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Seiatsu Air-Flow Squeeze Moulding Process

SEIATSU... the process for producing consistently perfect moulds.


The process sequence.
The SEIATSU air flow squeeze moulding process is a method of compacting moulding sand. The required quantity of sand is released when the louvre shutters of the sand dosing hopper are opened. The mould is formed by a pattern plate mounted on a pattern bolster. A guiding frame on top of the moulding box guides the sand into the box (fig. 1). The sand dosing hopper underneath the sand storage hopper then moves to the side and simultaneously the squeeze head moves in position over the mould. The machine table rises thus pressing the bottom bolster (including the moulding box and filling frame) against the squeeze head, hermetically sealing the system. The SEIATSU air flow valve is then opened. The air is passed through the moulding sand from the back of the mould and towards the pattern. Vents provided on the pattern plate or on the pattern itself facilitate the air flow simultaneously through all the components (fig 2). The mould is then compacted by applying pressure in an arrangement that may use a squeeze plate, an elastic squeeze plate or a multi-ram press (fig. 3). Whilst the compacting process is proceeding the dosing hopper is refilled. To separate the mould and the pattern the machine table is lowered and the sand dosing hopper and the squeezing head are moved back to their datum position (fig. 4).

The sand is filled into the mould box to cover the pattern

The SEIATSU AIRFLOW Squeeze Moulding Process is applied

Mould example: Brake drum, approx.: 500 mm

Mould example: Cylinder heads, flasksize: 1550 x 1100 mm

The air-flow.
When penetrating the moulding sand the air flow results in a downward force on every grain of sand. Thus the air flow forces the sand into every recess in the mould pattern. The packing density increases in the direction of the flow, layer by layer, in such a way that the sand is most tightly compacted in the zones that are closest to the pattern. To demonstrate this excellent compacting effect 35 mm high layers of sand of different colours were built up around a pattern. After the air flow was applied the thickness of the layer at the bottom was reduced to 20 mm whilst that at the top was 30 mm. With the subsequent pressing, a uniform compaction of the entire mould is achieved.

Moulding sand coloured layer

pattern

After-compacting by multi-ram press

Separation of pattern and mould

Mould example: Bottom Flask for a flow clutch, rib width 2.5 mm, dia. approx. 400 mm Previously made using sand cores,

now with green sand mold insert. After the finishing pressure is applied an even mold is formed.

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The advantages of the SEIATSU process.


Jolt Squeeze Machine with core
Measuring points Sand height (in mm) 200 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 0 10 Jolting Jolting + squeezing Airflow Airflow + squeezing = SEIATSU 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

SEIATSU Squeeze Moulding Process without core

Core

Mould hardness (GF units)

170 200

Uniformly high mould hardness.


The moulds produced are uniformly hard resulting in the production of dimensionally accurate castings. The moulds produced by the SEIATSU air flow process are considerably harder than those produced by jolt squeezing.

Fewer cores required.


In many cases cores can be eliminated when moulding complicated pattern shapes and extreme cods with the SEIATSU process

260 100 250 air flow-squeezing 80 mould hardness A 60 jolt-squeezing Distance A Measuring points 1 2 3 20 78 78 85 80 30 82 81 85 83 40 84 83 85 84 50 85 84 86 85 60 85 85 88 86
2 3

40

20

Mean value Jolt-squeezing 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Mean value

50

62

200

68

72

distance A in mm

Reduced pattern draft.


Draft can be reduced to 0.5 when using the SEIATSU process, resulting in corresponding reductions in use of material and in machining costs.

Improved utilisation of the mould space.


The ability to reduce the distance between patterns from each other and the side of the mould results in improved utilisation of the available space and hence more castings per mould.

mm kg H2 H1 D1 D2 H1 H2

mm1,2 kg

0,8

Maximum variation range 0,4 0 0,4 0,8

1,2

0,8

1,2 Maximaler Streubereich 0,4 0 0,4

Taper 0,5 320

Selfcore in green sand 285

0,8

H2

H1

D1 D2 H1

D2 D1

D2 D1

Casting weight

Air H2 flow squeeze moulding JoltGussteilsqueeze moulding


gewicht

Luftstrom-Press-Formverfahren Rttel-Press-Formverfahren

100 Gas penetration resistance Gd 90 80


with air current

70 60 50
without air current

Reduction in fettling costs.


The SEIATSU process achieves consistently high general and surface quality, and dimensional accuracy with almost no burrs, so that fettling requirements and machining costs are very considerably reduced.

15

20

25

30

Compression resistance N/cm3

3 L = 810 mm B = 397 mm

H = 152 mm
Weight of casting

162 kg

SEIATSU-PROCESS Casting tolerances/GTB15, DIN 1685

1. Using pressure alone porosity 29,2 %

2. Using air flow and pressure porosity 32,9 %

Comparison of the between jolting and noise SEIATSU emission between jolting and SEIATSU level time signal of a jolt moulding machine jolt moulding (ram jolter) machine Comparison of the jolter) noise emission (ram
between jolting and SEIATSU level time signal of a jolt moulding machine (ram jolter) 110 dB(A)

Comparison of the noise emission level time signal of a

Dynamic load in the surroundings of moulding machines


20

110 dB(A)

10

110 dB(A)

8 6 5 4 3

jolt-squeeze moulding machine

100 dB(A)
100 dB(A)

100 dB(A)
Vibration speed in mm/s 2 admissible range 1 0,8 0,6 0,5 0,4 0,3

90 dB(A)
90 dB(A)

90 dB(A) 85 dB(A) 80 dB(A)

85 dB(A)
85 dB(A) 80 dB(A)

80 dB(A)

0,2 SEIATSU moulding machine

level time signal of a level time signal signal ofof aa level time air flow moulding air squeeze flow squeeze moulding machine machine air flow squeeze moulding machine (open valve) (open valve)

0,1 30 2 3 4 5 6 8 10 20 30 40 Distance of the machine in m

Environmental advantages.
Where the jolt squeeze process is replaced by the air flow system noise levels are brought down to 85 dB(A). This brings a major improvement in the working conditions in a foundry. The SEIATSU process does not produce shock loads so that the foundation requirements are simplified, the impact on the surroundings is reduced and there is less need for maintenance.

(open valve)

There is a SEIATSU moulding machine to suit every moulding plant requirement


HSP
Pattern-draw moulding machine (pin- or roller lifting) with pattern turntable for the production of cope and drag moulds, equipped with flat squeeze plate or water cushion. Sand filling by hopper discharge belt. Moulding box handling manually on roller conveyors or with lifting appliance. Turnkey machine with integrated hydraulic system and electronic control.

Moulding box Inside sizes mm 500 x 400 1000 x 800

Output approx. compl. m/h 40 15

HSP-D
Lowering moulding machine with pattern turntable for the production of cope and drag moulds, equipped with flat squeeze plate or elastic squeeze plate. Sand filling by hopper discharge belt or batch hopper. Moulding box handling by hydraulic cylinders on roller conveyors. Turnkey machine with integrated hydraulic system and electronic control. Moulding box Inside sizes mm 500 x 400 1250 x 1000 Output approx. compl. m/h 70 20

DAFM-SD
Lowering moulding machine with pattern roller conveyor for the production of one mould-half each, equipped with flat squeeze plate or multi-ram press. Sand filling by hopper discharge belt or batch hopper in front of the machine with possibility of manual intervention. Moulding box handling by means of hydraulic cylinder on roller conveyors. Moulding box Inside sizes mm 1000 x 800 2500 x 2000 Output approx. compl. m/h 50 10

DAFM-SD
Lowering moulding machine with pattern turntable for the production of cope and drag moulds, equipped with flat squeeze plate, elastic squeeze plate or multi-ram press. Sand filling by hopper discharge belt or batch hopper in front of the machine with possibility of manual intervention. Moulding box handling by means of hydraulic cylinder on roller conveyors.

Moulding box Inside sizes mm 500 x 400 1250 x 1000

Output approx. compl. m/h 100 50

EFA-S
Fully automatic lowering moulding machine with pattern roller conveyor and pattern shuttle truck for the production of cope and drag moulds, equipped with multi-ram press as standard equipment. Sand filling by batch hopper. Moulding box handling by means of hydraulic cylinder on roller conveyors. Moulding box Inside sizes mm 1000 x 800 2500 x 2000 Output approx. compl. m/h 60 20

EFA-SD
Fully automatic lowering moulding machine with pattern turntable for the production of cope and drag moulds, equipped with multiram press as standard equipment. Sand filling by batch hopper. Moulding box handling by means of hydraulic cylinder on roller conveyors. Moulding box Inside sizes mm 500 x 400 1600 x 1250 Output approx. compl. m/h 140 80

ZFA-S
Fully automatic twin-type moulding machine for simultaneous production of one cope and one drag mould, with pattern roller conveyor and pattern shuttle truck, equipped with flat squeeze plates, elastic squeeze plates or multi-ram presses. Sand filling by batch hoppers. Moulding box handling by means of hydraulic cylinder on roller conveyors. Moulding box Inside sizes mm 500 x 400 1250 x 1000 Output approx. compl. m/h 250 160

ZFA-SD
Fully automatic twin-type moulding machine with pattern turntable for the production of two cope or two drag moulds or one moulding box pair, equipped with flat squeeze plates, elastic squeeze plates or multi-ram presses. Sand filling by batch hoppers. Moulding box handling by means of hydraulic cylinder on roller conveyors. Moulding box Inside sizes mm 500 x 400 1250 x 1000 Output approx. compl. m/h 250 160

SEIATSU examples of grey iron casting

Electric motor housings material: EN-GJL, mass: 280 kg, 26 kg, 3,8 kg Engine block material: EN-GJL, mass: 150 kg

Axle material: EN-GJL, mass: 680 kg

Oil cooler material: EN-GJL, mass: 28 kg

Engine block material: EN-GJL, mass: 300 kg

SEIATSU examples of aluminium casting

Gearbox material: EN-AC, mass: 24 kg

Oilpan material: EN-AC, mass: 33 kg

Cage material: EN-AC, mass: 4 kg

Oilpan material: EN-AC, mass: 31 kg

Valve cage material: EN-AC, mass: 0,5 kg

SEIATSU a perfect casting

Hitch cage material: EN-AC, mass: 12 kg

Exhaust cage material: EN-AC, mass: 4 kg

HEINRICH WAGNER SINTO Maschinenfabrik GmbH SINTOKOGIO GROUP


www.wagner-sinto.de www.wagner-sinto.de

Bahnhofstrae 101 101 57334 D-57334 Bad Laasphe Bahnhofstrae Bad Laasphe, Germany Tel +49 (0) (0) 2752 907-0 Fax +49 (0) (0) 2752 907-280 Phone +49 2752 907-0 Fax +49 2752 907-280

DIN EN ISO 9001:2000 Zertifikat: 09 100 72018

907-280

VO 1000 06/11