How did countries in the Non-Aligned Movement balance national ideology with Cold War pressures to align

themselves with East/West blocs?
Bogdan Krsti´ c IB 20th Century Topics

References
[1] G.K. Helleiner. The New Global Economy and the Developing Countries. Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd., 1990. Helleiner, while never specifically discussing the Non-Aligned Movement, explains the economic forces that have shaped the North-South divide and created the background for the NonAligned Movement and the Group of 77. The role of varying economic theories is explored by Helleiner, and shows the varying approaches to development taken by nations within the Non-Aligned Movement, depending on their individual ideologies. [2] Edvard Kardelj. Yugoslavia in International Relations and the NonAligned Movement. Socialist Thought and Practice, 1979. This book discusses Yugoslavia’s role in the Non-Aligned Movement to great depth. Yugoslavia was one of the founding nations of the Non-Aligned Movement, and one of the most involved countries in the movement. Despite its communist government, Yugoslavia never officially aligned itself with the USSR, which allowed it a certain degree of diplomatic autonomy and gave it an international bargaining chip with the West. Kardelj was one of the most influential figures in Tito-era Yugoslavia, and was the man behind many foreign policy and economic schemes. One major issue that could arise from this text is the bias that seems to be inherent in the title of the publisher, which is a pro-Socialist and Eastern Bloc bias. However, further reading will reveal any issues. 1

[3] Karl P. Sauvant. The Group of 77 - Evolution, Structure, Organization. Oceana Publications, Inc., 1981. This books deals with the Group of 77, a bloc of nations formed during UNCTAD-I. The Group of 77 has a common set of interests with the Non-Aligned Movement, albeit with a more economic focus. Sauvant’s text focuses on how nations within the Group of 77 have dealth with the East-West blocs and North-South divide. He discusses the role of ideology in the Southern context, and how it played a role in the development of the Group of 77. He uses empirical data to show the way the Group of 77 functions as a significant, independent, and unified voting bloc in the United Nations, albeit with a spread of East-West votes depending on country. [4] Peter Willetts. The Non-Aligned Movement. Frances Pinter Ltd., 1978. Willetts gives a short history of the Non-Aligned Movement, delineating its declared aims and goals, and explaining the role of colonialism in the formation of the Non-Aligned Movement. Willetts also describes the role of ideology within various nations in the Non-Aligned Movement, and how the varying positions were reconciled within the context of the Non-Aligned Movement.

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