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Related Terms The OSI Reference Model - Understanding Layers » OSI - Open System Interconnection » MAC Layer » Logical Link Control layer » Understanding The Data Link Layer » routing switch » dual layer » Modbus protocol » layer » X.400 » EV SSL » layered defense » modeling » PDU » By: Last Updated: 05-14-2013 , Posted: 09-24-2010 The OSI, or Open System Interconnection, model defines a networking framework to implement protocols in seven layers. This article explains the 7 Layers of the OSI Model. The OSI, or Open System Interconnection, model defines a networking framework to implement protocols in seven layers. Control is passed from one layer to the ne xt, starting at the application layer in one station, and proceeding to the bott om layer, over the channel to the next station and back up the hierarchy. Application (Layer 7) This layer supports application and end-user processes. Communication partners a re identified, quality of service is identified, user authentication and privacy are considered, and any constraints on data syntax are identified. Everything a t this layer is application-specific. This layer provides application services f or file transfers, e-mail, and other network software services. Telnet and FTP a re applications that exist entirely in the application level. Tiered application architectures are part of this layer.

data packets are encoded and decoded into bits. encryption) by translating from application to network format. This layer provides independence from differences in data representation (e.electrical impulse. for transmitting data from node to node. exchanges . Fast Ethernet. and ATM are protocols with physical layer components. This layer formats and encrypts data to be sent across a netw ork. Physical (Layer 1) This layer conveys the bit stream . congestion control and packet sequencing. It ensures co mplete data transfer. and vice versa. Find out which 10 hardware additions will help you maintain excellent service and outstanding security for you and y our customers. and is responsible for end-to-end error recovery and flow control. error handling. flow control and error checking.Presentation (Layer 6) Sponsored 10 Data Center Server Hardware Must-Haves. and terminates conversations. and dialogues between the applications at each end. as well as addressing. It furnishes tran smission protocol knowledge and management and handles errors in the physical la yer. Data Link (Layer 2) At this layer. Routing and forwarding are functions of this layer. Network (Layer 3) This layer provides switching and routing technologies.Part 1 Did You Know. Session (Layer 5) This layer establishes. RS232. flow control and frame synchronization. internetworking.g. creating logical paths. cards and physical aspects. known as virtual circuits. or hosts. Find out which 10 hardware additions will help you maintain excellent service and outstanding security for you and y our customers. It provides the har dware means of sending and receiving data on a carrier. providing freedom from compatibility problems.? Understanding The Data Link Layer The OSI Reference Model Understanding Layers . The LLC layer controls frame sy nchronization.. Transport (Layer 4) This layer provides transparent transfer of data between end systems. The MAC sub layer controls how a computer on the network gains a ccess to the data and permission to transmit it. manages and terminates connections between applications.. Sponsored 10 Data Center Server Hardware Must-Haves. light or radio signal -through the network at the electrical and mechanical level. including defining cable s. It is sometimes called the s yntax layer. The data link layer is divided into two sub layers: The Media Access Control (MAC) layer and the Logical Link Contr ol (LLC) layer. The session layer sets up.Part 2 ServerWatch: The OSI Model . coordinates.. It deals with session and connection coordination. T he presentation layer works to transform data into the form that the application layer can accept. Related Links The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics ServerWatch: The OSI Model .

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