You are on page 1of 36

What is literature?

How do we know whether a text is literary?


domingo 23 de septiembre de 12

Literature is an art.
domingo 23 de septiembre de 12

Music is the art that uses sound.


domingo 23 de septiembre de 12

Painting is the art that uses colors and shapes.


domingo 23 de septiembre de 12

Literature is the art that uses words.


domingo 23 de septiembre de 12

Words are symbols that have to be interpreted.

domingo 23 de septiembre de 12

domingo 23 de septiembre de 12

domingo 23 de septiembre de 12

domingo 23 de septiembre de 12

domingo 23 de septiembre de 12

We use symbols every day in ordinary life.

domingo 23 de septiembre de 12

In order to be artistic/ creative/literary...

domingo 23 de septiembre de 12

the symbols have to be used in new and unexpected ways.

domingo 23 de septiembre de 12

By using the symbols in different ways than usual, we pay more attention to the symbols themselves, rather than the ordinary meaning behind them.

domingo 23 de septiembre de 12

In the following slides, decide which usage of the underlined words is more literary.
domingo 23 de septiembre de 12

A
Isaac death toll remains at 2 in Plaquemines as ood waters begin to recede

By the waters of heartbreak I write this book.

domingo 23 de septiembre de 12

News headline
Isaac death toll remains at 2 in Plaquemines as ood waters begin to recede

Fernando Pessoa poem


By the waters of heartbreak I write this book.

domingo 23 de septiembre de 12

A
Ask the needles that have been lost in sofas for his hands.
domingo 23 de septiembre de 12

B 500 sofas Start $299! All colors!

Rafael Alberti poem Ask the needles that have been lost in sofas for his hands.
domingo 23 de septiembre de 12

Furniture ad 500 sofas Start $299! All colors!

A
During any revolution beware the rst head that rolls. It gives the people an appetite.
domingo 23 de septiembre de 12

B
In human anatomy, the head is the upper portion of the human body. It supports the face and is maintained by the skull, which itself encloses the brain.

Victor Hugo story


During any revolution beware the rst head that rolls. It gives the people an appetite.
domingo 23 de septiembre de 12

Wikipedia denition
In human anatomy, the head is the upper portion of the human body. It supports the face and is maintained by the skull, which itself encloses the brain.

Why do people write/read literature?


domingo 23 de septiembre de 12

Expression

domingo 23 de septiembre de 12

Expression
Need to express ideas,
sensations, subjective impressions, emotions

domingo 23 de septiembre de 12

Expression
Need to express ideas, Creative urges
sensations, subjective impressions, emotions

domingo 23 de septiembre de 12

Expression
Need to express ideas,
sensations, subjective impressions, emotions

Creative urges Transmit culture, knowledge,


experiences, moral values

domingo 23 de septiembre de 12

Expression
Need to express ideas,
sensations, subjective impressions, emotions

Creative urges Transmit culture, knowledge,


experiences, moral values plots, genres, ideas

Renew/reinvigorate well known

domingo 23 de septiembre de 12

For some thinkers, there is nothing but literature.


Humans cannot actually know anything for certain. The only thing we can really know is our textual (verbal, written, performed) interpretation of reality.

domingo 23 de septiembre de 12

What is literature?
How is literature seen in the following statements?
domingo 23 de septiembre de 12

Literature is the real thermometer for measuring the degree to which people are civilized.
Mariano Jos de Larra (Spanish author)

domingo 23 de septiembre de 12

Literature is nothing but a directed dream.


Jorge Luis Borges (Argentine author)

domingo 23 de septiembre de 12

That, more than literature, is music; the reader not only has to read between the lines, but within the mysterious pentagram, invisible to the dull senses, where the genius of the true artist tends to write the softest and most profound ideas. Leopoldo Alas (Spanish author)
domingo 23 de septiembre de 12

But only in so far as a people has a native literature can it judge and understand the past as it does the present.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
domingo 23 de septiembre de 12

Literature - the occupation of the idle.


Gustave Flaubert (French author)
domingo 23 de septiembre de 12

Art has no other purpose than to brush aside ... everything that veils reality from us in order to bring us face to face with reality itself.
Henri Bergson (French philosopher)

domingo 23 de septiembre de 12

domingo 23 de septiembre de 12

Related Interests