You are on page 1of 3

CCNA 4E Chapter 7 IP Addressing Services - DHCP / NAT Gwinnett Technical College

7.0.1.1 List three temporary solutions allowing network users to use IPv4 addresses rather than moving to IPv6: What are the three main items issued to a host by a DHCP server? In this chapter DHCP is not referred to as an IP Address saving tool, but as a ___ ___ tool. In what type of environment (military or civilian) would a router be useful as a DHCP server? What are the three different DHCP allocation methods? Explain DHCP Operations from the point where a host searches for a DHCP Server: In general, how are messages transmitted from the Client to the DHCP Server? In general, how are messages transmitted from the DHCP Server to the Client? What are the two messages sent from the Client to the DHCP Sever using Unicast? If the Client-1 hears that Client-2 has already responded to the same DHCP Server Offer, how will Client-1 respond to the DHCP Servers Offer? In this case what will happen next for Client-1? If Client-1 sends a DHCPRequest to the DHCP Server and the DHCP Server has already given the address to another Client, how will the DHCP Server respond to Client-1? Describe the three main differences between DHCP and its predecessor BOOTP: What message field is ignored by older BOOTP systems? What ports are used by the Client and the DHCP Server?

7.1.1.1

7.1.2.1

7.1.3.1

7.1.3.2 7.1.3.3

Developed by L. Clarke

CCNA 4E Chapter 7 IP Addressing Services - DHCP / NAT Gwinnett Technical College

7.1.4.1

7.1.4.2

7.1.6.1

7.1.8.3

7.2.1.1 7.2.2.1

7.2.2.2

7.2.2.3

When the DHCP process is complete, the Server has acknowledged the address leased to the Client, what message field is updated to bind the address to the Client? What is the command to remove a single IP address from the DHCP pool to prevent them from being issued to Clients/Hosts? Range of IP addresses? What are the series of commands used to create a DHCP pool and issue the three basic components a Client needs to communicate on the LAN? What are the commands for the following DHCP features: DNS, DOMAIN, VoIP What command can be used to see how many addresses the DHCP Server has successfully issued? What command can be used to see what IP address has been assigned to specific MAC Addresses? What command can be used to show information about IP to MAC bindings as well as information about the number of addresses issued? What command is used to retrieve an IP address from the DHCP Server when it is not on the local segment with the requesting Client? What command can be used to watch DHCP functions on the server in realtime? What are the private IP address ranges for A,B,C as defined by RFC 1918? What is NAT? In what type of network environment is NAT usually found? In a NAT environment private addresses are considered to be ____ and public address are considered to be ____? To where are non-routable address not allowed to be routed? What are the two forms of NAT mapping? Give an example of how each is used. What is the ratio of private to public address translations with NAT? NAT Overload allows more than one private address to translate to a single public address. This is known as _____. What is the ratio of private to public address translation with NAT Overload? 2

Developed by L. Clarke

CCNA 4E Chapter 7 IP Addressing Services - DHCP / NAT Gwinnett Technical College

7.2.3.1 7.2.4.1

7.2.5.1

7.2.6.1 7.2.8.1

7.2.8.2 7.3.1.1

7.3.1.3 7.3.2.1

7.3.3.1

7.3.4.1 7.3.7.1

Even though PAT can handle up to 65536 private addresses to one public IP address, what is the recommended maximum ration? Does the source port address in PAT traverse the network to the destination? List some benefits of using NAT/PAT? List some drawbacks to using NAT/PAT? What commands are used to statically map the following private address to the public address using NAT? 10.0.0.10 / 24 and 141.63.7.20 / 28 What commands are used to dynamically assign the following private address to the public addresses using NAT? 10.0.0.10 / 24 and 141.63.7.16 / 28 How would the previous question be answered using PAT? show ip nat translations will display what information? clear ip nat translation * will perform what function? debug ip nat will display what information? How many unique addresses are available using IPv4? How many unique addresses are available using IPv6? Who is driving the move to IPv6 in the US? Why is IPv6 more secure than IPv4? IPv4 has 32 bits across 4 Octets, how is an IPv6 address constructed? The representation or writing of an IPv6 address can be shortened by leaving out zeros or unspecified addresses by using what format? Some Service Providers are using both IPv4 and IPv6 on their core networks. If this is not an option, how would you connect two IPv6 networks across the enterprise/cloud? What is meant by Dual Stacked? How do you enable IPv6 routing on a router?

Developed by L. Clarke