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**TECH (ENGINEERING) DEGREE EXAMINATION, JUNE 2009
**

CE 04 403-8TRUCTURAL MECHANICS-I

Assume any missing data suitably. Question I is compulsory. Answer one each from Q~,estions II, III, IV and V.

2 Derive the expressions a shaft.

for bending strain energy and torsional shear strain energy for

3 Analyse the beam shown below for reaction components at A and B and rotation at B by flexibility method.

L

~

A~ ,

.1\ 1 e

L, £",l:)

p

P

"3"'

~ L

.B

r

4 Derive the system flexibility matrix from element flexibility matrix for the following truss. Axial rigidity = AE

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6 A fixed·fixed beam is of length 6 m. Draw the LL.D. for the bending moment at left support when unit load moves from left to right. 7 A cable carries a u.d.l. qo over a span L. lfthe central dip of the cable is h ; prove that max. tension

(8 x 5 = 40 marks) II. (a) For the truss shown below, calculate the change is le•.gth of diagonal BE due to applied loading. The area of upper and lower chords 400 mm2, web members 300 mm2 and E = 2 x 105 N/mm2.

=

=

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(b) A beam ABC is supported at A and by the strut at B as shown in the figure. Connection A, Band D may be taken as pin joints. Find the vertical deflection at C. For ABC, a~'ea = 2500 mm2, 1=2 x 106 mm4, for BD, area = 1500 mm2, E = 2 x 105 N /mm2.

~

Lr..v

r"

UJ

2""'..

f~L~J,~~~~

( ""'"

2. ~

Ie IV

fkN

'}""'"T

1'~~

E:r :. 4.""V)~

Or

(b) Construct the direct stiffness matrix K for the truss shown below:

c...

t~

.3

1

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IV. (a) A live load 30 kN/m moves on the girder shown below. Find: (i) Maximum vertical reaction at A. (ii) Maximum vertical reaction at B. (iii) Maximum bending moment at A.

(b) Draw the influence line diagrams for reactions at A, Band C for two span continuous beam ABC, with AB 4 m and BC 3 m. Draw also the I.L.D for continuous moment over support B. Show ordinates at 1 m interval.

=

=

v.

(a) The three hinged stiffening girder of a suspension bridge of span 180 m is subjected to point loads of 250 kN and 360 kN at distances of 30 m and 120 m from the left end. Find the shear force and bending moment for the girder at a distance of 45 m from the left end. The supporting cable has a central dip of 18 m. Find also the maximum tension in the cable.

(b) A two hinged parabolic arch of span 30 m and rise 6 m carries a u.d.l. of 40 kN/m covering a distance of 12 m from the left end. Find the horizontal thrust, reactions at the hinges and the maximum negative (hogging) moment.

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