60664 | Abdomen | Thorax

University of Vermont Department of Nursing Master’s Entry Program in Nursing Course title: GRNU 322: Structure and Function

of the Human Body: A Self-Study Module 1.5 credits Admission to MEPN program Sarah E. Abrams, PhD, RN Rowell 230 656-3061

Credits: Prerequisite: Faculty:

Course Description: Self-directed learning module in basic anatomy and physiology. Self-study methods include readings, computer assisted instruction, online tutorials, and unit examinations Course Objectives: Upon completion of this course, the learner will be able to: 1. Explain the position and basic function of normal human anatomical structures by system in terms understandable to clients and families. 2. Communicate with nurses and other members of the health care team in standard language used to describe body structures and functioning. 3. Document findings related to normal anatomic structures and/or alterations in normal structure using correct medical technology. 4. Predict the consequences of selected congenital abnormalities or traumatic injuries on normal human physical function. Teaching/Learning Approach: This is a self-study program based on text and additional resources. Students are expected to read for understanding and to complete assignments using resource materials supplied by both faculty and classmates. Faculty will respond to inquiries and assist student learning, but this is not an instructor-led learning experience. It is foundational to Biomedical Science and may serve as a refresher for students who need a better grasp of the anatomical structure of the human being. Evaluation Methods: Weekly Quizzes 6 at 10% (online) Final Examination Anatomical web page 60% 20% 20% (details to be supplied by class time)

Schedule for Summer 2009 Week May 18 Topics Introduction Objectives
1. Define terms related to position and movement. 2. Identify basic anatomical structures of the body. 3. Distinguish between different kinds of membranes, muscles, bones, joints, blood vessels, nerve fibers, and reflexes. 1. List the components of the thoracic wall. 2. Describe the functions of the diaphragm. 3. Diagram the rib cage with its component bones. 4. Identify anterior and posterior surface anatomical landmarks on a person or model. 5. Illustrate where the lungs are in relation to anatomical landmarks.

Assignments Read chapter 1.

Thorax I

Read chapter 2.

Take the weekly quiz.

May 25

Thorax II

1. Draw a general anterior diagram of the structures of the thoracic cavity in correct proportion and position to one another. 2. Define mediastinum. 3. Distinguish between thoracic cavity, pleural cavity, pericardial cavity and costodiaphragmatic recess.

Read chapter 3.

June 1

Abdomen Parts I and II

4. Label the largest blood vessels in the cavity. 5. Describe the internal structure of the lungs. 6. Identify the surfaces, borders and chambers of the heart. 7. Note the positions of Take the weekly quiz. the heart valves on a diagram. 8. Locate the electrical nodes of the heart. 9. Identify the major blood vessels supplying nutrition to the heart. 10. Label the arteries and veins that enter/drain the heart. 1. Label structures on Read chapters 4 and 5. the surface and interior of the abdomen. 2. Identify the origins and insertions, nerve supplies and functions of the external and internal oblique muscles. 3. Locate regions of the abdomen on an anterior surface diagram. 4. Locate lymph notes of the A&P surfaces of the abdomen. 5. Label the bones surrounding the abdominal cavity. 6. Diagram the major internal structures of the abdominal cavity from frontal (anterior) and midsagittal planes.

June 8

Pelvis I and II

June 15

Limbs Upper and Lower

7. List the parts of the gastrointestinal tract. 8. Name the major arteries and veins of the GI system. 9. Label the parts of the liver. 10. Identify the components of the urinary system/tract. 11. Label the parts of the interior of a kidney. 12. Locate surface landmarks for the aorta and its branches on a person or model. 1. Identify the names and types of bones comprising the pelvic girdle. 2. Identify surface landmarks on a person or model. 3. Identify the muscles and ligaments of the pelvic walls and floor. 4. Describe the structure, blood and nerve supply to the urinary bladder and rectum. 5. Distinguish between a male and a female pelvic skeleton. 1. Label the bones and joints of the upper and lower extremities, hand and foot. 2. Label parts of the clavicleand scapula. 3. Identify the muscles controlling the upper extremity and upper trunk, including origin and insertion points. 4. Describe the

Take the weekly quiz.

Read chapters 6 and 7.

Take the weekly quiz.

Read chapters 9 and 10.



7. 8.

9. 10. 11.

June 22

Head and Neck, Back 1.

3. 4.



7. 8.

branches of the radial, ulnar, and axillary nerve. Recognize the superficial and deep muscles of the back. Describe movements of the upper extremity. List the arteries and veins of the arms. Label the bones and muscles of the gluteal and lower regions of the lower extremity. Label the part of a knee joint. Identify the bones of the foot. Label superficial and deep structures of the lower extremity, including muscles, ligaments, nerves and major blood vessels. Identify the bones of the cranium. Label the internal structures of the head and neck from a sagittal diagram. Label the facial bones. Diagram an eye from the anterior &horizontal point of view. Label the parts of the external and internal point of view. Locate the major arteries, veins and lymph nodes of the head and neck. List the 12 cranial nerves. Identify the structures of the

Take the weekly quiz.

Read chapters 11 and 12.

Take the weekly quiz by 6/25.

nose, mouth, pharynx, larynx, trachea.

June 26

Final Examination

Online final examination.

Note: Your book also includes the perineum, Chapter 8. For the sake of this course, this content will not be tested, but should be read by students of the health sciences in preparation for clinical or advanced classes. For all chapter readings, please do the clinical problem-solving and review questions at the end of the chapter, being sure to cover the answers if visible. Then check your answers and review missed items in the text.

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