Forestry 185: Woodturning and Forest Conservation Fall Semester 2008 CRN: 92829 Credit Hours: 1 Wednesday September 24 1:00-5:00 Wednesday October 1, 1:00-5:00 Instructors: Ralph Tursini 184 John Putnam Dr. Cambridge, VT 05444 Studio:802 644-5131 Home:802-644-5374

Friday September 26 1:00-5:00 Friday September 3 1:00-5:00

David Brynn 326 UVM Aiken Center Burlington, VT 05401 Office;802 453-7728 Home 802 453-4651

Overview: The goal of this course is to improve the student’s awareness and understanding of the key elements of forest conservation and use. Participants will be introduced to the criteria of the Montreal Process for Sustainable Forestry in Temperate Forests. Common tree and wood ID will be a component of the course. In addition, participants will be introduced to the processes involved in converting standing trees into functional wooden bowls. Students will learn the foundations of lathe operation and safety, tool control, and cutting techniques for safe and efficient turning. Students will learn how to design turned objects with respect to wood structure and properties. There will be hands-on demonstrations and some lecture. Prerequisites: level 2 requires prior completion of level 1 or concurrent enrollment. Location: All Classes will be held at the Jericho Research Forest and Conservation Center. Students are responsible for their own transportation and are encouraged to arrange a carpool. The Aiken loading dock provides a convenient meeting place. Allow 30 minutes for a comfortable travel time from there. Directions: From Burlington, take I-89 South to exit 11 (Richmond), turn left off the exit ramp going under the interstate and turn right onto Rt. 117. Travel for about 3 miles down Rt. 117 and take a right onto Barber Farm Road. About a 1/2 mile down Barber Farm Road take a right onto Tarbox Road. Tarbox is a dirt road and may be in poor condition during the rainy/mud season. About a 1/2 mile down Tarbox the road forks, bear to the right and this road will lead you to the UVM house on the Jericho Forest property. Topics and Sequence: Day 1  Forest Conservation Introduction: History of forest conservation and elements of forest health  Material Introduction: Tree structure, wood properties and selection, preparing the bowl blank  Tools Introduction: The shop space, lathes, and bowl gouge technique Day 2:  Wood identification  Rough turning the blank  Bowl design and sketching  Turning the outside profile Day 3:  The elements of sustainable forestry

 Turning the outside and inside profile Day 4:  Tree felling demonstration

 Turning the bowl bottom  Finishing the bowl  Celebration

Assignments: 1. Each student is expected to keep a journal for the duration of the course. A copy will be due no later than one week after the last class. Elements should include observations and thoughts, both technical and conceptual. A successful journal will serve as a learning tool for reflection and reinforcement for the student during and after the course. For the instructors, the journals will complete a valuable feedback loop helping us see how the students understood the content. 2. An important part of any creative design process is a plan. The bowl design sketch serves this function. A scaled sketch of each bowl will be made once each student has rough turned their bowl blank. This will be turned in for review before shaping their bowl. The sketch should: be drawn to scale; show the rough turned blank profile; show a cross sectional bowl profile of interior and exterior surfaces; and consider bowl design concepts. Due Dates and Grading: Journal: September 26 (one week from last class day) Sketch: Before continuing on to turn bowl profile Components of the grade include attendance, journal, and bowl design sketch. Other Elements: There will be an indoor shop component and an outdoor forest component to the class. Come prepared for the season: rain gear, multiple layers, and insect repellent. For the shop, please have close-toed shoes. Spring and fall classes can be quite cold so again layers are helpful. Clothing should be warm yet not too bulky to provide the most comfort while working. Attendance at each class will be required as the technical nature of the content builds upon previous content. Please get in touch with the instructors as soon as possible regarding extenuating circumstances. No student will perfect the woodturning techniques we are using within the timeframe we have. Instead, success at the lathe will appear as a steadily improving control of body, mind, and tool throughout the class. A successful bowl will may show only a couple examples of clean cuts with many more imperfections. This is okay. Some students will not complete a bowl. Partially completed pieces are always better than rushed work. Safety is Job One! We want to create a comfortable working and learning environment. Safety is one essential element of this. We will be working with tools and machinery capable of inflicting severe injury. Come to each class with a clear and open mindset. Please leave mental and physical distractions at the door during the class. While working with the tools, if you feel uncomfortable or unsure please stop and inform the instructor before proceeding. Bibliography / Recommended reading:  Hoadley, Bruce R. Understanding Wood: A Craftsman's Guide to Wood Technology. Revised 2nd. Edition. Taunton, 2000.  Raffan, Richard. Turned-Bowl Design. Taunton, 1987.  Aldo Leopold, ‘The Land Ethic’ from A Sand County Almanac  Vermont Family Forests, ‘A Forest Management Checklist’  Wendell Berry, ‘Conserving Community’ essay from Another Turn of the Crank

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