a)
b) Price Index, 100
0
1
=
P
P
I
Brand A
I = 125
P
0
= RM 2.20
100
20 . 2
125
1
=
RM
P
P
1
= RM 2.75
2 Dozen of Brand A = 2 x (RM 2.75 x 12)
2 Dozen of Brand A = RM 66.00
Brand B
I = 80
P
0
= RM 1.20
100
20 . 1
80
1
=
RM
P
P
1
= RM 0.96
2 Dozen of Brand B = 2 x (RM 0.96 x 12)
2 Dozen of Brand B = RM 23.04
Brands Volume Price (RM)
A Anlene: Low Fat Milk 125 ml RM 2.20
B Milo 180 ml RM 1.20
C Nescafe Milk Coffee Drink 200 ml RM 2.00
D Yeos Chrysanthemum Tea 250 ml RM 1.50
E Dutch Lady Strawberry 1000 ml RM 4.99
Brand C
I = 110
P
0
= RM 2.00
100
00 . 2
110
1
=
RM
P
P
1
= RM 2.20
2 Dozen of Brand C = 2 x (RM 2.20 x 12)
2 Dozen of Brand C = RM 52.80
Brand D
I = 150
P
0
= RM 1.50
100
50 . 1
150
1
=
RM
P
P
1
= RM 2.25
2 Dozen of Brand D = 2 x (RM 2.25 x 12)
2 Dozen of Brand D = RM 54.00
Brand E
I = 100
P
0
= RM 4.99
100
99 . 4
100
1
=
RM
P
P
1
= RM 4.99
2 Dozen of Brand E = 2 x (RM 4.99 x 12)
2 Dozen of Brand E = RM 99.80
TOTAL AMOUNT OF 2 DOZEN FROM EACH BRAND
= RM 66.00 + RM 23.04 + RM 52.80 + RM 54.00 + RM 99.80
= RM 295.64
c)
Angle of C + D = 360
o
90
o
60
o
42
o
= 168
o
Assume that the angles of C and D is x
Based on the question, sales of C is twice the sales of D
Therefore, 2x + x = 168
o
3x = 168
o
x = 56
o
Angle of C = 112
o
Angle of D = 56
o
Composite Index,
i
i i
w
w I
I
=
Brand Price Index Weightage
A 125 90
B 80 60
C 110 112
D 150 56
E 100 42
Composite Index,
42 56 112 60 90
) 42 ( 100 ) 56 ( 150 ) 112 ( 110 ) 60 ( 80 ) 90 ( 125
+ + + +
+ + + +
= I
Composite Index,
360
40970
= I
Composite Index, 8 . 113 = I
PART C
a) Conjecture
The bigger the size of packet drink, the smaller the value of
V
A
ratio.
Measurement of 5 Packet Drinks
Calculation
Brand A
Area of Crosssection
= 2(8.5 cm x 4.5 cm) + 2(4.5 cm x 3.0 cm) + 2(8.5 cm x 3.0 cm)
= 154.500 cm
2
Volume
= 8.5 cm x 4.5 cm x 3.0 cm
= 114.750 cm
3
Ratio of
V
A
=
750 . 114
500 . 154
= 1.346 cm
1
Brands Volume Dimension
( h x l x w) [cm]
A Anlene: Low Fat Milk 125 ml 8.5 x 4.5 x 3.0
B Milo 180 ml 9.0 x 4.8 x 4.0
C Nescafe Milk Coffee Drink 200 ml 11.5 x 4.8 x 3.8
D Yeos Chrysanthemum Tea 250 ml 13.0 x 5.3 x 3.6
E Dutch Lady Strawberry 1000 ml 19.5 x 9.0 x 5.6
Brand B
Area of Crosssection
= 2(9.0 cm x 4.8 cm) + 2(4.8 cm x 4.0 cm) + 2(9.0 cm x 4.0 cm)
= 196.800 cm
2
Volume
= 9.0 cm x 4.8 cm x 4.0 cm
= 172.800 cm
3
Ratio of
V
A
=
800 . 172
800 . 196
= 1.139 cm
1
Brand C
Area of Crosssection
= 2(11.5 cm x 4.8 cm) + 2(4.8 cm x 3.8 cm) + 2(11.5 cm x 3.8 cm)
= 234.280 cm
2
Volume
= 11.5 cm x 4.8 cm x 3.8 cm
= 209.760 cm
3
Ratio of
V
A
=
760 . 209
280 . 234
= 1.117 cm
1
Brand D
Area of Crosssection
= 2(13.0 cm x 5.3cm) + 2(5.3 cm x 3.6 cm) + 2(13.0 cm x 3.6 cm)
= 269.560 cm
2
Volume
= 13.0 cm x 5.3 cm x 3.6 cm
= 248.040 cm
3
Ratio of
V
A
=
040 . 248
560 . 269
= 1.087 cm
1
Brand E
Area of Crosssection
= 2(19.5 cm x 9.0 cm) + 2(9.0 cm x 5.6 cm) + 2(19.5 cm x 5.6 cm)
= 670.200 cm
2
Volume
= 19.5 cm x 9.0 cm x 5.6 cm
= 982.800 cm
3
Ratio of
V
A
=
800 . 982
200 . 670
= 0.682 cm
1
b) Mean,
N
x
x
=
5
cm 1.346 cm 1.139 cm 1.117 cm 1.087 cm 0.682
1 1 1 1 1
+ + + +
= x
074 . 1 = x
Median = value th
N
2
1 +
The
V
A
ratio in ascending order
0.682 cm
1
, 1.087 cm
1
, 1.117 cm
1
, 1.139 cm
1
, 1.346 cm
1
Median = value th
2
1 5 +
Median = value rd 3
Median = 1.117 cm
1
Interquartile range = Q
3
Q
1
Q
3
=
2
346 . 1 139 . 1 +
Q
3
= 1.243 cm
1
Q
1
=
2
087 . 1 682 . 0 +
Q
1
= 0.885 cm
1
Therefore, the interquartile range
= 1.243 0.885
= 0.358 cm
1
Standard deviation, =
2
2

.

\

N
x
N
x
Standard deviation, =
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
2
2 2 2 2 2
074 . 1
5
1.346 1.139 1.117 1.087 0.682
+ + + +
Standard deviation, = 0.216
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