This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

Welcome to Scribd! Start your free trial and access books, documents and more.Find out more

TITLE

PAGE

**ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS PROJECT WORK 2013 INDEX NUMBER
**

Name : Mariam Syafini Bt Mohd Saidi Class : 5 Al-Khawarizmi School : Sekolah Menengah Sains Tengku Abdullah, Raub Teacher : Pn. Faizatul Farah Bt Zulkifli

CONTENT

Additional Mathematics Project Work 2013 1

1. 2. 3. 4.

**ACKNOWLEDGEMENT OBJECTIVES HISTORY OF INDEX NUMBER PART 1
**

a) b) c) d) Collecting items Record the items in table Graphical Representations Interpreting , discussing and drawing conclusions e) Identifying and reasoning the large price difference

5.

PART 2

a) Completing the table b) Calculation of price index c) Calculation of composite index d) Suggesting and reasoning

6. 7. 8.

PART 3 FURTHER EXPLORATION CONCLUSION

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

Additional Mathematics Project Work 2013

2

Alhamdulillah, a big thanks to Allah to give me strength and good health to complete this project. First and foremost, special thanks I give to my beloved parents, Mohd Saidi Bin Ali and Shimaton Binti Hashim for their strong support. They always help me and also supplying equipments and money needed to complete this project. I also would like to thank to my Additional Mathematics teacher, Puan Faizatul Farah Binti Zulkifli as she gives us important guides and commitment during this project work. She helps me by giving some examples of last year student’s project. All problems that I had can be solved by my teacher. Next, a lot of thanks to all my friends for helping me by sharing some ideas and informations regarding this project. We also had made some discussions about this project and try to solve some problems together. Last but not least, I would like to thank to my beloved sister, Mariam Syafiqah Binti Mohd Saidi for giving some helps about this project. She can helps me a lot as she had done the same project but different title last year. She can guide me on how to make this project complete.

OBJECTIVES

Additional Mathematics Project Work 2013 3

This project carries aims such as : Apply and adapt a variety of problem-solving strategies to solve routine and nonroutine problems.

** Experience classroom environments which are challenging, interesting and
**

meaningful and hence improve their thinking skills.

** Experience classroom environments where knowledge and skills are applied in
**

meaningful ways in solving real-life problems.

** Experience classroom environments where expressing ones mathematical
**

thinking, reasoning and communication are highly encouraged and expected.

** Experience classroom environments that stimulates and enhances effective
**

learning.

** Acquire effective mathematical communication through oral and writing, and to
**

use the language of mathematics to express mathematical ideas correctly and precisely.

Enhance acquisition of mathematical knowledge and skills through problemsolving in ways that increases interest and confidence.

Prepare students’ for the demands of their future undertakings and in workplace. Realise that mathematics is an important and powerful tool in solving real-life

problems and hence develop positive attitude towards mathematics.

** Train themselves not only to be independent learners but also to collarate, to
**

cooperate, and to share knowledge in an engaging and healthy environment.

Use technology especially the ICT appropriately and effectively. Train themselves to appreciate the intrinsic values of mathematics and to become

more creative and innovative.

Realise the importance and the beauty of mathematics.

HISTORY OF

Additional Mathematics Project Work 2013 4

INDEX NUMBER

Index numbers are meant to study the change in the effects of such factors which cannot be measured directly. According to Bowley, Index numbers are used to measure the changes in some quantity which we cannot observe directly. For example, changes in business activity in a country are not capable of direct measurement but it is possible to study relative changes in business activity by studying the variations in the values of some such factors which affect business activity, and which are capable of direct measurement. Index numbers are commonly used statistical device for measuring the combined fluctuations in a group related variables. If we wish to compare the pricelevel of consumer items today with that prevalent ten years ago, we are not interested in comparing the prices of only one item, but in comparing some sort of average price levels. We may wish to compare the present agricultural production or industrial production with that at the time of independence. How do we obtain a composite measure? This composite measure is provided by index numbers which may be defined as adevice for combining the variations that have come in group of related variables over a period of time, with a view to obtain a figure that represents the result of the change in the constitute variables. Index numbers may be classified in terms of the variables that they are intended to measure. In business, different groups of variables in the measurement of which index number techniques are commonly used are (i) price, (ii) quantity, (iii) value and (iv) business activity. Thus, we have index of wholesale prices, index of consumer prices, index of industrial output, index of value of exports and index of business activity, etc. Here we shall be mainly interested in index numbers of prices showing changes with respect to time, although methods described can be applied to other cases. In general, the present level of prices is compared with the level of prices in the past. The present period is called the current period and some period in the past is called the base period.

Index Numbers

Additional Mathematics Project Work 2013

5

Index numbers are statistical measures designed to show changes in a variable or group of related variables with respect to time, geographic location or other characteristics such as income, profession, etc. A collection of index numbers for different years, locations, etc., is sometimes called an index series.

**Simple Index Number :
**

A simple index number is a number that measures a relative change ina single variable with respect to a base.

**Composite Index Number :
**

A composite index number is a number that measures an averagerelative changes in a group of relative variables with respect to a base.

Price Index

The most frequently used form of index numbers is the price index. A price index compares charges in price of edible oils. If an attempt is being made to compare the prices of edible oils this year to the prices of edible oils last year, it involves, firstly, a comparison of two price situations over time and secondly, the heterogeneity of the edible oils given the various varieties of oils. By constructing a price index number, we are summarizing the price movements of each type of oil in this group of edible oils into a single number called the price index. TheWhole Price Index (WPI). Consumer Price Index (CPI) are some of the popularly used price indices.

Quantity Index

A quantity index measures the changes in quantity from one period to another. If in the above example, instead of the price of edible oils, we are interested in the quantum of production of edible oils in those years, then we arecomparing quantities in two different years or over a period of time. It is thequantity index that needs to be constructed here. The popular quantity index used in this country and elsewhere is the index of industrial production (HP). The index of industrial production measures the increase or decrease in the level of industrial production in a given period compared to some base period.

Additional Mathematics Project Work 2013

6

P A R T O N

Additional Mathematics Project Work 2013 7

E

a) Collecting items

Foods 1. KINDER BUENO

2. MOUNTAIN DEW

3. TASTO POTATO CHIPS

Additional Mathematics Project Work 2013

8

Detergent 1. DAIA DETERGENT POWDER

2. COMFORT ULTRA

Additional Mathematics Project Work 2013

9

3. DYNAMO DETERGENT

Stationary 1. G-SOFT MECHANICAL PENCIL

2. UHU GLUE STICK

Additional Mathematics Project Work 2013

10

3. STABILO EXAM GRADE ERASER

b)

Record the items in table

CATEGORY

ITEMS

PRICE(RM )

Additional Mathematics Project Work 2013

11

ECONSAVE

COLD STORAGE

GIANT

1. KINDER BUENO (43g)

3.20 2.89 3.50 9.59

4.10 3.30 3.70 11.10

3.50 3.29 3.62 10.41

FOOD

2. MOUNTAI N DEW (600ml) 3. TASTO POTATO CHIPS (13g)

TOTAL PRICE

TABLE A ( FOOD )

CATEGORY

ITEMS

PRICE(RM)

Additional Mathematics Project Work 2013

12

ECONSAVE

COLD STORAGE

GIANT

1. DAIA 2. COMFORT ULTRA 3. DYNAMO

13.99 7.99 12.99 34.97

14.20 8.20 13.20 35.60

13.70 7.60 12.70

34.00

DETERGENT

TOTAL PRICE

TABLE B ( DETERGENT )

Additional Mathematics Project Work 2013 CATEGORY ITEMS

13

PRICE(RM)

ECONSAVE

COLD STORAGE

GIANT

1.

G-SOFT MECHANICA L PENCIL

2.10 1.50 1.00 4.60

2.50 2.00 1.20 5.70

2.20 1.60 0.80 5.60

STATIONARY

2. UHU GLUE STICK 3. STABILO EXAM GRADE ERASER

TOTAL PRICE

TABLE C ( STATIONARY )

c)

Graphical Representations

14

Additional Mathematics Project Work 2013

FOOD CATEGORY

12 10

8

6

GIANT COLD STORAGE ECONSAVE

4

2

0 KINDER BUENO MOUNTAIN DEW TASTO POTATO CHIPS

DETERGENT CATEGORY

Additional Mathematics Project Work 2013 15

45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 DAIA COMFORT ULTRA DYNAMO

GIANT COLD STORAGE ECONSAVE

STATIONARY CATEGORY

Additional Mathematics Project Work 2013

16

8

7

6

5

4

GIANT COLD STORAGE

3

ECONSAVE

2

1

0 G-SOFT MECHANICAL PENCIL UHU GLUE STICK STABILO EXAM GRADE ERASER

OVERALL TOTAL

Additional Mathematics Project Work 2013 17

TOTAL PRICE ITEMS ACCORDING SHOPS

GIANT COLD STORAGE ECONSAVE

**d) Interpreting, discussing and drawing
**

Additional Mathematics Project Work 2013 18

conclusions

Based on the graphical representations that I have constructed in Part 1(c), there are large and small price difference between the three items in each category. The items are sold in three different shops which are categorised as Shop A, Shop B and Shop C. The shops are Econsave Supermarket, Giant Supermarket, Cold Storage Supermarket. According to the food category, the largest price difference seen is the Tasto Potato Chips while the smallest price difference seen is the Mountain Dew. Moreover, based on the detergent category, the largest price difference seen is Daia Detergent Powder while the two others can be categorised as the small price difference. Then, in the stationary category, the largest price difference seen is G-Soft Mechanical Pencil while the smallest price difference seen is Stabilo Exam Grade Eraser. Lastly, I will compare the total price for each category. For the food category the highest total price is the items sold in the Cold Storage Supermarket while the lowest total price is the items sold in the Econsave Supermarket. For the detergent category, the highest total price is also the items sold in the Cold Storage Supermarket while the lowest total price is the items sold in the Giant Supermarket. Based on the last category which is stationary, the highest total price and the smallest total price is the items sold in the same shops as the in the food category.

Additional Mathematics Project Work 2013

19

**e) Identifying and reasoning the large price difference
**

Based on the graphical representations that I have constructed in Part 1(c), there are large and small price difference between the three items in each category. The items are sold in three different shops which are categorised as Shop A, Shop B and Shop C. The shops are Econsave Supermarket, Giant Supermarket, Cold Storage Supermarket. According to the food category, the largest price difference seen is the Tasto Potato Chips while the smallest price difference seen is the Mountain Dew. Moreover, based on the detergent category, the largest price difference seen is Daia Detergent Powder while the two others can be categorised as the small price difference. Then, in the stationary category, the largest price difference seen is G-Soft Mechanical Pencil while the smallest price difference seen is Stabilo Exam Grade Eraser. As for conclusions, there are many reasons based on the largest and smallest price difference. One of it is the the quality and the size of the items. Usually the better quality may come with expensive price also the items that is in bigger size. The other reasons that I can conclude is that the place where the shops are located. For example, the Cold Storage Supermarket is usually located in a luxurious shopping complex such as in the Mid Valley Megamall. Then, the price of most of items may come with quite expensive price.

Additional Mathematics Project Work 2013

20

P A R T T W

Additional Mathematics Project Work 2013 21

O

a) Completing the table

Quantity Price in the year 2012(RM) Price in the year 2013(RM) Items (for 10 packets of Nasi Lemak) For the flavoured rice : I Rice Santan Onion Ginger Salt For the Sambal : Red Onion Garlic Dried Chillies Ikan Bilis Cooking Oil Miscellaneous : Fried groundnuts Fried crispy Ikan Bilis Cucumber 5 Eggs Banana leaves (1 bundle) 1 kg 150 g 10 g 10 g 2g 2.70 1.40 0.15 0.15 0.05 3.20 2.20 0.30 0.40 0.15

II

10 g 5g 100 g 200 g 100 g

0.05 0.04 1.00 2.00 0.25

0.15 0.10 1.20 2.50 0.50

III

200 g 150 g 200 g 300 g 300 g

0.50 1.50 0.20 1.50 1.00

0.80 2.20 0.60 2.00 1.80

Additional Mathematics Project Work 2013

22

b)

Calculation of price index

The table below shows the price index for each of the items for the year 2013 based on the year 2012. By using formula, I = X 100 ,

where Q1 - Price in the year 2013 Q0 - Price in the year 2012 Items (for 10 packets of Nasi Lemak) For the flavoured rice : Rice Santan Onion Ginger Salt For the Sambal : Red Onion Garlic Dried Chillies Ikan Bilis Cooking Oil

Additional Mathematics Project Work 2013

Price in the year 2012(RM)

**Price in the year 2013(RM)
**

3.20 2.20 0.30 0.40 0.15 0.15 0.10 1.20 2.50 0.50

Price Index

2.70 1.40 0.15 0.15 0.05 0.05 0.04 1.00 2.00 0.25

23

Miscellaneous : Fried groundnuts Fried crispy Ikan Bilis Cucumber 5 Eggs Banana leaves (1 bundle) Total Price

0.50 1.50 0.20 1.50 1.00 12.34

0.80 2.20 0.60 2.00 1.80

Additional Mathematics Project Work 2013

24

- Additional Mathematics 2013 - Fini
- solution project work addmath 2013
- Project Work 2013
- Additional Mathematics Project Work 2013
- Additional Mathematics Project Work 2/2013
- Additional Mathematics Project Work 2013 (PAHANG)
- Add Math Project Work 2/2013
- New Add Math Project Work 2/2013
- 145388802 ADDITIONAL Mathematics Project Works Selangor Logarithms 2013 Revised
- Additional Mathematics Project Work 2013
- Add Math Project 2013
- add math project 2013.docx
- Project Work Add Math 2013 Pahang
- Project Work Additional Mathematics by NKS
- Addmaths folio
- Project Work ADD MATH
- AddMath Assignment selangor 2013
- Project Add Math 2010 Index Number (Complete)
- Project Add Math 2010 Index Number
- Add Math Complete task4 2010(sample)
- Additional Mathematics Project Work
- Add Maths Folio Form 5
- Add-Maths-Project-Work-1-2012( english)
- Additional Mathematics Project Work 2/2012 in Sarawak
- Additonal Mathematics Project Work 2013 Selangor (Project 2)
- Project Work for Additional Mathematics 2012 (Penang)
- My Completed Add Math Project 2012
- Add Math Folio Index Number
- Addmaths Poem
- Add Math Project 2012

Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

We've moved you to where you read on your other device.

Get the full title to continue

Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.

scribd