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NU-LEC INDUSTRIES PTY LTD

A Schneider Electric Company

Modbus Protocol Technical Manual For Automatic Circuit Reclosers And Load Break Switches With CAPM-4/5 Controllers

Scope This document describes the Modbus Protocol and Database Implementation on Nu-Lec Automatic Circuit Reclosers and Load Break Switches utilising CAPM-4/5 controllers. Document Part No: Document Revision Level: N00-665 R05

COPYRIGHT NU-LEC INDUSTRIES PTY LTD 2001

Nu-Lec Industries Pty Ltd. ACN 085 972 425 37 South Street, Lytton, QLD 4178, Australia. Tel +61 7 3249 5444 Fax +61 7 3249 5888

LIMITATIONS
This document is copyright and is provided solely for the use of the recipient. It is not to be copied in any way, nor its contents divulged to any third party, nor to be used as the basis of a tender or specification without the express written permission of Nu-Lec Industries Pty Ltd. This document discloses confidential intellectual property that belongs to Nu-Lec Industries P/L. This document does not invest any rights to Nu-Lec Industries intellectual property in the recipient. Moreover the recipient is required not to disclose any of the intellectual property contained in this document to any other party unless authorised in writing by Nu-Lec Industries Pty Ltd. Public Access: \stdprod\N00\Current\N00-665Rev5.pdf Source: \R&D\CAPM4\manuals\N00-665.doc

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Revision Control Revision


R00 R01 R02 R03 R04 R05

Author
DPC DPC DPC DPC PJM PJM

Date
24/10/01 12/11/01 10/05/02 18/12/02 24/10/03 28/11/03

Comment
Initial revision Alteration from first meeting 8/11/01 Correct Loop Automation ON rejection reasons. Add new points for Version 28. Removed reference to Frame Timeout. Added new appendix for CAPM2 N00-321 & N00-360 emulation. Altered the Mapping selection field Corrected N00-321/N00-360 Digital Status Word 2

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Content
1 2 Introduction..................................................................................................................................4 Overview......................................................................................................................................4 2.1 Data Types .................................................................................................................................4 2.2 Controls......................................................................................................................................4 2.3 Terminology...............................................................................................................................4 2.4 LBS vs ACR Point Mapping. ....................................................................................................5 2.5 Password Protection...................................................................................................................5 3 Applicability ................................................................................................................................5 3.1 Control Cubicle Software ..........................................................................................................5 3.2 Modbus Protocol Definition ......................................................................................................5 3.3 Switchgear Type ........................................................................................................................5 4 Year 2000 Compliance Statement ...............................................................................................5 5 Protocol Configuration.................................................................................................................5 5.1 Protocol Parameter Configuration .............................................................................................6 6 Physical Layer..............................................................................................................................6 6.1 Communications Ports Supported..............................................................................................6 6.2 RS-232 Communication Specifications.....................................................................................6 6.2.1 RS-232 Hardware Signals............................................................................................6 6.2.2 RS-232 Character Definition .......................................................................................7 6.2.3 Communication Configuration Parameters..................................................................7 6.2.4 RS-232 Configuration..................................................................................................7 6.3 V23 FSK Communication Specifications..................................................................................9 6.3.1 V23 Hardware Signals .................................................................................................9 6.3.2 V23 Configuration Parameters ..................................................................................10 6.3.3 V23 Handshaking Signals..........................................................................................12 6.4 Communication Statistics ........................................................................................................12 Appendix A Protocol Timings ...........................................................................................................14 Appendix B Modbus Implementation Table......................................................................................15 Appendix C - ACR Modbus Points ...................................................................................................16 Appendix C.1 ACR Modbus - Digitial Inputs ...................................................................................16 Appendix C.2 ACR Modbus - Analogue Inputs................................................................................34 Appendix C.3 ACR Modbus - Digital Control ..................................................................................42 Appendix C.4 ACR Modbus - Analogue Control..............................................................................47 Appendix D LBS Modbus Points ......................................................................................................48 Appendix D.1 LBS Modbus - Digital Inputs .....................................................................................48 Appendix D.2 LBS Modbus - Analogue Inputs.................................................................................55 Appendix D.3 LBS Modbus - Digital Control...................................................................................61 Appendix D.4 LBS Modbus - Analogue Control ..............................................................................64 Appendix E CAPM2 Modbus Point Map ..........................................................................................65 Appendix E.1 Data Available over Modbus ......................................................................................65 Appendix E.2 Controls Available over Modbus................................................................................68 Appendix F CAPM2 N00-321 and N00-360 Modbus Point Map .....................................................69 Appendix F.1 Data Available over Modbus ......................................................................................69 Appendix F.2 Controls Available over Modbus ................................................................................72

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1 Introduction
This document describes the Modbus implementation for Nu-Lec Automatic Circuit Reclosers (ACRs) and Load Break Switches (LBSs) on Control and Protection Module types 4 & 5 (CAPM). For more information about the Automatic Circuit Recloser or Load Break Switch refer to relevant technical manual for your switchgear type.

2 Overview
The Nu-Lec CAPM controller combines the functions of protection relay and switchgear controller into a single intelligent electronic device (IED). The controller provides a user friendly operator interface on a four line LCD control panel which allows configuration and control of the switchgear and configuration of the Modbus Protocol, refer section 5.1. Electricity supply utilities frequently link the controller into their SCADA systems as a Remote Terminal Unit (RTU). To make this simple the controller provides. Mounting room for a radio or modem in the control cubicle. Power supply for the radio or modem in the control cubicle. Embedded protocol handler for the required SCADA protocol in the controller firmware. This document describes the embedded Modbus protocol handler for the CAPM4/5 controller.

2.1 Data Types


The Modbus protocol handler supports the following data exchange between the CAPM4/5 and a SCADA system Master Station. Digital Inputs Analogue Inputs Digital Control Analogue Control More information is given in later sections.

2.2 Controls
A list of the controls supported by the protocol handler is detailed in Appendix C.3 and Appendix D.3. All digital controls have a corresponding digital input. The master station must use these input points to verify that the control action has been successful. Sometimes a control will be rejected because of an underlying CAPM condition preventing the action. These conditions are detailed in the table in the appendices. The Modbus protocol handler triggers two events that are recorded in the CAPM event log Modbus Trip Req and Modbus Close Req. This event log reporting indicates only that the protocol handler has requested a trip or a close from the CAPM. It does not necessarily mean that the action has been taken. The Modbus protocol handler is designated as a remote user. Refer to the equipment manual for more information.

2.3 Terminology
The terminology used in this document is that Earth Fault or Ground Fault is described as Earth / Ground Fault and Sensitive Earth Fault (SEF) or Sensitive Ground Fault (SGF) is described as SEF/SGF. Also, bushing terminology used in this document is for U and W series switchgear ie I and X for the switchgear terminals. On N or RL series switchgear the 1 side is described as I and the 2 side is described as X. Also note that the phase terminology is ABC and refers always to the phase set by the Terminal Designation or Phasing option, never to the physical bushing or terminal on the switchgear. N00-665 R05 Page 4

2.4 LBS vs ACR Point Mapping.


The Modbus protocol handler supports independent point maps for the ACR and LBS switchgear types. The mapping for each is listed in the appendices. The type supported by the protocol handler is firmware dependant and determined by the CAPM on power up. If the incorrect configuration is supplied please refer to Nulec Industries or your distributor.

2.5 Password Protection


All Modbus panel fields require password entry unless described as Display only or otherwise stated. For more information on operator control panel usage refer to the equipment manual.

3 Applicability
3.1 Control Cubicle Software
This document applies to Nu-Lec pole top reclosers using a CAPM Controller which displays Modbus Protocol Manual N00-665 R05+ on the controller capability pages. To find these pages refer to the main equipment manual.

3.2 Modbus Protocol Definition


The protocol version implemented by Nu-Lec is Modbus and is described in the following document: 'Gould Modbus Protocol Reference Guide', PI-MBUS-300 RevB, January 1985 The Modbus protocol handler implements a sub-set of the complete Modbus protocol definition. The subset of Modbus communication function codes that are supported are listed in Appendix B. This sub-set allows a Modbus master station to poll a Nulec recloser and: scan the current values of inputs, holding registers force logic coils preset holding registers

3.3 Switchgear Type


Applicable to the following switchgear types: N-Series ACR, all models with CAPM-4/5 controllers. U-Series ACR, all models with CAPM-4/5 controllers W-Series ACR, all models with CAPM-4/5 controllers RL-Series LBS, all models with CAPM-4/5 controllers

4 Year 2000 Compliance Statement


The Modbus protocol software complies with rules 1, 2, 3 and 4 of the British Standards Institute Year 2000 Conformity Requirement (DISC PD2000-1 A Definition of Year 2000 Conformity Requirements). A copy of this statement can be found on the Nu-Lec Industries Pty Ltd web site (http://www.Nu-Lec.com.au/).

5 Protocol Configuration
The Modbus protocol handler adds several pages to the System Status menus. The additional pages fall into the following groups, Protocol Parameter Configuration Communications Parameter Configuration Communications Statistics All protocol configuration parameters can be viewed, modified and stored on a personal computer with the WSOS utility.

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5.1 Protocol Parameter Configuration


These pages allow the SCADA engineer to configure the Modbus protocol parameters.

---- Modbus Protocol Configuration 1 --RTU Address 1 Framing RTU Mapping NORMAL

Parameter RTU Address

Description RTU Address The station address of this unit on the communication link. Range 1 to 247 Factory default is 1 Framing Type Display only. Transmission mode used by RTU. Database Point Mapping The point map provided by the CAPM. The range is CAPM4/5 ACR (Refer to Appendix C) CAPM4/5 LBS (Refer to Appendix D) CAPM2 424 (Refer to Appendix E) CAPM2 321 (Refer to Appendix F) CAPM2 360 (Refer to Appendix F) Default: CAPM4/5 ACR

Framing Mapping

6 Physical Layer
6.1 Communications Ports Supported
The CAPM can communicate to the Master station via one of the following ports. RS-232 Port P8 V23 FSK Port P10

6.2 RS-232 Communication Specifications 6.2.1 RS-232 Hardware Signals


P8 Pin 2 3 4 5 7 8 20 Direction From CAPM To CAPM From CAPM To CAPM To CAPM From CAPM Description Tx Data (TxD) Rx Data (RxD) Request To Send (RTS) Clear To Send (CTS) Signal Ground Carrier Detect (CD) Data Terminal Ready (DTR)

Note: The CAPM uses RTS/CTS hardware handshaking. If not supported by the master then a loop back is required at the CAPM end of the communication cable.

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6.2.2 RS-232 Character Definition


RS-232 characters are 8 bit, with 1 stop bit. Parity is optional, and can be configured to either none, odd or even.

6.2.3 Communication Configuration Parameters


The following communications configuration pages allow the user to specify parameters required for operation of the physical link between the recloser and the master station.

-------- Modbus Communications 1 -----P8 RS-232 RUNNING Pre-Tx 250ms Post-Tx 35ms

Parameter

Description Port Selection This field selects the communications medium the Modbus protocol uses for transmission. When OFF is selected, the protocol handler is disabled. When P8 RS232 is selected, the protocol handler uses the P8 serial port for all data. Also, the Modbus Communications 1 and 2 pages are automatically updated to reflect relevant RS-232 data as detailed below. When P10 V23 FSK is selected, the protocol uses the built in V23 modem on P10. Also, the Modbus Communications 1 and 2 pages are automatically updated to reflect relevant FSK data. Refer to section 6.3 for the P10 configuration details. Range: OFF, P8 RS-232, P10 V23 Factory default is P8 RS232 Protocol Status Indication of the current status of the communications. (Display only) RUNNING means that the protocol handler has connected to the communication port (P8 or P10) and is running. INACTIVE means that the protocol handler has been disabled via the OFF state above or has been unable to connect to a communication port. This is usually caused by another application already having exclusive access to the port. Range: INACTIVE, RUNNING Pre-Transmission Period The time delay between keying RTS to when the message starts. Range: 50 to 1000 ms. Factory default is 250 ms Post-Transmission Period The time after the last character is sent before RTS is negated. Range: 0 to 1000 ms. Factory default is 35 ms

OFF P8 RS-232 P10 V23

RUNNING INACTIVE

Pre-Tx

Post-Tx

6.2.4 RS-232 Configuration


The following communications configuration pages allow the user to specify parameters required for operation of a RS-232 / Modem physical link between the recloser and the master station. N00-665 R05 Page 7

-------- Modbus Communications 2 -----Parity EVEN DCD Ignore Baud 9600

Parameter Parity

Description Communication Parity Determines the parity of the communication port. Range: NONE, ODD, EVEN Factory default is EVEN DCD Usage If the modem does not support a Data Carrier Detect (DCD) signal this parameter should be set to DCD Ignore. Even if the modem does support a DCD signal this parameter is usually set to DCD Ignore. This is because most point-point systems using conventional modems run as full duplex so that the DCD is always asserted during normal operation. When set to the Ignore mode, the protocol uses any received data to build an incoming packet irrespective of DCD input signal. Also the protocol will transmit irrespective of the DCD input signal. If the modem supports a Data Carrier Detect (DCD) signal this parameter can be set to DCD Dont Ignore. When set to this mode, the protocol will only read data and build an incoming protocol packet when DCD is asserted. In addition, the protocol will not transmit when DCD is asserted. This is necessary for multi-dropped systems or ones shared with voice users or some radio-modems. Range: DCD Ignore, DCD Dont Ignore Factory default is DCD Ignore Communications Baud Rate Range: 300, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600 or 192001 baud. Factory default is 9600 Baud

DCD Ignore

DCD Dont Ignore

Baud

-------- Modbus Communications 3 -----Pre-amble DISABLED First Char 0x55 Repeat First 3 Last Char 0xFF

Parameter Pre-amble

Description Preamble Usage Determines whether the protocol transmits some preamble characters prior to the start of a protocol message. The message itself is not otherwise modified. Some modems require these characters to assist with message reception and synchronisation at the master station. Start of frame filtering at the master station ensures identification of the protocol

19200 baud is not available on CAPM4 controllers

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ENABLED DISABLED

First Char

Repeat First

Last Char

message. ENABLED means that the preamble characters are transmitted prior to a protocol message. DISABLED means that protocol message are transmitted without any preamble characters. Range: ENABLED, DISABLED Factory default is DISABLED Preamble First Character This is the first character to be transmitted as a preamble. The character is specified by entering its ASCII code in hexadecimal format. Range: is 0 to FF hexadecimal. Factory default is 0x55 Number of Preamble First Characters This is the number of times the first character will be repeated as part of the preamble. Eg if all preamble settings are at default values then the preamble sent is 0x55, 0x55, 0x55, 0xFF Range: 0 to 20. Factory default is 3 Last Preamble Character This is the last char that will be sent as part of the preamble. The character is specified by entering its ASCII code in hexadecimal format. Range: is 0 to FF hexadecimal. Factory default is 0xFF

6.2.4.1 Carrier Detect When DCD Ignore is configured, the Data Carrier Detect (DCD) input is not used. All data is received and transmitted irrespective of the state of the DCD signal. When DCD Dont Ignore is configured, the CAPM will not begin to transmit a packet until DCD is negated, and will only receive data when DCD is asserted. Refer to the DCD Usage parameter description for more information. 6.2.4.2 Transmitting a Modbus Message Transmission of a Modbus packet follows the steps below 1. RTS line is asserted 2. CAPM waits until the pre-transmission delay expires (Delay set from the panel) 3. Checks CTS is asserted. 4. The pre-amble is transmitted (Optional. Set from the panel). 5. Checks CTS is asserted. 6. The Modbus packet is transmitted 7. Waits until the post-transmission delay expires (Delay set from the panel) 8. RTS is negated 6.2.4.3 DTR DTR is asserted by the Modbus protocol handler at power-up and remains asserted.

6.3 V23 FSK Communication Specifications 6.3.1 V23 Hardware Signals


Standard Cable Type N03-530 N00-665 R05 P10 Pin Direction Use

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15 Way D Female 5 4 15 11 6

5 4 15 11 6

To CAPM From CAPM From CAPM To CAPM

Signal Ground Receive, 10kOhm impedance Sensitivity 0.1V to 2V pk-pk Press To Talk (PTT) Transmit, 600 Ohm impedance Level 2.5V pk-pk Busy, 10kOhm impedance

Signal frequencies conform to V23 standard. The protocol only supports half duplex (ie receive and transmit can not occur at the same time) when using the V23 port. All transmissions are 1200 baud, 8 bit, and one stop bit. Parity is configurable.

6.3.2 V23 Configuration Parameters


The Modbus communications configuration page allows the user to specify parameters required for operation of the physical link between the recloser and the master station.

------- Modbus Communications 1 ------S P10 FSK V23 RUNNING Pre-Tx 250ms Post-Tx 35ms Tx NORMAL Parity EVEN

------- Modbus Communications 2 ------S Busy Disabled Busy when input low Busy Idle

------- Modbus Communications 3 ------S Pre-amble DISABLED First Char 0x55 Repeat First 3 Last Char 0xFF

Parameter

Description Port Selection This field selects the communications medium the Modbus protocol handler uses for transmission. When OFF is selected, the protocol handler is disabled. When P8 RS 232 is selected, the protocol uses the P8 serial port for all data. Also, the Modbus Communications 1 and 2 pages are automatically updated to reflect relevant RS-232 data. Refer to section 6.2 for the P8 configuration details. When P10 V23 FSK is selected, the protocol uses the built in V23 modem on P10. Also, the Modbus Communications 1 and 2 pages are automatically updated to reflect relevant FSK data as detailed below. Page 10

OFF P8 RS-232 P10 V23 FSK

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RUNNING INACTIVE

Pre-Tx

Post-Tx

Tx NORMAL Tx TEST

Busy Idle Busy Asserted Busy Disabled

Busy Enabled

Busy when input low Busy when input N00-665 R05

Range: OFF, P8 RS-232, P10 V23 FSK Factory default is P8 RS-232 Protocol Status Indication of the current status of the communications. (Display only) RUNNING means that the protocol handler has connected to the communication port (P8 or P10) and is running. INACTIVE means that the protocol handler has been disabled via the OFF state above or has been unable to connect to a communication port. This is usually caused by another application already having exclusive access to the port. Range: INACTIVE, RUNNING Pre-Transmission Period The time delay between keying PTT to when the message starts. During this time a logic 1 is sent. Range: 50 to 1000 ms. Factory default is 250 ms Post-Transmission Period The time after the last character is sent before PTT is negated. During this time a logic 1 is sent. Range: 0 to 1000 ms. Factory default is 35 ms Transmission Mode This field can be used to test the radio transmitter. Tx NORMAL means that the protocol handler controls the radio for normal Modbustransmissions. Tx TEST means that the protocol handler will send continuous text strings of TX TEST. This string is transmitted as an asynchronous message with 8 bit, no parity, 1 stop bit, 1 start bit format. Range: Tx NORMAL, Tx TEST Factory default is Tx NORMAL. BUSY Signal Status The status of the BUSY signal into the CAPM (Display only) BUSY Idle indicates that the signal is in the not BUSY state. BUSY Asserted indicates that the signal is in the BUSY state. This usually means that the radio squelch has opened. Range: Busy Idle, Busy Asserted Busy Signal Usage The Busy Disabled mode is used when there is no busy signal available. Eg A twisted pair link. When set to this mode, the protocol uses any received data to build a Modbus frame. The protocol is able to transmit at any time. The Busy Enabled mode is the normal operating mode for radio systems that have a busy signal available. When set to this mode, the protocol will only read data and build Modbus frames when busy is asserted. In addition, the protocol will not transmit when busy is asserted. This reduces clashes with voice users. Range: Busy Disabled, Busy Enabled Factory default is Busy Disabled Polarity of Busy Signal This field determines the polarity of the input signal from the radio (P10 pin 6) that the CAPM uses as BUSY. Busy when input low means that a low input signal will assert BUSY. Busy when input high means that a high input signal will assert Page 11

high Pre-amble ENABLED

DISABLED

First Char

Repeat First

Last Char

BUSY. Range: Busy when input low, Busy when input high. Factory default is Busy when input low Preamble Usage When ENABLED the protocol handler inserts a string of characters in front of a message packet. The message frame is otherwise not affected. Start of frame filtering at the master station will ensure identification of the message. This parameter is sometimes required for modems to aid with their keying. When DISABLED the protocol handler does not insert any preamble characters. Range: ENABLED, DISABLED Factory default is DISABLED Preamble First Character This is the first character to be transmitted as a preamble. The character is specified by entering its ASCII code in hexadecimal format. Range: is 0 to FF hexadecimal. Factory default is 0x55 Number of Preamble First Characters This is the number of times the first character will be repeated as part of the preamble. Eg if all preamble settings are at default values then the preamble sent is 0x55, 0x55, 0x55, 0xFF Range: 0 to 20. Factory default is 3 Last Character of Preamble This is the last char that will be sent as part of the preamble. The character is specified by entering its ASCII code in hexadecimal format. Range: is 0 to FF hexadecimal. Factory default is 0xFF

6.3.3 V23 Handshaking Signals


The V23 interface uses two signals, PTT from the CAPM, and Busy to the CAPM. The PTT signal is used to key up a half-duplex radio transmitter. At the start of transmission the CAPM asserts the PTT line and signals logic 1 for the pre-transmission time. It then transmits the data blocks. Once the data has been sent it asserts logic 1 for the post-transmission time and then negates PTT. Some radio systemsdo not require a PTT signal. The Busy signal can utilise the squelch signal from a radio that indicates that the channel is busy. If the communications equipment does not have such a signal then Busy Disabled should be selected. If a busy signal is available then the Busy Enabled should be set. In this mode the polarity of the busy signal must be correctly set to match the operation of the radio. This is done with the Busy when input high/low parameter. When Busy Enabled is selected and Busy is asserted the protocol handler will Process all characters coming in on the receive line and attempt to decode these as Modus frames. This prevents attempting to process channel noise in the absence of radio carrier. Delay all transmissions until Busy is negated. This avoids clashes with other channel users.

6.4 Communication Statistics


The communication statistics give communication information, such as CRC errors, bytes not being sent, received or processed or frames being incorrectly addressed. The communication statistics page appears as below: N00-665 R05 Page 12

--- Modbus Communication Statistics --Tx Count OK 582 Rx Count OK 582 Rx Protocol Error 0

Statistic Tx Count OK

Rx Count OK

Rx Protocol Error

Description Transmission Message Count The number of messages transmitted from this recloser into the communication link. Range: 0 to 99999 Receive Message Count The number of messages received by this recloser from the communication link. Range: 0 to 99999 Receive Message Protocol Error Count The number of messages received with protocol related errors such as CRC or parity. Range: 0 to 9999

All of the above counters are zeroed when the CAPM is reset or the reset all button is selected in Windows SOS. Any field can be cleared individually via the control operator panel by selecting it and pressing either the left or right keys. All communication statistic parameters are not password protected.

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Appendix A Protocol Timings


Initialisation Time
The protocol handler will not respond to master station requests for several seconds after power up whilst it waits for the CAPM database to be initialised and for high priority boot up tasks to be completed.

Turnaround Time
The turnaround time for the protocol, from the end of receiving a message until the start of the pretransmission time, is typically < 30 milliseconds with a range of 5 to 100 milliseconds.

Latency of Data
The protocol task examines the real-time database every 500 milliseconds to see if anything has changed and to construct the underlying protocol database that is sent to the master station. This introduces a delay between the actual event and updating the protocol database of up to 500 milliseconds. This is the data latency.

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Modbus Protocol Technical Manual

Appendix B Modbus Implementation Table


This version of the Modbus protocol handler implements the following sub-set of the Modbus function codes: Supported Function Codes Function Code Dec Hex 01 01 02 02 03 03 04 04 05 05 06 06 07 07 08 08 09 09 10 0A 11 0B 12 0C 13 0D 14 0E 15 0F 16 10 17 11 18 12 19 13 20 14 21 15 Meaning Read Coil Status ( Read Discrete Output ) Read Input Status ( Read Discrete Inputs ) Read Holding Registers ( Read Multiple Registers ) Read Input Registers Force Single Coil ( Write Single Output ) Preset Single Register ( Write Single Register ) Read Exception Status Loopback Diagnostic Test Program Poll Program Complete Get Communications Event Counter Get Communications Event Log Program Poll Program Complete Write Multiple Outputs Write Multiple Registers Report Slave ID Program Reset Communications Link Read General Reference Write General Reference Support No Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No

Mode of Transmission This implementation of the Modbus protocol uses the Remote Terminal Unit (RTU) Framing. Exceptions A read of a non-existent coil or register will return an exception. Broadcast Messages Broadcast messages are not supported. A slave address of zero is invalid.

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Modbus Protocol Technical Manual

Appendix C - ACR Modbus Points


Appendix C.1 ACR Modbus - Digitial Inputs
These points show the state of the switchgear and/or the controller. The phase designation A, B, C is determined by the user, refer to the equipment manual for more information. Phase terminology is explained in section 2.3. W series support is indicated below by a Y. If indicated as N then value is always OFF.

Modbus Implementation
Request Code(s): 02 (Read Input Status) Reply Codes(s): 02 (Read Input Status) Error Code: 0x82 Exception Code: 01 (Illegal Function), 02 (Illegal Data Address), 03 (Illegal Data Value), 04 (Slave Device Failure)

ACR Recloser and Controller State Flags

Bit

Name

W Series

Set = 1

Cleared = 0

Comment

Abnormal Operator conditions

Maintenance Required

Auxiliary Supply Fail

For any of the following conditions: Trip or Close Isolated, ACR Mechanically locked open (if applicable) Work Tag Applied For any of the following conditions: Battery not normal Capacitor charge failure Low power mode Low SF6 gas pressure (if applicable) ACR data not valid (includes connection to an invalid switch type) Any vacuum interrupter contact life is less than 20% Mechanical failure Auxiliary supply has failed

None of the specified conditions are true

This flag shows that the operator has the ACR in an abnormal state such as work tag applied. This means that it will operate differently to its normal mode of operation.

No maintenance required

The controller has detected one or more conditions which require maintenance. This point cannot become Set until at least five minutes after controller start.

Auxiliary supply is normal

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Modbus Protocol Technical Manual


W Series

Bit

Name

Set = 1

Cleared = 0

Comment

Control Mode

Local Control Enabled Remote Control Disabled

Local control Disabled Remote control Enabled

The controller is either in Local or Remote control mode. This affects the closing command the permission to set/remove work tag. These are repeats of the mechanism travel switches. When the ACR is disconnected from the control cubicle they are both cleared. Shows if the phase bushings are above or below the live line threshold. Phase designation is determined by user.

4 5

ACR Tripped (open) ACR Closed

Y Y

ACR Tripped ACR Closed

ACR not Tripped ACR not Closed

6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

Phase Ai Live Phase Bi Live Phase Ci Live Phase Ax Live


Note 1

Y N N Y N N Y Y

Phase is live

Phase is dead

Phase Bx Live
Note 1

Phase Cx Live
Note 1

Source Voltage Status Load Voltage Status

Shows that any of the three phases of the designated Source side or Load side are live. Current of 2.5A or more is flowing in at least one phase Source X, Load I

All of the source side Terminals dead All of the load side Terminal dead Current of less than 2.5A is flowing in all three phases Source I, Load X

Note that these points are different to the Load/Source Live/Dead events in the controller event record

14

Load Current On
Note 1

15 16 17 18 19 20

Reserved Power Flow Direction Reserved Reserved Reserved Locked

ACR Locked.

ACR not locked.

Shows that the ACR is mechanically locked in position. Not supported on the N-Series where it will always be zero. Shows that the controller has retrieved the data from the ACR memory. When invalid the switchgear attributes and the gas pressure are zeroed,

21

ACR Memory Data Invalid

ACR Memory Data not valid

ACR Memory Data Valid

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Modbus Protocol Technical Manual


W Series

Bit

Name

Set = 1

Cleared = 0

Comment

22

Switchgear Connection

Switch disconnected from control cubicle.

Switch connected from control cubicle.

Shows the connection state of the cable between the switchgear and the controller. When connected to the ACR Trip, Close and Locked indications are valid. When disconnected from the ACR data will be forced invalid

23

Contacts Life Low

24

SF6 Gas Pressure Low or Invalid

When any vacuum interrupter contact life is less than 20%. Gas pressure Low or Invalid

When all vacuum interrupters have contact life >= 20% Gas Pressure Normal, or Not Known, or Not a switchgear which has SF6. Close Isolate Switch ON/ENABLE (i.e. Close is enabled) Trip Isolate Switch ON(i.e. Trip is enabled) Work Tag Removed

Only set when switchgear is connected and ACR memory data is valid and switchgear type has SF6. Shows the state of the Trip and Close isolate switches on the control panel

25

Close Isolate

26

Trip Isolate

27

Work Tag

Close Isolate Switch OFF/ISOLATE(i.e. Close is disabled) Trip Isolate Switch OFF (i.e. Trip is disabled) Work Tag Applied

The controller can have a work tag. This affects the closing command

28

Battery Supply

29

Capacitor Charge Failure Y

Battery supply not normal. This includes :Battery Off Battery Overvolt Battery Low Volts Capacitor Charge Failed Mechanism Failure

Battery supply normal

Capacitor Charge OK

The Trip/Close Capacitors have failed to charge The switchgear has failed to Trip or Close electrically The dummy circuit breaker is an internal point useful for SCADA system testing. The value of the DCB is nonvolatile.

30

Mechanism Failure

Mechanism OK

31

Dummy Circuit Breaker Closed

DCB Closed

DCB Not Closed

32 33 34

Reserved Supply Outage Measurement Door Open

Y Y

Supply Outage Measurement is ON. Door Open.

Supply Outage Measurement is OFF. Door Closed.

Status of cubicle door. Only valid if hardware option installed.

35

Switch Function

Function is ACR

Function is LBS

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Modbus Protocol Technical Manual


W Series

Bit

Name

Set = 1

Cleared = 0

Comment

36

Auxiliary Supply Fail Delayed Reserved Reserved Reserved

Auxiliary supply has failed for more than 120sec.

Auxiliary supply restored for more than 20sec.

Status of controller auxiliary supply (delayed).

37 38 39 Note 1.

Not available with standard U series ACR without external CVTs, always 0

ACR Protection Group Flags

W Series

Bit

Name

Set = 1

Cleared = 0

Comment

40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49

Prot A Active Prot B Active Prot C Active Prot D Active Prot E Active Prot F Active Prot G Active Prot H Active Prot I Active Prot J Active

Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y

Protection Group A is active Protection Group B is active Protection Group C is active Protection Group D is active Protection Group E is active Protection Group F is active Protection Group G is active Protection Group H is active Protection Group I is active Protection Group J is active

Protection Group A is not active Protection Group B is not active Protection Group C is not active Protection Group D is not active Protection Group E is not active Protection Group F is not active Protection Group G is not active Protection Group H is not active Protection Group I is not active Protection Group J is not active

Only one protection group is active at any one time.

ACR Automation Flags

W Series

Bit

Name

Set = 1

Cleared = 0

Comment

50 51

ACO Auto Restore ACO Enable

Y Y

ACO Auto Restore is ON. Auto-Changeover is ON.

ACO Auto Restore is OFF. Auto-Changeover is OFF.

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W Series

Bit

Name

Set = 1

Cleared = 0

Comment

52

ACO Mode

Auto-Changeover is set to Break before Make. Auto-Changeover is set to Master. Generator Control is ON.

Auto-Changeover is set to Make before Break. Auto-Changeover is set to Slave operation. Generator Control is OFF.

The logic required for an ACO operation. The ACO hierachy setting for the Controller. Generator Control Enable.

53

ACO Rank

54

Generator Control Reserved

55

ACR Protection Operation Flags


This group of points indicates what happened in the last protection sequence. For example the recloser may have tripped, closed, tripped again and locked out. Or it may have tripped, closed and stayed closed because the fault was cleared. In both cases the flags below are set to show the causes of the trips and whether the lockout state has been reached or not. A set of flags is available for each trip in a protection sequence. In addition analogue data is available which shows the fault currents which occurred during the sequence and the number of trips which took place (refer Appendix C.2) Note that a sequence starts when there is a protection trip or a sequence advance. Most of these flags are cleared either by protocol command or when the switchgear is tripped/closed by the operator or when a new protection sequence starts. This data is volatile i.e. it is zeroed on controller software reset.

Bit

Name

W Series

Set = 1

Cleared = 0

Comment

56

Sequence in Progress

Start of sequence ie a protection trip of a sequence advance has occurred

End of sequence. Either lockout or reclaim.

This shows that a protection sequence has started and not yet completed. Note that operator trip does not cause a sequence in progress. Event time is the time of the trip or sequence advance. This shows that the protection sequence is over and the other flags are set. This could be used to drive an operator alarm at the SCADA system to alert him to the fact that a protection sequence has occurred. Note that operator trip alone does not cause a protection data valid Event time is the time of lockout or reclaim.

57

Protection Data Valid

End of sequence either lockout or reclaim

All fault flags are cleared by one of the following actions : Reset Fault Flags and Currents protocol control command Any Operator Close action Controller software reset Start of a new sequence

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W Series

Bit

Name

Set = 1

Cleared = 0

Comment

58

Single Shot Protection

Single Shot Protection was active at the time of the trip.

sequence

One flag only provided because a single shot trip forces lockout. Event time is the time of the pickup. One flag only provided because LOP protection forces lockout. Event time is the time of the trip. Set if A Phase is lost at time of Loss of Phase trip Set if B Phase is lost at time of Loss of Phase trip Set if C Phase is lost at time of Loss of Phase trip One flag only because High Current Lockout forces lockout Time stamp as for flags above. Event time is the time of the lockout event.

59

Loss Of Phase Trip

Trip was caused by Loss of Phase Protection

60

Loss Of Phase Phase A Lost Loss Of Phase Phase B Lost Loss Of Phase Phase C Lost High Current Lockout

Phase A was lost at time of Loss of Phase Trip Phase B was lost at time of Loss of Phase Trip Phase C was lost at time of Loss of Phase Trip The high current lockout function forced the controller to lockout during the last protection sequence The controller is in lockout Cleared by any close action

61

62

63

64

Lockout

This flag shows that the controller is in lockout. Therefore no auto-reclosing will take place. If the ACR is closed this flag will clear. Therefore when this flag is clear and the ACR is closed it indicates that the protection sequence cleared the fault. One flag only because operator trip forces lockout.

65

Operator Trip

The last trip was caused Cleared by any close by a local or remote action operator The most recent protection operation was caused by a Phase Overcurrent Protection Trip The most recent protection operation was caused by an Earth/Ground Overcurrent Protection Trip Protection Flags are cleared by one of the following actions: Reset Fault Flags and Currents protocol command Operator Close At the time of the next trip the flags are refreshed at this time old flags

66

Last Trip Phase Overcurrent

67

Last Trip Earth/Ground Overcurrent

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W Series

Bit

Name

Set = 1

Cleared = 0

Comment

68

Last Trip SEF/SGF Overcurrent

The most recent protection operation was caused by an SEF/SGF Overcurrent Protection Trip

this time old flags are cleared and the cause of the most recent protection operation set. Protection turned OFF

69

Operator Close

Most recent close caused by local or remote panel close request. Most recent close caused by an IOEX close input. Most recent close caused by a protocol close request. Most recent close caused by a Distributed Automation Close request.

Cleared by one of the following actions: 'Reset Flags and Currents' protocol command. Controller Software Reset (data is volatile). At the time of the next Close. Start of a new sequence.

Indicates the most recent close was caused by a local or remote panel close request. Indicates the most recent close was caused by an IOEX close input. Indicates the most recent close was caused by a protocol close request.

70

IOEX Close

71

Protocol Close

72

Automation Close

Cleared by one of the following actions 'Reset Flags and Currents' protocol command. Controller Software Reset (data is volatile). At the time of the next Close.

Indicates the most recent close was caused by a Distributed Automation Close request (ie Loop Automation, Auto Changeover, or Generator Control).

73

Normal Frequency Close

Most recent close caused by Normal Frequency Close request.

Cleared by one of the following actions: 'Reset Flags and Currents' protocol command. Controller Software Reset (data is volatile). At the time of the next Close. Indiciates the most recent close was caused by a Normal Frequency Close request

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W Series

Bit

Name

Set = 1

Cleared = 0

Comment

74

External Close

Set if any of the following caused the most recent close: CCEM external button on NSeries. Mechanical action. The switchgear detected as closed without a close reques. Electrical action (only available on the Advanced controller). Protection operation was caused by Under Frequency Protection operation was caused by Over Frequency

Cleared by one of the following actions: 'Reset Flags and Currents' protocol command. Controller Software Reset (data is volatile). At the time of the next Close.

The most recent close caused by an action external to the Controller.

75

Under Frequency Protection Flag Over Frequency Protection Flag

76

Protection Flags are cleared by one of the following actions: Reset Fault Flags and Currents protocol command Operator Close At the time of the next trip the flags are refreshed at this time old flags are cleared and the cause of the most recent protection operation set. Protection turned OFF Protection Flags are cleared by one of the following actions: "Reset Fault Flags and Currents" protocol command. Operator Close. At the time of the next trip the flags are 'refreshed' at this time old flags are cleared and the cause of the 'most recent' protection operation set. Protection turned OFF. Start of a new sequence.

77

Last Trip External

Last Trip caused by either a FTI or an IOEX Protection Input.

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W Series

Bit

Name

Set = 1

Cleared = 0

Comment

78

Last Trip Phase Overcurrent (Close Reset) Last Trip Earth/Ground Overcurrent (Close Reset) Last Trip SEF/SGF Overcurrent (Close Reset) Most Recent Trip Phase A Overcurrent Most Recent Trip Phase B Overcurrent Most Recent Trip Phase C Overcurrent Instantaneous Most Recent Trip

The last trip was caused by a Phase Overcurrent Fault. The last trip was caused by an Earth/Ground Overcurrent Fault.

These flags are cleared This flags whether the last by one of the following trip was caused by a Phase actions: Overcurrent Fault. "Reset Fault Flags and Currents" protocol control command. Any Close action. Controller software reset (data is volatile). This flags whether the last trip was caused by an Earth/Ground Overcurrent Fault. This flags whether the last trip was caused by an SEF/SGF Overcurrent Fault.

79

80

The last trip was caused by an SEF/SGF Overcurrent Fault. The most recent trip was caused by a A Phase Overcurrent Protection Trip The most recent trip was caused by a B Phase Overcurrent Protection Trip The most recent trip was caused by a C Phase Overcurrent Protection Trip The peak current for the most recent trip was greater than the instantaneous setting.

81

82

83

84

85

Source Dead

86

Work Tag Trip

Protection Flags are cleared by one of the following actions: Reset Fault Flags and Currents protocol command Operator Close At the time of the next trip the flags are refreshed at this time old flags are cleared and the cause of the most recent protection operation set. Protection turned OFF Cleared by: Set if a lockout caused by the Dead Lockout protocol command Feature occurred. any operator close or operator trip. This includes remote control commands. start of a new sequence. The time stamp reflects this. Trip while Work Tag or Cleared by: Hot Line Tag applied. Operator Close At the time of the next trip the flags are refreshed, at this time old flags are cleared and the cause of the most recent protection operation set. Protection turned OFF.

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W Series

Bit

Name

Set = 1

Cleared = 0

Comment

87

Live Load Block Occurred

Set if the most recent close request was blocked due to a Live Load condition.

Cleared by one of the following actions: 'Reset Flags and Currents' protocol command. Controller Software Reset (data is volatile). Protection OFF. At the time of the next Close.

ACR Operator/Protection Flags


W Series

Bit

Name

Set = 1

Cleared = 0

Comment

88

89

90 91

Earth / Ground Protection Enabled SEF/SGF Protection Enabled Auto Reclose Loss of Phase Alarm Setting

Earth / Ground Protection ON SEF/SGF protection ON Auto Reclose ON Loss of Phase Protection, if ON, is set to alarm only (ie. no Trip will occur). Cold Load is Idle or is turned off. This means that the threshold multiplier is not being affected by the cold load function. High current lockout ON Loss of Phase Protection ON Sequence Control ON Live Load blocking ON Protection Enabled Automatic Protection Group Selection ON

Earth / Ground Protection OFF SEF/SGF protection OFF

Y Y

Auto Reclose OFF Loss of Phase Protection, if ON, is set to normal operation (ie. will Trip). Cold load is NOT Idle. This means that the threshold multiplier is being raised by the cold load pickup function in order to pick up cold load. High current lockout OFF Loss of Phase Protection OFF Sequence Control OFF Live Load blocking OFF Protection turned OFF Automatic Protection Group Selection OFF

92

Cold Load Idle

93 94 95 96 97 98

High Current Lockout Loss of Phase Protection Sequence Control

Y N Y

Y Live Load blocking Y Protection enable Y Automatic Protection Group Selection

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W Series

Bit

Name

Set = 1

Cleared = 0

Comment

99

Normal Frequency Close


Note 1

100 101 102

Dead Lockout LOP / Loop Under Frequency Trip Note 1 Over Frequency Trip Note 1

Y N Y

103

The Under/Over Frequency protection has Normal Frequency Close ON Dead Lockout Setting is ON LOP / Loop Linked The Under/Over Frequency protection Under Frequency Trip is enabled. The Under/Over Frequency protection Over Frequency Trip is enabled.

The Under/Over Frequency protection has Normal Frequency Close OFF Dead Lockout Setting is OFF LOP / Loop Unlinked The Under/Over Frequency protection Under Frequency Trip is disabled. The Under/Over Frequency protection Over Frequency Trip is disabled.

Note 1 Under/Over Frequency Protection unavailable on CAPM-4

ACR Accumulated Protection Trip Operation Flags


Multiple Flags can be set in this section because they accumulate all the trips in the sequence

W Series

Bit

Name

Set = 1

Cleared = 0

Comment

104

Phase Over Current Trip

One or more trips were caused by Phase Overcurrent Protection

All fault flags are cleared by one of the following actions : Reset Fault Flags and Currents protocol control command Any Operator Close action

105

Earth / Ground Over Current Trip SEF/SGF Over Current Trip

106

107

Sequence Advance

One or more trips were caused by Earth / Ground Overcurrent Protection One or more trips were caused by Sensitive Earth / Ground Fault Protection One or more sequence advances occurred.

Controller software reset (data is volatile) Start of a new sequence

ACR Protection Pickup Flags

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Comment and Time Resolution This flags whether a Phase Overcurrent Trip occured. This flag can be set at the same time as other accumulated flags. This flags whether an Earth/Ground Overcurrent Trip occured. This flag can be set at the same time as other accumulated flags. This flags whether an SEF/SGF Overcurrent Trip occurred. This flag can be set at the same time as other accumulated flags. This flags whether a Sequence Advance ocurred. This flag can be set at the same time as other accumulated flags. The fault flag is cleared by one of the following actions: "Reset Fault Flags and Currents" protocol control command. The NPS current level falls below the pickup value. Controller software reset (data is volatile). This flags that a NPS fault has been picked up. Cleared = 0 The pick up condition has reset The pick up condition has reset The pick up condition has reset The pick up condition has reset The pick up condition has reset The pick up condition has reset The pick up condition has reset All fault flags are cleared by one of the following actions: "Reset Fault Flags and Currents" protocol control command. Any operator close action. Controller software reset (data is volatile). Start of a new sequence. W Series Set = 1 A phase A pickup has been detected A phase B pickup has been detected A phase C pickup has been detected An earth/ground pickup has been detected A SEF/SGF pickup has been detected An under frequency pickup has been detected An over frequency pickup has been detected One or more trips were caused by Phase Overcurrent protection. One or more trips were caused by Earth/Ground Overcurrent protection. One or more trips were caused by Sensitive Earth/Ground fault protection. One or more sequence advances occurred. A NPS fault has been picked up. If NPS protection is on, a trip will have occurred. Name A Phase Pickup B Phase Pickup C Phase Pickup Earth/Ground Pickup SEF/SGF Pickup Under Frequency Pickup Over Frequency Pickup Accumulated Phase Overcurrent Trip Accumulated Earth/Ground Overcurrent Trip.

Bit 108 109 110 111 112 113

Y N N N N N

114

115

116

117

Accumulated SEF/SGF Overcurrent Trip

118

Accumulated Sequence Advance

119

NPS Alarm

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Comment and Time Resolution This flags whether an NPS Overcurrent Trip occured. This flag can be set at the same time as other accumulated flags. This flags that a LOP condition has been detected but LOP tripping is Off. Indicates if the most recent protection operation was caused by an NPS Overcurrent Protection Trip. Comment and Time Resolution Cleared = 0 All fault flags are cleared by one of the following actions: "Reset Fault Flags and Currents" protocol control command. Any operator close action. Controller software reset (data is volatile). Start of a new sequence. Protection Flags are cleared by one of the following actions: "Reset Fault Flags and Currents" protocol command. Operator Close. At the time of the next protection trip the flags are 'refreshed'. Old flags are cleared and the cause of the 'most recent' protection operation set. Protection turned OFF. Cleared = 0 W Series Set = 1 One or more trips were caused by NPS Overcurrent protection. The most recent protection operation was caused by an NPS Overcurrent Protection Trip. Set = 1 Name

Bit 120

Accumulated NPS Overcurrent Trip.

121

LOP Alarm

A LOP condition has The flag is cleared by one been detected. If LOP of the following actions: protection was on, a trip The LOP condition is would have occurred. removed. Controller software reset (data is volatile).

ACR NPS Flags


W Series N

122

Protection Flag NPS Overcurrent

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Bit

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Comment and Time Resolution Cleared = 0 Last Trip Flags are cleared by one of the following actions: "Reset Fault Flags and Currents" protocol command. Operator Close. Protection turned OFF. Start of a new sequence. At the time of the next trip the flags are 'refreshed'. Old flags are cleared and the cause of the 'most recent' trip set. Controller reset Protection Flags are cleared by one of the following actions: "Reset Fault Flags and Currents" protocol command. Operator Close. Protection turned OFF. Start of a new sequence. Controller reset. These flags are cleared by one of the following actions: 129 130 131 Reserved Reserved Reserved "Reset Fault Flags and Currents" protocol control command. Any Close action. Protection turned OFF. Controller software reset (data is volatile). W Series Set = 1 The Last Trip was caused by a NPS overcurrent fault. NPS Overcurrent Protection Trip 1 NPS Overcurrent Protection Trip 2 NPS Overcurrent Protection Trip 3 NPS Overcurrent Protection Trip 4 The last trip was caused by an NPS Overcurrent Fault. Name Last Trip NPS

Bit 123

124

125

126

127

128

NPS Overcurrent Trip 1 NPS Overcurrent Trip 2 NPS Overcurrent Trip 3 NPS Overcurrent Trip 4 Last Trip NPS Overcurrent (Close Reset)

ACR Loop Automation Flags


These flags are only valid when the Loop Automation option is enabled for the current CAPM configuration. They are otherwise always reported as OFF.

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W Series

Bit

Name

Set = 1

Cleared = 0

Comment

132 133 134

Loop Auto On Auto Restore On Loop Auto Tie Restore On Loop Auto Type Feeder Loop Auto Type Midpoint Loop Auto Type Tie Loop Auto Trip Pending Loop Auto Close Pending Loop Auto Trip Request Loop Auto Close Request Reserved Reserved

N N N

Loop Automation is On Auto Restore is On The Tie recloser is configured to restore supply in both directions Recloser type is set to Feeder Recloser type is set to Midpoint Recloser type is set to Tie Loop automation has issued a Trip Request Loop automation has issued a Close Request Set when Loop Automation issues a Trip Request. Set when Loop Automation issues a Close Request.

Loop Automation is Off Auto Restore is Off The Tie Recloser will only restore supply to its Load side or the Recloser type is not set to Tie Recloser type is not set to Feeder Recloser type is not set to Midpoint Recloser type is not set to Tie A loop automation trip is not pending A loop automation close is not pending Normal state, cleared on next internal scan after set Normal state, cleared on next internal scan after set

135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143

N N N N N N N

ACR Input Status


W Series Bit Name Set = 1 Cleared = 0 Comment

Protection Trip 1 144 Phase Over Current Trip

Trip was caused by Phase Overcurrent Protection

All fault flags are cleared by one of the following actions : Reset Fault Flags and Currents protocol control command Any Operator Close action

145

Earth / Ground Over Current Trip SEF/SGF Over Current Trip Sequence Advance Phase A Overcurrent Trip Phase B Overcurrent Trip Phase C Overcurrent Trip

146

147 148 149 150

Y Y N N

Trip was caused by Earth / Ground Overcurrent Protection Trip was caused by Sensitive Earth / Ground Fault Protection Sequence advance occurred. Phase A Overcurrent Protection Trip Phase B Overcurrent Protection Trip Phase C Overcurrent Protection Trip

Controller software reset Start of a new sequence Cleared by: protocol command any operator close or operator trip. This includes remote control commands.

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W Series

Bit

Name

Set = 1

Cleared = 0

Comment

151

Instantaneous Trip Flag

N Peak Fault Current for trip was above the instantaneous multiplier setting.

control commands. start of a new sequence. The time stamp reflects this.

Set at the instant of the most recent trip peak current event if the peak current for the trip was greater than the instantaneous setting. Four of these flags are provided: one for each trip in the sequence.

Protection Trip 2 152 Phase Over Current Trip

Trip was caused by Phase Overcurrent Protection

All fault flags are cleared by one of the following actions : Reset Fault Flags and Currents protocol control command Any Operator Close action

153

Earth / Ground Over Current Trip SEF/SGF Over Current Trip Sequence Advance Phase A Overcurrent Trip Phase B Overcurrent Trip Phase C Overcurrent Trip Instantaneous Trip Flag

154

155 156 157 158 159

Y Y N N N

Trip was caused by Earth / Ground Overcurrent Protection Trip was caused by Sensitive Earth / Ground Fault Protection Sequence advance occurred. Phase A Overcurrent Protection Trip Phase B Overcurrent Protection Trip Phase C Overcurrent Protection Trip Peak Fault Current for trip was above the instantaneous multiplier setting.

Controller software reset Start of a new sequence

Cleared by: protocol command any operator close or operator trip. This includes remote control commands. start of a new sequence. The time stamp reflects this.

Set at the instant of the most recent trip peak current event if the peak current for the trip was greater than the instantaneous setting. Four of these flags are provided: one for each trip in the sequence.

Protection Trip 3 160 Phase Over Current Trip

Y Trip was caused by Phase Overcurrent Protection

All fault flags are cleared by one of the following actions : Reset Fault Flags and Currents protocol control command Any Operator Close action

161

Earth / Ground Over Current Trip

Trip was caused by Earth / Ground Overcurrent Protection

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W Series

Bit

Name

Set = 1

Cleared = 0

Comment

162

SEF/SGF Over Current Trip Sequence Advance Phase A Overcurrent Trip Phase B Overcurrent Trip Phase C Overcurrent Trip Instantaneous Trip Flag

163 164 165 166 167

Y Y N N N

Trip was caused by Sensitive Earth / Ground Fault Protection Sequence advance occurred. Phase A Overcurrent Protection Trip Phase B Overcurrent Protection Trip Phase C Overcurrent Protection Trip

Controller software reset Start of a new sequence

Peak Fault Current for trip was above the instantaneous multiplier setting.

Cleared by: protocol command any operator close or operator trip. This includes remote control commands. start of a new sequence. The time stamp reflects this.

Set at the instant of the most recent trip peak current event if the peak current for the trip was greater than the instantaneous setting. Four of these flags are provided: one for each trip in the sequence.

Protection Trip 4 168 Phase Over Current Trip

Y Trip was caused by Phase Overcurrent Protection N Trip was caused by Earth / Ground Overcurrent Protection Trip was caused by Sensitive Earth / Ground Fault Protection Phase A Overcurrent Protection Trip Phase B Overcurrent Protection Trip Phase C Overcurrent Protection Trip

All fault flags are cleared by one of the following actions : Reset Fault Flags and Currents protocol control command Any Operator Close action Controller software reset

169

Earth / Ground Over Current Trip SEF/SGF Over Current Trip Reserved Phase A Overcurrent Trip Phase B Overcurrent Trip Phase C Overcurrent Trip Instantaneous Trip Flag

170

171 172 173 174 175

Y N N N

Cleared by: protocol command any operator close or operator trip. This includes remote control commands. Peak Fault Current for start of a new trip was above the sequence. The time instantaneous multiplier stamp reflects this. setting.

Set at the instant of the most recent trip peak current event if the peak current for the trip was greater than the instantaneous setting. Four of these flags are provided: one for each trip in the sequence.

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W Series

Bit

Name

Set = 1

Cleared = 0

Comment

176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187

IOEX Input 1 IOEX Input 2 IOEX Input 3 IOEX Input 4 IOEX Input 5 IOEX Input 6 IOEX Input 7 IOEX Input 8 IOEX Input 9 IOEX Input 10 IOEX Input 11 IOEX Input 12

Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y

Input Asserted Input Asserted Input Asserted Input Asserted Input Asserted Input Asserted Input Asserted Input Asserted Input Asserted Input Asserted Input Asserted Input Asserted

Input Not Asserted Input Not Asserted Input Not Asserted Input Not Asserted Input Not Asserted Input Not Asserted Input Not Asserted Input Not Asserted Input Not Asserted Input Not Asserted Input Not Asserted Input Not Asserted

Returned State changes after 30ms debounce.

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Appendix C.2 ACR Modbus - Analogue Inputs


These are the analogue input status points that are available. They are stored in holding registers in the CAPM. Each holding register is 16 bits wide. The phase designation A, B, C is determined by the user, refer to the equipment manual for more information. Phase terminology is explained in section 2.3. W series: support is indicated in tables below by a Y. If indicated as N then value is always 0.

Scaling
Modbus analogue values are transmitted as a 16 bit value with an additional sign bit. Where the CAPM range of analogue values exceeds the range of a 16 bit number (-32768 to 32767) the values are scaled. All analogue values are scaled with 1 count = 1 Resolution/Units. In other words, 1 transmitted count = raw value resolution. For example: a phase voltage of 1000V will be transmitted as a count of 250 (=1000 4) The transmitted value must therefore be re-scaled at the master station before being displayed to the SCADA operator, logged, etc.

Modbus Implementation
Request Code(s): 03 (Read Holding Registers) Reply Codes(s): 03 (Read Holding Registers) Error Code: 0x83 Exception Code: 01 (Illegal Function), 02 (Illegal Data Address), 03 (Illegal Data Value), 04 (Slave Device Failure) ACR Line Currents Note that these relate to user-designated phases rather than the physical bushings. Resolution/ Units 1A 1A 1A 1A Resolution/ Units 2V 2V 2V 2V 2V 2V 2V 2V

W Series

Holding Register

Name

0 1 2 3

A-Phase Current B-Phase Current C-Phase Current (Earth / Ground) Current

Note 1

Y N N N

0 0 0 0

16000 16000 16000 16000

Note 1) Not available for a standard U-series ACR without external CVTs. Value is always zero. ACR Voltage Measurements Voltages are provided either for all 6 Terminals or for only 3 Terminals depending upon the model of ACR.

W Series

Holding Register

Name

4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Ai Phase-(Earth / Ground) Voltage Bi Phase-(Earth / Ground) Voltage Ci Phase-(Earth / Ground) Voltage Ax Phase-(Earth / Ground) Volts
Note 1

Y N N Y N N N N

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

40000 40000 40000 40000 40000 40000 40000 40000

Bx Phase-(Earth / Ground) Volts


Note 1

Cx Phase-(Earth / Ground) Volts


Note 1

A-Bi Phase-Phase Voltage B-Ci Phase-Phase Voltage

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Min

Max

Min

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12 13 14 15 16 C-Ai Phase-Phase Voltage A-Bx Phase-Phase Volts Note 1 B-Cx Phase-Phase Volts Note 1 C-Ax Phase-Phase Volts Note 1 Frequency Note 2 N N N N Y 0 0 0 0 45 40000 40000 40000 40000 65 2V 2V 2V 2V 0.1Hz

Note 1. Not available in standard U-series ACR without external CVTs. Value always zero. 2. Only available on CAPM5/6. Return 0 if unavailable. ACR System Power Resolution/ Units 4 kW 4 kVA 4 kVAR 0.01 1 kPaG 0.1 PSI 0.01 % Resolution/U nits Resolution/ Units W Series Holding Register

Name

17

18 19

20

System kW This can be a signed quantity that indicates direction of power flow, or an unsigned quantity that is always positive regardless of the direction of the power flow. This is determined by the controller configuration System Apparent Power System Reactive Power Unsigned quantity which is always positive irrespective of direction of power flow System Power Factor Note 1 This is calculated from Real and Apparent power.

-131 MW

131MW

Y Y

0 0

131MVA 131MVAR

0.00

1.00

Note 1. All data is transmitted as integers. Power factor has an extra built in scale factor of 100 ie. range 0.00 to 1.00 with resolution 0.01 is transmitted as 0 to 100 with resolution 1. ACR SF6 Pressure If the ACR Memory Data is not valid then the pressure is zeroed. Gas Pressure is not supported on U-Series ACR, value will be zero.

W Series

Holding Register

Name

21 22

Gas Pressure, kPag. Gas Pressure, PSI

N N

-100 -14

ACR Switchgear and Controller Details

W Series

Holding Register

Name

23 24

Reserved I Contact Life

Note 1

N Y

0.0

100.0

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Min

Max 300 44

Min

Max

Min

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25 26 27 28 II Contact Life Note 1 III Contact Life Note 1 Operations Counter Note 2 Phase Designation 0 = A-B-C 1 = A-C-B 2 = B-A-C 3 = B-C-A 4 = C-A-B 5 = C-B-A The order A-B-C indicates the mapping between phases (A, B, C) and bushing (I-II-III). For example designation 2 maps B phase to I, A phase to II and C phase to III. The phase designation is set up on the controller so that the data in the database matches the HV terminal wiring. N N Y N 0.0 0.0 0 0 100.0 100.0 32768 5 0.01 % 0.01 % 1 Operation 1

Note 1. All data is transmitted as integers. Contact life has an extra built in scale factor of 100 ie range of 0.0% to 100.0% with resolution 0.01% is transmitted as 0 to 10000 with resolution 1. 2. These values are zeroed when ACR Memory Valid is not valid. ACR Cumulative Protection Sequence Data These points show all sources that record a max current event in the event log during a protection sequence. If the same source has more than one max current event then the value in the point will be the max current from the last trip of the sequence. All fault currents are cleared to zero by one of the following actions: Reset Fault Flags and Currents protocol control command Any Operator Close action Controller reset (data is volatile) Start of a new sequence

29 30 31 32 33

34

A Fault Current Written on an A-Max event. B Fault Current Written on a B-Max event. C Fault Current Written on a C-Max event. Earth / Ground Fault Current - Written on a GMax event. This includes SEF/SGF Fault currents. During a protection sequence the value increments indicating the current trip or sequence advance. After a protection sequence the final trip or sequence advance that occurred. Protection Group that is in service. 0 = Group A 1 = Group B 9 = Group J

Y N N N Y

0 0 0 0 1

16000 16000 16000 16000 4

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Resolution/ Units 1A 1A 1A 1A 1 1

W Series

Holding Register

Name

Max

Min

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Resolution/ Units 1 Resolution/ Units 1 1 Resolution/ Units 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Resolution/ Units 1 W Series Holding Register

Name

35

NPS Protection State 0 = NPS Protection OFF 1 = NPS Protection ON 2 = NPS Protection Alarm Only

ACR Protection State W Series Holding Register

Name

36

The number of the Protection Group which was active at the start of the sequence 0 = Group A 1 = Group B 9 = Group J

ACR Trip Counters These counters are cleared by the reset flags command and by turning protection On or OFF. These counters do not increment when switchgear is an LBS. When the counters reach there max value, they do not roll-over, instead they stick at this max value.

W Series

Holding Register

Name

37 38 39 40 41 42 43

A Phase O/C Trip Counter B Phase O/C Trip Counter C Phase O/C Trip Counter Earth O/C Trip Counter SEF O/C Trip Counter LOP Trip Counter FRQ Trip Counter

Y N N N N N Y

0 0 0 0 0 0 0

ACR Pickup Counters These counters are cleared by the reset flags command and by turning protection On or OFF. When the counters reach there max value, they do not roll-over, instead they stick at this max value.

W Series

Holding Register

Name

44 45

A Phase O/C Pickup Counter B Phase O/C Pickup Counter

Y N

0 0

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Max 99 99

Min

Max 99 99 99 99 99 99 99

Min

Max 9

Min

Max 2

Min

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46 47 48 49 50 51 C Phase O/C Pickup Counter Earth O/C Pickup Counter SEF O/C Pickup Counter LOP Indication Counter FRQ Pickup Counter Phase Overcurrent Pickup Counter N N N N Y N 0 0 0 0 0 0 99 99 99 99 99 99 1 1 1 1 1 1

ACR Loop Automation This value is only valid when the Loop Automation option is enabled for the current CAPM configuration. It is otherwise always reported as zero. Resolution/U nits 1 second Resolution/ Units 1A 1A 1A 1A 1A 1A 1A 1A 1A

W Series

Holding Register

Name

52

Loop automation time remaining prior to a trip or close action occurring. For no action pending value is zero.

1800

ACR Protection Sequence Data These analogue points record data about the protection sequence including maximum fault currents. These are derived from the max current events that are seen in the Operator Control Panel event record and record the current for each phase and for earth/ground. For any one protection trip or sequence advance more than one fault current can be set. For example a Phase/Phase fault might set an A-Phase current and a B-Phase current. Other data recorded includes the number of trips in the protection sequence and the Protection Group that was active at the time of the protection operation. Data is cleared to zero by the following actions: Reset Fault Current remote control command defined below Any Operator Close or Trip action Start of a new sequence. This data is volatile, ie they are zeroed on controller software reset.

W Series

Holding Register

Name

Protection Trip 1 53 54 55 56 A Fault Current Written on an A-Max event. B Fault Current Written on a B-Max event. C Fault Current Written on a C-Max event. Earth / Ground Fault Current - Written on a G-Max event. This includes SEF/SGF Fault currents. Y N N N 0 0 0 0 16000 16000 16000 16000

Protection Trip 2 57 58 59 60 A Fault Current Written on an A-Max event. B Fault Current Written on a B-Max event. C Fault Current Written on a C-Max event. Earth / Ground Fault Current - Written on a G-Max event. This includes SEF/SGF Fault currents. A Fault Current Written on an A-Max event. Y N N N 0 0 0 0 16000 16000 16000 16000

Protection Trip 3 61 Y 0 16000

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Min

Max

Min

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Resolution/ Units 1A 1A 1A 1A 1A 1A 1A 1 KWH 1 Count 1 Seconds 1 Count 1 Second 1 KWH 1 KWH Resolution/ Units 1A 1A 1A 1A 1A Resolution/ Units W Series Holding Register

Name

62 63 64

B Fault Current Written on a B-Max event. C Fault Current Written on a C-Max event. Earth / Ground Fault Current - Written on a G-Max event. This includes SEF/SGF Fault currents. A Fault Current Written on an A-Max event. B Fault Current Written on a B-Max event. C Fault Current Written on a C-Max event. Earth / Ground Fault Current - Written on a G-Max event. This includes SEF/SGF Fault currents.

N N N

0 0 0

16000 16000 16000

Protection Trip 4 65 66 67 68 Y N N N 0 0 0 0 16000 16000 16000 16000

ACR Accumulator Data These points use two holding registers. They are signed 32 bit numbers (-2147483648 to 2147483647). The first register contains the least significant bits.

W Series

Holding Register

Name

70 72 74 76 78 80 82 84

KWH Cumulative Note 1 Source Outages Note 2 Source Outage Duration Note 2 Load Outages Note 2 Load Outage Duration Note 2 Reserved KWH Cumulative Forward Note 3 KWH Cumulative Reverse Note 3

Y Y Y Y Y Y Y

0 0 0 0 0 0 0

2147483647 2147483647 2147483647 2147483647 2147483647 2147483647 2147483647

Note: 1. This accumulates the total kWH flowing through the ACR. If the controller is set for Power Flow Unidirectional then the cumulative total increases irrespective of the direction of power flow to show the total power that has passed through the device. If the controller is set to Bi-Directional power flow then the cumulative total can increase or decrease reflecting the nett power flow. 2. The power flow direction (source/load designation) is determined by the user. Refer to Power Flow Direction Binary Input for status and Binary Output for control. 3. Use relevant Digital Control (55 or 56) to collect data. ACR Protection Data W Series Holding Register Name

86 87 88 89 90

NPS Fault Trip 1 NPS Fault Trip 2 NPS Fault Trip 3 NPS Fault Trip 4 Most Recent Trip NPS Fault

N N N N N

0 0 0 0 0

16000 16000 16000 16000 16000

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Min

Max

Min

Max

Min

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Resolution/ Units 1A 1A 1A 1A 1A 1A 1A 1A 1A Resolution/ Units 1 W Series Holding Register

Name

91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100

Maximum Phase A Fault Current Maximum Phase B Fault Current Maximum Phase C Fault Current Maximum Earth/Ground Fault Current Maximum NPS Fault Current Reserved NPS Current A-Phase Load Current Prior to Last Pickup Note 1 B-Phase Load Current Prior to Last Pickup Note 1 C-Phase Load Current Prior to Last Pickup Note 1

Y N N N N N Y N N

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

16000 16000 16000 16000 16000 16000 16000 16000 16000

ACR Automation W Series Holding Register Name

101

Auto Changeover Status 0 - Auto-Changeover OFF. 1 - Auto-Changeover ON. 2 - ACO load MASTER. 3 - ACO load SLAVE. 4 - ACO No SLAVE comms. 5 - ACO abort - status 1. 6 - ACO abort - status 2. 7 - ACO abort - status 3. 8 - ACO abort - status 4. 9 - ACO abort - status 5. 10 - ACO abort - status 6. 11 - ACO abort - status 7. 12 - ACO abort - status 8. 13 - ACO abort - status 9. 14 - ACO abort - status 10. 15 - ACO abort - status 11. 16 - ACO abort - status 12. 17 - ACO abort - status 13. 18 - ACO abort - status 14.

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Max 18

Min

Max

Min

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Resolution/ Units 1 Resolution/ Units 1 Min 1A 1 Min W Series Holding Register

Name

102

Generator Control Status 0 - GenCtrl OFF. 1 - Switch Closed. 2 - Line Dead Check. 3 - Wait Switch Open. 4 - Wait Generator Live. 5 - Generator Running. 6 - Line Live Check. 7 - Wait Generator OFF. 8 - Wait Switch Closed.

ACR Daily Data W Series Holding Register Name Max 1440 16000 1440 Min

103 104

Reserved Time of Maximum Average Current. This is the end time of the maximum average demand current of all relevant phases for the previous full day ending at midnight. The time is in minutes since midnight.

105

Maximum Average Demand Current. This is the maximum average demand current of all relevant phases for the previous full day ending at midnight.

106

Average Sampling Period. This was the average sampling period at the end of the previous day (either the Average Demand or Configured History period).

Note: 1. Average taken over Demand or Configured History period.

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Max 8

Min

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Appendix C.3 ACR Modbus - Digital Control


Coil control is only supported when the controller is in Remote mode. If the controller is in Local or Do Not Operate mode then the response is 07 (NAK). Both the "force coil ON" and "force coil OFF" are valid.

Modbus Implementation
Request Code(s): 05 (Force Single Coil) Reply Codes(s): 05 (Force Single Coil) Error Code: 0x85 Exception Code: 01 (Illegal Function), 02 (Illegal Data Address), 03 (Illegal Data Value), 04 (Slave Device Failure)

Coil

Name

W Series

On = 1

Off = 0

Comment

Work Tag

Applies Work Tag Rejected if: CAPM is in LOCAL Mode Enable Earth / Ground Protection Rejected if: earth/ground fault OFF is not allowed.

Removes Work Tag Rejected if: CAPM is in LOCAL Mode Earth / Ground Protection OFF and SEF/SGF Protection OFF Rejected if: earth/ground fault OFF is not allowed. Disable SEF/SGF protection

Earth / Ground Fault protection

SEF/SGF protection

3 4

Auto Reclose ACR/LBS Control

Y Y

SEF/SGF protection ON and Earth / Ground Protection ON Rejected if: SEF/SGF is not available Auto Reclose ON Close Rejected if: Close coil is isolated CAPM is in LOCAL control mode SF6 gas pressure is low (if applicable) AND low gas lockout is ON Work Tag is applied Switchgear data invalid Mechanically interlocked (if applicable) Live load blocking ON AND any load side terminal live Trip and/or Close

Auto Reclose OFF Trip Rejected if: Trip coil is isolated Switchgear data invalid ACR AND SF6 gas pressure is low (if applicable) AND low gas lockout is ON LBS AND SF6 gas pressure is low (if applicable) LBS AND Mechanically interlocked

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W Series

Coil

Name

On = 1

Off = 0

Comment

Reset Fault Flags and Currents


Note 2

Protection Control

capacitors are charging or failed Resets all Analog Fault Currents to zero and clears all binary protection trip flags Enable Protection

No Action

7 8 9 10 11

Power Flow Direction


Note 1

Y Y

Source X, Load I Forces a controller software reset

Turn ALL Protection OFF Rejected if: protection OFF is not allowed Source I, Load X

Reset Controller Reserved Reserved Cold Load Idle/Max

12 13 14 15 16

High Current Lockout Loss of Phase Protection Sequence Control Live Load Blocking Freeze/ Reset

Y N Y Y

Set cold load time to its maximum value. This means that the cold load threshold current will be set to its maximum value Rejected if: Cold load support is OFF Enable High Current Lockout Enable Loss of Phase Protection Enable Sequence Control Live Load blocking ON KWH Cumulative Accumulator freeze/reset operation.

Set cold load time to zero. This means that the threshold multiplier will not be affected by the cold load function. Rejected if: Cold load support is OFF Disable High Current Lockout Disable Loss of Phase Protection Disable Sequence Control Live Load blocking OFF Freezes the KWH Cumulative accumulator value ready for transmission and resets the running count back to zero Trip

17 18

DCB Control APGS / ADGS Control (Code Version 023-03.00 and later)

Close Automatic Protection Group Selection ON Rejected if: APGS ON is Not Allowed Loop Automation ON

Operate the Dummy Circuit Breaker Automatic Protection Controls Automatic Group Selection OFF Protection Group Selection

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W Series

Coil

Name

On = 1

Off = 0

Comment

19

Loop Automation Control

20

Supply Outages Control Supply Outages Reset

Loop Automation ON Rejected if: Loop automation capability not available Trip coil isolated Close coil isolated Mechanism fail Switchgear data invalid Battery not normal SF6 Gas Pressure is low (if applicable) AND Low Gas Lockout is ON Tripped AND (Midpoint OR Feeder) U Series AND no external CVTs AND (TIE OR Auto Restore ON) Supply Outage Measurement ON Resets all Supply Outage accumulator values for the controller, this is not protocol specific Turn Normal Frequency Close ON Rejected if: Switch is LBS CAPM 4 Turn Dead Lockout Setting ON Rejected if: Switch is LBS Make LOP / Loop Linked Rejected if: Switch is LBS Under Frequency Protection Tripping ON Rejected if : CAPM 4 Over Frequency Protection Tripping ON Rejected if: CAPM 4

Loop Automation OFF Rejected if: Loop automation capability not available

Controls Loop Automation.

21

Supply Outage Controls Supply Measurement OFF Outage Measurement Refer note 3 Supply Outage Accumulator reset. Refer note 3 Turn Normal Frequency Close OFF Rejected if: Switch is LBS CAPM 4 Turn Dead Lockout Setting OFF Controls the state of the Normal Frequency Close facility. Refer to Note 4 Turns Dead Lockout Setting ON and OFF Note 5 Links and unlinks the LOP and Loop Auto ON setting Note 5 Enables or disables Under frequency Protection Trip

22

Normal Frequency Close

23 24

Reserved Dead Lockout

25

LOP / Loop

Make LOP / Loop Unlinked

26

Under Frequency Trip

27

Over Frequency Trip

Under Frequency Protection Tripping OFF Rejected if : CAPM 4 Over Frequency Protection Tripping OFF Rejected if: CAPM 4

Enables or disables Over Frequency Protection Trip

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W Series

Coil

Name

On = 1

Off = 0

Comment

28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

Protection Group A Protection Group B Protection Group C Protection Group D Protection Group E Protection Group F Protection Group G Protection Group H Protection Group I Protection Group J Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved Protocol IOEX Control 1 Protocol IOEX Control 2 Protocol IOEX Control 3 Protocol IOEX Control 4 Protocol IOEX Control 5 Protocol IOEX Control 6 Protocol IOEX Control 7 Protocol IOEX Control 8 ACO Auto Restore

Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y

Group A ON Group B ON Group C ON Group D ON Group E ON Group F ON Group G ON Group H ON Group I ON Group J ON

No Action No Action No Action No Action No Action No Action No Action No Action No Action No Action

Only one group can be active at any time. Activating any of these protection groups will automatically reset the previous setting.

Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y

Sets an IOEX configurable point. Note: The only valid Control Type is Sustained.

Clears an IOEX configurable point. Note: The only valid Control Type is Sustained.

Sets or clears an IOEX-configurable point, for Protocol Controls.

ACO Auto Restore ON. Rejected if: ACO feature is not available. Generator Control is available. Loop Automation is available.

ACO Auto Restore OFF. Rejected if: Generator Control is available. Loop Automation is available. ACO feature is not available. ACO OFF.

Turns ACO Auto Restore ON or OFF.

51

ACO Enable

ACO ON. Rejected if: ACO feature is not available. Generator Control available. ACO Mode = Break before Make. Rejected if: ACO feature is not available.

Enables ACO.

52

ACO Mode

ACO Mode = Make before Break. Rejected if: ACO feature is not available.

Set the ACO operation mode to Make before Break or Break before Make.

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W Series

Coil

Name

On = 1

Off = 0

Comment

53

Generator Control

Turn Generator Control on. Rejected if: Generator Control is not available. Loop Automation is available. Auto-changeover is available. Set ACO Rank to be master. Rejected if: ACO feature is not available. Switchgear is open. ACO is enabled.

Turn Generator Control Off.

Generator Control enabled.

54

ACO Rank

Set ACO rank to be slave. Rejected if: ACO feature is not available. Switchgear is closed. ACO is enabled.

ACO Rank.

55

Freeze/Reset kWH Accum Fwd

56

Freeze/Reset kWH Accum Rev

57

Loss of Phase Alarm

Freezes the kWH Cumulative Forward accumulator value ready for transmission and resets the running count back to zero. Freezes the kWH Cumulative Reverse accumulator value ready for transmission and resets the running count back to zero. Loss of Phase Alarm ON. Rejected if: W Series. LOP and Loop Auto linked. LOP Protection OFF.

kWH Cumulative Forward Accumulator freeze/reset operation. kWH Cumulative Reverse Accumulator freeze/reset operation. Loss of Phase Alarm OFF. Rejected if: W Series. LOP and Loop Auto linked. LOP Protection OFF.

Notes. 1. Changing these settings affects the currently active protection group. The change is put into effect immediately and is permanent for that group. In other words is equivalent to selecting that protection group on the operator control panel, changing the setting and then putting the change into service. 2. Changing the Source/Load direction affects the following aspects of the operation of the controller: Whether the source or load corresponds to (I) or (X) on the voltage measurement displays Which direction is positive power flow for use on the kW Signed total in System Power Which is the source or load for Live Load Blocking Which is the source or load for Directional Blocking Refer section Appendix C.1, Power Flow Direction for status 3. Code Version 024-01.00 and later 4. Code Version 025-01.00 and later 5. Code Version 026-01.00 and later

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Appendix C.4 ACR Modbus - Analogue Control


These are the registers able to be preset by the controller. If W series is indicated as 'Y' below then register is supported other wise no action is taken.

Modbus Implementation
Request Code(s): 06 (Preset Single Register) Reply Codes(s): 06 (Preset Single Register) Error Code: 0x86 Exception Code: 01 (Illegal Function), 02 (Illegal Data Address), 03 (Illegal Data Value), 04 (Slave Device Failure)

Analog Controls

W Series

Holding Register

Name

Protection Group selection 0 = Group A 1= Group B 9 = Group J NPS Protection Control 0 = NPS Protection OFF. 1 = NPS Protection ON. 2 = NPS Protection Alarm.

N/A

N/A

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Units

Max

Min

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Appendix DLBS Modbus Points


Appendix D.1 LBS Modbus - Digital Inputs
These points show the state of the switchgear and/or the controller. The phase designation A, B, C is determined by the user, refer to the equipment manual for more information. Phase terminology is explained in section 2.3. W series support is indicated below by a Y. If indicated as N then value is always OFF.

Modbus Implementation
Request Code(s): 02 (Read Input Status) Reply Codes(s): 02 (Read Input Status) Error Code: 0x82 Exception Code: 01 (Illegal Function), 02 (Illegal Data Address), 03 (Illegal Data Value), 04 (Slave Device Failure)

LBS and Controller State Flags

Bit

Name

Set = 1

Cleared = 0

Comment

Abnormal Operator conditions

Maintenance Required

Auxiliary Supply Fail

For any of the following conditions: Trip or Close Isolated, LBS Mechanically locked open (if applicable) Work Tag Applied For any of the following conditions: Battery not normal Capacitor charge failure Low power mode Low SF6 gas pressure (if applicable) LBS data not valid (includes connection to an invalid switch type) Any vacuum interrupter contact life is less than 20% Mechanical failure\ LBS Data invalid Auxiliary supply has failed

None of the specified conditions are true

This flag shows that the operator has the LBS in an abnormal state such as work tag applied. This means that it will operate differently to its normal mode of operation. The controller has detected one or more conditions which require maintenance. This point cannot become Set until at least five minutes after controller start.

No maintenance required

Auxiliary supply is normal

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Bit

Name

Set = 1

Cleared = 0

Comment

Controller Mode

Local Control Enabled Remote Control Disabled

Local control Disabled Remote control Enabled

The controller is either in Local or Remote control mode. This affects the closing command the permission to set/remove work tag. These are repeats of the mechanism travel switches. When the LBS is disconnected from the control cubicle they are both cleared. Shows if the phase bushings are above or below the live line threshold. Phase designation is determined by user.

4 5

LBS Tripped (open) LBS Closed

LBS Tripped LBS Closed

LBS not Tripped LBS not Closed

6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

Phase Ai Live Phase Bi Live Phase Ci Live Phase Ax Live Note 1 Phase Bx Live Note 1 Phase Cx Live Note 1 Source Voltage Status Load Voltage Status

Phase is live

Phase is dead

Shows that any of the three phases of the designated Source side or Load side are live. Current of 2.5A or more is flowing in at least one phase Source X, Load I

All of the source side Terminals dead All of the load side Terminal dead Current of less than 2.5A is flowing in all three phases Source I, Load X

Note that these points are different to the Load/Source Live/Dead events in the controller event record

14

Load Current On

15 16 17 18 19 20

Reserved Power Flow Direction Reserved Reserved Reserved Locked

LBS Locked.

LBS not locked.

Shows that the LBS is mechanically locked in position. Not supported on the N-Series where it will always be zero. Shows that the controller has retrieved the data from the LBS memory. When invalid the switchgear attributes and the gaspressure are zeroed,

21

LBS Memory Data Invalid

LBS Memory Data not LBS Memory Data valid Valid

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Bit

Name

Set = 1

Cleared = 0

Comment

22

Switchgear Connection

Switch disconnected from control cubicle.

Switch connected from control cubicle.

Shows the connection state of the cable between the switchgear and the controller. When connected to the LBS Trip, Close and Locked indications are valid. When disconnected from the LBS data will be forced invalid

23

Contacts Life Low

24

SF6 Gas Pressure Low or Invalid

When any vacuum interrupter contact life is less than 20%. Gas pressure Low or Invalid

When all vacuum interrupters have contact life >= 20% Gas Pressure Normal, or Not Known, or Not a switchgear which has SF6. Close Isolate Switch ON/ENABLE (i.e. Close is enabled) Trip Isolate Switch ON(i.e. Trip is enabled) Work Tag Removed

Only set when switchgear is connected and LBS memory data is valid and switchgear type has SF6. Shows the state of the Trip and Close isolate switches on the control panel

25

Close Isolate

26

Trip Isolate

27

Work Tag

Close Isolate Switch OFF/ISOLATE(i.e. Close is disabled) Trip Isolate Switch OFF (i.e. Trip is disabled) Work Tag Applied

The controller can have a work tag. This affects the closing command

28

29

Battery supply not normal. This includes :Battery Off Battery Overvolt Battery Low Volts Capacitor Charge Failure Capacitor Charge Failed Mechanism Failure Mechanism Failure

Battery Supply

Battery supply normal

Capacitor Charge OK

The Trip/Close Capacitors have failed to charge The switchgear has failed to Trip or Close electrically The dummy LBS is an internal point useful for SCADA system testing. The value of the DCB is nonvolatile.

30

Mechanism OK

31

Dummy LBS Closed

Dummy LBS Closed

Dummy LBS Not Closed

32 33 34

Reserved Supply Outage Measurement Door Open

Supply Outage Measurement is ON. Door open.

Supply Outage Measurement is OFF Door closed.

Status of cubicle door. Only valid if hardware option installed.

35

Switch Function

Function is ACR

Function is LBS

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Bit

Name

Set = 1

Cleared = 0

Comment

36 37 38 39

Auxiliary Supply Fail Delayed Reserved Reserved Reserved

Auxiliary supply has failed for more than 120 seconds.

Auxiliary supply restored for more than 20 seconds.

Status of controller auxiliary supply (delayed).

Note 1. Not available with standard U series without external CVTs, always 0.

LBS Protection Group Flags


Cleared = 0 Comment and Time Resolution Only one protection group is active at any one time.

40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49

Prot A Active Prot B Active Prot C Active Prot D Active Prot E Active Prot F Active Prot G Active Prot H Active Prot I Active Prot J Active

Protection Group A is active Protection Group B is active Protection Group C is active Protection Group D is active Protection Group E is active Protection Group F is active Protection Group G is active Protection Group H is active Protection Group I is active Protection Group J is active

Set = 1

Name

Bit

Protection Group A is not active Protection Group B is not active Protection Group C is not active Protection Group D is not active Protection Group E is not active Protection Group F is not active Protection Group G is not active Protection Group H is not active Protection Group I is not active Protection Group J is not active

LBS Detection Flags


This group of points indicates what happened in the most recent fault detection. Unlike the ACR, these flags dont attempt to reconstruct a fault sequence. The flags are not cumulative, they are cleared as each new fault is detected. For example, if there is an earth fault followed by a phase fault, the earth fault flag will be cleared when the phase fault flag is set. In addition analogue data is available which shows the fault currents. Most of these flags are cleared either by protocol command or when the switchgear is tripped/closed by the operator or when a new fault is detected. This data is volatile, i.e. it is zeroed on controller software reset. If there is more than one protocol running simultaneously in the controller this data is replicated between the protocols so that each master station can clear its data independently from the others..

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Cleared = 0 Comment This shows that a detection sequence has started and not yet completed. These flags show which elements were picked up since last clear action Set if a supply interrupt occurred after the most recent fault Set if switch trips to sectionalise Generator Control Enable. Set = 1

50

Sequence in Progress

Name

Bit

Start of sequence that is the Supply Interrupt count is non-zero

End of sequence

51 52 53 54 55 56

A Phase Overcurrent Fault B Phase Overcurrent Fault C Phase Overcurrent Fault Earth/Ground Overcurrent Fault SEF/SGF Overcurrent Fault Supply Interrupt

A Phase Overcurrent Fault B Phase Overcurrent Fault C Phase Overcurrent Fault Earth/Ground Overcurrent Fault SEF/SGF Overcurrent Fault Supply Interrupt

Cleared by Operator trip Any close Reset Flags Protocol Command Supply Reset (if enabled)

57

Sectionaliser Trip

Sectionaliser Trip

58

Operator Trip

59

OCPM Operator Trip

60

IOEX Operator Trip

61 62 63

Reserved Fast Trip Protocol Trip

64 65 66 67

Generator Control Reserved Reserved Reserved

Cleared by any close The most recent trip was caused by any trip that was action not caused by the CAPM internal protection (i.e. A combination of an OCPM Operator Trip OR an IOEX Operator Trip OR a Protocol Trip OR WSOS Trip) The most recent trip was caused by a local or remote operator panel trip. The most recent trip was caused by an IOEX Operator Trip input Cleared by Any close The most recent trip was Reset Flags' caused by a Fast Trip Input. Protocol The most recent trip was Command caused by a remote protocol or WSOS trip request. Generator Control is ON. Generator Control is OFF.

LBS IOEX Inputs

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W Series

Bit

Name

Set = 1

Cleared = 0

Comment

68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79

IOEX Input 1 IOEX Input 2 IOEX Input 3 IOEX Input 4 IOEX Input 5 IOEX Input 6 IOEX Input 7 IOEX Input 8 IOEX Input 9 IOEX Input 10 IOEX Input 11 IOEX Input 12

Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y

Input Asserted Input Asserted Input Asserted Input Asserted Input Asserted Input Asserted Input Asserted Input Asserted Input Asserted Input Asserted Input Asserted Input Asserted

Input Not Asserted Input Not Asserted Input Not Asserted Input Not Asserted Input Not Asserted Input Not Asserted Input Not Asserted Input Not Asserted Input Not Asserted Input Not Asserted Input Not Asserted Input Not Asserted

Returned State changes after 30ms debounce.

LBS Operator/Detection Flags

Bit

Name

Set = 1

Cleared = 0

Comment

80 81

82

83 84

Phase Detection Enabled Earth / Ground Detection Enabled SEF/SGF Detection Enabled Sectionaliser Auto Cold Load Auto

Phase Detection ON Earth / Ground Detection ON SEF/SGF Detection ON Sectionaliser Auto ON Cold load pickup is in Auto. This means that the cold load function is functioning and may, or may not, be affecting the threshold multiplier. This is indicated by the Cold Load not the Idle flag below. Cold Load is Idle or is turned off. This means that the threshold multiplier is not being affected by the cold load function. Live Load blocking ON

Phase Detection OFF Earth / Ground Detection OFF SEF/SGF Detection OFF

Sectionaliser Auto OFF Cold Load pickup is OFF. This means that the cold load function is completely disabled.

85

Cold Load Idle

86 87

Live Load blocking Automatic Automatic Detection Detection Group Selection ON Group Selection

Cold load is NOT Idle. This means that the threshold multiplier is being raised by the cold load pickup function in order to pick up cold load. Live Load blocking OFF Automatic Detection Group Selection OFF

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Bit

Name

Set = 1

Cleared = 0

Comment

88

Operator Close

89 90

IOEX Close Protocol Close

91

External Close

92

Live Load Block Occurred

Cleared by one of the Set if the most recent close caused by local or following actions 'Reset Flags and remote panel close Currents' protocol request. command. Set if the most recent Controller Software close was caused by Reset (data is an IOEX close input. volatile). Set if the most recent At the time of the close caused by a next Close. protocol close Start of a new request. sequence. Set if any of the Cleared by one of the following caused the following actions: most recent close: 'Reset Flags and CCEM external Currents' protocol button on Ncommand. Series. Controller Software Reset (data is Mechanical action. The volatile). switchgear At the time of the detected as next Trip. closed without a close request. Electrical action (only available on the Advanced controller). Set if the most recent Cleared by one of the close request was following actions blocked due to a Live 'Reset Flags and Load condition. Currents' protocol command. Controller Software Reset (data is volatile). At the time of the next Close.

The most recent close was caused by a local or remote panel close request. The most recent close was caused by an IOEX close input. The most recent close caused by a protocol close request.

The most recent close caused by an action external to the Controller.

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Appendix D.2LBS Modbus - Analogue Inputs


These are the analogue input status points that are available. They are stored in holding registers in the CAPM. Each holding register is 16 bits wide. The phase designation A, B, C is determined by the user, refer to the equipment manual for more information. Phase terminology is explained in section 2.3. W series: support is indicated in tables below by a Y. If indicated as N then value is always 0.

Scaling
Modbus analogue values are transmitted as a 16 bit value with an additional sign bit. Where the CAPM range of analogue values exceeds the range of a 16 bit number (-32768 to 32767) the values are scaled. All analogue values are scaled with 1 count = 1 Resolution/Units. In other words, 1 transmitted count = raw value resolution. For example: a phase voltage of 1000V will be transmitted as a count of 5050 (=1000 2) The transmitted value must therefore be re-scaled at the master station before being displayed to the SCADA operator, logged, etc.

Modbus Implementation
Request Code(s): 03 (Read Holding Registers) Reply Codes(s): 03 (Read Holding Registers) Error Code: 0x83 Exception Code: 01 (Illegal Function), 02 (Illegal Data Address), 03 (Illegal Data Value), 04 (Slave Device Failure)

LBS Analogue Inputs


LBS Line Currents Note that these relate to user-designated phases rather than the physical bushings. Resolution/ Units 1A 1A 1A 1A Resolution/ Units 2V 2V 2V 2V 2V 2V 2V 2V 2V 2V 2V 2V

Holding Register

Name

0 1 2 3

A-Phase Current B-Phase Current C-Phase Current (Earth / Ground) Current

0 0 0 0

16000 16000 16000 16000

LBS Voltage Measurements Voltages are provided either for all 6 Terminals or for only 3 Terminals depending upon the model of LBS.

Holding Register

Name

4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

Ai Phase-(Earth / Ground) Voltage Bi Phase-(Earth / Ground) Voltage Ci Phase-(Earth / Ground) Voltage Ax Phase-(Earth / Ground) Voltage Bx Phase-(Earth / Ground) Voltage Cx Phase-(Earth / Ground) Voltage A-Bi Phase-Phase Voltage B-Ci Phase-Phase Voltage C-Ai Phase-Phase Voltage A-Bx Phase-Phase Voltage B-Cx Phase-Phase Voltage C-Ax Phase-Phase Voltage

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

40000 40000 40000 40000 40000 40000 40000 40000 40000 40000 40000 40000

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Min

Max

Min

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16 Frequency Note 2 45 65 Note 1. Not available in standard U-series ACR without external CVTs. Value always zero. 2. Only available on CAPM5/6. Return 0 if unavailable. LBS System Power Resolution/ Units 4 kW 4 kVA 4 kVAR 0.01 1 kPaG 1 PSI 0.01 % 0.01 % 0.01 % 1 Operation Resolution/U nits Resolution/ Units Holding Register 0.1Hz

Name

17

18 19

20

System kW This can be a signed quantity that indicates direction of power flow, or an unsigned quantity that is always positive regardless of the direction of the power flow. This is determined by the controller configuration System Apparent Power System Reactive Power Unsigned quantity which is always positive irrespective of direction of power flow System Power Factor Note 1 This is calculated from Real and Apparent power.

-131 MW

131MW

0 0

131MVA 131MVAR

0.00

1.00

Note 1. All data is transmitted as integers. Power factor has an extra built in scale factor of 100 ie. range 0.00 to 1.00 with resolution 0.01 is transmitted as 0 to 100 with resolution 1. LBS SF6 Pressure If the LBS Memory Data is not valid then the pressure is zeroed. Gas Pressure is not supported on U-series, value will be zero.

Holding Register

Name

21 22

Gas Pressure, kPag. Gas Pressure, PSI

-100 -14

LBS Switchgear and Controller Details

Holding Register

Name

23 24 25 26 27

Reserved I Contact Life Note 1 II Contact Life Note 1 III Contact Life Note 1 Operations Counter Note 2

0.0 0.0 0.0 0

100.0 100.0 100.0 4095

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Min

Max 300 44

Min

Max

Min

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28 Phase Designation 0 = A-B-C 1 = A-C-B 2 = B-A-C 3 = B-C-A 4 = C-A-B 5 = C-B-A The order A-B-C indicates the mapping between phases (A, B, C) and bushing (I-II-III). For example designation 2 maps B phase to I, A phase to II and C phase to III. The phase designation is set up on the controller so that the data in the database matches the HV terminal wiring. 0 5 1

Note 1. All data is transmitted as integers. Contact life has an extra built in scale factor of 10 ie range of 0.0% to 100.0% with resolution 0.1% is transmitted as 0 to 1000 with resolution 1. 2. This value is zeroed when LBS Memory Valid is not valid. LBS Fault Detection Data These analogue points record data about the fault detection including maximum fault currents. These are derived from the max current events, which are seen in the Operator Control Panel event record and record the current for each phase and for earth/ground. For any one fault more than one fault current can be set. For example a Phase/Phase fault might set an A-Phase current and a BPhase current. Other data recorded includes the supply interrupt count and the Detection Group which was active at the time of the fault detection. Fault Detection Data is cleared to zero by the following actions : Reset Fault Current remote control command defined below Any Operator Close or Trip action New fault detected This data is volatile, that is they are zeroed on controller software reset. If there is more than one protocol running simultaneously in the controller this data is replicated between the protocols so that each master station can clear its data independently from the others.

29

30 31 32 33 34

Active Detection Group The number of the Detection Group active during the sequence. Supply Interrupt Count The number of Supply Interrupts Counted. Most Recent A-Phase Fault Written on a Max Current event for A Phase Most Recent B-Phase Fault Written on a Max Current event for B Phase Most Recent C-Phase Fault Written on a Max Current event for C Phase Most Recent Earth/Ground Fault Current - Written on an E-Max event. This includes SEF/SGF Fault currents.

1 0 0 0 0

10 16000 16000 16000 16000

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Resolution/ Units 1 1 1A 1A 1A 1A

Holding Register

Name

Max

Min

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LBS Detection State Resolution/ Units Mins 1 Resolution/ Units 1A 1A 1A Resolution/ Units 1 1 1 1 1 W Series Holding Register

Name

35

36

Cold Load Value is zero when Cold Load is Idle or OFF. When Cold Load is not idle this shows the operational cold load time, i.e. the current time being used to calculate the operational cold load threshold multiplier. Active Detection Group 0 = Group A 1 = Group B 9 = Group J

LBS Fault Counters These counters are cleared by the reset flags command. These counters do not increment when switchgear is an ACR. When the counters reach there max value, they do not roll-over, instead they stick at this max value.

W Series

Holding Register

Name

37 38 39 40 41 42

A Phase O/C Fault Counter B Phase O/C Fault Counter C Phase O/C Fault Counter Earth O/C Fault Counter SEF O/C Fault Counter Reserved

Y N N N N

0 0 0 0 0

LBS Load Currents W Series Holding Register

Name

43 44 45

A Phase Load Current Prior to Last Pickup


Note 4

Y N
Note 4

0 0 0

16000 16000 16000

B Phase Load Current Prior to Last Pickup C Phase Load Current Prior to Last Pickup
Note 4

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Min

Max 99 99 99 99 99

Min

Max 480 9

Min

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LBS Automation Data Resolution/ Units N/A Amps Resolution/ Units Mins Mins W Series Holding Register

Name

46

Generator Control Status 0 - GenCtrl OFF. 1 - Switch Closed. 2 - Line Dead Check. 3 - Wait Switch Open. 4 - Wait Generator Live. 5 - Generator Running. 6 - Line Live Check. 7 - Wait Generator OFF. 8 - Wait Switch Closed.

47

Reserved

LBS Daily Data W Series Holding Register

Name

48 49

Reserved Time of Maximum Average Current This is the end time of the maximum average demand current of all relevant phases for the previous full day ending at midnight. The time is in minutes since midnight. Average Demand Current This is the maximum average demand current of all relevant phases for the previous full day ending at midnight. Average Sampling Period This was the average sampling period at the end of the previous day (either the Average Demand or Configured History period). Y 1 1440

50

16000

51

1440

LBS Accumulator Data These points use two holding registers. They are signed 32 bit numbers (-2147483648 to 2147483647). The first register contains the least significant bits.

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Min

Max 8

Min

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Resolution/ Units 1 KWH 1 Count 1 Seconds 1 Count 1 Second 1 KWH 1 KWH W Series Holding Register

Name

52 54 56 58 60 62 64

KWH Cumulative Note 1 Source Outages Note 2 Source Outage Duration Note 2 Load Outages Note 2 Load Outage Duration Note 2 Reserved KWH Cumulative Forward The accumulated kWH in the forward direction (ie Source to Load) at the last freeze and reset operation. This data is volatile, and is zeroed on controller software reset. If more than one protocol is running simultaneously in the controller, this data is replicated between the protocols so each master station can clear its data independently from the others.
Note 3

Y Y Y Y Y Y

0 0 0 0 0 0

2147483647 2147483647 2147483647 2147483647 2147483647 2147483647

66

KWH Cumulative Reverse The accumulated kWH in the reverse direction (ie Load to Source) at the last freeze and reset operation. This data is volatile, and is zeroed on controller software reset. If more than one protocol is running simultaneously in the controller, this data is replicated between the protocols so each master station can clear its data independently from the others.
Note 3

2147483647

Note: 1. This accumulates the total kWH flowing through the ACR. If the controller is set for Power Flow Unidirectional then the cumulative total increases irrespective of the direction of power flow to show the total power that has passed through the device. If the controller is set to Bi-Directional power flow then the cumulative total can increase or decrease reflecting the nett power flow. 2. The power flow direction (source/load designation) is determined by the user. Refer to Power Flow Direction Binary Input for status and Binary Output for control. 3. Use relevant Digital Control (55 or 56) to collect data. 4. Average taken from either the Demand or Configured History period.

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Min

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Appendix D.3 LBS Modbus - Digital Control


Both the "force coil ON" and "force coil OFF" are valid.

Modbus Implementation
Request Code(s): 05 (Force Single Coil) Reply Codes(s): 05 (Force Single Coil) Error Code: 0x85 Exception Code: 01 (Illegal Function), 02 (Illegal Data Address), 03 (Illegal Data Value), 04 (Slave Device Failure)

Coil 0

Name Work Tag

On = 1 Applies Work Tag. Rejected if: CAPM is in LOCAL Mode

Off = 0 Removes Work Tag. Rejected if: CAPM is in LOCAL Mode.

Comment

1 2 3 4

Reserved Reserved Reserved LBS Control

Reset Fault Flags and Currents


Note 1

Close Rejected if: Close coil is isolated CAPM is in LOCAL control mode SF6 gas pressure is low (if applicable) AND low gas lockout is ON Work Tag is applied Switchgear data invalid Mechanically interlocked (if applicable) Live load blocking ON AND any load side terminal live Trip and/or Close capacitors are charging or failed Resets all Analog Fault Currents to zero and clears all binary Detection trip flags Source X, Load I

Trip Rejected if: Trip coil is isolated SF6 gas pressure is low (if applicable) AND low gas lockout is ON Switchgear data invalid

No Action

6 7 8 9 10 11

Reserved Power Flow Direction


Note 1

Source I, Load X

Reserved Reserved Reserved Cold Load Idle/Max

Set cold load time to its maximum value. This means that the cold load threshold current will be set to its maximum value Rejected if: Cold load support is OFF

Set cold load time to zero. This means that the threshold multiplier will not be affected by the cold load function. Rejected if: Cold load support is OFF

12

Reserved

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Coil 13 14 15 16 Name Reserved Reserved Live Load Blocking Freeze/Reset On = 1 Off = 0 Comment

17

Dummy Circuit Breaker

Live Load blocking ON Freezes the KWH Cumulative accumulator value ready for transmission and resets the running count back to zero DCB Close

Live Load blocking OFF

DCB Trip

The dummy circuit breaker is an internal point useful for SCADA system testing.

18

Automatic Detection Group Selection

ADGS ON Rejected if: ADGS ON is Not Allowed Loop Automation ON Supply Outage Measurement ON Resets all Supply Outage counters values.

ADGS OFF

19 20

21

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44

Reserved Supply Outage Measurement Control Supply Outage Measurement Reset Reserved Sectionaliser Auto Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved Detection Group A Detection Group B Detection Group C Detection Group D Detection Group E Detection Group F Detection Group G Detection Group H Detection Group I Detection Group J Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved Protocol IOEX Control 1 Protocol IOEX Control 2 Protocol IOEX Control 3

Supply Outage Measurement OFF

No Action

Turn Sectionalising ON

Turn Sectionalising OFF.

Group A ON Group B ON Group C ON Group D ON Group E ON Group F ON Group G ON Group H ON Group I ON Group J ON

No Action No Action No Action No Action No Action No Action No Action No Action No Action No Action

Only one group can be active at any time. Activating any of these protection groups will automatically reset the previous setting.

Sets an IOEX configurable point. Note: The only valid Control Type is Sustained.

Clears an IOEX configurable point. Note: The only valid Control Type is Sustained.

Sets or clears an IOEXconfigurable point, for Protocol Controls.

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Coil 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 Name Protocol IOEX Control 4 Protocol IOEX Control 5 Protocol IOEX Control 6 Protocol IOEX Control 7 Protocol IOEX Control 8 Reserved Reserved Reserved Generator Control On = 1 Off = 0 Comment

Turn Generator Control on. Rejected if: Generator Control is not available. Loop Automation is available. Auto-changeover is available.

Turn Generator Control Off.

Generator Control enabled.

54 55

Reserved Freeze/Reset kWH Accum Fwd

kWH Cumulative Forward Accumulator freeze/reset operation.

56

Freeze/Reset kWH Accum Rev

kWH Cumulative Reverse Accumulator freeze/reset operation.

Freezes the kWH Cumulative Forward accumulator value ready for transmission and resets the running count back to zero Freezes the kWH Cumulative Reverse accumulator value ready for transmission and resets the running count back to zero.

Note: 1 Changing the Source/Load direction affects the following aspects of the operation of the controller: Whether the source or load corresponds to I side or X side on the voltage measurements Which side is the source or load for the Live Load Blocking Which side is the source or load for the Directional Blocking Which direction is positive power flow for the System Power measured value Power Flow Direction Binary Input status

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Appendix D.4 LBS Modbus - Analogue Control


These are the registers able to be preset by the controller. If W series is indicated as 'Y' below then register is supported other wise no action is taken.

Modbus Implementation
Request Code(s): 06 (Preset Single Register) Reply Codes(s): 06 (Preset Single Register) Error Code: 0x86 Exception Code: 01 (Illegal Function), 02 (Illegal Data Address), 03 (Illegal Data Value), 04 (Slave Device Failure)

LBS Analog Controls

Holding Register

Name

0 1

Reserved Detection Group selection 0 = Group A 1= Group B 9 = Group J

N/A

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Min

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Appendix E
Appendix E.1

CAPM2 Modbus Point Map


Data Available over Modbus

This point map emulates the CAPM2 point map as defined in N00-424.pdf (ACR Only). This data is read using functions 3 for analog and 2 for digital only. Zeros are returned for all addresses scanned outside of the ranges defined in the following tables. Description Units Minimum Maximum Holding Register Value Value 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 U phase current Amps x 1 0 800 V phase current Amps x 1 0 800 Amps x 1 0 800 W phase current Earth current Amps x 1 0 800 U phase/earth voltage Volts x 1 0 25,000 V phase/earth voltage Volts x 1 0 25,000 W phase/earth voltage Volts x 1 0 25,000 System Apparent Power kVA x 1 0 30,000 System Real Power (signed 2s compliment) kW x 1 -30,000 30,000 System Reactive Power kVAR x 1 0 30,000 Digital Status 1 (see below) Digital Status 2 (see below) Note: Do not request any holding registers beyond this Digital Status 2. It will result in an exception.

Digital status information is as follows. Bit offset of zero implies the least significant bit in the word. Digital Status Word 1 Bit Description Set Condition Clear Condition 0 1 2 Closed Signal Open Signal Trip Isolate Switchgear is closed Switchgear is open The trip isolate switch on the operator control panel is in the ISOLATE position The close isolate switch on the operator control panel is in the ISOLATE position Remote control of the ACR is allowed. This means that Modbus function 5 will be enabled. This only occurs when controller is in Remote Mode Auto Reclose mode is set Switchgear is open or disconnected Switchgear is closed or disconnected The trip isolate switch on the operator control panel is in the CONNECTED position The close isolate switch on the operator control panel is in the CONNECTED position Remote control of ACR is not allowed. This means that Modbus function 5 will be disabled and will return a NAK. This occurs when the controller is in Local or Do Not Operate Modes. One shot to lockout mode is set.

Close Isolate

Operational Status

Auto Reclose

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Modbus Protocol Technical Manual Bit 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Description Cold Load Pickup Earth Fault SEF Digital Status Word 1 Set Condition Cold load pickup is ON Earth fault protection is ON SEF protection is ON Clear Condition Cold load pickup is OFF Earth fault protection is OFF SEF protection is OFF Auxiliary supply is Normal Battery status is Normal

Auxiliary Supply Auxiliary supply is Failed Battery status is Failed Battery SF6 Pressure Phase Prot Trip Earth Prot Trip SEF Prot Trip Lockout

SF6 Pressure is Low or SF6 Pressure is Normal not available Phase Protection Tripped Recloser Closed or trip the ACR was from some other source. Earth Fault Protection Recloser Closed or trip Tripped the ACR was from some other source. Sensitive Earth Fault Recloser Closed or trip Protection Tripped the was from some other ACR source. The ACR is open and in The ACR not in lockout. It lockout so that it will not is either closed or is in an close again auto-reclose sequence. automatically. It must be closed by either local or remote control.

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Modbus Protocol Technical Manual Digital Status Word 2 Set Condition

Bit 0 1 2 3

Description Toggle System Healthy Protection A Protection B

Clear Condition

This bit toggles on and off every 50 seconds (ie. Period 100 seconds). See Note 1 Protection Set A Selected Protection Set B Selected Protection Set A Not Selected Protection Set B Not Selected

Note 1 - System healthy is set only when all of the following conditions are met. Electronics OK Contact Wear >=20% on all three phases. Aux supply Normal Battery Normal Trip and Close isolate switches in the connected position. Gas pressure normal. Also Note: If neither protection set A or B are set, then protection has been turned OFF.

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Appendix E.2

Controls Available over Modbus

The following controls are supported by function 5 (force single coil). Note that in this implementation: Only the force coil ON command is valid. The force coil OFF command is rejected. The coils are addressed as shown in the table below. Controls are only supported when the controller is in the Remote mode. If the controller is in the Local or Do Not Operate mode then the response is 07 (NAK). A correctly formatted control is always replied to. However this does not mean that the action has been correctly carried out, the master must make this check using the read register command. For example, if a close command is transmitted but the switchgear either fails to close or the close is defeated by the close isolate switch being in the isolated position, then control will still be acknowledged to the master. Coil 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Action Close ACR Trip ACR Auto-Reclose ON One shot to lockout ON Cold load pickup ON Cold load pickup OFF Earth fault protection ON Earth fault protection and SEF protection OFF SEF protection ON and Earth Fault Protection ON* SEF protection OFF Select Protection Set A (Turns Protection ON) Select Protection Set B (Turns Protection ON)

*This control has no effect when SEF set to Not Available on protection settings page

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Appendix F
Appendix F.1

CAPM2 N00-321 and N00-360 Modbus Point Map


Data Available over Modbus

This point map emulates the CAPM2 point map as defined in N00-321.pdf and N00-360.pdf documents (ACR Only). This data is read using functions 3 for analog and 2 for digital only. Zeros are returned for all addresses scanned outside of the ranges defined in the following tables. Description Units Minimum Maximum Holding Register Value Value 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 U phase current V phase current W phase current Earth current U phase/earth voltage V phase/earth voltage W phase/earth voltage Amps x 1 Amps x 1 Amps x 1 Amps x 1 Volts x 1 Volts x 1 Volts x 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 800 800 800 800 25,000 (note 1) 25,000 (note 1) 25,000 (note 1) 30,000 30,000 30,000

System Apparent Power kVA x 1 0 System Real Power (signed 2s compliment) kW x 1 -30,000 System Reactive Power kVAR x 1 0 Digital Status 1 (see below) Digital Status 2 (see below) Note: Do not request any holding registers beyond this Digital Status 2. It will result in an exception. Note 1: The maximum specified for N00-321 is 15000. The value returned is the actual line to earth voltage as measured and is not limited to a maximum other than the register maximum capacity. Digital status information is as follows. Bit offset of zero implies the least significant bit in the word. Digital Status Word 1 Bit Description Set Condition Clear Condition 0 1 2 Closed Signal Open Signal Trip Isolate Switchgear is closed Switchgear is open The trip isolate switch on the operator control panel is in the ISOLATE position The close isolate switch on the operator control panel is in the ISOLATE position Remote control of the ACR is allowed. This means that Modbus function 5 will be Switchgear is open or disconnected Switchgear is closed or disconnected The trip isolate switch on the operator control panel is in the CONNECTED position The close isolate switch on the operator control panel is in the CONNECTED position Remote control of ACR is not allowed. This means that Modbus function 5 will be disabled and will Page 69

Close Isolate

Operational Status

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Modbus Protocol Technical Manual Bit Description Digital Status Word 1 Set Condition enabled. This only occurs when controller is in Remote Mode Auto Reclose mode is set Cold load pickup is ON Earth fault protection is ON SEF protection is ON Clear Condition return a NAK. This occurs when the controller is in Local or Do Not Operate Modes. One shot to lockout mode is set. Cold load pickup is OFF Earth fault protection is OFF SEF protection is OFF Auxiliary supply is Normal Battery status is Normal

5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

Auto Reclose Cold Load Pickup Earth Fault SEF

Auxiliary Supply Auxiliary supply is Failed Battery status is Failed Battery SF6 Pressure Phase Prot Trip Earth Prot Trip SEF Prot Trip Lockout

SF6 Pressure is Low or SF6 Pressure is Normal not available Phase Protection Tripped Recloser Closed or trip the ACR was from some other source. Earth Fault Protection Recloser Closed or trip Tripped the ACR was from some other source. Sensitive Earth Fault Recloser Closed or trip Protection Tripped the was from some other ACR source. The ACR is open and in The ACR not in lockout. It lockout so that it will not is either closed or is in an close again auto-reclose sequence. automatically. It must be closed by either local or remote control.

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Modbus Protocol Technical Manual Digital Status Word 2 Set Condition

Bit 0 1 2

Description Toggle System Healthy Generator Control

Clear Condition

This bit toggles on and off every 50 seconds (ie. Period 100 seconds). See Note 1 Generator Control is ON Generator Control is OFF

Note 1 - System healthy is set only when all of the following conditions are met. Electronics OK Contact Wear >=20% on all three phases. Aux supply Normal Battery Normal Trip and Close isolate switches in the connected position. Gas pressure normal. Also Note: If neither protection set A or B are set, then protection has been turned OFF.

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Appendix F.2

Controls Available over Modbus

The following controls are supported by function 5 (force single coil). Note that in this implementation: Only the force coil ON command is valid. The force coil OFF command is rejected. The coils are addressed as shown in the table below. Controls are only supported when the controller is in the Remote mode. If the controller is in the Local or Do Not Operate mode then the response is 07 (NAK). A correctly formatted control is always replied to. However this does not mean that the action has been correctly carried out, the master must make this check using the read register command. For example, if a close command is transmitted but the switchgear either fails to close or the close is defeated by the close isolate switch being in the isolated position, then control will still be acknowledged to the master. Coil 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Action Close ACR Trip ACR Auto-Reclose ON One shot to lockout ON Cold load pickup ON Cold load pickup OFF Earth fault protection ON Earth fault protection and SEF protection OFF SEF protection ON and Earth Fault Protection ON* SEF protection OFF Reset Fault Flags (resets all fault flags) Generator Control ON Generator Control OFF

*This control has no effect when SEF set to Not Available on protection settings page

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