You are on page 1of 4

Name: Jenna Wang

US History Period 6

HISTORICAL REFLECTION for Constitutional Convention (25 points)


Based on our Constitutional Convention AND your reading pages 192 206 in the textbook, answer the following questions. 1. After the Peace of Paris at the end of the Revolutionary War, how did the Land Ordinance of 1785 resolve a pressing political challenge relating to the sale of public lands in the west? (2 points) After the Peace of Paris at the end of the revolutionary war, the Land Ordinance of 1785 resolved the pressing political challenge relating to the sale of lands in the west by using an approach that promoted compact settlements and produced undisputed land titles, making the process go more smoothly.

2. What was the Indian policy of the Congress under the Articles of Confederation? (1 point) The Indian policy of the Congress under the Articles of Confederation was the assertion that the national government had the right to formulate and control trade relations with the Indians.

3. Explain how the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 dealt with the issue of slavery in new states for the new western territories. (2 points) The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 dealt with the issue of slavery in new states for the new western territories by simply prohibiting it. The southern states agreed for they did not want competition over slave-produced staples.

4. Briefly describe the diplomatic weaknesses that the Articles of Confederation Congress had with Britain relating to unpaid Revolutionary War debts (1 point) Britain relating to Vermont (1 point) Spain relating to the Mississippi River (1 point)

The diplomatic weaknesses that the Articles of Confederation had were not being able to enforce their terms, regulate commerce, promote the uniform policy against Britains retaliatory trade policies ask the states to contribute money to the national treasury, no free navigation of the Mississippi. 5. Compare and contrast the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan in a table or other graphic format. (2 points)

NEW JERSEY PLAN proposal for the structure of the

VIRGINIA PLAN proposal for a bicameral legislative

Name: Jenna Wang


U.S. Government resented by William Paterson

US History Period 6
branch proposed by Virginia delegates

6. Summarize the Great Compromise in YOUR OWN WORDS. (2 points) The Great Compromise, proposed by Roger Sherman and Oliver Ellsworth of Connecticut, is the concept of a two-house system of congressional representation. The House of Representatives would have population-based representation and the Senate would have an equal representation.

7. Compare your Partner Groups resolution relating to the organization of the central legislature to the Great Compromise? (1 points) Since my partner groups delegate was Roger Sherman of Connecticut, we had the resolution of the Connecticut Compromise, also known as the Great Compromise, where there was a dual system with two houses-the House of representatives with population-based representation and the Senate with equal representation.

8. Why was the discussion about the power of Congress to regulate commerce described as a sectional clash? (2 points) The power of Congress to regulate commerce was described as sectional clash because the Congress could regulate trade and set tariffs by a simple majority vote, conflicting with both the northern and southern states beliefs for both opposed the Congress having the power to regulate commerce.

9. What actually happened at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 relating to the power of Congress to regulate trade and relating to Congress power over slavery or the slave trade. (1 point) The Congress had the power to regulate trade, by a simple majority vote, and control slave trades under the decree that the Congress would not be able to tax exports from any state or act against slave trade.

10. At the Constitutional Convention of 1787, what concessions did delegates from the Deep South gain by agreeing to enact trade legislation? (1 point) The delegates from the Deep South gained the concessions to guarantee that the slaves working in another state would return to its original state and to deny the Congress the right to tax exports from any state.

11. Identify and summarize the issues the Founding Fathers resolved with regard to the office of the Chief Executive (President). (1 point)

Name: Jenna Wang

US History Period 6

The Founding Fathers resolved that the Chief Executive must be a natural-born citizen (or a citizen of the United States at the time of adoption of the Constitution), at least thirty-five years of age, who must have lived within the country for fourteen years or more. Mindful to prevent a monarchy, they made sure to grant Congress the power to remove a despotic president through impeachment by the House and removal by the Senate.

12. Look at your Partner Groups resolution relating to the central executive office. How does it compare to what the Founding Fathers actually settled upon? (1 point) My partner groups resolution had the same idea as what the Founding Fathers actually settled upon. We had the resolution that the Chief Executive could serve, at most, two terms in office and have a council of people to advise him in his work.

13. An example of a legislative check on the Presidents (executives) power to veto Congressional legislation is the ability to override the Presidents veto and still pass the laws . (1 point)

14. Define federalism AND then give YOUR OWN example of such a division of power in our current system. (2 points) Federalism is the distribution of power in an organization, as a government, between a central authority and the constituent units. An example of such a division of power in our current system is how our government is split up into three branches, where each branch of government has some sort of power and keeps each other in check, balancing the power.

15. It has been said by some that the Anti-federalists best argument against ratification of the Constitution was the documents lack of a bill of rights a threat against individual liberties. Briefly share you thoughts on this argument. (1 point) The Anti-Federalists make a significant point when they point out the lack of a Bill of Rights because the belief of all men created equal and that the people should have rights, preventing a monarchy, is put out. It is a reasonable argument for people should have their rights defined clearly and be guaranteed.

16. In two or three sentences, explain what was the most difficult part of this simulation for you from a historical point of view? (2 points) The most difficult part of this simulation for me was how many of the delegates would not be very clear about their opinions in their resolutions and arguments, creating many questions and confusion. I believe that the

Name: Jenna Wang

US History Period 6

simulation would be more effective if the delegates that wanted to share their resolutions would be more precise and to-the-point, in order to prevent confusion and the need for clarification.