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Pastor Alfonse Javed

NCC Youth Ministries

Fundamental of Christian Theology: For Group Studies

By Pastor Alfonse Javed

104 W 3rd Ave,

Trappe, PA 19426

Sources:

Holy Bible,

Practical Christian Theology by Floyd H. Barackman

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http://www.spurgeon.org/~phil/dabney/5points.htm

LESSION 1.

THEOLOGY:

The word Theology is combination of two Greek words: Theo=God, Logos=word, doctrine

or discourse. In short Theology is the science of God. It is a teaching about God and the things

related to God.

CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY :

It is a Christian doctrine of God.

A. Revealed Theology

a. Based on truth that is revealed in the Bible.

B. Natural Theology

a. Is a science of God

b. Is based solely on what is revealed about Him in nature.

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REVIEW QUESTIONS: THEOLOGY

Circle correct answer.

1. What is Theology?

a. A deep study of technology

b. It is a related study of technology

c. It is not a study of technology.

2. What is Theo?

a. Doctrine

b. Study

c. Christ

d. God

3. What is Logos

a. Bible

b. Discourse

c. Doctrine

d. b and c

4. What is Christian Theology

a. A Reveal Theology

b. A Natural Theology

c. A Christian doctrine of God

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d. All of the above

LESSION 2.

THE DEVISIONS OF CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY

1. Exegetical Theology
a. Based on Biblical interpretation
i. Biblical languages,
ii. Textual criticism,
iii. Biblical archaeology,
iv. Biblical introduction,
v. Biblical hermeneutics (Interpretation),
vi. Biblical theology.

NOTES:

2. Historical Theology
a. Based on the history of doctrinal thought
i. Biblical history,
ii. Church history,
iii. The history of missions,
iv. History of doctrine and the history of creeds and confessions.

NOTES:

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REVIEW QUESTIONS: THE DEVISIONS OF CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY

1. What is Exegetical Theology?

a) 1.

b) 2.

c) 3.

d) 4.

e) 5.

f) 6.

2. What is Historical Theology?

a) 1.

b) 2.

c) 3.

d) 4.

LESSION 3.

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3. Systematic Theology
a. It is based on exegetical and historical theology and systematic theology
b. A logical order of the Bible’s teaching and people explanations of them under the
heading of theological study
i. Christian apologetics
ii. Polemics,
iii. Ethics

NOTES:

4. Practical Theology
a. It is the practical application of theology
i. Salvation
ii. Sanctification
iii. Edification,
iv. Education,
v. Ministry of Gospel believers.
1. Homiletics (the art of preaching)
2. Church organization and administration
3. Worship
4. Christian Education,
5. Pastoral theology
6. The work of missions.

NOTES:

REVIEW QUESTIONS: THE DEVISIONS OF CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY

1. What is Systematic Theology?

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a) 1.

b) 2.

2. What is Practical Theology?

a) 1.

b) 2.

c) 3.

d) 4.

e) 5.

3. List the Ministry of Gospel believers.

a) 1.

b) 2.

c) 3.

d) 4.

e) 5.

LESSION 4.

Theological Terms

Bibliology the doctrine of the Scriptures

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Theology Proper the doctrine of God

Paterology the doctrine of God the Father

Christology the doctrine of God the Son

Pneumatology the doctrine of God the Holy Spirit

Angelology the doctrine of angels

Anthropology the doctrine of man

Hamartiology the doctrine of sin

Soteriology the doctrine of salvation

Zoeology the doctrine of the Christian life

Ecclesiology the doctrine of the Universal Christian Church and the local church

Eschatology the doctrine of future prophetic events.

REVIEW QUESTIONS: Theological Terms

1. The doctrine of the Scriptures calls ______________

2. What theological term refers to doctrine of God ________________

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3. The doctrine of God the Father calls __________________

4. Under what theological term we study the doctrine of God the Son :________________

5. Pneumatology is the doctrine of ____________

6. Angelology is the doctrine of _____________

7. Does the doctrine of sin call Anthropology? YES NO

8. Is Zoeology the doctrine of the Christian life? YES NO

9. Soteriology the doctrine of ______________

10. ___________ is the doctrine of sin.

11. _______________ is the doctrine of the Universal Christian Church and the local church

12. What study covers the doctrine of future prophetic events _________________________.

LESSON 5.

CALVINISM: Introduction

1. John Calvin né Jean Cauvin (10 July 1509 – 27 May 1564) was an influential French

theologian and pastor during the Protestant Reformation. He was a principal figure in the

development of the system of Christian theology later called Calvinism. Originally

trained as a humanist lawyer, he suddenly broke from the Roman Catholic Church in the

1520s. After religious tensions provoked a violent uprising against Protestants in France,

Calvin fled to Basel, Switzerland, where in 1536 he published the first edition of his

seminal work Institutes of the Christian Religion.

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2. Calvin was invited by William Farel to help reform the church in Geneva. The city

council resisted the implementation of Calvin and Farel's ideas, and both men were

expelled. At the invitation of Martin Bucer, Calvin proceeded to Strasbourg, where he

became the minister of a church of French refugees. He continued to support the reform

movement in Geneva, and was eventually invited back to lead its church. Following his

return, he introduced new forms of church government and liturgy, despite the opposition

of several powerful families in the city who tried to curb his authority. During this period,

Michael Servetus, a Spaniard known for his heretical views, arrived in Geneva. He was

denounced by Calvin and executed by the city council. Following an influx of supportive

refugees and new elections to the city council, Calvin's opponents were forced out.

Calvin spent his final years promoting the Reformation both in Geneva and throughout

Europe.

3. Calvin was a tireless polemic and apologetic writer who generated much controversy. He

also exchanged cordial and supportive letters with many reformers including Philipp

Melanchthon and Heinrich Bullinger. In addition to the Institutes, he wrote commentaries

on most books of the Bible as well as theological treatises and confessional documents,

and he regularly gave sermons throughout the week in Geneva. Calvin was influenced by

the Augustinian tradition, which led him to expound the doctrine of predestination and

the absolute sovereignty of God in salvation.

4. Calvin's writing and preaching provided the seeds for the branch of theology that bears

his name. The Presbyterian and other Reformed churches, which look to Calvin as a chief

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expositor of their beliefs, have spread throughout the world. Calvin's thought exerted

considerable influence over major religious figures and entire religious movements, such

as Puritanism, and his ideas have been cited as contributing to the rise of capitalism,

individualism, and representative democracy in the West.

LESSON 6

ARMINIANISM

1. Jacobus Arminius (October 10, 1560 - October 19, 1609), the Latinized name of the

Dutch theologian Jakob Harmenszoon from the Protestant Reformation period, (also

known by the Anglicized names of Jacob Arminius or James Arminius), served from

1603 as professor in theology at the University of Leiden. He wrote many books and

treatises on theology and became prominent for his opposition to the five points of

Calvinism, though in actuality he objected to only three: unconditional election, limited

atonement; and irresistible grace, and doubted one: perseverance of the saints. However,

his belief in the remaining point of Calvinism, total depravity, was a modified version

from the one held by Calvinists.

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2. Arminius, born at Oudewater, Utrecht, became an orphan while still in infancy when his

father Herman (the name Arminius/Armin represents a Latinized form of Harmenszoon,

"Hermannson", Herman's son) died, leaving his wife a widow with small children. A

priest, Theodorus Aemilius, adopted Jacobus and sent him to school at Utrecht. His

mother was slain during the Spanish massacre of Oudewater in 1575. About that year the

kindness of friends enabled Arminius to go to study theology at the University of Leiden.

3. Jacobus Arminius as professor, from Kupferstich aus Theatrum Europaeum by Matthaeus

Merian in 1662

4. Arminius remained at Leiden from 1576 to 1582. His teachers in theology included

Lambertus Danaeus, Johannes Drusius, Guillaume Feuguereius, and Johann Kolmann.

Kolmann believed and taught that high Calvinism made God both a tyrant and an

executioner. Under the influence of these men, Arminius studied with success and had

seeds planted that would begin to develop into a theology that would later compete with

the dominant Reformed theology of John Calvin. Arminius began studying under

Theodore Beza at Geneva in 1582. He answered a call to pastor at Amsterdam and

became ordained in 1588. He gained a reputation as a good preacher and faithful pastor.

In 1590 he married Lijsbet Reael.

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LESSON 7.
Calvinism
Beware of the logic of Calvinism, which sometimes leads to conclusionArminianism
that go beyong what
God has revealed in His Word. He must also beware of the reasonableness of Arminianism,
Total depravity:
which sometimes This means
seeks that sin’s doctrine
to establish ruin All people
on purely human byconcepts,
divine grace possess
contrary tofree
whatwill and
God has revealed.
affects their entire person and hinders their have the capability of doing good, which God
ability to win and merit salvation. accepts
1. Total depravity (Original Sin)

2. Unconditional
Unconditional election
election: (God'sthat
This means Election)
God’s That election and condemnation were
choice of whom He would save was not conditioned upon divinely foreseen faith or
3. Limited
determined atonement
by anything (Particular
that He wouldRedemption)
save was unbelief of people.
not determined by anything that He foresaw in
4. Irresistible grace (Effectual Calling)
people.

5. Perseverance
Limited of themeans
Atonement: This Saintsthat Jesus died Jesus died for all people, but only gospel
only for the elect whom God chose to save. believers enjoy its saving benefits.

Irresistible Grace: This means that the elect That divine grace can be resisted to one’s
cannot successfully resist being drawn to God damnation. People have the final decision in
in salvation. their salvation.
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Perseverance of Saved People: This meansphone:
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open to inquiry. “On this
because they divinely persist in faith, gospel - 13and
point the disciples of Arminus went further
believers cannot lose their salvation. - taught the possibility of a total and final fall of
can have certainly of salvation except by special
revelation.”
Pastor Alfonse Javed
NCC Youth Ministries

LESSON 8.

LUTHERANISM

1. Lutheranism started when Martin Luther (1483-1546), a German, Augustinian priest,


sought to reform the Catholic Church and return it to its biblical foundation. He objected
to practices such as indulgences. Luther intended to reform the Church, not to create a
different Christian denomination. He was excommunicated by the Catholic Church. Many
saw Luther as having the heart of a pastor and with that God's gift of a wonderful ability
to be plain spoken so the common person's in his congregations could easily understand
what Dr Luther was talking about. Many thought When Luther taught Christ’s doctrine's,
Luther could relate to the little child and to the top notch theologian, to the mother
shopping for her family and to the bar room brawler all at the same time. And All of them
would come to the same understanding of what Luther had said. The Pope and many
people from many places and all walks of life at Luther's time, certainly understood what
Luther had said. The Christian faith as Luther believed he taught it according to the
sacred bible, grew quickly around the world, And Luther himself could be murdered at
any time with the pope's blessing.

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2. Lutheranism differs from Calvinism in that it teaches the necessity of water baptism for
salvation, the real presence of Christ’s body and blood. “In, with, and under” the bread
and cup of the Lord’s Supper, and the qualities of Christ’s divine nature as belonging to
His human nature. It differs from Arminianism, further, in that it teaches man’s total
depravity, the bondage of the human will to sin, and an unconditional predestination of
the elect to everlasting life. It hold that water baptism imparts faith to infants for their
salvation.

ANGLICANISM
1. Rejecting the peculiar errors and abuses of Rome and holding royal supremacy in
ecclesiastical as well as in civil matter Anglicanism continued to preserve it old English
Catholism.

LESSON 9.

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