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saxarebis qveyana

(anu protestantul-puritanuli bukvalurobis kritika)

saxarebis qveyana Tavs moferebiT „sao“-s eZaxda, mezoblebi mas


ratomRac saqajelod moixseniebdnen, xolo ra warmodgenis iyvnen mis
Sesaxeb cis binadarni, CemTvis ucnobia.
saxarebis qveyanaSi marTlac sruldeboda is religiuri
imperativebi, romelTac saxareba iuwyeba anu ufali, RmerTi da kaci
Cveni ieso qriste gviqadagebs. magaliTisaTvis, „romelsa undes pirvel-
yofa, iyavn yovelTa mona“: saxarebis qveynis upirvelesi ierarqi, e. i.
Cveneburad KkaTalikos-patriarqi marTlac umdablesi xarisxis hipo-
diakvnad anu mnaTed iwodeboda. oficialuri titulatura eklesiis
saWeTmpyrobelisa iuwyeboda, „uubraloesi da usawylesi mnaTe“ esa da
eso. mixvdiT albaT, rom „uwmindessa da unetaress“, „yovladuwmindess“
da sxva amgvarebs, riTac Cveulebriv realuri msoflios religiuri
liderebi Seimkobian (amasTan, ar dagvaviwydes, rom RmerTi sakralur
titulaturaSi ratomRac „wmindas“ ver ascda), saoSi „uubraloesi“,
„usawylesi“, „uukanasknelesi“ da a. S. Caenacvla. uubraloesi anu
yovladsabralo sakaTedro taZris win maTxovrobda, tualetebs
alagebda, ZaRlebs rwyilebisagan, dedaqalaqis quCebs ki erTob
momravlebuli ZaRlebis saZaglobisagan aTavisuflebda (igi Tavisi
zebunebrivi saqcieliT mogvagonebda herman heses leos moTxrobidan
„mogzauroba dilis qveyanaSi“). pirveli ierarqi amgvarad da sxva
msgavsi yovladSeuracxi saqmianobiT adasturebda Tavis
pirvelyofilebas, saxarebiseulobas da zeierarqiulobas; da rac
yvelaze mTavaria, adamianobas: mas xom patiosani SromiT da ara
mxolod locviT, gahqonda Tavi. vfiqrobT, magaliTi damajerebelia,
magram mxolod erTi magaliTi magaliTi araa, iseve, rogorc mxolod
erTi qristiani qristiani araa: monos cristianus nolos cristianus. amitomac
magaliTebs gavamravlebT.
saxarebaSi xom gveubnebian, iotisodena sarwmunoeba rom gqondeT,
mTebs gadaabrunebdiTo! Hhoda, saoel samRvdeloebas marTlac hqonda
iotisodena da zogjer odnav meti sarwmunoebac. Aamis wyalobiT sao-
saxarebis qveyanaSi mTebis gadadgm-gadmodgma Cveulebriv ambad
iTvleboda. Kki sazarlad gamoiyureboda mTamoglejili nawilebi
dedamiwisa, magram ra gaewyoba, rwmena rogorc Cans ekologiur

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msxverplsac iwiravs. arcTu iSviaTad, uceb gadadgmuli mTis qveS
aRmoCndeboda xolme esa Tu is mTisZira daba an sofeli da erTianad
miwaSi imarxeboda. zogjer ki, erTi mRvdeli anu qristes mociquli
mTas Tu aqedan iqiT gadadgamda, meore, mTis iqiT moRvawe,-aqaoda, „Txa
Txaze naklebio“,- sacodav mTas isev ukan abrunebda. Aai maSin unda
genaxaT ras gavda mTis qveS moyolili erTianad motafuli sofeli Tu
daba-qalaqi! SeadareT, aba ra darCeboda kvlav stefanwmindaSerqmeuli
daba yazbegisgan, mas rom myinvarwveri jer uceb zed daadgan, mere ki
maSinve gadaadgan! Mmadloba RmerTs, rom Cven, rogorc Nnormalur
qristianul qveyanas Seefereba, iotisodena rwmenac ki ar gvabadia.
RmerTi samebiTaa, RvTis sityva anu saxareba ki oTxebiT, amitomac sul
raRac sam-oTx magaliTs davjerdebiT da mkiTxvelisagan mcireoden
moTminebasac moveliT.
saxarebaSi xom akurTxebs qriste Tavis mowafeebs anu mociqulebs,
gvelTa SeipyrobdiTo! Hhoda, saoeli klerikaloba marTlac
Seipyrobda gvelTa,- iq xom uamravi mcuravi dasrialebda,- da
SepyrobilTa qveynis praqtikul saWiroebas axmarda; rogorc wesi,
oficialur anu nakurTx gvels, gvelgeslas, giurzas, gvelxokerasa
da gvelTagvelas qamrad irtyamdnen an halstuxad ikidebdnen.
erTxelac saoelma klerikalobam saoel parlamentarebs sahalstuxed
gansakuTrebuli, gamorCeulad Sxamiani, Wreli da msuqani gvel-
xokerebi Camouriga -zoologiuri terminologiiT „eivalsovarp“-ad
wodebulni, ris Semdegac saoelma parlamentarebma adgilobriv
klerikalobas ganusazRvres, gauimasqnes da gaukonkordates
gansakuTrebuli roli, rac am ukanasknelT nebas uxsnida, rom mTeli
sao Tavisi marTlac gansakuTrebuli madis Sesabamisad, erTianad Tu
nel-nela, Tavis miwa-wylianad, sarCo-sabadeblianad, skola-
muzeumebianad da TviT ca-Rrublianadac ki CaexeTqa da STaenTqa...
halstuxad Senaskvuli gveli Tavs arcTu uxeirod grZnobda,
drodadro parlamentar-patronis RipTan mokonwiale Tavs zemoT
aswevda, TvalebSi CaaSterdeboda mas Tavisi gveluri mzeriT, orkap
enas gareT gamousansalebda da saamurad ausisindeboda xolme. gvelTa
sisinSi muqara mxolod im SemTxvevaSi gamoereoda, Tu kanonmdeblebi
aRmsareblobis Tavisuflebas daupirebdnen dakanonebas. aba raRa
gasakviria, rom TandaTanobiT am sisin-muqaraSi sindisica da religiac
kanonmdeblobidan gaqra da male yvelam, ermac da bermac,
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kanonmdebelmac da kanonmRebelmac es ori cneba Zir-fesvianad
gadaiviwya da eSmaks gadaabara.
saos religiur ucnaurobebs zed daerTo uubraloes-usabraloesis
moulodneli gauCinarebac (amboben, apostaziis braldebiT sakuTarmave
garemocvam daasnebovna, daapatimra da Tavis momkvdaruneba miusajao),
TumcaRa, saxarebiseuli sawaulebi kvlav ganuwyvetliv aResruleboda.
saoel saswaulTagan ugansakuTrebulesi iseve aRemateboda danarCenebs,
rogorc ioanes moarwive-sulieri saxareba sam sinoptikurs.
ugansakuTrebulesad igulisxmeba mkvdrebis aRdgineba. –saxarebaSi xom
sweria, mkudarTa aRadgendiTo. saoeli samRvdeloebisaTvis es
araviTar problemas ar warmoadgenda. mTavaria, mieswroT sanam mkvdari
miwaSi Caideboda, pawa waelocnaT(rasakvirvelia, Sesabamisi sazRauris
fasad) da bitte, batonebo: fexze dgas Tqveni „mkudari“, miarTviT
kubdari! mkvdrebis aRdgena yoveldRiur rutinad gadaiqca da raRa
dagimaloT, qveyana mkvdrebiT gaivso. Mmkvdrebma yvelas Tavi moabezres:
rogorc ki qveyana cota welSi aimarTeboda, maSinve gauTavebel
mitingaobas iwyebdnen; iginebodnen, SimSilobdnen, Rormucelobdnen...
calke religiuri mkvdrebi aqtiurobdnen anu fanatikosobdnen,
eqstremizms, obskurantizms, izolacionizmsa da Seuwynareblobas
qadagebdnen da axorcielebdnen. religiuri mkvdrebi ara Tu mxolod
sakuTar xelisufalT, mTel ganviTarebul msoflios, sicocxles,
civilizacias, raRacas erCodnen, uSverad lanZRavdnen da
erqagrexilebodnen. saubedurod mkvdrebis garCeva cocxlebisagan
arcTu ise ioli iyo, aba romeli WkvaTamyofeli mkvdari ityoda,
mkvdari varo! rogorc wesi, saoeli mkvdrebi uCveulo warmatebas
aRwevdnen gnebavT politikur-sapremierministro, gnebavT saqmosnur Tu
sasuliero-sasinedriono karieraSi; gansakuTrebiT ki am ukanasknelSi.
qveyana mkvdrebiT gaivso da gadaiWeda. karga xania, mkvdrebma gaxsnes
sakuTari mecnierebaTa akademia, universiteti, survielobdnen sakuTar
parlamentsa da samefos da, rasakvirvelia, saufevelsac Tavis
jojoxeTianad(mkvrebis sufeva xom ujojoxeTod warmoudgenelia).
mkvdar anu klerikaluri stilis Tanaxmad, „kvtar“ kacebs arc „kvtari“
qalebi udebdnen tols warmatebaSi. magaliTisaTvis, saos mTavar
saeklesio biuros mudmivad, karga xans saos parlaments, xolo
erTxanobas saxelmwifo universitetsac mkvdari qalebi ganagebdnen...
mokled, saoSi lamis „kvtrebis“ diqtatura damyarda…...
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eTnologebi dagvemowmebian, rom mkvdrebi Zalian veragni arian da
maTi ganawyeneba saxifaToa. Ffijis kunZulebis mkvidrT Cvevad aqvT
mkvdrebs gverdze miuwvnen da miualerson, raTa rogorme maTi guli
moigon da xifaTi airidon. saoel mkvdrebs ki ra unda mouxerxo,
rogor unda miuwve maT da moulbo guli, isini xom cocxlebiviT
dadian, laparakoben da moRvaweoben! isRa dagvrCenia viyuCoT, miwolas
moveridoT, saos saerTodac zurgi vaqcioT da maRal RmerTs uzomo
madli SevwiroT sicocxlisa da urwmunoebisaTvis.
vefxia uZilauri, 10. 01. 2006. _ 07.07.2008.
07.07.2008.

„RmerTs ebarebodeT!“

ise sjobia, Tu ramis daweras apireb, droze daiwyo kacma. wesiT am


werils „ubedurebis saTave“ unda rqmeoda Tuki droze daviwyebdi;
axla ki, mas Semdeg, rac amdeni vibodiale, yavis smasa da dauwerel
fiqrebs Sevyevi, saTauric davkarge da boloc. Ppirveli, ramac
bodialisas Tavi Semaxsena, ratomRac maqs veberis gamonaTqvamebi iyo
(maqs veberis zogierT teqsts religiaTmcodneobis Sesaval kursSi
gavdiodiT) Tavdapirveli religiurobis Sesaxeb._ „amqveyniurad
orientirebuli“, „rom Sen xoSianad grZnobde Tavs“(„dass es dir vollgehe”)
da msgavsni.
mere rac moxda, religiis profesionalizaciis damsaxurebaa.
religiis bedi da istoria “xangrZlivad qarizmatuli tipebis”_
Samanebisa Tu mRvdlebis xelSi aRmoCnda. saqmeSi CaerTo Sromis
ganawileba, ramac religiuri warmodgenebi gaarTula da
gaamravalferovna. Mmanamade Tu keTilisa da borotis qmna erToblivad
oden “RmerTs” miewereboda, awi borotze zrunva eSmakebma aiRes Tavze.
isini an modagasuli RmerTebi arian an RmerTis Crdilovani anaTali,
specialuri funqciiT aRWurvilni, viTarca saiqiosa da borotebis
avan-Cavanni anu specebi. erTi sityviT, saiqios da saiqiosken
orientirebulobas religiur aRqmasa da warmodgenaSi gvian unda
moekida fexi. aSkaraa, rom saiqios Semosvlam religiis avanscenaze
(risi apoTeozi da zenitic Cemi azriT berad kurTxevis procesi Tu
procesiaa) religiuri cxovrebis xasiaTi radikalurad Secvala da
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daabalansa. Mme mgoni am dabalansebis klasikuri gamoxatulebaa Cveni
eklesiis erTi da albaT misi yvelaze saukeTeso slogani: “ixareT
orsave sofelsa Sina”.
es slogani xSirad gaismoda patriarqis piridan 80-ian wlebSi da dRes
ki, rodesac samwuxarod eklesia iqca Tu vaqcieT Zalauflebis
faqtorad da ideologiur fabrikad, bunebrivia, es keTili,
gamawonasworebeli slogani daikarga da saiqioebrivi sloganebiT
Canacvlda. ras unda moaswavebdes magaliTad “RmerTs ebarebode!”? Cven
xom jer vcocxlobT? rogorc gavige, es gamoTqma sxva saqarTvelodan
gadmoinerga; sxva saqarTvelo ki sxva sinamdvileSi cxovrobs da im
arakeTilganwyobiTi, gaurkveveli da Seusabamo sinamdvilis pirmSoa es
sicocxlis damcavi RonisZiebac: “RmerTs ebarebode!”
da aq ki, Sin raSi unda gvWirdebodes RmerTs vebarebodeT? ra
safrTxeebs gvaridebs es? ratom unda unda vebarebodeT RmerTs
maincdamainc aqve, cocxlad, saaqaoSi? nuTu wuTisofelma arseboba
Sewyvita?
ratomRac eklesiis xseneba CvenTan tabuirebulia, arada eklesia xom
es Cven varT, TiTqmis mTeli Yqveyana, 80 % Tu meti, realurad Tu
Ppotenciurad; nuTuNCven Cven Tavze aRar unda vilaparakoT?
ki batono, sanam am qveyanaSi vcxovrob, am qveynis TamaSis wesebs mec
davicav, ar vilaparakeb, vityvi mxolod, rasac ganvicdi: da ai, vxedav,
vuyureb parads Tu inauguracias: amqveyniuri Zalauflebis
damlegitimirebeli patriarqi gamodis, Tan axlavs samRvdeloebis
dasi, Savberulad Semosilebi; es yvelaferi erT did Sav laqasaviTaa
sazogado evropuli Cacmulobis fonze. miCndeba kiTxva: saidan
movidnen isini, rogorc eklesiis kritikosebi amboben, bizantiur-
Suasaukuneobrivi mentalitetidan? simarTles Sehgavs, magram...saqme
gvaqvs odnav metTan. Tu konkordats gadavxedavT, gansakuTrebiT ki mis
ganzraxvaSi anu pirvel variantSi, advilad aRmovaCenT mis mizans:
yvelafris dauflebas, yvelafris, rac am tanjul qveyanas abadia am
ucnaur wuTisofelSi. viRacas, jgufs an Zalas, “eklesias” rom
irqmevs, surs sofeli ese daipyros, sakuTari stiliT “daibrunos”. ki,
magram vis ekuTvnis sazogadod sofeli ese? Ddidi fici da mtkici ar
Wirdeba, rom saxarebis da principSi qristianobis Tanaxmad, meufe amis
soflisa satanaa _eSmakTmTavari (“yoveli sofeli borotsa zeda
sdgas”); gavixsenoT Tundac saxarebidan Tu rogor sTavazobs igi
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ufals mTeli soflis simdidres Tayvaniscemis wil. ai ase da
amgvarad, martivad da naTlad,- didi WeSmaritebani da TviT RmerTic
ki martivi da naTelia, -martivad da naTlad Cans, rom 2002 wlis 14
oqtombers SevardnaZem saxelmwifos saxeliT xelSekruleba gaaforma
ara eklesiasTan, aramed eSmakTan. Eesaa e.w. eSmakis paqti. eSmaks eyo
imis eSmakoba, rom am qveynisaTvis yvelaze saTuTs- marTlmadidebeli
eklesiis avtoritets amohfarvoda. Ees SesaZlebeli gaxda maSindel
saqarTveloSi, radgan mTavroba iyo korumpirebuli, mompovebeli,
xolo eklesiis mesveurni ki upovarebis aRTqmis damviwyebeli. Aaravis
verCi, arc ierarqias, arc kanonmdebelT, es ki asea.
ase da amgvrad batonebo, me im Sav dasSi ara ubralod bizantiuri
ierarqia davinaxe, aramed saiqios reprezentantebi (es me Sinaganma
alRom mikarnaxa da Cem ganaCens veraferi Secvlis), im saiqiosi, sadac
bneli igi mZlavrobs da saidanac igi saaqaoSi momxveWlobs. Ggamodis,
rom Tu eSmakis paqts anu e.w. konkordats davicavT, maSin mTelma
mosaxleobam mTeli es qveyana da Cveni Tavisuflebac im wyeuls unda
gadavabaroT da aba raRa dagvrCenia am sawylebs garda imisa, rom
axlave, cocxladve RmerTs CavbardeT? RmerTs ebarebodeT!
vefxia uZilauri, 09. 07. 2008.
zemoT dawerilis kritika
wavikiTxe vinme vefxia uZilauris “RmerTs ebarebodeT”. Nnetamc ar
wamekiTxa! aseTi nazavi urwmunoebisa da (viTomcda) rwmenisa,
sociologiuri Tu Teologiuri midgomebisa, sigiJisa da
normalurobisa, marTlac iSviaTobaa. Tu werilis pirvel naxevarSi
avtori maqs veberiseuli religiis sociologiis gadmocemas eswrafvis,
meore naxevarSi, TiTqos ucabedad bzikma ukbinao, daukrefavSi
gadadis, eklesias miafrindeba da TviT saRvTo werilze dayrdnobiT
cdilobs Cveni umniSvnelovanesi sakanonmdeblo movlenis- konkordatis
sruli uRvTooba dagvisabuTos. Cven gangeb vambobT “sruli uRvTooba”,
radgan ar gvsurs im kuriozuli braldebis gameoreba, rom TiTqosda
konkordati eSmakma gaaimasqna anu Semogvigdo. Nnu iyofin!

U urwmuno

(anu rogor ganvicdi Cvens dRevandel religiurobas)

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moxda ise, rom saoSi madlma iwvima. Mmadlis wvimam rwmena aRazeva. Cvili

bavSvidan dawyebuli, ukbilo dedabriT damTavrebuli, yvela „ufalo,


ufalo“-s gaiZaxoda. Yyovel fexis nabijze, TviT WaobebSic ki, taZrebs
aSenebdnen. taZrebis RriWoebSi obobebi, aTasgvari Wia-Rua da Ramurebi
ibudebdnen. rwmenis madli maTac ki gadaedo.
erTaderTi urwmunoRa darCa, saxelad... misi saxeli istorias ar Semounaxavs.
„urwmuno“ iqca mis saxeladac, gvaradac da Zegladac. saoSi urwmunoeba
imdenad warmoudgeneli iyo, rom Tavidan urwmuno yvelas giJi egona. bolos
eSmakeulad, borotmoqmedad da qveynis damRupvelad gamoacxades. gamoWimes
saos mTavar gazeT „madlSi“ rubrikiT: „ai, vin gvarcxvens“; misces
pasuxisgebaSi... araerTi mowme aRmoCnda, romelTac ama Tu im miyruebul
taZarSi mxurvaled mlocveli, mziarebeli da monanuli urwmuno unaxavT,
magram saxelmwifo bralmdebelma (sao xom saxelmwifo iyo ) es qmedebani
urwmunos gansakuTrebul mzakvroba-farisevlobas miawera, moiTxova
urwmunos sikvdiliT dasja. urwmunos sikvdili maincdamainc ar uyvarda,
amitomac prokurors amgvari dialogi gaumarTa:
_„meufe prokuroro, eklesia xom morwmunea?“
_“rasakvirvelia, ugnuro, aba ras roSav?“
_meufe prokuroro, Tuki eklesia, vinc yaCaRobs anu sxvaTa taZrebs itacebs,
morwmunea, maSin gamodis, rom me, vinc ver vyaCaRob, urwmuno var”.
bunebrivia, amgvarma dialogma urwmunos sasjeli daumZima da Cveulebrivi
sikvdili anu daxvreta CamoxrCobiT Seucvales.
_”inanieb Tu ara danaSauls?”- hkiTxa bolos urwmunos prokurorma.
_SeuZlebelia movinanio dido meufev, me xom adamiani var, adamians ki arc
monanieba SeuZlia, arc arc rwmena; adamians SeuZlia mxolod egonos, rom
swams an inaniebs.... me ki minda, rom ara mxolod megonos... da radganac es
SeuZlebelia, amitomac urwmunoebis garduvalobas verafers vuxerxeb.”
sasamarTlom rwmenis Seuval sferoSi amgvari wafilosofoseba urwmunos ar
apatia da ubralo CamoxrCoba Sayiyis kvriT anu jer xel-fexisa da bolos
Tavis mokveTiT Seucvala.
_”aRiareb Tu ara, Sens garda rom yvelas RmerTi gvwams?”- aseTi iyo
prokuroris sul bolo SekiTxva.
_”me vaRiareb mxolod erTaderTs: urwmuno var! mwams da vaRiareb, rom
urwmuno var!”- gahyviroda urwmuno.

urwmunos esodenma gajiutebam sasamarTlo da damswreni ganarisxa, amitomac


mas Sayiyis kvra wamebiT Seucvales. Yyvelaze didi taZris ezoSi gamoiyvanes,
jer muguzali daayares morwmuneebma, mere ena amoaglijes, Tvalebi

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dasTxares, frCxilebi daaZres, is ki bolomde gaiZaxoda: “urwmuno var,
urwmuno var!...”
rogorc ki urwmunom suli dalia, elias mTis didi taZris kretsabmeli
Suaze gaipo, WaobebSi agebuli taZrebi gvel-bayayebiT gaivso, xolo cidan
grgvinva gaisma:
“ese ars Ze Cemi sayvareli, romeli me saTno-
saTno-viyav!”

vefxia uZilauri,10. 01. 2004. Tbilisi.