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Design Information



Client

Architect
Mr. Kayizzi
Space and Places
March 2013
1. The Building Regulations 1985
2. BS6399 Part 1 1984
3. Eurocode 2 Design of Concrete Structures
4. CP3 Chapter V Part 2 1972
Relevant Building
Regulations and Design
Codes
Apartment Building Intended use of Structure
1 hour for all elements Fire resistance
requirements
Roof – imposed =1.5 kN/ m
2

Roof – finishes =1.5 kN/ m
2

Floors – imposed (2.0) and partitions (2.5) =4.5 kN/ m
2

Stairs – imposed =2.0 kN/ m
2

– finishes to floors and stairs =1.0 kN/ m
2

External walling (brickwork as Cladding) =4.5 kN/ m
2

General Loading
Conditions
Speed Factors 40m/ sec
S1 =1.0, S2 =0.83, S3 =1.0
Cf =1.1
Wind Loading Conditions
Severe (external) and Mild (internal) Exposure Conditions
Stiff clay – no sulphates
Allowable bearing pressure =180 kN/ m
2

Subsoil Conditions
RC footings to columns and strip foundations to walls Foundation type
Grade 20 with 20mm maximum aggregate Material data
Characteristic strength – main bars, fy =410 N/ mm
2

– links, fyv =250 N/ mm
2

Self weight of concrete =24.0 kN/ m
3
All dimensions shown on the drawings are in millimetres (mm)
Other relevant
information
Filing and storage will be accommodated on the ground floor to
avoid heavily loading the suspended slabs.
Assumptions






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Design of Slabs

Ref: Calculations Output





Gauld J. B
Durability and Fire Resistance
Nominal cover for mild conditions of exposure =20mm,
Maximum fire resistance of 250mm slab with 20mm cover =1½ hr
>1 hr.

Loading
Self-weight (of 200mm deep ribbed slab) =3.2 kN/ m
2

Finishes and Partitions =3.5 kN/ m
2

Characteristic dead load =6.7 kN/ m
2

Characteristic imposed load =2.0 kN/ m
2


Ultimate load =0.425(1.4gk +1.6qk)
=0.425(1.4 x 6.7 +1.6 x 2.0) =5.35 kN/ m

Minimum rib width =125mm, max-pan =300mm
Consideration of 0.425m width of floor as supported by each rib

Ultimate load on a 5m span, F =5.35 x 5.0 =26.7 kN



Cover =20mm
1 hr fire
resistance ok



Gk =6.7 kN/ m
2

Qk =2.0 kN/ m
2

Bending – take all the spans at 5.5m span
1. At end support (outer support)
M =0.04FL =0.04 x 26.7 x 5.0 =5.3 kN m
M
bd
2
]
cu
=
5.3 x 10
6
425 x 200
2
x 20
=0.016
From the lever arm curve, la =0.95. Thus the neutral axis lies
with in the flange and
As =
M
0.87]
j
z
=
5.3 x 10
6
0.87 x 410 x 0.95 x 200
=79 mm
2

Provide 2 T10 bars top bars in the ribs, As =157 mm
2
.



2. At middle of end span
M =0.075FL =0.075 x 26.7 x 5.0 =10.0 kN m
M
bd
2
]
cu
=
10.0 x 10
6
425 x 200
2
x 20
=0.03
From the lever arm curve, la =0.95. Thus the neutral axis lies
with in the flange and
As =
M
0.87]
j
z
=
10.0 x 10
6
0.87 x 410 x 0.95 x 200
=147 mm
2

Provide 2 T10 bars bottom bars in the ribs, As =157 mm
2
.



3


Span –effective depth ratio – consider span with biggest Bending
Moment
At mid span
M
bd
2
=
11.8 x 10
6
425 x 200
2
=0.69

fs =⅔ fy
A
s,rcq
A
s,prc¡
=⅔x 460 x
144
157
, =281 N/ mm
2

from the table of tension reinforcement modification factors, by
interpolation, the modification factor =1.62. For a T-section
with the web width 0.31 x flange width the basic ratio is 20.8
from table of basic span-effective depth ratios.
Limiting
span
cIIcctIvc dcpth
=20.8 x 1.62 =33.7
Actual
span
cIIcctIvc dcpth
=
5000
200
=25
Thus, d =200mm is adequate

Shear
Maximum shear in the rib 0.6m from the support centre line
=0.5F – 0.6 x 5.18 =0.5 x 26.7 – 3.1 =10.25 kN
Therefore,
Shear stress, v =
V
bd
=
10250
125 x 200
=0.41 N/ mm
2


100A
s
bd
=
100 x 226
125 x 200
=0.9
From the table of values of ultimate shear stress, vc =0.74
N/ mm
2
; therefore the section is adequate in shear, and since v <
vc no links are required provided that the bars in the ribs are
securely located during construction.

You will notice that we used the weight of a 200mm deep slab,
we incorporated the weights of the partition walls and finishes
in the design and we also used an imposed load that is more
than enough (we could even have used 1.5kn/ m
2
which is very
much acceptable for apartment or single family housing units).
And we also used the lowest grade of reinforced concrete C20.

We even did not use T10 bars but T12 even after determining
that the former was adequate.

A slab beam that would be adequate over a span of 5m without
causing undue sagging would have to be at least 675mm wide
and in this case it is unwarranted – the design is adequate,
consider 226mm for 2 T12 Vs. 157mm for 2 T10 (69mm
difference =one 9mm bar) and that every rib is a beam in itself
for which we have also determined we do not need links and
compression reinforcement.




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