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FRIDAY 8TH JANUARY, 2010 (1:00PM 4:00PM)

DURATION OF EXAMINATION: THREE (3) HOURS _________________________________________________________________________ INSTRUCTION TO CANDIDATES: 1. Follow carefully all instructions in the examination booklet. 2. Read all questions carefully. 3. Answer two (2) questions in Section A and one (1) question in Section B. 4. Begin each answer on a new page. 5. DO NOT write your name on the examination booklet.



SECTION A Answer two (2) questions 1. Discuss in detail, the concept of voyages and the impact of Columbus second voyage on the Caribbean. 2 a. EITHER Discuss, giving examples, European Divide and Rule ploy on the colonizer, EuroAmerican clonizers ploy on the colonized and colonized ploy on the colonized. OR b. Lord Nicholas Phillips former United Kingdom Chief Justice and soon-to-be President of its Supreme Court complained recently that British judges (the Privy Council) are spending a disproportionate amount of time on Caribbean cases. Examine this statement in light of the question of recognition by Caribbean countries of the Caribbean Court of Justice. 3 a. EITHER Discuss the anti-colonial strikes of the 1930s, the response of the Euro-colonial British government, the response of the neo-colonial PNM government toward the labor movement and the reaction by the labor movement in T&T. OR b. Examine the Tobago economy and suggest realistic considerations for its viability in the current Caribbean context/climate. 4 a. EITHER Compare and contrast the multi-faceted factors involved in Afrikan enslavement by Europeans and the Indian indentureship by the Euro-British, including their respective triangles. OR b. Though well-structured and legally regulated, Indian indentureship closely resembled African enslavement Do you agree? 5 a. EITHER Discuss globalization and its impact on Third World countries, including the Caribbean. OR b. One of the strategies employed by Caribbean policy makers for successfully repelling the threats posed by globalization (while at the same time embracing the opportunities offered by the process) is deepening of the regional integration process. Trace and
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examine initiatives taken in deepening the regional integration process over the last half century to present. 6 a. EITHER Discuss the following, giving concrete examples. i. Zenophobia, Etnocentrism and Zenophilia ii. Retrogressive progression iii. Berlin Conference iv. Repartimiento and Apprenticeship slave systems v. Papal Bull and B.C. vs A.D. eras OR b. What or who is each of the following: i. Repartimiento ii. Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) iii. Creole iv. Matayage System v. Council of the Indies vi. Latifundia vii. Mercantile System viii. Granville sharp ix. Toussaint LOuverture x. Arthur A. Cipriani xi. Treaty of Tordesillas EITHER Discuss the major contributions of the indigenous peoples of the Caribbean and their decimation by Europeans. OR b. Trace the changes which existed in the constitutional development of the Caribbean. 8 a. EITHER Discuss the differences between a two-party government vs a two-party system. Give examples. OR b. To what extent does T&T follow the West Minister model of government? 9. In your own words, discuss the tribulations which Tobago suffered in the course of transformation whereby an island which at the beginning of the 19th century had supported Bonapates dictatorship in France, became at the end of that century, a ward of crown colony of Trinidad.
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7 a.

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10 a. EITHER Discuss the economic and political aspects of the abolition of the slave trade. OR b. Compare and contrast the features of old representative system of government enjoyed by Jamaica (before 1865) and Tobago (before 1876) to those of the crown colony system imposed upon them thereafter. SECTION B Answer one (1) question 11 a. EITHER Discuss the role of slave revolts and the Black Church during slavery and the latters role today. OR b. Outline the circumstances which converged to grant full freedom to all slaves in 1838. Also list the main points of the emancipation Act which became Law on August 29, 1833. EITHER Discuss the importance of the Caribbean and T&T to the United States and U.S. President Barack Obamas policy toward the Caribbean, including Cuba. OR b. Critcally account for the USAs interest in the Caribbean from 1900 to present. 13 a. EITHER Discuss the causes of the failure of the West Indies Federation. OR b. Federation did nothing for the Caribbean. How far do you agree with this statement? 14 a. EITHER Discuss the pillars and successes of Grenadas People revolution, U.S invasion and its impact on the region. OR The expansion of Europe in the Caribbean (and the Americas) was an evolutionary process of several distinct but in separable stages. Discuss.
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12 a.

15 a.

EITHER Discuss the contribution of Garveyism to the Afrikan liberation struggle. OR Caribbean nationalism is a myth. Do you agree?

16 a. EITHER Discuss the political objectives of colonialism, colonial education and the economic impact of colonialism. OR b. Explain how the extension of English colonization of the 17th century was chiefly the product of the economic and religious forces of that time. 17 a. EITHER Discuss the concept of Pan-Africanism and its contribution to the Afrikan liberation struggle. OR b. Caribbean cultural celebrations, in many ways, can be considered a form of resistance. Discuss. 18. All ah we is one family. With reference to anyone Caribbean country, how true is this statement. Massa Day is not racial term. Massa is a symbol of by gone age Massa Day is a social phenomenon. Massa Day Done connotes a political awakening and a social revolution. Explain the characteristics of Massa and of Massa Day in the context of this statement.



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Jan 2010