <6nfla6n aaos1 toov aiwvlwv
Kal npotunwv '16s:wv>.
14 "J.l.KOUOJJOW Kaf [UJ1{30f/a rcJv nueayopcfUJV", 'AKOUOJJO 65.
15 'faJJ{3f/fxou "nspf roo nueayopiKoO {3fou", tZ', 71- 12.
151
u'I60U ai 61a1opaf noflltiKOO, Ka9aptiK00, Ss:wpntiKOO: '0 IJSV
noflltiKOC: ns:piiJSV t6c; n6ov6c; Kaf t6c; flunac; Kataylvs:tar OIOtl Kal
ns:pl tOO OOOIJCitOC: 1povtfZ:el, we; 6py6vou, Kaf 6 sm61WKOIJS:VOC: un
CIUtOO OKOnoc; 6SV s:ivCII n an69S:ICI, Oflfl6 n 1JS:tPIOn69S:ICI" 6 6S KCI9ap-
tiKOC: Kaf es:wpntiKOC: 1povtlz;ouv ns:pf tOO OOOIJCitoc;, we; $ilu6pou
ys:ftovoc;, 010 v6 IJfiV t6c; KaSaptiKOC:: Kal es:wpntiKOC:: svs:p-
ys:fac; 616 tiic; $fluaplac; tOU, 6 OS tS:fiiKOC: 01J$Otspwv OKonoc; slvCII n
AnA0EIAn
16

'H anootnSIOIC: tWV m:ixwv tWV Xpuowv 'Enwv s:Tval n OUVOC:OIC tflc; lj.luxnc;
!JE tnV K080n1Knv np6onnljJIV tflc; OPC:tflc; Kaf aocpann<; 6ony6c; me; c:ic; tO
ouor3ata Kaf OKOtC:IVO !JOVOnOtla tOO r3fou !JE tC:niKOV OtOXOV tnv aea-
vaofav. NO!JOC: 68 tWV nueayopc:iwv nto uOIJCI tfi sysposl Ka9n-
1JePIVWC: v6 OVCIVIYVWOKfl 6 nueayops:loc; touc; otlxouc; tOUtouc;, we;
s6v snpOKSitO nspf nueayopiKOOV xpnOIJWV, Iva 616 tOO ouvsxooc; 61
afiOVIOIJOU snl tOOV napayySiliJOtWV, OX9fi s:ic; tO v6 0Vtlfln19fi tO
Z:WV nVS01JCI CIUtWV. AUtO 6S Kaf liiJS:iC: 96 npsnSI VO np6ttWIJEV 616
v6 OUVCII08av9oo!JSV Kaf anOKtfiOW!JeV tnv IJS:V6flnv W$SfiEICIV, nv
nsp!Kfls:fouvn
17

Kat6 t6v nueay6pa n vvo1a apc:tnc; c:lxc: tpc:Tc; iol6tmac;: Tnv ow-
cppoouvnv, tnv avopsfav Kaf tnv OIKOIOOUVnV. Kaf n !JEV owcppoouvn
6va$EPC:tal c:ic; tnv OXEOIV tOO avSpwnou !JE t6V taut6V tOU, n OIKCIIO-
ouvn c:ic; t6c; OXEOciC tOU !JE touc; annouc;, EVG) n avopc:fa c:Tvm t6 !JEOOV,
010 tOO 6nofou EnltuVXOVOVtOI O!J$6tc:pa t6 avwt8pw. t6oov n
owcppoouvn, OOOV Kaf n OIKOIOOUVn onjJIOUPVOUV EX8pouc; Kaf XPC:IOZ:ctal
08EVO<;, npOKC:I!JEVOU 6 av8pc.unoc; v6 unspaonfO[l tflc;
VO !JC:fV[l Ota8c:p6c; t6c; apx6c; tOU KOf oiKOIOC np6c; tOUC annouc;.
'0 nueay6pac; OEV E!JC:IV8 c:ic; tnv ec:wplav tflc; OPC:"Cflc;, anna tnc:Z:nmoc:
n1v scpap!Jovnv me; Kaf c:ic; tnv 'Qc; nmoavwv6c; o16c: !Jcvanutc:-
pov s:upoc; c:ic; n1v owQ:>poouvnv EKc:ivnc; toO nn6twvoc; Kaf toO Apl-
otot8nouc;. 'EZ:nm an6 touc; vtouc; EVKPOtC:IOV, IJfl sntoii09CII ns:pl t6c;
sm9U!Jfac;, ailfl6 6f11ywpwc; sxs:1vn
18
nntov EXC:!JU8clav Kal nonn6c;
01wnnv o16 nonn6 ltn. nc:picf>p6vn01v Kaf nfloutou. $Jno-
nm:pfav. lnc:vxov tnc; 6pync;, $1nO!J68c:lav Kal t8noc; 6vaz:nm01v tnc;
6nnec:fac;. 'H ot avun6KpltOC $1Ria nto EK tWV wv OUK avc:u Eic; touc; nu-
eayopc:iouc;19.
16 ntrpou Tp6{3JYY8P "QJJf/OOOC/JIKOf Kaf llclrOVPYIKOf "Y J1 V 0 I rflc; J.l.pxafac;
'Ef/f/66oc;", a. 82, Bl{3fii08f1Kn rflc; [C/JJYYOC:.
11 lspoKfliouc; Ex6f/w sic; r6 Xpuoa "Enn rwv nueayopcfwv", rifloc; roo KBIJJivou
rwv oxof/fwv roO 'lspoKfliouc;.
18 '/aJJ{3f/ixou nporpcnr!KOC: eni C/Jlf/Oooqyfav" 65, 25.
19 'faJJ{3f/fxou "nspf roo nueayop!KOO {3iou", KB', 101, nspf C/Yifliac; Kaf vouesofac;.
152 TO MYHHPION TOY AnOJ\1\0NIOY CI>OTOr
'H OIJV6e01<; tOOV iolotntwv dxav cDC: O!JetaKfvmov 1300IV tnv avope:iav.
LliOtl KOt6 IJOVOC: 6 avepwnoc; OUVOtal v6 eJVOI owpwv, OIJWC: 6 npoo-
PIOIJOC: tOU elvm VO EVt6c; ti"lc; KOIVWVIac; Kai tOte n OIKOIOOlJVn OOKeitOI
eic; t6 OeUtePOV np6ownov, 6n6tav anOiteital eU6UKPIOlO KOi avopeia
010 tnv une:p6omofv me;. LliOtl 6 OiKOIOC: eJVOI oiKOIO<; np6c; OelltePOV
np6ownov
20

'O nueay6pac; tee:wpoOoe: t6v KOOIJOV KOO!Jn!JO, ore:n61Jevov 6n6 touc;
v61Jouc; tiic; ti"lc; otaee:p6tmoc; Kaf tiic; 6p!Jovlac;. ntpav toov
VOIJWV autoov, oi 6noiOI OIC:IJ6pwvav t6 x6oc; c:ic; KOO!JOV))
!J[O ac:l tnavaflnntiK6tnc;, n 6noia OIOtnpc:i tnv KOL val IJEV
tal 010 tOOV 6pi61JOOV, 6FIFI6 n ouofa tOO OPI61JOU C:lVOI ntpav ti"lc; tvvofac;
tOOV 1J06n!JO!IKOOV.
'0 6pi61JOC: C:lVOI unc:pl3at1Ki"lc; OIOI6tmoc;, n 6nofa un6pXC:I E:vt6c;
toov ow1-16twv. 'O nueay6pac; Mc:wpoOoc: otl IJE touc; v61-1ouc; toov
api61JOOV npnc:1 VO OIEnC:tal KOl v6 OIOIKi"ltal KOf t6 VEVO<; tOOV av6pwnwv,
we; ato!Ja. Auto ot tmwvxovc:tal 1-16vov o16 tnc; apc:tnc;.
'0 nueay6pc:IOC: OUIJI30FIIK6c; tp6noc; EKp6oc:wc; ti"lc; apc:tiic;
!01 c:ic; tnv ouolav toov 6pJ61Joov. ol 6pi61Jof otv c:Tvm noootiK6v IJEtpov,
OIEnov t6 OPIO tOOV OVtWV, tOOV xwpwv n tOOV npay!JO!WV. Ll16 touc; nu-
eayopc:fouc; oi 6pi61JOI noav tp6noc; avaywync; c:ic; touc; ec:ouc; OIOtlu(m6
tOUC: nueayopelouc; SXOUV S<j:>EUPS6ii t6 J,ICI6niJOtiKO 616 tflV CtVOIJVn-
OIV tWV eslwv autwv. we; va eival siK6vec;, sneXEIPOUOOV
va J,leta(3o0v eic; SKeiva OIOtl KOl touc; 6pi61JOUC: Kal t6 OXfliJOta t6
6vnvavav sic; touc; ec:ouc;,n
21

'Ev WPIOIJEVOI 6pi61JOI c:Tvm oi Knp6ownol c:ic; t6 vom6v
nc:ofov tii<; vvofac; tii<; apc:tiic;. Eic; tflV <l>iflOOO<j:>fav, apxny8tnc;
autoov C:lVOI 6 OPI61JOC: 90, 6 tnv <j:>UOIV tiic; apc:tiic;.
Eic; tnv VC:W!Jc:tpiav t6 tpfywvov, t6 aepoiOIJO toov tc:tpaywvwv
tOOV QUO K06EtWV nflc:upoov 3 Kai 4 iooOtOI IJE t6 tc:tp6ywvov ti"lc; uno-
tC:IVOUOnc; tnc; nflc:upac; s. T6 nueay6ps1ov ec:wpn!Ja onouoaiov 1-
Fiooo1K6v nC:piC:XOIJC:VOV.
20 N&wr&pov 'EyKUKflonatoJK6v {(HIIIOY", T6f.IOC: {(T6 Apxarov 'EflflnvJK6v
nv&Of.,/a", a. 191.
21 np6Kflou "n&pi rnc; Kar6 nflarcvva e&ofloyfac;", Bl{3fliov A. 20. 12 - 13.
EXfiJJO 1/JUXfiC: ttm6you OVTOC: Kara rflv tfisuofv rnc;
clc; r6v ZcpotaK6v KuKflov
3
np6VOIO
3
2
( <l>UOIKO<; NOIJOC:)
2
np6VOIO-IJEflflOV
CAtponoc;l
3
2
=9
1
1
"'2
'i<_3
S2
avtlnc:noveotoc;l
';(.4
goo

1 2 3 4
42
0Efln01<; n BouflnOI<;
<6vm:6c;>
EiiJOPIJEVn-napc:fl66v
(1\0XC:OI<;)
4
2
=16 0Efln01c; n Bouflno1c;-nap6v
<Knweoo>
153
T6 OUVKC:KPIIJEVOV tplywvov, KOtEXOV tnv ywvfav tOOV 90, navaEPC:I
SVOPVEOtata tflV UnO!JVnOIV ti"l<; apc:ti"l<;, n 6nofa OOIJC:ltOI un6 tOOV K0-
6EtWV nnc:upoov 3
2
, nflc:upac; tflc; npovofac; Kaf ti"lc; nnc:upac; 4
2
, nflc:u-
pac; ti"lc; tnc:uec:piac; ti"lc; 130unnoc:wc;, t6v E:nitpltOV n6yov. T6 a6pOIOIJO
toov tc:tpaywvwv, n nflc:up6 5
2
, c:lvm n nnc:up6 tii<; unotEIVOUOnc;, tnv
6noiav n EiiJOPIJEVn, anotEFIEO!JO npovoiac; KOi EflEU6C:plac;
154 TOY AnOAAQNIOY Q>QTOr
tflC: !3ounnoc:wc: tWV ouo K08EtWV nnc:upwv tflC tiJUXflC:
22
T6 nueay6-
PC:IOV ec:wpnj..la sic t6v api81J6V go tec:oc: 010 navt6C tnv o>payfoa tfl(
apc:tiiC. >poupOUIJEVnC EVt6C tflC 6p8iiC ywvfac: tflC EnltPitOU 136oswc;.
'0 1'010( ot aut6c api81J6C. 6 go, c:Tval 6 OPI81J6C tWV IJOIPWV, 6 tEIJVWV
K08EtWC K68s suec:Tav E:vt6c tOO OUIJnOVtiKOO KUKnOU tWV
360tOO aioemoO oupavoO. Tspaotia n OUVOIJIC, n E:vtpy10 Kaf n sueu-
vn tOO api81J00 go. Aut6C. tnv io6tnta SnflEitiJC:WC Kaf
unc:pj3oflnc:. n6Vt01:8 ouv6ntwv OEOIJ6V 1Jct6 tnc nflcupac
tflc; tWV OVtWV, tnv nol6tnta, 010 tnc ouyKpioc:wc;, n
6nofa we EflnC:ItiJIC n unc:pj3ofln tWV goo tnc apc:tnc.
AnctKOVIOI<; apztii<;,
h ispa IJE:06tn<:
YnEPBO/\H

Ta tii<; tjJuxii<; naen
T6 n68n/t8pata tnc t!Juxnc n E:flaXIOtOnOIOOV tnv OtiJIV tWV 010 v6 010-
cpec:fpouv tnv t!Juxnv Kaf v6 tnv napaoupouv sic tnv KaKfav /aKofla-
ofav n IJEVEV8UVOUV tnv OtiJIV tWV 010 v6 npoKafltoouv tp61JOV Kaf v6
tnv naVIKOI36flflOUV, anOIJOKPUVOVta autnv SK tnc ic:pac; 1JC:06tmoc. '0
api81J6C go tnc: ic:pac; 1Jc06tmoc; tflc; apc:tnc SK tflc; ec:wpiac Katnflec:v
c:lc; tnv
Mcta>c:p61JEVOC EK vtou c:ic; t6v oupav6v, 6 OPI81J6C go c:Tvm 6
twv goo- 270tOO KUKflou. 'H K68c:toc; N6tou- Boppa tni tnc;
'Avatoflnc- txc:1 tnv 13a01n1Knv tou IJC:yfomv ioxuv.
t6 K8vtpov toO KUKflou. t6v sic t6 ouo hiJIKUKflla t6
6vatofliK6v Kaf t6 outiK6v. '0 api81J6c go, tK toO Boppa twv goo toO
KUKflOU, avtpxc:tal t6v Boppa - N6tou Kai EKcTeEV >86V81 c:ic; t6v
OUPOVIOV 86flov c:ic; t6c; 270, EiC t6V n 6 fl 0 V tOO oupavoO.
ot 6 tvvov6c tOO OupavoO, 6 n 6 fl 0 c 'A-n 6 fl - fl w V, EK tOO anav-
taxoo vom:oo OIOK601JOU usic; t6 0Kp6tatov onj..lsiov oupavoo.
iotOIJSVOC: uesataln t6 tOO oupavoo OUj..lnavn, t6c; nflatWVIKOC
'lotac. onflaon utnv smotfiiJnV, n 6nola aoxoflsTtcu IJS tnv
tiKOtnta tWV OVtWVn
23

22 np6KfiOU ({Ek; rae; nnarUJVOC nontrefac; Yn6j.IVnjJa)), Bl{3fiiov 8', 45- 47, h nnflpnc;
rwv 6pt8J.JWV 3, 4 Kai 5, "AI rpcTc; nncupaf roo rpwwvou r 3, 4, 5J clv01
alapxaf rwv KOOJ.IIKWV oxnJ.JarUJv". :a.nravnc; "APPHTOI !lOrDI, 'Enfoaupoc;, e6nou
Jl.nOKCtfiUt/11(>>, Kcc{J. 19, TO ZcpoyOVIKOV TpfyUJVOV, 0. 319- 340.
23 nnarUJVOC ({a>aTi5poc;>> 247 B- 247 E, "tv r(/J 0 SOrtV 6v OVTUJ( smorflj.lnV ouoav".
KAI APIHOTEAHN
Al rtaaapsc; 6peaf ycuvfat (h ciKWV rflc; apcrflc;, al 900)
txouv r6 rwv 900 rflc; nsptspsfac;,
155
tJi iKKfvnatv rnv Kopucpnv rwv rsraprntJopfcuv roo Kivrpou roo KUKnou
'Apxn, t6 KEVtpov tOO KUKflOU, c:Tvm n apxn tnc onj..IIOUPVfac; toO aioen-
tOO K601JOU un6 toO onj..IIOUPV00
24
, onou n apc:tn tnf tWV A -
Kai N 8 OIOOtaUPWVcl t6v N/8 tWV goo- 270tni tOO
tWV 0- 180. '0 OPI81J6C go, 6 EniOnj..laivwv tnv EflflEitiJIV Kai tnv um::p-
13oflnv EK toO IJEtpou Kaf tnc apstnc. sic tc:taptn1J6pla t6v
KUKflOV. Aut6 sic; t6v evm6v Otl sic; oiovonnots tc:tap-
Kai t6v c:upiOKStOI, sl'ts EVOOPKOC sh:c: aoapKOC. n ouofa tnc;
apc:tnc; ciVOI navtaxoO napoOoa, navtaxoO n iofa.
EiOIKWtSPOV OE n 86pc:IOC eupa tOO 'Oj..lnpou sic; tnv goo tni tiic; nspiS-
pslac tOO KUKflOU sTvm n c:l'ooooc; tWV tiJUXWV tWV evmwv avepwnwv
sic tnv EVOOPKWOIV. 0sia n N6tiOC Supa, n 0upa tWV 270, c:Tva1 n 6o6c;
tWV aeav6tWV
25

24 nnarUJVOC "T{J.IOIO(>> 34 B.
2 5 'OJ.Jflpou 'Oi5UOOc/O>> v 110 - 112, "al J.ISV np6c; Bopsao Karar{3arai avepwnOIOIV,
al 6' au np6c; N6rou Efof 8cWrcpar OUi5S rJ KcfV(J tivi5PcC soipxovrOI, afifi'
aeavarUJv 6i56c; sortv". nopcpupfou "ncpf roo tv 'Oouoacf9 rwv NUJ.1wv
flvrpou>>, Boppac;, 25- 26 Kai N6roc; 27, o.o. 109- 112.
156 TOY An0/\1\QNIOY <I>QTOI
'0 goo- 270 clval 6 IJOVOOIKOC EV"COC tOO KUKnOU, tOO 6noiou t6
aepoiOIJO go+ 270 s1vm 6 6pi81JOC 360. "Ona tO anna aepoiOIJata tWV
ouo n6nwv slva1 n EflncltiJEIC n unsp(3onai tOO 6pi81J00 360, 6pi81J00 tWV
IJOIPWV tOO KUKnOU. T6 aepoiOIJO "CWV IJOIPWV tWV <Suo n6nwv tOO K088
tv6c t&v toO K6tw hiJIKUKniou sivm t6
KATQ HMIKYKI\ION HMI<l>QTOI
oo + 180 = 180 IJUflaswc; Avatonnc -
8iC t6 njJIOU tOO KUKnOU.
30 + 210 = 240
60 + 240 = 300
Mn8ftiJ8WV
8nn8itiJ8wv
goo+ 270 = 360 snontsfac; N6tou- Boppo 8ni
tOO tiiC IJUrl08WC Kai 6pi81JOC
IJO!p&v too KuKnou
120 + 300 = 420 unsp(3onwv
150 + 330 = 480 unsp(3onwv
'H 6p8tn 8vtoni2:8tal K6tw 8iC t6v Boppav sic t6c; goo toO KUKnou. ouv-
6801-JEVn IJE t6C avw 270 toO N6tou. 'H OUIJnOVtiKn aoia 6nEKPUtiJ8
tnv 66patov ioxuv tOO aepoiojJatoc; tWV <Suo OPI81JWV go+ 270 = 360.
'0 pUSIJIOtnc; tflc; 8io66ou Kai tflc; tWV tiJUXWV 6EV OV8UpiOK8tal
8ic; tnv av8p6v IJOipav tflc; 6noKnnpwo8wC toO KUKnou t&v 360 IJE
apxnv t6c; 0 8ic; tnv Avatonnv, 6nn6 8ic; t6v goo + 270 = 360
Boppa - N6tou.
88iOV, t6 6&pov tOO 6pi81J00 go. '0 OPI81JOC go, 6 avnKWV 8ic; tnv OP8tnv
OVOlV81 tnv eupav 8ic; t6c; np6c; 8vo6pKWOIV wux6c; 616 v6 vvwpll:ouv
autaf. apxiic;, noloc; s1vm 6 Ot6xoc; tflc; tvoapKWOSWC tWV. AI vwvfal
t&v t8taPtn1Jopiwv EK toO KEvtpou 6p1JWIJ8VOI Kaf t6 ttapta
tflc; n8pi8P8iac tOO KUKnOU, 81vm oi poupoi tiiC ApEtiiC Kae onnv tnv
616pKE1av tiiC 8voapKW08WC tou. 6 6pi81J6C go tiiC 6p8tflc.
T6oov 6 vom6c; KUKnoc toO navt6c. ooov Kai t6 nueay6pEmv 88wpn-
IJO sic t6 1n0001KOV 6pll:ovta 616 tiiC 6penc; vwviac tWV goo E p 8 I
(WC o p 8 u c tnc 'O p 1 K n c napa66o8wc> t6v voov twv evmwv
sic tnv EK tWV K6tw np6c t6 avw EVOtEVIOIV tiiC '16ac tiiC Apstflc. tiiC
OSipntnc/tKnSKtiiC. tiiC 081 p8ouonc Kaf asl 8patiic;, tyKOtSOtniJEVnv sic
t6V 8p6vov tWV '16EWV.
K 1\ I 0
270 N
HMIIYI
B 90
1-
APETH
300 TO MEION
I)
420
(S)Q.
f.t
360
lilt I k
YKI\JON

Ek; r6 OVU> hJJIKUKfiiOV
JJUnOic; sic; ofiouc; roue;
ot6 rflc; 6cpmptascuc; roo JltKportpou
sic; 6pt8JJ6v JlOipCJv n6fiou tK roo JlSyafiurtpou.
MUnOic; Kaf tnonr&fa, ol ouo K68c1:01
'Efifi&fl/JSIC: KOf unsp{3ofiaf, 6v6 OUO,
ol EjlncPIEXOJlcVOI tvr6c; aurCJv rtaaapsc;
cfc; r6 K6rcu hJJIKUKfiiOV.
157

a

158
ANQ HMIKYK/\ION <J>QTOI
<t>sp61JEVOC 6 voOc; sic; t6 OVW hiJIKUKniOV 61SpWtOtal, noiov t6 appntOV
Kai 66patOV iJnVUiJa tWV 6pt8iJWV tOO OVW hiJIKUKfliou;
ft16 tiiC npooetoswc twv e6 npoKU$!1 t6 1'61ov 6notnsotJa.
no1ov e6 slvat t6 6not8nsotJa o16 tiic; 6n6
vav twv 6 6no1oc; 8xs1 t6v iJIKP6tspov apiSiJOV iJOIPWV EK
toO iJSVaflutspou;
180 -
oo = 180
210 - 30 = 180
240 - 60 = 180
270 -
goo= 180
300 - 120 = 180
330 - 150 = 180
T6 6notEflSOIJa siv01 6 '16IOC 6pi81JOC: sic; to,uc; , 6
180 toO htJfoswc; twv iJOtpwv toO KuKnou. E1v01 o o
evm6c;, 6vspXOiJEVOC sic; t6 OVW hiJIKUKfliOV tOO Wt0C: EXSI
sic; tnv nfllaKnV WtiOIV IJE KOP,UWOIV t6V

+ =
goo+ goo+ goo+ goo= 360KOI 270- goo= 180n go +go = 180 . 01
6n6Kpuol 6pt81JOi toO KUKflou oi 6166oKaflol tiiC: ooiac;, oi 6no1o1
Ka8o6nyo0v avwesv tOUC Svm:ouc; sic; t6v 6p61JOV tiiC 6pstiic; (tWV
goo>.
'0 nn6tWV 61EiOoUOE sic; tnV OUOiav tiic; 6v8pwnfv,nc;
nspi tjJUXiic;: udiOtl an' Ofla ooa E!VOI iJc;a
tOlJC: 9EOUC: t6 Ss'iKWtEPOV nptiy!JO, 610tl EIVCII tO
an ofla SKE1Va, ttl cmoia 6109EtEI 6 avepwnoc;n
26
., /\EVE! ? nnat<?V
sic; t6v 1I1Ja1ov otl u6 ec:6c; 86niJIOUPVnoc:v ouyxp,ovooc; iJE t,nv
tOO KOOIJOU KOI tnV apc:tnV, npc:oputspav tOO K5il
ysvvnOIV KOf Kattl tnv apstnV, 61tl Vtl En'
t6 61EU9UV{l, SKSiVO 6 vtl unaKOU[l,n
27
Elc;,mv ?PE;:nv,, 0
nn6twv tnavtpxstal sic; touc; NOiJOUc;, yp6wv: ud!Otl flEVOO ooc: apxnv
otl oooottl ec:oniz;c:tm 6 v6tJoc; 1-16vov tKsivoc;. 6 6noioc; otlv
OKOnEUEI Ktl9s <Poptl np6c; sva OtOXOV, 6 6noioc; iJOVOc; ,aut,oc;, _ou-
vsxwc; KOf a61aflsfntOO<; EXEI ooc; tnaK6flOU90V ntlvtOtE KCitl OOPCIIOV,
26 nflarwvor; "N6J.JOI>> 726 A.
21 nflarwvor; "TfJ.Jator;" 34 c.
159
anvSI OS Kattl iJSPOC: ofla ttl aflfla, s'lts np6KSitCII nspf
s'lts 61' 6,tl6nnotc: aflflo nap61JOIOV, t6 6noiov wvxt1vs1
vtl IJI1V avtanoKpivstal sic: ttl ooa EXOUIJS nsi nponyOUiJEVOOC: <nc:pl
apstii<;)n
28

ETc; 1J6vov n6vtotE 6 ot6xoc; toO sic; t6 vom6v ns6fov. 'H enpsu-
OIC: tiic; 6pstiic;, n 6noia, slv01 spatn, 6flfl6 ouyxp6vwc; Kaf OEI psouoa, 61-
aSUVEI we; n 8flaoc; tiic; iJSy6nnc; esac; AptSIJI6oc;, tiic; OpstiiC Iota-
poe;. Mueonovia, <t>1noooia Kal 'EnflnviKn rnwooa or6 twv 6votJ6twv
twv ec:wv ouv6mouv t6v ispwtatov v6tJov twv svv01wv.
'H npwm nfltov ontJaVtiKn Kai ouyxp6vwc iJUOmplaKn SiJ6viOIC tnc;
6pstiic; slv01 KataysypaiJIJEVn un6 tOO nn6twvoc; sic; t6v <Da16pov. 'Ynsp
t6V Oup6VIOV T6nov n nsp1op6 Kaf n 88a01c; tWV 'loSWV, onou n
apstn KataflatJ!36VSI tnv SEOIV uKattl tnv 6nolav n
SXSI un6 ttl OIJIJCittl me; a<P' av6c; IJSV tllV Kaesaut6 61KCIIOOUVnv, tnv
Kaec:aut6 ooopoouvnv Kaf tnv tmotn!JnV, OXI tnv unOKEIIJSVnv c:ic;
IJStaPofltlc; nou 6EIKVUSI 61aoptlc; c:ic; SKCIOtOV tWV OICI6poov avti-
KSIIJSVOOV, ttl 6noia S!Jeic; twpa we; evm:ol KCiflOO!JEV ovta, aflfltl tnv
tmotn!JnV, n 6nola aoxoREitOIIJS tnv nPCIVIJCitiK6tnta tWV OVtOOV.n
29

Autn slv01 6fl6Kflnpoc; n 6fln8Sia, tnv onofav 8E:WVtal Kai oi 1'6101 oi 8EOV-
tSC: E:nl tWV OPiJOtWV tWV esoi, oi oafj..IOVE:C Kaf K68c: aflfln tjJuxn, n 6nofa
tnv u01v tiiC ouofac; me;. 'HVSIJWV Kaf nysmc; tiic; nOtJniic;, 6
zc:uc;;voOc; toO outJnavtoc;.
'Ofl6Kflnpoc; n Ssfa nOiJnn tSfVC:I OUVSXWC: sic; OnO Kaf flSntO$USOtEPCIC
E:K6VOSIC: tiic; uoswc; Kai tiic; ouofac; tiic; apc:tiic;, UljJfotnc; SKp6oc:wc
tiic; f\flnSsfac; tWV '16SWV. KUKfliKn n nsp1op6 tOO voO sic; t6v oupa-
v6v dv01 n 9 S I a a fl n, n A fl n 8 S I a tOO rwKp6tOUC:
30
. '0 iJUOUIJE-
voc; 6sins1 sic tnv t!Juxnv tou v6 IJSflstnon t6 es1ov KSitJs-
vov tOO 'Ynspoupaviou T6nou, OIOtl ou68v anna KSiiJSVOV n EpiJnVsia n
ox6flla ouvatal v6 nfln0160!1 t6 es1ov UljJOC tWV flOVIOIJWV tOO nn6tw-
VOC:31. 'H un6pXOUOa sic; tOV UnEp tOV OUpav6v t6nov 6pstn UnSpf3aiVSI
sic; ouflflnljJIV tnv etaOIV tiic; SVKOOIJiOU 6pc:tiic;.
'H 6suttpa 8vvo1a tiic; 6pnnc;, nspf tiic; nposnc:uoswc Kal vsvtoswc
me;, nsproo6tspov npoOitn sic tnv or6vorav twv IJUOUiJEVwv evmwv,
Un6pXSI KataysypaiJiJEVn sic; t6V TliJaiOV.
uoihoc; 611 nee; OVtO<; a sf flOVIO!JO<; esoO nspl t6v nott to61JE-
vov ec:6v noy!a9sfc; flsiov Kaf O!Jan6v navtaxji tE tK IJSOOU
28 nflarwvor; "N6J.Jot" 705 E- 706 B.
29 nflarwvor; "C/JaT6por;" 247 D-E
30 nflarwvor; "Kparufior;" 421 b.
31 nflarwvor; "C/JaT6por;" 247 c- 252 c.
160
'foov oflov Kaf tSflsov tK tsflswv OWIJC!twv o6>1Ja tnofnos
ljJuxnv o sic; t6 IJEOov autoO esfc:; o1a navt6c; tE sts1vs Kal
Etl t6 OWjJa autji nspu::KafluljJs tCIUtfl, Kal on
KUKfiOV OtPE<I>OIJEVOV oupav6v eva IJOVOV EPriiJOV Kattotn-
08, 01' apstnv ot aut6V autG> OUVOIJEVOV Kal
ouosv6c; tttpou npoOOEOIJEVOV, VVOOPIIJOV ot Kaf $1flov lKa-
vooc; aut6V 010 navta on taOta auoafj.IOVa 6a6v aut6V
tvavvnoaton.
(AUt6c; n01n6v 6n6Knnpoc; 6 616 navt6c; tOO OI11JIOUP-
yo0 8E:00 nEpi tOO 8800, 6 6noToc; K6n01:E znpOKEitO v6 VEVVn8fl,
OKEQ>8Eic; 6 6ni.JIOupy6c; t6v fiEiov Kai 61...1aR6v
Kat6 tEtOIOV tp6nov, WOtE ofla t6 0111JETa v6 ansxouv 'loou,
anotEfiOUIJEVOV t6 0001-10 tOU EK tEflEiWV OWIJ6twv. <'0 ClEf no-
VIOIJOC: toO 8Eo0> tmnoatmoEv trw $uxnv Eic; t6 tJioov mo
oupavoo Kai tnv np6c; t6 WOtE t6 OOOIJO tOU t6
11EPIEK6RUljJE IJS autnv Kal Kat' aut6V t6v tp6nov EOI11JIOUpyn-
OEV EVOV KUKfliKOOC: nEPIOtpEQ>OIJEVOV oupav6v, EVOV KOi IJOVO-
OIKOV, 6 6noioc; aitlac; tiic; OPEtiic; tOU E1VOI OUVKEVtPWIJEVOC:
IJOVOV Eic; t6V E:aut6v tOU Kaf IJE OUoEVO OUVEPXEtal, yvwpil;EI
KOfl6 tOV E:aUtOV tOU KOi tOV ayan noflU. M Onouc; OUtOUC:
touc; R6youc;, floln6v, t6v eysvvnoE 8EOV EUOOliJOVOJ.
mnarCiJvoc; 11 rrvatoc;}) 34 B,
6n66. rflc; auyypatCiJc;J.
Km:6 t6v nn6twva, h onwv twv 'loEwv toO vomoo ol-
aK60iJOU, 1360EI tOO 6noiou 86njJIOUPVn8n h ElKWV, 6 aioem6c; KOOIJOC:,
E1VOI h apEtn, EI1EI6n EIVal avan6onam:ov jJSpoc; tflc; ouoiac; tOO OEi no-
VIOjJOO toO 8Eo0, 8K twv nnatwviKWv 'loEwv npoEPXOiJEVn. 'H ot npwm
iol6tnc;, h 6nofa 6vaspEtal un6 tOO nn6twvoc; Kat6 tnv onjJIOUPViav
toO aioemoo KOO!JOU, clva1 h apEtn tiic; ljJuxnc;.
'H ljJuxn 8onjJIOUPVi18n np6 tOO oupavoO un6 utoO ad fiOVIOIJOO toO
eso0n
32
4Juxnv 8EOEV 6 Ol1jJIOUPV6c; Eic; t6 jJEOOV Kai EK tOO jJEOOU
h liJuxn IJEXPI t6c; 8oxat16c; toO oujJnavtoc;, IJEttxouoa npwm
tiic; apEtiic; tOO onjJIOUPVOO, np6 tOO OWjJOtoc; tOO oupavoo.
uOU yap av apxso6al un6 VEWttpou
s'faosvn.
U110tl oEV 86 EnstpEnE v6 KUI3EPVOtOI t6 npE013UtEPOV an6 t6
VEWtEpovJ.
32 nnarwvoc; ,,TfJJmoc;" 34 B.
tnfl6tCiJVOC: Tf!JOIOC:>>, 34 C,
6n6o. A. nanae&oowpou, tKo. nAnYPOD.
KAI APIHOTEJ\HN 161
MEt6 tnv 6noKnnpWOIV tiic; aioemoo KOOjJOU, 6 nn6twv KnEiVEI t6 KEf-
jJEVOV tOO Tl! . .lalOU, IJE ioiOittpav ouv - KfVnOIV t6v oupav6v,
fiEVWV: .0 VEVVI16EIC: aio6nt6C: oupav6c; nsplflajJj30VEI a66vata I<Cif
evnt6 Kai ouvsnflnpwen Kal sy1vsv evac; t;wvtav6c: 6pat6c;
6pyaviOIJ6<;, aloent6c; es6c;, siKwv toO vontoO esoo, 6 Kaflutspoc;,
6 oopal6tspoc;, 6 tEfiEI6tspoc;, 6 svac; Kaf IJOVaoiKOC: aut6c; oupa-
v6c;n33.
'O nn6twv Eic; t6v TIIJOIOV IJOC: 8vcmcncu8n tnv IJEViomv 6rh191av, tnv
apxnv tiic; EVKOO!JiOU apstiic;, EiK6voc; npOEPXOjJEVnc; EK tOO napaoEIVIJO-
toc; tOO aop6tou, 8Eiou vomoo OIOKOOjJOU. 'H 8810 aptn npoOn6pXEI
Kai 8nEtOI h EVKOOjJtOc;. 'Ofla t6 vtvn tWV OVtWV tiic; onjJIOupylac;, t6oov
8vt6c; tflc; aiWVIOtntoc;, OOOV KOi EVt6c; tOO xp6vou, jJEtEXOUV tiic; apE-
tflC Kal tiic; EUOOIIJOVfac;, 6vafl6ywc; tflc; uocwc; E.v6c; 8K6otou
34

'EnavEpX61JEVOI Eic; tnv noflttEiav toO nfl6twvoc; nEpi 6pEtiic; twv evn-
twv avepwnwv, 6 nn6twv tK tiic; aiwvt6tmoc; 6jJinWV, fiEVEI Elc; t6v xp6-
vov KOl tnv Av6yKnV, KOtOIKlOV tWV 9VntWV: uH apstfl siva! i616tnc;
aotonotoc;. :A.vafl6ywc; tflc; EKtljJnm::wc; n tflc; nEPI$povfloswc; tflv
6nolav 66 6 K06E evm:6c;, e6 fl613n KaltJEyafiUtEPOV n IJIKPOtE
pov 1JSpi6toV
35

'Qc; np6c; t6 OVWtEPW KEiiJEVOV tOO nfl6twvoc;, 6pat6 Kai 66pata t6
tOO KUKfiiKWC: nEPIOtPEOIJEVOU o(JpavoO Kaf OtEPEWIJEVOU eic;
t6 y6vata tiiC Av6yKnc;, 66nyoOv t6c; l1Jux6c; tWV jJUOUjJEVWV avafl6ywc;
twv 8vPVEIWV Kaf twv 8mnovwv twv. 'O v61JOC: twv 8navcvoapKwowv
avantUOOEtOI eic; t6v <baiowva tOO nn6tWVOC:
36
.
'O Kup1oc; EPIJI1VEUtnc; twv KEtiJtvwv toO nfl6twvoc; clvm 6 np6Knoc;. 'O
np6Kfloc; KOjJVEI fiEntOIJEPii tiic; apstiic; 13601 tOO TljJaiou tOO
nn6twvoc;, tOO avaEPOIJEVOU eic; tnv liJuxnv tOO KOOIJOU Kaf tOO ou-
OXtiOjJOO me; jJEt6 tiic; apE"Ciic;. uH llJUXfl toO KOOjJOU SXSI anflwefl
navtoO, S:nstofl sflai3 tnv IJSoalav etmv S:vt6c; tou ol6tl n6vta
t6 Katwtspa IJStEXOUV sic; t6 nponvoujJeV6 tWV, onwc; OKPII300C: t6
OWIJa, t6 6noiov Eivm tEfiSUtaiov, IJEtEXSI llJuxflc;, n 6nola sivm t6
IJEOOV, we; OKP113WC: n llJuxn IJetEXEI sic; t6v voOv, 6 6noioc; nponysitm
33 nnarcuvoc; ,,TfJJaJoc;" 92 B.
34 nnarwvoc; ,,TfJJaJoc;'' 34 B. np6Kfiou "Efc; r6v TfJJmov nnarwvot:;>>,
Btf3fifov r, 112. 14 - 113, 3.
35 nnarwvoc; "nonJrsfa,,, {3Jf3fifov t', 617 E Kaf 6 JJ08oc; roo 'Hp6c;.
36 nnarwvoc; "<Paf6WV>> 10 c- 770.
162
CllJtf'lc;n
37
, II 610tl '[0 11CiilQI0tSP0V slv01 11ili101SCJtSP0V sic; '[0V 611
I.IIOUPVOV, EV@ t6 vswtspov 11SPI006tspov Cln0iJSJ.ICIKPUOJ.IEVOVn
38

'0 voOc;, t6v 6noiov tmKailsi'tal 6 np6Kiloc;, slva1 u6 asl ilOVIOiJOC: toO
esoOn, 6 sic; t6v vom6v oi6KOOIJOV. 'En' autoO 6 np6Kiloc; or-
npoa6StWV: u'H apstn napsupiOKStOI KCII sic; tnv tJJuxnv KCII
sic; t6 aooJJa Kal sic; 6il6Kilnpov t6v z;oovta 6pyaviOJ.16V, aililo slvm
6S"iKWtEPCI n apstn tf'lc; tJJuxf'lc; KCIJ KOtWtEPCI n apstn tOO OWJ.ICitOc;
Kaf n npwm slvm nvsJJOVIKwttpa Kal nflnmsm::tpa sic; to sv1aia a'ltla
tf'lc; vontnc; apstnc;, sv@ n Ciflfln slvm OK6iloueoc; Kalnspi006tspov
011SJ.ISJ.IOKPUOJ.IEVI1 SKslvwv . .llnfiWVSI, iJOfiiOtO, n vtvsmc; tnv np6o-
60V, sv@ n apstn tnv tsilsfwmv KCII tnv smatpoq:,nv autoov, t6
npootov UI10PXSI sic; toe; tJJuxoc; SK tnc; nnvafac; tJJuxnc;, sv@ t6 6SUtS-
pov SK tnc; nnyalac; apstf'lc;n
39

'H Katavo1.1n tiic; nnyaiac; apstiic; sic; t6 vom6v, sic; tnv tJJuxnv Kal sic; t6
OWIJOtOSIOEC: OISUPUVSI tnv OIOVOIOV sic; tnV 610KPIOIV tiic; 11010tntOC: tiic;
K06' 6noKflnpfav apstiic;, n 6nofa OIOVEJ.IStOI sic; t6v vom6v OIOKOOIJOV
KOl sic; t6v aia6m6v KOOIJOV Kat' avanoyfav tiiC: ouafac; tv6c; EKOOtOU.
np6VOIO KOf 61KOIOOUVn OnOVEIJOVtal sic; t6 anav vt6c; tOO navt6c; KOf
auyxp6vwc: KOt' avanoyfav sic: t6 OIOKPitO IJSpn tOO OfiOU.
rxstiKWC: OE IJE tnv apstnv toO KOOIJOU 6 np6Knoc; yp6<t>st <<'Av flmn6v
Kal6 KOOiJOC: EXSI tnv apstnv, n 6nola tOO OPJ.IOZ:SI, svt6c; tiic; vontiKf'lc;
Kaf tf'IC: tiJUXIKf'lc; tOU OUOfac; KOl SVt6c; tf'IC: tSfiSI6tnt6c; tOU, WC: l;G>VtOC:
6pyCIVIOiJ00, tOtS, 6SWPOOV tOV SOUtOV tOU, ayanei tOV EOUtOV tOU
KCII auvsuplaKStCII J.IE t6v saut6V tOU Kai slvm CIUtOPKI1C:n
40

ElVOI 6sia n OKEtiJIC: toO nn6twvoc;, tnv 6noiav OKOnou6sT EpiJnVSUWV
6 np6KnOc;, OXStiKWC: IJE tnv napouofaOIV tiic; <I>UOSWC: tOO OIKOO IJOC:
KOOIJOU, siK6voc; tOO vontoO. .ll!Otl 6 nn6twv apxiic; &piOSV Otl 6
IJEflnwv v6 ysvvn6ji 6s6c; 66 nto ((WC: J.llCI KIVntn SiKWV tOO aiwvlou,
KOI t0Kt0110100V tOV OUPCIVOV 611J.IIOUPVSi J.lfCIV aiwviav SiKOVCI tf'l<;
OKIVntou KCII ataespac; aiOOVIOtntoc; n 611J.IIOUPVnJJtVn autn siKWV,
aiwvfa KCif autn, KIVSitCII OUJ.1$WVWC: np6c; touc; VOJ.IOUC: tOOV OPI6J.IOOV"
CIUtnV tnV aiwvfav Kfvnmv tf'lc; aioovfou SiKOVOC: tnV OVOiJOZ:OiJSV
xp6vovn
41

37 np6Kflou "Ek; r6v 71JJIOV nfldrwvoc;", BI{5flfov f', 105, 13- 16.
38 np6Kflou "Efc; r6v 71JJOJOV nfldrwvoc;", Bl{5flfov f', 115, 3- 4, "r6 vdp rcjj
6nJJIOUPVC/J npoocxiorcpov npco{51Jrcpov, r6 oi noppwripw vcwrcpov".
39 np6Kflou "Efc; r6v 7fJJaJOv nfldrwvoc;", Bl{5flfov f', 117. 24- 32.
40 np6Kflou "Efc; r6v 71JJGJOV nfldrwvoc;, B1[5flfov T', 110, 26- 28.
41 nfldrwvoc; "T{JJaJoc;" 37 D-E.
KAI APIITOTEJ\HN 163
Kai 6 np6Knoc; npoo68tSI t6 11 6 aiaent6c; oupav6c;, siKWV toO
vontoO, fiCIJ.1(30VWV Ul100tCIOIV iJE t6V xp6vov .... n
42
, we; ysvvn6sfc; 6s6c;
66 slva1 666vatoc;, i:I.II1SPIEXWV t6v xp6vov sic; tnv aiWVIOtnta tflc; asf
tOU. .. ailfla OVtCI elva& vonta KCII avtvvnta, Ciflna aiaem:a
Kaf vsvvnJJtva, Kal ttl sv6IOJ.IS06 twv slvm vonta Kaf vsvvnJJtva .... n
43

Tpltn SlVOI n nsplntWOIC: tOO I.IEflflovtoc; v6 ysvvn6fl 6S00, tOO OIKOO IJOC:
OUPOVOO (OX. OSfl. 134).
T6 i:yKWIJIOV tOO OUPOVOO npospxStal i:K tflc; npwtnc; KOf (300IKfic; tOU
iol6tntoc;, tflc; iol6tntoc; tflc; apc:tflc;, we; non avc:ntux6n. 'H apc:tn tWV
6vtwv tK 1:nc; nnync; twv vom:wv, 8K toO "Ev toO 6vtwc;
"Ov1:oc; Kaf o16 1:nc; 6c:iac; npovofac;, tnc; np6 1:00 voo vsvtoc:wc; Kaf npos-
nsuoswc;, npoxwpsi 8K twv vom:wv sic; t6 aio6n1:6
44

Anc:piOPIOl:OC: 6c:ia OUVOIJIC: KOi 6sla K06ap6mc; un6pxsl sic; l:nV np6
tOO voO KOtOOtaOIV, l:flc; 8K tOO "Ev 8KnopsUOIJEVnc;, n 6nofa annwvs-
tal npooosu1:1Kwc; 8K twv vomwv sic; t6 aio6m:6 otv 1JS1:8xc:l, otv J.lcl-
oOml, otv OflfiOIOOtal. 'OI.IWC:. n 6n6om01c; 8K tflc; nnync; (K tOO "EV)
8niEPC:I l:flc; OUVOJ.ISWC: KOi l:flc; K06ap6tnl:OC: l:flc; apstnc;
c:ic; 1:0 EKonfiOUIJC:VO aio6m6 OUIJI10V1:0, WOl:S npooosutiKWC: v6 un6pxn
OUVC:XWC: J.IC:VOfiUl:EPO OUJ.IIJC:toxn l:WV aio6mwv c:ic; Opi61JOV, anna IJSI-
WIJEVnc; K06ap6tmoc; tflc; apetflc; c:ic; OU1:6.
Tnv 6c:iav apstnv EK tOO "Ev /Aya6o0, npoofiOI.II30VSI npwm n ljJuxn
toO K6o1.1ou Kai autnc; 6 vsvvn6slc; 6c:6c;/oupav6c;, c:iKwv toO von-
toO. 'Ooov anOIJOKpuvovtal t6 6v1:a 8K tnc; nnvnc;, t6oov h
OUIJI.Ietoxn l:WV sic; tnv apstnv. 'Evvoc:iml Otl 1:0 E:nnova evm6 6vta,
t6 EVt6c; tOO OUpavoO c:ic; tOUC: 6ot8pac;, sic; touc; nnavnmc; KOi
sic; tOlJC: oopuq:,6pouc: l:WV, 8ne1on slva1 IJOKPOV tflc; npwmc; apxnc;, 66
K08i01:0Vtal iKOVO 010 tWV K080PIJWV VO UI100SX600V tnV 66patOV
apc:l:nV, tnv tK tOO OVl:WC: 'Ovtoc; 8KnOPEUOIJEVnv, I.IEOC!) tOO fiOVIOIJOO
1:00 oniJIOupvoo. Mt tnv as1p6v 1:wv. al nntov ano1Je1JOKPUOIJEVOI I.IC:PI-
omf ljJuxaf 1:wv 6vmwv 6v1:wv otxovtal nc:p1oa6tspov
tnv ouofav tnc; apstnc;, avan6ywc; tnc; uosooc; E:v6c; EKOOtOU KOi tnv xo-
pnyOUIJEVnv np6VOIOV 1:00 OOiJ.IOV6c; tWV
45
an6ommc; tK l:flc; nnvnc;
slvm np6v1.1at1 I.ISV6fln.
T6 1:pfa IJEPn tflc; ljJuxnc; fiC:ItOupyoOv tv OUVOU001J4) 1.11:0 tWV tSO-
o6pwv I.ISPWV 1:nc; apstnc;. T6 fiOVIOtiKOV otanmoaywysi I.IE p6vn01v
t6 6UIJOEIOEC:/OUVOI06ni.I01:1KOV KOi 016 l:WV KOflWV ouvn6SIWV IJE OW-
poouvnv Enl(36nfiE1:01 npWl:OV sic; t6 6UIJOSIOEC: KOi KOl:' tnEKl:OOIV c:ic;
42 np6Kflou "Efc; r6v 71JJGIOV nfldrwvoc;", 8J{5flfov A', 6, 27- 28.
43 np6Kflou "Efc; r6v 7ff:.laJov nfldrwvoc;" 8J{5flfov f', 117, 14- 16.
44 nfldrwvoc; "7fJJatOc; 30 B. np6Kflou 0. n., Bl{5flfov B', 412, 1- 11.
45 np6Kflou o. n., Bl{5flfov T', 112. 25- 113, 3.
164 TOY AnOJ\1\QNIOY <I>QTOI
tO tm8UIJntiKOV. To 8UIJOEI6Ee. 616 'tfle avopc:fae. tml36flnE't01 c:ie tO tm-
8UIJntiKOV, anna unaKOUEI c:ie tO FIOVIO'tiKOV. 'Ev4) 'tO m8UIJn'tiKOV una-
KOUEI c:ie 61JO'tc:pa to noy1ot1Kov Kal 'tO 8UIJOC:Ioe. ,,Ac:6oiJS:vou fl01n6v
Otl auto <tO IJEpn tflc; \j.luxfl<;> c:lvm tpfa, t6 EV nptn1 jJOVOV vo KU
13EPV(i, we; VOU<;, t6 Oflflo VO KUj3Epvatal we; OWIJa, Kaf t6 tpltov VO
KUj3Epvg Kal VO KUI3EPVOtal, WC: np6c; tfW tOU, OUIJ$WVOV jJStO
tWV aKpafwv opwv. Iuj.inspalvstal Otl auto, to 6noia Kuj3spvo0v
5uo, sv npwtsu6vtwc; <6 voOc;/floyiOtiK6v) Kal t6 stseov 6su-
tspsu6vtwc; (t6 8UjJOSI6Ec;) Kal auto tO 6noia KUI3SPVWVtCII sivCII 6uo.
t6 EV osutspc:u6vtwc; <t6 9UIJOSIOEC:) Kaf t6 aflflov npwtsu6vtwc; Kal
6sutspsu6vtWC: t6 Sn19U(JntiKOV
46

AI tvtpy101 'tfle apc:tflc; tni tWV tPIWV IJC:PWV tne ljJuxne c:lvOI oacpc:ie
Kaf ov tnv c:ie nc:pic:pva olnniJIJOta ouva1o8n1Jatoc;
KOI nOVIKfle, WOtC: n tmnoyn c:ie 'tae 'tOO 13iou va K08iomtal KOI
oacpne Kai nnnpne Kaf 6noKflnpw1J8vn.
"EXWV 6 EVOOpKoe Svm:oc; napanaj3C:I tnv 8C:WPntiKnV VVWOIV K 'tOO
nnatwvoe KOi 'tnV tp(Jnvc:fav 686p'tWV KOi cpeap'tWV OUVOIJC:WV KOI
tvc:pyC:IWV tK tOO npoKnOU, avc:newv IJEXPI 'tOO KOOIJOU tWV 'loc:wv,
eloe we Sc:wpiav 'tnv unc:pt6tnv ouoiav 'tfle apc:tflc;. KO'tEPXOIJC:VOC:
tK VEOU 86 1JC:nC:tn0!1 'tO 'H81KO NIKOIJOXEIO tOO ApiOtO'tEnoue. Eie t6
OEKO OXI 6yKwon 13113nia, 6 Aplotottnne tnv apc:tnv, 6'
tvoe IJEV we npoe tnv npOKtiKnV KOf. 6' t'ttpou we npoe tnv no-
nltiKnV tne 0PIJOVnV.
'0 ApiOtOtEnne tnv ouofav tOO 8Vnt00 6v8pwnou c:ie flo-
VIKOV KOf afloyov KOi tnv OniJOOfav tWV OPC:tWV c:ie OUO Kflaooue: Eie
tae OIOVOntiK6e 6pc:t6e KO[ c:ie tae n81K6e. AI OIOVOntiKOf apc:mi npnel
va otoaxeoov, tv4) ai nSIKOi 6pc:tai npooflOIJI30VOVtOIIJE04) toO E8ouc;,
onflaon o16 tne - nec:iae
47
'O AplotottRnc; otv 6ntxc:1 noflu
tne nflatWVIKfle OIOOOKaflfae c:ie tO tnfnc:oov tne K08n1JEPIVOtntOe tOO
npaKttou OIJWe. OEV 6vtpxc:t01 c:ic; tO uljJoe tflc; ec:wpiae tne ec:lae 6pc:-
tne KOi tWV nflOtWVIKWV ioC:WV.
Kat6 tOV Ap!OtOtEflnv, ano IJIKPCie nfliKiae. IJE tnv K08oonyn01v tWV
vovtwv tou. to t8Kvov npoofla1JI36vc:; tnv 6penv 6vatponv o16 twv
KOflWV OUVn8EIWV. 'EnavaflOIJj30VEI tae n81KOC: 6pc:t6e, XWpie VO
tnV aitfav tWV KOtEU8UVOIJEVWV tOU

TO tEKVOV VlVC:tal
46 np6Kflou Ek; r6<; nofltrefa<; nflarwvo<; 'Yn6fJVnfJG, Bt{3flfov B', 214.
47 Aptaroriflou<; 'H8tK6 NtKOfJOX&ta 1103 a, 14- 17.
48 Aptaroriflou<;, o.n., 1103 b, 22- 25.
K6toxoe autwv, 61ot1 {(ai Kaf
9SIWVn
49

((rfvvstCII 6' SK tflc; IJVnjJnc; S!JnE!pla toTe; avepoonolc;n.
CEK tnc; IJVfiJJnc; OnfJIOUpyc:ital n SJJnelpia c:ic; taue avepwnouc;>.
Aptarortnouc; (( Twv !Jet a ra WUOIKG A'}), 980 b, 2 8 - 29,
eKo. 'TEQPf!AiJ.HE- Bt/3fltoef1Kn rwv 'Eflflnvwv", 6n6o. rflc; auyypacpewc;.
165
'0 ApiOtOtERne. avacpc:pOfJC:VOe c:ie tnv n81KnV apc:tnv, autnv
tK tiie OIOVOntiKflc;. OIOtl ({autn (n n91Kn apc:tn} jJS tO OU
VCII09nj.iata Kai tOC: Kal sic; autO UnOpXSI n unspj3ofln Kaf n
sflflSIIIm; KOI t6 jJSOOVll
50

Ta OUVOI08fiJJOtO K08we KOf ai m8UIJfOI c:lv01 ioxupotc:pa Kata tnv IJIKPOV
Kai vc:apav nfliKiav, OIOtl tOtE tO afloyov fJEpoe tfle ljJuxne. C:UPIOKOJJC:-
vov c:ie tmKpatc:i c:ie tae twv vtwv
51

Avti8Etwe. n OIOVOntiKn apc:tn c:lva1 n apc:tn tne AOVIKfle. n 6nofa OIOOOKe-
tal c:ie OtOJJO iJC:VOfluttpae nfliKfae. t6 6noTa EXOUV non anOKtnOel tae
tJJnC:Ipiae tOO 13fou, WOte va c:lvOI c:ie SSOIV, OUVKPlVOVta tae tJJnC:ipfae
twv. vd oroaxeoov nc:ISOJJc:va o16 tne RoyiKne.
ME tnv VVWOIV tfle OIOVOntiKfle apc:tne oi Svntof fjnopoOv va Ka8o-
onynoouv to afloyov JJEpoe tne ljJuxne. Oi naioc:e, oi 6noio1 fleltoupyoOv
IJE tO afloyov fJEpoe tOO OUVOI08nfjatoe KOI twv tm8UJJIWV, OEV c:lval
OKOJJn c:ie nfliKiav KOtaflflnAov npoe tKnafoC:UOIV, 000! vd 60fJOIWOOUV
tnv OIOOOKaflfav tWV OIOVOntiKWV apc:twv. 'H n8tKn tOO Aplotottnoue
c:lvOI C:UKOfJntOe, OIOtl n apc:tn flOIJI30VC:I OXHIKnv fJOpcpnv avdfloyov IJE
tnv OUVKeKPIIJEVnv nc:pfntWOIV.
uT6 roov t6 IJSOOV unspj3oflflc; Kaf SflflsfljJswc;n, AEVEI
6 Aplotot8Rne. svvowv otl c:lva1 tKc:ivov, to 6noiov c:uploKEtal c:ie l'onv
6noota01v tK toO Ka8c:voe twv ouo aKpwv. rxt01v ot 8xc:1 IJE to ou-
vafo8nJJa KOi tae m8U(Jfae. uH n81Kn apc:tn avatpc:tal sic; tO OU
VOI09nJJOtO Kal toe; Kal sic: auto unopxsl n unspj3ofln, n SflflSI
ljJIC: Kal t6 iJSOOVn
52
To IJEOOV OEV c:Ival EV Kaf IJOVOV KOI KOIVOV c:ie oRa
ta np6yJJOta K08' SOUtO, aflna iJOVOV tO JJEOOV tfl<: flflef4JEWC:
KOf tfl<; UnC:pJ3oflii<:, K08' OOOV nptna AUtO tO fJEOOV,
IJE otv c:lvOI sva 61' ofloue toue avepwnoue. OUt c:lval KOIVOV
53

49 'Aptaroriflou<; "'H8tK6 NtKOfJOXe/G 1103 b, 30- 31.
50 'ApJaroriflou<;, o.n., 1106 b, 16- 18.
51 Aptarortflou<;, o.n., 1095 b, 4- 14.
52 Aptaroriflou<;, 6. n., 1106 b, 16- 18.
53 JJ.ptaroriflou<;, 0. n., 1106a, 28- 35.
166 TOY An0/\1\0NIOY
Ei<: tnv EnOIJEVnv osnioa, napm:iSetal t&v nSIKWV apst&v. '0 Api-
OtOtEnn<: of.v apKSitOI ei<: tflV anapiS!JnOiV t:WV, anna npoxwpsi ei<: trlV
nsnt:OIJSPfl nspJypanv tWV EVSPVSIWV Kaf tWV tOO avepwnou.
WOt:S v6 yivouv KOtavomai Kai suxpnotOI si<: t6v K06n1JSPIVOV IJO<:
(3iov.
Al nSIKOf apstaf tOO ApiOt01:EnOU<: sTvm OWOSKO Kaf W<: 6 '1610<: Kata-
yp6el nTpsTc; ROinOV eivm ai \IIUXIKaf Ola9EOSIC:;, OUO KaKisc; n IJla
unsp(3oRnc; Kal n aRRn ERREil!Jswc; Kai!Jia apstn, Kl a(m1
elvm n IJS06tnta. "ORa! ot supfOKOVtal Kat6 KOnOIOV tponov sic; avtl-
esmv tWV. Ai aKpaim Ola9EOSI<; sic; avtlesmv IJE tflV iJEOnv
Kaf tWV Kai n iJEOn sic; avtlesmv npoc; t6c; OKpalac;n
54

816aoK61Jsvo<: 6 evm6<:. t6oov tnv eswpm1Knv u01v tn<: apstn<: EK
tfl<: nnat:WVIKfl<: 1n000fa<:. OOOV Kaf trlV OIOVOnt:IKrlV KOi nSIKrlV ei<: trlV
apstnv tOO ApiOtOt:Enou<:. 66 anoKtrlOfl t6v t:p6nov KaSoon-
vnosw<: toO (31ou tOU, tnv l!Juxnv tOU Kaf KaSoonvwv 6pSG><:
t6 tEKVO tOU.
"low<:. 6vasp61JSVOI si<: tnv OIOOtaOIV, tnv 6nolav ofoei 6 Apiotottnn<:
si<: tnv apstnv. e6 nptnn EniVPOIJIJOt:IKW<: v' 6vaspSfl t6 OK6noueov
Eo610V: n'Ev tOUtOI<; t6 pya, t6 6noia npay!JatOnOIOOVtal we; np6c;
t6c; apst6c;, OEV sivm npo"i6vta OIKCIIOOUvnc; n owpoouvnc;, t6v
t6 'lola otv nspiKRsfouv IJICIV nOIOtnta autoO toO s'loouc;. aRR6 KCII
t6v Kal EKSivoc;. 6 6noioc; t6 nPCIYIJCitOnOifl otv OICIKattxstal ano
IJlCIV av6Royov OIOSSOIV" onRaon npootov t6v t6 npay!JatonOifl tv
YVWOSI tou osutspov, t6v t6 npay!JatonOifl ano iOIKnv tOU npoti!Jn-
OIV KCII iJORIOta ano npOtil.lnOIV 61' aut6 t6 '1610" KCif tpftOV, EOV t6
npay!JCitOnOif\ OICIKatSXO!JSVO<; ano IJICIV cnaesp6v Kaf OiJStCIKivn-
tOV OI09SO!Vn
55

'H 4Juxonoyfa. OXI nntov n KOSOoiKrl tOO (36Sou<: tOOV naewv Kaf tG:lV t8-
p6twv t:WV t:EnSUt:OlWV ouo aiwvwv. annan KOSOniKrl VVOOOI<: tfl<: 6psti1<:
anOKOnUntE:t:OI SiC tnV \jJUXrlV OIOUVrlC. KOSOpiOIJEVn, SUnnnt:O<:. t:OIIJO<:
np6c xpiiOIV. '0 'EnnnVIKO<: 810 - nOVIOIJOC
56
, IJE (3601V tnV nuSay6pSI-
OV, nnatWVIKnv Kai aplototsniKnv o1oaoKanlav. KaSiot 81Ktnv tnv
enpSUOIV tnc apstnc Kaf tnv Enltuxn OK6nsuofv tnC IJE anot:EnSOIJO tnv
\jJUXIKrlV uyslav, avsu OIOOOK6nou n KOSoonvmoO n epn-
OKSUt:IKOO nOII.IEVOC.
54 Aptaroriflouc;, t<'H8tK6 NtKOJJOXBta" 1108 b, 11 - 15.
55 Aptarortflouc;, o. n., 1105 a, 29- 34.
56 Aflr6vnc; "APPHTOI !IOTOI, 'EflflnvtK6c; iJ.ta- floytOJJOC:". 1oc; Kaf 2oc; TOJJOC:.
.............. ,.... HSIKAI APETAI TOY APIITOTEJ\OYI KAI
H IEPA MEIOTHI Eli TAI 90, META::Y TQN 0 - 180o.
ANLlPEIA
goo
oo CD 180
LlEI/\IA 8PAWI:
MEr A/\ OnPEnEIA
LQ<!>POI:YNH
go:lsoo
oo CD 180
ANAII:8HI:IA AKO/\AI:IA
MErA/\OlJiYXIA
O" 9L6oo goo I goo
_ 180 oo CN 180
MIKPOnPEnEIA AnEIPOKA/\IA MIKPOlJiYXIA XA YNOTHI:
nPAOTHI:
A/\H8EIA
0
o0o
CN 180 oo CD 180
E/\EY8EPIOTHI:
O
o go:l goo
. _ __._CD_._....__180
ANE/\EY8EPIA ALQTIA
<AnPOI:LliOPIHONl
O
o
. _ __._Clj......__.__180
A<!>I/\OTIMIA <1>1/\0TIMIA
EYTPAnE/\IA
0
0
167
AOPrHI:IA OPri/\OTHI: EIPQNEIA A/\AZONEIA
. ___ __._CN_._.....l..._180
ArPOIKIA BQMO/\OXIA
<1>1/\IA
O
o 90:Isoo
. _ _._Uj_._.....l..._180
LlYHPOniA KO/\AKEIA
AILlQI:

oo CD 180
I:EMNOTY<I>IA ANAII:XYNTIA
NEMEI:II:
O
o
. _ __._Uj_.__.__180
XAIPEKAKIA <!>80NOI:
JJ.ptarortflouc; '''H8tK6 NJKop6xcJG>> 1101 a, 30- 1108 b, 10.
168
'H 'EnnnVIKrl ljJuxn tvspyonOISl t6v EOWtSPIK6V me oa[IJOVa, t6 neoc; me
Kai nopsustal, OVcPXOIJEVn sic; t6 uljJoc; tWV nsplot6oswv. 8.EV
tal sic t6 ps(3oc;, t6 6noTov tnv EK v8ou sic; t6 n0160SIOV
x6oc;. 'H tnavannntiKn twv ljJuxonOVIKWV tpau1J6twv otv
trlV 8npCUOIJ8VnV un6 tWV tsp6tWV ljJuxnv.
'0 toO Aplotot8nouc; wtil:SI t6 t 8 p a t a tnc; ljJuxnc; 016 t&v
unsp(3onwv Kal tWV MnsfljJswv, Ol6tl unc:p(3onai Kai Mnc:iljJC:IC c:Tval t6
t 8 p a t 6 !-lac. 'H 'EnnnviKn rnwooa. omv acpalpf'i tK tnc; t 8 p a c
t6 T tiic; OtOOEWC. unOOEIKVUEI noToc; c:Tvm 6 OUVtOVIOtnc;, 6 itnc; Kal
cnJvtovoc;n
57
, 6 ouvo8wv t6 aKpa IJ81:61J8oov c:ic; t6 OUIJnav. '0 "E p w c;
c:Tvm 6 onnaon 1:6 IJEOOV tOO vomoo OlaK601JOU l:WV
ec:iwv OV"'CWV Kal tOO aio8nto0 K601JOU l:WV 8VntWV
58
. Eic; 1:6V aio8n1:6V
K60IJOV 6 p w c; c:Tva1 6 6 oniJIOupy6c; cpuoiKWV l:EKvwv Kal
VOntWV iOEWV.
Mtyac; oaiiJWV, 6 p W c;, slnc:v n 8.I01:i1Ja. '0 8 p W C c:Tvm Kal
ntsp6si<;
59
, navtaxoo napwv, &m:c: v6 Ei1K!1 t6c; ljJux6c;, ai 6noim t6v
aval:m:oov IJE n6eoc; Kai 6EXOVtaiiJE 66n1JOVfav Kaf EU6011JOViav 1:6(38nn
1:00 tOU, 6!6tl aut6C Kpatsi 1:6 nn66niOV l:WV n6VtWV
60

TcniK6c; OKOn6c; 1:i'lC EVOOPKOU ljJuxnc; c:Tvm n l:iiC EU - 6aiiJOViac;,
npoc:pXOIJEVnc; EK tOO 6ai1JOVOC E:pwtoc;, t6oov Kat6 t6V 86& srov,
OOOV Kai Kat6 "CrlV IJEtOfKnofv me; Eic; t6 (3aoincla tOO ';oou. A P E t ii C
"E p (A) c OVOIJOl:Etal 6 aolyam:oc; "E p (A) c; tiic; ljJuxnc; 010 tnv OIKOIOOUVnV,
anauyaOIJa cppOVrlOEWC. avopc:fac; Kaf owcppoouvnc;.
57 nnarcuvoc; "LU{Jn6aJOV>> 203 d.
58 nnarcuvoc; 201e, 8- 202a, 12.
59 'Op</)IKOC: ''YfJVOC: ''Epcuroc;, LVIII /58, ar. 2.
60 'Op(/)JK6c; "Y{Jvoc; "Epcuroc;, LVIII/58, ar. 8, "Eu yap poOvoc; navrcuv oihKa
Kparuv&lc;".
169
Kaf tf8Etal toO 8 p w t o c; t p w t n 1-1 a: 'Vn6pxc:1 ox8o1c; ljJuxnc;
0 P c t ii C Kaf ZC!)OVOVIKOO TPIVWVOU;
H
nnE:upa Kat vwvia
90 ota8E:paL
0oc; 6vaittoc;
'Atponoc;
3
2
M&Anov
np6vota
nnwpa
ywvfa 90 ota8E:p6.
Altla E:notJ8vou
Knwew
napov
I etnn01c; 1 n 1
M8 t6 86o1a tiic; npovofac; <nnc:upac; 3), tiic; tnc:u8c:plac; tiic; (3ounn-
oc:wc; <nncupac; 4) Kai tiic; Ei1Jap1J8vnc; (nnc:upac; 5), n ljJuxn EX1 <PUOC:I t6c;
npwtac; tpc:Ic; apx6c;, t6c; 6nofac; tnc; txopnynoc:v t6 ec:iov.
T6 /1316C tiic; 61a6p01JfiC tOO Siou tiic; wuxnc;, tiic; 88tSI tltooapa
Kaipla sni IJEPOUC EPWtniJata, t6 6noia, 010 tnV av8pwnivnv ns-
PIEXOVtal sic; t6 6K6noueov "Ev:
170 TO MYHHPION TOY AnOJ\1\QNiOY <I>QTOI:
npG>tOV EPWtn!JCI: 'EnEtUXO tnv onj..IIOUPVlOV tOO 1Ji1KOUC tiiC nnEUPOC
tpfa/npovofac, SXOUOO n6vtotE tnv 8EOOIV tiiC tPIOOIKOtntOC tWV
8Eiwv OUVOIJEWV, onnaon tnv 6n6KPU<POV svonoinOIV, tnv VEVVntiKnv
ouva!Jtv Kal voov tEnEIOV
6
\ t.v t.vEPVEiQ Eic t6c tmnovac IJOU:
4Eutspov tpwtnJJCI: YE8EOO tnv tiiC aounnOEWC IJOU/
nnEupac tooapa tWV tPIWV IJEPWV tiiC OPEtiiC EiC tnv unnpEolav tOO
tst6ptou IJEpouc tnc OIKOioouvnc, wotE h nnEup6 tpfa v6 eTva1 K68Etoc
tnf tnc nneupac tooapa, tnv 6penv vwviav, EiK6va tnc
EVIafac apstnc:
Tpltov tpwtniJO: Avut!Jwoa sic t6 tEtp6ywvov t6c Ka8touc nneupac
tWV tmfloywv IJOU, t6c SVOVtl tiiC unotEIVOUonc/nfiEupac nvts tiiC
EiJJOPIJEVnC, np6c OVWtEPOU OKOnOO, UnEpaafvouoa t6C npo-
OWniKOC IJOU tm8uJJfac, Kal
Tttaptov tpci>tniJCI: TliJOO 8m<Pufl6oosl 6 N61JOC tiiC EiJJOPJJtvnc EiC t6
tfloc tnc tvoapKWOEWC IJOU o16 tnv ouvx1o1v tnc nopEfac IJOU, wotE
h 6van6<PEUKtOC nnEup6 ntvtE/tiiC EiJJOPIJEVnc EiC t6 tstp6ywvov v6
IJOO anOVEliJ[l t6 6v6floyov IJEPfOIOV tiiC OPEtiiC, t6 6noTov tenpEUOO
KOt6 tnV OIOPKEIOV tOO afou IJOU;
Enp.: iJ.IG rflv nflflpn Karav6nOJV rwv epwrflacWV rfu:; 1/JUXfU; 0 avayvcJ-
arn<:; ea OVcUPf7 r6 tnf JJEPOUC aroJXcla cl<:; ra f3t{3flia APPHTOI 1\0TOI,
'Enfoaupo<:;, e6flou AnoKafiUI/JIC!J, Kc<P. 19 Kai rrAPPHT0/1\0TOI, 'EflflnVIKOC
lJ.ta-fiOYIOJJOC!!, 20<:; r6JJOC, Kc<P. 16.
61 np6Kflou "Ek; r6v Kpan.Jflov nfldrwvoc; iKfloyaf xpflaiJ.IOI" 71, s- 13.
TO::A rHINA 171
Ke<P6na1ov 1ov
BREn(A>. ...
oupav1a, yfuva
172
T6 tJV10tOV t&V napa6EIVIJOtWV, t6 nap66EIVIJa !WV i:668n an6
t6v 'OtJnpov Eic: OtJ6tEpa t6 snn, n1v 'lfli66a Kaf n1v '06UOOEiaV.
T6 8noc; tf'lc; 'lfli66oc; SKKfvn01v 8XEI 1-1 n1v 6pa01v toO An6flflwvoc;, t6v
6noTov E:mKaflETtal 6 iEpEuc; tou. 6 Xpuonc;. npoKEltJvou v6 8K6tKn8ji
616 n1v uJ3p1v toO AvatJEtJVovoc;, trw tEflEa8ETaav c:ic; J36poc; tou Eic; n1v
Tpofav. '0 atpat6pxnc; n1v XpuanT6a, tnv ayanntJEVnV K6pnv
tOO iEPEWC:. 6 6noToc;, sv&) nfl8E iJE nflou01a flutpa Eic; t6V AyatJEIJVO-
va, tnV anEflEU8Epwoiv me;, OKOIWC: an6 t6v Atpcf6nv.
EioaKOU08EiOa h E:nfKflnOic; tOO iEPEWC: an6 t6v <MTJ3ov An6flflwva, t6
tou E:mEPEIJ3apumm nflnvtJata Eic; t6v otpat6v t&v Axm&v.
u"Qc; 8at' eUXOIJeVOC:. tOO 0' BKfiU <DoTr30C: An6flrlwv,
r3ii os Kat' oufiUIJnOIO Kapnvwv xw61Je:voc; KiiP.
WIJOioav xwv OIJnpc:ta ts: >apttpnv
o Cip' (iiotof tn WIJWV XWOIJEVOIO,
autoO Klvnetvtoc; 6 o fWc: vuKtl toBKWc;.
E2:t' nelt' anavs:ues: VeOOV,IJE:tO 0' i6v EnKe"
OEIVn Ot Krlayyn yt.VEt' apyup010 r3IOTon.
("Etal Elms npOOEUXOIJEVOC:, Kai t6V OKOUOEV 0 OTI30C:
An6RfiWV, Kai KOtE13n 6n6 toO 'OflUjJnou tiC: KOPUEC:
IJE xoflwtJivn tnv Kap616,
otouc: OOIJOUC: sxwv Kal 6tJ1KfiEIOtn ap8tpa
t6tE t6 13inn E:ni toov OOIJWV teu, xoflWIJEVOC:
aut6c: we: ZKIVMn Kai npoxwpoOoE IJS VUKta OjJOIOC:.
K6El10' snEitO IJOKPIO tOOV vnoov, Kaf IJEt6 13EfiOC: 6f'IKE"
6EIVn Kflayyn EVIVEV 6n6 t' apyupEVIO
toJJflpou (('mtac;>> A 43 - 49,
6n66. K. LJouKa, SK6. tLJEOeEATPON- fEQPfiALJHD.
EiC: tnV 'lfli66a un6pXEI tJfO wpaia nEplypan tf'IC: OPOOEWC: tOO
nCIUt6p tnef on KUKROtEPEC: IJEVCI t6l;ov BtEIVe,
r316c;, vs:upn Ot IJEV' 'laxc:v, aflto 0' 6"iot6c;
Ol;Ur3flnc;, KC!El' OIJiflOV EnlntEOElCIIIJEVECifVWV.n.
<Kai 6o0 t6 KUKnotEpic; JJiva stEIVE,
t6 Kl h vEup6 1JEV6flnv sl3vancv iaxn,
Kai o6ntapE t6 Btnoc; IJE tnv aixtJn,
ot6v O!Jiflo v6 IJOVIOOIJEVOJ.
TO:::A rHINA
tofJflpou 'lfi16c; LJ 124- 126,
6n66. K. iJOUKa, SK6. ILJE08EATPON -fEQPfiALJHD.
173
Elva1 OUIJtWIJOtiK6v 01:1 6 "OtJnpoc: E:navtpxstal ouxv6 c:ic: tnv 6pa01v t&v
'Oxl IJOVOV fl6ycy tnc; apxa"iKf'IC: E:noxiic;, we; EIVOI UOIKOV, aflfl6 Kaf
61' aflflouc: aop6touc; fl6youc:; Mtocy toO 8E00 An6flflWVOC: 61ap8pwvEtal
6av&c; t6 snoc: tiiC: 'lfl1660C:, aflfl6 Kai 616 tWV tOOV 8VntWV, t6
anoia npWtaVWVIOtOOV Enfanc; 6aVWC: Eic; OflOKflnpov 1:0 snoc;.
'Ev OUVEXEfQ Kai Eic; tnV '06UOOEiaV, aavnc; npwtayWVIOtnc; dvat tO t6-
toO '06uootwc;. Aut6c;, 616 toO tou. 6fvc:1 tnv xapJotrKnv 13o-
flnv c:ic; tnv t&v tJVnm:npwv. 'H 'Pa$w6ia c:Tvm61EPWIJEVn
c:ic; t6 Kai tnv 6c:tv6tma toO '06uaotwc;. 'H ot 'Pawwofa x. np6
tiic; tJVnOtnpooviac;, IJE tnv npoowvn01v tOO 'Oouootwc;
np6c; tOUC: iJVnOtiipac;, owv tOUC anoKafiUnt!1 tnv taut6tnt6 tOU:
<<"Outoc; IJEV on Cic:Eliloc; aaatoc; EKtettflaotar
VUV ClUtE OKOn6v CiflfiOV, OV OU nw tiC: r3CifiEV avnp,
e'IOOIJCII, a'f Ke tUXWIJI, n6pn ot IJOI suxoc; An6flfiWV."n.
(AUt6c; m6 6 aenoc; teflEoElnKc
twpa n6RIV aflRo m:6xo, nou Kavtvac; OEV Ktunnoev avopac;,
86 !Jrlnwc; netUXW, Kai iJOO owon KOUXnjJO 6 An6flAWV.l.
toJJflpou (('Oouaa&w x s - 7,
6n66. K. iJOUKa, SKO. ILJE08EATPON- fEQPfiALJHD.
K68apOIC c:ic; tnv 'lfl16oa, t6 tOO An6flflwvoc;, onflov
tiic; 'OoUCJOEfac;, t6 tOO 'OoUOOEWC:, npwtaVWVIOt:OOV Eic; tnv ap-
xnv tiic; 'lfllaooc; Kaf c:ic; t6 tEflOC: tiic; 'OoUOOEfac;. LUVtOVIOtnc; tWV OUO
'En&v. t6 o16 t&v i:niKflnoewv toO Xpuac:wc; Kai toO 'Oouootwc;.
anc:ueuvovtal c:ic; t6v - 6pOV Kaf Opyup6 - An6flflwva.
Mnnwc; 6 'OiJnpoc; antKPU\!JEV E:vttxvwc;, 016 tiiC: napouofac; t:OO An6flflw-
voc; Eic; tnv Tpoiav, 1JaKp6v tOO KOPiJOO t:iic; 'Eflflaooc;, tnv ouoiav t:iic;
aop6tOU 'EKE! t&v 8Eiwv aeav6tWV OVtWV; liic; OE tow t:OOV
8vm&v IJE t:6v 'Oouoota va avaKtQ t6 J3aolflEIOV tOU Eic; tnv 'IS6Knv,
tnv vc:vttc:lp6v tou E:vt6c; tnc; 'Eflfl6ooc;; T6 ot v6 KaElfatavt:m t6
OUIJI30flov tiic; ouvotoc:wc; toO vomoO olaK60tJOU IJE t6v aioem6v K6-
0IJOV o16 tiic; 8mKflnoc:wc; t&v evmwv. Xpuonv. lEpta 8Knp6ownov toO
'An6RFlWVOC: Kai 'Oouoota. EKnp6ownov tWV 8Vnt&V;
174
Eic; tnv napoOoav 601v ivai avayKalov v6 IJ8i'lctn8o0v t6oov t6
6pat6 nniou - Ocnnvnc;, .ooov Kai ?6P?W Kaf
tWV tWV 816UIJWV, Anonnwvoc; Kal AptEIJIOOC:. 8101:1 ava OUO ta
Z:cuvn. oxn1Jatiz;ouv t6v 6pat6v KOOIJOV Kaf t6v oi?KoOIJOV,
Ka8101:01JEVa h aitia 6niJIOUPVfac; tOO Oni.JaVtiKWtEPOU Kal IJEVIO!OU KO-
OIJIKOO ou1.1136nou. toO KUKnou.
KuKntKn h ncplop6 tnc; IJUOUIJEVnc; ljJuxnc; KancltOI v6 EK
VEOU tnv <PUOIV tnc; cualac; me:. tmKanOUIJEVn tnv 8cfav apwynv tWV fti-
OUIJWV toO wt6c;. T6 8vauo1.1a to6en Eic; t6v 'Ynspoup6v1ov T6nov. Eic;
t6v 6nolov al ljJuxai EIJUn8noav. we; avaEPSI 6 nnatwv sic; t6v 616no-
yov tou <l:>alopoc;
1

Apxn IJUrlOEWC:. t6 KOIVOV Oni.JSIOV avaopac; tWV_ 8EWV An6n-
nwvoc;- APtEIJiooc; Kaf evmwv. clva1 t6 My1otov t6 napa-
oSIVIJa tWV OIOtl OUOEV unapXSI IJSVanutspov sic; t6v aioen-
t6V KOOIJOV tflc; olaopOIJflC: tOO Ka8n1JSPIV00 tliJIKUKniou nnlaKOO
Kaewc; Kaf toO avtlotoixou 1Jnv1afou tnc; ocnnvnc; Kat6 t6
tnc; navosnnvou. A.n6 Ko1voo t6 ouo oup6v1a wta oxniJatll;ouv tov
KUKnov sic; t6v xwp6xpovov.
uBnsnSIC:n t6 nniou - osnnvnc;. 'DtaV sic; t6 aio8nt6v, t6
nnlou - Ocnnvnc;, av6yovt01 sic; t6 vom6v, t6 'EKSi slva1 66pata.
88v t6 uj3nsnsl<;n, t6 u6pei<;n. Ta 'EKEi sTv01 t6 OUIJI30niKO An6nn_w-
voc;- Aptf-IJIOOc;, 0101:1 iJStEXOUV tnc; ouofac; tWV 6npn1J8VWV EVVOIWV.
'EK1 h VOniJOOUVn tWV 8VntWV Kancltal VO 8npEUO[IIJ8 ta 66pata
tWV 8IOUIJWV. Ba81.11aia Kai iJUOtnplaKn, h anootaoswc; 8npEU-
OIC: tnc; ouofac; tnc; A.ptEIJiooc;. 66pm:oc;. ouyxp6vwc; o Kai nupauvnc:.
h tnionc; EKOC: ouola tOO A.n6nnwvoc;. '0 voOc; KansltOI va 8npEU0!1 Eic;
t6v 66patov oup6VIOV OIOKOOIJOV, t6 nspiEXOV Ka[ t6 nEPIEXOIJSVOV, t6
iJEVIOtOV Kai t6 ti'laXIOtOV, t6 nav Kai t6 onov tvt6c; tOO KUKnOU.
'0 KUKnoc;, tSIJVOiJEVOC: sic; t6 ouo niJIKUKnla wt6c; - tl1J(wtoc;
napOUOIOl;EI t6 aio8nt6v tOO wt6c; nnfou - Ocnnvnc; Kaf t6 VOntOV
A.n6nnwvoc; - AptEIJiooc;.
1 nnarcuvoc; (/)OJ6poc;>> 247 c- E, " .... ecuc; av KUKfic.p h ncptc/)opa cfc; raur6v
nBPIBViYK(1", <lcuc; orou h KUKfitKfl ncptcpopa rflv tnavacptpn rrflv l/JuxflvJ cic; r6
aur6 OntJclOV>.
175
NOHTA
Efc; t6 we: avw ox8oiOV EIJavfz;ovtal, OKfvnta Kaf navtaxoo nap6vta,
nEPII36nnovta t6v KUKnOV nniou - osnnvnc;, t6 tWV 8IOUIJWV, avw
toO A.n6nnwvoc;, KOtW tflc; AptSIJioOc;. 'Evt6c; tOO KUKnOU, avw t6 we;
tOO nnfou Kaf KOt(l) t6 111Jiwc; tflc; Ocnnvnc;. 'Evt6c; tOO IJIKpoO KUKnOU,
avw h niJEpa Kaf KOtW, n
c5uo
toO avw Kai toO KOtW,
sivcu n c51analc5aywynou:: tnc;
IJS eslouc; apwyouc; touc; nSKO<;n .dlc5UIJOUC: toO Q>wt6c;,
An6flnwva Kaf ,APtSIJIV.
176
Eic; t6 OVW!EPW OXE610V, KIV00Vtal 6 nfiiO<"; Kaf h oc:nfwn.
EOW!EPIKOO<"; h htJEpa Kaf h naptxovtc:c; tnv typnyopOIV Kaf t6v
unvov c:ic; t6 Svma ovm tflc; yflc;. 'H 6IOIJE!PO<";, tEIJVOUOa t6V KUKfiOV
6piZ:Ovtlwc;, avaton&v np6c; OUOIJOC. 61axwpfz;c:1 t6 OVW 6n6 t6 KOtW
/l316v toO 13iou tflc; ljJuxnc. 'O 1316c c:Tva1 ouvwvutJOV toO Eic
t6 OVW avanapfat:atal n voapKOC nopc:la Kaf 6pOOI<"; me, Eic; t6 KOtW
h aoapKOC tOO unvou Kaf t&v 6vc:fpwv. EiC t6 avw, t6 Q)OOC toO nniou
KOIJVEI 6pat6 t6 oKotc:lva ovta, np6ytJata Kaf vc:vov6ta Kai npooKa-
nc:T tnv ljJuxnv, 8nc:16n 13f1En81, va opaon. Eic t6 Katw toO hiJIQ}WtOC
tflc; oc:nnvnc. h ljJuxn otv 8xc:1 ouvat6tma 6p6oc:wc. 8v6c.
E:flnc:fljJE:WC Q}UOIKOO Q)OPEWC Kaf acp StEPOU, n6ycy tOO 01JU6po0 Q)WtOC.
6nfya 61aKpiV81, c:'(tc: Kat6 tnv 6IOPKEIOV tOO unvou. c:l'tc: aoapKoc; c:ic t6
13aofnc:1a toO
((aeavatOI evmof. evntof aeavatOI, z;wvu:c; t6V BKSfvwv
eavatov, t6V 6 BKSfvwv 13fov tsevswtsc;.n
(Oi 686vatol c:Tv01 Svntoi, oi evmoi aeavatOI, 8<!>' ooov z;oOv
t6v eavm::ov E:Kclvwv KOi evnoKOUV t6v 13iov EKEivwv.l.
('HpaKncfrou, an. 62,
((HPAK/\EITOL>J, an66. X. :4. 1\apnpfoou, tKo. 81{3fitonwn&iov K/\EIQJ.
816 tnv ljJuxnv ytvvnOIC c:ic t6 aio8nt6v nc:6iov, c:Tva1 eavatoc c:k; t6
TO:::A rHINA 177
vom6v Kaf y8vc:01c c:ic t6 vom6v. eavatoc; c:ic t6 aio8nt6v. tcp6oov
K68c: unvoc; c:Tv01 c:k, IJIKPOC 61apKc:fac;, Savatoc;. ljJuxn un6pxc:1 c:ic t6
ac:i tOO xp6vou aeavm:oc;, EV E:vc:pyc:fQ Kaf 6UV01Jc:L
unaoa l!Juxn s:Tvm aeavatoc; 616tl t6 acp tam:oO KIVOUIJSVOV ov slvm
aeavatovu, fiEVEI 6 nn6tWV
2

!UVEnOOC. n KfVnOIC tfl<"; ljJUXflC tJnopc:T va napaota8ji E:iKOVIKOOC 616 tOO
KUKnou. 61axwpiZ:OtJ8vou Eic t6 6uo htJIKUKFIIK6 t 6 6n6tav h nopc:fa
tfl<: ljJuxnc KaSopfz;c:tm E:nf tfl<: ouvoniKflc; KUKfiiKfl<: Klvnoc:wc t&v 360.
TE:IJV61JEVOC 6 KuKnoc 6p1z;ovtiwc c:ic 6uo htJIKUKnla, napouo16Z:c:1 6uo
t 6 tOOV 180 8KOOtOV (O. 176). 'H KUKfiiKn KfVnOIC tfl<"; ljJUXflC ElVOI n,
616 t&v ouvc:x&v tnavc:voapKwoc:wv me. np6onnl!JIC Kaf 6nol3ofln ow-
iJCitiKOO cpop8wc.'Enf toO 881Jatoc. 6 tJ8vac IJUO"I:nc. 6 nponannoc; 'OtJn-
poc n8yc:1 c:ic tnv oouooc:1a:
utv 6' icnof fii9SOI nSPI!-.111KSS<;, E"vea t VUIJ<!>CII
<!>6ps' ll<!>afvoucnv clflln6p<!>upa, eaOJ,Ja i6taear
tv 6' u6at' asvaovta.n
('Vnapxouv Kai iatOi fli81VOI nEPIIJtlKEIC:. onou oi NUJ,JQ}Ec;
poOxa ucpaivouv 6non6pcpupa, eaOIJO va ta 13fltnnc;
unapxouv KOI U6at' atvaaJ.
topnpou </Oouaa&JaJ) v 101- 109,
an66. K. fJ.OUKG, tKo. 1/J.EOeEATPON- TEQPf!AfJ.HD.
NUIJQ}OI, ai 8uym:8pc:c; tOO uiJSVCiflntopoc; 'QKSCIV00u
3
, ucpaivouv Oflin6p-
cpupa EV6UIJOta 616 t6c un6 E:voapKWOIV ljJuxac. ftnna6n ai NutJ01 ontJI-
oupyoOv t6 KUKnocpopiK6v ouomtJa t&v evm&v EiC IJEV6nouc nEPI -
! ..111KEEC fll8fVOUC im:ou<;. Autof OUIJI30nfz;ouv t6v avSpWniVOV OKEflet6V,
yupw 6n6 t6v 6noiov KUKnocpopsi t6 anun6pcpupov aTtJa. t6 6noiov
c:Tva1 ((eaOJ,Ja iota9aln. Ta u6ata 68v Otal..latoOv not8. p8ovta ac:vawc.
Elvm ai, avc:u 61aKonnc E:voapKwoc:rc. ai Kata86vouom c:ic n1v vnv, c:ic
tac goo E:K tnc; Bopsiou Supac;
4

Oi lotoi OEV c:Tval ann&c IJEVOfiOI. ElVOI nspr - IJtlKEEC. T6 tnf8Et0V nE-
PI - IJrlKnC anEIKOVfZ:cl t6 KUKniK6V tfl<; Q)opac; 616 tflC npo8EOEWC nE-
PI -. 88v c:Tvm ouvsn&c c:ueuypatJIJOC Kaf avsu h nopc:fa
t&v ljJux&v. t&v 6nofwv t6 aTIJa, (t6 anrn6pcpupa Q)apEa), z;woyovc:T t6
oxniJa/o&tJa Kai 8xc:1 KUKflrKnv nc:pr- cpopav. Kae 6tJoiwofv tou EK toO
aioemoo c:Tvm Kaf h KUKniKn nopsia tnc ljJuxnc c:ic t6 vom6v.
2 nn6rcuvoc; "(J)ai6poc;>J 245 c.
3 'Op</)JKOC: "YJ.IVOC: NUJ.!C/JWV, Ll/51, ar.1. nrop, h Kap6fa.
4 'OJ.Jflpou "'06uaasJaJ> v 110.
178 MYHHPION TOY AnOJ\1\QNIOY <l>QTm:
I:Kon6c tnc t!Juxnc, o16 tnv 6noK61JIOiv E:IJnSiplwv, slvm h np6onn\.IJIC 6-
psoc/E:vou!Jatoc/owiJatoc aiiJatOC, oapKWV Kaf OOtWV. lf nto t6
a poe;
<Dapoc, E:K tOO pn!Jatoc 8pw, nto IJ8va tSIJOXIOV U<j)OOIJatoc, avsu
XSIPlOWV, 1-18 t6 onoiov oi OVOPSC nsp18[3annav t6V XltWVa. nUIJatOV
C!POC nto t6 tsnsutaiov POKOC toO evmoO, onnaon t6 o6(3avov
5

npo8nSUOIC p 0 K 0 U C slv01 n 0 a p VSVIKn 0 a p K 6 C . 'EK tfiC VS-
VIKfiC 0 - a p K 6 C. 1-18 olaXWPIOIJOV tOO OPKtiKOO I: Kaf 6vaypaiJIJati01JOV
tOO - a p -sic p a -, npOKUntSI t6 p a K 0 c. E:6oov POKOC KaelotatOI t6
6v6pwmvov OWIJa 1-18 tnv napo6ov toO xp6vou.
'H \.IJUXn, aitfac tWV E:navsv- 0 a p K- WOSWV, uSV 6' u6at' OeVOOVtCin,
Kaeiotatal otaolaKWC m1toouvsfomoc, Kai Msue8pa, xa-
PIV tnc npoona1J(3avo1J8vnc vvwoswc E:K tnc npaKtiKfiC 8ap1Jovnc
sic t6v 6 V p 6 V tfiC Z:WfiC SiC t6V Z - <.yolaKOV 'A V P 6 V tOO
z- a v p 8 w c. enpsutoO twv t!Juxwv. 'A v p s u c slvm 6 Kuvnv6c;en-
psutnc. Kaf 'An6nnwv slva1 E:tspoeansTc 6osnol Kaf 61J6ts-
pol slvm enpsutal. enpsuovtsc tdc t!Juxac twv evmwv.
'0 IJ8V npwtootatsi IJaiVOIJSVOC 1-18 t6v 6fao6v tOU sic td
SKtOC tautoO OWIJatiKO naen tOO f:pwtoc Kai tnc IJ8enc. td enola 8psi
sic ioopponfav old tWV 6pylaOtiKWV tSnStWV. '0 68 'An6nnwv npSIJSi
tnv t!Juxnv 010 tfiC 6pstfiC. tOO IJ8tpou Kai tOO VVW61 oaut6V. 'H 61ttn
6nsiK6viOIC tnc uoswc toO 6vepwnou 6n6 t!JuxonoyrKnc nnsupac E:IJ-
avfZ:stal n6voooc Kai snfKOIPOC. T6 nap6oSIVIJa, VSVVWIJSVOV E:K
tnc un6tnc 6pxnc toO unooSIKVUSI Otl naeoc Kai
'An6nnwv /t6 1-18tpov (IJ8tpov aplotov toO Mavn:fou> slvm t8Kva toO
tfiC unspt6tnC KOOIJIKfiC VOniJOOUVnC. '0 ZSUC/VOOC yvwpfZ:SI
nwc v6 KatSUVOZ:[l Kai OXI VO Katanvfy[l t6 OWIJatiKO naen tWV 6VntWV,
1-18oc.y toO uioo tou otp8wv t6 tnc t!Juxnc twv OIJIJa sic t6
VVW61 OaUtOV tOO npwtOtOKOU uioO tOU 'An6nnWVOC:
6
, OUVKPOtWV Kaf
ouyKpatwv tllV t!Juxnv tWV evmwv 6vepwnwv UVIO 8vt6c tWV oplwv
tnc E:vo6pKou umonoviac me.
'EK tnc 6vatonnc h t!Juxn. KIVOU1J8vn np6c tnv oumv. 8psr t6v oapKI-
vov Xltwva tnc;, t6 ((Oflln6pupov $OPO<;n. 'EK tfiC OUOSWC np6c tnv
6vatonnv slvar Msue8pa avsu 6psoc/OWIJatiKWV OC:OIJSUOC:WV, avc:u
unaKfiC. Kaf Kuplwc avc:u unoxpc:woc:wv UniKfiC uoc:wc.
uMuplac; IJEV yap liiJiV aaxoflfac; napEX1 t6 OWIJCI 616 tf'IV
OVCIVKCIBCIV tPOCI>('IV ftl 6 av tiVeC: VOOOI npoanEOCA>OIV,
S1Jn06ft;oucnv liiJWV tnv tOO OVtOC: enpav.n.
ClliOtl anc:lpa IJEV S1Jn061a napEXC:I c:ic hf.,lOC t6 OWIJCI 010 tnv
OVC:UPC:OIV tnc 6vayKaiac tpolnc npoostl OS, av OUIJI300V IJC:-
-----
5 Ll. Llnpnrp6Kou Miva Ofinc; rnc; 'EfiflnvtKflc; Tflwaanc;", flnwa cpapoc;.
6 'Hat66ou "esovovfa" ar. 918- 920.
PIKOi aoetvc:IOI, Sf.,lnoofZ:ouv tnv Ul' rl!JWV z;fltnOIV tnc ann-
ec:iac>.
mn6rwvoc; C/>af6UJV>> 66 8 - C,
6n66. K. e. Apanonoufiou, EK6. nAnYPOD.
TA ll.YO TO:A/BIOI THI \VYXHI
-
-
....
179
Eic t6 avw "[ 6 0 V, onou SniKpatsT t6 we tOO nnfou, 6 evm6c o-
pc:T t6 6nun6pupov apoc. Eic t6 K6tw. t6 h1-1fwc. t6 E:Knopc:u61JC:-
vov E:K tnc 61Ju6pac n61Jt!Jc:wc tnc oc:nnvnc Kaf twv IJaKpuvwv 6ot8pwv.
h t!Juxn E:xs1 6nol3anc:1 Kai t6 nu1-1atov apoc, t6 tsnsutaiov me E:vou-
f..la.
'Ev tOUtOIC. Ot:OV 6 nniOC 6noxwpji, o8v SniKpatc:i t6 6n6nutov OK6toc.
uEup6vnn 6noKanc:Ttal h OC:nnvn ciC t6V 'Op<j)IKOV tnC "VIJVOV
7

'O 'Hp6Knsltoc 6va8pstal sic tnv sup6vnv 1-18 vav nentc:ninsntov
xapaKtnPIOIJOV toO 6nfyou wt6c. OIOtl 6n6nutov OKO!OC sic t6v aoap-
KOV 13fov tnc \.IJUXiiC o8v un6pxa
uavepwnoc: tv euct>p6vn ct>6oc; OntetCII ECA>Ut@ anoeavoov
6noal3ea8efc; O\.IJ1<;, l;WV 6 OntetCII te8VeWtOC: eU6WV, OnO
013ea8efc; 0\.IJC:IC:, E;ypnyopc.;)c; OntetCII eU60VtOC:.n.
7 'OpC/JtK6c; ''Ypvoc; Esflnvnc;. Xl/9, ar. 8.
180 TO MYHHPION TOY AnOAAQNIOY <I>QTOI
(O avepwnoc: !JEOO Otnv VUKta t6 we: VIO t6v taut6v
tOU, ano80IJEVOC: IJE Kflc10t6 t6 IJOtiO, KOi m:n Ot6V unvo
tOU KOf IJE KflciOtO t6 !JOtiO t6V 86vato EVG;! 01:6
toU tOV UnVO
(HpaKncfrou, an. 26,
(<HPAKJ\EITOE)), an6o. x. A. 1\aJJnpfoou, tKo. Bl{3ntonUJnsiov KJ\EIQJ.
'H C:Up6vn tOO 'HpaKnc:ftou uno6nnol tllV ac:i tWV OVtWV
c:ic: tnv 6uv6tJC:I Kat6oworv E:vt6c: toO htJfwtoc:. E:vt6c: toO c: u tnc;
p 0 v n 0 c w c:. Al 6Vti9C:t1Kai EKp6oc:rc;: c:up6vn - 6oc:, anoeavwv I
tc:evc:wc- z.wv, tvpnyopwc;- c:u6wv, tpouv n1v opayi6a toO KuKnr-
KoO xp6vou. tE:Kvou tnc aiwvr6tmoc;. Al ljJuxai, 616 tnc ouvc:xooc Ku-
KfltKnc; tWV nc:piQ:>OpCic;, OtaV c:ic t6 avw t 6 0 v E:navtpxwvtOI ai !JEV,
anoxwpoOv, Katc:px6tJc:val, ai 6. T6 tE:Kva 6raotxovtm touc vovc:lc;, t6
6nola tJE tnv oc:1p6v twv Ka9iotavtar vovc:lc;, vc:vvwvtc:c tE:Kva K.O.K.,
E:navafla1Jr56vovtc:c trlV autnv 61nVC:Kfl nc:plop6v c:ic t6 ac:i
8
Ai ljJU-
xai tvann6ooouv tnv 6uv61Jcl Kat6otamv l-IE tnv tv tvc:pyc:iQ, tvap1Jo-
vrZ.6tJc:vm IJE tnv, EVt6c; toO ac:l, Klvnmv tnc opoc;.
LuVC:nGlc;, h OniJaOfa tWV al'tiOV tOO !JUOmpraKOO wt6C tWV
c:Tva1 h np6o6oc; EK tnc; aiwv16tmoc c:ic t6v xp6vov. ah:fac:
me yivctal 6 olaXWPIOIJOC tOO KUKflOU c:ic t6 6uo hiJIKUKflla n c:ic 6UO l'oa
t 6 tWV 180 EKaOtOV. Kai Orl!JEPOV, h Otpon tWV 180 c:ic; trlV Ka-
9niJC:PIVrlV eKpaOIV tWV 9VntWV uno6nflol trlV IJctar30flrlV tf'IC Q:>UOEWC
tWV ouv9nKWV
'Avw, t6 toO hnfou/An6nnwvoc. K6tw, t6 tnc oc:nnvnc/Ap-
tE:IJr6oc;. T6 6pat6 ow1-1ata hniou - oc:nnvnc c:Tvm ai c:iK6vc:c twv vomwv
ec:iwv OVtWV An6nnwvoc - AptEIJIOOC.
T6 OUVOfliKOV llf'IKOC tnc nc:ptc:pc:fac; toO KUKflOU tWV evmwv, t6 unspl -
IJiiKSSC: tWV iotG>Vn otaEPEI 616 trlV K69c: evoapKOV ljJUXrlV avaflOVWC
tnc 6iapKc:iac tnc; me c:ic hnlaK6 sm tnf tnc vnc. 'O ouvo-
nrK6c; me; r3 i 0 C tOO avw Kai K6tw S i 0 U - S I 0 0/
t 6 o u, wt6c; Kaf up6vnc;, 6uv61Jcl Kai tv tvc:pyc:IQ
etoc:wv tnc ljJuxnc;.
'H IJcvanonptnc:la tnc ounnnljJc:wc twv 6E:v Eic; tnv
avwtE:pw OUIJSOfliKrlV etamv, OUtE c:ic tnv avwtE:pw OUV6EOIV 6pa-
t00 t 6 0 U/S I 0 0 - aop6tou s f 0 u. '0 KUKflOC: Et1Jrl9n 6prl,ovtfwc EiC
8 'Ej.JnEOOKfliouc;, 6n.125 KG{ 137.
TO::::A fHINA 181
t6 6UO 'loa tWV Twpa h spc:uva npotciVC:I trlV tO!JrlV tnc;
t 6 0 V Ka98tWC Kai, 61aonwoa autnv, 9Etcl t6 9paUOIJata Eic;
t6 Ot6xaotpov tWV flOVIOIJWV.
'Pil,o - onaOtiKrl h np6taOIC v6 avaflu9f1 t6 61nflo0v OUIJWVOV = Eic K
Kai L, WOtE v6 anEflEU9EPWO[I 6UV61JC:IC KPU6c;, afln6 aKatanovntouc;.
Tf n9EflE npOKUljJ[I, 86v yiv[l 616onao1c; tOO t 6 0 U, npOKEIIJEVOU v6
EIJavro9f1 h ouofa tnc; t 6 K- 0 0 v. 'Av 6 EPEUVntnc; napaKo-
flOU9f1 t6 hiJEpnmov t 6 - K o - o v toO hniou, t6 6nolov 96vov Eic; tnv
6UOIV, tyKataflEinEI t6v KOOIJOV Eic; t6 0 K 6 t 0 c;, tOtE 96 npOEKUntEV
616 tnc; avttotpoQ:>nc tnc t 6 K a o v h a K 6 t o c.
T 0 K I 0 N
I K 0 T + 0 I
Avtf9EOIC tOO hiJEpnofou nfltaKOO t 6 0 u ETvm t6 VUKtEPIVOV 0 K 6 t 0 c;,
npCiyiJa t6 6nolov uno6nflWVEtal 616 tnc OKPISOOC OVtiOtpocpnc; tWV
npwtWV tE006pwv ypaiJIJCi't:WV tWV 6UO


r K 6 t 0 C Kaf t 6 0 V EfVal tEKVa, 6niJIOUPVrl1Jata, VEVVrljJata tf'IC
autnc; i6E:ac;, npoc:pXOIJEVa EK tnc hnlaKf'IC 6p60EWC n tnc; 6Vti9EOEWC
me. tnv snnErljJrv. o K 6 to c Elvm MnEiljJIC wt6c, h 6noia sxEt
npoE:n9EI an6 tnv anoxwpnOIV tWV OKtfvwv tOO hniou Eic; t6 Q:>UOIKOV
nE6fov Kaf tnc ayvoiac;/ajJa9Efac; c:ic t6 vom6v EK tnc anouoiac; tOO
An6nnwvoc;.
nt6 OUIJBPOV Kai EK tWV 61aQ:>sp6VtWV KOflflfotnV
OPIJOVIav Kaf navta Kat' EPIV yfvsoeatn.
(tO avtf8Eta OUVOntOVtal KOf an6 t6 OIIOtO!JcVO npOEPXEtOI n
tEflEfa OP!JOvfa Kaf t6 n6vta yivovtm Kat6 teuc: VO!JOUC: tfl<: ou-
toov tvavtfwv.>.
('HpaKnefrou, an. 8,
((HPAKJ\EITOE}), an6o. x. A. 1\aJJnpfoou, tKo. BJ{3nJOncunsiov KJ\EJQJ.
'O 'Hp6KnErtoc o1660KEI, E:pwv t6 nap66EIVIJO toO v61-1ou tnc ouz.uvlac
tWV EVOVtfwv. 'H anouoia tOO nfliOKOO t 6 K 0 0 U OVW9EV tOO 6pfl,ov-
9 J\flr6vnc; ((APPHTO/ 1\0rG/, 'Enfoaupoc;, G6flou AnOKGfiUI/JIC:", Kc. 3, Ocfl. 20, 7oc;
KGVWV.
182 TO MYITHPION
tOC. pel t6 0 K 6 t 0 C. 06 nto OUVat6V Vel npOEKUljJeV tUXaiwc; n OVti-
6eOIC t 6 K 0 0 U - 0 K 6 t 0 U C;
napOIJOia 81JclVIOIC 0 K 6 t 0 U C eiC tnv OleOnaOIJEVnV tOO t 6 K -
0 0 U 66 nptnn Vel 8X!1 nePI006tepa KOIVcl OtOIXeTa IJE aFlnac;
ai 6noia1 Vel OUVoEOUV, anna Kaf Vel oraonoOv E:vvoroFlOYIKWC t 6 0 V
Ka( 0 K 6 t 0 C. 'Ac; npoona6non. FlOin6V, 6 E:peuvm:nc Vel OUVeXI0!1 tnv
8pcuvav tOU, npOKei!JEVOU va oramotwon. tav VEal
6npoJ3ntm:wc npoKuntouoar EK tWV avaypaiJIJatiOIJWV, OUVOI-
KOOV n OUYYeVeUOUV IJeta tiiC t 6 K 0 0 v.
'Eav EK tnc t 6 K o o v 6mpe6fi t6 tenrK6v ou1-1wvov N. tnc
vonoewc. eic tnv VOntiKnV 6e6vnv n
T 0 K I 0 N

T 0 K 0 I
uT6KO<; (O) (tfKtW) .... tnf YUVaiKWV, t6 tfKteiV, t0Ket6<;,
yt.vva ..... 4) .... nav O,tl tiKtetaJ, t6 tsxet.v. y6voc:. yt.vvn!Ja,
tEKVOV, ui6c; .... n.
(LI. LlnJJnrp6KOU ((Miya ofin( rfl( 'EfifinVIKfl( rficJaan(>>).
'EK tOO t 6 K 0 U napayovtOI ai t 0 K e t 6 C. t 0 K e U C. t t K 0 C.
t I K t w. t t K v o v. to K c: w v K.a. 8nnaon. tK toO t 6 K a o u nponnec:v
6n6Knnpoc; h OnUOIC tiiC YEVeOIOUpyoO aitiac. T6 t 6 a tWV 8JOUIJWV
'3' ) f 1 - :JF l l 1 I f l
c:rvar mtra yc.vc:oewc twv ovtwv ere a1JOtepa ta neola, aroem6v Kaf
vom:6v.
ruveneiQ tiiC Enevc.pyefac twv t 6 w v eiC t6 aio6m:6v neofov. n UOIC
onwv tWV avepwnwv Eni6UIJeT, tWV 6v6pwv v6 YE.VVQ Kaf tWV YUVOIKWV
Vel tfKt!1.
u6IO: .... KUOUOIV yap, f<!>n. w IWKPats:c;, navts:c; avepwnol
Kaf Kata t6 Oci>j.la Kaf Kata tflV IJ.!UXflV, Kaf tne160V SV tiVI
nfiiKlf;l YEVWVtal, tfKteiV Eni6UIJET nj.IWV n <!>UOIC:. tBKteiV 6
EV IJSV afoxp@ OU Ouvatal, EV 6t. t@ Kafl@. n yap 6v6p6c;
Kai yuvaiK6<; ouvouofa t6Koc; S:otlv. sotr 6 toOto esTov t6
npCiyjJa .... n.
... .'OnOI ol avepwnor. rwKpcn:n. EYKUIJO-
voov Kaf Kat6 t6 OWIJa Kat Kat6 tnv wuxnv OtaV 6E 66oouv sic
TO=:A rHINA
WPIOIJEVnv nfiiKfav. n u01<; IJa<; t6t' alo66Vct01 tnv tm6U1Jfav
v6 ysvvnon. TOKct6<; OIJWC: tvt6<; tOO OOXtliJOU 6EV slvm 6u-
vat6c; IJ6VOV Evt6<; tOO wpafou. Ll16tl Kaf h EVWOI<; 6v6p6c; Kai
yuvarK6<; t0Kct6<; slvm. T6 01VOIJEVOV 6E aut6 clVal 6cTOV ... J.
fnfiarUJVO( ((LUjJnOOIOV>> 206 C,
6n66. 'f. EuKourpfl, iK6. Bt{3fitonUJfiETov rfl( ((EETIAE>>J.
183
T6 avwttpw ntyc:r n 810tf1Ja c:ic t6v 6c"iKWC E!JnVeUOIJEVOV n6yov tnC c:lc
t6v rwKpamv.
Eic; t6 vom6v ytveorc ovtwv c:Tvm 'loc:wv. Ai 'loar c:Tvar ta na-
paoc:fy!Jata c:ic; t6v vom:6v Kai 66patov 61aKOOIJOV, EK twv 6noiwv on-
!.IIOupyoOvtm c:ic t6v aioem:6v K60IJOV al c:iK6vc:c/1JOPaf twv yc:v-
vm:wv.
uKaf ta jJEV On opaoeaf <j)aiJSV, VOei06CII 6' OU, toe; 6' au i6t.ac:;
vosToear IJSV, 6pco6CII 6' oun.
(Kaf 6sx61Jc6a ott t6 IJEV 6vtiKcf1JcVa sTvm 6pm:6. ox1 OIJW<: vo-
m6. oi l6tsc; Cinnou c.Tvm vomtc; oxr OIJW<: 6pattc;>.
mnarUJvo( ((nontrefa>>, /31/3fifov ET', 507 e,
6n66. rannvoo, iK6. nAnvPon
Ta t 6 a tci>V 616UIJWV
c:lvar ol 66patol to K s oo v s c; 1 v o v s T c:; toov fiOVIOJ.Ici>v.
AvanoyrK&C Kaf tv ouv6uao1J4} 1Jct6 tiiC wtioc.wc twv ovtwv c.ic t6
aio6nt6v un6 toO nnraKOO Kaf tOO OcnnvraKOO onna6n tiic; nnl-
aKiiC Kai OcflnVIOKiiC olaopOIJiiC. tel YEVVnta OVta.
816 tiiC 6paoc:wc;, t6 8nnoya yc:vvnt6 ovta avantUOOOUV tnv v6nOIV,
tnv EK toO wt6c EKnopC:UOIJEVnv. 816tl, 616 va 6Vtlnn6fi 6 evnt6c
t6 napaoc:ly!Ja c.ic t6 vom:6v, analtcitm npoOnapxov mv61Jc:vov c:ic
t6 alo6nt6V, OUV6UOOIJ6C unnC/J.IOPii<:. KatC:PXOIJEVn h 6!1Pn1JSVn
8vv01a toO napaosiy!Jatoc EK toO vom:oo c:ic t6 aioem:6v npoooc.uc.1.
OVEPXOIJSVn EniOtPE$81 eic; aut6.
Avtlotoixwc eic t6v aioem:6v K60IJOV h tvvc61Jnvoc Kuoopia Kal
vtvvnOIC tWV evmwv 8Xcl npotn6el EK tiiC ouvc:pyaofac nnlou/wt6c;
/An6nnWVOC - Oennvnc;/n1JiWtOC/AptSIJI60C, 616tl uKOUPO tp6$0<;n
C:lVOI 6 An6nnWV
10
, nKOUPO - tp6<j>oc; 6aftJWVn Kaf h 'AptC:IJIC
11
'0 oc:nn-
VIaK6c; KUKnoc; tiiC APtEIJiooc OU!Jnlntc:l IJE t6v nc:p1061K6v KUKnov twv
yuvaiKWV cic; XPOVIK6v OlclOtniJO 28 h!JC:POOV, 6 KUKFlOC. t6
EVVcOIJnVOV OIOOtniJO tOO nnlaKoO 8touc; tOO An6nnwvoc. Oi 8IOUIJOI
10 'Hot66ou ((esovovfa)) or. 346- 348.
11 'OpC/)tKO( "YJJVO( :AprijJIOO(, XXXVI/36, or. 8.
184 TO MVHHPION TOY An0/\1\QNIOY
nKOUPO tp6$0in tOO wt6<: Elvar h 66patOC aida npoEFIEUOEWC Kai
VEVVnOEWC tWV 8VntWV 6v8pwnwv, tnEIOn c;Tval 6 npOOOIOPIO!JOC tOO
XPOVIKOO oraotn!JatOC tiiC KUOopiac tWV, Oi anopptovtEC t 0 K E t 0 i
Kaf n !JEttnEI!O OVa- tpocpn tWV.
ruvc;nwc, vaiJJtv aitfa tOKEtwv c;Tvar ta t 6 a twv LliOU!JWV c;ic t6 u-
OIK6v nc;oiov, tv toll tore. oi t 6 K o 1 sxouv npotfi8EI tK toO o K 6 to u c/
hJJiwtoc, tne6vtEC EK tOO toO tEn, tOO aveu IJOPWV,
aflfla nKal an6 toO t6 n6vta t6 KaR6 i 0 tv a In, we FISVEI 6 rwKpamc
Ei<: t6v Kpatuflov
12
'O toO nnatwvoc otv sxc;r Katl tniol3ov 6vtr-
ettwc 6 nnoU!WV cJvar nnvn VVWOEWC ora tac ljJuxac, tac 6nofac Enl-
fltyEI ora va tac Ka!Jn KOIVWVOUC nfiOUtOU VVWOEWV. Eic t6v <t>aiowva 6
nflatWV npoo8S!EI, OflfiWV, Kaf !a
II Otl OU60IJ68sv arlfloec:v ylyvovtal oi z;wvtsc: n SK tWV tC:
evc:ootoovn.
c. .. otr 6n6 nouec:va Oflnoo Mv ylvovtar ai ljJuxaf napa E:K twv
6noeav6vtwvt
mn6rwvoc; ((C/>afowv}) 70 D,
6n6o. K. e. :4panonoufiou. EKO. nAnYPOD.
u'EIJI3P18tc; 68 vc:. & Cl>ifls, tOOto o'lc:oeal xpn c:Tvcu Kaf papu Kal
Ve6>6c:c; Kal 6pat6v 0 6ft Kal n tOICIUtn ljJUXfl j3apuvs-
taf u: Kaf ErlKstal n6n1v c:ic; t6v 6pat6v t6nov, $613<!,> toO ac:r-
6o0c; tE Kaf'AI60U, WOnEp fltyc:taL..n.
<TOOtO oE t6 OW!JatOEIOSc; nptnc:r va avta2;c:tai tic;, inc; IJOU,
j3apu, VEWi5Ec; Kaf 6pat6v aut6 flotn6v EXOUOO n tOIOUtn ljJuxn
c:TvOI 130PEIO Kai oupctal nafiiV c;ic; t6v 6pm:6v t6nov, EK 6130U
np6c; t6v 66patov KOO!JOV Kaf t6v Kaewc; ntvc:tai...J.
mn6rwvoc; ((C/>afowv>> 81 c.
we; 6vwrtp<!,)J.
<t>613oc eavatou KataflaJJI3avc:r tac 6JJuntouc; t!Juxac Kai oxr tac; IJC:JJUn-
JJtvac; twv rfloo6wv.
I K 0 T 0 I

I + T 0 K 0 I
12 nnarwvoc; (<Kpart.Jnoc;>> 404 b.
TO:A rHINA 185
T6 apKtiKOV OlJIJWVOV L !iic; 0 K 6 t 0 c;, IJIIJ81tal i51a tOO OXnJJa-
t6<: tOU tnV nafiiVOPO!JIKnV KiVnOIV n t:6 OlJIJI30flOV tOO 08101J00, fltyc:l 6
rwKpatnC
13
T6 OUJJI3oflov r. tvapKtnprov Kaf tc:flrK6v ypaJJJJa tiic;
EniOnJJaivcl !nv tnavaflnljJIV tWV 13roc:navaopwv n tWV tnavc:voap-
KWOEWV, al6noT01 fl6y4) 1:iic; 6ouvnp6tmoc twv E!JnC:IPIWV toO 13iou, npo-
08101JOV c:ic; !nV ljJuxnv. Bpovtn Kaf OEIOIJOC
14
tnV OUV008UOUV,
OtaV np6Kclt01 va f.yKataflC:IljJ[l t6 Katw hiJIKUKfliOV tOO 0 K 0 t - 81V00
t 6 o u me;, tpxoJJtvn c:ic; tvoapKworv. 'H KUKflrKn nc:propa tii<: ljJu-
xiic; otv otaJJat(l. - ava - flaJJI3avc:tar Kai. avamuoooJJtvn, npoo -
flaJJI3avc:J ouvc:xwc; ouoKoflwtc:pa vta JJa8nJJata ora twv tJJnc:rprwv.
T6 !JSflflov va Kataotfi sflfloyov OV, EUPIOKO!JC:VOV OKO!Jn c:ic Kataota-
OIV VOntiKOO 0 K 6 t 0 U c;, 13flSnEI !JOVOV !JS tOUC UOIKOUC tOU 68afi-
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tnV VOntJKnV tOU 686vn JJ 0 t 6 X 0 V tOUC OUOX8ti01JOUC, OIOtl otv
sxc:r tnv iKav6tma toO o to x a a 1J o 0, c:ic; t6v 6noiov Katannvc:r t6
Kat8U8UVOIJ8VOV 13 t fl 0 c; tiic; l3 0 n ii C/13 0 U fl ii C/13 0 U fl n 0 8 W c; tOO
to u.
.H f30uflncnc:/13 0 - U - fl n/j3ofln/f35FIOC:
sK tG>v npottpoov t6v at6xov.
'H 'EflflnvrKn rflwooa ouvotc:r tnv ouo tvvorwv toO o t 6 x o u
Kai tOO 0 K 6 t 0 U C JJt tnv 1J8ta8EOIV tWV ioiwv ypaJJJJatWV. '0 0 t 6-
X 0 c Ei<: t6 0 K 6 t 0 c; otv c;lvOI 6pat6c;. /1ra va EIJavroen E:vraioc; Kaf
EUOiaKpltOC, npo0no8tt81 anflctOV Wti01JOV, onflaon tnv 6vtf8801V
tiic tvvofac toO o K 6 t o u c.
I T 0 X 0 I
I >K \ \
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Tctaptn (!OKOOV, OKOtOC. t6KOC, al npWtal tPEic;) n
0 t 6 X 0 c;, o1a !00 avaypaJJJJatiOIJ00 Kaf tiic; OVtiKataotaOEWC tOO oupa-
VIKOO X 61a tOO oupaVIKOO K, OUVi5S8tal !JS tac; tPEic; nponyOU!Jtvac; Kai
SPXEtal va Enii381301WO[l tnv aflflnflouxlav tWV E0Wt8PIKWV olanflOKWV.
13 nnarwvoc; <Kpart.Jnoc;>> 42 7 a.
14 nnarwvoc; "nonncfa>>, f3t/3fifov 1 ', 621 B, "{3povrnv Kaf octOf.l6v vcvioeat .... ".
186 TO MYHHPION TOY AriOJ\J\QNIOY <I>QT01:
Aln:af IJE IJUOtiKOV, appntov Kai a88atov tp6nov, npo-
Kel!JEVOU v6 OUVOEOOUV 616 tiic; OVt18EOEU>C: tnv OVVOIOV Kaf tnv
61J6SE1av toO o K 6 to u c: 1-18 t6 we; tnc; vvwoc;ooc; twv 0E-
oi <h aitfa) 616 tWV t 6 U> V oot6c; - h1Jfootoc; (tO opyavov) w8o0v t6
r3 En n ( t6 IJEOOV tm - tOO OKonoO>. onooc; KOtEU8Uv8o0v 616
tiic; r30UFinOEU>C: np6c; t6v 0 t 6 X 0 V (OnOtEFIEOIJO).
'H 8pa0ou:: tWV Pll;WV smufl6<mel vontiK6c;
'Evt6c; tflc; svvolac; IJIOC:
016 tflc; 1Jeta8tOEU>c; tWV OU1Jr36RU>V /VPCIIJIJOtWV,
npoP6fiRStCII n avtf8st6c; tnc; OI11JC!Oia Kaf
ouyxp6vwc; t6 1101Kffla anotsRtOIJCitCI
tWV SVEPVSIWV tiic; OPXIKflc; svvofac;.
'EK tOO t6K OOU: T6 OK6toc;, 6 t6Koc;, 6 Ot6xoc;.
'EK napaflflnFIOU, 616 tWV OVOVPOIJIJOtiOIJWV, npOEKUI.jJEV n ouvat6tnc;
ouvoE:oc;ooc; 81-1avwc; aoxstoov toov. OIJU>C:. 6avwc;
tvnp!JOVIOIJEVU>V. 'EK tiic; tiic; t 6 o v
8vt6c; tOO t 6 K 0 0 U 6 t 6 K 0 c;, tEKVOV tOO 0 K 6 t 0 U c;, t6 6noTOV
OtEPETtal IJEV o t 6 x o u. ouvm:6v, OIJU>C:. v6 t6v avc;upn.
I K 0 T 0 I
I >K II
I T 0 X 0
'0 UOIKOC: t 6 K 0 C: EUpfOKEtal Eic; KOtOOtaOIV VOntiKOO 0 K 6 t 0 U c;.
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vov N. 'Eyc;vvn8n 8K tOO t 6l; 0 U, t6 6noTov nEPIEXEI tnv VVOIOV toO
o t 6 x o u. c;upfoKEtal OIJU>C: Eic; t6 o K 6 to c;. T6 K o c;, o K 6 to c; Kaf
TO:A rHINA 187
0 t 6 X 0 C: OtEpOOVtal tOO OUIJWVOU N, tiiC: iKOVOtntOC: tOO VOETV, tOO
OUIJWVOU N - v>.
'DIJWC:. ai t t K v o v Kai t o K E w v <6 yovc;uc;> npoofla1Jf36vouv
t6 N, tiic; vonOEU>C:. 616 v6 anooanVI08ji Otl "[ 0 K E w v E c; Kal t t K v a
oEV 86 OtEP00Vtal 616 navt6c; VOI11JOOUVnc;.
Ai npof,3Fisl.jJEIC: tiic; rnwoonc; c;lvar ouvmpaKtiKOL 8K twv npo-
ttpoov 6 /\6yoc; tnv avaf,3681JIOIV toO afl6you OV!OC:, npof,3FIEnEI tnv
np6oflnl.jJIV tOO OUIJWVOU N tiic; vonOEWC: Eic; t6c; t t K v 0 v Kaf
t 0 K E w V, OUVOEU>V aut6c; 1JEt6 tOO t 6 0 u.
T 0 K I 0 N
IA1
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tiic; EtEPOIWOEWC: t6 o tiic; t 6 K o o v. Ka81otatal E c;ic; tnv
t t K v o v Kaf t6 voiiiJOV ov. npoofla1Jf36vov t6 OUIJwvov N,
anoppfntEI t6 L tWV EI10VEVOOPKWOEWV. 'OtaV 6 t 6 K 0 C: IJEtOUOIWVE-
tal Eic; t t K v 0 V, otv Eivar nFIE:ov vtvouc; apoEVIKOO, aflfl6 OUOEttpou.
OIOtl h l.jJuxn EXEI KatavonOEI tnv appc;vo8nFIEIOV UOIV tnC:
15
.
El'on OIOKPit6 EiC: t6V aio8nt6V KOOIJOV tiic; yiic; Eival IJOVOV t6 appEV Kaf
t6 8iinu Kai 0 u 0 E v E t E p 0 v (OUOE"CEPO. we; np6c; t6 0FIOV) un6pxa
AnOtEFIEOIJO h l.jJuxn v6 OUIJIJE"CEX!1 Eic; t6 xapaKtnPIOtiKO Kaf tWV OUO
ufloov 616 tnv an6Ktn01V EIJI1EIPIWV OIJOtEPU>V Kat6 t6c; EVOOPKWOEIC:
tnc;16.
'H l.jJUXn, npoooEUOUOO KOt6 t6c; tvoapKWOEIC: tnc;, oiOniOtWVEI t6 IJO"COI-
OV tiic; KUKFIIKiiC: 11EPI0POC: Kat6 t6V 'Hp6KFIEitOV:
uySVOIJSVOI l;WSIV S98fiOUCJI IJOPOUC: t' EXSIV, IJOfifiOV ot OVC!
nausoea1, Kai na1oac; Kataflsinoucn 1J6pouc; vsvtoeatu.
<6o0 yc;vvneoov. 88Fiouv v6 z;oov 1-18 ouvaK6nou8ov t6v
86vatov, n IJEIFlFIOV Enll;ntoOv IJlOV av6naunav, Kai acpfvouv
niow wuc; nmo16 t6 6noTa 86 8xouv 1:11v l'o1a IJOipa.l.
tHpaKflcfrou, an. 20,
((HPAKIIEITOE)), an66. X. A 1\Gf.Jnpfoou, EKO. 81/3fiiOnwflsTov KI\EIQJ.
15 'EJJnc60KfiBOUC:, an. 117.
16 Aflravnc; "APPHTOI !lOrDI, Kivraupol, Mi6ouaa, ra rfic; ljJuxfic; n68n,
KcC/>. 12.
188 TO MYHHPION TOY
'H OUVOIJSI Kat60taOIC: tWV nafowv, tWV t 6 K W V, slvm 6 I..IOPOC, 6 86va-
tOC. Kaf EPWtQ 6 evm:6c. Olati tv VVWOSI tOU ea SP!1 sic t6v KOOIJOV
anna evma OVta OIJOia l-IE aut6v; noTal sTval ai npoontiKai autwv tWV
tOKWV, tOUC 6nofouc;, aut6C WC tOKSUC, 86 acpnon sic tnv 8EOIV tOU E:nf
tiiC yiic;; Tf E:nf nRE:ov txsl va EniOniJOV!l 6 'EflflnVIKOC Kaf on 6 fl.nonnw-
VIOC /\6yoc 1..18 t6 aul..lf30nov toO
T 0 K I 0 N
\\\ 7(
T 0 K 0
I K 0 T 0 I
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slvat tflsuespoc va KO!Jn tnv E:mnovnv tOU, auvoSOIJSVOC Kata tnv no-
psiav tOU sic t6v ZcyolaK6v KUKnov, sl'ts IJS t6 avw t 6 0 v tOO nnfou/
An6Rnwvoc. onflaon tiiC annesfac. tiiC Enlatn!Jnc Kaf tiiC vvwoswc. sl'ts
IJS t6 KOtW tOO 0 K 6 t 0 u c. onnaon tOO a + K 6 t 0 u c. tiiC E:navaflal..l-
f3aV01Jtvnc <r> txepac. 1..1laouc. 6pvnc Kaf 61..1aeslac.
'H norm1Kn an1..1afvs1:
11K6toc; (O) no1. OICIPKnc; 6pyn, axepa, IJiOOC:, IJVnOIKCIKfa KCitcl

(Ll. Lln/)nrpaKOU Miya
Kata tnv EKooxnv autnv, t6 avw t6 we tiiC h!Jtpac;,
tnv nfllaKnv VVWOIV, tnv annesrav, tllV p6vnarv, EVG) t6 KcltW t6 a K 6-
t 0 C. tnv 01J08SJav, tnv OOKnOiaocpfav, t6V OOVI..IatlaiJOV, t6 1..1Taoc;, tnv
txepav. tnv 6pynv.
Eic; t6 avw, we; slvm VVWOIC Kaf ouvsxnc; np6oooc; tiiC t!Juxiic;. Eic; t6 KcltW,
a K 6 t 0 C. a + K 6 t 0 C slvm 1-16 p 0 C n 8 6 V a t 0 C 016 t6v t 6 K 0 v.
'H E:mnoyn tiic t!Juxnc sTvm Msuespa, avsu OSOIJSUOSWV oiaoonnots
I..IOPnc. or6tr:
TO::::A rHINA
Gs:6c; OVCiftiOC:.n.
('H c:ueuvn avnKcl a' Kclvov nou EKfltysr 6 es6c slval avsueu-
VOC.l.
<nofilrefa)}, {3!{3niov I', 617 E,
an6o. C/>. nanna, iKo. nAnvPon.
189
'0 nnatWV KcliJVSI 1..1fav xapaKtnpiOtiKnV XpiiOIV tiic; t 0 K I a t n C
sic t6v AflKII316onv h.sutspov, h 6nofa avatpst01 ciC touc; esouc. Oi
esof anof3ntnouv sic t6c; t!Juxac 1-1ac: Kaf ox1 sic t6 owpa Kaf tac euofac
1..1ac.
ou yap, oiiJal. toloOt6v tatl t6 es:wv. wats:
owpwv napays:aecn, oiov KaK6v tOKiatfw.n.
(rQ.: .&lOti VOIJfZ:w otv sTvm toiOOtol oi ecor. ooats va na-
paaupwvtal an6 ooopa, waav KaKOC: toKIOttlCJ.
149 E.
an66. N. EKo. nAnYPOD.
'0 t 0 K- IOtnC slv01 6 nOIWV xpiiOIV tOO t 6 K 0 U, LiaiK00 t S K V 0 U,
n navt6c aflnou npayjJatoc;, t6 6noTov EXEI vsvvnen Kaf EXSI Kaf tnv
ouvat6tnta va tfKtn. '0 KaKOC tOKIOtnc; anmtc:T t 6 K 0 v Kai sic; tnv
nntov vn1vov twv tKpaoswv tou, sTvm 6 t 6 K o c; toO xpn!Jatoc;. 'H
vvo1a tiic; xpii!Ja sic; t6 apxala anjJa[VC:I npayjJa.
B = = B I o c;
B = KOttl> = B I 6 c;, B fa, B I 0 n a i1 n
oiJOOVUIJa 13 i 0 t; Kai 13 I 6 t;
<t>tpovta On6 t6v 13 i o v sic; t6v 13 1 6 v ;eavatov.
H KUKiliKfi nspl<j)Opa tnt; EXSI ooc; vont6V napa6SIVIJa
ta t 6 a twv AI6UIJCA>V.
TOKSit; Kal t6KOI SilKOUV tfiV KOIVfiV tti>V KataVCA>VfiV
On6 tO I 0 u c; asilnvnc; nillou Kai
VOOOV 610 tnt; 8npSUOSCA><; tnv 6iailSKtiKfiV <f>UOIV tWV di6UIJCA>V.
Iuvsnw<;, unapxsa IJ(a On6KpU<j)O<; <j)lnOOO<j)IKfi OUVOSOit;,
n onoia OUVEXSI oila tO IJEpn tOO
t.v ouvaptnos; pt t6v 13 r o v twv evntwv Kal
tOUt; 13 I 0 u c; tWV di6UIJCA>V;
190 TO MYHHPION TOY AnOJ\J\QNIOY <l>QTOI
Ke6fia1ov Bov
T6 90UIJO tOOV OUVWVUIJWV
SiC: t6V OU1J(30RIOIJOV t 6 ~ 0 U /(3100 KOI (3fou
192
Kaf t6 JJ8pn toO OUVWVU!JOV toO 6nofou c:lv01 6 r316<;,
C:IVOI n
(tO) .... t6l;o, 60l;Opl f3it fl. EKI1f36nov
onflov, 61 OU spplntOV tO f3E:fln, anoteflOUIJSVOV n.
6UO El;eOJ,.ISVWV tiJI1JJOtWV Kspm:oc; OUVI1PIJOOIJSVWV
IJSOov 610 toO m1xswc: Kal <!>ep6vtwv sic: aKpa toe;
KOpci>vac; E<!>' WV nto npoa6e61JSVn n S:K OUVeOtPCIIJIJSVWV
tVOVtWV KCitCIOKeUCIZ:OIJEVn VSUPO .... 5) IJt<!>. nov OU tl
IJCIKp6esv f30flfletCII, we: nflfou lifllaKaf OKtivsc; .... ll.
(Ll. LlnjJntpGKOU ((Mtya Oflnc; rflc; 'EflflnVJKfiC: rflcJaanc;,
flfiJJJJO
Ai ai 6noTa1 6opoOv c:ic tnv KataoKc:unv toO t6
ouvwvut.Ja, 6JJWVUJ.Ja Kaf ai twv axtac:Jc 86 6vamux8oOv tv au-
vc:xc:iQ.
Eic; tnv 'ln16oa
1
n 8c:6 A8nva, IJctaiJ1cCJ8ciCJa c:i<; Tpwa, unc:v8utJfZ:cl c:ic
t6v n6voapov, ui6v tOO /\UK60VOC tnv Km:aCJKC:Unv tOO tnv
6nofav EKaJjC:V aut6c Kaf nwc 61' autoO 86 t6v Mc:vtnaov. '
El<; t6 SV n6yop Kef!JC:VOV tWV 2 3 CJtfXWV Katayp60Vtal Kat6 CJC:ip6v
ai ai 6vac:p6J.Jc:val c:ic t6 Ka8wc 6va8Pct01 Kaf t6
toO An6nnwv?c: Kopwvnv, ap8tpnc, i6v, vc:upf'l,
?KJt?v vnu1oac. vc:upa, vc:upnv, r316c. vc:upn,
oratoc
'H nc:ntot.Jc:pnc twv 6vtlatofxwv ai 6noi01 nc:p1yp6ouv
t6 !JEpn tOO t 6 0 U/13 I 0 0, !JC:t6 tnv 6v6nUOIV toO CJUIJI36nou tiiC
ttxvnc. 86 tpn t.K toO CJK6touc c:ic t6 <Pwc. t.K toO 1368ouc
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t.vvofac: z:wnc/13fou - 8av6tou/131oO. 'O 'Hp6Knc:rtoc 8Kat.Jc: tnv apxiKnv
o1aniotwmv. ntvwv:
nt@ ouv OVOIJCI f3foc;, spyov OS eovm:oc;..
<t6 6vo1-1a toO cTvar 13ioc. E.pyov tou OIJWC c:Tvar
6 86vatoc;J.
('HPOKflcftOU, an. 48,
((HPAKIIEITOE!!, an66. X. .:4 lla;.mpfoou, BK6. Bt/3fltonU>flcTov KIIEIQJ.
1 'OJJflpou (('ffll6<;" JJ 104- 126.
1116 tnV OKPil3claV 6 'Hp6KncltOC 86 8npc:nc v6 t.mCJntJ6Vn f3 I 6 C Kaf
6x1 13 i o c. 11r6tl 1:6 auvwvut.Jov toO c:lv01 6 13 1 6 c. 'Hot6xnac:v 6
'Hp6KncltOC;"H Jjnnwc n8nnoc: v6 tflV KOIVflV apxnv Z:WiiC -
eav6tou c:ic t6 6nc:Jpoc:n6XICJ!OV tOO xp6vou, O!av, !JC:!al3afvouaa n
ljJuxn 6n6 1:nv Z:wnv ciC !OV 86va!OV Kaf. 6VtiOtp6w<;, t.matpouaa
c:ic tnv z:wnv, auvavtEltal CJtiVJ.Jiaiwc !JE tnv aiwvr6tnta, t6 6Kat6nutov
Kai avapxov, OVC:U apxflc; Elv01 toO navt6C;
Elc t6 ouo CJnJjc:ia avatoniic - OUCJC:WC, n ljJuxn latatOI t.ni tii<: Kopwvnc
((oc: a. 203>. auvoc:oc:J.Jtvn !Jct6 tii<: vc:upac ((oc: a. 199>. 'EKc:T 6noKa8i-
otatar n !JUCJtnplaKn t.nan tiiC ljJuxnc !JE t6v oup6VIOV OI6KOCJ!JOV,
onou n 8v6tn<; xwpfZ:c:tal c:ic t6 ouo toO oupavfou wt6c;, t6 avw
tOO An6nnwvoc. t6 K6tw tii<: AptEIJIOOC. T6 CJntJC:ia avatoniic - OUCJC:WC
c:TvOI t6 CJntJC:ia tii<: OJ.J1 8c:6oc:wc, tWV np6 Kal tWV !JC:t6 tWV nJjiKUKniwv
13 I w v tOO 13 I 0 u tii<: ljJuxiic. 'H ljJuxn uf3FISneln tnv CJUVOniKnV tnC
t.vt6C tOO KUKFliKOO xp6vou. '0 VOOC FlcltOUPVC:i t.vt6C tOO ac:f. n
ljJuxn tv xp6voy Kaf t6 owt.Ja t.vt6c 1:flc uac:wc.
Km:6 tnV CJntJEPIVnV avtfnnljJIV ciC aut6 t6 OUO OntJC:ia t.nc:vc:pyc:i 6 v6-
!JOC tiiC CJUVXPOVIKOtntOC. t6 uVOVn tflC apxafac 8aUJ.JaOtiiC Eic;
t6 n IJ i (J E a toO KUKFlOU tv xp6voy (!J u n (J I c In IJ I (J u <;), n ljJuxn EK
tiiC 1J U n CJ E W C !JctEPXC:tOI c:ic tnV t.nonn::iav. npo -f3onn tiiC !JUflCJEWC
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-1>1) J (I) 3 0 J 0 JY1 r;>IQ 13U?dlOUQ AO!OUQ 91 'J 9 1 D I 9 1\0rlnAC!>AnO 91 101
-32JAOrl? 'y00 01A02JdQ J\91 JJ3 101AOr;>dAOIQ 011\r;>U r;n f[JA? 'J(I)riQ,
W 1::1 n 0 9 = l,J 1::1 0 9 + A> no1 JyAOI::!IU? Jy1
J\OX910 /\91 J9dU Y9An9n310>1 1?9 J 9 J Q 'J 0 1::1 ? 9 ?rl JOIOriQ, "J(I)3fl1?>10
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220
'H t!Juxn vvwpfz;s, otl 6 KUKfloc; toO tatrroOn 6vapstar sic touc 'Hflfouc
/Acntpac;. oi 6noio1 sic t6 oup6v1ov otsptwiJa sxouv
op6v
17
'H t!Juxn 6vt1fla1-1f36vsmr otl e6 nptnn v6 owespono1non t6c;
E:vt6c; me 6ot6touc nsp1op6c. IJIIJOUIJEVn t6c esiac. ai 6noia1 sTva1 tE-
nsfwc 6nflavsic;
18
Avt19Etwc. oi oKotsrvoi nnavntm sxouv 6protsp6-
otpoov op6v Kaf n6v4> tnc; noJKinlac twv Klvnoswv twv. t6c 6noiac h
tVUXn f3nEnEI, aut6c; 96 npEn!1 v6 tflEVX!1.
'Enfonc. h t!Juxn 13REnSI sic t6v oupav6v Otl 01J6tEPOI nniOC Kai osflnvn
KIV00Vt01 Kat6 tnv op6v. T6 OUO oup6vra wta siva1
t6 nap6oSIVIJO np6c; IJ{IJnOiv, t6 6noiov npooEPEI 6 aioem6c
oupav6c; sic; tOUC evmouc;: ToO IJEV nnfou Kat6 tnv oi6PKSIOV tiiC liiJEPOC.
tnc oE osnnvnc Kat6 tnv o16pKs1av tnc; vuKt6c;.
'H tVUXn OIOI096vstal Otl t6 OUIJ - nav. 6 es6c n6v, tnv Kaeoonvsi 016
tnc 61Jolwoswc;n. '01-!wc. nofac 61-!oJwoswc;n; me 61Jo1woswc me l-IE tnv
6pstnv. Kat6 tnv 9EOOIV tOO oupavoO. liiJSpnolou Kaf VUKtSPIVOO, 01J-
6tspa t6 'Hfliou/An6nnwvoc - rsnnvnc/AptEIJiooc sTvm oi
6onyol tflC t!Juxflc; sic; t6v op61JOV tiiC 6pstiic;, tflC EVVSVPOIJIJEVnc; sic;
t6 oup6VIOV OWIJO tOO natp6c tnC
19
u'O es6c; OE ttonoettnosv t('IV
lj,luxnv Ulj,lnfl6tePOV sic; tnv KfliiJOKO tiic; VEVEOEW<; Kai tiic; apstiic;,
o16 v6 osonot;n Kaf v6 oJOIKji t6 OOOIJOn
20
'H KaeaptiKn 6pc:tn sTvm t6
VUKtC:PIVOV EPVOV tiiC I:c:nnvnc;/AptEIJIOOC/'EK6mc;, WC 6vsmuxen c:lc;
t6 Kc:6nma 4 Kai 5.
iliOtl h tVUXn, Kae 61JOfWOIV tflc; KIVnoc:wc tiiC rsnnvnc. 016 tflc; np6c; t6
opac; toO me. 8xs1 tnv iKav6tma v6 olaKpfvn t6v KUKnov
toO tautoO twv AotEpwv /'Hnfwv Kal v6 t6v ouyKpfvn IJE t6v KUKnov
tOO SatEPOU tWV nnavmwv. npay!Ja 6vE1KtOV Kat6 tnv OI6PKSIOV
tnc h!Jtpac;.
Eic; t6v oupav6v n lVUXn tOO KOOIJOU OIOIKSi t6 OWIJO tOO oupavoO. Kae
61-!ofwofv me. h t!Juxn toO evmoO npEnc:l v6 oiOIKji t6 OWIJO. Kae 61-!ofw-
OIV o tflc; t!Juxnc; toO KOOIJOU, h Kivnorc; tnc; rc:nnvnc; c:lvm
tvnpj..IOVIOIJEVn 1JC:t6 tOO KUKnOU tWV OOtEPWV Kat6 tnv VUKtC:PIVtlV
me; nc:prnoniav OIJWC:. sic; h Klvn01c; toO
'Hnfou. aitfac tnc; EKn6ynou wtc:lv6tm6c tou. oEv E:mtpEnc:J sic t6v
autOj..IUOUIJC:VOV tnv 9EOOIV tWV 6otC:PIOIJWV Kat6 tnv OI6PKC:IOV tflc;
11 nfl6rwvo<; "71J.lalo<;" 36 c- D, ncpf rwv KuKflwv roo "rauroo" Kaf roo "eartpou".
18 nflarwvo<; 0. n., 47 c, "J.ltJ.lOUJ.lEVOt rae; roo ecoO n6vrwc; 6nflavcf<; oOoac;, rae; tv
hJ.lfV ncnflaVnJ.liva<; KaraornoaftJE8a".
19 nflarwvoc; 0. n., 34 B.
20 nflarwvoc; O.n., 34 c.
I:YrKPim: TO:QN .8.1dYMQN 221
hi-IEPOC. Llnnaon. Kat6 tnv oi6PKSIOV tiiC: nj..IEpac;, n tVUXn OtEPC:itOI t6v
osutspov opov tiiC: OUVKPlOEWC (tnv op6v tWV 'Hnfwv /Aat:Epwv>.
Iuvsnwc;, apstn aivm 6 npof3oflsuc; tWV 'AOtePIOIJWV Kaf tiic; Isflnvnc;,
6 wtft;wv Kat6 tnv vuKta tnv lj,luxnv.
r 6 V- OC: o S p - WtOC:, n avayc.uyn tiic; lj,IUXiiC: sic; apstnV,
siva1 t6 tPinfloOv s p v o v
tnc; Mueofloyfac;, tnc; Cl>lflooofac; Kaf tnc; 'Aotpovol-llac;.
ETvm eau1-1aot6v nwc: al t!Juxai twv 1-iC:PIOtwv evm:wv 6vepwnwv. 1-!EOC!>
tnc rsnnvnc/AptEI-IIooc;/'EK6tnc. tnv vuKta sxouv tnv ouvat6tm:a v
tnv OU1Jn6psuoiv twv IJE"C6 tnc 6pstnc; twv 6cntpwv I
'Hnfwv o16 v6 6nopponoouv t6c; omec:p6c: ec:lac: twv 6noppo6c;.
u'H avooo<; tWV tnl iJEpouc; lj,luxwv tmtuyx6vstal 016 tnc; 61JOIWOSWC:
Kal apstn sivm OIJOfWOIC: np6c; touc; esouc;n
21

Kat' avanoyiav tnc 6v6oou twv t!Juxwv sic tnv 6pstnv. t6c 6nop6oac;
lii-IEPOC n I:c:nnvn/l!JUXn tOO IJUOUIJEVOU c:ic; t6 1-iUOtnpla tiiC: VUKt6c;
sionvs1 t6 z;wov6vov 1-iUOtnplaK6v we:; twv AotEpwv. 1l16 oE tnc; as-
oopfnc;n, h VUKtlop61JOC:: rsnnvn
22
napaofos1 n1v 8s01v tnc 6ps-
tnc c:ic: t6c t!Jux6c:. ai 6noim. ouvsnapiJEvm. napaKonoueoov l-IE spwta
t6v natEpa tWV Oupav6v, EV4> 6K6j..ln supiOKOVtOI sic; t6c; KOPU6c tWV
6ptwv tni tiiC 1Jntp6c; twv. tflc; rflc;
23

Ai svoapKol t!Juxaf tvspyono1oOv t6c; ouv61-1s1 t6os1c twv Kai E:vwvovtm
IJE tnv nVUKt6c; ayafiiJO, aotp6pxnVn
24
, tnv OQ000XOV I:snnvnv Kaf tnv
OQ000XOV 'AptSIJIV, 6onyOUIJSVOI sic; suoaij..IOVO xop6v Kat6 t6c; nav-
OSnnVOUC:.
'YntptatOC: OKOn6c; tOO f31ou tWV evmwv. we:; np6c tnv MnnVIKnv 1nO-
oorKnv Sswpfav, c:lva1 h suoOIIJOVia Kat6 tnv isp6v tEns01v twv
Muotnpiwv, tnv 6nolav o16 tnc; narosfac: EniiJSnwc: npoc:tOIJJ6Z:ouv ai
MOOOOI/1-iUtlOSIC 016 tflc; 6pstiiC
25

'H 6otpOVOIJ[O (6 "HfliOC:: Kai n I:snnvn) OUVOESI t6 Ssiov <An6nnwva -
'AptSIJIV) l-IE tnv Cl>lnOOOfav <nnatWVIKtlV 9EOOIV KOi Sswpiav> K09' OnOV
t6 nj..lsp6VUKtiOV (OX. 175), onnaon Ka9' onnv tnv Oi6pKSIOV toO f3fou
toO evmoO. Bloc; Kal J3t6c. z;wn!f3ioc; Kal 'Hfliou/ An6nnwvoc: Kaf
21 np6Kflou "ncpf rnc; Kar6 nflarwva ecofloyfac;", Bt{3flfov c;', KE</>. Jd,54, 14- 16.
22 'OptK6<; "YJ.lVO<; Ecflflvn<;, IX/9, or. 1- 2.
23 Otto Kern "Orphicorum Fragmenta", Fragmenta Veterioria, 32, Tfl<; narc; eltJf Kaf
OupavoO 6orcp6cvro<;, '.
24 'OptK6<; "YtJVO<; Ecflflvnc;, IX /9, or. 9- 10.
25 'QptK6<; "Yj.JVO<; MOUOWV, LXXVI/76, or.4, "n6an<; n016cfnc; 6pcrflv YEVVWOOI
GJ.lEtJnrov".
222 TO
I:cflrwnc;/ Aptef_.IIOOC c;Tvm n appnKtOC OUVOEOIC tiic; 8vo6pKOU ljJuxiic; IJE
t6v natEPa me oupav6v.
<!>ffl IJOU,
OKOUOO trlV cpoovnv CJOU, av Kai 6E.v 6nU6UV001 oe tJ8va. 'PootQC an
U6Efac; t6V Oupav6 natepa IJOC::
- nwc;, EV{i;) n OKOtEIVtl rii EXEI 6ptOtcp6otpOcj)O cj)op6 8nf tiic; 'EKFIEintiKiic;
IJOZ:i IJE tOUC: OKOtEIVOUC: nflaviitEC:. t6 tiic; I:c:nnvnc; EXEI
cpo cpop6 yupoo 6n6 tnv rii; Elvar annwc; tJnXOVIKn Kivnmc; ioopponfac; IJE-
riic; KOl I:cflhvnc; KOf Kat' snEKtaOIV ioopponfa KOf Oi'IOKnnPOU tOO
nnavmtKoO IJOC: ruotntJamc;;
- flat! t6 OKOtEIVO 0Ut6 OWIJO IJE tnv cj)op6 EXEI OtOV
'Opcj)IKOV tOU "VIJVO tel '1610 snf6cta, (fiOXEfn. 6<;!600xoc;, 6iifluc; KOf appnv,
VUKti6POIJOC:. cj)EpeKapnoc;> IJE t6v 'Opcj)IKO "YIJVO ti'lc; AptEIJIOOc;;
- natf n 'AptEIJIC:. 616 toO 6V61Jat6c; me; we OPEtflc; Yotoop, npoo6topf2';cl
tnV i6t6tnt0 tnc; K06apt1Kiic; apcti'lc;, we; npo0n66EOIV ti'lc; OUV6E.OEWC:
tflc; ljJuxnc; IJi t6 6c:Ta OVta tnc; 'EFIFinVIKflc;/Mu6ofloyfac;/0EOfloyfac; tWV
'Eflnnvoov;
- nwc; n 'EnnnvtKn rnwoaa ouvc:6uaoE. np6 OIJVn!JOVEutoov xp6voov. tnv
6VOIJOt06cOfa tWV Ll16UIJOOV tEKVOOV tOO cj)oot6c;. OOOtE n rc:nnvn/AptE-
IJIC:/'EK6tn v6 OUVOEEtOI IJE t6 snf6ct0V tOO eK6tou An6nfloovoc; Kai va
E.nepxEtOI n E:vonoinmc; tOO cj)oot6c; otnv ljJuxnv SKEivoov tWV 6vmwv. oi
6noT01 6tato66vovtat tnv ouofav tnc; Apctnc;;
<!>fflc IJOU,
'0 Oupav6c; natEPOC: IJOC: 66 ooO anavtnon. IJOnlc; t6 Kat6FI-
flnflov tnontiKOV opyavov, tO tnc; ljJuxnc; OIJIJO, t6 6noTov elva!
tiKO cpc:uyafiEO, EU6pauoto Kaf cuaio6mo Otic; taO cj)oot6c;.
LliOtl aut6 SXEI tnv apxn toU otnv IJUOtnPIOKn NUKta, onou KUOcj)O-
poOVtal t6 t8Kva twv '16Ewv. 8K twv 6nofoov 8Knopc:uovtat oi 6vay6tJE-
vc:c; Ot6 6ETOV SPOOttlOEIC:.
'OIJWC:. v6 6UIJOOOI Otl t6 OKOtEIVO OWIJO tiic; oc:flnvnc; Ot6v oupav6 c:Tvm
t6 IJOVO t6 tWV OKOtEIVWV OOOIJ<ltOOV, t6 6noio EXEI
cj)O Ka6' 61-1ofoomv 66 tvaptJovionc; tflV ljJuxn oou IJE tnv Kfvnor toO
oupavoo nmepa IJOC:. 6nna6n IJE t6v KUKflo toO tautoO,
nosoovtac; toe; vt6c; emu aototouc; nsp1cpopac;. I.IIIJOU!Jevoc; toe; 6efac;
nou siva1 anilavsic;.n
26
AKonou6wvmc; t6v op61JO tiic; Aptiic;,
t6v OPOIJO tWV anflavwv ec:wv. SKEiVOOV, oi 6noTOI OEV nflavGWtal no-
tE, ea KataotflC cuoaftJWV tv Z:wfl.
26 nflarwvoc; "7/J.faJoc;" 47 B- D.
223
'0 evm6c; 0Vtlfla1JI36vt01 Otl n ljJuxn tOU, Kae OIJOiWOIV tOO np6c; t6 0-
tnc; oc;Finvnc. 8xc:1 tnv 1Kav6tma v6 olaKpivn t6v KUKFiov toO
toUtOO, tOV 6noTov f3Fien1 IJOVOV Kat6 trw OIOPK1aV tiic; VUKt6c;. 'H
K66apOIC elva! 8pyov tflc; I:c:Finvnc;/AptEIJIOOC/EK6tnc;.''EK6atJI30C n ljJu-
xn napaKOFIOU6cT tOUC tWV c:ic; t6v oupav6v.
'H 610KPIOIC:: tWV KUKFlWV, spyov tiic; :AOtPOVOI.IfCic;, 66nysi tf'IV ljJuxnv
SK tOOV KIVfioswv tOO 6pato0 oupavoo sic; tfiV siK6va tOOV aioentoov
OVtWV 610 tiic; <j)IFloooQ>fac; KCif autiic; sic; t6 nap66SIVIJCI tWV esoov
tii:; SflflnVIKiiC:: 1JU90fiOVfCic;.
'0 KUKfloc; tOO utOUtOOn 616 tOO iJStpou tiic; OUVKPi
oswc; osnfwnc; -aotspwv E:ml3sl3a1oovss sic; tnv ljJuxnv tftv ouolav tf'ic;
'EKotnc;. tnc; ennuKnc; Q>uoswc; toO 'EK6tou An6nnwvoc;. toO Kuplwc;
aitfou tnc; avaKnaatiKiic; iKav6tm:oc; tnc; Isnnvnc;/' AptS1Jiooc;/EK6-
mc;.
'0 oupav6c;, 6 6pm:6c; IJEOOC xwpoc; 616 tiiC aotpOVOIJiac;, anoOtEFIFI1
n1v c:iK6va tou c;ic; t6v vom6v oupav6v <ox. a. 134>. "HF11oc Kaf oc:Fin-
vn avayovtal Kat'avafloyfav sic; tllV Lcflnvnv /AptEIJIV /EKOtnV Kai tOV
"HFIIOV /"EKatOV An6Fiflwva. Elc; an6nutov OU!JnVOiaV Kai ouvc:pyaoiav
sic t6 oup6VIOV OtEPEWIJa, oi Sc'iKOf 616 tiiC KOIViic; OVOIJatoec:-
oiac; tWV, "EKatOC - 'EKOtn, wti2';0UV Ota61aKWC IJE 60UIJaOtnV ooiav
t6v 13iov tWV 6VntWV avepwnwv.
T6 KOIVOV OVOIJa tiic; IJUOtnPIOKflC esac; 'EK6tnc. tiic; 6noiac; n OPOOIC 8v-
tonl2';tol ciC t6c; tpTc; 6nop6oac; fliJEpac; (tel 'EK6tola oTnval,IJSt6 toO
sm6Etou toO 'EK6tou An6Fiflwvoc. EPEI c:ic IJUOtiKnv tnc:toupyiav t6
n!-li<Pwc IJSt6 toO <Pwt6c;. t6 ennu 1Jct6 toO appvoc;. T6 8niestov 8Ka-
sTvm ioxup6tatOV, ov t6 npwtov 8ni6tOV, t6 avaq>sp6JJ-
vov sic t6v npwtov otfxov toO 61JnpiK00 UIJVOU Eic; An6nnwva
27

'EmotpE<PovtC sic touc; yovc:Tc; t&v napamp1tm Otl alouv6-
IJEIC tOO natp6c; opoOv. KatPXOIJE:Val WC np6vo1a 010 tWV
tOO anFIEtOU wt6c; tOO npoO<f>IFIOOc; tOU uioO. TO <P - a f 6 I - IJ a
tOO An6Finwvoc; sTvm t6 KatEXOVtO ( - 1J al t6 a i 6 I 0 V <P 6 0 C. t6
KaSoonyoOv t6v IJUOtnV. AVtiOtofxwc. t6 nTOV tOO nSOUC tiic; 1Jntp6c;
/\ntoOc; svc;pyonOIC:Ttal iC tnV SuyatEpa 'Apt1JIV l-IE IJE600IKrlV nspr-
OOIKOtnta, npE:tJiav. otopynv Kaf npoooxnv. 'H rsnnvn/Apt1JIC/'EK6-
tn <f>pOVtl2';SI Kat6 tnV tJaiEUOIV tiiC ljJUXflC Vel IJrlV napaj31a06[i n tOOOV
suepauotoc; Kai 8U6nwtoc; ljJUXIKn OntiKOVOntiKn ioopponia toO VEOU
iKEtOU.
2 7 'OJ.!nPIKOC: "YJ.!VOC: cfc; 'An6f/flwva, ar. 1, "MVfiOOJ.IGI OUOE fi68WJ.IGI :4.n6flf/WVOC:
EKOI0/0,.
224 AnOJ\1\QNIOY
'O tJJuxovom:rK6C napayoov 6va1JEtac5ioEt:OI o16 t:G>v t:6ocoov t:G>v vovtoov
EiC t6 t:f.KVO Kai al OUVOIJEIC t(A)V jJEtaf36nnOVtal EiC eVEPVEfac 010 tOO
ooti01J00 tiiC vonOEOOC tWV anavmxoO Svmwv OVtOOV,
ttKOOtOV IJE!SXOV 6van6yooc tiiC 130SIJlOOC tiiC tOU EiC tnv
np6vo1av tG>v SEG>V
28

'H 66patoc OtaSEp6mc toO ec 6cf 8navanOjJf30VOIJf.VOU KUKnou tiiC
I:cnnvnc unonavS6Vcl EiC t6 aouvcfomov tiiC 6vSpoon6tmoc. tv OVtl-
stoEI IJf_ tnv avcp6v OtaSEp6tma tOO 'Hniou, 6 6noiOC of.v tiiC ano-
KPUntEI OUOejJlOV tWV ioiOtntoov tOU, nnnv toO jJEyiotou jJUOtiKOO tiiC
OKIVnoiac tOU. 'H 'HniOKEVtp!Kn StOIC avf.KaSEV t6 6n6Kpuov
OKOVSWoEC Sf.IJO tWV IJUOmpfoov KOf tv OUVEXElQ tWV SpnOKEIWV.
'O 'HniOKEVtPIOIJ6c avEupioKEtal tni toO oantoou tnc e6nou tnc 'Em-
oaupou c:ic t6 onjJOVtiKWtEPOV Sc:panEUtiKOV KSVtpov tiiC 6pxal6mtoc
Kaf OXI EiC aotePOOKOnciOV n napampmnptov toO oupavo0
29

Kat6 tnv 6pxal6tnt0 11'[0 EtO<; Kai t6 njJs:pofl6yiOV noav os:flnVIOKO,
6161:1 SKOotov toe; ns:pls:fl61JI30VS: 12 ouvo6nmuc; !Jiivac; n6vtots:n
30

'0 OUVOOIKOC KUKnoc tiic; oc:nnvnc; elval 6 anotEnOUIJcVOC 29 hJJEPWV,
12 WPWV, 44 ncntWV KOi 2, 9 OEUtcponf.m:ooV
31
'0 OUV061KOC jJnV ElVOI h
jJnVIOiO tmm:po11 tiiC Ocnnvnc; elc; t6V nniOV, tOV ooto66mv me;.
((JJdc: 6t tns:16Civ os:flflvn ns:p1s:fleoooa t6v tautnc; KUKnov
nniOV EniKCitCirlOf3f1 .... n.
<6 IJrlV yfvctal, OtaV n OEnnvn 6flOKi'lnpwon tnv KUKfliKrlV nc:pr-
op6v me; Kaf Soon t6v nn1ov ... J.
mn6rcuvoc; TfJJatOC:>> 39 e,
6n6o. A. nanaesoowpou, tKo. nAnYPOLJ.
'H oc:flnvn nEPIf.pc:tOI nc:pi tnv vnv KUKnJKG>c; clc; t6 or6omJJa toO 1Jnv6c;
Kai ouyxp6vooc; IJOO IJf_ autnv. we; ouvo66<:/C5opu6poc; me:. npoxoo-
PEi !Jet' OUtiiC KOtO IJ{OV IJOipav 6v6 hiJEPOVUKtiOV EiC t6v
KuKnov.
28 nflarcuvoc; TifJGJOC: 44 c- D.
29 Aflravnc; APPHTOI 1\0TO/, 'Enf6aupoc;, 86flou AnOKCtfiUI/liC:, KcqJ. 8, 9, 16.
'H aviy&palc; rflc; 86flou fipxlacv r6 roc;- 360.
30 'fcuavvou Ll. naaaa TA OPC/>tKA>>, 61arp1{3n roo aarpov6fJOU Kcuvar. n. xaaann
tnf rwv '"'Yf.Jvcuv roo 'Opqyicuc;", Kc. z. a. 95.
31 NcWUPOV 'EyKUKfiOnG/6/KOV roO H/\IOYn, r6fJOC: TO EYMnAN, a. 311.
LliLlYMQN 225
'0 'HfiiOKS:VtPIOIJOC: anotunOOIJSVOC: s:ic; t6 6ans:6ov
tile; e6flou tnc; 'Emcsaupou t6 toe; -360,
40 hr11aKCi tn np6 tnc; vs:vvflos:ooe; toO Aplotapxou toO < - 3 20>
<we; np6c; 1:6 ox861ov oefl. 1371:00 [31f3nfou APPHTOI/\Orol, 'Enioaupoc;, e6nou AnoKanuljJI<;nl
APHr
T6 o6nsoov toO IJVniJciou
tflc; e6Aou tflc; 'Emoaupou
IJt 6notunC.UfJEVOV
EPMHr t6V 'HAIOKcVtPIOfJOV
Kat6 n1v E;pfJnvsiav tflc;
auyypacptcuc;.
'H
tWV 26 OCUPIKWV KIOVC.UV
tG>v :n.atepc.uv /'HAic.uv
<Mstamwasc.uc; tG>v
'lantJcprwv Kai KUKAoc; toO
tOUtOOn toO nA6tc.uvoc;l
Kai E:nianc;
tWV 14
KOPIV8IOKWV tiic; rsnnvnc;.
'H 6platsp6atpocpoc;
cpopa tG>v nAavmwv,
KIVOUtJtVC.UV nspf tOV
6KiVntOV "HAIOV sic; t6
KEvtpov toO nnavntiKOO
WOtll!JatOc;.
226
'Entnpoo88twe. n8pav tOO OUVOOIKOO tJnVOC un6pXE:I Kaf 8tc:poc; XPOVIKOC:
KUKnoe Ocnnvnc;. 'Yn6pxc:l onnaon Kaf IJla OcUt8pa IJEtpnOie toO ioiou
KUKfiOU, OXI OUVKPIVOIJEVn 1Jct6 toO nnlou, 6nfl6 we np6c; tnv OXEOIV tfle
Ocnnvne IJS touc; OOtcPIOIJOUc;. 'H XPOVJKn OIOPKcla autne tflc; ncpJcpopae
c:Tvm 27 hiJcPWV, 7 wpwv, 43 ncntG>v Kai 11,5 oc:utc:pofl8ntwv. '0 Ocfln-
VIaK6e aut6e IJflV OVOIJOZ:ctal 6otpiK6c;32.
'H 6o16mwtoc; 6nnavn etoc:wc; tne oc:nnvne c:ic t6 oup6v1ov otc:ptwtJa,
we np6e touc; OOtcPIOIJOUe, anflnyopc:i tnv ouvc:xfl t<PcOIV Katavonoc:wc;
olacpopc:tiKG>v 8n8Kc:1va OUtJnavnKG>v v61JWV toO vom:oO olaKOOIJOU,
6ntOIJSVWV Kat' avafloyfav tWV OXEOcWV Kaf tWV VcVOVOtWV tne l;wne.
tJtxp1e otou 6 iKtmc; ounfl613n 8v t6xc:1 t6 ouvonov twv owoc:Ka ora-
cpopc:tJKG>v EIJnciPIG'>v, t6c; 6nofac; ouvc:xwc; toO npoocptpouv oi owoc:Ka
OOtcPIOIJOf EVt6c; tOO tJnVIafou me OOtPIKOO KUKROU.
Oi ouo _OUVOOIK6c; Kai 6otpJK6e IJflV, c:ic; tnv oupavfav npaytJatr-
K6'tma c:ivm c:ie. 6nn6 IJS ouo OtlJcle, tJfav EOWtcPIKnv np6c; t6v nfiiOV
[Kat6 tflv npaytJatJKr'IV nfiiOK8VtpiKflV 8cWpnOIV, we np6c; tflV ciKOVa
tne 06nou tnc; 'Emoaupou. <c:iKwv o. 225)] Kai tJfav np6c; toue
6ot8pae. Ai ouo 6t1Jc:1e c:upioKovtm c:ie tlJuxovomiKnv 6nnnncnlopa01v
twv 616 tG>v 6vtJotofxwv anoppowv twv, 8nc:ron n rc:nnvn c:Tvar
OKOtciVOV OWIJa Kai Kaefotatal EK tflc; 6vmvaKR6oc:we tWV anooEKtnc;
OIJ<Pottpwv. Kat6 ouv8nc:1av. Kai ai npoonatJI3av6tJc:vm napam:6oc:1e
tne vonoc:we tWV evmwv OVtWV c:Tvm Oinnai, av Kaf OEV t6 vvwpfz;ouv.
<DOif30VOIJ00001 ai tlJuxaf WPIIJOZ:ouv Kal OlciOOUOUV c:ic; tnv ouofav tflc;
8vonolnOcWe tflc; tlJuxne Kaewe OtaoJaKG>c; c:ioxwpoOv c:ie tnv ouoiav
toO KUKnou toO taUtOO, c:ie n1v E:vonOiniJEvnv <Pw-
tclvnv Kivn01v o16 toO 'Hnfou/An6nnwvoe/'EK6rou, tnc; rc:nnvne/Apt8-
1Jiooc;/'EK6me Ka( tWV AOtcPIOIJWV.
otaesp6mc;, h oiOPKSia toO t6v xp6vov
(K(Vnou; ync; OSflflvnc; Kat6 30 IJOfpac; !JnVIafwc;
snf tnc; SKRSintiKflc; Kal
<t>avsp6 6ot68s1a. h ouvsxflc; aRRayfl tcA>v etoswv tnc: osRflvnc;
sic; t6v xoopov <nRflpnc; nsp1<t>op6 tnc; osRflvnc;
nspf tflv vnv Kat6 360 IJOipac; 1Jnv1aiwc;>.
Ai ouvsxsic; aRRayal tWV etoswv tflc; IsRflvnc;
sic; f368oc; tflv ljJUXIKfiV ioopponfav tOO VSOU iKStOU,
npoKSI!Jtvou v6 tsen sic; Rsltoupyfav n vontiKfl 6<t>unv1mc;.
32 N&c/Jr&pov 'EVKUKflonat6tK6v roO rOJ.IOt:; "TO EYMnAN", a. 311.
227
T6 8KtOV ouvc:nwe OtOIXciOV OEV c:Tvm ni'ltov OtOIXciOV avnetoc:wc;
tWV tWV OUO OWIJOtWV, aflfl6 OUVKflfoc:wc; I:ci'lrwnc;- 'Hfliou, 010!1
61J<P6tc:pol, ouvavtG>Vtal Kat6 t6v ouvooiK6v tJflva c:ic; t6v 8n6tJc:vov
6ot8PIOIJOV. 6 "HfiiOC: napatJEVcl 8ni tpiOKOVta htJEpac; c:ic; t6v
'lo1ov 6otc:plotJ6v, Kaewc; n rc:nnvn. nc:pi<PcPOIJEvn nc:pf tnv rnv, tpxc:tm
c:ic; ouvooov IJE t6v "Hn1ov Kat6 tnv voutJnvfav. ruvxp6vwe ot h rc:Rn-
vn. ec:atm EK nc:pn:ponnc; touc; owoc:Ka 6otcPIOIJOUC: 8vt6c; toO tJnv6c;
Kata tnv vuKta.
'H ac:i FlOjJnouoa Kai 61JOIOVcVnc; ouofa tOO 'Hflfou/An6fli'lwvoc;/'EK6tou
e6 c:Tvm n6vtotc: 6 npoooiOPIOtiK6c; nap6ywv tflc; otaec:p6tmoe toO
KUKflou tnc; rc:nnvnc;/AptEIJiooc;/'EK6me. 'O "Hf!loc; clva1 6 Kattxwv tnv
lo16tma toO xp6vou n6tc:p
33
, 8v4l h oc:nnvn c:iva1 h xp6vou tJfltcP
34
.
T 0 :: A
IEAHNHI/ APTEMI40I/EKATHI HAIOV I AnOAAQNOI/EKATOV
OENTE, AI ANTI0EIEII
1 NUKtSPIVOV 'HIJEPflOIOV
2 'H IJIKPO Cln6otao1c; 'H IJevaRn an6otao1c;
3 T6 enfiu T6 appsv
4 T6 S:tc:p6<j)WtOV T6 aut6cpWtOV
5 To Clotaesc; T6
MIA, H IVrKAIIII
H 6patn otaep6tnc;
'H tcfiiKn OUVKFIIOIC: tOO OUVOoiKOO jJnv6c; tflc; OEflnvnc; 6cp' f:v6c; IJE t6v
, , f , , , ; c
ni'liOV Kai acp' StEPOU tOO aotpiKOO jJnvoe IJ8 tOUC: OOtEPIOIJOUC: EIVal n
Olnflfl tlJUXOVOntiKn OtlJIC: tOO evmoO avepwnou, h appc:voenflEia <PUOIC:
tou. 6tJoia IJE t6c iol6tmac; tnc; rc:nnvne/AptE1Jiooc;/EK6tnc;
35
.
'H rc:nnvn/'Aptc:IJIC:/'EK6m c:Tva1 h npoOn6pxouoa ah:la tnc; ouv61JEI on-
IJIOupyfae tflc; jJalcUtiKflc;, 8nclon IJOVOV autn 13fltncl tnv Olnflflv etaOIV,
t6e omfl6c; o4Jc:1e tG>v ovtwv Kai tG>v npavtJ6twv. npOKEIIJEVou 616 twv
8pwtanoKploc;wv nc:pi tflC 6p96tmoc; n tOO fl68ouc;, tflc; afln8c:iac; n tOO
4Jc:uoouc; v6 vvwpion tnv 6nnec:1av.
33 'Op(j)tKOC "YJ.IVOt:; 'Hflfou, V/11/8, or. 13.
34 'Op(j)tK6t:; ''YJ.IVOC E&flnvnt:;, IX/9, ar. 5.
35 'Op(j)tKOC ''YJ.IVOt:; E&flnvnt:;, IX/9, ar. 4, "8i'lflt}t:; r& KG{ apanv".
228 TO MYITHPION TOY AnOAJ\QNIOY <I>QTOr
Mf: Sopav tllV fJOIC:UtiKtlV, n rc:nnvn/'AptC:fJIC.:/'EKOtn 6onyc:T c:ie,: ttlV
AnonnWVIOV oranC:KtiKtlV Kai autnc.: c:ic.: tnv tJOVtiKtlV tE:xvnv.
h 'AptC:tJIC.: c:Tvm h noxc:ln, h o1c:uKonuvouoa t6v toKc:t6v twv evmwv
Kai h 'EK6tn c:lvm h Koupotp6oe,:, 6tJ6tc:pm 8pouoar 616 tfiC.: Ka8ap-
tiKfiC.: apc:tnc.: c:ic.: VEVC:OIV t6 nOVIOtiKOV IJEPOC.: tnc t!Juxnc. tfiC OntiKfiC
tnanc tOO 6pav /voc:Tv, t6 oup6vra OPWIJC:VO avamuooovtm Ka8'
61Joiwo1v tnc IJOIC:UtiKiiC t8xvnc toO rwKp6touc/Apt81JIOOC Kaf tnc ora-
nc:KtiKfiC: toO nn6twvoc.:/An6nnwvoc.
t6 "Ev /!Jtva, 6 "Hnroc. E!JnC:pJtxc:r t6 nonn6, t6 IJIKp6 tnc rc:-
nnvnc:, Ka8wc t6 IJIKPOV, h rc:nnvn E!JnC:PIEXC:I t6 "EV/IJEVO, t6v "HniOV

T6 IJIKp6v tvun6pxc:r tvt6c.: toO IJcviotou - t6 tnc rc:nnvnc tvt6c
toO 'Hnfou, t6 ot IJEVIOtov - 6 "Hnroc.: nc:prtxc:tm tvt6c toO tnaxiotou
KUKnou tnc navoc:nnvou.
'Annwotc: Kaf 6 K68c: !JnvraToc KUKnoc tnc oc:nnvnc E1Jnc:p18xc:tm c:ic.: touc
OWOC:Ka aotC:PIOIJOUC, tOUC.: nc:pf tnv ynv nc:prC:POIJEVOUC .... Ol ot ow-
OC:KO aotC:PIOIJOl E!JnC:PIEXOUV t6v K68c: svav tWV OWOC:Ka !JnVIQJ(A)V KU-
Knwv tnc oc:nnvnc.
36 'HpaKflsfrou, an. 10.
Ke(/JOfiOIOV 10ov
<DG>c:/An6ililoov Ked
A6voc:/Ep;..liic:
KAI AOrOI:/EPMHr 229
230 TO MVHHPION TOY AnOJ\J\QNIOV <:I>QTOI
'0 '01-.lnPIKOC "YIJVOC Eic 'Ep!JflV 6notc:nsTtal EK nsvtaKOOlWV 6yoonKOV-
ta Otfxwv. Elvm 6 IJC:VanutEPOC EiC 6pie1J6V Otixwv tWV tPIWV
IJSV6nwv 61-!nPIK&v U!Jvwv: me toO An6nnwvoc Kaf toO 'Ep-
IJOO.
'0 UIJVOC tOO 'Ep!JOO c:lvOI 6 npwtoc tWV tPIWV, OIOtl aut6c Ola-
IJSeooiKWC tnv vont!Knv nsltoupyfav t&v Mn6vwv ovtwv.
"EnEtal t6 axpavtov <Pwc toO An6nnwvoc Kaf KOPU<PWVStal h esia tpi-
Fioyfa 1-1t t6 tsnstoupyJK6 opw!Jc:va tnc ec:ac Kaf tnc K6pnc.
oi tpc:Tc npwwvwv1otof toO UIJVOu toO 'Ep!JOO slvm 6 NoOc/Zsuc. t6
WC/An6Finwv Kai 6 /\6yoc/Ep1JflC. Autn slva1 h open oc:rp6 tflC FISitOUP-
yfac tflC FIOVIKflC.
'Ev tOUtOIC. 016 Fl6youc 6vepwnivnc VOn!JOOUvnc npwtoc
sic t6v UIJVOv 6 'Ep!JflC/ n6voc. osutspoc. 6 An6nnwv /<Pwc Kaf tpftoc
6 natnp tWV, 6 zsuc/voOc. '0 61JnPIKOC UIJVOC sic tOUC evn-
tOUC Otl 6 avepwnoc c:ic vnmaKnv nFIIKfav 61-!IFISi 016 tflC Kaf
tflC nfotswc. OVEU yvwoswc. IJEt6 sic tnv IJtOnv nFIIKfav h OI6VOia tOU
6nOKtWV tnv S<j)EOIV np6c tnv VVWOIV tOO OVtWC "Ovtoc
Kaf np6c t6 tSFIOC tOO f3fOU tOU, WC VSPWV VOEi. e6VEI SiC tnV v6nOIV
autn Kae E:autnv tflC ouoiac tWV OVtWV Kaf tWV npay1J6twv Kaf c:ic tnv
tvat8v1o1v toO ovtwc 'Ovtoc.
'0 UIJVOC OU1JnFI8KSI ouo tnsto6o1a. sic t6 6noia npwtavwvlotc:i 6 ec:6c
'Ep!Jflc. T6 npwtov c:Tv01 h KataoKc:un tnc Kle6pac 6n6 ootpaKov xsnwvac
Kai t6 oc:utspov h Knonn twv nc:vtnKovm 6vsn6owv toO An6nnwvoc. T6
OPWIJEVa c:Tvm nuKv6 Kaf Olaotxovtal t6 v t6 aFIFio IJS IJEV6Finv toxum-
ta. Eic t6 t8noc tOO UIJVOU IJSt6 6n6 Kaf 6vtlppnOSIC
twv ouo 6oc:Ficpwv. 6 'Ep!Jflc napaofos1 tnv Kle6pav c:ic t6v An6nnwva
Kai Kpatsi o16 t6v taut6v tou t6c 6ysn6oac toO An6nnwvoc.
Eic t6 KEiiJEVov. t6 6noiov 6KonouesT. sy1vsv tmnovn 1-16vov 6nfvwv
otfxwv. ol 6noio1 c:Tvm ai Knsioc:c tflc IJUOtaywyiac t&v esfwv FIOVIOIJWV.
WC autof 6vaKFIWVtOI sic tnv 6vepwnfvnv oi6VOiaV.
'H Olaooxn tWV OVOIJ6twv tWV ec:fwv OVtWV Kaeoonvoov tnv 6vepwnfvnv
OI6VOiaV sic tnv 6vayvwpiOIV tflc IJSe6oou. tnv 6nofav 6cpc:fnouv v6
6Konouenoouv ai vvwottKai nsltoupyial me.
'O voOc Kaf npoOn6pxs1 Kaf nponyc:ital n6onc vvwotiKflC FIEitoupyfac. Eic
tnv 'EnnnviKnv Mueonoylav. zsuc c:Tvm 6 OU1JnavtiK6c voOc
1
. 'EK napan-
Finnou. 6 Zsuc/voOc slv01 u6 natnp 6sG>v tS av6pG>v tSn
2

1 Otto Kern Orphicorum Fragmenta" IEpof 116yot tv 'Pal/Jwofmc; KiJ', 168, "n6vra
yap tv znv6c; JJY6ficp r66 OWJJarJ KTral''.
2 'Op(/JJKOC: ''YJJVOC: Ll16c;, XV I 15, or. 12.
KAI J\OrOI/EPMHI 231
EiC tnv 01aooxnv tWV VOm:IKWV FISitOUPVIWV, np6 tiiC VSVSOEWC tOO
'Ep!JOO/ /\6you. uOWtflPIOV ayysn1acp6pov tWV aeavcn:wvn
3
, uioO
Kai Malac. tvsvvnenoav t6 ec:ia h 'AptSIJIC Kaf 6 An6nnwv. ro-
vsic twv. 6 zc:uc Kaf h 1\mw. 8cpc:pav t6v cpwtiOIJ6v c:ic tnv o16vo1av t&v
6vtwv
4
Elc tnv vnoov n nov. <vc:vstslpav toO ec:oo toO cpwt6c. toO
An6nnwvoc> 0 n Fl - wen t6 esiov /An6nnwv we IJla vta iota. EVVOia,
eswpia. tK tiic 6noiac. o16 toO R6you/Ep1J00 Kal tnc 6vo1Jato-
esofac tOU, e6 npOKU\.ll[l n 6vayvwp1oic me EiC t6 aioem6v nsofov.
nola slvm h tnOIJSVn tvtpysla, WOtS v6 EK - 0 n n - wen c:ic t6v aioem6v
KOOIJOV h iota; Mst6 t6v cpwtiOIJOV tnc o1avofac tntpxc:tal h tK - 1-1 a i
- c:uotc tnc 6vo1Jatoesofac tnc tvvofac 1-1t tnv vtvc:o1v toO n6you/
'Ep!JOO.
M A A
>SZ I
A I M A
X II
A M A
AT 1-1 a Kal 1-1 aT a slvm svvo1a1. a l1-1 a c:lvm h
ouoia tOO f3iOFIOVIK00 6pyaVIOIJ00. '0 vtoc 6pyaVIOIJOC EPXE-
tal EK tOO OK6touc c:ic t6 <Pwc !-It tnv 1-1 a r s u 0 i v tOU un6 tiiC 1-1 a i a c.
Kat' 6vanoviav. sic t6v vom6v oi6KOOIJOV, h vta iota.
EiC 6Vtl0t01Xfav tOO UOIK00 a liJ a t 0 C. E K 1J a I S U E t a I un6 tiiC
1J a fa C. n 6nofa e6 cptp[lsic; t6 cp&c tnv IJSXPI np6 tiVOC 66patov iotav.
'Otav h vta iota 6vo1Jatoestiital. onflaon EK - 1-1 a 1 - c:usm1 Kaefotatal
ntBKVOV nonu EUVSV00c; KOtaywyiic;n
5
Kaeiotatal l a 1J a 616 tnv \.liU-
xnv.
'H nnnpnc tiiC 1-1 a I s u t I K ii c un6 tOO rwKp6touc t p 1-1 n -
v s u s t a 1 1-1t 13601v t6 6vo1-1a tnc 1Jntp6c tou <t> a 1 v a p t t n c. tnv <P a -
V E: p W V 0 U 0 a V tnv 6 p S t n V. 'H <t> a IV apt t n nto Kat' tn6yyERIJa
1-1 a i a. Kae 61Joiwo1v tnc M a i a c 1Jntp6c toO 'E p 1-1 o 0 Kaf t <P a v t p w -
0 E tnv 6 p s t n v. 8xouoa ysvvnOEI t6v rwKp6mv. ut6v ocilz;ovta t6
KP6toc; tiic; ljJuxnc; 6nrla6n t6v n6yov fEp!JiiV),
UnO tWV Oi06flOSWVn, slnEV 6 np6KFIOC
6

3 'OJJnpJKOC: ''YJJVOC: ck; 'EpJJflV, or. 1 - 3, ''tpJOUVIOV CfyyEfiOV 68av6rcvv".
4 'Ho16oou 8oyovfa" or. 918- 920 h ytv0/C: r61v iJ.JoUJ.IWV Kaf 938- 939 h
yivcOIC: roO 'EpJJOO.
5 nn6rwvoc; 8cafrnroc;" 149 A- 151 D.
6 np6Kfiou Efc; r6v Kparufiov nn6rwvoc; tKfioyaf xpfJOIJ.IOI", 18.
232
Mu8o - noyJK&c:. tK tnc noyiKiiC toO IJU8ou. ouvavc:tm otl h
toO 'Ep!JOO, uioo tnc Mafac Kaf toO Lir6c/voo. tnc t&v
LiiOUIJWV tOO wt6c. '0 'E p IJ n c. 010 toO Fl6you. 86 OWO[l t6 OVOj.la Kaf
tv OUVC:XC:iQ 86 8 p IJ n v c: u a !1 tllV n t6 <PaiVOJ,.IC:VOV n t6 OVtiKC:f-
IJC:VOV, t6 6noiov avc:p6v, 0 fl Fl 0 V. LliOtl nponyc:TtOI h
tOO wt6c CAnoflflWVIOC 010 tnc tiJavioc:wc tOO OVtOC n toO
np6v1Jat:oc. AKoflou8c:T h iKav6mc: o16 toO n6vou ('Ep!JoO> tKp6oc:wc
IJIOC tOOoc: 6 0 n fl 0 U, OKOtC:IViiC Kaf OKatavontOU n tvvofac
n OIOtl 6 'E p IJ n c tnc:v6noc: t6v Fl6yov, 0 t6 s'lpSIV ....
E!Jnoatou. Elva1 tKc:Tvoc. 6 6noToc t1-1nxavc:u8n t6v n6yov Kaf c:Tvm ouo
C:JOOOV, afln8n<: Kaf ljJC:UOnC
7

u"Otl n IJSV npoossp9n sic; t6c; l.jJux6c; an6 tnv Maiav,
IJntspa toO 'Ep!JOO, n OS supsmc; EK tflc; 13091Jiooc; tOO 'EPIJOO. Kaf OIOtl
t6 K090FliKWtspa ysvn tOOv 9s&v svspyoOv np6 tOOv IJSPIKWtspoov,
Kaf !Jet' OUtOOV Kaf IJStO an6 0Ut6n
8

'0 'O!Jnp!KOC "YIJVOC Eic 'Ep!JiiV, C:U8UC 1JC:t:6 tnv tOO 'Ep!JOO
t6
yc.yovwc; nj.latl EVK196pll;eV,
E:cmsploc; 13o0c; KFlSl!Jev E:Kni36Flou An6FlFloovoc;,
tetp661 tfl npotEP!1 tfl IJIV tEKS n6tvla Maia.n.
C'Av Kai yc:vvMn auyn, t6 IJC:On!JSPI Kl6nac Kl86pa, Kai
tnv 8onepa toO IJaKpof36Flou An6nnoova t6 136ora,
tnV tStaptn tOO IJiiVa i1JJ8pa nou n n6tVIO Mala t6V tC:KVOnoin-
OC:J.
('()pnptK6c; ''Ypvoc; efc; 'Eppflv, or. 17- 19,
OMHPIKOI YMNOb>, 6n66. Ll. nanaofraa - 'Efi. 1\aota,
tKo. 8J{3fitonwfieiov rflc; EETIAEJ.
'H tc:t6pm nj.lspa toO JJnv6c tnv OflOKflnpooOIV tfl<: c:m
vvwoc:wc Kai t&v t:c:oo6pwv otolxc:fwv, t:6 6noTa
ouyKpotoOv t6v vontiK6v toO ovtoc. t6v voov 1 Llia tou. '0
vooc toO ovtoc o16 t:nc t:&v tc:oo6pwv oto1xc:fwv Ka8fot:atm
uauton6toopl>, natnp t&v flOVIOIJOOV tOU
9

7 nnarwvoc; "KPGrunoc; 408 a KGf 408 c.
8 np6Kflou "Eic; r6v KpGruflov nnarwvoc; iKfloyGf xpnatfJOt 25.
9 'OptK6c; ''Vf.JVOC: 1Jt6c;, XV I 15, ar. 12.
233
ToOto ouv6yc:tal tK tfl<: tvtonnc t&v nu8ayopc:iwv I:x6n1a c:ic t6 Xpuoa
"Enn tOO onou JJC:t6 t6<: tiiJOC c:ic
tOUC 68av6touc 8c:ouc. c:ic t6v oc:utc:pov otixov 6 oc:l3aCJj.IOC
c:ic t6v opKov t&v nu8ayopc:lwv. 'H o1atunw01<: toO opKou tnc Tc:tpa-
Ktuoc t&v otorxc:iwv c:ic touc otixouc 4 7 - 48 t&v Xpuo&v
'En&v
10

Tnv tc:t6pmv 6n6 tn<; t:ou. 6 'EpJJnc E:xc:1 ouyKpotnoc:l
tOUC FIOVIOIJOUC tOU c:i<; EVIaTov 6pyaVIOIJOV. '0 JJU80FIOVIKOC
KafluntC:I napanc:tOOJJata tnv ouoiav t&v tvvol&V 6n6 tOU<; nofl-
flouc. '0 'EpJ,Jf1C/Fl6yoc; E:Kflnpov6JJnOC: tK toO natp6c tOU .LiiOC tnv auto-
VOIJiav t&v tnc:1on 6 ZC:U<;/VOO<; c:lv01 6 l'oiOC uauton6toopu Kai
OUVXPOVW<; unatnp 9EOOV tE Ovopoov tEn.
LiiO tfl<; avafloyfa<; t&V OtOIXefWV C:iC tO OUO neoia, t6 alo8nt6V Kaf t6
VOntOV, t6 OV 86 anOKtnO[l Kat' apx6<; ei<; t6 >&<; 1:00 nflfou tnV 6p9nv
avtiflnljJIV tn<; UOIKfl<;, 6patf1<; npayJJatiK6tm:oc. Mc:t6 anOKtQ tnv ou-
vat6tm:a, 6vc:px6JJc:vov v6 t6 avtiKeiJJeva toO aio8moo
KOOJJOU c:ic tvvofac toO vomoo Kaf tK Katc:px61Jevov
v6 t6 c:ic t6 aio8m6v
11

T6 JJn tUXaTov tfl<; tetpaKtU"iKiiC OOJ..!iiC tfl<; av8pwnfvn<; 01avoia<; tm-
f3ei301WVC:tal olaOtaUPWOIV. '0 api81JOC 4 c:i<; tnv JJU8onflaofav tfl<;
iotopfac toO vnnfou An6nnwvoc nponyn8n tnc toO 'Ep!JOO.
Tnv tc:t6pmv 6n6 tfl<; tou. 6 An6nnwv t6vc:u-
, r f f 'J f I -
OC: tnV c5paKOIVa nu8W. LiiOtl nponyOUJ..!eVWC C:IXe VIVel KUplapxo<; tWV
teOOOPWV aop6tWV OtOIXelWV tflC apc:tfl<; 010 tOO XPOVIKOO npOOOIO-
PIOJJ00 t&v tc:oo6pwv hJJc:povuKtlwv Kat6 tnv J..!et613aofv tou 6n6 tnv
Linnov c:ic Lic:flouc. 'H yv&01c; t&v otoJxc:fwv c:ic t6v An6nnw-
va tnv tfl<; nu8o0<;/0nljJC:W<; t&V FIOVIOJ..!OOV.
T6 OtOIXeia appnKtWC tOUC OUO Etepo8aflc:T<; 6oefl-
ou<;, Lil6<;/voo. 'O voO<;/Zc:uc nponyc:Ttal, t6
&<;/An6nnwv Kaf 6Koflou8c:T 6 n6voc/'Ep1Jfl<;.
'H OIOVOia t&v 8vnt&v 6v8pwnwv tnv np&tOV
t&v otolxc:fwv tnc ic:pac nu8ayopc:fou TetpaKtuo<;
12
Kaf tv ouvc:xc:fQ
1Je800eUel tOUC 6Vtl8etiKOUC FIOVIOIJOU<;, tfl<; OUVKPOUOC:WC t&V
OUVOIJeWV t&V c5uo 6oc:fl&v 'EpJJOO - An6Flnwvoc tnv
tc:flrKnv ouvc:pyaofav t&v tvc:pyc:1&v twv. rnJJaVtiKn c:lv01 h 6vaop6
10 1spoKfltouc; "Ex6fltG sic; ra Xpuaa "Enn rwv nueGyopsfwv, ar. 47- 48, "NGf, f.JO
r6v atJcripg 1/fuxt) napGo6vra TsrpGKruv, nGyav asvaou cpuaswc;".
11 7\flravnc; "APPHTOI 1\0TOI, esof, EtJtJ{3ofla. 7\pxtruna rwv 'Eflflnvwv, Kc. 3,
"TsrpaKruc; rflc; 7\psrflc;".
12 7\nravnc; "esof, EUtJ/30fiG, 7\pxtrunG rwv 'Eflflnvwv, Kc. 2, '"H TsrpGKruc;
rwv evnrwv", Kc. 3, "TcrpGKruc; rflc; Apcrflc;" KGf Kc. 10, '"H f.Jcvfarn rwv
TsrpGKruwv".
234 TO MYHHPION TOY AnOAJ\QNIOY <I>QTOI
tOO IJU80U sic; tnv nntKiav KOi 'EpiJOO. c:Tv01 vnma.
Llnnaon, np6 oiaoonnots annnc; tvspyslac;, vnma, 61-16-rspa t6 8c:Ta
6vto, KOI 'EpiJiiC:. tvvwpiOOV tnv ouofav tv6c: tK60tOU OtOI-
xsiou, tnv Kai tnv twv t6c; tnfac: Kaf
t6c; OUVKPOUOEIC: tWV.
'H, sic; 13680<:, VVWOIC: tWV tE006pwv OtOIXElWV, WC: npwm tvspyEIO tG:JV
8sfwv OVtWV touc: tn8tpE\jJEV, tv KOIP4>. v6 t6v 6p86v
tp6nov OIEKnEPOIWOEWC: tOO EPVOU KOf OU1JncpiOPOC: sic; t6C: OXEOEIC:
t(A)V 016 tnv 6noKAnpwolv tOU. np6yiJOtl, apy6tspov. OtOV 6
86 i::A8!1 sic: ouyKpouorv 1-18 t6v 'Ep!JiiV, h napaKata8nKn tiic; vvwoswc:
tWV OtOIXElWV, 86 tnavaEP!1 t6C: OXEOEIC: tWV aosnG:Jv sic; tnv 1nfav
KOf tnv OPIJOVfav. M6vov tOtE 86 av8n8ouv c:ic: t6v "OAU!JnOV, onou 130-
0IAEUOUV h 1nia Kaf h ap!Jovia. 'EKsi. sic: -rnv Kopunv toO 'Onu!Jnou. 6
natnp Zsuc;/voOc; ayanAIQ. LliOtl 6 voOc; ay6Anctal IJS tnv 1niav. on-
f..IIOupy6v 6p1Joviac;
13

'H npwm 1J68n01c;, tnv 6nofav 6c:fncl v6 n01Jr,36V!1, KOt' avanoyiav, 6
OKEntOIJcVOC: 8vm6c;, slv01 h VVWOIC: tG:Jv tcoo6pwv OtOIXEiwv, n VVWOIC:
tiiC: TctPOKtUOC:.
'0 6!-lnPIKOC: UIJVOC: sic: 'EpiJf'lV npoxwpc:T sic: t6 tn61JEVOV tns1o6orov, t6
6noTov Katayp6Etal IJEV IJE tp6nov nap6Aoyov, nnnv OIJWC: anoKanu-
ntiKOV.
ME -rnv yvG:Jotv tG:Jv tsoo6pwv ototxslwv Kaf sic: t6c: ouo nsptm::wos1c;,
'EpiJOO Kaf h ljJuxn 86 npooosuon sic: t6 tn61Jsvov vom1K6v
me; SiiiJO.
xtrluv supwv Ktnaato iJUpfov onj3ov
'Ep!JiiC: tOI npOOtiOtO XtfiUV tEKtf'IVCit' OOI60V,n.
(8piOKOVtac; tOte IJIO XSROOVO aio8av8nKS anEipn E(n:uxfa
npootn opa Ot' ann8EIO 6 'Ep!Jii<: EKOVE tn XEROOVO tpa-
you6fotpla,).
toJJnp!KOC: "YJJVOC: efc; 'EpJJfiV, 0!. 24- 25,
OMHPIKOI YMNOI, an66. Ll. nana6fraa- 'Efi. /\a6ta,
tK6. Bt/3fiiOnUJfielov rflc; E[T/A[>>).
Tf 88AEI v6 tmOniJ6V!1 6 UIJVW66c; nsvwv Otl 6 'EpiJiiC: npwmv op6v EKO-
IJE tnV XEAOOVO tpayouofotpiOV, an6 tnV auynv IJEXPI tnv IJEOniJr,3piav;
14
13 'OJJnptK6C ''YJJvoc zfc 'EpJJf1V, or. 506- 507 xapn 6' apa JJnrfc-ra Zctk, 6JJC/JW
6' tc C/Jtfl6rnra ouvfwavz,,, (KJ 6 ouvzr6c; zc-uc; xapnK Kaf roue 6u6 evcvoc- JJi
6y6nnJ.
14 'OfJnpJK6C ''YJJvoc zfc 'EpJJf1V, or. 17, iupoc yc-yovwc; JJiocp liJJan iyKJ86pJ(V,>>.
KAI J\OrOI/EPMHI 235
'H oi6PKEIO tOO Siou annnyopcitOIIJS tnv OIOOPO!JnV tOO tOO nnfou,
an6 tnv y8vvn01v <avatonnv> IJEXPI t6V 86vatov (OUOIV). EuvcnG:Jc;, an6
tnv auynv (OVOtOnnv> IJEXPI tnv IJEOniJSpfav, cic; t6 fliJIOU toO xp6vou,
avatoniic; KOl OUOEWC:, t6 fliJIOU tOO 13fou, t' OOOV
t6 6v np6KEit01 an6 anoyov v6 KOl:OOtfl EAAoyov ov ('Ep!Jiic;l. 'Evt6c:
OUtOO tOO XPOVIKOO OIOOtniJOtoc;, n \jJUXn, 86 np8n!1 v6 EX!1 0Vtlnn8fl
noTov cTva1 t6 npoKEIIJEVou npooosuouoa v6 IJEtm:p8t!J!1
tnv me; sic; Siov.
nBfoc; <6> .... tni toov avepoonoov. t6 va tiC:, va unapxn WC: flO
VIKOV ov .... "i3foc:; z;oonc; 61CI$S:psr 13foc:; iJS:V tnf fiOVIKOOV taaas-
tOI l;c.i)OOV, tOUtEOtiV avepoonoov !JOVWV, 2;Wn 68 tnf avepoonoov
Kai tnf toov 6R6ywv z;c.;>wv .... "n.
(LI. LlnjJnrpaKOU Mtya anne; rflc; 'EfifinVIKfiC: Tfiwaanc;>>).
'H ljJuxn. 016 va IJEtm:p8\jJ!1 tnv me; Eic; Slov. npOKEIIJEVOU va KO-
tOOtfl Ennovov 6v <E:piJETOV), nptnEI IJEXPI t6 niJIOU tOO Sfou me; v6
EX!1 ounn6S!1 tnv OniJOOlOV tOO avaypOIJIJOtiOiJOO tiic; tvvolac; tnc; XE-
nwvac;:
X E 1\
y
I
.,
X E 1\
Q
N A n
:>K

>K I I I
I\ E X
y
I
.,
I\ E X
Q
N A n
\ \ \ I /Ill I
1\ E X (0) I I 1\ E X
Q
N CA>
'0 tnaVOVEVVntiK6c; KUKnoc; 016 toO avaypO!JIJOtiOiJOO, OIOtl
n8xoc; cTv01 h toO i::pwtoc; Knlvn. h val..lnA1oc; cuvn. Kaf nc:xwfc;. h
Acxw. tK tiic; 6noiac; i::pwtoc; avavcvvG:Jvtal ai t!Juxai
15

'H XEnWVO ciVOI XEPOOiOV, OIJfSIOV KOf uop6r,3IOV t p nEt 6 V. Kat' ava-
Aoyfav, tv-r6c; uOCJtPCtKOUn, we; XEPOOTOV, t6 OV av8pwnoc; p n E I tvt6c;
tnc; tvotiKWOOUc; we; OIJiBIOV tvann600EI tnv tOU IJEtO-
yiic; KO{ UOOtoc;, tvotfKWV KOl OUVOI08n1J6twv KOl tSnoc; We;
uop6r,310V, pEn E I np6c; tnV tOO OUVOI08niJOtoc;. Kat' avanoyfav,
onnaon n XEAWVO ncpiyp6EI utnV Z:wnv tiiC: tiJUXiiC: tvt6C: tOO 6atpa-
KOEI600C: OOOIJOtOC:n tOO 8vmo0 av8pwnOU
16

15 Ll. LlnJJnrp6Kou Miya Of/nc; rnc; 'EflflnvtKf1C rflwoonc;", flfiJJJJara flixoc
Kaf f/c-xcvtc;.
16 np6Kflou Efc r6v TfJJmov nflarcvvoc;", Bt{3fliov E', 298, 16- 17, " ... xae o (n JJcr6
roo 6orpc-w6ouc ochJJaroc. ".
236 TO MYHHPION TOY AnOJ\1\QNIOY <I>QTOr
'H f3paounopsfa 6vt6c; toO 6navavsvvntiK00 KUKflou nc,p1yp6cta1 EK
tnc; iol6tmoc; tnc; xc,nwvac;, h 6nofa c,lv01 t6 f3paoutspov c,ic; Kfvn01v EK
tG.>v yc,vvwvtwv 8pnct6v. T6 c,TvOI t6 Kat' OU1Jf3oflov tnc;
(3roc,navaopac;. o16 tnc; 6vaKuKflwoc,wc; twv yc,vvnoc.wv tou Kai EJ.Ja-
c,ic; oflnv tnv KflfiJOKO tOO (300iflcfou, EK tWV xc,poafwv KOI
tWV uopo(3iwv J.JXPI tWV ntnvwv. T6 OtOIX10 6vun6pxouv clc; trlV lj.IU-
xnv twv ovtwv. ouv61JEI, o16 v6 6Konnweoov tv xp6v4) o16 tnc; novr-
Knc;.
Kat6 t6V np6KflOV al OI0(3081Jl0Eic; tnc; flOVIKflc; un6pxouv 6vt6c; IJOC we;
o1av6nmc; Kaf vooc;. 11'H or6v01a tflc;
Kai tOO VOOn, c.Jnsv 6 I:WKP6tnc; Eic; tnv noflrtEIOV
17
u'O rwKp6tnc; sic;
tnv noftltslav sxapaKtfiPIOS tnv v6nmv we; SVSPVSIOV, we; OIOVOIOV
tnv YVWOIV, n 6noia supfOKStOI tWV vontwv Kaf tG>v OVti-
Rnntwv SK tflc;


'Dtav 6 8xc,r 6votEPVI08fl tnv onJ.Jaoiav twv 6navsv-
oapKwoc,wv lxcflwvac;. K081ot o16 npwtnv op6v tnv xc.flwva 6o1o6v 1
o16v01av. T6 QOIJO toO f3paounopoOvtoc; tnv vtav ior6-
tnta, tnv o1avont1Knv flcn:oupyfav c,ic; tnv Ka8nJ.JEPivnv tou tnv
Kaf vonoc,wc;.
Eic; t6J.Jtoov tnc; tou, t6 8nfloyov ov 6vtcflnen otl aitfa tnc; ouvs-
xooc; 6navaopac; tou sic; t6v 6tpJ.Jova KUKflov tG:lv 6navc,voapKwoc,wv
cTVOI OIOtl nK69s noovn Kai Runn o6v IJS Kapi npoonftWVSI tnv ljJuxnv
EiC: t6 OWIJO Kal oiovsl 616 nEp6vm; KOP<i>WVEI Kaf K0910tQ autnv OW
IJOtOSiofl, Kaf tnv KOVSI v6 Otl SKSTva slval aftn9fl, ooa Kaf
t6 OOOIJO VOIJfZ:SI 6Rn9iin
19
T6tc t6 Eflfloyov ov Otl nptncl
v6 EKnOiocuen sic; t6c; nPOVIJOtiKOc; tnc; Kaf tflc; 6vvofac; tflc;
apctflc;. '0 nn6twv c,ic; t6v Ol6floyov /\6xnc; OUVOSEI tnv EVVOIOV tnc;
apetnc; IJE tnv OUIJntWOIV fl6you KOl EK tWV 6noiwv anoppt1
h OWPIKrl IJOUOIKrl OPIJOVfa. u otav onftaon OKOUW KOnOIOV nou EivOI
npayiJOtiKO tOOV fl6ywv nou fiSSI v6 ouz:ntfl nspi apstiic; n nspi
OO$iac;. xaipw unsp(3oft1K6, nou (3Rsnw Otl Kal aut6c; nou OIJIHST Kai
oi R6y01 tOU supfOKOVtOI sic; npsnouoav OXSOIV Kal OPIJOVfav IJS
twv Kaf 1.100 <t>alvEtOI Otl 6 tOIOOtoc; IJOUOIKWtatoc;, sxwv
WPOIOt6tnv OPIJOVIav OXI Eic; flupav OUtS sic; aftfta opyava autflc; tflc;
nOioiOC:. Ofln' sic; npayiJOtiKOV (3iov, SXWV onftaon t6v (3fov tOU tOI-
oOtov, ooots v6 OU1J$Wvo0v oi R6y01 np6c; t6c; - OPIJOvfav
11 ntkmvvoc; "noflnsfa", {3t/3flfov H . 511
18 np6Kflou Efc; r6v TfJJatov nflarcvvoc;", Bt{3fliov B', 246, 32- 247, 2 " .... 6 tv
nofltrsk;t [cvKp6rnc; v6natv slns rnv tvtpystav, d.Jc; ot6votav rnv r(.()v JJEacvv
yv(.()atv vonr(.()v Kaf
19 nf/arcvvoc; <J>aiocvv" 83 D.
237
anonutwc; np6c; t6v OWPIKOV tp6nov .... EKSivnv tnv OPIJOVfav, n
6nola J.J6vn 8nnnv1Kn 6pJ.Jovfan
20

'H IJOUOIKn 6pJ.Jovfa tnc; 6o1ooo xcflwvac; slva1 t6 66patov a'ltrov Kaf h
IJEnflouoa EKonflwOic; toO EPIJEfou fl6you, 6 6noioc; avnnec.v EK tflc; oo-
c.ic; trlV OIOVOIOV.
" Snt6 68 OU1J$OOVOU<; 6"f'Wv StOVUOOOtO xop66c;.n.
L .. Kaf t6vuoc, 8t6 npof36tiVEc; xopotc; OPIJOVIKEc;J.
{'Of.JnptKOC: "Yf.JVOC: efc; 'Epf.JfiV, Or. 51,
<<OMHPIKOI YMNO/>J, an6o. Ll. nanaofraa- 'Eft llaota,
iKo. BJ/3fJtonUJfJeTov rflc; ((EETIAE})J.
'H 8n01JSVn EVEPVEIO tflc; vtac; un6 OIOVoiac; c.TvOI h KOtOOKEUrl
tnc; 8max6poou Kl86pac;. '0 'EpJ.JfiC:. npotoO apxfO[I v6 010
toO n6you Kai v6 8pJ.JnVEU!1 t6c tvvoiac;. npE:ns1 v6 Kat:aOKEu6an von-
tiK6v opyavov KOt6flflnnov, t6 6noiov 86 tOO OWO[l tnv iKav6tnta v6
tnv OUVOPIJOVfiV tWV 8nt6 xopowv tflc; Kl86pac; n tWV 8nt6
ncplopwv tWV aviowv KUKflWV tflc; lj.luxnc;, onflaon tnv EVOPIJOVIOIV
toO KUKflou toO Sattpou, twv 8nt6 nflavntiKWV tou ncpiopwv
21

'H ncp!ypan tnc; KOtaOKEUflc; toO 6py6vou toO we; avw 6J.Jnp!K00 UIJVOU
fl6y4) tWV OUOKOfliWV tflc; OUVOPIJOVflc; tWV OIO<j)OpE-
tiKWV uflrKG>v, t6 6noia nptncl v6 xpnOI!JOnolnO[I. T6 at un1K6 c,Tv01 nofl-
fl6 Kaf OIOOPEt1Kflc; uoc.wc;, Ut1Kflc; Kaf ETvOI ut6 KERu<t>oc; tflc;
xsftwvac;, Kana!JIOO Koto6vla, osp!Ja f3oo1o0. tyK6pmo Kaf 8nt6
npof36tlvsc; xopot<;n
22
T6 aKflnp6v 6atpaKov tnc; xc,nwvac; Kai ai 8m6
npol36t1Va1 xopoai c.Tv01 t6 ouo 1JUOtnpraK6 OU1Jf30na, t6 6noTa xpnoi-
IJOnoroOvtOI tWV aflnwv tPIWV UfliKWV, WOtE t6 I
tvapJ.J6vrmc; twv 8m6 xopowv v6 naptnen
T6 OOtpOKOV tflc; XEflWVOC KO{ ai 8nt6 npo(36t1VOI xopoaf OflflnyopoOv tOC
6vti8EtiK6c; ouoxc,pc.fac; tnc; Ka8nJ.JEPrv6tntoc;. Llr6 tnc; 6penc xpnoc,wc;
toO OKflnpoO 6otp6Kou Kaf twv tflaotiK&v npof3atlvwv xopowv nptnc,r
v6 6n8fl8!1J.Jia ouv6J.Jcwv Kai 6vc,pyc,1wv. 'EK tflc; aKflnp6tn-
toc; toO 6otp6Kou <toO tvw> Kal tnc; tvapJ.Jovfoc,wc; twv xopo&v <olafl-
flaKtrK6tmoc; OXEOEWV IJEtO tWV aflflWV, ntOI tflc; OIOflEKtiKflc; <j)lflOOO-
20 nflarcvvoc; Jlaxnc;}> 188 c- D.
21 nfl6rcvvoc; "TfJJatoc;>J 36 c- D.
22 'OJJnptKOC: 'YJJVOC: Bfc; 'EpJJfiV, Or. 47- 51.
238
<j)IKflC 6VtltJetCUnioswc tOOV) KOt6 n1v OIOPKSIOV tnc EVOOPKOU eo
6vaouen EK t&v tnavaysvvntiKWV uo6toov tWV E:navsvoapKWOEWV n
aunoc esla ouoia tOO 6vtoc. A(m1 EKp6l;Et01 010 tflC: 6op6tOU eslac
tJEFIWOlOC tflC: apEtflc;. 'H XEFIWVO KOtEOtn OOIOOC. 'OIJWC, tOOto OEV OUV-
tSFIEltal apxnc.
nnflfiKtP4> EI"'S:ipfltll;e KCitO tJEfiOC:. n 6' un6 XSIPOC:
OIJS:p6afltov Kov6J3nosn.
(SKPOUE IJE nFiflKtPO tic; xop6EC: tou pu6tJIKO, Kaf K6tw 6n6 t6
XEPI toU n Flupa <n Ki66pa> tPOIJEPO OVtiflOFinoE).
topnpJK6c; 'Ypvoc; Eic; 'Eppflv, or. 53- 54,
OMHPIKOI YMNOI, 6n6o. Ll. nanaofroa - 'En. !laoJa,
eKo. Bl{3ntoncunETov rflc; ((EITIAIJ.
Oi 6vootpoo OtiXOI EUPiOKOVtOI IJEPIKOUC OtlXOUC IJStO tnv tOO
"Y!Jvou. 'H o16vo1a slvm 6 5i56oKanoc toO E:autoO me. E:' ooov 6 Ka-
taoKsuaol:nC: toO 6py6vou slva1 6 YoiOC 6 'EptJnc/aut6r3ounoc tvtpysra,
nFinttWV IJE t6 nFiflKtPOV 6 i'OIOC tnV Kl66pav, tflC 6nofac; StVOI 6 on-
IJIOUPVOC.
Ta nFinVIJO!O tflC: Z:ooflc; slva1 6ouvnp6 KOi h Kl66pa/6Vnt6C av6poonoc
tPOIJcPO OVtiFIOFicl <<OIJEPOCifiEOV KCIVOJ3nosn. T6 nFiny!JOtO c:Tval n ou-
VciOntOnoinOIC tWV ai 6nol01 nFinttOUV t6V EOUtOV KOf tOUC
aFIFiouc. altiac tWV hoovwv Kai tWV Flunwv. Kai nPOVIJOtl 6 avtina-
FIOC: twv nnnv1-16toov elvm tPOJJOKttK6c;, IJEXPIC otou au1:6 KataotoOv
1JEFI4)5ia, pu61-16c Kaf OWPIKfln OPIJOVia.
'Otav h XEFIWVO IJEtatpf:netOI sic Kl66pav, uFionOIEltOI t6 avayKalov
OUFIOV 6pyavov, npOKEIIJEVOU VO EnEFI6!1 h T6ts h Ki66pa
cpe6yyouc;n Kai utOO 61600KEI tO fiOVfiC xapiOIJOtCI tOO V00n.
II,, QC: tiC; QV QUtnV
tEXV!1 KOf OO<!>f!1 6S60111JSVOC:
<j)6syyo1Jvn navtoia v64> xaplsvta 61600KSI
psia ouvn6ef!101V aeupOIJEVn tJCifiCIKjiOIV,
pyaofnv <j)SUVOUOO 6UflnCI60V' OC: 6 KSV OUtflv
vnic; t:oov t6 npwtov t:mZ:a<!>sflwc; t:psslvn.
IJOliJ autwc; KEV El"'eltCI IJetflopa tE epuflli;OI.n.
<.... Kl av KOnOIOC: tnv Ki66pa
IJE tEXVn Kaf oofa 60KIIJOOEI VO tn IJ06EI, OOC: 66yyouc;
1:00 OIOOOKEI tO Floync; xapiOtJatO toO VOO Kaf IJE t6 tJOFiaK6
KI60PIOIJO EUKOFia tpayou66EI, Ylati 6nootpEEtOI tnv a6FIIa
IJEtaxslplon OIJWC: onoloc; 6vtac;, IJE OPIJrl tnv npwto-
OOKIIJOOEI, autn nap6WVOUC: tOVOUC: Kl aouvaptn-
tOUC:J.
topnpJK6c; 'Ypvoc; Elc; 'Eppflv, or. 482- 488,
((OMHPIKOI YMNOb>, 6n66. Ll. nanaofroa- 'Efi. lla61a,
BK6. Bt{3ntoncunETOV rflc; ((EETIAIJ.
239
Eic; tOUC avootf:poo anoKOFIUntiKOUC otfxouc;, np6c; t6 tEFlOC: nntov toO
"VIJVOU IJE!O 6n6 noAA6 OPWIJEVO, n OIOOXrl tnc Kl66pac; yivetOIIJE nmov
KI60PIOIJO, onnaon IJE SUVEVEIOV Kaf anan6tnta. 'H OIOOOKanfa otv nptnsl
v6 slval OIOtl h tf;uxn 6nootpE'tal tnv aeniav IJEtOXEipn-
OIV Kaf OIOOOKEtal IJOVOV IJE yAUKUtm:a, tf:xvnv Kai ooiav. 'Yn6pXEI
l-IfO unonav66VOUOO tpUEp6tnC. FlEntOtnC KOi npOOcKtiKrl povtfc; an6
t6v OIOOOKOVta tnv Kl66pav, 6 6noToc aetatoc napaKonoueET 6n6 tnv
oKnvnv tnc tnv np6ooov tnc tf;uxnc.
noToc 6 o1o6oKoov tnv Kl66pav sic tnv tf;uxnv: Elvm 6 l'o1oc:; 6 E:aut6c;, 6
6n6 toe UAIKOC: nayloac tWV KOt00tP01KWV noovwv.
Al hoovai, ora tnc Kpouoewc tnc xoponc. nnnnouv tnv tf;uxnv, ouv-
oro toO nnnvtJatoc t6c tnaotrKac; xopo6c;/ouvaraentJata
vt6c tnc Korn6tm:oc toO oKAnpoO 6otp6Kou tnc xenwvac:.
'0 tJEFlWOIKOC nxoc tnc tf;uxnc EK tnc 6penc ouvspyaoiac: tWV
ouo: rKAnpoO 6otp6Kou Kai E:naotrKwv xopowv. Toutf:Otl, 1Jet6 t6v 8n-
K6v tpOIJOKtiKOV avtinanov, t6v EK tOO 6otp6KOU Entp-
XEtal n 1\ntOEIOrlC yanrlVIOC OI06EOIC Kaf Katav6n01c;, n 1JEFl4)5ia. napan-
Annooc;, oi ouo uiof toO 816c;, t6 AnonAWVIOV WC Kai 6 'EpiJEiOC A6yoc:;
OVOntUOOOUV tnv iKOVOtnta tnt:; OIOnEKtiKiiC. '0 tPOIJOKtiKOC 6vtfnanoc;
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246 TO MYITHPION TOY AnOJ\1\QNIOY 0QTOI:
Ai ayna1 EnEion avnKOUV Ek tOV "HniOV, unoonnoOv
tnv 8vVOiaV Kai autn
to uniKOV nc:ofov. tnc:1on outc: vc:vvwvtal outs Kata01:povtal. <t>un6a-
aovtal OE uno tWV 6uyatEPWV tOO 'Hniou. tEKVOU tOO 'Ync:pfw-
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KPUIJIJEVn h tOO 6vmoo a66vatov!
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aiV tOO npwtou toO 8, napaoloEI tnv a6Eatov nnc:up6v
'H 'EnnnviKn rnwoaa. h Mu6onoyfa Kaf to npov!Ja, to anoiov nc:plyp6c:-
tm. OUVtEfVOUV tnv nnnpEOtEpav KataVOnOIV (3 0 0
'H toO c:Tval EKEfvn, h anoia aonyc:i tnv anoK6nu-
ljJIV tWV uUOEh> OVOj.lOtWV, nEVEI a
tov Kpatunov <439 b>.
LUj.lnnnpWVEI OE a niywv:u Kata t6v Tc510V tp6nov, flom6v.
Kal 6 VOIJ06stnc; napac51c5sl t6 aplatov noflftSUIJO np6c; t6v auvo-
fiiK6v KOOIJOV, esanfz;wv 6v61..1ata, sxovta 61..1016tnta IJS to ovta.n
31

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KanuntOUV to IJUOtnplov
Tnv xpnOIIJOnOIET 6 tov U!JVOV toO 'Ep!JOO. 'H
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taOpov, Cl!JOtEpa ic:p6 tWV 6EWV, c51aanotal (3 + 0 u
oa IJE tnv = v + 0 u OlacptpouOOI ai ouo IJOVOV
tO apKtiKOV tWV YPO!Jj.la.
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avaSPEt01 sic; tf'IV (3-IWIJOtiKf'IV EIJnSIPIOV,
tflc; 6nofac; n np6oc5oc; EK tflc; CtKOflc;,
1<0900:;, KOt' avafloylav, n VOO:; = V + OU:;,
CtVOSPStOI SiC: tf'IV V-OntiKrlV np60c50V tfl:; tjJuxflc;,
n 6nofa KOI autn EK tflc; CtKOflc;.
31 np6Kflou Ek; r6v Kparuflov nflarwvo( eKfloyaf xpfloJJJOI" 52, 13- 15.
KAI 1\0rOI:/EPMHI: 247
h (3 0 0 avc:u tOO cpunou, (taupou
Kai KanuntC:I Kai
otav c:upioKwvtal tnv 8voapKov Kat6ota01v. npoownono1oOvta1
ot uno tOO autoO. npOKEIIJEVOU v6 tnv ljJuxnv
tnV avayKnV tOO (3fou tOV

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tO '1610 0nov. h j.lrt tO apOEVIKOV
ano tO 9nnUKOV awj.la, anoKanuntEI Kaf autnv tnv Kpucpnv ntuxnv
otv c:ivm !JOVOV nnlaKOV aUj.l(30nOV
a Kaf n (3 0 0 anna UnOoEIKVUcl tnv ljJuxnv, UnOU,
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32
Kaf
nptnc:1 6' v6 iooOv to napaoEIYIJa Kal 6' t1:tpou v6 aKouaouv
tWV aopatWV auaXE!Iaj.lWV n OiacpoponOirtOEWV, oi anoiOI
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616 navtaxoo napwv Kaf
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,. '
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<8>.
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33
,
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vnv) OlelVOiav.
TO anoana01-1a 4 tOO 'HpaKnEftou avaEPEtal tel (3Wola:
uSi felicitas esset in delectationibUS corporis, boves felices
diceremus, cum inveniant orobum ad comedendum.n.
3 2 np6Kflou Ei( r6v TfJJmov nflarwvo(", Bt{3flfov A', 16, 13 h nspf rwv fl6ywv
GKPOOO/(>J.
33 'HpaKfl&frou, an. 4, 9, 13, 37, 61, 67a, 82, 83, 97.
248
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ea eewpouoatJE t6 (300610 8UtUXIOIJEVO En1611 c:upfoKOUV va
q>ayouv p6f3U.
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eK6. Bt/3f1toncun&Tov KIIEIQJ.
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!IOIJOV tii<; n6oviic; tiiC: q>uoswc;, n 6nofa iKOVOnOIST!OI iJE !OV
KOPSOIJOV tiiC: <PUOIKfiC: !POfic; Kaf 6EV aoxonsTtOI IJE nspmtEPW ava-
nvcutJatiKfiC: tpoiic; utJJnnotE:pwv Anonnwviwv ot6xwv.
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Ol:oc: KOl SU60ftJC.UV KO!O !OV 6SiOV nnat<.UVO.
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u06EV 6 'An6flilOOV f6WKE tOC: f30UC: KCd ffla(3E tfiV Kl66pav
inmta avt(3noav c:ic; t6v .ilia xapOUf.IEVOI, nafc;ovtc:c; Kal tnv
Kl66pav. 6 6noioc; axapn Kaf aut6c;, ns:r6n E1illci>6noav oi
uiof autou Ef.IC:IVav 68 s:ic; t6 navtotc: ifi1Wf.IEVOI.n.
rAe. rray&lpfrou (('Qyuyfa, r6JJO( A', a. 400,
tKo. E!IEYeEPH rKElfltn
uOUtW Ma166oc; ul6v 1flnOEV 'An6flilOOV
navtofn Cl>lfl6tntl, xap1v 6' tntenKE Kpovfwv.n.
C'EtOI t6 y16 tfl<; M0166o<; t6v 6y6nnoc: 6 An6flflwv
!JE K66c: 6y6nn Kl 6 Kpoviwv tOO Mwoc: tnv c:uv016 muJ.
{'OJJnPIKO( "YJJVO( c/( 'EpJJfiV, or. 574- 575,
<<OMHPJKOI YMNOI 6n66. Ll. nanaofraa - 'En. llaota,
eKo. Bt/3n1oncunsTov rf'l( ((ErTIA[J.
Eic; t6 KSitJsvov, h tnav6nntiJIC: tnc: tvvofac; 1n6tnC: Kal rntw tK IJE-
pouc: tOO An6nnwvoc; np6c; t6v 'EptJfiV SJVOI h un6tJVnOIC: tflc; u-
oswc: twv 6uo i6rotntwv, tnc: tvap!Jovfoswc: Kai tiic: wmtlJfac: toO tlJu-
xovontiKOO optwc; toO 6vtoc;.
249
'0 'EptJflC: avtann600SI tnv Kl66pav I OPIJOViav' 6i6wv autnv sic: t6v An6n-
nwva, na1-1f36vwv t6c; nsvtnKovta f,3oOc;/wtlotJ6v an6 t:6v An6nnwva.
'Qc; anoti:nSOIJO, tntpxctal h Kai h tvap!JOVIOIC: tG:lv tm6
xop6wv /at6Ktwv nsp1opwv tflc; t!Juxnc;, h 6noia 616 tflc;
pone: tflc; nniOKflC: tvc:pysiac;. 'H tv6pa01c; c:Tvm t6 Ena6nov autflc; tflc;
tsnsumiac; f,3a6tJi6oc; np6 tflc; sio6oou tflc; t!Juxnc: sic: t6v 6siov vom6v
6r6KOOIJOV, sic: tnv 6noiav npootf6ctm h iKav6mc: toO n6you, tflc; nsw-
ti01Ji:vnc: tKopac; twv OU!JnavtrKG:lv v61-1wv.
'H OUVOniKn VOntiKn nSitOupyfa WC: '0 natnp, ZSUC: (V00C:)
slvm SU60i1JC.UV. Bfli:nSI t6 OUO tEKVO tOU OUIJIni<.UIJEVO, wti06EVta
<An6nflwv> 616 toO Fl6you CEp!JfiC:) Cot. 574- 575). Eic; tOIJEFIFiov ou6tno-
ts nntov 66 !WV n EPIC: olao6nnots IJOPflc;,
010!1 h nFIIOKn tvtpyc;Ja <An6flflwvl, 66 n6vtots IJE tnv tlJU-
XIKnv tvap1J6vro1v toO 6vtoc: <xsflwvn Kaf Kl66pa>. tnv 6nofav KatE:xsl
616 toO 6p6o0 Fl6you ('Ep!Jflc:>.
'H tv OUVSXSIQ avtaflflayn Kl66pswc; tOO 'Ep1J00 IJE t6C: f,3o0c; tOO An6Fiflw-
VOC: slvm n OUIJifll<.UOIC: tWV OUO 66sfiG:lv tflC: IJU60FIOVIKflC: anyn-
OSWC:. 'H OUIJ1FifwOIC: unoonfloi tnV tvonofnOIV tWV OUO KUPIC.UtEPWV
ai68PIKWV FISitOUPVIWV tflc; t!Juxflc;: Tnv tv6pa01v fJSt6 tOO nswti01JE-
VOU Fl6you. Kai Ota6spon01n6fl n tvonofn01c;, n t!Juxn OEV 66 610-
fli06nO[l tK vtou sic: 1:nv npo1:tpav me; Kat6o1:aorv Kaf avta-
orwoswv. '0 tlJUXOVOntiKOC: opsuc; f,3Fii:nSI l:nV ouoiav l:WV OVl:WV, KO-
taOl:OOSC.UV Kai npay!JOl:WV, annFIFIOVIJEVOC: OKIWV
Kai 66vou.
616vo1a Kai v6n01c; 6rtnouv 1:6c; tpsic; f,3a61Ji6ac; 1:flc; noyiKflc; 1-1
f,366pov t6 1JU6ofloyrK6v E:nfl:SUVIJO 1::00 61JnprKo0 UIJVOU. T6
OIJIJO 1:flc; t!Juxnc; otptsmr tv tKot6osl np6c; t6v vom6v ''Oflu!Jnov, 1:nv
8vworv l:flC: Kopuflc; 1:flc; t!Juxflc; l-IE 1:6v voOv.
zsuc;/voOc;: <H aiwvla onj.IIOUPVIKfl OUVOJ.IIC: tOO OUj.lnavtoc;.
'An6Rnwv /avsnoosc;: 'Aio1oc; pon ct>w1:6c;.
<EPI.Ii1<:/KI6opa: <Vnonofn01c; toO wt6c; o1o toO n6vou.
H avtannavn Kl6opc:c.uc;;aysfloowv
svapf.lovf2:sl Kaf vono1si toe; ouVOf.ISIC: tiic; t!Juxnc;,
WOtS 6 tlJUXOVOnt!KOC: ct>opsuc; tOO ovtoc;
<f>EPStOI sic; 1:6v "OnUj.lnOV,
onRaon sic; tnv Kaeapov v6n01v, o161:1
u6 VOUC: (ZSUC:) tOO OVtOC: fXSI tfiV svtpySIOV CtnnOUOl:EPOV,
a<t>ou Cltsvi2:SI tO ovta f.IE OIJSOOV eswpnOIV <'An6RRwv <EPIJiiC:}.n
34

34 np6Kf1ou Ek; r6v TfJJatov nflarwvoc;>,, Btf3f1iov B', 247, 7- B.
1013AJ30cP JlAOU QO
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sJ01136!>1t;>dH, Q J\3U!3 '''i}lnC, JO>I OJr1 ('1)11}>1 ('1)/\Q ::>99011
no1 noJ9 001 A9r1mdoodu A91 J!3 :>coioA(l9n310>I :>y9d9 :>y1 01Ul910AnQ
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lOlU<I> AOINUVVOU'If AOl NOidHliAIIII Ol OSl
252 TO MYHHPION TOY AnOAAQNIOY <!>QTOI:
'H uav01<:; toO nsnnou tii<: 'Epy6vnc; Aenvac; OlllPKEI tvvta IJiivac:, ooov
Kaf n 6v0pwnrvn KUOopfa, IJf_ apxnv t6V IJiiVa nuaVE$UOOVa C0KtW-
r3PIOV), npoKEIIJEvou v6 tvouen IJE a(n:6v t6 tii<: eeoc; tvvta
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'EKatOIJr3arwvoc; Clounrov>.
'0 jJnV 'EKatOIJr301WV nto n apxn tOO touc; tOOV Aenvaiwv. uEic; toe; :t\911-
vac; seuofaz;av sic; t6v 'EKat61JPCIIOV An6iUiwva sic; t6c; sm:6 tOO 1JI1
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avanapiOtQ !nV OUVOEOlV !WV, 616 tOO OUVEIPIJIKOO OUV6UaOIJ00 tii<:;
u6VOEW<:;/f.navevoapKWOEWV.
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tEPXOIJEVOC: EK tOOV aotpwv 6nnnyopei tnv K60o6ov tOOV np6c; E:vo6pKw-
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etorv E:nl tii<: EKnsrntiKii<: Kaf 616 tii<: z;wnc; - eav6tou tOOV E:navana!Jr3a-
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<E:IJ6vrolc;> toO esoo f\n6nnwvoc;.
1 II. E BpsrroO Tcficr6Jv topr6Jv KG{ aychvwv r6Jv apxaiwv 'Efifinvwv",
navaeflvaw, a. 568- 569Kai'EKar6JJ/3GIG, a. 108-270.
2 nfiarwvoc "(J)afowv" 70 o Kai 71 c- 72 B.
3 nfiarwvoc "esairnroc" 191 c- E. nspi MvnJJoatJvnc, 193 c- 194 B, nspi r6Jv
Knpfvwv anorunWJJG!WV r6Jv OGK!Ufii616JV, 194 C- 195 8, Kiap Kaf 1/JUXfl.
nANTI <l>AEINETAin 253
Ei<: t6 Katwt8pw 6n6onao1-1a toO UIJVOU toO Kanni1J6xou Eic; An6nnwva,
6 An6nnwv npoo6ropil;stm IJE t6 E:niestov 'E K 6 s p v o c;, npoKSiiJEvou
v6 tovroen h napouofa Kaf h tepaotfa E:vtpys1a tii<: 6noot6oswc;
6p6oswc; tou, o16t1 6 An6nnwv E: p v 6 z; eta r < p v o v> 6noot6oswc;
<E:K6<:;>.
ucnhof vov Katoxflsc; CniCIKnfvsoes nun6wv,
a(n:af 68 Knnf6sc; 6 yap es6c; ouK8tiiJCIKp6v.
oi 68 v8or 1JOnm1v ts Kaf tc; xop6v svtuvsoes.
nn6nnwv ou navti q,advstar. ann' ot1c; saen6c;.
oc; IJIV '16!1. IJ8vac; oihoc; oc; OUK '16, nn:6c; SKEivoc;.
6$6JJE6'. (:) 'EKOEPVE. Kaf SOOOJ.I6' ounots flltOLn.
<Tc.0pa OETC: nou KpateTts t6C: nuna<:; L. . .l tEC: Kaf OcT<; t6
Knsr6r6 6r6tr 6 es6c: 68v sTvar nnsov IJaKp6v !sTvm nnnofovl.
Kai osTc: ol vto1 8tOIIJaoeiits yr6 t6 tpayou6r Kaf t6v xop6.
o An6nnwv otv SIJ<J:>aviz;star 16sv >avspoovstml sic: t6v Kaesva,
ann' sic: onorov eTvar Kan6c:
Kaf OnOIOC: OV 'l6t1 aut6v, aut6C: EiVOIIJEV6noc:
OnOIOC: otv t6v EfOS, aut6C: sTvm IJIKPOC: n6youl.
06 OE '16WIJ8V E:otva, nou jJaKpu6, Kal notE Elc: t6
j.JEnnOV oEV 86 E'IIJE8a IJIKpof.>.
t'YtJvoc; KaflfiltJ6xou &lc; :4n6flflwva, or. 6- 11,
TA OP<I>IKA, 6n66. En. Mayyfva,
BK6. 'EVKUKfionatocfac; roO <<HIIIOV})J.
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l-laZ:61Jcvov, IJUOtnPIOOOS<:;, 66patOV Kai aunov, 6neu0UVOIJEVOV sic; anna
Enfon<:; 66pata OVta, 6i6EI EVtOnnv OnWC aut6 t6<:; nunac: Kai
napa6WOOUV t6<:; Kn8T6a<:;. Toopa, V 0 V, tKSTVOI oi 6noT01 KpatoOv t6<:; nu-
na<:; KnEIOt6C:, 06 t6C:
'H v 0 v sTvar 61Ji6pOIJO<:, otaeep6, Kaf Kpa-
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254 CI>QTOI
aiwv16mtoc; Kai xp6vou. Apxn Kaf t8noc; tnc; t6 OU!Jwvov N,
KE:VtPIKOV yp61J!JO tOO Apxaiou Ana{3ntou tWV c:lko01 E:nt6 VPO!J!J6twv.
c:Tv01 t6 KEVtPOV 6101Knoswc; tOO OUVOi'liKOO 'EflnnVIKOO /\6you. 'H von-
tiKn aoKc:Ttm c:ic t6 KEVtPOV toO 6vtoc;. T6 OU!Jwvov N c:Tva1 t6
apKtiKOV yp61J!JO tnc; N-ooc. we n6n 6vstpen (O. 60).
Avtrettwc; sic tnv nc:pimwo1v tnc; v o v, t6 6uo N a)pfoKovmr
sic; t6 OKpa, KOi'lUntOVta npootatSUtiKWC 616 tflc; vonOEWC t6 KSVtPIKOV
wvnc:v v.
nola n OXE6100t1Kn avanap6otaOIC tOO Y sic; t6 KEVtPOV tfiC
nnaiOIW!Jtvou 6n6 t6 6uo N; T6 wvnsv Y 8va notnp1ov. 8va
6tnac;.
Atnac: - aoc: <t6> ..... nap elooc: notnpfou auvnewc;
xpuaoO n apyupoO KeXPUOW!JEVOV KCitO t6 xeffln, xpnOIIJOV
np6c: n6mv uoato<: n 016 toe; euafac: ....
2) t6 xpuaoOv notnp!OV, SV 4), oiovei WC: tv fiEIJI34>. 6
"HfiiOC: 01tnflee t6v WKeav6v Kat6 tnv vuKta nfltwv SK
OUO'IJOOV np6<: avatofl6c;: <ItnO'IX. 8, 1L..
(Ll. Llnf,JnrpdKOU Mtya Onnr; rflr; 'EnnnVJKflr; fnc()aanr;)},
nflf.Jf.JO otnar;J.
N 0 v a nfliOC aiVEtal v6 ni'l!1 vt6c; tflc; KOin6tntoc; toO 6naoc;.
Kaf np6y!Jatl, avatonwv np6c; 6UO!J6C. Katsueuvstal n ypan tOO
wvnSVtOC, tnv avayKaiav KOii'lOtnta. '0 "HFIIOC vt6c;
tnc; KOin6tntOC tflc; i'lE!JI30U Y. ni'laiOIOU!JSVOC EKattpwesv K tflc; von-
oswc;, yp61J!Jatoc; N, tnv v6nmv Kaf KaSiot tnv tJJuxnv iKavnv
v6 un6pXfl sic; !JOVI!JOV Kat60taOIV 8ypny6poswc;.
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8UVO!JEVOV sic; t6v V 0 0 tOO SvntoO, a anoToc; ouvtna{3s tnv tOO
6ns1posnaxiotou v 0 v sic; t6v xp6vov. toO naptxsr tnv 6uvat6tma v6
srwvn t6 nap6v 661anslmwc; t6oov tv 8ypny6poc:1, ooov Kai Kat6 tnv
616pKs1av toO u n v o u c:ic; tnv u n 6 t6v v o o v 6vc:rprKnv 6r6omorv.
0 N A P
I :::K
0 P A N
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npoKtaOIC tflc; axp6VOU aiWVIOtntOC, n VOn!JatiKn avanap6m:a01c;
tflc; v 0 v anoKtQ tnv 6pa!Jat1Knv, 6!6 t6v evm6v, EVtaOIV tflc;
255
autOOUVSI6nofac;, n anoia t6 ae6vm::a OVta. T6 V 0 V slvm
t6 we; tflc; vonoswc;, n anoia E:UpiOKStal sic; !JOVIIJOV WtSIVOtnta (a
nnroc; EVt6c; tnc; i'lE!JI30U toO Yl, autOKUPiapxiav <nnnpnv OXSolaOtiKnv
tWV tPIWV ypa!JIJ6twv 016 tflc; anonutou io6tntoc; tWV
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KtiOV, t6 61nnoov OU!Jwvov tnc; vonoswc. t6 N>.
T6 IJUOtnplaK6v v 0 v tOO U!JVOU avai'la!JS6vsr t6 8pyov tflc; nanc; tWV
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4

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Avstpsto npwtov vsviKWC c:ic; tnv tuxnv, 6sutc:pov sic tnv
npoowvnmv tOO Sslou Kai t:pftov nto a xapaKtnPIO!JOC OUVKE:KPIIJEVOU
ec:oo. 816 t6v rwKp6mv 6af!Jwv c:Tvm a 6an!JWV, a oo6c; Kaf p6vJ-
!JOC5. 'Ev(i> c:ic; t6v !-i080V tOO 'Hp6c; n /\6XSOIC napa6i6EI sic; t6v 6af!JO-
va tnV tiJUXnV, trlV anofav n i6fa tOV Kaf n anoia np6KSital v6
tvoapKwen. 'O 6af1-1wv e6 tnv aKonouen Kat6 tnv 6r6pKsrav toO srou
mc;6.
T6 6ai!JOVIOV tOO LWKp6touc; 6p n6vtOtS anotpSntiKWC
7
T6 6ai!JOVIOV
tnfonc; c:ic; t6v <Pal6pov
8
, c:lc; t6 LU!Jn6movn
9
, c:ic; tnv nonr-
tc:iav10.
'O nnoumpxoc; sic t6 nc:pi toO rwKp6touc; AOI!JOVioun avatpc:t
u oi nenCIUIJEVOI tOOV nspl t6v (3fov ayoovwv Oi' apetnV l!JUXfiC:
vev61JeVOI oaiiJOVe<: ou navteflooc; ati1J6Z:ouoa tavtaOea
npCiviJata Kaf fl6youc: Kaf onouoac; .... .
L .. 0001 EXOUV oxon60cl 6n6 tOUC nc:pl t6V 13fov ayoovac;, 616
tnv apc:tnv tflc; wuxflc; tWV VE:VO!JEVOI 60i!JOVEC. M.v nc:p!po-
vo0v t6 E:vwoea np6y!Jata Kaf t6c; onou66c; ... .l.
mnourdpxou nepf roo E(I.)Kpdrour; LlOif.Jovfou)} 593 E.
dn66. A. KovroO, SK6. nAnYPOD.
4 nflarwvo<; "T{J.JaJo<; 90 A.
5 nflarwvoc "Kparufloc)} 398 b - c.
6 nfldrwvo<; "nofltrEfa, f3t/3flfov 1', 620 D -E.
7 nfldrwvoc EwKpdrou<; 31 D, 40 A - c Kaf 41 D.
8 nfldrwvo<; "<PaT6po<; 242 B- c.
9 nfldrwvoc "LUJJn6atov" 202 d- e, "JJtva<: 6afJJWV, 6 ''Epw<;. fliVEI h fJJOr{J.Ja Ei<;
r6v [cuKpdrnv".
10 nfldrwvoc"nofiJrEia, BJ/3flfov 1 ', 620 o- E K.a.
256
{(AVOKiUvso8n <avaKFlivoo = wew np6c; t6 6nfow>. FlEVE:I n <j)oovn, ansu-
8UVO!JEVn c:lc a6pata OVta. noTal KPatOOV t6C nuFlac; KFlEIOt6c; Kai noioc;
Kpatc:T t6c; KFlsToac;; A6pata 6vta sTvm 6vt6tmc:c OOIIJOVIKal, ai 6noTm
npootatSUOUV tnv ljJuxnv an6 aKataFlFlnFlouc 01' autnv S!Jnclpfac;.
nponoj.Jn6c tOO An6FlFloovoc. KOnOIO esTov OV, ispapXIKWC unc:pavoo toO
oai!Jovoc tnc; ljJuxnc. Kpfvc:l 616 toO v o v tnv KataFlFlnFl6tnta tnc xoopo-
xpov!Kiic; OtiVIJiiC tiiC Sj.J<j)aviosooc tOO 0so0. AI oupavlal nuFlm OUVOEOV-
tal IJE t6c; Flsnto<j)usot6tac ouv6ljJs1c; toO 8yKs<!>6Flou tG:Jv evmG:Jv
avepwnooV,IJE04) toO oaij.JOVOC 8K60tnC ljJuxnc. OtaV h ljJuxn sTvm nFltov
tOIIJOC va unoosx8fl t6 <!>G:JC toO <t>oij3ou An6FlFloovoc;. 'H appntoc; <j)oovn
napaoioc:1 t6c; KFlsToac sic touc oaiiJovac tG:Jv ljJuxG:Jv. Kat6mv avooesv
SVtOFliic;, autof va t6c nuFlac;/ ouv6ljJ81C
11

Twpa, V 0 V, acpoO oi oaf!JOVSC Fl6j30UV t6c; KFlsioac;,IJnOpOOV v
onFlaon va SnltpEljJOUV tnv tnacpnv tiic; ljJuxnc IJSt6 toO 0sfou. OIOtl 6
es6c otv sTvar l.laKpua. l18v sTvm 8K6C.
1116 toO v 0 v yfvstm h OlaniotOOOIC un6 tOO esfou. Otl tnnFlesv h nFlnpnc;
K68apmc; tiiC ljJuxiic;. ruvsnG:Jc;, autn slvm n Kat6FlFlnFloc; OtiV!Jrl, Kat6 tnv
6noiav h SIJ<!>6v1o1c; toO 0soo Kat8otn tmtpentn sic WPIOIJ8vouc evn-
touc. OIOtl 6 ec:6c uQU navti <!>OdVetOin.
npo0n68smc;. 016 va h nuFln tiic; ljJuxnc; 616 va unoosx8fl t6v 8c:6v,
sTvm h npoonFloooic me c:ic; tnv apc:tnv CAptciJICl. sic tnv Kaeap6tnta
(<t>Oii30C) Kaf sic; t6 !JEtPOV C.O.n6FlFloov>. tG:Jv avoot8poo sTvm n
ota8sp6mc tG:Jv E:mFloyG:Jv tnc; ljJuxnc sic tnv E:nn:aynv tnc; orKaloouvnc;.
l110tl autn !JStSj31j36o8n sic; t6V vc:oysvvn88vta An6Flfloova. Otav OEV
t6V syaFlouxnosv n !Jrltnp tOU n /\ntW, aFlFla t6V 88pc:ljJsv n 0EIJIC tG:JV
8EO!JWV IJE v8KtaP Kaf a!JI3poofav
12
'H OIKaroouvn E:nFlarofooosv tnv
6p8nv avtiFlnljJIV tiiC a p E t ii C <AptEIJIOia i616tnt:;), tiiC 6noiac; t6 pya
np8nEI va ouvoosuouv tOUC Fl6youc;
13

!116 t6V apxaiOV "EFlFlnva ai EVVOIOI tiiC a p S t ii C Kai tiiC 0 I K a I 0 0 U V n C
OEV noav aKa86piOtOI Kai OUVKC:XUIJEVal. AVti8EtOOC noav aKplj3Eotatar
Kai noFlu avaFlUtiKWC npOOOIOPI08ETOOI un6 tG:Jv 'Op<j)IKWV
14
ME tp6nov
68 anapaj3faotov oi 'Op<j)rKoi aKoFloueoov tnv E:mtaynv tOO NO!JOU.
Ouoc:fc; ec:6c; aeavatoc; n evm6c; avepoonoc; sTvm unc:pavoo autoO. Eic;
t6v 'Op<j)IK6v "VIJVOV 6 N61JOC npoo<j)oovc:Ttm:
11 nnour6pxou ncpi roo EcuKp6rouc; flatJJoviou" 589 F- 592 F. 6 JJ08oc; roo
TfJJOPXOU.
12 'OJJnPIK6c; "YJJVO<; sk; or. 12 3 - 126.
13 nn6rcuvoc; 416xnc;" 188 C-D.
14 'Op</JJKOi "YJJVOI: NcJJBOcCU<;, LXI/61 fliKn<;, LXII/ 62 N6JJOU, LXIV/ 64" fltKatoa(Jvnc;
LXIII/ 63 8BJJIOO( LXXIX/ 79.
n'A80VOtWV KaflE:oo KOf evntG>V ayv6v OVOKtO,
oupav1ov N6JJov, 6otpoeE:tnv, aq>payioa oiKafnv
n6vtou t' slvafliou Kaf vnc: .... n.
<TG:JV 08aV6tOOV 8c6:JV npooKaFlG:J Kaf tG:JV 8Vnt6:JV av8pwnoov
t6v ayv6v avaKta, t6v tnoup6VIOV NO!JOV, aut6v nou Kata-
t600C:I [8Etcl c:ic; t6 aotpa !JE OIKaiav opayioa Kaf tOO
eaflaoolou n6vtou Kaf tflc; vnc; ... J.
f'Op(/JtKOC: "YJJVOC: NOJJOU, LXIV /64, or. 1- 3,
TA OP<I>IKA, an66. En. Mayyfva. SK6. 'EYKUKfionGJociac; roO H/1/0Y>>).
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toTe; VOJ.IlJ.IOIC:, 6V6J.IOIC: os E:pwv KOK6tnta (3apc:Tavn.
(OUyKatOIKWV a(3flai3WC IJE OflOUC tOUC OIKafouc;, aFlFl6 sic;
touc; napaVOIJOUVtac; [tOUC aoiKOUC:I SntEPC:I j3apc:iav l;niJfav,
13fl6j3nv.>.
f'Op(/JJKOC: "YJJVOC: N6JJOU, LXIV I 64, or. 10 - 11,
&>c; avcurtpwJ.
257
Eic; tnv apxafav MflnVIKrlV ypa!Jj.Jatsiav 6 NO!JOC OtEKEI unspavoo tG:Jv
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n6VtOV Kaf tnv yfiv KOtOO an6 tnV OIKafav tOU O<j)payToa. '0 OlKOIOC. c:ic;
olovonnotE xG:Jpov Kai av KatOIKfl, OEV ea unootfl n 13Fl613nv. tv
avti8EOEI np6c; t6v OOIKOV, 6 6noToc; ea tE8fl K6too an6 tnv auotnpav
KpfOIV tOU.
'H <1>1Flooo<Pfa c:ic; t6 Xpuoa "Enn tG:Jv nueayopc:foov, touc; l1JaFl6youc
tOO nn6tOOVOC. t6 'H81KO NIKO!JOXC:Ia tOO Ap!OtOtEFlOUC Kaf t6 'EyXC:Ipf-
OIOV toO 'EmKtntou tG:Jv rtooikG:Jv. o18oooos Kaf naptoooosv c:ic; tnv
av8poon6tnta tOV lc:p6v KWOIKa tiiC 0 I K a I 0 0 U V n C. tiiC OUVOFliKiiC
6p8fic; OU!JnSpl<j)opac; (OUV + nspf + <j)opac;> tG:JV 8vntG:Jv ora tiic; 6p6fic;
SOOOtC:PIKiic; Olapepwoc:ooc; tG:Jv n81KWV (O p c: t fi c; = <I> p 0 v n-
0 c 00 c;, a v 0 p c: i a c. 0 00 <I> p 0 0 u v n c;>.
'0 oafiJOOV tfic; ljJuxnc; Kpatc:T KFlEIOt6c; t6c; nuFlac; tfic; SniKOIVOOvfac; IJE t6
ec:Tov Kat6 tnv OIOPKEiaV tfic; tvoapKwoswc; Kai ea t6c; OtaV toO
napaooeoov ai KFlsToc:c; un6 tG:Jv ec:foov OOIIJOVIKG:JV OVtOOV.
0c:iov 6G:Jpov 616 t6v 8v6pc:tov Kaf 61KaiOV 8vnt6v c:Tvm n 'Enr<j)avc:ra toO
'EKa8pyou Kaf 'EKni36Flou An6FlFloovoc;.
MoFlnn Kai xop6c; touc; v 8 o u c;, &ots o16 tnc; ljJUXIKiic;
tOOV c:uvc:vsfac;, su<j)oplac; Kal avat6osooc;, t6v Mouoavtmv.
258
Mt tnv npoowvna1v np6c touc v t o u c. otv KanoOvtal ai l!Juxaf. ai
6noi01 xouv j310nOVIKWC IJIKPOV nniKiav. anna ai t!Juxaf. ai 6noi01 nOV4'
tnc Ka8ap6tmoc tG>v tmnoyG>v twv. nap81JEivav 1-18 m:a8EP6tma Kai
tniyVWOIV avvaf Kata tnv OIOPKEiaV tG>V tvaapKwaEWV "CWV,
aal Kata tnv wpm6tma IJE t6C j3!0nOVIKWC V 8 a C l!JUXOC.
'H 'EnnnvrKn rnG>aaa, 616 tG>V ioiwv ypa!JIJO"CWV IJE 8vav avaypaj.lj.latl-
aj.lOV, anoKanuntEIIJiav avtlatponv tvvolac. h 6nofa auvoEEiappnKtWC
ouo avt18EnK6C
N E 0 I X E N 0 I
"E V 0 C anj.lafVEI nanOIOC. AI OUO xouv KOIVnV tnV ouafav
toO xp6vou, 6 6noioc EXEI t6 npOVOIJIOV va j.lnV EiC na-
PEn86v, nap6v Kai !JEnnov EiC t6v vom6v olaKOaiJOV. Elvar tv 1 aT o c
aEL
E N A 0 I
E
E N 0 I
X \ I
N E 0 I
'0 Kp6voc. j.ln OlaanWIJEVOC EiC "CO a6patOV Kaf OUnOV nEOlOV, onou
8op6 Kaf a8apafa OEV auvavtG>Vtal, EiC "CCV 8Vnt0V tnV
t v 1 a i a v. aiwvfav ouaiav tnc t!Juxnc tou. tiiC 6nolac h mut6mc Elvm
a Ei E v n Kal v t a.
((0UK00V 6n6te l.in6' ucp' EVOC: an6RnUtCII KCIKOO, j.lllte OiKdOU
IJfitc: annotpfou, 6iinov Otl avayKn aut6 ad ov c:lva1, c:i 6' ad
ov. aeavatov.n
<Ao0 n01n6v h t!Juxn of.v Kavtva KaK6, o(h:e
OIKO me OU!E: elva! 6no6vepo nwc autn OVOVKOOtiKO
elval KO!It6 aiWVIO" Mv OIJWC elval aiWVIO, eTvm KOf aeavm:o.>.
mnarwvo( /3t{3fifo 1: 610 E- 611 A.
an6o. 4J. nanna. iKo. nAnYPon
259
'H o1axpov1K6mc toO E:nnnv1KoO n6vou tnv t!Juxnv. otav
autn aunna1JI36vn tnv 6npoo1-18tpmov ooiav Kai Kat'
apxac "CO OloaKt:IKOV Kai tv OUVEXEfQ t6 j.lUnt:IKOV EPVOV "COU. T6 IJUnt:IKOV
spyov Elva! t6 Kat:' EPVOV tG>v MouaG>v IIJUnaEWV, we onnwVEI h
1-1 o o a a.
'H 1-1 o o o a, npoEpxo!Jtvn tK toO pn!Jatoc 1-1 u w on!JafvEI KpatG>
tOlJC 68anj.lOUC IJOU KnEIO!OUC, npOKEIIJEVOU 016 t:iiC anOIJOVWOEWC Vel
loG> t6 tawt:EPIKOV opaj.!a tiiC l!Juxnc.
'H eic tnv nnvouoa. 1-1 u G>. on1-1afvEr Eioavw Eic t:a 1-1 u -
otnpla. M u w Kaf 1-1 u G> ouj.lnnnpwvouv tnv an1-1aaiav tnc tawtEPIKflC
Kai olanmoavwvnaEwc t:nc l!Juxnc.
"01JWC. Onj.laVtiKOV auj.lnnnpwj.latiKOV OtOIXElOV 010 tnv Katav6nOIV tOO
tp6nou tflc !JUnOEWC 1JE04' tG>v MouaG>v, Elvm h o16ona01c t:oO npwtou
VPOIJIJatOC M:
M 0 Y I A
/ \ I I I
M + 0 Y I + A
'H M 0 0 0 a tiJnEPIEXEI t:6 opyavov tflC aKonc. t6 0 u c. Apxn
<A> IJUnacwc <M> t6 o u c. ruvmG>c. al MoOaar 8xouv OIJEaov ax801v Kai
ouvaptnOIV IJEta tiiC vonaEWC. tnc 6noiac opyavov Elvm h vooc
= V + 0 U C. tOO auj.lWVOU M tG>v MouaG>v Otl npo-
nyEitOI h IJLJnaiC, h npOE"COij.laaia tiiC l!JUXiiC. npOKEIIJEVOU n v6n01c. IJE
apKtiK6v VPOIJIJa t6 OIJIJwvov N, t6 6noiov 8nEtm toO au1-1wvou M,
va nEitoupynon EiC t6 avwtEPOV l!JUXOVOntiKOV tnfnEoOV.
tflC tEnEtoupyiac Elvm h 1J 0 n n niQOj.la Kai 6 XOPOC. Elvar h tnf-
KnnOIC t:G>v VEWV anoKEKapSajJEVWV l!JUXG>v np6c t:6v 8E6v An6nnwva. 'H
1-1 on n n ElvmEictnv6p1J0616tmatnc1J o u a a c MEnno 1-1 tv n c.onou.
eic t6 6vo1J6 me. Elvm tK viou nap6v t6 au1-1wvov M. T6 M, apKtiK6v
tG>v IJUnOEWV, tnv IJUntiKnv ouvaj.liV tflC IJ - u n 0 E w CIM En-
n o 1-1 t v n c. Mi noiov tp6nov IJUE:i h MoOaa MEnno - IJEVn Elvm
iolmt8pac npoooxnc. h 1JUn01c o16 tiic 1-1 o n n n c . 8pc;1 nnnoiov 1
n En a C <avaypaj.lj.latiOIJOC tOO En n - EiC n En -) EiC t6v n 6 nov I
A - n 6 n - nwva <non - 616 tnc EtEPOIWOEWC nEn ->.
MEAnOMENH=MOAnH+nEAAI=
=-nOACA-nOAAONA)
260 TO MY:HHPION TOY AnOAAQNIOY <I>QTOI
nnnoiov /n 8 fl - h M - 8 fl n - OIJSVn 8ic; t6v A - n6fl - flwva ( n 0 fl - ) an6
KOIVOO E:mfla1JI30VOV!OI tflc; 88iac; IJ 0 fl n fl c tOO oupaviou KOOIJOU <Mou-
onc; Oupavfac;>. 'O n 6 n o c;/A - n 6 n - nwv 8ic t6v 'Op1K6v tou "YIJVOV
E:vap1Jovll;81 n1v KOOIJIKnv ouflfl81toupyia Mouowv Kaf toO ioiou:
11 n6vta n6Rov Kl86pn nofluKPKtC!> Clp!J6Z:slc; .... n.
<E:ou ouvaptJ6z;erc K68e n6nov IJE trw Kl86pav. nou sxei1JeY6flov
nxov ... .l.
tOpC/JtK6c; "Ypvoc; An6nnwvoc; XXXIV/34. or. 16- 17,
TA OP<DIKA, 6n66. En. Mayyiva, EK6. 'EyKUKnonat6cfac; roO H/1/0YJ.
1116 tG>v ouo 6vo1..16twv tG>v 8eiwv 'Dvtwv. M8flno1Jtvnc Kai An6nnwvoc;
(M - 8 n n - OIJSVnC/1..1- 0 n n - flc; Kaf A-n 6 n - nwvoc;/n 6 n 0 U) avoiy81 h
o16vo1a toO evmoo 8ic; ta oupav1a n8ofa. tc:p ooov h KISapa toO An6n-
nwvoc. Kaewc; Kaf h Kaf h nupa tOU, OVrlKOUV 8ic; tnv oupavfav
6pxnotpav IJE OtOXOV t6v OUVtOVIOIJOV tWV anavtaxoO VOntJOVWV
OVtWV elc trlV OPIJOVfav tWV oupavfwv ocpmpwv Kaf trlV 8vwoiv tWV jJet6
tflc; nupac; toO An6nnwvoc; Kai tflc; M8nno1..1tvnc;.
'H vta lj.Juxn E IJ IJ t v 8 I tnf tiVa xp6vov Eic; tnv IJ 0 fl n n v tflc; MEnno-
IJSVnc;. 'DIJWC. h E IJ IJ 0 v n me nptnEI va OlaKpiVEtCII Kai an6 t6 IJ t v 0 c.
tnv ec;fav 1-1aviav tG>v MouoG>v
15

T6 IJ t v 0 c acpalpOUIJEVOU toO apKtiKOO OUIJ<I>WVOU M, En!OtPE<I>EI c;lc
tnv 8 v o c; x v t o c + M = 1..1 t v o c Kal M + 8 v n/v s n toO en-
nuKoO ytvouc. M s v 0 c c;Tvm h OPIJrl tflc; lj.Juxnc. ouoa nanma Kaf !OU-
toxp6vwc vta. 8 v n Kaf v t a. va Em8UIJ!i va !Javeavn. 1110tl t6 OUIJ<I>W-
vov M. apKtiKOV ypOjJjJa tflc MEnnOjJEVn, c;Tvm tnfonc apKtiKOV
tG>v tvvo1wv IJrltnp, 1..168no1c;, jJa8n1JatiK6, IJUnOic;. T6 apKtiK6v YPOIJIJa
K68E 8xc1J3apuvouoa on1..1aofav. npoJ36nnouoa tnv KUPiapxiKnv
io16mta tiiC EV OUVEXEfQ EVVOiac; me;.
Kata tnv IJ 0 n n n v. ai cpwvntiKaf xopoaf nnnuovtal. Kae OIJOIOV tp6-
nov. 1..18 t6v 6noiov nnnuEtm h xopon tnc nupac Kai toO toO
An6nnwvoc. OLaV t6 13tnoc. T6 nxntiKOV 13tnoc. t6 6noiov
an8nEU88PWV8tal 016 tflC nannOIJEVnc; xoponc tiiC lj.Juxflc. c;Tval 1..1fa an'
c;uec;fac np6c t6 8Eiov. toO 6noiou c;ic t6v 66patov KOOIJOV
IJIIJ8ital trlV KfVnOIV, OUVtOVIl;OjJEVn IJE trlV 1J 0 fl n rl V tOO n 6 n 0 U
toO An6nnwvoc.
11161:1 n 1J 0 n n n OUYKIVE'i. KIVEi 01..100 = OUV + KIVEi Kaf IJEtacptpEI 010
tflc; 6 1J 0 0 n 0 fl n 0 8 W C tiiC 1J 0 fl n fl C <avaypajJjJatiOIJOC tflc; nt-
n 6 n o c Kaf n 6 fl n o 1 c tnc 1..1- on n n>. tnv lj.Juxnv
15 nfiarwvo<; '1wv" 533 E -534 c.
OY nANTI <MEINETAin 261
Eic t6 oupavla OWjJata tOO A - n 6 n - flwvoc. 1116 tflc ouv + KIVrl-
OEWC = OUVKIVrlOEWC Eni!UVXOVEtal h noemn 6 1J 0 f W 0 I c;. Ei<: OE
t6v 6pat6v KOOIJOV f..l8taXEipil;EtCII touc; iolouc; flEKtiKOUC opouc (XOp-
onc - nupac Kai - xoponc. n6v4' tnc 6 1..1 o 1 6 t n to c Klvn-
oc;wc;tnc; EnltEnOUIJEVnc Eic t6 ai8ePIKOV n86iov>. WOt8 va OIEVEiP!l
touc; avtrotoixouc ouvEIPIJOUC tnc vonoc;wc;. 616 tnv ec;iav ouvavm01v
<N + 0 U C:. M + 0 U C +a, M + 0 U 0 + IKrl).
'H KUKniKn, 6p1JOV1Krl, pu81JIKn toO xopoO <1..18 tnv ouvopOIJrlV tnc
Mouoac TEplj.Ji- x6pnc; Kai tWV anflwv MOUOWV) OUVOOeUel tnv 1J 0 n n n v.
'H K8ann, 616 tflc; jJOFinflc; tWV cpwvnt!KWV xopoG>v, OVUlj.JOOtCII Eic; t6V
oupav6v. 'DIJWC aut6 otv apKEi. nptnEIOn6Knnpov t6 8vnt6v OW!Ja, WC
va OUIJIJEtEX!1. cptpov EiC tnacpnv tnv yflv IJE t6V oupav6v, OIOtl
6 vtoc; Kai svocn 1..18 touc n6oac; tvvfZ:EI tnv vnv Kai 1..18 tnv KE<t>annv
Ulj.JOOtCII 8ic; t6v oupav6v. Elnc;v 6 nnatwv Elc; t6v ]jJaiOV Otl 110 evnt6c;
sivcu ut6v oup6v1ov Kaf oxr syys1ovu. ruvc;nwc. t6 OWIJa. o 1..1 o 1 o v
IJE avulj.JWIJEVOV Eic tac; XEipac tflc; lj.Juxflc;, KIVOUIJEVOV OPIJOVIKWC
ouvotEtal 1..18 tnv tmKEIIJtvnv E1J6v1o1v toO An6nnwvoc;.
'H nxntiKrl <nannO!JEVCII xopoal> Kal KIVntiKrl tOO OWjJatoc;>
0 IJ 0 I 0- 66vnOIC 616 tWV Mouowv /MUrlOEWV, StEpoeanwv 66EnG>v
tOO Mouoayttou An6flnWVOC, <I>EPEI Eic; E:nacpnv t6 VrliVOV OtOIXEiOV IJE
t6 oupavrov. t6 evm6v 1..18 t6 Sc;iov. tnv tveou01aot1Knv 1..1avfav 1..18 tnv
ec;fav EKnnnpwoiv me;.
Ai tvvta 'En1KWVI008C MoOOCII XOPEUOUV Eic; t6 opoc; 'E nl K w V, OXI
jJaKpav tOO ic;poO MaVtElOU tWV 11EnG>v. 'H 8 nl K 0 E I 6 n C: OVOOIKrl
KlVnOIC tnf opouc;, UnEpUlj.JWIJEVOU XWPOU ViiC Kaf oupavoO. npoo-
OIOpfl;81 trlV 6uvat6tnta OUVOEOEWC: 8Vnt00 Kaf 8E"IK00 OtOIXEiOU. Elvm
6 EVOIOIJ800C aioem6c; oupav6c;, 8ic; t6v 6noiov EnltptnEtal va Klvneji
n un6 tflc; jJavfac; Kat8XOIJEVn ayvn i.IJUXrl.
..l116tr 6 vooc; toO evmoo otv npav1-1aton01Ei an1..1am. An6 tnv vn. ol'
anjJatoc;. otv ea c:peaon nott cic; t6v vom6v oupav6v. 8xwv av6yKnv
navtOte an6 EVOI01J800V xwpov. tnf tOO 6noiou ea otaen 010 va xo-
PEUO[l. T6 opoc; 'EniKWV Elvm 6 EVOIOIJEOOC: xwpoc;, vnc Kai O(JPa-
voO. 'H lj.JUXrl 8 n K E t a I Ka8' 8 I V 8 nl K 0 E I 6 W C EiC t6 OPOC: 'E nl -
K w v tWV 'E nl K w v 10 6 w v Mouowv. 1110"[1 h IJ 0 n n n OIJ 0 0 n 0 n Ei.
1116 tG>v Katannnnwv Fl t 8 w v. tnwowv tnc: MEnno - IJEvnc; Kai tflc;
OPIJOVIKflc; Krvnoc;wc; toO OWIJatoc; tflc; T 8 p t1J 1 - x 6 p n c;. 6 voOc; t t p n E -
t a I OIJOIOOOVOUIJEVOC Eic; nFinpn OUVtOVIOIJOV, 8nKWV np6c; aut6v Kata
tnv tEnEUtafav nntov cpaOIV t6 0EiOV. 'H E IJ j..l 0 v n 8ic; t6 IJ tv 0 c;
tflc; 1J 0 n n fl C <ci>oflc;) EiVCII avayKafa 616 t6V OUVtOVIOIJOV jJEt6 tOO
08fou. t6 6noiov EVtOC 6nfyou ea KataKnEfon tnv lj.Juxnv.
262 TO MVHHPION TOY AnOAJ\ONIOV <l>OTm:
''<1>ol!34> yap Kaf t6l;ov E:mtptnstal Kaf ao16n..
(OIOtl sic; t6v <I>OTJjov Snltpinstal va exn KOi Kaf va tpa-
youofl.l.
tYJJvoc; KanfiiJJ6xou sk; An6nnwva, or. 44,
TA OP<I>IKA, 6n66. In. Mayyfva, BK6. 'EyKUKfionat6cfac; roO IIH/\/OV!!).
'H ayv6t:nc; KOf n ljJUXIKn Ka8ap6tnc; slv01 anapaftntoc; npo0n68SOIC OUV-
<5soswc; tWV 6UO ns<5fwv, tOO K6tW 1JSt6 tOO OVW, tiic; yiic; IJSt6 tOO
oupavoO, tOO 8vnto0 1JSt6 tWV 68av6tWV. 'EKp6Z:st01 IJS 6J3faotOV Kaf
EK J368ouc; ljJuxiic; wvnv Kaf KfvnOIV. ETval 6 aufloc; tp6noc; EniKOIVWViac;
tWV 8vmwv !JE t6v 'll.n6flflwva.
Ai tvvta MoOoOI, sic; 66patov KUKfiiK6v xop6v, OU!Jnapiotavtar, E'
ooov <<IJOflnn Kai uxop6c;n Elvar tiic; OPIJ0616tnt6c; tWV. 'H KatOVO!JaOia
tWV sic; t6V "YIJVOV 6SV SIVOI avayKafa, EnSt6n ai i<516tntEC tWV ava8-
pOVtal sic; al.Jt6c;.
'0 6pi81J6c; twv Mouowv /Munoswv, 6 tvvsa, sTv01 6 tKnp6ownoc; toO
KUKfiiKOO ETVOI, rivvso801 Kaf "Eoso801. 'H tvvta EniOn!JaiVSI 01:1
EVt6c; autiic; npoOn6pXSI h vsa apxn n6vtOtS: tv (t6c;> + v t a <apxn>. T6
"Elvmn <anapEIJatOV EVSOtWtOC tOO pn!Jatoc; Si!JI> On!JafVSI Nal El on-
IJaiVSI tnV EnfaOIV tiic; avayvwpfoswc; tiic; EC a sf tiic; axp6VOU
aiwvt6tmoc;, tvt6c; tiic; 6nolac; KIVETtat 6 An6flflwv 616 tiic; avtrotofxou
npoowvnoswc; tOU, tOO .llsfi1K00 El = Nal, np6y1JOtl unapXSIC'; ....
Ai tvvsa MOOOOI, n6vtOtS, sic; t6 asf tOO xp6vou 86 slva1 nponO!JnOI
tOO An6flflwvoc; 616 t6c; ayv6c; ljJux6c;. Ai MOOOOI EXOUV IJEtOVO!Ja08ii
6n6 touc; 6<5aslc; 8vmouc; IISIJnVSUOIC';n, !Jn avayvwpfz;ovtsc; t6 686va-
tOV OtOIXSlOV, t6 OnOIOV EVUn6pXSI, we; aiWVIOV Oii!Ja KatatS8SV, sic;
tnv OVEfiiOOO!JEVnv AnoflfiWVIOV ljJuxnv.
'EK toO On!JSfou tOO v 0 V, we; 6n6 VOntiKnv 86
1.16vov 6 !:xwv yivsr 6no<5sKt6c; 6n6 t6v es6v. T6ts !:pxsm1 sic; t6 we;
6 nflnpnc; KUKfloc; tWV tv v t a apxstUniKWV <DUOIKWV N61JWV, oi 6noi01
E!JnVSOUV t6c; ayv6c; ljJux6c; Kai 6<5nyoOv tnv wvnv Kaf t6 J3n!Jat6 tWV
sic; tnv OPIJOVIav tOO oupavfou xopoO tWV anflavwv aotspwv. "EfiKOV-
1:01 <58 EKslvOI ai ljJuxaf. ai 6nola1 <5tv ERKovtOI 6n6 tnv nfl6vnv tnv nfla-
vntiKnv, 616tl slv01 WtSIVOl nfiiOI, 6pat6V anOtEfiSO!Ja tiic; 8sfac; ljJU-
XIKiic; OPIJOViac;, h anoia 61EnEI t6v K601JOV.
Eic; tnv 0soyovfav tOO 'H016<5ou un6pxouv Kataysypa!JIJEVa t6 8sla
OO!Jata Kaf oi xopoi twv Mouowv np6c; tspljJrv toO 'Oflu!Jnfou .llr6c;
16
T6
OO!Jata Kaf oi xopof twv Mouowv sTv01 tnlonc; t6 isp6 5wpo
tWV Mouowv np6c; touc; avepoonouc;n
17

16 'Ha16oou "e&oyovfa}), ar. 3 6 - 115.
11 'Ha16oou "e&oyovfa}), ar. 93. "rofn Moua6wv i&pfl 66a1c; 6vepc!Jno1a1v".
OV nANTI <I>AEINETAin 263
'0 Mouoayttnc; An6flfiWV slva1 6 ETc; Kai 1JOVa6iK6c; unsu8uvoc; tOO XO-
poO tOO oupavfou OtEPSWIJatoc; 616 tWV n 6 fl w v Kai tOO n 6 fl 0 u
tOO oupavoo. ETvOI ut6 5' EV 'An6flfiWVCin tWV nu8ayopsfwv
18
11tv sTvOI
6 Ek 6sv sTvOI apoSVIKOO vtvouc;, SIVOI "E V, sTvar h 8 v w 0 I c; tWV <5uo
ysvwv O!JOO appsv Kai 8iiflu sic; tnv tsflsfav, OPIJOVIKnV, io6ti!JOV OXSOIV
tWV, appsvoc; Kaf 8nflsoc; apxiic; Kaf 0 U 6 E V 8 t S p 0 V npo0610pfl;SI t6
0 u 6 t t s p 0 v vtvoc; tWV 8vmwv OVtWV. "EVWOIC sTval h WOIC, w8n01c;
tiic; appsvo8nflsiac; ljJuxiic; np6c; t6 "Ev.
KSVtPIK6V OtOIXSIOV tflc; ouoiac; tOO An6flflWVOC slv01 n atvaoc; Kfvn01c;.
AvayvwpiOIC: <58 autiic; EVt6c; tOO 6v61Jat6c; tOU SIVOI 6 n6floc;. n 6 fl 0 c;!
A - n 6 fl - flwv
II tnv 61JOU n6flnmv Kaf nspl t6v oupav6v ....
L.. tnv taut6xpova nsplotpon !61J00 n6nn01vl Kaf ot6v
oupav6 ... J.
mn6rwvoc; 405 c,
6n66. 'Hfi. 1\ayfou, BK6. I. ZAXAPOnOY/\OD.
ruvsnwc;, n <5pa01c;, n 6nofa xapaKtnpfZ:SI tnv IJSV6flnv E!JJ3SflSiaV tWV
OPIJ0610tntwv tOO 8so0 An6flflwvoc;, npotpxstal, KflnpOVOIJIK4> 61-
Kai(!), EK tflc; KUKfliKiic; KIVnoswc; OflOKflnpou toO oupaviou OtSPEWIJa-
toc;. Ou<5sfc; aflfloc; EK tWV vswttpwv 8swv EXSI tnv <5uvat6tnta v6
unsro8R8!1 sic; tnv navtoKpatopfa tOO 8so0 A - n 6 n - Rwvoc;, sic; tnv
autoKpatopia toO n 6 R o u toO oupavoo.
'H <58 E!JljJUXWOIC tOO nRfou 6n6 t6v An6RRwva tnsKtSiVcl tnv <5pOOIV
tOO 8so0 sic; tnv E!JljJUXWOIV ORWV tWV anflavwv nfliwv oflwv tWV ru-
OtniJ6tWV toO Oupavfou I:tSPSW!Jatoc;, wv 6 <5n!JIOUPV6C tiic; taUt6xpo-
vnc; KIVnoswc;, we; REVEl 6 nfl6twv.
((smotm:sT at OUtOC: 6 es6c; tii OPIJOVff;l 6 1..1 0 n 0 fl w v auto
navta KOf KOta es:ouc; KOf Kat' avepoonouc;n.
(AUt6c; 6 8E6c; EniOtatET otnv OPIJOVfa KIVWVtac; oRa
ouyxp6vwc; !6 IJ 0 n 0 fl G> VI Kaf OE 8souc; Kaf OE av8pwnouc;>.
mn6rwvoc; 405 d,
6n66. 'Hfi. 1\ayfou, BK6. I. ZAXAPOnOY/\OD.
'0 esioc; 'EnRnVIK6c; /\6voc; REVEl t6 ansrpa 6iaotn1Jata tWV K60IJWV,
ouv<5twv t6 AnoRRwv1ov <Dwc; IJE tnv anavtaxoo !:RRa!JljJtv Kaf 6 1-1 o 0
n 6 R no 1 v twv MR6vwv 6vtwv. IJ6Kpo- Kaf !JfKpo- KOOIJIKWV.
18 nflour6pxou "ncpf '1016oc; Kaf 'OafpJooc;}} 3 81 F.
,j3d 01/lf?U f?l, JI}Ocj Jd3U n01J31J>IOdH,
Djd('l)3e JD>I JCYJ3DI.JIII>I jd3U 'J 8t 'Q 08t 'tf 95t "J01U1JD3(:;)" JO!I('I)llp(JLJ tz
a u9 nolJ31:!>1DdH, oz
a Z t t7 "JO(JI)lDd)f" JOII('I)llp(,!LJ 6 t
::>ojAdn013!:!Sl JOJS9 ::>y1 A9dOX A91 IS A 9
JO>I (11\1) AOOSOl)nrlj)CV>30l)90rl I S rl ? A JO!OUQ Q JOA!3>1? '::> 0 A ? rl
JO>I (V) JCV>3tilrll))l:! A S 9 (Y) 0 :JOO>IdOIQ )IJl ) 0 9 A 0 !S 9 91 ACV>X?lO>I
J n 0 ? !::! ? 001 I))IQ Q 'JOXntil9!:!0ASrl Q J 9 I:! 9 0 ? 'J(_!)USAni
()CV>30l;I/\DI Jl,J>II1UI36!0/\0U? Jl,J1 /\O/\CV>rlr;l0 Q1J) )I;JdO )n01l;lrl9id
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/\l;l1 )J3 I 3 A 9 (J- 0 A? - rl 001 ::>QriOilOrlrlodAOAQ) 3 A 9 001 >I? JO>I no1
J n 0 9 001 n 0 J 3 6! 001 Ori036!?10UQ 10/\13 /\O!OUQ 91 'n 0 J 3 6!- 0 A
- 3 rl no1 >13 1\ CV> rl3 A 0 'J010ri3A 0 'JUduyu 0 IIJ/\13 '(Y)- rl3 A J010riUd
- C I ") - ") I ") , I 1 )
001 >I? OOri0110rlrlodAO/\Q 001 1)>19 ::> 0 A ? rl 91 '/\0139JU? /\Od311)39 91
)(96!310191/\Q /\019?XO /\Q>111/\0U
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001 1)>19 JOOU9, '/\(91390UOOdU 10139)3 J\?9 /\O!OUQ 91 'J01/\Q 001 1\0)Xn$
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. 310U?9QO JO>I 101/\00/\1>1 01/\I)>U 1)>1 nOU9,
001 JQl/\? /\CV>1 10/\13 001 J\001\?Q /\l;l1 13U?dl1U? OJOUQ lJ
'/\CV>1 Jl,J1 )OJd39n36!? Jl,J1 JCV>30l;ld310 n3A9 '/\CV>1/\f)>U /\(91 JIO
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I) ) C I I I I I I ) I JC
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/\10(Y)J3rl y /\OOnOU?dU /\10(Y)1UJd3U 1)>10>1 /\l;l1 /\(Y):ZJd(Y)J\A 'nOriOQ>I
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I I J j C I l I I I ) it: .(.
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6,
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C ,. I I I I C I C I ) I I )
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op60SWC tWV, WC V6 IJflV noav Ssoi.
ru.
6 6noioc; teaul.laOEC: tnv 6v6mul;IV tWV nSIKWV Ol;IWV sic; t6c; 6noKpu-
ouc; KIVflOSIC tWV.
'Epwtoov: M6fliOta, 86 t6 nSsfla noflu Kaf 86 anotOfli.iOOoa v' apxfoc.u
6n6 t6 tsfloc;. 'H 6v6yvwo1c; toO KSIIJSvou 8flnl;s 1.18 t6v 1JUOtaywy6v
Kaflflfl.laXOV, flsyovta: u'Qn6Rflwv OU navtf asfvstaln. "OIJWC. nwc; 86
Kataotw uS09R6c; Kaf IJEyac;n, 016 v6 tl.laVI08ji 6 es6c; sic; tnv ljJuxnv
IJOU; Elvm 1.1fa 8vesoc; napouola. xopny6c; suoml.loviac; avsu avtiKPUOIJa-
toc; sic; t6v KOOIJOV tflc; eopac; n 61' AutoO anoKafluntStal t6 tnl tflc;
ouofac; tOO KSIIJEVOU OniJOIVOIJEVOV;
'Anavtoov: 'H EIJIJEOOC: tpwtnofc; oou sTvm: nola sTvm n otaooxn tWV tvsp-
VEIWV tWV esfwv OVtWV tOO wt6c;, n 6nofa tnitpsnsl sic; tllV OI6Volav
toO evm:oo v6 Katavonon t6v npooc.uniK6v tou npoopto1.16v. t6v 6Ko-
flouenon t6 OU0616Kplta 'lxvn tWV 8SWV;
Eivm avsp6v Otl np6c; t6 nap6v ooO sTvm ayvwotoc; 6 npooc.umK6c;
OOU npoopiOIJOC Kaf. OUVEnWc;, Kal 6 tefliKOC: OKOn6c; tOO OlaXSOIJSVOU
wt6c;. Otl ooO 6siflw noflfl6c; tl;nynostc;.
'Ep.: np6y1Jatl, t6 tv61a8pov IJOU sTvm IJEVIOtOV. noo e6 t6
'lxvn. t6 6noia npsnsl v6 OKOflouenow 016 v6 avsupw t6v tSfliKOV OKO-
n6v toO (3fou IJOU;
'An.: 'El; apxiic;, e6 npsnn v6 napaKoflouenonc; tnv 6n6Kpuov OKEljJIV,
onwc; tKtuflfoostm sic; tnv Olaooxnv tWV KEaflaiwv. t6 6noia tiJEflEtn-
osc;. npwtov npsns1 v6 t6v 6p181.16v twv
8EiWV OVtWV, tv OUVEXSfQ t6c; tvspysfac; tWV Kaf tEflOC: t6V tSfliKOV
OKOn6v tOO KEIIJEVOU.
Eni-Aoror 273
'Ep.: 'Qc; apxnv, nofav 0Sip6v e6 npsnn v6 OKOflouenow sic; tnv Kata-
IJEtpnoiv tc.uv;
'An.: 'Onwc; oi tv tvspysiQ esof sic; tnv o1aooxnv twv KE-
aflalwv.
'Ep.: 'AVtlflaiJ(36VOIJal Otl, npsnEI v6 KOIJW apxnv 6n6
t6 npwtov Ks6flmov Kai v6 e6ow IJEXPI t6 tsfloc; toO 11ou. Kata-
xwpwv t6 6V61Jata tWV eswv. onwc; 016 tWV tvspyEIWV
tWV. ruyxp6vwc; Oleniotwoa Otl t6 6v61Jata tWV 8EIOt6twv tWV OVtWV,
toO 816c; Kaf tflc; "Hpac;. supfOKOVtal sic; tnv Eioaywynv Kai
tnionc; 6py6tspov tvt6c; toO KEIIJEVOU. ruvsnwc;, 6 api81JOC tWV SEWV
otv
Kamyp6w tnv Katal.litpnorv. oi esof sTvm oi zl;nc;:
Antw < 1ov KsJ,
ZSUC: ( 10V, 20V, 30V 80V Kaf 100V KS$J,
TltEivsc; < 1ov Kai 3ov KsJ,
'An6RRwv <2ov, 3ov, 9ov. 10ov Kai 11ov K$J,
"Hpa (30V Kal SOV KSJ,
Aenva <aida 9UIJ00 "Hpac;, 3ov Kal11ov KsJ,
'AptSIJIC: (40V, 50V Kaf 90V KSJ,
nov (50V KS$J,
M000al (60V Kal 110V KS$J,
------- (70V Kaf 80V KSJ,
'EK6tn { 90V KS$J Kal
'EpiJii<: ( 1 Oov KS$J
"EvosKa esTa ae6vata OVta napou016oenoav sic; t6 avtpov tOO Olaflo-
VIOIJOO IJOU. Eic; t6 7ov Kaf 8ov Ks6fla1ov 1.16vov t6 OUIJI30-
flov tWV t6l;c.uv tWV SEWV 'AptEIJIOOC Kaf 'An6flflwvoc;. Elva1 open n Ka-
tai.IEtPnOic; Kaf n 61anfm:c.u01c; tOO 7ou Kaf 80U KSaflafou;
'An.: M6fltota. sTvm.
'Ep.: T6ts napampw tnionc; Otl t6 esTa OVta sTvm t6oa ooa sTvm Kaf t6
KS6flma tOO (31(3flfou. Elvm aut6 6p86v;
'An.: Bs(3afc.uc;. I:UVEXIOE.
'Ep.: napstnpnoa otJ oi tnavafla1J(3av61JEVOI aptSI.Iof toO KSIIJEVou. oi
6noT01 IJE t6c; tvspysiac; Kal t6 pya tWV SEWV noav oi
apiSIJOl 4 Kaf 9, 6pi81JOI. IJE touc; 6noiouc; EXW tl;OIKEIWSii. 'Ev tOUtOIC. 6
OPI81JOC 11 1.100 sTvm avvwotoc;.
274 TO MYITHPION TOY AnOJ\J\QNIOY
"EXE:I iolaltEpav OntJaofav h napouofa tOU c:ic: t6 KE:IIJE:VOV; iliOtl, an6 Otl
6 api81JOC: 11. E:UPIOKOIJE:VOC: tWV api81JWV 10 Kai 12,
tWV 6uo OUIJnavtiKiiC: OntJaOfac: api81JWV, 6EV 8XE:I 8E:tiKnV 6pOOIV c:ic:
t6v aioem6v KOOIJOV tOO yiyvc:oeat ETvm aut6 annetc::
An.: npoavwc: avtnc:Tc: tnv nnnpoopfav EK tOO napa6c:fvtJatoc: tWV
EVOE:Ka Knnpwtwv apx6vtwv tWV Aenvwv, oi 6noTOI dxav tnv tnontc:fav
twv unaKwv Kaf tnl nntov iolwc: nc:pf tiic; EKtc:ntoc:wc: twv
SavatiKWV nOIVWV, WC: nEVE:I 6 nnatWV E:iC: t6V <t>afowva (58 C>.
'Ep.: Otl oi AenvaTOI 6EV tuxalwc: aut6v t6v api81JOV
61' EV t6oov unc:ueuvov, anna Kai 6uo6pc:otov Ka8iiKOV. Lliatl 8yiVE:V h
tmnovn tOO api81J00 11 an6 tOUC: Aenvafouc; Kal nola h OXEOIC: tOU IJE t6
nap6v KE:IIJE:VOV;
An.: 'H EPWtnOIC: analtE:T avanutJKnv 010 va yfvn Katavomn.
8i6tl c:ic; autnv yfvc:tal h OUV6E:OIC: toO aioemoO KOOIJOU IJE t6v ec:Tov
vom6v 616KOOIJOV. T6 On!JOIVOIJE:VOV c:Tvm OUVSE:tOV Kaf nonunnOKOV.
nptnc:1 v6 otl t6 Ka8iiKov otv 8xc:1 1-16vov c:uxaplotc:c; oljJE:IC: v6
olc:Knc:pmwvn. Eic: tnv npoKEIIJEvnv nc:pfmwmv twv 8voc:Ka Knnpwtwv, 6
N61JOC: nptnc:r v6 mpn8fl o16 tiic; tap1JOViiC: tiiC: 61KOioouvnc:. Oi evmoL
we; atc:nii ovta, 6UOtUXWC: 6EV n6vtot tnv 61KaiOOUVnV
IJE avi610tE:nii Kal unc:pavw tWV avepwnfvwv a6uVaiJIWV tp6nov.
T6 aio8m6v nc:6fov c:Tva1 K6tompovn toO vomoO apa c:Tvm 6 IJE:PIOIJOC:,
h 616onaa1c; Kaf h avtlatpon twv tvvo1wv c:ic; t6v xp6vov toO vivvc:-
oem twv ouv6tJc:wv Kai twv tvc:pyc:rwv. twv npoc:pxotJtvwv EK toO
atJc:plotou, tvonolntJtvou. ouvc:xooc; vomoo 6JaK60IJOU tvt6c; tiiC: aiw-
vl6tmoc; toO c:Tvm.
Eic; t6 vom6v nc:ofov, 6 api81J6C: 11 = 10 + 1 c:Tva1 h npwtn anOIJOKPUV-
OIC: EK tiic; ec:fac; unc:pouofac;,
atJE:8EKtOU, appntOU, annntOU Kai ayvwotOU 1JOV66oc;. T6 "Ev, h np6 tiiC:
apxiic; apxn t6 "Ev tOO np6KnOU Kal t6 Aya86v tOO nn6tw-
voc;.
T6 8v + 6c:Ka EKnopc:uc:tm EK toO "Ev /Avaeoo. T6 "Ev /Avae6v tvonor-
c:T t6c; npwtac; tvvta apxac; tWV ec:fwv OVtWV 616 tWV api81JWV. uKCif SK
navtWV EV KCif tv6c:; n6VtCin, c:Tnc:v 6 'Hp6KnE:ItOC: Can. 1 0>. T6 nav
ouvmnnpwen c:ic; t6v api81JOV 1 0. Ka8wc; 6 api81J6C: 1 0 c:Tvm
6 6E:UtE:poc; Tc:tpaKtU'iK6C: api81JOC: IJE:t6 t6v api81JOV 4, tWV tc:ooapwv
OtOIXE:fWV.
275
A' 8v6c;, 6 api81JOC: 1 0 nE:piEX1 t6v KOOIJOV EVt6c; tOU Kaf c:Tvm t6 K6-
01Jn1Ja toO navt6c; Kat6 touc; nueavopc:louc;. A' 8ttpou. 6 api81J6c: 12
c:Tvm 6 api81JOC: tWV owi5E:Ka aotE:PIOIJWV toO oupavoO c:ic; t6 aio8m6v
nc:6iov.
Eic; t6v vom6v oi6KOOIJOV oi 24 ec:oi, t6 TltaVIK6v Kai 'OnutJmaK6v rt-
voc;. oi npwnv Kaf oi vov i5c:on6tc:c; toO OU!Jnavtoc; Kai npon6topc:c; tJac:.
apxouv 016 tOO api81J00 12. Oi 24 i5c:an6tE:C: tWV ouo navetwv 8vo-
nOI00Vtal c:ic; t6 OKiintPOV toO 816C:. 6 6noioc: apxE:I c:ic; atJ6tc:pa t6
rtvn
1

Oi 0E:Ol ( 12 + 12) Kaf oi AOtE:PIOIJOl ( 12) OUV8Et0UV an6 KOIVOO t6
onov EVt6c; tOO navt6c; Kai ouvanotc:noOv t6v tpftov api81JOV tiic; TE:-
tpaKtUOC:. t6v api81JOV 36. ruyxp6vwc: 6E 6 api8-
IJOC: 36 Enf toO 10 anotc:nc:i Kaf t6v api81JOV tWV IJOIPWV toO ZW61aK00
KuKnou <36 x 10 = 360l.
'0 api81JOC: 11 = 1 0 + 1 8XE:I tnv 86pav tOU tWV api81JWV 10 Kai
12. '0 KOOIJOC: 8yJVE:V 6pyaVIOIJOC:. 6pat6c; autwv tWV
api81JWV. 'H tWV tnf nntov tOO oEKa 1JOV6c;, t6
v to v Kaf 8 v o v "E v. E:pc:1 c:ic; tnanv tnv aroenmv /K6otJov 11 o IJE
tnv v6nmv ;ec:ouc:/ 12.
'Ep.: AVtlna1J(30VOIJOI tOUC: api81JntiKOUC: OUOXE:tiOIJOUC:. 'YnapXE:l c:ic; t6
nnaVntiKOV tJac: ruotntJa EV EVEPVE:lQ 6 api81JOC: 11, WOtE: h OUVi5EOIC: v6
'; I .) f I .) .)
E:IVal Katayc:ypa!JIJE:Vn E:IC: tO OUIJnavtiKOV apxE:iOV tWV api81JWV;
An.: npoo6twc; h aotpOVOIJla avc:KanuljJE: t6v KUKnov tWV 8voc:KaE:tWV
Knnf6wv toO hnfou. npoE:Ktamc; toO Anonnwviou wt6c;, 6 aioem6c; 1-1ac:
nniOC:, t6 IJaC: we;, c:lva1 h nc:p1061Kn autn 8i91KOE:16nc; EniOtpon c:ic;
t6v api81JOV 11 = 10 + 1 = "Ev Kaf OEKa.
'Ep.: 'OtJwc:. otv avtlnatJI36votJal tnv oxtmv toO "Ev Kaf toO 6E:Ka.
nwc: 8p1JnVEUE:tal Kaf nc:n:oupyc:T 6 api81JOC: 11 Kaf Ka8' OIJOfwoiv tOU t6
KE:iiJE:VOV tOO wt6c;, c:ic; t6 6noiov avaEPOIJE:8a;
An.: T6 KatOV01Ja08EVta c:ic: t6 KE:liJE:VOV 6EKa ec:Ta ovta ouv t6 "Ev, t6
anoia tvwm6v tJac:. c:Tval ai WOE:IC: tiic; npovofac; tWV ec:wv
616 toO v to u "Ev, npoc:px61JE:vov EK toO 8 v o u/nanmoO, t6 6noTov
c:ic; t6 v to v tnv np6vo1av, tnv np6 toO voo aitiav.
T6 v E 0 v "Ev c:Tvm h OUV6E:OIC: tWV evmwv OVtWV IJE:t6 tiic; appntou
Kal appnKtOU apxiic; tOO navt6c;. '0 api81JOC: EV + 6EKa c:Tvm 6 avavwv6c:
ec:6c; tWV ljJuxwv tJac:. 6 6noioc; IJOC: OUV6EE:I IJE t6 anna OEKa Katovo-
tJa08EVta ec:Ta ovta. ETvm 6 OUV6E:t1KOC: n6voc:. 6 'EKE:fvwv Kai
hiJWV, 6 avamwv t6 WC: tiic; vonOEWC: c:ic; tnv ljJuxnv tJac:.
1 Otto Kern "Orphicorum Fragmenta", l&pof !16yoJ8v 'Pal/fcp6fatc; KLJ.', 157 (116J,
'08cV QU7:00 (rOO IJIOC:) Kaf r6 OKfmrpov elva{ C/>nOIV 0 8cOfiOVOC: nJOUPUJV/
rcaa6pUJV Kaf ciKOOI pirpUJV, we; 6Jrr6>v apxovr:oc; 6UUJ6cKG6UJV. '.
"j!3dOUrl 'j(I)J0838 :uv:
:AIOU1(1)d3 AUA3riOU3 AU1 Jl3 (I)OUd(I)X
L (' I ) I C I
-odu 9A (9dOUII\l "A9dOX A0!39 A91 IOri02J10riOdQ '110riA9dU :d3.
- 89 "10) AOJAOA038 Al,l1 :>J3
J090JOH, Q 139dAid3U A91 AU1?AOOnOII\l ?rl Aq)OnOII\l A(I)991U
A(91 A9dOX /\91 Q01 91 JJ3 10139dA01
-0>1 n01?AOOnOII\l Q01 913rl Aq)OnOII\l A(91 J9d0X J91UOA 0,
nor109>1019 QOlUOA JO>I nor109>1 Q01U90JO f)i013rl
J91(1) Q01 A(9130>139A? A(91 JI039Af)O lJ U9910310>13U9 Q01QO
,19 JO>I AOA3riJ3>1 91 J(9>1dOU? 0>139 + A?, QOrl91d9 Q01 OJ00 H,
Q039 Q01 J0]3Ad3A? n019>139 - A?, J1.,!1 JO>I Q01
A<9130>I39A? A<91 f)i013rl AIDIA9rldOA? A1,11 J30U9AA? I;>/\ Llu?du 99
"AI;>U J939 AOAriA, no1 A9>11dO, A91 J!3 ")91(1) Q01
AOJOQO QOX01AOUQ /\1,11 0>1?9 Q01 1;>19 13A9 JO>I A3, Q01 919
J939 0, "J9AOU/J91AOU Q01 AOd(9X A91 J!3 J(I)A9dXAno )010>1?9 Q ]0>1
A3 0 10>1 IOAI3 'J(I)U3Anl no1 A(I)30UAI>I A(l)1 019 A(I)OnOII\l 03/\A3 A(l)1 AOd
,/) ) J ,E. ... I I - I - I ( - I
-OX /\0139 A01 A(I)AO 0 ')039 JU13AoonOII\l 0 ')010>139 0 IOAI3 0>139 JOrl
- I IC ) L I l L ) ,E_ I J
-91d9 0, "J(9>1dOU? U91)3AUrld? Q01 J(l)3rii;>An9 J1.,!1 A3, 91 :uv:

Q039 001 1\IOI)<I:> Al,l1 ?rl 001 A<91 JQ0130>I39A?
Q01 A9ri0113XOnD A91 Url9>19 (90A010>1 1\?9 'J(I)riQ, . A(91 JO>I J09
-lrl?1d'lt J1.,!1 n091)rl Q01 AOJ3AUrld? Al,l1 JJ3 /\IOOd9A? Al,l1 (90A010)1 :d3.
"A91UOA 91 JJ3 AI0(9AA JO>I AIO
-U90rl JOdU J(I)3033/J01(1) 10>1 A0193U A01U9010 01 Jl3 JOIOAAO/Jn01
I I I C I J I 1 C I C I C::
-9>10 A(910A/\? A{91f)i013rl JIOid>IAI)O lJ JO>I JIOid>l919lJ 'A<91QO ,IU
:>UlUrl?u JI.Jl 001 DJ3X3Ano A? -
JO>I
A(l)di;>0031 A(91 'J(I)301:19DI019/J091rl?1d'lt/J01(1)JrllJ Q01/\01(9dU -
AIOI)<I:> A1:11 001 /\<91 MD?rl 'AODIA9rldUA? JO>I
AoxdyunAno 'Aoxdyuoodu A(l)1 A<913Ad3A? /\<91 919 IO!OUQ !O 'A<939 A<91
A(l)11;>riOA9 0>139/\?, A<91 roo?rl no9f)rl 001 919 :>rood9A? lJ
'JI.,!Xn$ J1.,!1 JnOd?rl Q01 JO)OA019 J1.,!1 J9rl011(1) 0, :uv:
:AI,!Xnf!l Al,l1 JJ3 :>939 Q 1013/\]30 J(9U
norl A1,11 JJ3 IOriOXd?AOU? U1Uri?U lJ 101Q1>1010>1
J(9U "A(91U/\9 A(91 J099U Q IDA13 ')(1)301;>39 J1.,!1 J01U1f)dQ3 J1.,!1 'QOrl011(1)
QO>IId31(1)0? Q01 0]00>119019 H, "0?90ndQ3 A91 JJ3 A3$3d10?U? Al,l1 JO>I
AU1Uri3U AUl A010 A010>139(1)9 /\01 Jl3 AIOOd
IC I I I /) ,5.. J ) (
-9A? AI,I130Ul>l?10>1 Q A91 J9dU JO,
"/\l;I>I11AOrl A1,11 JJ3 JO>I ?9 3AIA3" A1,11
JO>I '/\3, 13 Q01 919 Q039 Q01 Alri0Af)9 /\1,11 'AOd319Ad'lt
La l0JOVIU3
Jf)01 JJ3 lifll?d101U? I;>/\ A91 U901;>>1AOAlJ AO!OUQ A91
Q01 090UJd1 A9>111/\0rl A91 J(I)JOI8 'AC!) JO?A Q
119, /\3U13 (9) A? 00113 Q01 Jd3U 91 Jj3 0, "JON :d3.
no1 AOA3rl13>1 01 AOA3rl(l)d31o IOAJ3
J - I I L C
AO!OUQ 91 JJ3 Q01 J<9 91 ?rl Jf)038 0>1?9 Jf)01 A(I)X?AnO Q
J9>11139Ano Q I01010J90>I no1 /\(91 I;>IU norlo9>1019
QOlUOA JO>I nor109>1 Q01U90!0 f)i013rl Q IOA13 Q 10/\13 A9 AOA
-3ri920riOA010>1 A010>1?9(1)9 91 AOri09>1 A91U90JO /\91 JJ3 UOriAI;>dU :uv:
:>1;>>139(1)9 lJ Q JO>I Y9Ud1
-3rl010>1 Al;>3, "AIOQd9 A1,1>1113d0019 ?rl J9d0 01)9 10132JAOrl?
0, J1.,!1 'J9d1Url J1.,!1UA9 >I? 'J91U A0/\>1?1 Q IOAi3
1\9 91 91QV' norl I.JA3AAno (9d(l)39 91 11919 'AOd?<I:>OJ9A? 91 !3AI>I oorl
91QO /\9 91 noA?rll3>1 Q01 A01Uri?U 91 JO>I /\01d01?1 91 JJ3
A9 Url9>19 A?, 01A02J1(1) J08!0<f.>/J<9 /\01AOJriQ JO>I A9d09
-0>1 91 JO>I 91 119, JU3, "0039 001 A(l)11;>riOA9
01)9 A(91 1;>13rl A3, 001 JOJOQO J1.,!1 A9riOOn9AnO A91 (90A010>1 'JON :d:t
((n01 :><9 /\01/\0JI1Q JO>I A9d090>1 91 1,;)19 /\91 1\08!0<1.>
JO>I '010119/\Q I,;)I.Jl;lOU 1,;)1 1\noAI)Q>OUQ 1,;)1\ 1,;)19 01\(I)I.Jl:l9U'f.
/\91 JO>I dOU :>!3 Q039 001 J\l)l:I0801311 1\1,11 AnolUI)d>IOUQ IOQ>009l:ll
!0" 119, (6) A? 00113 001 jd3U 91 JJ3 132JAid>ln319 Q
'J091;>AOrl J1.,!1 Al;l1 )J3 A(I)A?riOdOU JO>I 91 JOA3rlf)OAd'tt

13DI_;)cj)OUQ :>no9l)l:IU OJ\(I)l:ll:l9U'f. .9 91n "A3, IOA13 J939 Q 119,
Q 'A3, 91 ?rl J(9>1113XO '(:I J091dJOO, JO>I J09
-IOL Jd3U 91 ?9 J!3 .. /\3., 13, J\(910l;lOU 1\(91 >I? IOIOUI,;)>I JO>I j(I)IJQ 311(1)1)3d
OAODOdU /\91 !_;)A JO>I 3l1(913diOX /\91 1,;)1\ 13U?dU /\939 1\91 093119830
U913U3 'J\OUOd1 /\01 '1\0UIOl:l '1\olno ,10>1 .... )) 110 (Ql) A3
I C I I I IC /)I - (
00113 001 Jd3U 91 JJ3 001 Jd3U /\(91 JU1AI;>
-Od3! AOJ1301A3UIOO>IJ3 JU? Q 0, 001 9UA, :uv:
001
AOI3Ad?A? I,JAn01(1) A1,11 JJ3 A3, 001 OJDOriUO lJ 10100108381U? J<9U :d3.
"/\(1)1 Od?10U OJU A91 JJ3 nooi)AO
-IU Q01 AOJ9d0>1 Al,l1 13d? 'A(l)rii)91U A(91 'Q/\U9'tt
?9 H, "JOU(I)d9AQ JOA?riOOU031Q Q 10A13 nOJOUQ 001 A'9>1!3 'nODI)AOIU 001
ud311 01u3 A(I)/\01U. A(l)1 oun 01 A (I) A (I) A 3 o IOAI3 A
A i, 0, "J091rl?ld'tt,JI.Jl no:l norlf)91U Jy1 9UQ io1!3dnO>IIU
-3Anl "JOJ>IO>I - J1.,!13dr;> J1.,!1 'A(91iQ A(91 J(I)30Jd>IOI9 J1.,!1 1;>19 Jf)01
-UA9 Jf)01 J!3 J939 Q 131UI;>A9 AIOUI)rl JO>I /\IOU99rl J9dU J(l)30
-?>? J1.,!1 J<9 91 'AOA9rl1X9 JO>I /\OA3rl]3>1 91 J9dU J(), :
:AI;>U Q Y Q 'JI)3Z 0, :/\3, Q IOA13
A(939 0>1391\?, A(91 >I? JO!OU 'nOA?rl13>1 Q01 J0)3/\Urld? A093UJU? 91 J!3 :d3.
- -- - -- . . - - - - - - - -- - - - 9 L C:
278 TO MYHHPION TOY AnOJ\J\QNIOY <I>QTOI:
'Ep.: Mnopc:Te va IJ00 napaowone ncPI006tc:pa OtOIXC:Ta, OXC:tiKG:le IJE
t6v 6vepwn01JOP101JOV tWV ec:wv tG:lv 'Enfll1vwv, npoc:px61JC:Va EK tOO
KC:IIJEVOU;
An.: 06 nptnn va aoxonnSjie IJE tae tvc:pyc:iae tWV ec:wv, we OIOOEXOVtOI
h IJlO tnv annnv, npOKC:IIJEVOU va E:xne t6 unovOOlJIJC:Va tWV
tWV, t:6 6noTa EXOUV 6nOKPUr3cT c:ie tnv EtUIJOnoyiav Kaf t:oue avaypatJ-
IJO!IOIJOUe tWV.
'Ep.: noTov 86 c:Tvat t6 6c:noe tne IJUSOnOVIKiie otaopOIJiie;
An.: Eie t:6 l.jJuxovonttK6v tninc:oov tne EP!Jnvc:lae toO KcliJEVou natJr36-
vovmt un' 0\.jJIV ai tWV ScWV, IJEOC!) t:iie avSpwnfvne 0Vtlnnnt:I-
K6tmoe. ToOto OU1Jr30fVcl oiOt:l ol Sc:of tWV 'Ennnvwv, EXOVt:ce, cic t6
av6ntJata, t6e napaotaoc:te t:wv c:ie t6 ac:t:wtJata Kaf t:6e IJC:t6nae twv
vawv, c:ie t:6 ayyc:ia Kaf c:ie t:6 ot6opa OVtiKcfiJC:VO, tnv IJOPnv avepw-
nwv EKnavnou Kannovne. al t:WV 1Jcta8povtal OU!OIJOtwe au-
tOUOIOI c:ie t6V OVSPWniVOV \.jJUXIOIJOV.
'H oiOOIKOOfa tne l.jJUXIKiie 1JC:t:aopae c:Tv01 ul.jJfotne On!JOOfae KfVnOie.
'Eav h Klvnote nOr3!1 KOSOoiKnV KOtcUSUVOIV, OUIJWVOV IJE t6e IJUSIKOe
al 6noTm o!Sv ouvaoouv IJE ec:iwv 6vt:wv. t6tc: tntpxc:-
tat h ouvxu01e IJE ta tnaK6nouea tne tvwnaec:fae. tne ooKnOioofae Kai
tOO OOVIJOtiOIJOO.
'Ep.: nola h xpnottJ6tne tne Mueonoviae. 1JE04l t:ne 6tJOI6t:moe t:G:lv npa-
tWV ec:wv IJE EKcfvae tWV avepwnwv, E:' ooov oi KlVOUVOI c:Tval
np6ytJatiiJcV6not: f1tv apKc:i h tnoooia o16 tnv Kat6KtnOIV toO Anon-
nwviou VVWSI OOUtOV;
An.: 'Oxl, OIOtl nponyc:ital tOO nOVIKOO t6 OUVKIVnOIOKOV OtOIXciOV c:ie
t6v avSpwnov. 'H OUVKfvn01e t6v aunvfl;cl npG:ltOV 016 tWV apxc:t:unwv
tne Mueonoyfae. 1Jntp6e tne <J)Jnooofae Kal tv ouvc:xc:iQ tntpxc:tm h
6unv101e tOO EVOPOtiKOO Wt101J00 KOtO tnV aval;ntnOIV tWV aitfwv.
'Ot:av 6mpc:eoov t6 napanc:t6otJata toO napan6you. t6 ec:Tov napa-
oC:IVIJO tne MuSonoyfae o16 toO Anonnwvfou "Ev anoKanuntcl c:ie tnv
E:vec:ov l.jJuxnv tnv untpnatJnpov annSciOV t:WV tvonotn!JEVWV Apxwv.
erE V + W 0 I C dva1 h 00 0 I <;/00 8 n CH C np6c; t6 "E V.
oi 13if3nnot tvwnaec:Te. 6tJaSc:Te Kaf ooKnoiooot o!Sv 6c:no0vtm 6n6 tnv
OVOVWVIKnv OUVOIJIV tne Mueonoylae. 'H avepwnfvn IJOP11 tWV ec:wv,
IJE t6 napanoyov, t6 avnSIKOV Kal t6 avic:pov t:WV tWV, oiocl
c:ie t:nv anafoC:UtOV l.jJuxnv tWV nonnG:lv tnv oiKOIOnoyiav t:iie 688i"ae,
toO napan6you Kaf tne toO ec:fou 1.1t t:ae 6ouva1.1iae t:oO
Ent-Aoror 279
SvntoO avSpwnou. ME aut6 t6 annOSI, oi nonnof oiKOIOnoyoOv tnv ano-
IJOKpuvoiv tWV 6n6 t6 Sc:Tov Kaf t:ae Sc:fae apxae t:ne apc:tne.
'Ep.: f1nnaon h oc:1p6 tG:lv svoc:Ka ec:fwv 6vtwv IJE t6 tvoi(JIJcOov evm6v
OV, t6V 'HpaKniiv, naptxcl tO aval;ntOUIJC:VO l'xvn c:ie tnv l.jJUXnV, npo-
KC:IIJEVOU va avayvwpion. 6' tv6e tae OOUVO!Jiae me 010 tOO 'HpaKntoue
Kai 6' E:ttpou tae ouv6tJc:te twv ec:fwv 6vtwv:
An.: AKPif3G:le. npG:ltOV t6e tvc:pyc:fae toO l;c:uyoue Znv6e/ f116e.
OU!JnOVtiKOO VOO Kaf "Hpae. OU!JnOV!IKiie l.jJuxne. ol 6noTOI c:ie tnV Eioa-
ywynv, EKt6e tOO KC:IIJEVOU tWV Kcanafwv, 5ioouv avwec:v tnv 6penv
KOtcUSUVOIV tWV nOVIOIJWV onwv tWV tnc:pXOIJEVWV EVC:PVC:IWV.
'Ep.: Elvm c:uKonoe h twv tvc:pyc:twv toO f1t6e. tv4) c:Tvm ouoKo-
noe tKc:lvwv tne "Hpae.
'H ou1.1navt1Kn vom1Kn tvtpyc:ta 8xc:1 o1nnnv EKpa01v, tvonolntiKnv Kai
oraonaottKnv. outJwvov IJE t6 6votJa t:oO IJcVfotou znv6e/ f1t6e. Kae
6tJoiwoiv tou Kal c:ie t6 IJEtpov toO tnaxtototatou nc:ttoupyc:i Kai 6
avSpwmvoe nOVIOIJ6e. WV KOl aut:6e, KOt6 t6 IJEtpov t:WV ouvatotntWV
t:OU, OIOIPC:tiK6e Kaf CJUVOVWVIK6e. ruvc:nwe h !JcnEt:n tiie VOntiKiie nC:I-
toupyfae c:Tvm h ciKWV t:OO tautoO !JOe, npoc:pXOIJEVn avwec:v EK t:OO
Sc:fou napaociVIJOtoe t:OO Znv6e/ ilt6e/vo0.
'OtJwe. otatf h "Hpa, l!Juxn toO KOOIJOU Kaf ouz:uvoe t:oO f1t6e. napc:tJ-
nooiZ:c:t tnv vtvc:01v toO wt6e. Aptii.Jtooe - An6nnwvoe. t11ovuoou Kaf
'HpaKntoue: nwe EPIJnVC:UctOI h avepwnfvn OU1JncpiOp6 c:ie aut:nv t:nv
z;nn6wnov tne ec:6mtoe:
An.: 'H /\ntW, h I:ciJEnn Kai h AnK!Jnvn avatpovtal c:ie tnv Eioaywynv
tOO Kci!JEVOU. f1EV OUIJIJctEXOUV c:ie t6v Wt101JOV tne l!Juxne. IJEOC!) tne
KnftJaKoe twv tvc:pyc:rwv AptEIJtooe Kai An6nnwvoe.
'Ep.: Mantota. 'Ev toutote h "Hpa, l.jJuxn toO KOOIJOU EtJavfz;c:tal Kaf c:ie
t6 tpitov Kc6naiOV IJE nonu oof3apae avepwnivae OOUVO!Jiae. nwe
yc:vvatm8vae Tuwc:ue an6 tnv ec:lav l!Juxnv toO KOOIJOU; nwe tvunapxc:t
Kai Ep!JnVC:UctOI h tnavannl!Jte Kai tWV nponyOUIJEVWV avwttpw l!JU-
XIKWV aouvatJIWV, t:oO n6vou. tne z;nnotunfae. toO tJiooue. toO 86vou
KafttnoetoOSutJoOE:vt:6etnetapavtJtvnetiJuxnc
An.: 1:116 toO IJUSou, t6 ec:Tov naptxc:r c:ie t6 evnt6v tnv ouvat6tma
va OIC:IOOU0!1 c:ie t6 anwtatov OKPOV, c:ie t6v nUSIJEVO tWV ouvatoSn-
IJOtWV, OXI tWV ec:lwv OV!WV, anna tWV evntwv. 'H unc:pf3onn t:OO ouv-
OIOSntJatoe c:Tvar 6 Kfvouvoe. 6 6noToe. we c:ie KOtOntpov, EK tOO ec:lou
OVt:IOtPE81 t6e tvvofae c:ie t6v l.jJUXIOIJOV tWV evmwv. f116 toO OU1Jf30-
niK00 Kat6ntpou EIJavfl;OVtOI al OVWtEPW tflnc:ll.jJc:le Kaf unc:pf3onaf. ai
6noTOI c:Tvm 'loiOV tWV evntci>V Kal OXI t:WV aeavatwv ec:iwv OV!WV.
:/\0101::193>1 /\Od31f)39 91 j!3 J0911i?1d\t JY1 9du 1013LJAOri? /\CQf::!f::!9U\t
Q :911)0 13/\)09rlno "JQ39 JY1 /\CQ/\>1?1 /\(91 JCQ30f)31::!?
JY1 9dU /\OUrif)O /\91U90JO 91 JJ3 !310d>IIU? (91UV /U91;Af::!/J019>10 /\9>111
-UON nOA?ril3>1 001 /\CQ1/\Q /\CQj39 /\(91 /\9dl30 /\I;A1 JJ3 IOriOXd?AOU3, :d3,
"/\CQ/\I;Af::!l::!3, /\(91 /\1;A1 JJ3 /\CQ/\9AOdU /\(91 U91;AI::! lJ /\3d3?U?
9/\139 01::!9A3rl "J0991::!1::!3, JY1 A9ridO>i A9d3! /\91 9U9 /\OOUd(9X
-3U9 U/\1)0010>119 lJ )0>1 JY13d9 )y1 0, /\(91 J10(91U lJ 'OJ1JV :u'((
:/\CQ1 JnOA9AOdU JnOJ39 Jf)01 /\OOU/\9ri0Uf::!? J3/\Uf::!f::!3, !0 :d3,
"/\CQ1 J!3/\0A Jf)01
J9dU A9ri00930 /\91 I;A9 JO>I /\CQ1 /\CQ/\9AOdU /\(91 JnOA?A 001 JCQ30)dCQ/\A
-0/\9 JY1 01U19109nOUO /\I;A1 J3/\Uf::!f::!3, J01U/\9 !0 /\009Uf::!l1/\9 9/\ :u'((
:/\0/\3riJ3>1 91 Jj3 /\CQ1/\Q /\CQ)39 /\(91 /\U1Jd1
/\I;A113/\1;>9rloy JOA?A /\9>11/\0111 91 '(91UV /\I;A1 JO>I 0/\YZ /\91 913rl :d3,
oodAA3 OIOOriU9 01 01/\00
/C J I
-ooyn3 /\06>d1UII\l /\OidU1n31::!nos 01 odou 01 Jt3 IO)I "J3Aoodu I0/\13 :u-v.
I C _, I I I I C J I . C
:)yAOI::!IU? JY1 JY1
-no 01110 U1CQdU U 01U JOI'U' n01 JIOOOUIJ H ocY>d10U IXO 10>1 06>d1Ur1101
( I ( I l .(, I ..., I ( ) - /C I -
-/\00f::!O>IOU9 01::19, '0!3XdQ 9>11100>119 1;>1 '9>11dOUr1? 91 '9>11/\IOU 91 'I;>>IIA01::!01
-Od10 91 "/\(9111::!0U /\(91 0!3XI010 91/\n00091::1n OQ)d1Ur1 9>1110d>l 91 :d3,

001 JCQ30Jd>l n090/\0U )y1 >I? 1013Xd?OdU 11919 'OJO>IIQ )0>1 J01UU1::!9d3r19
10/\13 JO>I )9d1Ur1 JY1 9UQ 1013/\)A JO)fi101CQ )Y>II1UO/\ JY1 lJ
')CQ3fl1?>10 JY>IIAOI::!09nr1 JY>II/\UI::!I::!? JY1 OlU191/\CQjO /\I;A1 )J3 "/\0101A?r110/\13
YJ nOll;A/\IJI::!U 001 Jf)01U/\9 Jf)01 919 Or1U99ri 91 "/\OI/\9dQO IXQ 'Or101d(9/\A
/\0/\II;AA 10/\13 (9A? 91 ")9/\UZ 001 J010riAJ3QOdOU 001 9UQ 1013/\(9UOd1
-010>1 /\(91U/\9 /\(91 (9A? /\(9d>ilrl/\(91 JIOOI::!?U? H, "01U19UCQd9/\Q /\I;A>II10
-ICQA? /\I;A1 )J3 /\CQ?9/\0U 01)9 /\(91 /\OX001UU>IO /\91 /\019J /\91 9U9 /\OU9d1
/\Od31(9>11101JIOQO /\91 ?r1 1013d?013rl J9/\UZ 001 U/\I)OOdOI::!OA3rl H,
no1 0/\>1?1 91 J!3 (91UV
U 13919013rl J01U101QI )01 JOlnO 10>1 'JUlno AnOLOAUU OIOUO 01 'Jn09U
) J I C I I ( I ..., C ( I - ) I IC
n01 /\0131::1 01 10>1 JU100dU U 10/\13 0111V "/\('1)1 JOd1Url )Ul Ori0/\0 01 01n0
5,3 139JQ JQOA/)f)3z 9 'j1o10o1 A? '-JoA?A 91 919 no1 A(l)A)I
-?1 1\CQI::!I::!\? J\Q.)1 /\CQI::!9, 0/\>1?1 9>111/\0riUO 1\0?I::!U 91 10/\13 !0 JO>I 1\\t,
IXQ JO>I no1 0/\>1?1 91 101/\0LI;>ri0/\9 YA3A01
-UV "/\CQ1 JOd1Ur1 JU1 Oli0/\0 01 01::11::10 'n011JriO/\O 0110/\13 /\OIOUO 01 '/\CQ1
9riU1>19U9 AOd31(9idn>l 91 ;OACQY1::!9U\t )0>1 'n01 0/\>1?1 orln9J9 91
J!3 13X?dOU 1\?9 /Jf)3Z Q ')00/\ )9>111/\0UrlnO Q JO>I ?9 JCQ/\9dXAno
'0/\>1?1 91::!1::!0U JO>I OlOQnOUO /\OOU9l;A/\/\3A? nOJOUQ 001 JQdOUO JY1 >I?
'/\<939 /\CQ/\?dd9 /\Q.)1 J0101A?rl Q 'JIOlf)01 /\3, "/\CQ1 J9d10U 001 OriO/\Q 91
/\nOd? 9/\ 13U?dU 0/\>1?1 91 nOlf)01 >I? J'!) )0>1 JYXdQ J0/\3dd\} )Y1 J01
lOJOV-IU3
-Orid?UO 001 >I? Ol/\9U 91 119, 13LJriO/\ )U19UCQd9/\9 1;A>11Xd01d1
-OU H, "/\9>1110nr1 J39(9131::!0A3rl9110/\13 001 JY1/\011JO 91 :u'((
:/\0/\3rll3>1 01 Jl3 /\3901Jri0/\010>1 Uri 01 '/\0>1110nrl 0110/\13
I I C I I J I I S,.
/\O!OU "O/\CQI::!1::!9U\t JO>I /\lrl31d\t, J!3/\3A01UV Jf)01 '/\CQl 0/\>1?1 orln9JQ 91 JJ3
'/\Orln/\(9d1Url )(!) 'JU1 9ri0/\Q 91 J00A/)f)3Z 0, nori/\IOUI::!>IJU? /\I;A1
Jj3 J9ACQd9 9/\ (l)L)U1::!3, "(91UV 939 JOXII::!J3rl lJ 1013LJAOrl? U1(9dU
'/\0101::193>1 /\01(9dU 91 JJ3 "/\IOU1(9d? 1\0?1\ Q/\/\3A )IOU1/\9U9 399>1 :d3,
"J91CQ 001 UAXJ 91 JJ3 9/\ 919 /\0101::11;>3>1 /\01(9dU 91
Jl3 JU1039 U/\3ri0LI/\Orl3 U1CQdU U 10/\13 OIOU JUOU/\n3d3 0/\ OdCQ U /\391::!U
C J I C I l . I J C I n l .
')CQriQ, "/\0101::193>1 /\01Jd1 91 JJ3 JOdH, JQ39 JY1 9dOOA9lJ '/\(939
/\CQd9riOUCQd9/\9 /\(91 6>A91::1 ,10>1 '110riAI;>dU :u'((
"/\0101::103>1 /\01CQdU 01 Jl3 U/\3r10LI/\Orl3 U1CQdU U 10/\13 /\39
I ..., I C I C 1 ) ., I
OdH, 939 lJ 11919 '/\013X?AnO /\1;A1 )J3 1;>9 /\9dl30 /\O)OU :d3,
noAf)Lno 001
/\OUnl?XdQ 91 !31UL0/\9 Url9>19 ldX?rl JO>I J(9>11/\0dXOI9 0011)0 ,UQ
U/\3rln31UOA 13/\3riOdOU nori039 n01 01Ul0100 /\U1 Jl3 /\UXnfl1 /\O>Id00/\3
I I - ..., I l I C I JC
/\0)3>110/\nA /\I;A1 13>11::1?, OJOUQ lJ '(J 0 A 9 rl - J 0 rl9 A) 0 J 3 A 0 rl 1;A>11Un13X
-d9 lJ I0/\13 no1 J(9309d>1? JY1 Ao1ny9u9 91 JJ3 n o rl1;> A 001 J9ri039 o,
"J9/\39QO /\0}1/\0/\? nori9A 001 939 lJ 01U19>10>1 /\Ojri3QQO "01/\Q
91U/\9 91 01/\0UR J9dU )OdH, JQ39 JY1 9d0oodu lJ 1;A>111CQd? 10/\13 "J9Xnfl1
J01 An03d1 IOIOUO 10 'JOdno JOl 3rl 13X3dOU UlnO /\OIOUO /\01 'JUXnfl1
I I ..., ) ) /( I I J I C ..., ) I -
J 0 d H, Jy1 d 9 Q 10/\13 nor109>1 001U90JO 001 I;AO/\U0/\9 H, "01U191/\
-CQJO /\I;A1 )J3 IOAnLf)O AnOAJ3riOdOU 1;>9 JO>I AnOO)dCQX 1;>9 A?Q OdH, )0>1 Jf)3Z
"/\OUrlf)O 91 Jj3 1013?XOI9 'n01 nOAf)LnO J y 1 0 d?
JY1 'J o d H, JO>I /J9AUZ nori9J ood3i, nOJACQJO
001 JiriO/\f)Q lJ "/\CQU(9d9/\9 /\(91U/\9 /\(91 10ri9A !0 JO>I 101/\0010U01
-oriAodu 9/\ 99 nor19J ood31, 001 or!A1399dou 91
910)1 norii;>A 00>111/\0Uiino 001 Jl19100dU lJ IO/\f3 JO>I !3139011039 OJOUQ
lJ '939 lJ roAp nor1o9>1 001 yxnm;odH, lJ oorlo39 001 J01U19do9
-o>1 JYl A01ny9u9 91 )J3 !3Adnol131::! - JOA3dd\f JOri9A Q 119, Y9
-CQI0939 9/\ 13U?dU /\Q.)1U/\9 1\Q.)l yxnfl1 lJ 'CQd?1CQ/\9 1\Q.)l /\IOCQ)09391U? Jj3
"J0/\09n1 001 /\O]OnOdOU /\I;A1 J01/\00dOU9
001 00/\ /\91 JJ3 UO)ri901011/\9 9/\ 'JOdH, JY1 JyAdQ JYl /\OIQ9013U?
91 JJ3 JU1 J0)00 )yl UAXJ 91 13/\I;A9 Q/\U9\t 939 lJ '/\0101::193>1 /\01Jd1
91 JJ3 /\(91 nOJ31/\0II\J 001 /\911)00 19<9/\A 91 AnOf)3QO/\nO
/\01Did\} /\Od1?rl 91 )0>1 1\0A\} A?9Url 91 no9JO<D 001 JQ.) 91 101!3/\1>1
'/\(9I::!09d3UQ JO>I /\CQ3fi1J31::!1::!? '01U1903rl/\l;>d3! /\I;A1 Jj3 'I\OO?r1 91 JJ3
AOINUVVOU'd AOl NOidHHAII\I Ol 08l
282 TO MYHHPION TOY AnOJ\J\QNIOY <l>QTOI:
'An.: iliO"CC eic t6v aioSnt6v KOO!JOV SniKpatoOv npwtn n E:ywnaSEia, n
tU<PFin ouoa TEFI<PoOoa Kai Enetal, n nusw, n OfHjJIC tOO KatEOtnj..IEVOU.
Tpitoc IJEta tnv Katatp6nwofv twv Kata<PSavEI 6 $S6voc. 'Eav ai npwtal
tpETc OKIWoEIC ouv61JEIC tnc lj.Juxnc oEv t6 vont6v <P&c l-IE
tac SVEPVEfac tOU OEV Sa a<PIXSfl EiC t6v nflavhmv rn.
'Ep.: ilEV elva; OPKEtn VUIJVaOtiKn 010 tnv lj.Juxnv n OVWtEPW npon6vn-
OIC EiC tel OKOtE:IVO neola tiiC uflnc, WOtE va j..lnV elva! avayKaia n na-
pouola tiiC AptEIJIOOC;
An.: Ao<Paflwc 6x1. il16t1 tnv E:vwnaSEia, tnv ooKnOioo-
<Piav Kaf t6v <PS6vov, n ljJUXn IJEVEI KEVn, OVEU Kat:EUSUVOE:WC EiC t:nv
nopefav me.
'Ep.: npayj..lat:l, Eloa t:6v Tu<PwEa EiC t:6 t:pft:OV KEQ)aflaiOV va j..lnV nESaf-
VE:I. nola elva! n SnO!JEVn KlvnOIC t:iiC ljJUXiiC;
An.: Na 1-1nv napanFiavnSfl cic t6 t:Etapt:ov Kc<P6Fimov 8K t&v <P6vwv
t&v owoEKa tEKVWV tiiC Nl6r3nc un6 tiiC AptEIJIOOC Kai toO An6FIFIW-
VOC. ''Aveu tiiC vvwoewc toO IJEtatOVIOIJOO tiiC KFif!JaKOC t&v tvvo1&v
alosm:oo - vom:oo. 6 <P6voc. cic t6 nEofov t&v aiosnocwv, t&v
OW!JcltWV Kaf tWV OKIWV, KaSiotatOI aitia tiiC nFIEOV f.niKIVOUVOU napa-
VOnOEWC.
'Ep.: nwc j..lnOpE:i va Kaflu<PSfl t6 KEVOV tiiC olnfliiC ayvofac tiiC lj.Juxnc;
'An.: ilia tiiC avaQltnOEWC tiiC <PacoQ)opfnC, onflaon tiiC aval;ntnOEWC
tnc apctnc. 'H IJUSoFioyJKn o1nyn01c cic t6 nE!Jntov Kc<Paflmov <PEPE:I t6v
Sc6V nova l-IE tac tfla<Pouc Kai touc Kuvac. tac 6nofac Sa OKOFiousnon
n OPEtiiC YotWP 010 tnc <Paco<Poplnc, n Sea ''AptEIJIC Kat6 tnv OIOP-
KEiaV tiiC VUKtOC.
'Ep.: Elva; unEPOXOC n aFIFinyopfa tOO IJUOmpiou toO 11!-li<PWtOC. Elva;
OIJWC tnapKnc n apEtn, WOtE n lj.Juxn va FIS!1 Eic KataOtaOIV j..lavlac Kai
iliOVUOiaKOO tvSOUOiaO!JOO 010 va OKOFiouSnon tnv SEOV;
An.: ilEV elva; 6pS6v va f-IJ<PaVIOSfl EiC autnv tnv avaz;nmOIV 6 iliOVU-
ooc. 'Qc np6c t6v o16F1oyov "lwvn toO nnatwvoc Kaf t6v "Y1-1vov t&v
Mouowv, EiC t:6 EKtOV KE<POFIOIOV ai MOOOOI avafla!Jr30VOUV 010 tiiC
j..lavfac tWV tnv vSEOV lj.Juxnv, WOtE va tnv 6onynoouv cic tnv 6o6v
t:iiC Scfac OPEtiiC, IJOP<PWVOUOal t6 FIOVIOt:IKOV IJEPOC me. ilEV tnv tv-
SOUOIOl;OUV ora t:iiC nfm:EWC tOO OUVOIOSnj..latOC, f.vouvaj..IWVOUOal t6
SU!JOEIOEC tnC.
'Ep.: 'H f-IJ<P6viOIC t&v <P1Fioo6<Pwv toO EKtou KE<Paflafou, t&v 6nofwv
n oloaOKaFifa EXEI SETOV 6pj..lntnpiOV t6v 'OpQ)Ea, OVOVEI Kaf n6FIIV tnV
lj.Juxnv EiC tnv MuSoFioyfav. 'Enr!JEVE:I n MuSoFioyia va nponyiital tiiC 1-
Fiooo<Pfac. illatf;
enr-Aoror 283
'An.: ''AvEU tiiC 1Jntp6c MuSoFioylac. n <f)IFIOOO<Pfa OEV Sa StxE tnv ouy-
KIVnOiaKnv OtEPEWOIV tWV apxctunwv EiC tnv lj.Juxnv tWV 'EFIFinvwv.
''Apa npono1-1n6c t6 ouvafoSn!Ja/"Hpa, n tpatn lj.Juxn toO KOO!JOU npo-
EtOIIJOZ:EI tnv FISUOIV toO iliOC sic tac lj.Juxac. napO!JOlWC Kai n /\ntw
avavc1 tac lj.Juxac Eic t6v ilia. IJSta tnv FlnSnv t&v tvuflwv nclpao!J&v.
'H oE Mvnj..loouvn. 1-1nmp t&v Mouowv, o1ampET tnv IJVn!Jnv t&v Scfwv
FIOVIOIJWV EiC tnv OIOVOiaV tWV SVntWV.
'Ep.: ilUOKOFIOC n 6tpan6c tOO <PWtiOIJOO. napampw Otl, OKOFIOUSOOVtSC
ta KS<PaFIOia, <PSaoaj..IE sic t6 El3oOj..IOV Kaf t6 oyooov KE<POFIOIOV tOO
6oolnOPIK00. BFIEnw va f-IJ<Paviz;wvtal tel tel OUIJI30Fia
tWV SEWV AptEIJIOOC Kaf An6FIFIWVOC. illati f.nEpXEtal n aFIFiayn Kaf f-K
tWV SEWV OtPE<POIJSSa EiC tel OUIJI30FI6 tWV;
'An.: iliOtl EiC t6 tWV XEI 6nOKPUI3ET n owt6m FIEI-
toupyfa tiiC ljJUXiiC. 'EKET, 6 oaf!JWV, t6 nSOC tOO 6vSpwnou, Kata t6V
'HpaKFIEitov (an. 119>, napS!JI3aivsr Kaf o16 tnc apctnc KaSoonysT tnv
lj.Juxnv.
'Ep.: Eloa 01:1 ta 010 tWV avaypaj..lj..latiOIJWV tWV 8nii3EI3a1W-
vouv tnv olaXpOVIKOtnta tiiC tEFIEfac Kaf 6FioKFinpwj..IEVnc apstiiC. tiiC
<PEPOIJEVnC f.vt6C tiiC Q)apEtpac. OUVOoEUOUOa t6v l3iov tWV Svnt&V.
ilUOKOFIOC n nopcia.
Kaf OKOj..ln OUOKOFIWtEpa KaSfotatOI, otav n IJUOmplaKn SEa 'EKatn svo-
nOIEitOIIJE t6v "EKatov An6FIFiwva. Tf OUfJI3afvcl cic triV lj.Juxnv EiC t6 8va-
tov KEQ)OFIOIOV IJE tnv svonofnOIV appEVOC - Snflcfac apxnc tOO unsp-
ouofou Q)WtOC, VUKtEPIVOO Kaf nj..lspnofou;
'An.: 'H lj.Juxn, a<PoO svonofnocv t6c OUVOIJE:IC Kaf tac tvEpysfac tiiC: Sn-
Ficfac Kai tiiC appEVOC ouolac me ("EKatoc -'EKaml, EOtpsljJEV t6 tiiC
ljJUXiiC Oj..I!Ja EiC t6 nFiaVntiKOV I:uomj..la 010 Vel olaKpfV[I tnv olaFIE-
KtiKnV OXEOIV tWV KIVnOSWV tOO oupavoO. iliEKPIVE 010 toO oupavfou
napaociv!-latoc tnv avtiSEtiKnv Klvn01v tnc lj.Juxnc sic tnv
<Pov 8voc1oii t&v aotEpwv Kaf tnv no1Kfnnv apiOtEp6otpo<Pov t&v nfla-
vmwv.
Twpa j..lnOpETC va npoxwpnonc EiC: t6 10ov KSQ)aflarov.
'Ep.: EupfoKOIJOI sic t6 'lxvn tOO 'EP!-100. MEta tnv f.vap!JOVIOIV tiiC ljJUXiiC
o16 tnc KataoKcunc tnc KISapac:. 6 'Ep!JiiC KatEotnoE t:nv 8p!Jnvciav o16
t:OO Fl6you E!JljJUXOV. "OIJWC: aut:6 OEV nt:o tnapKEC:. '0 Fl6yoc tOU OEV nto
ns<PWtiOIJEVOC. 'Qc f.K tOUtOU, EKFISljJE tac ayEFiaoac t:OO An6FIFiwvoc:.
OI3UVWV tO l'xvn tOO nspaoj..lat6C t:WV f-K tiiC n1cpiac IJEXPI tnv nuflov!
Ta icpa nEpaoj..lata EOI3noav ta rxvn t:iiC uflnc. 'H KFionn tWV aysflaowv
tonj..lalvE tnv 6Kata1-16xntov 8<PEolv t:nc lj.Juxnc o16 tnv vvwo1v t&v
unEpouofwv apx&v. <l>WtiOSEiOa un6 tWV aysflaowv tOO An6FIFIWVOC, n
lj.Juxn ouvsoESn l-IE t6v znva/voO natEpa me:.
284 TO MYrTHPION TOY AnOJ\J\QNIOY <I>QTOl:
Eic; t6, nc:ofov, 6 vooc npoOn6pxs1 Kaf 6Konou6si 6 wtiOfJ6e tne
oravotae ora v6 Kamotfl n6voe fJetaoro6fJsvoc or6 tne 6Kone. Elvm aKoe/
espanc:fa n OKOn, OLaV npospxstal 6n6 t6v voOv;
OUIJtnfwme toO /\6you fJS t6 <Pwe c:Tvm n ayannfame
tou Nou. o onoroe o16 twv E:vc:pvc:rwv tou 66 Men c:ie tnnafJljJiv, &ate: v6
81Javroen c:ic n1v ljJuxnv 6 An6nnwv.
'Ep.: 1i' npooSPEI n 6e6 'Epy6vn A6nva c:ie t6 8vo8Katov Kaf tefleUtaiOV
Ke6FIOIOV;
'H 6c:6 Aenva 'Epy6vn t6v ljJuxovontiK6v iot6v tne fJVflfJne
KOI fJOPOnOiei tvt6e toO wt6e tnv 8vonorn6c:ioa ouoia toO 6vtoe.
'Ep.: nola c:Tvar h nflsov avayKaia 616 tnv ljJuxnv ior6tne toO An6nnw-
voe. n 66 EIJ,avro6[1 fJet6 t6owv f,JaKpoxpovfwv K6nwv Kaf npo-
onaec:rwv, WOte va OIKOIOFioyn6[1 6n6 t6 fJU60FIOVIKOV Onf,JaiVOfJeVOV n
OUOKOnoe Kal f,JaKp6 ixvnflaola;
'O c:i,e t6v C405 a> 6vc:tpen c:ie t6e tiooapac
1oromme tou Anonnwvoe: Tnv fJOuorKnv, n1v f,JavtrKnv, tnv iatprKnv Kai
tflv 'H iatPIKfl elva! n 6c:panEUtiKfl tOU iol6tne.
'H tvwn66c:ra. 6 ooyf,JatiOfJ6e. 6 6u1-16e Kai 6 66voe. 6vt1Katc:m:66noav
un6 tne apc:tnc. n 6noia E6e08 un6 Enc:vxov t6 n66n/t8pat6 me Kaf t6
!6 8voapKov 6v avepwnoe tv z:wn. annnnav1-1tvov
C:K tWV ao6C:VC:IWV me ljJuxne. anoKt tllV AnoFIFIOOVIOV i616tnta tfle 68-
panc:fae Kai 016 tOO napaoc:fy!Jatoe tne auto6c:panc:iae tOU oi aflnOI oi
avayvwpil;OVtce t6 ljJUXIK6 tWV n66n, 13FI8nOUV Kai 1JnOp00V v6
6Konouenoouv. nap onae t6e mnmnwpfae toO nap6vtoc 13fou. Elvm t6
monpa oaKtunfo!a, t6 MKOIJC:Va un6 tOO M6yvmoe/1JavvntOU/V00.
'Ep.: Llnnaon, c:ie autnv tnv nc:pintWOIV, t6 evm6v OWIJa tOO avepoonou
OEV 6sfpC:tOI Kaf OEV nc:6afVel;
'An.: 'H EiiJaPIJEVn, we np6e t6v NOIJOV tne <Puoc:we toO aioemoO nsofou
avafla1JI36vc:l tnv 6op6v Kai t6v 66vatov tOO OOOIJatoc. '0 vooe avnKC:;
e!e alw,vr6tnta, n ljJuxn c:le t6v xp6vov Kaf t6 OWIJa c:ie tnv <j)UOIV,
srnc:v o npoKnoe.
ljJu,xn K9taKt t,nv uyc:i?v :me EIJIJSVOUOa 8ie t6 lxvn, tnavtpxc:tal
;nv_ n?nflae c:v xpov4> 616 tnv 6noKnnpwmv toO 8pyou.
to onorov av8nai38V 868nouofwc. 'E6v Kai omv t6 8pyov 6noKnnpwen, 6
npoopiOfJ6e me tni tne vne 66 txn 1l16 tne nt8pouiae e6 avtAen
8iC t6 'Hfluma n8ofa tWV a6av6twv. , .
Eni-J\OrOI 285
'H Ka6ap6tnC tOO <Pofl3ou c:up[OK8t01 tvt6e toO navt6e. c:Tn8V 6 nnoutap-
xoe. 'H Ka6apt1Kn apc:tn tne AptSIJIOOC 8Tvm n npono1Jn6e tne ec:panc:u-
tiKfle io16tmoe toO An6nnwvoe Kaf tne Aenvae/oofae.
ruvo8681JEVOe 6 6vm:6e IJ8t6 tWV iliOUIJWV tOO <Pwt6e anoKt tnv 8U-
VOI6V tWV. Ll16 tne OUnOU 'Enravc:fae tWV, npoona1JI36V81 ti1V iKaVOtn-
ta tflC aUt068panc:fae IJE l3601v tnv Ka6aptiKflV apc:tnV. 68-
oi 8Tvm n 'Apt81Jie. 6 An6nflwv Kai n A6nva, dnc:v 6 rooKnfle c:le t6v
Oioinooa TUpavvov.
'0 yvnmoe f\noflfiOOVIOe 68pancutne OEV 0068V8i. OUVEniKOUPOUIJ8VOe
un6 tWV ouo 6801VWV, onnaon tfle OPEtfle/AptSfJIOOe Kai tfle Aenvae/
newv vono8we/oofae. AI OUV61J81e tOU Un8pl3afvouv t6 nEPIOPIOIJSVa
avepoonrva opla Kai antovtal un8pl3atiKWV ouva1J08VEP-
V81WV, al 6noTm toO npoo8pouv tnv ntpav twv 6piwv 6vtoxnv toO
1310flOVIK00 tOU OOOIJatoe. Ai OUV61J81e aumf c:Tvm 6vayKaim 016 tnv
npaviJatonoinmv toO 8pyou.
'Ep.: ruv8nwe. tnavtpxoiJa' c:ie tnv apxJKnv IJOU 6nopfav. c:le tnv 6nofav
sflal3a tnv 6n6VtnOIV: T6 'lxvn, t6 6noTa nptnEI n ljJuxn v6 OKO-
flouenon 81VOI al Kat6 081p6v tWV 68WV, onwe KatOVOIJ6l;OVtOI
8ie t6 K8lfJ8VOV, npOK811JSVOU v6 EIJaVI06[1 6 68pan8Utne An6flflwv c:ie
tnv ljJuxnv.
Tcn1K6e OKOn6e, 616 IJEOOU tWV En81000lWV, 8Tvm IJEV n 'Em6Vcla toO
6800 8ie tnv ljJuxnv, afln6 n 6n6Kpuoe aitia tne EIJavioc:ooe tOU c:Tval
n auto6c:pan8ia KaL 6!6 tOO napaoc:iviJatoe tne ljJuxne. n 68pan8ia Kaf
annWV ljJUXWV.
NOf,Jll;W Otl np6yf,Jatl t6 1JU60flOVIKOV On1JOIVOIJ8VOV, IJE t8fiiKOV OKOn6v
tnv auto6c:pan8fav, oooue K6noue Kai av 6nmt[l, 8Tvm n 81'ooooe tflC
ljJuxne c:ie tnv 68Wpiav Kai autne 8iC tnv 6coupyiav ....
Eie t6V np6floyov 8ionxen n EVVOia tne 68wpiae. 'H 68wpia c:Tvm n
EVt6e 1-1ae 8vwme 1J8t6 tOO 6xp6Vt0U wt6e. T6 we. KatEPXOIJcVOV
tK toO vomoO olaKOOIJOU c:le t6v aioem6v KOOIJOV, ouvo88r t6 ouo
n86fa. ElOOUOUOOI c:ie tflV ljJuxnv ai 68i01 EVSPVEial, we 'Apt81Jie/n1Jfwe.
An6nflwv /we Kai A6nva/UV8ia/ooia, 6c:pan8UOUV tnv ljJuxnv Kai t6v
voOv tWV 6vmwv av6poonwv. '0 AoKflnnr6e. u16e toO 68pa-
n8U81 t6 OWIJa tOU.
Autoaspansfa slva1 6 tsfliK6<; oKon6c; a(n:oo toO KSIIJSvou.
286 TO MYHHPION TOY AnOAJ\QNIOY <I>QTOI
N01Jl2:W Otl h 'EnflnVIKn Mueonoyfa OUVKnovf2:cl t6v avepwnov 616 tWV
OU1Jr36nwv Kaf tWV 6pxsn.Jnwv. WOtc, omv ai KaefomvtOI E!JljJU-
XOI 6UnOKSC: f.VVOIWV, 0 Svnt6c; IJOVSUStal Kaf 6vayvwpf2:cl tnV 6nn-
6SIOV tWV napaflOVIOIJWV KOf tWV napanstaOIJOl:WV. AUtO acparpOUIJS-
va toO naptxouv tnv ouvosmv 1Jet6 toO h!Jfcpw-r:oc; Kaf toO cpwt6c; twv
i1IOUIJWV ttKVWV tiiC: 1\ntOOC: Kaf tOO .l116c; .... 1-1t tnV OU1Jnap6otOOIV tiiC:
E.nlonc; Aenvac;;uysfac;/oocpfac:.IJovovsvoOc; euvattpac; toO
L116c;, EK tnc; Ksannc; tou vsvvnesfonc;.
E'les oi espansumf toO v6 E.nrKansoeoov tnv eslav vvwmv
KOl VO tllV f.navacptpOUV sic; tOV nnavntnV fiiV.
'An.: Oi SVOSKOStsTc; hniOKOf KUKnOI l:WV Knnfowv. AnonnWVIOI
cpntyouv t6 ai6SPIKO OIOOtniJOl:O, cptpOUOOI t6c; avanotptntOUC: IJSta-
r30n6c; sic; t6v ljJuxovomrK6v r3fov -r:wv evmwv.
K H 1\ I
\ X \ I
K 1\ H I I
Eic; -r:nv iwvrKnv or6nsK-r:ov KnsTosc;/Knsror6 slvar al KnnTosc;.
K fl n To s c:. ai KnsTosc; sic; t6v 'lspatrK6v Anonnwvrov /\6yov. slvm ai 6v6
vocKO Etn K n n T 0 s C:/IJStar3onaf tiiC: nnSKtPOIJOVVnttKiiC: pone; tiic;
6tiJOOcpafpac; sic; t6 aioem6v nsofov Kal twv noyiOIJWV sic; t6 vom:6v.
T6 evm6 ovta, t6 OPIJWIJSVO f:pwtoc; tWV E.pwtnoswv. 6va2:nto0v
tnv cpwtoysvn annesrav. AvsupfoKOUV ot tnv 6n6vtnOIV sic; t6 IJUOtn-
PIOKOV cpwc; toO esoo nav6c;/An6nnwvoc:. espansutoO twv ljJuxwv ....
(('OljJOj.l8'. 00 'EKOPV. KCII BOOOj.leG' ounote flltOL>>.
f"YJ,Jvoc; KanfltJJ6xou sic; J.ln6nnwva. or. 11J.
Enli\EKTIKH BIBJ\IOrPA<I>IA
ErKYKJ\OnAil\EIAI KAI
uMs:yafln 'EflflnVIKn 'EVKUKflonal6efCin, nYPIOI A.E., ASiiVOI 1926.
NeWtEPOV 'EyKUKfiOnCII61KOV uHJ\IOYu, A8iiVOI 1948 KOi
1975.
287
11To 'ApxaTov 'EflflnVIKOV nveOIJCI, EKo. Nswttpou 'EyKuKAonmorKoO
H/\IOYn.
11To Iuj.lnavn, EKo. Nswttpou 'EyKuKAonmorKoO H/\IOY.
ANAITAIIALlOY A. I. T6 Iuj.lnavn, EKO. E/\EY0EPOYLlAKHI A.E., 1936.
AnOJ\J\QNIOY IO<I>IITOY Kat6 OtOIXETOV 'IA166oc;
Kaf 'Oouoosiac;n, tKo. H/\IOLlPOMIO.
LlHMHTPAKOY d. Mtya onnc; tiiC: 'EAnnVIKiiC: fAoooonc;n,
EKO. LlOMH A.E.,1964.
EYITA010Y napEKi30flai sic; trlV 'Oj.lnpou 'IA166a Kaf '06UOOEIOV,
(/\crljJia 1828), EKO. KYnEIPOI- nAPOYIIA.
IKAPJ\ATOY d. TOY BYZANTIOY tiiC: 'EAAnVIKiiC: rAoooonc;,
TunoypacpsTov KOPOMH/\A ANLlPEOY, 1852.
ITAMATAKOY IQANNOY LlP. tiiC: Ntac; 'EnAnVIKiiC: fAoooonc;,
Aenva 1990.
HAMATAKOY IQANNOY LlP. tiic; Apxafac; 'EnnnVIKiiC:
rnoooonc;n, Aenva 1972.
BEKKER, IMM., IOYLlAn, (/\SiljJta 1854), EKo. fEQPriALlHI.
OAISFORD THOMAS S.T.P., Etymologicon Magnum Lexicon,
tKo. nE/\EKANOI.
LIDDEll HENRY 0. SCOTT ROBERT, Mtya tiic; 'EAAnvtKiiC:
rnoooonc;n, EKo. 1. IlllEPHI. Aenvm.
e ArrEJ\OnOYJ\OY A0ANAIIOY Nto 'EAAnvrKiiC: MueoAoylac;n,
EKo. E/\EY0EPH IKE4JII, Aenva 2000.
ANAPIQTH N. n. EtUIJOAOVIKO tnC: Korvnc; NcOcAAnvrKnc;,
APIOtOttAEIO navcniOttliJIO 0cOOOAOVfKnc;, IVOl:ltOUtO NSOcAAnVIKWV
rnouowv <'loPUIJO Mav6An TptavtacpuAAfonl. esooaAovfKn 1992.
288 TO
BEPNAP.dAKH fPHr. N. 'EptJnveutiKOV, O.E.E., AT/\A'..
BPETTOY J\AMnPOY I, TefletWV, 'Eoptwv Kaf 'Aywvwv tWV
'Apxafwv 'Eflnnvwv, E:Ko. KONI.dAPH, 1999.
.dQPIKOY IT . .dp. XATZHriANNAKH K . .dp. Mnx. 'VoatrKn
E:Ko. E/\EY0EPH 'i.KEI.Jll'..
n'EyKUKflonafoeiCI tG>v :AnoKpucj>wv 'EmotnJ,IG>Vn, SKO. r. TrOYKA/\A,
1950.
AOPENTZATOY nAN. 'OJJnprK6v SKo. M. TPIANTA<I>Y/\1\0Y &
I:IA, 0eOOOflovfKn 1925.
KAPAMOY:ZH ITAMOV TO 8eiov 'EflflnVIKOV 'Afl613ntOV,
8Ko. rEQPfiA.dH. 2001.
KO<I>INIQTOY EYArr. K. 'OJJnpiKOV SKo . .dHMIOYPfiA.
J\QPENTH NIKOJ\AOY tWV 'Apxaiwv Mu8oflOVIKWV, 'IOtOPIKWV
Kaf rc:wypa1KWV Kupfwv 'OVOtJOtWV, (Bievvn 1837),
SKo. KYnEIPO'i.-nAPOYI:IA.
MAfNHTOI .dAN . .dHM., 'lotopiKOIJU81KOV Kaf rc:wypa1KOV,
SKO. E/\EY0EPH 'i.KEI.Jll'i..
PAfKABH A. P. tfiC 'EflnnVIKfiC 'Apxmofloyfac, 1996.
TIATIOMOIPOY H. /\. 'lotopia rc:vE:oc:wc tfiC 'EflflnvrKfiC rnwooac,
EKO . .dAY/\0'., 1991.
TZIBANOnOYJ\OV IQKP . .d. <I>. tWV 'EflflnVIKWV Kaf PWIJO"iKWV
'Apxarotntwv, 1890.
CHEVALIER JEAN - GHEERBRANT ALAIN, Dictionnaire des Symboles",
Paris. 1969.
GASKELL C. A., "Dictionary of all Scriptures and Myths",
New York. 1960.
HAMLYN PAUL, "New Larousse of Mythology", Hong Kong, 1959.
IITOPIKA, rEOrPA<I>IKA K.a.
:ENO<I>QNTOI Kupou nmoc:fa, <3 c:roavwvn K. Mc:pc:vth:nc.
an6oOOIC. OXOfliO, A. nanayc:wpyfou, eKo. KAKTO'..
nAYIANIOY 'Eflfl6ooc nc:prnynorc, (5 tOIJOI> 6n6ooorc A. rEQPfiA.dOY,
EKo. BIB/\100HKH TQN E/\1\HNQN.


Enii\EKTIKH BIBI\IOrPACI>IA
nAYIANIOY 'Eflfl6ooc nc:prnyn01c - 'AttrK6, c:ioavwvn. KprtrK6
un61JVnjJa, C1n0Kat6otaon Kei!JSVOU, tJet6paon Kai On!JeiWOeiC
nAnAXATZH 8. NIKO/\AOY, EK.dOTIKH A0HNQN A.E., 'A8nva 1980.
289
nAYIANIOY 'Eflfl6ooc nc:prnyn01c - KoprveraK6. /\aKwvrK6, c:ioavwvn.
Kplt!KO UnO!JVn!JO, anOKatOOtaon Kei!JSVOU, 1Jet6paon Kai
On!JeiWOerc; nAnAXATZH .d. NIKO/\AOY, EK.dOTIKH A0HNQN A.E., 'A8nva
1980.
nAYIANIOY 'Eflfl6ooc; nc:prnyn01c; - MeOOnVICIKO, 'HfliCIKO, eioaywyn,
KPitiKO UnO!JVn!JO, anOKatOOtaOn KE:IIJSVOU, 1Jct6paon KOf
on!JeiWOE:IC nAnAXATZH .d. NIKO/\AOY, EK.dOTIKH A0HNQN A.E., 'A8nva
1980.
nAYIANIOY 'Eflfl6ooc nc;prnynOIC - 'Axa"iK6, 'ApKOOIKO, cioaywyn,
KPitiKO UnOIJVn!JO, anOKatOOtaon KciiJSVOU, 1Jct6paon Kaf
On!JeiWOciC nAnAXATZH .d. NIKO/\AOY, EK.dOTIKH A0HNQN A.E., 'Aenva
1980.
nAYIANIOY 'Eflfl6ooc nc;prnynOic; - BOIWtiKO, <I>WKIKO, cioaywyn,
KPitiKO un61JVn1JO, 6noKat6otaon KE:IIJSVOU, 1Jct6paon KOI
On!JciWOciC nAnAXATZH .d. NIKO/\AOY, EK.dOTIKH A0HNQN A.E., 'A8nva
1980.
ITPABQNOI rcwypacj>IKO (8rl3flfa A' - 0'), cioaywyn, APBANITOnOY/\Or
A., ox6nra, 6n6oOOIC, APBANITOnOY/\0'. A. - nAnAfiANNOnOY/\0'. A.,
sKo. nAnvPor..
ArrEAOnOY/\OY A0ANAIIOY Kflauoiou ntoflctJOfou rc;wyparKn
'VnynOIC, 'Apxaio KEfiJcVO, Mct6paorc;, X6ptcC.
EKO. E/\EY0EPH 'i.KEI.JliL.
APBANITOnOYJ\OY A.I. 'EmyparKn, 'A8nvn01v, 1937.
0PAKOI .diONYIIOY rPOIJIJCitiKn TE:xvn <Dionysii Thracis -
Ars Grammatica>. c;ioavwvn Kai E:nnomc;ia 8Ko6oc;wc rc;wpyfa :::av86Kn
- KOPCIIJOVOU, MEt6paon - 'i.n!JciWOEIC NIKOflCIOC .dn1Jntpr6onc.
E/\1\HNIKH r/\Q'i.'i.IKH K/\HPONOMIA, 'A8nva, 2003.
KAPrAKOY IAPANTOY I. 'lotepia tWV 'Apxaiwv 'A8nVWV (3 tOIJOI),
EKOOOEIC GUTENBERG, 2004.
KAPrAKOY IAPANTOV I. 'lotopia tfiC 'Apxaiac; 'i.n6ptnC <2 tOIJOI),
EKOOOEIC GUTENBERG, 2006.
KYPIAKOnOYJ\OY nANAriQTH I. 'Apxaio 'EnflnVIKO .diKOIO,
r.YrXPONH EK.dOTIKH, 'A8nva.
290 TO MYHHPION TOY AnOJ\J\QNIOY <I>QTOI
fREEMAN KENNETH J., TO rxonsia otnv A.pxaia 'ERR66an,
IJStopaon- ox6n1a K6vwc. EK66os1c 80MIOr. 2001.
JOUVEN GEORGES, "La forme lnitiale", Paris, 1985.
LAWLORD ROBERT, "Sacred Geometry", THAMES & HUDSON,
London. 1989.
ROBERT fERNAND, "Thymele", These pour le doctorat des Lettres,
Paris.
WALTERS H. B., "The Art of the Greeks", METHUEN & CO LTD,
London. 1934.
WELLS DAVID, "The Penguin Dictionary of Curious and Interesting
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