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2 x1 8 x4 x2 x3 4 x4 5 x4 6 2 and completely reduce the 2

1. a) Set up an augmented matrix for the system 2 x1 augmented matrix using exactly two row operations.

b) Express the infinitely many solutions as a linear combination of vector(s).

**2. Interpret the reduced matrices 1 0 1 0 a) 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 1
**

0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

b)

Review Guide for Exam 4, Page 1 of 7

3. Circle the vector, x (1 ) (t )

e 3t e 3t

or x (2 ) (t)

et , that is a solution of x' (t ) et

1 2 2 1

x.

4. Given the equation c1v(1) + c2v(2) + c3v(3) = 0. a) By definition the vectors v(1), v(2), and v(3) are linearly independent on some interval I if (circle one): i. ii. This equation is true on I for nonzero values of c1, c2, or c3. This equation is true on I if and only if c1 = c2 = c3 = 0.

b) Find the relationship of dependency for the vectors: 1 0 2 v(1) = 2 , v(2) = 3

1 , v(3) = 1

0 2

Review Guide for Exam 4, Page 2 of 7

5. Convert the third order initial value problem, x' ' ' x' ' 4 x' 4 x 3t , x(0) = 1, x (0) = 2, x (0) = 3, into a corresponding system. Write the system in matrix-vector form.

6. The equation that defines r as an eigenvalue of the matrix A with corresponding eigenvector ξ is

7. Find the general solution of the system Dx combination of solution vector, in terms of

x . Express the general solution as a linear 3 3 (t), and as a system of algebraic equations.

4 2

Review Guide for Exam 4, Page 3 of 7

8.

The eigenvalues of a third order system are r1

4 , r2

**1 , r3 1 , with corresponding eigenvectors
**

1 5 , find the specific solution. 1

ξ (1)

1 0 , ξ (2) 0

0 1 , ξ (3) 2

0 5 . If the initial condition is x (0) 7

9.

Find the real-valued general solution of x = combination of solution vectors.

x. Express the general solution as a linear

Review Guide for Exam 4, Page 4 of 7

10. Find the general solution of x = equation

x. Express the general solution as a system of algebraic

11. Consider the system homogeneous system is ψ(t) = system and express as a single vector.

. The fundamental matrix of the corresponding . Find the particular solution X(t) of the non-homogeneous

Review Guide for Exam 4, Page 5 of 7

12. Tanks A and B are interconnected. Tank A initially contains 15 lbs. of salt dissolved in 100 gallons of water. Tank B initially contains 100 gallons of pure water. Pure water flows into tank A at the rate of 3 gal/min. A brine solution of ½ lb of salt per gallon flows into Tank B at the rate of 1 gal/min. Brine flows from tank A to tank B at a rate of 4 gal/min. Brine flows from tank B to tank A at a rate of 1 gal/min. Brine leaves the system from tank B at a rate of 5 gal/min. Let x1(t) and x2(t) denote the amounts of salt in tanks A and B, respectively, at any time t. Set up a system of equations and initial vector to model this system.

Review Guide for Exam 4, Page 6 of 7

x1 ' 3 x1

x2 x2 x2

x3 x3 x3

**13. An extra problem for practice: Find the general solution of the system x 2 ' x1
**

x3 ' x1

Review Guide for Exam 4, Page 7 of 7

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