Rand Robinson KR2

ZS-WEC

FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL
Author: Serge VIDAL

RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC

FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL

Revision 0 – 1/12/2001

Revision: 1 Date: 10/03/2002 Applicability: KR2 ZS-WEC only

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RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC

FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL

Revision 0 – 1/12/2001

WARNING

This manual is applicable to the amateur-built Rand Robinson KR2, registration ZS-WEC only. As an amateur-built aircraft, this aircraft does not qualify for the issue of a certificate of airworthiness, and it may not be operated for remuneration. Operate under VMC only.

Maximum permissible engine speed: Maximum permissible airspeed: Kts Maximum permissible mass:

3800 RPM 183 mph/160

450

Kg

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RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC

FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL

Revision 0 – 1/12/2001

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1 GENERAL...................................................................................1
1.1 INTRODUCTION
TO THE

KR2......................................................................................1

1.2 APPLICABILITY - REGISTRATION...................................................................................2 1.3 LEGAL LIMITATIONS..................................................................................................2 1.4 LIST
OF AIRCRAFT DOCUMENTS...................................................................................3 DIMENSIONS AND LAYOUT..................................................................................4

1.5 MAIN

1.6 ENGINE.................................................................................................................5 1.7 PROPELLER............................................................................................................5 1.8 FUEL.....................................................................................................................6 1.9 LUBRICANT.............................................................................................................6

2 OPERATING LIMITATIONS...........................................................1
2.1 AIRWORTHINESS 2.2 AIRSPEED 2.4 MASS 2.5 LOAD
BASIS.............................................................................................1

LIMITATIONS..............................................................................................1

2.3 POWERPLANT..........................................................................................................2
AND BALANCE................................................................................................3 FACTORS

– MANOEUVRES.................................................................................3

2.6 OPERATION............................................................................................................4 2.7 LIMITATION
PLACARDS..............................................................................................5 COMPONENT..........................................................................................6 LIMITS...............................................................................................6

2.8 CROSSWIND

2.9 TEMPERATURE

3 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES.........................................................1
3.1 AIRSPEEDS 3.2 ENGINE
DURING EMERGENCY PROCEDURES...............................................................1

FAILURE......................................................................................................1 LANDING...............................................................................................1

3.3 EMERGENCY

3.4 FIRES....................................................................................................................2 3.5 ICING....................................................................................................................3 3.6 RECOVERY 3.7 LANDING
FROM AN UNINTENTIONAL SPIN....................................................................3 WITH DEFECTIVE TIRE ON..............................................................................3

3.8 GLIDING................................................................................................................3 3.9 ELECTRICAL
POWER FAILURE......................................................................................3

4 NORMAL PROCEDURES...............................................................1
4.1 INTRODUCTION........................................................................................................1 4.2 AIRSPEEDS 4.3 PRE-FLIGHT 4.4 BEFORE
FOR NORMAL FLIGHT OPERATION..................................................................1 INSPECTION............................................................................................1

STARTING THE ENGINE...................................................................................3

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RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC

FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL
4.5 STARTING 4.7 BEFORE

Revision 0 – 1/12/2001

THE ENGINE..............................................................................................3

4.6 TAXIING.................................................................................................................4
TAKE-OFF...................................................................................................4

4.8 TAKE-OFF..............................................................................................................4 4.9 CLIMB...................................................................................................................5 4.10 CRUISE................................................................................................................5 4.11 DESCENT.............................................................................................................5 4.12 LANDING ............................................................................................................5 4.13 BALKED 4.14 SHUT
LANDING..................................................................................................6 DOWN.........................................................................................................6 THE AIRCRAFT.........................................................................................6

4.15 SECURING

5 PERFORMANCES........................................................................1
5.1 INTRODUCTION........................................................................................................1 5.2 CRUISING 5.3 STALL 5.5 CLIMB 5.4 TAKE-OFF
PERFORMANCE...........................................................................................1 SPEEDS........................................................................................................1 DISTANCE.................................................................................................1

PERFORMANCE...............................................................................................1 AND RANGE...........................................................................................1

5.6 ENDURANCE 5.8 LANDING

5.7 GLIDE...................................................................................................................1
DISTANCE..................................................................................................1

6 WEIGHT AND BALANCE / EQUIPMENT LIST...................................1
6.1 INTRODUCTION........................................................................................................1 6.2 WEIGHT
AND BALANCE.............................................................................................1 LIST......................................................................................................3

6.3 EQUIPMENT

7 DESCRIPTION OF THE AIRPLANE AND ITS SYSTEMS.....................1
7.1 SPECIFICATIONS......................................................................................................1 7.2 INTRODUCTION........................................................................................................2 7.3 AIRFRAME..............................................................................................................3 7.4 FLIGHT
CONTROLS...................................................................................................3 PANEL..................................................................................................4

7.5 INSTRUMENT 7.6 LANDING 7.7 SEATS

GEAR........................................................................................................5

AND SAFETY BELTS.........................................................................................5 COMPARTMENT..........................................................................................5

7.8 BAGGAGE 7.10 POWER 7.11 FUEL

7.9 CANOPY................................................................................................................5
PLANT.......................................................................................................5 SYSTEM........................................................................................................6 SYSTEM...............................................................................................7

7.12 ELECTRICAL 7.13 PITOT

AND STATIC PRESSURE SYSTEMS.......................................................................9

7.14 AVIONICS.............................................................................................................9

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.............9 7..................................................16 CABIN VENTILATION........1 8........................................................................................................................................................................................2 AND CARE...............1 INTRODUCTION...............................................4 9..........................................................................................1 9.........................................................................................................................................3 DISCLAIMER Page 6 ...............1 9................................2 9 SUPPLEMENTS.....1 8.............................................................3 GROUND 8.........................................................2 UNITS OF MEASURE CONVERSION TABLES.......3 FORM SAMPLE............................1 REFERENCES....................15 LIGHTING...........................................................9 8 HANDLING................4 CLEANING HANDLING / ROAD TRANSPORT............ PREVENTIVE AND CORRECTIVE MAINTENANCE..........1 SCHEDULE......................................................RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 7...2 MAINTENANCE 8..

Properly protected from UV. or distort.It has no hidden joints. Ground steering is effected by differential braking and a steerable tailwheel. Its compact external size and extremely efficient design results in superb performance and unequaled fuel economy using a relatively low horsepower engine. USA.1 INTRODUCTION TO THE KR2 The KR-2 is a high-performance. and is far less susceptible to corrosion. it has an unlimited life. from plans by Rand Robinson Aircraft.It is not susceptible to thermal stress due to temperature changes. Flight controls are conventional. Section 1 – GENERAL Page 1 . modified for aircraft use. Even though the KR-2 has relatively low horsepower. or fabric) construction: Contour is maintained under load.1 GENERAL 1. it can outperform many general aviation aircraft while retaining unequaled fuel economy. ZS-WEC is fitted with dual sticks and rudder pedals.It provides excellent insulation and damps noise. homebuilt aircraft. South Africa. . . no water traps.The structure does not "oil can". in Port Elisabeth. . . The engine that powers this KR-2 is a Volkswagen 2 liter engine. . buckle. and fitted with a dual electronic ignition system. The structure of the KR-2 provides some important advantages over conventional (all metal. ZS-WEC has been originally built by Robert Douglas "Rob" Van der Merwe. .It is easier to inspect and easier to repair. wood.

Maximum permissible mass: 450 Kg Page 2 .REGISTRATION Aircraft registration: ZS-WEC (RSA register) Aircraft type designation: . plans built Design bureau: Rand Robinson Engineering (USA) Original designer: Ken Rand 1.3 LEGAL LIMITATIONS 1. Maximum permissible engine speed: 3800 RPM 5. The aircraft is to be operated under VMC only. 2. As an Amateur Built Aircraft.South African register designator: X078 Manufacturing: Amateur. this aircraft does not qualify for the issue of a Certificate of Airworthiness. Maximum permissible airspeed: 183 mph / 160 Kts 6.2 APPLICABILITY . The aircraft may not be operated for remuneration.Manufacturer designator: KR-2 .RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 1. 4. 3.

RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 1.4 LIST OF AIRCRAFT DOCUMENTS Permanent:    1 Flight Manual 1 Aircraft Logbook 1 Flight Folio Subject to renewal:    1 Authority to Fly 1 Radio Station License 1 Insurance Certificate Page 3 .

43 m2 [TBC] [TBC] [TBC] Page 4 .ft / 7.42m 20'8" / 6.5 MAIN DIMENSIONS AND LAYOUT Overall dimensions Length: Wing span: Fuselage width: Wing Airfoil: Total wing area: Mean Aerodynamic chord: Aspect ratio: Dihedral: Horizontal stabilizer 14'6" / 4.30m [TBC] 80 sq.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 1.

6 ENGINE Make: Designation: Serial Number: Type: Volkswagen Volkswagen 2000 CU 025430 4 cylinder. normally aspirated Air cooled.3" Fixed Diameter 131. solid rubber 1. with oil/air heat exchanger Dual electronic ignition system Direct drive 65 hp (48. 6 Page 5 .18".RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 Angle of incidence: Span: Landing gear Track: Wheel base: Tire size: .6mm / 5.Prop custom 2 Wood.5 kW) Cooling: Ignition: Drive: Output power: 1. 4 stroke.Main: .7 PROPELLER Make: Model: Blades: Material: Diameter: Pitch: Hub: holes P. horizontally opposed.4 mm / 54.Tailwheel: [TBC] [TBC] [TBC] [TBC] 500x5 100mm. composite reinforced 1379.

5 l [3. Use multi-grade oils. 75 liters (45 +2x15) approximately 73 liters 1.Hot climate: SAE 20W-50 / SAE 20W-40 . 100 octane.9 LUBRICANT CAUTION Do not use aviation lubricant! Use only brand name oil marked "SF" or"SG" in accordance with the API system.8 FUEL Approved fuel grade: Total fuel capacity: Usable fuel: aviation gasoline.7 quarts] Page 6 .RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 1. The viscosity should be selected according to the various climatic conditions: .Temperate climate: SAE 15W-50 / SAE 15W-40 .Cold climate: SAE 10W-40 / SAE 10W-30 Oil capacity: 3. low lead (AVGAS 100LL).

2 AIRSPEED LIMITATIONS Limitations SPEED kts IAS mph km/ h 83 Do not make full or abrupt control movement over this speed Do not exceed this speed except in smooth air. and then only with caution Do not exceed this speed in any operation REMARKS VS Stall speed [at gross weight] VA Manoeuvring speed VNO Maximum structural cruising speed VNE Never Exceed speed 45 52 110 126 203 120 138 222 160 184 296 Airspeed indicator markings MARKING kts Green arc Yellow arc Red line 45-120 120160 160 IAS mph 52-138 138184 184 REMARKS km/h 83-222 222296 296 Section 2 – OPERATING LIMITATIONS Page 1 . 2.1 AIRWORTHINESS BASIS Aircraft registered in the Experimental category.2 OPERATING LIMITATIONS 2.

3 POWERPLANT Engine operation Maximum RPM Oil pressure Minimum: Maximum: Oil temperature Minimum: Maximum: Maximum: 3800 RPM 0.0 bar 60°C 120°C 180°C Cylinder head temperature Section 2 – OPERATING LIMITATIONS Page 2 .RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 2.5 bar 4.

Baggage compartment: 450 Kg 50 Lbs (15 Kg) Balance limitation The Center of Gravity range for the aircraft: As given by the designer.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 2.5 [TBC] LOAD FACTORS – MANOEUVRES Section 2 – OPERATING LIMITATIONS Page 3 . is: . plus and minus four inches (10cm).15 to 28 % MAC 2.rear of the front spar. . As approved by the South African CAA.15% to 40% of wing chord.Maximum permissible mass: . is: .4 MASS AND BALANCE Mass limitations .

RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 2.6     OPERATION Maximum persons on board: 2 Aircraft to be flown solo from left seat only Flight under Visual Flight Rules by day only Minimum equipment: Airspeed indicator Altimeter Magnetic compass Balance ball Fuel sight gauge Oil pressure indicator Oil temperature indicator Tachometer Voltmeter Ammeter Alternator warning annunciator Section 2 – OPERATING LIMITATIONS Page 4 .

7 LIMITATION PLACARDS The following placards must be installed. a) Right hand cockpit wall AMATEUR-BUILT AIRCRAFT .THIS AIRCRAFT DOES NOT QUALIFY FOR THE ISSUE OF A CERTIFICATE OF AIRWORTHINESS AND IT MAY NOT BE OPERATED FOR REMUNERATION b) Instrument panel OPERATE UNDER VMC ONLY MAXIMUM PERMISSIBLE AIRSPEED: 183 MPH / 160 KTS MAXIMUM PERMISSIBLE ENGINE SPEED: 3800 RPM MAXIMUM PERMISSIBLE MASS: 450 KG + Fireproof stamped plate: KEN RAND KR2 X078 ZS-WEC – CW01 c) Baggage compartment Section 2 – OPERATING LIMITATIONS Page 5 .RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 2.

9 TEMPERATURE LIMITS CAUTION Do not enter icing conditions! CAUTION Do not operate if outside air temperature exceeds 40°C. since it might affect structural integrity of the glassfiber reinforced plastic skin! Section 2 – OPERATING LIMITATIONS Page 6 .BAGGAGE: 35 Lbs (15 Kg) Secure baggage properly 2.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 MAX.8 CROSSWIND COMPONENT [Not demonstrated to date] 2.

the aircraft situation. if possible. and location. 8. attention should be shifted to the forced landing procedure. Establish a glide speed of 85 mph . Establish a glide speed of 85 mph . the basic procedures listed below may be a useful guide: 1.ON 5. If sufficient height available. Check wind direction for landing. Notify ATC of your location and problem.136 Km/h 14. Pick a suitable landing area and plan an approach.OFF. Magneto Switches .3 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES 3. 4. 3. Ignition Switches . Master Switch .1 AIRSPEEDS DURING EMERGENCY PROCEDURES Best glide speed is 85mph – 74Kts – 136 Km/h 3.OFF 11.3 EMERGENCY LANDING 13. If the engine does not start promptly.74 kts . Complete the landing and secure the aircraft.OFF 10. Fuel Valve . Notify ATC by telephone of your location. 9.74 kts . then ON 6. 3. Check wind direction for landing. Section 3 – EMERGENCY PROCEDURES Page 1 . attempt restarting the engine by entering a steep dive to windmill the propeller 7.2 ENGINE FAILURE Engine failures are very rare in modern aircraft. Should an engine failure occur.OFF 12. Carburetor Heat .136 Km/h 2.

Master switch .OFF Page 1. Complete the forced landing. do not try to restart the engine. Pick a suitable landing area and plan an approach. 6.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 15.OFF Establish a maximum safe rate of descent. and it should be noted that the presence of smoke does not always mean that a flaming fire exists. Notify ATC of your location and problem.4 FIRES Engine fire In-flight engine fires in today's modern aircraft are extremely rare. Increasing speed may blow the fire out. Should an electrical fire develop. 7. 5. Section 3 – EMERGENCY PROCEDURES 2 . an engine fire exists the following procedures are suggested: Fuel selector . 4. in the pilot's judgment. 3. the following procedures are suggested: 1. If. 2. it may be engine oil on the exhaust system. 3.OFF 8. Master switch . to direct flames away from the cabin area.OFF Ignition switches . as necessary. Electrical fire Indication of in-flight electrical fires may be wisps of smoke or the smell of hot or burning insulation. 3.OFF All Electrical switches .OFF Magneto switches . if possible. Select a suitable field for a forced landing. As an example. 2. Side slip maneuvers may be used.

7 LANDING WITH DEFECTIVE TIRE ON [TBC] 3. Cabin air vent (s) .5 ICING If encountering icing conditions. attempt to isolate the electrical problem and turn that unit off.Ammeter reading positive load [Increased drain current] Section 3 – EMERGENCY PROCEDURES Page 3 .9 ELECTRICAL POWER FAILURE Symptoms of electrical malfunction are: . 3. 3. ease out of the dive 3.Alternator annunciator ON . airport for CAUTION If electrical power is necessary for safety of flight. 3.Annunciator switch/circuit breaker tripped OFF .8 GLIDING Establish best glide speed (85mph – 74Kts – 136 Km/h) 3. proceed to the nearest airfield or perform precautionary landing. Wings LEVEL Stick FORWARD Apply full opposite rudder When rotation stops.6 RECOVERY FROM AN UNINTENTIONAL SPIN 1. 2.OFF Proceed to nearest suitable landing.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 4. 5. 4.Circuit breaker(s) popped .

RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 - Ammeter reading negative load [Discharging battery] Voltmeter reading low voltage or high voltage Section 3 – EMERGENCY PROCEDURES Page 4 .

OFF. Open canopy.L. . Fuel quantity . Section 4 – NORMAL PROCEDURES OFF.The speeds are unusually high.Pitch response (Sensitivity) is unusually high. 2.The undercarriage is conventional (Taildragger).As required. a thorough visual 1. 4.The aircraft does not have flaps.2      AIRSPEEDS FOR NORMAL FLIGHT OPERATION Best glide: Km/h Best rate of climb: throttle.1 INTRODUCTION Normal procedures are standard. Best Angle of climb: throttle. . Approach: Touchdown: 85mph – 74Kts – 136 85 70 mph mph at at S. Page 1 . before each flight.3 PRE-FLIGHT INSPECTION The aircraft should be given.The airframe is exceptionally clean (low drag) . Extreme caution is to be exerted when flying this high performance aircraft. CHECK: Magneto Switches Master Switch 3.L. S. . inspection.4 NORMAL PROCEDURES 4. full full 80 mph 75 mph (wheeled) 55mph (3-points) or 4. It should be noted that: .

Check lateral free play (3/32" – 2.5mm Max. 11.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 4.5mm Max. Check pitot tube and static port for obstructions. Check vertical stabilizer surface for damage.) 5. Check rudder for freedom of movement. 12. 17. Check right horizontal stabilizer for damage. 9. Check lateral free play (3/32" – 2. Inspect right wheel pant and tire for general condition (wear. CAUTION Overfilling the sump may lead to high oil temperature. Check canopy for cracks and nicks. Check propeller for cracks. 8. abrasions.5mm Max. and security. and proper inflation). Fuel cap secure. vent hole clear. Check oil level. 13.). Check right aileron for freedom of movement.) 18. Inspect right fuselage for damage. abrasions.5mm Max. Check air inlets and outlet for obstructions. Check right elevator for freedom of movement. Check lateral free play (3/32" – 2. 15. 16. 7. nicks. WARNING DO NOT OPERATE ENGINE WITH LOW OIL LEVEL. 14. 6. Check right wing surface for damage. and proper inflation). cuts.) Section 6 – WEIGHT AND BALANCE / EQUIPMENT LIST Page 2 . Check left aileron for freedom of movement. cuts. Check left wing surface for damage. Check cowling for damage and security. Drain fuel sample from the sump drain(s). Check rudder vertical free play (3/32" – 2. Inspect left wheel pant and tire for general condition (wear. 10.

) 20. 7. After engine is running. 4. Ignition #1 Switch . Check heel brakes . check to verify oil pressure within 20 seconds. Inspect left fuselage for damage.Cracked 1/4". Warm up engine at 1000 RPM. 8. 3. Throttle . 21. Turn propeller until compression is felt 5.IDLE CUTOFF. Master Switch . 4.ON.ON.5 STARTING THE ENGINE Normal engine start 1.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 19. 2. Check MASTER OFF 4. Wheels chocked 3.4 BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE 1. 10.5mm Max. Check lateral free play (3/32" – 2. Mixture . Inspect tailwheel (axle. Check left elevator for freedom of movement. Check left horizontal stabilizer for damage. control cables) 22. Check all controls for operation.ON. Fuel Valve . 4. Aircraft tail secured or held by attendant 2. Swing propeller clockwise facing the aircraft 9.ON. Verify trim tab location and adjustment for takeoff. Section 6 – WEIGHT AND BALANCE / EQUIPMENT LIST Page 3 . 6.

ON.As required. Canopy . Fuel quantities . Climb speed 75 mph. 4.As desired. 10.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 4. 4. secondary latch in place. 10.6 TAXIING 1. check ignition. with movement in the proper direction and no binding. 2.Set. 2. Fuel Valve . 11. Check nose gear steering and brakes. Engine Run-up: 1700 RPM. Controls: Free. Controls: Lift off at 70 mph. 6. Radio . 12. 7. Verify correct operation and settings of all instruments and gauges. Engine: Check idle. Seat belts and shoulder harness: adjusted and buckled. 3. 3. Carburetor heat . 3. Section 6 – WEIGHT AND BALANCE / EQUIPMENT LIST Page 4 .OFF 9.7 BEFORE TAKE-OFF 1.Locked.8 TAKE-OFF 1. 4. 5.ON. Throttle: Full open. Check ammeter. Altimeter . 2. Trim . 8. Engine instruments: operating properly in the green arc ranges.

4. Brake.L. 7. Touchdown main wheels first.L. 5.As required.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 4. Power setting: 2500 to 2900 RPM. 4. 8. Normal .11 DESCENT 1. Best Rate . then tail down Maintain directional control with the rudder steering.12 LANDING Two landng techniques may be applied: .85 mph at S. Best Angle .Wheeled landing. full throttle.10 CRUISE 1. Touch-down speed: 75 mph 4. level attitude Stick forward at touchdown Throttle idle Let speed decay to 45 mph. as required. 4.9 CLIMB 1. 3. Trim . full throttle. 2. 9.100 mph.3-points landing Wheeled landing 1. 2. 6. Throtlle open to 2200 / 2300 RPM 3. Airspeed: 80 mph. Approach speed 80 mph 2. for stopping. 5 Section 6 – WEIGHT AND BALANCE / EQUIPMENT LIST Page . .70 mph at S.

then tail down 8. Approach speed 80 mph 2. Stick forrward. lift the tail 7. All electrical equipment .15 SECURING THE AIRCRAFT 1. 9. 4. 2. 5.14 SHUT DOWN 1. airspeed 70 mph 3. At threshold. Touch-down speed: 55 mph or below 6. Let speed decay to 45 mph. Chock wheels Tie down aircraft Secure stick Install gust locks 6 Section 6 – WEIGHT AND BALANCE / EQUIPMENT LIST Page . Ignition Switch . 4. Full throttle Establish level attitude 70mph – Lift-off Proceed to climb 4. Intercom . Throtlle idle 5.OFF.13 BALKED LANDING 1. Flare 4. 4. 3. Brake. 3. for stopping.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 3-points landing 1. Fuel Valve . Maintain directional control with the rudder steering. 4. 3. Master Switch .OFF.OFF. 2. as required.OFF 4. 2.OFF.

RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 5. Close and lock canopy Section 6 – WEIGHT AND BALANCE / EQUIPMENT LIST Page 7 . Install Pitot cover 6.

6 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.2 5.3 5.8 INTRODUCTION CRUISING PERFORMANCE STALL SPEEDS TAKE-OFF DISTANCE CLIMB PERFORMANCE ENDURANCE AND RANGE GLIDE LANDING DISTANCE Section 5 – PERFORMANCES Page 1 .1 5.5 PERFORMANCES [Chapter to be completed after extensive testing] 5.

469 Fuel main tank location and mass: 0.46+ (0.Left wheel: .497 to 0.Right wheel: .96 = 0.Tail wheel: Total empty mass: CG calculation 142.57 / 30l / 24 Kg Seats location / Passenger mass: 0.985 / 80 Kg Section 6 – WEIGHT AND BALANCE / EQUIPMENT LIST Page 1 . 6.656 0. calculated: 0.07m = Datum used: Main wheels location: Tail wheel location: 3.235 / 45l / 36 Kg Fuel auxiliary tanks location and mass: 0.53m CG limits (15% to 28% MAC): CG empty.2 WEIGHT AND BALANCE Empty mass .6 WEIGHT AND BALANCE / EQUIPMENT LIST 6.07)/290. since the CG moves rearward with fuel consumption.8 Kg 147.96 Kg Firewall 0.862x3.46m 0. Always calculate CG for both beginning and end of the flight.3 Kg 0.1 INTRODUCTION Respect of the mass and balance limitations is critical on this aircraft.862 Kg 290.46 + 3.

365 0. main tank Fuel.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Sample calculation table Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 Empty mass Oil Fuel.357 450.000 80.655 Section 7 – DESCRIPTION OF THE AIRPLANE AND ITS SYSTEMSPage 2 .4 472.357 0.475 341.497 MAX 0.460 19.571 0.985 0.800 20.586 0.000 MIN 0.479 -0.000 0.000 30.857 8.4 0.000 528.800 0.000 80. auxiliary tanks Pilot Passenger Baggage Mass (Kg) 291.469 136.000 15.800 36.200 78.235 0.800 24.000 liter mass total 3.800 2.656 Main cases calculation People on board Luggage Main tank Auxiliary tank Mass CG A B C D E 1 1 2 2 2 15 Kg 15 Kg 15 Kg 15 Kg 45l 5l 48l 5l 20l 30l 30l - 448 377 528.800 78.985 1.400 Mass limit CG limits Arm Moment 0.400 45.000 0.4 484.000 0.646 -0.666 0.646 0.

Cylinder Head Temperature/Exhaust Gas Temperature gauge .Intercom (2-place) .Compass Engine monitoring instruments .RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 6.Airspeed Indicator .Oil pressure gauge .Provision for handheld GPS (attachment points + 12V power supply socket) Section 7 – DESCRIPTION OF THE AIRPLANE AND ITS SYSTEMSPage 3 .Balance ball .Voltmeter .Transponder (Bendix King) .Altimeter .Ammeter RADIOCOMMUNICATION/RADIONAVIGATION .Handheld VHF + VOR transceiver (Bendix King KX 99 or Icom IC A22) .Vertical Speed Indicator .3 EQUIPMENT LIST INSTRUMENTS Flight instruments .Oil temperature gauge .Tachometer .Engines Hour counter Electrical system monitoring instruments .

Closed cockpit .Dual flight controls (throttle on Left Handside only) .Wings: Wooden spars and ribs.7 DESCRIPTION OF THE AIRPLANE AND ITS SYSTEMS 7.Puller propeller Construction . foam shaping .Aircraft frame: Wood (Oregon pinewood) .Conventional landing gear (taildragger).Skin: Fiberglass and plywood-reinforced fiberglass [The following drawing shows standard KR2 model construction] Section 7 – DESCRIPTION OF THE AIRPLANE AND ITS SYSTEMSPage 1 .No flaps . side-by-side . fixed .2-seats.Low wing configuration .1 SPECIFICATIONS Configuration .

RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 Weight . built strictly according to the designer's plans.Maximum speed . Section 7 – DESCRIPTION OF THE AIRPLANE AND ITS SYSTEMSPage 2 . moved forward to improve CG envelope 3 – Dual controls instead of central stick.2 INTRODUCTION ZS-WEC is a standard KR2.Cruise speed 450 Kg 290 Kg 160 Kg 52 mph / 45 Kts 200 mph / 173 Kts 180 mph / 156 Kts 7. with the following modifications: 1 – Retractable undercarriage replaced with fixed undercarriage 2 – Engine used: VW 2l.Gross weight: .Stall speed .Empty weight: .Useful load: Speed .

4 FLIGHT CONTROLS Dual controls. Braking is effected by means of two vertical handles located fore of the main spar. except for throttle and brakes. Section 7 – DESCRIPTION OF THE AIRPLANE AND ITS SYSTEMSPage 3 . pilot side.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 7.3 AIRFRAME Refer to specifications 7.

The panel layout is as follows.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 7. and supported by a wooden beam.Provision Section 7 – DESCRIPTION OF THE AIRPLANE AND ITS SYSTEMSPage 4 .5 INSTRUMENT PANEL The instrument panel is mounted on the fuselage. 11 13 1 2 3 3 4 4 5 5 14 15 23 16 12 6 6 7 7 8 8 9 9 10 10 24 17 18 19 20 21 22 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 – Trim position indicators 2 – Engine oil pressure gauge 3 – Engine tachometer 4 – Air speed indicator 5 – Altimeter 6 – Magnetic compass 7 – Engine oil temperature gauge 8 – Engine CHT/EGT gauge 9 – Balance ball 10 – Vertical Speed Indicator 11 – Fuel sight gauge 12 – VHF/VOR portable transceiver [Bendix King KX99 or Icom IC A22] 13 – Radio power supply switch 14 – Provision for GPS installation 15 – 12 V DC socket 16 – Engine hours meter 17 – Master switch + Alternator annunciator 18 – Alternator 40A switch / circuit breaker + annunciator 19 – Ignition 1 switch + annunciator 20 – Ignition 2 switch + annunciator 21 – Electrical master switch + annunciator 22 – Fuel transfer pump switch + annunciator 23 – Voltmeter 24 – Ammeter 25 – Circuit breakers 26 – 12V DC socket 27 – Strobe lights + annunciator 28 – Landing light + annunciator 29 – Cabin light + annunciator 30 – Provision 31 . It comprises instrumentation for day VFR flight. and provisions for night VFR flight.

7 SEATS AND SAFETY BELTS Both seats are fitted with 4-point harnesses. Each blade holds the wheels.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 7.9 CANOPY The canopy opens sideways. and one release buckle. It is secured from the outside by locking the forward lock through a hatch. then locking the hatch with a key.10 POWER PLANT Oil filling is done through the oil breather. brakes. It is secured from the inside by two aircraft grade locks. 7.6 LANDING GEAR Main landing gear The main landing gear is made of 2 blades of spring steel.8 BAGGAGE COMPARTMENT [TBC] 7. 7. wheel pants. which are secured to the main spar center section by means of 2 brackets. Section 7 – DESCRIPTION OF THE AIRPLANE AND ITS SYSTEMSPage 5 . These harnesses have adjustable waist and shoulder straps. 7. using a piano hinge.

1 wing tanks operation fuel valve. left handside. .1 wing tanks opening valve. against the skin.11 FUEL SYSTEM The aircraft operates on aviation gasoline. . 100 octane. .1 fuel shutoff valve. left handside. .2 wing-roots mounted long range fuel tanks. allowing to transfer fuel from the wing tanks to the header tank.1 wing tanks filler valve. containing 15 liters each. Description The fuel system comprises: . Operation To fill the main tank WARNING Check the fuel gauge while in straight-and-level. low lead (AVGAS 100LL). . and containing 48 liters. to avoid misreading the sight gauge Section 7 – DESCRIPTION OF THE AIRPLANE AND ITS SYSTEMSPage 6 . left hand side. located below the instrument panel. balanced flight. located below the instrument panel. located against the fuselage wall. located fore of the main spar.1 header fuel tank located aft of the firewall. before the instrument panel.1 fuel transfer pump.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 7. . on top of the battery compartment.

A battery. . A simplified electrical system schematics is given hereafter. Section 7 – DESCRIPTION OF THE AIRPLANE AND ITS SYSTEMSPage 7 .RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 7.An engine driven alternator.12 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM The aircraft has two electrical sources: .

RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 TRSP VHF OIL TEMP ENG RPM AMPS VOLTS TRIM TRANSPONDER IGN. 1 IGN. 2 10A IGNITION 1 IGNITION 2 INSTRUMENTS 10A 10A 1A INTERCOM MASTER 20A FUEL TRANSFER PUMP BATTERY ALTERNATOR Section 7 – DESCRIPTION OF THE AIRPLANE AND ITS SYSTEMSPage 8 .

They can be adjusted by turning a knob Section 7 – DESCRIPTION OF THE AIRPLANE AND ITS SYSTEMSPage 9 .13 PITOT AND STATIC PRESSURE SYSTEMS Pitot location: under the left hand wing. 2 strobe lights. and 1 cabin light.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 7. KX99 7.16 CABIN VENTILATION Two NACA airscoop vents are fitted on the fuselage sides.15 LIGHTING Provisions are made for 1 landing light. Pressure transmission: plastic tubing 7.14 AVIONICS Operation instructions for the Bendix King transceiver are placarded on the transceiver. 7.

Tailwheel.Before flight inspection [Refer to normal procedures].2 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE Scheduled maintenance The maintenance schedule makes provision for 4 intervals: . .Battery. 8.1 INTRODUCTION The owner/operator is sole responsible for aircraft care and maintenance. Section 8 – HANDLING. .Propeller. Standard aircraft maintenance practices must be adhered to. .8 HANDLING.Tires. All maintenance operations must be documented in the aircraft logbook.25-hours scheduled maintenance (Servicing) . . PREVENTIVE AND CORRECTIVE MAINTENANCE 8.100 hours maintenance (Major inspection) [Detailed maintenance plan to be completed] On-condition maintenance Items to be maintained depending on condition are: . PREVENTIV AND CORRECTIVE MAINTENANCE Page 1 .

remove the paint around the crack by sanding and inspect the glass structure.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 8. it will show up as a crack in the paint. If the structure is damaged. it will have a white appearing ridge or notch indicating torn (tension) or crushed (compression) fibers. it will be smooth and transparent when sanded. The high surface durability and high safety margins designed into the KR2S make it highly resistant to damage or fatigue. at very low speed. 8.4 CLEANING AND CARE Composite structure The KR-2 is painted with a primer that contains a barrier for ultra-violet radiation. Do not expose unprotected fiberglass to sunlight for extended periods. the wheels must be disassembled and the aircraft secured using the atttachment points. due to the proper design of joints (None have occurred on the prototype. De-laminations are rare. If there is no glass damage. Unpainted areas should be retouched. The strain characteristics of the material are such that it should not fail internally without first failing the paint layer. If there is glass structure damage. using the tailwheel as an attachment point.3 GROUND HANDLING / ROAD TRANSPORT The aircraft can be towed on a short distance. If damage is apparent due to a crack in the paint or wrinkle in the skin. Section 8 – HANDLING. or an equivalent UV barrier. PREVENTIV AND CORRECTIVE MAINTENANCE Page 2 .). For long range transport or shipping. is required to protect the epoxy and foams from deterioration. Do not use enamel or lacquer paint remover. repair as shown in the KR-2S Construction Plans. If the glass structure is damaged. This.

trowel in wet flox. spread the joint. Waxing the propeller regularly will also help protect the surface. Section 8 – HANDLING. flush with clean water. Follow directions. Flying regularly in rain may erode the leading edge of the propeller. 5. If large deposits of mud and/or dirt have accumulated on the Plexiglas. whenever you notice a large nick. Use a sponge or heavy wadding of a soft cloth. and let cure. Canopy care It is recommended that you keep the Plexiglas in the canopy clean and unscratched. DO NOT rub. However. etc.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 If a de-lamination occurs (skin trailing edge joints. they are a lot more forgiving of nicks. wax the Plexiglas surface with a thin coat of hard polish-wax. 2. Grease and oil spots may be removed with a soft cloth soaked in kerosene. sand the surfaces dull. PREVENTIV AND CORRECTIVE MAINTENANCE Page 3 . rub out the scratch. 3. Rubbing with your hand is recommended to dislodge excess dirt and mud without scratching the Plexiglas. The following procedures are recommended: 1. After cleaning.). Buff with a soft cloth. Wash with soap and water. apply wax and buff. as the abrasive action in the dirt and mud residue will cause fine scratches in the surface. clamp back together. If a severe scratch or marring occurs. 4. you should sand it out and refinish and rebalance the prop. jeweler's rouge is recommended. Propeller care Since wooden propellers do not have "metal fatigue" problems.

Should the battery be accidentally discharged. Battery The battery is a sealed lead-acid battery. Tires should be replaced when the remaining tread depth reaches 1/16". acetone. gasoline. Tires The tires should be inspected for wear and cuts an abrasions before each flight. recharge it on bench and/or re-condition it. It is maintenance-free. The proper inflation pressure for the main tires is 40 PSI / 2. or replace it.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 NOTE Never use benzene. alcohol.7 bar Section 8 – HANDLING. carbon tetrachloride. These materials will damage the plastic and may cause severe crazing. lacquer thinner or glass cleaner to clean plastic. PREVENTIV AND CORRECTIVE MAINTENANCE Page 4 . Disconnect the battery when the aircraft is not in use for a long period.

Grade: Electronic ignition .Type: Hydraulic pistons .Ignition settings: Front: 28 degrees.Line type x1 Oil filter .024" (6. fixed Rear: Adjustable.1 REFERENCES Engine Spark plugs .Torque: .Gap: .09mm) 3 Kg/m Put anti-seize compound on threads FRAM CA2707 x1 GUD AG 621 2 Kg/m .9 SUPPLEMENTS 9.Type: N9YC or N7YC x4 0.Torque: Fuel filter .Type: .Type: Hondamotorcycles (750/900/1000cc models) . 15-28 degrees [Adjusted 23 degrees] Undercarriage Brakes .Precautions: Air filter .Type: GUD Z 80 x1 Engine oil .Manufacturer/model: Suzuki motorcycles Section 9 – SUPPLEMENTS Page 1 .

with tubes.Inflation pressure: 2.7.Type: TP 12-7 . 500x5. PREVENTIV AND CORRECTIVE MAINTENANCE Page 2 .Rating: 12v .2 AH / 20HR Hardware Wheel pants . M12.Inboard: Capscrews. M8x20 + locknut x3 . 4 or 6-ply rating .2 bar Battery .Outboard: Hexagonal screw.M10 Section 8 – HANDLING.Sealed lead-acid battery .Type: Goodridge GH75 / FA67 Aircraft.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 . no locking x1 Main landing gear strut .Brake pads: Tyres .

RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 9.2 UNITS OF MEASURE CONVERSION TABLES [To be completed] Section 8 – HANDLING. PREVENTIV AND CORRECTIVE MAINTENANCE Page 3 .

The KR2 aircraft. Passengers are taken as an act of friendship and courtesy. which is limited to fuel cost and airport taxes and fees. Indemnify the owner/operator and his nexts of kin for any loss or damage occurred during operation 5. and may not be operated for remuneration. ZS-WEC.3 DISCLAIMER FORM SAMPLE [To be imperatively read and signed by all passengers before flight] I. 3. been informed that: acknowledge having 1. except for voluntary sharing of the aircraft operating cost. PREVENTIV AND CORRECTIVE MAINTENANCE Page 4 . Made at [Signed] . this day of 20 Section 8 – HANDLING. but maintained by the owner to the best of his knowledge and ability 2. The aircraft is for recreational use only. Airworthiness of this aircraft cannot be certified. However. and at their own risks. Declare that I have not made any financial arrangement with the owner/operator with regards to payment of the flight. Risks are inherent to experimental aircraft operation I hereby: 4. is an Experimental aircraft.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 9.