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ERG 605

ADVANCES IN ALTERNATE ENERGY SOURCES

(2+1)

Objective : To facilitate and excel the students in advanced techniques in alternate energy systems for thermal, mechanical and power generation
Theory Introduction potential options - tidal energy - operating mode - overfilling of the basins - energy content design and operation. Ocean thermal energy cycle - baseline design - heat exchanger design - power cycle design - plant layout - working - energy carriers - commercialization - problems and opportunities. Geothermal system classification - convective and conductive systems - binary cycle conversion - waterfed heat pumps - electric generation - steam generation - steam field. Nuclear power systems - light water reactor - high temperature gas reactors - liquid metal fast breeder reactor thermal design - fuel elements - types - operation - reactivity coefficient positioning fuel requirements. Hydrogen production - water splitting - electrolytic methods -chemical cycle - photo splitting - photo galvanic - photo chemical- hydrogen storage utilization. Fuel cell operation - thermodynamics - over potential - electrode process losses-types of fuel cell based on temperature - electrolyte fuel-fuel cell systems - application. Thermoelectric convertor - Thermionic convertors MagnetohydroDynamic system (MHD) ElectrogasDynamics (EGD)- principles - types. Power generation through renewable sources environmental pollution air, soil, water pollution measurements and control methods instrumentation pollution standards. Social cost estimates global climate change CO 2 reduction potential carbon trading - CO2 sequestration social considerations. Practical Energy in tidal systems - OTEC cyles operation - Nuclear reactor system - thermal design - fuel system- Hydrogen production - photoelectric and photochemical - electrolytic methods - photogalvanic and photo electro chemical system - work output and EMF of Fuel Cell - thermionic convertor - MHD system - social cost estimates - visit to renewable energy power plants Lecture Schedule Theory 1. Alternate energy sources - potential options 2. Tidal energy - operating mode - overfilling of the basins 3. Energy content in tides design and operation 4. OTEC - baseline design -heat exchanger design 5. Power cycle design - plant layout working 6. Energy carriers-commercialisation - problems and opportunities 7. Geothermal system - classification - convective, conductive systems 8. Binary cycle conversion - waterfed heat pumps 9. Generation of steam and electric power production 10. Steam field 11. Nuclear power reactor system 12. L.W reactor - H.T.G. C reactors 13. Liquid metal fast breeder reactor- thermal design 14. Fuel elements - types 15. Operation - reactivity - coefficients positioning - fuel requirements 16. Hydrogen production - water splitting - electrolytic methods 17. Mid Semester Examination 18. Chemical cycle - photo splitting - photo galvanic 19. Photo chemical- hydrogen storage utilization. 20. Fuel cell - operation - thermodynamics - over potential - electrode process 21. Gibb's rule- enthalpy of formation - internal cell voltage

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Losses-types of fuel cell - based on temperature electrolyte performance Thermoelectric convertor - Thermionic convertors MagnetohydroDynamic system (MHD) ElectrogasDynamics (EGD)- principles types Power generation through renewable sources environmental pollution Air, soil, water pollution measurements and control methods Instrumentation pollution standards Social cost estimates global climate change CO2 reduction potential carbon trading CO2 sequestration social considerations. Applications - conversion efficiency - problems Power generation through renewable sources potential and achievements Solar wind biomass power plants operation

Practical 1. Estimation of energy and power in tidal energy 2. Problems on Tidal energy 3. Problems on OTEC 4. Problems on nuclear reactor system - reactors 5. Thermal design of nuclear reactors 6. Problems on hydrogen production systems - photoelectric and photochemical 7. Problems on electrolytic methods - single and double stages 8. Problems on photogalvanic and photo electro chemical system 9. Designing of fuel cell system 10. Problems on work output and EMF of fuel cell 11. Problems on thermionic convertor 12. Problems on MHD system 13. Estimation of power generation through solar energy power plants 14. Estimation of power generation through wind energy power plants 15. Estimation of power generation through biomass power plants 16. Visit to renewable energy sources power plants 17. Practical Examination References 1. Culp,J.A., 1979. Principles of Energy conversion McGraw -Hill Book Company, London. 2. Alternate energy sources, Vol.IV, 1977. International compendium. Hemi sphere publishing company, London. 3. Thielhein,K.D. Primary energy. Springler verlas, Berlin, Heidelburg. 4. Blomen, L.J.M.J. and Mugerwa, M.N. 1993. Fuel cell system. Plenum Press, Newyork. 5. Appleby, A.C. 1987. Fuel cells: Trends in Research and application. Hemisphere, Washington. 6. Appleby A.J. and Foulkes, F.R. 1989, Fuel cell Hand Book. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York.