!,

PAPER
r! \n
'fip:

1

Reading
For questions

(1 hour 30 minutes)

1-18, read the three texts below and decide which answer (A, B, C or D) best fits each gap. Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet.

Take no more

f

than 20 minutes to do this parl.

Happy Landings
The technique honeybees use to land smoothly could, it seems, be an ideal way to control pilotless panes as they down A team of Australian scientists monitored the flight of six bees and found that, as the bees descended, their flying speed was always proportionalto their herght and this gave the scientists the (3) .. to the simple trick they

(2)

(1)

were using to land safely

to pass. lt's the same for bees descendrng, the ground would appear to hurtle by faster and faster They ensure that the image o{ the ground always crosses their field of (5) ... . at the same rate, and so they automatically slow down as they land, (6) the r ground. speed close to zero as they reach the
As you travel along, the closer an oblect is, the faster it seems rf they flew at a constant speed (4) .

1A 2A 3A 4A 5A 6A

touch
road

indicator
ring view
du

havrng

B B B B B B

brrng
line

insight

while
scene

bringtng

C C C C C C

set

path clue

D D D D D

put
route

hint
vision leading

for
focus
causing

Das

ffi

IEST

4

PAPER

1

The Death of Languages
The death of languages has been repeated many times in history. Localised disasters such as great f loods or warfare have (7) . . ... a part, but in the modern era the increased international

the destruction. Local languages may be people has greatly (8) overpowered by a metropolitan language, thus increasing the pressure to neglect ancestral (10) ' tongues in (9) .... of the new one, which is seen as the key to prospering in the culture. Children may be forbidden to use their mother tongue in the classroom, as has occurred to many groups, including the Welsh and Aboriginal Australians. The death 9f a language is not only a tragedy for those directly affected, but also an (11) ..... cultural loss for the world. Through language, each culture expresses a unique worldview. Thus, any effort to (12) ... lingurstic variety implies a deep respect for the positive values of other
movement

of

cultures.

7A 8A 9A 10 A 11 A 12 A

done speeded

favour foremost
invaluable champion

B made B accelerated B preference B major B irretrievable B hold

C adopted C urged C support C leading C inimitable C preserve

D D D D D D

played hurried choice

domrnant
irrepressible

collaborate

Old Friends
'Dear Davina and Simon,' began the letter from Debbie, 'A visit from your family wouldn't be complete wtthout a subsequent visit to the Post Office. l'm pleased to say that this time you've left only a minor item that didn't (13) ..... me in fretting over who wasn't going to be able to clean their teeth or explain to a teacher about a missing homework book''

(14) .. of howoftenlentreatthekidstopackuptheirownstuff,orhow(15)
the bedrooms and bathroom, we always leave something behind'

lsearch

We,ve known Debbie and Andrew since before any of our children were born- Debbie and practical had our first babies at around the same time, and lent each other lots of moral and (17) the experience you . you those to " (16) bonds I suggest, ..... then, support. What you with. When we lived round the cornerfrom each other, allthis leaving behind of possessions posted never (18) ....., but since they moved 70 kilometres away the leavings have had to be
I

back.

13 A entail 14 A Despite 15 A diligently 16 A put up 17 A cope 18 A bothered

B involve B Considering B disconcertingly B get by B share
B minded

C rmply C Provided C despicably C go through C deal C fussed

D oblige D Regardless D dependably D stand for D bear D mattered

TEST 4, PAPER

1

m

and you're expected to make a reasoned choice. Dr . musicians and writers . A hotel is not a little-known haven of the strength of the late-night conversation alone.longsma runs lda the Hotel de Filosof. lda applies philosophy to the amusement of mankind. C or D)which you thrnk fits best according to the text.'lip: Take no more You are going to read four extracts which are all concerned in some way with people who are away from home. Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. For questions 19-26. stimulated by the company he had kept. 19 In the first paragraph. and from personal experience. than 20 minutes to do this part. and l'd certainly rebook on chaotic personal finances and philosophers rarely use the words 'happiness' and 'meaning of life' in the same sentence. choose the answer (A.' The Filosof seems to be a olace where you might just manage both. children having no shoes.but it's also a gentle test of foundation-course philosophical knowledge. The hotel is a olace for people to relax and talk. has an eccentric view of philosophy. the writer gives the impression that lda Jongsma A B C D 20 is unlike other philosophers he's known. Each room is decorated according to different schools of thinkery. is untypical of people in the Netherlands His stay at the hotel left the writer feeling A B C D more interested in philosophy than previously. disappointed by its level of seriousness. Person €ne Thinking t^s Hotel There s an old saying about the cobbler s bad forum for this kind of philanthropy.'A philosophel' they say. rcpt TEST 4 PAPER 1 . But in the Netherlands. 'is sorneone who knows the square root of a jar of pickles. a apparent eccentricity in Amsterdam. people take pride in cutting across type and the country certainly has one happy and practical philosopher. In a similar vein. B. lacks commitment to the business she runs. In between lecturing and running seminars on her subject. intimidated by its intelleetual pretensions. but can't get the lid off. albeit not too seriously. I can add that economists tend towards Checking in at the hotel is a relaxed affair-the staff tend to be'resting' thinkers.

and I shall probably stay here for the rest of my Iife. TEST 4 PAPER 1 E . I have lived in the flats. the writer paints a picture of London as A B C D 22 a captivating place. But that is my home. I packed all I had on my back. a disorienting place. and they would probably have to give me a very long look before they recognised me if I turned up there again. left my native village. why be obstinate about it? Furthermore. rooms and garrets of this city. got married and gone bald. an anonymous place. the drawers in the human filing-cabinets that stand in blank rows down the streets of Kensington and Notting Hill. and the image of it the day I left it is still more real to me than the long years in this crowded capital city. when I was nineteen. From the last paragraph. The boys I went to school with have long since grown. Yet when I talk of my home I still think of that damp green valley where I was brought up. unqualified to write about London. biased in his assessment of London. why not simply go back home? 21 In his description. if one is forced to be as disloyal about the place of one's adoption as I am going to be about London. we understand that the writer fears that he may be A B C D unfair in his analysis of London. For years. Now why does one become an exile in the first place? And if one does.Extract from an autobiography One bright June morning. hypocritical in his attitude towards London. a disappointing place. I still can't think of myself as a Londoner. I've heen here on and off ever since. Yet in spite of all that. nor ever want to. and walked up to London looking for gold and glory. nor ever will.

23 What does the writer appreciate most about the American hitch-hikers she picks up? A B C D their sincerity their sociabiltty their generosity their seriousness reveals a slight irritation on the part of the writer? 24 Which phrase from the text A B C D 'ingratiating smiles' (line 3) 'kindly correcting' (lines B-9) 'partly delusive' (line 13) 'a rude gesture' (line 14) nffix TEST 4. 'Are you going to Scotland?' one young man asked me when I stopped for him just outside London. too. I know their charm is partly delusive. They do not sit there slumped ancl morose. and that me from 14 sometimes.' 'OK. he makes a rude gesture at behind. When they are on board. In many ways. like so many travellers of other nationalities. they generally work for their keep.If the hitch-hikers are American. Not for them the mechanical jerk of the thumb while looking the other way. or that they'll refrain from kindly o correcting me when I appear to them to be going the wrong way. They try harder for their lifts. I'm going to Wales. They tell me all about themselves. they learn all about me. One can generally tell. but I don't hold this against them. make it Wales'. PAPER 1 . although I always hope I'll be spared a s lecture on the social customs of my own country. 'No. if I decide against picking one up. holding up well-lettered destination signs and offering : ingratiating smiles. I am not entirely deceived by them. I usually stop for them. these people epitomise the pleasures America has given me through r: life. They are generally willing to oblige. and they do the job properly. they are in the lift-getting business.

asked instead how he cooked chips. it had received five stars. the writer's tone is A B rrontc. difficulty in getting the floury potatoes you need. they didn't usually do chips but if lcame back that evening there would be sauteed potatoes. indignant. and it was empty. The cafe itself is plain: wooden floors. He drd not cook chips.Stecrk crnd Chipt Experience has taught me that food guides are not wholly to be trusted. wooden tables and chairs. I managed not to ask him how one took stock when one had run out of rngredients. a journalist had been dispatched to discover the whereabouts of the best steak and chips in town and this place had won. not at the moment.' I asked if I might just try the chips? No chips. But I might have been forqiven for thinkinq that in the case of the small organic caf6 | visited on Tuesday. a waitress arrived and I ordered steak and chips. The gestation period between research and publication means that there is a strong likelihood of the establishment about which you read having changed hands. explained that it was his day off. As lwas on business in the city and at a loose end. ldecided to give it a try. I stood some chance of sampling the same delights as its reviewer. anyway we ran out of organic steak over the weekend because of that advertisement. he had come in only for stocktaking. aff ectionate. chefs or managers in the meantime.' Perhaps could see the chef? The chef came. I 25 What led the wrtter to visit the organic cafe? A B C D 26 faith in the publication which featured it the type of food for which it is renowned his belief that he'd read a reliable review of it the range of people who had recommended it his ln describing the restaurant. dismissive. In the previous Friday's London Evening Standard magazine. 'Not at lunchtime. c D TEST 4 PAPER 1 GH . At length.

those made of the brown metal. Seven paragraphs have been removed from the extract. A few years ago. lt had to be €300. PAPER 1 . I even started raiding my wife's purse for pennies. strange food and so on. the solution to your burdensome stash may have arrived in the form of a new machine iust over from the us. lt was full of all the predictable tourist stuff about tipping. the famous. z9 The conundrum remains. might not see things in quite the same light.Iip: Iake no more than 25 minutes to do this part. the number of copper coins in landfill sites is frightening. and I felt that I was putting them to their best possible use. There is one extra paragraph which you do not need to use. but if someone finds a penny while sweeping up. lt goes out with the rubbish.but ieally to add to my penny mountain. And so in a way you can't win. smelly hands and a grand total of €78. Choose from the paragraphs A-H the one which fits each gap (27-33). when a convention of American lawyers was held in London.102 million 2p coins which. Apparently the amount of small change waiting to be liberated and do its bit by being spent on consumer goods staggers the imagination. the seven in lp pieces. I concluded one July day about five years after beginning the collection. You are going to read an extract from a magazine. iam lars and bottom-of-handbag recesses. ln idle moments at wor( | would attempt to calculate how much I had. of what people should do with the 8. One day. festering in lars and boxes or weighing down the darkest depths of our pockets and handbags. the organisers issued delegates with advice about the host country. For example. and you want to avoid either philanthropy or saving it for years then counting for days and being ultimately disappointed. I ended up with blackened. the body which 33 But I can see how the rich. - 28 Keen to make the acquisition sooner rather than later.| had a in mind as a permanent memorial to my thrift. lt took most of the morning. however.459 million 1p and 5. 31 Copper coins are irritating when they weigh your pockets or purse down. Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. Coin Star is bringing into circulation more than the US Mint issues in a year.' 27 30 Yet if you're not one of the people who spends it as you go. When it came to dealing with the curenry. 32 - Other equally mind-boggling stories abound and it is claimed that after four years in operation. and more so. they won't bother to bend down and pick it up. the coin star. according to the Royal Mint. lt was time for the big count. K TEST 4. Those responsible for the innovation argue that it helps of this small denomination by releasing the economy piggy nation's in the from its captivity buried treasure banks. 'Oh. copper. but advised in an aside to 'throw away the lowest denomination coins. it's not as simple as throwing it in the bin. but they do have monetary value. I would have enough to buy painting something tangible and long lasting . I saw so-and-so in a shop fiddling with hb chonge. are out there somewhere. someone would be bound to say. And the Coin Star company's market research also uncovered some interesting attitudes to small change. 'You don't want to be lugging ostensibly as a service all that about'. count out 37 pence. the delegates were naturally told all about British banknotes and silver coinage. lf you were well known and were observed going to great lengths to controls Britain's currency. They are worthless.

and I suspect a lot of other people on the quiet.500 supermarkets. isn't there an alternative to heaving bags of brown coins into the supermarket? One lournalist says the answer is never to allow your change to accumulate. but it caused me. As you can imagine. Iess a 6. l'm not that set against a pocket full of change. where there are machines containing 58. my small responsible is secretly hoarding coppers to pay for exotic holidays.9 per cent handling charge. ending up down the backs of sofas. I had been assiduously collecting one and two penny pieces in a box in my office. way that grown up.10.000.A With deft precision.ay is vulgar and wasteful. throvling them av. H Hence I began to display the signs of a minor obsessive: it was a moment of rare satisfaction when the collection became too hefty to lift without real efforq I realised that I was actually pleased when a shop assistant decided D Having said that I try to spend coppers as I get them. it still a penny collector at least) that the box took half an hour and an extremely good-natured counter clerk to deal with is a fake. lt's polite and sensib\e.5 billion worth of hoarded change. but it does seem a bit cheap. I came to regard as rather TEST 4. shopping voucher in exchange. now in 7. in people's homes across the UK. and brown coins regained their rightful status as a nuisance. I can remember when my father's friends used to come round and they'd stand and talk in the garden. 'l try to use them as I go along by giving shopkeepers the correct money that's what pennies are for. For the previous year.' on national radio. pound rich'had evaporated.. PAPER 1 m . pockerheavy shoppers who invariably have more in their iars of coins than In the US. from pennies to €2 coins. one man lugged in a suitcase of change F The tale was reported with amusement \he) \h\\k. G Putting the most minuscule of small change in chanty co\ledrng boxes is one way out. My belief in that silly saying 'penny wise. some concern. and there's always the worry ffor C Even with such a miserable yield. all iingling their change in a to palm me off with a pile of brown fiscal shrapnel for change instead of silver. B Ultimately though. change. and that the person it. and that there's about f. albeit cheap ones. tots it up and spits out a it sorts out your E Research estimates that 66 per cent of the UK population hoards coins. change fixation was now fixed. Leading supermarkets in the UK have been testing it in a few branches and it's been a considerable hit with change-rich.

This is very integration of hunter-gatherer society.. We . In the debates 'l.. tsut it cloes not.ffi IEST 4. than 25 minutes to do this part.lnuktitut. l-ilming. free from beginningof theendof nothingness.. as well as the hobbled by an attachment to methodologir. lf his between other theorists. themselves. who have wandered the Brody.un for a vanishing version of ourselves. claims Brocly.vho later came fiToihing less than a 'search for what it has meant. With larger families. the integral powcr of language and a mystical respect of an alien cosmologv. In fact. ln this. They tend to beginning of a book. he would forgotten.. is an inversion of the u pu. sent them to residential schools. Hunter-gatherers always have a profound and lf there was a pre-agricultural period in which all humans to were hunters ancl gatherers. canclour means that hunter-gatherer groups immune to the kind of mental anguish that arises from such remain largelv convey the complexities highlights attitudes that. C or D) ! \1"d+=r\ /. Far from creating neurosis. essential questions h:rve often been porirait of thcm appears at times a little rosy. It is persuasive.4'. r.. They respect their elders and in their relationships leaden ancl dry has been transformed by good of Eden is a Side The Other ideas. It is a big book in every way. part sz and a pathetic lassitude. confusicln way of llfe. the mean. while rn ' f ' I he anthropologist Hugh Brody has spent most of and wait ancl dependent relationship with a single area. At the heart of Brody's ideas about hunter-gatherers is this autobiography. Equipped wittr Httte more than caribou expansion . Over the coming welcome.v writing well and h"ruit probably claim that that view in itself is merely ethnocentric: saying what he thinks. and *urking liie siu.o and Dunne-za of northwe stern Canada.s first brush with hunter-gatherers was with the Inuit earth. in harmony with their environment. with shivering 'flipside' clualistic own of our is a habit ii. The Other Side of Eden By Hugh Brody Hunter-gatherers.tying. openly talk that glitters with universal to managing in But societies. will know just what that can mean: alcoholism. a burgeoning stock of Inuktitut have left only those hunter-gatherers who inhabit areas unfit words and a well-honed relativism. dceply felt and as exhilarating as an Arctic sky. agriculturalists. verbal infectious disease. Reacling such a claim at the opposite is true. In this lay the two themes that have driven his As an anthropologist. Brody shows less respect tor hls work: the importance of language and the esscntial discipline than for the people he studies. they have developed the habit of of Hu4son Bay. untruthhasthe prosperity. absolutes rcfuse is to ('to equivocate in live hunter-gatherers us. In better land.. nature. He evokes the lnndscape of the style aphoristic a clear He employs accurzicv. We have'settled'them advisory committees established to protect these isolated witnessed settlements around the areas they once dependecl peoples from the rampant expansion of a more acquisitive on. 1'1:. he set off across the ice for agriculture. you tend to think 'uh-huh. drummed their language intriguing inclucling the on the subject number of books trnd anyone who has Maps anrl Dreams. he claims. contrast with agriculturalists. for in peoplc live cliffs'l could asked. He has made documentaries. on week-1ong expeditions of genuine har<lship. hall- truths. for instance. worldview.and in their constant colonising of new land they skins. and sat on from them.the scions rn of agriculturalisls-have ridclen rogg!. 1i2a which you think fits best according to the text. a He has written +r campaigning for. on the other hand. Like most social scienccs. Brody in our post-agricultural society. livinn pristine lands. Brocly revisitecl ihe tnuit many times. A book that could have bccn prose into one wisdom. Mark your answers on the separate answer Tio: Take no more \ *T'ri c. he how. they may have had large 'agricultural' techniques the word. PAPER 1 . then they must also have occupied much morc favourable land than they dcl now. The Other Side of Eden (part ethnography.. have tr rcnewed IOr place. Here lies the problem with such theorising. It is wonderfully so keep small families and are demographically stabie. ethnography has been years. They display a calm self-confidence and power to render us neurotic'). Farmers and the Shaping of the World his That all changes when they encounter us. and can herders and grain-growers are settled. mai' also have it was Anaviapik who taught Brody the early lesson that instance.tirgu. Brody sets it up popular wisdom that hunter-gatherers are nomadic.You are going to read a book review For questions 34-40 choose the answer (A. the importance of knowing urgency ffi:ff. some hard biscuits. marginalised to in front of their children about which one of them they love potent elegy most.. His guide mentor was a man named Anaviapik. to be a human being'.' for it to fall short. he tells Traditionally. sheet. hunter-gatherers. are open ancl honest.-f od over*Tffit among. B. But Brody breaks the rules b. the by was amazed and boots seal-skin London in his Those who do survivc may not be typical.ut tooting for the are the words .is a synonym for the Inuit languagc from developed rudimentary which it comes and also for the 'way of being' of the people independent from each tlther. We have plucked their children from them. Inuit parents. part manifesto) has the sense of distilling all that experience and knowledge. blocks: apartment families.

reached a successful synthesis of ideas. lt is the long-awaited sequel Io Maps and Dreams. PAPER 1 E . the reviewer suggests that Brody A B C D overplays the positive features of a hunter-gatherer lifestyle oversimplifies the challenges of a hunter-gatherer lifestyle. decided he could no longer assume the role of an observer. he appreciated the need to learn the language beforehand. The reader's exoectations of it are realised. failed to address some important issues. the reviewer feels that Brody has A B C D supported the work of others in his field. TEST 4. what does the reviewer suggest about hunter-gatherer societies of today? A B C D They They They They must be the strongest genetically. In the third paragraph. must have mrgrated from more barren areas. cannot be held responsible for their current living conditrons 40 In his approach to studying hunter-gatherer societies. draws too many parallels between different hunter-gatherer societies. lt presents hitherto unknown facts about its subject. underestimates the reader's understandinq of hunter-qatherer societies. made a healthy break from tradition. was deprived of any luxury on the trip. is 37 Which of the following does Brody claim society? a feature of hunter-gathgrer A B C D humility equality physical awareness psychologicalwell-being 38 Which of the following phrases is used in the article to evoke a sense of cruel injustice? A B C D 'ridden roughshod' (line 46) 'pristine lands' (line 47) 'pathetic lassitude' (line 52) 'demographically stable' (line 59) 39 In questioning Brodys theories. realised he had made some false assumptions about their lifestyle. A B C D A B C D 36 35 When Brody first visited the Inuit in Hudson Bay. cannot be assumed to be entirely representative.34 What ' main point does the reviewer make about The Other Side of Eden in the first paragraph? The claims Brody makes about it are justified.

Write your answer in 300-350 words in an appropriate 1 You have read the following advertisement in a geographical magazine: Propose a Friend Do you know someone who meets the following criteria? . Has a range of practical skills (indoors or outdoors) . Has a keen interest in other cultures .PAP'E R2 Writing style. please submit a formal proposal to the magazine. Is willins to endure unfamiliar environmental conditions An international aid team is looking for people to help out with a voluntary work scheme in undeveloped rural areas in the third world. rTril TEST 4. Is able to work as part of a team . clearly addressing the criteria above and outlining the contributions that you feel this person would be able to make to a project of this kind. You have a close friend who is keen to take part in this project and whom you feel would be very suitable. Can be self-financing for six weeks . If there is someone you would like to recommend for this. Write your proposal. (2 hours) You must answer this question. PAPER 2 .

TEST 4. Write vour answer in 300-350 wor'Os In an appropnare sryre 2 A weekly magazine about the environment has invited readers to write to the editor. In order to help select topics for discussion. each member of the group has agreed to write a review of a documentary film that was particularly memorable and that they feel would provide the basis for future discussion Write your review. recommend at least one course of action that a school leaver might take in order to help clarify their career goals. Write vour letter. A national newspaper is running a special weekly insert on careers.Write an answer to one of the ouestions 2-4 in this oart. You belong to an Internet discussion group that exchanges yiews on current affairs. and has invited readers to contribute an article entitled Key Constderations for the School leaver Write an article stating the issues that you feel are most important for young people when they are deciding on a career path. PAPER 2 Irm . Write vour article. giving views about how governments and individuals can cooperate to protect the global environment. In your article.

. check out the prices and then. pick up phone and hold it up to an ear.. Write your Use only one word in each space. you can complete the experience by putting a voice in that phone. howtheyfeel in your hand and (7) Well. ceginning (0). read the text below and think of the'"'c'c . n ch best fits each space. - it's just a (5) but else do you do with a phone? On what other basis do you compare phones your ear. probably reflex action. .PAPER 3 Use of English (1 hour 30 minutes) a::-: For questions 1-15... lifted. look them (3) . we reasoned. almost (4) exception. the chain had decided to try to become America's favorite phone store...l TEST 4.. .(13) .... Once that happened. holding the receivers out for their companions to hear .. What were they hoping for? Nothing. discussing the purchase. which because that would provide some basis (14) bought' greatly increases the chances that something will (15) . We were performing a study for RadioShack just e) . We advised RadioShack to connect the phones to a recorded message that (9) '... if the first principle (8) .. I think.... . shoppers picking up display phones.... PAPER 3 .. be activated when a receiver (10) .. the stores were alive (11) (12) moment and then .. al a We watched countless shoppers approach the wall of telephones on display. wrth their money? Here's hovu the good stores do (1) .. was a bonus.. There is an example sheet answer separate on the answers in CAPITAL LETTERS Example: 0 ? A K T The Sensual Shopper How can retail stores encourage cusromers ro (0) ..'....ry..P?. (6) . listening ITi. trial is to make it as lifelike as possible.

It is RECOGNISE defined in most dictionaries as the practice of making the voice appear to come from somewhere other than its source. to measure the distance of sound. of basrc principles and practice.. by making (21) previous experiences f . the (20i . lt is. . however.. his stomach muscles in the same manner as a singer UTILITY (18) does.. of the Latin ventriloquus.. Use the word given in capitals at the end of some of the lines to form a word that fits in the space in the same line.t?d.. contrary to popular belief . .f999. The use of a .For questions 16-25... .. but .. DERIVE meaning 'belly speaker'. ABLE REFER the drstance that sound has travelled. art throughout the world. The word 'ventriloquist' is a (16) . There is an example at the beginning (0).. ventriloquism can be acquired through the (19) . to assist the draphragm to give volume and tonal strength to the voice ln fact. a vocal illusion.. PAPER 3 ilm . between sound ASSOCIATE and distance. point of performances and the art itself has produced some very accomplished (25) TEST 4.. APPLY Ventriloquism takes advantage of a common human failing. In (23) (24) recent years..... the name is (17) because LEAD the ventriloquist does not speak from the stomach... Write your answers in CAPITAL LETTERS on the separate answer sheet Example: 0 R E C o G N 3 E D Ventriloquism Ventriloquism is a (0) ..9!li..... to of similar sounds.. the ventriloqurst's dummy has COMPARE FOCUS PRACTISE become the .. in short. We can only judge . speaking doll urther exploits the potential for such (22) . read the text below.

together enough with so many labour-saving mother continues The social worker asked old woman had to admit that she was barely devices on the market Kate finds it rrritating that her the skin from potatoes with a blunt knife' the Mrs Timmins how she was managing financrally and ' " by Quite a number of famrlies in the area have decided central heattng. .. Hayley was {eeling for the daY ahead. PAPER 3 . that Richard's Place .'=:-... {rom electric to gas lf you should detect a language lo the other leak. case far too There's no point in trying to put the tent up..t really want to.'.: advertised models came on to find that when Jenny returned to school after the holidays.. think of one word only whtch sentences Here is an examPle (0) ca' rl: Example: 0 Last year's champion is in with a chance of repeat -: . prix next weekend.. . Jenny and best is the .intryingtopersuadesomeonetogiveupsmokingrftheydon. Just sitting in thrs old building gives me a real of hrstory and culture eventua|ly After six months.... hard work at a town Centre restaurant. . . t.. After retirement.For questions 26-31 . thetr prevlous FamiliesinBritainarenotasc|oseastheyusedtobeandveryfewpeop|e regu|arContactwrthre|ativesoutsidetherrimmediatefamilygroup.. Thereisno. Mick decided to postpone hts purchase of . .. someof thehomeownersarehopingtogetcompensatiotrfor they have a very ... Kevin the world round trip go a on to money succeeded in . many old a9e pensioners find it difficult to standard of livtng. off the mains water supply and call a plumber' Tanyaisbi|ingua|inWelshandEng|ishandcaneffort|ess|yfromone of abuse when he asked what the young The policeman was sublected to a men were doing on the roof of the building a CD p|ayer unti| the recent|y Sensib|y.. the system whereby students abuse' to open is network computer college have equal access to the products would rise have The company's estimates of how quickly demand for their mark' of the tended to be rather Because Although she hadn't slept very well.:'cLlildingwork.. to .. awake and readY mrEl TEST 4.. ... 31 supposedly of a lack of adequate regulatron. . she was surprised for maths' had been placed in a higher 30 she her husband still Although they've trred dozens of local restaurants. the wind is Example: answer sheet Write only the missing word in CAPITAL LETTERS on the separate she was doing that sne Jenny realised that she had become so engrossed in what of trme Passing had lost all .... .

.. it. 'lf my brother doesn't improve his appearance. including the word given... which means that he is not red and green. complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the fifst sentence.... .For questions32-39. . 38 Jane said she was unlikely to be going to the reunion that evening..... one Mountain biking is exploring the countryside. tell David is colour blind. he'd never TEST 4. Do not change the word given. undergone The building .. .. but was wellworth fact Nick said that . Example: 0 0 lmmediately after winning the race.. he'll never get a girlfriend....... she beqan traininq for the next one.. PAPER 3 ilif{ .. 34 l'm afraid that I get a terrible rash every time I eat seafood brings a terrible rash. . 35 Most people are more aware of other peoples faults than they are of their own identify Most people are . about Miranda said that if her brother get a girlfriend.. which means that red and green look the same to him. using the word given. 37 Nick said that the swimming lesson cost f 11. .... to the reunion this evenrng..... they are those of others. and looked as good as new. Here is an example (0). of Jane said there 39 . the swimmrng lesson was well worth it.. 32 Few ways of exploring the countryside are as rewarding as mountain biking. Sandy began training for the next one.. had No .... sooner had Sandy won the race than Write only the mrssing words on the separate answer sheet.. . 33 David is colour blind.---- . 36 The building had been extensively repaired and looked as good as new...-: ....' Miranda said.... You must use between three and eight words.... l'm afraid that eating ..

one or two of the tricks of the trade have rubbed off on me. Tonight is no exception to the rule. to one of his audiences. . quite the reverse. ' Beecham must have drunk from his first oasis very early in life. And what he was saying was succinct. 'In fifty years of concert-giving before the public. For questions 40-43. full of good humour and. he knows the difference between the real thing and the image. For in my opinion that display is a wonderful example of conversation. read the following texts on effective communication. Because I can honestly say that. 40 Quote the part of the text that gives us the best indication of the wrrter's profession 41 Which word in the first paragraph contrasts with 'parched'? rum TEST 4 PAPER 3 . it has seldom been my good fortune to find the programme correctly printed.For questions 4O44. Talking is like the mirage that faces a parched man as he staggers through a desert in search of water. Of course you can argue that technically only Beecham was speaking. we will now play you the piece which you think you have just heard. with your kind permission. and therefore. As soon as he tastes the water. I'd better put my cards on the table right from the start and admit that about the only qualification I have for calling myself a conversationalist is a lifetime spent being paid to say other people's lines. For question 44. over the years. Not that I am ungrateful for this opportunity. And by far the most important thing I've realised is that there's a world of difference between talking and conversation. wrile a summary according to the instructions given Write your answers to questions 40-44 on the separate answer sheet.. Conversation is the oasis that eventually quenches his thirst.' said Sir Thomas Beecham. above all. the famous orchestral conductor. But the way he spoke implied that the audience was joining in with him. answer with a word or short phrase You do not need to write complete sentences. supremely effective. Let me give you an example of the real thing: 'Ladies and gentlemen.

the suggestions made by the writers as to how communication can be made more effective. You may start out with the irtention of discussing an issue professionally. Rather .T-. response to a difficult calm.uy eventually break down. receiving and."ff :'I::"#. you can-soon find yourself .'tril1. TEST 4 PAPER 3 IE .:THlffi more face than you already have..*H::H1T:T#tr"HX:-J"#L?".When a converuation doesn't go well at work. able to think clearly in the heat of anger. When you go to bed at night. If you choose the unfortunate strategy of continuing to talk until you can think of something to say. lffiTlil"rili:1'... and possibly hurtful things and the communication will saying ".nutJtuttont enfs.ln:. you 1aV question in return. However emotional you may feel about an issue.::."rtiriketoseethemgo 42 Which ohrase in the text echoes the 'embarrassment' referred to in line 4? 43 In your own words.iJTl" ff ilj:iltr#. Some people *uy b.[Jilffi . of course. one of two things has -il"lfr H:1"1ffi '*T.. summarise in your own words as far as possible. collected for the insight you have shown. state what is unfortunate about the strategy described at the end of the first paragraph? 44 ln a paragraph of between 50 and 70 words. but if emotions rise.'i"#.". Such praise from your i "oil"ug. and replay these conr over in your mind. it is important not to let your emotions get the better of you.age yourself giuy€ u responding impulsively to something.r". The other way a conversation might not go well is much more hazardous to relationships and credibility.H. they may seem totally different. but many people find that they cannot. n'#?.fr. you may end up just diggrng yourself into a deeper hole.r.lil"..

unimaginative in the material they produced. For questions 1-8.il I il PAPER 4 i Listening (Approximately 40 minutes) You will hear four different extracts. Extract One You hear part of a radio programme about rock music. How did the lead singer feel about the group in the end? A B C constrained by it sentimental about it bored by it Extract Two You wrll hear two people describing the type of work they do. undervalued by people in general. B or C) which fits best according to what Vou hear. choose the answer (A. 1 The presenter regards the group called F/uxx as A B C 2 overrated by their fans. There are two questions for each extract. PAPER 4 . 3 Where do they work? A B 4 in a shop on the telephone homes C in neonle's How do they feel about the type of customers they are describing? A B C sympathetic antagonistic indifferent Ilirjl TE5T 4.

WI . disturbrng. people today are likely to find the quote he reads out A B C 6 amusing. methods of research attitudes to children Extract Four You hear an artist talkrng about her work. PAPER 4 W. patronising Today's programme will go on to discuss A B C commercialawareness. 7 What makes her particularly fond of the piece of work she describes? A B C 8 the material it is made from the effect it had on her career the circumstances in which tt was produced How does she feel about working at home? A B C determined frustrated resigned TEST 4.Extract Three You hear the introduction to a discussion programme on the radio 5 According to the presenter.

For questions 9-17.You will hear a radio report about a wildlife holiday rn the Yellowstone National Park in the USA.ho c Kffiffi TEST PAPER 4 . Michela describes the man she met in Canada :< hornn 9 by his experience As a species. complete the sentences with a word or short phrase... which have longer ears and 13 colourrng are often mistaken for wolves Michela's personal guide originally tratned to be a 14 Around half the wolves in the par[." . the wolf is now officially crasseO as 10 in North America It is thought lhaI as many as 11 vrsrtors have seen the reintroduced wolves at Yellowstone On Michela's first evening in Yellowstone. a 12 gave visitors a talk about wolves Coyotes.**r . rlt -'vel " rnrnlf . are now fitted with 15 to heln nponle loratp Ihem Ken advised Michela to look for wolves on hillsides where 16 could be seen through the snow Michela used a particularly good 17 r' ' 'rl' \dvv '^^lludrly tn tdii lho '.

lt reflects her early training. fewer companies involved in producing fragrances single products fulfilling a range of functions. For questions 18-22. taste in other products. 19 What was Tansy's main role in setting up the production company? A B C D 20 drawrng up a business plan attractingsufficientinvestment responding to customer preferences establishing administrative systems According to Tansy. Increasingly. who runs a company which makes beauty products. Tansy sees people's choice of fragrances as a reflection of the wearer's A B C D 22 social standing. 18 To what does Tansy attribute her success as a businessperson? A B C D lt was a family tradition. emotional state. increasing profitability for producers of fragrances.You will hear an interview with a woman called Tansy Burton. TEST 4 PAPER 4 "ilI| . suggest an expensive lifestyle. choose the answer (A. lt grew out of a desire to please people. financial situatron. In the future. B. reflect changes in consumer taste. lt's something which came naturally to her. C or D) which fits best according to what you hear. appeal to a wide range of people. Tansy expects to see A B C D a wider use of fragrances in society. her fragrances are successful because they A B C D 21 are elegantly packaged.

4 n15 t-l16 []. Write M D or B 23 24 for Mathew. n13 The use of a narrator voice makes a positive contributron to the film. PAPER . or whether the speakers agree.You will hear two media critics. for Daniella. The film is targeted at a young audience. [1. The film presents a new approach to an old theme. 26 Many of the character types in the film are easy to recognise.? 25 The main character features too much in the film. 27 fhe viewer 28 has high expectations of the film. talking about a recently released film For questions 23-28. Mathew and Daniella. decide whether the opinions are expressed by only one of the speakers. for Both. when they agree. [1-t rFrt TEST 4.

saying how well the photographer has caught the person's mood or character in each case Then decrde which photographs should win first. There are some ideas to use in the box if you like How is the role of agrrculture changing in modern society? o o o competition for use of land mechanrsation of farming globalisation of world economy ls there anything you Candidate A: would like to add? Candidates A and B: Now answer these questions about nutrition in general . second and third orizes. Talk together about the type of facial expression captured in each photograph. These pholographs have all been enLered for a tompetition on the theme of facial expressions. PAPER 5 rrTt . packaged foods o quesLions over food safety Candidate B: ls there anything you would like to add? Candidate B: Look at the question in the box. You have two minutes to say what you think about the question. Do we reward those who provide us with our food and drink adequately? o How can the world's food resources be shared more eouallv? TEST 4. You have about three minutes for this. You have about one minute for this. First look at Picture A only and talk together about how this photograph makes you feel and what you think it represents. Why are people becoming increasingly concerned about their diet these days? o effects of modern lifestyles on health o fresh vs. ('12 minutes) Candidate A: Look at the question in the box You have two minutes to say what you think about the question There are some ideas to use in the box if you like. Now looL at all the pictures.PAPER 5 Speaking (19 minutes) (3 minutes) Answer these questions: o Where do you live? Tell us about your house or apartment o How has your lrfe changed in recent years? o How do you think you will use your English in the future? (4 minutes) Turn to pictures A-G on pages 168-9 which show different faces.

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