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flux through the composite modular wall
shown in the figure.
Physical Problem: A composite wall is widely used in cold places to insulate buildings from the cold
outside surroundings. It typically consists of insulating material packed inside a wall. The insulating material is usually in two layers and is staggered. In this problem we will model a section of such a wall and determine the heat flux through the wall. This gives an estimate of the amount of heat that needs to be supplied to maintain the room temperature.
The outer material of the composite wall is steel with thermal conductivity of 20 W/m K The insulating material has a thermal conductivity of 0.1 W/m K. Units: Use S.I. units ONLY Geometry: See figure. Boundary Conditions: The bulk temperature on the left of the wall is 220K, and the Film Coefficient is 200 W/m2K. On the right side the bulk temperature is 300K, and the Film Coefficient is 20 W/m2K. Objective: To determine the heat flux through the given length of the wall. To plot the temperature distribution. To generate the vector plot of the heat flux. You are required to hand in print outs for the above. Figure:
IMPORTANT: Convert all dimensions and forces into SI units.
Select Interactive.1 in the programs menu. The following menu that comes up. Also enter 64 for Total Workspace and 32 for Database. MODELING THE STRUCTURE Go to the ANSYS Utility Menu. The following window comes up: . All your files will be stored in this directory. Click on Run.Click on ANSYS 6. Click Workplane>WP Settings. Enter the working directory.
The following window comes up: .Check the Cartesian and Grid Only buttons Enter the values shown in the figure above. Go to the ANSYS Main Menu and click Preprocessor>Modeling>Create>Area>Rectangle>By 2 Corners.
first select the steel area. i. 42 units by 54 units on the grid.e. If you cannot see the complete workplane then go to Utility Menu>PlotCntrls>Pan Zoom Rotate and zoom out to see the entire The model should look like the one below: . For each separate insulation area. Similarly make the other rectangles.Now we will pick the end points of the rectangles.75 cm.25 cm X 6. First make the outer rectangle of dimensions 5. then select the particular insulation area. Click on Preprocessor>Modeling>Operate>Booleans>Overlap>Areas.
Go to the ANSYS Main Menu and click Preprocessor>Material Props>Material Models . In the window that comes up choose Thermal>Conductivity>Isotropic. The following window comes up: . and the insulation material.MATERIAL PROPERTIES We need to define material properties separately for steel. Enter 1 for the Material Property Number and click OK.
Now the material 1 has the properties defined in the above table. In the 'Element Types' window that opens click on Add. The component will now be modeled with thermal solid 8node elements... MESHING: DIVIDING THE WALL INTO ELEMENTS: Go to Preprocessor>Meshing>Size Controls>Manual Size>Lines>All Lines .0025 in the field for 'Element edge length': . Click OK. In the menu that comes up type 0. Close the 'Element types' window. Repeat the above steps to create material properties for the insulation (k=0. This finishes the selection of element type.1 W/m K). So now we have selected Element type 1 to be a thermal solid 8node element.. Click Material>New Model in the Define Material Behavior Window to define properties for material 2. Click OK. The following window opens: Type 1 in the Element type reference number.Fill in 20 for Thermal conductivity.. This represents the material properties for steel. Click on Thermal Solid and select Quad 8node 77. ELEMENT PROPERTIES SELECTING ELEMENT TYPE: Click Preprocessor>Element Type>Add/Edit/Delete.
Make sure the window indicates "Material Ref. Go to Preprocessor>Meshing>Mesh Attributes>Default Attributes.Click on OK. The window is shown below: Now go to Preprocessor>Meshing>Mesh>Areas>Free. If you choose the wrong area. Now when you mesh the figure ANSYS will automatically create a mesh. This function tells Ansys which material is being used while you perform meshing functions. whose elements have an edge length of 0. Make sure you use the correct material number (number 2) for the insulation areas. Also since the steel and the insulation areas overlap make sure you pick the right area. Repeat the same process for the insulation areas. use Preprocessor>Meshing>Clear to undo . Pick the steel area and click OK.#1". First we will mesh the steel area.0025m along the lines you selected.
The following window comes up: . Click OK.the previous mesh and then repeat the previous steps. The meshed area will look like this: BOUNDARY CONDITIONS AND CONSTRAINTS Go to Preprocessor>Loads>Define Loads>Apply>Thermal>Convection>On Lines . Pick the left line along the outer boundary.
SOLUTION Go to ANSYS Main Menu>Solution>Analysis Type>New Analysis . Go to Solution>Solve>Current LS. Select Steady State and click on OK. Wait for ANSYS to solve the problem. Go to ANSYS Main Menu and click on General Postprocessing>List Results>Nodal Solution. An error window may appear. Repeat the above for the right side of the wall. The following window will come up: . Click OK on that window and ignore it. (VALI=20.Enter 200 for "Film Coefficient" and 220 for "Bulk Temperature" and click OK. POST-PROCESSING Listing the results. Click on OK and close the 'Information' window. VAL2I=300) Now the Modeling of the problem is done.
Select DOF solution and Temperature. Click on OK. The nodal displacements will be listed as follows: The maximum value of temperature is given at the end of the above table MODIFICATION You can also plot the temperature distribution for this steady state case. Go to General Postprocessing>Plot Results>Contour Plot>Nodal Solution. The following window will come up: .
Select DOF solution and temperature to be plotted and click OK. The output will be like this: .
The following window comes up: .For the vector plot go to Main Menu>General Postprocessing>Plot Results>Vector Plot>Predefined.
Select Flux & Gradient and Thermal flux ad click OK. Notice that the maximum heat flux occurs along the steel material that is horizontal and closer to the right wall. . The plot looks like the following picture.