16 views

Uploaded by Lynn Hollenbeck Breindel

review of physics laws of motin

- Physics Notes 2011
- SILABUS Fisika 8 RSBI
- Differential-Equations-with-Bou-John-Polking.pdf
- Past Paper of PIEAS
- Question Paper Unit M1 (6677) June 2014
- How the Distance Between Two Repelling Magnets Does Affect the Force of Repulsion
- Chapter 03 Equilibrium- 2D Exercise
- HK 09 Sec 4Sc Phy Prelim P2
- Engg Mechanics Chapter 01
- Gravity Geophysics
- Physics Test Review Questions
- MCQ 2
- Soalan Fizik
- 1
- Laws of Motion
- U4 Review.doc
- physicalscience-unit4forcesandmotion
- Lecture_1_web.pdf
- Third Law of Motion
- Datos Geometricos de La Estructura

You are on page 1of 4

acceleration, we delve deeper into the study of mechanics by assessing the sources and the factors that impact motion. This chapter focuses on the influence of the force acting on an object as well as its mass and how they affect motion. We use Newtons three laws of motion to begin our study of dynamics in this unit. Force is the push or pull on an object (with both a magnitude and direction) due to the objects interaction with another object. Forces can be classified as either contact forces or field forces depending on whether physical contact causes the force or if the force acts through empty space. Mass is the measurement of an objects resistance to a change in its velocity. More mass, more inertia. (Note: Mass and weight are different. Weight differs with changes in location and can be measured by evaluating the gravitational force exerted on an object.) Major Topics Newton s First Law: Law of Inertia An objects constant straight-line motion will remain in motion and an object at rest will continue to be at rest if there is no net force acting upon the object (the acceleration would be zero!). Newton s Second Law: The acceleration of an object is dependent on the objects mass (inversely proportional to its acceleration) and the force (directly proportional to its acceleration) exerted on the object modeled by the equation F=ma. Newton s Third Law: Force Pairs When objects interact, they apply an equal and opposite force on each other. Friction is the resistance of to motion based on an objects interactions with its surroundings. Friction can be defined as either static or kinetic depending on whether the force is at rest of is moving, respectively. The magnitude of friction is dependent on the nature of the two forces in contact with each other, indicated by the coefficient of friction ( s or k ) and how hard the two surfaces are being pushed together (the normal force). Formulas

F friction = FNormal or =

Fnet = ma or

FFriction FNormal

NOTE: When using Newtons Second Law, one must set up a free-body diagram. 1) Choose (x,y) coordinate system, 2) Draw vectors of all forces acting on the object, 3) Use F=ma in each coordinate axis (as required to solve), 4) Resolve components into final result.

F = ma

2

Example of a FBD:

Free-Response Problems 1. One of more external forces, large enough to be easily measured, are exerted on each

object enclosed in a dashed box below. Identify the reaction to each of these forces.

[Note: No. 9 from book, not done as homework]

Solution: a) In this spring system, the spring would exert a force to right on the wall. There would also be a force exerted by spring on the hand (person holding on to the spring) is the external force and will be in the left direction. b) In this scenario, the wagon would exert a force down on the Earth; conversely, the Earth would be exerting a force in the opposite direction (upward) on the wagon. Additionally, the wagon would exert a force on its handle in the southwest direction or downward, left direction (opposite to the pull of the woman holding the handle). c) The football would exert a force on the Earth upward (to oppose the gravitation force pulling the football downward). It would also exert a force on the player in the southeast or downward, right direction, opposing the players kick. d) In this field, mass m would exert a force on mass M to the left. e) Within the interaction between the charged particles, the negatively charged particle (-q) would exert a force to the left on the positively charged particle (+Q). f) In this situation, the iron rod would exert a force on the magnet to the left.

2. In the figure below, a 4.50 kg cart slides down a frictionless plane with an inclination of 27 . The block is connected to a hanging mass of 3.00 kg with a mass-less cord and pulley. A) Draw a free-body diagram of the cart and of the hanging mass. B) Find the acceleration of the system.

0

Mass=4.5kg

Angle= 27

Hanging Mass:

Tension

B) Acceleration:

Cart : FX = mc a FT Fll = mc a FT mc g sin = mc a FT = mc g sin + mc a HangingMass : Fy = mh a Fg FT = mh a mh g FT = mh a mh g mc g sin + mc a = mh a mh g mc g sin = a( mc + mh ) m g mc sin a= h mc + mh (3)(9.8) (4.5)sin(27) = (4.5 + 3) = 3.65 m / s2

Gravity

Because the acceleration of the cart and the hanging mass will be the same, we can set up separate force analysis, then use both equations to solve for the acceleration. In order to use both equations simultaneously, we had to solve the force equation for the cart for F and then plug that into the force analysis of the hanging mass. We were then able to generate an acceleration expression that we could plug our values into.

Tension

3. A 9.00-kg hanging object is connected by a light, inextensible cord over a light, frictionless pulley to a 5.00-kg block that is sliding on a flat table (Fig. P5.28). Taking the coefficient of kinetic friction as 0.22, find the tension in the string. [Note: No.45 from book, not done for homework]

Tension

Normal

F F

Friction

Tension

F F

Gravity

Gravity

HangingMass : Fy = m2 a

Fg FT = m2 a m2 g FT = m2 a

After creating expressions for the forces on both masses, we are able to solve for the acceleration, then use both equations simultaneously in order to solve for the force due to the tension in the cord. In this analysis, we also much account for the friction on the table by using the equation F =uF .

Friction N

- Physics Notes 2011Uploaded byYY_L
- SILABUS Fisika 8 RSBIUploaded byaries triwidajati
- Differential-Equations-with-Bou-John-Polking.pdfUploaded byالعلم نور
- Past Paper of PIEASUploaded byshoaib2769504
- Question Paper Unit M1 (6677) June 2014Uploaded byArvinderSingh
- How the Distance Between Two Repelling Magnets Does Affect the Force of RepulsionUploaded byTommy Morteboy
- Chapter 03 Equilibrium- 2D ExerciseUploaded byHassam Balouch
- HK 09 Sec 4Sc Phy Prelim P2Uploaded bytopcat
- Engg Mechanics Chapter 01Uploaded bySenthil Muthu Kumar T
- Gravity GeophysicsUploaded byguiana22
- Physics Test Review QuestionsUploaded byGisele Phalo
- MCQ 2Uploaded bygaya8404
- Soalan FizikUploaded byMarsila Salwa
- 1Uploaded byJigar Suthar
- Laws of MotionUploaded byMechaella Marie Maste Gallaza
- U4 Review.docUploaded bymagiclcj
- physicalscience-unit4forcesandmotionUploaded byapi-252052152
- Lecture_1_web.pdfUploaded byMayur Mistry
- Third Law of MotionUploaded bySer Gutie
- Datos Geometricos de La EstructuraUploaded byHoracio Apolayo
- Newton2ndLaw-ReportUploaded byPrasanth
- Acceleration LabUploaded byJoshua Nathaniel Saxton
- Catamisan,Andrew Jozsef d. Phy11l a4 e201 3q1617Uploaded byAvaricious Andrew
- dyna 1 vcaUploaded byIvan Santos
- inquiry scienceUploaded byapi-309050107
- Test TargetUploaded bypraveen kumar
- CHAPTER 3Uploaded byBang Ri
- ForcesUploaded byNick Choo
- Tabla 1Uploaded byAra Martínez-Olguín
- MotionUploaded byAayush Verma

- ExponentsUploaded byLynn Hollenbeck Breindel
- -Logarithms and ExponentialsUploaded byLynn Hollenbeck Breindel
- Percent Error and Percent DifferenceUploaded byLynn Hollenbeck Breindel
- VectorsUploaded byLynn Hollenbeck Breindel
- Elastic Potential Energy MC Questions.pdfUploaded byLynn Hollenbeck Breindel
- E Fields in between Plates MC Questions.pdfUploaded byLynn Hollenbeck Breindel
- E & V Calculus MC Questions.pdfUploaded byLynn Hollenbeck Breindel
- Drift Velocity MC Questions.pdfUploaded byLynn Hollenbeck Breindel
- Dielectrics MC Questions.pdfUploaded byLynn Hollenbeck Breindel
- Definition of Capacitance MC Questions.pdfUploaded byLynn Hollenbeck Breindel
- Cyclotron MC Questions.pdfUploaded byLynn Hollenbeck Breindel
- Coulomb's Law MC Questions.pdfUploaded byLynn Hollenbeck Breindel
- Conservation of Energy without Friction MC Questions.pdfUploaded byLynn Hollenbeck Breindel
- Conservation of Energy with Friction MC Questions.pdfUploaded byLynn Hollenbeck Breindel
- Capacitor Circuits MC Questions.pdfUploaded byLynn Hollenbeck Breindel
- Calculating Voltage MC Questions.pdfUploaded byLynn Hollenbeck Breindel
- Biot Savart MC Questions.pdfUploaded byLynn Hollenbeck Breindel
- B Force on a Wire MC Questions.pdfUploaded byLynn Hollenbeck Breindel
- Vector Calculus WikibookUploaded byLynn Hollenbeck Breindel
- B Force on a Moving Charge MC Questions.pdfUploaded byLynn Hollenbeck Breindel
- B Field due to Wire.pdfUploaded byLynn Hollenbeck Breindel
- Angular Momentum MC Questions.pdfUploaded byLynn Hollenbeck Breindel
- Ampere's Law MC Questions.pdfUploaded byLynn Hollenbeck Breindel
- 1D Motion with Graphs.pdfUploaded byLynn Hollenbeck Breindel
- Math53 WorksheetUploaded byAndrew Berger
- math214notes.pdfUploaded byLynn Hollenbeck Breindel
- meyerproject.pdfUploaded byLynn Hollenbeck Breindel

- 9 inverse sine cosine and tangentUploaded byapi-299265916
- Mainz Paper (Revised)Uploaded byJayanta Bhattacharya
- anatomyOfTheInfamousArtificialExampleUpdatedHyperlinksIncludesSkepticalAndCommentOnObscenityDatedUploaded byJayden K. Amolli
- Chapter 2_1 Rectilinear MotionUploaded bytik50
- Open Problems in Mathematics John Nash - Michael RassiasUploaded byΚωνσταντίνος Πεχλιβάνης
- GD & T - Training Material Note PagesUploaded bylokelooks
- Rock StructureUploaded byHaobijam Romen
- C2 Integration Worksheet QuestionsUploaded byMartinLuk
- Vector Calculus_Dr. DzatiUploaded byTamahome Masahiro
- Kinemat ThUploaded byvinodwarrior
- Streangth of Material Lecture-NPTELUploaded byAgnibha Banerjee
- 9709 October November 2015 Qp 12Uploaded byMazin
- Http Www.dpspune.com Student PDF MATHS_1SymmetryUploaded byRajdev Bhattacharya
- 8 2 angle bisectors of trianglesUploaded byapi-332361871
- 169335567-Weight-Estimation-of-Vessels-Apps-xls.xlsUploaded bydhavalesh1
- Syllabus of Engineering MechanUploaded bymonumunduri
- FrenchCurves.pdfUploaded byAnonymous YYJ5xfp
- Ix Class Maths Model Paper - 2Uploaded bypokeyball
- class -xi pre unit test -ii -2016Uploaded byapi-326046013
- Symmetric and Unsymmetric Bending of BeamsUploaded bydch27
- 5 Axis Generic PostUploaded bywidya
- Skema Matematik k1 & k2 Mibf Spm 2012 Set1Uploaded byWan Zainul Akmar
- Cbse Sample Papers 10 Sa2 Maths Solved Papers 5Uploaded byAbd Sha
- Processism.pdfUploaded bydydycooky
- SPHERE3DUploaded byStuart Lemanski
- Moment of InertiaUploaded byJoel Joel
- Discrete Exterior Calculus - Anil N. HiraniUploaded bydelenda3
- Transformations - StretchUploaded byLate791
- CURVES-1Uploaded bySrinath Rajagopalan
- eTextbook (Basic Geometry and Trigonometry)Uploaded bycloudlearningbooks