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The Importance of Monitoring, Verification and Enforcement for Lighting Products

Peter Banwell, Environmental Protection Agency Energy Star Program Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic August 4, 2011

Need for MVE


Overview:

National Efficiency Programs are expanding


Standards and Labeling Programs Key Policies Monitoring, Verification and Enforcement (MVE) activities can complement standards and labeling

This area tends to receive less attention than policy development

Benefits of MVE to Parties

MVE - USA
Cadillac Large Truck Manufacturers

Fines Recall 470,000 cars

Fines, Spending $ 1.1 billion


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MVE - Japan
Japanese Refrigerators Reported Energy vs Actual
annual power consumption (kWh/year)

measured value (original test)


1000 800 698 600 400 200 0 A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 B1* B2* B3 B4 689 664

labeled value (JIS test)


905

622 468 467 535 506 500 493 495 478 491 467 449 477 420 410 399 370 370 400 350 360 360 340 280 190 200 180 200 220 180

640

686

B5

B6

C1

C2

C3

C4

C5

C6

(425) (415) (404) (401) (415) (407) (321) (307) (465) (320) (323) (320) (415) (395) (401) (401) (415) (401) Existing survey A (JCA, July 2004) Existing survey B (NCAC of Japan, July 2002) Existing Survey C (JCA, July 2001)

Lighting Performance Specifications Harmonization Benefits


Essential product performance requirements Luminous efficiency Measurement units Lumen/Watt

Product Lifetime
Lumen maintenance (at 3 points in life) Mercury content

Hours
Percentage@ hours Milligrams

Operating voltage
Switching withstand

Volts to Volts
Number of switches over life

Comparative Labels

Endorsement Labels

MVE Levels / Costs

Lighting MVE USA Example Started in 2000 in response to


complaints lack of verification testing

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MVE Process USA

Products identified by sponsors Samples purchased at retail


Products sent (by mail) to certified lighting laboratory

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Compact Fluorescent MVE Results Cycles 1-9

Rapid cycle stress test still challenging

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Energy Star MVE


40% Life Lumen Maintenance (>80%)

3% Tolerance

Median = 86%

50%

55%

60%

65%

70%

75%

80%

85%

90%

95%

100%

% of Lumens Maintained

Industry (partner) funded Off the shelf retail sampling Certified lighting lab De-listing of poorly performing products
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Lighting MVE USA LED Example

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LED MVE Results

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MVE Results, Asia CFLs 2009-10

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National Impacts - Monitoring

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Lawrence Berkeley Labs, citing Bloomberg

MVE and Phase Out Programs Complement each other


With improved design and the implementation of MVE schemes, it is possible to: Measure energy efficiency actions,

Assess the relevant impacts of program approaches. Curtail the high levels of non-compliance Increase the effectiveness of phase-out programs such as standards and/or labeling.
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Recommendations
Regional cooperation harmonization of lighting performance levels/MEPS Regional cooperation-laboratory testing/sharing Governments -plan ahead with MVE budgets and funding schemes

Communications with industry is essential penalties should be real

Consult with Enlighten Initiative for assistance in developing specific plans


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Thank you
Peter Banwell ENERGY STAR Program Washington DC Banwell.peter@epa.gov 202 343 9408

www.enlighten-initiative.org
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