You are on page 1of 20

ZTE UMTS OPEX Saving Features Description

ZTE UMTS OPEX Saving Features Description

ZTE UMTS OPEX Saving Features Description


Version Date Author Approved By Remarks

2011 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved. ZTE CONFIDENTIAL: This document contains proprietary information of ZTE and is not to be disclosed or used without the prior written permission of ZTE. Due to update and improvement of ZTE products and technologies, information in this document is subjected to change without notice.

ZTE Confidential Proprietary

2011 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

ZTE UMTS OPEX Saving Features Description

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2 OPEX Saving Features ................................................................................... 1 ZWF21-40-006 Dynamic Power Track .............................................................. 1 ZWF21-40-008 Multi-Carrier Dynamic Power Sharing ...................................... 2 ZWF21-40-023 AISG Interface ......................................................................... 4 ZWF21-42-001 Flexible Frequency Configuration ............................................. 6 Abbreviation.................................................................................................... 6

II

2011 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

ZTE Confidential Proprietary

ZTE UMTS OPEX Saving Features Description

FIGURES
Figure 2-15 PA Efficiency with D-PT Technology ................................................................. 2 Figure 2-18 Electrical Tilt Antenna System ........................................................................... 5

TABLES

ZTE Confidential Proprietary

2011 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

III

ZTE UMTS OPEX Saving Features Description

1
1.1

OPEX Saving Features


ZWF21-40-006 Dynamic Power Track
Benefits

This feature is used to improve power amplifier (PA) efficiency, reduce OPEX of base station and enhance equipment stability. Description

The efficiency of PA is usually evaluated on the condition when output power is close to the maximum value. However, the load of base station varies greatly with time. For example, in the rush hours of daytime, transmitting power of base station is close to the maximum to meet the traffic of telecommunication, and the efficiency of PA is the highest. Late at night, the traffic will drop close to zero so the efficiency of PA is low. For improving PA efficiency on the condition of low traffic in order to reduce the total power consumption of base station, ZTE Node B equipment supports D-PT (Dynamic Power Track) technology: Track the transmitting power of antenna and map the output power of PA Check the table with the output power of PA to find the drain voltage needed Map the drain voltage to state machine of power module and then choose appropriate output voltage of power module to meet traffic load

ZTE Confidential Proprietary

2010 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

ZTE UMTS OPEX Saving Features Description

Figure 1-1

PA Efficiency with D-PT Technology


PA efficiency & output power

35

30

25

PA efficiency(%)

20 fixed voltage PA efficiency adjusted voltage PA efficiency 15

10

10

15

20

25 30 35 output power(W)

40

45

50

55

As shown in 12, with D-PT technology, it is obvious that gain of PA efficiency can be achieved to save operation cost and enhance equipment stability. Introduced Version

V408R2 No Enhanced Function

1.2

ZWF21-40-008 Multi-Carrier Dynamic Power Sharing


Benefits

This function, which is applicable to the situation of uneven load and fast change between each carrier in multi-carrier instance, can increases utilization of power amplifier and increase downlink capacity. Description

2011 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

ZTE Confidential Proprietary

ZTE UMTS OPEX Saving Features Description

The principle of multi-carrier dynamic power sharing is described as follows. In dualcarrier WCDMA system, the cell serving R99 has some remaining carrier power which will be applied to HSDPA scheduling in another carrier. In this instance, the cell throughput of another carrier will be increased to improve the system capacity. Power shared ratio can be configured by OMC. Multi-carrier dynamic power sharing includes two scenarios: Scene a: R99+ (R99+DPA). In this instance, the DPA cells can use the remaining sharing power from R99 cell; Scene b: (R99+DPA) + (R99+DPA). In this instance, the DPA cells can use the remaining sharing power with each other. In order to implement the sharing between each scheduler, the logic entity of the super DPA scheduler which is independent of the present DPA scheduler to distribute the sharing power will be introduced. Node B will notify the maximum transmitting power of the local cell and the local cell group, and the relationship between the local cell and the local cell group to RNC by auditing response. According to the acquired information and Node B measurement information, RNC will execute the power admission control to Node B. Additionally, the power configuration principle of three-carrier power sharing is described in the followings: Keep identical with dual-carrier power configuration algorithm, namely the scheduler reports -1,0,1 respectively and the super scheduler distributes the power according to the report. During the distribution, the sum of three carriers power keeps unchanged. Any distribution will always make the sum of three carriers power equal to the initial value. The power distribution principle is the same as the one of dual-carrier. The big step of step_1 (1w) extracted by the carrier that reports -1 and the small step of step _2 (0.5w) extracted by the carrier that reports 0 will be used for the carrier that reports 1.

ZTE Confidential Proprietary

2010 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

ZTE UMTS OPEX Saving Features Description

U9.2 No

Introduced Version

Enhanced Function

1.3

ZWF21-40-023 AISG Interface


Benefits

This function supports adjusting the down tilt angle through the remote or local control software. Compared with the traditional antenna system, it has many advantages: Adjust the down tilt angle of the electrical tilt antenna without switching off the power. Detect the down tilt angle real time. High-accuracy tilt avoiding frequency interference and Tx interference. The down tilt angle of the antenna can be adjusted remotely without operator. Weather, time and Node B location have no affect on the tilt operation of the antenna. Description

This function is used to adjust the down tilt angle through the remote or local control software. It is achieved through changing the phase of multi-element antenna array and adjusting the field amplitudes of the vertical and horizontal vectors. The electrical tilt antenna control unit is integrated into the Node B internal rack. The operator can adjust and detect the down tilt angle of an antenna through the RET software in the remote O & M center, and it is shown in Figure 1-2. The electrical tilt antenna is widely used in radio coverage system. And compared with the traditional antenna system, it has many advantages.

2011 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

ZTE Confidential Proprietary

ZTE UMTS OPEX Saving Features Description

Figure 1-2

Electrical Tilt Antenna System

Electrical Tilt Antenna Downtilt angle

m
Software of Electrical Tilt Antenna

Downtilt angle

n
O&M Node B

Eelectrical tilt antenna control unit integrated in Node B

Remote electrical tilt antenna allows the system to adjust the down tilt angle in directional pattern without powering off. Therefore, the antenna can be detected and adjusted in real time, regardless of weather, geographic environment, etc. Its step precision in angle adjustment is high (0.1 ). Thus the remote electrical tilt antenna can be used to adjust the network precisely, shortening the network construction and reducing the maintenance cost. ZTE RAN equipment supports the main functions of Electrical tilt antenna: Equipped with standard AISG (Antenna Interface Standards Group) interfaces Realize automatic angle adjustment of local antennae Control automatic angle adjustment of remote antennae remotely One RRU can control a maximum of three electrical tilt antennae to control the motor Perform configuration and network management through LMT or OMC

AISG has two protocol versions: ASIG1.1 and ASIG2.0. ASIG2.0 is written into 3GPP R7, i.e., Iuant interface (electrical tilt antenna and tower amplifier standard control interface). ZTE RAN equipment supports ASIG1.1 in V307R1, and ASIG2.0 in V408R1. Introduced Version

ZTE Confidential Proprietary

2010 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

ZTE UMTS OPEX Saving Features Description

V307R1 supports AISG1.1. Enhanced Function

Support ASIG2.0 in V408R1, i.e., luant interface.

1.4

ZWF21-42-001 Flexible Frequency Configuration


Benefits

In GU frequency refarming scene, operator can get more GSM frequency resource in whole network. Description

ZTE RAN product support flexible frequency separation range configuration from 2.2MHz to 2.6MHz between GSM and UMTS system with algorithm optimization. By means of smaller frequency separation configuration, operator can get more frequency resource to deploy GSM whole network and improve frequency utilization, and get more negative impacts on G/U network performance and KPI, especially to UMTS uplink capacity in 2.2M frequency separation configuration even with carefully network planning and optimization. U9.3 No Enhanced Function Introduced Version

Abbreviation
16QAM AAL 16 Quadrature Amplitude Modulation ATM Adaptation Layer

2011 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

ZTE Confidential Proprietary

ZTE UMTS OPEX Saving Features Description

AAL2 ABR AC ACK ACL A-DPCH AICH AISG AG AGPS ALCAP AM AMC AMR AMR-WB AMR-NB ANT APS ARP ARQ AS ASC ATM AWGN BBU BER BFD BITS BLER BM-SC BOOTP BSC BSSMAP BTS CAC CBC CBE CBR CBS CC

ATM Adaptation Layer type 2 Available Bit Rate Access Class Acknowledgement Address Control List Associated Dedicated Physical Channel Acquisition Indicator Channel Acquisition Indicator Channel Antenna Interface Standards Group Absolute Grant Assisted Global Positioning System Access Link Control Application Protocol Acknowledged Mode Adaptive Modulation and Coding Adaptive Multi Rate Adaptive Multi-Rate Wide band Adaptive Multi-Rate Narrow band Antenna Active Protection System Allocation/Retention Priority Automatic Repeat ReQuest Access Stratum Access Service Class Asynchronous Transfer Mode Additive White Gaussian Noise Base Band Unit Bit Error Ratio Bidirectional Forwarding Detection Building Integrated Timing Supply System Block Error Ratio Broadcast Multicast Serving Center Bootstrap Protocol Base Station Controller Base Station Subsystem Management Application Part Base Transceiver Station Call Admission Control Cell Broadcast Center Cell Broadcast Entity Constant Bit Rate Cell Broadcast Service Continuity Check

ZTE Confidential Proprietary

2010 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

ZTE UMTS OPEX Saving Features Description

CC CCCH CCP CDT CE CN COS CPC CPEX CPICH CQI CS CSTM-1 DCCH DCH DC-HSDPA DF DHCP DoS DPCCH DPCH DPDCH DPT DRBC DRNC DRT DRX DSAR DSCR DTCH DTM DTX EcN0 E-AGCH E-HICH E-DCH E-DPCCH E-DPDCH eNodeB EPD

Chase Combining Common Control Channel Communication control ports Call Detail Trace Channel Element Core Network Class of Service Continuous Packet Connectivity Capital expenditure Common Pilot Channel Channel Quality Indication Circuit Switched Channelized STM-1 Dedicated Control Channel Dedicated Channel Dual Cell HSDPA Duplexer and Filter Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol Denial of Service Dedicated Physical Control Channel Dedicated Physical Channel Dedicated Physical Data Channel Dynamic Power Track Dynamic Radio Bearer Control Drifting RNC Delay Relative Time Discontinuous Reception Domain Specific Access Restriction Directed Signalling Connection Re-establishment Dedicated Traffic Channel Dual Transfer Mode Discontinuous Transmission Received energy per chip divided by the power density in the band E-DCH Absolute Grant Channel E-DCH HARQ Acknowledgement Indicator Channel Enhanced Dedicated Channel E-DCH Dedicated Physical Control Channel E-DCH Dedicated Physical Data Channel E-UTRAN NodeB Early Packet Discard

2011 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

ZTE Confidential Proprietary

ZTE UMTS OPEX Saving Features Description

E-RGCH ETWS E-UTRAN E-VAM EVC FACH F-DPCH FE FEC FIR FLC FLD FP FSN GA GBR GE GGSN GMGW GMSC GPS GERAN GSM GTP G/U GWCN HARQ HCS HLR H-RNTI HSDPA HS-DPCCH HS-DSCH HS-PDSCH HS-SCCH HSUPA IC IDNNS IKE IMA IMS

E-DCH Relative Grant Channel Earthquake and Tsunami Warning System Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network Evolved VAM Ethernet Virtual Connection Forward Access Channel Fractional Dedicated Physical Channel Fast Ethernet Forward Error Correction Full Incremental Redundancy Frequency Layer Convergence Frequency Layer Dispersion Frame Protocol Frame Sequence Number Geographical Area Guarantee Bit Rate Gigabit Ethernet Gateway GPRS Support Node Gated Media Gateway Gateway MSC Global Positioning System GSM EDGE Radio Access Network Global System for Mobile communications GPRS Tunneling Protocol GSM/UMTS Gateway Core Network Hybrid Automatic Repeat request Hierarchical Cell Structure Home Location Register HSDPA Radio Network Temporary Identifier High Speed Downlink Packet Access Dedicated Physical Control Channel (uplink) for HS-DSCH High Speed Downlink Shared Channel High Speed Physical Downlink Shared Channel High Speed Physical Downlink Shared Control Channel High Speed Uplink Packet Access Interference cancellation Intra Domain NAS Node Selector Internet Key Exchange Inverse Multiplexing over ATM IP Multimedia Subsystem

ZTE Confidential Proprietary

2010 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

ZTE UMTS OPEX Saving Features Description

IMSI IPOA IR KPI LA LACP LCS LMMSE LMT LTE M3UA MAC MBMS MBR MCCH MCPPP MCS MEP MEG MGW MICH MIMO MLPPP MME MMS MOCN MPC MPO MR MRR MSC MSCH MSTP MTCH MTP3B MTU MUD NACC NACK NAS NAT

International Mobile Subscriber Identity IP over ATM Incremental Redundancy Key Performance Index Location Area Link Aggregation Control Protocol Location Services Linear Minimum Mean Square Error Local Maintenance Terminal Long Term Evolution MTP3 User Adaptation Layer Medium Access Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Service Maximum Bit Rate MBMS point-to-multipoint Control Channel Multi-Chasis PPP Modulation and Coding Scheme Maintenance End Point Maintenance Entity Group Media GateWay MBMS Indicator Channel Multiple-Input Multiple-output Multilink-PPP Mobile Management Entity Multimedia Messaging Service Multi-Operator Core Network Multi Path Cancellation Measurement Power Offset Measurement Report Measurement Report Record Mobile Switching Centre MBMS point-to-multipoint Scheduling Channel Multi-Service Transfer Platform MBMS point-to-multipoint Traffic Channel Message Transfer Part level 3 Maximum Transfer Unit Multi User Detection Network Assisted Cell Change Negative Acknowledgement Non-Access Stratum Network Address Translation

10

2011 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

ZTE Confidential Proprietary

ZTE UMTS OPEX Saving Features Description

NBAP NBR NCP N-ISDN NITZ NNSF NRI NRT NTP OAM OMC OMCR OPEX OSPF OVSF PA PCI PDP PDU PF PHS PICH PIR PLMN POS PPA PPD PPP PRACH PS PSTN PtM PtP PVC PWS QAM QoS QPSK RA RAB RACH

Node B Application Part Nominal Bit Rate Node B control port Narrowband Integrated Services Digital Network Network Identity and Time Zone Network Node Selection Function Network Resource Identifier Non-Real Time Network Time Protocol Operation and Maintenance Operation and Maintenance Centre Operation and Maintenance Centre of RNC Operating expenses Open Shortest Path First Orthogonal Variable Spreading Factor Power Amplifier Pre-coding Index Packet Data Protocol Protocol Data Unit Proportional Fair Personal Handy phone System Paging Indicator Channel Partial Incremental Redundancy Public Land Mobile Network Packet over SONET/SDH Preferred Pool Area Partial Packet Discard Point-to-Point Protocol Physical Random Access Channel Packet Switched Public Switched Telephone Network Point-to-Multipoint Point to Point Permanent Virtual Circuit Public Warning System Quadrature Amplitude Modulation Quality of Service Quadrature (Quaternary) Phase Shift Keying Routing Area Radio Access Bearer Random Access Channel

ZTE Confidential Proprietary

2010 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

11

ZTE UMTS OPEX Saving Features Description

RAN RANAP RAT RB RF RG RL RLC ROHC RR RRC RRM RRU RNC RNSAP RSCP RSEPS RSU RT RTCP RTP RTR RTT RTWP SA SAI SABP SCCP SCCPCH SCUDIF SDH SDP SF SFN SG SGSN SIB SIP SIR SLA SMLC

Radio Access Network Radio Access Network Application Part Radio Access Technology Radio Bearer Radio Frequency Relative Grant Radio Link Radio Link Control Robust Header Compression Radio Resources Radio Resource Control Radio Resource Management Radio Remote Unit Radio Network Controller Radio Network Subsystem Application Part Received Signal Code Power Received Scheduled E-DCH Power Share Radio Sector Unit Real-Time Real-Time Transport Control Protocol Real Time Protocol RRU Transceiver Round-Trip Time Received Total Wideband Power Service Area Service Area Identifier Service Area Broadcast Protocol Signalling Connection Control Part Secondary Common Control Physical Channel Service Change and UDI/RDI Fallback Synchronous Digital Hierarchy Session Description Protocol Spreading Factor System Frame Number Scheduling Grant Serving GPRS Support Node System Information Block Session Initiation Protocol Signal-to-Interference Ratio Service Level Agreement Service Mobile Location Center

12

2011 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

ZTE Confidential Proprietary

ZTE UMTS OPEX Saving Features Description

SMS SMS-CB SNA SNR SNTP SONET SPI SRB SRNC SRNS SR-VCC SSCF SSCOP STM-1 STTD TB TC TCP TDM TFI TFO TFRC THP TM TPC TrCH TrFO TTI UBR UBR+ UDI UE UEA UM UMTS URA USIM UTRAN VAM VBR

Short Message Service SMS Cell Broadcast Shared Network Area Signal-to-noise ratio Simple Network Time Protocol Synchronous Optical Networking Schedule Priority Indicator Signalling Radio Bearer Serving Radio Network Controller Serving RNS Single Radio Voice Call Continuity Service Specific Co-ordination Function Service Specific Connection Oriented Protocol Synchronous Transport Module Level 1 Space Time Transmit Diversity Transport Block Traffic Class Transmission Control Protocol Time-division multiplexing Transport Format Indicator Tandem Free Operation Transport Formation and Resources Combination Traffic Handling Priority Transparent Mode Transmit Power Control Transport Channel Transcoder Free Operation Transmission Time Interval Unspecified Bit Rate Unspecified Bit Rate Plus Unrestricted Digital Information User Equipment 3G Encrypt Algorithm Unacknowledged Mode Universal Mobile Telecommunications System User Registration Area UTRAN Registration Area Universal Subscriber Identity Module UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network Virtual Antenna Mapping Variable Bit Rate

ZTE Confidential Proprietary

2010 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

13

ZTE UMTS OPEX Saving Features Description

VC VLAN VoIP VP VSWR WCDMA WRR

Virtual Circuit Virtual Local Area Network Voice over IP Virtual Path Voltage Standing Wave Ratio Wideband Code Division Multiple Access Weighted Round Robin

14

2011 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.

ZTE Confidential Proprietary