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# a) Draw a circuit diagram of a single-phase, half-wave, thyristor circuit and derive an

expression for the average output voltage assuming a firing angle, , and an extinction
angle, .

b) A single phase half-wave controlled rectifier is connected to a 110V, 50Hz supply and to
a load consisting of a 10 resistor in series with a 50mH inductor.
(i) If the firing angle of the thyristor is 45
o
, determine the extinction angle by
iteration. Assume the expression for the load current waveform is

t
.
L
R

S
)e sin(
Z
V
) t sin(
Z
V
i
e
e

+ =
where Z = R L
2 2 2
+ e
|
e
= arctan
L
R

and t is referenced to the firing point of the thyristor.

(ii) Calculate the mean load voltage and current.

A forward converter is feed from a 28V supply. It is switched at 100kHz and the filter
inductor and capacitor are 3.2uH and 1000uF respectively. The primary:secondary:tertiary
turns ratio is 2:1:2 and the primary magnetising inductance 100uH. The output is 5V at 10A.
a) Draw the circuit diagram of the converter.
b) Prove that the circuit operates in CCM at full load and determine the required D?
c) Sketch waveforms showing maximum and minimum values of: switch current and
voltage; diode voltage and current; inductor current and secondary voltage.
d) Calculate the required D if the inductance is decreased to 1uH.

a) For the following non-isolated DC-DC converters, draw the circuit diagram showing
the input voltage source and output load. For each circuit state the voltage
transformation ratio (assuming continuous conduction mode), and sketch the
relationship between duty cycle, D, and the transformation ratio.
i) Buck-boost converter
ii) Boost converter

b) A buck converter has an input voltage of 100V and an output of 70V. The switching
frequency is 100kHz. The minimum output power is 100W and the converter must
operate with continuous conduction mode.
i) Find the required D.
ii) Calculate the minimum inductance required for continuous
conduction mode.
iii) For an output power of 500W, Sketch inductor voltage and
current waveforms clearly indicating maximum and minimum
values.
iv) If the load current falls to 1A, calculate the new output voltage.

A six-step 180
o
degree VSI is supplied from a 690V DC voltage and drives a three-
phase load with a fundamental frequency of 50Hz. The Y-connected load has a phase
impedance of 10 and a power factor of 0.85. Determine the rms value of the
fundamental current, the 5
th
harmonic current and the 7
th
harmonic current.

Note: the line voltages of the inverter have a Fourier Series given by:
(

+ + = ....... t 11 sin
11
1
t 7 sin
7
1
- t 5 sin
5
1
- t sin V
3 2
V
d AB
e e e e
t