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METHOD STATEMENT FOR EARTHING SYSTEM INSTALLATION
Details Of Revision
If an inspection plan is given by customer. Applicable international codes & standards. 2. Quality Inspection Plan. the sequence of inspections will be followed accordingly. Measuring & Test Equipment Business Area Form 5. it will be controlled by corrective action request. 4. The quality inspector checks that the relevant work is being carried out in conformance with project specifications. PQP and QIP along with the best engineering practices. Safety & Environment Inspection. SCOPE: This method statement covers the activity of earthing system installation for quality inspections and tests. Area supervisor E&I checks earthing resistance at the test points. after complete installation at site and record the values on FRM (refer to related documents). 6. 3. Project drawings. Project Quality Plan.EARTHING SYSTEM INSTALLATION 1. In case of non-conformance at any stage. ABBREVIATIONS/DEFINITIONS: SM PQP QIP I/C QA&QC MS PPE HSE IMTE BA FRM Site Manager Project Quality Plan Quality Inspection Plan In -charge Quality Assurance & Quality Control Method Statement Personal Protective Equipment Health. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this method statement is to provide guidelines for inspection of the earthing system installation. REFERENCES: The following documents are considered as reference documents: Project specifications. RESPONSIBILITIES: Area incharge E&I checks earthing system layout and typical installation drawings for the activity. PROCEDURE: .
6.3 6. Thermo weld cartridges & moulds are to be of approved quality and proper size.salt-lime stone mixture.copper metallic points are to be tinned using proper hardware. Rod electrodes are to be checked for size. Thermo weld jointing is to be checked for complete fusion of jointed conductors depending on project requirements. e) Earth electrode inspection pit. quality and the length driven in ground.EARTHING SYSTEM INSTALLATION Following checks should be performed for the installation of earthing system. Earth Continuity Conductor (ECC) All earth continuity conductors are to be checked for specified sizes & types. At all bolted joints. in accordance with project specifications and reference documents. d) Connection of earth continuity conductors to the electrodes/ plates and earthing bar.1 Earth Electrodes Earth electrode locations are to be checked to conform to earthing layout drawings. 6. couplings & terminal connections. Splicing & tapping of ECC is to be done either with compression connector or thermo welds. c) Dimensions of earth pit. depending on project requirements Splicing & tapping of strip type ECC is to be done with bolts or rivets of specified material.2 6. corrosion resistant grease is to be used as specified. Inter connecting conductors are to be checked for proper size and rigid connections.4 Testing of Earthing System . Checks should be performed for the installation of earthing system for following a) Size and quality of electrode/ plate. Earthing Mesh All earth electrodes are to be inter-connected according to layout drawings. b) Quantity & quality of coal . ECC connected to non .
Shafts of picks and shovels shall be kept free from cracks and splinters. All portable power tools shall be equipped with properly functioning "dead man switches". Screwdrivers . Eye protection shall be worn when hammering. TOOLS AND EQUIPMENTS: Correct type.Right kind of hammer shall be selected for the job. Pliers with insulated handles shall be used for electrical work. Earth electrodes are to be interconnected to get the overall resistance of the earthing mesh as per specification. Pick head points shall be kept sharp and heat-treated so that the metal wears down in use and does not splinter or chip off. turned.EARTHING SYSTEM INSTALLATION All earth electrodes are to be tested individually for earth resistance. Rotating tools shall be switched off and held until rotation has completely stopped before they are set down.A screwdriver shall have the correct size of tip to fit the slot of the screw. A pipe wrench shall not be used as a hammer. cutters. It will be preferable that inspection/testing of earthing system should be carried out through checklist 7. . Properly insulated and non-conductive tools shall be used for electrical work. Power tools . Pliers shall not be used as wrenches. A wrench (except slugging wrenches) shall not be hammered to tighten a bolt. Extension on spanners and wrenches shall not be used unless the wrenches are designed for such use. blades. Screwdrivers shall not be carried in the pockets. Power tools shall not be left lying around the job site where they may be damaged. Screwdrivers shall not be hammered or twisted with pliers or wrenches. Hammers .All portable power tools shall be stored in clean dry conditions. Picks and shovels shall be maintained in a serviceable condition. size and weight of tool shall be used for each job. Hacksaws . The blade should be set in a hacksaw frame so that the teeth are pointing in the forward direction and sufficient tension shall be applied to ensure the blade is maintained rigid. Spanners and wrenches . Tools shall be disconnected before changing bits.Correct type of blade shall be selected to suit the material to be cut.Right type and size shall be used. or jagged. split. or wheels. Proper compression type tool such as lugs press should be used for compression type connections. which is to be properly recorded on FRM Earth resistance value above a specified minimum is to be improved as per specifications. Shovel blades shall not be allowed to become blunt. Only long handled pliers shall be used to cut wire under tension. It will be ensured that scrap does not fly off and cause injury when cutting metal with pliers.
But these electrical supplies must be protected by ELCBs (Earth leak circuit breakers). Signs shall be posted after back filling of cable trenches showing “ELECT CABLE UNDER GROUND”. HSE INSTRUCTIONS: 8. the approval of the customer’s representative must be sought. Powered hand tools used in confined spaces shall.2 New Installations at construction sites Material or equipment should be maintained in an orderly manner and labeled in accordance with statutory requirements and use in safe manner. The temporary electrical network installed for the job would be protected by ELCBs (Earth leak circuit breakers) to avoid any accidental contact. all necessary precautions to avoid accidental contact with live conductors. be air operated. all such tools shall be equipped with a deadman’s switch. Where this is not possible. due to the type of tool being used. A competent qualified electrician shall only carry out installation and modification work in the vicinity of any electrical equipment under full time supervision.I sheets etc. etc. would be taken.EARTHING SYSTEM INSTALLATION 8. unless with written permission from the customer’s representative. papers. Electrical lighting for use in confined spaces shall not exceed 24 volts. bottles or any other litter should be left in the open trenches. Persons shall be provided hand protection (gloves) while pulling earthing cables manually. Where it would be required to work in the vicinity of electrical equipment. rappers. Personal protective equipment must be used as required by safe work practice For excavation in rocky area while using jackhammer. cans. ear protection shall be provided. Earthing cables in open trenches shall be protected from welding sparks and other falling objects by using G. No one shall be allowed to interfere with work in the immediate vicinity of any existing electrical installations or equipment without a valid permit to work. Where this is not possible. Any liquid fuel spills and accidental waste disposal should be avoided and properly cleaned up. This applies to both temporary and permanent electrical installations and equipment.1 Existing Installations at live plants All efforts should be made to keep the environment clean. polythene bags. No trash. Unfilled excavated trenches must be provided with warning lights during night. . The electrical supply to powered hand tools shall not exceed 24 volts. Only persons under full time supervision by a competent qualified electrician shall be permitted inside substations. 8.
9.EARTHING SYSTEM INSTALLATION Earthing cable scrap shall be removed on daily basis from panels/control rooms. RELATED DOCUMENTS: .
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