Oregon Administrative Rules Oregon Occupational Safety and Health Division

PERSONAL PROTECTIVE & LIFE SAVING EQUIPMENT

E

TABLE OF CONTENTS 437-003-0134 1926.103 1926.106 1926.107 Personal Protective Equipment ................................................................ E-1 Respiratory protection ........................................................................... E-9 Working over or near water................................................................... E-9 Definitions applicable to this subdivision ............................................... E-9

Subdivision E

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Table of Contents

E Oregon Administrative Rules Oregon Occupational Safety and Health Division E-ii .

chemical hazards. 5-2002 (67 FR 65008). as applicable. (b) All personal protective equipment must be provided. the employer is responsible to assure its adequacy. 657). (a) The employer must assess the workplace to determine if hazards are present. extremities and torso to include protective clothing. 655. (2) Equipment. 107. Contract Work Hours and Safety Standards Act (Construction Safety Act) (40 U. (1) Hazard assessment and equipment selection.C. (ii) Protective equipment must be worn and used in a manner which will make full use of its protective properties. including proper maintenance. 1-90 (55 FR 9033). and sanitation of such equipment. and 8 of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (29 U. 333). (C) Select PPE that properly fits each affected employee. wherever employees encounter hazardous processes or environments. and have each affected employee use. and. 6-96 (62 FR 111). 12-71 (36 FR 8754). (i) All protective equipment must be of safe design and construction for the work to be performed. head. face. and 29 CFR part 1911. contains an example of procedures that would comply with the requirement for a hazard assessment. Application. or likely to be present.Oregon Administrative Rules Oregon Occupational Safety and Health Division PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT SUBDIVISION E PERSONAL PROTECTIVE AND LIFE SAVING EQUIPMENT E Authority: Sec. used. radiological hazards. or mechanical irritants that are capable of causing injury or impairment in the function of any part of the body through absorption. inhalation or physical contact. (B) Communicate selection decisions to each affected employee. respiratory devices. 8-76 (41 FR 25059). the types of PPE that will protect the affected employee from the hazards identified in the hazard assessment. which necessitate the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) or other protective equipment. Sections 4. (a) Where employees provide their own protective equipment. and protective shields and barriers. 1-90 (55 FR 9033).S.S. 437-003-0134 E-1 (1)(a) – (2)(b) .C. 653. This rule applies to personal protective equipment and other protective equipment for the eyes. or 5-2007 (72 FR 31160). 437-003-0134 Personal Protective Equipment. the employer must: (A) Select. 9-83 (48 FR 35736). 6. If such hazards are present. Secretary of Labor’s Order No. and maintained in a sanitary and reliable condition. or are likely to be present. NOTE: Non-mandatory Appendix B to Subdivision 2/I.

(a) The employer must provide training to each employee who is required by this section to use PPE and each employee that is provided training must know at least the following: (A) When PPE is necessary. adjust.E PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT Oregon Administrative Rules Oregon Occupational Safety and Health Division (c) Defective or damaged personal protective equipment must not be used. (4) Payment for protective equipment. Circumstances where retraining is required include. provided that the employer permits such items to be worn off the job-site. (d) Each employer must maintain a regular system of inspection and maintenance of personal protective equipment furnished to workers. and wear PPE. must be provided by the employer at no cost to employees. (E) The proper care. the employer must retrain each such employee. but are not limited to situations where: (A) Changes in the workplace render previous training obsolete. including personal protective equipment (PPE). and the ability to use PPE properly. (2)(c) – (4)(b) E-2 437-003-0134 . before being allowed to perform work requiring the use of PPE. doff. (D) The limitations of the PPE. or (B) Changes in the types of PPE to be used render previous training obsolete. the protective equipment. useful life and disposal of the PPE. (b) The employer is not required to pay for non-specialty safety-toe protective footwear (including steel-toe shoes or steel-toe boots) and non-specialty prescription safety eyewear. (b) Each affected employee must demonstrate an understanding of the training specified in paragraph (3)(a) of this section. (C) How to properly don. (a) Except as provided by paragraphs (4)(b) through (4)(f) of this section. maintenance. used to comply with this part. (B) What PPE is necessary. or (C) Inadequacies in an affected employee’s knowledge or use of assigned PPE indicate that the employee has not retained the requisite understanding or skill. and. (c) When the employer has reason to believe that any affected employee who has already been trained does not have the understanding and skill required by paragraph (3)(b) of this section. (3) Training.

and normal work boots. (d) The employer is not required to pay for: (A) The logging boots required by OAR 437-007-0330 in Division 7. and sunscreen. jackets. (a) All employees must be protected from fall hazards when working on unguarded surfaces more than 10 feet above a lower level or at any height above dangerous equipment. ordinary sunglasses. ties. or other loose clothing must not be worn near moving machinery. lapels. gloves. and 437-003-0502 in Division 3/M. (6) Work Clothing. unless the PPE is excepted by paragraphs (4)(b) through (4)(e) of this section. the employer is not required to reimburse the employee for the shoes or boots. The employer must not require an employee to provide or pay for his or her own PPE. (a) Clothing must be worn which is appropriate to the work performed and conditions encountered.502(d). 437-003-0134 E-3 (4)(c) – (6)(d) . corrosive or toxic substances. (b) Appropriate high temperature protective clothing must be worn by workers who are exposed to possible contact with molten metals or other substances that can cause burns. or other items. (B) Everyday clothing. (c) Loose sleeves. raincoats. (5) Fall Protection. skin creams. such as winter coats.Oregon Administrative Rules Oregon Occupational Safety and Health Division PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT E (c) When the employer provides metatarsal guards and allows the employee. (d) Clothing saturated or impregnated with flammable liquids. (e) The employer must pay for replacement PPE. (b) The employer must ensure that fall protection systems are provided. or oxidizing agents must be removed immediately and not worn again until properly cleaned. parkas. rubber boots. such as long-sleeve shirts. used solely for protection from weather. cuffs. (f) Where an employee provides adequate protective equipment he or she owns pursuant to paragraph (2)(a) of this section. or (C) Ordinary clothing. except when the employee has lost or intentionally damaged the PPE. at his or her request. and used according to the criteria in 1926. hats. the employer may allow the employee to use it and is not required to reimburse the employee for that equipment. to use shoes or boots with built-in metatarsal protection. irritants. Construction/Fall Protection. installed. long pants. street shoes.

The colors must contrast with other colors in the area sufficiently to make the worker standout.E PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT Oregon Administrative Rules Oregon Occupational Safety and Health Division (e) Rings. bracelets. Employees exposed to hazards caused by on highway type moving vehicles in construction zones and street/highway traffic must wear highly visible upper body garments. clip-on or slide-on side shields) meeting the pertinent requirements of this section are acceptable. or shall wear eye protection that can be worn over the prescription lenses without disturbing the proper position of the prescription lenses or the protective lenses. Colors equivalent to strong red. chemical gases or vapors. (6)(e) – (8)(e) E-4 437-003-0134 . strong orange. and other jewelry which might contact power driven machinery or electric circuitry. liquid chemicals.g. (e) The employer must ensure that each affected employee uses equipment with filter lenses that have a shade number appropriate for the work being performed for protection from injurious light radiation. earrings. (a) The employer must ensure that each affected employee uses appropriate eye or face protection when exposed to eye or face hazards from flying particles. molten metal. (7) High Visibility Garments. the garments must also have reflective material visible from all sides for 1000 feet. or potentially injurious light radiation.. (d) Eye and face PPE must be distinctly marked to facilitate identification of the manufacturer. strong yellow. Detachable side protectors (e. During hours of darkness. (8) Eye And Face Protection. wristwatches. strong yellow-green or fluorescent versions of these colors are acceptable. acids or caustic liquids. (c) The employer must ensure that each affected employee who wears prescription lenses while engaged in operations that involve eye hazards wears eye protection that incorporates the prescription in its design. (b) The employer must ensure that each affected employee uses eye protection that provides side protection when there is a hazard from flying objects. must not be worn.

..……………… … Minimum* Protective Shade 7 8 10 11 7 10 10 10 8 8 10 10 11 6 8 10 11 8 9 10 3 2 14 437-003-0134 E-5 Table .. Shielded metal arc welding Less than 3 3-5 5-8 More than 8 Gas metal arc welding and flux cored arc welding Gas Tungsten arc welding Air carbon Arc cutting Plasma arc welding (Light) (Heavy) Plasma arc cutting (Light) ** (Medium) ** (Heavy) ** Torch brazing Torch soldering Carbon arc welding Arc Current (amps) Less than 60 60-160 160-250 250-550 Less than 60 60-160 160-250 250-500 Less than 50 50-150 150-500 Less than 500 500-1000 Less than 20 20-100 100-400 400-800 Less than 300 300-400 400-800 .……………… … .……………… … .Oregon Administrative Rules Oregon Occupational Safety and Health Division PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT E The following is a listing of appropriate shade numbers for various operations....... Filter Lenses for Protection Against Radiant Energy Electrode Size Operations 1/32 in.

Then go to a lighter shade which gives sufficient view of the weld zone without going below the minimum. (f) Protective eye and face protection devices must comply with any of the following consensus Standards.E PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT Oregon Administrative Rules Oregon Occupational Safety and Health Division Filter Lenses for Protection Against Radiant Energy Operations Plate thickness – inches Plate thickness – mm Minimum* Protective Shade Gas Welding: Light Under 1/8 Under 3. which is incorporated by reference in 1910.2 4 Medium 1/8 to 1/2 3. ** These values apply where the actual arc is clearly seen. American National Standard Practice for Occupational and Educational Eye and Face Protection.1-1989 (R-1998).6. In oxyfuel gas welding or cutting where the torch produces a high yellow light.6. or (C) ANSI Z87. (B) ANSI Z87. start with a shade that is too dark to see the weld zone.2 to 12. (A) ANSI Z87. which is incorporated by reference in 1910. (g) Protective eye and face protection devices that the employer demonstrates are at least as effective as protective eye and face protection devices that are constructed in accordance with one of the above consensus standards will be deemed to be incompliance with the requirements of this section.1-2003.1-1989. which is incorporated by reference in 1910. American National Standard Practice for Occupational and Educational Eye and Face Protection. Experience has shown that lighter filters may be used when the arc is hidden by the workpiece. Table – (8)(h) E-6 437-003-0134 . American National Standard Practice for Occupational and Educational Eye and Face Protection. (h) Employees whose occupation or assignment requires exposure to laser beams shall be furnished laser safety goggles as required by Occupational Health Regulations which will protect for the specific wavelength of the laser and be of optical density adequate for the energy involved. it is desirable to use a filter lens that absorbs the yellow or sodium line in the visible light of the (spectrum) operation.6.7 6 Oxygen Cutting: Light Under 1 Under 25 3 Medium 1 to 6 25 to 150 4 Heavy Over 6 Over 150 5 * As a rule of thumb.7 5 Heavy Over 1/2 Over 12.

American National Standard for Personal Protection – Protective Footwear. or objects piercing the sole. (a) The employer must ensure that each affected employee wears a protective helmet when working in areas where there is a potential for injury to the head from falling or flying objects. American National Standard for Industrial Head Protection. or (d) Head protection devices that the employer demonstrates are at least as effective as head protection devices that are constructed in accordance with one of the above consensus standards will be deemed to be in compliance with the requirements of this section.6. which are incorporated by reference in 1910. (e) Employees who are exposed to power-driven machinery or to sources of ignition shall wear caps or other head covering which completely covers the hair.6. (10) Foot Protection. which is incorporated by reference in 1910.1-1997. (a) The employer must ensure that each affected employee use protective footwear when working in areas where there is a danger of foot injuries due to falling or rolling objects. (b) Protective footwear must comply with any of the following consensus standards: (A) ASTM F-2412-2005. which is incorporated by reference in 1910.1-2003.6. which is incorporated by reference in 1910.6. (B) ANSI Z89. and ASTM F2413-2005. American National Standard for Industrial Head Protection. (b) The employer must ensure that a protective helmet designed to reduce electrical shock hazard is worn by each such affected employee when near exposed electrical conductors which could contact the head. (B) ANSI Z41-1999. 437-003-0134 E-7 (9)(a) – (10)(b)(C) .1-2009. which is incorporated by reference in §1910. which is incorporated by reference in 1910. Standard Test Methods for Foot Protection. or (C) ANSI Z41-1991.6. and where such employee’s feet are exposed to electrical hazards.6. Standard Specification for Performance Requirements for Protective Footwear. American National Standard for Industrial Head Protection. American National Standard for Personal Protection – Protective Footwear. (C) ANSI Z89. (c) Head protection must comply with any of the following consensus standards: (A) ANSI Z89.Oregon Administrative Rules Oregon Occupational Safety and Health Division PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT E (9) Head Protection.

(a) Employers must select and require employees to use appropriate hand protection when employees’ hands are exposed to hazards such as those from skin absorption of harmful substances.: ORS 654. Stats. thermal burns. 4/1/13. protective covering. duration of use. and the hazards and potential hazards identified. 2/15/13. and harmful temperature extremes. Order 2-2013. severe abrasions. Hist: OR-OSHA Admin. Employers must provide this protection at no cost to the employee. ef.295. Where the need for their use is necessary. (13) Skin protection. or other effective protection must be provided for and used by persons exposed to materials which are hazardous to the skin.E PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT Oregon Administrative Rules Oregon Occupational Safety and Health Division (c) Protective footwear that the employer demonstrates is at least as effective as protective footwear that is constructed in accordance with one of the above consensus standards will be deemed to be in compliance with the requirements of this section. f.726(4). (11) Leg protection. (12) Hand Protection. punctures. The protector must be material designed to resist cuts from the chain saw.025(2) and 656. Stat. (b) Employers must base the selection of the appropriate hand protection on an evaluation of the performance characteristics of the hand protection relative to the task(s) to be performed. chemical burns. (c) Gloves must not be worn by persons whose hands are exposed to moving parts in which they could be caught. (10)(c) – (13) E-8 437-003-0134 .001 through 654. conditions present. Implemented: ORS 654. severe cuts or lacerations. (b) Employees using chain saws must wear chaps or leg protectors that cover the leg from the upper thigh to mid-calf. (d) Special types or designs of shoes or foot guards are required where conditions exist that make their use necessary for the safety of workers. Auth. (a) Leggings or high boots of leather. rubber. or other suitable material must be worn by persons exposed to hot substances or dangerous chemical spills. ointments. gloves.

ef. Auth.103 Respiratory Protection. Order 6-1995. Distance between ring buoys shall not exceed 200 feet. where the danger of drowning exists.025(2) and 656.001 through 654. Stat. means optical density and refers to the light refractive characteristics of a lens. Stats. Order 8-1989. Coast Guard-approved life jacket or buoyant work vests. f. the buoyant work vests or life preservers shall be inspected for defects which would alter their strength or buoyancy.: ORS 654. Implemented: ORS 654. (b) O. (a) Employees working over or near water. Note: The requirements applicable to construction work under this section are identical to those in 29 CFR 1910. f. 6/1/95.107(c) . ef. ef.001 through 654. Auth. 7/7/89.107 Definitions Applicable to this Subdivision. §1926. 7/7/89.134. within.Oregon Administrative Rules Oregon Occupational Safety and Health Division RESPIRATORY PROTECTION / WORKING OVER OR NEAR WATER / DEFINITIONS APPLICABLE TO THIS SUBDIVISION E §1926. (b) Prior to and after each use.S. Implemented: ORS 654. .106 Working Over or Near Water.726(4).D. (c) Radiant energy means energy that travels outward in all directions from its sources. Personal Protective Equipment. OR-OSHA Admin. 7/7/89.END OF DOCUMENT - 1926. or to a person is likely to cause physical harm. located in Oregon OSHA’s standards in Division 2/I. f.025(2) and 656. shall be provided with U. Defective units shall not be used.: ORS 654. (d) At least one lifesaving skiff shall be immediately available at locations where employees are working over or adjacent to water. 7/7/89. (a) Contaminant means any material which by reason of its action upon. Hist: APD Admin.295. (c) Ring buoys with at least 90 feet of line shall be provided and readily available for emergency rescue operations. Hist: APD Admin. Stat.103 E-9 1926. Stats. §1926. Order 8-1989.726(4). 4/18/95.295.

E Oregon Administrative Rules Oregon Occupational Safety and Health Division E-10 .

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